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Introduction

There is a presence of some type of rotating mass which is not balanced due to an offset of mass
in nearly all mechanical devices that can cause a lot of disturbance and excessive vibrations.

A balancing machine is a measuring tool used for balancing rotating machine parts. It has been
designed to enable experiments on primary and secondary balancing to be carried out in the
laboratory. With the discs supplied, various combinations of out-of- balance and balancing
masses can be set up.

Aim
To verify if the radii given in this experiment and the theoretical values of the balancing
moments and masses obtained from calculations will in practice give the desired effects that are
causing minimum movement hence obtaining a balanced system.
Equipment Used
1) Available masses

Table 1: Available masses in lab

Masses/kg Quantity
0.5 5
0.2 6
0.1 8
0.05 3
0.02 3

2) Balancing Machine in lab


Experimental Calculation
The calculations for each of the five experiments were made before testing on the balancing
machine.

Experiment 1

From Newton’s Second Law of motion:

𝐹 = 𝑚𝑎

But:

𝑎 = 𝜔2 𝑟

∴ 𝐹 = 𝑚𝜔2 𝑟

Where,

F = Force acting towards center of disk

m = Mass

a = Acceleration

ω = Angular velocity and

r = Radius of rotation

For equilibrium of machine:

|𝐹𝑘𝑛𝑜𝑤𝑛 | = |𝐹𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔 |

∴ 𝑚𝑘𝑛𝑜𝑤𝑛 𝜔2 𝑟𝑘𝑛𝑜𝑤𝑛 = 𝑚𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝜔2 𝑟𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔

Since masses rotate at the same angular velocity, ω cancels out and the equation reduces to:
𝑚𝑘𝑛𝑜𝑤𝑛 𝑟𝑘𝑛𝑜𝑤𝑛
𝑚𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔 =
𝑟𝑏𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔

For equilibrium, direction of force due to balancing mass should oppose that of the known mass.
Thus, the balancing mass should be placed exactly opposite the known mass (180° after it).
For this experiment, the known mass was placed as shown in Table X and Figure X.

Table X: Values for experiment 1

Known mass (kg) 0.35

Plane A

Radius (cm) 7.5

Position (°) 150

Figure X: Mass placed for experiment 1


Using the equation derived, the balancing mass required for each radius was determined.

Table X: Balancing mass for each radius

Radius/cm Mass/kg Position, θ°

7.5 0.35 330

10.0 0.27 330

12.5 0.21 330

References
 Khurmi, R. et al. (2005) Theory of Machines. 14th Ed. New Delhi: S. Chand & Co. Ltd.
Appendix