You are on page 1of 3

So→ means very

used with a that clause, to show a result of the first
generally used before an adjective or an adverb clause.
He’s so funny! He plays the piano so well! I was so hot that I couldn’t sleep.

Such→ also means very

before an adjective and noun A / an, if necessary, go after such, not before.
They are such nice children. That’s a such pretty dress. => That’s such a pretty dress!

used with a that clause, to show a result of the first
clause.
I was such a nice day that we decided to go to the park.

Too→ means there is a lot of something. It shows a negative opinion.

You can use too before an adjective. You can also use it before an adverb,
It’s too cold. My trousers are too small. You walk too fast. James speaks too quietly.

Before a noun, use too much (uncountable nouns) or You can also use too much after a verb.
many (countable nouns). I ate too much.
I ate too much food. Paul drinks too much.
I ate too many sandwiches.

sometimes followed by to + verb infinitive
It’s too hot to sleep tonight.
Enough→ means you have what you need.

before a noun after an adjective or verb
We have enough chairs. Are you warm enough? Are you sleeping enough?

sometimes followed by to + verb infinitive
I’m not tall enough to reach the book.
I haven’t got enough money to buy that coat.

Common mistakes
1) Some students use too with a positive meaning. 2) Some students write enough in the wrong place.
But use so or very here Do we have sugar enough? => Do we have enough
It’s too hot! I love the summer! => It’s so hot! I love the sugar?
summer!

3) Some students use so / such…that incorrectly.
It was so hot that the sun was shining.
This sentence is not correct because ‘the sun was
shining’ is not a direct result of ‘It was so hot’.
The hot day did not cause the sun to shine.

EXERCISE 1

1. Which sentence uses too incorrectly? 2. Which sentence is correct?
Jemma is too beautiful. She’s the prettiest girl I know. Robert doesn’t get enough sleep.
Change your clothes! Those clothes are too dirty. Do we have tea enough?
Don’t drive too fast. You’ll have an accident. Paul is enough tall to reach the top of the cupboard.

3. Which word goes in the space? 4. Which word goes in the space?
You’ve cooked far too ___ food. The film is ___ funny! I watched it three times!
much enough many much so too

5. Which sentence is NOT correct? 6. What goes in the space?
Please don’t put too much sugar in my coffee. She’s got ____ nice house!
Clara eats too many. so such such a
John drinks much too much!

7. What is the best way to complete this sentence? 8. Which sentence is correct?
Roger is so rich that… Lucia’s hair is such long.
he can buy whatever he wants. They’ve got a such big garden.
he works very hard. Liam is such a nice young man.
I bought him a bottle of wine for his birthday.

9. Which phrase completes the sentence? 10. Which word goes in the space?
_______________ that I couldn’t see a thing. You must be very proud of Jake. He works ____!
It was too dark so hard too hard hard enough
It was so dark
It was dark enough
EXERCISE 2: Complete using so or such(a/an).

1. The pan was ___________ hot that I nearly dropped it!

2. Mr. Jones was ___________ a kind man that I was sad when he moved to another town.

3. We have ___________ many pets that sometimes it's really noisy.

4. Alicia is ___________ good basketball player that I think she could be a professional.

5. They were ___________ noisy kids that I couldn't hear the teacher.

EXERCISE 3: Complete using too or enough.

1.I’m ___________ short to reach the shelf.

2. Algebra is ___________ complicated for me to understand.

3. You can’t drive yet. You’re not old ___________ .

4. Janet isn’t tall ___________ to be a basketball player.

5. Alan hasn’t got ___________ money to travel abroad.

EXERCISE 4 :Rewrite these sentences as one sentence, using the word in brackets.

1 The film was very sad. Everyone cried. (so)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

2 I can’t understand him. He speaks too fast. (too)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

3 How much money have we got? Can we pay for the tickets? (enough)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

4 It was a very good meal. We ate everything. (such)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

5 The teacher was very naïve (αφελής). He believed the children. (enough)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

6 The trousers were very cheap. I bought six pairs. (such)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

7 How much food is there? Can we feed everyone?(enough)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

8 The film was very bad. Most people walked out. (so)

..........................................................................................................................................................................................