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TITLE BASIC M6502 8K VER 1.

1 BY MICRO-SOFT
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RADIX 10 ;THROUGHOUT ALL BUT MATH-PAK.

$Z:: ;STARTING POINT FOR M6502 SIMULATOR


ORG 0 ;START OFF AT LOCATION ZERO.
SUBTTL SWITCHES,MACROS.

REALIO=4 ;5=STM
;4=APPLE.
;3=COMMODORE.
;2=OSI
;1=MOS TECH,KIM
;0=PDP-10 SIMULATING 6502
INTPRC==1 ;INTEGER ARRAYS.
ADDPRC==1 ;FOR ADDITIONAL PRECISION.
LNGERR==0 ;LONG ERROR MESSAGES.
TIME== 0 ;CAPABILITY TO SET AND READ A CLK.
EXTIO== 0 ;EXTERNAL I/O.
DISKO== 0 ;SAVE AND LOAD COMMANDS
NULCMD==1 ;FOR THE "NULL" COMMAND
GETCMD==1
RORSW==1
ROMSW==1 ;TELLS IF THIS IS ON ROM.
CLMWID==14
LONGI==1 ;LONG INITIALIZATION SWITCH.
STKEND=511
BUFPAG==0
LINLEN==72 ;TERMINAL LINE LENGTH.
BUFLEN==72 ;INPUT BUFFER SIZE.
ROMLOC= ^O20000 ;ADDRESS OF START OF PURE SEGMENT.
KIMROM=1
IFE ROMSW,<KIMROM==0>
IFN REALIO-1,<KIMROM==0>
IFN ROMSW,<
RAMLOC= ^O40000 ;USED ONLY IF ROMSW=1
IFE REALIO,<ROMLOC= ^O20000 ;START AT 8K.
RAMLOC=^O1400>>
IFE REALIO-3,<
DISKO==1
RAMLOC==^O2000
ROMLOC=^O140000
NULCMD==0
GETCMD==1
linlen==40
BUFLEN==81
CQOPEN=^O177700
CQCLOS=^O177703
CQOIN= ^O177706 ;OPEN CHANNEL FOR INPUT
CQOOUT=^O177711 ;FILL FOR COMMO.
CQCCHN=^O177714
CQINCH=^O177717 ;INCHR'S CALL TO GET A CHARACTER
OUTCH= ^O177722
CQLOAD=^O177725
CQSAVE=^O177730
CQVERF=^O177733
CQSYS= ^O177736
ISCNTC=^O177741
CZGETL=^O177744 ;CALL POINT FOR "GET"
CQCALL=^O177747 ;CLOSE ALL CHANNELS
CQTIMR=^O215
BUFPAG==2
BUF==256*BUFPAG
STKEND==507
CQSTAT=^O226
CQHTIM=^O164104
EXTIO==1
TIME==1
GETCMD==1
CLMWID==10
PI=255 ;VALUE OF PI CHARACTER FOR COMMODORE.
ROMSW==1
RORSW==1
TRMPOS=^O306>
IFE REALIO-1,<GETCMD==1
DISKO==1
OUTCH=^O17240 ;1EA0
ROMLOC==^O20000
RORSW==0
CZGETL=^O17132>
IFE REALIO-2,<
RORSW==0
RAMLOC==^O1000
IFN ROMSW,<
RORSW==0
RAMLOC==^O100000>
OUTCH==^O177013>
IFE REALIO-4,<
RORSW==1
NULCMD==0
GETCMD==1
CQINLN==^O176547
CQPRMP==^O63
CQINCH==^O176414
CQCOUT==^O177315
CQCSIN==^O177375
BUFPAG==2
BUF=BUFPAG*256
ROMLOC=^O4000
RAMLOC=^O25000 ;PAGE 2A
OUTCH=^O176755
CZGETL=^O176414
LINLEN==40
BUFLEN==240
RORSW==1
STKEND=507>
IFE RORSW,<
DEFINE ROR (WD),<
LDAI 0
BCC .+4
LDAI ^O200
LSR WD
ORA WD
STA WD>>

DEFINE ACRLF,<
13
10>
DEFINE SYNCHK (Q),<
LDAI <Q>
JSR SYNCHR>
DEFINE DT(Q),<
IRPC Q,<IFDIF <Q><">,<EXP "Q">>>
DEFINE LDWD (WD),<
LDA WD
LDY <WD>+1>
DEFINE LDWDI (WD),<
LDAI <<WD>&^O377>
LDYI <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE LDWX (WD),<
LDA WD
LDX <WD>+1>
DEFINE LDWXI (WD),<
LDAI <<WD>&^O377>
LDXI <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE LDXY (WD),<
LDX WD
LDY <WD>+1>
DEFINE LDXYI (WD),<
LDXI <<WD>&^O377>
LDYI <<WD>/^O400>>
DEFINE STWD (WD),<
STA WD
STY <WD>+1>
DEFINE STWX (WD),<
STA WD
STX <WD>+1>
DEFINE STXY (WD),<
STX WD
STY <WD>+1>
DEFINE CLR (WD),<
LDAI 0
STA WD>
DEFINE COM (WD),<
LDA WD
EORI ^O377
STA WD>
DEFINE PULWD (WD),<
PLA
STA WD
PLA
STA <WD>+1>
DEFINE PSHWD (WD),<
LDA <WD>+1
PHA
LDA WD
PHA>
DEFINE JEQ (WD),<
BNE .+5
JMP WD>
DEFINE JNE (WD),<
BEQ .+5
JMP WD>
DEFINE BCCA(Q),< BCC Q> ;BRANCHES THAT ALWAYS BRANCH
DEFINE BCSA(Q),< BCS Q> ;THESE ARE USED ON THE 6502 BECAUSE
DEFINE BEQA(Q),< BEQ Q> ;THERE IS NO UNCONDITIONAL BRANCH
DEFINE BNEA(Q),< BNE Q>
DEFINE BMIA(Q),< BMI Q>
DEFINE BPLA(Q),< BPL Q>
DEFINE BVCA(Q),< BVC Q>
DEFINE BVSA(Q),< BVS Q>
DEFINE INCW(R),<
INC R
BNE %Q
INC R+1
%Q:>
DEFINE SKIP1, <XWD ^O1000,^O044> ;BIT ZERO PAGE TRICK.
DEFINE SKIP2, <XWD ^O1000,^O054> ;BIT ABS TRICK.
IF1,<
IFE REALIO,<PRINTX/SIMULATE/>
IFE REALIO-1,<PRINTX KIM>
IFE REALIO-2,<PRINTX OSI>
IFE REALIO-3,<PRINTX COMMODORE>
IFE REALIO-4,<PRINTX APPLE>
IFE REALIO-5,<PRINTX STM>
IFN ADDPRC,<PRINTX ADDITIONAL PRECISION>
IFN INTPRC,<PRINTX INTEGER ARRAYS>
IFN LNGERR,<PRINTX LONG ERRORS>
IFN DISKO,<PRINTX SAVE AND LOAD>
IFE ROMSW,<PRINTX RAM>
IFN ROMSW,<PRINTX ROM>
IFE RORSW,<PRINTX NO ROR>
IFN RORSW,<PRINTX ROR ASSUMED>>
PAGE
SUBTTL INTRODUCTION AND COMPILATION PARAMETERS.
COMMENT *

--------- ---- -- ---------


COPYRIGHT 1976 BY MICROSOFT
--------- ---- -- ---------
7/27/78 FIXED BUG WHERE FOR VARIABLE AT BYTE FF MATCHED RETURN SEARCHING
FOR GOSUB ENTRY ON STACK IN FNDFOR CALL BY CHANGING STA FORPNT
TO STA FORPNT+1. THIS IS A SERIOUS BUG IN ALL VERSIONS.
7/27/78 FIXED BUG AT NEWSTT UNDER IFN BUFPAG WHEN CHECK OF CURLIN
WAS DONE BEFORE CURLIN SET UP SO INPUT RETRIES OF FIRST STATEMENT
WAS GIVING SYNTAX ERROR INSTEAD OF REDO FROM START (CODE WAS 12/1/77 FIX)
7/1/78 SAVED A FEW BYTES IN INIT FOR COMMODORE (14)
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE REPLACING A LINE OVERFLOWING MEMORY LEFT LINKS
IN A BAD STATE. (CODE AT NODEL AND FINI) BUG#4
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE GARBAGE COLLECTION NEVER(!) COLLECTS TEMPS
(STY GRBPNT AT FNDVAR, LDA GRBPNT ORA GRBPNT+1 AT GRBPAS)
THIS WAS COMMODORE BUG #2
7/1/78 FIXED BUG WHERE DELETE/INSERT OF LINE COULD CAUSE A GARBAGE COLLECTION WITH
BAD VARTAB IF OUT OF MEMORY
(LDWD MEMSIZ STWD FRETOP=JSR RUNC CLC ALSO AT NODEL)
3/9/78 EDIT TO FIX COMMO TRMPOS AND CHANGE LEFT$ AND RIGHT$ TO ALLOW A SECOND
ARGUMENT OF 0 AND RETURN A NULL STRING
2/25/78 FIXED BUG THAT INPFLG WAS SET WRONG WHEN BUFPAG.NE.0
INCREASED NUMLEV FROM 19 TO 23
2/11/78 DISALLOWED SPACES IN RESERVED WORDS. PUT IN SPECIAL CHECK FOR "GO TO"
2/11/78 FIXED BUG WHERE ROUNDING OF THE FAC BEFORE PUSHING COULD CAUSE A STRING
POINTER
IN THE FAC TO BE INCREMENTED
1/24/78 fixed problem where user defined function undefined check fix was smashing
error number in [x]
12/1/77 FIXED PROBLEM WHERE PEEK WAS SMASHING (POKER) CAUSING POKE OF PEEK TO FAIL
12/1/77 FIXED PROBLEM WHERE PROBLEM WITH VARTXT=LINNUM=BUF-2 CAUSING BUF-1 COMMA TO
DISAPPEAR
12/1/77 FIXED BUFPAG.NE.0 PROBLEM AT NEWSTT AND STOP : CODE WAS STILL
ASSUMING TXTPTR+1.EQ.0 IFF STATEMENT WAS DIRECT
*
NUMLEV==23 ;NUMBER OF STACK LEVELS RESERVED
;BY AN EXPLICIT CALL TO "GETSTK".
STRSIZ==3 ;# OF LOCS PER STRING DESCRIPTOR.
NUMTMP==3 ;NUMBER OF STRING TEMPORARIES.
CONTW==15 ;CHARACTER TO SUPPRESS OUTPUT.

PAGE
SUBTTL SOME EXPLANATION.
COMMENT *

M6502 BASIC CONFIGURES BASIC AS FOLLOWS

LOW LOCATIONS
PAGE ZERO

STARTUP:
INITIALLY A JMP TO INITIALIZATION CODE BUT
CHANGED TO A JMP TO "READY".
RESTARTING THE MACHINE AT LOC 0 DURING PROGRAM
EXECUTION CAN LEAVE THINGS MESSED UP.

LOC OF FAC TO INTEGER AND INTEGER TO FAC


ROUTINES.

"DIRECT" MEMORY:
THESE ARE THE MOST COMMONLY USED LOCATIONS.
THEY HOLD BOOKKEEPING INFO AND ALL OTHER
FREQUENTLY USED INFORMATION.
ALL TEMPORARIES, FLAGS, POINTERS, THE BUFFER AREA,
THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR, AND ANYTHING ELSE THAT
IS USED TO STORE A CHANGING VALUE SHOULD BE LOCATED
IN THIS AREA. CARE MUST BE MADE IN MOVING LOCATIONS
IN THIS AREA SINCE THE JUXTAPOSITION OF TWO LOCATIONS
IS OFTEN DEPENDED UPON.

STILL IN RAM WE HAVE THE BEGINNING OF THE "CHRGET"


SUBROUTINE. IT IS HERE SO [TXTPTR] CAN BE THE
EXTENDED ADDRESS OF A LOAD INSTRUCTION.
THIS SAVES HAVING TO BOTHER ANY REGISTERS.

PAGE ONE
THE STACK.

STORAGE PAGE TWO AND ON


IN RAM VERSIONS THESE DATA STRUCTURES COME AT THE
END OF BASIC. IN ROM VERSON THEY ARE AT RAMLOC WHICH
CAN EITHER BE ABOVE OR BELOW ROMLOC, WHICH IS WHERE
BASIC ITSELF RESIDES.

A ZERO.
[TXTTAB] POINTER TO NEXT LINE'S POINTER.
LINE # OF THIS LINE (2 BYTES).
CHARACTERS ON THIS LINE.
ZERO.
POINTER AT NEXT LINE'S POINTER
(POINTED TO BY THE ABOVE POINTER).
... REPEATS ...
LAST LINE: POINTER AT ZERO POINTER.
LINE # OF THIS LINE.
CHARACTERS ON THIS LINE.
ZERO.
DOUBLE ZERO (POINTED TO BY THE ABOVE POINTER).
[VARTAB] SIMPLE VARIABLES. 6 BYTES PER VALUE.
2 BYTES GIVE THE NAME, 4 BYTES THE VALUE.
... REPEATS ...
[ARYTAB] ARRAY VARIABLES. 2 BYTES NAME, 2 BYTE
LENGTH, NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS , EXTENT OF
EACH DIMENSION (2BYTES/), VALUES
... REPEATS ...
[STREND] FREE SPACE.
... REPEATS ...
[FRETOP] STRING SPACE IN USE.
... REPEATS ...
[MEMSIZ] HIGHEST MACHINE LOCATION.
UNUSED EXCEPT BY THE VAL FUNCTION.

ROM -- CONSTANTS AND CODE.

FUNCTION DISPATCH ADDRESSES (AT ROMLOC)


"FUNDSP" CONTAINS THE ADDRESSES OF THE
FUNCTION ROUTINES IN THE ORDER OF THE
FUNCTION NAMES IN THE CRUNCH LIST.
THE FUNCTIONS THAT TAKE MORE THAN ONE ARGUMENT
ARE AT THE END. SEE THE EXPLANATION AT "ISFUN".

THE OPERATOR LIST


THE "OPTAB" LIST CONTAINS AN OPERATOR'S PRECEDENCE
FOLLOWED BY THE ADDRESS OF THE ROUTINE TO PERFORM
THE OPERATION. THE INDEX INTO THE
OPERATOR LIST IS MADE BY SUBTRACTING OFF THE CRUNCH VALUE
OF THE LOWEST NUMBERED OPERATOR. THE ORDER
OF OPERATORS IN THE CRUNCH LIST AND IN "OPTAB" IS IDENTICAL.
THE PRECEDENCES ARE ARBITRARY EXCEPT FOR THEIR
COMPARATIVE SIZES. NOTE THAT THE PRECEDENCE FOR
UNARY OPERATORS SUCH AS "NOT" AND NEGATION ARE
SETUP SPECIALLY WITHOUT USING THE LIST.

THE RESERVED WORD OR CRUNCH LIST


WHEN A COMMAND OR PROGRAM LINE IS TYPED IN
IT IS STORED IN "BUF". AS SOON AS THE WHOLE LINE
HAS BEEN TYPED IN ("INLIN" RETURNS) "CRUNCH" IS
CALLED TO CONVERT ALL RESERVED WORDS TO THEIR
CRUNCHED VALUES. THIS REDUCES THE SIZE OF THE
PROGRAM AND SPEEDS UP EXECUTION BY ALLOWING
LIST DISPATCHES TO PERFORM FUNCTIONS, STATEMENTS,
AND OPERATIONS. THIS IS BECAUSE ALL THE STATEMENT
NAMES ARE STORED CONSECUTIVELY IN THE CRUNCH LIST.
WHEN A MATCH IS FOUND BETWEEN A STRING
OF CHARACTERS AND A WORD IN THE CRUNCH LIST
THE ENTIRE TEXT OF THE MATCHED WORD IS TAKEN OUT OF
THE INPUT LINE AND A RESERVED WORD TOKEN IS PUT
IN ITS PLACE. A RESERVED WORD TOKEN IS ALWAYS EQUAL
TO OCTAL 200 PLUS THE POSITION OF THE MATCHED WORD
IN THE CRUNCH LIST.

STATEMENT DISPATCH ADDRESSES


WHEN A STATEMENT IS TO BE EXECUTED, THE FIRST
CHARACTER OF THE STATEMENT IS EXAMINED
TO SEE IF IT IS LESS THAN THE RESERVED
WORD TOKEN FOR THE LOWEST NUMBERED STATEMENT NAME.
IF SO, THE "LET" CODE IS CALLED TO
TREAT THE STATEMENT AS AN ASSIGNMENT STATEMENT.
OTHERWISE A CHECK IS MADE TO MAKE SURE THE
RESERVED WORD NUMBER IS NOT TOO LARGE TO BE A
STATEMENT TYPE NUMBER. IF NOT THE ADDRESS
TO DISPATCH TO IS FETCHED FROM "STMDSP" (THE STATEMENT
DISPATCH LIST) USING THE RESERVED WORD
NUMBER FOR THE STATEMENT TO CALCULATE AN INDEX INTO
THE LIST.

ERROR MESSAGES
WHEN AN ERROR CONDITION IS DETECTED,
[ACCX] MUST BE SET UP TO INDICATE WHICH ERROR
MESSAGE IS APPROPRIATE AND A BRANCH MUST BE MADE
TO "ERROR". THE STACK WILL BE RESET AND ALL
PROGRAM CONTEXT WILL BE LOST. VARIABLES
VALUES AND THE ACTUAL PROGRAM REMAIN INTACT.
ONLY THE VALUE OF [ACCX] IS IMPORTANT WHEN
THE BRANCH IS MADE TO ERROR. [ACCX] IS USED AS AN
INDEX INTO "ERRTAB" WHICH GIVES THE TWO
CHARACTER ERROR MESSAGE THAT WILL BE PRINTED ON THE
USER'S TERMINAL.

TEXTUAL MESSAGES
CONSTANT MESSAGES ARE STORED HERE. UNLESS
THE CODE TO CHECK IF A STRING MUST BE COPIED
IS CHANGED THESE STRINGS MUST BE STORED ABOVE
PAGE ZERO, OR ELSE THEY WILL BE COPIED BEFORE
THEY ARE PRINTED.

FNDFOR
MOST SMALL ROUTINES ARE FAIRLY SIMPLE
AND ARE DOCUMENTED IN PLACE. "FNDFOR" IS
USED FOR FINDING "FOR" ENTRIES ON
THE STACK. WHENEVER A "FOR" IS EXECUTED, A
16-BYTE ENTRY IS PUSHED ONTO THE STACK.
BEFORE THIS IS DONE, HOWEVER, A CHECK
MUST BE MADE TO SEE IF THERE
ARE ANY "FOR" ENTRIES ALREADY ON THE STACK
FOR THE SAME LOOP VARIABLE. IF SO, THAT "FOR" ENTRY
AND ALL OTHER "FOR" ENTRIES THAT WERE MADE AFTER IT
ARE ELIMINATED FROM THE STACK. THIS IS SO A
PROGRAM THAT JUMPS OUT OF THE MIDDLE
OF A "FOR" LOOP AND THEN RESTARTS THE LOOP AGAIN
AND AGAIN WON'T USE UP 18 BYTES OF STACK
SPACE EVERY TIME. THE "NEXT" CODE ALSO
CALLS "FNDFOR" TO SEARCH FOR A "FOR" ENTRY WITH
THE LOOP VARIABLE IN
THE "NEXT". AT WHATEVER POINT A MATCH IS FOUND
THE STACK IS RESET. IF NO MATCH IS FOUND A
"NEXT WITHOUT FOR" ERROR OCCURS. GOSUB EXECUTION
ALSO PUTS A 5-BYTE ENTRY ON STACK.
WHEN A RETURN IS EXECUTED "FNDFOR" IS
CALLED WITH A VARIABLE POINTER THAT CAN'T
BE MATCHED. WHEN "FNDFOR" HAS RUN
THROUGH ALL THE "FOR" ENTRIES ON THE STACK
IT RETURNS AND THE RETURN CODE MAKES
SURE THE ENTRY THAT WAS STOPPED
ON IS A GOSUB ENTRY. THIS ASSURES THAT
IF YOU GOSUB TO A SECTION OF CODE
IN WHICH A FOR LOOP IS ENTERED BUT NEVER
EXITED THE RETURN WILL STILL BE
ABLE TO FIND THE MOST RECENT
GOSUB ENTRY. THE "RETURN" CODE ELIMINATES THE
"GOSUB" ENTRY AND ALL "FOR" ENTRIES MADE AFTER
THE GOSUB ENTRY.

NON-RUNTIME STUFF
THE CODE TO INPUT A LINE, CRUNCH IT, GIVE ERRORS,
FIND A SPECIFIC LINE IN THE PROGRAM,
PERFORM A "NEW", "CLEAR", AND "LIST" ARE
ALL IN THIS AREA. GIVEN THE EXPLANATION OF
PROGRAM STORAGE SET FORTH ABOVE, THESE ARE
ALL STRAIGHTFORWARD.

NEWSTT
WHENEVER A STATEMENT FINISHES EXECUTION IT
DOES A "RTS" WHICH TAKES
EXECUTION BACK TO "NEWSTT". STATEMENTS THAT
CREATE OR LOOK AT SEMI-PERMANENT STACK ENTRIES
MUST GET RID OF THE RETURN ADDRESS OF "NEWSTT" AND
JMP TO "NEWSTT" WHEN DONE. "NEWSTT" ALWAYS
CHRGETS THE FIRST CHARACTER AFTER THE STATEMENT
NAME BEFORE DISPATCHING. WHEN RETURNING
BACK TO "NEWSTT" THE ONLY THING THAT
MUST BE SET UP IS THE TEXT POINTER IN
"TXTPTR". "NEWSTT" WILL CHECK TO MAKE SURE
"TXTPTR" IS POINTING TO A STATEMENT TERMINATOR.
IF A STATEMENT SHOULDN'T BE PERFORMED UNLESS
IT IS PROPERLY FORMATTED (I.E. "NEW") IT CAN
SIMPLY DO A RETURN AFTER READING ALL OF
ITS ARGUMENTS. SINCE THE ZERO FLAG
BEING OFF INDICATES THERE IS NOT
A STATEMENT TERMINATOR "NEWSTT" WILL
DO THE JMP TO THE "SYNTAX ERROR"
ROUTINE. IF A STATEMENT SHOULD BE STARTED
OVER IT CAN DO LDWD OLDTXT, STWD TXTPTR RTS SINCE THE TEXT PNTR
AT "NEWSTT" IS ALWAYS STORED IN "OLDTXT".
THE ^C CODE STORES [CURLIN] (THE
CURRENT LINE NUMBER) IN "OLDLIN" SINCE THE ^C CHECK
IS MADE BEFORE THE STATEMENT POINTED TO IS
EXECUTED. "STOP" AND "END" STORE THE TEXT POINTER
FROM "TXTPTR", WHICH POINTS AT THEIR TERMINATING
CHARACTER, IN "OLDTXT".

STATEMENT CODE
THE INDIVIDUAL STATEMENT CODE COMES
NEXT. THE APPROACH USED IN EXECUTING EACH
STATEMENT IS DOCUMENTED IN THE STATEMENT CODE
ITSELF.

FRMEVL, THE FORMULA EVALUATOR


GIVEN A TEXT POINTER POINTING TO THE STARTING
CHARACTER OF A FORMULA, "FRMEVL"
EVALUATES THE FORMULA AND LEAVES
THE VALUE IN THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR (FAC).
"TXTPTR" IS RETURNED POINTING TO THE FIRST CHARACTER
THAT COULD NOT BE INTERPRETED AS PART OF THE
FORMULA. THE ALGORITHM USES THE STACK
TO STORE TEMPORARY RESULTS:

0. PUT A DUMMY PRECEDENCE OF ZERO ON


THE STACK.
1. READ LEXEME (CONSTANT,FUNCTION,
VARIABLE,FORMULA IN PARENS)
AND TAKE THE LAST PRECEDENCE VALUE
OFF THE STACK.
2. SEE IF THE NEXT CHARACTER IS AN OPERATOR.
IF NOT, CHECK PREVIOUS ONE. THIS MAY CAUSE
OPERATOR APPLICATION OR AN ACTUAL
RETURN FROM "FRMEVL".
3. IF IT IS, SEE WHAT PRECEDENCE IT HAS
AND COMPARE IT TO THE PRECEDENCE
OF THE LAST OPERATOR ON THE STACK.
4. IF = OR LESS REMEMBER THE OPERATOR
POINTER OF THIS OPERATOR
AND BRANCH TO "QCHNUM" TO CAUSE
APPLICATION OF THE LAST OPERATOR.
EVENTUALLY RETURN TO STEP 2
BY RETURNING TO JUST AFTER "DOPREC".
5. IF GREATER PUT THE LAST PRECEDENCE
BACK ON, SAVE THE OPERATOR ADDRESS,
CURRENT TEMPORARY RESULT,
AND PRECEDENCE AND RETURN TO STEP 1.

RELATIONAL OPERATORS ARE ALL HANDLED THROUGH


A COMMON ROUTINE. SPECIAL
CARE IS TAKEN TO DETECT TYPE MISMATCHES SUCH AS 3+"F".

EVAL -- THE ROUTINE TO READ A LEXEME


"EVAL" CHECKS FOR THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF
ENTITIES IT IS SUPPOSED TO DETECT.
LEADING PLUSES ARE IGNORED,
DIGITS AND "." CAUSE "FIN" (FLOATING INPUT)
TO BE CALLED. FUNCTION NAMES CAUSE THE
FORMULA INSIDE THE PARENTHESES TO BE EVALUATED
AND THE FUNCTION ROUTINE TO BE CALLED. VARIABLE
NAMES CAUSE "PTRGET" TO BE CALLED TO GET A POINTER
TO THE VALUE, AND THEN THE VALUE IS PUT INTO
THE FAC. AN OPEN PARENTHESIS CAUSES "FRMEVL"
TO BE CALLED (RECURSIVELY), AND THE ")" TO
BE CHECKED FOR. UNARY OPERATORS (NOT AND
NEGATION) PUT THEIR PRECEDENCE ON THE STACK
AND ENTER FORMULA EVALUATION AT STEP 1, SO
THAT EVERYTHING UP TO AN OPERATOR GREATER THAN
THEIR PRECEDENCE OR THE END OF THE FORMULA
WILL BE EVALUATED.
DIMENSION AND VARIABLE SEARCHING
SPACE IS ALLOCATED FOR VARIABLES AS THEY ARE
ENCOUNTERED. THUS "DIM" STATEMENTS MUST BE
EXECUTED TO HAVE EFFECT. 6 BYTES ARE ALLOCATED
FOR EACH SIMPLE VARIABLE, WHETHER IT IS A STRING,
NUMBER OR USER DEFINED FUNCTION. THE FIRST TWO
BYTES GIVE THE NAME OF THE VARIABLE AND THE LAST FOUR
GIVE ITS VALUE. [VARTAB] GIVES THE FIRST LOCATION
WHERE A SIMPLE VARIABLE NAME IS FOUND AND [ARYTAB]
GIVES THE LOCATION TO STOP SEARCHING FOR SIMPLE
VARIABLES. A "FOR" ENTRY HAS A TEXT POINTER
AND A POINTER TO A VARIABLE VALUE SO NEITHER
THE PROGRAM OR THE SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN BE
MOVED WHILE THERE ARE ACTIVE "FOR" ENTRIES ON THE STACK.
USER DEFINED FUNCTION VALUES ALSO CONTAIN
POINTERS INTO SIMPLE VARIABLE SPACE SO NO USER-DEFINED
FUNCTION VALUES CAN BE RETAINED IF SIMPLE VARIABLES
ARE MOVED. ADDING A SIMPLE VARIABLE IS JUST
ADDING SIX TO [ARYTAB] AND [STREND], BLOCK TRANSFERING
THE ARRAY VARIABLES UP BY SIX AND MAKING SURE THE
NEW [STREND] IS NOT TOO CLOSE TO THE STRINGS.
THIS MOVEMENT OF ARRAY VARIABLES MEANS
THAT NO POINTER TO AN ARRAY WILL STAY VALID WHEN
NEW SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN BE ENCOUNTERED. THIS IS
WHY ARRAY VARIABLES ARE NOT ALLOWED FOR "FOR"
LOOP VARIABLES. SETTING UP A NEW ARRAY VARIABLE
MERELY INVOLVES BUILDING THE DESCRIPTOR,
UPDATING [STREND], AND MAKING SURE THERE IS
STILL ENOUGH ROOM BETWEEN [STREND] AND STRING SPACE.
"PTRGET", THE ROUTINE WHICH RETURNS A POINTER
TO A VARIABLE VALUE, HAS TWO IMPORTANT FLAGS. ONE IS
"DIMFLG" WHICH INDICATES WHETHER "DIM" CALLED "PTRGET"
OR NOT. IF SO, NO PRIOR ENTRY FOR THE VARIABLE IN
QUESTION SHOULD BE FOUND, AND THE INDEX INDICATES
HOW MUCH SPACE TO SET ASIDE. SIMPLE VARIABLES CAN
BE "DIMENSIONED", BUT THE ONLY EFFECT WILL BE TO
SET ASIDE SPACE FOR THE VARIABLE IF IT HASN'T BEEN
ENCOUNTERED YET. THE OTHER IMPORTANT FLAG IS "SUBFLG"
WHICH INDICATES WHETHER A SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLE SHOULD BE
ALLOWED IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT. IF [SUBFLG] IS NON-ZERO
THE OPEN PARENTHESIS FOR A SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLE
WILL NOT BE SCANNED BY "PTRGET", AND "PTRGET" WILL RETURN
WITH A TEXT POINTER POINTING TO THE "(", IF
THERE WAS ONE.
STRINGS
IN THE VARIABLE TABLES STRINGS ARE STORED JUST LIKE
NUMERIC VARIABLES. SIMPLE STRINGS HAVE THREE VALUE
BYTES WHICH ARE INITIALIZED TO ALL ZEROS (WHICH
REPRESENTS THE NULL STRING). THE ONLY DIFFERENCE
IN HANDLING IS THAT WHEN "PTRGET" SEES A "$" AFTER THE
NAME OF A VARIABLE, "PTRGET" SETS [VALTYP]
TO NEGATIVE ONE AND TURNS
ON THE MSB (MOST-SIGNIFIGANT-BIT) OF THE VALUE OF
THE FIRST CHARACTER OF THE VARIABLE NAME.
HAVING THIS BIT ON IN THE NAME OF THE VARIABLE ENSURES
THAT THE SEARCH ROUTINE WILL NOT MATCH
'A' WITH 'A$' OR 'A$' WITH 'A'. THE MEANING OF
THE THREE VALUE BYTES ARE:
LOW
LENGTH OF THE STRING
LOW 8 BITS
HIGH 8 BITS OF THE ADDRESS
OF THE CHARACTERS IN THE
STRING IF LENGTH.NE.0.
MEANINGLESS OTHERWISE.
HIGH
THE VALUE OF A STRING VARIABLE (THESE 3 BYTES)
IS CALLED THE STRING DESCRIPTOR TO DISTINGUISH
IT FROM THE ACTUAL STRING DATA. WHENEVER A
STRING CONSTANT IS ENCOUNTERED IN A FORMULA OR AS
PART OF AN INPUT STRING, OR AS PART OF DATA, "STRLIT"
IS CALLED, CAUSING A DESCRIPTOR TO BE BUILT FOR
THE STRING. WHEN ASSIGNMENT IS MADE TO A STRING POINTING INTO
"BUF" THE VALUE IS COPIED INTO STRING SPACE SINCE [BUF]
IS ALWAYS CHANGING.

STRING FUNCTIONS AND THE ONE STRING OPERATOR "+"


ALWAYS RETURN THEIR VALUES IN STRING SPACE.
ASSIGNING A STRING A CONSTANT VALUE IN A PROGRAM
THROUGH A "READ" OR ASSIGNMENT STATEMENT
WILL NOT USE ANY STRING SPACE SINCE
THE STRING DESCRIPTOR WILL POINT INTO THE
PROGRAM ITSELF. IN GENERAL, COPYING IS DONE
WHEN A STRING VALUE IS IN "BUF", OR IT IS IN STRING
SPACE AND THERE IS AN ACTIVE POINTER TO IT.
THUS F$=G$ WILL CAUSE COPYING IF G$ HAS ITS
STRING DATA IN STRING SPACE. F$=CHR$(7)
WILL USE ONE BYTE OF STRING SPACE TO STORE THE
NEW ONE CHARACTER STRING CREATED BY "CHR$", BUT
THE ASSIGNMENT ITSELF WILL CAUSE NO COPYING SINCE
THE ONLY POINTER AT THE NEW STRING IS A
TEMPORARY DESCRIPTOR CREATED BY "FRMEVL" WHICH WILL
GO AWAY AS SOON AS THE ASSIGNMENT IS DONE.
IT IS THE NATURE OF GARBAGE COLLECTION THAT
DISALLOWS HAVING TWO STRING DESCRIPTORS POINT TO THE SAME
AREA IN STRING SPACE. STRING FUNCTIONS AND OPERATORS
MUST PROCEED AS FOLLOWS:
1) FIGURE OUT THE LENGTH OF THEIR RESULT.

2) CALL "GETSPA" TO FIND SPACE FOR THEIR


RESULT. THE ARGUMENTS TO THE FUNCTION
OR OPERATOR MAY CHANGE SINCE GARBAGE COLLECTION
MAY BE INVOKED. THE ONLY THING THAT CAN
BE SAVED DURING THE CALL TO "GETSPA" IS A POINTER
TO THE DESCRIPTORS OF THE ARGUMENTS.
3) CONSTRUCT THE RESULT DESCRIPTOR IN "DSCTMP".
"GETSPA" RETURNS THE LOCATION OF THE AVAILABLE
SPACE.
4) CREATE THE NEW VALUE BY COPYING PARTS
OF THE ARGUMENTS OR WHATEVER.
5) FREE UP THE ARGUMENTS BY CALLING "FRETMP".
6) JUMP TO "PUTNEW" TO GET THE DESCRIPTOR IN
"DSCTMP" TRANSFERRED INTO A NEW STRING TEMPORARY.

THE REASON FOR STRING TEMPORARIES IS THAT GARBAGE


COLLECTION HAS TO KNOW ABOUT ALL ACTIVE STRING DESCRIPTORS
SO IT KNOWS WHAT IS AND ISN'T IN USE. STRING TEMPORARIES ARE
USED TO STORE THE DESCRIPTORS OF STRING EXPRESSIONS.
INSTEAD OF HAVING AN ACTUAL VALUE STORED IN THE
FAC, AND HAVING THE VALUE OF A TEMPORARY RESULT
BEING SAVED ON THE STACK, AS HAPPENS WITH NUMERIC
VARIABLES, STRINGS HAVE THE POINTER TO A STRING DESCRIPTOR
STORED IN THE FAC, AND IT IS THIS POINTER
THAT GETS SAVED ON THE STACK BY FORMULA EVALUATION.
STRING FUNCTIONS CANNOT FREE THEIR ARGUMENTS UP RIGHT
AWAY SINCE "GETSPA" MAY FORCE
GARBAGE COLLECTION AND THE ARGUMENT STRINGS
MAY BE OVER-WRITTEN SINCE GARBAGE COLLECTION
WILL NOT BE ABLE TO FIND AN ACTIVE POINTER TO
THEM. FUNCTION AND OPERATOR RESULTS ARE BUILT IN
"DSCTMP" SINCE STRING TEMPORARIES ARE ALLOCATED
(PUTNEW) AND DEALLOCATED (FRETMP) IN A FIFO ORDERING
(I.E. A STACK) SO THE NEW TEMPORARY CANNOT
BE SET UP UNTIL THE OLD ONE(S) ARE FREED. TRYING
TO BUILD A RESULT IN A TEMPORARY AFTER
FREEING UP THE ARGUMENT TEMPORARIES COULD RESULT
IN ONE OF THE ARGUMENT TEMPORARIES BEING OVERWRITTEN
TOO SOON BY THE NEW RESULT.

STRING SPACE IS ALLOCATED AT THE VERY TOP


OF MEMORY. "MEMSIZ" POINTS BEYOND THE LAST LOCATION OF
STRING SPACE. STRINGS ARE STORED IN HIGH LOCATIONS
FIRST. WHENEVER STRING SPACE IS ALLOCATED (GETSPA).
[FRETOP], WHICH IS INITIALIZED TO [MEMSIZ], IS UPDATED
TO GIVE THE HIGHEST LOCATION IN STRING SPACE
THAT IS NOT IN USE. THE RESULT IS THAT
[FRETOP] GETS SMALLER AND SMALLER, UNTIL SOME
ALLOCATION WOULD MAKE [FRETOP] LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO
[STREND]. THIS MEANS STRING SPACE HAS RUN INTO THE
THE ARRAYS AND THAT GARBAGE COLLECTION MUST BE CALLED.

GARBAGE COLLECTION:
0. [MINPTR]=[STREND] [FRETOP]=[MEMSIZ]
1. [REMMIN]=0
2. FOR EACH STRING DESCRIPTOR
(TEMPORARIES, SIMPLE STRINGS, STRING ARRAYS)
IF THE STRING IS NOT NULL AND ITS POINTER IS
.GT.MINPTR AND .LT.FRETOP,
[MINPTR]=THIS STRING DESCRIPTOR'S POINTER,
[REMMIN]=POINTER AT THIS STRING DESCRIPTOR.
END.
3. IF REMMIN.NE.0 (WE FOUND AN UNCOLLECTED STRING),
BLOCK TRANSFER THE STRING DATA POINTED
TO IN THE STRING DESCRIPTOR POINTED TO BY "REMMIN"
SO THAT THE LAST BYTE OF STRING DATA IS AT
[FRETOP]. UPDATE [FRETOP] SO THAT IT
POINTS TO THE LOCATION JUST BELOW THE ONE
THE STRING DATA WAS MOVED INTO. UPDATE
THE POINTER IN THE DESCRIPTOR SO IT POINTS
TO THE NEW LOCATION OF THE STRING DATA.
GO TO STEP 1.

AFTER CALLING GARBAGE COLLECTION "GETSPA" AGAIN CHECKS


TO SEE IF [ACCA] CHARACTERS ARE AVAILABLE BETWEEN
[STREND] AND [FRETOP]; IF NOT, AN "OUT OF STRING"
ERROR IS INVOKED.
MATH PACKAGE
THE MATH PACKAGE CONTAINS FLOATING INPUT (FIN),
FLOATING OUTPUT (FOUT), FLOATING COMPARE (FCOMP)
... AND ALL THE NUMERIC OPERATORS AND FUNCTIONS.
THE FORMATS, CONVENTIONS AND ENTRY POINTS ARE ALL
DESCRIBED IN THE MATH PACKAGE ITSELF.

INIT -- THE INITIALIZATION ROUTINE


THE AMOUNT OF MEMORY,
TERMINAL WIDTH, AND WHICH FUNCTIONS TO BE RETAINED
ARE ASCERTAINED FROM THE USER. A ZERO IS PUT DOWN
AT THE FIRST LOCATION NOT USED BY THE MATH-PACKAGE
AND [TXTTAB] IS SET UP TO POINT AT THE NEXT LOCATION.
THIS DETERMINES WHERE PROGRAM STORAGE WILL START.
SPECIAL CHECKS ARE MADE TO MAKE SURE
ALL QUESTIONS IN "INIT" ARE ANSWERED REASONABLY, SINCE
ONCE "INIT" FINISHES, THE LOCATIONS IT USES ARE
USED FOR PROGRAM STORAGE. THE LAST THING "INIT" DOES IS
CHANGE LOCATION ZERO TO BE A JUMP TO "READY" INSTEAD
OF "INIT". ONCE THIS IS DONE THERE IS NO WAY TO RESTART
"INIT".
HIGH LOCATIONS

*
PAGE
SUBTTL PAGE ZERO.
IFN REALIO-3,<
START: JMP INIT ;INITIALIZE - SETUP CERTAIN LOCATIONS
;AND DELETE FUNCTIONS IF NOT NEEDED,
;AND CHANGE THIS TO "JMP READY"
;IN CASE USER RESTARTS AT LOC ZERO.
RDYJSR: JMP INIT ;CHANGED TO "JMP STROUT" BY "INIT"
;TO HANDLE ERRORS.
ADRAYI: ADR(AYINT) ;STORE HERE THE ADDR OF THE
;ROUTINE TO TURN THE FAC INTO A
;TWO BYTE SIGNED INTEGER IN [Y,A]
ADRGAY: ADR(GIVAYF)> ;STORE HERE THE ADDR OF THE
;ROUTINE TO CONVERT [Y,A] TO A FLOATING
;POINT NUMBER IN THE FAC.
IFN ROMSW,<
USRPOK: JMP FCERR> ;SET UP ORIG BY INIT.
;
; THIS IS THE "VOLATILE" STORAGE AREA AND NONE OF IT
; CAN BE KEPT IN ROM. ANY CONSTANTS IN THIS AREA CANNOT
; BE KEPT IN A ROM, BUT MUST BE LOADED IN BY THE
; PROGRAM INSTRUCTIONS IN ROM.
;
; --- GENERAL RAM ---:
CHARAC: BLOCK 1 ;A DELIMITING CHARACTER.
INTEGR= CHARAC ;A ONE-BYTE INTEGER FROM "QINT".
ENDCHR: BLOCK 1 ;THE OTHER DELIMITING CHARACTER.
COUNT: BLOCK 1 ;A GENERAL COUNTER.

; --- FLAGS ---:


DIMFLG: BLOCK 1 ;IN GETTING A POINTER TO A VARIABLE
;IT IS IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER WHETHER IT
;IS BEING DONE FOR "DIM" OR NOT.
;DIMFLG AND VALTYP MUST BE
;CONSECUTIVE LOCATIONS.
KIMY= DIMFLG ;PLACE TO PRESERVE Y DURING OUT.
VALTYP: BLOCK 1 ;THE TYPE INDICATOR.
;0=NUMERIC 1=STRING.
IFN INTPRC,<
INTFLG: BLOCK 1> ;TELLS IF INTEGER.
DORES: BLOCK 1 ;WHETHER CAN OR CAN'T CRUNCH RES'D WORDS.
;TURNED ON WHEN "DATA"
;BEING SCANNED BY CRUNCH SO UNQUOTED
;STRINGS WON'T BE CRUNCHED.
GARBFL= DORES ;WHETHER TO DO GARBAGE COLLECTION.
SUBFLG: BLOCK 1 ;FLAG WHETHER SUB'D VARIABLE ALLOWED.
;"FOR" AND USER-DEFINED FUNCTION
;POINTER FETCHING TURN
;THIS ON BEFORE CALLING "PTRGET"
;SO ARRAYS WON'T BE DETECTED.
;"STKINI" AND "PTRGET" CLEAR IT.
;ALSO DISALLOWS INTEGERS THERE.
INPFLG: BLOCK 1 ;FLAGS WHETHER WE ARE DOING "INPUT"
;OR "READ".
TANSGN: BLOCK 1 ;USED IN DETERMINING SIGN OF TANGENT.
IFN REALIO,<
CNTWFL: BLOCK 1> ;SUPPRESS OUTPUT FLAG.
;NON-ZERO MEANS SUPPRESS.
;RESET BY "INPUT", READY AND ERRORS.
;COMPLEMENTED BY INPUT OF ^O.

IFE REALIO-4,<ORG 80> ;ROOM FOR APPLE PAGE 0 STUFF.


; --- RAM DEALING WITH TERMINAL HANDLING ---:
IFN EXTIO,<
CHANNL: BLOCK 1> ;HOLDS CHANNEL NUMBER.
IFN NULCMD,<
NULCNT: 0> ;NUMBER OF NULLS TO PRINT.
IFN REALIO-3,<
TRMPOS: BLOCK 1> ;POSITION OF TERMINAL CARRIAGE.
LINWID: LINLEN ;LENGTH OF LINE (WIDTH).
NCMWID: NCMPOS ;POSITION BEYOND WHICH THERE ARE
;NO MORE FIELDS.
LINNUM: 0 ;LOCATION TO STORE LINE NUMBER BEFORE BUF
;SO THAT "BLTUC" CAN STORE IT ALL AWAY AT ONCE.
44 ;A COMMA (PRELOAD OR FROM ROM)
;USED BY INPUT STATEMENT SINCE THE
;DATA POINTER ALWAYS STARTS ON A
;COMMA OR TERMINATOR.
IFE BUFPAG,<
BUF: BLOCK BUFLEN> ;TYPE IN STORED HERE.
;DIRECT STATEMENTS EXECUTE OUT OF
;HERE. REMEMBER "INPUT" SMASHES BUF.
;MUST BE ON PAGE ZERO
;OR ASSIGNMENT OF STRING
;VALUES IN DIRECT STATEMENTS WON'T COPY
;INTO STRING SPACE -- WHICH IT MUST.
;N.B. TWO NONZERO BYTES MUST PRECEDE "BUFLNM".

; --- STORAGE FOR TEMPORARY THINGS ---:


TEMPPT: BLOCK 1 ;POINTER AT FIRST FREE TEMP DESCRIPTOR.
;INITIALIZED TO POINT TO TEMPST.
LASTPT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO LAST-USED STRING TEMPORARY.
TEMPST: BLOCK STRSIZ*NUMTMP ;STORAGE FOR NUMTMP TEMP DESCRIPTORS.
INDEX1: BLOCK 2 ;INDEXES.
INDEX= INDEX1
INDEX2: BLOCK 2
RESHO: BLOCK 1 ;RESULT OF MULTIPLIER AND DIVIDER.
IFN ADDPRC,<
RESMOH: BLOCK 1> ;ONE MORE BYTE.
RESMO: BLOCK 1
RESLO: BLOCK 1
ADDEND= RESMO ;TEMPORARY USED BY "UMULT".
0 ;OVERFLOW FOR RES.

; --- POINTERS INTO DYNAMIC DATA STRUCTURES ---;


TXTTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO BEGINNING OF TEXT.
;DOESN'T CHANGE AFTER BEING
;SETUP BY "INIT".
VARTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO START OF SIMPLE
;VARIABLE SPACE.
;UPDATED WHENEVER THE SIZE OF THE
;PROGRAM CHANGES, SET TO [TXTTAB]
;BY "SCRATCH" ("NEW").
ARYTAB: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO BEGINNING OF ARRAY
;TABLE.
;INCREMENTED BY 6 WHENEVER
;A NEW SIMPLE VARIABLE IS FOUND, AND
;SET TO [VARTAB] BY "CLEARC".
STREND: BLOCK 2 ;END OF STORAGE IN USE.
;INCREASED WHENEVER A NEW ARRAY
;OR SIMPLE VARIABLE IS ENCOUNTERED.
;SET TO [VARTAB] BY "CLEARC".
FRETOP: BLOCK 2 ;TOP OF STRING FREE SPACE.
FRESPC: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO NEW STRING.
MEMSIZ: BLOCK 2 ;HIGHEST LOCATION IN MEMORY.

; --- LINE NUMBERS AND TEXTUAL POINTERS ---:


CURLIN: BLOCK 2 ;CURRENT LINE #.
;SET TO 0,255 FOR DIRECT STATEMENTS.
OLDLIN: BLOCK 2 ;OLD LINE NUMBER (SETUP BY ^C,"STOP"
;OR "END" IN A PROGRAM).
POKER= LINNUM ;SET UP LOCATION USED BY POKE.
;TEMPORARY FOR INPUT AND READ CODE
OLDTXT: BLOCK 2 ;OLD TEXT POINTER.
;POINTS AT STATEMENT TO BE EXEC'D NEXT.
DATLIN: BLOCK 2 ;DATA LINE # -- REMEMBER FOR ERRORS.
DATPTR: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO DATA. INITIALIZED TO POINT
;AT THE ZERO IN FRONT OF [TXTTAB]
;BY "RESTORE" WHICH IS CALLED BY "CLEARC".
;UPDATED BY EXECUTION OF A "READ".
INPPTR: BLOCK 2 ;THIS REMEMBERS WHERE INPUT IS COMING FROM.

; --- STUFF USED IN EVALUATIONS ---:


VARNAM: BLOCK 2 ;VARIABLE'S NAME IS STORED HERE.
VARPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO VARIABLE IN MEMORY.
FDECPT= VARPNT ;POINTER INTO POWER OF TENS OF "FOUT".
FORPNT: BLOCK 2 ;A VARIABLE'S POINTER FOR "FOR" LOOPS
;AND "LET" STATEMENTS.
LSTPNT= FORPNT ;PNTR TO LIST STRING.
ANDMSK= FORPNT ;THE MASK USED BY WAIT FOR ANDING.
EORMSK= FORPNT+1 ;THE MASK FOR EORING IN WAIT.
OPPTR: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO CURRENT OP'S ENTRY IN "OPTAB".
VARTXT= OPPTR ;POINTER INTO LIST OF VARIABLES.
OPMASK: BLOCK 1 ;MASK CREATED BY CURRENT OPERATOR.
DOMASK=TANSGN ;MASK IN USE BY RELATION OPERATIONS.
DEFPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER USED IN FUNCTION DEFINITION.
GRBPNT= DEFPNT ;ANOTHER USED IN GARBAGE COLLECTION.
DSCPNT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER TO A STRING DESCRIPTOR.
IFN ADDPRC,<BLOCK 1> ;FOR TEMPF3.
FOUR6: EXP STRSIZ ;VARIABLE CONSTANT USED BY GARB COLLECT.

; --- ET CETERA ---:


JMPER: JMP 60000
SIZE= JMPER+1
OLDOV= JMPER+2 ;THE OLD OVERFLOW.
TEMPF3= DEFPNT ;A THIRD FAC TEMPORARY (4 BYTES).
TEMPF1:
IFN ADDPRC,<0> ;FOR TEMPF1S EXTRA BYTE.
HIGHDS: BLOCK 2 ;DESINATION OF HIGHEST ELEMENT IN BLT.
HIGHTR: BLOCK 2 ;SOURCE OF HIGHEST ELEMENT TO MOVE.
TEMPF2:
IFN ADDPRC,<0> ;FOR TEMPF2S EXTRA BYTE.
LOWDS: BLOCK 2 ;LOCATION OF LAST BYTE TRANSFERRED INTO.
LOWTR: BLOCK 2 ;LAST THING TO MOVE IN BLT.
ARYPNT= HIGHDS ;A POINTER USED IN ARRAY BUILDING.
GRBTOP= LOWTR ;A POINTER USED IN GARBAGE COLLECTION.
DECCNT= LOWDS ;NUMBER OF PLACES BEFORE DECIMAL POINT.
TENEXP= LOWDS+1 ;HAS A DPT BEEN INPUT?
DPTFLG= LOWTR ;BASE TEN EXPONENT.
EXPSGN= LOWTR+1 ;SIGN OF BASE TEN EXPONENT.

; --- THE FLOATING ACCUMULATOR ---:


FAC:
FACEXP: 0
FACHO: 0 ;MOST SIGNIFICANT BYTE OF MANTISSA.
IFN ADDPRC,<
FACMOH: 0> ;ONE MORE.
FACMO: 0 ;MIDDLE ORDER OF MANTISSA.
FACLO: 0 ;LEAST SIG BYTE OF MANTISSA.
FACSGN: 0 ;SIGN OF FAC (0 OR -1) WHEN UNPACKED.
SGNFLG: 0 ;SIGN OF FAC IS PRESERVED BERE BY "FIN".
DEGREE= SGNFLG ;A COUNT USED BY POLYNOMIALS.
DSCTMP= FAC ;THIS IS WHERE TEMP DESCS ARE BUILT.
INDICE= FACMO ;INDICE IS SET UP HERE BY "QINT".
BITS: 0 ;SOMETHING FOR "SHIFTR" TO USE.

; --- THE FLOATING ARGUMENT (UNPACKED) ---:


ARGEXP: 0
ARGHO: 0
IFN ADDPRC,<ARGMOH: 0>
ARGMO: 0
ARGLO: 0
ARGSGN: 0

ARISGN: 0 ;A SIGN REFLECTING THE RESULT.


FACOV: 0 ;OVERFLOW BYTE OF THE FAC.
STRNG1= ARISGN ;POINTER TO A STRING OR DESCRIPTOR.

FBUFPT: BLOCK 2 ;POINTER INTO FBUFFR USED BY FOUT.


BUFPTR= FBUFPT ;POINTER TO BUF USED BY "CRUNCH".
STRNG2= FBUFPT ;POINTER TO STRING OR DESC.
POLYPT= FBUFPT ;POINTER INTO POLYNOMIAL COEFFICIENTS.
CURTOL= FBUFPT ;ABSOLUTE LINEAR INDEX IS FORMED HERE.
PAGE
SUBTTL RAM CODE.
; THIS CODE GETS CHANGED THROUGHOUT EXECUTION.
; IT IS MADE TO BE FAST THIS WAY.
; ALSO, [X] AND [Y] ARE NOT DISTURBED
;
; "CHRGET" USING [TXTPTR] AS THE CURRENT TEXT PNTR
; FETCHES A NEW CHARACTER INTO ACCA AFTER INCREMENTING [TXTPTR]
; AND SETS CONDITION CODES ACCORDING TO WHAT'S IN ACCA.
; NOT C= NUMERIC ("0" THRU "9")
; Z= ":" OR END-OF-LINE (A NULL)
;
; [ACCA] = NEW CHAR.
; [TXTPTR]=[TXTPTR]+1
;
; THE FOLLOWING EXISTS IN ROM IF ROM EXISTS AND IS LOADED
; DOWN HERE BY INIT. OTHERWISE IT IS JUST LOADED INTO THIS
; RAM LIKE ALL THE REST OF RAM IS LOADED.
;
CHRGET: INC CHRGET+7 ;INCREMENT THE WHOLE TXTPTR.
BNE CHRGOT
INC CHRGET+8
CHRGOT: LDA 60000 ;A LOAD WITH AN EXT ADDR.
TXTPTR= CHRGOT+1
CMPI " " ;SKIP SPACES.
BEQ CHRGET
QNUM: CMPI ":" ;IS IT A ":"?
BCS CHRRTS ;IT IS .GE. ":"
SEC
SBCI "0" ;ALL CHARS .GT. "9" HAVE RET'D SO
SEC
SBCI 256-"0" ;SEE IF NUMERIC.
;TURN CARRY ON IF NUMERIC.
;ALSO, SETZ IF NULL.
CHRRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.

RNDX: 128 ;LOADED OR FROM ROM.


79 ;THE INITIAL RANDOM NUMBER.
199
82
IFN ADDPRC,<89> ;ONE MORE BYTE.

ORG 255 ;PAGE 1 STUFF COMING UP.


LOFBUF: BLOCK 1 ;THE LOW FAC BUFFER. COPYABLE.
;--- PAGE ZERO/ONE BOUNDARY ---.
;MUST HAVE 13 CONTIGUOUS BYTES.
FBUFFR: BLOCK 3*ADDPRC+13 ;BUFFER FOR "FOUT".
;ON PAGE 1 SO THAT STRING IS NOT COPIED.

;STACK IS LOCATED HERE. IE FROM THE END OF FBUFFR TO STKEND.


PAGE
SUBTTL DISPATCH TABLES, RESERVED WORDS, AND ERROR TEXTS.

ORG ROMLOC

STMDSP: ADR(END-1)
ADR(FOR-1)
ADR(NEXT-1)
ADR(DATA-1)
IFN EXTIO,<
ADR(INPUTN-1)>
ADR(INPUT-1)
ADR(DIM-1)
ADR(READ-1)
ADR(LET-1)
ADR(GOTO-1)
ADR(RUN-1)
ADR(IF-1)
ADR(RESTORE-1)
ADR(GOSUB-1)
ADR(RETURN-1)
ADR(REM-1)
ADR(STOP-1)
ADR(ONGOTO-1)
IFN NULCMD,<
ADR(NULL-1)>
ADR(FNWAIT-1)
IFN DISKO,<
IFE REALIO-3,<
ADR(CQLOAD-1)
ADR(CQSAVE-1)
ADR(CQVERF-1)>
IFN REALIO,<
IFN REALIO-2,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
IFN REALIO-5,<
ADR(LOAD-1)
ADR(SAVE-1)>>>>
IFN REALIO-1,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
IFN REALIO-4,<
ADR(511) ;ADDRESS OF LOAD
ADR(511)>>>> ;ADDRESS OF SAVE
ADR(DEF-1)
ADR(POKE-1)
IFN EXTIO,<
ADR(PRINTN-1)>
ADR(PRINT-1)
ADR(CONT-1)
IFE REALIO,<
ADR(DDT-1)>
ADR(LIST-1)
ADR(CLEAR-1)
IFN EXTIO,<
ADR(CMD-1)
ADR(CQSYS-1)
ADR(CQOPEN-1)
ADR(CQCLOS-1)>
IFN GETCMD,<
ADR(GET-1)> ;FILL W/ GET ADDR.
ADR(SCRATH-1)

FUNDSP: ADR(SGN)
ADR(INT)
ADR(ABS)
IFE ROMSW,<
USRLOC: ADR(FCERR)> ;INITIALLY NO USER ROUTINE.
IFN ROMSW,<
USRLOC: ADR(USRPOK)>
ADR(FRE)
ADR(POS)
ADR(SQR)
ADR(RND)
ADR(LOG)
ADR(EXP)
IFN KIMROM,<
REPEAT 4,<
ADR(FCERR)>>
IFE KIMROM,<
COSFIX: ADR(COS)
SINFIX: ADR(SIN)
TANFIX: ADR(TAN)
ATNFIX: ADR(ATN)>
ADR(PEEK)
ADR(LEN)
ADR(STR)
ADR(VAL)
ADR(ASC)
ADR(CHR)
ADR(LEFT)
ADR(RIGHT)
ADR(MID)
OPTAB: 121
ADR(FADDT-1)
121
ADR(FSUBT-1)
123
ADR(FMULTT-1)
123
ADR(FDIVT-1)
127
ADR(FPWRT-1)
80
ADR(ANDOP-1)
70
ADR(OROP-1)
NEGTAB: 125
ADR(NEGOP-1)
NOTTAB: 90
ADR(NOTOP-1)
PTDORL: 100 ;PRECEDENCE.
ADR (DOREL-1) ;OPERATOR ADDRESS.
;
; TOKENS FOR RESERVED WORDS ALWAYS HAVE THE MOST
; SIGNIFICANT BIT ON.
; THE LIST OF RESERVED WORDS:
;
Q=128-1
DEFINE DCI(A),<Q=Q+1
DC(A)>
RESLST: DCI"END"
ENDTK==Q
DCI"FOR"
FORTK==Q
DCI"NEXT"
DCI"DATA"
DATATK==Q
IFN EXTIO,<
DCI"INPUT#">
DCI"INPUT"
DCI"DIM"
DCI"READ"
DCI"LET"
DCI"GOTO"
GOTOTK==Q
DCI"RUN"
DCI"IF"
DCI"RESTORE"
DCI"GOSUB"
GOSUTK=Q
DCI"RETURN"
DCI"REM"
REMTK=Q
DCI"STOP"
DCI"ON"
IFN NULCMD,<
DCI"NULL">
DCI"WAIT"
IFN DISKO,<
DCI"LOAD"
DCI"SAVE"
IFE REALIO-3,<
DCI"VERIFY">>
DCI"DEF"
DCI"POKE"
IFN EXTIO,<
DCI"PRINT#">
DCI"PRINT"
PRINTK==Q
DCI"CONT"
IFE REALIO,<
DCI"DDT">
DCI"LIST"
IFN REALIO-3,<
DCI"CLEAR">
IFE REALIO-3,<
DCI"CLR">
IFN EXTIO,<
DCI"CMD"
DCI"SYS"
DCI"OPEN"
DCI"CLOSE">
IFN GETCMD,<
DCI"GET">
DCI"NEW"
SCRATK=Q
; END OF COMMAND LIST.
"T"
"A"
"B"
"("+128
Q=Q+1
TABTK=Q
DCI"TO"
TOTK==Q
DCI"FN"
FNTK==Q
"S"
"P"
"C"
"("+128 ;MACRO DOESNT LIKE ('S IN ARGUMENTS.
Q=Q+1
SPCTK==Q
DCI"THEN"
THENTK=Q
DCI"NOT"
NOTTK==Q
DCI"STEP"
STEPTK=Q
DCI"+"
PLUSTK=Q
DCI"-"
MINUTK=Q
DCI"*"
DCI"/"
DCI"^"
DCI"AND"
DCI"OR"
190 ;A GREATER THAN SIGN
Q=Q+1
GREATK=Q
DCI"="
EQULTK=Q
188
Q=Q+1 ;A LESS THAN SIGN
LESSTK=Q
;
; NOTE DANGER OF ONE RESERVED WORD BEING A PART
; OF ANOTHER:
; IE . . IF 2 GREATER THAN F OR T=5 THEN...
; WILL NOT WORK!!! SINCE "FOR" WILL BE CRUNCHED!!
; IN ANY CASE MAKE SURE THE SMALLER WORD APPEARS
; SECOND IN THE RESERVED WORD TABLE ("INP" AND "INPUT")
; ANOTHER EXAMPLE: IF T OR Q THEN ... "TO" IS CRUNCHED
;
DCI"SGN"
ONEFUN=Q
DCI"INT"
DCI"ABS"
DCI"USR"
DCI"FRE"
DCI"POS"
DCI"SQR"
DCI"RND"
DCI"LOG"
DCI"EXP"
DCI"COS"
DCI"SIN"
DCI"TAN"
DCI"ATN"
DCI"PEEK"
DCI"LEN"
DCI"STR$"
DCI"VAL"
DCI"ASC"
DCI"CHR$"
LASNUM==Q ;NUMBER OF LAST FUNCTION
;THAT TAKES ONE ARG
DCI"LEFT$"
DCI"RIGHT$"
DCI"MID$"
DCI"GO"
GOTK==Q
0 ;MARKS END OF RESERVED WORD LIST

IFE LNGERR,<
Q=0-2
DEFINE DCE(X),<Q=Q+2
DC(X)>
ERRTAB: DCE"NF"
ERRNF==Q ;NEXT WITHOUT FOR.
DCE"SN"
ERRSN==Q ;SYNTAX
DCE"RG"
ERRRG==Q ;RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB.
DCE"OD"
ERROD==Q ;OUT OF DATA.
DCE"FC"
ERRFC==Q ;ILLEGAL QUANTITY.
DCE"OV"
ERROV==Q ;OVERFLOW.
DCE"OM"
ERROM==Q ;OUT OF MEMORY.
DCE"US"
ERRUS==Q ;UNDEFINED STATEMENT.
DCE"BS"
ERRBS==Q ;BAD SUBSCRIPT.
DCE"DD"
ERRDD==Q ;REDIMENSIONED ARRAY.
DCE"/0"
ERRDV0==Q ;DIVISION BY ZERO.
DCE"ID"
ERRID==Q ;ILLEGAL DIRECT.
DCE"TM"
ERRTM==Q ;TYPE MISMATCH.
DCE"LS"
ERRLS==Q ;STRING TOO LONG.
IFN EXTIO,<
DCE"FD" ;FILE DATA.
ERRBD==Q>
DCE"ST"
ERRST==Q ;STRING FORMULA TOO COMPLEX.
DCE"CN"
ERRCN==Q ;CAN'T CONTINUE.
DCE"UF"
ERRUF==Q> ;UNDEFINED FUNCTION.

IFN LNGERR,<
Q=0
; NOTE: THIS ERROR COUNT TECHNIQUE WILL NOT WORK IF THERE ARE MORE
; THAN 256 CHARACTERS OF ERROR MESSAGES
ERRTAB: DC"NEXT WITHOUT FOR"
ERRNF==Q
Q=Q+16
DC"SYNTAX"
ERRSN==Q
Q=Q+6
DC"RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB"
ERRRG==Q
Q=Q+20
DC"OUT OF DATA"
ERROD==Q
Q=Q+11
DC"ILLEGAL QUANTITY"
ERRFC==Q
Q=Q+16
DC"OVERFLOW"
ERROV==Q
Q=Q+8
DC"OUT OF MEMORY"
ERROM==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"UNDEF'D STATEMENT"
ERRUS==Q
Q=Q+17
DC"BAD SUBSCRIPT"
ERRBS==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"REDIM'D ARRAY"
ERRDD==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"DIVISION BY ZERO"
ERRDV0==Q
Q=Q+16
DC"ILLEGAL DIRECT"
ERRID==Q
Q=Q+14
DC"TYPE MISMATCH"
ERRTM==Q
Q=Q+13
DC"STRING TOO LONG"
ERRLS==Q
Q=Q+15
IFN EXTIO,<
DC"FILE DATA"
ERRBD==Q
Q=Q+9>
DC"FORMULA TOO COMPLEX"
ERRST==Q
Q=Q+19
DC"CAN'T CONTINUE"
ERRCN==Q
Q=Q+14
DC"UNDEF'D FUNCTION"
ERRUF==Q>

;
; NEEDED FOR MESSAGES IN ALL VERSIONS.
;
ERR: DT" ERROR"
0
INTXT: DT" IN "
0
REDDY: ACRLF
IFE REALIO-3,<
DT"READY.">
IFN REALIO-3,<
DT"OK">
ACRLF
0
BRKTXT: ACRLF
DT"BREAK"
0
PAGE
SUBTTL GENERAL STORAGE MANAGEMENT ROUTINES.
;
; FIND A "FOR" ENTRY ON THE STACK VIA "VARPNT".
;
FORSIZ==2*ADDPRC+16
FNDFOR: TSX ;LOAD XREG WITH STK PNTR.
REPEAT 4,<INX> ;IGNORE ADR(NEWSTT) AND RTS ADDR.
FFLOOP: LDA 257,X ;GET STACK ENTRY.
CMPI FORTK ;IS IT A "FOR" TOKEN?
BNE FFRTS ;NO, NO "FOR" LOOPS WITH THIS PNTR.
LDA FORPNT+1 ;GET HIGH.
BNE CMPFOR
LDA 258,X ;PNTR IS ZERO, SO ASSUME THIS ONE.
STA FORPNT
LDA 259,X
STA FORPNT+1
CMPFOR: CMP 259,X
BNE ADDFRS ;NOT THIS ONE.
LDA FORPNT ;GET DOWN.
CMP 258,X
BEQ FFRTS ;WE GOT IT! WE GOT IT!
ADDFRS: TXA
CLC ;ADD 16 TO X.
ADCI FORSIZ
TAX ;RESULT BACK INTO X.
BNE FFLOOP
FFRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.

;
; THIS IS THE BLOCK TRANSFER ROUTINE.
; IT MAKES SPACE BY SHOVING EVERYTHING FORWARD.
;
; ON ENTRY:
; [Y,A]=[HIGHDS] (FOR REASON).
; [HIGHDS]= DESTINATION OF [HIGH ADDRESS].
; [LOWTR]= LOWEST ADDR TO BE TRANSFERRED.
; [HIGHTR]= HIGHEST ADDR TO BE TRANSFERRED.
;
; A CHECK IS MADE TO ASCERTAIN THAT A REASONABLE
; AMOUNT OF SPACE REMAINS BETWEEN THE BOTTOM
; OF THE STRINGS AND THE HIGHEST LOCATION TRANSFERRED INTO.
;
; ON EXIT:
; [LOWTR] ARE UNCHANGED.
; [HIGHTR]=[LOWTR]-200 OCTAL.
; [HIGHDS]=LOWEST ADDR TRANSFERRED INTO MINUS 200 OCTAL.
;
BLTU: JSR REASON ;ASCERTAIN THAT STRING SPACE WON'T
;BE OVERRUN.
STWD STREND
BLTUC: SEC ;PREPARE TO SUBTRACT.
LDA HIGHTR
SBC LOWTR ;COMPUTE NUMBER OF THINGS TO MOVE.
STA INDEX ;SAVE FOR LATER.
TAY
LDA HIGHTR+1
SBC LOWTR+1
TAX ;PUT IT IN A COUNTER REGISTER.
INX ;SO THAT COUNTER ALGORITHM WORKS.
TYA ;SEE IF LOW PART OF COUNT IS ZERO.
BEQ DECBLT ;YES, GO START MOVING BLOCKS.
LDA HIGHTR ;NO, MUST MODIFY BASE ADDR.
SEC
SBC INDEX ;BORROW IS OFF SINCE [HIGHTR].GT.[LOWTR].
STA HIGHTR ;SAVE MODIFIED BASE ADDR.
BCS BLT1 ;IF NO BORROW, GO SHOVE IT.
DEC HIGHTR+1 ;BORROW IMPLIES SUB 1 FROM HIGH ORDER.
SEC
BLT1: LDA HIGHDS ;MOD BASE OF DEST ADDR.
SBC INDEX
STA HIGHDS
BCS MOREN1 ;NO BORROW.
DEC HIGHDS+1 ;DECREMENT HIGH ORDER BYTE.
BCC MOREN1 ;ALWAYS SKIP.
BLTLP: LDADY HIGHTR ;FETCH BYTE TO MOVE
STADY HIGHDS ;MOVE IT IN, MOVE IT OUT.
MOREN1: DEY
BNE BLTLP
LDADY HIGHTR ;MOVE LAST OF THE BLOCK.
STADY HIGHDS
DECBLT: DEC HIGHTR+1
DEC HIGHDS+1 ;START ON NEW BLOCKS.
DEX
BNE MOREN1
RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.

;
; THIS ROUTINE IS USED TO ASCERTAIN THAT A GIVEN
; NUMBER OF LOCS REMAIN AVAILABLE FOR THE STACK.
; THE CALL IS:
; LDAI NUMBER OF 2-BYTE ENTRIES NEEDED.
; JSR GETSTK
;
; THIS ROUTINE MUST BE CALLED BY ANY ROUTINE WHICH PUTS
; AN ARBITRARY AMOUNT OF STUFF ON THE STACK,
; I.E., ANY RECURSIVE ROUTINE LIKE "FRMEVL".
; IT IS ALSO CALLED BY ROUTINES SUCH AS "GOSUB" AND "FOR"
; WHICH MAKE PERMANENT ENTRIES ON THE STACK.
;
; ROUTINES WHICH MERELY USE AND FREE UP THE GUARANTEED
; NUMLEV LOCATIONS NEED NOT CALL THIS.
;
;
; ON EXIT:
; [A] AND [X] HAVE BEEN MODIFIED.
;
GETSTK: ASL A, ;MULT [A] BY 2. NB, CLEARS C BIT.
ADCI 2*NUMLEV+<3*ADDPRC>+13 ;MAKE SURE 2*NUMLEV+13 LOCS
;(13 BECAUSE OF FBUFFR)
BCS OMERR ;WILL REMAIN IN STACK.
STA INDEX
TSX ;GET STACKED.
CPX INDEX ;COMPARE.
BCC OMERR ;IF STACK.LE.INDEX1, OM.
RTS

;
; [Y,A] IS A CERTAIN ADDRESS. "REASON" MAKES SURE
; IT IS LESS THAN [FRETOP].
;
REASON: CPY FRETOP+1
BCC REARTS
BNE TRYMOR ;GO GARB COLLECT.
CMP FRETOP
BCC REARTS
TRYMOR: PHA
LDXI 8+ADDPRC ;IF TEMPF2 HAS ZERO IN BETWEEN.
TYA
REASAV: PHA
LDA HIGHDS-1,X ;SAVE HIGHDS ON STACK.
DEX
BPL REASAV ;PUT 8 OF THEM ON STK.
JSR GARBA2 ;GO GARB COLLECT.
LDXI 256-8-ADDPRC
REASTO: PLA
STA HIGHDS+8+ADDPRC,X ;RESTORE AFTER GARB COLLECT.
INX
BMI REASTO
PLA
TAY
PLA ;RESTORE A AND Y.
CPY FRETOP+1 ;COMPARE HIGHS
BCC REARTS
BNE OMERR ;HIGHER IS BAD.
CMP FRETOP ;AND THE LOWS.
BCS OMERR
REARTS: RTS

PAGE
SUBTTL ERROR HANDLER, READY, TERMINAL INPUT, COMPACTIFY, NEW, REINIT.
OMERR: LDXI ERROM
ERROR:
IFN REALIO,<
LSR CNTWFL> ;FORCE OUTPUT.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;CLOSE NON-TERMINAL CHANNEL.
BEQ ERRCRD
JSR CQCCHN ;CLOSE IT.
LDAI 0
STA CHANNL>
ERRCRD: JSR CRDO ;OUTPUT CRLF.
JSR OUTQST ;PRINT A QUESTION MARK
IFE LNGERR,<
LDA ERRTAB,X, ;GET FIRST CHR OF ERR MSG.
JSR OUTDO ;OUTPUT IT.
LDA ERRTAB+1,X, ;GET SECOND CHR.
JSR OUTDO> ;OUTPUT IT.
IFN LNGERR,<
GETERR: LDA ERRTAB,X
PHA
ANDI 127 ;GET RID OF HIGH BIT.
JSR OUTDO ;OUTPUT IT.
INX
PLA ;LAST CHAR OF MESSAGE?
BPL GETERR> ;NO. GO GET NEXT AND OUTPUT IT.
TYPERR: JSR STKINI ;RESET THE STACK AND FLAGS.
LDWDI ERR ;GET PNTR TO " ERROR".
ERRFIN: JSR STROUT ;OUTPUT IT.
LDY CURLIN+1
INY ;WAS NUMBER 64000?
BEQ READY ;YES, DON'T TYPE LINE NUMBER.
JSR INPRT
READY:
IFN REALIO,<
LSR CNTWFL> ;TURN OUTPUT BACK ON IF SUPRESSED
LDWDI REDDY ;SAY "OK".
IFN REALIO-3,<
JSR RDYJSR> ;OR GO TO INIT IF INIT ERROR.
IFE REALIO-3,<
JSR STROUT> ;NO INIT ERRORS POSSIBLE.
MAIN: JSR INLIN ;GET A LINE FROM TERMINAL.
STXY TXTPTR
JSR CHRGET
TAX ;SET ZERO FLAG BASED ON [A]
;THIS DISTINGUISHES ":" AND 0
BEQ MAIN ;IF BLANK LINE, GET ANOTHER.
LDXI 255 ;SET DIRECT LINE NUMBER.
STX CURLIN+1
BCC MAIN1 ;IS A LINE NUMBER. NOT DIRECT.
JSR CRUNCH ;COMPACTIFY.
JMP GONE ;EXECUTE IT.
MAIN1: JSR LINGET ;READ LINE NUMBER INTO "LINNUM".
JSR CRUNCH
STY COUNT ;RETAIN CHARACTER COUNT.
JSR FNDLIN
BCC NODEL ;NO MATCH, SO DON'T DELETE.
LDYI 1
LDADY LOWTR
STA INDEX1+1
LDA VARTAB
STA INDEX1
LDA LOWTR+1 ;SET TRANSFER TO.
STA INDEX2+1
LDA LOWTR
DEY
SBCDY LOWTR ;COMPUTE NEGATIVE LENGTH.
CLC
ADC VARTAB ;COMPUTE NEW VARTAB.
STA VARTAB
STA INDEX2 ;SET LOW OF TRANS TO.
LDA VARTAB+1
ADCI 255
STA VARTAB+1 ;COMPUTE HIGH OF VARTAB.
SBC LOWTR+1 ;COMPUTE NUMBER OF BLOCKS TO MOVE.
TAX
SEC
LDA LOWTR
SBC VARTAB ;COMPUTE OFFSET.
TAY
BCS QDECT1 ;IF VARTAB.LE.LOWTR,
INX ;DECR DUE TO CARRY, AND
DEC INDEX2+1 ;DECREMENT STORE SO CARRY WORKS.
QDECT1: CLC
ADC INDEX1
BCC MLOOP
DEC INDEX1+1
CLC ;FOR LATER ADCQ
MLOOP: LDADY INDEX1
STADY INDEX2
INY
BNE MLOOP ;BLOCK DONE?
INC INDEX1+1
INC INDEX2+1
DEX
BNE MLOOP ;DO ANOTHER BLOCK. ALWAYS.
NODEL: JSR RUNC ;RESET ALL VARIABLE INFO SO GARBAGE
;COLLECTION CAUSED BY REASON WILL WORK
JSR LNKPRG ;FIX UP THE LINKS
LDA BUF ;SEE IF ANYTHNG THERE
BEQ MAIN
CLC
LDA VARTAB
STA HIGHTR ;SETUP HIGHTR.
ADC COUNT ;ADD LENGTH OF LINE TO INSERT.
STA HIGHDS ;THIS GIVES DEST ADDR.
LDY VARTAB+1
STY HIGHTR+1 ;SAME FOR HIGH ORDERS.
BCC NODELC
INY
NODELC: STY HIGHDS+1
JSR BLTU
IFN BUFPAG,<
LDWD LINNUM ;POSITION THE BINARY LINE NUMBER
STWD BUF-2> ;IN FRONT OF BUF
LDWD STREND
STWD VARTAB
LDY COUNT
DEY
STOLOP: LDA BUF-4,Y
STADY LOWTR
DEY
BPL STOLOP
FINI: JSR RUNC ;DO CLEAR & SET UP STACK.
;AND SET [TXTPTR] TO [TXTTAB]-1.
JSR LNKPRG ;FIX UP PROGRAM LINKS
JMP MAIN
LNKPRG: LDWD TXTTAB ;SET [INDEX] TO [TXTTAB].
STWD INDEX
CLC
;
; CHEAD GOES THROUGH PROGRAM STORAGE AND FIXES
; UP ALL THE LINKS. THE END OF EACH LINE IS FOUND
; BY SEARCHING FOR THE ZERO AT THE END.
; THE DOUBLE ZERO LINK IS USED TO DETECT THE END OF THE PROGRAM.
;
CHEAD: LDYI 1
LDADY INDEX ;ARRIVED AT DOUBLE ZEROES?
BEQ LNKRTS
LDYI 4
CZLOOP: INY ;THERE IS AT LEAST ONE BYTE.
LDADY INDEX
BNE CZLOOP ;NO, CONTINUE SEARCHING.
INY ;GO ONE BEYOND.
TYA
ADC INDEX
TAX
LDYI 0
STADY INDEX
LDA INDEX+1
ADCI 0
INY
STADY INDEX
STX INDEX
STA INDEX+1
BCCA CHEAD ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
LNKRTS: RTS
;
; THIS IS THE LINE INPUT ROUTINE.
; IT READS CHARACTERS INTO BUF USING BACKARROW (UNDERSCORE, OR
; SHIFT O) AS THE DELETE CHARACTER AND @ AS THE
; LINE DELETE CHARACTER. IF MORE THAN BUFLEN CHARACTERS
; ARE TYPED, NO ECHOING IS DONE UNTIL A BACKARROW OR @ OR CR
; IS TYPED. CONTROL-G WILL BE TYPED FOR EACH EXTRA CHARACTER.
; THE ROUTINE IS ENTERED AT INLIN.
;
IFE REALIO-4,<
INLIN: LDXI 128 ;NO PROMPT CHARACTER
STX CQPRMP
JSR CQINLN ;GET A LINE ONTO PAGE 2
CPXI BUFLEN-1
BCS GDBUFS ;NOT TOO MANY CHARACTERS
LDXI BUFLEN-1
GDBUFS: LDAI 0 ;PUT A ZERO AT THE END
STA BUF,X
TXA
BEQ NOCHR
LOPBHT: LDA BUF-1,X
ANDI 127
STA BUF-1,X
DEX
BNE LOPBHT
NOCHR: LDAI 0
LDXYI <BUF-1> ;POINT AT THE BEGINNING
RTS>
IFN REALIO-4,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LINLIN: IFE REALIO-2,<
JSR OUTDO> ;ECHO IT.
DEX ;BACKARROW SO BACKUP PNTR AND
BPL INLINC ;GET ANOTHER IF COUNT IS POSITIVE.
INLINN: IFE REALIO-2,<
JSR OUTDO> ;PRINT THE @ OR A SECOND BACKARROW
;IF THERE WERE TOO MANY.
JSR CRDO>
INLIN: LDXI 0
INLINC: JSR INCHR ;GET A CHARACTER.
IFN REALIO-3,<
CMPI 7 ;IS IT BOB ALBRECHT RINGING THE BELL
;FOR SCHOOL KIDS?
BEQ GOODCH>
CMPI 13 ;CARRIAGE RETURN?
BEQ FININ1 ;YES, FINISH UP.
IFN REALIO-3,<
CMPI 32 ;CHECK FOR FUNNY CHARACTERS.
BCC INLINC
CMPI 125 ;IS IT TILDA OR DELETE?
BCS INLINC ;BIG BAD ONES TOO.
CMPI "@" ;LINE DELETE?
BEQ INLINN ;YES.
CMPI "_" ;CHARACTER DELETE?
BEQ LINLIN> ;YES.
GOODCH:
IFN REALIO-3,<
CPXI BUFLEN-1 ;LEAVE ROOM FOR NULL.
;COMMO ASSURES US NEVER MORE THAN BUFLEN.
BCS OUTBEL>
STA BUF,X
INX
IFE REALIO-2,<SKIP2>
IFN REALIO-2,<BNE INLINC>
IFN REALIO-3,<
OUTBEL: LDAI 7
IFN REALIO,<
JSR OUTDO> ;ECHO IT.
BNE INLINC> ;CYCLE ALWAYS.
FININ1: JMP FININL> ;GO TO FININL FAR, FAR AWAY.
INCHR:
IFE REALIO-3,<
JSR CQINCH> ;FOR COMMODORE.
IFE REALIO-2,<
INCHRL: LDA ^O176000
REPEAT 4,<NOP>
LSR A,
BCC INCHRL
LDA ^O176001 ;GET THE CHARACTER.
REPEAT 4,<NOP>
ANDI 127>
IFE REALIO-1,<
JSR ^O17132> ;1E5A FOR MOS TECH.
IFE REALIO-4,<
JSR CQINCH ;FD0C FOR APPLE COMPUTER.
ANDI 127>
IFE REALIO,<
TJSR INSIM##> ;GET A CHARACTER FROM SIMULATOR

IFN REALIO,<
IFN EXTIO,<
LDY CHANNL ;CNT-O HAS NO EFFECT IF NOT FROM TERM.
BNE INCRTS>
CMPI CONTW ;SUPPRESS OUTPUT CHARACTER (^W).
BNE INCRTS ;NO, RETURN.
PHA
COM CNTWFL ;COMPLEMENT ITS STATE.
PLA>
INCRTS: RTS ;END OF INCHR.

;
; ALL "RESERVED" WORDS ARE TRANSLATED INTO SINGLE
; BYTES WITH THE MSB ON. THIS SAVES SPACE AND TIME
; BY ALLOWING FOR TABLE DISPATCH DURING EXECUTION.
; THEREFORE ALL STATEMENTS APPEAR TOGETHER IN THE
; RESERVED WORD LIST IN THE SAME ORDER THEY
; APPEAR IN STMDSP.
;
BUFOFS=0 ;THE AMOUNT TO OFFSET THE LOW BYTE
;OF THE TEXT POINTER TO GET TO BUF
;AFTER TXTPTR HAS BEEN SETUP TO POINT INTO BUF
IFN BUFPAG,<
BUFOFS=<BUF/256>*256>
CRUNCH: LDX TXTPTR ;SET SOURCE POINTER.
LDYI 4 ;SET DESTINATION OFFSET.
STY DORES ;ALLOW CRUNCHING.
KLOOP: LDA BUFOFS,X
IFE REALIO-3,<
BPL CMPSPC ;GO LOOK AT SPACES.
CMPI PI ;PI??
BEQ STUFFH ;GO SAVE IT.
INX ;SKIP NO PRINTING.
BNE KLOOP> ;ALWAYS GOES.
CMPSPC: CMPI " " ;IS IT A SPACE TO SAVE?
BEQ STUFFH ;YES, GO SAVE IT.
STA ENDCHR ;IF IT'S A QUOTE, THIS WILL
;STOP LOOP WHEN OTHER QUOTE APPEARS.
CMPI 34 ;QUOTE SIGN?
BEQ STRNG ;YES, DO SPECIAL STRING HANDLING.
BIT DORES ;TEST FLAG.
BVS STUFFH ;NO CRUNCH, JUST STORE.
CMPI "?" ;A QMARK?
BNE KLOOP1
LDAI PRINTK ;YES, STUFF A "PRINT" TOKEN.
BNE STUFFH ;ALWAYS GO TO STUFFH.
KLOOP1: CMPI "0" ;SKIP NUMERICS.
BCC MUSTCR
CMPI 60 ;":" AND ";" ARE ENTERED STRAIGHTAWAY.
BCC STUFFH
MUSTCR: STY BUFPTR ;SAVE BUFFER POINTER.
LDYI 0 ;LOAD RESLST POINTER.
STY COUNT ;ALSO CLEAR COUNT.
DEY
STX TXTPTR ;SAVE TEXT POINTER FOR LATER USE.
DEX
RESER: INY
RESPUL: INX
RESCON: LDA BUFOFS,X
SEC ;PREPARE TO SUBSTARCT.
SBC RESLST,Y ;CHARACTERS EQUAL?
BEQ RESER ;YES, CONTINUE SEARCH.
CMPI 128 ;NO BUT MAYBE THE END IS HERE.
BNE NTHIS ;NO, TRULY UNEQUAL.
ORA COUNT
GETBPT: LDY BUFPTR ;GET BUFFER PNTR.
STUFFH: INX
INY
STA BUF-5,Y
LDA BUF-5,Y
BEQ CRDONE ;NULL IMPLIES END OF LINE.
SEC ;PREPARE TO SUBSTARCT.
SBCI ":" ;IS IT A ":"?
BEQ COLIS ;YES, ALLOW CRUNCHING AGAIN.
CMPI DATATK-":" ;IS IT A DATATK?
BNE NODATT ;NO, SEE IF IT IS REM TOKEN.
COLIS: STA DORES ;SETUP FLAG.
NODATT: SEC ;PREP TO SBCQ
SBCI REMTK-":" ;REM ONLY STOPS ON NULL.
BNE KLOOP ;NO, CONTINUE CRUNCHING.
STA ENDCHR ;REM STOPS ONLY ON NULL, NOT : OR ".
STR1: LDA BUFOFS,X
BEQ STUFFH ;YES, END OF LINE, SO DONE.
CMP ENDCHR ;END OF GOBBLE?
BEQ STUFFH ;YES, DONE WITH STRING.
STRNG: INY ;INCREMENT BUFFER POINTER.
STA BUF-5,Y
INX
BNE STR1 ;PROCESS NEXT CHARACTER.
NTHIS: LDX TXTPTR ;RESTORE TEXT POINTER.
INC COUNT ;INCREMENT RES WORD COUNT.
NTHIS1: INY
LDA RESLST-1,Y,;GET RES CHARACTER.
BPL NTHIS1 ;END OF ENTRY?
LDA RESLST,Y, ;YES. IS IT THE END?
BNE RESCON ;NO, TRY THE NEXT WORD.
LDA BUFOFS,X ;YES, END OF TABLE. GET 1ST CHR.
BPL GETBPT ;STORE IT AWAY (ALWAYS BRANCHES).
CRDONE: STA BUF-3,Y, ;SO THAT IF THIS IS A DIR STATEMENT
;ITS END WILL LOOK LIKE END OF PROGRAM.
IFN <<BUF+BUFLEN>/256>-<<BUF-1>/256>,<
DEC TXTPTR+1>
LDAI <BUF&255>-1 ;MAKE TXTPTR POINT TO
STA TXTPTR ;CRUNCHED LINE.
LISTRT: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
;
; FNDLIN SEARCHES THE PROGRAM TEXT FOR THE LINE
; WHOSE NUMBER IS PASSED IN "LINNUM".
; THERE ARE TWO POSSIBLE RETURNS:
;
; 1) CARRY SET.
; LOWTR POINTS TO THE LINK FIELD IN THE LINE
; WHICH IS THE ONE SEARCHED FOR.
;
; 2) CARRY NOT SET.
; LINE NOT FOUND. [LOWTR] POINTS TO THE LINE IN THE
; PROGRAM GREATER THAN THE ONE SOUGHT AFTER.
;
FNDLIN: LDWX TXTTAB ;LOAD [X,A] WITH [TXTTAB]
FNDLNC: LDYI 1
STWX LOWTR ;STORE [X,A] INTO LOWTR
LDADY LOWTR ;SEE IF LINK IS 0
BEQ FLINRT
INY
INY
LDA LINNUM+1 ;COMP HIGH ORDERS OF LINE NUMBERS.
CMPDY LOWTR
BCC FLNRTS ;NO SUCH LINE NUMBER.
BEQ FNDLO1
DEY
BNE AFFRTS ;ALWAYS BRANCH.
FNDLO1: LDA LINNUM
DEY
CMPDY LOWTR ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCC FLNRTS ;NO SUCH NUMBER.
BEQ FLNRTS ;GO TIT.
AFFRTS: DEY
LDADY LOWTR ;FETCH LINK.
TAX
DEY
LDADY LOWTR
BCS FNDLNC ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
FLINRT: CLC ;C MAY BE HIGH.
FLNRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
;
; THE "NEW" COMMAND CLEARS THE PROGRAM TEXT AS WELL
; AS VARIABLE SPACE.
;
SCRATH: BNE FLNRTS ;MAKE SURE THERE IS A TERMINATOR.
SCRTCH: LDAI 0 ;GET A CLEARER.
TAY ;SET UP INDEX.
STADY TXTTAB ;CLEAR FIRST LINK.
INY
STADY TXTTAB
LDA TXTTAB
CLC
ADCI 2
STA VARTAB ;SETUP [VARTAB].
LDA TXTTAB+1
ADCI 0
STA VARTAB+1
RUNC: JSR STXTPT
LDAI 0 ;SET ZERO FLAG
;
; THIS CODE IS FOR THE CLEAR COMMAND.
;
CLEAR: BNE STKRTS ;SYNTAX ERROR IF NO TERMINATOR.
;
; CLEAR INITIALIZES THE VARIABLE AND
; ARRAY SPACE BY RESETING ARYTAB (THE END OF SIMPLE VARIABLE SPACE)
; AND STREND (THE END OF ARRAY STORAGE). IT FALLS INTO "STKINI"
; WHICH RESETS THE STACK.
;
CLEARC: LDWD MEMSIZ ;FREE UP STRING SPACE.
STWD FRETOP
IFN EXTIO,<
JSR CQCALL> ;CLOSE ALL OPEN FILES.
LDWD VARTAB ;LIBERATE THE
STWD ARYTAB ;VARIABLES AND
STWD STREND ;ARRAYS.
FLOAD: JSR RESTOR ;RESTORE DATA.
;
; STKINI RESETS THE STACK POINTER ELIMINATING
; GOSUB AND FOR CONTEXT. STRING TEMPORARIES ARE FREED
; UP, SUBFLG IS RESET. CONTINUING IS PROHIBITED.
; AND A DUMMY ENTRY IS LEFT AT THE BOTTOM OF THE STACK SO "FNDFOR" WILL ALWAYS
; FIND A NON-"FOR" ENTRY AT THE BOTTOM OF THE STACK.
;
STKINI: LDXI TEMPST ;INITIALIZE STRING TEMPORARIES.
STX TEMPPT
PLA ;SETUP RETURN ADDRESS.
TAY
PLA
LDXI STKEND-257
TXS
PHA
TYA
PHA
LDAI 0
STA OLDTXT+1 ;DISALLOWING CONTINUING
STA SUBFLG ;ALLOW SUBSCRIPTS.
STKRTS: RTS

STXTPT: CLC
LDA TXTTAB
ADCI 255
STA TXTPTR
LDA TXTTAB+1
ADCI 255
STA TXTPTR+1 ;SETUP TEXT POINTER.
RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL THE "LIST" COMMAND.

LIST: BCC GOLST ;IT IS A DIGIT.


BEQ GOLST ;IT IS A TERMINATOR.
CMPI MINUTK ;DASH PRECEDING?
BNE STKRTS ;NO, SO SYNTAX ERROR.
GOLST: JSR LINGET ;GET LINE NUMBER INTO NUMLIN.
JSR FNDLIN ;FIND LINE .GE. [NUMLIN].
JSR CHRGOT ;GET LAST CHARACTER.
BEQ LSTEND ;IF END OF LINE, # IS THE END.
CMPI MINUTK ;DASH?
BNE FLNRTS ;IF NOT, SYNTAX ERROR.
JSR CHRGET ;GET NEXT CHAR.
JSR LINGET ;GET END #.
BNE FLNRTS ;IF NOT TERMINATOR, ERROR.
LSTEND: PLA
PLA ;GET RID OF "NEWSTT" RTS ADDR.
LDA LINNUM ;SEE IF IT WAS EXISTENT.
ORA LINNUM+1
BNE LIST4 ;IT WAS TYPED.
LDAI 255
STA LINNUM
STA LINNUM+1 ;MAKE IT HUGE.
LIST4: LDYI 1
IFE REALIO-3,<
STY DORES>
LDADY LOWTR ;IS LINK ZERO?
BEQ GRODY ;YES, GO TO READY.
IFN REALIO,<
JSR ISCNTC> ;LISTEN FOR CONT-C.
JSR CRDO ;PRINT CRLF TO START WITH.
INY
LDADY LOWTR
TAX
INY
LDADY LOWTR ;GET LINE NUMBER.
CMP LINNUM+1 ;SEE IF BEYOND LAST.
BNE TSTDUN ;GO DETERMINE RELATION.
CPX LINNUM ;WAS EQUAL SO TEST LOW ORDER.
BEQ TYPLIN ;EQUAL, SO LIST IT.
TSTDUN: BCS GRODY ;IF LINE IS GR THAN LAST, THEN DUNE.
TYPLIN: STY LSTPNT
JSR LINPRT ;PRINT AS INT WITHOUT LEADING SPACE.
LDAI " " ;ALWAYS PRINT SPACE AFTER NUMBER.
PRIT4: LDY LSTPNT ;GET POINTER TO LINE BACK.
ANDI 127
PLOOP: JSR OUTDO ;PRINT CHAR.
IFE REALIO-3,<
CMPI 34
BNE PLOOP1
COM DORES> ;IF QUOTE, COMPLEMENT FLAG.
PLOOP1: INY
BEQ GRODY ;IF WE HAVE PRINTED 256 CHARACTERS
;THE PROGRAM MUST BE MISFORMATED IN
;MEMORY DUE TO A BAD LOAD OR BAD
;HARDWARE. LET THE GUY RECOVER
LDADY LOWTR ;GET NEXT CHAR. IS IT ZERO?
BNE QPLOP ;YES. END OF LINE.
TAY
LDADY LOWTR
TAX
INY
LDADY LOWTR
STX LOWTR
STA LOWTR+1
BNE LIST4 ;BRANCH IF SOMETHING TO LIST.
GRODY: JMP READY
;IS IT A TOKEN?
QPLOP: BPL PLOOP ;NO, HEAD FOR PRINTER.
IFE REALIO-3,<
CMPI PI
BEQ PLOOP
BIT DORES ;INSIDE QUOTE MARKS?
BMI PLOOP> ;YES, JUST TYPE THE CHARACTER.
SEC
SBCI 127 ;GET RID OF SIGN BIT AND ADD 1.
TAX ;MAKE IT A COUNTER.
STY LSTPNT ;SAVE POINTER TO LINE.
LDYI 255 ;LOOK AT RES'D WORD LIST.
RESRCH: DEX ;IS THIS THE RES'D WORD?
BEQ PRIT3 ;YES, GO TOSS IT UP..
RESCR1: INY
LDA RESLST,Y, ;END OF ENTRY?
BPL RESCR1 ;NO, CONTINUE PASSING.
BMI RESRCH
PRIT3: INY
LDA RESLST,Y
BMI PRIT4 ;END OF RESERVED WORD.
JSR OUTDO ;PRINT IT.
BNE PRIT3 ;END OF ENTRY? NO, TYPE REST.
PAGE
SUBTTL THE "FOR" STATEMENT.
;
; A "FOR" ENTRY ON THE STACK HAS THE FOLLOWING FORMAT:
;
; LOW ADDRESS
; TOKEN (FORTK) 1 BYTE
; A POINTER TO THE LOOP VARIABLE 2 BYTES
; THE STEP 4+ADDPRC BYTES
; A BYTE REFLECTING THE SIGN OF THE INCREMENT 1 BYTE
; THE UPPER VALUE 4+ADDPRC BYTES
; THE LINE NUMBER OF THE "FOR" STATEMENT 2 BYTES
; A TEXT POINTER INTO THE "FOR" STATEMENT 2 BYTES
; HIGH ADDRESS
;
; TOTAL 16+2*ADDPRC BYTES.
;

FOR: LDAI 128 ;DON'T RECOGNIZE


STA SUBFLG ;SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLES.
JSR LET ;READ THE VARIABLE AND ASSIGN IT
;THE CORRECT INITIAL VALUE AND STORE
;A POINTER TO THE VARIABLE IN VARPNT.
JSR FNDFOR ;PNTR IS IN VARPNT, AND FORPNT.
BNE NOTOL ;IF NO MATCH, DON'T ELIMINATE ANYTHING.
TXA ;MAKE IT ARITHMETICAL.
ADCI FORSIZ-3 ;ELIMINATE ALMOST ALL.
TAX ;NOTE C=1, THEN PLA, PLA.
TXS ;MANIFEST.
NOTOL: PLA ;GET RID OF NEWSTT RETURN ADDRESS
PLA ;IN CASE THIS IS A TOTALLY NEW ENTRY.
LDAI 8+ADDPRC
JSR GETSTK ;MAKE SURE 16 BYTES ARE AVAILABLE.
JSR DATAN ;GET A COUNT IN [Y] OF THE NUMBER OF
;CHACRACTERS LEFT IN THE "FOR" STATEMENT
;[TXTPTR] IS UNAFFECTED.
CLC ;PREP TO ADD.
TYA ;SAVE IT FOR PUSHING.
ADC TXTPTR
PHA
LDA TXTPTR+1
ADCI 0
PHA
PSHWD CURLIN ;PUT LINE NUMBER ON STACK.
SYNCHK TOTK ;"TO" IS NECESSARY.
JSR CHKNUM ;VALUE MUST BE A NUMBER.
JSR FRMNUM ;GET UPPER VALUE INTO FAC.
LDA FACSGN ;PACK FAC.
ORAI 127
AND FACHO
STA FACHO ;SET PACKED SIGN BIT.
LDWDI LDFONE
STWD INDEX1
JMP FORPSH ;PUT FAC ONTO STACK, PACKED.
LDFONE: LDWDI FONE ;PUT 1.0 INTO FAC.
JSR MOVFM
JSR CHRGOT
CMPI STEPTK ;A STEP IS GIVEN?
BNE ONEON ;NO. ASSUME 1.0.
JSR CHRGET ;YES. ADVANCE POINTER.
JSR FRMNUM ;READ THE STEP.
ONEON: JSR SIGN ;GET SIGN IN ACCA.
JSR PUSHF ;PUSH FAC ONTO STACK (THRU A).
PSHWD FORPNT ;PUT PNTR TO VARIABLE ON STACK.
NXTCON: LDAI FORTK ;PUT A FORTK ONTO STACK.
PHA
; BNEA NEWSTT ;SIMULATE BNE TO NEWSTT. JUST FALL IN.
PAGE
SUBTTL NEW STATEMENT FETCHER.
;
; BACK HERE FOR NEW STATEMENT. CHARACTER POINTED TO BY TXTPTR
; IS ":" OR END-OF-LINE. THE ADDRESS OF THIS LOC IS LEFT
; ON THE STACK WHEN A STATEMENT IS EXECUTED SO THAT
; IT CAN MERELY DO A RTS WHEN IT IS DONE.
;
NEWSTT: IFN REALIO,<
JSR ISCNTC> ;LISTEN FOR CONTROL-C.
LDWD TXTPTR ;LOOK AT CURRENT CHARACTER.
IFN BUFPAG,<
CPYI BUFPAG> ;SEE IF IT WAS DIRECT BY CHECK FOR BUF'S PAGE NUMBER
BEQ DIRCON
STWD OLDTXT ;SAVE IN CASE OF RESTART BY INPUT.
IFN BUFPAG,<DIRCON:>
LDYI 0
IFE BUFPAG,<DIRCON:>
LDADY TXTPTR
BNE MORSTS ;NOT NULL -- CHECK WHAT IT IS
LDYI 2 ;LOOK AT LINK.
LDADY TXTPTR ;IS LINK 0?
CLC ;CLEAR CARRY FOR ENDCON AND MATH THAT FOLLOWS
JEQ ENDCON ;YES - RAN OFF THE END.
INY ;PUT LINE NUMBER IN CURLIN.
LDADY TXTPTR
STA CURLIN
INY
LDADY TXTPTR
STA CURLIN+1
TYA
ADC TXTPTR
STA TXTPTR
BCC GONE
INC TXTPTR+1
GONE: JSR CHRGET ;GET THE STATEMENT TYPE.
JSR GONE3
JMP NEWSTT
GONE3: BEQ ISCRTS ;IF TERMINATOR, TRY AGAIN.
;NO NEED TO SET UP CARRY SINCE IT WILL
;BE ON IF NON-NUMERIC AND NUMERICS
;WILL CAUSE A SYNTAX ERROR LIKE THEY SHOULD
GONE2: SBCI ENDTK ;" ON ... GOTO AND GOSUB" COME HERE.
BCC GLET
CMPI SCRATK-ENDTK+1
BCS SNERRX ;SOME RES'D WORD BUT NOT
;A STATEMENT RES'D WORD.
ASL A, ;MULTIPLY BY TWO.
TAY ;MAKE AN INDEX.
LDA STMDSP+1,Y
PHA
LDA STMDSP,Y
PHA ;PUT DISP ADDR ONTO STACK.
JMP CHRGET
GLET: JMP LET ;MUST BE A LET
MORSTS: CMPI ":"
BEQ GONE ;IF A ":" CONTINUE STATEMENT
SNERR1: JMP SNERR ;NEITHER 0 OR ":" SO SYNTAX ERROR
SNERRX: CMPI GOTK-ENDTK
BNE SNERR1
JSR CHRGET ;READ IN THE CHARACTER AFTER "GO "
SYNCHK TOTK
JMP GOTO
PAGE
SUBTTL RESTORE,STOP,END,CONTINUE,NULL,CLEAR.

RESTOR: SEC
LDA TXTTAB
SBCI 1
LDY TXTTAB+1
BCS RESFIN
DEY
RESFIN: STWD DATPTR ;READ FINISHES COME TO "RESFIN".
ISCRTS: RTS

IFE REALIO-1,<
ISCNTC: LDAI 1
BIT ^O13500
BMI ISCRTS
LDXI 8
LDAI 3
CMPI 3>
IFE REALIO-2,<
ISCNTC: LDA ^O176000
REPEAT 4,<NOP>
LSR A,
BCC ISCRTS
JSR INCHR ;EAT CHAR THAT WAS TYPED
CMPI 3> ;WAS IT A CONTROL-C??

IFE REALIO-4,<
ISCNTC: LDA ^O140000 ;CHECK THE CHARACTER
CMPI ^O203
BEQ ISCCAP
RTS
ISCCAP: JSR INCHR
CMPI ^O203>
STOP: BCS STOPC ;MAKE [C] NONZERO AS A FLAG.
END: CLC
STOPC: BNE CONTRT ;RETURN IF NOT CONT-C OR
;IF NO TERMINATOR FOR STOP OR END.
;[C]=0 SO WILL NOT PRINT "BREAK".
LDWD TXTPTR
IFN BUFPAG,<
LDX CURLIN+1
INX>
BEQ DIRIS
STWD OLDTXT
STPEND: LDWD CURLIN
STWD OLDLIN
DIRIS: PLA ;POP OFF NEWSTT ADDR.
PLA
ENDCON: LDWDI BRKTXT
IFN REALIO,<
LDXI 0
STX CNTWFL>
BCC GORDY ;CARRY CLEAR SO DON'T PRINT "BREAK".
JMP ERRFIN
GORDY: JMP READY ;TYPE "READY".

IFE REALIO,<
DDT: PLA ;GET RID OF NEWSTT RETURN.
PLA
HRRZ 14,.JBDDT##
JRST 0(14)>
CONT: BNE CONTRT ;MAKE SURE THERE IS A TERMINATOR.
LDXI ERRCN ;CONTINUE ERROR.
LDY OLDTXT+1 ;A STORED TXTPTR OF ZERO IS SETUP
;BY STKINI AND INDICATES THERE IS
;NOTHING TO CONTINUE.
JEQ ERROR ;"STOP", "END", TYPING CRLF TO
;"INPUT" AND ^C SETUP OLDTXT.
LDA OLDTXT
STWD TXTPTR
LDWD OLDLIN
STWD CURLIN
CONTRT: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.

IFN NULCMD,<
NULL: JSR GETBYT
BNE CONTRT ;MAKE SURE THERE IS TERMINATOR.
INX
CPXI 240 ;IS THE NUMBER REASONABLE?
BCS FCERR1 ;"FUNCTION CALL" ERROR.
DEX ;BACK -1
STX NULCNT
RTS
FCERR1: JMP FCERR>
PAGE
SUBTTL LOAD AND SAVE SUBROUTINES.

IFE REALIO-1,< ;KIM CASSETTE I/O


SAVE: TSX ;SAVE STACK POINTER
STX INPFLG
LDAI STKEND-256-200
STA ^O362 ;SETUP DUMMY STACK FOR KIM MONITOR
LDAI 254 ;MAKE ID BYTE EQUAL TO FF HEX
STA ^O13771 ;STORE INTO KIM ID
LDWD TXTTAB ;START DUMPING FROM TXTTAB
STWD ^O13765 ;SETUP SAL,SAH
LDWD VARTAB ;STOP AT VARTAB
STWD ^O13767 ;SETUP EAL,EAH
JMP ^O14000
RETSAV: LDX INPFLG ;RESORE THE REAL STACK POINTER
TXS
LDWDI TAPMES ;SAY IT WAS DONE
JMP STROUT
GLOAD: DT"LOADED"
0
TAPMES: DT"SAVED"
ACRLF
0
PATSAV: BLOCK 20
LOAD: LDWD TXTTAB ;START DUMPING IN AT TXTTAB
STWD ^O13765 ;SETUP SAL,SAH
LDAI 255
STA ^O13771
LDWDI RTLOAD
STWD ^O1 ;SET UP RETURN ADDRESS FOR LOAD
JMP ^O14163 ;GO READ THE DATA IN
RTLOAD: LDXI STKEND-256 ;RESET THE STACK
TXS
LDWDI READY
STWD ^O1
LDWDI GLOAD ;TELL HIM IT WORKED
JSR STROUT
LDXY ^O13755 ;GET LAST LOCATION
TXA ;ITS ONE TOO BIG
BNE DECVRT ;DECREMENT [X,Y]
NOP
DECVRT: NOP
STXY VARTAB ;SETUP NEW VARIABLE LOCATION
JMP FINI> ;RELINK THE PROGRAM
IFE REALIO-4,<
SAVE: SEC ;CALCLUATE PROGRAM SIZE IN POKER
LDA VARTAB
SBC TXTTAB
STA POKER
LDA VARTAB+1
SBC TXTTAB+1
STA POKER+1
JSR VARTIO
JSR CQCOUT ;WRITE PROGRAM SIZE [POKER]
JSR PROGIO
JMP CQCOUT ;WRITE PROGRAM.

LOAD: JSR VARTIO


JSR CQCSIN ;READ SIZE OF PROGRAM INTO POKER
CLC
LDA TXTTAB ;CALCULATE VARTAB FROM SIZE AND
ADC POKER ;TXTTAB
STA VARTAB
LDA TXTTAB+1
ADC POKER+1
STA VARTAB+1
JSR PROGIO
JSR CQCSIN ;READ PROGRAM.
LDWDI TPDONE
JSR STROUT
JMP FINI

TPDONE: DT"LOADED"
0

VARTIO: LDWDI POKER


STWD ^O74
LDAI POKER+2
STWD ^O76
RTS
PROGIO: LDWD TXTTAB
STWD ^O74
LDWD VARTAB
STWD ^O76
RTS>
PAGE
SUBTTL RUN,GOTO,GOSUB,RETURN.
RUN: JEQ RUNC ;IF NO LINE # ARGUMENT.
JSR CLEARC ;CLEAN UP -- RESET THE STACK.
JMP RUNC2 ;MUST REPLACE RTS ADDR.
;
; A GOSUB ENTRY ON THE STACK HAS THE FOLLOWING FORMAT:
;
; LOW ADDRESS:
; THE GOSUTK ONE BYTE
; THE LINE NUMBER OF THE GOSUB STATEMENT TWO BYTES
; A POINTER INTO THE TEXT OF THE GOSUB TWO BYTES
;
; HIGH ADDRESS.
;
; TOTAL FIVE BYTES.
;
GOSUB: LDAI 3
JSR GETSTK ;MAKE SURE THERE IS ROOM.
PSHWD TXTPTR ;PUSH ON THE TEXT POINTER.
PSHWD CURLIN ;PUSH ON THE CURRENT LINE NUMBER.
LDAI GOSUTK
PHA ;PUSH ON A GOSUB TOKEN.
RUNC2: JSR CHRGOT ;GET CHARACTER AND SET CODES FOR LINGET.
JSR GOTO ;USE RTS SCHEME TO "NEWSTT".
JMP NEWSTT

GOTO: JSR LINGET ;PICK UP THE LINE NUMBER IN "LINNUM".


JSR REMN ;SKIP TO END OF LINE.
LDA CURLIN+1
CMP LINNUM+1
BCS LUK4IT
TYA
SEC
ADC TXTPTR
LDX TXTPTR+1
BCC LUKALL
INX
BCSA LUKALL ;ALWAYS GOES.
LUK4IT: LDWX TXTTAB
LUKALL: JSR FNDLNC ;[X,A] ARE ALL SET UP.
QFOUND: BCC USERR ;GOTO LINE IS NONEXISTANT.
LDA LOWTR
SBCI 1
STA TXTPTR
LDA LOWTR+1
SBCI 0
STA TXTPTR+1
GORTS: RTS ;PROCESS THE STATEMENT.
;
; "RETURN" RESTORES THE LINE NUMBER AND TEXT PNTR FROM THE STACK
; AND ELIMINATES ALL THE "FOR" ENTRIES IN FRONT OF THE "GOSUB" ENTRY.
;
RETURN: BNE GORTS ;NO TERMINATOR=BLOW HIM UP.
LDAI 255
STA FORPNT+1 ;MAKE SURE THE VARIABLE'S PNTR
;NEVER GETS MATCHED.
JSR FNDFOR ;GO PAST ALL THE "FOR" ENTRIES.
TXS
CMPI GOSUTK ;RETURN WITHOUT GOSUB?
BEQ RETU1
LDXI ERRRG
SKIP2
USERR: LDXI ERRUS ;NO MATCH SO "US" ERROR.
JMP ERROR ;YES.
SNERR2: JMP SNERR
RETU1: PLA ;REMOVE GOSUTK.
PULWD CURLIN ;GET LINE NUMBER "GOSUB" WAS FROM.
PULWD TXTPTR ;GET TEXT PNTR FROM "GOSUB".
DATA: JSR DATAN ;SKIP TO END OF STATEMENT,
;SINCE WHEN "GOSUB" STUCK THE TEXT PNTR
;ONTO THE STACK, THE LINE NUMBER ARG
;HADN'T BEEN READ YET.
ADDON: TYA
CLC
ADC TXTPTR
STA TXTPTR
BCC REMRTS
INC TXTPTR+1
REMRTS: RTS ;"NEWSTT" RTS ADDR IS STILL THERE.

DATAN: LDXI ":" ;"DATA" TERMINATES ON ":" AND NULL.


SKIP2
REMN: LDXI 0 ;THE ONLY TERMINATOR IS NULL.
STX CHARAC ;PRESERVE IT.
LDYI 0 ;THIS MAKES CHARAC=0 AFTER SWAP.
STY ENDCHR
EXCHQT: LDA ENDCHR
LDX CHARAC
STA CHARAC
STX ENDCHR
REMER: LDADY TXTPTR
BEQ REMRTS ;NULL ALWAYS TERMINATES.
CMP ENDCHR ;IS IT THE OTHER TERMINATOR?
BEQ REMRTS ;YES, IT'S FINISHED.
INY ;PROGRESS TO NEXT CHARACTER.
CMPI 34 ;IS IT A QUOTE?
BNE REMER ;NO, JUST CONTINUE.
BEQA EXCHQT ;YES, TIME TO TRADE.
PAGE
SUBTTL "IF ... THEN" CODE.
IF: JSR FRMEVL ;EVALUATE A FORMULA.
JSR CHRGOT ;GET CURRENT CHARACTER.
CMPI GOTOTK ;IS TERMINATING CHARACTER A GOTOTK?
BEQ OKGOTO ;YES.
SYNCHK THENTK ;NO, IT MUST BE "THEN".
OKGOTO: LDA FACEXP ;0=FALSE. ALL OTHERS TRUE.
BNE DOCOND ;TRUE !
REM: JSR REMN ;SKIP REST OF STATEMENT.
BEQA ADDON ;WILL ALWAYS BRANCH.
DOCOND: JSR CHRGOT ;TEST CURRENT CHARACTER.
BCS DOCO ;IF A NUMBER, GOTO IT.
JMP GOTO
DOCO: JMP GONE3 ;INTERPRET NEW STATEMENT.
PAGE
SUBTTL "ON ... GO TO ..." CODE.
ONGOTO: JSR GETBYT ;GET VALUE IN FACLO.
PHA ;SAVE FOR LATER.
CMPI GOSUTK ;AN "ON ... GOSUB" PERHAPS?
BEQ ONGLOP ;YES.
SNERR3: CMPI GOTOTK ;MUST BE "GOTOTK".
BNE SNERR2
ONGLOP: DEC FACLO
BNE ONGLP1 ;SKIP ANOTHER LINE NUMBER.
PLA ;GET DISPATCH CHARACTER.
JMP GONE2
ONGLP1: JSR CHRGET ;ADVANCE AND SET CODES.
JSR LINGET
CMPI 44 ;IS IT A COMMA?
BEQ ONGLOP
PLA ;REMOVE STACK ENTRY (TOKEN).
ONGRTS: RTS ;EITHER END-OF-LINE OR SYNTAX ERROR.
PAGE
SUBTTL LINGET -- READ A LINE NUMBER INTO LINNUM
;
; "LINGET" READS A LINE NUMBER FROM THE CURRENT TEXT POSITION.
;
; LINE NUMBERS RANGE FROM 0 TO 64000-1.
;
; THE ANSWER IS RETURNED IN "LINNUM".
; "TXTPTR" IS UPDATED TO POINT TO THE TERMINATING CHARCTER
; AND [A] = THE TERMINATING CHARACTER WITH CONDITION
; CODES SET UP TO REFLECT ITS VALUE.
;
LINGET: LDXI 0
STX LINNUM ;INITIALIZE LINE NUMBER TO ZERO.
STX LINNUM+1
MORLIN: BCS ONGRTS ;IT IS NOT A DIGIT.
SBCI "0"-1 ;-1 SINCE C=0.
STA CHARAC ;SAVE CHARACTER.
LDA LINNUM+1
STA INDEX
CMPI 25 ;LINE NUMBER WILL BE .LT. 64000?
BCS SNERR3
LDA LINNUM
ASL A, ;MULTIPLY BY 10.
ROL INDEX
ASL A
ROL INDEX
ADC LINNUM
STA LINNUM
LDA INDEX
ADC LINNUM+1
STA LINNUM+1
ASL LINNUM
ROL LINNUM+1
LDA LINNUM
ADC CHARAC ;ADD IN DIGIT.
STA LINNUM
BCC NXTLGC
INC LINNUM+1
NXTLGC: JSR CHRGET
JMP MORLIN

PAGE
SUBTTL "LET" CODE.
LET: JSR PTRGET ;GET PNTR TO VARIABLE INTO "VARPNT".
STWD FORPNT ;PRESERVE POINTER.
SYNCHK EQULTK ;"=" IS NECESSARY.
IFN INTPRC,<
LDA INTFLG ;SAVE FOR LATER.
PHA>
LDA VALTYP ;RETAIN THE VARIABLE'S VALUE TYPE.
PHA
JSR FRMEVL ;GET VALUE OF FORMULA INTO "FAC".
PLA
ROL A, ;CARRY SET FOR STRING, OFF FOR
;NUMERIC.
JSR CHKVAL ;MAKE SURE "VALTYP" MATCHES CARRY.
;AND SET ZERO FLAG FOR NUMERIC.
BNE COPSTR ;IF NUMERIC, COPY IT.
COPNUM:
IFN INTPRC,<
PLA ;GET NUMBER TYPE.
QINTGR: BPL COPFLT ;STORE A FLTING NUMBER.
JSR ROUND ;ROUND INTEGER.
JSR AYINT ;MAKE 2-BYTE NUMBER.
LDYI 0
LDA FACMO ;GET HIGH.
STADY FORPNT ;STORE IT.
INY
LDA FACLO ;GET LOW.
STADY FORPNT
RTS>
COPFLT: JMP MOVVF ;PUT NUMBER @FORPNT.

COPSTR:
IFN INTPRC,<PLA> ;IF STRING, NO INTFLG.
INPCOM:
IFN TIME,<
LDY FORPNT+1 ;TI$?
CPYI ZERO/256 ;ONLY TI$ CAN BE THIS ON ASSIG.
BNE GETSPT ; WAS NOT TI$.
JSR FREFAC ;WE WONT NEEDIT.
CMPI 6 ;LENGTH CORRECT?
BNE FCERR2
LDYI 0 ;YES. DO SETUP.
STY FACEXP ;ZERO FAC TO START WITH.
STY FACSGN
TIMELP: STY FBUFPT ;SAVE POSOTION.
JSR TIMNUM ;GET A DIGIT.
JSR MUL10 ;WHOLE QTY BY 10.
INC FBUFPT
LDY FBUFPT
JSR TIMNUM
JSR MOVAF
TAX ;IF NUM=0 THEN NO MULT.
BEQ NOML6 ;IF =0, GO TIT.
INX ;MULT BY TWO.
TXA
JSR FINML6 ;ADD IN AND MULT BY 2 GIVES *6.
NOML6: LDY FBUFPT
INY
CPYI 6 ;DONE ALL SIX?
BNE TIMELP
JSR MUL10 ;ONE LAST TIME.
JSR QINT ;SHIFT IT OVER TO THE RIGHT.
LDXI 2
SEI ;DISALLOW INTERRUPTS.
TIMEST: LDA FACMOH,X
STA CQTIMR,X
DEX
BPL TIMEST ;LOOP 3 TIMES.
CLI ;TURN ON INTS AGAIN.
RTS
TIMNUM: LDADY INDEX ;INDEX SET UP BY FREFAC.
JSR QNUM
BCC GOTNUM
FCERR2: JMP FCERR ;MUST BE NUMERIC STRING.
GOTNUM: SBCI "0"-1 ;C IS OFF.
JMP FINLOG> ;ADD IN DIGIT TO FAC.

GETSPT: LDYI 2 ;GET PNTR TO DESCRIPTOR.


LDADY FACMO
CMP FRETOP+1 ;SEE IF IT POINTS INTO STRING SPACE.
BCC DNTCPY ;IF [FRETOP],GT.[2&3,FACMO], DON'T COPY.
BNE QVARIA ;IT IS LESS.
DEY
LDADY FACMO
CMP FRETOP ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCC DNTCPY
QVARIA: LDY FACLO
CPY VARTAB+1 ;IF [VARTAB].GT.[FACMO], DON'T COPY.
BCC DNTCPY
BNE COPY ;IT IS LESS.
LDA FACMO
CMP VARTAB ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCS COPY
DNTCPY: LDWD FACMO
JMP COPYZC
COPY: LDYI 0
LDADY FACMO
JSR STRINI ;GET ROOM TO COPY STRING INTO.
LDWD DSCPNT ;GET POINTER TO OLD DESCRIPTOR, SO
STWD STRNG1 ;MOVINS CAN FIND STRING.
JSR MOVINS ;COPY IT.
LDWDI DSCTMP ;GET POINTER TO OLD DESCRIPTOR.
COPYZC: STWD DSCPNT ;REMEMBER POINTER TO DESCRIPTOR.
JSR FRETMS ;FREE UP THE TEMPORARY WITHOUT
;FREEING UP ANY STRING SPACE.
LDYI 0
LDADY DSCPNT
STADY FORPNT
INY ;POINT TO STRING PNTR.
LDADY DSCPNT
STADY FORPNT
INY
LDADY DSCPNT
STADY FORPNT
RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL PRINT CODE.
IFN EXTIO,<
PRINTN: JSR CMD ;DOCMD
JMP IODONE ;RELEASE CHANNEL.
CMD: JSR GETBYT
BEQ SAVEIT
SYNCHK 44 ;COMMA?
SAVEIT: PHP
JSR CQOOUT ;CHECK AND OPEN OUTPUT CHANNL.
STX CHANNL ;CHANNL TO OUTPUT ON.
PLP ;GET STATUS BACK.
JMP PRINT>
STRDON: JSR STRPRT
NEWCHR: JSR CHRGOT ;REGET LAST CHARACTER.
PRINT: BEQ CRDO ;TERMINATOR SO TYPE CRLF.
PRINTC: BEQ PRTRTS ;HERE AFTER SEEING TAB(X) OR , OR ;
;IN WHICH CASE A TERMINATOR DOES NOT
;MEAN TYPE A CRLF BUT JUST RTS.
CMPI TABTK ;TAB FUNCTION?
BEQ TABER ;YES.
CMPI SPCTK ;SPACE FUNCTION?
CLC
BEQ TABER
CMPI 44 ;A COMMA?
BEQ COMPRT ;YES.
CMPI 59 ;A SEMICOLON?
BEQ NOTABR ;YES.
JSR FRMEVL ;EVALUATE THE FORMULA.
BIT VALTYP ;A STRING?
BMI STRDON ;YES.
JSR FOUT
JSR STRLIT ;BUILD DESCRIPTOR.
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDYI 0 ;GET THE POINTER.
LDADY FACMO
CLC
ADC TRMPOS ;MAKE SURE LEN+POS.LT.WIDTH.
CMP LINWID ;GREATER THAN LINE LENGTH?
;REMEMBER SPACE PRINTED AFTER NUMBER.
BCC LINCHK ;GO TYPE.
JSR CRDO> ;YES, TYPE CRLF FIRST.
LINCHK: JSR STRPRT ;PRINT THE NUMBER.
JSR OUTSPC ;PRINT A SPACE
BNEA NEWCHR ;ALWAYS GOES.
IFN REALIO-4,<
IFN BUFPAG,<
FININL: LDAI 0
STA BUF,X
LDXYI BUF-1>
IFE BUFPAG,<
FININL: LDYI 0 ;PUT A ZERO AT END OF BUF.
STY BUF,X
LDXI BUF-1> ;SETUP POINTER.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;NO CRDO IF NOT TERMINAL.
BNE PRTRTS>>
CRDO:
IFE EXTIO,<
LDAI 13 ;MAKE TRMPOS LESS THAN LINE LENGTH.
STA TRMPOS>
IFN EXTIO,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE GOCR
STA TRMPOS>
GOCR: LDAI 13> ;X AND Y MUST BE PRESERVED.
JSR OUTDO
LDAI 10
JSR OUTDO
CRFIN:
IFN EXTIO,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE PRTRTS>>
IFE NULCMD,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDAI 0
STA TRMPOS>
EORI 255>
IFN NULCMD,<
TXA ;PRESERVE [ACCX]. SOME NEED IT.
PHA
LDX NULCNT ;GET NUMBER OF NULLS.
BEQ CLRPOS
LDAI 0
PRTNUL: JSR OUTDO
DEX ;DONE WITH NULLS?
BNE PRTNUL
CLRPOS: STX TRMPOS
PLA
TAX>
PRTRTS: RTS

COMPRT: LDA TRMPOS


NCMPOS==<<<LINLEN/CLMWID>-1>*CLMWID> ;CLMWID BEYOND WHICH THERE ARE
IFN REALIO-3,<
;NO MORE COMMA FIELDS.
CMP NCMWID ;SO ALL COMMA DOES IS "CRDO".

BCC MORCOM
JSR CRDO ;TYPE CRLF.
JMP NOTABR> ;AND QUIT IF BEYOND LAST FIELD.
MORCOM: SEC
MORCO1: SBCI CLMWID ;GET [A] MODULUS CLMWID.
BCS MORCO1
EORI 255 ;FILL PRINT POS OUT TO EVEN CLMWID SO
ADCI 1
BNE ASPAC ;PRINT [A] SPACES.

TABER: PHP ;REMEMBER IF SPC OR TAB FUNCTION.


JSR GTBYTC ;GET VALUE INTO ACCX.
CMPI 41
BNE SNERR4
PLP
BCC XSPAC ;PRINT [X] SPACES.
TXA
SBC TRMPOS
BCC NOTABR ;NEGATIVE, DON'T PRINT ANY.
ASPAC: TAX
XSPAC: INX
XSPAC2: DEX ;DECREMENT THE COUNT.
BNE XSPAC1
NOTABR: JSR CHRGET ;REGET LAST CHARACTER.
JMP PRINTC ;DON'T CALL CRDO.
XSPAC1: JSR OUTSPC
BNEA XSPAC2
;
; PRINT THE STRING POINTED TO BY [Y,A] WHICH ENDS WITH A ZERO.
; IF THE STRING IS BELOW DSCTMP IT WILL BE COPIED INTO STRING SPACE.
;
STROUT: JSR STRLIT ;GET A STRING LITERAL.
;
; PRINT THE STRING WHOSE DESCRIPTOR IS POINTED TO BY FACMO.
;
STRPRT: JSR FREFAC ;RETURN TEMP POINTER.
TAX ;PUT COUNT INTO COUNTER.
LDYI 0
INX ;MOVE ONE AHEAD.
STRPR2: DEX
BEQ PRTRTS ;ALL DONE.
LDADY INDEX ;PNTR TO ACT STRNG SET BY FREFAC.
JSR OUTDO
INY
CMPI 13
BNE STRPR2
JSR CRFIN ;TYPE REST OF CARRIAGE RETURN.
JMP STRPR2 ;AND ON AND ON.
;
; OUTDO OUTPUTS THE CHARACTER IN ACCA, USING CNTWFL
; (SUPPRESS OR NOT), TRMPOS (PRINT HEAD POSITION),
; TIMING, ETCQ. NO REGISTERS ARE CHANGED.
;
OUTSPC:
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDAI " ">
IFE REALIO-3,<
LDA CHANNL
BEQ CRTSKP
LDAI " "
SKIP2
CRTSKP: LDAI 29> ;COMMODORE'S SKIP CHARACTER.
SKIP2
OUTQST: LDAI "?"
OUTDO: IFN REALIO,<
BIT CNTWFL ;SHOULDN'T AFFECT CHANNEL I/O!
BMI OUTRTS>
IFN REALIO-3,<
PHA
CMPI 32 ;IS THIS A PRINTING CHAR?
BCC TRYOUT ;NO, DON'T INCLUDE IT IN TRMPOS.
LDA TRMPOS
CMP LINWID ;LENGTH = TERMINAL WIDTH?
BNE OUTDO1
JSR CRDO ;YES, TYPE CRLF
OUTDO1:
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE TRYOUT>
INCTRM: INC TRMPOS ;INCREMENT COUNT.
TRYOUT: PLA> ;RESTORE THE A REGISTER

IFE REALIO-1,<
STY KIMY> ;PRESERVE Y.
IFE REALIO-4,<ORAI ^O200> ;TURN ON B7 FOR APPLE.
IFN REALIO,<
OUTLOC: JSR OUTCH> ;OUTPUT THE CHARACTER.
IFE REALIO-1,<
LDY KIMY> ;GET Y BACK.
IFE REALIO-2,<REPEAT 4,<NOP>>
IFE REALIO-4,<ANDI ^O177> ;GET [A] BACK FROM APPLE.

IFE REALIO,<
TJSR OUTSIM##> ;CALL SIMULATOR OUTPUT ROUTINE
OUTRTS: ANDI 255 ;SET Z=0.
GETRTS: RTS

PAGE
SUBTTL INPUT AND READ CODE.
;
; HERE WHEN THE DATA THAT WAS TYPED IN OR IN "DATA" STATEMENTS
; IS IMPROPERLY FORMATTED. FOR "INPUT" WE START AGAIN.
; FOR "READ" WE GIVE A SYNTAX ERROR AT THE DATA LINE.
;
TRMNOK: LDA INPFLG
BEQ TRMNO1 ;IF INPUT TRY AGAIN.
IFN GETCMD,<
BMI GETDTL
LDYI 255 ;MAKE IT LOOK DIRECT.
BNEA STCURL ;ALWAYS GOES.
GETDTL:>
LDWD DATLIN ;GET DATA LINE NUMBER.
STCURL: STWD CURLIN ;MAKE IT CURRENT LINE.
SNERR4: JMP SNERR
TRMNO1:
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;IF NOT TERMINAL, GIVE BAD DATA.
BEQ DOAGIN
LDXI ERRBD
JMP ERROR>
DOAGIN: LDWDI TRYAGN
JSR STROUT ;PRINT "?REDO FROM START".
LDWD OLDTXT ;POINT AT START
STWD TXTPTR ;OF THIS CURRENT LINE.
RTS ;GO TO "NEWSTT".
IFN GETCMD,<
GET: JSR ERRDIR ;DIRECT IS NOT OK.
IFN EXTIO,<
CMPI "#" ;SEE IF "GET#".
BNE GETTTY ;NO, JUST GET TTY INPUT.
JSR CHRGET ;MOVE UP TO NEXT BYTE.
JSR GETBYT ;GET CHANNEL INTO X
SYNCHK 44 ;COMMA?
JSR CQOIN ;GET CHANNEL OPEN FOR INPUT.
STX CHANNL>
GETTTY: LDXYI BUF+1 ;POINT TO 0.
IFN BUFPAG,<
LDAI 0 ;TO STUFF AND TO POINT.
STA BUF+1>
IFE BUFPAG,<
STY BUF+1> ;ZERO IT.
LDAI 64 ;TURN ON V-BIT.
JSR INPCO1 ;DO THE GET.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDX CHANNL
BNE IORELE> ;RELEASE.
RTS>

IFN EXTIO,<
INPUTN: JSR GETBYT ;GET CHANNEL NUMBER.
SYNCHK 44 ;A COMMA?
JSR CQOIN ;GO WHERE COMMODORE CHECKS IN OPEN.
STX CHANNL
JSR NOTQTI ;DO INPUT TO VARIABLES.
IODONE: LDA CHANNL ;RELEASE CHANNEL.
IORELE: JSR CQCCHN
LDXI 0 ;RESET CHANNEL TO TERMINAL.
STX CHANNL
RTS>
INPUT: IFN REALIO,<
LSR CNTWFL> ;BE TALKATIVE.
CMPI 34 ;A QUOTE?
BNE NOTQTI ;NO MESSAGE.
JSR STRTXT ;LITERALIZE THE STRING IN TEXT
SYNCHK 59 ;MUST END WITH SEMICOLON.
JSR STRPRT ;PRINT IT OUT.
NOTQTI: JSR ERRDIR ;USE COMMON ROUTINE SINCE DEF DIRECT
LDAI 44 ;GET COMMA.
STA BUF-1
;IS ALSO ILLEGAL.
GETAGN: JSR QINLIN ;TYPE "?" AND INPUT A LINE OF TEXT.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BEQ BUFFUL
LDA CQSTAT ;GET STATUS BYTE.
ANDI 2
BEQ BUFFUL ;A-OK.
JSR IODONE ;BAD. CLOSE CHANNEL.
JMP DATA ;SKIP REST OF INPUT.
BUFFUL:>
LDA BUF ;ANYTHING INPUT?
BNE INPCON ;YES, CONTINUE.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;BLANK LINE MEANS GET ANOTHER.
BNE GETAGN> ;IF NOT TERMINAL.
CLC ;MAKE SURE DONT PRINT BREAK
JMP STPEND ;NO, STOP.
QINLIN:
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE GINLIN>
JSR OUTQST
JSR OUTSPC
GINLIN: JMP INLIN
READ: LDXY DATPTR ;GET LAST DATA LOCATION.
XWD ^O1000,^O251 ;LDAI TYA TO MAKE IT NONZERO.
IFE BUFPAG,<
INPCON: >
TYA
IFN BUFPAG,<
SKIP2
INPCON: LDAI 0> ;SET FLAG THAT THIS IS INPUT
INPCO1: STA INPFLG ;STORE THE FLAG.
;
; IN THE PROCESSING OF DATA AND READ STATEMENTS:
; ONE POINTER POINTS TO THE DATA (IE, THE NUMBERS BEING FETCHED)
; AND ANOTHER POINTS TO THE LIST OF VARIABLES.
;
; THE POINTER INTO THE DATA ALWAYS STARTS POINTING TO A
; TERMINATOR -- A , : OR END-OF-LINE.
;
; AT THIS POINT TXTPTR POINTS TO LIST OF VARIABLES AND
; [Y,X] POINTS TO DATA OR INPUT LINE.
;
STXY INPPTR
INLOOP: JSR PTRGET ;READ VARIABLE LIST.
STWD FORPNT ;SAVE POINTER FOR "LET" STRING STUFFING.
;RETURNS PNTR TOP VAR IN VARPNT.
LDWD TXTPTR ;SAVE TEXT PNTR.
STWD VARTXT
LDXY INPPTR
STXY TXTPTR
JSR CHRGOT ;GET IT AND SET Z IF TERM.
BNE DATBK1
BIT INPFLG
IFN GETCMD,<
BVC QDATA
JSR CZGETL ;DON'T WANT INCHR. JUST ONE.
IFE REALIO-4,<
ANDI 127>
STA BUF ;MAKE IT FIRST CHARACTER.
LDXYI <BUF-1> ;POINT JUST BEFORE IT.
IFE BUFPAG,<
BEQA DATBK>
IFN BUFPAG,<
BNEA DATBK>> ;GO PROCESS.
QDATA: BMI DATLOP ;SEARCH FOR ANOTHER DATA STATEMENT.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL
BNE GETNTH>
JSR OUTQST
GETNTH: JSR QINLIN ;GET ANOTHER LINE.
DATBK: STXY TXTPTR ;SET FOR "CHRGET".
DATBK1: JSR CHRGET
BIT VALTYP ;GET VALUE TYPE.
BPL NUMINS ;INPUT A NUMBER IF NUMERIC.
IFN GETCMD,<
BIT INPFLG ;GET?
BVC SETQUT ;NO, GO SET QUOTE.
INX
STX TXTPTR
LDAI 0 ;ZERO TERMINATORS.
STA CHARAC
BEQA RESETC>
SETQUT: STA CHARAC ;ASSUME QUOTED STRING.
CMPI 34 ;TERMINATORS OK?
BEQ NOWGET ;YES.
LDAI ":" ;SET TERMINATORS TO ":" AND
STA CHARAC
LDAI 44 ;COMMA.
RESETC: CLC
NOWGET: STA ENDCHR
LDWD TXTPTR
ADCI 0 ;C IS SET PROPERLY ABOVE.
BCC NOWGE1
INY
NOWGE1: JSR STRLT2 ;MAKE A STRING DESCRIPTOR FOR THE VALUE
;AND COPY IF NECESSARY.
JSR ST2TXT ;SET TEXT POINTER.
JSR INPCOM ;DO ASSIGNMENT.
JMP STRDN2
NUMINS: JSR FIN
IFE INTPRC,<
JSR MOVVF>
IFN INTPRC,<
LDA INTFLG ;SET CODES ON FLAG.
JSR QINTGR> ;GO DECIDE ON FLOAT.
STRDN2: JSR CHRGOT ;READ LAST CHARACTER.
BEQ TRMOK ;":" OR EOL IS OK.
CMPI 44 ;A COMMA?
JNE TRMNOK
TRMOK: LDWD TXTPTR
STWD INPPTR ;SAVE FOR MORE READS.
LDWD VARTXT
STWD TXTPTR ;POINT TO VARIABLE LIST.
JSR CHRGOT ;LOOK AT LAST VARIABLE LIST CHARACTER.
BEQ VAREND ;THAT'S THE END OF THE LIST.
JSR CHKCOM ;NOT END. CHECK FOR COMMA.
JMP INLOOP
;
; SUBROUTINE TO FIND DATA
; THE SEARCH IS MADE BY USING THE EXECUTION CODE FOR DATA TO
; SKIP OVER STATEMENTS. THE START WORD OF EACH STATEMENT
; IS COMPARED WITH "DATATK". EACH NEW LINE NUMBER
; IS STORED IN "DATLIN" SO THAT IF AN ERROR OCCURS
; WHILE READING DATA THE ERROR MESSAGE CAN GIVE THE LINE
; NUMBER OF THE ILL-FORMATTED DATA.
;
DATLOP: JSR DATAN ;SKIP SOME TEXT.
INY
TAX ;END OF LINE?
BNE NOWLIN ;SHO AIN'T.
LDXI ERROD ;YES = "NO DATA" ERROR.
INY
LDADY TXTPTR
BEQ ERRGO5
INY
LDADY TXTPTR ;GET HIGH BYTE OF LINE NUMBER.
STA DATLIN
INY
LDADY TXTPTR ;GET LOW BYTE.
INY
STA DATLIN+1
NOWLIN: LDADY TXTPTR ;HOW IS IT?
TAX
JSR ADDON ;ADD [Y] TO [TXTPTR].
CPXI DATATK ;IS IT A "DATA" STATEMENT.
BNE DATLOP ;NOT QUITE RIGHT. KEEP LOOKING.
JMP DATBK1 ;THIS IS THE ONE !
VAREND: LDWD INPPTR ;PUT AWAY A NEW DATA PNTR MAYBE.
LDX INPFLG
BPL VARY0
JMP RESFIN
VARY0: LDYI 0
LDADY INPPTR ;LAST DATA CHR COULD HAVE BEEN
;COMMA OR COLON BUT SHOULD BE NULL.
BEQ INPRTS ;IT IS NULL.
IFN EXTIO,<
LDA CHANNL ;IF NOT TERMINAL, NO TYPE.
BNE INPRTS>
LDWDI EXIGNT
JMP STROUT ;TYPE "?EXTRA IGNORED"
INPRTS: RTS ;DO NEXT STATEMENT.
EXIGNT: DT"?EXTRA IGNORED"
ACRLF
0
TRYAGN: DT"?REDO FROM START"
ACRLF
0
PAGE
SUBTTL THE NEXT CODE IS THE "NEXT CODE"
;
; A "FOR" ENTRY ON THE STACK HAS THE FOLLOWING FORMAT:
;
; LOW ADDRESS
; TOKEN (FORTK) 1 BYTE
; A POINTER TO THE LOOP VARIABLE 2 BYTES
; THE STEP 4+ADDPRC BYTES
; A BYTE REFLECTING THE SIGN OF THE INCREMENT 1 BYTE
; THE UPPER VALUE (PACKED) 4+ADDPRC BYTES
; THE LINE NUMBER OF THE "FOR" STATEMENT 2 BYTES
; A TEXT POINTER INTO THE "FOR" STATEMENT 2 BYTES
; HIGH ADDRESS
;
; TOTAL 16+2*ADDPRC BYTES.
;
NEXT: BNE GETFOR
LDYI 0 ;WITHOUT ARG CALL "FNDFOR" WITH
BEQA STXFOR ;[FORPNT]=0.
GETFOR: JSR PTRGET ;GET A POINTER TO LOOP VARIABLE
STXFOR: STWD FORPNT ;INTO "FORPNT".
JSR FNDFOR ;FIND THE MATCHING ENTRY IF ANY.
BEQ HAVFOR
LDXI ERRNF ;"NEXT WITHOUT FOR".
ERRGO5: BEQ ERRGO4
HAVFOR: TXS ;SETUP STACK. CHOP FIRST.
TXA
CLC
ADCI 4 ;POINT TO INCREMENT
PHA ;SAVE THIS POINTER TO RESTORE TO [A]
ADCI 5+ADDPRC ;POINT TO UPPER LIMIT
STA INDEX2 ;SAVE AS INDEX
PLA ;RESTORE POINTER TO INCREMENT
LDYI 1 ;SET HI ADDR OF THING TO MOVE.
JSR MOVFM ;GET QUANTITY INTO THE FAC.
TSX
LDA 257+7+ADDPRC,X, ;SET SIGN CORRECTLY.
STA FACSGN
LDWD FORPNT
JSR FADD ;ADD INC TO LOOP VARIABLE.
JSR MOVVF ;PACK THE FAC INTO MEMORY.
LDYI 1
JSR FCOMPN ;COMPARE FAC WITH UPPER VALUE.
TSX
SEC
SBC 257+7+ADDPRC,X, ;SUBTRACT SIGN OF INC FROM SIGN OF
;OF (CURRENT VALUE-FINAL VALUE).
BEQ LOOPDN ;IF SIGN (FINAL-CURRENT)-SIGN STEP=0
;THEN LOOP IS DONE.
LDA 2*ADDPRC+12+257,X
STA CURLIN ;STORE LINE NUMBER OF "FOR" STATEMENT.
LDA 257+13+<2*ADDPRC>,X
STA CURLIN+1
LDA 2*ADDPRC+15+257,X
STA TXTPTR ;STORE TEXT PNTR INTO "FOR" STATEMENT.
LDA 2*ADDPRC+14+257,X
STA TXTPTR+1
NEWSGO: JMP NEWSTT ;PROCESS NEXT STATEMENT.
LOOPDN: TXA
ADCI 2*ADDPRC+15 ;ADDS 16 WITH CARRY.
TAX
TXS ;NEW STACK PNTR.
JSR CHRGOT
CMPI 44 ;COMMA AT END?
BNE NEWSGO
JSR CHRGET
JSR GETFOR ;DO NEXT BUT DON'T ALLOW BLANK VARIABLE
;PNTR. [VARPNT] IS THE STK PNTR WHICH
;NEVER MATCHES ANY POINTER.
;JSR TO PUT ON DUMMY NEWSTT ADDR.
SUBTTL FORMULA EVALUATION CODE.
;
; THESE ROUTINES CHECK FOR CERTAIN "VALTYP".
; [C] IS NOT PRESERVED.
;
FRMNUM: JSR FRMEVL
CHKNUM: CLC
SKIP1
CHKSTR: SEC ;SET CARRY.
CHKVAL: BIT VALTYP ;WILL NOT F UP "VALTYP".
BMI DOCSTR
BCS CHKERR
CHKOK: RTS
DOCSTR: BCS CHKOK
CHKERR: LDXI ERRTM
ERRGO4: JMP ERROR
;
; THE FORMULA EVALUATOR STARTS WITH
; [TXTPTR] POINTING TO THE FIRST CHARACTER OF THE FORMULA.
; AT THE END [TXTPTR] POINTS TO THE TERMINATOR.
; THE RESULT IS LEFT IN THE FAC.
; ON RETURN [A] DOES NOT REFLECT THE TERMINATOR.
;
; THE FORMULA EVALUATOR USES THE OPERATOR LIST (OPTAB)
; TO DETERMINE PRECEDENCE AND DISPATCH ADDRESSES FOR
; EACH OPERATOR.
; A TEMPORARY RESULT ON THE STACK HAS THE FOLLOWING FORMAT.
; THE ADDRESS OF THE OPERATOR ROUTINE.
; THE FLOATING POINT TEMPORARY RESULT.
; THE PRECEDENCE OF THE OPERATOR.
;
FRMEVL: LDX TXTPTR
BNE FRMEV1
DEC TXTPTR+1
FRMEV1: DEC TXTPTR
LDXI 0 ;INITIAL DUMMY PRECEDENCE IS 0.
SKIP1
LPOPER: PHA ;SAVE LOW PRECEDENCE. (MASK.)
TXA
PHA ;SAVE HIGH PRECEDENCE.
LDAI 1
JSR GETSTK ;MAKE SURE THERE IS ROOM FOR
;RECURSIVE CALLS.
JSR EVAL ;EVALUATE SOMETHING.
CLR OPMASK ;PREPARE TO BUILD MASK MAYBE.
TSTOP: JSR CHRGOT ;REGET LAST CHARACTER.
LOPREL: SEC ;PREP TO SUBTRACT.
SBCI GREATK ;IS CURRENT CHARACTER A RELATION?
BCC ENDREL ;NO. RELATIONS ALL THROUGH.
CMPI LESSTK-GREATK+1 ;REALLY RELATIONAL?
BCS ENDREL ;NO -- JUST BIG.
CMPI 1 ;RESET CARRY FOR ZERO ONLY.
ROL A, ;0 TO 1, 1 TO 2, 2 TO 4.
EORI 1
EOR OPMASK ;BRING IN THE OLD BITS.
CMP OPMASK ;MAKE SURE THE NEW MASK IS BIGGER.
BCC SNERR5 ;SYNTAX ERROR. BECAUSE TWO OF THE SAME.
STA OPMASK ;SAVE MASK.
JSR CHRGET
JMP LOPREL ;GET THE NEXT CANDIDATE.
ENDREL: LDX OPMASK ;WERE THERE ANY?
BNE FINREL ;YES, HANDLE AS SPECIAL OP.
BCS QOP ;NOT AN OPERATOR.
ADCI GREATK-PLUSTK
BCC QOP ;NOT AN OPERATOR.
ADC VALTYP ;[C]=1.
JEQ CAT ;ONLY IF [A]=0 AND [VALTYP]=-1 (A STR).
ADCI ^O377 ;GET BACK ORIGINAL [A].
STA INDEX1
ASL A, ;MULTIPLY BY 2.
ADC INDEX1 ;BY THREE.
TAY ;SET UP FOR LATER.
QPREC: PLA ;GET PREVIOUS PRECEDENCE.
CMP OPTAB,Y ;IS OLD PRECEDENCE GREATER OR EQUAL?
BCS QCHNUM ;YES, GO OPERATE.
JSR CHKNUM ;CAN'T BE STRING HERE.
DOPREC: PHA ;SAVE OLD PRECEDENCE.
NEGPRC: JSR DOPRE1 ;SET A RETURN ADDRESS FOR OP.
PLA ;PULL OFF PREVIOUS PRECEDENCE.
LDY OPPTR ;GET POINTER TO OP.
BPL QPREC1 ;THAT'S A REAL OPERATOR.
TAX ;DONE ?
BEQ QOPGO ;DONE !
BNE PULSTK
FINREL: LSR VALTYP ;GET VALUE TYPE INTO "C".
TXA
ROL A, ;PUT VALTYP INTO LOW ORDER BIT OF MASK.
LDX TXTPTR ;DECREMENT TEXT POINTER.
BNE FINRE2
DEC TXTPTR+1
FINRE2: DEC TXTPTR
LDYI PTDORL-OPTAB ;MAKE [YREG] POINT AT OPERATOR ENTRY.
STA OPMASK ;SAVE THE OPERATION MASK.
BNE QPREC ;SAVE IT ALL. BR ALWAYS.
;NOTE B7(VALTYP)=0 SO CHKNUM CALL IS OK.
QPREC1: CMP OPTAB,Y ;LAST PRECEDENCE IS GREATER?
BCS PULSTK ;YES, GO OPERATE.
BCC DOPREC ;NO SAVE ARGUMENT AND GET OTHER OPERAND.
DOPRE1: LDA OPTAB+2,Y
PHA ;DISP ADDR GOES ONTO STACK.
LDA OPTAB+1,Y
PHA
JSR PUSHF1 ;SAVE FAC ON STACK UNPACKED.
LDA OPMASK ;[ACCA] MAY BE MASK FOR REL.
JMP LPOPER
SNERR5: JMP SNERR ;GO TO AN ERROR.
PUSHF1: LDA FACSGN
LDX OPTAB,Y, ;GET HIGH PRECEDENCE.
PUSHF: TAY ;GET POINTER INTO STACK.
PLA
STA INDEX1
INC INDEX1
PLA
STA INDEX1+1
TYA
;STORE FAC ON STACK UNPACKED.
PHA ;START WITH SIGN SET UP.
FORPSH: JSR ROUND ;PUT ROUNDED FAC ON STACK.
LDA FACLO ;ENTRY POINT TO SKIP STORING SIGN.
PHA
LDA FACMO
PHA
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA FACMOH
PHA>
LDA FACHO
PHA
LDA FACEXP
PHA
JMPD INDEX1 ;RETURN.
QOP: LDYI 255
PLA ;GET HIGH PRECEDENCE OF LAST OP.
QOPGO: BEQ QOPRTS ;DONE !
QCHNUM: CMPI 100 ;RELATIONAL OPERATOR?
BEQ UNPSTK ;YES, DON'T CHECK OPERAND.
JSR CHKNUM ;MUST BE NUMBER.
UNPSTK: STY OPPTR ;SAVE OPERATOR'S POINTER FOR NEXT TIME.
PULSTK: PLA ;GET MASK FOR REL OP IF IT IS ONE.
LSR A, ;SETUP [C] FOR DOREL'S "CHKVAL".
STA DOMASK ;SAVE FOR "DOCMP".
PLA ;UNPACK STACK INTO ARG.
STA ARGEXP
PLA
STA ARGHO
IFN ADDPRC,<
PLA
STA ARGMOH>
PLA
STA ARGMO
PLA
STA ARGLO
PLA
STA ARGSGN
EOR FACSGN ;GET PROBABLE RESULT SIGN.
STA ARISGN ;ARITHMETIC SIGN. USED BY
;ADD, SUB, MULT, DIV.
QOPRTS: LDA FACEXP ;GET IT AND SET CODES.
UNPRTS: RTS ;RETURN.

EVAL: CLR VALTYP ;ASSUME VALUE WILL BE NUMERIC.


EVAL0: JSR CHRGET ;GET A CHARACTER.
BCS EVAL2
EVAL1: JMP FIN ;IT IS A NUMBER.
EVAL2: JSR ISLETC ;VARIABLE NAME?
BCS ISVAR ;YES.
IFE REALIO-3,<
CMPI PI
BNE QDOT
LDWDI PIVAL
JSR MOVFM ;PUT VALUE IN FOR PI.
JMP CHRGET
PIVAL: ^O202
^O111
^O017
^O332
^O241>
QDOT: CMPI "." ;LEADING CHARACTER OF CONSTANT?
BEQ EVAL1
CMPI MINUTK ;NEGATION?
BEQ DOMIN ;SHO IS.
CMPI PLUSTK
BEQ EVAL0
CMPI 34 ;A QUOTE? A STRING?
BNE EVAL3
STRTXT: LDWD TXTPTR
ADCI 0 ;TO INC, ADD C=1.
BCC STRTX2
INY
STRTX2: JSR STRLIT ;YES. GO PROCESS IT.
JMP ST2TXT
EVAL3: CMPI NOTTK ;CHECK FOR "NOT" OPERATOR.
BNE EVAL4
LDYI NOTTAB-OPTAB ;"NOT" HAS PRECEDENCE 90.
BNE GONPRC ;GO DO ITS EVALUATION.
NOTOP: JSR AYINT ;INTEGERIZE.
LDA FACLO ;GET THE ARGUMENT.
EORI 255
TAY
LDA FACMO
EORI 255
JMP GIVAYF ;FLOAT [Y,A] AS RESULT IN FAC.
;AND RETURN.
EVAL4: CMPI FNTK ;USER-DEFINED FUNCTION?
JEQ FNDOER
CMPI ONEFUN ;A FUNCTION NAME?
BCC PARCHK ;FUNCTIONS ARE THE HIGHEST NUMBERED
JMP ISFUN ;CHARACTERS SO NO NEED TO CHECK
;AN UPPER-BOUND.
PARCHK: JSR CHKOPN ;ONLY POSSIBILITY LEFT IS
JSR FRMEVL ;A FORMULA IN PARENTHESIS.
;RECURSIVELY EVALUATE THE FORMULA.
CHKCLS: LDAI 41 ;CHECK FOR A RIGHT PARENTHESE
SKIP2
CHKOPN: LDAI 40
SKIP2
CHKCOM: LDAI 44
;
; "SYNCHK" LOOKS AT THE CURRENT CHARACTER TO MAKE SURE IT
; IS THE SPECIFIC THING LOADED INTO ACCA JUST BEFORE THE CALL TO
; "SYNCHK". IF NOT, IT CALLS THE "SYNTAX ERROR" ROUTINE.
; OTHERWISE IT GOBBLES THE NEXT CHAR AND RETURNS,
;
; [A]=NEW CHAR AND TXTPTR IS ADVANCED BY "CHRGET".
;
SYNCHR: LDYI 0
CMPDY TXTPTR ;CHARACTERS EQUAL?
BNE SNERR
CHRGO5: JMP CHRGET
SNERR: LDXI ERRSN ;"SYNTAX ERROR"
JMP ERROR
DOMIN: LDYI NEGTAB-OPTAB ;A PRECEDENCE BELOW "^".
GONPRC: PLA ;GET RID OF RTS ADDR.
PLA
JMP NEGPRC ;EVALUTE FOR NEGATION.

ISVAR: JSR PTRGET ;GET A PNTR TO VARIABLE.


ISVRET: STWD FACMO
IFN TIME!EXTIO,<
LDWD VARNAM> ;CHECK TIME,TIME$,STATUS.
LDX VALTYP
BEQ GOOO ;THE STRING IS SET UP.
LDXI 0
STX FACOV
IFN TIME,<
BIT FACLO ;AN ARRAY?
BPL STRRTS ;YES.
CMPI "T" ;TI$?
BNE STRRTS
CPYI "I"+128
BNE STRRTS
JSR GETTIM ;YES. PUT TIME IN FACMOH-LO.
STY TENEXP ;Y=0.
DEY
STY FBUFPT
LDYI 6 ;SIX DIGITS TO PRINT.
STY DECCNT
LDYI FDCEND-FOUTBL
JSR FOUTIM ;CONVERT TO ASCII.
JMP TIMSTR>
STRRTS: RTS
GOOO:
IFN INTPRC,<
LDX INTFLG
BPL GOOOOO
LDYI 0
LDADY FACMO ;FETCH HIGH.
TAX
INY
LDADY FACMO
TAY ;PUT LOW IN Y.
TXA ;GET HIGH IN A.
JMP GIVAYF> ;FLOAT AND RETURN.
GOOOOO:
IFN TIME,<
BIT FACLO ;AN ARRAY?
BPL GOMOVF ;YES.
CMPI "T"
BNE QSTATV
CPYI "I"
BNE GOMOVF
JSR GETTIM
TYA ;FOR FLOATB.
LDXI 160 ;SET EXPONNENT.
JMP FLOATB
GETTIM: LDWDI <CQTIMR-2>
SEI ;TURN OF INT SYS.
JSR MOVFM
CLI ;BACK ON.
STY FACHO ;ZERO HIGHEST.
RTS>
QSTATV:
IFN EXTIO,<
CMPI "S"
BNE GOMOVF
CPYI "T"
BNE GOMOVF
LDA CQSTAT
JMP FLOAT
GOMOVF:>
IFN TIME!EXTIO,<
LDWD FACMO>
JMP MOVFM ;MOVE ACTUAL VALUE IN.
;AND RETURN.

ISFUN: ASL A, ;MULTIPLY BY TWO.


PHA
TAX
JSR CHRGET ;SET UP FOR SYNCHK.
CPXI 2*LASNUM-256+1 ;IS IT PAST "LASNUM"?
BCC OKNORM ;NO, MUST BE NORMAL FUNCTION.
;
; MOST FUNCTIONS TAKE A SINGLE ARGUMENT.
; THE RETURN ADDRESS OF THESE FUNCTIONS IS "CHKNUM"
; WHICH ASCERTAINS THAT [VALTYP]=0 (NUMERIC).
; NORMAL FUNCTIONS THAT RETURN STRING RESULTS
; (E.G., CHR$) MUST POP OFF THAT RETURN ADDR AND
; RETURN DIRECTLY TO "FRMEVL".
;
; THE SO-CALLED "FUNNY" FUNCTIONS CAN TAKE MORE THAN ONE ARGUMENT,
; THE FIRST OF WHICH MUST BE STRING AND THE SECOND OF WHICH
; MUST BE A NUMBER BETWEEN 0 AND 255.
; THE CLOSED PARENTHESIS MUST BE CHECKED AND RETURN IS DIRECTLY
; TO "FRMEVL" WITH THE TEXT PNTR POINTING BEYOND THE ")".
; THE POINTER TO THE DESCRIPTOR OF THE STRING ARGUMENT
; IS STORED ON THE STACK UNDERNEATH THE VALUE OF THE
; INTEGER ARGUMENT.
;
JSR CHKOPN ;CHECK FOR AN OPEN PARENTHESE
JSR FRMEVL ;EAT OPEN PAREN AND FIRST ARG.
JSR CHKCOM ;TWO ARGS SO COMMA MUST DELIMIT.
JSR CHKSTR ;MAKE SURE FIRST WAS STRING.
PLA ;GET FUNCTION NUMBER.
TAX
PSHWD FACMO ;SAVE POINTER AT STRING DESCRIPTOR
TXA
PHA ;RESAVE FUNCTION NUMBER.
;THIS MUST BE ON STACK SINCE RECURSIVE.
JSR GETBYT ;[X]=VALUE OF FORMULA.
PLA ;GET FUNCTION NUMBER.
TAY
TXA
PHA
JMP FINGO ;DISPATCH TO FUNCTION.
OKNORM: JSR PARCHK ;READ A FORMULA SURROUNDED BY PARENS.
PLA ;GET DISPATCH FUNCTION.
TAY
FINGO: LDA FUNDSP-2*ONEFUN+256,Y, ;MODIFY DISPATCH ADDRESS.
STA JMPER+1
LDA FUNDSP-2*ONEFUN+257,Y
STA JMPER+2
JSR JMPER ;DISPATCH!
;STRING FUNCTIONS REMOVE THIS RET ADDR.
JMP CHKNUM ;CHECK IT FOR NUMERICNESS AND RETURN.
OROP: LDYI 255 ;MUST ALWAYS COMPLEMENT..
SKIP2
ANDOP: LDYI 0
STY COUNT ;OPERATOR.
JSR AYINT ;[FACMO&LO]=INT VALUE AND CHECK SIZE.
LDA FACMO ;USE DEMORGAN'S LAW ON HIGH
EOR COUNT
STA INTEGR
LDA FACLO ;AND LOW.
EOR COUNT
STA INTEGR+1
JSR MOVFA
JSR AYINT ;[FACMO&LO]=INT OF ARG.
LDA FACLO
EOR COUNT
AND INTEGR+1
EOR COUNT ;FINISH OUT DEMORGAN.
TAY ;SAVE HIGH.
LDA FACMO
EOR COUNT
AND INTEGR
EOR COUNT
JMP GIVAYF ;FLOAT [A.Y] AND RET TO USER.

;
; TIME TO PERFORM A RELATIONAL OPERATOR.
; [DOMASK] CONTAINS THE BITS AS TO WHICH RELATIONAL
; OPERATOR IT WAS. CARRY BIT ON=STRING COMPARE.
;
DOREL: JSR CHKVAL ;CHECK FOR MATCH.
BCS STRCMP ;IT IS A STRING.
LDA ARGSGN ;PACK ARG FOR FCOMP.
ORAI 127
AND ARGHO
STA ARGHO
LDWDI ARGEXP
JSR FCOMP
TAX
JMP QCOMP
STRCMP: CLR VALTYP ;RESULT WILL BE NUMERIC.
DEC OPMASK ;TURN OFF VALTYP WHICH WAS STRING.
JSR FREFAC ;FREE THE FACLO STRING.
STA DSCTMP ;SAVE FOR LATER.
STXY DSCTMP+1
LDWD ARGMO ;GET POINTER TO OTHER STRING.
JSR FRETMP ;FREES FIRST DESC POINTER.
STXY ARGMO
TAX ;COPY COUNT INTO X.
SEC
SBC DSCTMP ;WHICH IS GREATER. IF 0, ALL SET UP.
BEQ STASGN ;JUST PUT SIGN OF DIFFERENCE AWAY.
LDAI 1
BCC STASGN ;SIGN IS POSITIVE.
LDX DSCTMP ;LENGTH OF FAC IS SHORTER.
LDAI ^O377 ;GET A MINUS 1 FOR NEGATIVES.
STASGN: STA FACSGN ;KEEP FOR LATER.
LDYI 255 ;SET POINTER TO FIRST STRING. (ARG.)
INX ;TO LOOP PROPERLY.
NXTCMP: INY
DEX ;ANY CHARACTERS LEFT TO COMPARE?
BNE GETCMP ;NOT DONE YET.
LDX FACSGN ;USE SIGN OF LENGTH DIFFERENCE
;SINCE ALL CHARACTERS ARE THE SAME.
QCOMP: BMI DOCMP ;C IS ALWAYS SET THEN.
CLC
BCC DOCMP ;ALWAYS BRANCH.
GETCMP: LDADY ARGMO ;GET NEXT CHAR TO COMPARE.
CMPDY DSCTMP+1 ;SAME?
BEQ NXTCMP ;YEP. TRY FURTHER.
LDXI ^O377 ;SET A POSITIVE DIFFERENCE.
BCS DOCMP ;PUT STACK BACK TOGETHER.
LDXI 1 ;SET A NEGATIVE DIFFERENCE.
DOCMP: INX ;-1 TO 1, 0 TO 2, 1 TO 4.
TXA
ROL A
AND DOMASK
BEQ GOFLOT
LDAI ^O377 ;MAP 0 TO 0. ALL OTHERS TO -1.
GOFLOT: JMP FLOAT ;FLOAT THE ONE-BYTE RESULT INTO FAC.

PAGE
SUBTTL DIMENSION AND VARIABLE SEARCHING.
;
; THE "DIM" CODE SETS [DIMFLG] AND THEN FALLS INTO THE VARIABLE SEARCH
; ROUTINE, WHICH LOOKS AT DIMFLG AT THREE DIFFERENT POINTS.
; 1) IF AN ENTRY IS FOUND, "DIMFLG" BEING ON INDICATES
; A "DOUBLY" DIMENSIONED VARIABLE.
; 2) WHEN A NEW ENTRY IS BEING BUILT "DIMFLG" BEING ON
; INDICTAES THE INDICES SHOULD BE USED FOR THE
; SIZE OF EACH INDEX. OTHERWISE THE DEFAULT OF TEN
; IS USED.
; 3) WHEN THE BUILD ENTRY CODE FINISHES, ONLY IF "DIMFLG" IS OFF
; WILL INDEXING BE DONE.
;
DIM3: JSR CHKCOM ;MUST BE A COMMA
DIM: TAX ;SET [ACCX] NONZERO.
;[ACCA] MUST BE NONZERO TO WORK RIGHT.
DIM1: JSR PTRGT1
DIMCON: JSR CHRGOT ;GET LAST CHARACTER.
BNE DIM3
RTS
;
; ROUTINE TO READ THE VARIABLE NAME AT THE CURRENT TEXT POSITION
; AND PUT A POINTER TO ITS VALUE IN VARPNT. [TXTPTR]
; POINTS TO THE TERMINATING CHARCTER.. NOT THAT EVALUATING SUBSCRIPTS
; IN A VARIABLE NAME CAN CAUSE RECURSIVE CALLS TO "PTRGET" SO AT
; THAT POINT ALL VALUES MUST BE STORED ON THE STACK.
;
PTRGET: LDXI 0 ;MAKE [ACCX]=0.
JSR CHRGOT ;RETRIEVE LAST CHARACTER.
PTRGT1: STX DIMFLG ;STORE FLAG AWAY.
PTRGT2: STA VARNAM
JSR CHRGOT ;GET CURRENT CHARACTER
;MAYBE WITH FUNCTION BIT OFF.
JSR ISLETC ;CHECK FOR LETTER.
BCS PTRGT3 ;MUST HAVE A LETTER.
INTERR: JMP SNERR
PTRGT3: LDXI 0 ;ASSUME NO SECOND CHARACTER.
STX VALTYP ;DEFAULT IS NUMERIC.
IFN INTPRC,<
STX INTFLG> ;ASSUME FLOATING.
JSR CHRGET ;GET FOLLOWING CHARACTER.
BCC ISSEC ;CARRY RESET BY CHRGET IF NUMERIC.
JSR ISLETC ;SET CARRY IF NOT ALPHABETIC.
BCC NOSEC ;ALLOW ALPHABETICS.
ISSEC: TAX ;IT IS A NUMBER -- SAVE IN ACCX.
EATEM: JSR CHRGET ;LOOK AT NEXT CHARACTER.
BCC EATEM ;SKIP NUMERICS.
JSR ISLETC
BCS EATEM ;SKIP ALPHABETICS.
NOSEC: CMPI "$" ;IS IT A STRING?
BNE NOTSTR ;IF NOT, [VALTYP]=0.
LDAI ^O377 ;SET [VALTYP]=255 (STRING !).
STA VALTYP
IFN INTPRC,<
BNEA TURNON ;ALWAYS GOES.
NOTSTR: CMPI "%" ;INTEGER VARIABLE?
BNE STRNAM ;NO.
LDA SUBFLG
BNE INTERR
LDAI 128
STA INTFLG ;SET FLAG.
ORA VARNAM ;TURN ON BOTH HIGH BITS.
STA VARNAM>
TURNON: TXA
ORAI 128 ;TURN ON MSB OF SECOND CHARACTER.
TAX
JSR CHRGET ;GET CHARACTER AFTER $.
IFE INTPRC,<
NOTSTR:>
STRNAM: STX VARNAM+1 ;STORE AWAY SECOND CHARACTER.
SEC
ORA SUBFLG ;ADD FLAG WHETHER TO ALLOW ARRAYS.
SBCI 40 ;(CHECK FOR "(") WON'T MATCH IF SUBFLG SET.
JEQ ISARY ;IT IS!
CLR SUBFLG ;ALLOW SUBSCRIPTS AGAIN.
LDA VARTAB ;PLACE TO START SEARCH.
LDX VARTAB+1
LDYI 0
STXFND: STX LOWTR+1
LOPFND: STA LOWTR
CPX ARYTAB+1 ;AT END OF TABLE YET?
BNE LOPFN
CMP ARYTAB
BEQ NOTFNS ;YES. WE COULDN'T FIND IT.
LOPFN: LDA VARNAM
CMPDY LOWTR ;COMPARE HIGH ORDERS.
BNE NOTIT ;NO COMPARISON.
LDA VARNAM+1
INY
CMPDY LOWTR ;AND THE LOW PART?
BEQ FINPTR ;THAT'S IT ! THAT'S IT !
DEY
NOTIT: CLC
LDA LOWTR
ADCI 6+ADDPRC ;MAKES NO DIF AMONG TYPES.
BCC LOPFND
INX
BNEA STXFND ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.

;
; TEST FOR A LETTER. / CARRY OFF= NOT A LETTER.
; CARRY ON= A LETTER.
;
ISLETC: CMPI "A"
BCC ISLRTS ;IF LESS THAN "A", RET.
SBCI "Z"+1
SEC
SBCI 256-"Z"-1 ;RESET CARRY IF [A] .GT. "Z".
ISLRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.

NOTFNS: PLA ;CHECK WHO'S CALLING.


PHA ;RESTORE IT.
CMPI ISVRET-1-<ISVRET-1>/256*256 ;IS EVAL CALLING?
BNE NOTEVL ;NO, CARRY ON.
IFN REALIO-3,<
TSX
LDA 258,X
CMPI <<ISVRET-1>/256>
BNE NOTEVL>
LDZR: LDWDI ZERO ;SET UP PNTR TO SIMULATED ZERO.
RTS ;FOR STRINGS OR NUMERIC.
;AND FOR INTEGERS TOO.
NOTEVL:
IFN TIME!EXTIO,<
LDWD VARNAM>
IFN TIME,<
CMPI "T"
BNE QSTAVR
CPYI "I"+128
BEQ LDZR
CPYI "I"
BNE QSTAVR>
IFN EXTIO!TIME,<
GOBADV: JMP SNERR>
QSTAVR:
IFN EXTIO,<
CMPI "S"
BNE VAROK
CPYI "T"
BEQ GOBADV>
VAROK: LDWD ARYTAB
STWD LOWTR ;LOWEST THING TO MOVE.
LDWD STREND ;GET HIGHEST ADDR TO MOVE.
STWD HIGHTR
CLC
ADCI 6+ADDPRC
BCC NOTEVE
INY
NOTEVE: STWD HIGHDS ;PLACE TO STUFF IT.
JSR BLTU ;MOVE IT ALL.
;NOTE [Y,A] HAS [HIGHDS] FOR REASON.
LDWD HIGHDS ;AND SET UP
INY
STWD ARYTAB ;NEW START OF ARRAY TABLE.
LDYI 0 ;GET ADDR OF VARIABLE ENTRY.
LDA VARNAM
STADY LOWTR
INY
LDA VARNAM+1
STADY LOWTR ;STORE NAME OF VARIABLE.
LDAI 0
INY
STADY LOWTR
INY
STADY LOWTR
INY
STADY LOWTR
INY
STADY LOWTR ;FOURTH ZERO FOR DEF FUNC.
IFN ADDPRC,<
INY
STADY LOWTR>
FINPTR: LDA LOWTR
CLC
ADCI 2
LDY LOWTR+1
BCC FINNOW
INY
FINNOW: STWD VARPNT ;THIS IS IT.
RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL MULTIPLE DIMENSION CODE.
FMAPTR: LDA COUNT
ASL A,
ADCI 5 ;POINT TO ENTRIES. C CLR'D BY ASL.
ADC LOWTR
LDY LOWTR+1
BCC JSRGM
INY
JSRGM: STWD ARYPNT
RTS

N32768: EXP 144,128,0,0 ;-32768.

;
; INTIDX READS A FORMULA FROM THE CURRENT POSITION AND
; TURNS IT INTO A POSITIVE INTEGER
; LEAVING THE RESULT IN FACMO&LO. NEGATIVE ARGUMENTS
; ARE NOT ALLOWED.
;
INTIDX: JSR CHRGET
JSR FRMEVL ;GET A NUMBER
POSINT: JSR CHKNUM
LDA FACSGN
BMI NONONO ;IF NEGATIVE, BLOW HIM OUT.
AYINT: LDA FACEXP
CMPI 144 ;FAC .GT. 32767?
BCC QINTGO
LDWDI N32768 ;GET ADDR OF -32768.
JSR FCOMP ;SEE IF FAC=[[Y,A]].
NONONO: BNE FCERR ;NO, FAC IS TOO BIG.
QINTGO: JMP QINT ;GO TO QINT AND SHOVE IT.
;
; FORMAT OF ARRAYS IN CORE.
;
; DESCRIPTOR:
; LOWBYTE = FIRST CHARACTER.
; HIGHBYTE = SECOND CHARACTER (200 BIT IS STRING FLAG).
; LENGTH OF ARRAY IN CORE IN BYTES (INCLUDES EVERYTHING).
; NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS.
; FOR EACH DIMENSION STARTING WITH THE FIRST A LIST
; (2 BYTES EACH) OF THE MAX INDICE+1
; THE VALUES
;
ISARY: LDA DIMFLG
IFN INTPRC,<
ORA INTFLG>
PHA ;SAVE [DIMFLG] FOR RECURSION.
LDA VALTYP
PHA ;SAVE [VALTYP] FOR RECURSION.
LDYI 0 ;SET NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS TO ZERO.
INDLOP: TYA ;SAVE NUMBER OF DIMS.
PHA
PSHWD VARNAM ;SAVE LOOKS.
JSR INTIDX ;EVALUATE INDICE INTO FACMO&LO.
PULWD VARNAM ;GET BACK ALL... WE'RE HOME.
PLA ;(# OF DIMS).
TAY
TSX
LDA 258,X
PHA ;PUSH DIMFLG AND VALTYP FURTHER.
LDA 257,X
PHA
LDA INDICE ;PUT INDICE ONTO STACK.
STA 258,X, ;UNDER DIMFLG AND VALTYP.
LDA INDICE+1
STA 257,X
INY ;INCREMENT # OF DIMS.
JSR CHRGOT ;GET TERMINATING CHARACTER.
CMPI 44 ;A COMMA?
BEQ INDLOP ;YES.
STY COUNT ;SAVE COUNT OF DIMS.
JSR CHKCLS ;MUST BE CLOSED PAREN.
PLA
STA VALTYP ;GET VALTYP AND
PLA
IFN INTPRC,<
STA INTFLG
ANDI 127>
STA DIMFLG ;DIMFLG OFF STACK.
LDX ARYTAB ;PLACE TO START SEARCH.
LDA ARYTAB+1
LOPFDA: STX LOWTR
STA LOWTR+1
CMP STREND+1 ;END OF ARRAYS?
BNE LOPFDV
CPX STREND
BEQ NOTFDD ;A FINE THING! NO ARRAY!.
LOPFDV: LDYI 0
LDADY LOWTR
INY
CMP VARNAM ;COMPARE HIGH ORDERS.
BNE NMARY1 ;NO WAY IS IT THIS. GET OUT OF HERE.
LDA VARNAM+1
CMPDY LOWTR ;LOW ORDERS?
BEQ GOTARY ;WELL, HERE IT IS !!
NMARY1: INY
LDADY LOWTR ;GET LENGTH.
CLC
ADC LOWTR
TAX
INY
LDADY LOWTR
ADC LOWTR+1
BCC LOPFDA ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
BSERR: LDXI ERRBS ;GET BAD SUB ERROR NUMBER.
SKIP2
FCERR: LDXI ERRFC ;TOO BIG. "FUNCTION CALL" ERROR.
ERRGO3: JMP ERROR
GOTARY: LDXI ERRDD ;PERHAPS A "RE-DIMENSION" ERROR
LDA DIMFLG ;TEST THE DIMFLG
BNE ERRGO3
JSR FMAPTR
LDA COUNT ;GET NUMBER OF DIMS INPUT.
LDYI 4
CMPDY LOWTR ;# OF DIMS THE SAME?
BNE BSERR ;SAME SO GO GET DEFINITION.
JMP GETDEF

;
; HERE WHEN VARIABLE IS NOT FOUND IN THE ARRAY TABLE.
;
; BUILDING AN ENTRY.
;
; PUT DOWN THE DESCRIPTOR.
; SETUP NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS.
; MAKE SURE THERE IS ROOM FOR THE NEW ENTRY.
; REMEMBER "VARPNT".
; TALLY=4.
; SKIP 2 LOCS FOR LATER FILL IN OF SIZE.
; LOOP: GET AN INDICE
; PUT DOWN NUMBER+1 AND INCREMENT VARPTR.
; TALLY=TALLY*NUMBER+1.
; DECREMENT NUMBER-DIMS.
; BNE LOOP
; CALL "REASON" WITH [Y,A] REFLECTING LAST LOC OF VARIABLE.
; UPDATE STREND.
; ZERO ALL.
; MAKE TALLY INCLUDE MAXDIMS AND DESCRIPTOR.
; PUT DOWN TALLY.
; IF CALLED BY DIMENSION, RETURN.
; OTHERWISE INDEX INTO THE VARIABLE AS IF IT
; WERE FOUND ON THE INITIAL SEARCH.
;
NOTFDD: JSR FMAPTR ;FORM ARYPNT.
JSR REASON
LDAI 0
TAY
STA CURTOL+1
IFE ADDPRC,<
LDXI 4>
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDXI 5>
LDA VARNAM ;THIS CODE ONLY WORKS FOR INTPRC=1
STADY LOWTR ;IF ADDPRC=1.
IFN ADDPRC,<
BPL NOTFLT
DEX>
NOTFLT: INY
LDA VARNAM+1
STADY LOWTR
BPL STOMLT
DEX
IFN ADDPRC,<
DEX>
STOMLT: STX CURTOL
LDA COUNT
REPEAT 3,<INY>
STADY LOWTR ;SAVE NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS.
LOPPTA: LDXI 11 ;DEFAULT SIZE.
LDAI 0
BIT DIMFLG
BVC NOTDIM ;NOT IN A DIM STATEMENT.
PLA ;GET LOW ORDER OF INDICE.
CLC
ADCI 1
TAX
PLA ;GET HIGH PART OF INDICE.
ADCI 0
NOTDIM: INY
STADY LOWTR ;STORE HIGH PART OF INDICE.
INY
TXA
STADY LOWTR ;STORE LOW ORDER OF INDICE.
JSR UMULT ;[X,A]=[CURTOL]*[LOWTR,Y]
STX CURTOL ;SAVE NEW TALLY.
STA CURTOL+1
LDY INDEX
DEC COUNT ;ANY MORE INDICES LEFT?
BNE LOPPTA ;YES.
ADC ARYPNT+1
BCS OMERR1 ;OVERFLOW.
STA ARYPNT+1 ;COMPUTE WHERE TO ZERO.
TAY
TXA
ADC ARYPNT
BCC GREASE
INY
BEQ OMERR1
GREASE: JSR REASON ;GET ROOM.
STWD STREND ;NEW END OF STORAGE.
LDAI 0 ;STORING [ACCA] IS FASTER THAN CLEAR.
INC CURTOL+1
LDY CURTOL
BEQ DECCUR
ZERITA: DEY
STADY ARYPNT
BNE ZERITA ;NO. CONTINUE.
DECCUR: DEC ARYPNT+1
DEC CURTOL+1
BNE ZERITA ;DO ANOTHER BLOCK.
INC ARYPNT+1 ;BUMP BACK UP. WILL USE LATER.
SEC
LDA STREND ;RESTORE [ACCA].
SBC LOWTR ;DETERMINE LENGTH.
LDYI 2
STADY LOWTR ;LOW.
LDA STREND+1
INY
SBC LOWTR+1
STADY LOWTR ;HIGH.
LDA DIMFLG
BNE DIMRTS ;BYE.
INY
;
; AT THIS POINT [LOWTR,Y] POINTS BEYOND THE SIZE TO THE NUMBER OF
; DIMENSIONS. STRATEGY:
; NUMDIM=NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS.
; CURTOL=0.
; INLPNM:GET A NEW INDICE.
; MAKE SURE INDICE IS NOT TOO BIG.
; MULTIPLY CURTOL BY CURMAX.
; ADD INDICE TO CURTOL.
; NUMDIM=NUMDIM-1.
; BNE INLPNM.
; USE [CURTOL]*4 AS OFFSET.
;
GETDEF: LDADY LOWTR
STA COUNT ;SAVE A COUNTER.
LDAI 0 ;ZERO [CURTOL].
STA CURTOL
INLPNM: STA CURTOL+1
INY
PLA ;GET LOW INDICE.
TAX
STA INDICE
PLA ;AND THE HIGH PART
STA INDICE+1
CMPDY LOWTR ;COMPARE WITH MAX INDICE.
BCC INLPN2
BNE BSERR7 ;IF GREATER, "BAD SUBSCRIPT" ERROR.
INY
TXA
CMPDY LOWTR
BCC INLPN1
BSERR7: JMP BSERR
OMERR1: JMP OMERR
INLPN2: INY
INLPN1: LDA CURTOL+1 ;DON'T MULTIPLY IF CURTOL=0.
ORA CURTOL
CLC ;PREPARE TO GET INDICE BACK.
BEQ ADDIND ;GET HIGH PART OF INDICE BACK.
JSR UMULT ;MULTIPLY [CURTOL] BY [LOWTR,Y,Y+1].
TXA
ADC INDICE ;ADD IN [INDICE].
TAX
TYA
LDY INDEX1
ADDIND: ADC INDICE+1
STX CURTOL
DEC COUNT ;ANY MORE?
BNE INLPNM ;YES.
STA CURTOL+1 ;FIX ARRAY BUG ****
IFE ADDPRC,<
LDXI 4>
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDXI 5 ;THIS CODE ONLY WORKS FOR INTPRC=1
LDA VARNAM ;IF ADDPRC=1.
BPL NOTFL1
DEX>
NOTFL1: LDA VARNAM+1
BPL STOML1
DEX
IFN ADDPRC,<
DEX>
STOML1: STX ADDEND
LDAI 0
JSR UMULTD ;ON RTS, A&Y=HI . X=LO.
TXA
ADC ARYPNT
STA VARPNT
TYA
ADC ARYPNT+1
STA VARPNT+1
TAY
LDA VARPNT
DIMRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.
SUBTTL INTEGER ARITHMETIC ROUTINES.
;TWO BYTE UNSIGNED INTEGER MULTIPLY.
;THIS IS FOR MULTIPLY DIMENSIONED ARRAYS.
; [X,Y]=[X,A]=[CURTOL]*[LOWTR,Y,Y+1].
UMULT: STY INDEX
LDADY LOWTR
STA ADDEND ;LOW, THEN HIGH.
DEY
LDADY LOWTR ;PUT [LOWTR,Y,Y+1] IN FASTER MEMORY.
UMULTD: STA ADDEND+1
LDAI 16
STA DECCNT
LDXI 0 ;CLR THE ACCS.
LDYI 0 ;RESULT INITIALLY ZERO.
UMULTC: TXA
ASL A, ;MULTIPLY BY TWO.
TAX
TYA
ROL A,
TAY
BCS OMERR1 ;TWO MUCH !
ASL CURTOL
ROL CURTOL+1
BCC UMLCNT ;NOTHING IN THIS POSITION TO MULTIPLY.
CLC
TXA
ADC ADDEND
TAX
TYA
ADC ADDEND+1
TAY
BCS OMERR1 ;MAN, JUST TOO MUCH !
UMLCNT: DEC DECCNT ;DONE?
BNE UMULTC ;KEEP IT UP.
UMLRTS: RTS ;YES, ALL DONE.
PAGE
SUBTTL FRE FUNCTION AND INTEGER TO FLOATING ROUTINES.
FRE: LDA VALTYP
BEQ NOFREF
JSR FREFAC
NOFREF: JSR GARBA2
SEC
LDA FRETOP ;WE WANT
SBC STREND ;[FRETOP]-[STREND].
TAY
LDA FRETOP+1
SBC STREND+1

GIVAYF: LDXI 0
STX VALTYP
STWD FACHO
LDXI 144 ;SET EXPONENT TO 2^16.
JMP FLOATS ;TURN IT TO A FLOATING PNT #.

POS: LDY TRMPOS ;GET POSITION.


SNGFLT: LDAI 0
BEQA GIVAYF ;FLOAT IT.
PAGE
SUBTTL SIMPLE-USER-DEFINED-FUNCTION CODE.
;
; NOTE ONLY SINGLE ARGUMENTS ARE ALLOWED TO FUNCTIONS
; AND FUNCTIONS MUST BE OF THE SINGLE LINE FORM:
; DEF FNA(X)=X^2+X-2
; NO STRINGS CAN BE INVOLVED WITH THESE FUNCTIONS.
;
; IDEA: CREATE A SIMPLE VARIABLE ENTRY
; WHOSE FIRST CHARACTER HAS THE 200 BIT SET.
; THE VALUE WILL BE:
;
; A TEXT PNTR TO THE FORMULA.
; A PNTR TO THE ARGUMENT VARIABLE.
;
; FUNCTION NAMES CAN BE LIKE "FNA4".
;
;
; SUBROUTINE TO SEE IF WE ARE IN DIRECT MODE.
; AND COMPLAIN IF SO.
;
ERRDIR: LDX CURLIN+1 ;DIR MODE HAS [CURLIN]=0,255
INX ;SO NOW, IS RESULT ZERO?
BNE DIMRTS ;YES.
LDXI ERRID ;INPUT DIRECT ERROR CODE.
SKIP2
ERRGUF: LDXI ERRUF ;USER DEFINED FUNCTION NEVER DEFINED
ERRGO1: JMP ERROR

DEF: JSR GETFNM ;GET A PNTR TO THE FUNCTION.


JSR ERRDIR
JSR CHKOPN ;MUST HAVE "(".
LDAI 128
STA SUBFLG ;PROHIBIT SUBSCRIPTED VARIABLES.
JSR PTRGET ;GET PNTR TO ARGUMENT.
JSR CHKNUM ;IS IT A NUMBER?
JSR CHKCLS ;MUST HAVE ")"
SYNCHK EQULTK ;MUST HAVE "=".
IFN ADDPRC,<PHA> ;PUT CRAZY BYTE ON.
PSHWD VARPNT
PSHWD TXTPTR
JSR DATA
JMP DEFFIN
;
; SUBROUTINE TO GET A PNTR TO A FUNCTION NAME.
;
GETFNM: SYNCHK FNTK ;MUST START WITH FN.
ORAI 128 ;PUT FUNCTION BIT ON.
STA SUBFLG
JSR PTRGT2 ;GET POINTER TO FUNCTION OR CREATE ANEW.
STWD DEFPNT
JMP CHKNUM ;MAKE SURE IT'S NOT A STRING AND RETURN.

FNDOER: JSR GETFNM ;GET THE FUNCTION'S NAME.


PSHWD DEFPNT
JSR PARCHK ;EVALUATE PARAMETER.
JSR CHKNUM
PULWD DEFPNT
LDYI 2
LDADY DEFPNT ;GET POINTER TO VARIABLE.
STA VARPNT ;SAVE VARIABLE POINTER.
TAX
INY
LDADY DEFPNT
BEQ ERRGUF
STA VARPNT+1
IFN ADDPRC,<INY> ;SINCE DEF USES ONLY 4.
DEFSTF: LDADY VARPNT
PHA ;PUSH IT ALL ON STACK.
DEY ;SINCE WE ARE RECURSING MAYBE.
BPL DEFSTF
LDY VARPNT+1
JSR MOVMF ;PUT CURRENT FAC INTO OUR ARG VARIABLE.
PSHWD TXTPTR ;SAVE TEXT POINTER.
LDADY DEFPNT ;PNTR TO FUNCTION.
STA TXTPTR
INY
LDADY DEFPNT
STA TXTPTR+1
PSHWD VARPNT ;SAVE VARIABLE POINTER.
JSR FRMNUM ;EVALUATE FORMULA AND CHECK NUMERIC.
PULWD DEFPNT
JSR CHRGOT
JNE SNERR ;IT DIDN'T TERMINATE. HUH?
PULWD TXTPTR ;RESTORE TEXT PNTR.
DEFFIN: LDYI 0
PLA ;GET OLD ARG VALUE OFF STACK
STADY DEFPNT ;AND PUT IT BACK IN VARIABLE.
PLA
INY
STADY DEFPNT
PLA
INY
STADY DEFPNT
PLA
INY
STADY DEFPNT
IFN ADDPRC,<
PLA
INY
STADY DEFPNT>
DEFRTS: RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL STRING FUNCTIONS.
;
; THE STR$ FUNCTION TAKES A NUMBER AND GIVES A STRING
; WITH THE CHARACTERS THE OUTPUT OF THE NUMBER
; WOULD HAVE GIVEN.
;
STR: JSR CHKNUM ;ARG HAS TO BE NUMERIC.
LDYI 0
JSR FOUTC ;DO ITS OUTPUT.
PLA
PLA
TIMSTR: LDWDI LOFBUF
BEQA STRLIT ;SCAN IT AND TURN IT INTO A STRING.
;
; "STRINI" GET STRING SPACE FOR THE CREATION OF A STRING AND
; CREATES A DESCRIPTOR FOR IT IN "DSCTMP".
;
STRINI: LDXY FACMO ;GET FACMO TO STORE IN DSCPNT.
STXY DSCPNT ;RETAIN THE DESCRIPTOR POINTER.
STRSPA: JSR GETSPA ;GET STRING SPACE.
STXY DSCTMP+1 ;SAVE LOCATION.
STA DSCTMP ;SAVE LENGTH.
RTS ;ALL DONE.
;
; "STRLT2" TAKES THE STRING LITERAL WHOSE FIRST CHARACTER
; IS POINTED TO BY [Y,A] AND BUILDS A DESCRIPTOR FOR IT.
; THE DESCRIPTOR IS INITIALLY BUILT IN "DSCTMP", BUT "PUTNEW"
; TRANSFERS IT INTO A TEMPORARY AND LEAVES A POINTER
; AT THE TEMPORARY IN FACMO&LO. THE CHARACTERS OTHER THAN
; ZERO THAT TERMINATE THE STRING SHOULD BE SET UP IN "CHARAC"
; AND "ENDCHR". IF THE TERMINATOR IS A QUOTE, THE QUOTE IS SKIPPED
; OVER. LEADING QUOTES SHOULD BE SKIPPED BEFORE JSR. ON RETURN
; THE CHARACTER AFTER THE STRING LITERAL IS POINTED TO
; BY [STRNG2].
;
STRLIT: LDXI 34 ;ASSUME STRING ENDS ON QUOTE.
STX CHARAC
STX ENDCHR
STRLT2: STWD STRNG1 ;SAVE POINTER TO STRING.
STWD DSCTMP+1 ;IN CASE NO STRCPY.
LDYI 255 ;INITIALIZE CHARACTER COUNT.
STRGET: INY
LDADY STRNG1 ;GET CHARACTER.
BEQ STRFI1 ;IF ZERO.
CMP CHARAC ;THIS TERMINATOR?
BEQ STRFIN ;YES.
CMP ENDCHR
BNE STRGET ;LOOK FURTHER.
STRFIN: CMPI 34 ;QUOTE?
BEQ STRFI2
STRFI1: CLC ;NO, BACK UP.
STRFI2: STY DSCTMP ;RETAIN COUNT.
TYA
ADC STRNG1 ;WISHING TO SET [TXTPTR].
STA STRNG2
LDX STRNG1+1
BCC STRST2
INX
STRST2: STX STRNG2+1
LDA STRNG1+1 ;IF PAGE 0, COPY SINCE IT IS EITHER
;A STRING CONSTANT IN BUF OR A STR$
;RESULT IN LOFBUF
IFN BUFPAG,<
BEQ STRCP
CMPI BUFPAG>
BNE PUTNEW
STRCP: TYA
JSR STRINI
LDXY STRNG1
JSR MOVSTR ;MOVE STRING.
;
; SOME STRING FUNCTION IS RETURNING A RESULT IN DSCTMP.
; SETUP A TEMP DESCRIPTOR WITH DSCTMP IN IT.
; PUT A POINTER TO THE DESCRIPTOR IN FACMO&LO AND FLAG THE
; RESULT AS TYPE STRING.
;
PUTNEW: LDX TEMPPT ;POINTER TO FIRST FREE TEMP.
CPXI TEMPST+STRSIZ*NUMTMP
BNE PUTNW1
LDXI ERRST ;STRING TEMPORARY ERROR.
ERRGO2: JMP ERROR ;GO TELL HIM.
PUTNW1: LDA DSCTMP
STA 0,X
LDA DSCTMP+1
STA 1,X
LDA DSCTMP+2
STA 2,X
LDYI 0
STXY FACMO
STY FACOV
DEY
STY VALTYP ;TYPE IS "STRING".
STX LASTPT ;SET POINTER TO LAST-USED TEMP.
INX
INX
INX ;POINT FURTHER.
STX TEMPPT ;SAVE POINTER TO NEXT TEMP IF ANY.
RTS ;ALL DONE.

;
; GETSPA - GET SPACE FOR CHARACTER STRING.
; MAY FORCE GARBAGE COLLECTION.
;
; # OF CHARACTERS (BYTES) IN ACCA.
; RETURNS WITH POINTER IN [Y,X]. OTHERWISE (IF CAN'T GET
; SPACE) BLOWS OFF TO "OUT OF STRING SPACE" TYPE ERROR.
; ALSO PRESERVES [ACCA] AND SETS [FRESPC]=[Y,X]=PNTR AT SPACE.
;
GETSPA: LSR GARBFL ;SIGNAL NO GARBAGE COLLECTION YET.
TRYAG2: PHA ;SAVE FOR LATER.
EORI 255
SEC ;ADD ONE TO COMPLETE NEGATION.
ADC FRETOP
LDY FRETOP+1
BCS TRYAG3
DEY
TRYAG3: CPY STREND+1 ;COMPARE HIGH ORDERS.
BCC GARBAG ;MAKE ROOM FOR MORE.
BNE STRFRE ;SAVE NEW FRETOP.
CMP STREND ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCC GARBAG ;CLEAN UP.
STRFRE: STWD FRETOP ;SAVE NEW [FRETOP].
STWD FRESPC ;PUT IT THERE OLD MAN.
TAX ;PRESERVE A IN X.
PLA ;GET COUNT BACK IN ACCA.
RTS ;ALL DONE.
GARBAG: LDXI ERROM ;"OUT OF STRING SPACE"
LDA GARBFL
BMI ERRGO2
JSR GARBA2
LDAI 128
STA GARBFL
PLA ;GET BACK STRING LENGTH.
BNE TRYAG2 ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
GARBA2: ;START FROM TOP DOWN.
IFE REALIO!DISKO,<
LDAI 7 ;TYPE "BELL".
JSR OUTDO>
LDX MEMSIZ
LDA MEMSIZ+1
FNDVAR: STX FRETOP ;LIKE SO.
STA FRETOP+1
LDYI 0
STY GRBPNT+1
STY GRBPNT ;BOTH BYTES SET TO ZERO (FIX BUG)
LDWX STREND
STWX GRBTOP
LDWXI TEMPST
STWX INDEX1
TVAR: CMP TEMPPT ;DONE WITH TEMPS?
BEQ SVARS ;YEP.
JSR DVAR
BEQ TVAR ;LOOP.
SVARS: LDAI 6+ADDPRC
STA FOUR6
LDWX VARTAB ;GET START OF SIMPLE VARIABLES.
STWX INDEX1
SVAR: CPX ARYTAB+1 ;DONE WITH SIMPLE VARIABLES?
BNE SVARGO ;NO.
CMP ARYTAB
BEQ ARYVAR ;YEP.
SVARGO: JSR DVARS ;DO IT , AGAIN.
BEQ SVAR ;LOOP.
ARYVAR: STWX ARYPNT ;SAVE FOR ADDITION.
LDAI STRSIZ
STA FOUR6
ARYVA2: LDWX ARYPNT ;GET THE POINTER TO VARIABLE.
ARYVA3: CPX STREND+1 ;DONE WITH ARRAYS?
BNE ARYVGO ;NO.
CMP STREND
JEQ GRBPAS ;YES, GO FINISH UP.
ARYVGO: STWX INDEX1
LDYI 1-ADDPRC
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDADY INDEX1
TAX
INY>
LDADY INDEX1
PHP
INY
LDADY INDEX1
ADC ARYPNT
STA ARYPNT ;FORM POINTER TO NEXT ARRAY VAR.
INY
LDADY INDEX1
ADC ARYPNT+1
STA ARYPNT+1
PLP
BPL ARYVA2
IFN ADDPRC,<
TXA
BMI ARYVA2>
INY
LDADY INDEX1
LDYI 0 ;RESET INDEX Y.
ASL A,
ADCI 5 ;CARRY IS OFF AND OFF AFTER ADD.
ADC INDEX1
STA INDEX1
BCC ARYGET
INC INDEX1+1
ARYGET: LDX INDEX1+1
ARYSTR: CPX ARYPNT+1 ;END OF THE ARRAY?
BNE GOGO
CMP ARYPNT
BEQ ARYVA3 ;YES.
GOGO: JSR DVAR
BEQ ARYSTR ;CYCLE.
DVARS:
IFN INTPRC,<
LDADY INDEX1
BMI DVARTS>
INY
LDADY INDEX1
BPL DVARTS
INY
DVAR: LDADY INDEX1 ;IS LENGTH=0?
BEQ DVARTS ;YES, RETURN.
INY
LDADY INDEX1 ;GET LOW(ADR).
TAX
INY
LDADY INDEX1
CMP FRETOP+1 ;COMPARE HIGHS.
BCC DVAR2 ;IF THIS STRING'S PNTR .GE. [FRETOP]
BNE DVARTS ;NO NEED TO MESS WITH IT FURTHER.
CPX FRETOP ;COMPARE LOWS.
BCS DVARTS
DVAR2: CMP GRBTOP+1
BCC DVARTS ;IF THIS STRING IS BELOW PREVIOUS,
;FORGET IT.
BNE DVAR3
CPX GRBTOP ;COMPARE LOW ORDERS.
BCC DVARTS ;[X,A] .LE. [GRBTOP].
DVAR3: STX GRBTOP
STA GRBTOP+1
LDWX INDEX1
STWX GRBPNT
LDA FOUR6
STA SIZE
DVARTS: LDA FOUR6
CLC
ADC INDEX1
STA INDEX1
BCC GRBRTS
INC INDEX1+1
GRBRTS: LDX INDEX1+1
LDYI 0
RTS ;DONE.
;
; HERE WHEN MADE ONE COMPLETE PASS THROUGH STRING VARIABLES.
;
GRBPAS: LDA GRBPNT+1 ;VARIABLE POINTER.
ORA GRBPNT
BEQ GRBRTS ;ALL DONE.
LDA SIZE
ANDI 4 ;LEAVES C OFF.
LSR A,
TAY
STA SIZE
LDADY GRBPNT
;NOTE: GRBTOP=LOWTR SO NO NEED TO SET LOWTR.
ADC LOWTR
STA HIGHTR
LDA LOWTR+1
ADCI 0
STA HIGHTR+1
LDWX FRETOP
STWX HIGHDS ;WHERE IT ALL GOES.
JSR BLTUC
LDY SIZE
INY
LDA HIGHDS ;GET POSITION OF START OF RESULT.
STADY GRBPNT
TAX
INC HIGHDS+1
LDA HIGHDS+1
INY
STADY GRBPNT ;CHANGE ADDR OF STRING IN VAR.
JMP FNDVAR ;GO TO FNDVAR WITH SOMETHING FOR
;[FRETOP].
;
; THE FOLLOWING ROUTINE CONCATENATES TWO STRINGS.
; THE FAC CONTAINS THE FIRST ONE AT THIS POINT.
; [TXTPTR] POINTS TO THE + SIGN.
;
CAT: LDA FACLO ;PSH HIGH ORDER ONTO STACK.
PHA
LDA FACMO ;AND THE LOW.
PHA
JSR EVAL ;CAN COME BACK HERE SINCE
;OPERATOR IS KNOWN.
JSR CHKSTR ;RESULT MUST BE STRING.
PLA
STA STRNG1 ;GET HIGH ORDER OF OLD DESC.
PLA
STA STRNG1+1
LDYI 0
LDADY STRNG1 ;GET LENGTH OF OLD STRING.
CLC
ADCDY FACMO
BCC SIZEOK ;RESULT IS LESS THAN 256.
LDXI ERRLS ;ERROR "LONG STRING".
JMP ERROR
SIZEOK: JSR STRINI ;INITIALIZE STRING.
JSR MOVINS ;MOVE IT.
LDWD DSCPNT ;GET POINTER TO SECOND.
JSR FRETMP ;FREE IT.
JSR MOVDO
LDWD STRNG1
JSR FRETMP
JSR PUTNEW
JMP TSTOP ;"CAT" REENTERS FORM EVAL AT TSTOP.

MOVINS: LDYI 0 ;GET ADDR OF STRING.


LDADY STRNG1
PHA
INY
LDADY STRNG1
TAX
INY
LDADY STRNG1
TAY
PLA
MOVSTR: STXY INDEX
MOVDO: TAY
BEQ MVDONE
PHA
MOVLP: DEY
LDADY INDEX
STADY FRESPC
QMOVE: TYA
BNE MOVLP
PLA
MVDONE: CLC
ADC FRESPC
STA FRESPC
BCC MVSTRT
INC FRESPC+1
MVSTRT: RTS
;
; "FRETMP" IS PASSED A STRING DESCRIPTOR PNTR IN [Y,A].
; A CHECK IS MADE TO SEE IF THE STRING DESCRIPTOR POINTS TO THE LAST
; TEMPORARY DESCRIPTOR ALLOCATED BY PUTNEW.
; IF SO, THE TEMPORARY IS FREED UP BY THE UPDATING OF [TEMPPT].
; IF A TEMP IS FREED UP, A FURTHER CHECK SEES IF THE STRING DATA THAT
; THAT STRING TEMP PNT'D TO IS THE LOWEST PART OF STRING SPACE IN USE.
; IF SO, [FRETOP] IS UPDATED TO REFLECT THE FACT THE FACT THAT THE SPACE
; IS NO LONGER IN USE.
; THE ADDR OF THE ACTUAL STRING IS RETURNED IN [Y,X] AND
; ITS LENGTH IN ACCA.
;
FRESTR: JSR CHKSTR ;MAKE SURE ITS A STRING.
FREFAC: LDWD FACMO ;FREE UP STR PNT'D TO BY FAC.
FRETMP: STWD INDEX ;GET LENGTH FOR LATER.
JSR FRETMS ;FREE UP THE TEMPORARY DESC.
PHP ;SAVE CODES.
LDYI 0 ;PREP TO GET STUFF.
LDADY INDEX ;GET COUNT AND
PHA ;SAVE IT.
INY
LDADY INDEX
TAX ;SAVE LOW ORDER.
INY
LDADY INDEX
TAY ;SAVE HIGH ORDER.
PLA
PLP ;RETURN STATUS.
BNE FRETRT
CPY FRETOP+1 ;STRING IS LAST ONE IN?
BNE FRETRT
CPX FRETOP
BNE FRETRT
PHA
CLC
ADC FRETOP
STA FRETOP
BCC FREPLA
INC FRETOP+1
FREPLA: PLA ;GET COUNT BACK.
FRETRT: STXY INDEX ;SAVE FOR LATER USE.
RTS
FRETMS: CPY LASTPT+1 ;LAST ENTRY TO TEMP?
BNE FRERTS
CMP LASTPT
BNE FRERTS
STA TEMPPT
SBCI STRSIZ ;POINT TO LAST ONE.
STA LASTPT ;UPDATE TEMP PNTR.
LDYI 0 ;ALSO CLEARS ZFLG SO WE DO REST OF FRETMP.
FRERTS: RTS ;ALL DONE.
;
; CHR$(#) CREATES A STRING WHICH CONTAINS AS ITS ONLY
; CHARACTER THE ASCII EQUIVALENT OF THE INTEGER ARGUMENT (#)
; WHICH MUST BE .LT. 255.
;
CHR: JSR CONINT ;GET INTEGER IN RANGE.
TXA
PHA
LDAI 1 ;ONE-CHARACTER STRING.
JSR STRSPA ;GET SPACE FOR STRING.
PLA
LDYI 0
STADY DSCTMP+1
PLA ;GET RID OF "CHKNUM" RETURN ADDR.
PLA
RLZRET: JMP PUTNEW ;SETUP FAC TO POINT TO DESC.
;
; THE FOLLOWING IS THE LEFT$($,#) FUNCTION.
; IT TAKES THE LEFTMOST # CHARACTERS OF THE STRING.
; IF # .GT. THE LEN OF THE STRING, IT RETURNS THE WHOLE STRING.
;
LEFT: JSR PREAM ;TEST PARAMETERS.
CMPDY DSCPNT
TYA
RLEFT: BCC RLEFT1
LDADY DSCPNT
TAX ;PUT LENGTH INTO X.
TYA ;ZERO A, THE OFFSET.
RLEFT1: PHA ;SAVE OFFSET.
RLEFT2: TXA
RLEFT3: PHA ;SAVE LENGTH.
JSR STRSPA ;GET SPACE.
LDWD DSCPNT
JSR FRETMP
PLA
TAY
PLA
CLC
ADC INDEX ;COMPUTE WHERE TO COPY.
STA INDEX
BCC PULMOR
INC INDEX+1
PULMOR: TYA
JSR MOVDO ;GO MOVE IT.
JMP PUTNEW
RIGHT: JSR PREAM
CLC ;[LENGTH DES'D]-[LENGTH]-1.
SBCDY DSCPNT
EORI 255 ;NEGATE.
JMP RLEFT
;
; MID ($,#) RETURNS STRING WITH CHARS FROM # POSITION
; ONWARD. IF # .GT. LEN ($) THEN RETURN NULL STRING.
; MID ($,#,#) RETURNS STRING WITH CHARACTERS FROM
; # POSITION FOR #2 CHARACTERS. IF #2 GOES PAST END OF STRING
; RETURN AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE.
;
MID: LDAI 255 ;DEFAULT.
STA FACLO ;SAVE FOR LATER COMPARE.
JSR CHRGOT ;GET CURRENT CHARACTER.
CMPI 41 ;IS IT A RIGHT PAREN )?
BEQ MID2 ;NO THIRD PARAM.
JSR CHKCOM ;MUST HAVE COMMA.
JSR GETBYT ;GET THE LENGTH INTO "FACLO".
MID2: JSR PREAM ;CHECK IT OUT.
BEQ GOFUC ;THERE IS NO POSTION 0
DEX ;COMPUTE OFFSET.
TXA
PHA ;PRSERVE AWHILE.
CLC
LDXI 0
SBCDY DSCPNT ;GET LENGTH OF WHAT'S LEFT.
BCS RLEFT2 ;GIVE NULL STRING.
EORI 255 ;IN SUB C WAS 0 SO JUST COMPLEMENT.
CMP FACLO ;GREATER THAN WHAT'S DESIRED?
BCC RLEFT3 ;NO, COPY THAT MUCH.
LDA FACLO ;GET LENGTH OF WHAT'S DESIRED.
BCS RLEFT3 ;COPY IT.

;
; USED BY RIGHT$, LEFT$, MID$ FOR PARAMETER CHECKING AND SETUP.
;
PREAM: JSR CHKCLS ;PARAM LIST SHOULD END.
PLA ;GET THE RETURN ADDRESS INTO
TAY ;[JMPER+1,Y]
PLA
STA JMPER+1
PLA ;GET RID OF FINGO'S JSR RET ADDR.
PLA
PLA ;GET LENGTH.
TAX
PULWD DSCPNT
LDA JMPER+1 ;PUT RETURN ADDRESS BACK ON
PHA
TYA
PHA
LDYI 0
TXA
RTS
;
; THE FUNCTION LEN($) RETURNS THE LENGTH OF THE STRING
; PASSED AS AN ARGUMENT.
;
LEN: JSR LEN1
JMP SNGFLT
LEN1: JSR FRESTR ;FREE UP STRING.
LDXI 0
STX VALTYP ;FORCE NUMERIC.
TAY ;SET CODES ON LENGTH.
RTS ;DONE.
;
; THE FOLLOWING IS THE ASC($) FUNCTION. IT RETURNS
; AN INTEGER WHICH IS THE DECIMAL ASCII EQUIVALENT.
;
ASC: JSR LEN1
BEQ GOFUC ;NULL STRING, BAD ARG.
LDYI 0
LDADY INDEX1 ;GET CHARACTER.
TAY
JMP SNGFLT
GOFUC: JMP FCERR ;YES.

GTBYTC: JSR CHRGET


GETBYT: JSR FRMNUM ;READ FORMULA INTO FAC.
CONINT: JSR POSINT ;CONVERT THE FAC TO A SINGLE BYTE INT.
LDX FACMO
BNE GOFUC ;RESULT MUST BE .LE. 255.
LDX FACLO
CHRGO2: JMP CHRGOT ;SET CONDITION CODES ON TERMINATOR.
;
; THE "VAL" FUNCTION TAKES A STRING AND TURNS IT INTO
; A NUMBER BY INTERPRETING THE ASCII DIGITS ETCQ
; EXCEPT FOR THE PROBLEM THAT A TERMINATOR MUST BE SUPPLIED
; BY REPLACING THE CHARACTER BEYOND THE STRING, VAL IS MERELY
; A CALL TO FLOATING POINT INPUT ("FIN").
;
VAL: JSR LEN1 ;DO SETUP. SET RESULT=NUMERIC.
JEQ ZEROFC ;ZERO THE FAC ON A NULL STRING
LDXY TXTPTR
STXY STRNG2 ;SAVE FOR LATER.
LDX INDEX1
STX TXTPTR
CLC
ADC INDEX1
STA INDEX2
LDX INDEX1+1
STX TXTPTR+1
BCC VAL2 ;NO CARRY, NO INC.
INX
VAL2: STX INDEX2+1
LDYI 0
LDADY INDEX2 ;PRESERVE CHARACTER.
PHA
LDAI 0 ;SET A TERMINATOR.
STADY INDEX2
JSR CHRGOT ;GET CHARACTER PNT'D TO AND SET FLAGS.
JSR FIN
PLA ;GET PRES'D CHARACTER.
LDYI 0
STADY INDEX2 ;STUFF IT BACK.
ST2TXT: LDXY STRNG2
STXY TXTPTR
VALRTS: RTS ;ALL DONE WITH STRINGS.
PAGE
SUBTTL PEEK, POKE, AND FNWAIT.

GETNUM: JSR FRMNUM ;GET ADDRESS.


JSR GETADR ;GET THAT LOCATION.
COMBYT: JSR CHKCOM ;CHECK FOR A COMMA.
JMP GETBYT ;GET SOMETHING TO STORE AND RETURN.
GETADR: LDA FACSGN ;EXAMINE SIGN.
BMI GOFUC ;FUNCTION CALL ERROR.
LDA FACEXP ;EXAMINE EXPONENT.
CMPI 145
BCS GOFUC ;FUNCTION CALL ERROR.
JSR QINT ;INTEGERIZE IT.
LDWD FACMO
STY POKER
STA POKER+1
RTS ;IT'S DONE !.

PEEK: PSHWD POKER


JSR GETADR
LDYI 0
IFE REALIO-3,<
CMPI ROMLOC/256 ;IF WITHIN BASIC,
BCC GETCON
CMPI LASTWR/256
BCC DOSGFL> ;GIVE HIM ZERO FOR AN ANSWER.
GETCON: LDADY POKER ;GET THAT BYTE.
TAY
DOSGFL: PULWD POKER
JMP SNGFLT ;FLOAT IT.

POKE: JSR GETNUM


TXA
LDYI 0
STADY POKER ;STORE VALUE AWAY.
RTS ;SCANNED EVERYTHING.

; THE WAIT LOCATION,MASK1,MASK2 STATEMENT WAITS UNTIL THE CONTENTS


; OF LOCATION IS NONZERO WHEN XORED WITH MASK2
; AND THEN ANDED WITH MASK1. IF MASK2 IS NOT PRESENT, IT
; IS ASSUMED TO BE ZERO.

FNWAIT: JSR GETNUM


STX ANDMSK
LDXI 0
JSR CHRGOT
BEQ ZSTORDO
JSR COMBYT ;GET MASK2.
STORDO: STX EORMSK
LDYI 0
WAITER: LDADY POKER
EOR EORMSK
AND ANDMSK
BEQ WAITER
ZERRTS: RTS ;GOT A NONZERO.
SUBTTL FLOATING POINT MATH PACKAGE CONFIGURATION.

RADIX 8 ;!!!! ALERT !!!!


;THROUGHOUT THE MATH PACKAGE.
COMMENT %
THE FLOATING POINT FORMAT IS AS FOLLOWS:

THE SIGN IS THE FIRST BIT OF THE MANTISSA.


THE MANTISSA IS 24 BITS LONG.
THE BINARY POINT IS TO THE LEFT OF THE MSB.
NUMBER = MANTISSA * 2 ^ EXPONENT.
THE MANTISSA IS POSITIVE WITH A ONE ASSUMED TO BE WHERE THE SIGN BIT IS.
THE SIGN OF THE EXPONENT IS THE FIRST BIT OF THE EXPONENT.
THE EXPONENT IS STORED IN EXCESS 200, I.E. WITH A BIAS OF +200.
SO, THE EXPONENT IS A SIGNED 8-BIT NUMBER WITH 200 ADDED TO IT.
AN EXPONENT OF ZERO MEANS THE NUMBER IS ZERO.
THE OTHER BYTES MAY NOT BE ASSUMED TO BE ZERO.
TO KEEP THE SAME NUMBER IN THE FAC WHILE SHIFTING,
TO SHIFT RIGHT, EXP:=EXP+1
TO SHIFT LEFT, EXP:=EXP-1

IN MEMORY THE NUMBER LOOKS LIKE THIS:


[THE EXPONENT AS A SIGNED NUMBER +200]
[THE SIGN BIT IN 7, BITS 2-8 OF MANTISSA ARE IN BITS 6-0].
(REMEMBER BIT 1 OF MANTISSA IS ALWAYS A ONE.)
[BITS 9-16 OF THE MANTISSA]
[BITS 17-24] OF THE MANTISSA]

ARITHMETIC ROUTINE CALLING CONVENTIONS:

FOR ONE ARGUMENT FUNCTIONS:


THE ARGUMENT IS IN THE FAC.
THE RESULT IS LEFT IN THE FAC.
FOR TWO ARGUMENT OPERATIONS:
THE FIRST ARGUMENT IS IN ARG (ARGEXP,HO,MO,LO AND ARGSGN).
THE SECOND ARGUMENT IS IN THE FAC.
THE RESULT IS LEFT IN THE FAC.

THE "T" ENTRY POINTS TO THE TWO-ARGUMENT OPERATIONS HAVE BOTH ARGUMENTS
SETUP IN THE RESPECTIVE REGISTERS. BEFORE CALLING ARG MAY HAVE BEEN
POPPED OFF THE STACK AND INTO ARG, FOR EXAMPLE.
THE OTHER ENTRY POINT ASSUMES [Y,A] POINTS TO THE ARGUMENT
SOMEWHERE IN MEMORY. IT IS UNPACKED INTO ARG BY "CONUPK".

ON THE STACK, THE SGN IS PUSHED ON FIRST, THE LO,MO,HO AND FINALLY EXP.
NOTE ALL THINGS ARE KEPT UNPACKED IN ARG, FAC AND ON THE STACK.

IT IS ONLY WHEN SOMETHING IS STORED AWAY THAT IT IS PACKED TO FOUR


BYTES. THE UNPACKED FORMAT HAS A SGN BYTE REFLECTING THE SIGN OF THE
NUMBER (POSITIVE=0, NEGATIVE=-1) A HO,MO AND LO WITH THE HIGH BIT
OF THE HO TURNED ON. THE EXP IS THE SAME AS STORED FORMAT.
THIS IS DONE FOR SPEED OF OPERATION.
%
PAGE
SUBTTL FLOATING POINT ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION.
FADDH: LDWDI FHALF ;ENTRY TO ADD 1/2.
JMP FADD ;UNPACK AND GO ADD IT.
FSUB: JSR CONUPK ;UNPACK ARGUMENT INTO ARG.
FSUBT: LDA FACSGN
EORI 377 ;COMPLEMENT IT.
STA FACSGN
EOR ARGSGN ;COMPLEMENT ARISGN.
STA ARISGN
LDA FACEXP ;SET CODES ON FACEXP.
JMP FADDT ;[Y]=ARGEXP..
XLIST
.XCREF
IFN REALIO-3,<ZSTORDO=STORDO>
IFE REALIO-3,<
ZSTORD:! LDA POKER
CMPI 146
BNE STORDO
LDA POKER+1
SBCI 31
BNE STORDO
STA POKER
TAY
LDAI 200
STA POKER+1
MRCHKR: LDXI 12
IF1,<
MRCHR: LDA 60000,X,>
IF2,<
MRCHR: LDA SINCON+36,X,>
ANDI 77
STADY POKER
INY
BNE PKINC
INC POKER+1
PKINC: DEX
BNE MRCHR
DEC ANDMSK
BNE MRCHKR
RTS
IF2,<PURGE ZSTORD>>
.CREF
LIST
FADD5: JSR SHIFTR ;DO A LONG SHIFT.
BCC FADD4 ;CONTINUE WITH ADDITION.
FADD: JSR CONUPK
FADDT: JEQ MOVFA ;IF FAC=0, RESULT IS IN ARG.
LDX FACOV
STX OLDOV
LDXI ARGEXP ;DEFAULT IS SHIFT ARGUMENT.
LDA ARGEXP ;IF ARG=0, FAC IS RESULT.
FADDC: TAY ;ALSO COPY ACCA INTO ACCY.
BEQ ZERRTS ;RETURN.
SEC
SBC FACEXP
BEQ FADD4 ;NO SHIFTING.
BCC FADDA ;BR IF ARGEXP.LT.FACEXP.
STY FACEXP ;RESULTING EXPONENT.
LDY ARGSGN ;SINCE ARG IS BIGGER, IT'S
STY FACSGN ;SIGN IS SIGN OF RESULT.
EORI 377 ;SHIFT A NEGATIVE NUMBER OF PLACES.
ADCI 0 ;COMPLETE NEGATION. W/ C=1.
LDYI 0 ;ZERO OLDOV.
STY OLDOV
LDXI FAC ;SHIFT THE FAC INSTEAD.
BNE FADD1
FADDA: LDYI 0
STY FACOV
FADD1: CMPI ^D256-7 ;FOR SPEED AND NECESSITY. GETS
;MOST LIKELY CASE TO SHIFTR FASTEST
;AND ALLOWS SHIFTING OF NEG NUMS
;BY "QINT".
BMI FADD5 ;SHIFT BIG.
TAY
LDA FACOV ;SET FACOV.
LSR 1,X, ;GETS 0 IN MOST SIG BIT.
JSR ROLSHF ;DO THE ROLLING.
FADD4: BIT ARISGN ;GET RESULTING SIGN.
BPL FADD2 ;IF POSITIVE, ADD.
;CARRY IS CLEAR.
FADD3: LDYI FACEXP
CPXI ARGEXP ;FAC IS BIGGER.
BEQ SUBIT
LDYI ARGEXP ;ARG IS BIGGER.
SUBIT: SEC
EORI 377
ADC OLDOV
STA FACOV
LDA 3+ADDPRC,Y
SBC 3+ADDPRC,X
STA FACLO
LDA 2+ADDPRC,Y
SBC 2+ADDPRC,X
STA FACMO
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA 2,Y
SBC 2,X
STA FACMOH>
LDA 1,Y
SBC 1,X
STA FACHO
FADFLT: BCS NORMAL ;HERE IF SIGNS DIFFER. IF CARRY,
;FAC IS SET OK.
JSR NEGFAC ;NEGATE [FAC].
NORMAL: LDYI 0
TYA
CLC
NORM3: LDX FACHO
BNE NORM1
LDX FACHO+1 ;SHIFT 8 BITS AT A TIME FOR SPEED.
STX FACHO
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDX FACMOH+1
STX FACMOH>
LDX FACMO+1
STX FACMO
LDX FACOV
STX FACLO
STY FACOV
ADCI 10
CMPI 10*ADDPRC+30
BNE NORM3
ZEROFC: LDAI 0 ;NOT NEED BY NORMAL BUT BY OTHERS.
ZEROF1: STA FACEXP ;NUMBER MUST BE ZERO.
ZEROML: STA FACSGN ;MAKE SIGN POSITIVE.
RTS ;ALL DONE.
FADD2: ADC OLDOV
STA FACOV
LDA FACLO
ADC ARGLO
STA FACLO
LDA FACMO
ADC ARGMO
STA FACMO
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA FACMOH
ADC ARGMOH
STA FACMOH>
LDA FACHO
ADC ARGHO
STA FACHO
JMP SQUEEZ ;GO ROUND IF SIGNS SAME.

NORM2: ADCI 1 ;DECREMENT SHIFT COUNT.


ASL FACOV ;SHIFT ALL LEFT ONE BIT.
ROL FACLO
ROL FACMO
IFN ADDPRC,<
ROL FACMOH>
ROL FACHO
NORM1: BPL NORM2 ;IF MSB=0 SHIFT AGAIN.
SEC
SBC FACEXP
BCS ZEROFC
EORI 377
ADCI 1 ;COMPLEMENT.
STA FACEXP
SQUEEZ: BCC RNDRTS ;BITS TO SHIFT?
RNDSHF: INC FACEXP
BEQ OVERR
ROR FACHO
IFN ADDPRC,<
ROR FACMOH>
ROR FACMO
ROR FACLO
ROR FACOV
RNDRTS: RTS ;ALL DONE ADDING.

NEGFAC: COM FACSGN ;COMPLEMENT FAC ENTIRELY.


NEGFCH: COM FACHO ;COMPLEMENT JUST THE NUMBER.
IFN ADDPRC,<
COM FACMOH>
COM FACMO
COM FACLO
COM FACOV
INC FACOV
BNE INCFRT
INCFAC: INC FACLO
BNE INCFRT
INC FACMO
BNE INCFRT ;IF NO CARRY, RETURN.
IFN ADDPRC,<
INC FACMOH
BNE INCFRT>
INC FACHO ;CARRY INCREMENT.
INCFRT: RTS

OVERR: LDXI ERROV


JMP ERROR ;TELL USER.
;
; "SHIFTR" SHIFTS [X+1:X+3] [-ACCA] BITS RIGHT.
; SHIFTS BYTES TO START WITH IF POSSIBLE.
;
MULSHF: LDXI RESHO-1 ;ENTRY POINT FOR MULTIPLIER.
SHFTR2: LDY 3+ADDPRC,X, ;SHIFT BYTES FIRST.
STY FACOV
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDY 3,X
STY 4,X>
LDY 2,X, ;GET MO.
STY 3,X, ;STORE LO.
LDY 1,X, ;GET HO.
STY 2,X, ;STORE MO.
LDY BITS
STY 1,X, ;STORE HO.
SHIFTR: ADCI 10
BMI SHFTR2
BEQ SHFTR2
SBCI 10 ;C CAN BE EITHER 1,0 AND IT WORKS.
TAY
LDA FACOV
BCS SHFTRT ;EQUIV TO BEQ HERE.
IFN RORSW,<
SHFTR3: ASL 1,X
BCC SHFTR4
INC 1,X
SHFTR4: ROR 1,X
ROR 1,X> ;YES, TWO OF THEM.
IFE RORSW,<
SHFTR3: PHA
LDA 1,X
ANDI 200
LSR 1,X
ORA 1,X
STA 1,X
SKIP1>
ROLSHF:
IFN RORSW,<
ROR 2,X
ROR 3,X
IFN ADDPRC,< ROR 4,X> ;ONE MO TIME.
>
IFE RORSW,<
PHA
LDAI 0
BCC SHFTR5
LDAI 200
SHFTR5: LSR 2,X
ORA 2,X
STA 2,X
LDAI 0
BCC SHFTR6
LDAI 200
SHFTR6: LSR 3,X
ORA 3,X
STA 3,X
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDAI 0
BCC SHFT6A
LDAI 200
SHFT6A: LSR 4,X
ORA 4,X
STA 4,X>>
IFN RORSW,<ROR A,> ;ROTATE ARGUMENT 1 BIT RIGHT.
IFE RORSW,<
PLA
PHP
LSR A,
PLP
BCC SHFTR7
ORAI 200>
SHFTR7: INY
BNE SHFTR3 ;$$$ ( MOST EXPENSIVE ! )
SHFTRT: CLC ;CLEAR OUTPUT OF FACOV.
RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL NATURAL LOG FUNCTION.
;
; CALCULATION IS BY:
; LN(F*2^N)=(N+LOG2(F))*LN(2)
; AN APPROXIMATION POLYNOMIAL IS USED TO CALCULATE LOG2(F).
; CONSTANTS USED BY LOG:
FONE: 201 ; 1.0
000
000
000
IFN ADDPRC,<0>
IFE ADDPRC,<
LOGCN2: 2 ; DEGREE-1
200 ; 0.59897437
031
126
142
200 ; 0.96147080
166
042
363
202 ; 2.88539129
070
252
100>

IFN ADDPRC,<
LOGCN2: 3 ;DEGREE-1
177 ;.43425594188
136
126
313
171
200 ; .57658454134
023
233
013
144
200 ; .96180075921
166
070
223
026
202 ; 2.8853900728
070
252
073
040>
SQRHLF: 200 ; SQR(0.5)
065
004
363
IFN ADDPRC,<064>
SQRTWO: 201 ; SQR(2.0)
065
004
363
IFN ADDPRC,<064>
NEGHLF: 200 ; -1/2
200
000
000
IFN ADDPRC,<0>
LOG2: 200 ; LN(2)
061
162
IFE ADDPRC,<030>
IFN ADDPRC,<027
370>

LOG: JSR SIGN ;IS IT POSITIVE?


BEQ LOGERR
BPL LOG1
LOGERR: JMP FCERR ;CAN'T TOLERATE NEG OR ZERO.
LOG1: LDA FACEXP ;GET EXPONENT INTO ACCA.
SBCI 177 ;REMOVE BIAS. (CARRY IS OFF)
PHA ;SAVE AWHILE.
LDAI 200
STA FACEXP ;RESULT IS FAC IN RANGE [0.5,1].
LDWDI SQRHLF ;GET POINTER TO SQR(0.5).

; CALCULATE (F-SQR(.5))/(F+SQR(.5))

JSR FADD ;ADD TO FAC.


LDWDI SQRTWO ;GET SQR(2.).
JSR FDIV
LDWDI FONE
JSR FSUB
LDWDI LOGCN2
JSR POLYX ;EVALUATE APPROXIMATION POLYNOMIAL.
LDWDI NEGHLF ;ADD IN LAST CONSTANT.
JSR FADD
PLA ;GET EXPONENT BACK.
JSR FINLOG ;ADD IT IN.
MULLN2: LDWDI LOG2 ;MULTIPLY RESULT BY LOG(2.0).
; JMP FMULT ;MULTIPLY TOGETHER.
PAGE
SUBTTL FLOATING MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION.
;MULTIPLICATION FAC:=ARG*FAC.
FMULT: JSR CONUPK ;UNPACK THE CONSTANT INTO ARG FOR USE.
FMULTT: JEQ MULTRT ;IF FAC=0, RETURN. FAC IS SET.
JSR MULDIV ;FIX UP THE EXPONENTS.
LDAI 0 ;TO CLEAR RESULT.
STA RESHO
IFN ADDPRC,<
STA RESMOH>
STA RESMO
STA RESLO
LDA FACOV
JSR MLTPLY
LDA FACLO ;MLTPLY ARG BY FACLO.
JSR MLTPLY
LDA FACMO ;MLTPLY ARG BY FACMO.
JSR MLTPLY
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA FACMOH
JSR MLTPLY>
LDA FACHO ;MLTPLY ARG BY FACHO.
JSR MLTPL1
JMP MOVFR ;MOVE RESULT INTO FAC,
;NORMALIZE RESULT, AND RETURN.
MLTPLY: JEQ MULSHF ;SHIFT RESULT RIGHT 1 BYTE.
MLTPL1: LSR A,
ORAI 200
MLTPL2: TAY
BCC MLTPL3 ;IT MULT BIT=0, JUST SHIFT.
CLC
LDA RESLO
ADC ARGLO
STA RESLO
LDA RESMO
ADC ARGMO
STA RESMO
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA RESMOH
ADC ARGMOH
STA RESMOH>
LDA RESHO
ADC ARGHO
STA RESHO
MLTPL3: ROR RESHO
IFN ADDPRC,<
ROR RESMOH>
ROR RESMO
ROR RESLO
ROR FACOV ;SAVE FOR ROUNDING.
TYA
LSR A, ;CLEAR MSB SO WE GET A CLOSER TO 0.
BNE MLTPL2 ;SLOW AS A TURTLE !
MULTRT: RTS

;ROUTINE TO UNPACK MEMORY INTO ARG.


CONUPK: STWD INDEX1
LDYI 3+ADDPRC
LDADY INDEX1
STA ARGLO
DEY
LDADY INDEX1
STA ARGMO
DEY
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDADY INDEX1
STA ARGMOH
DEY>
LDADY INDEX1
STA ARGSGN
EOR FACSGN
STA ARISGN
LDA ARGSGN
ORAI 200
STA ARGHO
DEY
LDADY INDEX1
STA ARGEXP
LDA FACEXP ;SET CODES OF FACEXP.
RTS

;CHECK SPECIAL CASES AND ADD EXPONENTS FOR FMULT, FDIV.


MULDIV: LDA ARGEXP ;EXP OF ARG=0?
MLDEXP: BEQ ZEREMV ;SO WE GET ZERO EXPONENT.
CLC
ADC FACEXP ;RESULT IS IN ACCA.
BCC TRYOFF ;FIND [C] XOR [N].
BMI GOOVER ;OVERFLOW IF BITS MATCH.
CLC
SKIP2
TRYOFF: BPL ZEREMV ;UNDERFLOW.
ADCI 200 ;ADD BIAS.
STA FACEXP
JEQ ZEROML ;ZERO THE REST OF IT.
LDA ARISGN
STA FACSGN ;ARISGN IS RESULT'S SIGN.
RTS ;DONE.
MLDVEX: LDA FACSGN ;GET SIGN.
EORI 377 ;COMPLEMENT IT.
BMI GOOVER
ZEREMV: PLA ;GET ADDR OFF STACK.
PLA
JMP ZEROFC ;UNDERFLOW.
GOOVER: JMP OVERR ;OVERFLOW.

;MULTIPLY FAC BY 10.


MUL10: JSR MOVAF ;COPY FAC INTO ARG.
TAX
BEQ MUL10R ;IF [FAC]=0, GOT ANSWER.
CLC
ADCI 2 ;AUGMENT EXP BY 2.
BCS GOOVER ;OVERFLOW.
FINML6: LDXI 0
STX ARISGN ;SIGNS ARE SAME.
JSR FADDC ;ADD TOGETHER.
INC FACEXP ;MULTIPLY BY TWO.
BEQ GOOVER ;OVERFLOW.
MUL10R: RTS

; DIVIDE FAC BY 10.


TENZC: 204
040
000
000
IFN ADDPRC,<0>
DIV10: JSR MOVAF ;MOVE FAC TO ARG.
LDWDI TENZC ;POINT TO CONSTANT OF 10.0
LDXI 0 ;SIGNS ARE BOTH POSITIVE.
FDIVF: STX ARISGN
JSR MOVFM ;PUT IT INTO FAC.
JMP FDIVT ;SKIP OVER NEXT TWO BYTES.
FDIV: JSR CONUPK ;UNPACK CONSTANT.
FDIVT: BEQ DV0ERR ;CAN'T DIVIDE BY ZERO !
;(NOT ENOUGH ROOM TO STORE RESULT.)
JSR ROUND ;TAKE FACOV INTO ACCT IN FAC.
LDAI 0 ;NEGATE FACEXP.
SEC
SBC FACEXP
STA FACEXP
JSR MULDIV ;FIX UP EXPONENTS.
INC FACEXP ;SCALE IT RIGHT.
BEQ GOOVER ;OVERFLOW.
LDXI ^D256-3-ADDPRC ;SETUP PROCEDURE.
LDAI 1
DIVIDE: ;THIS IS THE BEST CODE IN THE WHOLE PILE.
LDY ARGHO ;SEE WHAT RELATION HOLDS.
CPY FACHO
BNE SAVQUO ;[C]=0,1. N(C=0)=0.
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDY ARGMOH
CPY FACMOH
BNE SAVQUO>
LDY ARGMO
CPY FACMO
BNE SAVQUO
LDY ARGLO
CPY FACLO
SAVQUO: PHP
ROL A, ;SAVE RESULT.
BCC QSHFT ;IF NOT DONE, CONTINUE.
INX
STA RESLO,X
BEQ LD100
BPL DIVNRM ;NOTE THIS REQ 1 MO RAM THEN NECESS.
LDAI 1
QSHFT: PLP ;RETURN CONDITION CODES.
BCS DIVSUB ;FAC .LE. ARG.
SHFARG: ASL ARGLO ;SHIFT ARG ONE PLACE LEFT.
ROL ARGMO
IFN ADDPRC,<
ROL ARGMOH>
ROL ARGHO
BCS SAVQUO ;SAVE A RESULT OF ONE FOR THIS POSITION
;AND DIVIDE.
BMI DIVIDE ;IF MSB ON, GO DECIDE WHETHER TO SUB.
BPL SAVQUO
DIVSUB: TAY ;NOTICE C MUST BE ON HERE.
LDA ARGLO
SBC FACLO
STA ARGLO
LDA ARGMO
SBC FACMO
STA ARGMO
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA ARGMOH
SBC FACMOH
STA ARGMOH>
LDA ARGHO
SBC FACHO
STA ARGHO
TYA
JMP SHFARG
LD100: LDAI 100 ;ONLY WANT TWO MORE BITS.
BNE QSHFT ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
DIVNRM: REPEAT 6,<ASL A> ;GET LAST TWO BITS INTO MSB AND B6.
STA FACOV
PLP ;TO GET GARBAGE OFF STACK.
JMP MOVFR ;MOVE RESULT INTO FAC, THEN
;NORMALIZE RESULT AND RETURN.
DV0ERR: LDXI ERRDV0
JMP ERROR
PAGE
SUBTTL FLOATING POINT MOVEMENT ROUTINES.
;MOVE RESULT TO FAC.
MOVFR: LDA RESHO
STA FACHO
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA RESMOH
STA FACMOH>
LDA RESMO
STA FACMO
LDA RESLO ;MOVE LO AND SGN.
STA FACLO
JMP NORMAL ;ALL DONE.

;MOVE MEMORY INTO FAC (UNPACKED).


MOVFM: STWD INDEX1
LDYI 3+ADDPRC
LDADY INDEX1
STA FACLO
DEY
LDADY INDEX1
STA FACMO
DEY
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDADY INDEX1
STA FACMOH
DEY>
LDADY INDEX1
STA FACSGN
ORAI 200
STA FACHO
DEY
LDADY INDEX1
STA FACEXP ;LEAVE SWITCHES SET ON EXP.
STY FACOV
RTS

;MOVE NUMBER FROM FAC TO MEMORY.


MOV2F: LDXI TEMPF2
SKIP2
MOV1F: LDXI TEMPF1
MOVML: LDYI 0
BEQ MOVMF ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
MOVVF: LDXY FORPNT
MOVMF: JSR ROUND
STXY INDEX1
LDYI 3+ADDPRC
LDA FACLO
STADY INDEX
DEY
LDA FACMO
STADY INDEX
DEY
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA FACMOH
STADY INDEX
DEY>
LDA FACSGN ;INCLUDE SIGN IN HO.
ORAI 177
AND FACHO
STADY INDEX
DEY
LDA FACEXP
STADY INDEX
STY FACOV ;ZERO IT SINCE ROUNDED.
RTS ;[Y]=0.

;MOVE ARG INTO FAC.


MOVFA: LDA ARGSGN
MOVFA1: STA FACSGN
LDXI 4+ADDPRC
MOVFAL: LDA ARGEXP-1,X
STA FACEXP-1,X
DEX
BNE MOVFAL
STX FACOV
RTS

;MOVE FAC INTO ARG.


MOVAF: JSR ROUND
MOVEF: LDXI 5+ADDPRC
MOVAFL: LDA FACEXP-1,X
STA ARGEXP-1,X
DEX
BNE MOVAFL
STX FACOV ;ZERO IT SINCE ROUNDED.
MOVRTS: RTS

ROUND: LDA FACEXP ;ZERO?


BEQ MOVRTS ;YES. DONE ROUNDING.
ASL FACOV ;ROUND?
BCC MOVRTS ;NO. MSB OFF.
INCRND: JSR INCFAC ;YES, ADD ONE TO LSB(FAC).
BNE MOVRTS ;NO CARRY MEANS DONE.
JMP RNDSHF ;SQUEEZ MSB IN AND RTS.
;NOTE [C]=1 SINCE INCFAC DOESNT TOUCH C.
PAGE
SUBTTL SIGN, SGN, FLOAT, NEG, ABS.

;PUT SIGN OF FAC IN ACCA.


SIGN: LDA FACEXP
BEQ SIGNRT ;IF NUMBER IS ZERO, SO IS RESULT.
FCSIGN: LDA FACSGN
FCOMPS: ROL A
LDAI ^O377 ;ASSUME NEGATIVE.
BCS SIGNRT
LDAI 1 ;GET +1.
SIGNRT: RTS

;SGN FUNCTION.
SGN: JSR SIGN

;FLOAT THE SIGNED INTEGER IN ACCA.


FLOAT: STA FACHO ;PUT [ACCA] IN HIGH ORDER.
LDAI 0
STA FACHO+1
LDXI 210 ;GET THE EXPONENT.

;FLOAT THE SIGNED NUMBER IN FAC.


FLOATS: LDA FACHO
EORI 377
ROL A, ;GET COMP OF SIGN IN CARRY.
FLOATC: LDAI 0 ;ZERO [ACCA] BUT NOT CARRY.
STA FACLO
IFN ADDPRC,<
STA FACMO>
FLOATB: STX FACEXP
STA FACOV
STA FACSGN
JMP FADFLT

;ABSOLUTE VALUE OF FAC.


ABS: LSR FACSGN
RTS

PAGE
SUBTTL COMPARE TWO NUMBERS.
;A=1 IF ARG .LT. FAC.
;A=0 IF ARG=FAC.
;A=-1 IF ARG .GT. FAC.
FCOMP: STA INDEX2
FCOMPN: STY INDEX2+1
LDYI 0
LDADY INDEX2 ;HAS ARGEXP.
INY ;BUMP PNTR UP.
TAX ;SAVE A IN X AND RESET CODES.
BEQ SIGN
LDADY INDEX2
EOR FACSGN ;SIGNS THE SAME.
BMI FCSIGN ;SIGNS DIFFER SO RESULT IS
;SIGN OF FAC AGAIN.
FOUTCP: CPX FACEXP
BNE FCOMPC
LDADY INDEX2
ORAI 200
CMP FACHO
BNE FCOMPC
INY
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDADY INDEX2
CMP FACMOH
BNE FCOMPC
INY>
LDADY INDEX2
CMP FACMO
BNE FCOMPC
INY
LDAI 177
CMP FACOV
LDADY INDEX2
SBC FACLO ;GET ZERO IF EQUAL.
BEQ QINTRT
FCOMPC: LDA FACSGN
BCC FCOMPD
EORI 377
FCOMPD: JMP FCOMPS ;A PART OF SIGN SETS ACCA UP.

PAGE
SUBTTL GREATEST INTEGER FUNCTION.
;QUICK GREATEST INTEGER FUNCTION.
;LEAVES INT(FAC) IN FACHO&MO&LO SIGNED.
;ASSUMES FAC .LT. 2^23 = 8388608
QINT: LDA FACEXP
BEQ CLRFAC ;IF ZERO, GOT IT.
SEC
SBCI 8*ADDPRC+230 ;GET NUMBER OF PLACES TO SHIFT.
BIT FACSGN
BPL QISHFT
TAX
LDAI 377
STA BITS ;PUT 377 IN WHEN SHFTR SHIFTS BYTES.
JSR NEGFCH ;TRULY NEGATE QUANTITY IN FAC.
TXA
QISHFT: LDXI FAC
CMPI ^D256-7
BPL QINT1 ;IF NUMBER OF PLACES .GE. 7
;SHIFT 1 PLACE AT A TIME.
JSR SHIFTR ;START SHIFTING BYTES, THEN BITS.
STY BITS ;ZERO BITS SINCE ADDER WANTS ZERO.
QINTRT: RTS
QINT1: TAY ;PUT COUNT IN COUNTER.
LDA FACSGN
ANDI 200 ;GET SIGN BIT.
LSR FACHO ;SAVE FIRST SHIFTED BYTE.
ORA FACHO
STA FACHO
JSR ROLSHF ;SHIFT THE REST.
STY BITS ;ZERO [BITS].
RTS
;GREATEST INTEGER FUNCTION.
INT: LDA FACEXP
CMPI 8*ADDPRC+230
BCS INTRTS ;FORGET IT.
JSR QINT
STY FACOV ;CLR OVERFLOW BYTE.
LDA FACSGN
STY FACSGN ;MAKE FAC LOOK POSITIVE.
EORI 200 ;GET COMPLEMENT OF SIGN IN CARRY.
ROL A,
LDAI 8*ADDPRC+230
STA FACEXP
LDA FACLO
STA INTEGR
JMP FADFLT
CLRFAC: STA FACHO ;MAKE IT REALLY ZERO.
IFN ADDPRC,<STA FACMOH>
STA FACMO
STA FACLO
TAY
INTRTS: RTS
PAGE
SUBTTL FLOATING POINT INPUT ROUTINE.
;NUMBER INPUT IS LEFT IN FAC.
;AT ENTRY [TXTPTR] POINTS TO THE FIRST CHARACTER IN A TEXT BUFFER.
;THE FIRST CHARACTER IS ALSO IN ACCA. FIN PACKS THE DIGITS
;INTO THE FAC AS AN INTEGER AND KEEPS TRACK OF WHERE THE
;DECIMAL POINT IS. [DPTFLG] TELL WHETHER A DP HAS BEEN
;SEEN. [DECCNT] IS THE NUMBER OF DIGITS AFTER THE DP.
;AT THE END [DECCNT] AND THE EXPONENT ARE USED TO
;DETERMINE HOW MANY TIMES TO MULTIPLY OR DIVIDE BY TEN
;TO GET THE CORRECT NUMBER.
FIN: LDYI 0 ;ZERO FACSGN&SGNFLG.
LDXI 11+ADDPRC ;ZERO EXP AND HO (AND MOH).
FINZLP: STY DECCNT,X ;ZERO MO AND LO.
DEX ;ZERO TENEXP AND EXPSGN
BPL FINZLP ;ZERO DECCNT, DPTFLG.
BCC FINDGQ ;FLAGS STILL SET FROM CHRGET.
CMPI "-" ;A NEGATIVE SIGN?
BNE QPLUS ;NO, TRY PLUS SIGN.
STX SGNFLG ;IT'S NEGATIVE. (X=377).
BEQ FINC ;ALWAYS BRANCHES.
QPLUS: CMPI "+" ;PLUS SIGN?
BNE FIN1 ;YES, SKIP IT.
FINC: JSR CHRGET
FINDGQ: BCC FINDIG
FIN1: CMPI "." ;THE DP?
BEQ FINDP ;NO KIDDING.
CMPI "E" ;EXPONENT FOLLOWS.
BNE FINE ;NO.
;HERE TO CHECK FOR SIGN OF EXP.
JSR CHRGET ;YES. GET ANOTHER.
BCC FNEDG1 ;IT IS A DIGIT. (EASIER THAN
;BACKING UP POINTER.)
CMPI MINUTK ;MINUS?
BEQ FINEC1 ;NEGATE.
CMPI "-" ;MINUS SIGN?
BEQ FINEC1
CMPI PLUSTK ;PLUS?
BEQ FINEC
CMPI "+" ;PLUS SIGN?
BEQ FINEC
BNE FINEC2
FINEC1: ROR EXPSGN ;TURN IT ON.
FINEC: JSR CHRGET ;GET ANOTHER.
FNEDG1: BCC FINEDG ;IT IS A DIGIT.
FINEC2: BIT EXPSGN
BPL FINE
LDAI 0
SEC
SBC TENEXP
JMP FINE1
FINDP: ROR DPTFLG
BIT DPTFLG
BVC FINC
FINE: LDA TENEXP
FINE1: SEC
SBC DECCNT ;GET NUMBER OF PLACES TO SHIFT.
STA TENEXP
BEQ FINQNG ;NEGATE?
BPL FINMUL ;POSITIVE SO MULTIPLY.
FINDIV: JSR DIV10
INC TENEXP ;DONE?
BNE FINDIV ;NO.
BEQ FINQNG ;YES.
FINMUL: JSR MUL10
DEC TENEXP ;DONE?
BNE FINMUL ;NO
FINQNG: LDA SGNFLG
BMI NEGXQS ;IF POSITIVE, RETURN.
RTS
NEGXQS: JMP NEGOP ;OTHERWISE, NEGATE AND RETURN.

FINDIG: PHA
BIT DPTFLG
BPL FINDG1
INC DECCNT
FINDG1: JSR MUL10
PLA ;GET IT BACK.
SEC
SBCI "0"
JSR FINLOG ;ADD IT IN.
JMP FINC

FINLOG: PHA
JSR MOVAF ;SAVE FAC FOR LATER.
PLA
JSR FLOAT ;FLOAT THE VALUE IN ACCA.
LDA ARGSGN
EOR FACSGN
STA ARISGN ;RESULTANT SIGN.
LDX FACEXP ;SET SIGNS ON THING TO ADD.
JMP FADDT ;ADD TOGETHER AND RETURN.

;HERE PACK IN THE NEXT DIGIT OF THE EXPONENT.


;MULTIPLY THE OLD EXP BY 10 AND ADD IN THE NEXT
;DIGIT. NOTE: EXP OVERFLOW IS NOT CHECKED FOR.
FINEDG: LDA TENEXP ;GET EXP SO FAR.
CMPI 12 ;WILL RESULT BE .GE. 100?
BCC MLEX10
LDAI 144 ;GET 100.
BIT EXPSGN
BMI MLEXMI ;IF NEG EXP, NO CHK FOR OVERR.
JMP OVERR
MLEX10: ASL A, ;MULT BY 2 TWICE
ASL A
CLC ;POSSIBLE SHIFT OUT OF HIGH.
ADC TENEXP ;LIKE MULTIPLYING BY FIVE.
ASL A, ;AND NOW BY TEN.
CLC
LDYI 0
ADCDY TXTPTR
SEC
SBCI "0"
MLEXMI: STA TENEXP ;SAVE RESULT.
JMP FINEC
PAGE
SUBTTL FLOATING POINT OUTPUT ROUTINE.

IFE ADDPRC,<
NZ0999: 221 ; 99999.9499
103
117
370
NZ9999: 224 ; 999999.499
164
043
367
NZMIL: 224 ; 10^6.
164
044
000>
IFN ADDPRC,<
NZ0999: 233 ; 99999999.9499
076
274
037
375
NZ9999: 236 ; 999999999.499
156
153
047
375
NZMIL: 236 ; 10^9
156
153
050
000>
;ENTRY TO LINPRT.
INPRT: LDWDI INTXT
JSR STROU2
LDA CURLIN+1
LDX CURLIN
LINPRT: STWX FACHO
LDXI 220 ;EXPONENT OF 16.
SEC ;NUMBER IS POSITIVE.
JSR FLOATC
JSR FOUT
STROU2: JMP STROUT ;PRINT AND RETURN.

FOUT: LDYI 1
FOUTC: LDAI " " ;PRINT SPACE IF POSITIVE.
BIT FACSGN
BPL FOUT1
LDAI "-"
FOUT1: STA FBUFFR-1,Y, ;STORE THE CHARACTER.
STA FACSGN ;MAKE FAC POS FOR QINT.
STY FBUFPT ;SAVE FOR LATER.
INY
LDAI "0" ;GET ZERO TO TYPE IF FAC=0.
LDX FACEXP
JEQ FOUT19
LDAI 0
CPXI 200 ;IS NUMBER .LT. 1.0 ?
BEQ FOUT37 ;NO.
BCS FOUT7
FOUT37: LDWDI NZMIL ;MULTIPLY BY 10^6.
JSR FMULT
LDAI ^D256-3*ADDPRC-6
FOUT7: STA DECCNT ;SAVE COUNT OR ZERO IT.
FOUT4: LDWDI NZ9999
JSR FCOMP ;IS NUMBER .GT. 999999.499 ?
;OR 999999999.499?
BEQ BIGGES
BPL FOUT9 ;YES. MAKE IT SMALLER.
FOUT3: LDWDI NZ0999
JSR FCOMP ;IS NUMBER .GT. 99999.9499 ?
; OR 99999999.9499?
BEQ FOUT38
BPL FOUT5 ;YES. DONE MULTIPLYING.
FOUT38: JSR MUL10 ;MAKE IT BIGGER.
DEC DECCNT
BNE FOUT3 ;SEE IF THAT DOES IT.
;THIS ALWAYS GOES.
FOUT9: JSR DIV10 ;MAKE IT SMALLER.
INC DECCNT
BNE FOUT4 ;SEE IF THAT DOES IT.
;THIS ALWAYS GOES.

FOUT5: JSR FADDH ;ADD A HALF TO ROUND UP.


BIGGES: JSR QINT
LDXI 1 ;DECIMAL POINT COUNT.
LDA DECCNT
CLC
ADCI 3*ADDPRC+7 ;SHOULD NUMBER BE PRINTED IN E NOTATION?
;IE, IS NUMBER .LT. .01 ?
BMI FOUTPI ;YES.
CMPI 3*ADDPRC+10 ;IS IT .GT. 999999 (999999999)?
BCS FOUT6 ;YES. USE E NOTATION.
ADCI ^O377 ;NUMBER OF PLACES BEFORE DECIMAL POINT.
TAX ;PUT INTO ACCX.
LDAI 2 ;NO E NOTATION.
FOUTPI: SEC
FOUT6: SBCI 2 ;EFFECTIVELY ADD 5 TO ORIG EXP.
STA TENEXP ;THAT IS THE EXPONENT TO PRINT.
STX DECCNT ;NUMBER OF DECIMAL PLACES.
TXA
BEQ FOUT39
BPL FOUT8 ;SOME PLACES BEFORE DEC PNT.
FOUT39: LDY FBUFPT ;GET POINTER TO OUTPUT.
LDAI "." ;PUT IN "."
INY
STA FBUFFR-1,Y
TXA
BEQ FOUT16
LDAI "0" ;GET THE ENSUING ZERO.
INY
STA FBUFFR-1,Y
FOUT16: STY FBUFPT ;SAVE FOR LATER.
FOUT8: LDYI 0
FOUTIM: LDXI 200 ;FIRST PASS THRU, ACCX HAS MSB SET.
FOUT2: LDA FACLO
CLC
ADC FOUTBL+2+ADDPRC,Y
STA FACLO
LDA FACMO
ADC FOUTBL+1+ADDPRC,Y
STA FACMO
IFN ADDPRC,<
LDA FACMOH
ADC FOUTBL+1,Y
STA FACMOH>
LDA FACHO
ADC FOUTBL,Y
STA FACHO
INX ;IT WAS DONE YET ANOTHER TIME.
BCS FOUT41
BPL FOUT2
BMI FOUT40
FOUT41: BMI FOUT2
FOUT40: TXA
BCC FOUTYP ;CAN USE ACCA AS IS.
EORI 377 ;FIND 11.-[A].
ADCI 12 ;C IS STILL ON TO COMPLETE NEGATION.
;AND WILL ALWAYS BE ON AFTER.
FOUTYP: ADCI "0"-1 ;GET A CHARACTER TO PRINT.
REPEAT 3+ADDPRC,<INY> ;BUMP POINTER UP.
STY FDECPT
LDY FBUFPT
INY ;POINT TO PLACE TO STORE OUTPUT.
TAX
ANDI 177 ;GET RID OF MSB.
STA FBUFFR-1,Y
DEC DECCNT
BNE STXBUF ;NOT TIME FOR DP YET.
LDAI "."
INY
STA FBUFFR-1,Y, ;STORE DP.
STXBUF: STY FBUFPT ;STORE PNTR FOR LATER.
LDY FDECPT
FOUTCM: TXA ;COMPLEMENT ACCX
EORI 377 ;COMPLEMENT ACCA.
ANDI 200 ;SAVE ONLY MSB.
TAX
CPYI FDCEND-FOUTBL
IFN TIME,<
BEQ FOULDY
CPYI TIMEND-FOUTBL>
BNE FOUT2 ;CONTINUE WITH OUTPUT.
FOULDY: LDY FBUFPT ;GET BACK OUTPUT PNTR.
FOUT11: LDA FBUFFR-1,Y, ;REMOVE TRAILING ZEROES.
DEY
CMPI "0"
BEQ FOUT11
CMPI "."
BEQ FOUT12 ;RUN INTO DP. STOP.
INY ;SOMETHING ELSE. SAVE IT.
FOUT12: LDAI "+"
LDX TENEXP
BEQ FOUT17 ;NO EXPONENT TO OUTPUT.
BPL FOUT14
LDAI 0
SEC
SBC TENEXP
TAX
LDAI "-" ;EXPONENT IS NEGATIVE.
FOUT14: STA FBUFFR-1+2,Y, ;STORE SIGN OF EXP
LDAI "E"
STA FBUFFR-1+1,Y, ;STORE THE "E" CHARACTER.
TXA
LDXI "0"-1
SEC
FOUT15: INX ;MOVE CLOSER TO OUTPUT VALUE.
SBCI 12 ;SUBTRACT 10.
BCS FOUT15 ;NOT NEGATIVE YET.
ADCI "0"+12 ;GET SECOND OUTPUT CHARACTER.
STA FBUFFR-1+4,Y, ;STORE HIGH DIGIT.
TXA
STA FBUFFR-1+3,Y, ;STORE LOW DIGIT.
LDAI 0 ;PUT IN TERMINATOR.
STA FBUFFR-1+5,Y,
BEQA FOUT20 ;RETURN. (ALWAYS BRANCHES).
FOUT19: STA FBUFFR-1,Y, ;STORE THE CHARACTER.
FOUT17: LDAI 0 ;A TERMINATOR.
STA FBUFFR-1+1,Y
FOUT20: LDWDI FBUFFR
FPWRRT: RTS ;ALL DONE.
FHALF: 200 ;1/2
000
ZERO: 000
000
IFN ADDPRC,<0>

;POWER OF TEN TABLE


IFE ADDPRC,<
FOUTBL: 376 ;-100000
171
140
000 ;10000
047
020
377 ;-1000
374
030
000 ;100
000
144
377 ;-10
377
366
000 ;1
000
001>

IFN ADDPRC,<
FOUTBL: 372 ;-100,000,000
012
037
000
000 ;10,000,000
230
226
200
377 ;-1,000,000
360
275
300
000 ;100,000
001
206
240
377 ;-10,000
377
330
360
000 ;1000
000
003
350
377 ;-100
377
377
234
000 ;10
000
000
012
377 ;-1
377
377
377>
FDCEND:
IFN TIME,<
377 ; -2160000 FOR TIME CONVERTER.
337
012
200
000 ; 216000
003
113
300
377 ; -36000
377
163
140
000 ; 3600
000
016
020
377 ; -600
377
375
250
000 ; 60
000
000
074
TIMEND:>

PAGE
SUBTTL EXPONENTIATION AND SQUARE ROOT FUNCTION.
;SQUARE ROOT FUNCTION --- SQR(A)
;USE SQR(X)=X^.5
SQR: JSR MOVAF ;MOVE FAC INTO ARG.
LDWDI FHALF
JSR MOVFM ;PUT MEMORY INTO FAC.
;LAST THING FETCHED IS FACEXP. INTO ACCX.
; JMP FPWRT ;FALL INTO FPWRT.

;EXPONENTIATION --- X^Y.


;N.B. 0^0=1
;FIRST CHECK IF Y=0. IF SO, THE RESULT IS 1.
;NEXT CHECK IF X=0. IF SO THE RESULT IS 0.
;THEN CHECK IF X.GT.0. IF NOT CHECK THAT Y IS AN INTEGER.
;IF SO, NEGATE X, SO THAT LOG DOESN'T GIVE FCERR.
;IF X IS NEGATIVE AND Y IS ODD, NEGATE THE RESULT
;RETURNED BY EXP.
;TO COMPUTE THE RESULT USE X^Y=EXP((Y*LOG(X)).
FPWRT: BEQ EXP ;IF FAC=0, JUST EXPONENTIATE THAT.
LDA ARGEXP ;IS X=0?
BNE FPWRT1
JMP ZEROF1 ;ZERO FAC.
FPWRT1: LDXYI TEMPF3 ;SAVE FOR LATER IN A TEMP.
JSR MOVMF
;Y=0 ALREADY. GOOD IN CASE NO ONE CALLS INT.
LDA ARGSGN
BPL FPWR1 ;NO PROBLEMS IF X.GT.0.
JSR INT ;INTEGERIZE THE FAC.
LDWDI TEMPF3 ;GET ADDR OF COMPERAND.
JSR FCOMP ;EQUAL?
BNE FPWR1 ;LEAVE X NEG. LOG WILL BLOW HIM OUT.
;A=-1 AND Y IS IRRELEVANT.
TYA ;NEGATE X. MAKE POSITIVE.
LDY INTEGR ;GET EVENNESS.
FPWR1: JSR MOVFA1 ;ALTERNATE ENTRY POINT.
TYA
PHA ;SAVE EVENNESS FOR LATER.
JSR LOG ;FIND LOG.
LDWDI TEMPF3 ;MULTIPLY FAC TIMES LOG(X).
JSR FMULT
JSR EXP ;EXPONENTIATE THE FAC.
PLA
LSR A, ;IS IT EVEN?
BCC NEGRTS ;YES. OR X.GT.0.
;NEGATE THE NUMBER IN FAC.
NEGOP: LDA FACEXP
BEQ NEGRTS
COM FACSGN
NEGRTS: RTS

PAGE
SUBTTL EXPONENTIATION FUNCTION.
;FIRST SAVE THE ORIGINAL ARGUMENT AND MULTIPLY THE FAC BY
;LOG2(E). THE RESULT IS USED TO DETERMINE IF OVERFLOW
;WILL OCCUR SINCE EXP(X)=2^(X*LOG2(E)) WHERE
;LOG2(E)=LOG(E) BASE 2. THEN SAVE THE INTEGER PART OF
;THIS TO SCALE THE ANSWER AT THE END. SINCE
;2^Y=2^INT(Y)*2^(Y-INT(Y)) AND 2^INT(Y) IS EASY TO COMPUTE.
;NOW COMPUTE 2^(X*LOG2(E)-INT(X*LOG2(E)) BY
;P(LN(2)*(INT(X*LOG2(E))+1)-X) WHERE P IS AN APPROXIMATION
;POLYNOMIAL. THE RESULT IS THEN SCALED BY THE POWER OF 2
;PREVIOUSLY SAVED.

LOGEB2: 201 ;LOG(E) BASE 2.


070
252
073
IFN ADDPRC,<051>

ife addprc,<
expcon: 6 ; degree -1.
164 ; .00021702255
143
220
214
167 ; .0012439688
043
014
253
172 ; .0096788410
036
224
000
174 ; .055483342
143
102
200
176 ; .24022984
165
376
320
200 ; .69314698
061
162
025
201 ; 1.0
000
000
000>
IFN ADDPRC,<
EXPCON: 7 ;DEGREE-1
161 ; .000021498763697
064
130
076
126
164 ; .00014352314036
026
176
263
033
167 ; .0013422634824
057
356
343
205
172 ; .0096140170119
035
204
034
052
174 ; .055505126860
143
131
130
012
176 ; .24022638462
165
375
347
306
200 ; .69314718608
061
162
030
020
201 ; 1.0
000
000
000
000>

EXP:
LDWDI LOGEB2 ;MULTIPLY BY LOG(E) BASE 2.
JSR FMULT
LDA FACOV
ADCI 120
BCC STOLD
JSR INCRND
STOLD: STA OLDOV
JSR MOVEF ;TO SAVE IN ARG WITHOUT ROUND.
LDA FACEXP
CMPI 210 ;IF ABS(FAC) .GE. 128, TOO BIG.
BCC EXP1
GOMLDV: JSR MLDVEX ;OVERFLOW OR OVERFLOW.
EXP1: JSR INT
LDA INTEGR ;GET LOW PART.
CLC
ADCI 201
BEQ GOMLDV ;OVERFLOW OR OVERFLOW !!
SEC
SBCI 1 ;SUBTRACT 1.
PHA ;SAVE A WHILE.
LDXI 4+ADDPRC ;PREP TO SWAP FAC AND ARG.
SWAPLP: LDA ARGEXP,X
LDY FACEXP,X
STA FACEXP,X
STY ARGEXP,X
DEX
BPL SWAPLP
LDA OLDOV
STA FACOV
JSR FSUBT
JSR NEGOP ;NEGATE FAC.
LDWDI EXPCON
JSR POLY
CLR ARISGN ;MULTIPLY BY POSITIVE 1.0.
PLA ;GET SCALE FACTOR.
JSR MLDEXP ;MODIFY FACEXP AND CHECK FOR OVERFLOW.
RTS ;HAS TO DO JSR DUE TO PULAS IN MULDIV.

PAGE
SUBTTL POLYNOMIAL EVALUATOR AND THE RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR.
;EVALUATE P(X^2)*X
;POINTER TO DEGREE IS IN [Y,A].
;THE CONSTANTS FOLLOW THE DEGREE.
;FOR X=FAC, COMPUTE:
; C0*X+C1*X^3+C2*X^5+C3*X^7+...+C(N)*X^(2*N+1)
POLYX: STWD POLYPT ;RETAIN POLYNOMIAL POINTER FOR LATER.
JSR MOV1F ;SAVE FAC IN FACTMP.
LDAI TEMPF1
JSR FMULT ;COMPUTE X^2.
JSR POLY1 ;COMPUTE P(X^2).
LDWDI TEMPF1
JMP FMULT ;MULTIPLY BY FAC AGAIN.

;POLYNOMIAL EVALUATOR.
;POINTER TO DEGREE IS IN [Y,A].
;COMPUTE:
; C0+C1*X+C2*X^2+C3*X^3+C4*X^4+...+C(N-1)*X^(N-1)+C(N)*X^N.
POLY: STWD POLYPT
POLY1: JSR MOV2F ;SAVE FAC.
LDADY POLYPT
STA DEGREE
LDY POLYPT
INY
TYA
BNE POLY3
INC POLYPT+1
POLY3: STA POLYPT
LDY POLYPT+1
POLY2: JSR FMULT
LDWD POLYPT ;GET CURRENT POINTER.
CLC
ADCI 4+ADDPRC
BCC POLY4
INY
POLY4: STWD POLYPT
JSR FADD ;ADD IN CONSTANT.
LDWDI TEMPF2 ;MULTIPLY THE ORIGINAL FAC.
DEC DEGREE ;DONE?
BNE POLY2
RANDRT: RTS ;YES.

;PSUEDO-RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR.


;IF ARG=0, THE LAST RANDOM NUMBER GENERATED IS RETURNED.
;IF ARG .LT. 0, A NEW SEQUENCE OF RANDOM NUMBERS IS
;STARTED USING THE ARGUMENT.
; TO FORM THE NEXT RANDOM NUMBER IN THE SEQUENCE,
;MULTIPLY THE PREVIOUS RANDOM NUMBER BY A RANDOM CONSTANT
;AND ADD IN ANOTHER RANDOM CONSTANT. THE THEN HO
;AND LO BYTES ARE SWITCHED, THE EXPONENT IS PUT WHERE
;IT WILL BE SHIFTED IN BY NORMAL, AND THE EXPONENT IN THE FAC
;IS SET TO 200 SO THE RESULT WILL BE LESS THAN 1. THIS
;IS THEN NORMALIZED AND SAVED FOR THE NEXT TIME.
;THE HO AND LOW BYTES WERE SWITCHED SO THERE WILL BE A
;RANDOM CHANCE OF GETTING A NUMBER LESS THAN OR GREATER
;THAN .5 .

RMULZC: 230
065
104
172
RADDZC: 150
050
261
106

RND: JSR SIGN ;GET SIGN INTO ACCX.


IFN REALIO-3,<
TAX> ;GET INTO ACCX, SINCE "MOVFM" USES ACCX.
BMI RND1 ;START NEW SEQUENCE IF NEGATIVE.
IFE REALIO-3,<
BNE QSETNR
;TIMERS ARE AT 9044(L0),45(HI),48(LO),49(HI) HEX.
;FIRST TWO ARE ALWAYS FREE RUNNING.
;SECOND PAIR IS NOT. LO IS FREER THAN HI THEN.
;SO ORDER IN FAC IS 44,48,45,49.
LDA CQHTIM
STA FACHO
LDA CQHTIM+4
STA FACMOH
LDA CQHTIM+1
STA FACMO
LDA CQHTIM+5
STA FACLO
JMP STRNEX>
QSETNR: LDWDI RNDX ;GET LAST ONE INTO FAC.
JSR MOVFM
IFN REALIO-3,<
TXA ;FAC WAS ZERO?
BEQ RANDRT> ;RESTORE LAST ONE.
LDWDI RMULZC ;MULTIPLY BY RANDOM CONSTANT.
JSR FMULT
LDWDI RADDZC
JSR FADD ;ADD RANDOM CONSTANT.
RND1: LDX FACLO
LDA FACHO
STA FACLO
STX FACHO ;REVERSE HO AND LO.
IFE REALIO-3,<
LDX FACMOH
LDA FACMO
STA FACMOH
STX FACMO>
STRNEX: CLR FACSGN ;MAKE NUMBER POSITIVE.
LDA FACEXP ;PUT EXP WHERE IT WILL
STA FACOV ;BE SHIFTED IN BY NORMAL.
LDAI 200
STA FACEXP ;MAKE RESULT BETWEEN 0 AND 1.
JSR NORMAL ;NORMALIZE.
LDXYI RNDX
GMOVMF: JMP MOVMF ;PUT NEW ONE INTO MEMORY.

PAGE
SUBTTL SINE, COSINE AND TANGENT FUNCTIONS.
IFE KIMROM,<
;COSINE FUNCTION.
;USE COS(X)=SIN(X+PI/2)
COS: LDWDI PI2 ;PNTR TO PI/2.
JSR FADD ;ADD IT IN.
;FALL INTO SIN.

;SINE FUNCTION.
;USE IDENTITIES TO GET FAC IN QUADRANTS I OR IV.
;THE FAC IS DIVIDED BY 2*PI AND THE INTEGER PART IS IGNORED
;BECAUSE SIN(X+2*PI)=SIN(X). THEN THE ARGUMENT CAN BE COMPARED
;WITH PI/2 BY COMPARING THE RESULT OF THE DIVISION
;WITH PI/2/(2*PI)=1/4.
;IDENTITIES ARE THEN USED TO GET THE RESULT IN QUADRANTS
;I OR IV. AN APPROXIMATION POLYNOMIAL IS THEN USED TO
;COMPUTE SIN(X).
SIN: JSR MOVAF
LDWDI TWOPI ;GET PNTR TO DIVISOR.
LDX ARGSGN ;GET SIGN OF RESULT.
JSR FDIVF
JSR MOVAF ;GET RESULT INTO ARG.
JSR INT ;INTEGERIZE FAC.
CLR ARISGN ;ALWAYS HAVE THE SAME SIGN.
JSR FSUBT ;KEEP ONLY THE FRACTIONAL PART.
LDWDI FR4 ;GET PNTR TO 1/4.
JSR FSUB ;COMPUTE 1/4-FAC.
LDA FACSGN ;SAVE SIGN FOR LATER.
PHA
BPL SIN1 ;FIRST QUADRANT.
JSR FADDH ;ADD 1/2 TO FAC.
LDA FACSGN ;SIGN IS NEGATIVE?
BMI SIN2
COM TANSGN ;QUADRANTS II AND III COME HERE.
SIN1: JSR NEGOP ;IF POSITIVE, NEGATE IT.
SIN2: LDWDI FR4 ;POINTER TO 1/4.
JSR FADD ;ADD IT IN.
PLA ;GET ORIGINAL QUADRANT.
BPL SIN3
JSR NEGOP ;IF NEGATIVE, NEGATE RESULT.
SIN3: LDWDI SINCON
GPOLYX: JMP POLYX ;DO APPROXIMATION POLYNOMIAL.

;TANGENT FUNCTION.
TAN: JSR MOV1F ;MOVE FAC INTO TEMPORARY.
CLR TANSGN ;REMEMBER WHETHER TO NEGATE.
JSR SIN ;COMPUTE THE SIN.
LDXYI TEMPF3
JSR GMOVMF ;PUT SIGN INTO OTHER TEMP.
LDWDI TEMPF1
JSR MOVFM ;PUT THIS MEMORY LOC INTO FAC.
CLR FACSGN ;START OFF POSITIVE.
LDA TANSGN
JSR COSC ;COMPUTE COSINE.
LDWDI TEMPF3 ;ADDRESS OF SINE VALUE.
GFDIV: JMP FDIV ;DIVIDE SINE BY COSINE AND RETURN.
COSC: PHA
JMP SIN1

PI2: 201 ;PI/2


111
017
333-ADDPRC
IFN ADDPRC,<242>
TWOPI: 203 ;2*PI.
111
017
333-ADDPRC
IFN ADDPRC,<242>
FR4: 177 ;1/4
000
000
0000
IFN ADDPRC,<0>
IFE ADDPRC,<SINCON: 4 ;DEGREE-1.
206 ;39.710899
036
327
373
207 ;-76.574956
231
046
145
207 ;81.602231
043
064
130
206 ;-41.341677
245
135
341
203 ;6.2831853
111
017
333>
IFN ADDPRC,<
SINCON: 5 ;DEGREE-1.
204 ; -14.381383816
346
032
055
033
206 ; 42.07777095
050
007
373
370
207 ; -76.704133676
231
150
211
001
207 ; 81.605223690
043
065
337
341
206 ; -41.34170209
245
135
347
050
203 ; 6.2831853070
111
017
332
242
241 ; 7.2362932E7
124
106
217
23
217 ; 73276.2515
122
103
211
315>
PAGE
SUBTTL ARCTANGENT FUNCTION.
;USE IDENTITIES TO GET ARG BETWEEN 0 AND 1 AND THEN USE AN
;APPROXIMATION POLYNOMIAL TO COMPUTE ARCTAN(X).
ATN: LDA FACSGN ;WHAT IS SIGN?
PHA ;(MEANWHILE SAVE FOR LATER.)
BPL ATN1
JSR NEGOP ;IF NEGATIVE, NEGATE FAC.
;USE ARCTAN(X)=-ARCTAN(-X) .
ATN1: LDA FACEXP
PHA ;SAVE THIS TOO FOR LATER.
CMPI 201 ;SEE IF FAC .GE. 1.0 .
BCC ATN2 ;IT IS LESS THAN 1.
LDWDI FONE ;GET PNTR TO 1.0 .
JSR FDIV ;COMPUTE RECIPROCAL.
;USE ARCTAN(X)=PI/2-ARCTAN(1/X) .
ATN2: LDWDI ATNCON ;PNTR TO ARCTAN CONSTANTS.
JSR POLYX
PLA
CMPI 201 ;WAS ORIGINAL ARGUMENT .LT. 1 ?
BCC ATN3 ;YES.
LDWDI PI2
JSR FSUB ;SUBTRACT ARCTAGN FROM PI/2.
ATN3: PLA ;WAS ORIGINAL ARGUMENT POSITIVE?
BPL ATN4 ;YES.
JMP NEGOP ;IF NEGATIVE, NEGATE RESULT.
ATN4: RTS ;ALL DONE.

IFE ADDPRC,<
ATNCON: 10 ;DEGREE-1.
170 ;.0028498896
072
305
067
173 ;-.016068629
203
242
134
174 ;.042691519
056
335
115
175 ;-.075042945
231
260
036
175 ;.10640934
131
355
044
176 ;-.14203644
221
162
000
176 ;.19992619
114
271
163
177 ;.-33333073
252
252
123
201 ;1.0
000
000
000>

IFN ADDPRC,<
ATNCON: 13 ;DEGREE-1.
166 ; -.0006847939119
263
203
275
323
171 ; .004850942156
036
364
246
365
173 ; -.01611170184
203
374
260
020
174 ; .03420963805
014
037
147
312
174 ; -.05427913276
336
123
313
301
175 ; .07245719654
024
144
160
114
175 ; -.08980239538
267
352
121
172
175 ; .1109324134
143
060
210
176
176 ; -.1428398077
222
104
231
072
176 ; .1999991205
114
314
221
307
177 ; -.3333333157
252
252
252
023
201 ; 1.0
000
000
000
000>>
PAGE
SUBTTL SYSTEM INITIALIZATION CODE.
RADIX 10 ;IN ALL NON-MATH-PACKAGE CODE.
; THIS INITIALIZES THE BASIC INTERPRETER FOR THE M6502 AND SHOULD BE
; LOCATED WHERE IT WILL BE WIPED OUT IN RAM IF CODE IS ALL IN RAM.
IFE ROMSW,<
BLOCK 1> ;SO ZEROING AT TXTTAB DOESN'T PREVENT
;RESTARTING INIT
INITAT: INC CHRGET+7 ;INCREMENT THE WHOLE TXTPTR.
BNE CHZGOT
INC CHRGET+8
CHZGOT: LDA 60000 ;A LOAD WITH AN EXT ADDR.
CMPI ":" ;IS IT A ":"?
BCS CHZRTS ;IT IS .GE. ":"
CMPI " " ;SKIP SPACES.
BEQ INITAT
SEC
SBCI "0" ;ALL CHARS .GT. "9" HAVE RET'D SO
SEC
SBCI ^D256-"0" ;SEE IF NUMERIC.
;TURN CARRY ON IF NUMERIC.
;ALSO, SETZ IF NULL.
CHZRTS: RTS ;RETURN TO CALLER.

128 ;LOADED OR FROM ROM.


79 ;THE INITIAL RANDOM NUMBER.
199
82
IFN ADDPRC,<88>
IFN REALIO-3,<
IFE KIMROM,<
TYPAUT: LDWDI AUTTXT
JSR STROUT>>
INIT:
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDXI 255 ;MAKE IT LOOK DIRECT IN CASE OF
STX CURLIN+1> ;ERROR MESSAGE.
IFN STKEND-511,<
LDXI STKEND-256>
TXS
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDWDI INIT ;ALLOW RESTART.
STWD START+1
STWD RDYJSR+1 ;RTS HERE ON ERRORS.
LDWDI AYINT
STWD ADRAYI
LDWDI GIVAYF
STWD ADRGAY>
LDAI 76 ;JMP INSTRUCTION.
IFE REALIO,<HRLI 1,^O1000> ;MAKE AN INST.
IFN REALIO-3,<
STA START
STA RDYJSR>
STA JMPER
IFN ROMSW,<
STA USRPOK
LDWDI FCERR
STWD USRPOK+1>
LDAI LINLEN ;THESE MUST BE NON-ZERO SO CHEAD WILL
STA LINWID ;WORK AFTER MOVING A NEW LINE IN BUF
;INTO THE PROGRAM
LDAI NCMPOS
STA NCMWID
LDXI RNDX+4-CHRGET
MOVCHG: LDA INITAT-1,X,
STA CHRGET-1,X, ;MOVE TO RAM.
DEX
BNE MOVCHG
LDAI STRSIZ
STA FOUR6
TXA ;SET CONST IN RAM.
STA BITS
IFN EXTIO,<
STA CHANNL>
STA LASTPT+1
IFN NULCMD,<
STA NULCNT>
PHA ;PUT ZERO AT THE END OF THE STACK
;SO FNDFOR WILL STOP
IFN REALIO,<
STA CNTWFL> ;BE TALKATIVE.
IFN BUFPAG,<
INX ;MAKE [X]=1
STX BUF-3 ;SET PRE-BUF BYTES NON-ZERO FOR CHEAD
STX BUF-4>
IFN REALIO-3,<
JSR CRDO> ;TYPE A CR.
LDXI TEMPST
STX TEMPPT ;SET UP STRING TEMPORARIES.
IFN REALIO!LONGI,<
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDWDI MEMORY
JSR STROUT
JSR QINLIN ;GET A LINE OF INPUT.
STXY TXTPTR ;READ THIS !
JSR CHRGET ;GET THE FIRST CHARACTER.
IFE KIMROM,<
CMPI "A" ;IS IT AN "A"?
BEQ TYPAUT> ;YES TYPE AUTHOR'S NAME.
TAY ;NULL INPUT?
BNE USEDE9> ;NO.
IFE REALIO-3,<
LDYI RAMLOC/^D256>
IFN REALIO-3,<
IFE ROMSW,<
LDWDI LASTWR> ;YES GET PNTR TO LAST WORD.
IFN ROMSW,<
LDWDI RAMLOC>>
IFN ROMSW,<
STWD TXTTAB> ;SET UP START OF PROGRAM LOCATION
STWD LINNUM
IFE REALIO-3,<
TAY>
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDYI 0>
LOOPMM: INC LINNUM
BNE LOOPM1
INC LINNUM+1
IFE REALIO-3,<
BMI USEDEC>
LOOPM1: LDAI 85 ;PUT RANDOM INFO INTO MEM.
STADY LINNUM
CMPDY LINNUM ;WAS IT SAVED?
BNE USEDEC ;NO. THAT IS END OF MEMORY.
ASL A, ;LOOKS LIKE IT. TRY ANOTHER.
STADY LINNUM
CMPDY LINNUM ;WAS IT SAVED?
IFN REALIO-3,<
BNE USEDEC> ;NO. THIS IS THE END.
IFN REALIO-2,<
BEQ LOOPMM>
IFE REALIO-2,<
BNE USEDEC
CMP 0 ;SEE IF HITTING PAGE 0
BNE LOOPMM
LDAI 76
STA 0
BNEA USEDEC>
IFN REALIO-3,<
USEDE9: JSR CHRGOT ;GET CURRENT CHARACTER.
JSR LINGET ;GET DECIMAL ARGUMENT.
TAY ;MAKE SURE A TERMINATOR EXISTS.
BEQ USEDEC ;IT DOES.
JMP SNERR> ;IT DOESN'T.
USEDEC: LDWD LINNUM ;GET SIZE OF MEMORY INPUT.
USEDEF: > ;HIGHEST ADDRESS.
IFE REALIO!LONGI,<
LDWDI 16190> ;A STRANGE NUMBER.
STWD MEMSIZ ;THIS IS THE SIZE OF MEMORY.
STWD FRETOP ;TOP OF STRINGS TOO.
TTYW:
IFN REALIO-3,<
IFN REALIO!LONGI,<
LDWDI TTYWID
JSR STROUT
JSR QINLIN ;GET LINE OF INPUT.
STXY TXTPTR ;READ THIS !
JSR CHRGET ;GET FIRST CHARACTER.
TAY ;TEST ACCA BUT DON'T AFFECT CARRY.
BEQ ASKAGN
JSR LINGET ;GET ARGUMENT.
LDA LINNUM+1
BNE TTYW ;WIDTH MUST BE .LT. 256.
LDA LINNUM
CMPI 16 ;WIDTH MUST BE GREATER THAN 16.
BCC TTYW
STA LINWID ;THAT IS THE LINE WIDTH.
MORCPS: SBCI CLMWID ;COMPUTE POSITION BEYOND WHICH
BCS MORCPS ;THERE ARE NO MORE FIELDS.
EORI 255
SBCI CLMWID-2
CLC
ADC LINWID
STA NCMWID>
ASKAGN:
IFE ROMSW,<
IFN REALIO!LONGI,<
LDWDI FNS
JSR STROUT
JSR QINLIN
STXY TXTPTR ;READ THIS !
JSR CHRGET
LDXYI INITAT ;DEFAULT.
CMPI "Y"
BEQ HAVFNS ;SAVE ALL FUNCTIONS.
CMPI "A"
BEQ OKCHAR ;SAVE ALL BUT ATN.
CMPI "N"
BNE ASKAGN ;BAD INPUT.
;SAVE NOTHING.
OKCHAR: LDXYI FCERR
STXY ATNFIX ;GET RID OF ATN FUNCTION.
LDXYI ATN ;UNTIL WE KNOW THAT WE SHOULD DEL MORE.
CMPI "A"
BEQ HAVFNS ;JUST GET RID OF ATN.
LDXYI FCERR
STXY COSFIX ;GET RID OF THE REST.
STXY TANFIX
STXY SINFIX
LDXYI COS ;AND GET RID OF ALL BACK TO "COS".
HAVFNS:>
IFE REALIO!LONGI,<
LDXYI INITAT-1>>> ;GET RID OF ALL UP TO "INITAT".
IFN ROMSW,<
LDXYI RAMLOC
STXY TXTTAB>
LDYI 0
TYA
STADY TXTTAB ;SET UP TEXT TABLE.
INC TXTTAB
IFN REALIO-3,<
BNE QROOM
INC TXTTAB+1>
QROOM: LDWD TXTTAB ;PREPARE TO USE "REASON".
JSR REASON
IFE REALIO-3,<
LDWDI FREMES
JSR STROUT>
IFN REALIO-3,<
JSR CRDO>
LDA MEMSIZ ;COMPUTE [MEMSIZ]-[VARTAB].
SEC
SBC TXTTAB
TAX
LDA MEMSIZ+1
SBC TXTTAB+1
JSR LINPRT ;TYPE THIS VALUE.
LDWDI WORDS ;MORE BULLSHIT.
JSR STROUT
JSR SCRTCH ;SET UP EVERYTHING ELSE.
IFE REALIO-3,<
JMP READY>
IFN REALIO-3,<
LDWDI STROUT
STWD RDYJSR+1
LDWDI READY
STWD START+1
JMPD START+1

IFE ROMSW,<
FNS: DT"WANT SIN-COS-TAN-ATN"
0>
IFE KIMROM,<
AUTTXT: ACRLF
12 ;ANOTHER LINE FEED.
DT"WRITTEN "
DT"BY WEILAND & GATES"
ACRLF
0>
MEMORY: DT"MEMORY SIZE"
0
TTYWID:
IFE KIMROM,<
DT"TERMINAL ">
DT"WIDTH"
0>
WORDS: DT" BYTES FREE"
IFN REALIO-3,<
ACRLF
ACRLF>
IFE REALIO-3,<
EXP ^O15
0
FREMES: >
IFE REALIO,< DT"SIMULATED BASIC FOR THE 6502 V1.1">
IFE REALIO-1,< DT"KIM BASIC V1.1">
IFE REALIO-2,< DT"OSI 6502 BASIC VERSION 1.1">
IFE REALIO-3,< DT"### COMMODORE BASIC ###"
EXP ^O15
EXP ^O15>
IFE REALIO-4,<DT"APPLE BASIC V1.1">
IFE REALIO-5,<DT"STM BASIC V1.1">
IFN REALIO-3,<
ACRLF
DT"COPYRIGHT 1978 MICROSOFT"
ACRLF>
0
LASTWR::
BLOCK 100 ;SPACE FOR TEMP STACK.
IFE REALIO,<
TSTACK::BLOCK 13600>

IF2,<
PURGE A,X,Y>
IFNDEF START,<START==0>
END $Z+START