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PV System with Boost Converter using P&O MPPT
Technique
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Department of Electrical Engineering,
National Institute of Technology Warangal, Warangal -506004

Electrical Department, NIT Warangal November 24, 2017 1 / 45

Introduction
Introduction
PV Cell Characteristics
Boost Converter
MPPT Technique
Simulation Results
Conclusions
Reference.

Electrical Department, NIT Warangal November 24, 2017 2 / 45

Outline
Abundant availability .
Pollution free
The controlling of solar energy using PV modules comes with its own problems.
A lot of research has been done to improve the efficiency of the PV modules.

Electrical Department, NIT Warangal November 24, 2017 3 / 45

PV Cell Characteristics

Figure 1 : PV cell model

q(V + Rs ∗ I ) (V + Rs ∗ I )
I = Iph − Io (exp − 1) − (1)
nkT Rsh

Electrical Department, NIT Warangal November 24, 2017 4 / 45

Figure 2 : I-V curves for different solar radiations Electrical Department. 2017 5 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.

2017 6 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.Figure 3 : P-V curves for different solar radiations Electrical Department.

2017 7 / 45 .Figure 4 : I-V curves for different cell temperatures Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24.

NIT Warangal November 24.Figure 5 : P-V curves for different cell temperatures Electrical Department. 2017 8 / 45 .

NIT Warangal November 24.Boost Converter Figure 6 : Boost Converter Pin = Vin ∗ Iin (2) P0 = V0 ∗ I0 (3) V0 = Vin /(1 − D) (4) I0 = Iin ∗ (1 − D) (5) Rin = Vin /Iin = R0 (1 − D)2 (6) Electrical Department. 2017 9 / 45 .

MPPT Technique Hill climbing involves a perturbation in the duty ratio of the power converter. NIT Warangal November 24. In the case of a PV array connected to a power converter. DSP or DSPACE control is more suitable for hill climbing and P&O Electrical Department. 2017 10 / 45 . perturbing the duty ratio of power converter perturbs the PV array current and consequently perturbs the PV array voltage. The oscillation can be minimized by reducing the perturbation step size.

NIT Warangal November 24.Figure 7 : DC-DC converter for the operation of MPPT Electrical Department. 2017 11 / 45 .

NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 12 / 45 .Flowchart of P&O MPPT Algorithm Electrical Department.

NIT Warangal November 24.Simulation Results Electrical Department. 2017 13 / 45 .

NIT Warangal November 24. Table 1 : Simulation Parameters Parameters Symbol Values Short circuit current isc 6.4 A Open circuit voltage Voc 21 V Voltage at MPP Vmpp 17 V Current at MPP Impp 6A Power at MPP Pmax 100 W Irradiation G 1000 W /m2 Electrical Department. 2017 14 / 45 .

Figure 8 : I-V curve at irradiation (1000 W/m2) Electrical Department. 2017 15 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.

NIT Warangal November 24.Figure 9 : P-V curve at irradiation (1000 W/m2) Electrical Department. 2017 16 / 45 .

NIT Warangal November 24.Figure 10 : Effect of boost converter input impedance on MPP tracking Electrical Department. 2017 17 / 45 .

2017 18 / 45 .Figure 11 : PV MPP Tracking at different Irradiance Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24.

NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 19 / 45 .Figure 12 : Input and output powers of boost converter at different irradiation Electrical Department.

NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 20 / 45 .Figure 13 : Input and output voltages of boost converter at different irradiances Electrical Department.

NIT Warangal November 24.Figure 14 : Input and output currents of boost converter at different irradiances Electrical Department. 2017 21 / 45 .

2017 22 / 45 .Experimental Results Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24.

Figure 15 : Experimental setup of boost converter power circuit for MPPT Electrical Department. 2017 23 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.

2017 24 / 45 . Table 2 : Boost Converter Practical Parameters Parameters Values Inductance 2 mH Capacitance 1000 µF Load resistance 26 Ω MOSFET IRF 640N Diode MUR 860 Driver IC 3120 Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24.

V characteristics of solar panel from practical data Electrical Department.Figure 16 : I . NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 25 / 45 .

Figure 17 : P .V characteristics of solar panel from practical data Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 26 / 45 .

Figure 18 : MPPT Tracking performance. NIT Warangal November 24. Electrical Department. 2017 27 / 45 .

Figure 19 : Steady state waveforms after reaching the MPPT Electrical Department. 2017 28 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.

2017 29 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.Figure 20 : MPPT Tracking during shading and non-shading conditions Electrical Department.

2017 30 / 45 .Figure 21 : PV panel characteristics under G = 815 W/m2 at T= 430° C Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24.

NIT Warangal November 24. Single Stage Grid Connected Inverter Using PV System Electrical Department. 2017 31 / 45 .

Schematic Diagram of PV Grid Connected System Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 32 / 45 .

NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 33 / 45 .Single-phase PV Inverter Lfa Lsa PV Array + Cdc Vsa Cf - LCL filter Voltage source inverter Figure 22 : PV array connected to grid through voltage source inverter and LCL filter Electrical Department.

k sin PLL v*dc im Electrical Department. 2017 34 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.Control diagram of the PV energy conversion system PV array Inverter LCL filter Grid PWM Current controller idc vdc e is - + i*s vs + MPPT .

Vp=Vt Return Electrical Department. 2017 35 / 45 .Flow-chart of Increment Conductance Algorithm START Sense Vt. It dV=Vt-Vp dI=It-Ip No Yes dV=0 Yes dI/dV= Yes dI=0 -It/Vt No No Yes dI/dV> No Increase Vref dI>0 decrease Vref -It/Vt No Yes decrease Vref Increase Vref Update Ip=It. NIT Warangal November 24.

General structure of a single phase PLL including grid voltage monitoring Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 36 / 45 .

2017 37 / 45 .2 µF Damping resistance 26 Ω DC capacitance (Cdc ) 7200 µF Load resistance 30 Ω Temperature 25°C Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24. Table 3 : Simulation Parameters Parameters Values Grid voltage 220 V Filter inductance (L1 ) 1 mH Filter inductance (L2 ) 28 mH Filter capacitance (Cf ) 2.

2017 38 / 45 .MPPT tracking for irradiance variation PV VOLTAGE AT MPP 800 1400W / m 2 600 1000W / m 2 400 200 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 PV CURRENT AT MPP 12 1400W / m 2 10 1000W / m 2 8 6 4 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 7000 PV POWER AT MPP 6000 1400W / m 2 5000 4000 1000W / m 2 3000 2000 1000 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24.

96 19.08 20.1 GRID CURRENT 4 2 0 -2 -4 19.98 20 20.Inverter AC side currents during MPPT for 1-phase INVERTER OUTPUT 10 5 0 -5 -10 19.06 20.94 19.1 Electrical Department.96 19.9 19.9 19.98 20 20.06 20.04 20.02 20.96 19.08 20.92 19.94 19.06 20.08 20.92 19.92 19. NIT Warangal November 24.98 20 20. 2017 39 / 45 .04 20.02 20.94 19.9 19.02 20.04 20.1 LOAD CURRENT 10 5 0 -5 -10 19.

NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 40 / 45 .Three-phase PV Inverter I PV Ia Ea U dc Ib + Eb . Ic Ec Electrical Department.

Control circuit of three=phase PV system ia +1 -h +h I a 0  I d -1 ib I x I x +1 -h 0 +h   U dc* I q I q I b -1 MPPT ic I y I y U dc I PV Ea +1 -h 0 +h Eb PLL * I c U dc I PV Ec -1 Electrical Department. NIT Warangal November 24. 2017 41 / 45 .

5 4 PV VOLTAGE AT MPP 1000 800 1000W/m2.5 4 PV POWER AT MPP 3000 2500 1000W/m2.5 3 3. NIT Warangal November 24.5 2 1.5 2 2.5 1 1.5 3 3.5 3 2.5 2 2.Waveforms at MPPT point PV CUURENT AT MPP 4 1000W/m2.25 0c 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0 0.5 2 2. 2017 42 / 45 .5 0 0.5 1 1.5 1 1.5 4 Electrical Department.25 0c 3.25 0c 600 400 200 0 0 0.5 3 3.

08 3.96 2.96 2.98 3 3.04 3.06 3.06 3.02 3.06 3.98 3 3.08 3.1 LOAD CURRENT 8 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 -6 -8 2.1 GRID CURRENT 5 0 -5 2.08 3.94 2.94 2.96 2.92 2.9 2.1 Electrical Department.Inverter AC side currents during MPPT for 3-phase INVERTER OUTPUT CURRENT 10 5 0 -5 -10 2.02 3. NIT Warangal November 24.9 2.92 2.98 3 3.92 2.9 2.02 3.04 3.04 3. 2017 43 / 45 .94 2.

Melbourne. 1295-1300). pp. 2011. 2622-2628. ”Real-time implementation of SPV system with DSTATCOM capabilities in three-phase four-wire distribution system. Zeineldin.” 2005 European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications. 2009. InPower Electronics and Drive Systems. International Conference on 2009 Nov 2 (pp. [3] Wu H. Arnaltes. Khadkikar and H.” in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics. 495-503.Bibliography [1] M. V. July 2008. Barcelona. I. Hussain and B. J. vol. Duan. 1 26 2017. ”Control of single-stage single-phase PV inverter. VIC. 11.” 2009 13th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications. Kang. pp. pp. pp. 2. IEEE. [6] F. B. no. 55.37th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Xiao. Teodorescu and F. ”A Variable Step Size INC MPPT Method for PV Systems. Three phase photovoltaic grid-connected generation technology with MPPT function and voltage control. [2] J. 3900-3905. NIT Warangal November 24. Eloy-Garcia and S. Electrical Department. ”Control of a three-phase grid-connected inverter for photovoltaic ap- plications with a fuzzy MPPT under unbalanced conditions. Liu and Y. 1-7. Elnosh. R. 2009. Blaabjerg. 2017 44 / 45 . no. [5] S. Singh. Transmission & Distribution. vol. 2005. 7. Ciobotaru. S. Dresden. PEDS 2009. A.” IECON 2011 . Tao X. [4] W. Shivam. Alonso-Martinez. Liu. ”Overview of maximum power point tracking technologies for photovoltaic power systems.” in IET Generation.

2017 45 / 45 . NIT Warangal November 24.Thank You Electrical Department.