You are on page 1of 4

DOCK AND HARBOUR

ENGINEERING

By
Hasmukh P. Oza, Gautam H. Oza

Edition : 7th Revised and Enlarged Edition : 2013
ISBN : 978-93-80358-78-9
Size : 170 mm x 240 mm
Binding : Paperback with Four Color Jacket Cover
Pages : 384 + 24
` 200.00

About the book CONTENT
This book is an outcome of extensive experience in design office and of construction. Both 1 SEA AND TIDES
the authors have been actively associated with academics as well. 2 HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYS AND CHARTS
The book deals with all the normal port aspects in a holistic way. Topics, such as “Ship 3 WINDS, WAVES AND CYCLONES
Features”, “Traffic Forecasting and Hinterland”, “Cargo Handling Equipment”, “Construction 4 SILTATION AND EROSION
5 INVESTIGATIONS AND MODEL TESTS
Materials” etc. are essential back-ground knowledge for any dock and harbour engineer.
6 SHIP FEATURES RELATED TO PORT PLANNING
These too have been covered.
7 TRAFFIC FORECASTING AND HINTERLAND
For easy reading, the book is divided into self-contained chapters dealing with each topic. 8 HARBOUR LAYOUT
It contains useful tables of data and is profusely illustrated with diagrams and photographs 9 CHANNEL, BASIN AND BERTHS
to assist the reader. Fundamental concepts are lucidly presented and derived and empirical 10 BREAKWATERS
formulae given with clarity of underlying assumptions. 11 WHARVES
12 JETTIES, DOLPHINS AND MOORINGS
Two case histories have been added in this Revised Edition. One is design of a waterfront 13 BERTHS FOR CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
structure, a Berth or a Wharf. It gives the exact procedure that was followed while designing 14 RO-RO FERRY SERVICE
a waterfront structure viz. a berth, in a professional practice. The aim in presenting this 15 LOCKS
“case” is to acquaint the readers to almost all the aspects of a berth, with emphasis on the 16 SHORE PROTECTION WORKS
design. Almost all the design calculations along with the stress/force diagrams are included. 17 DRY DOCKS AND SLIPWAYS
The second “case” is of another waterfront structure, a Sea Water Intake Station. The salient 18 CARGO HANDLING EQUIPMENT
information for determining the guiding dimensional parameters of such a sea water intake 19 APRONS, TRANSIT SHEDS AND WAREHOUSES
station is given. These are meant for the students with inquisitive minds and the practicing 20 SUPPORTING FACILITIES AND ANCILLARIES
engineers seeking guidance when faced with not so usual problems. 21 NAVIGATIONAL AIDS
22 DREDGING AND DREDGERS
Other cogent information has been included in the form of Appendices. Some of these are: 23 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND METHODS
“Ships for LPG – LNG and Other Bulk Liquids”, “Properties of Liquids and Liquefied Gases”, 24 DESIGN OF A BERTH (WHARF) – A CASE STUDY
“Details of Selected Ships”, “Coastal Regulation Zone” and “Port Charges”. These should be 25 SEA WATER INTAKE STATION – A CASE STUDY
useful to the students as well as to the practicing engineers. APPENDIX I SHIPS FOR LPG - LNG AND OTHER BULK
LIQUIDS
The book comprehensively covers the subject for degree courses in engineering of all
APPENDIX II PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS AND LIQUEFIED
the Indian Universities, Diploma Examinations conducted by various Boards of Technical
GASES
Education, Certificate Courses as well as for the A.M.I.E., U.P.S.C., G.A.T.E., I.E.S. and APPENDIX III EXPLOSIVES AND HAZARDOUS CARGOES
other similar competitive and professional examinations. Written in a simple language, APPENDIX IV DETAILS OF SELECTED SHIPS
with illustrative references, it will be useful to students to grasp the subject and practising APPENDIX V COASTAL REGULATION ZONE (CRZ)
engineers in designing. APPENDIX VI GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BERTHS
AS PER IS:4651
APPENDIX VII PORT CHARGES
APPENDIX VIII ANGLES OF INTERNAL FRICTION, UNIT
WEIGHTS AND LIQUIDITY FACTORS OF
SOME MATERIALS
APPENDIX IX METRIC CONVERSIONS
APPENDIX X BRITISH AND METRIC EQUIVALENTS
APPENDIX XI SI UNITS
APPENDIX XII SOME RELEVANT INDIAN
STANDARDS
REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Checklist
Charotar Publishing House Pvt. Ltd. Opposite Amul Dairy, Civil Court Road, Post Box No. 65, ANAND 388 001 India
Telephone: (02692) 256237, Fax: (02692) 240089, e-mail: charotar@cphbooks.com, Website: www.cphbooks.in

DOCK AND HARBOUR ENGINEERING Detailed Contents Chapter 1 SEA AND TIDES Chapter 7 TRAFFIC FORECASTING AND HINTERLAND 1-1 Tides 7-1 Hinterland 1-2 Tidal Levels and Changes in Sounding Datum 7-2 Traffic Changes on Coast 7-3 Traffic Through GMB Ports Changes in an Estuary or River 7-4 Growth Rates and Five Year Plans 1-3 Tidal Theories 7-5 Likely Trends 1-4 Tide Tables 7-6 Traffic Forecasting 1-5 Bores 7-7 Methods of Forecasting 1-6 Tidal Streams Qualitative Methods Exercise 1 Quantitative Methods 7-8 Trend Analysis Chapter 2 HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYS AND CHARTS 7-9 Traffic Forecasting by Curve Fitting and 2-1 Triangulation Method of Least Squares 2-2 Sounding Lines Fitting a Straight Line (The Least Square Line) 2-3 Sextant. ANAND 388 001 India Telephone: (02692) 256237. Fax: (02692) 240089. Opposite Amul Dairy.in .com.cphbooks. BASIN AND BERTHS 5-2 Meteorological Data 9-1 Channel 5-3 Oceanographic Data Approach Channel 5-4 Geological Data Channel Alignment 5-5 Soil Investigation Curves 5-6 Seismic Data Stopping Distance 5-7 Model Testing 9-2 Ship Motions 5-8 Local Resources 9-3 Harbour Entrance Exercise 5 Channel Depth Illustration Chapter 6 SHIP FEATURES RELATED TO PORT PLANNING Channel Width 6-1 Trends in Shipping Manoeuvring Lane 6-2 Ship Types Bank Clearance Lane 6-3 Hovercraft Width of Ship Clearance 6-4 Hydrofoil Boat 9-4 Harbour Entrance Width 6-5 Multi-Hull Ship 9-5 Harbour Basin 6-6 Other Ships Depth of Basin 6-7 Barges for Lighterage Working Berthing Length and Width 6-8 World Shipping Passage and Manoeuvring Area 6-9 Shipping Terminology 9-6 Turning Basin 6-10 Ship Terms 9-7 Anchorage and Off Shore Moorings 6-11 Tonnage Relations 9-8 Berths 6-12 Design Ship Exercise 9 6-13 Ship Dimensions 6-14 Ship’s Gear Chapter 10 BREAKWATERS 6-15 Special Features 10-1 Vertical Wall Breakwaters 6-16 Ship Costs 10-2 Design of Vertical Wall Breakwater Exercise 6 10-3 Rubble Mound Breakwater Charotar Publishing House Pvt. Website: www. 65. e-mail: charotar@cphbooks. Civil Court Road. WAVES AND CYCLONES 8-3 Site Selection 3-1 Winds 8-4 Features of a Harbour 3-2 Waves Harbour Entrance 3-3 Significant Wave Approach Channel 3-4 Energy of Waves Turning Basin 3-5 Water Pressure 3-6 Cyclones Sheltered Basin Exercise 3 Breakwaters Wharves and Quays Chapter 4 SILTATION AND EROSION Jetties and Piers 4-1 Due to Wind 4-2 Due to Waves Lock and Locked Basin 4-3 Due to Tides Dry Docks and Slipways 4-4 Littoral Drift Ancillaries 4-5 Erosion 8-5 Harbour Planning Exercise 4 8-6 Layout Chapter 5 INVESTIGATIONS AND MODEL TESTS Exercise 8 5-1 Surveys Chapter 9 CHANNEL. Ltd. Station Pointer and Hi-Fix Fitting a Parabola (The Least Square Parabola) 2-4 Instruments for Sounding Exercise 7 2-5 Remote Sensing 2-6 Current Observations Chapter 8 HARBOUR LAYOUT 2-7 Charts 8-1 Harbour Types Exercise 2 8-2 Port Terms Chapter 3 WINDS. Post Box No.

e-mail: charotar@cphbooks. DOCK AND HARBOUR ENGINEERING Detailed Contents 10-4 Breakwater Pierheads 14-5 Future Alternative 10-5 Breakwater Height 14-6 Costs Involved 10-6 Breakwater Failures 14-7 Facilities at Mumbai (Bombay) 10-7 Floating Breakwater 14-8 Evaluation of RO-RO Ferry Service Exercise 10 Exercise 14 Chapter 11 WHARVES Chapter 15 LOCKS 11-1 Gravity Walls 15-1 Gates Dimensions of Wall 15-2 Passages 11-2 Slip Circles 15-3 Ebb Gates 11-3 Cross-Section of Wall Exercise 15 11-4 Masonry or Mass Concrete Wall Chapter 16 SHORE PROTECTION WORKS 11-5 Wall on Wells 16-1 Seawalls. Canteen Applicable Acts Housing and Others 14-4 Requirements at Ports Exercise 20 Charotar Publishing House Pvt.cphbooks. Website: www. TRANSIT SHEDS AND WAREHOUSES PRODUCTS 19-1 Aprons 19-2 Transit Sheds 13-1 Liquid Cargo Terminals – Oil Terminals 19-3 Warehouses 13-2 Berth With Breasting and Mooring Dolphins Exercise 19 13-3 Single Buoy Mooring (SBM) Catenary Anchor Leg Mooring (CALM) Chapter 20 SUPPORTING FACILITIES AND ANCILLARIES Single Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM) 20-1 Supporting Facilities 13-4 A Single Buoy Mooring (SBM) Railways 13-5 Other System – Platform Mooring Roads Exercise 13 Air-Communication Chapter 14 RO-RO FERRY SERVICE Telecommunication 14-1 Roll-On-Roll-Off Concept Fresh Water Supply 14-2 Truck Traffic Power Supply 14-3 Other Factors Affecting RO-RO Ferry Service 20-2 Ancillaries Voyage Scheduling Fire Protective Measures Contract Booking Harbour Crafts Collection of Octroi Duty Internal Roads. ANAND 388 001 India Telephone: (02692) 256237.in . 65.C. Fax: (02692) 240089.C. Civil Court Road. DOLPHINS AND MOORINGS 12-1 Piles Chapter 17 DRY DOCKS AND SLIPWAYS Timber Piles 17-1 Repair Arrangements Steel Piles 17-2 Dry Dock Precast R. Piles 17-3 Floating Dry Dock Pile Shoes 17-4 Slipway and Marine Railway Single Pile and a Group of Piles Usefulness of the Slipway Load Capacity of a Pile 17-5 Shiplift Raker Piles. Opposite Amul Dairy. Bracings and the Deck 17-6 Syncrolift Exercise 17 12-2 Berthing of Ships 12-3 Fenders Chapter 18 CARGO HANDLING EQUIPMENT Fender Types 18-1 Main Types 12-4 Docking and Mooring Forces 18-2 General Cargo Equipment 12-5 Stresses due to Waves Quay Crane 12-6 Jetty Alignment To Clarify the Terminology 12-7 Dolphins Mobile Crane 12-8 Pierheads Forklift Truck 12-9 Moorings Other Machines 12-10 Floating Moorings 18-3 Bulk Cargo Equipment Buoy Loading Equipment Cables Discharging Equipment Anchors 18-4 Container Equipment 12-11 Pontoon – Wharves and Piers 18-5 RO-RO Link Span Exercise 12 Exercise 18 Chapter 13 BERTHS FOR CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM Chapter 19 APRONS. Ltd. Rest Rooms. Post Box No. Rail Tracks and Pavements Insurance Port Office. Bulkheads and Revetments 11-6 Wall of Precast Blocks 16-2 Protective Beaches or Spending Beaches 16-3 Sand Dunes 11-7 Considerations in Designing Wharf on Wells 16-4 Groynes 11-8 Sheet Pile Walls Permeable Groynes Driving of Sheet Piles High and Low Groynes Illustrative Types Adjustable Groynes Exercise 11 16-5 Off Shore Breakwaters Exercise 16 Chapter 12 JETTIES.com.

UNIT 25-5 Design Parameters for Structure 25-6 Salient Information WEIGHTS AND LIQUIDITY FACTOR OF 25-7 Structure and System SOME MATERIALS RCC Intake Station – Appendix IX METRIC CONVERSIONS Covered Platform for Installing the Pumps Piled Approach Trestle Appendix X BRITISH AND METRIC EQUIVALENTS 25-8 Figures and Photographs Appendix XI SI UNITS Appendix I SHIPS FOR LPG – LNG AND OTHER BULK LIQUIDS Appendix XII SOME RELEVANT INDIAN STANDARDS AI-1 LPG Ships Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING Pressurised Ships ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Semi-Pressurised cum Semi-Refrigerated Ships Refrigerated Ship – Cargo at Atmospheric Pressures INDEX Charotar Publishing House Pvt. Post Box No.com. 65.0 to +3.0 M to –14. ANAND 388 001 India Telephone: (02692) 256237. Opposite Amul Dairy. Fax: (02692) 240089.in . DOCK AND HARBOUR ENGINEERING Detailed Contents Chapter 21 NAVIGATIONAL AIDS AI-2 LNG Ships 21-1 Classification and General Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) General Lights Ships Local Lights 21-2 Lighthouses Boil-Off from Tanks and its Disposal 21-3 Lightships AI-3 LPG and LNG Loading/Unloading System 21-4 Buoys AI-4 Other Liquid Chemical Cargoes 21-5 Buoyage Systems Liquid Ammonia Starboard Hand Buoys Port Hand Buoys Phosphoric Acid Middle Ground Buoys Elemental Phosphorous Mid-Channel Buoys Molten Sulphur Isolated Danger Buoys Miscellaneous Buoys AI-5 Other Liquids 21-6 Fixed Lights Vegetable Oils 21-7 Leading Lights Molasses Exercise 21 AI-6 Special Liquids Tankers Chapter 22 DREDGING AND DREDGERS AI-7 Transportation Costs 22-1 General 22-2 Bucket-Ladder Dredger Appendix II PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS AND LIQUEFIED 22-3 Grab Dredger GASES 22-4 Dipper Dredger Appendix III EXPLOSIVES AND HAZARDOUS CARGOES 22-5 Hydraulic Dredger 22-6 Rock-Breaker Appendix IV DETAILS OF SELECTED SHIPS 22-7 Hopper Barge Appendix V COASTAL REGULATION ZONE (CRZ) 22-8 Pipe Line AV-1 Conservation of Coastal Zones Exercise 22 AV-2 Coastal Regulation Zones – Guidelines Chapter 23 CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND METHODS Prohibited Activities 23-1 Materials Regulation of Permissible Activities Timber AV-3 Coastal Area Classification and Development Regulations Bricks and Stones Category-I (CRZ-I) Category-II (CRZ-II) Structural Steel Category-III (CRZ-III) Concrete Category-IV (CRZ-IV) 23-2 Methods AV-4 Norms for Regulation of Activities Exercise 23 CRZ-I Chapter 24 DESIGN OF A BERTH (WHARF) – A CASE STUDY CRZ-II 24-1 Introduction CRZ-III 24-2 Berth – Wharf CRZ-IV 24-3 Design Appendix VI GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BERTHS AS Design Criteria PER IS:4651 Earth Pressure Coefficients AVI-1 Location and Form Retaining Wall From +7.5 M AVI-2 Required Features Tieback Slab and Tieback Wall or Deadman AVI-3 General Cargo Berths Gap Closing Between Two Wells AVI-4 Tanker Berths Other Features AVI-5 Explosive Berths The Ramp AVI-6 Fire Protection 24-4 Miscellaneous Details Appendix VII PORT CHARGES Chapter 25 SEA WATER INTAKE STATION – A CASE STUDY AVII-1 Fees Levied on Ships and Vessels 25-1 Introduction AVII-2 Pilotage Charges 25-2 Study of Tide Tables AVII-3 Berth Hire 25-3 Average Pumping Hours Per Day AVII-4 Fees on Cargo Landed or Shipped 25-4 Number of Pumps and Header Size Appendix VIII ANGLES OF INTERNAL FRICTION.0 M Twin-Well – Retaining Wall +3. Ltd.cphbooks. e-mail: charotar@cphbooks. Website: www. Civil Court Road.