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FİTOTERAPİ

BİTKİLER SÖZLÜĞÜ

İngilizce - L a t i n c e
Latince - İngilizce

Y r d . Doç. D r . G ü l ç i n ÇİTOĞLU

Ankara
1994
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FİTOTERAPİ

BİTKİLER SÖZLÜĞÜ

İngilizce - Latince
Latince - ingilizce

Yrd.Doç.Dr. Gülçin ÇİTOĞLU


T V>

unu r-'-^msi

• ': . Y t ü .
T:lv-'f No. .
Ankara CCT

1994
^AYARA
-EinİDİ
Ö N S Ö Z

Bugün F1toterap1'de yer alan


bitkilerin çoğcı çok eski yıllardan beri
bilinmekte ve bu bitkilere çeşitli dillerde
çeşitli isimler veriİmektedlr.

Bu konuyla 1lg1l1 olarak bugün yaygın


olarak kullanılan dil İngilizce'dir, ayrıca
Latince bitki isimlerinin bilinmesine gerek
vardır. Ancak halka yönelik yayınlarda ve
basında bu bitkilerin İngilizce isimlerinin
hangi bitki türlerini belirttiği her zaman
açık olarak ifade edilmemektedir. Bu
nedenle konuyla ilgilenenlere yardımcı
olmak amacıyla böyle bir sözlük
hazırlanması.düşünülmüştür.

Yabancı dilde yazılmış çeşitli


Farmakognozl kitaplarının kaynak olarak
kullanıldığı bu çalışmada, bu yayınlarda
yer alan bitkilerin İngilizce isimleri esas
alınarak taksonların latlnce isimleri
verilmiştir.

ingilizce isimlerden yerleşmiş olanlar


tercih edilmiş, daha az kullanılanlar
sözlüğe alınmamıştır.

Burada yer alan 1800 kadar bTtkl


türünün tümünün Türkçe karşılığı olmaması,
ya da aynı Türkçe ismin 1k1 veya daha çok
farklı bitkiye verilmesi nedeniyle Türkçe
isimlere sözlükte yer verilmemiştir.

Sözlük 1 Ki kısımdan oluşmaktadır.


Birinci kısımda İngilizce bitki isimlerinin
latlnce karşılıkları, ikinci kısımda ise
Latince bitki isimlerinin İngilizce
karşılıkları verilmiştir.

Böyle bir çalışmanın yapılmasını


öneren ve değerli fikirleriyle yön veren
Sayın Hocam Prof. Dr. Mekln TANKER'e ve
yine değerli fikirlerinden yararlanma
imkanı bulduğum Sayın Prof. Dr. Nevin
TAhKER'e sonsuz teşekkürlerimi sunarım.

Dr.Pharm. Gülçin ÇÎTOÛLU


1

Aaroh's Beard Hyperlcum perforaturs


Abbey Popu i us âlba
Abel Musk Abelrooschus rroschatua
Âbr in Abrus pr#cator1us
Abscess Polenonltfis reptans
Afc>yss1n1an Taa Catha edulls
Acacla Acacla seneğe1
Acalypha Acalypha 1nd1ca
Acocanthera Acocanthera abysslnlca
AcoMte Aconltun napellus
Acorns Ouercus robur
Q. sesslfolia
Acorus : Acorus calamus
Adam and Eve : Aplectum hyamle
Adder's Fern : Polypodium vulgare
Adrue Root : Cyperus artlculatue
African Fern : Asp1d1un athamanticurı
Afrlcan Vlolet : SalntpauUa 1onantha
Agar Agar : Gelidlum sp.
GracUlarla sp.
Eucheuma sp.
Agarlc of the Larch : Polyporus off1c1nal1s
: Amanlta muscarla
Agarlcus
: Agave americana
Agave
: Agr1mon1a eupatorla
Agrlmony
: Agropyron repens
Agrophyrun
: Allantus glandulosa
Allanto : Carum ajowan
Ajowan : Rhlnacanthus comnunls
Akar Tereba Djepang : Alkanna tlnctorla
Alcanna
Anchusa offlcinalls
Alcornoco : Bowdichia v1rg1l1o1des
Alder Buckthorn : Rhaınnus frangula
A1exandr1a Senna : Cassla angustifoHa
C.acutlfol1a
Al fal fa : Medlcago satlva
2

Algin : Macrocystls pyrlfera


Al 1Igator pear : Percea gratlsslma
Allsplce : Plmenta off1c1nalis
Alsrond-Vstolf's Milk Herb : Euphorbia amygdaloldes
Alps Pars!ey Alehemi İla alpina
Alps-Mugwort : Artemisia glacialls
A. mutelUna, A. spicata
American Aöder"s Tongue : Erythronlum americanum
American Aloe : Agave americana
American Bearsfoot : Polymnla uvedalla
American Beth : TrUllım ereetum
American B1ttersweet : Celastrls scandens
American Black Alder : Prlnos verf1c111atus
American Black Haw Tree : V1burnum prunifollun
American Black W11low : Sal1x nigra
American Blue Vervaln : Verbena hastata
American Bugleweed : Lycopus v1rg1n1cus
American Sutternut : Juglans clnerea
American Candleberry : Myrlca cer1 fera
Frasero cardlnensls
American Colombo :
L1atr1s odoratlsslma
American Deer Tongue :
Sambucus canadensls
American Elder :
Panax qulnquefolium
Aner 1can Ginaeng . :
Chenopodlun ambrasioldes
American Goosefoot :
var. anthelmlnthlcum
American Green Hellebore: Veratrun vlrlde
American Hor sarıl nt : Monarda punetata
American Ivy : PartlTenocissus qu1r»quefol 1a
Vltis hederacea
American Larch : Lar1x larch
American Male Fern : 0ryopterl8 marglnale
American Nlgthshade : Phytolacca americana
P. decandra
American N1pplewort : Prenanthes serpentlna
American Nutmegs : Monodora myrlstlca
American Orrls : Ir1s verslcolor
American Pennyroyal : Hedeoma pulegiddes
American Pepper Schinus molle
3

American Rag^ort Seneclo aureus


American Raspberry Rubus canadensls
American Red Elm Ulmus fulva
American Red Osler Cornus sericea
American sarsapar1 ila Aral 1a nudlcaul1s
American Sea-Lavender Statlce carollna
American Spikerıard Aralla racemosa
American Spurge Euphorbia corollata
American Thuja Thuja occidental1s
American Valerian Root Cypripedlum pubescens
American W1 İd Rosemary Ledtrn 1 ati fol i un
American Wormgrass SplgeHa sp.
Anacahulte Wood Cordla boisslerl
Arsdu Assu Joannesia prlnceps
Angel1ca Angel ica arcangeUca
Anlse Pimplrtella anlsurı
Annatto B1xa orellano
Antelope Horn Cornu antelopls
Anthemls Anthemis nobllis
Apple Mal us corrmunls
Aprlcot Prunus armenlaca
Arabian Coffea Coffea arablca
Araca Ps1d1ım araca
Thuja occidental1s
Arbor V1tae
Rochella tlnctorla
Archl1
Lecanora tartarea
Areca catechu
Areca Areca catechu
Areca Mut Arnlca montana, A.fulgeus
Arnlca Chenopodlım vulvarla
Arrach Arundo donax
Arrow Reed Marantha arundlnaceae
Arrow Root Nephthytls spp.
Arrowhead V1ne Arun maculatum
Arun Ferula asafoetlda
Asafetlda F. foetlda
: Asarım auropaeun
Asarabecca : Frax1nus exelslor
Ash Tree
As1at1c Glnseng : Panax qu1nquefol1um
P. glnseng
Aap : Populus trenula
Aaparagus : Asparagus off1c1nal1s
Aaparagus Fern : Asparagus sp.
Asphocfn : Asphoctelus ramosus
Atees : Aconitun h®terophy11um
Athamantha : Athamantha oreosel 1 num
At1s : Aconitum heterophyl 1 um
Athlete's Foot : Tlrtea podls
Attar of Rose : Rosa damascena
Australlan Sassafras : Atherosperma moschatun
Autumn Crocus : Colchlctm autımnale
Avocado Pear : Percea gratlsslma
Ayapana : Eupatoriurs ayapana
Azalea : Rhododendron sp.
5

Babeeru : Nectandra rodlel


Bablahgal1 : Acacıa bambolah
Babul : Acacla «p*
Bael Frults : Aegle marmeloa
Bald Money : Gen t lana campestrls
Ballote : Leunurus lanatus
Ballote Acorns : Ouercus bal!ota
Balm : MeHssa offlclnalla
Balm M1nt : MeHssa off1c1nal1s
3aİm of Gllead : Popu1us nigra
Balmony : Chelone glabra
Balsam Cucurtser : Momordica balsamına
Balsam Pear : Momordlca charantla
Baltimore Wormseed : ChenopodluTî ambrosioldea
var. anthelm1nt1cum
Bamboo Brler : Aralla nudlcaulls
Baneberry : Acetaea rubra, A. alba
A. splcata
Ban1ster1a wood : Banisterla caapi
Bank Cress : S1symbr1tm offlclnale
Barberry : Berberi s vulgarla
Barley Groats : Hordeun vulgare
Barosma : Buchu
Barra Gokeroo : Pedal 1un murex
Barren Myrtle : Archtostaphylos uva-urs1
Barren tttort : Ep1med1un al pintin
Basil : Ocimun baslllcun
O. mlnlmtm
Basil Sweet : Ocimun ba»11 Iccm
O. minimin
Bastard Cedar : Guazuna ulmlfolia
Bastard Ipecacuanha : Ascleplas curassavlca
Bay : Pimenta acrls
Bay Laurel : Laurus nob111 s
Bayberry : Pimenta acrls
Bean : Phasaolus vulgar Is
Beans of Brazll : Neetandra puchury
Bear Berry : Archtostaphylos uva-urs1
6

Bear*s Brench Acanthus rrolUs


Sear's Ears Prlmula aurlcula
Bear'a Foot Acanthus molUs
Bear"s Garllc Al 11un ursium
Sear's Weed Er1od1ctyon callfornlcun
Beebread Borago offlcinai 1 s
Beech Nuts Fagus sllvatlca
Beech Tar Fagus sllvatlca
Beech Tree Fagus sllvatlca
3eechwood Tar Fagus sllvatlca
Beggar's Buttons Arctluıı lappa, A. mlnus
Begonla Begonia cucullata
Behen Morlnga arablca
Behenseed Moringa arablca
Bell Heath Erlca tetra!1x
Belladonna Atropa bel ladoma
Sen Morlnga arablca
Bertgal Oulnce Aegle marmelos
Bentwood Hedera hel1x
Benzoln Styrax benzoln,
S. tonklnensls,
S. paralelloneurus
Bergamot : Cltrus aurantlum
var. bergamla
Bertonl : Stevla rebaudlana
Bete! Nut : Areca catechu
Betel Pepper : P1per betle
Beth : Trillun pendulun
Betony Flowers : Stachys off1c1nalis
Betula : Betula alba
81Iberry : Vacclniun myrtlllus
V. ul1g1nosun
B1lva : Aegle marmelos
B1rch : Betula lenta
B1rd Cherry : Prunus Padus
B1rd of Paradise : Caesalphlna g1ll1es11
Blrd's Eye Maple : Acer saccharlnun
Blrtwort : Ar1stoloch1a clematls
7

Bishop's Hat : Eplmediur. âlplnum


Bishop's Vtert : Stachys officinalîs
Statort : Polygonum biatorta
Biting Pers1car1a : Polygonum amphibiun
Bitter Almond : Prunus amygdalus
var. atnara
Bitter Apples : Citrullus colocynthls
Bitter Cancfy : Iberia amara
Bitter Herb : Erythraea chilensls
Bitter Milk : Polygala amara
Bitter Orange : Citrus aurantiun
var. amara
Bitter Red W1llow : Sal1x purpurea
B1ttersweettw1gs : Solanun dulcamara
Black Alder : Ilex vertlclllata
Rhamnus frangula
Black Alder Tree : Alnus gîutlnosa
Rhamnus frangula
Black Bryony : Tamus conrnunis
Black Catecfıu : Acacla catechu, A. suna
Black Cohosh : C1m1c1fuga racemosa
Black Cumıln : Nigella satlva
Black Currant : Ribes nlgrun
Black Eye : Tamus ccmnunl s
Black Hellebore : Helleborus niger
Black Hemp-Nettle : Ballota nigra
Black Hore-Hound : Ballota nigra
Black Knapureed : Centaurea nigra
Black Locust : Rob1n1a pseudoacacla
Black Mugwort : Artem1s1a valleslaca
Black Mustard : Brassica nigra
81ack Nlghtshade : Solanım nlgrun
Black Cak : CSuercus 11 ex
81ack P1r»e : P1nus strobus
Black Poplar : Popu1us nigra
Black Raddlsh : Raphanus »atlvus
var. niger
Black Salsify : Scor2oner« hlspanica
8

Black Slmpson : Rudbeckla purpurea,


Echlnacea angustlfolla
Black Snaker : C1m1c1fuga rac«mosa
Black Spruce : P1cea nigra
Black T h o m : Prunus splnosa
Slack Walnut : -Juglans Regla
Black Willow : Sal 1x pentandra
Black «tort : Symphytun offlclnale
Blackberry : Rubus sp.
Blackha*» : V1 burnun sp.
Bl adder#raek : Fucua veslculosus
Bleed1r»g Heart : Dicentra canadensls
Corydalls canadensls
Blepharls sp. : Blepharls capensls
Blessed Thlstle : Cnicus benedlctus
811 nd Nettle : Lamlun albüm
Blister Wort : Ranunculus sceleratus
Blood Root : Sangu1nar1a canadensls
Blood Wort : Rumex obtuslfoliua
Bloody Crane's Bl11 : Ger an 1 um sangulneum
Blue Buttons : Succlsa pratenals
81 ue Flag : Ir1s verslcolor
Blue Flcwer1ng : Anaganis coerulea
Blue Lobella : Lobella syphHltlca
Blue Mallow : Malva sllvestrls
Blue Maw : Papaver somnl ferun
smr. nlgrun
Blue Pcppy i Papa ver somnl ferun
var. nlgrun
Blue Vervaln : Verbena off1c1nalİ8
Blue Vlolets : V1ola odorata
Blue Weed : E c M u n vulgare
Bluebarry : Vacc1n1un myrtlllus
V. ullglnosun
Bearberry : Arctostaphyios uva-ursi
Bltınea : Conyza balsamlfera
Boer Tea : Cyclopla ap.
Bog Myrtle : Myrlca gale
9

Bogbean : Menyanthes tr1fol1ate


Sogreed : Phramltes vulgar\s
Bol do : Peurnus boldus
Boldu boldus
Boldea fragrans
Bonduc : Caeselplna borKîuc
80neşet : Eupatorlun perfoHatum
Synpbytum offlcirsale
Borage : Borago off 1c1na1%»
Borago : Borago offlctr»aî1*
Bottle Brush : Fcjulsetun arvense
Bettie Gourd : Lagenarla vulgaris
Bovlsta : Lycoperdon bovlsta
Box Thorn : Lydum barbarım
Box Tree : Buxus sempervlrens
Boxwood Buxus sempervirens
Brachycladus : Brachycladus stuckertli
Bramble : Rubus sp.
Brazll Arrowroot : Manihot utilissima
Brazll Astrlngent : Stryphnodendron barbatima
Brazll1an Tobacco : Nicotlana rustica
Bread and Cheese : Oxalis acetosella
Brlgham Weed : Ephedra antlsyphmtica
Brlmble : Rubus sp.
Brlttle W1llow : Sal1x fragllis
Brock L1me : AnagalUs arvensls
Brook-11me : Veronlca beccabunga
Broom Corn : Andropogon sorghum
Broom Heater : Cali una vulgar1 s
Broom Tops : Cystlsus scoparlus
Broomtops : Cystlsus scoparlus
Brotherwort : Thymus serphyllun
Brown Algae : Lamlnaria sp.
Brown Cress : Nasturtlum officlnale
Brown Kelp : Larrrinarla sp.
Brownwort : Scrophularla nodosa
Bryony : Bryonla alba, B. diolca
Buchu : Barosma betulina
10

Buck Thorn : Rhamnus cathartlca


Buck's Harn : Rhus typhlna
Buckeyes : Aesculus hlppocastanum
Bugbane : C1mlcifuga racemosa
Bugle : Ajuga reptans
Bugloss : Anchusa off1c1na11s,
Echlum vulgare
Bunchberry : Lantana camara
Bur Reeü : Sparganlun ramosun
Buröoc* : Arctlun lappa, A. mlnus
Burgundy : Pinus sUvestrls
Burgundy Hay : Medicago satlva
Burnet : Geranlım sangulnetm
P1mp1ne1la sax1fraga
Burnlng Bush : Dlctamnus albus
Burr Marlgold : Blderus trlpartltus
Burra Gokeroo : Pedallım murex
Burrage : Borago off1c1na!1s
Burstwort : Hern1ar1a glabra
H. hlrsuta
Burweed : Xanthiun splnosun
X. strunarlun
Buah Tea : Cyclopla sp.
Butcher's broom : Ruscus acuelatus
Butterbur : Petasldes off1c1na!1s
Buttercup . : Ranunculus abortlvus
R. acrls
8utterweed : EMgeron canadensis
Butterwort : P1ngu1cula vulgarls
Button Snake Root : L1atr1s splcata
Buttonbur : Xanth1um sp1no»tm
X. strunarlım
11

Cabbage Roae Rosa centlfolla


Cabbage Tree Geoffroya surlnamensls
G. jamaica
Cacao Theobroma cacao
Cacao «helis Theobroma cacao
C&flr Corn Andropogon sorghum
Calnca Chlococca racemoea
Cajuput Melaleuca v1r1d1flora
M. leucadendron
var. cajepuutl
Calabar Bear» Physostlgna venenosun
Calaguala Polypodium calaguala
Calamlnt Calamlntha off1c1na!1s
Calamus Acorus calamus
Cal1andra Cal1andra houstonl
Cal1forn1an Poppy Eschscholtzla cal1forn1ca
Cal1forrn1an Feverbush Garrya fremontl
Cal urba Jatrorrhlza palmata
Camboge Garc1n1a hanburyl
Camel1ne Camel1na satlva
Çarpana Anemone pratensls
Camphor Clnnamomun camphor a
Canadlan Blood Root Sangu1nar1a canadensls
Gymnocladus canadensls
Canadlan Gymnocladus
Asarun canadense
Canadlan Hazelwort
Apocynum andrasaemifol1um
Canadlan Hemp
A. cannablnun
: Lactuca canadensls
Canadlan Lettuce
L. elongata
Canadlan P1ne : Tsuga americana
Canary Seed : Phalarls canarlensls
Candle Berry : Myrlca spp.
Cane Sugar : Saccharum offlclnarun
Beta vulgarls
Cankerwort : Taraxacum offlclnale
Canna : Canna edulls
Cape Gooseberry î Physal 1S alkekersgı
Caper Spurge : Euphorbla lathyris
12

Capweed Capsella bursa pastorls


Car«way Carum carvi
Cardamoms Elettaria cardamomun
Cardinal Flower Lobella cardlnalls
Carllne Carllna acaulls
Carnation Dianthus caryophyllus
Carob Ceratonla s1liqua
Caroba Jacaranda procera
Carobs Ceratonla s1l1qua
Carollna P1nk Root Sp1gel1a sp.
Carrageen Chondrus crlspus
G1gartına mamillosa
Carrot Daucus carota
Cascara Rhanrıus purshlana
Cascara Sagrada - Rhamnus purshlana
Cascari1la Croton eliüter1a
Cashew Anacardlun occldentale
Cas1m1nora Cas1m1nora edulls
Cassaya Manlhot ut1Hss1ma
Cassia Clnnamomum cassia
Castor R1c1nus cofrmunls
Teucrlun marım
Cat Thyme
Glechoma hederacea
Cat's Food
Myosotls palustrls
Caterpillar Herb
Pr1or1a copalfera
Catlva
Nepeta çatarla
Catmlnt
Teucrlum marun
Catmlt
Nepeta çatarla,
Catnep
Teucrlun marun
Nepeta çatarla
Catnlp Sabadllla off1c1nal1s
Cavadlİla Capslcun annuum,
Cayenne Pepper
C. fastlglatun
C. minimun
C. frutescens
DlcypelHun caryophyllatum
Cayenne Sassafras Thuja ocddentalls
Cedar Cedrus Hbanıtlca
Cedar Needles
iO>

Cedar Wood : Junlperus virginlana


Cedron : Slmaruba cedron
Celandln® Poppy : Çhelidonium majus
Celery : Apltsrs graveolens
CevadUla : Sabadlllâ o f f l d n a H s
Chamoml le : I6atricar1a chamomlİla
Anthemls r»ob111s
Champak : M1chel1a carpaca
Chaparral : Larrea divar1çata
Chaste : V1tex agnus cactus
Chaulmoogra : Hydnocarpus sp.
Cheese F1owers : Malva sllvestris
Chekan : Eugenla cheken
Chequen : Eugenla cheken
Cherokee Rose : Rosa laevlgata
Cherry : Prunus cerasus
Cherry-laurel : Prunus laurocerasus
ChervH : Anthrlscus cerefoHum
Chew1ng Gun : Sapota achras
C M an Turpentlne : P1 s t a d a tereblnthus
Ch1ckweed : Stellarla medla
Chlcle Gun : Sapota achras
Chlcory : Ch1cor1um Intybus
Chllly : Capslcun fastlglatun
C. minimun,
C. frutescens
Ch1maph1a : Ch1maph1a urbellata
Chlna Gali : Gallae slnensls
Chlna Root : Snilax chlna
Chlna Rosa : Hlblscus rosa slnensls
Chinaberry Tree : Me n a azeoarach
Chlnese Angellca : Angellca slnensls
Chlnese Evergreen : Aglaonema modestun
: Alph1n1a offlclnarun
Chlnese Glnger
: Panax qu1nquefol1un,
Chlnese Glnseng
P. glnseng
Chlnese Rhubarb : Rheum off1c1nale
R. palmatum var. tangutlcun
14

Chlnese W1ster1a : W1ster1a slnensls


Chlnese Wood : Aleur1t1s cordata
Chlretta : Swert1a chlrata
Ophella chlrata
Chlttem : Rhamnus purshlana
Chlve : Ali 1un schoenoprasun
Chlorost1gnat1s : Chlorostlgna stuckertlanum
Chop Nuts : Physostlgna venenosun
Chrlstmas Cactus : Zygocactus truncatus
Chrlstmas Holly : Ilex sp.
Chrlstmas Rose : Helleborus nlger
Clnnamon Ceylon : Clnnamomun ceylanlcun
C1nque-fo1l : Dapne gnldlun
Clary : Salvia sclarea
Cleavers : Gali 1 um apar1ne
C11mb1ng Nlgthshade : Solanum dulcamara
CHvers : Gal11um apar1ne
Clove P1nk : Dlanthus caryophyllus
Clown Swort : AnthylUs vulnerarla
Cl0wn's Mustard : Iberls amara
Clownswort : Stachys annua
Cocculus : Cocculus leaeba
Coc1ilana : Guarea tr1ch1l1o1des
Cocklebur : Xanth1um spinosurı
Coffee : Coffea arablca
Cohoba : P1ptaden1a peregrlna
Cola : Cola acumlnata
Cole : Brasslca carpestrls
B. napus var. olelfera
B. rapa
Colewort : Brassica campestrls
var. olelfera
B. napus var. annua
: Cltrullus colocynthls
Colocynth Apples
: Jatrorrhlza palmata
Colombo
: Tussllago farfara
Coltsfoot
: Erigeron canadensls
Colt's T a n Leptnion canadense
15

Columblne Aqui "iegina vulgarls


Colza Brasslca campestrls
B. napus
B, rapa
Combrete Conbretum ralmbaultl1
Comfrey Symphyttm offlclnale
S. asperıın
S. tuberosun
Conroon Al der Alnus rubra» A. serrulata
Common Alkaret Arıchusa off1c1nal1s
Common Blrd's Eye Myosotls palustrls
Common Elm Ulmus campestrls
Common Flax L1num us1tat1ss1mum
Comron Fumltory Funarla off1c1nal1s
Conrmon Hawkweed H1erac1un pllosella
Common Heath Cali una vulgarls
Corrmon Ladles' Mantle Alchemllla vulgarls
Contnon Lungwort Pulmonarla off1c1na!1s
Cartmon M1lkweed Ascleplas cornutum
Common M1lkwort Polygala vulgarls
Corrmon Millet Panlcum mlllaceun
Common Neti es Urtlca dlolca, U. urens
Common Oak Ouercus robur
Comnon PelUtory Phyrethrum parthenlum
Common Speed Wel1 Veronlca off1c1nal1s
Common Turpentlne P1nus marltlma
Common Tway Blade Listera ovata
Club Moss Lycopodiun clavatum
Common Vervaln Verbena hastata
Corrmon Vlper's Echlun vulgare
Cormıon «food Oxa"ı 1 s acetosel 1 a
Corrmonwheat Tr1t1cutı aestlvum
Comocladla Comocladla dentata
SUphlum perfollatun
Compass Plant
Rucfoechla purpurea
Cone flower
Echlnacea angustlfolla
Holarrhena antldysenterlca
Conessl
Dorstenla contrajerva
Contrajerva
16

Coo1wort : Hareli a cord1fol1a


Goopl : Bani steriapsis sp.
Coptls : Coptls arıemonafolla
C. teeta, C. trifolla
Coral Root : Corallorhlza odotorhlza
Coral Shrub : Erythrina corallodendron
Coriander : Corlandrum satlvım
Cork Wood : Dubosia myoporoldes
Corn : Zea mays
Corn Brand : UstUago zea
Corn Cockle : Agrostemma glthago
Corn Ergot : Ustilago zea
Corn Horse-taH : Equ1setim arvense
CorneHan Cherry : Cornus macula
Cornflower : Centaurea cyanus
Cornsmut : UstUago zea
Cors1can-moss : Alsldium helmlnthochorton
Costmary : Tanacetım balsami ta
Costus : Aplotx1s lappa
Cotton : Gossyplım sp.
Cotton Thlstle : Orvopordon acanthium
Cotton Weed : Gnaphallun d1olcum
Couch Grass : Agropyron repens
Country Borage : Coleus ambolnlcus
Cow Cress : Veronlca beccabunga
Cow Itch : Mucuna prurlens
Cow Parsnlp : Heracletm sphondyl1ım
Cowbane : Cicuta maculata
Cowberry : Vacc1n1ım v1t1s 1daea
Cowhage : Mucuna prurlens
Cows L1p : Prlmula off1c1na!1s
Cowth-wort : Leunurus cardlaca
Coyote-melon : Cucurblta foet1d1ss1ma
Crab's Eyes : Abrus precatorlus
Cranberry : Vacc1n1ım oxycoccus
V. v1t1s 1daea
V. macrocarpon
Oxycoccus quadr1petalus
17

Crarte's bili Geran1 um robertlanum


Craw"!v Ftoot Corallorhlza odotorhlza
Cress of Para Sphllanthes oleracea
Crlsped M1nt Mentha crlspa
Cross-leaf Gentlan Gentiana cruclata
Crumple-Hly L111un t1gr1urr.e L. martagon
Cubeb Piper cubeba
Cuckoo Cardamlne pratensls
Cuckoo Splce Oxal1s acetosella
Cucuîtoer Cucu.mls satlva
Cud Weed Gnaphalium dlolcum
Cul1 aban Clnnamomum cul11awan
Culvers Leptandra v1rg1n1ca
Cup Moss Cladonla pyx1data
Curacao Cltrus aurantlum var. amara
Curare Chondrodendron tomentosum
Stryhcnos tox1fera
Curled M1nt : Mentha crlspa
Curled Dock : Rumex crispus
Cutch : A c a d a catechu, A. suma
Cypress : Cupressus sempervirens
Cypress Vfelf's M1lk : Euphorbla cyperlsslas
Cyprlan Turpentlne : P1 s t a d a tereblnthus
20

Dyer's Rocket : Reseda luteola


Dyer's Vlfeed : Reseda luteola
Dyer's Woad : Isatldls sp.
21

Eagle »tood : Oaphne mezereun


Earth Nuts : Arachls hypogaea
Earth Smoke : Furnarla officlnalls
East Indlan Kidney Tea : Orthosiphon staminens
East-indian Anacardla : S®necarpus anacardlum
Eastern Mulberry : Morus indlca
Ebony Tree : Dlopyros embrlopterls
ET der : Sambucus canadensls
S. nlgra
El ecarnparte : Inula haleni um
Elemi : Canarlum comnune
Elm Bark : U'ımus campestrls
Enchanter's Herb : Verbena offlcinalis
Enchanter's Plant : Verbena off1c1nalIs
English Adder's Tongue : Ophloglossum vulgatum
Engl1sh Chamoml11e : Anthemls noblüs
English Crosswort : Gali 1 um cruclatun
English Horsemlnt : Mentha sllvestrls
English Ivy : Hedera hel1x
English L1verwort : Peltigera canlna
Ergot of Rye : Clavlceps purpurea
Erlgeron : Erlgeron canadensls
Erlngea : Erynglun campestre
E. plancın
Eryngo : Erynglun campestre
E. planım
Esp : Populus tremula
Eternal Flower : HeHchrysum arenarlun
Eucalyptus : Eucalyptus globulus
Euchresta : Euchresta horsf1eld11
European Beech : Fagus sllvatlca
European B1ttersweet : Solanum dulcamara
European Ground P1ne : Ajuga chamaepltys
European Mlstletoe : Vlscum albüm
European Vervaln : Verbena officlnalls
Evenlng Prlmrose : Oenothera blennis
Evergreen M1lkwort : Polygala chamaebuxus
22

Ever]ast1ng Flower : Hellchrysun arenarium


Gnaphalium polycephalum
Ewe Tree : Taxus baccata
Ex1le Oleander : Thevetla ner11fo!1a
Eyebrlght : Euphrasla off1c1na!1s
23

Fabiana : Fablana imbrlcata


Fahsm : Agrecum fr&grans
False B1ttersweet : Celastrus scandens
Faİse Black Pepper : Embella M b e s
False Calabar : Mucuna urens
False Chlna : Pemigla sp.
False Jacob's Ladder : Polamonium reptans
False Morels : Gyromitra esculenta
False Myrrh : Balsamodendron sp.
False Sarsaparüla : Hemldesmus Indicus
False Unlcorn : Gentlana campestrls
Helonlas diolca
Farfara : Tussilago farfara
Fat Mustard : Slnapis alba
S. juncea
Brassica nigra
Felwort : Gentlana campestris
Fenlgreek : Trigonella
foenum-graecum
Fenne! : Foeniçulum vulgare
Fenugreek : Trigonella
foenum -graecun
Fever Tree : Alstonla constrlcta
Feverwort : Eupatorium perfoliatum
Fever Few : Chrysanthemun partheni
Fewer-few Herb : Pyrethrum parthenium
F1eld Buttercup : Ranunculus acer
F1eld Gentlan : Gentlana campestris
Field Ladies' Mantle : Alchemllla arvensls
F1eld Marlgold : Calendula arvensls
F1eld Poppy : Papaver rhoeas
Field Scablous : Knautla arvensls
Flesta : Capslcun annuum
F1gs : Ficus carlca
F1g«K>rt : Ranunculus flcarla
Scrophularia nodosa
Fiji Sandalwood : Santa İtsn yas1
F1re Lily : Lili um bulbiferum
24

F1rethorn : Pyracantha sp.


Flahberry : Anamlrta cocculus
Flveleaf Grass : P o t e n t m a reptans
Flaroe Vlolet : Eplsda sp.
Flax : L1num us1tat1ss1mun
Flea : Plantago physi111un
Fleabane Scabioua : Erlgeron canadensls
Leptlllon canadense
Fleabane : Erlgeron canadensls
Leptlllon canadense
Fİ 1x Weed : Sisymbrlum sophla
Fiörence : Foenlçulum vulgare
Florentlne Îr1s : Ir1s florentlna
Flower1ng Dogwood : Cornus flor1da
Fluellen : Veronlca off1c1nal1s
Fly Agarlc : Amanlta muscarla
A. pantherlna
A. cothurnata
Fool's Pars!ey : Conlum maculatun
Aethusa cynaplum
Forget me not : Myosotls palustrls
Forakolln : Coleus forskohlU
C. barbatus
Four O'Clock : M1rab1l1s jalapa
Foxglove : 0lg1tal1s purpurea
Fragrant Solomonseal : Polygonatum odoratun
Franklncense : 8oswell1a sp.
French Bean : Phaseolus vulgarls
Frltniary : Fr1t1llarla thunberg11
Frogspoon : Allama plantago
Fuellin : Linarla elatlne
Funltory Herb : Funarla offldnalls
Fustlc Wood : Morus tlnctorla
25

Gadfly Tabanus blvlttanus


Galanga Alpinla officinarum
Galanga Greater Alp1n1a galanga
Galanga Large Alplnia galanga
Galanga Majör Alpinla galanga
Galanga Minör Alpinla offIcinarun
Galanga Small Alpinla officinarum
Galbanum Ferula sp«
GaHpot Pinus sllvestris
Gali Guercus infectorla
Gambier Uncarla gambir
Gemblr-catechu üncarla gamtolr
Gamboge Garc1n1a hanburyi
Garden Balsam Tanacetun balsamı ta
Garden Cypress Santo!1na chamaecyparlssus
Garden Hellotrope Valerlana offidnalls
Garden Lettuce Lactuca satlva
Garden Sage Salvla offidnalls
Garden Savory Satureja hortensls
Garden Thyme Tymus vulgarls
Garllc Ali 1un satlvun
Garllc Herb Teucrlun scordlum
Garllc Mustard Al Harla offlcinalls
Garllc Sage Teucrlun scorodonla
German Chamomllla Matr1car1a chamomllla
German Flag Ir1s germanica
German PelUtory Anacyclus officinarum
German Tlnder Polyporus fomentorlus
Germander Teucrlum chamaedrys
GlngelH Sesamun Indicun, S. rad1at un
Glnger Zlngiber off1cinaie
Glnger Grass Andropogon schoenanthus
G1ng111 Sesamun indlcun, S. radlatun
Glnkgo Glnkgo blloba
Glnseng Panax glnseng
P. qu1nquefol1um
Glabrous Chestnuts : Aesculus glabra
Gled1tsch1a : Gled1tsch1a ferox
26

Gl1dewort S1der1t1s hlrsuta


GlobulaHa Alypum sp.
Gnaphallun Gnaphallun margarltaceun
AnaphlUs margarltacea
Goa Ipecacuanha Naregamla alata
Goa Powder Andlra araroba
Goat'a Beard FUlpendula ulmarla
Goat's Rue Galega officlnalls
Gobernadora Larrea mex1cana
Godwa11 Tlnospora cordlfoHa
Cocculus cordifollus
Gold of Pleasure Camellna satlva
Gold Thread Coptls anemonaefol1a
C. teeta
C. trlfoHata
Golden Chain Laburnun anagyroldes
L. vulgare
Golden Dev/drop Duranta repens
Golden Rod Solidago vlrga aurea
Golden Seal Hydrastls canadensls
Good K1ng Henry Chenopodlun bonus
Gooseberry R1bes grossu1 arla
Goosegrass Gallun apar1ne
Gorden Cress Lep1d1un satlvun
Gotu Kola Hydrocotyle aslatlca minör
Goutweed Aegopodlun podograrla
Goutwort Aegopodlun podograrla
Amonun melegueta
Graln of Paradise
Aframomun melegueta
Gralna of Paradise
Amonun melegueta
Grana Paradisi
Harpagophytun procumbens
Grapple Plant
Eupatorlum purpureum
Gravel
Convolvulus sepium
Great B1ndweed
Sangulsorba officlnalls
Great Burnet
Polytrlchun commune
Great Golden Ma1den Ha1r
Cerlnthe majör
Great Honeywort
Lobella syphH1t1ca
Great Lobella Acer Pseudo-platanus
Great Maple
27

Great Millet : Andropogon ©orghum


Greater Cel&ndlne : Chel1don1um rnajus
Greater Galangal : Alp1n1a galanga
Greater Knapweed : Centaurea centaurlun
Greek Valerlan : Pal<emon1un coeruleun
Greer» Dragon's : AMsaema draeontium
Green Hellebore : Helleborus v1r1d1s
Green Osler : Cornus clrdnata
Greenheart : Nectandra rodlel
Grom «tel 1 : Llthospermun off1c1nale
Ground Ivy : Glechoma hederacea
V1nca minör, V, majör
Ground Muts : Arachls hypogaea
Ground Sel : Seneclo vulgaris
Guaco : Mikanla guaco
Gua1 acun : Guajacun offldnale
Guapl : Guarea trlchl11o1des
Guarana : PaulHna cupana,P.sorb1l 1s
Guava : Psldiun guajava
P. pyrlferum
Guelder Rose : V1burnun opulus
Gulnea Gralns : Amonum melegueta
Gulnea Pepper : Capslcun fastlglatun
C. frutescens
C. m1n1mun
Gulnea Rush : Cyperus artlculatus
Gu1squal1s : Qu1squal1a Indlca
Gulancha : Tlnospora cordlfolla
Cocculu8 cord1fol1u8
Gutta Percha : Palaglun sp., Payena sp.
Gypsum : Gypsum fibroşum
28

Ha1r Cap Moss Polytr1chun junlperlntm


Halry M1nt Mentha aquat1ca
Haplopappus Haplopappus off1c1nal1s
Hardw1ck1a Hardw1ck1a plnnata
Hare*s Ear Supleurum rotundlfollum
Hare's Foot Trlfol1un arvense
Hareburr Arctlun îappa, A. mlnus
Harrlcot Beans Phaseolus vulgarls
Hart's Tonque Asplenlim scolopendrltm
Harta Root Metun athamantlcım
Hasel Corylus avellana
Hashish Cannabls satlva
hfaw Thorn Rhamnua cathartlca
Haw-thorn Crataegus oxycantha
Hazelwort Asarım auropaeum
Heart Trefoll Medicago satlva
Heart's Ease V1ola trlcolorls
Hedge Gratlola off1c1nal1s
Hedge C1ownswort Stachys sllvatlcus
Hedge «touncfcYort Stachys sllvatlcus
Helghtaper Verbascun sp.
Hellotrope Hel1otrop1ım eupaeun
Helmet Flower Scutellarla laterlflora
Hemlock Cenanthe crocata
Conlım maculatum
Hemlock needles and Tw1gs Tsuga canadensls
Tsuga americana
Hemlock spruce
Cannabls satlva
Hemp
Eupatorlum cannabltm
Hemp Agrlmony
Galeopsls sp.
Hemp-Vtettle
Hyoscyamus nlger
Henbane
Verbena off1c1nal1s
Herb of Grace
Verbena offlclnalla
Herb of the Cross
Ephedra ant1syphyl1t1ca
Herb of the Sun E. nevadensis
: Lys1mach1a nurmularla
Herb Twopence : Actaea splcata
Herb-Chl8topher : Erodlum clcutarlum
Heron's B111
29

Heteroxy1on : Echlnacea purpursa


H1 b1scus : Hyteiscus abelmoschus
H1 ma "i ayan Glnseng : Panax pseudoglnseng
subsp. hlmalaicue
H1ps : Rosa canina
H1rse : Panlcun m1l1aceum
Hockle Elderberry : Arvamyrta coccul us
Hoeni : Bunlus sativa
Hog's Bean : Hyoscyamus nlger
Hog's Fenne1 : Peucedanutı offlcinale
Hol low : Corydal1t1s cava
Hol ly : IIex aqu1fol1um
Holly Ghost : Angel 1ca offidnalls
Holly Grass : Hierochloe borealls
Holly-leaved Barberry : Berberi s aqu1follum
Hollyhock : Althaea reseda
Holy Herb : Verbena offidnalls
Holy Thlstle : Crlnus benedlctus
Honduras Bark : P1 eratımla antldesma
Honey Plant : Mellssa offidnalls
Honey Suckle : Lonlcera caprlfollum
L. perlclymenum
Honey tea : Cyclopla sp.
Hoodwort : Scutellarla laterlflora
Hop Glands : Humulus lupulus
Hops : Hunulus lt*)ulus
Hore Hound : Marrublun vulgare
Horned poppy : Glauciutj cornlcul atun
G. flavım
Horse Caraway : Siler tr1lobum
Horse Chestnut : Aesculus hyppocastanım
Horse Ch1re : Teucrlım chamaedrys
Horse raddlsh : Cochlearla armoracla
Horse Ta1l : Equ1setim hyemale
Horse-Nettle : Solanım carollnense
Hors6wcöd : EMgeron canadensls
Leptillon Cânâderise
Hot Pepper : Capslcum frutescer.s
•İÜ

Hound's Berry : Solanını nlgrurı


Hound's Tongue : Cynoglossum offlctnale
House-leek : Sempervlrım tectorum
Hucleberry : Vaccinlum myrtlllus
Humulus : Hunulue lupulus
HungaMan chamomlle : Matr1car1a chamomlİla
Hurrlcane Flower : Z1ng1ber zerumbet
Hyaclnth : Hyaclnthus orlentalls
Hydrangea : Hydrangea arborescens
H. thunbergli
Hyena Polson : Hyaenanche globosa
Hyoscyamus : Hyoscyamus nlger
Hyperlcan Flower : Hyperlcım perforatun
Hyssop : Gratlola officlnalls
Hyssopus lupulus
H. officlnalls
Hyssopus : Hyssopus lupulus
31

Iboga : Tabernanthe iboga


Iceland Moss : Cetrarla 1aland1ca
irca Wheat : Amaranthus caudstus
Incarnate Swallowwort ; Ascleplaa incarnata
Indla Root : Alpınla offldnarun
Indlan Barberry : Berberi s cristata
B. 1 yel un
B. aslatlca
indian Berry : Anamyrta cocculus
Indlan Cane Flower1ng Red Root : Canna 1nd1ca
Indlan Datura : Datura alba
D. 1nnox1a
D. fastlcosa
Indlan F1g : Opuntla ficus 1nd1ca
Indlan Geran1un : Andropogon
schoenanthus
Indlan Gourd : Cucurblta mosehata
Indlan Graas : Andropogon nardus
Indlan Hemp : Cannabls satlva
var. indlca
Indlan Ipecac : Asclepias asthmatica
Indlan L1cor1ce : Abrus precatorlus
Indlan Mandrake : Podophyllum peltatum
Indlan Mellssa : Andropogon dtratus
Indlan Mulberry : Morlnda c1tr1fol1a
Indlan Oleander : Nerlun odoratun
Indlan Pennywort : Centella aslatlca
Hydrocotyle aslatlca
indi an Perslrrmon : Dlospyros embryopterls
Indlan Physlc : Splraea trifollata
Indlan Poke : Veratrum vlrlde
Indlan Sage : Eupatorlum perfollatum
Indlan Senna : Cassla acutlfolla
C. angustlfolla
Indlan Tobacco : Lobella Inflata
Indlan Verbena : Andropogon eltratus
Indlgo T1nctor1a : Indlgo fero tlnctorla
Inkberry : Phytolacca americana
32

P. decandra
Inky Cap Mushroom : Coprlnus atramentarlus
Inula : Inula heleMum
Ipecacuarrha : Uragoga Ipecacuanha
Ipes : Lapacho Colorado
L. morado
iris Moss : Chondrus crlspus
Ir1s : iris verslcolor
Irlsh Broom : Cystlsus scoparlus
Iron Wood : S1der1t1s hlrsuta
Ironwort : S1der1t1s hlrsuta
Islnglass : Gel1d1um sp.
G r a d 1larla sp.
Euchema sp.
Isop : Hyssopus officlnalls
Ispaghul : Plantago deciftıbens
P. Ispaghula
Itallan Arum : Arım 1tal1cun
Itallan Dog's Grass : Cynodon dactylon
Iva : AchUlea moshata
Ivy : Hedera h«l1x
33

Jaborandl : Pllocarpus sp.


Jack in the Pulpit : Arlsaema triphyllum
Jacob's Ladder : Polemonlun coeruleun
Jade Plant : Crassula argenta
Jalap : Exogoniun purga
Ipomoea purga
Jamaica Dog*ood : Plscldia erytrina
Jamalca Nutmegs : Monodora myrlstlca
Jamalca Pepper : Pimenta off1cinal1s
Jamalca Sorre1 : Hlbiscus sabdorlffa
Jambool : Syzyglun jambolana
Jambul : Syzyglum jambolana
•Jamestown Weed : Datura stramoniun
Jamun : Eug1n1a jambolana
Japan Gali : Gallae slnensls
Japanese Blstort : Polygonun auspldatum
Japaneae Gourd : Cucurblta moschata
Japanese Hazelvvort : Asarum sleboldl
Japaneae Valerlan : Valerlana angustlfolia
Japanese Vegetable : Rhus succedanea,
R. venlclfera
Jasmi ne : Jasnvlnun offlclnale
Java Galangal : Alph1n1a galanga
Java Plum : Syzyglun jambolana
Jequ1r1ty : Abrus precatorlus
Jerusalem Cherry : Solanum pseudocapslcun
Jerusalem Corn : Andropogon sorghun
Jesults Bark : Cinchona spp.
Jewel Weed : impatlens aurea
I. biflora
ü1m8on Weed : Datura stramonlun
Job's Tears : Co1x Lacryma
violnt F1r : Ephedra
antlsyphl 11t1ca
E. nevadensls
Joint P1ne : Ephedra
antlsyphl11t1ca
E. nevadensls
34

Jujube Zlzyphu» vulgar1 s


Jujubeba Solanım 1nsid1osım
üujubs Zlzyphus vulgarls
Junlper Junlperus communls
TetracHnis
quadr1va1v1s
Junlper Tar Jun1perus oxycedrus
Juno's Tears Verbena offidnalls
35

Kaladana : Pharbitls n1l


Kamala : Mal lotus
phiHppinensIs
Karaya : Sterculia sp.
Kar1yat Green Chlretta : Andrographis
paniculata
Kausso : Hagenla abyssinica
Kava kava : P1per methysticum
Kelp : Sargassum sp.
Kelp Algae : Lasninarla sp.
Nerocystisis sp.
v.-ntucky Coffea Tree : Gymnocladus dloicus
Khat : Catha edulls
Kldney bean : Phaseolus vulgar1 s
Klng's Clover : Melilotus officlnalls
M. altissimus
K1nn1kinn1c : Arctostaphylos
uva-ursı
Ki no : Pterocarpus sp.
Knotgrass : Polygonun avlculare
Knotweet : Polygonum avlculare
Knotwort : Polygonum avlculare
Kokun Butter : Gardnia indica
Kola Nut : Kola nltlda
Kondurango • Marsdenla condurango
Kreat : andrographis
P^lculata
Kumarhou : Ponabterris elliptica
36

La Etrlle : Prunus sp.


Labrador Tea : Ledun 1 at 1 fol 1um
Lacryma : Co1x lachryma
Ladanum : Clstus vlllosus
var. cretlcus
C. ladanlferus
Ladles' SHpper : Cypr1ped1um pubescens
Ladles* Srrock : Cardamlne pratensis
Lady's Bedstraw : G a H u n cruclatun
Lagoendl : Lagondlum vulgare
La^ort : Petasltes off1c1na!1s
Lakspur : Delph1n1un ajalis
Lam1narla : Lam1nar1a cloustonll
L. dlgltata
Lantana : Lantana camara
Lapacho : Lapacho colorado
L. morado
Lapathy : Runex obtus1fo11us
Lappa : Arctlum lappa, A. mlnus
Larch : Lar1x decldua
Larch Turpentlne : Lar1x decldua
Large Centaury : Centaurea centaurltm
Large Plantaln : Plantago majör
Large Wary Bread : Plantago majör
Large W1th-Weed : Convolvulus sap1 un
Larkspur : Delph1n1un consol1da
Laurus : Laurus nob1l1s
Lavander : Lavandula splca, L. vera
Lavander Cotton : SantoHac amaecyparlssus
Leather Wood : D1rca palustrls
Lemon-scented Verbena : L1pp1a dtrlodora
Lemon : Cltrus medlca
Lentn : Lens esculenta
Leonurus : Leonurus cardlaca
Arnlca montana
Leopard's Bane : Paris quadr1fol1a
Lesser Celandlne : Ranunculus ficarla
Lesser Galangal : Alph1n1a offldnarum
37

Lettuce : Lactuca vlrosa


L. satlva
Leucaciendron : Leucadendron concitmum
Llcorlce : Glycyrrhlza glabra
L1fe Ever1astIng : Gnaphalium margarltaceun
AnapbiHs margaritacea
Life Root Herfa : Senecio aureus
Lilac : Syrlrıga vulgarls
Lilac Daphne : Daphne genkwa
L1ly of the Valley : Convallarla majalls
Lima Bean : Phaseolus lunatus
L1me : T U 1a sp.
Llmette : Cltrus medlca var. acida
C. Hmetta
Linaloe : Bursera sp.
Linden : T1l1a sp.
Linden flower : T1l1a europaea
Llnseed : L1num usltatlsslmum
Lippla Herb : L1pp1a dulcis
Lltmus Moss : Roccella tlnctorla
Lecanora tartarea
Litre : Llthraea caustlca
L1verwort : Agr1mon1a eupatorla
Lobelia : Lobelia Inflata
Locust Tree : Rob1n1a pseudoacacla
Logwood : Haematoxylon caırpechlanun
Long Arlstol : Ar1stoloch1a clemat1t1s
Long Pepper : Plper longum
Chavica officinarum
Long V1ttor1al1s : Al 11 um v1ctor1al1s
Loose Berry : Anamyrta cocculus
Lopez : ToddaHa aculeata
Lovage : Lev1st1cum offlclnale
Lotus : Nelunbis sp.
Lucld Ganoderma : Ganoderma lucldun
Lungur t : Pulmonarla offidnalls
Lungwort Lichen : Lobarla pulmonarla
Strlcta pulmonarla
38

Luntas : Pluchea indlca


Lupulln : Hunulus lupulus
Lupulus : Hunulus lupulus
39

Ma-Huang : Ephedra vulgarls


Macassar : Brucea sumatrana
Schleichera trljunga
lAace : Myrlstlca fragrans
Macrotys : Clmidfuga racemosa
Mad-Oog Weed : Ali ama plantago
Madder : Rubla tlnctorım
Madla : Madia satlva
Madonna L1ly : L111um candldum
: Sentellarla laterlflora
Magen Knaut : Artem1s1a abslnthlun
Magnol1a : Magnolla glauca
Mahaleb Cherry : Prunus mahaleb
Malden Ha1r : Asplenium ruta murarla
Malze : Zea maya
Malabarnut : Adhatoda vaslca
Mal e Ferrı : Dryopterls fll1x-mas
Mallaguetta Pepper : Amonum melegueta
Mail et : Eucalyptus ocddentalls
Mallow : Malva sllvestrls
M. neglecta
Mama : Frax1nus ornus
Manchlneel Tree : H1 ppomane mandnella
Mandrake : Mandragora offldnarun
Mandrake Herb : Mandragora offlclnarum
Atropa mandragora
Mangrove Tree : Rh1zophora mangle
Maple Tree : Acer negunda
Maraca : Frandscea un1 flora
Maranta : Maranta arundlnaceae
Marclnell Apple : H1ppomane marclnella
Margosa : Azadlrachta 1nd1ca
Marguerlte flower : Bel U s perennls
Marlgold : Calendula off1c1na!1s
Marlhuana : Cannabls satlva
Marjoram : Or 1 garı um ma J orana
Marsh Lavander : Statlce limonlun
Marsh Marlgold : Caltha palustris
40

Marsh M1nt : Mentha aquat1ca


Marsh Rosemary : Statlce caroUnlana
Marsh Tea : Ledum palustre
Marsh TrefoH : Menyantes tr1follata
Marsh Woundwort : Stachys paluster
Marshmallow : Althaea officlnalls
Marvel of Peru : M1rab1l1s jalapa
Mastenvort : Peucedantm ostruthlum
Mastlc : Plstasla lentlscus
Mastlc Gum : P1stas1a lentlscus
Mastlch : P1stas1a lentlscus
Mastıx : Pistasla lentlscus
Mate : IIex paraguayensls
Matlco : P1per angustlfollum
Matr1car1a : Matrlcarla chamomllla
Mattar Pea : Lathyrus satlvus
Mayapple : Podophyllum peltatum
Meadow : F1l1pendula ulmarla
Meadow crocus : Colchlcun autermal e
Meadow crowfoot : Ranunculus nlger
Meadow L1ly : L1l1um candidun
Meadow Parsnlp : Thasplum aureun
Meadow Sweet : FUlpendula ulmarla
Splraea ulmarla
Mcccâ : Cormiphora opobalsamun
Medlar : Mespllus germanlca
Pyrus germanlca
M6C^66d : Scutellarla sp.
Melegeta Pepper : Amonun melegueta
Mel n o t : Mel 1 lotus officlnalls
M. altissimus
Melon : Cucunls mel o
Mescal Buttons : Anhalonlum Iew1n11
Mescal cactus : Lophophora w1ll1ams11
Methystlcum : P1per methystlcum
Mex1can Goosefoot : Chenopodlum
ambrosloides
Mex1can Scamrony : Ipomoeba orlzabensls
41

Mex1can Tea ; Ephedra nevadensls


E, arıtisyphı 1 itlca
Mezereon : Oaphne rtvezeretjn
Mlgnotte : Resecia odorata
M11fo11 : Achniea m111 efol 1un
M1lk Thlstle : SUybun marıanun
M1lkweed : Ascleplas curassavica
M1ngwort Warmot : Artemisia abslnthlun
Miracie Frult : Syn8epalun dulclf1cun
M1shm1 Bitter : Coptls anemonaefolia
C. Teeta, C. tr1fol1a
Mlstletoe : Vlscum al bun
Mlstletoe Tea : Phoradendron flavescens
M1tre Wort : Tlarella cardlfolla
Motherwort : Leonurus cardlaca
Mock Pennyroyal : Hedeoma pulegloldes
Monesla : Prodosla lactesceus
Chrysophylun
glycyhloeun
Moneywort : Lys1mach1a numıularla
Monkey Nut : Arachls hypogaea
Monkshood : Aconltun napellus
Monotrope Herb : Monotropa hypopltys
Monsonla Herb : Monsonla ovata
Moon-da1sy Herb : Chrysanthemun
1 eucanthemun
Moonseed : Men1spermun canadense
Morelberry : Physalls alkekengl
Mormon Plant : Ephedra ant1syphH1t1ca
E. nevadensls
Mormon Tea : Ephedra ant1syph111t1ca
E. nevadensls
Mornlng Glory : Ipomea vlolaceae
Moschua Gralns : Abelmoschus moschatus
Mosqu1to plant : Hedeoma puleglum
Mentha puleglun
Mossberry : Vacdnlun oxycoccus
Mother Cloves : Eugenla caryophyllata
42

Mother of Thyır» : Thymus serphyl1un


Motherwort : Leonurus cardlaca
Pyrethrun parthenlum
Mountaln Ash : Sorhus sp.
Pyrus aucuparla
Mountaln Balm : M e H s s a calamlntha
Mountain Box : Arctostaphylos uva-urs1
Mountaln Damson : Simaruma anara
Mountaln F1ax : Linum cathartlcun
Mountaln Savory : Satureja montana
Mountaln Grape : Berberis aqu1follum
Mahonia aqui fol 1 a
Mountaln Hydrangea : Hydrangea arboreecens
Mountaln Laurel : Kaimi a lat1fo!1a
Mountaln Rush : Ephedra antlsyphl11t1ca
E. nevadensls
Mountaln Sage : Artem1s1a frlglda
Mountain Savory : Saturea montana
Mountaln Tea : Ephedra antlsyphl11t1ca
E. nevadensıs
Mouse Ear : Myosotls palustls
Mudar : Calotropls g1gartea
C. procera
Mugwort : Artem1s1a abslnthlun
Mui ra - Ruama : Lyrlosme ovata
Mulberry : Morus nlgra, morus alba
Mulleln : Verbascun sp.
Murure : Urostlgna cystopodum
Muscal Buttons : Anhalonlum Iew1n11
Musk Mal1ow : Hyblscus abelmoschus
Musk Söcd : Abelmoschus moschatus
Myrobalane : Terminal 1a Chebula
Myrrh : Cormvi flora abysslnlca
Myrtle : Myrtus cormıunls
Myrtle Wax : Myrlca sp.
Mystery Tree : Daphne mezereum
59

Spanlsh Ash î Syrlngea vulgarls


Spanish Broom : Spartlum junceum
Spanlsh Majoram : Or 1 ganum cretlcunrs
Spartiun : Cystlsus scopaMus
Spearml nt : Mentha splcata
Splder Plan t : Antherlcum sp
Splgnel Root : M e u m athamanticun
Splgnet : Aral 1a racemosa
Splke : Lavandula 1at1fol ia
Splkenard : Aralla racemosa,
Lavandula 1at1 fol 1a
Splndle : Euonymus atropurpureus
Splrea : FHipendula ulmarla
Splrea ulmarla
Sp1r1tweed : Lachnanthes tlnctorla
Sp11 Devli : Russula emetica
Spogel : Plantago decunbens
P. ispaghula
Spoonweed : Cochlearla off1c1nal1s
Spoonwod : Kaimi a latlfoHa
Spotted Alder : Hamamells v1rg1n1ana
Spotted Cowbane : Conlum maculatum
Spotted Crane's B111 : Geranlun maculatum
Spotted Hemlock : Conlum maculatum
Spotted Parsley : Conlum maculatum
Spurge Flax : Daphne gnldlum
Spurge Laurel : Daphne laureola
Spurred Rye : Clavlceps purpurea
Spurrey : Arenaria rubra
Squash : Lagenarla vulgarls
Squaw Root : Caulophyllum
thalictroldes
Squaw V1ne : Mltchella reperıs
Squaw Weed : Seneclo aureus
Squawm1nt : Hedeoma pulegloldes
Mentha puleglum
Squ111 : urglnea n»r1t1ma
Sweet Sumach : Rhus aromatlca
60

St. Bennet's Herb : Conlum maculatun


St. Ignatlus Seans : Strycnos Ignatlus
St. James' Wort : Seneclo jacobaea
St. John's Bread : Ceratonla s1!1qua
St. John's Flower : Hyperlcum perforatum
St. Mary's Thlstle : Silybun marlanun
Star of Bertlehem : Ornlthogalum umtoel latun
Star-an1se : Ill1c1un verun
Stave Sacre : Delph1n1um staphlsagrla
St1ckwort : Agr1mon1a eupatorla
Stlngtng Nettle : Urtlca dlolca
Stlnging Nettles : Urtlca dlolca
U. urens
Stlnk : Anagyrls foetlda
Stlnkhorn : Elaphomyces cervlnus
Stlnking Gla<*#yn Root : Ir1s foetldlssima
Stlnking Goose Foot : Chenopodlım vulvaria
Stlnking Hellebore : Helleborus foetldus
Stockholm Tar : P1nus sllvestris
P. s1b1r1ca
Stone Crop : Sedum acre
Stone Oak : Ouercus 1lex
Stonefern : Asplenlun ruta murarla
Stoneroot : Collinsonla canadensls
Storax : L1qu1dambar orlentalls
Stork's B111 : Erodlun sicutoriun
Stramonlun : Datura stramonlun
Straphanthus : Strophanthus sp.
Strawberry : Fragarla vesca
Strobllanthus : Strobllanthus
flaccldlfolius
Styrax : L1qu1dambar orlentalls
Succory : C1chor1un Intybus
Sugar : Saccharum offldnarum
Beta vulgar1 s
Sugar Maple : Acer saccharlnun
Sugarblrch : Betula lenta
61

Sumbul : Euryanglun surtoul


Ferula sumbu)
Surrroer Savory : Satureja hortensis
Sundew : Drosera rotundlfoHa
D. longifolla
Sunflower : Galanthus nlvalls
Surgeon's Agarlc : Fomes fomentor1 us
Polyporus fomentorius
Swa1low Root : V1ncetox1cun offlcinale
Swa11ow wort : Chel1don1um majus
Ascleplas curassavlca
Swamp Cudweed : Gnaphalium uHglnosum
Swanp Maple : Acer rubrurrc
Swamp S1lkweed : Ascleplas incannata
Sweating Plant : Eupatorlum perfol 1atun
Swed1sh Ivy : Plectranthus australls
Sweet Almond : Prunus amygdalus
var. dulcls
Sv/eet Basil : Oclmum bas1 U c u n
O. minimum
Sweet Bay : Laurus nobllls
Sweet Cane : Acorus calamus
Sweet Chestnuts : Castanea vulgaHs
C. vesca
Sweet Clcely : Anthrlscus carefollun
Sweet Clnnamon : Acorus calamus
Sweet Clover : Mel 1 lotus sp.
Sweet Curmln : Pimpinella ani sum
Sweet Fenne1 : Foenlculum vulgare
Ciu/ıfla^&'fr Flag : Acorus calamus
S^fiîöt Gale : Myrlca gale
Locust : Gled1tsch1a ferox
Sweet Orange : Citrus slnensls
Sweet Pea : Lathyrus odoratus
Sweet Potato : Ipomoeba batanas
Sweet Root : Acorus calamus
Sweet Scabious : Erlgeron canadensis
Leptlllon canadense
62

Sweet Sunach : Rhus aromatlca


Sweet Vernal Grass : Antboxanthum odoratum
Sweet Violet : V1ola octorata
Sweet Wood : Croton eleuterls
Sweet Vtoodruff : Asperula octorata
Sweetga1e : Ledum palustre
Sycamore : Acer pseudo-platanus
63

Tag Âlder : Alnus rubra


A. serrulata
Taheebo : Lapacho colorado
L. morado
Tabebula 1r*?pegt1g1nosa
Takamahak : Iclca sp.
TamaMnd : Tamarindus 1nd1ca
Tangantangan O H Plant : Rldnus communls
R. sangulnes
Taımarac : Lar1x amerlcarsa
Tannlng Herb : Çorlarla myrtlfolia
Tansy : Tanacetum vulgare
Tapak Liman : Elephantopus scaber
Taploca : Manlhot Ut1l1ss1ma
Tapala : Tapala garganlca
Taraxacum : Taraxacım offldnale
T. laevlgatım
Tarragon : Artem1s1a dracunculus
Tarrlfy : Eryslmum offldnale
Tea : Camel 1a slnensls
Thea slnensls
Tea Tree : Lycium barbarum
Teaberry : Gaulterla procumbens
Teamaster's Tea : Ephedra ant1syph1l1t1ca
E. nevadensls
Temoe Lawak : Curcuna domestlca
Teonanacatl : Psllocybe sp.
Th1stle : C1rs1un ochrocentrıın
Thormantle : PotentUla tormentllla
Tormentnia erecta
T. off1c1nal1s
Thorowax : Bupleurum sp.
Thornapple : Datura stramonlum
Thorny Fern : Dryopterls spinulosa
Thorny Restbarrow : Ononls spinosa
Thoroughwort : Eupatorlum perfollatum
Thrlft : Armerla maritima
A. vulgarls
64

Throw-wax : Bupleurum rotundifoliun


Thuja • Thuja occidental1s
Thyme : Thymus vulgarls
H g e r Lily : Lilium tigrium
L, rreırtagon
T11 : Sesamum Indtcum
S. r ad 1 at um
Tinnevelly Senna : Cassia angustlfolla
C. acutifolla
11ta : Coptls anemonaefolla
C. teete» C. trlfolla
Toasted Acorna : Ouercus sp.
Tobacco : Nicotlana tabacım
N. rustlca
Tolu : Myroxylon tolulfera
Tonca : D1pter1x odorata
Tonka Bean : D1ptheryx sp.
Tora : Caesalphina tlnctorla
Tormentil : PotentUla tormentilla
Tormentilla : Potentilla tormentilla
Tormentilla erecta
T. offic1nal1s
Tortolse plastron : Plastrum testudlnis
Tracagantha : Astragalus sp.
TralUng arbutus : Eplgaea repens
Traveller's üoy : Clematls vltalba
C. recta
Treacle Mustard : Eryslmum officinale
Tree of Heaven : Allanthus glandulosa
Tree-of-L1fe : Thuja occidental1s
Trefoll : Trifollum pratense
Trlgonella : Trlgonella
foenum-graecum
Trimng : Trllliun pendulum
Tr1t1cum : Agropyron repens
True Blshop's : Carum ajovan
True Love Herb : Paris quadr1folia
True Thistle : Süybum marianun
85

True Unicom Metris farlnosa


Trunpet Bush Lapacho colorado
L, morado
Trunpet-fTower Tecoma sp.
Tuberose Polyanthes tuberosa
Tuberous Bitter Vetch Onobus tuberosus
Tuberous Oay-flower Corcmelllna tuberosa
Tuberous SwaTTowwort Ascleplas tuberosa
Tung Aleur1t1s coröata
Tung 011 Tree Aleurltes ford11
TupeTo Nyssa silvatlca
Turkey Corn Dlcentra canadensls
Corydalls canadensls
Turklsh Corn Zea mays
Turklsh Tobacco N1cot1ana rustlca
Turmerlc Curcuma Tonga
Turn Sole Rochella tlnctorla
Leconora tartarea
Turpentlne P1nus sp.
Turpeth Ipomoea turpethun
Tussllago Tussllago farfara
Tw1gs Tusuga canadensls
TW1tch Grass Agropyron repens
66

Ulmus : Ulmus rubra, U. fulva


Uhnbelbear ing Hawk weed : H1erac1um umbellatun
Umbellate Porefungus : Polyporus urtoellatus
Urechltes : Urechltes suberecta
Urtlca : Urtlca dlolca, U. urens
Uva-urs1 : Arctostaphylos uva-urs1
Uzara : Gomphocarpus sp.
Valerlan : Vslerlana offîcinalis
Van1l1s : Vanilla planifolla
V. fragrans
Vegetable Antimon/ : Eupatoriun perfoHatum
Vegetable Ta11ow of China : Stil 1ingla seblfera
Velvety Spurge : Eupborbia procea
Venetian Grass : Scorzonera hlspanica
Venlce Turpentlne : Larix decidua
Venüs Hair : Ad 1 anttın pedatun
A. capülus veneris
Venüs Looking' Glass : Campanula rapunculus
Venüs Sumach : Rhus cotinus
R. /enenata
Verbena : Verbena hastata
Vervain : Verbena hastata
Verbena officlnalis
Vetlvert : Andropogon squarrosus
VI ne ; Vitis vinifera
V1rgin1a Swallow ; Ascleplas cornutum
V1rg1n1a Valnuts : Carya alba
V1rg1n1an Frlnge : Chionanthus virginica
V1rg1n1an Lobelia : Lobelia syph1l1t1ca
V1rg1nian Prune : Prunus virglnlana
Vlrginian Snake : Ar1stoloch1a
serpentarla
Virginlan Sp1derwort : Tradescanthia erecta
V1rg1n1an Stonecrop : Penthorum sedoldes
Vlrginian Wild Black : Prunus vlrglniana
68

Wahoo Euonymus atropurpureus


Wake fiobin Root Arlsaema trlphyllun
Wall Pepper Sedım acre
ttfall-rue Asplenlim ruta murarla
Vtallwort Par1etor1a officlnalls
Walnut Juglans regla
Utelnut Shell s Juglans regla
Warmot Artam1s1a abslnthlum
Water Agrlmony Blderus trlparltus
Water Ash Ptelea trifol lata
Water Avens Geun nlvale
Water Blrd's Eye Myosotls palustrls
Water Bloodwort Rumex aquat1cus
Water Caltrops Trapa natans
Water Dock Rumex aquat1cus
Water Dropvvort Cenanthe crocata
Water Elder V1burnum opulus
Water Fenne1 Oenanthe phellandrlutı
Water Flag Ir1s pseudocorus
Water Hemlock Clcuta maculata
Water LentU Lemna minör
Water Nuts Trapa natans
Water Pepper Polygonııtı hydroplper
P. acre
Water Plmpernel Veronlca beccabunga
Water Plantaln Alisma plantago
Water Throat Geım nlvale
Water W1llow Ep1lob1un palustre
Watercra8hes Nasturtlun offlcinale
Watercres8 Nasturtiun offlcinale
Waterhemp Eupator1ıın cannablnun
Waterm1nt Mentha aquat1ca
Waterpepper Polygonum hydroplper
Waxwork Celastrus scandens
Weep1ng F1g Tree F1cus benjamina
Weld Reseda luteola
Wermuth Artem1s1a abslnthlum
West-Ind1an Anacardla Anacardlun occldentale
69

West-Indlan Caecara Plcramnıa antldesma


Wheat Triticum aestlvurı
Wh1te Seans Pnaseolus vulgarls
Wh1te Bedstraw Gal 11 un mol lugo
Wh1te Canella Canella alba
\tfh1te Clover Trlfollum repens
Wh1te Cohosh Actaea alba, A. rubra
Wh1te Dead Nettie Lamium al burs
$h1te Gentlan Laserpium 1at 1 fol 1un
Wh1 te Germander Teucrlun scordlur.
Wh1te Hellebore Veratrun albüm
Wh1te Hlckory Nuts Carya alba
Wh1te Hore Marrublurı vulgare
white L1verwort Parnassia palustrls
Wh1te Mustard S1nap1s alba
Wh1te Oak ûuercus alba
Wh1te Pepper P1per nlgrutı
Wh1te Pond L11y Nymphaea alba
Wh1te Poplar Popu!us alba
P. tremula
: Papaver somnlferun
Wh1te Poppy
var.al bun
Wh1te Sandal : Santalum albüm
Wh1te Sanders : Santa! un albun
VKhite Shamrock : Tr1fol1un repens
Wh1te Soapwort : Gypsophyla sp.
Wh1te Squ11 : Urglnea maritima
Wh1te Swallow : Cynanchl stauntonl
Wh1te V1ne : Bryonla alba
B. dlolca
Wh1te Water L1ly : Nymphaea alba
Wh1temu1berry : Morus alba
Wh1teanakeroot : Eupatorium rugosum
Whorehouse Tea : Ephedra antlsyphl11t1ca
E. nevadensls
Whort1e Berry : Vacc1n1un myrtnius
Whya Tree : Rob1n1a pseudo-acacla
W11d Basil : Calamlntha off1c1na!1s
70

W11d Carrot : Oaucus carota


W1 İd Chamoml le : Maruta cotula
M. foetida
W1ld Dog Rose : Rosa canlna
»nd F7ower : Anemone pratensls
W11d Glnger : Asarum canadense
W11d Hyssop : Verbena hastata
W11d Hydrangea : Hydrangea arborescens
W1ld Indlgo : 8apt1s1a tlnctorla
W11d Ipecacuanha : Trlosteum perfollatun
W1ld Lettuce : Lactuca vlrosa
wnd Majoram : Orlganum vulgare
W1ld Rosemary : Ledum palustre
WHd Saffron : Carthamus tlnctorlus
W1ld Sage : Lantana camara
W1ld Savory : Satureja mors t ana
W1ld Sp1kenard : Asarum auropaeun
W1ld Squ1rt1ng Cucurbc-r : Ecbal H u m el at er 1un
W11d Tamarlnd : Leucaena glauca
W1ld Tansy : P o t e n t m a anserlna
P. argenta
W1ld Tobacco : N1cot1ana tabacun
W1İd V1ne : Parthenocissus
qu1nquefol1a
Vltls hederacea
W1ld Yem : Dloscorea vlllosa
W1l1ow : Sal 1x sp.
W1nd Flower : Anemone sp.
W1nter Savory : Satureja montana
W1nter's Clnnamon : Drmys w1nter1
W1ntercress : Eryslmun barbaraea
W1 ntergreen : Gaulterla procumbens
W1ster1a ; W1ster1a florlbunda,
W. slnensls
W1tch Grass : Agropyron repens
W1tch Hazel : HamameHs v1rg1n1ana
Woen1 : Bun1 us satlva
Wo1f : Porla cocos
71

Wolfbane : Aconltum napellus


Arnlca montana
Wonder of the World : Panax qu1nquefol1um
P. glnseng
Wood Anemone : Anemone nemorosa
Wood Avens : Geum urbamın
Wood Betony Flowers : Stachys offidnalls
Wood Sage : Teucrlum scorodonla
Wood Spurge : Euphorbla amygdaloldos
Wood Tar : P1nus sllvestrls
P. s1b1r1ca
Woodb1ne : Lonlcera capr1fo11um
L. perclymenum
«oodruff : Asperula odorata
Woodward : Asperula odorata
Woodyn1ghtshade : Solanun dulcamara
Woo1 Flower : Lachnanthes tlnctorla
Worrrmoss : Als1d1um helmlnthochortan
Wormvood : Artem1s1a abslnthlım
Woundwort : Anthyl11s vulnerarla
Solldago vlrga aurea
72

Yacca : Xanthorrhoe sp.


Yage : Tetrapterys sp.
Varrow : Achlllea m11lefolium
Yellow Bedstraw : GalHum cruclatum
Yellow Bugle : Ajuga sp.
Yellow Cups : Ranunculus sp.
Yel low Dock : Rumex crlspus
R. obtuslfollus
Yellow Flag : Ir1s psetKiocorus
Yellow Jasmlne : Gel s e m un sempervirens
G. nltldun
Yellow Larkspur : Delph1n1um zaili
Yellow Loosestrlfe : Lys1mach1a vulgar1 s
Yellow Oleander : Thevetla nerilfolla
Yellow Par1İla : Menispermum canadense
Yellow Root : Hydrastls canadensls
Yellow Sedge : Ir1s pseudocorus
Yellow Toad Flax : L1nar1a vulgarls
Yellow Waterrose : Nuphor luteun
N. punllum
Yellow Wood : Morus tlnctorla
Yerba Mate : IIex paraguensls
Yerba Santa : Er1od1ctyon
cal1forn1cum
Yersey Tea : Ceanothus amerlcanus
Yew : Taxus sp.
Ylang Ylang : Cananga odorata
Yohlmbe : Coryanthe yohlmbl
Yoh1mb1 : Pauslnystalia yonlmbe
Yohimbin : Pauslnystalia yohimba
Youthwort : Drocera rotundifolla
D. long1fol1a
73

Zedoary : Curcuna zedoarla


Zizyphl : Zizyphus Jujufea