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18005 Roll No.


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No. of Pages
18005 : 02 18005

Total No. of Questions : 09


B.Tech.(CE) (2011 Onwards) (Sem.–6)
18005 18005 18005 FOUNDATION
18005 18005 ENGINEERING
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Subject Code : BTCE-603


Paper ID : [A2290]
18005 Time : 3 Hrs.
18005 18005 18005 18005 18005 Max. Marks
18005 18005 : 60 18005

INSTRUCTION TO CANDIDATES :
1. SECTION-A is COMPULSORY consisting of TEN questions carrying T WO marks
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each. 18005 18005 18005 18005 18005 18005 18005

2. SECTION-B contains FIVE questions carrying FIVE marks each and students
has to attempt any FOUR questions.
3. SECTION-C contains T HREE questions carrying T EN marks each and students
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has to attempt any T18005 18005
WO questions. 18005 18005 18005 18005

4. Use of IS Code 1893 : 2002 is allowed.

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SECTION-A
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1.
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Write briefly :
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.r c 18005 18005

m
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p e
a) Calculate depth of soil exploration for a 15 storey heavy steel building.

o
.r c
b) Differentiate between disturbed and undisturbed soil samples.18005
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p a 18005

c) Write advantages of Coulomb’s theory.


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18005 18005 d) How


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b r
water correction
18005 factor is applied
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p e
capacity?
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e) What are Newmark’s charts?


a
rp
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f) List causes of settlement of structures.

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g) What are Isobars?
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h) Mention necessity of pile foundations.


b 18005 18005 18005 18005

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i) Discuss
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significance of undreamed
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pile.
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j) What is pneumatic caisson?

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18005 1|M
18005 C o d e 718005
1084 18005 18005 18005 18005 ( S 2 18005
)-1890 18005

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SECTION-B
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2. Define significant depth of soil exploration? Give values for depth of soil exploration and
number of bore holes for Multi storey buildings, closely spaced footings and Highway in
filling and cutting.
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3 A retaining wall, 7.5 m high, retains a cohesionless backfill. The top 3 m of the fill has a
unit weight of 18 kN/m3 and angle of shearing resistance of 30° and the rest has unit
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of 24 kN/m3 18005
weight 18005 and angle of 18005
shearing resistance
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of 20°. 18005
Determine the18005
pressure 18005
distribution on the wall. Find also the point of application of the lateral earth pressure.
4. A load of 1200 kN acts as a point load at the surface of a soil mass. Estimate the stresses
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at a point
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7 m below18005
and 4 m away from the point
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of action of load by Boussinesq’s
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formula. Compare the value with the result from Westergaard’s theory.
5. Write note on floating foundations.
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6. Differentiate between Drilled pier and cassion.

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SECTION-C
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.r c
7. What are various methods of soil exploration? Explain any indirect method with figure
and limitations. 10

m
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8.

p e
(a) Give factors affecting depth of foundation.

o
3

.r c
(b) A foundation, 2.0 m square is installed 1.2 m below the surface of uniform sandy
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gravel 18005

a
having a density
3

p
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of 19 kN/m above the18005 18005
water table and 18005
a submerged
of 10 kN/m below the water table. The strength parameters with respect to effective
density 18005

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:

b r 18005 18005 18005

p e
stress are c’=0 and  =30°. Find the gross ultimate bearing capacity for the following
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a
i) Water table is well below the base of the foundation

rp
ii) Water table rises to the level of the base of the foundation and
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iii) The water table rises to ground level. For (= 30°, Terzaghi gives Nq= 22 and

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9.
Nr= 20)
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(a) A concrete 18005
pile, 400 18005
mm in diameter,
3
b
9 m long,18005 18005
is driven through
7
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a 6 m thick
silty sand ( = 20° and = 17 kN/m ) overlying a dense layer of sand (= 35° and
layer of 18005

3
= 19.5 kN/m ). If the water table is at-the ground surface. Estimate the safe load
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(F.O.S=
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3). Take K=
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1.0 and  =18005
0.75 18005 18005 18005
 18005

(b) What are better piles and where are these used? 3

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18005 2|M
18005 C o d e 718005
1084 18005 18005 18005 18005 ( S 2 18005
)-1890 18005

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