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STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING LAB-II

EXPERIMENT NO: 1
EARTHQUAKE ANALYSIS
DATE:

PROBLEM:-
ANALYSE A TWO STOREY REINFORCED CONCRETE FRAMED STRUCTURE FOR A
SIMPLE RESIDENTIAL WITH A LIVE LOAD OF 3KN/m2, THE FRAME IS OF SIZE 12m X
12m X 12m. THE BUILDING HAS TO BE DESIGNED IN ZONE-II WITH SMRF. DESIGN
THE FRAME FOR EARTHQUAKE LOAD AND VARIOUS COMBINATIONS BY USING
RELEVANT SOFTWARE.

AIM:-
TO ANALYSE THE GIVEN STRUCTURE FOR VARIOUS COMBINATIONS OF LOAD
ANALYZING FOR EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF THE STRUCTURE.

DATA:-
ACCORDING TO IS 1893(PART-I):2002
ZONE II
RESPONSE REDUCTION FACTOR R=5
IMPORTANCE FACTOR I=1
TYPE OF SOIL= HARD ROCK
ASSUME THE SLAB THICKNESS AS 150mm.
ASSUME THE DENSITY OF CONCRETE AS 25 KN/m3
ASSUME THE DENSITY OF BRICK AS 20 KN/m3

SOFTWARE PACKAGE USED


STAAD–PRO V8i

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PROCEDURE:-
1. SELECT THE SPACE SPECIFICATION AND SELECT THE UNITS (KN & M).

2. CLICK ON NEXT AND SELECT THE OPEN STRUCTURE WIZARD TO CREATE


GEOMETRY.

3. GO TO GENERAL AND ASSIGN THE RECTANGULAR PROPERTY TO THE


MEMBER.

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4. GO TO SUPPORTS AND CREATE A FIXED SUPPORT AT THE BOTTOM.

5. GO TO LOADS AND DEFINITIONS AND DEFINE EARTHQUAKE 1ST IN


DEFINITIONS.

6. THEN IN LOADS AND DEFINITIONS DEFINE TYPES OF LOADS IN LOAD CASE


DETAILS.

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7. DEFINE THE COMBINATIONS ACCORDING TO IS 456-2000


A. SUPPORT REACTIONS 1.0 DL+1.0 LL
B. MEMBER FORCES 1.5 DL+1.5 LL
C. 1.2DL+1.2LL+1.2EQX+ve
D. 1.2DL+1.2LL+1.2EQX-ve
E. 1.2DL+1.2LL+1.2EQZ+ve
F. 1.2DL+1.2LL+1.2EQZ-ve
G. 1.0DL+0.8LL+0.8EQX+ve
H. 1.0DL+0.8LL+0.8EQX-ve
I. 1.0DL+0.8LL+0.8EQZ+ve
J. 1.0DL+0.8LL+0.8EQZ-ve

8. THEN ASSIGN THE MATERIAL AS CONCRETE.

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9. ANALYSE THE STRUCTURE AND GO TO POST PROCESSING MODE TO TAKE


OUT THE MAXIMUM BENDING AND SHEAR FORCE.

BENDING MOMENT DIAGRAM

SHEAR FORCE DIAGRAM

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RESULTS OF SELECTED PORTAL FRAME:-

Axial Shear Torsion Bending


Fx Fy Fz Mx My Mz
L/C Beam Node
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm) (kNm)
7:EQX
64 53 -6.817 36.3 0.428 0.699 -0.946 -17.882
+
54 6.817 91.805 -0.428 -0.699 -0.767 -93.127
65 54 -4.821 43.257 0.304 -0.001 -0.608 4.169
55 4.821 84.848 -0.304 0.001 -0.607 -87.35
66 55 -2.047 41.433 0.437 -0.687 -0.783 -0.174
56 2.047 86.672 -0.437 0.687 -0.965 -90.303
67 57 -2.859 42.303 1.044 0.708 -2.296 -3.676
58 2.859 85.802 -1.044 -0.708 -1.881 -83.322
68 58 -2.668 45.046 0.748 -0.002 -1.495 6.817
59 2.668 83.059 -0.748 0.002 -1.496 -82.844
69 59 -2.239 42.864 1.044 -0.688 -1.881 2.964
60 2.239 85.241 -1.044 0.688 -2.295 -87.718
70 61 13.157 43.655 1.576 0.575 -3.458 4.991
62 -13.157 70.051 -1.576 -0.575 -2.848 -57.783
71 62 13.036 47.928 1.134 -0.002 -2.267 21.622
63 -13.036 65.778 -1.134 0.002 -2.27 -57.321
72 63 12.32 49.377 1.559 -0.545 -2.817 20.751
64 -12.32 64.328 -1.559 0.545 -3.419 -50.653
73 49 322.07 12.686 -3.302 0.222 4.39 40.107

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53 -310.364 -12.686 3.302 -0.222 8.816 10.636


74 50 621.236 24.076 -4.204 0.118 5.593 55.087
54 -609.531 -24.076 4.204 -0.118 11.222 41.217
75 51 604.646 23.647 -4.201 0.118 5.588 54.565
55 -592.941 -23.647 4.201 -0.118 11.216 40.022
76 52 436.356 24.191 -3.322 0.223 4.421 55.296
56 -424.651 -24.191 3.322 -0.223 8.866 41.469
77 53 217.379 4.469 -6.391 0.309 12.898 6.551
57 -205.674 -4.469 6.391 -0.309 12.666 11.324
78 54 403.382 23.844 -8.191 0.172 16.49 47.502
58 -391.677 -23.844 8.191 -0.172 16.274 47.873
79 55 395.588 24.188 -8.186 0.174 16.481 47.261
59 -383.882 -24.188 8.186 -0.174 16.263 49.49
80 56 281.216 24.828 -6.436 0.308 12.983 48.818
60 -269.511 -24.828 6.436 -0.308 12.763 50.493
81 57 105.065 -3.48 -7.018 0.264 13.482 -8.349
61 -93.36 3.48 7.018 -0.264 14.591 -5.573
82 58 187.682 16.075 -8.656 0.15 16.872 28.334
62 -175.976 -16.075 8.656 -0.15 17.751 35.964
83 59 184.835 16.657 -8.65 0.151 16.86 30.149
63 -173.129 -16.657 8.65 -0.151 17.739 36.478
84 60 125.839 21.976 -7.083 0.26 13.604 37.158
64 -114.133 -21.976 7.083 -0.26 14.729 50.746

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