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Table 1: Observation for Known Solutions

NaCl Na2 CO 3 MgSO4 NH 4 Cl
AgNO 3 White Yellowish with No change White precipate
precipitate precipitate
Chemical AgNO 3 + NaCl AgCl + NaNO3
equations
(if applicable) 2 AgNO 3 + Na2 CO 3 Ag 2 CO 3 + 2 NaNO 3

AgNO 3 + NH 4 Cl AgCl + NH 4 NO 3
NaOH No change No change Cloudy No change
Chemical NaOH + MgSO4 Na 2 S O4 + MgOH
equations
(if applicable)
HCl No change No change No change No change
Chemical -
equations
(if applicable)

Table 2: Observations for Unknown Solutions

Solution 1 Solution 2 Solution 3 Solution 4
AgNO 3 No change White White Yellowish
precipitate precipitate
NaOH Cloudy No change No change No change
HCl No change No change No change No change

Identification of unknown solutions

Solution 1 is MgSO4

Solution 2 is NH 4 Cl

Solution 3 is NaCl

Solution 4 is Na 2 CO 3

Questions

1

Magnesium ion is from group 2. b) Identify a reagent that distinguishes the chemical properties of ¿ and ¿ Mg Ag Explain. no change was recorded but when Silver ion mixed with Hydrochloric acid. Because Copper ion is from transition metals which is insoluble salts. the reaction will produced Blue precipitate or deep blue solution (copper ion in excess). 2+¿ +¿ . 2+¿ +¿ The test reagent distinguishes between ¿ and is NH 3 . 2+¿ +¿ . But when Ammonia reacted with Barium ion. Cu¿ Ba¿ Based on the table given. 2+¿ 2+¿ . a) Identify a reagent that distinguishes the chemical properties of and Mg¿ Na ¿ Explain. Based on the table given. there is no change because it is soluble salts. Mg Magnesium ion reacted with Hydrochloric acid. white precipitate will formed. it will produced Silver Chloride and it was soluble salt yet it will produce white precipitate. Based on the Mg Ag ¿ table. 2+¿ +¿ Another test reagent that can distinguishes between ¿ and Ag ¿ is HCl. Basically most Sulphate salts are soluble . It is because Ammonia react with Magnesium ion and produced Mg white precipitate. While Barium ion react with Sulfuric acid. While reaction between Na ¿ and Ammonia had no change because Sodium ion is soluble salt. 2+¿ 2+¿ The test reagents distinguishes between and is NH 3 and H 2 SO 4 . or alkaline earth metals of the +¿ periodic table which is insoluble salt. c) Identify a reagent that distinguishes the chemical properties of ¿ and ¿ Cu Ba Explain. The reaction between Magnesium ion and Ammonium produced white precipitate because magnesium ion is from group 2. Ammonia reacted with Copper ion. NH3 is the reagent that distinguishes the chemical properties 2+¿ +¿ of ¿ and Na¿ . or alkaline earth metals of the periodic table which is insoluble salt but when Silver ion reacted with Ammonia there is no change because all metals is insoluble salt.

Pb SO 4∧¿ Ca SO 4 (insoluble salts) and when Copper ion react with Sulphuric Acid there is no change because it is soluble salts. Pb SO 4∧¿ Ca SO 4 (insoluble salts) . Sulphate salts are soluble but notable exceptions for Ca SO 4 . Silver ion and Barium ion can distinguishes the chemical properties of Hydrochloric acid and Sulfuric acid. Barium ion produced white precipitate when react with Sulfuric Acid. PbCl 2 and Hg 2 Cl 2 (insoluble salts). d) Identify a reagent that distinguishes the chemical properties of HCl and H 2 SO 4 . it will formed white precipitate. When Silver ion reacted with Hydrochloric acid. but notable exceptions for Ca SO 4 . Basically most chloride salts are soluble but notable exceptions for AgCl. Explain.