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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

1, Issue 9, 2013 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Slider Crank Mechanism for Four bar linkage
Patel Ronak A.1
R.M.S. Polytechnic, Bakrol, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Abstract—the slider crank mechanism is a particular four three revolute joints are used to connect the bodies. While
bar linkage configuration that exhibits both linear and each body has six degrees of freedom in space, the
rotational motion simultaneously. This mechanism is kinematical conditions lead to one degree of freedom for the
frequently utilized in undergraduate engineering courses to whole system.
investigate machine kinematics and resulting dynamic
forces. The position, velocity, acceleration and shaking
forces generated by a slider crank mechanism during
operation can be determined analytically. Certain factors are
often neglected from analytical calculations, causing results
to differ from experimental data. The study of these slight
variances produces useful insight. The following report
details the successful design, fabrication and testing of a
pneumatically powered slider crank mechanism for the
purpose of classroom demonstration and experimentation.
Transducers mounted to the mechanism record kinematic
and dynamic force data during operation, which can then be
compared to analytical values. The mechanism is capable of
Fig. 1: slider crank
operating in balanced and unbalanced configurations so that
the magnitude of shaking forces can be compared. The A slider crank mechanism converts circular motion of the
engine was successfully manufactured and operates as crank into linear motion of the slider. In order for the crank
intended. Data recorded by the device’s accelerometers is to rotate fully the condition L> R+E must be satisfied where
comparable to calculated values of acceleration and shaking R is the crank length, L is the length of the link connecting
force. crank and slider and E is the offset of slider . A slider crank
is a RRRP type of mechanism i.e. It has three revolute joints
I. INTRODUCTION and 1 prismatic joint. The total distance covered by the
slider between its two extreme positions is called the path
The purpose of the slider-crank mechanism is to convert the length. Kinematic inversion of slier crank mechanisms
linear motion of the piston to rotational motion of the produce ordinary a white work quick return mechanism of
crankshaft. One common application of this mechanism is in Machines Lab Inversion: Different mechanisms obtained by
internal combustion engines. The Ø rst aim of this fixing different links of a kinematics chain are known as its
experiment is to investigate and compare the theoretical inversions.
kinematic relationship between the displacement of the
piston and the angle of the crankshaft with that measured for
a single-cylinder engine. The other aim is to investigate the The motion of the mechanism can be viewed in the
four-stroke cycle by simultaneously observing the motion of following gif animation:
the piston and valves
Using the right angled triangles formed at the dead center

Noting s =se-sf =stroke = the distance slider travels between
dead-centers. If we let l= a2/a3 and e = c/a3, the stroke will
be given by:
Fig. 2: Position analysis of slider crank mechanism
A slider crank chain has the following inversions:
The Slider-crank mechanism is used to transform
rotational motion into translational motion by means of a 1) First inversion (i.e., Reciprocating engine and
rotating driving beam, a connection rod and a sliding body. compressor)
In the present example, a flexible body is used for the 2) Second inversion (i.e., Whith worth quick return
connection rod. The sliding mass is not allowed to rotate and mechanism and Rotary engine)

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All rights reserved by www. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author would like to thanks D. Mohammad Reza Aside.mscsoftware.http://www. Dynamic modelling of an intermittent slider- crank mechanism. 1/Issue 9/2013/0084) 3) Third inversion (i. Journal of mechanical engineering research vol3 (3) page 85-95.aspx [5] Mohammad Rajbarkohan. Abdol Hamid Hosani. Shabana. Department Head.K. MSc Softwares. A slider-crank experiment to determine the action of static forces. The experimental measurements of piston dis- placement agree with the predictions of a theoretical model of the piston motion to within 33% of the stroke of the piston.. Slider Crank Mechanism for Four bar linkage (IJSRD/Vol. Ng. March 2011. [6] Ahmah A. Dynamic analysis of a slider – crank mechanism with eccentric connector and planetary gears Mechanism and Machine Theory 42 (2007) 393– 408. This was attributed to the incorrect setting of the zero angle of the protractor that measures crank Tools/Adams. RMS Polytechnic-Bakrol for his guidance during the project. Kinematics and kinetic analysis of slider crank mechanism in Otto linear four cylinder Z24 engine. [3] Rong-Fong Fung. W. Near top dead center between the exhaust and intake strokes. Mansour Rasekh. Sükrü Su. The opening range of both valves extended past the top-dead-center positions for their respective strokes. This oÆset is estimated as 4 the inlet valve was open during the intake stroke and the exhaust valve was open during the exhaust stroke. REFERENCES [1] T. PANDEY. Cambridge University Press. Chin-Lung Chiang and Shin-Jen Chen. and the angular displacement of the crankshaft.e. The increased range of valve opening allows more air to move in during the intake stroke and out during the exhaust stroke.ijsrd. OUTCOMES The kinematic motion of the slider in the slider-crank mechanism can be ex-pressed in terms of the lengths of the crank and the 2024 . and Ibrahim Uzmay. Dynamics of Multibody Systems. Oscillating cylinder engine and crank & slotted lever mechanism) 4) Fourth inversion (Hand pump) II. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education Volume 31 Number 4 October 2003. [2] Selçuk Erkaya. In the present experiment. published by press syndicate of university of Cambridge. an o Æset between the theoretical and experimental values for piston displacement was also observed. Applied matehmatcical modelling 33 (2009) 2411-2420 [4] ADAMS Software. both valves were open for approximately +20 and angular rotation of the crankshaft.