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Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths

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Exercise 2.1

1.
Sol:
(i) f(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 8
𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 8 = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 8
= π‘₯π‘₯(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 4) + 2(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 4)
= (π‘₯π‘₯ + 2)(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 4)
Zeroes of the polynomials are -2 and 4
βˆ’ 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯
Sum of the zeroes = 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯
βˆ’(βˆ’2)
-2 + 4 =
1
2=2
𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
Product of the zeroes = 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯ 2
βˆ’8
= 24 = 1
βˆ’ 8 = βˆ’8
∴ Hence the relationship verified
(ii) 9(5) = 45 βˆ’ 45 + 1 = 452 βˆ’ 25 βˆ’ 25 + 1 = 25(25 βˆ’ 1) βˆ’ 1(25 βˆ’ 1)
= (25 βˆ’ 1)(25 βˆ’ 1)
1 1
Zeroes of the polynomials are 2 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 2
βˆ’ 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑖𝑖𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑠𝑠
Sum of zeroes = 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑠𝑠2
1 1 βˆ’(βˆ’4)
2
+2=
4
1=1
𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑
Product of the zeroes = 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑠𝑠2
1 1 1 1 1
2
Γ—2=4β‡’4=4
∴ Hence the relationship verified.
2
(iii) h(t) = 𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 15 = (𝑑𝑑 2 ) βˆ’ �√15οΏ½ = �𝑑𝑑 + √15��𝑑𝑑 βˆ’ √15οΏ½
zeroes of the polynomials are βˆ’βˆš15 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž √15
sum of zeroes = 0
βˆ’βˆš15 + √15 = 0
0=0
βˆ’15
Product of zeroes = 1
βˆ’βˆš15 Γ— √15 = βˆ’15
βˆ’15 = -15
∴ Hence the relationship verified.
(iv) p(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 2√2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 3√2π‘₯π‘₯ + √2 Γ— 3√2

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Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths
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= π‘₯π‘₯οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + 3√2οΏ½ βˆ’ √2οΏ½2 + 3√2οΏ½ = οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √2οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + 3√2οΏ½
Zeroes of the polynomial are 3√2 and -3√2
βˆ’3√2
Sum of the zeroes = 1
√2 βˆ’ 3√2 = βˆ’2√2
βˆ’2√2 = βˆ’2√2
6
𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 β‡’ √2 Γ— βˆ’3√2 = βˆ’ 1
βˆ’6 = βˆ’6
𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻 π‘‘π‘‘β„Žπ‘’π‘’ π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿβ„Žπ‘–π‘–π‘–π‘– 𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣𝑣
(v) 2(x) = √3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 10π‘₯π‘₯ + 7√3 = √3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 7π‘₯π‘₯ + 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 7√3
= √3π‘₯π‘₯οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3οΏ½ + 7οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3οΏ½
= �√3π‘₯π‘₯ + 7οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3οΏ½
βˆ’7
Zeroes of the polynomials are βˆ’βˆš3,
√3
βˆ’10
Sum of zeroes =
√3
7 βˆ’10 βˆ’10 βˆ’10
β‡’ βˆ’βˆš3 βˆ’ = β‡’ =
√3 √3 √3 √3
7√3 √3π‘₯π‘₯βˆ’7
Product of zeroes = β‡’ =7
3 √30
β‡’7=7
Hence, relationship verified.
(vi) f(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ �√3 + 1οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3 = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ √3π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ + √3
= x (x βˆ’ √3) – 1 (x - √3)
= (x – 1) (x βˆ’ √3)
Zeroes of the polynomials are 1 and √3
βˆ’{𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯} βˆ’οΏ½βˆ’βˆš3βˆ’1οΏ½
Sum of zeroes = =
𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ 2 1
1 + √3 = √3 + 1
𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 √3
Product of zeroes = 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯ 2 = 1
1 Γ— √3 = √3 = √3 = √3
∴ Hence, relationship verified
(vii) g(x) = π‘Žπ‘Ž[(π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 1) βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯(π‘Žπ‘Ž2 + 1)]2 = π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž2 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯
= π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ [(π‘Žπ‘Ž2 + 1) βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯] + 0 = π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž2 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ + π‘Žπ‘Ž
= π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž) βˆ’ 1(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž) = (π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž)(π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 1)
1
Zeroes of the polynomials = π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž
βˆ’οΏ½βˆ’π‘Žπ‘Ž2 βˆ’1οΏ½
Sum of the zeroes = π‘Žπ‘Ž
1 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 +1 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 +1 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 +1
β‡’ π‘Žπ‘Ž + π‘Žπ‘Ž = π‘Žπ‘Ž
β‡’ π‘Žπ‘Ž
= π‘Žπ‘Ž

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3 . Sol: f(x) = π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 + 𝑐𝑐 βˆ’π‘π‘ 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 𝒂𝒂 𝑐𝑐 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž π‘‘π‘‘β„Žπ‘’π‘’ π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ (π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ)𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘‘π‘‘β„Žπ‘’π‘’ 𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 (i) 𝛼𝛼 βˆ’ 𝛽𝛽 The two zeroes of the polynomials are βˆ’π‘π‘+βˆšπ‘π‘2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’βˆšπ‘π‘2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆšπ‘π‘ 2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž +𝑏𝑏+βˆšπ‘π‘2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 2βˆšπ‘π‘ 2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆšπ‘π‘ 2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ �𝑏𝑏 οΏ½ = βˆ’π‘π‘ + = = 2π‘Žπ‘Ž 2π‘Žπ‘Ž 2π‘Žπ‘Ž 2π‘Žπ‘Ž 2π‘Žπ‘Ž 1 1 π›½π›½βˆ’π›Όπ›Ό βˆ’(π›Όπ›Όβˆ’ 𝛽𝛽) (ii) 𝛼𝛼 βˆ’ 𝛽𝛽 = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = … (𝑖𝑖) 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 βˆšπ‘π‘ 2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑐𝑐 From (i) we know that 𝛼𝛼 βˆ’ 𝛽𝛽 = [𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 (𝑖𝑖)]𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 2π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆšπ‘π‘ 2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘ŽΓ—π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’βˆšπ‘π‘ 2 βˆ’4π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž Putting the values in the (a) = βˆ’ οΏ½ οΏ½= π‘Žπ‘ŽΓ—π‘π‘ 𝑐𝑐 1 1 (iii) 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 βˆ’ 2𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 𝛼𝛼+ 𝛽𝛽 β‡’οΏ½ 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 οΏ½ βˆ’ 2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 βˆ’π‘π‘ π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐 𝑏𝑏 βˆ’π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žβˆ’2𝑐𝑐 2 𝑏𝑏 2𝑐𝑐 β‡’ π‘Žπ‘Ž Γ— 𝑐𝑐 βˆ’ 2 π‘Žπ‘Ž = βˆ’2 π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 𝑐𝑐 = βˆ’ οΏ½ 𝑐𝑐 + οΏ½ π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž (iv) 𝛼𝛼 2 𝛽𝛽 + 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 2 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽(𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽) 𝑐𝑐 βˆ’π‘π‘ = π‘Žπ‘Ž οΏ½ π‘Žπ‘Ž οΏ½ βˆ’π‘π‘π‘π‘ = π‘Žπ‘Ž2 (v) 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 4 = (𝛼𝛼 2 + 𝛽𝛽 2 )2 βˆ’ 2𝛼𝛼 2 + 𝛽𝛽 2 4 = ((𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’ 2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼)2 βˆ’ 2(𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼)2 Printed from Vedantu.com. 2.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ π‘Žπ‘Ž Product of zeroes = π‘Žπ‘Ž 1 π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž2 +1 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 +1 β‡’ π‘Žπ‘Ž Γ— π‘Žπ‘Ž = π‘Žπ‘Ž β‡’ π‘Žπ‘Ž = π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž Product of zeroes = π‘Žπ‘Ž β‡’ 1 = 1 Hence relationship verified (viii) 6π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3 βˆ’ 7π‘₯π‘₯ = 6π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 7π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 = (3π‘₯π‘₯ + 11)(2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3) 3 βˆ’1 Zeroes of polynomials are +2 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 3 βˆ’1 3 7 βˆ’(βˆ’7) βˆ’(𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯) Sum of zeroes = +2=6= = 3 6 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’1 3 βˆ’1 βˆ’3 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 Product of zeroes = 3 Γ—2= 2 = 6 = 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ π‘₯π‘₯ 2 ∴ Hence. relationship verified. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.

Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 2 𝑏𝑏 2 𝑐𝑐 𝑐𝑐 2 = οΏ½οΏ½βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘ŽοΏ½ βˆ’ 2 π‘Žπ‘ŽοΏ½ βˆ’ οΏ½2 οΏ½π‘Žπ‘ŽοΏ½ οΏ½ 2 𝑏𝑏 2 βˆ’2π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 2𝑐𝑐 2 =οΏ½ π‘Žπ‘Ž2 οΏ½ βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž2 2 �𝑏𝑏 2 2π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘ŽοΏ½ βˆ’2π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝑐𝑐 2 = π‘Žπ‘Ž4 1 1 (vi) π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏 + 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼+𝑏𝑏 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏+π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏 β‡’ (3𝛼𝛼+𝑏𝑏)(𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼+𝑏𝑏) π‘Žπ‘Ž(𝛼𝛼+ 𝛽𝛽)+2𝑏𝑏 = π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼+π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛼𝛼+π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏2 π‘Žπ‘Ž(𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)+𝑏𝑏 = π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼+𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼(𝛼𝛼2 𝛽𝛽)+𝑏𝑏2 π‘Žπ‘Ž+2𝑏𝑏 π‘Žπ‘ŽΓ— 𝑏𝑏 𝑏𝑏 = π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑐𝑐 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž(βˆ’π‘π‘)+𝑏𝑏2 = π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žβˆ’π‘π‘2 +𝑏𝑏2 = π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘ŽΓ— + π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛽𝛽 𝛼𝛼 (vii) π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏 + π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏 𝛽𝛽(π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏)+𝛼𝛼(π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏) = (π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏)(𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼+𝑏𝑏) π‘Žπ‘Žπ›½π›½ 2 +𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏+π‘Žπ‘Žπ›Όπ›Ό2 +𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 = π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼+π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+𝑏𝑏2 π‘Žπ‘Žπ›Όπ›Ό2 +π‘Žπ‘Žπ›½π›½ 2 +𝑏𝑏𝛽𝛽 2 +𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 = 𝑐𝑐 π‘Žπ‘ŽΓ— +π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž(𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)+𝑏𝑏 2 π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘ŽοΏ½οΏ½π›Όπ›Ό2 +𝛽𝛽 2 οΏ½+𝑏𝑏(𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)οΏ½ = βˆ’π‘π‘ π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+π‘₯π‘₯οΏ½ οΏ½+𝑏𝑏2 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑏𝑏 π‘Žπ‘ŽοΏ½(𝛼𝛼+ 𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼�+π‘π‘π‘π‘βˆ’ = π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑏𝑏2 2𝑐𝑐 𝑏𝑏2 𝑏𝑏2 βˆ’2𝑐𝑐 π‘Žπ‘ŽοΏ½ βˆ’ οΏ½βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘ŽΓ—οΏ½ οΏ½βˆ’π‘π‘2 βˆ’2 π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž = = = π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛼𝛼2 𝛽𝛽 2 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 (viii) π‘Žπ‘Ž οΏ½ 𝛽𝛽 + οΏ½ + 𝑏𝑏 οΏ½π‘Žπ‘Ž + 𝛼𝛼� 𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼3 +𝛽𝛽 3 𝛼𝛼2 +𝛽𝛽 2 = π‘Žπ‘Ž οΏ½ οΏ½ + 𝑏𝑏 οΏ½ οΏ½ 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼�(𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)3 βˆ’3𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 (𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)οΏ½ = 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 + 𝑏𝑏(𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’ 2𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 βˆ’π‘π‘3 3𝑏𝑏 𝑐𝑐 𝑏𝑏2 2𝑐𝑐 𝛼𝛼�� 3 οΏ½+ . 4 . +𝑏𝑏� 2 βˆ’ οΏ½οΏ½ π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž = 𝑐𝑐 π‘Žπ‘Ž π‘Žπ‘Ž2 βˆ’π‘π‘3 3𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑏𝑏 3 2𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 = οΏ½ π‘Žπ‘Ž3 + π‘Žπ‘Ž2 + π‘Žπ‘Ž2 βˆ’ οΏ½ 𝑐𝑐 π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝑏𝑏 3 3π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑏𝑏 3 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 2π‘π‘π‘π‘π‘Žπ‘Ž2 = + + βˆ’ π‘π‘π‘Žπ‘Ž3 π‘π‘π‘Žπ‘Ž2 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝑐𝑐 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’π‘π‘ 3 𝑏𝑏 3 = + 3𝑏𝑏 + π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 2𝑏𝑏 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž =b Printed from Vedantu.com. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.

Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛽𝛽 are the roots of the polynomial: 4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 5 ∴ Sum of the roots 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 4 βˆ’1 Product of the roots 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 4 2 2 5 βˆ’1 βˆ’5 Hence 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 + 𝛼𝛼𝛽𝛽 = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼(𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽) = 4 οΏ½ 4 οΏ½ = 16 6. Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 and 𝛽𝛽 are the roots of the polynomial x + x – 2 ∴ Sum of roots 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 1 1 Product of roots 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 2 β‡’ βˆ’ 𝛽𝛽 π›½π›½βˆ’π›Όπ›Ό (π›Όπ›Όβˆ’π›½π›½) = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 βˆ™ 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 οΏ½(𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’4𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 Printed from Vedantu. Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 are the zeroes of the polynomial: π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 4 Sum of the roots (𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽) = 1 Product of the roots (𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼) = βˆ’4 1 1 𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 βˆ’ 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 βˆ’ 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 1 βˆ’1 βˆ’1+16 15 = βˆ’4 + 4 = 4 +4 = 4 = 4 5. Sol: f(x) = 6π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2 Since 𝛼𝛼 and 𝛽𝛽 are the zeroes of the given polynomial βˆ’1 ∴ Sum of zeroes [𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽] = 6 βˆ’1 Product of zeroes (𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼) = 3 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 𝛼𝛼2 +𝛽𝛽 2 (𝛼𝛼+ 𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 𝛽𝛽 + 𝛼𝛼 = = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 1 2 βˆ’1 1 2 1+24 οΏ½ οΏ½ βˆ’2Γ—οΏ½ οΏ½ βˆ’ 6 3 = 1 = 6 3 βˆ’1 = 36 βˆ’1 βˆ’ 3 3 3 2 βˆ’25 = 36 1 = 12 3 4. 5 . Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.com.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 3.

Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛽𝛽 are the zeroes of the polynomial f(t) = 𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 4𝑑𝑑 + 3 Since Ξ± + Ξ² = 4 Product of zeroes 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 3 𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻𝐻 𝛼𝛼 4 𝛽𝛽 3 + 𝛼𝛼 3 𝛽𝛽 4 = 𝛼𝛼 3 𝛽𝛽 3 (𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽) = [3]3 [4] = 108 9. Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛽𝛽 are the zeroes of the polynomials 6 Sum of the zeroes 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 3 4 Product of the zeroes 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 3 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 1 1 𝛽𝛽 + 𝛼𝛼 + 2 �𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽� + 3𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼2 +𝛽𝛽 2 𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽 β‡’ + 2οΏ½ οΏ½ + 3𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 (𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽 β‡’ 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 + 2 οΏ½ 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 οΏ½ + 3𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 Printed from Vedantu. Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛽𝛽 are the roots of the quadratic polynomial f(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ + 4 Sum of roots = 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 5 Product of roots = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 4 1 1 𝛽𝛽+𝛼𝛼 5 5 βˆ’27 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 βˆ’ 2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 βˆ’ 2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 4 βˆ’ 2 Γ— 4 = 4 βˆ’ 8 = 4 8. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. 6 .com. Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž 𝛽𝛽 are the zeroes of the polynomials p(y) = 542 = 5y2 – 7y + 1 1 Sum of the zeroes 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 = 6 1 Product of zeroes = 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 = 6 1 1 𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽 7Γ—5 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = 5Γ—1 = 7 10.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ √1+8 3 = =2 +2 7.

Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 4 2Γ—3 4 [2]2 βˆ’2Γ— +2οΏ½ οΏ½+3οΏ½ οΏ½ 3 4 3 = 4 3 8 4βˆ’ 4 3 = 4 3 + 7 β‡’ 3 Γ— 4 (1 + 7) β‡’ 8 3 11. Sol: Since 𝛼𝛼 and 𝛽𝛽 are the roots of the polynomials f(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 + 2 sum of zeroes = p = 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 Product of zeroes = q = 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 Ξ±2 𝛽𝛽 2 LHS = 𝛽𝛽2 + 𝛼𝛼2 2 𝛼𝛼2 +𝛽𝛽 2 οΏ½Ξ±2 + Ξ²2 οΏ½ βˆ’2(𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼)2 = = 𝛼𝛼𝛽𝛽 2 (𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼)2 2 οΏ½(𝛼𝛼+𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’2𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼� βˆ’2(𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼)2 = (𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼)2 2 οΏ½(𝑝𝑝)2 βˆ’2π‘žπ‘žοΏ½ βˆ’2π‘žπ‘ž 2 = π‘žπ‘ž 𝑝𝑝4 +4π‘žπ‘ž 2 βˆ’2𝑝𝑝2 .com. 7 .2π‘žπ‘žβˆ’2π‘žπ‘ž 2 = π‘žπ‘ž 2 𝑝𝑝4 +2π‘žπ‘ž 2 βˆ’4𝑝𝑝2 π‘žπ‘ž 𝑝𝑝4 4𝑝𝑝2 = π‘žπ‘ž 2 = π‘žπ‘ž2 + 2 βˆ’ π‘žπ‘ž 𝑝𝑝4 4𝑝𝑝2 𝑝𝑝4 4𝑝𝑝2 = π‘žπ‘ž2 βˆ’ = π‘žπ‘ž2 + 2 βˆ’ π‘žπ‘ž 2 π‘žπ‘ž 𝑝𝑝4 4𝑝𝑝2 = π‘žπ‘ž2 βˆ’ +2 π‘žπ‘ž 12. Sol: Let the two zeroes of the polynomial be 𝛼𝛼 and 𝛽𝛽 f(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 + 45 sum of the zeroes = βˆ’π‘π‘ Product of zeroes = 45 β‡’ (Ξ± βˆ’ Ξ²)2 βˆ’ 4Ξ±Ξ² = 144 β‡’ 𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 4 Γ— 45 = 144 β‡’ 𝑝𝑝2 = 144 + 180 β‡’ 𝑝𝑝2 = 324 𝑝𝑝 = Β±1 Printed from Vedantu. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.

com.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 13. Sol: Let the two zeroes of the f(t) = π‘˜π‘˜π‘‘π‘‘ 2 + 2𝑑𝑑 + 3π‘˜π‘˜ 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 Ξ± and Ξ² Sum of the zeroes (Ξ± + Ξ²) Product of the zeroes Ξ±Ξ² βˆ’2 3π‘˜π‘˜ k = k βˆ’2π‘˜π‘˜ = 3π‘˜π‘˜ 2 2π‘˜π‘˜ + 3π‘˜π‘˜ 2 = 0 k(3k + 2) = 0 k=0 βˆ’2 k= 3 14. Sol: f(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 1 sum of zeroes 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 0 Product of zeroes α𝛽𝛽 = -1 2Ξ± 2𝛽𝛽 2Ξ±2 +2𝛽𝛽2 Sum of zeroes = 𝛽𝛽 + Ξ± = α𝛽𝛽 2οΏ½(Ξ±+𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’2α𝛽𝛽� = α𝛽𝛽 2οΏ½(0)2 βˆ’2Γ— βˆ’1οΏ½ = βˆ’1 2(2)1 = βˆ’1 = βˆ’4 2Ξ±Γ—2𝛽𝛽 4α𝛽𝛽 Product of zeroes = α𝛽𝛽 = α𝛽𝛽 Hence the quadratic equation is π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ (𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧)π‘₯π‘₯ + 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 Printed from Vedantu. 8 . βˆ’Ξ± βˆ’9 Ξ±Γ—Ξ± = 4 2 +9 tΞ± = 4 +3 𝛼𝛼 = 2 8π‘˜π‘˜ Sum of zeroes = 4 =0 Hence 8k = 0 Or k = 0 15. Sol: Let the two zeroes of one polynomial 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 5π‘˜π‘˜ βˆ’ 9 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 Ξ±. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.

Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ = π‘˜π‘˜(π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 14) 16. 2 𝛼𝛼 =32 𝛼𝛼 = 16 𝛽𝛽 = 8 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 = 16 Γ— 8 = 128 Quadratic equation β‡’ π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ (𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧) + 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 β‡’ π‘˜π‘˜[π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 24π‘₯π‘₯ + 128] Printed from Vedantu. 9 . Sol: 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = 24 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 = 8 ………….com. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2 Sum of zeroes [Ξ± + 𝛽𝛽] = 3 Product of zeroes [α𝛽𝛽] = -2 1 1 Sum of zeroes = 2Ξ±+𝛽𝛽 + 2𝛽𝛽+Ξ± 2𝛽𝛽+Ξ±+2Ξ±+𝐴𝐴 = (2Ξ±+𝛽𝛽)(2𝛽𝛽+Ξ±) 3Ξ±+3𝛽𝛽 = 2(Ξ±2 +𝛽𝛽2 )+5α𝛽𝛽 3 Γ—3 = 2[2 (Ξ±+𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’2α𝛽𝛽 +5Γ—(βˆ’2)] 9 9 = 2[9]βˆ’10 = 16 1 1 1 Product of zeroes = Ξ±+𝛽𝛽 Γ— 2𝛽𝛽+Ξ± = 4α𝛽𝛽+α𝛽𝛽+2Ξ±2 +2𝛽𝛽2 1 = 5Γ—βˆ’2+2[(Ξ±+𝛽𝛽)2 βˆ’2α𝛽𝛽] 1 = βˆ’10+2[9+4] 1 = 10+26 1 = 16 Quadratic equation = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ [𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧]π‘₯π‘₯ + 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 9π‘₯π‘₯ 1 = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 16 + 16 9π‘₯π‘₯ 1 = π‘˜π‘˜ οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 16 + 16οΏ½ 17.

Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 𝑝𝑝(π‘₯π‘₯ + 1)𝑐𝑐 = π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = βˆ’π‘π‘ βˆ’ 𝑐𝑐 Sum of zeroes = 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 = p Product of zeroes = βˆ’ p – c = 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 (𝛼𝛼 + 1+ 𝛽𝛽+ ) = 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽+ 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 + 1 = βˆ’p –c + p + 1 = 1 – c = R.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 18.S ∴ Hence proved 19. 10 . Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ + 3 Sum of zeroes = 2 = (𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽) Product of zeroes = 3 = (𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽) (𝑖𝑖) 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 = (Ξ± + 2) + (Ξ² + 2) = Ξ± + Ξ² + 4 = 2 + 4 = 6 𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃𝑃 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 = (Ξ± + 2)(Ξ² + 2) = Ξ± Ξ² + 2Ξ± + 2Ξ² + 4 = 3 + 2(2) + 4 = 11 𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄𝑄 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ + 11 = π‘˜π‘˜[π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ + 11] Ξ±βˆ’1 Ξ²βˆ’1 (ii) sum of zeroes = Ξ±+1 + Ξ²+1 (Ξ±βˆ’1)(Ξ²+1)+(Ξ²βˆ’1)(Ξ±+1) = (Ξ±+1)(Ξ²+1) Ξ± Ξ²+Ξ±βˆ’Ξ²βˆ’1+Ξ± Ξ²+Ξ²+Ξ²βˆ’Ξ±βˆ’1 = 3+2+1 3βˆ’1+3βˆ’1 2 = 3+2+1 =4=3 Ξ±βˆ’1 Ξ²βˆ’1 Ξ± 1βˆ’Ξ±βˆ’Ξ±Ξ²+1 Product of zeroes = Ξ²Ξ± +1 Γ— Ξ±+1 βˆ’ Ξ± Ξ²+Ξ±+Ξ²+1 3βˆ’(Ξ±+Ξ²)+1 2 1 = 3+2+1 =6=3 2 +1 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’2π‘₯π‘₯ 1 Quadratic equation on π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3 Γ— 3 = 1οΏ½ 3 + 3οΏ½ 20.com. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 𝑝𝑝 + π‘žπ‘ž Sum of zeroes = p = 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 Product of zeroes = q = 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 Sum of the new polynomial = (Ξ± + Ξ²)2 + (Ξ± βˆ’ Ξ²)2 = (βˆ’π‘π‘)2 + Ξ±2 + Ξ²2 βˆ’ 2Ξ± Ξ² = 𝑝𝑝2 + (Ξ± + Ξ²)2 βˆ’ 2Ξ± Ξ² βˆ’ 2Ξ± Ξ² = 𝑝𝑝2 + 𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 4π‘žπ‘ž = 2𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 4π‘žπ‘ž Printed from Vedantu.H.

Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.2 1. 11 . 𝛽𝛽𝛽𝛽 + π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ = π‘Žπ‘Ž 1 1 βˆ’5 2 Γ— 1 + 1 Γ— βˆ’2 + βˆ’2 Γ— 2 = 2 1 βˆ’5 2 βˆ’2βˆ’1= 2 βˆ’5 βˆ’5 2 = 2 (𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖) 𝑔𝑔(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 5 Γ— βˆ’2 𝑔𝑔(2) = (2)3 βˆ’ 4(2)2 + 5(2) βˆ’ 2 = 8 βˆ’ 16 + 10 βˆ’ 2 = 18 βˆ’ 18 = 0 𝑔𝑔(1) = [1]3 βˆ’ 4[1]2 + 5[1] βˆ’ 2 = 1 βˆ’ 4 + 5 βˆ’ 2 = 6 βˆ’ 6 = 0 βˆ’π‘π‘ 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 + 𝛾𝛾 = (2) + 1 + 1 = βˆ’(βˆ’4) = 4 = 4 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑐𝑐 𝛼𝛼 𝛽𝛽 + 𝛽𝛽 𝛾𝛾 + 𝛾𝛾𝛾𝛾 = π‘Žπ‘Ž 2 Γ— 1 + 1 𝛼𝛼 1 + 1 Γ— 2 = 5 2+1+2=5 Printed from Vedantu.com.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ Product of zeroes = (Ξ± + Ξ²)2 Γ— (Ξ± βˆ’ Ξ²)2 = [βˆ’π‘π‘]2 Γ— (𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 4π‘žπ‘ž) = (𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 4π‘žπ‘ž)𝑝𝑝2 Quadratic equation = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ [2𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 4π‘žπ‘ž] + 𝑝𝑝2 [βˆ’4π‘žπ‘ž + 𝑝𝑝] 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘˜π‘˜{π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2(𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 28)π‘₯π‘₯ + 𝑝𝑝2 (π‘žπ‘ž 2 βˆ’ 4π‘žπ‘ž)} Exercise 2. Sol: (𝑖𝑖) 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ + 2 1 1 3 1 2 1 𝑓𝑓 οΏ½2οΏ½ = 2 οΏ½2οΏ½ + οΏ½2οΏ½ βˆ’ 5 οΏ½2οΏ½ + 2 2 1 5 βˆ’4 =8+4βˆ’2+2= 2 +2=0 3 (1)2 𝑓𝑓(1) = 2(1) + βˆ’ 5(1) + 2 = 2 + 1 βˆ’ 5 + 2 = 0 𝑓𝑓(βˆ’2) = π‘žπ‘ž(βˆ’2) + (βˆ’2)2 βˆ’ 5(βˆ’2) + 2 3 = βˆ’16 + 4 + 10 + 2 = βˆ’16 + 16 = 0 βˆ’π‘π‘ = ∝ +𝛽𝛽 + 𝛾𝛾 = π‘Žπ‘Ž 1 βˆ’1 2 +1βˆ’2= 2 1 βˆ’1 2 βˆ’1= 2 1 βˆ’1 2 = 2 𝑐𝑐 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼.

π‘Žπ‘Ž + 𝑑𝑑 be the zeroes of the polynomial βˆ’π‘π‘ π‘‡π‘‡β„Žπ‘’π‘’ 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 = π‘Žπ‘Ž Printed from Vedantu. Sol: Let 𝛼𝛼 = a – d . Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3𝑝𝑝π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 3π‘žπ‘žπ‘žπ‘ž + π‘žπ‘ž 𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿 π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 𝑑𝑑. 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 15π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 37π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 30 βˆ’15 15 𝛼𝛼 + 𝛽𝛽 + 𝛾𝛾 = βˆ’ οΏ½ 2 οΏ½= 2 βˆ’30 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = βˆ’ οΏ½ 2 οΏ½ = 15 15 a–d+a+a+d= 2 and π‘Žπ‘Ž(π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 𝑑𝑑)(π‘Žπ‘Ž + π‘Žπ‘Ž) = 15 15 5 3a = 2 .product of zeroes = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + (3 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯) + 3 = k [π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3] k is any non-zero real numbers 3. 12 . 𝛽𝛽 = a and 𝛾𝛾 = a + d be the zeroes of polynomial. π‘Žπ‘Ž. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.a=2 π‘Žπ‘Ž(π‘Žπ‘Ž2 βˆ’ 𝑑𝑑2 ) = 15 15Γ—2 5 2 25βˆ’6 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž2 = 5 β‡’ οΏ½2οΏ½ βˆ’ 𝑑𝑑2 = 6 β‡’β‡’ 4 = 𝑑𝑑2 1 1 𝑑𝑑 2 = 4 β‡’ 𝑑𝑑 = 2 5 1 4 ∴ 𝛼𝛼 = 2 βˆ’ 2 = 2 = 2 5 5 𝛽𝛽 = 2 = 2 5 1 𝛾𝛾 = 2 + 2 = 3 4.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 5=5 𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼𝛼 = βˆ’(βˆ’2) 2Γ—1Γ—1=2 2=2 2. Sol: Any cubic polynomial is of the form π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 𝑏𝑏π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 + 𝑑𝑑 = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 )[product of zeroes] + sum of the products of its zeroes Γ— .com.

Sol: Let a – d. a + d be the zeroes of the polynomial f(x) βˆ’3𝑏𝑏 The sum of zeroes β‡’ a – d + a + a + d = π‘Žπ‘Ž 3𝑏𝑏 βˆ’3𝑏𝑏 βˆ’π‘π‘ β‡’ +3a = βˆ’ π‘Žπ‘Ž β‡’ π‘Žπ‘Ž = π‘Žπ‘ŽΓ—3 π‘Žπ‘Ž = π‘Žπ‘Ž f(a) = 0 β‡’ a(a) + 3b(a) + 3 c(a) + d = 0 2 2 βˆ’π‘π‘ 3 3𝑏𝑏 2 3𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 = a οΏ½ π‘Žπ‘Ž οΏ½ + βˆ’ + 𝑑𝑑 = 0 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 π‘Žπ‘Ž 2𝑏𝑏 3 3𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 β‡’ βˆ’ + 𝑑𝑑 = 0 π‘Žπ‘Ž2 π‘Žπ‘Ž 2𝑏𝑏 3 βˆ’3π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž+π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝑑𝑑 β‡’ π‘Žπ‘Ž2 =0 β‡’ 2𝑏𝑏 βˆ’ 3π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž + π‘Žπ‘Ž2 𝑑𝑑 = 0 3 6.com. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 12π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 39π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘˜π‘˜ Let π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 𝑑𝑑.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 𝑏𝑏 π‘Žπ‘Ž + π‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 𝑑𝑑 + π‘Žπ‘Ž + 𝑑𝑑 = π‘Žπ‘Ž 3π‘Žπ‘Ž = βˆ’3𝑝𝑝 a = βˆ’π‘π‘ Since a is the zero of the polynomial f(x) therefore f(a) = 0 β‡’ [π‘Žπ‘Ž]2 + 3π‘π‘π‘Žπ‘Ž2 + 3π‘žπ‘žπ‘žπ‘ž + π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ = 0 ∴ 𝑓𝑓(π‘Žπ‘Ž) = 0 β‡’ [π‘Žπ‘Ž]2 + 3π‘π‘π‘Žπ‘Ž2 + 3π‘žπ‘žπ‘žπ‘ž + π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ = 0 β‡’ 𝑝𝑝3 + 3𝑝𝑝(βˆ’π‘π‘)2 + 3π‘žπ‘ž(βˆ’π‘π‘) + π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ = 0 β‡’ βˆ’π‘π‘3 + 3𝑝𝑝2 βˆ’ 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 + π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ = 0 β‡’ 2𝑝𝑝3 βˆ’ 𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 + π‘Ÿπ‘Ÿ = 0 5. π‘Žπ‘Ž + 𝑑𝑑 be the zeroes of the polynomial f(x) The sum of the zeroes = 12 3a = 12 a=4 𝑓𝑓(π‘Žπ‘Ž). βˆ’π‘Žπ‘Ž(π‘₯π‘₯)3 βˆ’ 𝑙𝑙 2 (4)2 + 39(4) + π‘˜π‘˜ = 0 64 – 192 + 156 + k = 0 = βˆ’28 = π‘˜π‘˜ k = βˆ’28 Printed from Vedantu. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. 13 . a. π‘Žπ‘Ž.

com.3 1. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. 14 . Sol: (i) 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 11π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 g(x) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 7 π‘₯π‘₯ + π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 11π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’7π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 7π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 7 βˆ’7π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 7π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 7 17π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 (ii) 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 10π‘₯π‘₯ + 17π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 62π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 30π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 105(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 7π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 4 5π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 9π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 7π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 10π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 17π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 62π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 30π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 10π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 35π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 5π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’18π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 67π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 30π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’18π‘₯π‘₯ 3 Β± 63π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 9π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 39π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 Β±4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 Β± 14π‘₯π‘₯ Β± 2 53π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 (iii) 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 8π‘₯π‘₯ + 8π‘₯π‘₯ + 7: 9(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 3 2 2x – 5 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2 + 1 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 8π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 82 + 7 2 3 4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ“ 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 Β± 2π‘₯π‘₯ 10π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 6π‘₯π‘₯ + 7 10π‘₯π‘₯ 2 Β± 5π‘₯π‘₯ Β± 5 11x – 2 (iv) 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 15π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 20π‘₯π‘₯ + 13π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 12. 𝑔𝑔(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ + 2 3 2 15π‘₯π‘₯ + 10 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ + 2 15π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 20π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 13π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 12 2 3 15π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ“ 30π‘₯π‘₯ 2 Β± 30π‘₯π‘₯ 10π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 17π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 12 10π‘₯π‘₯ 2 Β± 20π‘₯π‘₯ + 20 3x – 32 Printed from Vedantu.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ Exercise 2.

𝑓𝑓(𝑑𝑑) = 2𝑑𝑑 4 + 3𝑑𝑑 3 βˆ’ 2𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 9𝑑𝑑 2𝑑𝑑 2 + 3𝑑𝑑 + 4 𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 3 2𝑑𝑑 4 + 3𝑑𝑑 3 βˆ’ 2𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 9𝑑𝑑 2𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 6𝑑𝑑 2 3𝑑𝑑 3 + 4𝑑𝑑 βˆ’ 9𝑑𝑑 3𝑑𝑑 3 + 4𝑑𝑑 βˆ’ 9𝑑𝑑 4𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 12 4𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ“ 12 (ii) 𝑔𝑔(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 1. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. then its factors are (x + 2) and (x + 1) (π‘₯π‘₯ + 2)(π‘₯π‘₯ + 1) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘₯π‘₯ + 2π‘₯π‘₯ = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 2 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 2 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 14π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 19π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 6π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’5π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 18π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 19π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’5π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ“ 15π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ“ 10π‘₯π‘₯ Printed from Vedantu. 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 5 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 5 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 5 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 1 βˆ’π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 2 (iii) 𝑔𝑔(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ + 3. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 14π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 19π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 If the two zeroes of the polynomial are -2 and -1. 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 6π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 15 2 5 3π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 5 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ + 3 6π‘₯π‘₯ 5 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 15 6π‘₯π‘₯ 5 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 9π‘₯π‘₯ 3 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ 2 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 βˆ“ π‘₯π‘₯ 3 Β± 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 8π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ“4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 Β± 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’10π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 15 βˆ“10π‘₯π‘₯ Β± 15π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ“ 15 0 3. 15 . Sol: (i) 𝑔𝑔(𝑑𝑑) = 𝑑𝑑 2 βˆ’ 3.com.

Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ βˆ’3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 9π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 βˆ’3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 9π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 ∴ 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 14π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 19π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 = (2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3)[π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 2] = [2π‘₯π‘₯ + 1][π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3][π‘₯π‘₯ + 2][π‘₯π‘₯ + 1] βˆ’1 ∴ zero all x = 2 . -2. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 2) = οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3οΏ½& οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √3οΏ½ = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 9π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 9π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 Β± 9π‘₯π‘₯ 2 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 6 (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3)(π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ + 2) = οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √3οΏ½(π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ + 2) = οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √3οΏ½ (π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2)(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2) Zeroes are βˆ’βˆš3. βˆ’1 4. βˆ’2. 16 . 3.com. 2 Printed from Vedantu. √3. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 13π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 32π‘₯π‘₯ + 20 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 11π‘₯π‘₯ + 10 π‘₯π‘₯ + 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 13π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 32π‘₯π‘₯ + 20 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 Β± 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 11π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 32π‘₯π‘₯ + 20 11π‘₯π‘₯ 2 Β± 22π‘₯π‘₯ 10x + 20 10x + 20 0 2 2 (π‘₯π‘₯ + 11π‘₯π‘₯ + 10) = π‘₯π‘₯ + 10π‘₯π‘₯ + π‘₯π‘₯ + 20(π‘₯π‘₯ + 10) + 1(π‘₯π‘₯ + 10) = (π‘₯π‘₯ + 1)(π‘₯π‘₯ + 10) ∴ The zeroes of the polynomial are -1. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. 1. -10. 5.

οΏ½2 βˆ’ οΏ½2 7. 17 . Sol: π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 1 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 βˆ’x + 2 we must add x βˆ’2 in order to get the resulting polynomial exactly divisible by π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 8.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 6. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. οΏ½2 . Sol: π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 6π‘₯π‘₯ + 8 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 3 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 13π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 12π‘₯π‘₯ + 21 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 6π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 16π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 12π‘₯π‘₯ 6π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 24π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 18π‘₯π‘₯ 8π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 30π‘₯π‘₯ + 21 Printed from Vedantu. Sol: 3 3 If the zeroes of the polynomial are βˆ’οΏ½2 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž οΏ½2 √3 3 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’3 Its factors are οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + οΏ½ οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ οΏ½2οΏ½ = 2 2 3 3 x = βˆ’1. 2.com. 2. βˆ’οΏ½2 3 = [2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 4] οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2οΏ½ 3 = (2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 4) οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + οΏ½2οΏ½ = οΏ½2[π‘₯π‘₯(π‘₯π‘₯ + 2) + 2(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2)]οΏ½ √3 3 = οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + οΏ½ οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ οΏ½2οΏ½ 2 3 3 = (π‘₯π‘₯ + 2)(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2) οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + οΏ½2οΏ½ οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ οΏ½2οΏ½ 3 3 π‘₯π‘₯ = βˆ’1.

Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now.com. 5] 10. (π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2)(π‘₯π‘₯ + 2)𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 30 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 34π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 βˆ’π‘₯π‘₯ 4 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 30π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’30π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 βˆ’30x 2 + 120 0 Hence. 18 . Sol: β‡’ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 34π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 β‡’ x = βˆ’2 is a solution x = βˆ’2 is a factor x = βˆ’2 is a solution x = +2 is a factor here.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ 8π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 32π‘₯π‘₯ + 21 2x – 2 We must subtract [2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2] + 10π‘šπ‘š the given polynomial so as to get the resulting polynomial exactly divisible by π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ π‘₯π‘₯ + 3 9. βˆ’6. π‘₯π‘₯ + π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 34π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4)(π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 30) 4 3 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 34π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4)(π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 6π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 5π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 30) π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 34π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4)οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯(π‘₯π‘₯ + 6) βˆ’ 5(π‘₯π‘₯ + 6)οΏ½οΏ½ π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 34π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ + 120 = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 4)(π‘₯π‘₯ + 6)(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 5) Other zeroes are x+6=0 β‡’x–5=0 x=βˆ’6 x=5 Set of zeroes for f(x) [2. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 7π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 19π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 14π‘₯π‘₯ + 30 π‘₯π‘₯ = √2 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √2 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √2 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘₯π‘₯ + √2 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 Printed from Vedantu. βˆ’2.

βˆ’βˆš2οΏ½ 11. √2. 2 . Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. 2π‘₯π‘₯ + π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3)(2π‘₯π‘₯ + 1) 3 2 Other zeroes of f(x) is 2 Γ— +1 = 0 1 π‘₯π‘₯ = βˆ’ 2 Printed from Vedantu.Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ Here. οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √2οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √2�𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 7π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 15 π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 + 7π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 192 βˆ’ 14π‘₯π‘₯ + 30 2π‘₯π‘₯ 4 βˆ’ 4π‘₯π‘₯ 2 7π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 15π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 14π‘₯π‘₯ 7π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ βˆ’14π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’15π‘₯π‘₯ + 30 2 βˆ’15π‘₯π‘₯ + 30 0 Hence. Sol: 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 x = βˆ’βˆš3 is a solution π‘₯π‘₯ + √3 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘₯π‘₯ = √3 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠𝑠 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √3 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 Here. 19 . οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √3οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √3�𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 3 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) 2x + 1 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3 2 2π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 6π‘₯π‘₯ 2 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’3 2 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’3 0 Hence. 2π‘₯π‘₯ + 7π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 19π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 14π‘₯π‘₯ + 30 = (π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2)(2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 7π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 15) 4 3 2 2 = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2) (2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 + 10π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 15) = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2)οΏ½2π‘₯π‘₯(π‘₯π‘₯ + 5) βˆ’ 3(π‘₯π‘₯ + 5)οΏ½ = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2)(π‘₯π‘₯ + 5)(π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 3) Other zeroes are: x+5=0 2x – 3 = 0 x = βˆ’5 2x = 3 3 x=2 3 Hence the set of zeroes for 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) οΏ½βˆ’5.com.

20 .Class X Chapter 2 – Polynomials Maths ______________________________________________________________________________ βˆ’1 𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆𝑆 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 �√3. we have β‡’ π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2 βˆ’ 6 = (π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2)(π‘₯π‘₯ + 3) β‡’ π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 = οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √2οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √2οΏ½(π‘₯π‘₯ + 3) Here the zeroes of the given polynomials are βˆ’βˆš2. Book a free session with a top LIVE online tutor now. Sol: Since βˆ’βˆš2 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž √2 are zeroes of polynomial 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ + √2οΏ½οΏ½π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ √2οΏ½ = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2 𝑖𝑖𝑖𝑖 π‘Žπ‘Ž 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) Now we divide 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 by 𝑔𝑔(π‘₯π‘₯) = π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2 𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 𝑏𝑏 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 π‘‘π‘‘β„Žπ‘’π‘’ π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œβ„Žπ‘’π‘’π‘’π‘’ 𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧 π‘œπ‘œπ‘œπ‘œ 𝑓𝑓(π‘₯π‘₯) π‘₯π‘₯ + 3 π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 + 3π‘₯π‘₯ 2 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’ 6 2 π‘₯π‘₯ 3 βˆ’ 2π‘₯π‘₯ 2 3π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’6 2 3π‘₯π‘₯ βˆ’6 0 By division algorithm. βˆ’βˆš3.com. √2 π‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Žπ‘Ž βˆ’ 3 Printed from Vedantu. 2 οΏ½ 12.