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Descriptive chemistry


which has an atomic mass of 126. ahead of iodine. In another hand. Meyer’s system of element by Julius Lothar Meyer in 1868 and Mendeleev’s periodic table by Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev in 1869.[1] The most successful attempt was Mendeleev’s periodic table.[2] The periodic table has been refined and extend as the new elements have been discovered. I will try to explain why the periodic table is arranged the way it is. In one hand. In this essay. These are: the Dobeiner’s “triads” by Johann Dobereiner in 1816. the new periodic table is arranged by boxes.9 u. There were various attempts to arrange the elements.[4] As you can see in the table 2 below. with an atomic mass of 127. I can take the example of the fact that he put tellurium.The periodic table of the chemical elements is a tabular exhibition of the chemical elements.6 u. the De Chancourtois’s “Telluric helix” by Beguyer De Chancourtois in 1862. He also leaves blanks in his table which was a predilection of the discovery of new elements. The layout of the elements has been refined and extended over the time as the elements have been discovered.[5] Each vertical column is called a group or family and horizontal row is called a period. although in a few cases he put the slightly heavier element before one in order to place element with similar chemical properties in the same column.[3] I believe that he has arranged the elements in this way because he want to show the lightest and the heaviest element but at the same time keep elements which have similarities in chemical properties together. he placed tellurium in the same column as sulfur and selenium because it has similar chemical properties like them. Newlands’s “Law of Octaves” by John Newlands in 1863. [6] I find that the method above especially the fact that the vertical column is called a group or a family is a very important method to . Mendeleev’s periodic table arranged the element primarily in order of increasing the atomic mass.

2. Also you can see that they are arranged by blocks which represent the different subshell where the last electron resides. and contains hydrogen and helium. . group2 is alkaline earth metals. group16 is chalogens.[8] The periodic table is also arranged by blocs. The d-block comprises group 3 through 12 and contains all the transition metals. you can see that the element have similarities based on the fact that they belong to the same family.classify elements which have the same chemical properties. For example. The p-block comprises the last six groups. we just use their group number. The s-block comprises the first two groups. group1. named according to the subshell in which the last electron resides. The f-block comprises the rare earth metals. Also. 13 through 18 are called representative elements.[7] Some group in the periodic table have elements with similar in chemical properties but these have no particular name. group 17 is halogens and group 18 is noble gases. [10] As long as you move in the periodic table vertically. As an example I can take the group 14. group1 is the alkali metals. group 13 through 18 and contains all the semimetal. group3 through 12 are called transition metals.[9] To sum up I can say that the main value of the periodic table is the ability to predict the chemical properties of an element based on its location on the table.



10.Chemistry for changing times.Chemistry: The Central Science (tenth edition). Chemistry for changing times (twelfth edition).wikipedia.Scerri. p 51 3. (2007). Its Story and Its Significance. p 51 6. (2010).Chemistry: The Central Science (tenth edition).Chemistry: The Central Science (tenth edition). Oxford.17 8. Eugene.Chemistry for changing times. p 80 7. Bruce E. Pearson Prentice hall. Hill.. .Brown. New York Oxford University Press. LeMay. Bursten. . Sources: .Chemistry for changing times. Chemistry: The Central Science (tenth edition). H. Terry W. 9. McCreary. p 82 figure 3.Chemistry for changing times.Chemistry for changing times.Chemistry for changing times.John W. Theodore L. Prentice Hal from .References: 1. p 51 and Its story and its significance p 63 2. p 51 4. (2005).Chemistry for changing times. Eric R. p 51 5. Doris K Kolb.