You are on page 1of 6

IMPORTANT MCQs on MAGNETISM æ 3ö æ 3ö

(c) tan -1 ç ÷ (d) cot -1 ç ÷


NEET 2018 ç 8 ÷
è ø
ç 8 ÷
è ø
1. A compass needle whose magnetic moment is
6. The area of hysteresis loop of a material is
60 amp × m2 pointing geographical north at a
equivalent to 250 joule. When 10 kg material is
certain place, where the horizontal component
magnetised by an alternating field of 50 Hz then
of earth's magnetic field is 40 µ Wb/m2,
energy lost in one hour will be if the density of
experiences a torque 1 .2 ´ 10 -3 N ´ m . What is the
material is 7 .5 gm / cm 3
declination at this place
(a) 6 ´ 10 4 J (b) 6 ´ 10 4 erg
(a) 30° (b) 45°
(c) 60° (d) 25° (c) 3 ´ 10 2 J (d) 3 ´ 10 2 erg

2. The distance between the poles of a horse shoe 7. A magnetised wire of moment M is bent into an
magnet is 0.1 m and its pole strength is 0.01 arc of a circle subtending an angle of 60° at the
amp-m. The induction of magnetic field at a centre; then the new magnetic moment is
point midway between the poles will be (a) (2 M / p )

(a) 2 ´ 10 -5 T S N
(b) (M / p )

(b) 4 ´ 10 -6 T (c) (3 3 M / p )
(c) 8 ´ 10 T-7
(d) (3 M / p )
(d) Zero 8. A tangent galvanometer shows a deflection 45°
3. Due to a small magnet intensity at a distance x when 10 mA current pass through it. If the
in the end on position is 9 Gauss. What will be horizontal component of the earth’s field is
x
the intensity at a distance on broad side on 3 . 6 ´ 10 -5 T and radius of the coil is 10 cm. The
2
number of turns in the coil is
position
(a) 5700 turns (b) 57 turns
(a) 9 Gauss (b) 4 Gauss
(c) 570 turns (d) 5.7 turns
(c) 36 Gauss (d) 4.5 Gauss
4. The magnetic moment produced in a substance 9. A magnet is parallel to a uniform magnetic field.
of 1 gm is 6 ´ 10 -7 ampere - metre 2 . If its density is If it is rotated by 60°, the work done is 0.8 J. How
much work is done in moving it 30° further
5 gm / cm 3 , then the intensity of magnetisation in
(a) 0 . 8 ´ 10 7 ergs (b) 0.4 J
A/m will be
(c) 8 J (d) 0.8 ergs
(a) 8 .3 ´ 10 6 (b) 3.0
(c) 1 . 2 ´ 10 -7 (d) 3 ´ 10 -6
10. Susceptibility of Mg at 300 K is 1 .2 ´ 10 -5 . The
temperature at which susceptibility will be
5. The needle of a deflection galvanometer shows
1 . 8 ´ 10 -5 is [Roorkee 1999]
a deflection of 60° due to a short bar magnet at
a certain distance in tan A position. If the (a) 450 K (b) 200 K
distance is doubled, the deflection is (c) 375 K (d) None of these
æ 3ö æ 3ö
(a) sin -1 ç ÷
ç 8 ÷
(b) cos -1 ç ÷
ç 8 ÷
è ø è ø

11. Three identical bar magnets each of magnetic the same moment of inertia (about the axis
moment M are placed in the form of an of rotation) as the magnet is attached to the
equilateral triangle as shown. The net magnet what would the new period of
oscillation of the system become
magnetic moment of the system is T
(a)
(a) Zero 3
T
(b) 2 M S S (b) BH
2
(c) M 3
N (c) T
N 2 N S
3M
(d) S N
2 (d) T 2
12. A magnetic needle is placed on a cork floating 16. Two short magnets of magnetic moment 1000
in a still lake in the northern hemisphere. Does Am 2 are placed as shown at the corn ers of a

the needle together with the cork move square of side 10 cm. The net magnetic
towards the north of the lake induction at P is
(a) Yes
N S
(b) No
(c) May be or may not be move
(d) Nothing can be said P N S

13. The magnet of vibration magnetometer is


heated so as to reduce its magnetic moment
by 36%. By doing this the periodic time of the (a) 0.1 T (b) 0.2 T
magnetometer will (c) 0.3 T (d) 0.4 T
(a) Increases by 36% (b) Increases by 25%
17. The length of a magnet is large compared to it's
(c) Decreases by 25% (d) Decreases by 64%
width and breadth. The time period of its
14. The ratio of magnetic moments of two bar
magnet is 13 : 5. These magnets are held oscillation in a vibration magnetometer is T. The
together in a vibration magnetometer are magnet is cut along it’s length into six parts and
allowed to oscillate in earth’s magnetic field these parts are then placed together as shown
with like poles together 15 oscillation per in the figure. The time period of this
minute are made. What will be the frequency of
combination will be
oscillation of system if unlike poles are together
(a) 10 oscillations/min (b) 15 oscillations/min (a) T
N S
T
(c) 12 oscillations/min (d)
75
oscillations/min (b) N S
13 3 S N
S N
T
15. A magnet is suspended horizontally in the (c) S N
2 3
earth's magnetic field. When it is displaced S N

and then released it oscillates in a horizontal (d) Zero


plane with a period T. If a place of wood of

ANSWERS
1. (a) As the compass needle is free to rotate in a horizontal plane and points along the
magnetic meridian,
so when it is m BH
Magnetic
pointing along the meridian q

geographic
meridian, it will
experience a m BH

torque due to the


horizontal component of earth's magnetic field i.e. t = MB H sin q
where q = angle between geographical
and magnetic meridians called angle of declination
1 . 2 ´ 10 -3 1
So, sin q = = Þ q = 30 o
60 ´ 40 ´ 10 -6 2
2. (c) Net magnetic field at mid point P, B = B N + BS

where BN = magnetic field due to N- pole


BS = magnetic field due to S- pole
µ0 m
B N = BS = 0.1 m
4p r 2
P
S BN Bs N
0 . 01
= 10 -7 ´ 2
= 4 ´ 10 -7 T
æ 0 .1 ö
ç ÷
è 2 ø
\ Bnet = 8 ´ 10 -7 T .
2M
3. (c) In C.G.S. B axial = 9 = .....(i)
x3
M 8M
B equaterial = 3
= 3 .....(ii)
æxö x
ç ÷
è2ø
From equation (i) and (ii) B equaterial = 36 Gauss.
M M
4. (b) I= = ,
V mass/densi ty
given mass = 1gm = 10 -3 kg ,
5 ´ 10 -3 kg
and density = 5 gm / cm 3 = = 5 ´ 10 3 kg / m 3
(10 - 2 )3 m 3
6 ´ 10 -7 ´ 5 ´ 10 3
Hence I= =3
10 -3
5. (c) For short bar magnet in tan A-position
µ0 2 M
= H tan q …..(i)
4p d 3
When distance is doubled, then new deflection q ¢ is given by
µ0 2 M
= H tan q ¢ …..(ii)
4 p (2 d )3

tan q ¢ 1 tan q tan 60 ° 3


\ = Þ tan q ¢ = = =
tan q 8 8 8 8

æ 3ö
Þ q ¢ = tan -1 ç ÷
ç 8 ÷
è ø
m 50 ´ 250 ´ 10 ´ 3600
6. (a) E = nAVt = nA t = = 6 ´ 10 4 J
d 7 . 5 ´ 10 3

7. (d) From figure rq


x rq = l
q x A x B
sin =
2 r q /2 q /2
q
Þ x = r sin O
2
q
Hence new magnetic moment M ' = m (2 x ) = m . 2r sin
2
2l q 2ml sin q / 2 2 M sin(p / 6 ) 3 M
= m. sin = = =
q 2 q p /3 p
2rB H
8. (c) K=
µ0n

2rBH 2 ´ 0 . 1 ´ 3 . 6 ´ 10 -5 1 .8 ´ 10 3
or n= = -7 -3
= = 570
µ0 K 4 p ´ 10 ´ 10 ´ 10 3 .14

9. (a) W = MB(cos q 1 - cos q 2 )

When the magnet is rotated from 0° to 60°, then work done is 0.8 J
MB
0 . 8 = MB(cos 0 ° - cos 60 °) =
2

Þ MB = 1 . 6 N - m

In order to rotate the magnet through an angle of 30°, i.e., from 60° to 90°, the work
done is
æ1 ö
W ¢ = MB(cos 60 ° - cos 90 °) = MB ç - 0 ÷
è2 ø
MB 1 . 6
= = = 0 . 8 J = 0 . 8 ´ 10 7 ergs
2 2
1
10. (b) c µ
T

\ c 1 T1 = c 2 T2

1 . 2 ´ 10 -5 ´ 300
Hence T2 = = 200 K
1 . 8 ´ 10 -5

11. (b) The resultant magnetic moment can be calculated as follows.

S S S ® S
M + Þ Mnet = 2M
Þ
N N N N ®
M
S N S N

12. (b) Magnetic needle is a dipole which is in earth’s uniform magnetic field and as a dipole
in a uniform field does not experience any net force but may experience a couple as

shown in figure, so the needle together with the cork will not translate i.e. move
towards the north of the lake, but will rotate and set itself parallel to the field with
it’s north pole pointing north.

N
W mBH
N
E mBH
S

I 1 T1 M2
13. (b) T = 2p Þ Tµ Þ =
MB H M T2 M1

If M 1 = 100 then M 2 = (100 - 36 ) = 64

T1 64 8 10
So = = Þ T2 = T1 = 1 . 25 T1
T2 100 10 8

So % increase in time period = 25%


M 1 n s2 + n d2 13 (15 ) 2 + n d2
14. (a) = Þ =
M 2 n s2 - n d2 5 (15 ) 2 - n d2

Þ nd = 10 oscillations/min
15. (d) Due to wood moment of inertia of the system becomes twice but there is no change
in magnetic moment of the system.
I
Hence by using T = 2p Þ T µ I Þ T' = 2 T
MB H

16. (a) Point P lies on equatorial line of magnet (1) and axial line of magnet (2) as shown

(1)
N S

B2 B1
N S
P
(2)
µ0 M 1000
B1 = × = 10 -7 ´ = 0 .1 T
4p d 3 (0 . 1)3
µ0 2M 2 ´ 1000
B2 = × 3 = 10 -7 ´ = 0 .2 T
4p d (0 . 1) 3

\ B net = B 2 - B1 = 0 . 1 T

I I
17. (c) T = 2p ; MI of each part =
MH 63
M
and magnetic moment of each part =
6
I I
so net MI of system = ´6 =
63 62

4 M 2M M
and net magnetic moment = - =
6 6 3

\ time period of the system


I / 36 1 I T
T ¢ = 2p = 2p =
(M / 3)H 2 3 MH 2 3