Standard deviation is a measure of central tendency. Central tendency refers to the quantity that tells us as to by how much are the data entries away from the mean of the data set. Standard deviation is usually denoted by the Greek letter ‘sigma’ s or simply by "s.d.".

© All Rights Reserved

1 views

Standard deviation is a measure of central tendency. Central tendency refers to the quantity that tells us as to by how much are the data entries away from the mean of the data set. Standard deviation is usually denoted by the Greek letter ‘sigma’ s or simply by "s.d.".

© All Rights Reserved

- L-9. Risk Analysis in Capital Investment Decisions
- 213 HW2 Q sp10
- Lars Wg Manual
- Samplinf Distribution
- Statistics drills
- Site Locations Borehole Data
- Roulette Recorder
- Standard Curve to 7.5 Z
- Quiz 1
- Solved Normal Distri, Z Score
- UOP 666
- Babbie Basics 5e PPT Ch 14
- ecology lab
- normal distribution formula when score mean and standard deviation is given
- Isham _ Pritchett_1997_Democracy and Performance
- Descriptive Statistics-Summary Tables
- Student the Probable Error of a Mean
- Topic 1 Risk and Return.pdf
- 2017-02_bbi1223_notes_1488187321_chapter_6-probability_part1_new.pdf
- malnutrition in hospital

You are on page 1of 3

Standard Deviation

Standard deviation is a measure of central tendency. Central tendency refers to the quantity that tells us as

to by how much are the data entries away from the mean of the data set. Standard deviation is usually

denoted by the Greek letter ‘sigma’ s or simply by "s.d.".

It is the positive square root of the arithmetic mean of the squared deviations from the mean of the

distribution. It is considered as the most reliable measure of variability. It is the square root of

the Variance.

SD is a Bell Shaped Curve in a graph of normal distribution illustrates how much deviation or spread

occurred or can be occurred from the expected value or mean of data set. The main purpose of estimating

the sample standard deviation is to measure how widely the individual sample values are being dispersed

from the mean.

Formula:

x- is a value in the data set

μ- mean of the data set

N- number of data points in the population

Example 1

6,2,3,1

μ= 6+2+3+1=12=3

4 4

Step 2: For each data point, find the square of its distance to the mean.

6 ∣6−3∣2=32=9

2 2−3∣2=12=1

3 ∣3−3∣2=02=0

1 1−3∣2=-22=4

Add up all of the squared distances from the data points to the mean from Step 2

∑∣x−μ∣2=9+1+0+4=14

Divide the sum from Step 3 by the number of data points (N=4)

∑∣x−μ∣2=14=3.5

N 4

√∑∣x−μ∣2=14=√3.5≈1.87

N 4

The standard deviation is 1.87

Example:

86 75 76 82 91

X (X – μ) (X – μ)

86 4 16

75 -7 49

76 -6 36

82 0 0

91 9 81

X=410 (X – μ) = 182

= 182

5

σ 2 = 36.4

Standard Deviation

σ = √36.4

= 6.03

Grouped Data:

F- Frequency

M- Mid point

n- number of samples

Example

In a class of students, 9 students scored 50 to 60, 7 students scored 61 to 70, 9 students scored 71 to 85,

12 students scored 86 to 95 and 8 students scored 96 to 100 in the subject of mathematics. Estimate the

standard deviation?

Range Frequency

50-60 9

61-70 7

71-85 9

86-95 12

96-100 8

(50 + 60)/2 = 55

(61 + 70)/2 = 65.5

(71 + 85)/2 = 78

(86 + 95)/2 = 90.5

(96 + 100)/2 = 98

The mid points are 55, 65.5, 78, 90.5 & 98 for the group of students 50 to 60, 61 to 70, 71 to 85, 86 to 95

& 96 to 100 respectively

Step 2: calculate the number of samples n

n = 9 + 7 + 9 + 12 + 8

n = 45

μ = (55 x 9 + 65.5 x 7 + 78 x 9 + 90.5 x 12 + 98 x 8 )/n

= 3525.5/45

μ = 78.3444

= (287127.75 - 276203.025)/ 44

σ2 = 248.2820

Take square root of variance

σ = 15.7569

- L-9. Risk Analysis in Capital Investment DecisionsUploaded byHimanshu Tulshyan
- 213 HW2 Q sp10Uploaded bytesting440
- Lars Wg ManualUploaded byPooja Pandey
- Samplinf DistributionUploaded byshubhangi
- Statistics drillsUploaded byIDoBite
- Site Locations Borehole DataUploaded byRyan Ruce Melville
- Roulette RecorderUploaded byAlex 'Wolfie' Wolfe
- Standard Curve to 7.5 ZUploaded byGolamKibriabipu
- Quiz 1Uploaded byjbhughes
- Solved Normal Distri, Z ScoreUploaded byNiklesh Ramteke
- UOP 666Uploaded byjrlr65
- Babbie Basics 5e PPT Ch 14Uploaded byRandy Cavalera
- ecology labUploaded byMaryam Jameelah Md Hassan
- normal distribution formula when score mean and standard deviation is givenUploaded byapi-260339450
- Isham _ Pritchett_1997_Democracy and PerformanceUploaded byMuhammad Arslan Usman
- Descriptive Statistics-Summary TablesUploaded byfarwa1arif
- Student the Probable Error of a MeanUploaded byMartin Mcflin
- Topic 1 Risk and Return.pdfUploaded byShreyas
- 2017-02_bbi1223_notes_1488187321_chapter_6-probability_part1_new.pdfUploaded byAli Zizo
- malnutrition in hospitalUploaded bykemalmia
- std_devUploaded byDennis Vigil Caballero
- Case StudyUploaded bytrishajainmanyajain
- 2015-16 Topic 2 - Descriptive Statistics IB Review Questions.docxUploaded byBhavish Adwani
- standard deviation quiz.docxUploaded byEmerin Rio
- ED080614 (1)Uploaded byMonika Vats
- Descriptive Statistics.docxUploaded byM Mohan
- adsadsadaUploaded byRizky Iskandar
- 4th Quarter PtUploaded byAyra Zerimar Somar
- ANALYSIS_OF_FACTORS_AFFECTING_MANAGERIAL.pptxUploaded byBarry Spencer So
- 9248-20754-1-SMUploaded byordinaresty

- Oceanic and ContinentalUploaded byZephie
- Reproductive SystemUploaded byZephie
- Short ScriptUploaded byZephie
- Sunday SchoolUploaded byZephie
- Angle of Elevation and Angle of Depression ActivityUploaded byZephie
- Tatp Spg Ssg Consti and by LawsUploaded byAnonymous wJDafOk
- Republic Act 9003Uploaded byjozel2108
- Standard DeviationUploaded byZephie

- On the Link Between Job Insecurity and Turnover Intentions: Moderated Mediation by Work Involvement and Well-BeingUploaded byDaniela Valentina Dincă
- BS en 1992 - Vibration analysis for footbridgesUploaded bygrace
- Titman_CH_07Uploaded byYenyensmile
- Golem n PygmalionUploaded byhosann
- Journal of Obesity PDFUploaded byMuslimin Budiman
- estadisticaUploaded byISRAELQV
- 18.2001.EJP427 The time-course of electrocardiographic interbeat interval dynamics in alcoholic subjects after short-term abstinence. Authors: Karimullah K, George DT, DePetrillo PBUploaded byPaolo
- COWAT Metanorms Across AGE Education and GenderUploaded bytomor
- Determinants of Systemic Risk the Case of Egyptian BanksUploaded bySatrio Arif Witjaksono
- Evaluating Performance of Testing Laboratory using Six SigmaUploaded byInternational Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Science
- 8[1].Basic Stat InferenceUploaded byManish Mahabir
- T-DistributionUploaded byapi-19663123
- Calculation of Work IndexUploaded byEnryan Oreski Riyadi
- Lesson Plan for This Week (Dec 18)iUploaded byPasipiko Yu
- Sound Influence on Landscape ValuesUploaded byBlogue Menos Um Carro
- Classroom LearningUploaded byMadalina Scorus
- 10.1.1.165Uploaded byCat Black
- USP 41 BalancesUploaded bykishor_more47
- 15mat41 QbUploaded byVEERKUMAR
- CapabilityUploaded bydioruiz
- Griliches (1976) - Wages of Very Young MenUploaded byAnonymous WFjMFHQ
- Spring 12 QMB3250 Exam 1 Applicable Fall 09 Exam 1 SolutionsUploaded byjonaleman0923
- Statistics GuideUploaded byRajesh Patel
- davidbrooker1 Improving Granulation Techniques.pdfUploaded byVadim
- Minitab Commands by TypeUploaded byKAMAL BEHL
- Book Complete LSS-GBUploaded byshekry
- Minitab Project ReportUploaded byramonfer79
- Livelihood Vulnerability IndexUploaded byBidhubhusan Mahapatra
- D 3173 03 RDMXNZM_Uploaded bydiego
- Fresh Foods Ordering ProcessUploaded bySagarPatel

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.