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CENTRE FOR DIPLOMA STUDIES

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
GEOMATIC LABORATORY

LABORATORY SHEET

Subject code

Practical code MG 02

Practical name Levelling

Course code

Lecture name / Instructor / Tutor Marks Introduction /5% Objective /5% Theory / 10 % Instrument /5% Procedure /5% Data / Table / 10 % Data analysis / 20 % Discussion / 15 % Presentation / Ploting / 10 % Conclusion/ / 10 % Recommendation Reference /5% Total mark / 100 % Comments Accepted Seal . 4. 5. CENTRE FOR DIPLOMA STUDIES DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING GEOMATIC LABORATORY Subject Code Practical Name Course Code Practical Date Group Group Leader Group Members 1. 2. 3.

3 Set out and mark on the ground (with wooden pegs driven into the earth.1 Each group will be required to perform a peg test to check the instrument.1].0 Introduction Two peg test is a surveying operation carried out to determine whether the levelling bubble and telescope line of sight are parallel.1 Level and Tripod (1 set) 3. 4.1: The first set up .2 Staff (2 sets) 3.3 Staff bubble (2 sets) 3. or roofing nails in tar) two point some 30 m apart.0 Aim Peg Test is a surveying operation carried out to determine if the leveling bubble (bubble axis) and telescope line-of-sight (line of collimation) are parallel 3. Figure 3.0 Procedures 4.0 Equipments 3. 1/4 Department of Civil Engineering Edition Checking No. 4. 4. Levelling (Two Peg Test) Effective date June 2012 Revised date 1.4 Tape (1 set) 4. 2. Centre For Diploma Studies Sheet No.2 Each person in the group should record the results of the peg test in their own field book.4 Set up instrument midway between two pegs [Figure 3.

4. and calculate height difference.0 If m=m’ then the instrument is OK! 5.7 Read staff on each peg again. 2/4 Department of Civil Edition Engineering Checking No.2: The second set up 5.1 Acceptable error: 5mm The error is called collimation error. .5 Read staff on each peg (back sight and foresight). [Figure 3.6 Next. move instrument about L/10 = 6 m beyond one of the pegs (normally fore staff position). Centre For Diploma Studies Sheet No. 4. Levelling (Two Peg Test) Effective date June 2012 Revised date 4.0 Observations Data and Analysis Reading Staff B (S 1) Reading Staff A (S2 ) Height difference = m First set up Reading Staff B (S1’) Reading Staff A (S2’) Height difference = m’ Second set up Difference (m – m’) 30 m 60 m 5. and calculate height difference Figure 3.2].

1 Observation Procedures 9. so the first reading measurement from Setup 1 is a back sight to BM A.1 Level and Tripod (1 set) 8.3: A sample of leveling loop .3 Staff bubble (2 sets) 9. Figure 3.2 Staff (2 sets) 8.5 The traverse is then CLOSED. This allows a check on the levels.1 Consider a series of measurements of level loop as shown in Figure 3. 9.3 The leveling staff then remains at CP1.1. 9.0 Aim To fly reduced level from known point (Benchmark or Temporary Benchmark) to unknown point.0 Equipments 8. and the second reading is a foresight to CP1 known as a Change Point. a back sight reading is made to CP3. Take back sight reading to CP1. since the sum of all the changes in level should be zero. It is a vital operation in producing necessary data for mapping.3. 7.0 Introduction Vertical Control is the general term applied to any of the various processes by each elevation of points or differences in elevation are determined. and foresight reading to CP2. 9. 8. engineering design. a Setup 4.2 Start at BM A. 3/4 Department of Civil Edition Engineering Checking No. Levelling (Establish TBM) Effective date June 2012 Revised date 6. 9.1. and foresight reading to BM A. while the instrument moves to Setup 2.1. Centre For Diploma Studies Sheet No. and so on.4 Eventually.1.1.0 Field Procedures 9. and construction.

2.7 = 17 mm.FS = Rise .2 Booking Procedures 9.3 Reduction (Calculation) Procedures 9. where K is the length of the traverse in km.1 Checks your survey accuracy.3. . 9.1 The Rise and Fall Method The terms that are commonly used in the Rise and Fall Method are: BS = Backsight.Fall (BS) – (FS) = RL (last BM) – RL (start BM) 9.2 The following check the arithmetic of your level reductions and must be exact: BS . Levelling (Two Peg Test) Effective date June 2012 Revised date 9.3. Sheet No.7 km. the misclosure of +30 mm is too big (means that the leveling work is not accepted). 9. Therefore. This check should be applied before your leave the job 9. 4/4 Centre For Diploma Studies Department of Civil Edition Engineering Checking No.3 Misclosure should be: (20 K) mm. and RL = Reduced Level.3. FS = Foresight.3. Hence the misclosure limit is 20 0. IS = Intermediate Sight. misclosure is +30 mm and the length of the loop is 0. and should be within tolerances given below or suitable for your project.4 For example.