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A SEMINAR REPORT

On

APPLICATIONS OF FUEL CELLS

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
In
ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
Of
J.N.T.UNIVERSITY, ANANTAPUR
By
S. IMAM BASHA
158P5A0206

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

ADITYA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, MADANAPALLE

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, ANANTAPUR


ANDHRA PRADESH
2015-2018
ADITYA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
(Approved by AICTE, New Delhi, Affiliated to JNTUA, Anantapuramu)
Valasapalli Post, MADANAPALLE-517325, Chittoor Dist. A.P

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that, this technical seminar work entitled


“APPLICATIONS OF FUEL CELLS” submitted in a partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the award of the degree of BACHELOR OF
TECHNOLOGY in “ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS
ENGINEERING” is a result of bonafide work carried out in the batch IV
B.Tech-II semester by “S. IMAM BASHA” bearing Register No: 158P5A0206
from JNTU-ANANTAPUR during the academic year 2017-2018.

Mr. G.VIJAYA KUMAR Mr. L.VENUGOPAL REDDY


Seminar supervisor HOD-EEE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I express my deep sense of gratitude to Mr. G. VIJAYA KUMAR, Seminar


Supervisor, for supporting and encouraging at each stage of my seminar work and
guided me to do my best.

I would like to express my sincere thanks to Mr. G. VIJAYA KUMAR,


guide, who gave me an opportunity to work under his guidance.

I sincerely thank Mr. L. VENUGOPAL REDDY, HOD, Department of


Electrical & Electronics Engineering, for his valuable support and constant
encouragement given to me during this work.

It is my privilege and pleasure to express our profound sense of respect,


gratitude and indebtedness to Dr. S.RAMALINGA REDDY, Principal for guiding
and providing facilities for the successful completion of my seminar work.

My sincere thanks to the MANAGEMENT of Aditya College of Engineering,


Madanapalle for providing excellent infrastructure and lab facilities that helped me to
go through the different areas of the interest to do my seminar work.

Last but not least, I wish to acknowledge my parents and friends for giving
moral strength and encouragement.

S.IMAM BASHA

158P5A0206

IV B.Tech-II Sem

Electrical & Electronics Engg.


INDEX

1. Introduction 1
2. History of fuel cells 01
3. What is a fuel cell 02
3.1. Green Chemistry Principle: Conserve Energy. 02
3.2. Characteristics of fuel cells 03
4. Types Of Fuel Cells 04
4.1. Proton Exchange Membrane 04
4.2. Molten Carbonate (MCFC) 05
4.3. Solid Oxide (SOFC) 05
4.4. Alkaline (AFC) 06
4.5. Phosphoric Acid (PAFC) 06
4.6. Direct Methanol (DMFC) 07
5. Applica tions Of Fuel Cells
08
5.1. Transportation Applications 09
5.1.1. Cars 09
5.1.2. Necar Program 10
5.1.3. Buses 10
5.2. Portable Electronic Equipment 11
5.3. Combined Heat and Power Systems 12
6. Energy From Gases Instead Of Gasoline 13
6.1. Reactions: Oxidation and Reduction 13
6.2. Background 13
6.3. Materials (per group of four) 14
6.4. Procedure 15

CONCLUSION 17
References 18
ABSTRACT

The 19th century of the steam engine and the 20th century was the century of the internal

combustion engine, it is likely that the 21th century will be the century of the fuel cell. Fuel

cells are now on the verge of being introduced commercially, revolutionizing the way we

presently produce power. Fuel cells can use hydrogen as a fuel, offering the prospect of fuel

cells, fuel cells for world with clean, sustainable electrical power the article of supply the

NASA, alkaline fuel cells for terrestrials applications and PEM fuel cells, fuel cells for

transportation, distribution power generation, residential and portable power are discussed. The

science of the PEM fuel cells and the direct methanol fuel cells. Fuel cell and obstacles to

their widespread introduction are briefly outlined.