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Foundry Technology

Sand Casting
Cast Steel
and Copper
Casting
Alloys

The ZOLLERN Group ZOLLERN is one of the pioneers of the metal industry. ferritic/austenitic 6 Stainless and acid-resistant steels. mechanical engineering elements and steel profiles. manufacture and supervise a range of innovative metal products. non-magnetisable 9 Tool steels 10 Copper-tin and copper-tin-zinc casting alloys 11 Copper-zinc casting alloys 11 Copper-zinc casting alloys 13 Copper casting materials 13 Copper-aluminium casting alloys (standardised) 14 Copper-aluminium casting alloys (non-standardised) 15 . austenitic 8 Heat-resistant cast steel 9 Special materials. nitriding and spring steels 5 Heat-resisting cast steel 6 Stainless and acid-resistant steels. North and South America and Asia develop. Contents Page Sand casting alloys 3 Cast steel for general use 4 Case-hardening steels 4 Quenched and tempered. ferritic/martensitic 7 Stainless and acid-resistant cast steel. ZOLLERN supplies sophisticated solutions for diverse applications through its business units drive technology. foundry technology. plain bearing technology.000 employees at 15 production locations and seven subsidiaries in Europe. 3.

weight of approximately 7.000 kg. This ensures a good surface. according to customer drawings. a bronze foundry was added approximately 2.Superior quality casting 02 // 03 Sand casting Superior quality casting In Laucherthal. we have the shell 9001 : 2008. sands are used. Sand casting . For us. . and international market. around 1890. quality and delivery reliability moulding process or utilisation of ceramic moulds and are the prerequisites for success on the national ceramic cores at our disposal. For special Production is certified according to DIN EN ISO applications or requirements. In the laboratory and materials inspection. our made of copper and copper alloys as well as high and machining workshops pre-process or finish castings low alloy steels. all standard destructive and For manually or machine formed parts. resin-bonded non-destructive tests and examinations are available. The emphasis today is on sand castings Equipped with highly modern CNC machines. narrow tolerances as well as high-quality material. from steel to Apart from iron and steel.000 kg. castings have been made from metallic Castings from copper alloys are possible to a delivery materials since the founding of the company in 1708.

0558 DIN 1681 General mechanical engineering.0446 DIN 1681 General mechanical engineering. Parts for general mechanical engineering with low C 15 1.3 1. 164 and higher stress with cross sections that are not too MnCr 5 hardened 10084 large. but suitable for larger cross sections 1.2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (HB) DIN 17210 Case.2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) (HB) GS 38. As 15 Cr 3.Cast steel for general use Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological Notched.0401 ≥ 430 700-900 ≈12 . tough at Case- 14 NiCr 14 1. at least 1.5924 hardened compared to 14 NiCr 14 1. high core strength even with hardened thick cross sections. 183 of stress 6 DIN EN 10084 hardened very good wear resistance DIN 17210 Machine components subject to average stress.7147 ≥ 680 1000-1300 ≈8 . 164 5 DIN EN 10084 hardened possible due to modified sulphur content GS 20 DIN 17210 Case.5920 Machine components subject to highest amounts of Case- 18 CrNi 8 ≥ 785 1180-1420 ≈7 . good weldabili- annealed ≥ 200 ≥ 380 ≥ 25 ≥ 35 ty. magnetically annealed ≥ 300 ≥ 600 ≥ 15 ≥ 27 GE 300 EN 10293 soft. thicknesses. but slightly higher core strength.7016 ≥ 450 750-1050 ≈11 .2% Proof Tensile elongation stress strength at failure Rp0.70 T at 100 A/cm GS 60.5919 DIN 17210 Parts subject to high stress with small wall GS 15 Case- ≥ 680 1000-1300 ≈8 .0420 DIN 1681 General mechanical engineering. pins 1. cog toothed wheels. 178 MnCr 5 DIN EN 10084 hardened or higher core strengths . inferior full hardening CrNi 6 1. heat characteristics hardness particular treatment application examples state Percent 0. better full hardening compared to 17 CrNiMo 1. levers Components resistant to sudden stress.3 1.70 T at 100 A/cm Case-hardening steels Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological hardness Annealing Intended use/ no. As 16 MnCr 5. roller bearings. 190 subzero temperature. heat characteristics bar hardness particular treatment impact application examples state work Percent (ISO-V) 0. DIN EN 10084 hardened measuring tool DIN 17210 Case. control components 16 MnCrS DIN 17210 Case. parts 17 Cr 3 1. magnetically DIN 1681 annealed ≥ 260 ≥ 520 ≥ 18 ≥ 27 (GE 260) soft.2% Proof Tensile elongation stress strength at failure Rp0. 143 DIN EN 10084 hardened core strength. magnetically soft for pressure-bearing compo- GE 200 EN 10293 nents in accordance with AD-W5 up to 300°C GS 45.5934 hardened 6. hig- Case- 15 Cr 3 1.5752 ≥ 835 930-1230 ≈10 .3 1. magnetically annealed ≥ 240 ≥ 450 ≥ 22 ≥ 27 GE 240 EN 10293 soft. at least 1. As 16 MnCr 5.5752 WL 1. at least 1. 190 stress.70 T at 100 A/cm GS 52. therefore particularly suited to larger parts DIN 17210 Machine components subject to highest amounts 17 CrNiMo Case- 1.6587 ≥ 830 1050-1350 ≈8 . better and more uniform machining 1.0552 General mechanical engineering. 174 DIN EN 10084 hardened used in the construction of vehicles DIN 17210 Standard quality for components subject to average GS 16 Case- 1.Annealing Intended use/ no.7131 DIN EN ≥ 600 800-1100 ≈10 .5924 WL 1.7139 ≥ 600 800-110 ≈10 . pinion shafts.7015 ≥ 440 690-880 ≈11 . 174 her core strength compared to C 15.3 1.5934 WL 1.

wall thickness < 50 mm GS 42 CrMo 4 1.7231 EN 10293 QT2 ≥ 700 850-1000 ≥ 10 ≥ 37 J in terms of toughness DIN EN 10083 Quenched and Equivalent to material 1.7221 EN 10293 QT2 ≥ 550 700-850 ≥ 14 ≥ 18 J apparatus construction GS 34 CrMo 4 1.0501 ≥ 430 630-780 ≥ 15 . full quenching and subse- 30 CrNiMo 8 1. cog toothed tempered wheels.T2 tempered nability due to modified sulphur content DIN EN 10083 Quenched and tempered cast steel equiva- Quenched and GS 50 CrMo 4 1. ≤ 210 EN 10343 tempered cross sections and subject to average stress DIN EN 10083 Quenched and C 55 1. G 20 Mn 5 1.8159 SEW 835 ≥ 850 1100-1250 ≥6 ≥ 330 245 tempered steel with good toughness characteristics Components with maximum wear resi- Quenched and 235 58 CrV 4 1.T2 tempered cross section/higher degree of purity DIN EN Quenched and tempered cast steel for com- 10083 ponents subject to high stress with good GS 36 CrNiMo Quenched and full quenching and subsequent drawing 1.2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) (HB) TL 2350.6580 ≥ 800 1000-1200 ≥8 .7228 ≥ 800 1050-1250 ≥5 .7225 DIN 17205 QT1 ≥ 600 800-950 ≥ 12 ≥ 31 J Universal.6511 ≥ 900 1100-1300 ≥8 . mechanical engi- EN 10250 tempered neering and apparatus construction DIN EN 10083 Quenched and For thin-walled components subject to slightly C 35 1.T2 tempered quent drawing up to 100 mm wall thickness possible.T2 tempered DIN EN 10083 Quenched and For components of high strength with small CK 60 1. T1 . Cast steel for general use / Case-hardening steels / Quenched and tempered.T4 tempered stress with small cross section Highly quenched and tempered compo- DIN EN Quenched and 60 SiCr 7 1. stance.8161 ≥ 1000 ≥ 1200 ≥5 . 245 lent to 1.2% Percent work Proof Tensile elongation (ISO-V) stress strength at failure Rp0. ≤ 240 T1 .6220 EN 10293 ≥ 300 QT 500-650 ≥ 22 ≥ 60 J also suitable for low temperatures Steel with good weldability even in quen- Quenched and 15 CrMoV 59 1. ≤ 160 and subject to low stress. for components with GS C TL BWB ≥ 785 930-1180 ≥ 10 260-330 ≤ 230 002 tempered high heat-treated strength and toughness DIN EN 10083 For components with small wall thickness Quenched and C 22 1. ≤ 240 nents with high requirements in terms of 10089 tempered spring characteristics GS 25 CrMo 4 1. 240 T1 .8521 DIN 17211 ≥ 900 1000-1150 ≥ 10 ≥ 300 220 ched and tempered state.0503 ≥ 500 700-850 ≥ 10 . heat characteristics Notched hardness particular treatment bar application examples state impact 0. 248 T1 . Quenched and Reinforced cast steel. also spring steel. parts subject EN 10297 to highest amounts of stress used in the construction of vehicles DIN EN 10083 Quenched and tempered cast steel for large Quenched and cross sections. 248 4 tempered up to 50 mm wall thickness. high toughness and elasticity DIN EN 10132 Quenched and Castings subject to impact and bending 67 SiCr 5 1.7218 DIN 17205 QT1 ≥ 450 600-750 ≥ 16 ≥ 40 J Parts used in mechanical engineering and G 26 CrMo 4 1.7220 DIN 17205 QT1 ≥ 540 700-850 ≥ 12 ≥ 35 J High-strength quenched and tempered cast G 34 CrMo 4 1.8519 DIN 17211 Quenched & tempered and nitriding steel Quenched and 31 CrMoV 9 ≥ 900 ≥ 1050 ≥ 10 .7103 ≥ 1320 1450-1650 ≥3 .7108 ~ 1100 1350-1550 ≥4 . nitriding and spring steels Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological Hardness/ Annealing Intended use/ no. 100 mm wall thickness .T2 tempered however with higher strength N 480-620 ≥ 20 ≥ 50 J Material with high toughness. 240 T .8514 WL 1. 248 for wear parts subject to high stress up to 1.7225.7227 ≥ 750 850-1050 ≥8 .0535 ≥ 550 800-950 ≥ 10 .0402 ≥ 350 550-700 ≥ 15 .7225. good machi- 42 CrMo S4 1. nitriding and spring steels 04 // 05 Quenched and tempered. high-strength quenched and tem- pered cast steel with average requirements G 42 CrMo 4 1. ≤ 185 EN 10343 tempered higher stress in mechanical engineering DIN EN 10083 Quenched and Castings of higher strength with small C 45 1. shafts 1. ≤ 230 For thin-walled castings of high strength T1 .1221 ≥ 580 850-1000 ≥8 .7230 EN 10293 QT2 ≥ 650 830-980 ≥ 10 ≥ 27 J steel.8514 tempered approx. nitriding steel for tempered machine parts subject to wear Quenched and Highly wear-resistant quenched and tempered GS 50 CrV 4 1.

9 and quen.4957. 980°C. - tempered the chemical industry. ched similar to 1.7242 . . operating temperature up to ASTM A 995 300°C ched Solution Chemical and petro-chemical SEW 400 industry. see supple- ment 1 to 1.application temperature can also tempered be used as case-hardening steel GS 17 CrMo 55 EN 10213 1. ≥ 345 . heat characteristics bar expansion particular treatment impact between application examples state work 20 and Percent (ISO-V) 300°C 0.4469 heat treated sion. non-sca- 1. com- ponents that are exposed to 1. Rp0. ferritic/austenitic Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological cha.5 rapid temperature changes G X 23 CrMoV 12-1 EN 10293 (temperature shock) Aeronautics.4971 ASTM A567 Or annealed ling up to approx. Notched.4462.2% Proof Tensile elongation stress strength at failure Rp0. flue gas desulfuriz- EN 10283 ≥ 480 ≥ 650 ≥ 22 ≥ 50 14.4468 ched zing acids. sea or brackish water. G X 15 CrNiCo 21 20 20 for further data.Heat-resisting cast steel Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological Notched.4957 Cast state . turbines/air 1.8 blades.4470 heat treated G X 2 CrNiMoN 22-5-3 EN 10283 ≥ 420 ≥ 600 ≥ 20 ≥ 30 13 to stress-crack corrosion in J92205 and quen- ASTM A 995 media containing chlorine. valves.4462 G X 2 CrNiMoCuN 25-6-3-3 1.2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) α (10-6 K-1) Parts that require toughness Solution with higher proof stress com- pared to austenitic steels with heat treated G X 4 CrNi 26-7 1. high resistance 1. e. steam boiler construc- GS 17 CrMoV 5 11 1.4347 EN 10283 ≥ 420 ≥ 590 ≥ 20 ≥ 30 14. ation. 15.4 Turbine construction.4517 Solution Chemical and petro-chemical heat treated industry. ≥ 340 780-980 ≥ 10 . G X 2 CrNiMoN 26-7-4 EN 10283 ≥ 480 ≥ 650 ≥ 22 ≥ 50 J93404 and quen. ≥ 250 650-850 ≥ 10 . pump housing Solution For heavy exposure to corro- EN 10213 1.5 partially identical or better and quen- corrosion resistance. sulphuric acid . Thermal Intended use/ no.4 tion G 17 CrMoV 5-10 Stainless and acid-resistant steels.4957 WL 1.4931 QT ≥ 540 ≥ 340 740-880 ≥ 15 ≥ 27 11. Thermal Intended use/ no. combustion chambers.7706 EN 10213 QT ≥ 440 ≥ 300 590-780 ≥ 15 ≥ 27 13.2% proof stress Tensile elongation strength at failure 20°C 590°C Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) α (10-6 K-1) Heat-resisting castings resistant Quenched and to pressurized hydrogen for G X 20 CrCoMoV 12 21 1.7357 QT ≥ 315 ≥ 180 490-690 ≥ 20 ≥ 27 13.g. heat racteristics bar expansion particular treatment impact between application examples state work 20 and Percent (ISO-V) 300°C 0. resistant to non-oxidi- G X 2 CrNiMoN 25-6-3 1.0619 ≥ 240 . high-temperature. 530°C Quenched and GS 16 CrMo 4 1.4912 . up to approx. pressure G 17 CrMo 5-5 EN 10293 vessels. suitable ched filler material 1. stainless For castings up to max. 420-600 ≥ 22 13. . 540-690 ≥ 15 .4 Fittings GP 240 GH EN 10213 QT ≥ 40 G X 22 CrMoV 12 1 EN 10213 Turbine construction. 730°C.2 at least 340 MPa at 500°C GS C 25 DIN 17425 N ≥ 27 1.

water and G X 20 Cr 14 1.4009 For parts that must be resistant DIN 17445 Quenched to humidity. G X 5 CrNi 13 4 suitable filler material 1. steam. ferritic/martensitic Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological Notched.g. . aero- nautical material QT1 ≥ 750 ≥ 900 ≥ 12 ≥ 20 G X 4 CrNiCuNb 16-4 1.2% Proof Tensile elongation stress strength at failure Rp0. Heat-resisting cast steel / Stainless. Welding not recom- mendable DIN 17442 Annealed or Parts for optical devices.4549. (55 HRC) cutting tools. running wheel blades. 225-275 SEW 310 and tempered finishing. ferritic/austenitic and ferritic/martensitic 06 // 07 Stainless and acid-resistant steels. for tow bars As 1. G X 7 CrNiMo 12-1 EN 10283 suitable welding filler 1.4104 ≥ 550 750-950 . pump parts. 230-300 SEW 410 and tempered ble cast steel.4549. .4351 1.4008 QT ≥ 440 ≥ 570 ≥ 15 ≥ 27 170-240 wheels.4405 17/4 PH 1.5 ≥ 900 ≥ 1030 ≥6 ≥ 34 HRC 0.Annealing Intended use/ no.4549 1. steam.4525 EN 10283 QT2 ≥ 1000 ≥ 1100 ≥5 .4009 Heat-treatable cast steel for Quenched X 46 Cr 13 1.4034 DIN 17440 .4317 EN 10283 QT2 ≥ 830 ≥ 900 ≥ 12 ≥ 35 280-350 G X 4 CrNi 13-4 QT3 ≥ 500 ≥ 700 ≥ 16 ≥ 50 SEW 410 For parts with increased cor- Quenched rosion resistance compared to G X 5 CrNiMo 16 5 1 1. .4016.4313 DIN 17445 QT1 ≥ 550 ≥ 760 ≥ 15 ≥ 50 240-300 Water turbines and pump parts. mechanical X 14 CrMoS 17 1. measuring tools.4405 ≥ 540 760-960 ≥ 15 ≥ 60 - and tempered 1.4313.4059 ≥ 590 780-980 ≥4 .4549 WL 1. heat-treata- G X 22 CrNi 17 1. stainless 1.4122 quenched and ≥ 500 750-850 ≥ 10 . medical G X 35 CrMo 17 1. Suitable wel- ding filler 1. running 1.4549. e. suitable welding filler EN 10283 1.04C 16Cr 4Ni 3Cu Precipitation-hardened.4 ≥ 830 ≥ 900 ≥8 ≥ 30 HRC 1.2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) (HB) G X 8 CrNi 13 DIN 17445 Resistant to humidity. 220-280 instruments and measuring tempered devices SEW 400 1. For castings that DIN 17440 Quenched require elaborate. heat characteristics bar hardness particular treatment impact application examples state work Percent (ISO-V) 0. 170-240 SEW 410 and tempered frequent handling. . acid-resistant steels.6 ≥ 1100 ≥ 1240 ≥6 ≥ 40 HRC cast steel of high strength. and tempered wear parts DIN 17445 Quenched Corrosion-resistant.4027 ≥ 440 590-790 ≥ 12 . water.

For castings with extensive mechani- heat tre- X 8 CrNiS 18 9 1. suitable welding filler X 2 CrNiMo 17 12 2 EN 10088 quenched 1. beverage indus- try.4309 and 304 L G X 2 CrNi 19-11 EN 10283 G X 6 CrNi 18 9 DIN 17445 Frequently used "V2A" quality.4552. fittings.Stainless and acid-resistant cast steel.4308 AT ≥ 175 ≥ 440 ≥ 30 ≥ 60 130-200 quality to 1. centrifuges. impact application examples ment work state 0. especially suitable for use in ated and G X 1NiCrMoCuN 25 20 5 1.4408 AT ≥ 185 ≥ 440 ≥ 20 ≥ 60 130-200 industry. 1. no renewed 1. After welding.4439. suitable welding filler 1. dairies X 5 CrNi 19-10 Solution Castings with identical corrosion resistance and heat tre.4409 EN 10283 ≥ 195 440-640 ≥ 30 ≥ 80 130-200 stance to intergranular corrosion after welding ated and quenched without further processing G X 6 CrNiMo 18 10 DIN 17445 Castings for the pulp. primarily thread cutting. suitable welding filler 1. textile and saltpetre indus- G X 5 CrNiNb 19-11 EN 10283 tries.4529 G X 5 CrNiNb 18 9 DIN 17445 Castings in the food processing. food EN 10283 processing industry.4305 ≥ 175 440-640 ≥ 20 . pumps.4404 ≥ 205 440-640 ≥ 30 ≥ 80 130-200 ated and heat treatment required. corrosion is paramount. X 2 CrNiMo 18 14 3 S31603 MR 0175 ≥ 200 500-700 ≥ 30 ≥ 50 ≤ 215 ated and Similar to 1.4408.4316. resistant 1. similar to 1.4435 DIN 17440 Solution heat tre.4551. forging quality. good pitting resistance. heat characteristics bar hardness particular treat. soap. dairies. (≥ 35) (80) Good resistance to pitting and stress-crack corro- heat tre- SEW 400 .4401 DIN 17440 ≥ 185 440-640 ≥ 20 ≥ 60 130-200 ated and material standardised under 1.4552 AT ≥ 175 ≥ 440 ≥ 20 ≥ 35 130-200 paint.4409 and 316 L Solution Similar to 316 L. photo.. similar to 1. similar forging G X 5 CrNi 19 10 1. similar to 1.4539 Solution -220 .4302. fittings.130-200 cal machining.4581 AT ≥ 185 ≥ 440 ≥ 20 ≥ 35 130-200 As 1. paper. film.2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) (HB) DIN 17440 Solution As 1.4584/1.4538 quenched ≥ 185 ≥ 450 ≥ 30 ≥ 60 sea water. suitable welding filler G X 5 CrNiMo 19-11-2 EN 10283 1. suitable welding filler 1. welding ated and EN 10088 quenched not recommendable G X 2 CrNiN 18 9 SEW 410 Fittings and parts for pumps.4301 and 304. 1.Annealing Intended use/ no. full austenite. chemical industry 1.4551 G X 5 CrNiMoNb 18 10 DIN 17445 1.sion. similar to quenched 316 L G X 2 CrNiMoN 18 10 SEW 410 Castings for which resistance to intergranular Solution heat tre. but lower strength.4403 X 2 CrNiMoN17 13 5 DIN 17445 Good intergranular corrosion resistance. X 2 CrNi 19 11 1.4308.4576. castings with increased resi- heat tre- G X 2 CrNiMo 19 11 2 1. austenitic Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological Notched. textile and chemical 1. 1. 316 L CF3M ASTM A 743 quenched X 1 NiCrMoCuN 25 20 5 1. as a casting X 5 CrNiMo 17 12 2 1. Material in accordance with NACE MR 0175. etc. pumps.4576 G X 5 CrNiMoNb 19-11-2 EN 10283 .4306 EN 10088 AT ≥ 205 ≥ 440 ≥ 30 ≥ 80 130-200 food processing industry.2% Percent (ISO-V) Proof Tensile elongation stress strength at failure Rp0. 1.4446 AT ≥ 210 ≥ 490 ≥ 20 ≥ 50 130-200 in high chlorine concentrations and tempera- GX 2 CrNiMoN 17-13-4 EN 10283 tures.4430.

Stainless and acid-resistant cast steel.4825 ≥ 230 ≥ 450 ≥ 15 .Annealing Intended use/ no.3952 ≥ 240 490-690 ≥ 30 ≥ 80 130-200 (VG 81236). can be welded ched SEW 395 Solution heat treated Non-magnetic casting material G X12 CrNi 18 11 1.2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) (HB) SEW 395 Solution Non-magnetic casting material heat treated G X2 CrNiMoN 18 14 1. subsequent heat treat- ment not required . (VG 81236). 150-220 annealed EN 10295 DIN 17465 For parts in industrial furnace Cast state or G X 40 NiCrSi 38 18 1. 130-200 in industrial furnace construction annealed EN 10295 up to 900°C For parts in furnace and apparatus Cast state or G X 15 CrNiSi 25 20 1. heat characteristics bar hardness particular treatment impact application examples state work Percent (ISO-V) 0.4848 ≥ 220 ≥ 450 ≥8 . can be WL 1.2% Proof Tensile elongation stress strength at failure Rp0.4729 annealed .3964 ≥ 315 570-800 ≥ 20 ≥ 65 130-200 Nb 21 16 5 3 and quen. heat characteristics bar hardness particular treatment impact application examples state work Percent (ISO-V) 0.4840 SEW 595 205 440-640 15 .2 Rm (MPa) A5 (%) (J) (HB) DIN 17465 For parts subject to minimal stress G X 40 CrSi 13 1. non-magnetisable 08 // 09 Heat-resistant cast steel Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological Notched. resistant to intergra- and quen- WL 1. particularly resistant 1.3955 ched Non-magnetic casting material SEW 395 Solution (VG 81236). 490-750 ≥4 . ≤ 230 construction up to 1. austenitic / Heat-resistant cast steel / Special materials. very good corrosion G X2 CrNiMnMoN heat treated resistance. non-magnetisable Designation Material Standard Typical Mechanical and technological Notched. 200-300 in industrial furnace construction EN 10295 up to 850°C DIN 17465 For parts subject to minimal stress Cast state or G X 25 CrNiSi 18 9 1. can be welded WL 1.100°C in oxi- annealed dizing atmospheres SEW 595 Cast state or G X 40 CrNiSi 25 20 1. 150-220 construction with high tempera- annealed EN 10295 ture fluctuation resistance Special materials.Annealing Intended use/ no.3952 nular corrosion. to intergranular corrosion.3964 ched welded.2% Proof Tensile elongation stress strength at failure Rp0.4865 ≥ 220 ≥ 420 ≥8 .3955 ≥ 195 440-590 ≥ 20 ≥ 80 150-190 and quen.

super-speed steel for G X 155 CrVMo 12 1 1.3 1.3 0.7 0. also for parts with 100 Cr 6 1.2067.0 0.0 0. .5 5.3 2 0. . etc.3 0. telescopic type ball bearing travellers.4 .4 5. High-temperature tool steel for all G X 38 CrMoV 5 1 1.0 0.4 1. heat (approximate values %) particular application examples treatment state hard. punching and X 165 CrMoV 12 1.3 0. 64 250 higher toughness stress Steel resistant to corrosion to a limited extent for plate.0 0.2067 DIN EN ISO 4957 Hardened 1. yet slight- ly reduced wear resistance . 1.1 1. 50 235 non-cutting functions. working hardness 1180–1770 N/mm2 High-temperature and wear-resistant tool G X 40 CrMoV 5 1 1.2363 Hardened 1 0.2 .2842 DIN EN ISO 4957 Hardened 0.2379 DIN EN ISO 4957 Hardened 1. 64 220 1.3 .2210.3 1.0.0 .3 0.7 1.2 1. 64 230 high Hertzian contact stress.0 .5 .Tool steels Designation Material Standard Typical Chemical composition Properties Intended use/ no.5 0.2 11.5 63 250 cutting tools. Tools for moulding ceramic shells Cutting and punching tool. higher toughness compared to 90 MnCrV 8 1.2060. 1. cutting dies Dimensionally stable. 51 230 steel. small shear blades.2419.6 0. 63 230 material thicknesses.5 0.4 5.3 0. 1. wire.4 1.9 0.2344 DIN EN ISO 4957 Hardened 0.2 1.2601 Hardened 1. working hardness 1180–1170 N/ mm2 Cutting and punching tools for average G X 100 CrMoV 5 1 1.2343 DIN EN ISO 4957 Hardened 0.5 0.1 .3 11. Annealing ness hardness C Si Mn Cr Mo V W (HRC) (HB) Wear-resistant tool steel.2 0.

2 Rm A5 HB N/mm2 N/mm2 % 10/1000 EN 1982 CC491K CuSn5Zn5Pb5-C DIN 1705 2. highly stressed high-speed spindle nuts.7 kg/dm3 • Thermal conductivity ~ 0.59 W/cm.54-0. soap solutions. RG 5 USA ~ C83600 GZ 110 250 13 65 water and steam fittings up to 225°C UK LG2 F U-E5Pb5Z5 EN 1982 CC492K CuSn7Zn2Pb3-C Suitable for pressure-tight parts due to additi- GS 130 230 14 65 RG 6 DIN 1705 2. Tool steels / Copper-tin and copper-tin-zinc casting alloys 10 // 11 Copper-tin and copper-tin-zinc casting alloys Zollern Standards Minimum values Min. for slide bearings subject GS 130 240 5 80 GBz 12 Pb EN 1982 CC482K CuSn11Pb2-C to impact-type stress up to 12 kN/cm2 GZ 150 280 5 90 crank and toggle bearings. in endurance runs up to 1. Intended use/ designation from the tensile hardness particular application examples specimen Rp0.0-4. but also for same appli- cations as GBz 10 Good emergency running properties through higher Pb content high wear resistance. sliding plates DIN 1705 2. oils. over short periods also 4.1096 G-CuSn5ZnPb5 GS 90 200 13 60 Thin-walled castings. GZ 180 300 8 95 particularly suitable for worm wheels through additional Ni content.105 kN/mm2 • Electric conductivity ~ 5-8 MS/m • Density ~8. sliding strips but not suitable for worm wheels mechanical properties pursuant to EN 1982 GS = sand casting (values also for shell-mould casting) GZ = centrifugal casting • Young's modulus ~ 90 . but higher wear resistance high-speed. unhardened steel as F U-E7Z5Pb4 shaft is an option EN 1982 CC480K CuSn10-C Tin bronze with relatively high elongation DIN 1705 G-CuSn10 GS 130 250 18 70 fittings and pump housing GBz 10 USA ~ C90700 GZ 160 280 10 80 guide. hydraulic parts.1090 GS 120 230 15 60 RG 7 slide bearing shells or bushings up to 4kN/cm2 USA ~ C93200 GZ 120 260 12 70 maximum load. milk . sliding strips GZ 150 280 5 90 spindle nuts. low-noise transmissions subject to higher stress. sea water. GS 140 260 7 80 GBz 12 EN 1982 CC483K CuSn12-C hinged blocks.25 kN/ GS 160 280 12 85 GBz 12 Ni EN 1982 CC484K CuSn12Ni2-C cm2. sliding strips.01 µr All alloys are resistant against drinking water.1093 G-CuZn6ZnNi onal Ni content GZ 130 260 12 70 UK ~ LG 4 fittings and pump housing up to 225°C Through higher Pb content good emergency EN 1982 CC493K CuSn7Zn4Pb7-C running properties. sliding parts.5 kN/cm2.K • Thermal expansion coefficient ~ 17-18 . 10 -6/K • Permeability < 1. running and paddle wheels for UK CT1 pumps and water turbines Good sliding properties and wear resistance.6-8. cylinders for axial pistons As GBz12.

suitable EN 1982 CC761S CuZn16Si4-C for pressure-tight. average compressive rial GS loads per unit area spindle and pressure nuts. good sea water resistance. moderate sliding GS 450 750 8 180 ABG USA ~ C86300 properties. such as excavator arms.01. 10 -6/K • Permeability < 1. guide rings.Copper-zinc casting alloys Zollern Standards Minimum values Min. pressure and adjustment nuts with F U-Z36N3 low sliding velocities. EN 1982 CC764S CuZn34Mn3Al2Fe-C valve and control units. on-board tableware. low emergency running properties Very good casting capability. thin-walled parts such as GS 230 400 10 100 ZB 80 DIN 1709 G-CuZn15Si4 sea water pump housings and fittings. sliding ZB37 USA ~ C86200 GZ 260 620 14 150 blocks. low permeability < 1.0596 G-CuZn34Al2 GS 250 600 15 140 lubrication for bearing.0592 G-CuZn34Al1 GS 170 450 20 110 PB presses with higher additional Ni content also USA ~ C86500 GZ 200 500 18 120 for ship superstructures. the electronics indus- try and precision engineering EN 1982 CC762S CuZn25Al5MN4Fe3-C Bearing material with high stress capability. UK HTB1 propeller hubs and blades Statically stressed construction parts. bearing rings.1-8. tough EN 1982 CC765S CuZn35Mn2Al1Fe1-C pressure nuts for rolling mills and spindle DIN 1709 2. DIN 1709 2. slide and guide rails mechanical properties pursuant to EN 1982 GS = sand casting (values also for shell-mould casting) GZ = centrifugal casting • Young's modulus ~ 90 . water GZ 300 500 8 130 USA C87500 tanks. bevel only with good DIN 1709 2. Intended use/ designation from the tensile hardness particular application examples specimen Rp0.0598 G-CuZn25Al5 only for low sliding velocities.2 Rm A5 HB N/mm2 N/mm2 % 10/1000 Preferred for sliding-stressed parts. heat exchanger parts.42 W/cm.03 µr . ~ CuZn37Mn2Al2Ni1SiPb-C worm wheel rims cast or produced from composition similar to CW713R centrifugal casting Moderate sliding properties. Pb) 200 450 10 ~ 150 GZ bearing and guide bushings. bearing bushings in construction GZ 480 750 5 190 GB HTB3 machines. also parts for mechanical engineering. BZG better sliding properties (Si. slow-run- F ~ U-Z19A6 ning worm wheel rims.110 kN/mm2 • Electric conductivity ~ 3-8 MS/m • Density ~8.K • Thermal expansion coefficient ~ 18-19 .3 kg/dm3 • Thermal conductivity ~ 0. up to Non-standardised bearing casting mate- 10 m/s sliding velocity.

Intended use/ designation from the tensile hardness particular application examples specimen Rp0.09 W/cm.01 µr . refineries. 10 -6/K • Permeability < 1. electrode holders.30-0. contact parts.60 W/cm. GN 30 GS 230 440 18 115 valve parts. bra- GN 10 USA C96200 GZ 100 280 25 70 ckish water.14 W/cm.K DIN 17665 2. Type B ductivity 3. clam- F U-Cr0. smelting technology.145 kN/mm2 • Electric conductivity ~ 2-6 MS/m • Density ~ 8. oil and water cooling tanks USA C96400 F U-N30M1Fe mechanical properties pursuant to EN 1982 GS = sand casting (values also for shell-mould casting) GZ = centrifugal casting • Young's modulus ~ 120 .0835 G-CuNi30 platforms. chloride-containing wastewater.K CCG USA ~ C81500 GS 200 300 10 95 As WKG.9 kg/dm3 • Thermal expansion coefficient ~ 17 .8Zr ping jaws for resistance welding equipment mechanical properties pursuant to EN 1982 GS = sand casting (values also for shell-mould casting) • Young's modulus ~ 100 kN/mm2 • Density ~ 8.9 kg/dm3 • Thermal conductivity ~ 0. EN 1982 CC383H CuNi30Fe1Mn1NbSi-C desalination plants.2 Rm A5 HB N/mm2 N/mm2 % 10/1000 Electric conductivity ≥ 45 MS/m thermal con- EN 1982 CC040A Cu-C. petroleum production fittings.K • Thermal expansion coefficient ~ 15-16 . 10 -6/K • Permeability < 2 µr Copper casting materials Zollern Standards Minimum values Min. F U-N10Fe1M brine solutions for power plants.2 Rm A5 HB N/mm2 N/mm2 % 10/1000 EN 1982 CC380H CuNi10Fe1Mn1-C DIN 17658 2. chemical industry.1292 G-CuCr F35 thermal conductivity ~ 3.0082 G-Cu L45 parts with higher conductivity in electrical WKG L45 USA ~ C80100 GS 40 150 25 40 mechanical engineering. drilling DIN 17658 2.0815 G-CuNi10 GS 120 280 20 70 Very good resistance against sea water. but higher wear resistance UK CC!-WP also for welding guns. power sup- F ~ Cu/c1 ply. Copper-zinc casting alloys / copper-nickel casting alloys / copper casting materials 12 // 13 Copper-nickel casting alloys Zollern Standards Minimum values Min. cooling elements EN 1982 CC140C CuCr1-C Electric conductivity ≥ 45 MS/m DIN 17665 2. Intended use/ designation from the tensile hardness particular application examples specimen Rp0. general mechanical UK HCC1 engineering.

125 kN/mm2 • Electric conductivity ~ 2-9 MS/m • Density ~7.Copper-aluminium casting alloys (standardised) Zollern Standards Minimum values Min.34-1. pump wheels.05 VBG . as bearing material for parts subject to high stress and slower sliding velocities < 1 m/s good lubrication required EN 1982 CC333G CuAl10Fe5Ni5-C good weldability. good corrosion GS 180 500 18 100 TUBG USA ~ C95200 resist.highest wear resistance and stress GS 180 440 18 105 AMB3 DIN 1714 2. toggle bearin- gs. fittings.6 kg/dm3 • Thermal conductivity ~ 0.2+0. very good MEBG WL 2.0980 G-CuAl11Ni GZ 380 750 5 185 hooks.01 also resistant against diluted sulphuric acid.5Ni (%) EN 1982 CC332G CuAl10Ni3Fe2-C GS 180 500 18 100 Sea water resistant copper-aluminium bronze. engine components.0975 G-CuAl10Ni constructions.0962 G-CuAl8Mn capability GZ 200 500 18 105 mechanical properties pursuant to EN 1982 or WL 2. paddle wheels. sliding and pressure parts. wear parts EBG 9 . turbine wheels.very good weldability GS 230 490 10 125 EBG .13 W/cm. superheated steam EN 1982 CC334G CuAl11Fe6Ni6-C GS 320 680 5 170 fittings.2 Rm A5 HB N/mm2 N/mm2 % 10/1000 Low permeability < 1. mixing arms for the chemical industry. USA ~ C95500 heat exchangers. pickling VBG DIN 1714 2.9 µr . stirrers. such as screw con- GZ 160 450 15 100 veyors.0940 G-CuAl10Fe ties between -200 und +200°C. feed-in trays.0962 GS = sand casting (values also for shell-mould casting) GZ = centrifugal casting • Young's modulus ~ 90 .most often implemented.2.01 to < 1. on-board tableware. worm wheels.02 or < 1. mixing arms. Intended use/ designation from the tensile hardness particular application examples specimen Rp0.0968 and DIN 1724 .0968 G-CuAl9Ni7 GZ 290 490 7 130 combination of strength and toughness MEBG. castings for the che- GS 120 340 15 80 AB 9 EN 1982 CC330G CuAl9-C mical and food industry. GZ 200 550 18 130 UK AB1 bevel wheel sea water applications if F ~ U-A10Fe Al < 8. AMB3 for special requirements in shipbuilding low permeability < 1.5-7. pickling racks and hooks EN 1982 CC331G CuAl10Fe2-C Low temperature dependency of the proper- DIN 1714 2. 10 -6/K • Permeability < 1. ~ C95800 content greater wear-resistance and cavitati- GZ 280 650 13 150 UK ~ AB2 on resistance. but also less elongation F U-A10N running wheels. ship propellers. ship superstructures. pump housing and blades.K • Thermal expansion coefficient ~ 14-18 .0970 G-CuAl9Ni GZ 220 550 20 120 no risk of stress-crack corrosion. with increasing aluminium GS 250 600 13 140 EBG USA ~ C95500. EBG 9 DIN 1714 2. also with composite DIN 1714 2.

the mechanical All information presented in this brochure was properties are determined from separately or prepared with great diligence. sliding blocks. low friction TZB 32 GS 300-340 only hardness is guaranteed 600 650 1.2.2 Rm A5 HB N/mm2 N/mm2 % 10/1000 Al content > 13% Deep drawing tools for reshaping of titanium. AMBG) For sand and shell-mould casting. 0. TZB 28 260-300 Tensile specimen frequently not possible 450. 500. guide rails. AMBG) • Density ~ 7. foundry machines mechanical properties pursuant to EN 1982 or WL 2.5 coefficient.6 kg/dm3 TZB ~ 7. sliding blocks. .45 W/cm. Copper-aluminium casting alloys (standardised) / copper-aluminium casting alloys (non-standardised) 14 // 15 Copper-aluminium casting alloys (non-standardised) Zollern Notes Minimum values Min.5.K (SMBG. with centrifugal or qualities is not connected therewith. Zollern does casting (only copper alloys). directly from the casting.0968 and DIN 1724 . AMBG) • Thermal expansion coefficient ~ 15-18 . worm wheels. MoS lubri- cation required.115 kN/mm2 • Electric conductivity ~ 3-6 MS/m (SMBG. Sliding material. Any warranty of quality integrally cast specimen rods. bearings subject to impact-type AMBG forged material 2. the specified values apply only for wall thicknesses up to 50 mm. Applicable are the provisions stipulated in arrange- ments and/or provisions as agreed on in the individual contract or in the General Terms and Conditions. no welding profile and straigh- TZB 36 340-380 very brittle tening rolls. oil lubrica- Sliding material. similar to GS 220 490 8 130 bushings. 10 -6/K (SMBG. Hastelloy and austenitic steel. similar to GS 140 440 11 105 tion required.2 kg/dm3 • Thermal conductivity ~ 0. also suitable for refrigeration technology For parts subject to sliding stress. Intended use/ designation from the tensile hardness particular application examples specimen Rp0.0960 GZ 180 540 12 110 spindle nuts. in doing so. bending tools For parts subject to sliding stress. SMBG forged material 2.0936 (CW306G) GZ 250 590 12 130 oscillating stresses also for higher tempera- tures such as roller conveyors of continuous casting plants. not assume any guarantee or liability.0962 GS = sand casting (values also for shell-mould casting) GZ = centrifugal casting • Young's modulus ~ 105 . worm wheels.

com info@zollern. .16 I 081 I www.zollern.com Hitzkofer Strasse 1 F +49 7571 70-602 Group headquarters ZOLLERN GmbH & Co.com All images used are for illustrative purposes only. Any warranty of quality or qualities is not connected therewith. Zollern does not assume any guarantee or liability. Applicable are the provisions stipulated in arrangements and/or provisions as agreed on in the individual contract or in the General Terms and Conditions. 08.Germany Plants T +49 7571 70-0 www.creaktiv-werbung. KG Subsidiaries & local offices 72517 Sigmaringendorf-Laucherthal All information presented in this brochure was prepared with great diligence.