You are on page 1of 2

midwifery education in australia

The Early Education of the Midwife in Australia Florence Nightingale is a pioneer of midwifery and nursing
beginning with tradition and practice in the 19th century. In 1824 midwifery is still unknown as part of medical
education in Australia, midwifery is still dominated by the medical profession. The first midwife education in
Australia began in 1862. The graduate was equipped with knowledge of theory and practice. The education of
midwifery diploma began in 1893. And since it was 1899

1. Midwifery Education in Australia

Midwifery in Australia has been growing rapidly since the last 10 years. The basis of education has changed from
the traditional hospital base program to tertiary course of studies that adapts the service needs of the community. Not
all midwifery educational institutions in Australia have implemented these changes, some still using hospital-
oriented programs. The educational curriculum is prepared by academic staff. Implementation of midwife education
in Australia is similar to the implementation of midwife education in Indonesia. There is no similar perception about
the implementation of curriculum in each institution, so that midwife graduates have different clinical competence
tengantung on educational institutions. In 1913 as much as 30% of births in the help by the midwife. Despite the
increasing number of doctors who handled labor between the years 1900-1940, there was no significant decline in
maternal mortality and the midwife was always blamed for it. In fact, upper middle-class women who are handled
by doctors in labor, actually have a greater risk of infection than poor women handled by the midwife.

2. Professional Problems

Midwives are important in health care since World War II and occupy large numbers in hospitals as health care
centers. Improved hospitals and nurse associations and improved obstetricians who put more emphasis on
technology led to a retreat in midwifery. However, the situation ended when North America assessed nurse
leadership and midwife leadership that decided that midwives were entitled to the first award and a second award
was given to nursing. The award is very important for improving the midwifery profession. Some countries combine
nursing and midwifery in a health worker, but only a small percentage apply the system and clinical training is now
getting better toward international standards.

3. Professional Development of Midwives

Professional Development The Government Midwife sees increased midwifery by providing useful care.
Shearman Report (NSWI, 1989) has found a preliminary way to manage sustainable care strategies by
better providing health services to women and families. "Effective treatment is needed at birth." CNH and
MRC, 1996 concluded that continuous care would be the goal of maternal health care.

4. Regional Issues
Australia's neighboring country, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Island has a very high mortality rate. Rosaline, a
winner of the Maria Gibran charter at ICM in Oslo at the Technological University of Sidney saw a video used to
train midwife assistants in the village by lying down after delivery of head and shoulders, and giving birth to the
placenta by pulling the cord in a controlled manner. This method is not much different from midwife education in
Australia. Midwifery students should become nurses first before attending midwifery education, because in
Australia midwifery is still a sub specialist in nursing (maternal and child health). In it is learned about education
about family planning, women's health, gynoology care, child health care and family and youth health. The
existence of this regulation further narrows the role and workspace of the midwife. The literature available to
midwifery students is lacking. The existing curriculum is only suitable for beginner or intermediate students, so that
sometimes trained students are given the same portion as beginners or vice versa. A few years after Australia held
midwifery training, educators opened universities with their own way of producing qualified personnel. At the same
time the government supports midwives by expanding their roles. The extent of experience can reduce the risk of
death in labor. One more thing to note is that the mother's village's birth lies in clean banana or bed linen. In the
western country there are regulations in which women give birth should not be accompanied by their families, but
there are some countries that consider this rule as ineffective and say that maternity mothers need to be accompanied
by husband or family members.
5. The Application of Research in Practice
The end of the midwife problem in the region is the application of research into practice, for example on videos used
in Papua New Guinea containing advice to midwives to abandon their traditions and look at the facts. The presence
of midwives in the country is still questionable because of the influence of medicalization. Midwifery nurses should
not be able to help in labor. Midwifery education in Australia is at the University level, the students are from nursing
degree graduates and 2 year midwives. In 2000, at the University Of Technology Of Sidney, S2 was formed.