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Technical Manual

The difference is…

www.richardlees.co.uk

…innovation, commitment, support.

2 www.richardlees.co.uk

For a service with a difference, choose A commitment to excellence drives services have introduced the Resotec
Richard Lees Decking, the UK specialist every aspect of our work, from the vibration damping system.
steel decking company with a 65 year innovation that has seen us introduce This is a service that’s as complete as
experience of innovation in structural a number of ‘firsts’, to producing it is reassuring; with all the support you
flooring products. In fact, ours is a top quality products. Perhaps that’s need from initial advice to complete
service which has delivered results why Superib has become the generic installation.
worldwide, providing floor deck profiles term for steel decking in the UK and
into major projects in over 30 countries, consistently outsells any other profile The difference is…
including some of the world’s most in the UK range. On-going development Richard Lees Decking
prestigious buildings. partnerships to create new products and

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richardlees. it will act as all. • Composite construction reduces steelwork frame weight. • Lower dead load reduces frame and foundation loading. of the tensile bottom reinforcement for the concrete slabs. suspended using standard fixings. Quick to install. • Needs no (or minimal) propping. and an ideal complement to steel framed structures make steel decking suitable for both high and low rise buildings. Advantages of steel decking: Steel decking acts as permanent or ‘lost’ shuttering for suspended in situ concrete floors or roof slabs in new or refurbished buildings. • Stiffens steelwork supporting frame.co. • Minimal site storage requirements. can be designed. Steel decking is also used to speed up and simplify the construction of brickwork. • Up to 4 hours’ fire resistance with exposed soffit • Provides a safe working platform. hence the term ‘composite’. 4 www. • Ceilings and services can be easily • Cover for following trades. On most projects. simple. The use of steel decking is especially suitable for fast construction methods.uk . • Easily cut and fitted to awkward shapes. blockwork and concrete framed buildings. or part.

Contents Steel Decking Product Range page 6 Section properties and notes to tables page 7 Resotec page 18 Shaping the London Skyline page 20 Architectural Impact Across the UK page 25 Guidance Notes for Design and Fixing page 28 Deckspan Design Software page 36 5 .

R • Trapezoidal profile.richardlees. • Available with closed ends and a pre-finished Colorcoat® • Simple to detail and install.0m cover width.co. Superib and Deckspan are trademarks of Richard Lees Decking Ltd 6 www. Ribdeck 80 Ribdeck E60 • Trapezoidal profile. • Longer unpropped spans. • Use Ribdeck 80 to reduce the number of • Designed to minimise concrete volume. Steel Decking Product Range the original: Superib less concrete Ribdeck E60 longer spans Ribdeck S60 longer spans Ribdeck 80 Superib Ribdeck S60 •  e-entrant profile. • Fast to install – 1.uk . • Available in the UK since 1972. • Use Ribdeck E60 to reduce the overall cost of a floor slab. • Higher grade of steel. • Use Superib for its great versatility and strength. • Trapezoidal profile. • Excellent load carrying capacity on the finished slab. steel members in a frame. • Longer unpropped spans. Ribdeck. minimise future maintenance. • The UK’s most widely specified steel decking profile. soffit giving an attractive appearance with durability to • Virtually continuous plain soffit finish. Registered Trademarks: Holorib.

5 0. and dead loads. consult Deckspan software. the concrete slab is continuous over more than one span. etc. To take account of deflection of the decking profile it is recommended that the volume of concrete will equate to: Overall slab depth – 36mm for voids + span/250.103 1.570 90. Decking is manufactured from material meeting the specification: BS EN for safety reasons to the maximum allowable for whichever is the lesser of 10346-S350GD+Z275. excluding only the self-weight of the slab.7 37. the construction or composite performance for a 0.3 16.124 1. 10.3 0. An additional allowance may also be required to allow for deflections within the supporting structure (refer to Building Design Engineer). when reading from the table.74 1.375 167. An additional allowance may also be required to allow for deflections within the supporting structure (refer to Building Design Engineer).7 16.091 1.2 12.9.273 89.145 1. as applicable.121 1.3 0.9mm gauge profile. as noted in the ‘Loading combinations’. For conditions outside the scope of the tables.533 186. The spans shown in the Superib & Ribdeck E60 fire design tables are limited 8. Design Engineers.0 1. 7 . Superib & Ribdeck E60 range.1 16. 3. consideration should be given 12.140 80. Ribdeck 80 Section Dimensions Ribdeck 80 Section Properties (per metre width) Gauge Self Weight Area Inertia YNA Standard soffit fixings mm kg/m2 kN/m2 mm2 cm4 mm 0. including all isolated spans. support configuration.7 Concrete volume figures in the span/load tables that follow are based on constant slab thickness.171 67. Spans shown assume clear span +150mm to the centreline of supports.101 1. 18. However.2 14. shown. Mesh should satisfy the minimum elongation requirement given in lightweight concrete 19 kN/m³.8 0. Ribdeck S60 Section Dimensions Ribdeck S60 Section Properties (per metre width) Gauge Self Weight Area Inertia YNA Standard soffit fixings mm kg/m2 kN/m2 mm2 cm4 mm 0.301 75.3 0. Construction stage design includes an allowance of 1..0 10.759 62. Alternatively the use of fibre reinforcement may be deemed acceptable after 17. Ribdeck E60 Section Dimensions Ribdeck E60 Section Properties (per metre width) Gauge Self Weight Area Inertia YNA Standard soffit fixings mm kg/m2 kN/m2 mm2 cm4 mm 0.3 0.3 0.8.indicates that the area of mesh is less than the minimum for crack control to finishes. Section properties and notes to tables Superib Section Dimensions Superib Section Properties (per metre width) Gauge Self Weight Area Inertia YNA Standard soffit fixings mm kg/m2 kN/m2 mm2 cm4 mm 0.2 17.1 1.1(2) of BS EN 1994-1-1.118 77. for the noted fire resistance – one bar per trough. conditions i. Composite slabs are designed as simply supported irrespective of the deck be checked using Deckspan software.5 40. An additional allowance may also be required to allow for deflections within the supporting structure (refer to Building Design Engineer). Tables are based on concrete class C30/37 for Normal weight or LC30/33 for reference to the relevant design tables and consultation with the Structural Lightweight. Tables are only based on the thinnest gauge of decking available in the loading. 5.5kN/m2 for construction 15. An ultimate load factor of 1.9 9.2 1. . 6.9 11.7 1. plus 1kN/m³ for unhardened concrete.7 1.3 0.72 British Standard Concrete volume figures in the span/load tables that follow are based on constant slab thickness. A minimum crack control and distribution mesh is 16. The 9.093 1. Improved performance with thicker gauges may 7. To take account of deflection of the decking profile it is recommended that the volume of concrete will equate to: Overall slab depth -8mm for voids + span/250. recommended in BS EN 1994-1-1 cl.7 40.4 28. Based upon concrete densities at wet stage: normal weight concrete 24 kN/m³. To take account of deflection of the decking profile it is recommended that Eurocode the volume of concrete will equate to: Overall slab depth – 33mm for voids + span/250.e. In pages 8-17 The performance of each product is given in terms of span/load and fire design tables.1 0.8.8 37. The dead weight of the slab has been included in the development of the spans 11.9 9. It has guaranteed minimum yield strength of 350 N/mm².579 55.121 1.9 13. The figures in brackets shown thus (**) indicates the rebar diameter required required in accordance with clause 9. Maximum deflection in the direction of span of the decking is limited to 14. This includes end bay for the actual design criteria.0 12.9 28.6 0.0 Concrete volume figures in the span/load tables that follow are based on constant slab thickness.13 1.1(2) 4.538 108. Span/load and fire design tables 1.8 40. An additional allowance may also be required to allow for deflections within the supporting structure (refer to Building Design Engineer).109 1.14 1.5 0.2 12.0 1.3 0. Designs are fully in accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1. span/130 after taking account of ponding.2 28.4 37. 13. To take account of deflection of the decking profile it is recommended that the volume of concrete will equate to: Overall slab depth – 44mm for voids + span/250. BS4449: 2005. Loads shown are unfactored working loads and should include all imposed live 2.0 14.848 224.2 Concrete volume figures in the span/load tables that follow are based on constant slab thickness.73 1.0 10. Tables are applicable for any construction where the mesh may act in tension Deckspan software should be used to determine the minimum mesh required over a supporting beam or wall (negative bending). partitions.17 2.0 is assumed throughout.

89 130 A193* . 2.78 3.29 3.63*** 2.97 175 0. .26 2.242 A393* 2.79 2.91 3. .40*** 2.90 3.5 150 A252* .37 2.122 A193* 2. .49 2.96 2. .65 2.0 7. .47 3.122 A193* 3.0 7. . .27 3. .88 2.71 4.78 200 A393* .60 200 0.78 3. .40*** 2.122 A393** 3. .63*** 250 A393* .5 10.16 3.11 2.78 2.14 3.1 (2) .27 2.96 2.19 2.70 3.39 2. .81 3.17 3. .0 1.61 3.45 3. however in accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.96 2. .0 7.22 2.112 A252** 3.56 100 0.20 3.20 2.78 2.78 2.78 2. .Unpropped 120 0.13 3.96 2.11 3.27 3.89 3.78 2.09 130 0.63*** 250 A393* .11 3.2% Mesh * Support Condition Depth Volume Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) 0.00 2.09 3.56 2.11 3.11 2.167 2xA252** 3. . .40*** 2.19 2. .86 3. 3.84 200 0.0 7.27 3. .40 2.63 2. .0 FINISHES 0.4% for propped construction.79 4. .5 10.142 A252* 2.0 5. . .19 2.20 British Standard 100 0.78 2. 2.93 3.97 2.46 2.0 0.40 150 A252* . .63*** 2. .19 2. .84 2.4% Mesh ** (mm) (m /m ) 5. .16 3. .55 2.11 3.73 3. . .0 100 A142* 3.61 200 0.0 100 0.78 2.11 2.10 2.97 3. .8.5 PARTITIONS 1.01 3. .14 Fire design table .46 3.0 175 A252* .142 2xA252** 3.96 2.0 7.5 10.40 2.2% Mesh * A142 A193 A252 (A393***) 5.58 2.10 2. and 0. .58 4.167 A252* 2.19 2.80 2.63*** 2.40 3.5 1.73 2.11 3.46 2.112 A142* 3.79 2.46 3. .25 2.86 Single .51 4.12 3.63 3. .49 2.242 A393* 2. 2.27 3.0 Gauge 1.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage the original: Superib 8 .27 3.19 2.20 2.57 3. 3.09 150 0.242 2xA393** 4.2 Gauge 0.12 3.78 5.46 2.96 175 A252* .09 3.40*** 125 A193* . 2.09 4.31 3.5 1. .62 3.0 150 A252* .0 5.27 3. 2.19 3.16 2. .65 2. .04 2.20 2. .71 175 0.40*** 2.39 175 0.80 Single . .19 3.63*** 2.45 3. 3. 2.5 CEILING & SERV.94 3.55 3.78 3.19 2. .88 2.78 2.192 A393* 2.21 2.112 A142* 2.10 2.88 2.55 2.192 A393* 2. Superib Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete Span/load table .92 3.35 2.167 A252* 2.1% of the gross cross-sectional area of the concrete at the support.25 2.40 2. .16 130 0. 0. .092 A193** 3.28 130 0. .11 3.63*** 2.78 200 A393* .96 2.63*** 250 A393* .56 3. 3.37 2. .84 2.73 2.19 2.04 2.9 Gauge 1.11 3.5 10.73 2.63 2. .0 7. . . . CATEGORY C C E IMPOSED 3.20 3.07 2.65 2.58 2.63 2.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.11 3. 2.65 3.192 2xA393** 4.78 200 A393* .19 2.97 2.35 2.56 130 A193* .07 3.78 3.58 2.0 5.65 2.5 10.04 2.96 175 A252* .29 3.Propped 120 0.45 250 0.31 2. .65 3.07 2.BS 5950 Method Span (m) for given imposed Load (kN/m ) Fire period (Hrs) Slab Depth (mm) 0.Unpropped 120 0.86 1.2% for un-propped construction.68 3. .96 3.65 2.40*** 2.80 2.64 2. 2. 2.04 3.5 1.47 150 0.20 2. . 2. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.19 2.73 250 0. .97 2. .19 3.08 3.142 A252* 2.94 2. . .79 3.29 4.92 4.5 10. .5 10.69 2.81 2.45 3.81 2.60 2.44 3.69 2.59 4.78 2.96 3.0 1.60 2. .48 3.0 7.04 2.36 3.40*** Normal weight concrete 110 A142* 3.12 3.45 3.0 5.00 3. 2. .78 2.89 3.97 2.56 3. .11 4.60 2.49 2.20 150 0.62 3.0 4.56 2.96 2.37 2.092 A142* 2.96 2.01 3.73 2.79 3.092 A142* 3. .47 4.73 3.78 2.94 3.65 3.0 7. .96 2.65 120 A142* 3.11 2.83 3.54 4.47 3.47 120 A142* 3.78 2.25 2. .63*** 2.82 3.12 3.80 250 0.37 130 A193* .01 1.04 4.54 3. .79 2.65 3.89 3.77 3.20 3.0 TOTAL 5.79 2. .07 2.27 3.05 4. .35 2.44 3.19 3.27 3. . 2. .40*** 2.71 3.96 2.28 4.37 3.40*** * BS 5950: Part 4 currently recommends that crack control reinforcement should be not less than 0.61 3. .02 Multiple .BS 5950 Method Slab Concrete 0.

.21 2.45 3. .63*** 2.1 (2) .72 250 0. .49 3.5 PARTITIONS 1.03 3.32 3.63*** 2. . .15 2.87*** 250 A393* .07 Single .25 2.88 3. .45 3.02 3.0 7.43 2.47 British Standard 100 0. .87*** 2.35 4.51 150 0.18 175 A252* . .03 3.47 3.5 10.03 3.95 3. .04 3. 3.5 10.BS 5950 Method Span (m) for given imposed Load (kN/m ) Fire period (Hrs) Slab Depth (mm) 0.76 3.04 3.1% of the gross cross-sectional area of the concrete at the support.0 4. .67 3.63 3.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage 9 . .74 100 0.85 3.74 4.36 3. 3.76 4.56 3.0 150 A252* .91 3.81 2.36 2.98 2.2% Mesh * Support Condition Depth Volume Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) 0.18 3. .84 2.20 4.35 3.5 1.31 150 0.51 3.0 100 A142* 3.5 10. .18 175 0.18 3.54 2. .192 2xA393** 4. . and 0.78 2.32 3.63*** 2.32 3. . .15 3.0 150 A252* .49 3.5 10. .53 3.65 3.17 4.01 2.4% for propped construction.03 3.18 3.03 200 A393* .07 4.32 3.0 7.122 A193* 3.95 3.0 7.04 3.63 2.81 2.03 3.93 5. 2.98 2.03 3.0 TOTAL 5.86 2.142 A252* 3.0 5.55 2.36 3.47 3.03 1.72 3.80 3.99 4.95 1. .Propped 120 0.47 3. Superib Span/load and fire design tables Lightweight concrete Span/load table .0 7.87 2. .85 2.31 3.Unpropped 120 0.12 3.81 2.32 2.03 3.192 A393* 2.87*** 2.67 2.87*** 250 A393* .35 2.36 2.59 3.03 3. 3. .18 3.0 7.72 3.85 3.90 2.36 3. .63 130 A193* .79 3.54 2.32 2.49 3.48 2.92 250 0.54 3.79 2.167 2xA252** 4.74 2.5 10.67 3.142 2xA252** 3.19 2.35 2.00 3.112 A252** 3.5 10.91 130 A193* .79 2.48 3.36 3.23 2.35 130 0.0 1. 2.67 3. 3. 3.112 A142* 2.90 3.56 3. .00 2.17 2. .44 2.04 3. . .142 A252* 2.63*** 105 A142* 3.86 2.63*** 2. . .90 2.86 2.47 3.0 7.48 2.BS 5950 Method Slab Concrete 0. 3.63 2. . . .32 3.58 4.25 2.87*** 2.32 3.06 2.8. .68 3. .the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0. .5 10.38 3.35 2.57 3.18 3.34 3.88 3.29 3.192 A393* 2.91 3. .01 4.22 4.167 A252* 3.43 2.16 130 0.66 3.75 175 0. . 2.19 3.18 3.25 2. 2.29 2.5 CEILING & SERV.91 3.40 4.242 2xA393** 4.83 3. .18 3. .0 FINISHES 0. .5 150 A252* .44 2.21 4.92 2. .34 3.10 3.32 2.87 3.81 2.67 2.63 4.122 A393** 3.0 5.84 2.51 3. 3.18 3.32 3. 2. .0 5.31 3.51 2.4% Mesh ** (mm) (m /m ) 5.39 4.81 4.18 3.32 3.87*** 2.27 150 0.092 A142* 3.03 3.48 175 0. CATEGORY C C E IMPOSED 3.2% for un-propped construction.95 2. . .242 A393* 2.78 2. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.092 A142* 3. .32 2.35 2.66 3. .51 3.02 3.0 0.06 2.99 3.32 2.63*** 2.03 200 A393* .092 A193** 3.17 2.90 2.55 2.85 2.88 3. . .63 3.2 Gauge 0.34 4.87 2.Unpropped 120 0. 2.63*** 115 A142* 2.18 2.21 130 A193* .88 3.43 2.0 7.88 4.38 3. .63 2.09 3.25 2.5 1.04 3.38 3.78 2.87*** 2.19 3.74 3. .49 3.53 3.167 A252* 2.91 Single .47 3.2% Mesh * A142 A193 A252 (A393***) 5.79 3.49 3.08 Multiple . .36 2.09 2.0 1. .74 2.35 2.19 3. .0 7.31 Fire design table .49 Lightweight concrete 120 A142* 3. 3.18 3.78 3. .21 2.19 3.35 2. 3.9 Gauge 1.15 3.98 2.06 4. .44 2.0 Gauge 1. .00 3.55 2.35 2.48 2.67 3.67 2.242 A393* 2.47 3.68 3.81 3.87*** 250 A393* .36 2.03 200 A393* .112 A142* 3.72 4.63*** 2.81 2.89 4. .67 120 A142* 3. .35 130 0.32 3. .35 2.54 2.63*** * BS 5950: Part 4 currently recommends that crack control reinforcement should be not less than 0.03 3.02 3.04 200 0.82 3. .35 2.24 3.11 3.93 175 A252* .06 2. . .92 2. however in accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.38 3.86 2. . 0. .06 3.0 100 0. .95 2.5 1.93 250 0.67 2.0 5.87*** 2.17 120 A142* 2.71 200 0.96 4.67 2.122 A193* 2.35 2.31 3.06 2. . .03 3.18 175 A252* .88 200 0.

85 3. .5 10.55 160 0.14 2.0 5.11 3.67 3.11 3.48 3.85 130 0.54 2.58*** 2.67 3.61 2.60 5. and 0.11 3.03 4.95 1.62 3.0 175 A252* . 2.81 150 A193* .124 A252* 2.86 2.01 3. . .01 3.16 3.22 4.85 3.75 2.85 2. 2. .03 3.23 130 0.14 2.164 2xA393** 4.01 3.114 A393** 3. 3.124 A252* 3.38 2.38 3.139 2xA252** 4. 3.39 175 0.2 Gauge 0.1 (2) .62 3.08 1.19 3.0 1.50 3.84*** 250 A393* .40 2.01 200 A393* .0 130 0.19 2.35 3.83 4.25 160 0. .33 3.17 3.01 3. .56 2.01 3.48 3.78 2. 3.11 3.92 3.01 3.03 3.72 2.094 A393** 3. .19 3.49 3. 3. .85 3.19 2.73 175 0.90 250 0. 3.71 3.58 2.85 4.65 3.72 2.58*** 2.73 4.27 3. however in accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9. .66 2.35 3.0 TOTAL 5.48 Fire design table . .11 3. .44 2. . .85 2.27 2.76 3.5 1.84*** 2.4% Mesh ** (mm) (m /m ) 5.094 A142* 2.58 2.07 3.214 A393* 2. .01 200 A393* .92 4.0 7.87 3.58*** 2.104 A193* 2.46 4. . . 3.24 2.81 3. 3.14 5. . .164 A393* 2. .5 10.19 5.91 6.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.19 2.28 3. .01 3.65 3.06 4.36 150 0. .76 3. .51 3.08 2.19 2.05 250 0.49 British Standard 250 0.27 3. .BS 5950 Method Slab Concrete 0.07 3.0 4. . .19 3. . .58 3.5 10.96 3.58 2. .5 175 A252* . 3.92 2.95 2.19 3.84*** 2.40 3.95 3.104 A193* 3. . 3.42 3. .0 7.58*** * BS 5950: Part 4 currently recommends that crack control reinforcement should be not less than 0.45 5.27 3.35 3.95 3. .88 2.18 3.0 7.23 3.164 A393* 2. .139 A252* 3. .94 3.27 3.0 FINISHES 0.81 3. 3.67 4.0 5.20 4.27 3.Unpropped 140 0.19 2.01 3.17 Single . .33 3.1% of the gross cross-sectional area of the concrete at the support.27 3.46 3.95 3.35 3.56 2.81 150 A193* .19 2. .36 150 0.35 3.65 200 0.54 2.0 5. . .74 4.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage less concrete Ribdeck E60 10 .5 10. .139 A252* 2.0 7.01 3.0 160 A252* .43 2.71 3. 2.72 3.4% for propped construction.05 3.78 2.Propped 140 0.54 3.11 3. .19 3.27 2. .46 3.14 2. .08 175 A252* .01 3. . .86 3. .84 3.75 3.96 3.58*** 2.214 A393* 2. .79 3.0 130 A142* 3.84*** Normal weight concrete 250 A393* .0 7.97 4.5 CEILING & SERV.19 3.5 10.0 1.27 2.27 2.27 2.35 3.58*** 150 A193* . 2.49 3.0 Gauge 1.23 3.104 A393** 3.0 7.67 140 A193* .69 3.37 2.08 2.01 2.14 3. . .58*** 2. 2. .20 3.40 3.27 2. Ribdeck E60 Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete Span/load table .11 3.53 3.67 3. .84*** 250 A393* . 3.5 10. .2% for un-propped construction.01 3.62 3.10 150 0. .094 A142* 3.43 2.75 2.58*** 140 A193* .84*** 2.61 2.79 4.19 3. .9 Gauge 1.84 2.5 PARTITIONS 1.00 3. . .114 A193* 2.66 3. .56 2. .19 3.14 2.84 3.2% Mesh * A142 A193 A252 (A393***) 5.19 2.95 160 A252* .67 3.58 200 0.124 2xA252** 3.43 2.35 3. 0.80 3.92 2.95 2.14 2.31 3. .18 3. . . 2.13 2.70 3. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.BS 5950 Method Span (m) for given imposed Load (kN/m ) Fire period (Hrs) Slab Depth (mm) 0. . .66 2. CATEGORY C C E IMPOSED 3.01 3.94 Single .84*** 2.17 Multiple .58*** 2.214 2xA393** 4.0 7.2% Mesh * Support Condition Depth Volume Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) 0.18 3.18 4. .95 160 A252* . .27 175 0.57 3.0 7.43 2. . .84 2. .18 200 0. .8.68 3.11 3.62 3.23 2.114 A193* 3.01 200 A393* .84*** 2.00 3.95 3.54 2.0 5.81 3.09 3.27 3.81 3.00 3.33 160 0.5 10.65 3.19 3.53 3.19 2.72 3.19 3.27 2.08 3.5 1.94 3.05 3.46 3.5 1.Unpropped 140 0.84*** 2.0 0.86 2. . .61 2. .

17 140 0.67 3.41 3. however in accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.80 3. 3. .5 10.40 3.23 3.24 3.78 3.31 2.14 2.40 3. .36 150 0.53 5.93 2.56 3.60 3.36 150 0.48 3.23 3.9 Gauge 1.56 3. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.57 3.67 140 A193* .08*** 3.23 3.89 2.0 7. .19 3.0 7.17 4. and 0.49 3.97 Multiple .96 2. .09 3.96 2.82*** 2.48 3.14 2.70 2.16 3. 0.70 2.74 2.164 A393* 2.104 A393** 3.53 3.164 A393* 3.114 A193* 2.23 3.5 10. .56 3.0 TOTAL 5.01 4. .114 A193* 3.39 200 0.65 4.0 120 A142* 3. 3. 2.20 2.74 4.82 2.05 3.82 3.17 2.82*** * BS 5950: Part 4 currently recommends that crack control reinforcement should be not less than 0.69 3.20 3.04 120 0.42 2.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0. .55 175 0.95 2.0 4.90 3.92 200 0.52 3.90 3.93 2.0 150 A193* .67 3.81 150 A193* .0 0.53 130 A142* 3.26 3.70 3. Ribdeck E60 Span/load and fire design tables Lightweight concrete Span/load table .42 4. .85 3.17 3.4% for propped construction. . . .Unpropped 130 0.8.08*** 250 A393* .95 3.96 2. .104 A193* 3.02 2.83 2. .81 3.52 4.084 A142* 3. 3.139 A252* 2.14 2.93 3.60 2.05 3.08 3.60 2.90 3.67 3. CATEGORY C C E IMPOSED 3. .82*** 2.40 2.23 3.64 Fire design table . .17 4.82*** 2.97 Single .0 7. .31 2.40 3.43 3.67 3.23 200 A393* .50 3. 2. .2% Mesh * Support Condition Depth Volume Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) 0. .95 3.76 3.55 3.82*** 2.83 3.81 3.40 3.38 2.99 3.084 A142* 3.23 3.40 2.82 Single .56 3.69 3.0 175 A252* . 3.78 3.14 2.0 7.54 3.01 250 0.48 3.42 2.5 10.214 A393* 2.46 3. .23 3.08*** 3.89 2. .139 A252* 3.56 3.90 4.59 3.39 3.0 5. .5 175 A252* .094 A142* 2.27 4.5 PARTITIONS 1.0 5. .0 Gauge 1. .0 1. .56 2.08 3. . .114 A393** 3. .75 British Standard 250 0. 3.08*** 3.53 3.0 120 0. . .BS 5950 Method Span (m) for given imposed Load (kN/m ) Fire period (Hrs) Slab Depth (mm) 0.08*** 3.5 1.95 2.23 3.96 2. .56 3.08*** Lightweight concrete 250 A393* .164 2xA393** 4.95 175 A252* .68 3.48 3.48 3.40 2. .48 3.40 3.70 3.10 4.52 2.81 3.75 3.40 2.60 3. .17 140 0.77 4. .33 3.214 A393* 2.83 2.31 2.084 A252** 3.95 3. .5 10. . .59 3.139 2xA252** 4.67 200 0.82*** 140 A193* . .26 3.81 3. .5 10. .5 10. 2.54 175 0.104 A193* 2.40 3.08*** 3.67 3.83 3.48 3.84 4.Unpropped 130 0. 3.52 2.93 2.60 3.0 FINISHES 0.31 2.094 A393** 3.75 3. 3. 3.25 250 0.0 5.81 150 A193* .59 2.39 3. .25 3. .56 2.82*** 2. . .5 CEILING & SERV.08*** 250 A393* .81 3.31 2.66 3.5 1.17 2.61 3.094 A142* 3.01 3.81 1. .31 2.89 3.05 3. 3.48 3.1 (2) . . . .30 2.99 4.56 3.44 2.43 3.95 3.81 3.31 175 0.42 2.05 3.71 3.14 2.71 4.82 2.2 Gauge 0. .85 3. 3.76 3.79 2.48 120 0.14 2.86 3.59 2.31 2.5 1.23 3.53 3.17 3.16 3.60 2.40 2.31 3.10 3.35 2.40 3.19 3.60 3.40 2.26 5. 3.07 2.0 7.0 7.82*** 2.04 3.4% Mesh ** (mm) (m /m ) 5.54 3. . .03 6.0 7.14 2.25 3.16 4.74 2.53 3.59 2.82*** 130 A193* .0 5.5 10.60 2.17 3.50 5.96 2.54 3.08*** 3. 3. .95 2. . .92 3.31 2. 3.Propped 130 0.97 4.71 5.40 2.23 200 A393* .23 200 A393* .74 3.2% for un-propped construction.69 3.92 3.99 140 0.0 1.03 4.48 3.2% Mesh * A142 A193 A252 (A393***) 5.33 2. . .15 150 0.04 3.43 3.67 140 A193* .0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage 11 .0 7. .69 3.1% of the gross cross-sectional area of the concrete at the support.60 2. .BS 5950 Method Slab Concrete 0.16 3.61 3.08 3.214 2xA393** 4.40 3. .98 2. .95 1.

15 (10) 3.08 (12) 3.56 (10) 3.32 (12) 3.14 (8) 3.55 (16) 3.19 (16) 3.49 (12) 180 0.05 (12) 3.98 (10) 3.35 (20) 200 0.0 7. 0.137 A252 2.04 (10) 3.14 (8) 3.107 A193 3.94 (20) 3.31 (10) 140 0.0 0.16 (10) 3.2% for un-propped construction.18 (20) 4.84 (10) 2.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.43 (10) 3.48 (8) 3.0 5.62 (10) 3.98 (8) 3.21 (16) 3.40 (10) 3.84 (8) 3.97 (16) 3.62 (8) 3.21 (16) 3.62 (20) 3.98 (12) 3.0 7.53 (25) Eurocode 170 0.0 130 0.01 (16) 3.74 (8) 2.127 A252 3.5 10.82 (16) 4.32 (12) 3.74 (8) 2.167 A393 2.127 A252 3.83 (12) 3.09 (10) 3.81 (16) 140 0.21 (10) 4. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.42 (25) 4.94 (8) 2.25 (8) 3.93 (12) 2.86 (16) 200 0.94 (8) 2.07 (16) 4.73 (10) 3.08 (10) 4.06 (20) 3.0 7.5 170 0.63 (16) 3.75 (12) 4.71 (16) 3.107 A193 3.9 Gauge 1.03 (16) 3.66 (8) 3.77 (8) 140 0.43 (10) 3.167 A393 2.15 (8) 3.01 (20) 3.42 (12) 3.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage longer spans Ribdeck S60 12 .77 (8) 3.15 (25) 4.26 (16) 3.89 (16) 2.24 (20) 3.09 (8) 3.28 (12) 3.31 (12) 3.5 PARTITIONS 1.14 (16) 3.88 (8) 3.25 (10) 3.97 (12) 190 0.5 10.57 (12) 3.30 (12) 3.37 (25) 3.9 Gauge 1.22 (8) 3.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.31 (10) 3.07 (16) 4.39 (10) 3.14 (8) 3.56 (10) 3.95 (25) 2.72 (12) 3.59 (16) 4.95 (8) 2.40 (12) 3.25 (16) 3.12 (20) 3.20 (20) 3.14 (8) 3.05 (20) 4.28 (12) 3.13 (20) 3.46 (16) 4. In order to maximise the FIRE LIMIT STATE spans.38 (20) 3.02 (25) 4.5 CEILING & SERV.48 (8) 3.20 (10) 3.25 (8) 3.35 (12) 3.08 (12) 3.34 (12) 4.33 (8) 3.20 (16) 4.13 (20) 3.147 A252 2.41 (20) 3.29 (16) 3.86 (16) 3.76 (10) 3.167 A393 2.74 (10) 3.21 (12) 4.0 5.83 (16) 3.29 (20) UNPROPPED DOUBLE SPAN (m) .0 Gauge 1.35 (20) 3.57 (10) 3.18 (20) 160 0.66 (8) 2.62 (20) 3.97 (16) 180 0.42 (16) 3.25 (16) 150 0.0 Gauge 1.98 (10) 3.147 A252 3.36 (8) 3.66 (8) 2.14 (8) 3.05 (8) 3.29 (20) 3.0 7.24 (20) 3.95 (10) 2.147 A252 3.98 (10) 3.25 (8) 3.95 (10) 3.5 1.77 (10) 3.147 A252 3.24 (20) 150 0.39 (10) 3.24 (16) 3.94 (8) 3.94 (16) 2.48 (12) 3.49 (12) 3.28 (10) 3.36 (10) 3.127 A252 3.31 (10) 3.86 (16) 3.98 (12) 180 0.14 (8) 3.63 (16) 160 0.40 (12) 3.14 (12) 3.66 (8) 3.01 (16) 3.48 (16) 4.0 FINISHES 0.25 (10) 3.43 (8) 3.95 (25) 190 0.05 (8) 3.74 (8) 2.29 (16) 3.22 (20) 3.82 (25) 200 0.02 (12) 3.39 (16) 3.0 TOTAL 5.18 (20) 3.14 (16) 3.32 (12) 3.48 (10) 3.08 (10) 3.33 (20) 3.05 (10) 3.40 (10) 3. CATEGORY C C E EC = Eurocode IMPOSED 3.25 (16) 3.0 7.36 (8) 3.34 (16) 3.02 (8) 3.107 A193 3.0 1.84 (8) 2.08 (12) 3.0 170 0.36 (10) 3.44 (20) 3.48 (10) 3.83 (10) 3.84 (8) 2.48 (16) 180 0.92 (16) 3.14 (8) 3.33 (16) 4.20 (12) 3.01 (10) 3.22 (12) 3.43 (12) 3.64 (12) 160 0.22 (12) 3.72 (20) 4.48 (10) 3.55 (25) 4.56 (12) 1.04 (10) 3.157 A393 2.04 (8) 3.10 (32) 160 0.01 (10) 3.84 (8) 2.74 (8) 2.36 (16) 200 0.20 (20) 3.1 (2) .47 (12) 3.0 1.66 (8) 3.95 (8) 2.26 (12) 3.16 (8) 3.147 A252 2.20 (8) 3.89 (16) 2.16 (8) 3.97 (20) 3.14 (12) 3.30 (16) 3.08 (8) 3.137 A252 2.18 (20) 3.94 (8) 2.94 (16) 2.33 (16) 4.72 (12) 150 0.127 A252 3.5 170 0.14 (10) 3.74 (8) 2.36 (8) 3.157 A393 2.42 (16) 190 0.43 (12) 3.29 (8) 3.36 (16) 3.5 1.32 (16) 3.0 7.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.09 (8) 4.77 (8) 3.08 (16) 3.05 (8) 3.0 5.84 (8) 2.157 A393 2.097 A142 3.147 A252 2.5 10.157 A393 2.82 (12) 3.127 A252 3.14 (12) 3.05 (8) 3. Ribdeck S60 Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete UNPROPPED SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .95 (12) 3.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.30 (8) 3.89 (10) 2.26 (10) 3.20 (10) 3.58 (20) 3.54 (20) 3.107 A193 3.71 (16) 150 0.30 (16) 150 0.0 5.36 (10) 200 0.117 A193 3.94 (8) 2.97 (16) 3.00 (16) 140 0.30 (12) 3.46 (25) 2.77 (8) 3.117 A193 3.89 (10) 3.88 (8) 3.50 (8) 3.EC Standard Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.61 (12) 3.57 (12) 3.74 (8) 2.08 (10) 3.26 (8) 3.39 (16) 3.46 (16) 3.75 (16) 3.72 (12) 3.35 (10) 4.76 (10) 3.89 (12) 3.157 A393 2.15 (10) 3.31 (8) 3.09 (8) 3.EC Standard Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.74 (20) * In accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.00 (20) 3.32 (16) 3.07 (16) 3.5 10.15 (12) 3.13 (16) 3.39 (12) 3.20 (16) 160 0.37 (8) 3.84 (10) 3.26 (10) 3.66 (8) 2.167 A393 2.117 A193 3.14 (16) 3.0 130 0.0 7.36 (10) 3.117 A193 3.14 (10) 3.02 (25) 170 0.97 (16) 190 0.88 (20) 3.05 (8) 3.22 (10) 3.08 (8) 3.47 (16) 3.167 A393 2.117 A193 3.097 A142 3.88 (10) 3.41 (20) 190 0.01 (12) 3.13 (12) 3.55 (16) 1.33 (10) 3.12 (20) 3.95 (10) 2.20 (16) 4.64 (12) 3.99 (8) 3.66 (8) 2.90 (8) 2.137 A252 3.08 (16) 3.97 (16) 3.29 (25) 3.137 A252 3.13 (16) 3.09 (10) 3.76 (12) 3.30 (10) 3.36 (12) 3.137 A252 2.88 (8) 3.0 180 0.89 (10) 2.0 180 0.64 (10) 3.05 (20) 1.48 (16) 3.04 (8) 3.07 (20) 3.60 (25) 160 0.05 (8) 3.0 4.64 (10) 3.157 A393 2.14 (12) 3.26 (10) 3.75 (12) 3.43 (12) 190 0.04 (8) 3.97 (20) 3.43 (8) 3.5 10.48 (16) 3.47 (16) 3.49 (10) 3.5 10.82 (10) 3.66 (8) 2.01 (12) 3.07 (16) 3.84 (8) 2.0 7.94 (10) 3.127 A252 3.14 (10) 3.90 (8) 2.39 (16) 3.167 A393 2.0 170 0.20 (10) 3.02 (8) 3.96 (20) 3.76 (12) 150 0.13 (20) 3.66 (8) 2.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.25 (12) 3.19 (16) 3.04 (8) 3.137 A252 3.31 (20) 3.07 (16) 3.48 (12) 3.61 (12) 4.22 (12) 3.56 (12) 3.16 (8) 3.117 A193 3.25 (8) 3.59 (16) 3.48 (10) 4.49 (12) 4.8.88 (10) 200 0.5 1.93 (10) 2.14 (8) 3.5 10.08 (12) 1.36 (10) 3.34 (16) 3.74 (16) 3.05 (8) 3.54 (20) 3.26 (12) 3.74 (8) 3.74 (8) 3.48 (20) 3.58 (20) 3. increased mesh sizing is required as specified in the above tables.13 (16) 3.15 (10) 3.

94 (A252) 3.117 A193 3.15 (A393) 3.57 (A252) 3.15 (A393) 3.85 (A252) 2.02 (A252) 3.5 CEILING & SERV.81 (A393) 3.49 (A193) 3.85 (A252) 2.14 (A393) 3.89 (A393) 3.15 (A393) 3.89 (A393) 3.48 (A252) 3.93 (A393) 3.27 (A252) 3.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage 13 .147 A252 3.57 (A252) 3.41 (A193) 3.21 (A252) 3.09 (A393) 3.40 (A142) 3.26 (A252) 3.29 (A252) 3.15 (A393) 3.147 A252 3.107 A193 3.8.08 (A252) 3.71 (2xA393) 150 0.23 (A193) 3.37 (A393) 3.06 (A393) 3.90 (A393) 2.57 (2xA393) 4.17 (A193) 3.44 (A252) 3.15 (A393) 3.15 (A393) 3.0 170 0.56 (A393) 3.71 (2xA393) 4.08 (A252) 3.75 (A393) 3.94 (A252) 2.05 (A252) 3.32 (2xA252) 3.85 (A252) 3.85 (A252) 2.29 (2xA252) 3.21 (A252) 3.9 Gauge 1.06 (A393) 3.95 (A393) 2.0 180 0.06 (A393) 3.147 A252 2.06 (A393) 3.44 (2xA393) 4.37 (A393) 3.37 (A252) 3.31 (A393) 3.73 (A252) 3.48 (A393) 4.02 (A252) 3.0 7.14 (A393) 3.75 (A393) 2.15 (A252) 3.137 A252 2.33 (A252) 3.0 1.33 (A252) 3.05 (A252) 3.14 (A393) 3.23 (A193) 3.50 (A252) 3.07 (2xA252) 4.09 (A393) 3.63 (2xA252) 160 0.09 (A393) 3. increased mesh sizing is required as specified in the above tables.57 (2xA393) 4.05 (A252) 3.90 (A393) 2.56 (A393) 1.94 (A252) 2.127 A252 3.31 (A193) 3.44 (2xA393) 4.5 10.UK NCCI Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.50 (A252) 3.60 (2xA252) 3. CATEGORY C C E NCCI = Non-contradictory.21 (A252) 3.90 (A393) 2.15 (A252) 3.15 (A252) 3.24 (2xA252) 3.83 (A393) 3.65 (A252) 3.14 (A393) 3.21 (A252) 3.14 (A393) 3.127 A252 3.15 (A393) 3.37 (A393) 200 0.147 A252 2.0 5.0 0.39 (2xA252) 3.96 (2xA393) 190 0.0 7.86 (2xA393) 200 0.15 (A393) 3.87 (2xA393) 2.41 (A193) 3.157 A393 2.147 A252 3.02 (A252) 3.21 (2xA193) 4.157 A393 2.23 (A193) 3.02 (A252) 3.75 (2xA393) * In accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.14 (A393) 3.14 (A393) 3.90 (A393) 3.94 (A252) 2.85 (A252) 2.78 (A393) 3.24 (2xA393) 3.0 TOTAL 5.24 (2xA393) 150 0.48 (A393) 3.67 (A393) 3.15 (A393) 3.08 (2xA193) 3.40 (A393) 3.05 (A252) 3.75 (A393) 2.157 A393 2.21 (2xA252) 3.72 (A393) 3.29 (2xA252) 4.40 (A393) 3.15 (A393) 3.21 (2xA252) 3.0 7.27 (A252) 3.0 130 0.12 (2xA252) 3.30 (A393) 3.43 (A393) 190 0.56 (2xA252) 3.26 (A252) 3.57 (A252) 3.21 (A252) 3.44 (A252) 3.5 1.78 (A393) 140 0.50 (A252) 3.97 (2xA393) 3.94 (A252) 2.70 (2xA393) 150 0.49 (A252) 3.05 (2xA393) 3.20 (A393) 3.89 (A393) 3. complementary information IMPOSED 3.15 (2xA193) 3.09 (A393) 3.5 1.117 A193 3.15 (A252) 3.89 (A393) 200 0.25 (A393) 3.02 (A252) 3.37 (A252) 3.0 7.31 (A393) 140 0.49 (2xA252) 180 0.95 (A393) 2.03 (2xA252) 3.21 (A252) 3.157 A393 2.73 (A193) 3.27 (A252) 3.22 (A393) 3.5 170 0.37 (A252) 3.34 (A393) 4.33 (A252) 3.67 (A393) 3.56 (2xA252) 1.08 (A252) 3.86 (2xA393) 160 0.06 (A393) 3.0 7.33 (A393) 3.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.37 (A393) 200 0.2% for un-propped construction. In order to maximise the FIRE LIMIT STATE spans.31 (A393) 150 0.15 (A252) 3.27 (2xA252) 3.65 (A252) 3.31 (A393) 3.37 (A393) 200 0.94 (A252) 2. 0.90 (A393) 2.82 (2xA252) 3.117 A193 3.37 (A393) 3.30 (A193) 3.0 5.67 (A393) 2.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.95 (A393) 3.28 (2xA193) 3.117 A193 3.30 (2xA393) 3.49 (A252) 3.57 (A252) 3.33 (2xA393) 3.96 (2xA393) 3.08 (A252) 3.40 (2xA193) 3.06 (A393) 3.38 (2xA193) 3.50 (A252) 3.05 (A252) 3.5 10.90 (A393) 3.26 (2xA252) 3.05 (A252) 3.85 (A252) 3.54 (2xA393) Eurocode 170 0.31 (A393) 3.97 (2xA393) 180 0.15 (A393) 3.90 (A393) 3.85 (A252) 2.41 (A193) 3.44 (A252) 190 0.17 (2xA393) 160 0.47 (2XA252) 3.98 (2xA193) 3.167 A393 2.56 (A393) 3.33 (A393) 3.89 (A393) 3.20 (2xA252) 4.98 (A393) 3.5 10.09 (A393) 3.78 (A393) 3.58 (A142) 3.137 A252 3.21 (A252) 3.61 (A393) 3.94 (A252) 2.5 10.75 (A393) 2.02 (A252) 3.49 (A252) 3.95 (A393) 2.37 (A393) 3.30 (A393) 3.33 (A252) 3.5 10.097 A142 3.02 (A252) 3.21 (A252) 3.0 FINISHES 0.49 (A252) 3.27 (A252) 3.75 (2xA193) 3.78 (A393) 150 0.80 (2xA252) 140 0.74 (2xA252) 3.14 (2xA252) 3.02 (A252) 3.97 (2xA393) 180 0.167 A393 2.71 (2xA393) 4.09 (A393) 3.17 (2xA393) 3.98 (A393) 3.31 (A393) 3.48 (A252) 3.33 (2xA252) 4.78 (A393) 3.31 (A193) 3.22 (A393) 3.26 (A252) 3.167 A393 2.67 (A393) 2.75 (A393) 3.74 (2xA393) 170 0.167 A393 2.90 (A393) 2.06 (A393) 3.32 (2xA252) 3.95 (A393) 2.44 (A252) 3.37 (A252) 3.33 (2xA393) 3.107 A193 3.127 A252 3.27 (A252) 3.67 (A393) 2.78 (A393) 3.85 (A252) 3.57 (2xA393) 4.27 (A252) 3.99 (A252) 3.98 (A252) 3.31 (A393) 3.07 (2xA252) 4.67 (A393) 3.107 A193 3.12 (2xA393) 3.98 (A393) 3.78 (A393) 3.33 (2xA252) 140 0.02 (A252) 3.48 (A393) 3.5 10.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.95 (A393) 3.17 (A193) 3.26 (A252) 3.98 (A252) 3.62 (2xA393) 160 0.0 5.76 (A252) 3.21 (A393) 4.08 (A252) 3.137 A252 2.127 A252 3.37 (A252) 3.75 (A393) 2.75 (A393) 3.31 (A393) UNPROPPED DOUBLE SPAN (m) .20 (2xA252) 4.75 (A393) 2.37 (A252) 3.26 (A252) 3.50 (A252) 3.5 170 0.67 (A393) 2.137 A252 3.05 (A252) 3.117 A193 3.41 (A252) 3.15 (A393) 3.67 (A393) 2.75 (A393) 3.86 (2xA393) 200 0.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.33 (A252) 3.36 (A393) 3.25 (A393) 3.78 (A393) 3.17 (A193) 3.9 Gauge 1.15 (A393) 3.137 A252 2.42 (A393) 3.127 A252 3.157 A393 2.37 (A393) 3.98 (A252) 3.17 (2xA393) 3.1 (2) .49 (A393) 4.61 (A393) 3.5 10.89 (A393) 3.14 (A393) 3.08 (A393) 3.71 (2xA252) 150 0.96 (2xA393) 190 0.64 (2xA193) 160 0.95 (A393) 3.107 A193 3.98 (A393) 190 0.42 (2xA252) 190 0.0 Gauge 1.08 (A252) 3.39 (A252) 3.08 (A393) 4. Ribdeck S60 Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete UNPROPPED SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .64 (A393) 3.95 (A393) 2.67 (A393) 2.15 (A393) 3.0 170 0.137 A252 3.56 (A393) 3.5 1.48 (2xA193) 3.UK NCCI Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.44 (A252) 3.06 (A393) 3.90 (A393) 2.06 (A393) 3.95 (A393) 2.05 (2xA393) 1.14 (A393) 3.08 (A252) 3.09 (A252) 4.44 (A252) 3.37 (A393) 3.29 (A193) 3.73 (A252) 3.167 A393 2.89 (A393) 3.94 (A252) 3.09 (A393) 3.0 130 0.40 (A393) 3.0 1.49 (2xA252) 2.15 (A252) 3.0 180 0.127 A252 3.26 (A252) 3.43 (A252) 3.85 (A252) 2.39 (2xA252) 3.0 7.0 7.28 (A393) 3.08 (A393) 4.61 (A393) 3.097 A142 3.65 (A193) 3.49 (A393) 180 0.02 (2xA252) 3.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.157 A393 2.09 (A393) 3.0 4.60 (2xA252) 3.64 (A393) 3.98 (2xA252) 3.09 (A393) 3.83 (A193) 3.31 (A393) 3.147 A252 2.26 (A252) 3.0 7.75 (A393) 2.44 (A252) 3.98 (A252) 3.0 Gauge 1.117 A193 3.28 (2xA252) 3.167 A393 2.57 (2xA393) 160 0.33 (2xA252) 4.47 (2xA252) 3.0 5.27 (A252) 3.49 (A393) 3.23 (A252) 3.63 (A193) 3.5 PARTITIONS 1.26 (A393) 3.22 (A393) 3.05 (2xA393) 1.

81 (10) 4.117 A393 4.22 (32) 4.32 (20) 5.86 (2xA393) 3.06 (2xA393) 3.137 2xA252 4.60 (32) 160 0.13 (20) 4.1 (2) .49 (32) 200 0.33 (2xA393) 3.41 (25) 4.28 (2xA393) 3.89 (2xA393) 3.48 (32) 5.117 A393 4.49 (2xA393) 4.93 (32) 4.70 (32) 5.51 (32) 3.117 A393 4.21 (2xA393) 3.77 (2xA393) 4.49 (32) 200 0.46 (16) 5.88 (32) 6.57 (25) 4.0 TOTAL 5.117 A393 4.127 2xA252 4.157 2xA393 4.147 2xA252 4.29 (20) 4.93 (25) 4.0 1.94 (2xA393) 4.36 (32) 5.74 (32) 4.38 (2xA393) 3.79 (32) 4.72 (2xA393) 4.42 (32) 5.37 (2xA393) 4.58 (32) 5.117 A393 4.64 (32) 5.17 (12) 5.79 (32) 5.167 2xA393 4.49 (32) 200 0.49 (2xA393) 4.74 (2xA393) 4.92 (25) 6.80 (2xA393) 3.44 (2xA393) 3.36 (2xA393) 2.01 (32) 4.68 (32) 5.68 (2xA393) 5.137 2xA252 4.59 (2xA393) 200 0.60 (2xA393) 4.41 (2xA393) 3.26 (2xA393) 3.63 (32) 150 0.5 PARTITIONS 1.70 (2xA393) 4.96 (16) 6.01 (32) 4.83 (2xA393) 4.18 (2xA393) 4.57 (2xA393) 4.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.86 (2xA393) 4.01 (2xA393) 3.27 (32) 5.32 (32) 4.56 (32) 5.12 (32) 5.0 130 0.167 2xA393 4.12 (16) 4.61 (25) 4. In order to maximise the FIRE LIMIT STATE spans.34 (2xA252) 4.18 (2xA393) 4.90 (32) 5.83 (12) 4.05 (2xA393) 4.28 (2xA393) 4.14 (16) 4.49 (2xA252) 4.22 (32) 4.03 (2xA393) 5.9 Gauge 1.68 (2xA252) 3.05 (8) 4.51 (2xA393) 4.70 (2xA393) 3.75 (25) 4.32 (32) 4.32 (2xA393) 4.30 (2xA393) 3.0 4.14 (20) 4.85 (2xA393) 4.41 (25) 4.27 (2xA393) 4.157 2xA393 4.91 (25) 4.5 10.58 (2xA393) 4.40 (2xA393) 3.50 (2xA393) 180 0.98 (16) 4.83 (32) 5.36 (2xA393) 5.11 (25) 4.117 A393 4.82 (2xA393) 3.24 (2xA393) 160 0.68 (32) 5.10 (2xA252) 3.46 (16) 4.78 (20) 6.44 (2xA393) 3.84 (2xA393) 3.03 (16) 4.34 (2xA393) 3.96 (20) 4.13 (32) 4.02 (2xA393) 3.18 (2xA393) 4.63 (20) 5.5 10.05 (2xA393) 4.0 7.05 (8) 4.86 (2xA393) 3.13 (20) 5.79 (32) 5.64 (2xA393) 4.79 (2xA393) 3.77 (32) 4.68 (2xA393) 4.29 (32) 150 0.54 (2xA393) 190 0.90 (32) 1.5 10.18 (32) 2.5 170 0.04 (12) 4.31 (2xA393) 4.35 (2xA393) 150 0.76 (25) 4.35 (2xA393) 4.42 (2xA393) 3.01 (20) 3.0 5.62 (16) 4.24 (2xA393) 3.62 (2xA393) 150 0.76 (25) 4.11 (32) 5.0 7.98 (16) 4.31 (16) 5.45 (2xA393) 3.30 (2xA393) 3.107 A393 4.90 (32) 1.53 (2xA393) 3.63 (32) PROPPED CENTRALLY SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .11 (32) 5.22 (32) 4.127 2xA252 4.50 (2xA393) 4.68 (32) 5.47 (2xA393) 4.66 (2xA393) 4.22 (32) 5.46 (2xA393) 3.68 (32) 4.46 (32) 3.27 (32) 5.147 2xA252 4.41 (2xA393) 160 0.31 (2xA393) 4.24 (2xA393) 3.00 (2xA393) 3.70 (32) 4.45 (2xA393) 4.18 (2xA393) 3.38 (2xA393) 4.17 (10) 4.0 1.06 (32) 4.84 (2xA393) 3.10 (25) 5.40 (2xA393) 190 0.34 (32) 190 0.127 2xA252 4.05 (2xA393) 3.0 7.90 (32) Eurocode 170 0.147 2xA252 4.107 A393 4.66 (12) 4.46 (16) 4.93 (2xA393) 3. complementary information IMPOSED 3.09 (2xA393) 3.34 (2xA252) 4.04 (10) 4.17 (8) 4.157 2xA393 4.0 5.41 (32) 5.31 (2xA393) 3.04 (2xA393) 190 0.147 2xA252 4.08 (32) 4.81 (16) 5.10 (2xA393) 3.79 (16) 6.79 (32) 5.18 (32) 180 0.79 (16) 4.86 (2xA393) 3.80 (32) 4.91 (2xA393) 3.5 170 0.29 (32) 150 0.48 (32) 5.96 (2xA393) 4.66 (12) 5.11 (25) 4.67 (2xA393) 4.48 (2xA393) 4.EC Standard Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage longer spans Ribdeck S60 14 .85 (32) 4.30 (32) 5.40 (2xA393) 3.5 1.90 (2xA393) 4.127 2xA252 4. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.37 (2xA393) 200 0.75 (2xA393) 3.94 (32) 5.147 2xA252 4.94 (32) 5.36 (32) 5.48 (10) 4.43 (2xA393) 4.52 (2xA393) 4.68 (2xA393) 4.31 (2xA393) 3.4% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.61 (25) 4.137 2xA252 4.18 (2xA393) 3.05 (2xA393) 4.20 (2xA393) 3.32 (2xA393) 170 0.01 (32) 4.56 (2xA252) 3.33 (2xA393) 4.76 (25) 4.17 (10) 4.91 (25) 4.60 (2xA252) 3.34 (2xA393) 4.167 2xA393 4.98 (32) 4.04 (32) 4.107 A393 4.27 (32) 5.29 (20) 4.31 (16) 4.8.41 (2xA393) 4.62 (16) 4.90 (32) 5.42 (32) 5.81 (2xA393) 4.11 (2xA393) 3.0 180 0.00 (10) 4.75 (25) 4.33 (10) 4.44 (20) 5.90 (32) 5.0 5.54 (2xA393) 4.97 (2xA393) 3.68 (32) 4.63 (2xA393) 4.22 (32) 4.02 (2xA393) 3.0 7.0 Gauge 1.81 (2xA393) 180 0.74 (2xA393) 1.83 (2xA393) 4.52 (32) 4.24 (2xA252) 3.13 (32) 4.90 (2xA393) 3.UK NCCI Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.82 (2xA393) 3.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.33 (8) 4.5 10.4% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.01 (16) 5.68 (2xA393) 140 0.40 (2xA393) 3. 0.23 (2xA393) 4.99 (25) 4.32 (20) 5.81 (2xA393) 5.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.29 (2xA393) 4.5 1.64 (32) 5.01 (2xA393) 3.47 (2xA393) 3.03 (2xA393) 5.147 2xA252 4. CATEGORY C C E EC = Eurocode NCCI = Non-contradictory.27 (25) 4.06 (32) 4.36 (32) 5.03 (16) 4.64 (12) 4.61 (2xA393) 5.86 (12) 5.88 (2xA393) 3.0 7.0 FINISHES 0.42 (32) 5.22 (2xA393) 3.05 (2xA393) 4.21 (2xA393) 4.167 2xA393 4.5 1.82 (20) 5.55 (2xA393) 4.107 A393 4.68 (2xA393) 160 0.63 (2xA393) 4.79 (32) 4.77 (2xA393) 3.78 (20) 4.157 2xA393 4.34 (32) 190 0.0 130 0.87 (2xA393) 4.93 (2xA393) 3.73 (32) 5.5 CEILING & SERV.97 (2xA393) 3.82 (2xA393) 3.94 (2xA393) 3.05 (2xA393) 4.52 (2xA393) * In accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.15 (2xA252) 3.30 (32) 5.36 (32) 5.157 2xA393 4.0 7.67 (10) 4.06 (32) 4.04 (10) 4.097 A393 4.60 (32) 160 0.33 (10) 4.68 (2xA393) 4.72 (2xA393) 3.40 (2xA393) 4.06 (2xA252) 4.4% for propped construction.47 (12) 4.34 (2xA252) 3.0 Gauge 1.15 (16) 4.62 (2xA393) 4.74 (32) 4.44 (2xA393) 200 0.137 2xA252 4.15 (2xA393) 3.0 180 0.58 (2xA393) 4.41 (2xA393) 3.60 (20) 4.5 10.94 (2xA393) 3.87 (2xA393) 3.87 (2xA393) 4.16 (2xA252) 140 0.097 A393 4.82 (8) 4.73 (32) 5. increased mesh sizing is required as specified in the above tables.157 2xA393 4.08 (2xA393) 3.18 (2xA393) 4.0 5.81 (16) 4.37 (2xA393) 3.37 (2xA393) 3.0 170 0.49 (2xA393) 3.5 10.67 (8) 4.58 (32) 5.65 (16) 4.90 (32) 5.0 170 0.36 (2xA393) 4.41 (32) 5.167 2xA393 4.63 (32) 140 0.127 2xA252 4.48 (32) 5.62 (2xA393) 4.34 (32) 190 0.12 (32) 5.27 (2xA393) 3.64 (32) 5.89 (2xA393) 3.09 (2xA252) 4.82 (20) 5.88 (32) 4.0 7.00 (20) 5.9 Gauge 1.12 (32) 5.52 (2xA393) 4.83 (32) 5.18 (32) 180 0.137 2xA252 4.83 (32) 5.02 (2xA252) 4.58 (32) 5.14 (2xA393) 3.53 (2xA393) 4.32 (2xA393) 3.5 10.86 (2xA393) 150 0.44 (32) 3.137 2xA252 4.62 (2xA393) 4. Ribdeck S60 Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete PROPPED CENTRALLY SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .08 (32) 4.20 (2xA393) 4.00 (2xA393) 4.60 (32) 160 0.0 7.17 (8) 4.32 (32) 4.94 (32) 5.28 (2xA393) 3.97 (32) 140 0.45 (2xA393) 1.39 (2xA393) 4.41 (32) 5.56 (2xA393) 4.98 (2xA393) 3.49 (2xA393) 3.0 0.58 (2xA393) 4.167 2xA393 4.127 2xA252 4.35 (2xA393) 3.37 (2xA393) 3.

30 (10) 4.47 (20) 4.84 (16) 4.42 (16) 3.156 A252 3.70 (16) 4.11 (10) 4.86 (10) 4.84 (12) 150 0.87 (8) 3.92 (16) 4.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.136 A252 3.116 A193 3.16 (32) 4.5 10.8.0 1.72 (16) 4.86 (16) 4.5 1. Ribdeck 80 Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete UNPROPPED SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .25 (16) 5.98 (12) 4.65 (12) 3.49 (16) 3.86 (8) 3.01 (16) 4.EC Standard Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.0 4.66 (10) 3.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.71 (16) 3.146 A252 3.77 (20) 3.9 Gauge 1.0 Gauge 1.146 A252 3.95 (10) 3.68 (16) 1.12 (12) 4.18 (16) 4.71 (16) 3.65 (25) 4.74 (8) 3.79 (12) 3.87 (25) 200 0.35 (10) 3.5 PARTITIONS 1.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.52 (25) 3.87 (10) 3.59 (8) 3.156 A252 3.74 (8) 3.136 A252 3.156 A252 3.90 (12) 3.84 (12) 3.95 (12) 3.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.0 140 0.94 (16) 3.32 (10) 4.116 A193 3.37 (10) 4.106 A142 4.04 (10) 4.11 (10) 4.32 (20) 3.72 (10) 3.16 (20) 160 0.49 (16) 3.70 (20) 3.70 (12) 4.89 (20) 3.65 (10) 3.95 (20) 3.50 (25) 4.136 A252 3.02 (16) 4.35 (8) 3.0 7.09 (20) 170 0.116 A193 3.64 (20) 3.65 (16) 3.03 (12) 4.42 (16) 3.10 (16) 4.5 180 0.70 (16) 3.03 (10) 4.90 (12) 200 0.64 (20) 3.96 (20) 3.146 A252 3.27 (12) 4.82 (20) 3.136 A252 3.126 A193 3.29 (25) 4.46 (16) 4.03 (12) 4.36 (16) 4.10 (20) 4.48 (12) 4.68 (16) 4.07 (25) 4.93 (20) 3.84 (10) 3.08 (16) 4.43 (8) 3.66 (8) 3.94 (16) 4.5 10.35 (12) 150 0.68 (20) 3.98 (12) 3.43 (12) 4.33 (16) 4.35 (10) 4.72 (12) 3.99 (20) 4.45 (16) 3.19 (10) 4.48 (8) 4.36 (8) 3.2% for un-propped construction.12 (16) 4.01 (20) 4.57 (12) 3.04 (12) 180 0.84 (12) 3.97 (16) 3.57 (16) 160 0.21 (10) 4.106 A142 4.73 (12) 3.73 (10) 4.0 1.13 (12) 4.90 (16) 3.02 (16) 4.106 A142 3.99 (10) 3.46 (10) 3.58 (10) 3.29 (25) * In accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.0 5.25 (20) 4.92 (25) 4.03 (16) 4.07 (25) 4.146 A252 3.35 (12) 4.46 (10) 3.5 CEILING & SERV.126 A193 3.47 (20) 190 0.49 (12) 3.84 (10) 3.50 (12) 3.136 A252 3.90 (16) 200 0.84 (12) 3.59 (8) 3.136 A252 3.70 (20) 3.146 A252 3.70 (20) 3. In order to maximise the FIRE LIMIT STATE spans.57 (16) 3.73 (20) 3.096 A142 3.27 (16) 4.95 (20) 3.64 (20) 3. increased mesh sizing is required as specified in the above tables.52 (20) 4.65 (12) 3.87 (12) 4.71 (25) 3.50 (10) 3.82 (20) 4.EC Standard Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.91 (25) 4.5 10.27 (16) 4.126 A193 3.5 10.0 Gauge 1.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage longer spans Ribdeck 80 15 .91 (10) 3.116 A193 3.98 (12) 3.66 (20) 170 0.78 (16) 3.82 (20) 3.85 (12) 4.83 (25) 4.55 (20) 3.84 (16) 4.20 (16) 150 0.98 (10) 3.64 (20) 3.48 (12) 200 0.45 (20) 4.89 (20) 3.01 (25) Eurocode 2.42 (25) 4.79 (25) 4.48 (16) 4.43 (12) 4. 0.126 A193 3.49 (16) 3.096 A142 4.79 (10) 3.57 (16) 3.97 (16) 190 0.18 (12) 4.43 (10) 3.48 (20) 3.96 (10) 3.87 (10) 3.35 (8) 3.66 (12) 3.45 (32) 2.0 140 0.0 7.08 (25) 170 0.47 (8) 3.22 (25) 4.01 (16) 3.48 (16) 4.0 7.62 (25) 3.5 1.0 180 0.09 (16) 4.10 (20) 4.80 (25) 4.11 (12) 4.66 (20) 4.91 (25) 3.86 (10) 3.106 A142 3.85 (10) 3.56 (20) 3.83 (16) 160 0.73 (20) 3.5 1.0 5.86 (12) 3.97 (16) 3.86 (12) 4.156 A252 3.86 (16) 3.57 (16) 3.97 (16) 3.99 (8) 3.36 (16) 4.87 (10) 3.74 (16) 3.0 7.94 (12) 3.18 (16) 160 0.63 (25) 4.72 (10) 3.83 (16) 3.25 (20) 4.14 (10) 4.27 (16) 4.81 (25) UNPROPPED DOUBLE SPAN (m) .5 180 0.5 10.95 (25) 190 0.58 (10) 3.146 A252 3.65 (12) 3.0 170 0.116 A193 3.72 (10) 3.43 (32) 190 0.0 TOTAL 5.34 (12) 3.02 (16) 4.58 (8) 3.10 (16) 1.84 (16) 3.36 (8) 4.58 (32) 170 0.03 (20) 4.49 (12) 4.56 (12) 4.84 (16) 3.5 10.55 (20) 160 0.14 (10) 4.48 (16) 190 0.18 (16) 4.45 (20) 200 0.0 7.0 FINISHES 0.65 (16) 3.82 (20) 3.0 7.56 (10) 4.72 (12) 3.37 (12) 4.0 180 0.53 (20) 1.75 (10) 3.126 A193 3.03 (10) 4.75 (12) 3.27 (12) 4.43 (20) 3.84 (12) 4.09 (20) 4.85 (20) 3.54 (16) 4.66 (12) 3.72 (12) 3.94 (16) 4.76 (25) 3.43 (10) 3.82 (20) 3.74 (16) 3.36 (16) 4.47 (8) 3.70 (16) 3.65 (16) 3.01 (25) 4.85 (20) 3.87 (12) 3.5 10.90 (16) 4.41 (20) 3.35 (20) 4.83 (16) 4.79 (10) 3.77 (20) 3.42 (16) 3.74 (8) 3.156 A252 3.03 (16) 4.65 (16) 3.29 (12) 4.82 (20) 3.9 Gauge 1.50 (10) 3.70 (12) 4.84 (16) 4.0 170 0.58 (12) 3.58 (10) 3.46 (25) 4.75 (10) 3.54 (25) 3.57 (12) 3.35 (8) 3.33 (16) 150 0.54 (16) 180 0.0 7.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.63 (25) 4.66 (10) 3.126 A193 3.35 (12) 3.33 (16) 160 0.73 (8) 3.01 (16) 4.78 (16) 3.10 (16) 4.50 (10) 4.84 (16) 4.43 (12) 3.47 (8) 3.46 (16) 4.86 (8) 3.50 (8) 3.36 (8) 3.98 (10) 3.11 (12) 4.56 (16) 3.91 (10) 3.72 (12) 4.116 A193 3.0 7.1 (2) .0 5.43 (10) 3.75 (12) 3.04 (12) 4.08 (25) 4.70 (20) 3.02 (12) 4.50 (12) 3.156 A252 3.03 (16) 1.20 (12) 4.54 (16) 4.0 5.98 (12) 190 0.57 (16) 3.70 (20) 4.73 (12) 3.79 (12) 3. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.42 (25) 200 0.95 (12) 3.96 (20) 3.0 0.84 (16) 3.83 (16) 3.43 (20) 3. CATEGORY C C E EC = Eurocode IMPOSED 3.

0 5.9 Gauge 1.00 (A252) 3.68 (2xA393) 1.06 (2xA393) 1.5 180 0.0 7.74 (2xA252) 3.04 (A393) 4.43 (2xA393) 3.52 (2xA393) 3.116 A193 3.5 180 0.136 A252 3.36 (A252) 4.28 (2xA252) 4.78 (2xA252) 160 0.66 (A252) 3.79 (A393) 3.146 A252 3.03 (A393) 3.0 7.05 (2xA393) 4.54 (A193) 3.1 (2) .65 (2xA393) 3.0 1.67 (A193) 3.95 (2xA252) 4.0 Gauge 1.126 A193 3. Ribdeck 80 Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete UNPROPPED SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .50 (A252) 3.0 180 0.156 A252 3.04 (A393) 4.84 (A393) 3.116 A193 3.79 (2xA252) 3.58 (A393) 3.0 7.54 (2xA393) 4.97 (2xA252) 190 0.24 (2xA393) 4.89 (A193) 3.126 A193 3.98 (A393) 3.60 (2xA393) 3.136 A252 3.36 (A252) 3.73 (A252) 3.35 (A393) 4.5 PARTITIONS 1.82 (2xA393) 3.53 (A193) 3.58 (A252) 3.74 (A252) 3.51 (A252) 3.156 A252 3. In order to maximise the FIRE LIMIT STATE spans.5 10.98 (A252) 3.89 (2xA393) 200 0.21 (2xA393) Eurocode 170 0.66 (2xA393) 4.55 (2xA393) 3.82 (2xA393) 4.126 A193 3.42 (2xA252) 3.66 (A252) 3.85 (A252) 3.49 (A252) 4.58 (A393) 3.87 (A393) 3.71 (2xA252) 4.35 (2xA393) 3.85 (A193) 3.0 5.156 A252 3.02 (2xA393) 1.65 (2xA252) 3.73 (A393) 4.86 (2xA252) 4.65 (A252) 3.09 (2xA393) 4.0 1.11 (A393) 4.03 (A393) 3.10 (2xA252) 4.56 (A393) 4.75 (2xA393) * In accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.5 1.09 (2xA393) 4.48 (A193) 2.80 (A252) 3.71 (2xA252) 3.12 (2xA252) 4.85 (2xA393) 4.82 (2xA393) 4.39 (2xA393) 3.84 (A393) 3.49 (2xA252) 4.79 (2xA252) 3.68 (2xA393) 4.0 5.0 TOTAL 5.77 (2xA393) 3.68 (2xA393) 3.46 (A393) 3.52 (2xA393) 4.80 (A252) 3.0 Gauge 1.21 (2xA393) 3.79 (A393) 3.126 A193 3.70 (2xA252) 3.47 (2xA252) 3.12 (A193) 4.58 (A252) 3.95 (1xA193) 2.136 A252 3.146 A252 3.60 (A252) 3.0 5.81 (2xA393) 190 0.49 (A393) 4.91 (A393) 200 0.74 (A193) 3.98 (A393) 3.73 (A252) 3.02 (2xA393) 3.106 A142 3.62 (2xA393) 3.18 (2xA252) 3.51 (A252) 3.43 (2xA393) 3.88 (A252) 3.0 0.15 (A252) 4.58 (2xA193) 3.0 7.34 (2xA252) 4.73 (A252) 3.66 (A252) 3.85 (A393) 4.72 (2xA393) 3.5 10.44 (A252) 3.72 (A393) 3.99 (A193) 2.72 (2xA193) 3.96 (A193) 3.88 (A193) 3.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage longer spans Ribdeck 80 16 .32 (2xA393) 4.45 (2xA252) 3.84 (2xA252) 4.70 (2xA252) 3.60 (2xA393) 3.106 A142 4.85 (2xA252) 3.82 (2xA393) 3.09 (2xA393) 3.UK NCCI Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.66 (A252) 3.92 (2xA393) 200 0.79 (A393) 3.67 (A193) 150 0.98 (2xA252) 3.21 (2xA393) 3.UK NCCI Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.55 (2xA393) 3.81 (2xA393) 2.90 (2xA252) 3.58 (A393) 3.5 10.45 (2xA393) 3.19 (A252) 4.0 140 0.85 (2xA252) 3.82 (2xA393) 3.55 (2xA252) 4.44 (A252) 3.31 (2xA252) 4.68 (2xA393) 4.106 A142 3.64 (2xA393) 3.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.47 (A252) 3. CATEGORY C C E NCCI = Non-contradictory.02 (2xA393) 3.41 (A193) 2.05 (A193) 4.44 (A252) 3.51 (A252) 3.67 (A193) 2.35 (A393) 3.66 (A252) 3.57 (2xA252) 3.116 A193 3.5 10.78 (2xA252) 4.97 (A193) 2.9 Gauge 1.75 (A252) 3.57 (2xA252) 3.74 (A393) 3.00 (2xA393) 4.09 (2xA393) 3.75 (A252) 3.82 (2xA393) UNPROPPED DOUBLE SPAN (m) .0 170 0.52 (2xA393) 3.87 (A252) 3.116 A193 3.51 (A252) 3.0 170 0.126 A193 3.83 (2xA252) 160 0.45 (2xA393) 4. complementary information IMPOSED 3.106 A142 3.24 (2xA393) 4.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.5 10.47 (A252) 3.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.58 (A393) 3.95 (A393) 3.54 (2xA393) 190 0.76 (A193) 3.09 (2xA393) 170 0.0 180 0.42 (2xA252) 2.36 (A252) 3.74 (A393) 3.55 (2xA393) 3.40 (2xA393) 4.12 (2xA252) 4.18 (A393) 3.83 (2xA252) 3.73 (A252) 3.87 (2xA252) 3.49 (2xA252) 3.09 (2xA393) 1.0 4.47 (2xA393) 4.72 (2xA393) 3.48 (A393) 4.84 (A393) 3.98 (A252) 3.81 (2xA252) 3.01 (2xA393) 4.53 (A193) 3.47 (2xA252) 4.0 7.146 A252 3.5 1.66 (A393) 3.5 10.95 (2xA393) 3.096 A142 3.98 (A252) 3.36 (2xA252) 4.68 (2xA393) 4.38 (2xA252) 160 0.146 A252 3.06 (A193) 2.89 (2xA393) 200 0.60 (A252) 3.67 (2xA252) 160 0.95 (2xA393) 3.85 (A252) 3.75 (A252) 3.56 (2xA393) 3.0 140 0.86 (2xA252) 3.74 (A393) 3.84 (A393) 150 0.24 (2xA393) 3.91 (A252) 3.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.156 A252 3.37 (2xA393) 190 0.72 (2xA252) 3.72 (A393) 3.87 (A252) 3.98 (A393) 3.66 (A252) 3.99 (A393) 3.31 (2xA393) 2.51 (A252) 3.70 (2xA393) 4.29 (2xA393) 4.66 (A393) 3.156 A252 3.44 (2xA393) 170 0.71 (A393) 3.146 A252 3.65 (A393) 3.81 (2xA252) 4.8.66 (A252) 3.03 (A252) 4.91 (A393) 3.11 (A393) 4.22 (2xA393) 180 0.48 (2xA252) 2.70 (A393) 4.5 10.67 (2xA393) 200 0.63 (A193) 150 0.75 (A252) 3.36 (A252) 3.44 (A252) 3.136 A252 3.02 (2xA252) 3.136 A252 3.41 (2xA393) 4.97 (2xA252) 3.66 (2xA393) 4.44 (A252) 3.70 (2xA252) 3.10 (2xA252) 4.73 (2xA252) 3.85 (2xA393) 4. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.85 (A252) 3.32 (2xA393) 150 0.126 A193 3.10 (A193) 2.58 (A252) 3.19 (2xA252) 2.80 (A252) 3.29 (A393) 4.99 (2xA393) 3.03 (2xA252) 4.04 (A393) 4.85 (2xA252) 3.04 (2xA393) 170 0.96 (2xA393) 190 0.08 (2xA252) 3.18 (A193) 2.02 (2xA393) 160 0.95 (2xA393) 4.93 (2xA393) 3.91 (A252) 3.47 (A252) 3.77 (2xA393) 3.95 (2xA252) 3.43 (A393) 3.86 (2xA252) 3.28 (2xA252) 2.70 (2xA393) 3.36 (A252) 3.0 7.45 (2xA393) 200 0.32 (2xA393) 3.03 (2xA252) 180 0.70 (2xA393) 4.85 (2xA252) 3. 0.0 7.87 (A252) 3.58 (A393) 4.47 (2xA393) 3.95 (2x252) 3.2% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.74 (2xA252) 3.096 A142 3.29 (2xA393) 4.35 (A393) 4.22 (2xA252) 2.47 (A252) 3.73 (A252) 3.64 (2xA393) 3.73 (A193) 3.87 (A393) 3.45 (2xA393) 3.32 (2xA393) 3.70 (2xA252) 4.87 (A252) 3.0 FINISHES 0.68 (2xA393) 4. increased mesh sizing is required as specified in the above tables.19 (2xA393) 3.116 A193 3.44 (A252) 3.56 (A193) 3.116 A193 3.36 (A252) 3.49 (2xA252) 4.136 A252 3.62 (A193) 3.20 (2xA393) 4.48 (2xA393) 3.5 1.65 (2xA252) 3.2% for un-propped construction.02 (A393) 4.51 (A252) 3.91 (A252) 3.156 A252 3.91 (A393) 3.44 (2xA252) 2.86 (2xA252) 160 0.96 (2xA393) 190 0.5 CEILING & SERV.82 (2xA393) 4.0 7.44 (A252) 3.00 (2xA252) 3.85 (A252) 3.146 A252 3.60 (A252) 3.93 (2xA393) 4.36 (A252) 3.65 (2xA252) 3.36 (1xA252) 3.95 (A393) 3.

136 2xA252 5.79 (2xA252) 3.43 (2xA393) 1. complementary information EC = Eurocode IMPOSED 3.22 (2xA393) 4.75 (32) 6.01 (32) 5.49 (2xA393) 4.22 (2xA393) 3.17 (32) 4.33 (32) 4.87 (25) 5.07 (25) 6.00 (2xA393) 4.91 (32) 6.85 (32) 4.63 (32) 4.52 (2xA252) 3.42 (2xA393) * In accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 Clause 9.126 A393 4.80 (2xA393) 3.10 (2xA393) 4.35 (2xA252) 3.30 (2xA393) 3.74 (2xA393) 4.5 10.07 (16) 5.81 (32) 5.136 2xA252 4.0 Gauge 1. CATEGORY C C E NCCI = Non-contradictory.46 (16) 5.18 (2xA252) 4.90 (2xA393) 3.21 (2xA393) 3.5 180 0.45 (20) 5.43 (20) 4.83 (2xA393) 4.17 (32) 5.29 (32) 200 0.70 (2xA252) 3.93 (32) 5.46 (2xA393) 4.26 (16) 5.34 (2xA393) 4.0 1.46 (16) 5.55 (32) 5.44 (2xA393) 3.26 (2xA393) 3.0 7.09 (2xA393) 3.156 2xA252 4.0 7.146 2xA252 4.0 7.0 FINISHES 0.81 (32) 5.47 (32) 4.47 (32) 5.96 (2xA393) 3.26 (2xA393) 3.76 (16) 6.0 5.19 (2xA252) 3.09 (2xA393) 4.77 (2xA393) 4.93 (25) 6.87 (2xA393) 5.9 Gauge 1.116 A393 4.98 (32) 5.63 (32) 4.71 (32) 6.40 (2xA393) 3.72 (32) 6.05 (32) 6.8.02 (32) 5.17 (32) 4.13 (2xA393) 5.72 (20) 5.4% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.21 (25) 5.62 (32) 5.02 (2xA393) 4.03 (32) 2.78 (2xA393) 1.46 (2xA393) 3.31 (2xA393) 4.146 2xA252 4.60 (2xA393) 160 0.09 (16) 5.106 A393 5.10 (2xA252) 2.17 (32) 5.57 (32) 6.156 2xA252 5.98 (25) 4.81 (32) 5.87 (2xA393) 3.90 (2xA393) 4.35 (2xA393) 3.146 2xA252 5.32 (32) 5.09 (16) 6.39 (25) 200 0.73 (2xA393) 4.65 (2xA252) 3.116 A393 5.43 (32) 4.57 (32) 6.32 (32) 5.UK NCCI Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.64 (20) 160 0.43 (32) 5.73 (2xA393) 3.97 (2xA393) 4.07 (2xA393) 3.78 (2xA393) 5.33 (2xA393) 3.87 (32) Eurocode 170 0.07 (20) 1.30 (2xA393) 3.85 (2xA393) 5.81 (32) 5.62 (25) 160 0.26 (16) 4. In order to maximise the FIRE LIMIT STATE spans.07 (32) 5.51 (2xA393) 4.54 (2xA393) 4.63 (2xA393) 4.08 (32) 4.82 (2xA393) 4.76 (32) 5.9 Gauge 1.156 2xA252 5.4% Mesh * Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) Imposed Load (kN/m ) (Hrs) (mm) (m /m ) 5.26 (20) 5.06 (20) 5.56 (2xA252) 3.92 (32) 5.24 (2xA393) 3.65 (2xA252) 3.76 (20) 6.74 (2xA252) 160 0.88 (2xA393) 4.22 (25) 190 0.35 (2xA393) 4.83 (2xA393) 3.38 (25) 5.20 (32) 6.22 (25) 6.89 (2xA393) 3.07 (25) 5.82 (2xA393) 3.28 (32) 4.0 5.28 (12) 5.89 (25) 170 0.136 2xA252 4.08 (32) 4.18 (2xA252) 2.49 (2xA393) 3.5 PARTITIONS 1.91 (25) 5.0 TOTAL 5.79 (16) 6.0 7.85 (32) 4. Ribdeck 80 Span/load and fire design tables Normal weight concrete PROPPED CENTRALLY SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .76 (20) 6.5 1.136 2xA252 5.0 150 0.93 (16) 5.71 (2xA393) 4.68 (32) 5.29 (2xA393) 3.0 7.42 (32) 5.93 (2xA393) 4.85 (2xA393) 190 0.0 0.0 5.70 (2xA393) 3.0 Gauge 1.87 (25) 5.37(2xA393) 2. increased mesh sizing is required as specified in the above tables.136 2xA252 5.09 (16) 5.31 (2xA393) 190 0.60 (2xA393) 4.126 A393 5.146 2xA252 5.01 (2xA393) 3.57 (32) 6.07 (32) 5.5 1.146 2xA252 5.34 (2xA393) 2.0 180 0.68 (32) 5.44 (2xA393) 3.61 (20) 6.59 (2xA393) 3.26 (2xA252) 160 0.67 (2xA393) 4.14 (2xA393) 3.116 A393 3.43 (20) 5.116 A393 5.91 (2xA393) 3.71 (32) 6.65 (20) 5.72 (20) 5.56 (2xA393) 4.5 180 0.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.52 (2xA393) 4.73 (32) 5.0 1.35 (2xA393) 3.03 (2xA393) 4.24 (16) 6.43 (32) 4.34 (2xA393) 4.28 (32) 4.5 10.27 (2xA393) 170 0.92 (2xA393) 200 0.38 (2xA393) 4.42 (2xA393) 3.0 180 0.91 (16) 5.57 (32) 5.32 (2xA393) 3.87 (20) 170 0.56 (2xA393) 4.01 (2xA393) 3.19 (2xA393) 4.27 (2xA393) 4.42 (32) PROPPED CENTRALLY SINGLE SPAN DECK CONTINUOUS SLAB (m) .32 (2xA393) 3.73 (2xA393) 3.0 4. LOADING COMBINATION (kN/m ) Refer to page 7 for notes on the use of these tables Spans indicated above have been based on 150mm beam widths.04 (25) 4.0 7.106 A393 3.42 (16) 5.93 (2xA393) 3.126 A393 5.97 (2xA393) 3.106 A393 5.42 (2xA393) 2.50 (2xA393) 3.07 (32) 5.81 (32) 5.88 (2xA393) 4.72 (20) 5.38 (2xA393) 3.0 180 0.64 (2xA393) 4.44 (2xA393) 3.84 (2xA393) 3.4% for propped construction.11 (2xA393) 3.42 (16) 200 0.91 (20) 5.41 (2xA393) 3.95 (16) 6.35 (32) 5.54 (32) 5.25 (2xA393) 4.57 (2xA393) 3.146 2xA252 5.59 (16) 150 0.14 (2xA252) 4.0 5.87 (2xA393) 3.24 (20) 190 0.43 (32) 5.11 (2xA393) 4.47 (32) 4.05 (32) 5.0 7.15 (2xA393) 150 0.85 (2xA393) 3.02 (2xA393) 3.12 (32) 4.76 (32) 5.05 (2xA393) 3.55 (2xA393) 200 0.43 (20) 4.07 (32) 5.5 10.136 2xA252 4.07 (20) 5.57 (25) 160 0.116 A393 5.43 (32) 4.08 (2xA393) 4.26 (20) 5.95 (2xA393) 170 0.1 (2) .73 (32) 5.70 (2xA393) 170 0.126 A393 5.106 A393 4.76 (32) 5.90 (2xA393) 3.58 (32) 6.28 (2xA393) 3.32 (32) 5.47 (32) 4.the minimum cross-sectional area of crack control reinforcement above the ribs should not be less than 0.06 (25) 1.15 (32) 4.38 (32) 4.42 (20) 5.2 Gauge period Depth Volume 0.5 10.96 (2xA393) 3.38 (2xA393) 4.44 (2xA393) 4.63 (32) 4.17 (2xA393) 3.72 (2xA393) 4.116 A393 4.126 A393 4.15 (2xA393) 2.91 (2xA393) 3.50 (32) 5.49 (2xA393) 3.60 (20) 5.156 2xA252 5.65 (20) 5.53 (2xA393) 4.156 2xA252 4.02 (32) 5.64 (2xA393) 3.0 7.5 10.12 (32) 4.06 (2xA393) 3.71 (32) 6.28 (32) 4.0 CATEGORIES DESCRIPTION C Congregation C Congregation E Storage 17 .EC Standard Method Fire Slab Concrete 0.87 (2xA393) 3.61 (16) 5.47 (32) 5.37 (2xA393) 3.74 (16) 5.64 (2xA252) 3.5 10.61 (16) 6.41 (2xA393) 4.50 (2xA393) 3.93 (32) 5.0 150 0.60 (2xA393) 4.44 (2xA393) 4.38 (2xA393) 200 0.80 (2xA393) 3.5 1.126 A393 4.50 (32) 5.11 (10) 5.5 CEILING & SERV.73 (32) 5.07 (2xA252) 2.62 (32) 5.87 (32) 5.25 (2xA252) 3.67 (2xA252) 3.5 10.50 (2xA393) 190 0.16 (32) 190 0.78 (2xA393) 3.24 (2xA393) 3.31 (2xA393) 3.38 (32) 4. 0.02 (32) 5.156 2xA252 5.68 (32) 5.38 (32) 4.12 (2xA393) 5.85 (32) 4.0 180 0.74 (2xA393) 4.76 (2xA393) 3.24 (20) 4.36 (2xA393) 4.55 (32) 5.

oasys-software.com 18 www. Providing Resotec is an innovative way to design footfall vibration damping automatic stud and section design.uk . www.co. In the past a great emphasis has been put on Compos is the premiere tool for composite analysis and design. countering vibrations through the provision of mass in the structure Supplied by Oasys Ltd but with Resotec the building can remain lightweight whilst still Tel: +44 (0) 191 238 7559 benefiting from a low design response factor.richardlees. into a building. The only analysis tool that can predict the damped floor response achievable with Resotec.

The result is placement of shear studs and the design of the supporting a 50% partially composite beam design which is illustrated in structure it is seldom possible to incorporate Resotec as a the Bending Moment diagram. allowing the two to move independently under the influence of vibration induced excitation. X 105 50% partially composite beam: BM capacity and demand 16 14 Strength provided in 100% composite design 12 Effect with Resotec Partially composite 10 Moment (Nm) 8 Beam strength 6 Strength required 2 0 0 5 10 15 Length (m) 19 . Engineers are middle section of the beam and the design allows for partial therefore encouraged to consider Resotec in the early stages interaction between the beam and the slab to be developed of a building design. Because of the effects Resotec has on the portion of the beam so a new approach is needed. extending from each end for approximately one quarter of the length towards the middle of the span. Assistance for doing this can be obtained in this zone only. Lees Decking. With a Resotec when designing large column free floor areas with lightweight layer installed there can be no shear studs in the outer quarter long span beams. Where does it go? For maximum effectiveness the Resotec strips are installed on the top flange of a steel beam. part of the OASYS suite of structure in the outer quarter regions of the beam is that of the structural design programmes. In these zones there is no mechanical connection between the floor and the supporting structure. or through contacting Richard steel section alone with no composite interaction with the slab. Instead fixity is achieved by side lapping and stitching together the sheets to form one continuous membrane. Composite beams Design assistance In a traditional secondary beam design the shear studs are Engineers are encouraged to consider the use of Resotec evenly spaced along the length of the beam. The bending and shear resistance of the through the use of COMPOS.What is it? Resotec is a thin constrained layer damping membrane that sits between the soffit of the steel decking and parts of the top flange of the steel beams. Steel decking can then be laid over the top of the Resotec but it should not be secured down to the beams in any way. Shear studs are installed in the last minute solution to a footfall vibration issue.

The Gherkin uses half the power that a similar tower would typically consume. whilst the unique triangulated perimeter structure makes this tall building sufficiently stiff to control wind-excited sways without requiring any additional cross-bracing. The specification of Ribdeck 80 for this project was an integral factor in achieving the ambitious design of this unique building.The Gherkin England. 30 St. 30 St Mary Axe stands at 180 metres tall. United Kingdom Status: Complete Completion Date: 2004 Height: 180 metres Floor Area: 70. Thanks to the efficiency of it’s environmentally-conscious design.richardlees. 20 www. Shaping the London Skyline Location: 30 St Mary Axe. Mary Axe .75m without any requirement for additional framing or temporary support. making it on completion the second tallest building in the City of London and the sixth tallest in the Greater London region.co.uk . London. with its radial steel beam arrangement requiring a decking profile that could span up to 4.000 square metres Architect: Foster + Partners Steel Contractor: Victor Buyck – Hollandia JV Deck Profile: Ribdeck 80 Widely known throughout the world by the nickname ‘The Gherkin’.

500 square metres Architect: Rafael Vinoly Steel Contractor: William Hare Deck Profile: Ribdeck E60. United Kingdom Status: In Construction Completion Date: 2013 Height: 160 metres Floor Area: 83. which rose at the rate of a floor per week. has earned it the nick-name. The 160m high building flares outwards from its base so that the larger floorplates are to be found at the higher storeys. London. The successful intergration of Ribdeck E60 decking into the scheme was intergral to the rapid erection of the steel frame. England. The distinctive shape of the building. 21 . Ribdeck 80 & Superib 20 Fenchurch Street is one of London’s most eagerly anticipated development projects thanks to celebrated architect Rafael Viñoly’s innovative design.Shaping the London Skyline 20 Fenchurch Street Location: 20 Fenchurch Street. the “Walkie Talkie”. delivering both impressive architecture and more efficient office space than many of its neighbours.

centred on the United Kingdom old West India Docks in the London Docklands. over 800. Shaping the London Skyline Canary Wharf 12 8 7 13 9 6 Canary Wharf is a large business and shopping development in London.co. located Location: Isle of Dogs.000 square Architect: Various metres of Ribdeck profiles were used. Steel Contractor: Various Deck Profile: See panel opposite 22 www. testament to the quality of service and the superiority of the profiles supplied over the years. Floor Area: See panel opposite During the various phases of construction at Canary Wharf. as well as being an imposing architectural presence on Height: 235 metres (highest point) the London skyline. One Canada Square became the UK’s tallest building and a powerful symbol of the Completion Date: Various regeneration of Docklands.richardlees. When topped out in 1990. England.uk . on the Isle of Dogs in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. London.

60.700 m2 Ribdeck E60 11 10 Cabot Square & 5 North Colonnade 5 25 North Colonnade .000 m2 Ribdeck 60 6 30 South Colonnade .65.700 m2 Ribdeck AL 3 5 Churchill Place .000 m Ribdeck 60 1 2 8 2 2 8 Canada Square .59.000 m2 Ribdeck 60 Total decking supplied: 817.000 m2 Ribdeck 60 4 20 Churchill Place .101.1 10 11 2 5 4 3 1 Canada Square .000 m Ribdeck 60 25 Cabot Square .147.34.000 m2 Ribdeck 60 .38.75.35.71.500 m2 Ribdeck AL 7 20 Cabot Square & 10 South Colonnade 13 20 Bank Street .300 m2 Ribdeck AL .000 m2 Ribdeck 60 12 15 Westferry Circus .68.700 m2 Ribdeck AL 9 40 Bank Street .400 m2 23 .23.500 m2 Ribdeck E60 10 1 Cabot Square .38.

Shaping the London Skyline The Willis Building Location: Floor Area: 51 Lime Street. Constructed between 2004 and 2007. which was intended to resemble the shell of a crustacean. with Ribdeck 80 specified throughout the structure primarily due to its excellent load carrying properties and unrivalled ability to carry long unpropped spans. it was a significant addition to the London skyline. United Kingdom Architect: Foster + Partners Status: Complete Steel Contractor: Completion Date: 2007 William Hare Height: 125 metres Deck Profile: Ribdeck 80 The Willis Building stands opposite the famous Lloyd’s building in the heart of the City of London. The core was topped out in July 2006.000 square metres England. 51. London. with setbacks rising at 97 and 68 metres respectively.richardlees.co.uk . 24 www. The building features an iconic “stepped” design. The Willis Building was the first in a wave of new skyscrapers planned for the area. becoming the third tallest building in the City after 30 St Mary Axe and CityPoint.

United Kingdom Status: Complete Completion Date: 2007 Height: 80 metres Floor Area: 35. England.000 m2 suspended glass wall -the largest in Europe.Architectural Impact Across the UK Civil Justice Centre. On the west side of the building is an imposing 11.160 square metres Architect: Denton Corker Marshall Steel Contractor: William Hare Deck Profile: Superib This distinctive building is widely recognisable for the ‘fingers’ at each end that are cantilevered over the lower levels - it is rumoured that architect Barrie Marshall sketched the entire building by hand and that very little has deviated from his original drawings. The specification of Superib throughout the building was an important factor in minimising the construction depth of the floor slab to suit the architect’s vision of the slender form of the ‘finger’ protrusions at each end of the building. 25 . Manchester. Manchester Location: Spinningfields.

Spinnaker Tower is the tallest accessible structure in the United Kingdom outside London. with three observation platforms constructed from Ribdeck 80 affording glorious views of up to 23 miles. and was chosen by Portsmouth residents from a selection of concept designs. An imposing and stunning addition to the Portsmouth horizon.richardlees.co. Portsmouth Location: Portsmouth Harbour. Portsmouth. 26 www. representing sails billowing in the wind – a design accomplished using two large. United Kingdom Status: Complete Completion Date: 2005 Height: 170 metres Floor Area: 1.600 square metres Architect: HGP Architects Steel Contractor: Butterley Deck Profile: Ribdeck 80 The Spinnaker Tower is the centrepiece of the redevelopment of Portsmouth Harbour. sweeping steel arcs.uk . The tower reflects Portsmouth’s maritime history. Architectural Impact Across the UK Spinnaker Tower.

Leicester Performing Arts Centre Location: Rutland Street. 27 . Leicester. emphasising the light and airy form of the structure. England. with the William Hare weight of the structure suspended from the roof of the building. The long spanning capacity Deck Profile: Ribdeck 80 of Ribdeck 80 allowed the number of steel members in the structure to be kept to a minimum. United Kingdom Status: Complete Completion Date: 2008 Floor Area: 2. Steel Contractor: This ambitious and innovative design has complete architectural transparency.Architectural Impact Across the UK The Curve.600 square metres Architect: Rafael Vinoly Based on the redeveloped Cultural Quarter in Leicester City Centre. the Curve Theatre opened in Autumn 2008 and is one of the main flagship projects in the regeneration of the city.

In the unpropped enough to allow effective anchorage of the deck using shear studs condition it is normally the construction stage that governs the welded in a staggered pattern. of concrete due to this deflection is factored into this and all subsequent calculations. available reinforcement necessary to support the permanent loads. This reinforcement may also be sufficient to provide the decking is used as permanent shuttering only it is the responsibility necessary fire resistance for the slab and this can be checked by of the Project Structural Design Engineer to specify all the slab reference to the RLD tables for the Fire Design Methods. Composite floor slabs form the most frequent application and these are designed to the currently applicable design codes (principally BS Reinforcement EN 1994-1-1). Those The self weight of the slab has been taken into account in the design responsible for the placement of the concrete should be made aware process and need not be included in the imposed loads indicated of all expected deflections when assessing concrete volumes and in the span/load tables. in certain situations.co. Where the design criteria are any contribution from the decking profile. When fibres. The additional weight Structural Design Engineer for assessment. be required to comply with building or other regulations and it is the customer’s responsibility to ensure that the necessary design checks Construction Loading after Initial Concrete Set and approvals have been granted. No account is taken in RLD’s tables Permanent Loading or software for any deflection of the supporting steel frame.co. A slab design appropriate to the required application In all circumstances appropriate crack control and distribution can be selected by a suitably qualified person from reference to reinforcement should be provided within the slab and this can be in either RLD’s span/load tables or using Deckspan software. The RLD design span/load tables generally make allowance for Decking can only contribute to the transverse shear reinforcement a temporary construction live load of 1. as macro which are available free of charge at www. In addition it should consultation with the RLD Technical Advisory Service. construction loads from plant used for erecting steelwork Decking will deflect under the weight of wet concrete as it is placed. the exact quantity being Construction Loading determined using RLD’s Deckspan software. and specific calculations should be made to reinforcement to form what is referred to as a composite floor slab. will be required. Additional reinforcement may also allowable spans shown in the tables. or from materials stored for following trades may constitute a more The design process takes account of this deflection and limits it in onerous design condition and should be referred back to the Project accordance with the relevant code of practice. positioned in the decking troughs.richardlees. The heaping either be continuous across the beam. ignoring in literature on the RLD website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that they are comprehensive. This should not be exceeded without when it is spanning perpendicular to the beam. The slab strength will generally have been specified by the Project Structural Design Engineer on the basis of support of long-term loads consistent with the building’s intended use.uk . both of the form of a wire-welded mesh or. The Project Structural Design Engineer finishing techniques. or the beam flange be wide of concrete during placement should be avoided. Guidance Notes for Design and Fixing Design pages 28-29 Professional Prior to concrete General 28 fixing pages 30-32 placement page 34 Construction Loading 28 Installation Service 30 Forming Openings 34 Permanent Loading 28 Health & Safety 30 Cleaning the Decking 34 Reinforcement 28 Fall Arrest 30 Deflection 28 Fixing and Securing 31 Concrete Temporary Support 29 Cartridge Tools 31 placement page 34 Durability 29 Site Testing 31 Temporary Props 34 Full Lateral Restraint 29 Edge Trim 31 Construction Joints 34 Diaphragm Action 29 Cantilevered Deck and Trim 32 Placing and Compacting 34 Composite Beams 29 Decking on Shelf Angles 32 Curing 34 Perimeter Beams 29 Decking Around Columns 32 Composite Transverse Reinforcement 29 Minimising Concrete Loss 32 Shear Studs 29 floor slab page 35 Concrete Encased Perimeter Soffit Fixings 35 Reference Literature 29 Steel Beams 32 Holowedge and Wedge Nut 35 Delivery page 30 Shear studs page 33 Alphawedge 35 Delivery. we would refer you to the BCSA publication No 37/04 – BCSA Code of Practice for Metal Decking and Stud Welding – for further guidance. In the temporary Deflection condition.uk. partition. then reinforcing bars. These notes should also be read in conjunction with the prevailing national design guidance and health and safety legislation. not covered by the tables. should sum all predominantly uniform applied live.richardlees. or as both shuttering and tensile or concentrated loads. finishes 28 www. check the adequacy of the selected slab to support them. Transportation and Access 30 Spacing of Shear Studs 33 Identification 30 Preparation of Steel Flanges 33 Lifting and Storage 30 Stud Installation Equipment 33 Installation and Testing 33 GOOD PRACTICE: These guidance notes have been developed by RLD during our many years in the Steel Decking Industry. Any walls other than RLD’s structural decking can be used as permanent shuttering lightweight partitions should be considered separately as either line to an in situ concrete topping.5kN/m2 in addition to the for the distribution of longitudinal shear forces in composite beams wet weight of concrete. Design General and loads when reading from these tables.

8 Slabs and Beams Using Steel Decking: Best Practice for Design and Construction. 0. is the responsibility of the Project Structural Design Engineer.2 4. These nails are calculated in accordance with BS EN 1994-1-1 cl. L=Span As examples. In General guidance is provided by RLD in the form of span/load tables particular it is important to avoid the specification of beams with and Deckspan software and.1 3. Except where specifically not exceed 300mm. Studs should protrude a minimum of 35mm above the shoulder of the decking profile and the covering of Guidance on lateral stability of beams can be obtained from SCI concrete over the head of the stud should be a minimum of 15mm. Shear Studs warehouses.10 kN/m DAK 16 = 2. The decking has reached a minimum of 70% of its characteristic strength. troughs to achieve the required degree of shear connection. In most cases this will equate to a wide area of support so as not to locally compromise the structural minimum distance of 114mm. The Project welded studs. This is commonly achieved with the ABOVE DATA OFFERED AS A GUIDE ONLY TO SIZE OF TIMBER RUNNER use of headed shear studs welded through the decking panels to the underlying beam top flange.75 225mm 75mm provision of transfer of horizontal shear forces between the steel beam and the concrete slab. then the edge of the be installed so as to ensure zero deflection of the deck at propped slab should extend a minimum distance of 6 times the stud diameter points prior to concrete placement. The design and safe installation of temporary supports.6.8 Stud Welding.8 • BS EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and 1.25 175mm 50mm Composite Beams 130 3. a design ‘life to first Shear studs are manufactured from low carbon steel with minimum maintenance’ of 20 . Deck Thickness X-ENP-19 L15 DAK 16 Reference Literature (mm) Shear (kN) Shear (kN) • MCRMA Technical Paper 13 / SCI Publication P300: Composite 0. all temporary props to the form of ‘U’ bars detailed below the heads of the studs. on project specific top flanges that are too thin and/or too narrow to accept off-centre installation layout drawings and design calculations. such as is the case in the majority of offices. values for lateral restraint with 0. Temporary support The Project Structural Design Engineer should ensure that sufficient Temporary support may sometimes be necessary to sustain the studs can be welded within the confines of the metal decking dead weight of wet concrete and any other construction loads.20 kN/m Continuous supporting accordance with span/load tables timber propped at 1m centres along its length Diaphragm Action Guidance on diaphragm action of steel decking during construction Slab Runner Size depth Span ‘L’ can be obtained from BS EN 1993-1-3.0 m Transverse Reinforcement Ribdeck E60 >= 4.0 3.05 kN/m DAK 16 = 1.5 m the beam perpendicular to the span direction. (Refer to Shear Studs section for further guidance Structural Design Engineer may also specify temporary propping in -page 33). Recent documented values of yield point of 350 N/mm2. and beams adjacent to internal slab openings. for through deck welding they should be specified with a shank Full Lateral Restraint diameter of 19mm. If this condition is satisfied but does integrity or the appearance of the decking. Superib >= 4. The same condition also applies to internal be designed as an internal beam (albeit with reduced effective props meeting the conditions set out in Table 1. with slabs the studs may be affected by the proximity of the webs of the safe working loads per nail indicated for differing sheet thicknesses in steel decking sheet and their capacity may be reduced. 10. then the composite beam may the edge trim or decking. Table 2: Safe Working Load per Nail 29 . spans onto the beam and is either continuous across or is securely Temporary supports should remain in place until the concrete anchored to it with through deck welded shear studs.3 0. where provided.5 0. When used in a dry and unpolluted environment.9 2. then reinforcement should be specified in advised by RLD’s Technical Department. decking. publication 360.0 m The concrete flange of a composite beam is subjected to splitting Ribdeck S60 >= 4. If the unsupported slab edges are to be fully in place prior to installation of edge distance exceeds 300mm. 1. The header plate should offer a beyond the beam centreline.8 • BCSA Publication 37/04: Code of Practice for Metal Decking and 1.6 for reduction factor formulae.0 0. and schools etc. Within the design there is a requirement for the 200 4.9mm thickness decking are: Slab Depth a) with nails at 333mm centres at sheet ends X-ENP-19 L15 = 8.40 kN/m Decking b) with nails at 666mm centres at intermediate support Props placed in X-ENP-19 L15 = 4. with a standard Z275 coating. composite flange width) and reinforcement added as required to Profile Span satisfy longitudinal shear transmission rules. Any contribution from the decking should only be considered where the decking Table 1: Lower Limit for Pre-installation of Temporary Supports. and elongation 15%.7 0. top mesh and any additional steel bars crossing Ribdeck 80 >= 4. The studs should be headed and approach the higher end of this range.0 m forces and these may be resisted in part by contributions from the concrete. ultimate tensile strength research would suggest that the predicted performance is likely to 450 N/mm2.3 and by reference to (m) (mm) Depth Width ECCS publication No. There should be continuous sole and header plates If perimeter beams. In composite capable of resisting lateral forces as required by BS EN 1993-1-1.50 years can be expected.8 2. including Perimeter Beams any bracing necessary. Positive connection between the composite floor slab and the compression flange of a steel support beam may be The shear capacity of headed studs embedded in solid concrete is achieved using either X-ENP-19 L15 or DAK 16 nails.25 225mm 50mm BS EN 1994-1-1. across the full width of every propped bay and the system should are to be designed as composite ‘L’ beams. 6. 88.0 0. 6. contribution should be ignored where it spans parallel to the Durability composite beam being considered.8 concrete structures. Any shortfall in transverse shear resistance is normally compensated for by the design and inclusion Decking is produced from galvanised steel strip to BS EN 10346 of additional reinforcement bars.75 200mm 50mm Guidance on the design of composite beams is given in 150 4. 120 3. hospitals. BS EN 1994-1-1 cl. cl. situations where tighter control on deflections is deemed necessary. Refer to Table 2.

Transportation and Access Identification Loads are normally delivered by articulated vehicles of approximately Where appropriate. Suitable and a schedule reference code.2 Superib 8. transportation and access for loading deck bundles onto the steel frame. These bundles may decking should be made familiar with the recommendations in this weigh up to 1. Fall Arrest It is recommended that appropriate fall arrest systems are used. support configuration. installers and persons working in the proximity of the compact.3 10. barring or similar means.0 8. it is the customer who is responsible for the safe execution of the works. Generally one bundle of decking will Ribdeck 80 620 350 be positioned in each steelwork bay. The sides of the bundles are identified with paint splashes and these marked sides must all face Table 3: Approximate Maximum Sizes of Bundles away from the appropriate set out point. air bags or similar for other structures.3 7. access to and from unloading points on sites must be provided and maintained by the client.9 1.4 Ribdeck E60 9. the site. Unless otherwise agreed in writing before delivery. together with a risk assessment covering the safety system installation method. COSHH data sheets are available for all hazards/activities associated with the handling and fixing of RLD decking. gauge and length of the panels being delivered. with care taken to avoid excessive pressure across the sheets. Under no circumstances should the bundles or sheets be Superib 680 525 removed from delivery vehicles by tipping.3 Ribdeck S60 6.richardlees. Generally safety netting is advised for steel-framed structures. Bundles should be lifted directly from the delivery vehicle and placed Ribdeck E60 1020 175 on the building framework at the correct level and in positions Ribdeck S60 620 350 appropriate for installation. Decking will normally be delivered in full loads. bundles will be marked to correspond with RLD 16 metres in length and with maximum gross weights of up to 36 layout drawings.4 Ribdeck 80 6. Table 4 gives the mass per linear metre (kg/m) of each profile and gauge to assist in the calculation of individual bundle weights. Details of the appropriate fall arrest system.7 8. Delivery vehicles have a maximum Lifting and Storage unloading time of 2 hours. installation Health and Safety Decking is manufactured to ISO 9001 from high yield steel coated with zinc and may be covered with a soluble protective lubricant which does not adversely affect performance. banded bundles as shown in Table 3. Delivery Delivery. Care must be taken to avoid local overloading of the structure. should be included in the detailed installation method statement prepared by the decking installer prior to commencement of work. Bundle length will depend on decking panel lengths. with a bundle label identifying the product. 30 www.0 9. metres when laid. Lengths of decking manufactured in accordance with RLD layout drawings or customer schedules are normally consolidated into All users. Careless use of the slings can cause panels to Deck Width (mm) Height (mm) buckle.co. Except in situations where fixing is contracted to RLD.0 8. Gauge of Steel Deck 0. double wrapped chains.5 tonnes and cover an effective area up to 100 square section. depending on the profile. The sheets will have sharp edges and corners. tonnes.2 Table 4: Mass of Deck Panels (kg/m) The maximum sheet length on a particular project could be governed by one or more of the following: manual handling limitations. offloading and lifting to level and position is the The customer should arrange for bundles to be lifted using two responsibility of the customer. Export/shipped bundles may differ – please ask for details.3 12.0 1.uk .7 10.

5m lengths if obtained edge formwork Spit.Fixing and Securing Cartridge Nails Prior to the commencement of installation of the decking the The nails are suitable for fastening decking and edge trim to supporting structure must be in a sound and stable condition. such as the Hilti HPS-1 Hammer Screw 2mm when needed. Manchester (Freephone 0800 penetrations. all instances it is recommended that the decking installer refers with restraint strapping in to the fixing manufacturer’s recommendations for the system to lengths to be cut to suit Shear Stud (when used) Edge Trim be used. spacing on intermediate supports. Brickwork. SEE consideration should be given as to the adequacy and completeness Edge trim can be secured to Typical Edge TABLE 7 Detail 3 of bearings and to the spanning capability of cut sheets. Table 6: Max­­imum Spacing of Seam Stitch Screws Restraint straps are used to control the outward deflection of Note: The guidance given here applies to the shallow deck range of the edge trim under pressure from the wet concrete and should profiles supplied by RLD. 50mm 70mm 70mm Site Testing Table 5: Minimum Bearing Requirements for Decking Once nails have been installed. or decking can be secured to steelwork using self-tapping directly from our stock screws. structural steelwork up to 630 Rm N/mm2 and a minimum thickness Steelwork must be adequately restrained and support for the decking of 6mm. Galvanised steel edge trim is not a structural In the case of a steel support structure. concrete or 1. Separate guidance should be sought on generally be installed at no more than 600mm centres and at an the safe installation of deep deck profile CF225. web www.itwcp. It maximum 36 cartridge tools at the discretion of the Project Structural Design is normally supplied in Edge Trim - Engineer. or Typical Edge Brick. No external power source is required. but can be up to Detail 2 or steel supports that the top course of bricks or blocks are of solid construction. When detailing steelwork for the support of metal decking sheets. 3m lengths but may be in Restraint Strap galvanised steel Decking permanent Alternatives to Hilti nails are available through companies such as 2. Thicknesses. a lighter slabs. Technical advice on the use of these tools can be obtained must be provided around columns. but in trim is supplied complete minimum 6 x stud dia. concrete supports provided that the top surface is flat and level and gauges.uk. are usually 0.co. low power powder-actuated component.uk). Edge trim is delivered to site in straight lengths and is cut to suit Superib Ribdeck E60 Ribdeck S60 Ribdeck 80 on site. As a minimum requirement. These tools should be used only by suitably- trained personnel in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Decking may be secured to brickwork. Dims.co. Alternative tools and fixings can be obtained from Spit Steelwork Concrete Other Materials (tel: 0800 731 4924. 31 . adjacent the end of a decking sheet sheets and the finished floor slab.0 m 1. Special masonry fixings. A petrol-driven disc cutter is the using self-tapping screws preferred method for cutting deck sheets and edge trim on site.9mm masonry. e-mail gbtas@hilti.0m 1. adequately cured. In such situations special carrying out installation. the effectiveness of the fixing can Decking MUST be suitably secured to avoid excessive deflection be determined by comparing appearance of the installed nail with or dislodgement during construction. WARNING: Steel decking is a structural element of the construction and should always be installed by a competent contractor to avoid adverse effects on following trades. which must be held perpendicular to the fixing surface Typical dimensions to show clearance/access required and will experience a re-coil effect for use of tool on firing. angle no steeper than 45o. trim sheet and at no more than 600mm centres along its length.110mm wide cartridge tool. Cartridge Tools DX-750 Cartridge Tool Hilti cartridge tools are commonly used to install X-ENP-19-L15 and X-DAK 16 nails. avoiding the need 600mm gauge nail such as Hilti X-DAK 16 can be used with the DX 460 or DX for timber shuttering. Brick and Block) web www. In situations where shear to retain the wet concrete Detail 1 studs are subsequently to be welded through the decking. block. splices. Fixing screws are around obstructions such as columns but this may affect the design only provided when RLD is Decking of the sheet and its spanning capability. (incl. (see detail 1) or to the main It is recommended that all profiles are seam-stitched at regular support structure using the intervals along their length using self-tapping screws.com). consideration should be given to Approx. Edge and Hilti X-SW Soft Washer Fastener can be considered.2mm.hilti. taken to ensure that the seam stitch screws effectively penetrate and Fixings to the top flange are normally made at each end of the edge engage with the under-lapping deck sheet. e-mail tsupport@itwcp. valid CSCS cards for steel decking and/ or stud welding should be held by all workers involved in the installation of these products. openings and other from Hilti Technical Advisory Service. No pedestrian access to the installed decking should be permitted until it has been securely fixed Edge Trim Restraint Strap Edge Trim to the supporting structure and access is recommended to be limited Decking to essential construction personnel once installation is complete. the edge trim can be cut on site to form a facetted face and the frequency of fixings may need to be 1.com. It is used only fastenings such as Hilti X-ENP-19 L15 can be used with the DX 76 as permanent formwork Typical Edge fastening tool to make this connection. blockwork and depots. Decking may be cut on site to accommodate notching on site. To approximate a curve. blockwork and concrete supports must be 886 100. The fixings should be placed guidance diagrams and other information in the manufacturer’s at 333mm maximum spacing at panel ends and 667mm maximum literature. Care should be same fixings as used for securing the decking (details 2 & 3).0 m 1. 450mm the physical dimensions of the x 70 .0 m increased accordingly.

following checks are made to ensure it is physically possible to place panels of sufficient length to achieve 50mm minimum end bearings. Engineer to assess whether any additional reinforcement is required the steel frame supplier should provide additional support (such as to enable the finished floor slab to carry the design imposed loads. The preferred method of construction is for concrete encasement to be carried out off site lmin = Lclear + 2 x 50mm prior to erection of the steel frame. 300 600 0 n/a n/a 50 100 0. as determined by the Project Structural Design Engineer.Tw / 2 . It is the responsibility of the Project Structural Design supports. Cantilevered Deck and Trim Decking Around Columns Special consideration should be given to cantilevers. At the building perimeter the 200 600 0 n/a 100 130 160 decking should either continue out to butt up against the edge trim or be sealed using a 0.7mm gauge galvanised steel or plastic closure 250 600 0 n/a 50 100 135 plate or preformed polystyrene inserts. decking sheets are butt jointed with ribs Depth Any Gauge 0. If the encasement only extends lmax = Lcc –B / 2 .20mm [. The maximum cantilever length permitted varies with concrete depth to be poured and with gauge of edge trim. Edge trim cantilevers are measured from the toe of the beam flange. The Superib decking lmin is the minimum allowable sheet length should be fitted to the perimeter steel beams as normal to provide a lmax is the maximum allowable sheet length working platform and then cut back to the line of the shuttering once it has been installed around the beam. Please refer to the RLD Where the decking changes Technical Department for further guidance.6 2. Where there are no beams available as shuttering. the with closure plates or preformed polystyrene inserts. or the depth of concrete to be poured. For conditions outside of the scope of Table 7. 32 www. should be positioned in each trough of the Superib decking prior to placement of the concrete. It is important that the back span of the decking sheet is securely anchored at no more than the recommended maximum spacing for end and intermediate supports respectively. Guidance is Decking should be cut on site to fit into the webs of columns that given here on the use of both decking and edge trim as cantilevered penetrate the floor plate. 130 600 0 100 125 160 195 Gaps greater than 5mm should be sealed using a method such as 150 600 0 50 115 150 185 adhesive tape or expanding foam. permanent supports or temporary propping may be required. In the direction of span of the decking sheets. This limit is based on health & safety considerations and is not affected by the gauge or profile of decking. then metal decking installation can proceed as normal. and B is the smaller of the two flange widths if not. When cantilevering edge trim to the distances shown in Table 7. the following Where: solution is offered for Superib floor slabs only. and where column penetrations exceed 250mm in width. The Project Structural Design Lclear is the clear distance between toes of shelf angles Engineer should check that the shuttering system has been designed Lcc is the centre to centre spacing of the beams to support the decking and subsequent weight of wet concrete. Galvanised Steel direction of span it may be Closure Plates necessary to stitch the edge of the last sheet to the supporting Decking on Shelf Angles beam and seal off the ends of the perpendicularly-spanning sheets Where decking is required to be supported on shelf angles. Gaps up to 5mm in width can be tolerated without significant leakage of concrete over the top flange of the beams. Concrete Encased Perimeter Steel Beams Similar arrangements are necessary where the decking panels sit on the bottom flanges of steelwork. Tw is the web thickness of the other beam Trsa is the thickness of the vertical leg of the shelf angle Crack Control Reinforcement by others Hairpin Tie Bars Lcc by others B Nominal Cover Trsa Lclear Superib Re-entrant Decking Tw Supporting Timber and Temporary Prop The shelf angles are structural supports and the Project Structural Wrapping Fabric by others Design Engineer should ensure that they are fit for purpose. In addition it is important that the angles project a minimum of 50 mm Timber Formwork beyond the top flange of the steel beam to enable a cartridge tool or similar to be used to secure the decking to the supporting structure. to specify the inclusion of an adequate temporary propping system as indicated in the diagram.2 1.0 lined through.co. the maximum spacing of the restraint straps and fixings to the beam top flange should follow the Decking Support Details at a Column Web guidelines given previously for non-cantilevered edge trim. A sufficient quantity of hairpin tie bars.uk . In situations where pre-encasement is not practical. welded on angle brackets) in the web of the column.Trsa if angle leg upwards] to the top of the steel beam.richardlees.9 1. Overall Deck End Deck Side Edge Trim Minimising Concrete Loss Slab From Beam Centreline From Toe of Beam Wherever possible.7mm Closure Plate For the treatment of side lap 350 600 0 n/a n/a n/a 50 Decking joints of decking refer to the Table 7: Maximum Cantilever Distances earlier section on seam stitching requirements. a maximum cantilever distance of 600mm is recommended. Unsupported side cantilevers of decking are NOT permitted in any circumstances. Concrete encasement may be specified as part of the fire resistant design of perimeter steel members.

This unit will emit diesel fumes when in operation and should be positioned on the structure in a well-ventilated area which is verified as suitable for this purpose by the Project Structural Design 4d (76mm) Engineer. 33 .4 friendly option. The supply should be 3 phase with 415 V / 150 A per times the shank diameter (0. decking becomes more susceptible to localised heat warping and weld splatter can interfere with subsequent welds.6mm 20 Studs on Studs Centreline Offset The studs should not be welded closer than 20mm clear distance from the edge of the top flange Preparation of Steel Flanges Any impurities present at the welding interface will lead to a decrease in weld quality. The maximum longitudinal spacing is defined to prevent localised vertical separation of the slab from the beam.5m maximum In order to maintain effective shear connection. 2m wide and 2m high and with a gross weight of 5 tonnes. It is preferable phase.5m cubed and weighing to limit the number of studs to a maximum of 2 per trough. the decking should fit closely against the beam top flange. Minimum Spacing Staggered Studs Maximum Spacing Installation and Testing Welded shear studs should be installed and tested in accordance with BS EN 14555. A greater number of X-HVB connectors are needed to provide the same degree of shear connection as when using welded studs. a condition that can generally be assured by the installer at the time of welding. 80m (cable) An alternative to welded shear studs is the Hilti X-HVB shear maximum connector. RLD profiles are formed from steel with a Z275 galvanised coating and the through deck welding process can be successfully applied to this material provided that the top flange of the steel beam is not primed. the recommendations of the manufacturers of 5d 3d (57mm) the welding equipment and studs. overlapping zones of influence around adjacent studs. both maximum and minimum spacings are defined for the studs. Consideration should also be given to the method of safely 5d (95mm) re-fuelling the unit and to the safe storage of fuel in a bunded diesel bowser on the site. is connected to this supply through a watertight 150 amp possible. Spacing of Shear Studs 7. Minimum spacings are defined to Where access for the welding rig to within 7. This provides a quiet. a static generator can be provided. These connectors are ‘L’ shaped galvanised steel sections that are secured to the steel beam flange using the Hilti DX 76 powder actuated tool. In situations where access for the mobile rig is restricted and mains power is not available.4 d = 7. Light rusting that occurs after shot blasting is acceptable.Shear Studs Shear studs are normally welded through the decking to the top Stud Installation Equipment flange of the steel beam. This 200 KVA generator is housed in a unit measuring Minimum Spacing Minimum Spacing Single Studs Studs in Pairs 3m long. 5m 600 or 4DS m 4d (76mm) ) 15 35 DS d 7. grease and loose rust. the plug and socket. wherever 0. and particular attention should be paid to the space available for placing these within the confines of a steel decking profile. In the welding zone. a steel section may be welded to the frame and extended concentrations of compressive force do not occur as a result of to a position from which the 7.5m of the frame is ensure that each stud is adequately embedded in concrete and that restricted. The mechanical properties of the HVB connectors are different to those of welded studs and a substitution should not be made without the consent of the Project Structural Design Engineer.5 tonne. To avoid burn through of the beam flange The preferred method for welding shear studs is through the use the studs should be welded directly above the web (on the beam of mains power. be a steel plate measuring 100 x 10mm. The welding convertor. This steel section should. as a minimum. and the project specific design (9 and layout. clean and environmentally- centreline) or the flange should have a minimum thickness of 0. Guidance and Assistance on the application of the HVB system is available from Hilti (tel: 0800 886100). painted or galvanised and is also free from dirt.5m access rule may be applied.6mm generally). measuring 0. As the number of studs increases beyond this limit.

then it will not be with permanent slab edges. Under no intermediate supports which would result in only one span of a circumstances should water be added to the concrete after it has left multiple span sheet receiving concrete. In hot weather the concrete temperature b) where shown to be required on RLD standard span/load tables. wind.co. supply or installation of any framing or reinforcement and Timber the boxing out of decking to form openings. Any residual ceramic ferrule fragments left over after breaking them away from the welded shear studs can be left distributed over the decking surface and lost within the concrete pour. Immersion vibrators should not be used. a construction joint should be formed. CONCRETE PLACEMENT Temporary Props Placing and Compacting Immediately prior to concrete placement.richardlees. and surface laitance. that the prop header is in continuous and level contact with the deck Where possible the concrete should be pumped or discharged soffit. consideration should be given to the combined width. and control crack widths at corners. Formwork Openings can be classified in terms of the width measured Deck over Void perpendicular to the span of the decking: 1) Up to 300mm wide – No special treatment is required. be taken to prevent drying out of the surface before any curing Care should be taken not to over-jack these props whilst ensuring protection can be applied. Construction Joint Construction Joint Concrete Preferred Location Alternative Location Curing Concrete should be protected from the harmful effects of sun. RLD’s responsibilities exclude the design. Slight surface grease edge trim. The protection Butt Jointed Supports Butt Jointed Span should be applied as soon as possible after placing the concrete and Span be designed to prevent surface drying for a minimum of 7 days. or oil residue from the decking manufacturing process does not affect the design bond strength between decking and concrete and therefore need not be removed. the batching plant. be taken to avoid over-vibration as this could cause segregation of the mix. discharged directly on to the span. on composite floor slabs. care should be taken not to allow the concrete to fall from a height exceeding 1. 34 www. It is the responsibility of the Project Structural Design Engineer to ensure the slab will be adequate to support the design imposed loads after the formation of any openings. The opening should be boxed out and the decking only cut out using a reciprocating saw or nibbler when the slab has cured. then the framing arrangement before the decking is installed. leakage through deck joints. Where it is not possible to have the construction joint at a sheet end. and be protected from frost and maintained at no lower than 5oC for 72 hours after placement. not over measures to be taken to recover the workability of the mix. If openings are grouped such that a gap of less than 1. Work should Construction Joints progress transversely across each bay in a direction such that the lap Continuous concrete pours in excess of 1.000m2 can be achieved joints are approached from the side of the overlapping sheet. If the limits of the pour do not coincide If the workability of the concrete is too low. PRIOR TO CONCRETE PLACEMENT Forming Openings The following guidelines are offered for forming openings in a slab. The three size categories. No concrete should be disturbed for at least 24 hours after placing. Health and Safety note: Due consideration should be given to the Cleaning the Decking means of providing protection against falls and accidental passage through of materials at whatever stage openings are formed in the It is recommended that any debris on the decking be removed by the slab. outlined here. then the concrete should be a) where indicated on RLD drawings if supplied under the discharged from the mixer at a temperature of no lower than 10oC contract. supplement the slab strength immediately parallel to the opening. has been placed to ensure that sufficient shear bond resistance is For single span slabs and in situations where the concrete must be developed. The concrete should be compacted using a power driven beam or it should be positioned such that no more than 1/3 of the final span plate vibrator. The propping system should extend to the full width of the from a skip in a controlled manner over an intermediate beam of bay and be left in place for a minimum of 14 days after the concrete a multiple span sheet and spread evenly into the adjacent spans. relate to isolated openings. it is recommended that Care should be taken when concreting in extremes of temperature. The construction joint should wherever possible be positioned Advice should be obtained from the concrete supplier on any over permanent supports at the ends of decking panels. checks are made to ensure that temporary propping is installed: If the air temperature falls below 4oC. Care should is left unconcreted. One method that can be used is to provide a temporary cover contractor after all reinforcement has been positioned and openings to the opening using unconcreted decking secured to a special boxed out and immediately prior to concreting.uk . 2) Between 300mm and 700mm wide – The opening should be formed as above but additional reinforcement bars should be designed and added as necessary to spread the load laterally around the opening.5 times 3) Over 700mm wide – Structural trimming steel should be added to the width of the largest opening exists between them. when deposited should not exceed 32oC and measures should c) where indicated on project specific design calculations. possible to achieve full compaction and an acceptable finish. Max Decking Permanent Decking 1/3rd Decking cold and rain during the first stage of hardening.0m nor for heaping to a depth significantly in excess of the design slab depth.

Ribdeck S60. 8. Guidance on the use of Alphawedge fixings is available through 90o so that the sloped faces of the wedge bear on from Lindapter International Ltd. email support@lindapter. 4) The bolt or rod should then be finger tightened up to the roof of the dovetail or to a washer set against the soffit of Deckspan Design Software the decking. a nominal 600 mm strength and load-bearing capacity of the structure. Soffit Fixings The Superib and Ribdeck ranges of steel decking allow the suspension of lightweight services and fixtures from removable wedge-shaped fixings. 10 200 Ribdeck E60 Alphawedge 6.COMPOSITE FLOOR SLAB Loading of the composite floor slab to its full design load should only The wedges are designed to act as vertical anchors only and should take place once the concrete has reached its target strength. Dynamic loads should approval of the Project Structural Design Engineer.uk Wedge correctly inserted and bolt/rod tightened against top of dovetail rib Alternative fitting with washer or plate tightened against soffit 35 . The Alphawedge suspension fixing is available from Lindapter 2) Thread wedge onto the required bolt or rod.richardlees. Ribdeck E60. The use of the grid being recommended as a minimum. Design advice for closer floor slab for storage of materials or as a working platform for further groupings should be obtained from the Project Structural Design erection of the structure should only be attempted with the prior Engineer or from RLD Technical Department.lindapter. NOT be supported by wedge fixings. 8. 10 100 Ribdeck 80 Wedge Nut 6. 8.com). It is designed for use with all gauges of 3) Insert wedge in to dovetail rib from below and rotate Ribdeck E60. Profile Wedge Type Thread Size Safe Static (mm) Working Load (kg) Superib Holowedge 4 150 6.com. 10 100 Table 8: Safe Static Working Loads Installation Procedure: Alphawedge 1) Ensure that the correct wedge is selected. web www. the decking ribs. together with the safe static working load that can be suspended from each fixing when attached to a fully cured composite floor slab. To avoid local overloading of the floor slab loading of the slab can have detrimental effects on the long-term the wedges should not be closely grouped. Table 8 shows the options available. 8. Ribdeck 80. download free of charge at www. It is important that the correct wedge fixing and decking are paired together and that the wedges are not inserted into lap joints. International Ltd (tel: 01274 521444. for Superib. Early not be used as nuts. 10 100 Ribdeck S60 Wedge Nut 6. Proprietary anchors can be embedded in the slab and used as directed by the manufacturer and where approved by the Project Structural Design Engineer.co. available to 5) Use mechanical tightening to finish.

uk .co.uk 36 www.richardlees.co.richardlees. Ribdeck S60 and Ribdeck 80 available to download free of charge at www. Deckspan Design Software for Superib. Ribdeck E60.

com 37 . Supplied by Oasys Ltd Tel: +44 (0) 191 238 7559 www.Our partners..oasys-software..

uk Content copyright Richard Lees Decking Ltd and liable to change without notice.co.richardlees. Trademarks acknowledged.Richard Lees Decking Limited Brandlesholme House. TM1 EUR 04/14 . Bury.co. Greater Manchester.uk Email: sales@richardlees. Brandlesholme Road. BL8 1JJ Tel: +44 (0) 161 609 0455 www.