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Physics Equations Sheet

AQA Level 1/2 Certificate in Physics


(8403/1 and 8403/2)

Section A

v velocity
s
v= s displacement
t
t time

a acceleration
v–u v final velocity
a= t u initial velocity
t time taken

F force
F=ma m mass
a acceleration

p momentum
p=mv m mass
v velocity

F force
∆p
F= ∆p change in momentum
t
t time

W weight
W=mg m mass
g gravitational field strength (acceleration of free fall)

F force
F=ke k spring constant
e extension

W work done
W=Fd F force
d distance moved in the direction of the force

P power
W
P= W work done
t
t time

Insert for AQA Level 1/2 Certificate in Physics (8403/1 and 8403/2) 6/6/6 Turn over 
2

Section A continued

Ep change in gravitational potential energy


m mass
Ep = m  g  h
g gravitational field strength (acceleration of free fall)
h change in height

Ek kinetic energy
Ek = ½  m  v 2 m mass
v speed

1 T time period
T=
f f frequency

M moment of the force


F force
M=Fd
d perpendicular distance from the line of action of
the force to the pivot

P pressure
F
P= F force
A
A cross-sectional area

Insert for AQA Level 1/2 Certificate in Physics (8403/1 and 8403/2)
3

Section B

v speed
v=fλ f frequency
λ wavelength

s distance
s=vt v speed
t time

n refractive index
sin i
n= i angle of incidence
sin r
r angle of refraction

1 n refractive index
n=
sin c c critical angle

u object distance
1 1 1
+ = v image distance
u v f
f focal length

image height
magnification =
object height

1 P power of a lens
P=
f f focal length

E energy
m mass
E=mcθ
c specific heat capacity
θ temperature change

E energy
E = m  LV m mass
L V specific latent heat of vaporisation

E energy
E = m  LF m mass
L F specific latent heat of fusion

Insert for AQA Level 1/2 Certificate in Physics (8403/1 and 8403/2) Turn over 
4

Section C

useful energy out


efficiency = (100%)
total energy in

useful power out


efficiency = (100%)
total power in

I current
Q
I= Q charge
t
t time

V potential difference
E
V= E energy transferred
Q
Q charge

V potential difference
V=IR I current
R resistance

P power
E
P= E energy transferred
t
t time

P power
P=IV I current
V potential difference

E energy transferred
E=VQ V potential difference
Q charge

E energy transferred from the mains


E=Pt P power
t time

Vp potential difference across the primary coil


Vp np Vs potential difference across the secondary coil
=
vs ns np number of turns on the primary coil
ns number of turns on the secondary coil

Vp potential difference across the primary coil


Ip current in the primary coil
Vp  Ip = Vs  Is
Vs potential difference across the secondary coil
Is current in the secondary coil

Insert for AQA Level 1/2 Certificate in Physics (8403/1 and 8403/2)