Magnetic

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Magnetic

© All Rights Reserved

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NEET 2018 ç 8 ÷

è ø

ç 8 ÷

è ø

1. A compass needle whose magnetic moment is

6. The area of hysteresis loop of a material is

60 amp × m2 pointing geographical north at a

equivalent to 250 joule. When 10 kg material is

certain place, where the horizontal component

magnetised by an alternating field of 50 Hz then

of earth's magnetic field is 40 µ Wb/m2,

energy lost in one hour will be if the density of

experiences a torque 1 .2 ´ 10 -3 N ´ m . What is the

material is 7 .5 gm / cm 3

declination at this place

(a) 6 ´ 10 4 J (b) 6 ´ 10 4 erg

(a) 30° (b) 45°

(c) 60° (d) 25° (c) 3 ´ 10 2 J (d) 3 ´ 10 2 erg

2. The distance between the poles of a horse shoe 7. A magnetised wire of moment M is bent into an

magnet is 0.1 m and its pole strength is 0.01 arc of a circle subtending an angle of 60° at the

amp-m. The induction of magnetic field at a centre; then the new magnetic moment is

point midway between the poles will be (a) (2 M / p )

(a) 2 ´ 10 -5 T S N

(b) (M / p )

(b) 4 ´ 10 -6 T (c) (3 3 M / p )

(c) 8 ´ 10 T-7

(d) (3 M / p )

(d) Zero 8. A tangent galvanometer shows a deflection 45°

3. Due to a small magnet intensity at a distance x when 10 mA current pass through it. If the

in the end on position is 9 Gauss. What will be horizontal component of the earth’s field is

x

the intensity at a distance on broad side on 3 . 6 ´ 10 -5 T and radius of the coil is 10 cm. The

2

number of turns in the coil is

position

(a) 5700 turns (b) 57 turns

(a) 9 Gauss (b) 4 Gauss

(c) 570 turns (d) 5.7 turns

(c) 36 Gauss (d) 4.5 Gauss

4. The magnetic moment produced in a substance 9. A magnet is parallel to a uniform magnetic field.

of 1 gm is 6 ´ 10 -7 ampere - metre 2 . If its density is If it is rotated by 60°, the work done is 0.8 J. How

much work is done in moving it 30° further

5 gm / cm 3 , then the intensity of magnetisation in

(a) 0 . 8 ´ 10 7 ergs (b) 0.4 J

A/m will be

(c) 8 J (d) 0.8 ergs

(a) 8 .3 ´ 10 6 (b) 3.0

(c) 1 . 2 ´ 10 -7 (d) 3 ´ 10 -6

10. Susceptibility of Mg at 300 K is 1 .2 ´ 10 -5 . The

temperature at which susceptibility will be

5. The needle of a deflection galvanometer shows

1 . 8 ´ 10 -5 is [Roorkee 1999]

a deflection of 60° due to a short bar magnet at

a certain distance in tan A position. If the (a) 450 K (b) 200 K

distance is doubled, the deflection is (c) 375 K (d) None of these

æ 3ö æ 3ö

(a) sin -1 ç ÷

ç 8 ÷

(b) cos -1 ç ÷

ç 8 ÷

è ø è ø

11. Three identical bar magnets each of magnetic the same moment of inertia (about the axis

moment M are placed in the form of an of rotation) as the magnet is attached to the

equilateral triangle as shown. The net magnet what would the new period of

oscillation of the system become

magnetic moment of the system is T

(a)

(a) Zero 3

T

(b) 2 M S S (b) BH

2

(c) M 3

N (c) T

N 2 N S

3M

(d) S N

2 (d) T 2

12. A magnetic needle is placed on a cork floating 16. Two short magnets of magnetic moment 1000

in a still lake in the northern hemisphere. Does Am 2 are placed as shown at the corn ers of a

the needle together with the cork move square of side 10 cm. The net magnetic

towards the north of the lake induction at P is

(a) Yes

N S

(b) No

(c) May be or may not be move

(d) Nothing can be said P N S

heated so as to reduce its magnetic moment

by 36%. By doing this the periodic time of the (a) 0.1 T (b) 0.2 T

magnetometer will (c) 0.3 T (d) 0.4 T

(a) Increases by 36% (b) Increases by 25%

17. The length of a magnet is large compared to it's

(c) Decreases by 25% (d) Decreases by 64%

width and breadth. The time period of its

14. The ratio of magnetic moments of two bar

magnet is 13 : 5. These magnets are held oscillation in a vibration magnetometer is T. The

together in a vibration magnetometer are magnet is cut along it’s length into six parts and

allowed to oscillate in earth’s magnetic field these parts are then placed together as shown

with like poles together 15 oscillation per in the figure. The time period of this

minute are made. What will be the frequency of

combination will be

oscillation of system if unlike poles are together

(a) 10 oscillations/min (b) 15 oscillations/min (a) T

N S

T

(c) 12 oscillations/min (d)

75

oscillations/min (b) N S

13 3 S N

S N

T

15. A magnet is suspended horizontally in the (c) S N

2 3

earth's magnetic field. When it is displaced S N

plane with a period T. If a place of wood of

ANSWERS

1. (a) As the compass needle is free to rotate in a horizontal plane and points along the

magnetic meridian,

so when it is m BH

Magnetic

pointing along the meridian q

geographic

meridian, it will

experience a m BH

horizontal component of earth's magnetic field i.e. t = MB H sin q

where q = angle between geographical

and magnetic meridians called angle of declination

1 . 2 ´ 10 -3 1

So, sin q = = Þ q = 30 o

60 ´ 40 ´ 10 -6 2

2. (c) Net magnetic field at mid point P, B = B N + BS

BS = magnetic field due to S- pole

µ0 m

B N = BS = 0.1 m

4p r 2

P

S BN Bs N

0 . 01

= 10 -7 ´ 2

= 4 ´ 10 -7 T

æ 0 .1 ö

ç ÷

è 2 ø

\ Bnet = 8 ´ 10 -7 T .

2M

3. (c) In C.G.S. B axial = 9 = .....(i)

x3

M 8M

B equaterial = 3

= 3 .....(ii)

æxö x

ç ÷

è2ø

From equation (i) and (ii) B equaterial = 36 Gauss.

M M

4. (b) I= = ,

V mass/densi ty

given mass = 1gm = 10 -3 kg ,

5 ´ 10 -3 kg

and density = 5 gm / cm 3 = = 5 ´ 10 3 kg / m 3

(10 - 2 )3 m 3

6 ´ 10 -7 ´ 5 ´ 10 3

Hence I= =3

10 -3

5. (c) For short bar magnet in tan A-position

µ0 2 M

= H tan q …..(i)

4p d 3

When distance is doubled, then new deflection q ¢ is given by

µ0 2 M

= H tan q ¢ …..(ii)

4 p (2 d )3

\ = Þ tan q ¢ = = =

tan q 8 8 8 8

æ 3ö

Þ q ¢ = tan -1 ç ÷

ç 8 ÷

è ø

m 50 ´ 250 ´ 10 ´ 3600

6. (a) E = nAVt = nA t = = 6 ´ 10 4 J

d 7 . 5 ´ 10 3

x rq = l

q x A x B

sin =

2 r q /2 q /2

q

Þ x = r sin O

2

q

Hence new magnetic moment M ' = m (2 x ) = m . 2r sin

2

2l q 2ml sin q / 2 2 M sin(p / 6 ) 3 M

= m. sin = = =

q 2 q p /3 p

2rB H

8. (c) K=

µ0n

2rBH 2 ´ 0 . 1 ´ 3 . 6 ´ 10 -5 1 .8 ´ 10 3

or n= = -7 -3

= = 570

µ0 K 4 p ´ 10 ´ 10 ´ 10 3 .14

When the magnet is rotated from 0° to 60°, then work done is 0.8 J

MB

0 . 8 = MB(cos 0 ° - cos 60 °) =

2

Þ MB = 1 . 6 N - m

In order to rotate the magnet through an angle of 30°, i.e., from 60° to 90°, the work

done is

æ1 ö

W ¢ = MB(cos 60 ° - cos 90 °) = MB ç - 0 ÷

è2 ø

MB 1 . 6

= = = 0 . 8 J = 0 . 8 ´ 10 7 ergs

2 2

1

10. (b) c µ

T

\ c 1 T1 = c 2 T2

1 . 2 ´ 10 -5 ´ 300

Hence T2 = = 200 K

1 . 8 ´ 10 -5

S S S ® S

M + Þ Mnet = 2M

Þ

N N N N ®

M

S N S N

12. (b) Magnetic needle is a dipole which is in earth’s uniform magnetic field and as a dipole

in a uniform field does not experience any net force but may experience a couple as

shown in figure, so the needle together with the cork will not translate i.e. move

towards the north of the lake, but will rotate and set itself parallel to the field with

it’s north pole pointing north.

N

W mBH

N

E mBH

S

I 1 T1 M2

13. (b) T = 2p Þ Tµ Þ =

MB H M T2 M1

T1 64 8 10

So = = Þ T2 = T1 = 1 . 25 T1

T2 100 10 8

M 1 n s2 + n d2 13 (15 ) 2 + n d2

14. (a) = Þ =

M 2 n s2 - n d2 5 (15 ) 2 - n d2

Þ nd = 10 oscillations/min

15. (d) Due to wood moment of inertia of the system becomes twice but there is no change

in magnetic moment of the system.

I

Hence by using T = 2p Þ T µ I Þ T' = 2 T

MB H

16. (a) Point P lies on equatorial line of magnet (1) and axial line of magnet (2) as shown

(1)

N S

B2 B1

N S

P

(2)

µ0 M 1000

B1 = × = 10 -7 ´ = 0 .1 T

4p d 3 (0 . 1)3

µ0 2M 2 ´ 1000

B2 = × 3 = 10 -7 ´ = 0 .2 T

4p d (0 . 1) 3

\ B net = B 2 - B1 = 0 . 1 T

I I

17. (c) T = 2p ; MI of each part =

MH 63

M

and magnetic moment of each part =

6

I I

so net MI of system = ´6 =

63 62

4 M 2M M

and net magnetic moment = - =

6 6 3

I / 36 1 I T

T ¢ = 2p = 2p =

(M / 3)H 2 3 MH 2 3

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