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Objectives:

Students will be able to understand what is meant by a quadratic equation.

Students will be able to use algebra to solve quadratic equations.

Students will be able to form a quadratic equation to represent a given problem.

Teacher preparation:

Board Marker

Name card

Exit Card

Time

Lesson outline

allocation

Announcements, general administration, tasks:

2 minutes Greeting the class, distributing cards.

Lesson starter (spark interest):

The teacher mentions what they are going to do in today’s lesson.

In mathematics, a quadratic is a type of problem that deals with a variable

multiplied by itself — an operation known as squaring. This language derives

from the area of a square being its side length multiplied by itself. The word

"quadratic" comes from quadratum, the Latin word for square.

3 minutes

Quadratic equations characterize a great number of phenomena in the real

world, such as where a rocket ship will land, how much to charge for a product

or how long it will take a person to row up and down a river. Because of their

wide variety of applications, quadratics have profound historical importance

and were foundational to the history of algebra.

So, basically a polynomial is of the form:

P(x) = an x n + an−1 x n−1 + ⋯ + a2 x 2 + a1 x + a0

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example, 5x2 -3x+7

The value of x that makes the polynomial 0 is called the zero of the polynomial. There are two

zeroes for a quadratic polynomial.

The value of x which satisfies the equation is called as a root. There are two roots for a quadratic

equation.

In a polynomial the highest power of the unknown can be greater than 2 but in a

quadratic equation is a polynomial in which the highest power of the unknown is 2.

1. Reminder. A monomial is an expression with one term, a binomial has two terms, and

a trinomial has tree terms.

But equations are named according to their degree;

for instance, f(x)=x3+5 is a cubic, f(x)=x4+5x3-8 is a quartic equation.

Equations of the form ax2 + bx + c = 0 are given also a special name, they are called

Quadratic Equations. Where x represents an unknown, and a, b and c are constants with

a not equal to 0.

The roots of an equation are the values of x that make the equation true.

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It is true that finding the roots of an equation and solving the equation mean the same thing?

Yes.

If xy = 0 what we know about x and or y?

So, values of x which satisfy the quadratic equation is called solution to the equation or

root of the equation. Set of the roots is called the solution set and it is usually abbreviated

as SS. A solution or root, of this equation is a value of x that makes ax2 + bx + c = 0 a

true statement. Such a number is said to satisfy the equation.

There are some methods to find the solution set of quadratic equations.

The question above, you used factorization method which you have already known.

4. The area of a garden is 36cm2. The width of the garden is 5cm less than the length.

Represent this as an equation. Solve the equation. Use this information to find the

dimensions of the garden.

1, 4, 9, 16 and x2 are called perfect square where x. Product of the form (a + b)2 and (a

- b)2 are also called perfect squares and these expansions are called perfect square

trinomials which are containing three terms.

factor and solve it.

a. 144 – 24p + p2

b. 4x2 + 12x + 9

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c. 25a2 + 10a + 1

d. x2/4 + xy + y2

e. x2 - 6x + 5

7. You could not factor the last expression. Is there another way to solve it? If it is not a

perfect trinomial, we can complete it to square.

In particular, it is useful for taking quadratic expressions like

ax2 + bx + c and rewriting them as ax2 + bx + c = a (x - h) 2 + k.

a. x2 + 2x = 1

b. 2x2 – 1 = 3x

o Isolate the terms with variables on one side of the equation and arrange them in

descending order.

o Divide by coefficient of the squared term if that coefficient is not 1.

o Complete the square by taking half of the coefficient of the first-degree term and adding

its square on both sides of equation.

o Express one side of the equation as the square of a binomial.

o Use the principle of square roots.

o Solve for the variable.

…. Solving by using the rules above and reach the quadratic formula.

−𝑏 ± √𝑏 2 − 4𝑎𝑐

𝑥=

2𝑎

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In general, completing the square works for any quadratic equation, it can be used to solve

the general quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, a 0 for x.

a. 4x2 -2 = 3x

b. 3x2 + 5x = 3

c. 6x + 1 = 4x2

Conclusions and closure: Teacher revises the terms and to sum up and the teacher

3 says, “I wonder what you think about this subject. How do you feel themselves

minutes competent about this subject? Please write on your exit card!”

1

control whether students copy the notes from the board.

minutes

Ali Oktay Koç, Ahmet Duran, Gamze Uçakçıoğlu Çakır & Serpil Çetin: Mathematics

for High School Turkish Education Association Publications

Nilay Alpar, Necla Doğan & Deniz Candemir: The Math Book 10 Turkish Education

Association Publications

EXIT CARD

- What did you learn today?

5

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unclear to you?

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