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CHM 420

EXPERIMENT 2

GROUP NAME : 1. QASRINA IZZATI BINTI ZAINAL (2016447194)
2. NUR FADHLINA IZZUNIDDIN (2016437508)
3. WAN NUR ATILLA ANTASHA BINTI MEGAT ASRUL
HAZAMAN (2017824034)
4. SITI NAJIHAH BINTI ABDUL RANI ( 2017282026)

TITLE : WATER OF HYDRATION

INSTRUCTOR : MADAM NORUL AZILAH BINTI ABDUL RAHMAN

the percentage of water in the sample can also be determined and it will be used to calculate the formula of hydrate. For this experiment. For qualitative. To determine the percentage of water in an unknown hydrate qualitatively and quantitatively INTRODUCTION Hydrated compound can be defined as a compound that contains water molecules that weakly bound in its crystal. Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate. Cobalt (II) Chloride Hexahydrate and Tin (II) Chloride Dehydrate. The water released on heating is called the water of hydration. we can observed the hydrate’s behaviour while for quantitative part. It has a specific number of water molecules. On heating. From the amount of mass lost. when the sample is heated. we can determines the amount of water driven off. the attractive forces are overcome and the water molecules are released leaving behind the anhydrous salt (anhydrous means without water).TITLE Water of Hydration OBJECTIVE 1. by heating the sample to constant weight. The dot symbol shown number of water molecules bound in the substance. Some of common hydrated compound are Copper (II) Sulfate Pentahydrate. The reaction is called endothermic since heat is absorbed during this process. CHEMICAL APPARATUS . The dots represent an attractive force between the polar water molecules and the positively charged metal ion. the amount of water in the hydrated compound can determined qualitative and quantitatively.

CuSO4•5H2O Analytical balance Unknown hydrated compound Crucible and cover (BaCl2•xH2O) Clay triangle Tripod stand Tile Test tube Test tube rack CHEMICALS AND APPARATUS PROCEDURE .

Then the test tube was grip with a clamp and its mouth was 15-20 degrees above the horizontal. Placed between 1. After rinsed with distilled water. Allowed the crucible and cover to cool in the room. Observed and made a record any change in DATASHEET 2 3. Qualitative determination of water 1. Obtained a clean and dried test tube. 3. Used the same balanced for the successive weighing of the same sample 4. . Then recorded the weight crucible and content.05 g. A few drops of water were added into the test tube and then recorded the observation. The crucible and a cover were cleaned by tap water. Start to heating gently and increased the intensity of the flame after 5 minutes and heated to redness for about five minutes. the crucible with cover were placed on the clay triangle. The crucible and cover were heated using a bunsen burner for 5 minutes. 7. 1. The cover was slightly open to allow moisture to escape during heating.000 and 1. Adjusted the cover so that it was slightly ajar. B. Quantitative determination of water in a hydrate. 6. Calculated its mass. Recorded the result. ● was used as the unknown hydrated compounds in this experiment. 2. After that. the bottom of the test tube was being heated gently to avoid spattering. Placed the crucible with sample and cover onto the clay triangle. A scoop of copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate was placed in the test tube. Closed the crucible after heating and allowed cooling for 5 minutes.A. 2. 4. Calculated the mass. Repeated the heating step and weighing until the results of two succesive weighings agree to within 0. 5.500 g of the hydrated compound into weight crucible. Test tube and its content was allowed to cool in room temperature.