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a) * that in organic farming chemical fertilizers are not used/only naturally produced
fertilizers are used in farming.
b) * natural fertilizers strengthen the soil which ensures healthy growth of plants and
therefore protects them from disease and pests.
c) *organic farming lays emphasis on farmers to use renewable resources and mimic natural
ecosystems to conserve and maintain the soil and water without polluting the
d) He uses compost, manure and crop rotation methods. Also he grows not just one type of
plant but many plants as per climate.
e) Conventional methods of farming make use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides which
are harmful to the environment.
f) *the animals have not been given any antibiotics or artificial hormones for growth.
g) They check longterm soil management, buffering from neighbouring conventional farms,
record keeping, cleanliness and pest control methods being followed, as also
transportation and storage mechanisms.
h) By not using chemical pesticides the soil is rich,there is less pollution in lakes and rivers,
and is safer for farm workers as well as wild animals.


a) It was perceived as the most joyful period of an individual’s life. Now it has turned into a
complicated stage due to immense pressure of competition.
b) Teenage has become a web today because one has to struggle to find a path. This is the
stage where one undergoes maximum physical and emotional changes. This combined
with pressure from parents and society to perform better and better is proving to be
exhausting for teenagers.
c) The common problems of teenagers tend to be social and maturity based. They also face
hormonal changes,which affect many aspects of life and can be hard to deal with.
Interaction with classmates,adults, the working world and other social platforms are area
that can cause anxiety.
d) Parents should provide them with emotional support and guidance. They should spend
quality time with them and handle them with patience and understanding.

a) Perceive
b) Decade

a) complicated

b) exhausting

Q3.Article writing



Expression-3(fluency and accuracy to be taken into account)

Q4.Story writing



Expression-4 (fluency & accuracy)

Originality /imagination-2

Q5 .a) If he could manage the post of a public relations executive

b) would involve some degree of stress also
c) he would be able to do the job .

Q6. Editing

Incorrect word Correct word

a) in of
b) provide providing
c) had has
d) were are
e) from of
f) can must/should
g) as that
h) at in

Q7. a) We should give old people a feeling of acceptability

b)Old age homes are not only insufficient but also ill-equipped
c)Society must place them before anyone else's interest.

Q 8.1 a. Mary cried as she noticed Chuck’s smile and happiness fading away – he
could barely do anything.

b. Charles Hooper is referred to as the “big man.”

c. Due to his paralysed condition- his helplessness made him feel frustrated.

d. Simile/ Imagery.

8.2.a. It depicts the slow movement of the brook.

b. When sunlight passes through the leafy branches of trees and falls on river, a net
like pattern is formed. It dances as the river flows.

c. Alliteration/ Personification.

d. Alfred Lord Tennyson, The Brook.

Q9 a. Anger turns to grief, as he helplessly sees his daughter drown.


 Second road as it seemed different

 Offered a chance to be different

 Young girl working alone in the field

 Belongs to mountainous region of Scotland
 Singing a melancholy song.
 Valley overflowing with her song.

 Chuck’s promotion letter worded as a tribute to Duke

 The words ‘step by step’ refers to both the company’s objectives being achieved step by
step and to Duke helping Chuck every step of the way.
 Drafted by people at the chemical company headquarters.

Q10. a) Mrs. Al Smith -------always in a hurry------doesn’t have time to discuss anything

properly------feels that she works in a smart way when she does a work quickly-----hence
overlooks who the exact owner is------doesn’t spare time to negotiate as she earns a lot------
makes fun of the Frenchmen that they discuss things with many people and Gaston takes
advantage of that.

Juliette is desperate to sell the villa and move out-------wants to impress Jeanne so that she would
force her husband to buy it for her-----Juliette doesn’t wait and find out if they were the ones
who said would call on her-----she somehow wants to dispose of the villa that she doesn’t get to
know of the deal taking place downstairs.

We need to be careful while buying or selling things especially when the deal involves a huge
amount as we get fooled. We should show more maturity and not waste our time on trivial
matters and ingenuine dealers. We should rather sit down, discuss matters, negotiate and do the
transactions in a more mature way.

Q10(b) Indeed anger is a vice that mars one's sanity.

Anger makes one blind and clouds rational thinking.
In the context of the poem, lord ullin's.....
,The angry father.blinded by Fury at his daughter's elopement,seeks revenge.
He feels that his daughter has disgraced the family name and honour.
He sends his armed horsemen after the couple and they flee from their father's men.
The poem has a tragic ending,the lovers meet their watery graves to save themselves from the
wrath of an angry father.
The father's wrath changes to wailing, when he sees his daughter's dead body. Hence we can
conclude that anger leads to devastation and clouds our sanity

Q11.Answers to the Novel Questions

11. a) About two weeks after Gulliver obtains his liberty, a government official, Reldresal,
comes to see him. He tells Gulliver that two forces, one rebel group and one foreign empire,
threaten the kingdom. The rebel group exists because the kingdom is divided into two factions,
called Tramecksan and Slamecksan. The people in the two factions are distinguished by the
heights of their heels.

Reldresal tells Gulliver that the current emperor has chosen to employ primarily the low-heeled
Slamecksan in his administration. He adds that the emperor himself has lower heels than all of
his officials but that his heir has one heel higher than the other, which makes him walk unevenly.
At the same time, the Lilliputians fear an invasion from the Island of Blefuscu, which Reldresal
calls the “Other Great Empire of the Universe.” He adds that the philosophers of Lilliput do not
believe Gulliver’s claim that there are other countries in the world inhabited by other people of
his size, preferring to think that Gulliver dropped from the moon or a star.

Reldresal describes the history of the two nations. The conflict between them, he tells Gulliver,
began years ago, when the emperor’s grandfather, then in command of the country, commanded
all Lilliputians to break their eggs on the small end first. He made this decision after breaking an
egg in the old way, large end first, and cutting his finger. The people resented the law, and six
rebellions were started in protest. The monarchs of Blefuscu fuelled these rebellions, and when
they were over the rebels fled to that country to seek refuge. Eleven thousand people chose death
rather than submit to the law. Many books were written on the controversy, but books written by
the Big-Endians were banned in Lilliput. The government of Blefuscu accused the Lilliputians of
disobeying their religious doctrine, the Brundrecral, by breaking their eggs at the small end. The
Lilliputians argued that the doctrine reads, “That all true believers shall break their eggs at the
convenient end,” which could be interpreted as the small end.
Reldresal continues that the exiles gained support in Blefuscu to launch a war against Lilliput
and were aided by rebel forces inside Lilliput. A war has been raging between the two nations
ever since, and Gulliver is asked to help defend Lilliput against its enemies. Gulliver does not
feel that it is appropriate to intervene, but he nonetheless offers his services to the emperor.
b) Gulliver finds that much of the island is well cultivated, but to his surprise, when he comes
across a hayfield, he realizes that the grass is more than twenty feet tall. Similarly, corn is at least
forty feet high. Gulliver sees another giant, this time well-dressed, walking along the path he is
on. He notes that each of the giant's strides is about ten yards long. The well-dressed giant is
joined by seven workers, whom he instructs to begin reaping the corn (though Gulliver cannot
understand the language).

When he is about to be stepped on by one of the farmers, Gulliver cries out as loudly as he can.
The giant stops short and picks up Gulliver to get a better look. The giant seems pleased with
Gulliver and, putting him in his pocket, heads over to show his master.

The master takes Gulliver home to show his wife, who screams at first, but when she sees how
polite Gulliver is, she quickly warms up to him. At dinnertime, Gulliver sees that the full family
consists of the parents, three children, and an elderly grandmother.

After dinner Gulliver signals that he is tired. The farmer's wife sets him on her bed and covers
him with a handkerchief, where he sleeps until two rats the size of large dogs startle him.
Gulliver fights them with his hanger (a short sword), killing one and scaring the other away.

Gulliver is given into the care of the farmer's daughter, Glumdalclitch, who teaches him the
language and treats him very well, like a child would care for a favorite doll. As word of Gulliver
spreads throughout the kingdom, the farmer begins to realize that there is profit to be made and
takes Gulliver to the marketplace, where he performs shows for paying patrons. The show is so
successful that the farmer decides to take Gulliver on a tour of the kingdom. Gulliver does ten
shows a day, which makes him quite tired.

Having heard about the wondrous little creature that is making his way around the kingdom, the
queen sends for him and his master to come to court. Gulliver immediately impresses the queen
with his compliments and general manner, so she asks the farmer if he would be willing to sell
Gulliver. The farmer, believing that Gulliver will die in about a month because he has lost so
much weight from performing, quickly names a price. Gulliver is happy to live at court and be
done with performing. He asks only that Glumdalclitch stay as well to continue taking care of

Afterwards the queen carries Gulliver to the king's chamber. The king at first believes that
Gulliver is some sort of mechanical creature, but he eventually believes that Gulliver is just
helpless. Gulliver tries to explain that where he is from, everything is proportionate to him.

Gulliver and the king spend a great deal of time discussing politics. Gulliver explains how things
work where he is from. The king laughs at English politics, which puts Gulliver off at first.
Gulliver finds an enemy in the queen's dwarf, who seems to be jealous of all the attention
Gulliver is getting.

Serving in Brobdingnag proves difficult for Gulliver. He experiences a series of dangers because
of his small size-and because the dwarf relishes in making Gulliver's life difficult. The ladies at
court treat Gulliver like a toy, dressing and undressing him and undressing themselves in front of
him. Gulliver again mentions how offensive he finds the skin and smell of the Brobdingnagians.
He remembers the Lilliputians' similar reaction to his smell, which he did not understand at the
time. Gulliver nearly drowns when a toad jumps onto the boat the queen has had made for him.
He is also carried to the top of the palace by a monkey and narrowly survives. The monkey is
killed, and it is declared that monkeys will no longer be allowed in the palace.
Gulliver salvages several of the king's hairs from his shaving cream and makes himself a comb.
He then makes the seat of a chair from the queen's hair but refuses to sit on it because doing so
would be insulting to her. He also makes Glumdalclitch a small purse.

Gulliver spends the evening at a concert in Brobdingnag. For him the music is so loud that he
cannot enjoy it unless his travelling box is brought as far away as possible and all of the windows
and doors are closed.

Gulliver is offended by the manner in which the king has dismissed the English as a lowly
society. He tries to impress the king by telling him about some of the many great inventions of
England, beginning with gunpowder. Gulliver goes into great detail about the power and effect
of gunpowder and what the king could accomplish with it, saying that he could easily control
everyone in Brobdingnag with gunpowder. The king is "struck with Horror" and disgusted by
Gulliver's proposals. He tells Gulliver that if he values his life, he should never mention
gunpowder again. Gulliver cannot believe that the king would reject such an immense
opportunity. Gulliver then discusses the general ignorance of the Brobdingnag people, including
their simple laws and practices.

(At least 6-7 points from the above mentioned points)