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The Maintenance Guide

Tips and reference information
to keep your installed base up and running

Because your success
is important to us…
As a shift of Endress+Hauser’s ‘Instrument Express’ concept, this
fully revised ‘Maintenance Guide’ aims at providing reference
information to your production, metrology and maintenance
teams. Developed by our experts, it contains some reminders on
the measuring principles and gives answers to frequently asked
questions. And we have included lots of tips to help you make
better use of your installed base!
Keep a copy on your desk all year round!


Tips & Advice 4 At your service 98

Level measurement 7 - 24 W@M - Life Cycle Management
Flow metering 25 - 42 for process automation 100
Liquid analysis 43 - 70 Commissioning 104
Pressure measurement 71 - 80 FieldCare® 105
Temperature measurement 81 - 86 Calibration services 106
Recorders 87 - 90 CompuCal™ 109
Field communication 91 - 97 Maintenance services 110
Audit 113
Training 116

How to get consumables, tools This small catalog contains the price lists
and spare parts? of the electrodes, cables and various other
In addition to the Maintenance Guide, consumables, of the hardware and software
Endress+Hauser issues on an annual basis tools and of the most frequently ordered
‘The Maintenance Store’. spare parts.

 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide

Tips & advice
Helping you to obtain an
even higher availability from
installed instrumentation


Useful definitions 6
Level measurement 7
Flow metering 25
Liquid analysis 43
Pressure measurement 71
Temperature measurement 81
Recorders 87
Field communication 91

Installation Commissioning Operations Migration Re-engineering

Our contribution to your Time to read the chapters
success goes far beyond that cover the measurement
the sale of instrumentation principles you are using in your
Every day our experts help plant will not be wasted time!
you to solve installation,
commissioning, operations, And please keep in mind that
migration or re-engineering we are happy to help you reach
related problems. your objectives.

In this ‘Tips & Advice’ section, Feel free to call on our
they have gathered various service organization.
useful information that will We are at your service!
help you anticipate the most
frequent situations thus
increasing instrumentation

The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 

Useful definitions

Metrology Maintenance (acc. to EN 13306)
Accuracy of a measurement Check Down time according to prescribed criteria
Closeness of the agreement For the purposes of this Time interval during which an and intended to reduce the
between the result of document, we will define a item is in a down state. probability of failure or the
measurement and a true value check as an act of conditional degradation of the functioning
of the reference. maintenance. According to Inspection of an item.
European Standard EN 306, Check for conformity by
Adjustment conditional maintenance is measuring, observing, testing Routine maintenance
The adjustment is the operation preventive maintenance based or gauging the relevant Regular or repeated elementary
of bringing a measuring on monitoring of the proper characteristics of an item. maintenance activities which
instrument into a state of functioning of the device usually do not require special
performance suitable for its use. and/or the critical parameters Note: Generally inspection can qualifications, authorization(s)
associated with its functioning, be carried out before, during or or tools.
Note: adjustment may be including any action which after other maintenance activity.
automatic, semiautomatic or may be required as a result. Note: Routine maintenance
manual. The results of this operation Life cycle may include for example
allow the user to confirm the Time interval that commences cleaning, tightening of
Calibration conformity of the instrument with the initiation of the connections, checking liquid
Calibration is the process of at the various control points in concept and terminates with level, lubrication, etc.
comparing values displayed the procedure. The results are the disposal of the item.
by the device to be calibrated documented in a certificate of
with corresponding reference proper functioning. Preventive maintenance
values (standards). The Maintenance carried out at
result of this operation is predetermined intervals or
documented in a calibration

The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide

Thus you should read it before any other chapter. operation and maintenance. Guided level-radar 14 the nozzle. This is why we have decided to give you in this guide a reminder of these Note: if you are intending to replace one of Ultrasonic level measurement 17 essential installation conditions. in classroom is the connection to the ground. the installation conditions are of help you get the best from your instruments Level-radar 10 utmost importance. Capacitive level measurement 20 Each migration project has to be attentively For capacitive level measurement examined. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide  . your capacitive devices. With this information. principles described hereafter. There is also plenty of useful information to Though. we have also Contents instruments are the most popular recapped the main questions that you ask Endress+Hauser level meters.” FAQ 23 instruments. us. Level measurement Frédéric Willauer Expert in Level measurement Endress+Hauser France “Installation is the key” “ToF (Time of Flight) and capacitive Like in the other sections. See ‘Training’ in the section in case of a non-conductive tank. ‘At your service’. please contact us. the situation is pretty different: due to the physical principle. you will be able Basics 8 to prevent or resolve the vast majority of The chapter ‘Basics’ includes information ToF instruments share common concepts potential problems yourself! which is valid for all level measurement allowing simplified commissioning. especially and on site. especially regarding throughout their life cycle. the key point We also offer training sessions.

we recommend periodic ENDRESS + HAUSER calibration for the measurement You can also configure your points which are critical to the – + E ToF instruments from your process and thus are important 3 keys PC.. a menu system. curve L00-FMRxxxxx-07-00-00-en-002 Fig. the unit will • On the 4-wire versions work. 4 to 20 mA with Fig. of Flight : calculation of the texts ensures quick and safe distance between the device commissioning (see fig. It is connected HART version includes test importance for level to the device by means of a sockets for testing of the measurement. The menu consists of function groups and Calibration (all devices) LCD functions. by reaching the right balance Headline Position indicator See presentation of FieldCare between the device downtime ENDRESS + HAUSER on page (S3). Intrinsically our instruments Order ENDRES MICROP Code: Ser. 2). necessary to configure the configuration via 3 keys directly there are two terminals measuring point to achieve at the instrument.. immediately get the best from your (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your Selection list instrument.Time of Flight conditions are of key (see fig. 3). to control the quality of your snap-fit including documentation product. Basics Level Information common to all types of level measurement devices The Time of Flight (ToF) All Endress+Hauser ToF Operation and Maintenance principle level measurement devices have the same display.20 range U 16.. the product surface of a large 4-line alphanumeric according to its criticality to • Reception of the reflected display with plain text the quality. However. (see ‘Commissioning’ in service’ section). Remote commissioning. signal current. All device situated at the front of the correct measurement. The guided menu need to be inspected or/and • Measurement of the Time system with integrated help calibrated periodically. Once this is 500 mm cable. 1 : The principle . 3: The ‘Basic Setup’ covers 95% of the situations  The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . functions can be set through electronic module. Our service team can set up any Calibration can be performed by Symbol Main value Bargraph Unit Endress+Hauser level measurement Endress+Hauser either on site or – + E device for you and thus ensure you in our accredited laboratories. Defining the right maintenance and the product surface by To access the display the cover frequency taking several d = (c x t)/2 of the electronic compartment parameters into account is an may be removed even in expert’s job. 2: On-site operation with VU331 L00-FMxxxxxx-07-00-00-en-001 supported via FieldCare Setup.. Within a function. Nevertheless it is always The LC-Display VU331 allows (Levelflex and Prosonic). you can be in-depth analysis functions..Configuration hazardous area (IS and XP).or The display of the process value ToF devices include no wear microwave-pulses and the configuration of the part thus require very little • Reflection of the pulses from device occur locally by means maintenance.. is sure to find the right method Fig.36 S+HAUS ILOT max. 4 and 5): The respect of installation by simply pressing the snap-fit • The 2-wire.. The user is and repeatability of your Symbols guided through a complete measurements. Routine maintenance • Emission of ultrasound. FG01 O FG02 FG03 F F O X Help text FG04 S S FG05 FG06 X FG07 Envelope . and the calibration uncertainty. some instruments pulses information. Endress+Hauser Setup .-No. Nevertheless configuration procedure.: Messbereich Measuring 4. correctly done. the ‘At your service’ section) Function groups -> Functions HOME X F F FG00 X F000 F001 F002 F003 F004 .. From on-site to of the measuring point and accredited services. II ER 20 (liquid crystal display) application parameters can be offer long-term stability Maulburg mA V DC m IP 65 T A >70°C Made in Germany : t >85°C read or adjusted. can also help you with this task! of level instruments The VU331 LC-Display can To test the 4 to 20 mA loop General note: be removed to ease operation (see fig.

power alternatively recorder. ultrasonic level plant and how you could maintain or the commissioning phase. we offer four distinct levels (> 250 W) of service… (see ‘Service Contracts’in the ‘At your service’ section). 4 to 20 mA with HART The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide  .. measurement etc. ultrasonic level related to the real level in Audit..2-wire. L00-FMxxxxxx-04-00-00-en-015 Fig. 5: Terminal assignment . recalibrated following an Maintenance performing stocking a complete new operational phase. L00-FMxxxxxx-04-00-00-en-011 4 to 20 mA with HART AC/DC power. In calibrate it more efficiently? Are you repair time. you decide the right level provide you with specific advice of maintenance support you require. PCS providing you with complete peace of mind and cost control. antenna. (Level-radar.20mA test sockets for testing of the signal current plant 1 2 3 4 ground 5 6 1 2 plant ground L. emitted by the installations in plan which improves plant reliability • An installation manual is Re-engineering an empty tank (for ToF devices) while reducing costs… provided with every spare part. We can contracts.20 mA 4. If level measurement In case of a highly critical sections. electronic information in the next sections • Validate the measured value With Endress+Hauser’s Installed Base module. you might consider Applicator tool. We provide regular checks on your DC AC / DC equipment and warranty extensions power display unit. the competences or the right tools to perform efficiently your maintenance.) the tank these questions and move forward in allow easy identification of • Eliminate interference echoes a controlled manner to a maintenance spares. I+ I. Level Check of the measurement Maintenance planning Corrective maintenance Instrument and (all devices) .L+ I+ I. our service Consultant will • Tags on each component help you to quickly find an answer to measurement etc. done by gauging the capacity of In case you have not internally the a container in liters. minimizing the risks of unplanned most parts can be easily Migration In some cases it is useful to breakdowns? Are you sure that replaced by the user (also your present actions are the most make additional checks of your cost effective? for Ex) thus allowing quick You will find detailed level measurement in order to: repair: display. no need to remove the device with Endress+Hauser service from the process. (see ‘Installed Base Audit’in the See our advice in the next ‘At your service’ section). so there is time. information in the next sections is often undertaken during is critical to the operation of the the shorter the acceptable (Level-radar. L1/L+ N/L- Fig..spare parts spare parts availability Configuration of the level Do you know exactly which part of The more critical your You will find detailed measurement instrument your installed instrumentation base instrument to your process.4-wire. sufficient. Commubox alternatively FXA191/195 communication DXR375 resistor Commubox From regular support to partnership (> 250 W) communication FXA191/195 resistor DXR375 agreements. this is often instrument. 4: Terminal assignment . 4. See also our online instruments are to be instrument.. on this.) the majority of cases this is sure that your present actions are • Thanks to the TOF concept.

baffles. 100% measurement operating based on the time- of-flight method. calculated: installed closer than 30 cm the smaller the beam angle. installation” 4 mA Input (see fig.level received by the antenna and Figure 1: Measuring principle L00-FMR2xxxx-15-00-00-en-001 transmitted into the electronics. A microprocessor evaluates the signal and identifies the level echo caused by the reflection of Installation conditions disassembly is simply done by the radar impulse at the product means of a tension clamp.e. inside the signal beam.. 1) 0% The reflected radar impulses are max. while FMR 240 (horn antenna. L00-FMR2xxxx-17-00-00-xx-001 seams) are not interpreted as the transmitter from direct Please contact Endress+Hauser for Figure 2: Orientation level echo. optimized by means of electronic suppression of interference echoes. The Micropilot is equipped • Not in the centre (3). Nevertheless distance E. Refer to figure 1 for the (FMR240/244/245) to the • Mapping: the measurement can be reference point for E. can D = c · t/2. mounting position’ interference echoes. • It is recommended to used to avoid interference. we remind like limit switches. based on many years initial calibration. vacuum rings. In this section. 10 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . technology. 15 cm interference echoes. sun or rain. etc. The user • Not above the fill stream (4). etc. The unambiguous signal Because most problems identification is accomplished reported by the users are due Tank installations (see fig. wall – outer edge of also interfere with the with c being the speed of light. echoes (i. from edges and weld cover (2) in order to protect therefore.e. Radar impulses or 1½ NPT: reference point of are emitted by an antenna. the less L=E–D (FMR230/231) resp. Measuring principle flange: reference point of measurement The Micropilot is a ‘downward.. inter. surface. • Stilling well: a stilling well can always be can activate these functions. 3) by the PulseMaster® eXact to uncorrect installation and/or • Avoid any installations (1). It measures the distance from the reference D threaded connection point (process connection) to the 1 ½” BSPT (R 1½”) E “90% of the product surface. 2) i. that must be considered. tankwall. 20 mA flange: reference point of looking’ measuring system. 244 (horn antenna encapsulated in PTFE). FMR 230 (horn antenna) and 231 (rod antenna) instruments use 6 GHz waves. nozzle: ~1/6 of tank measurement. software. the level L is the device should not be Optimization options • Antenna size: the bigger the antenna. heating time of flight t of the impulse: • Recommended distance (1) coils. reduce interference echoes. Based on the known empty diameter. of experience with time-of-flight hereafter the essential points temperature sensors. • Metallic screens (3) mounted at a They ensure that interference use a weather protection slope spread the radar signals and can. F measurement success of the setup reflected off the product surface inactive length depend on proper and received again by the radar L system. Assembly and further information. The distance D to the product • Symmetrical installations (2). 245 (flat antenna) and 250 (level-radar measurement on solids) use 26 GHz waves. • Antenna alignment: refer to ‘optimum with functions to suppress ference can cause signal loss. surface is proportional to the Orientation (see fig. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Micropilot M instruments throughout their lifecycle. Level-radar Level Micropilot series It has been already several years since Micropilot M instruments constitute the main part of the current range of level-radar measurement.

H H • Install the device using the • Use spring washers (1). 5) FMR244 • Observe installation (see fig. can be turned 350° in order L00-FMR231xx-17-00-00-en-002 • After mounting. Please contact Endress+Hauser for otherwise use antenna application with higher nozzle. the tip of the antenna should • The rod antenna must be aligned extend below the nozzle. must extend below the nozzle. nozzle H instructions described above. 6) Note! Please contact Endress+Hauser for • Observe installation application with higher nozzle. L00-FMR240xx-17-00-00-en-001 Figure 6: Installation in a tank .Optimum 90 ° DN50 ANSI 2” DN80…150 ANSI 3…6” 1½ NPT ØD mounting position (see fig. • The horn antenna must Note! extend below the nozzle. • For optimum measurement. torque of inactive length inactive length beam launched here It is recommended to retighten the 20 Nm. • After mounting. FMR244. 4) exactly in the middle between • Observe installation two bolt-holes in the flange). extension FAR10. the housing the horn antenna should L00-FMR230xx-17-00-00-en-002 L00-FMR230xx-17-00-00-en-001 Figure 4: Optimum mounting position FMR230 can be turned 350° to simplify extend below the nozzle. • The horn antenna must be aligned • Align horn antenna vertically. the housing can to simplify access to the Figure 5: Optimum mounting position FMR231 be turned 350° in order to simplify display and the terminal access to the display and the compartment. beam launched here flange bolts periodically. two bolt-holes in the flange). 90 ° 1½” BSPT (R 1½”). antenna extension if necessary. marker at instrument flange or threaded boss vertically. 7 on next page) instructions decribed above. if the horn antenna is not vertically aligned.Optimum wall (the marker is always mounting position (see fig. Recommended torque: 60 to 100 Nm. depending • After mounting. access to the display and the Select version with 100 mm terminal compartment. the housing • Align marker towards tank can be turned 350° in order to wall (the marker is always simplify access to the display ØD exactly in the middle between and the terminal compartment. Note! Observe the max. mechanical reasons. Level Commissioning of two Micropilot M Figure 3: Tank installations L00-FMR2xxxx-17-00-00-xx-002 Installation in tank (free • Align marker towards tank space) FMR230 . vertically.Optimum Standard installation mounting position (see fig. • Observe installation • Align marker towards tank instructions described above. Installation in tank (free space) FMR231 . • After mounting. terminal compartment. the housing on process temperature and pressure. spring washers two bolt-holes in the flange). Nozzle heights up to 500 mm can be accepted if this ° 90° 90 ° H 90 Installation in tank (free should not be possible due to space) FMR240. L00-FMR240xx-17-00-00-de-002 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 11 .optimum mounting position instructions described above. G 1½" (FMR 244) or FMR245 . • The inactive part of the rod antenna • For optimum measurement. 1 L00-FMR231xx-17-00-00-en-001 wall (the marker is always • Align marker towards exactly in the middle between tank wall. The maximum range may be reduced. threaded boss (AF 60) only. • The antenna must be aligned vertically.

e. Figure 11 (above and right): Installation mechanically (FMR230/FMR240 only). FMR250 with horn antenna • Slots offset 180° (not 90°). Figure 9: Installation in stilling well . vertically. FMR240. Length and number instructions described above. request).11) • Observe installation 90 ° 1½ NPT DN80…200 holes max. carefully removed and smoothened.3 μm). full bore ball valve without • After mounting. The inside of the stilling well 1 must remain smooth. the housing application with higher nozzle. select next larger antenna and adapt it • Additional installation mechanically (FMR230/FMR240 only). Standard installation • Do not weld through the pipe Level spring washers FMR245 (see fig.. Installation in bypass Recommended torque: 60.100 Nm. compartment. bolt-holes in the flange.e. For intermediate sizes (i. • The marker is always exactly • Measurements can be in the middle between two performed through an open bolt-holes in the flange. display and the terminal H • The stilling well must be smooth on compartment. when using a ball valve or mending pipe segments). the pipe. It is recommended to retighten the flange bolts periodically. Flange mechanical reasons.optimum mounting position L00-FMR230xx-17-00-00-en-006 Note! Please contact Endress+Hauser for • After mounting. 1½” BSPT (R 1½”) or • Slot width respectively diameter of (see fig. larger ØD and pipe have to be properly aligned at the inside. Recommendations for the bypass pipe • Measurements can be • Metal (no plastic or enamel coating) performed through an open • Constant diameter Figure 10: Installation in bypass . do not have any influence on the • Align marker towards vessel 1) measurement. • At any transition (i. depending marker at instrument flange or threaded boss on process temperature and pressure. (~ ±20 cm / 8”) a reduced accuracy of • Diameter of stilling well not larger the measurement has to be expected. than antenna diameter. Recommendations for the stilling well no gap may be created exceeding • Metal (no enamel coating. An protrude from the nozzle. the inside (average roughness Rz ≤ 6.optimum mounting position L00-FMR230xx-17-00-00-en-007 full bore ball valve without • Select horn antenna as big as possible.04”). FMR245 • After mounting. Figure 7: Standard Figure 8: Standard installation FMR245 installation FMR244 bolt-holes in the flange. 8) wall. ° 90° 90 90 ° • Weld seam as smooth as possible and Installation in vessel on the same axis as the slots. when using a position ball valve or mending pipe segments). In case of • Observe installation unintentional welding through H instructions described above. can be turned 350° in order • Additional installation to simplify access to the instructions described above. FMR244. the marker is at the housing adapter (opposite the air purge connection) • Select horn antenna as big as possible.e. the housing • At any transition (i. FMR245 (see fig. • The antenna must be aligned vertically. can be turned 350° in order no gap may be created exceeding to simplify access to the 1 mm (0.04”). the housing any problems. 10) ° 90 be turned 350° in order to simplify access to the display and the • Align marker perpendicular terminal compartment. L00-FMR250xx-17-00-00-en-004 12 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . 95 mm) any problems. 1½” BSPT (R 1½”). wall (the marker is always L00-FMR250xx-17-00-00-en-009 For intermediate sizes (i. FMR230. in vessel FMR250 . the weld seam and any H • Align marker towards unevenness on the inside need to be ØD ØD tank wall.optimum mounting • After mounting. if the antenna is not vertically in the middle between two aligned. 1/10 of pipe diameter. ANSI 3…8” 90 ° de-burred. at version with top target positioner. 9) • The horn must be aligned • Align marker toward slots. • The marker is always exactly G 1½" (FMR 244) or Caution! The maximum range may be DN50 ANSI 2” DN80…150 ANSI 3…6” 1½ NPT reduced. extension of the pipe is possible with If this is not possible for welded flanges or pipe sleeves. can be turned 350° in order to simplify access to the Installation in stilling well display and the terminal FMR230. Use extruded or parallel •The horn antenna should welded stainless steel pipe. nozzle heights can be accepted. instructions on Page 18.e. 180 mm) exactly in the middle between select next larger antenna and adapt it two bolt-holes in the flange. FMR240. (90°) to tank connectors. the housing can (see fig. strong interference echoes L00-FMR245xx-17-00-00-de-002 • The marker is always exactly will be generated and material build- L00-FMR244xx-17-00-00-de-002 in the middle between two up will be promoted. display and the terminal compartment. Otherwise. plastic on 1 mm (0. • Particularly on smaller nominal widths it needs to be observed that flanges • Use spring washers (1) are welded to the pipe such that they allow for a correct orientation (marker Note! aligned toward slots). • In the area of the tank connections marker at instrument flange or threaded boss 1) • Constant diameter..

details on the blocking distance Note for all radar devices: in chapter Ultrasonic level The replacement of either Instruments that operate at measurement . The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 13 . recommended pressure The ‘Basic setup’ menu range of the purge air: 200 to air purge connection: NPT ¼ enables a quick and simple 500 mbar.04. However. ‘At your service’ section) Note for FMR240/244/245/250: The replacement of the electronic module requires specific 17). thanks to the recent Figure 12: FMR250 integrated air purge L00-FMR250xx-17-00-00-en-010 connection problems. The software Caution! Make sure to use dry helps the user to enter the main purge air. be installed vertically. If it contains software with versions 1. • Permanent operation: call our hotline. please See ‘Basics’. the HF module requires a keep used on demanding reprogramming.xx or 1. (See consult us.5 Nm) commissioning. can prevent clogging of the antenna (see fig. 12).Configuration • Pulsed operation: max.xx. the new 26 GHz Note for FMR244/245: Please . you will avoid many See ‘Basics’ (page 8). Please 0. you need to replace also the HF module. If you want to get more information pressure of purge air: 6 bar abs. torque 3. the dusty applications. on process applications. Some of the processes (with turbulent Our service team can set up any Endress+Hauser device for you and default parameters have to surface or foam formation). the horn antenna should See ‘Basics’ (page 11).since 09/2005 Micropilot M operation is recommended.xx. Pulsed Micropilot II/FMR231E NO .2 m into account. redevelopment. Re-engineering or G ¼ (max.since 09/2005 Micropilot M all directions. procedure is delivered with the See also our online Applicator (see ‘Commissioning’ in the new module. about spare parts availability. The relevant best from your instrument.02. whose cost is higher. the FMR250 with optional top target positioner can be swiveled by 15° in integrated air purge connection Micropilot II/FMR230V NO .Spare parts instruments can now be used take a blocking distance of See ‘Basics’ (page 9). thus ensure you immediately get the be modified.05. from software Corrective maintenance version1. carefully. Instruments that operate at parameters which cover 95% of 26 GHz used to be selected the cases. Setup . tool. By entering the data Calibration for storage applications. To avoid Your Spare part New interference reflections or for optimum Note for FMR250: In extremely instrument availability generation alignment within the vessel.Note! Operation and Maintenance Instrument and Level • Please contact Endress+Hauser for spare parts availability application with higher nozzle. the electronic module or 6 GHz. • Ideally.

which was generated Installation conditions UB by the reflection of the high- 100% frequency pulses at the product Upper blocking distance max. This clear signal finding (see fig.. Measuring principle flange: reference point of measurement The Levelflex is a ‘downward. the blocking distance.17). At the lowest part of the with c being the speed of light. +400°C • New FMP43 (from 01/07/07) for pharma requirements With this section we aim at providing efficient help to Levelflex M users throughout the life cycle. 1) The Levelflex comes The reflected pulses are with functions to suppress transmitted from the probe interference echoes to the electronics. D The distance from the reference E point (process connection of probe length LN “Consider blocking the measuring device) to the F product surface is measured. The following F = measuring span distance E. a (e. internals and struts). level L is calculated: measuring error is present in E = empty distance (= zero) UB = upper blocking distance L=E–D the vicinity of the probe end: LN = probe length Reference point for E see fig. 20 m /67 ft surface. Figure 1: Measuring principle L00-FMP4xxxx-15-00-00-en-002 This method is also known as TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry). 1. distances and pay High-frequency pulses are L attention to the nozzle” injected to a probe and led 4 mA along the probe. Input (see fig. Within PulseMaster® Software. surface is proportional to the time of flight t of the impulse: Lower blocking distance B D = c · t/2.g. received by the electronic evaluation unit and converted into level information. There. 3) B = minimum distance of the probe to the container wall 14 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . probe an exact measurement Figure 2: Upper blocking distance L00-FMP4xxxx-17-00-00-en-006 Based on the known empty is not possible. 2) benefits from the more than The upper blocking distance E 30 years of experience with (UB) is the minimum distance LN F pulse time-of-flight procedures from the reference point of the remote display FHX 40 that have been integrated measurement (mounting flange) into the development of the to the maximum level. 20 mA 100% looking’ measuring system that functions according to the ToF method (ToF = Time of Flight). (see fig. Guided level-radar Level Levelflex series The current guided level-radar Levelflex M range includes: • FMP40 for general applications in liquids and solids • FMP41C for corrosive liquids and for high hygienic requirements • FMP45 mainly in liquids with pressures up to 400 bar and temperatures from -200 . a reliable 0% measurement can not be Distance D to the product guaranteed (see table p. The pulses are 0% reflected by the product surface. microprocessor analyses the reference point of measurement signals and identifies the level echo..

L00-FMP4xxxx-17-00-00-xx-003 • Minimum distance of probe encountered in case of a low end to the container floor (C): εr are due to a bad nozzle”.02 0. lower edge of the silo ceiling. 4): fixed down. “90% of the problems 1 = correct installation touch the wall. into < 150 mm highly electrostatically a thick concrete ceiling should (< 4") charged during processing. the probe must. the upper blocking distance UB can be reduced for rod and rope probes on 0. away from the wall (B) at • The ideal installation is such a distance that. if possible adapters are available for C ≥ 1 m. there is still a minimum is internally flush with the distance of 100 mm between container ceiling. installation with welding boss installation in nozzle – Rope probe: 150 mm – Rod probe: 50 mm Installation in concrete silos – Coax probe: 10 mm (see fig.linearity. the nozzle should be concrete silos. the probe and the build-up.25 Rod or coax probe 0. if most important instructions necessary. non. LBD [m] if DC>7 if DC<7 Rope probe 0.2 (1) Coax probe 0 (1) The indicated blocking distances are prearised.repeatability sum of non. 6) • If the product becomes Installation.2 m).linearity. If during -40 -40 this installation there is -60 -60 -80 General installation the danger that the probe -80 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 instructions end moves so much that it distance from probe end [mm] distance from probe end [mm] (for bulk solids + fluids) touches the tank floor or cone L00-FMP4xxxx-05-00-00-en-001 L00-FMP4xxxx-05-00-00-en-002 Figure 3: Measuring error in the vicinity of the probe end We remind you hereafter the at times. At media with DK > 7. The upper blocking distance UB can be entered manually. be shortened and (see fig. a large distance 50 to 150 mm in diameter (B) should be observed and should not be more than between the probe and the 150 mm high. but when the product εr ensure that the probe does not (dielectric coefficient) is Figure 4: General installation conditions low. secured with these. 5) sum of non.02 0.05 Check of a Levelflex at a chemical plant If εr (dielectric coefficient) Type of probe installation rod probe and coax probe rope probe 80 80 value is less than 7 for rope (see fig. for example.2 (1) 6 mm rod probe 0. but at least 0. Level FMP40 UB [m] min Rope probe 0. • If installation takes place in a • In the case of bulk solids in nozzle. Installation concrete wall. other dimensions. • In metal and plastic silos. then measurement is • Probes are mounted to the 40 DC = 2 40 DC > 7 and hysteresis [mm] and hysteresis [mm] not possible in the area of the process connection with 20 DC > 7 20 straining weight (0 to 250 mm threaded connections or 0 0 from end of probe.5 m. Alternatively. non. The easiest way to 1 2 • Do not mount rod or rope fix the rope probes is to screw probes in the filling curtain (2) them to the internal thread on • Mount rod and rope probes the lower end of the weight. lower flanges and are usually also -20 -20 blocking distance)(see table).repeatability 60 60 probes.2 (1) 16 mm rod robe 0. The pipe should be kept at a Figure 5: Type of probe installation L00-FMP4xxxx-17-00-00-en-017 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 15 . in the mounting in a screwed joint event of build-up on the / screw-in sleeve which B wall. be made flush with the lower an earthing chain should be edge.1 m. the probe diameter nozzle: mounted in the filling curtain can also be installed into a pipe < DN150 (< 6”) or the end of the probe that must not protrude over the should be grounded. the • Installation with welding boss probe can be mounted very is strongly recommended close to the wall (0.

150 mm instrument availability generation Extension rod / Centering (see accessories) Levelflex FMP232E NO . best from your instrument. Setup . can replace a FMP40. 7) See ‘Basics’. See ‘Basics’ (page 9) Note for all radar devices: the replacement of either the electronic module or ≥ 100 mm ≥ 100 mm the HF module requires reprogramming.since 10/2005 FMP40 L00-FMP4xxxx-17-00-00-en-008 Levelflex FMP332E NO . Some of the default parameters have to be modified . metal Instrument and metal tube spare parts availability Your Spare part New Ø 80. By entering the Corrective maintenance or silos with wood cover.. the data carefully. The relevant procedure is delivered with the new module.. whose parameters which cover 95% silo cover is also made of plastic of the cases. silo roof of plastic or wood Figure 7: Installation in plastic containers metal sheet or metal flange Wall thickness for GFK/PP < 15 mm L00-FMP4xxxx-17-00-00-en-018 16 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . which is even more be used for tube diameter under the screw-in piece.Spare parts probes must either be mounted many problems. The software Calibration installing the rod and rope helps the user to enter the main See ‘Basics’ (page 8). (see ‘Commissioning’ in the > 150 mm to prevent build-up ‘At your service’ section) in the inner part of the tube. or a metal sheet with diameter Endress+Hauser device for you and The centering disk should of ≥ 200 mm must be mounted thus ensure you immediately get the FMP45. requires a metal surface at the enables a quick and simple process connection! When commissioning. probes in plastic silos. Please note that the ‘guided Maintenance level-radar’ measuring principle The ‘Basic setup’ menu See ‘Basics’ (page 9). Re-engineering Level Our service team can set up any suggestions see diagram. you will avoid .since 10/2005 FMP40 Figure 6: Installation in concrete silos If you want to get more information metal sheet or metal flange about spare parts availability. Installation in a ≥ DN50 / 2” metal flange. please call our hotline. minimum length. robust.Configuration Installation in plastic Operation and Maintenance containers (see fig.

Therefore the product surface is located 1m under the probe. makes cristals oscillate. There. they are reflected back and E F received by the sensor.g. E = empty distance it can calculate the level as D = distance from sensor membrane to the product surface BD = blocking distance follows: L = level L=E-D An integrated temperature sensor compensates changes in Interference echo ensures that interference the velocity of sound caused by suppression echoes (e. The “The installation of Prosonic M measures the time t between pulse emissionand L the sensor and the reception. ZOOM: why is there a blocking distance? Waves are emitted at the surface of the sensor membrane. T3: the echo comes back after 6 ms meaning the total distance represents T1: End of the emitted impulsion. The device is either emitting or receiving but cannot do both at the same time. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 17 . The interference echo joints and installations) are not suppression feature of Prosonic M interpreted as level echoes. Membrane continues to vibrate during 1ms 2 m. the resulting echo would be surrounded by the residual vibration and could not be differenciated. T4: Double reflection echo or numerous reflections can sometimes be observed. corresponds to the system’s resonance. In case of an obstacle located within the area between positions 1 and 2. Duration (ms) This distance is named blocking distance. The instrument presence of foam uses time t (and the velocity of 4 mA 0% sound c) to calculate distance D or bubbles have a between the sensor membrane strong impact on and the product surface: D = c · t/2 the measurement” As the device knows the empty Figure 1: Measuring principle F = span (full distance) distance E from a user entry. and giving them key information to successfully migrate to FMU90 Measuring principle BD Time-of-flight method 20 mA 100% The Prosonic M sensor emits ultrasonic pulses in the direction D of the product surface. Distance (m) Figure 2 T2: the residual membrane vibration is weakened enough to reflect an echo T0: Start of the emitted impulsion. the level to be measured must not approach the membrane. from edges. welded temperature changes. Ultrasonic level measurement Level Prosonic series The current ultrasonic transmitters Prosonic range includes the Prosonic M FMU40/41/42/43/44 and Prosonic S FMU90. With this section we aim at: • providing efficient help to Prosonic M users throughout the life cycle • answering to the most frequent questions asked by the users of Prosonic S FMU86x. and then switches to the receiving position. As it is impossible to differenciate the echo within this area. An alternating current which frequency and to differenciate it.

Configuration • Do not install the sensor in r the middle of the tank (3). SD: safety distance. small bubbles. Span F may not extend into even at maximum fill level.77 m • Make sure that equipment FMU42 11° 10 m 0. Adjustment Blocking distance. problems. compact has a weak impact on ultrasonic measurement. and may not contain any edges or welded joints. The interior due to the transient of the nozzle must be smooth characteristics of the sensor. nozzle installation angle a (see table 1). F: full calibration See ‘Basics’ (page 10). in helps the user to enter the main order to protect the device parameters which cover 95% of Sensor a Lmax rmax from direct sun or rain (2). Install the Prosonic M at a height so that the blocking Blocking distance distance BD is not exceeded.79 m temperature sensors. 4) Setup .1). In particular. 1 5 a reflector. We recommend leaving a L00-FMU4xxxx-17-00-00-de-005 distance between the sensor The ‘Basic setup’ menu Figure 4: General installation conditions and the tank wall (1) of 1/6 enables a quick and simple of the tank diameter. If the level is within this safety 1/6D distance. the cases. Surface 4: very dense foam. can FMU 40/41 FMU 42/44 influence measurement. you can 7 own surface may often become specify a safety distance (SD). Note the specified limits for Fig. you will avoid many the filling curtain (4). commissioning. See ‘Basics’ (page 11).93 m the emitting angle a. Calibration BD: blocking distance. D: nozzle diameter. its blocking distance. Endress+Hauser device for you and are not located within thus ensure you immediately get the FMU44 11° 20 m 1. Influence of foam and there should be no burr on the bubbles on the level inside of the tank side nozzle Surface 1 Surface 2 Surface 3 Surface 4 measurement on liquids end. (see ‘Commissioning’ in the Table 1 particular. it may cause device ultrasonic waves and stops their malfunction. 6 α The essentials (see fig. 3: reflection of ultrasonic waves on liquids (see fig. the Prosonic M outputs D L Installation conditions a warning or alarm message. See ‘Basics’. if the level approaches the If the foam is quite dense.96 m (5) such as limit switches. The software • Use a protective cover. we Surface 2: very light foam with big bubbles in very thin layers or the presence of a disparate recommend an angled socket Surface 3: light foam in thick layer foam layer at the liquid’s surface edge (ideally 45°). range. We recommend a periodical L L as the two signals may affect inspection of the membrane D each other. 5 and the span F to adjust the device table 2) (see fig. E: empty calibration. 3) nozzle diameter and length. blocking distance BD. baffles etc. By entering the data FMU40 11° 5m 0. FMU41 11° 8m 0. (span). In order to notice 2 3 4 reflection at the liquid’s surface. use the 3 dB emitting L00-FMU4xxxx-17-00-00-en-004 Figure 5: Blocking distance. Level Use a pipe nozzle if you cannot echos from the blocking maintain the blocking distance distance cannot be evaluated in any other way. etc. and the use of a piece of rag to D D • To estimate the detection wipe it if necessary. • Never install two ultrasonic E F L measuring devices in a tank.Spare parts See ‘Basics’ (page 11) 18 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . nozzle Level Enter the empty distance E and installation (see fig. However a per. Operation and Maintenance BD • Align the sensor so that it SD is vertical to the product Maintenance surface (7).48 m • Avoid measurements through carefully. L: nozzle length Corrective maintenance . symmetrical ‘At your service’ section) equipment (6) such as FMU 43 heating coils. In best from your instrument. To Surface 1: ideal conditions The occasional presence of foam minimise disturbing factors. Our service team can set up any FMU43 6° 15 m 0. If the blocking distance is manent thick foam layer absorbs undershot.

861 to ISO480). FDU8x YES . program them in the device. 250 mm S range: FMU 860 (1-channel in the FMU861 (ISO415 FMU42 0. FM or CSA certificate FMU280 NO . Nozzle Max.Instrument and • An installation on a mast can Level Prosonic BD Max. cabinet housing (mounting on DIN rail). 300 mm level measurement).until 03/2012 FMU90 equivalent FMU86x version flow + flow. replace FMU86x transmitters • Matrix programming has been replaced by a simplified Your Spare part New and FDU8x sensors. ATEX.5 m 20 m 10 m min.since 12/2002 FMU4x* are not certified for connectiion Re-engineering FMU130E/A NO . each channel can be affected FMU232 YES . 150 mm approx. These channels are not Table 2 The new FMU90 transmitters associated to FDU9X sensors preconfigured in the FMU90.6 m 15 m 7m min. be used in association with • Like for the old generation.5 m Migration • Because ISO Venturi channels 100 mm approx. instrument availability generation The new FMU90 transmitter and user-friendly program- is fully compatible with the ming concept on the new FMU2380 NO . the maximum distance Warning: the sensors between the transmitter FMU2680 NO . 240 mm FMU41 0.g. 80 mm If you want to get more information • FMU 90 transmitters are FMU40 0.until 12/2013 FDU9x e. the 1-channel level measurement FMU90 is 100% DU41C YES . please available as field housing or 100 mm approx. M family range range bulk diameter length See right table. 300 mm call our hotline. level + flow and FMU86x YES .since 12/2002 FMU90 • FMU90 offers full allowing three combinations: compatibility with the level + level. Max. 400 mm have been phased-out.25 m 5m 2m 80 mm approx.until 12/2010 FMU44 compatible with FMU860. 240 mm about spare parts availability. FMU2480 NO .since 10/2006 FMU44 * Partly compatible The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 19 . 100 mm approx.until 11/2008 FMU4x* either to flow measurement Advantages or to level measurement thus FMU2780 NO . 300 mm (2-channel level measurement) curves and about the way to FMU44 0.since 10/2006 FMU44 DU61Z NO .since 10/2005 FMU4x* FDU9x sensors cannot be used FMU90 is quite polyvalent: with FMU86x transmitters. 300 mm were not preconfigured 80 mm approx. you will need to drill again in liquids materials case of wall mounting. On the other hand. On the contrary. 80 mm approx. many users (flow measurement) and 862 have asked us about the FMU43 0. nozzle spare parts availability be reused. DU60Z NO .since 12/2002 FMU4x* FDU8x transmitters and can Prosonic S FMU90. the new The 2-channel version of FMU131E/A NO . 50 mm approx.35 m 8m 3.since 12/2002 FMU4x* FDU8x sensors.since 10/2005 FMU4x* to the FMU 90 transmitter.since 12/2002 FMU4x* FDU83/84/85/86 with an and the sensor is 300 m.4 m 10 m 5m 100 mm approx.

current can be calculated by at a safe distance from the the medium capacitor and the agitator. R: Conductivity of liquid ground in any case” When the container is filled. the buildup on the probe.g. When the probe is in air (1). the capacitive idle tanks. Furthermore. In the next future. Nivector FTC968. connection and the tank possible to measure the level. 20 mA HART) converts the acts like additional medium • When mounting. C: Capacitance of liquid the capacitance of the capacitor CA: Initial capacitance (probe not covered) CE: Final capacitance (probe covered): change in capacitance increases the more the probe ΔC: Change in capacitance is covered (2). the the container capacitance General installation system also prevents the effect of works along the principle of conditions medium buildup or condensate phase-selective measurement. Capacitive level measurement Level Liquicap series The current Endress+Hauser range of capacitive sensors includes some seventy instruments. the measurement is independent of the value for the dielectric constant (DK) of the liquid. of alternating current and the contact with the container phase shift between the voltage wall! Do not install probes in Note! A ground tube is used as a and current is measured. ensure measured change in capacitance resistance and causes an error there is a good electrically of the liquid into a signal in in measurement. (3). the amount • The probe may not come into probes with an inactive length. Liquicap M has buildup a result. FEI50H 4 to stuck to the probe rod/rope event of severe lateral load. Measuring principle 1 2 3 The principle of capacitive level measurement is based on the CE change in capacitance of the capacitor due to the change ∆C in the level formed by the CA C probe and the container wall CA R “Ensure good (conductive material). the area of the filling curtain! counterelectrode for containers With these two characteristic • When using in agitating made of non-conductive quantities. an e. As the size conductive connection proportion to the level (e. this range will be shortened to: • Level detection for liquids: Liquicap M FTI51/52 and probe 11500Z • Level detection for solids: Solicap M FTI55/56. Conductive buildup tube should be used in the of the probe (e.g. a low connection to the L00-FMI5xxxx-15-05-xx-xx-001 Figure 1: Measuring principle initial capacitance is measured. make sure you install materials. As of a conductivity of 100 μs/cm. value do not affect the measured The electronic evaluation of value display. 20 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . As Phase-selective Thus. Function real current by the medium • Rod probes with a ground The selected electronic insert resistance. near the process connection for In this process. fluctuations in the DK measurement compensation. selective measurement.g. Minicap FTC260/262 and probes T12892 and T12894 • Level measurement for liquids: Liquicap T FMI21 and Liquicap M FMI51/52 With this section we aim at: • providing a concise reminder of the main guidelines for an optimal use of capacitive sensors • providing efficient help to Liquicap M users throughout the life cycle. use an electrically algorithm is used to compensate conductive sealing band. of the medium resistance can between the process 4 to 20 mA) and thus makes it be determined with phase.

For nonconductive L00-FMI5xxxx-11-06-xx-xx-005 Figure 6: Installation of rod probes on housing must be connected to liquids (<1 µS/cm). 6). 3). When installing in a nozzle. The probes are ‘plug and play’ We strongly recommend to where the conductivity is secure the end of the probe in higher than 100 µS/cm. steel tanks. 4). tanks. Liquicap M FMI52 / The end of the probe needs FTI52 and Minicap FTC262 to be secured when the probe the probe may be shortened be could touch the silo wall or means of a special kit.7) FMI21. another part in the tank. plastic nor extended. (see fig. The Figure 4: Installation in a nozzle Figure 5: Installation of rod probes on conductive tanks • The absence of a maximum tensile load may not conterelectrode or a ground exceed 200 Nm. tube in case of containers made of non-conductive Setup . are generally due to: To avoid a too high tensile • A bad connection to load the rope should be loose L00-FMI5xxxx-11-06-xx-xx-007 the ground or guyed with a feather. use a rod probe with ground tube On non-conductive tanks and inactive length (see fig. the probe tube (see fig. the ground probe length ordered (0 % to connection at the probe 100 %). L00-FMI5xxxx-11-06-xx-xx-001 L00-FMI5xxxx-11-06-xx-xx-002 Figure 2: Installation on Figure 3: Installation on containers should neither be shortened nor containers that conduct electricity that do not conduct electricity lengthened. On conductive tanks (metal tanks) Liquicap M FMIxx If the process connection of For conductive liquids the probe is insulated from (>100 µS/cm). (plastic tanks) Always use a probe with ground As a general rule. the probe is the metal tank (e.g. Only on Liquicap T Tensioning weight (see fig. Note! A fully insulated rod For containers that do not probe may neither be shortened conduct electricity e.g. measurement result. 5) see fig. conditions for rod probes The bracing can be conductive or insulating to the tank wall. There will be no drift afterwards. cable. 0% non-conductive tanks Figure 7: Tensioning weight The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 21 .g. Level For containers that conduct the tank by means of a short electricity e. use a probe with Damaged insulation probe ground tube and ensure proper results in an incorrect grounding (see fig. This is what the internal thread in the Specific installation probe weight is intended for. case of high tank or silo and also Reported measurement errors in case of agitated liquid.Configuration material • Customer’s specific Calibration is neccessary only at constraints startup. through calibrated at the factory to the seal material). 2.

50 % % transmitter at the detection point + has to be carried out on site. 64.50 Measure Value Calibration of the remote about spare parts availability. spare parts availability See table at the right Label Other probes (T12892. 0% 4 : Measuring modes 8 : Upload sensor EEPROM calibration is performed at changed. Liquicap M FTIxx Maintenance and Solicap M FTIxx No maintenance is necessary. page 105. CX001 thus ensure you immediately get the main menu Please consult us. 9) The display can be used to configure directly at the device via 3 keys. (see ‘Commissioning’ in the Picklist device properties basic setup ‘At your service’ section) Re-engineering Please consult us. Figure 9: Local operation with the display Operation and Maintenance Local operation directly on the electronic insert Your Spare part New (FEI50H) (see fig.until 12/2010 Consult us Local operation with the display (see fig. please call our hotline. • 4 to 20 mA current pick-off. for full/empty calibration with multimeter. 8) instrument availability generation Multicap family YES . the probe is • Key (+) calibrated at the factory to the Adjustment • Mode switch probe length ordered (0 % to An adjustment is neccessary: 1 : Operation 5 : Measuring range 100 %). you and Multicap is phase-out. Measure Value T12894. calibration is performed at Remote operation with Level the factory. e. output best from your instrument. Only the 100% (No need to disconnect circuit!) calibration has to be carried out Instrument and • Display connection on site. Only the 100% FieldCare calibration has to be carried out FieldCare is described on on site. Application parameters can be read or set in the functions. (No need to • Green LED ( operational status) For conductive liquids disconnect circuit!) • Red LED ( fault message) • Key (-) (> 30 µS/cm). e. for full/empty calibration with L00-FMI5xxxx-07-05-xx-xx-000 Figure 8: Local operation directly on the electronic insert Liquicap T multimeter. All device functions can be set via menu operation.g. 22 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . The menu consists of function groups and functions.g. Softkeys Migration Value Bargraph Unit Minicap Our serviceand teamNivector can set up any Position Nothing to be carried Endress+Hauser device for out. Calibration at the detection point You may use the 4 to 20 mA has to be carried out on site. the factory. 11500Z) If you want to get more information 64. current pick-off. For nonconductive • for non-conductive liquids 2 : Empty calibration 6 : Self-test • if the er of the medium has 3 : Full calibration 7 : Reset (factory settings) liquids (< 1 µS/cm).

the filling level must be below the troubleshooting? mapping range. Press ‘+’ and ‘->’ simultaneously. values keep on going back to alignment empty 10 m and alignment full 9 m. Set the HART address to 0! Prosonic FMU90: the sensor is not recognized… Check which type of sensor is connected. scaling has been entered in V2H7. the value entered in V2HO too high. but keeps on showing Prosonic: Is there any equivalence between the parameters 4 mA at the output. ensure the installation conditions are met (see previous pages). read the value displayed in V0H8 and type the same value in V0H1. Is there a Attention: During mapping. In case this is the old FDU8x sensor. (Rope probes: mapping range 2 m. Levelflex M. To unlock the hardware via the Display. the filling level Prosonic: How can I adjust the 0% level of the tank? must be below the mapping range. Then aim at the ground so that the membrane is approximately 1 m above the Prosonic S/M and Micropilot M: The level indicated by the ground. Attention: During mapping. Remove the sensor and cable it directly to the transmitter. Prosonic S/M and Micropilot M: The device indicates the correct value on site. the device keeps on indicating in the former units in VOHO. ‘-’ and Prosonic FMU86X: Although a different endpoint of the ‘E’ simultaneously. As the tank is empty. What can be done? must be confirmed with ‘E’. it means the device is OK. • Check the setting of the medium property and correct. if necessary. Prosonic FMU86X: How to shift the decimal dot? • Carry out mapping. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 23 . If E641 diappears. the sensor has to be selected manually. What can be done? Carry out mapping.Frequently asked questions Level Micropilot: How can I adjust the LCD contrast? Prosonic FMU86X: Alignment values cannot be entered. Capacitive measurement: I get an incorrect measured value at commissioning… Ensure the grounding is correct. the Press ‘+ ‘ and ‘E’ or ‘-’ and ‘E’ simultaneously. Micropilot: How can I unlock the hardware? No sensor has been selected yet. Rod probes: Define the total probe length as mapping range. enter the following code: Press ‘+’. The approach is different.) Prosonic FMU86X: Error E641 “Echo lost”. Levelflex M: The filling level indicated by the device is After changing the endpoint in V2H7. In case of a non-metal tank. Select sensor and confirm with ‘E’! No configuration is possible if the device is locked. the Multidrop mode. What can be done? for FMU86X and for FMU90? Presumably a HART address was assigned and the device works in No. device is too high.

24 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .

Thermal mass flowmeters 40 That is why we have decided to give you in FAQ 42 this guide a reminder of the few operating We also offer training sessions. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 25 .” ‘Proline’ flowmeters 28 it had been selected. problems yourself! The chapter ‘Basics’ includes information It is true that there are certain problems which is valid for all flow metering due to aging. and creating a For those wanting to go long term reliability problem… Finally. With this Contents refer to us primarily during installation information. we further in mastering this Mass flowmeters 33 observe that many apparently maintenance. a genuine flow Ultrasonic flowmeters 38 measurement bible. We have also recapped the ‘At your service’. very often it is not for or resolve the vast majority of potential Basics 26 several years that users come back to us. you will be able to prevent and commissioning. recalibration. subject. From time to time we also help you get the best from your instruments find that the flowmeter has been used for throughout their life cycle… and prepare Maintenance of an application other than that for which for renewing your equipment gradually. but others can be resolved by There is also plenty of useful information to principles described hereafter. See ‘Training’ in the section flowmeters. Flow metering Thierry Cragnaz Expert in Flow metering Endress+Hauser France “Installation and setup require a particular care” “Flowmeters are so reliable that users main questions that you ask us. in classroom constraints and installation conditions for and on site. Endress+Hauser Vortex flowmeters 36 related problems prove to be installation has published the ‘Flow and setup problems. Thus you should read it before any other chapter. at the risk of it being Electromagnetic flowmeters 30 unsuited to this application. Handbook’.

Installation errors or situations where the observed initially. since many flowmeters (except mass Advice: the ideal mount • Since 2007. A parameters of the quantities This is of utmost importance U-tube or a sloping pipe measured (current output reported errors!” for filling or dosing might be simple solutions. 29 Specific information p. all flowmeters) measure the for a flowmeter is in a fluid Endress+Hauser fluid’s velocity. Figure 1 flowmeters.1). waste water pipes). meter will always remain full. *EMF: Electromagnetic flowmeter 26 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . • Avoid installing directly wires and cable glands. (units. You can also configure your • Installation at the highest flowmeters from your PC. 34 Specific information p. you can guidelines for all technologies flowmeter will not work at all. This If the installation and wiring flowmeter is based on an could lead to measuring conditions have been ideal installation. QUICK SETUP enables quick important if this is not the • See technology-specific and easy configuration of case. mass flowmeters etc. errors might be particularly up-stream. be certain of getting correct exist.Configuration overview It sometimes can’t be ensured that the pipe is always full • General note: The specification of ANY (i. They should be viewed as • The flowmeter should then be measurements from the “Compliance with MINIMUM requirements: installed in a siphon (fig. piping system causes a risk wiring. 36 Installation requirements • Installation in a siphon Setup . point of pipe work • Wiring See presentation of FieldCare • Installation at the top of a Take care with the instrument on page 105. assuming riser vertical pipe (fig.2). Further requirements may apply • The flowmeter should be for one particular technology. 32 Specific information p. F06-5xxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-000 ultrasonic and thermal mass flowmeter).) applications.3) flowmeters belong to the that the whole section is • The meter must be installed Proline family and thus flow direction full of liquid. 26 Specific information p. In case (see ‘Commissioning’ in the upstream of a free pipe outlet of humid atmosphere. check ‘At your service’ section) in a vertical pipe as air is that no water drop may get into flow direction potentially rising up through the flowmeter. setup. Figure 3: Ideal mount for a flowmeter installed in a lower part of Please check specific the pipe work. Ensure correct tightening of the F06-5xxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-002 get the best from your instrument. avoid cavitation and the in the next sections. This ensures installation conditions for F06-5xxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-004 enough head pressure to EMF*. • If solids are carried with the Configuration will only serve installation requirements • The flowmeter must remain fluid it is recommended to to optimize the operating would avoid most completely full at all times. instrument’s first activation. the flowmeter causing measuring errors.e. Measuring with sufficient straight pipe offer a QUICK SETUP. especially when the that air will collect and transmitter is mounted remotely. Basics Flow Information common to any type of flowmeter Electromagnetic Mass Vortex Ultrasonic Thermal mass flowmeters flowmeters flowmeters flowmeters flowmeters Specific information p. etc. plan a cleaning access. Please note that this installation conditions for the device’s main functions rule apply even to mass further details (mainly vortex. outputs…). Our service organization can set up negatively influence the any Endress+Hauser flowmeter for you and thus ensure you immediately Figure 2: Installation in a siphon performance (fig.

be easily replaced thus allowing tion or deposition. The FieldCare software. thus meeting Corrective maintenance not detected and rectified. while reducing costs… expert’s job. an Endress+Hauser the user may think that just (see ‘Calibration’ in the automatically checking all service contract can provide the because the flowmeter signal ‘At your service’ section). some points which are critical to belonging to the Proline With Endress+Hauser’s Installed Base flowmeters need to be inspected the process and thus are family (see next page) we Audit. the flowmeter in the process. important to control the quality recommend the use of our you to quickly find an answer to these Defining the right maintenance of your product. From on-site FieldCheck® smart signal three questions and move forward in frequency taking several a controlled manner to a maintenance to accredited services. maintenance seems to be the In most applications. we recommend periodic so that problems can be your present actions are the most Nevertheless. incorporates procedures for right tools to efficiently perform your in our accredited laboratories. the user (see ‘Service Contracts’ in the Pipeline inspections flowmeter seals and gaskets can upload the test results ‘At your service’ section). calibration frequencies and a modular design. Flowmeters can be checked in a maintenance costs. flowmeters offer errors in the readings. contamination archive them. full check of the flowmeter. operational sensor operations on the other providing you with complete peace of inaccurate and may then affect needs necessitate the use of (magnetic field and measuring mind and cost control. For any flowmeter cost effective? criticality to the quality. print them or values at meter output that is risks of leakage. we offer four distinct levels of service… in place (CIP or SIP). • Deposits in the pipe can cause should then be carefully chosen to a PC. Maintenance performing reliability of the application of its electronics only or Calibration can be performed by After a flowmeter has been Endress+Hauser either on-site or of its sensor only. Nevertheless a flow simulator in the field breakdowns? Are you sure that any moving mechanical parts. might not be the case. the support you require. of a pipeline upstream of the maintenance is defined combined with calibration Thanks to the Proline concept measurement point will cause according to the importance of could allow to reduce the (see opposite). the flowmeter. Endress+Hauser method by finding the right The user may effect either (see ‘Installed Base Audit’ in the can also help you with this task! balance between the flowmeter a manual simulation of the ‘At your service’ section). one of the by this way reduce your outcomes is that most parts can Due to the effects of sedimenta. when Do you know exactly which part of use of electrical devices for your installed instrumentation base correctly selected and installed. the electronic operations appropriate level of maintenance is stable it is correct – but this (linearity of the amplifier. and even process failure. frequent cleaning or sterilization electrode integrity). this solution repairing is. quick repair. … The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 27 . Calibration simple checking of the input is critical to the operation of the Endress+Hauser flowmeters Intrinsically our flowmeters and output function of the plant and how you could maintain or (except mechanical) require offer long-term stability transmitter. calibrate it more efficiently? Are you very little maintenance as sure that your present actions are and repeatability of your • They may be checked using minimizing the risks of unplanned they are designed without measurements. our service Consultant will help or/and calibrated periodically. incorporate them in a slow drift of measured and frequently replaced to avoid a certificate. ment is to your process. you simulator which facilitates plan which improves plant reliability parameters into account is an can be sure to find the right on-site verification. Even an Inspection of seals analog outs and frequency) We provide regular checks on your indicated flow that appears to be and gaskets on the one hand. From regular the quality of the final product. downtime and the calibration flowmeter functions or a Periodic inspection to assure uncertainty. a periodical variety of ways: FieldCheck is presented on page 29. anything that Routine maintenance shorter the acceptable time for alters the shape or diameter The need for routine Moreover. the requirements of quality The more critical your instru- • According to the type of procedures. maintenance. according to its calibration for the measurement identified. The tool If you do not have the time or the operating for a period of time. Flow Inspection of the flowmeter pipe Functional check of a flowmeter using the FieldCare software associated with Flowmeters mounted in a fluid riser vertical pipe the FieldCheck tool (small right picture) Operation and Maintenance cleaning of the flowmeter pipe • The most common Maintenance planning might be necessary. With support to partnership agreements. and all the equipment and warranty extensions within acceptable limits may be In some processes.

flowmeters information in the next sections • Time-saving by easily • Promag 10 (EMF. To easily select the right spare part. This database is attached to ‘Proline’ flowmeters the Maintenance Guide as a CD-ROM. Mass flowmeters etc. T-DAT). Note that • FieldCheck for testing Vortex flowmeters FieldCare is now the standard flowmeters in-line • Prowirl 72 • Prowirl 73 Ultrasonic flowmeters • Prosonic Flow 90 • Prosonic Flow 91 • Prosonic Flow 93 Permanent self-diagnosis • Prosonic Flow 92F All Proline flowmeters have continous self-diagnosis during operation.Flow Being more efficient in the repair process is another way to reduce downtimes. you might also consider stocking a complete new instrument. if Thermal mass flowmeters they occur. etc. Mass flowmeters • Promass 40 locally through the service • ‘Quick Setups’ and • Promass 80 interface or by digital standardized configuration • Promass 83 communication from a routines for user convenience • Promass 84 control center. spare parts concept. They will apply a structured Using Proline flowmeters provides you with several benefits methodology adapted to your own application (see ‘Installed Base Audit’ throughout their life cycle: service in the ‘Services’ section). standardized software (such as FieldCare). we recommend the use of our Spare Part Finding Tool. (see ‘Training’ in the ‘Services’ section). are unambiguously classified. data backup • Promag 55 local display or configuration (S-DAT. A range of instruments designed Our specialists can help you to define to make your life easier! the criticality of all your measuring instruments (even for other makes). Promass 83 and Prosonic Flow 93) • S-DAT for sensor data (all devices) 28 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .) replaceable components • Better plant availability on • Promag 23 • Promag 50 without recalibration account of self-diagnosis • Promag 53 • Multi-option control with functions. Our training sessions help you to diagnose quickly any failure and to apply the most appropriate repair method. In case of a highly critical instrument. Instrument and • Unified components and configuration software The Proline family spare parts availability spare parts minimize storage and replaces FieldTool and Electromagnetic You will find detailed costs TofTool. • T-mass 65 So you have maximized process dependability. Spare parts stock For any flowmeter belonging to the Proline family (see next page). Data storage / data transfer All device parameters and settings are securely stored on these data memory modules in the form of: • T-DAT for transmitter data (at Promag 53. Faults. we suggest you keep a full set of electronic inserts in stock.

sensor operations on the other • Individual retrofitting of (magnetic field and measuring flowmeters for application. The generator simulates a flow based on several freely Modular concept Designed especially for Main advantages programmable profiles. The user may effect: Where ISO 9000 requires frequent test cycles. The • Minimisation of spare parts check and test results obtained • Expanded functionality tool incorporates procedures costs through standardised with FieldCheck® can then be with the FieldCare® for automatically checking components. situations: – be it to meet in-house criteria • Large. With FieldCheck®. the replaceable meter electronics. The displays sensor only (see photo). without any actual flow modular Proline device concept equipment. This flowmeter verification*. and all the recalibration. provides the user with obvious to its checking procedures. test of process outputs (current. stored in a database and printed software programme: reading all the electronic operations • Time-saving with easily out for subsequent use. multivariable of its electronics only or of its or regulatory requirements. without the device. Your benefits: • Cost savings by providing the inspection equipment On-site connections • No familiaristion required by operating personnel Workshop • Test certificate as record and proof connection of the simulation and verification Simubox FieldCare is presented on page 105. • All Endress+Hauser PROline allows the user to check the All Endress+Hauser flowmeters FieldCheck® simulates sensor flowmeters can be tested behaviour of the outs towards are based on unified electronics signals to test and evaluate directly on-site. e. It can also.g. in and printing of test results (linearity of the amplifier. Outputs electrode integrity). signal simulator and Simubox interfaces. as follows: • For standard commissioning • For metering pulsating flow • For metering gas flow (Coriolis) • For filling and dosing applications • For sensor installation and wall thickness measurement (ultrasonic) • For configuring the Fieldbus interface The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 29 .g. thanks • Simultaneous verification in the pipe. or advantages. or the supervision and operating concepts. It guides you step by step through all the operation-relevant parameters. connector cables Smart signal simulator and ‘Simubox’ adapters for connection to the various types of flowmeters (see picture). connection with certification by (verification certificates) analog outs and frequency) without the need of audit organizations. We can provide checks on your Service Proline flowmeters as on-site interface service for your installed devices. specific modifications. clear. FieldCheck® • A manual simulation of is an economical alternative to calibration. e. The the behaviour of an item of removal of the instrument system. the flowmeter functions. FieldCheck® How does it work? Flow FieldCheck® comprises a signal generator. The suitcase includes the FieldCheck® Quick Setups are available On-site functional check of a flowmeter using the FieldCheck®. in service proper flowmeter functioning frequency) • A full check of the flowmeter. Our specialist staff will carry out all the test functions directly in the installation. meter verification can be carried out without the removal of the Proline flowmeter from the pipe. Time-saving ‘Quick Setups’ The Quick Setup menus make commissioning fast and straightforward. on the one hand.

The generated voltage is exactly proportional and linear When installed a short distance electrode is at the highest point to the velocity of the fluid. orientation must be considered F06-5xxxxxxx-11-00-xx-xx-000 If possible. flowmeter should therefore doesn’t matter.” between the two measuring electrodes at the internal diameter of the measuring tube) is also a constant value. An from a profile disturbance an of the pipe and will function EMF* does not measure volume EMF will suffer measuring correctly. installation requirements of an in small diameter there is often EMF are: enough straight length within Setup . with the following requirements highest point of a horizontally (see ‘Commissioning’ in the ‘At your for the inlet and outlet runs is installed EMF. This means Operating Manual. elbows.and downstream. For further In addition to installation recommended straight lengths information please refer to the Figure 1: Recommended straight lengths guidelines for all technologies are measured from the center corresponding chapter in the (see ‘Basics’). you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Promag electromagnetic flowmeters throughout their lifecycle. In this section. The (see FAQs).Configuration the device itself. Then the EPD * EMF: Electromagnetic Flowmeter 30 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . Our service team can set up any clear of fittings such as valves. In applications where but velocity. 53 and 55. Electromagnetic flowmeters Flow Promag series The current Endress+Hauser range of electromagnetic flowmeters includes Proline Promag 50. T. install the sensor well (see figure 2). etc. 300 µV per m/s velocity. be installed according to the installation recommendation The grounding of the EMF Installation conditions with sufficient straight pipe must be according the guidelines F06-5xxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-005 up. The length remain completely of the conductor (the distance full at all times. The empty pipe detection Endress+Hauser flowmeter for you and thus ensure you immediately get pieces. Measuring principle To measure flow based on Faraday’s law of induction an alternating magnetic field is produced with coils of copper wire. The only variable in Faraday’s equation is the flow velocity of the passing fluid. up-stream. The the orientation of the electrodes Endress+Hauser equals approx. Inlet and outlet runs All Proline flowmeters propose a The meter must be installed If the Empty Pipe Detection ‘Quick Setup’ program to make with sufficient straight pipe is used the correct sensor standard commissioning easy. Compliance electrode must be at the the best from your instrument. A controlled coil current ensures that the magnetic field “The meter must strength remains constant during the measurement. If the EMF must service’ section) necessary in order to ensure be installed in a horizontal measuring accuracy : F06-5xxxxxxx-11-00-xx-xx-000 pipe the transmitter/terminal Figure 2: Orientation in case of Empty • Inlet run ≥ 5 x DN housing must be located on Pipe Detection (1) • Outlet run ≥ 2 x DN top of the pipe. the particular of the flowmeter. The induced voltage errors due to the disturbed flow a partially filled pipe is unlikely of a general purpose EMF at profile entering the meter.

product temperature. Device calibration (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your Process conditions may affect procedures and intervals service’ section) your flowmeters’ lifetime or depend on: accuracy (abrasive products. etc. or sterilization (CIP/SIP) may moisture). we suggest complete checks of the internal frequency. EMFs Calibration frequency should Calibration of flowmeters can be performed by Endress+Hauser either require very little preventive be in line with the operating on-site or in our accredited laboratories. For any flowmeter belonging to tools which provide very you need to set an initial the Proline family. measurement point? Calibration Having no moving parts. If you want to get more information about spare parts availability. Flow EMF mounted horizontally EMF mounted in a siphon EMF mounted vertically EMF with remote electronics Operation and Maintenance be obtained by means of • These calibration recommen- comparison with an ultrasound dations are no substitute for Preventive maintenance device. the legislative constraints vibration. This is in no way a the maintenance operations How can you minimize the calibration. the calibration frequency must be lowered Note: a measurement according to the wear.until 12/2007 Promag 50/53 decrease the risk of process measurement point. including elements of the to help you define this sensor (See full description of frequency. maintenance. • the precision required for soiling of the electrodes. So it is important to define the instrument availability generation If you face one of those calibration intervals and the situations. Another topic • the process conditions (fluid Dosimag A YES .until 12/2010 Promag 55S • the ambient conditions in or small diameter) which are which the sensors are fitted exposed to repeated cleaning (ambient temperature. CIP). Hereafter you will you keep a full set of electronic parameters of the electronics find a table of recommendations inserts in stock. Your Spare part New products etc). required to keep the device in risks of failure or drift of your perfect working condition. effects leakage flow monitoring. agressive chemical imposed. they are regularly replaced.since 09/2007 Promag 50/53 periodical checks and flowmeter drift are: calibrations. Instrument and from high temperatures or high • its criticality to the process. Ensure that call our hotline. consistency check may The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 31 . downtime by planning The main factors influencing Promag 39F/H NO . please quickly deteriorate. the process conditions and ambient conditions: Our service contracts can include such verifications – once a year is Note: recommended (see ‘Service Contracts’ in the • For abrasive or corrosive ‘At your service’ section) fluids. you can drastically maximum permissible error of a Promag 30/33 YES .g. conditions. In the knowledge that calibration frequencies should To control the functional integrity be optimized over time in line Spare parts stock of the Promag we use special with the operating histories. taking into account FieldCheck® on page 29). spare parts availability temperature cycles (e.) the seals on H sensors (hygienic Promag 35S YES .until 12/2010 Dosimag 5BH requires particular attention: type.

Please call our sales force for Flow Migration 0.) due to solids requires a (e. Water Ultra pure water Promag 5X series is 1 µS/cm Pure water For a more in-depth analysis of your Min. you will mixed with even a low quantity only need to stock a single of a conductive liquid. (see Promag 10. Conductivity Endress+Hauser’s new current installed base. Magnetit in heating water high performing transmitter systems). These new (see the ‘At your service’ section). there are over the measuring range. The Promag 53 also includes is very much depending on While an EMF is very tolerant Applicator software allows you passive or active pulse output.05 µS/cm Oil. mining • Excessive signal noise If the build-up is conductive extraction. the cm for Promag 23/10. applications involving high. etc. we can help you for EMFs generation of electromagnetic with our ‘Installed Base Audit’ service 10 µS/cm Industrial water flowmeters. In addition. oil. the answer would be the hydrocarbons/solvents. the parts for If a fluid has a rather low the Promag 30 and 33 will no conductivity. typically for Two typical influences must be device might stop functioning. 1000 mS/cm Hydrochloric acid includes the Promag30. applications in general >50µS/ a limited operating temperature. Caustic soda Promag 33 and Promag 35. at minimum flow so that range of options and better Solid Content in a fluid the flowmeter operates with measurement uncertainty. might be used. it is possible to use (Promag 55) an electronic solution: ECC (electrode clean circuit) keeps 32 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . a For special applications. the one for which it had been 100 mS/cm Tomato juice selected? Please take the Process Phosphoric acid Sulphuric acid The old generation primarily following advice into account. The following liquids can NOT be measured • With which device should because their conductivity is you replace your Promag 30? too low: vegetable or mineral For identical applications. • With which device should parameters. Promag 55. characteristics and other measuring tube. They can substitute You wish to apply an EMF to 10 mS/cm Milk Orange juice all Endress+Hauser’s previous a different application than Apple juice instruments. concentration. instruments offer new ways 100 µS/cm Potable water to carry out preventative Re-engineering 1 mS/cm verification (see FieldCheck on Food Beer page 25). etc. liners and electrode designs/ and free from build-up • With which device To apply an EMF successfully materials must be chosen. be used. should you replace your the fluid must have a minimum Measuring range Promag 33? For standard conductivity of: >5 µS/cm for Temperature range You also need to check that the applications it would be Promag 50/53/55 (55 also for All available liner materials are flowmeter’s measuring range its designated successor. particle regarding build-up on the to check the device’s accuracy like Promag 33. Since the influence of solids Build-up / ECC the expected accuracy. expert knowledge limitations. de-mineralized water. water) >20 µS/cm for water isolating plastics or rubbers with fits the application. This is the limiting factor for the certain flow rate is required Promag 53 offers a broader applicability of EMF’s. a different pipe diameter. if these liquids are to use.g. Hydrocarbons more information. A layer on the you replace your Promag is required to select and size the electrodes will eventually lead Again consider proper 35? Replace with the best fitting model and options. which is much graphics) The effect of build-up more user-friendly and easy on the electrodes However. As No or low conductivity of December 2007. an EMF • For abrasive slurries suitable the measuring electrodes clean electronics board. to a reduced flow signal and the installation and setup. mixture. an EMF cannot longer be available. considered: load fluids (paper mill. In case of which is the Promag 50.

These forces are always present when both translational and rotational movements are “Ensure that cavitation superimposed. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Promass flowmeters throughout their lifecycle. obtain a density signal. the tubes (2) and acceleration at the outlet (3). words when the fluid is at TMB system (Torsion Mode a standstill. the two tubes Balanced System) guarantees oscillate in phase (1). The microprocessor In the Promass F and M operates independently of utilizes this relationship to sensors. in other oscillation. does not occur!” FC = 2 � ∆m (v � w) FC = Coriolis force ∆m = moving mass w = rotational velocity v = radial velocity in rotating or oscillating system The amplitude of the Coriolis flow. A change increases with increasing mass in the mass and thus the … The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 33 . the two measuring tubes. the Promass the antiphase oscillation of frequency. tubes containing flowing conductivity and flow profile. measuring tube is determined Coriolis forces produced at the the system balance required in order to calculate the measuring tubes cause a phase for proper measurement compensation factor due to shift in the tube oscillations (see is created by exciting an temperature effects. automatic flow. Resonance frequency sensor uses oscillation. and thus on the mass corresponding. 83 and 40. two parallel measuring temperature. In this section. This patented available as an output. The is thus a function of fluid measuring principle density. The measuring tube is continuously excited at its The phase difference (A-B) resonance frequency. S and P. perfect measurements. pressure. viscosity. The temperature of the acting like a tuning fork. tube and fluid) results in a system. The Note: For Promass I. fluid oscillate in antiphase. This illustration): eccentrically arranged signal corresponds to the swinging mass to antiphase process temperature and is also • At zero flow. Measuring principle The measuring principle is based on the controlled generation of Coriolis forces. even • Mass flow causes deceleration in changing process and of the oscillation at the inlet of environmental conditions. Instead of a constant System balance is ensured by adjustment in the oscillation angular velocity w. Mass flowmeters Flow Promass series The current Endress+Hauser range of mass flowmeters includes Proline Promass 80. Electrodynamic sensors density of the oscillating system force depends on the moving register the tube oscillations at (consisting of the measuring mass ∆m. its velocity v in the the inlet and outlet.

the following locations should be preferred for installation: • Downstream from pumps (no danger of vacuum) • At the lowest point in a vertical pipe F06-xxxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-004 Recommended measuring ranges: Limiting flow Note : We recommended the vertical orientation with upwardF06-xxxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-00 Please refer to the ‘Measuring range’ section of the ‘Technical direction of flow. • In most applications. No special • Highest point of a pipeline. it is important to ensure that pressure does not drop below the vapor pressure and that the liquid does not start to boil. entrained solids will Information’ documentation. T-pieces etc. It is also important to ensure that the gases that occur naturally in many liquids do not outgas. Therefore. turbulence (valves. Such effects can be prevented when system pressure is sufficiently high. In the case of liquids with a low boiling point (hydrocarbons. full scale value. • For gas measurement the following rules apply: here are the specific installation requirements for a mass flowmeter: – Flow velocity in the measuring tubes should not be more than half the sonic velocity (0. elbows. because it mounting locations in the pipe installation: would influence the oscillation of the measuring tube. See the ‘Measuring range’ section for a solids buildup. mmax(G) can never be greater than mmax(F). F06-xxxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-003 Mounting location Horizontal installation for sensors with a bent measuring tube No special precautions need to be taken for fittings which create 1 Not suitable for fluids with entrained solids. 1/20 of Setup . as long as no cavitation occurs. full scale value for liquid [kg/h] r(G) = Gas density in [kg/m3] at operating conditions Here. sink down and gases will rise away from the measuring tube. water under normal conditions. measures need to be taken for fluids which have properties similar to • Directly upstream of a free pipe outlet in a vertical pipeline. 20 to 50% of the maximum full scale value All Proline flowmeters propose a ‘Quick Setup’ program for can be considered ideal straightforward commissioning.5 Mach). 34 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . Risk of solids accumulating. In addition to installation guidelines for all technologies (see ‘Basics’). When using a bent measuring tube and horizontal installation. The Select nominal diameter by optimizing between required flow range measuring tubes can be completely drained and protected against and permissible pressure loss. • The minimum recommended full scale value is approx.).Flow Commissioning and configuration with FieldCare Mobile flow rig for on-site calibration Mass flowmeters mounted vertically Installation conditions • Select a lower full scale value for abrasive substances such as fluids with entrained solids (flow velocity <1 m/s). Promass 83 proposes an application- specific Quick Setup program. full scale value for gas [kg/h] mmax(F) = max. Entrained air or gas bubbles in the measuring tube can result System pressure in an increase in measuring errors. 2 Not suitable for outgassing fluids. the – The maximum mass flow depends on the density of the gas: position of the sensor has to be matched to the fluid properties! formula shown below. list of maximum possible full scale values. Risk of air accumulating. Use the formula below to calculate the full scale values: mmax(G) = mmax(F) � rG) / 160 [kg/m3] mmax(G) = max. avoid the following It is important to ensure that cavitation does not occur.Configuration the max. Measuring ranges for gases The full scale values depend on the density of the gas. solvents. When fluid is not flowing. Therefore. liquefied gases) or in suction lines. Risk of air accumulating.

The electronic board must be be stable. it is necessary to have no air or gas bubbles in the liquid. Pressure loss has to be considered before using a mass flowmeter The displayed value has to be stable and accurate in the possible in a new application. You only have to know the density of the medium which is in the pipe (e. changed at the same time (for Rackbus and DZL363 devices. Though many process conditions may laboratories (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your service’ section). a zero point adjustment is generally not required! Experience shows that the zero point adjustment is advisable only in special cases: If you want to get more information about spare parts availability. Migration • Then check the zero-point in the display. Pressure loss depends on the fluid properties tolerance threshold. the sensor may in any case be is definitly 0.until 12/2008 Promass 80M There are two simple ways to check a mass flowmeter: Promass 63MT/MP YES . rates are very low. please contact us. we suggest you keep a full set of electronic inserts in stock.until 12/2010 Promass 83M 1 . and on the flow rate. please consult us). The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 35 . very high Spare parts stock process temperatures or very high viscosity fluids). high temperature on the electronic and stress by vibrations for the whole device. Compare the displayed density to the density of the medium.Operation and maintenance Calibration Flow See ‘Basics’ (page 27) and also page 31 for information regarding Preventive maintenance calibration.00’ and has to replaced by the new version. Therefore. affect your Promass’ lifetime and accuracy: corrosive and abrasive mediums. inhomogeneous mediums. Furthermore the accuracy of Instrument and spare parts availability the measurement may be affected by: deposit of medium in the measure pipe. Our service contracts can include such verifications – once a year is recommended (see ‘Service Contracts’ in the ‘At your service’ section). please call • When the highest measuring accuracy is required and the flow our hotline. d water = 0. mass flowmeters require very little Calibration can be performed by Endress+Hauser either on site or in our accredited preventive maintenance.Zero point adjustment All measuring devices are calibrated to state-of-the-art technology. calculate pressure loss.g. Promass 60F/M/I YES . Promass 64F/M YES . Note: To get a good result with these two methods. Promass 63F YES . You mustn´t stop the Re-engineering flow. Please refer to the Operating Instructions to If one of these two methods gives a wrong result. Having no moving parts. In this state. For any flowmeter belonging to the Proline family. gas bubbles and solids. Your Spare part New Are you faced by one of those situations? By planning periodical instrument availability generation checks you will drastically decrease the risk of process downtime. the display has to show ‘0. while the flow in the pipe From the Promass 60 and 63.until 12/2010 Promass 84F/M Calibration takes place under reference conditions.g. To control the functional integrity of the Promass we use special tools which provide very complete checks of the internal parameters of the electronics including elements of the sensor (See full description of FieldCheck® on page 29).Compare the displayed and real densities mechanical parts and a new type plate.998 kg/dm3 at 20°C). Endress+Hauser provides upgrade kits including 2 . • Under extreme process or operating conditions (e.until 12/2010 Promass 83F The zero point determined in this way is imprinted on the nameplate. How to check the zero point? • First you have to set the low flow cutoff to 0 and close the pipe.

When a fluid flows past a bluff body. Temperature may affect Installation conditions the long term reliability of electronic modules. please note the following the permitted ambient 1 = Reduction 5 = 2 x 90° elbow points when installing the device: temperature of the electronics 2 = Extension 6 = Control valve • Welds. the device. developed flow profile as a steam or fluid temperature prerequisite for correct volume ≥ 392°F / 200°C). Orientation (see fig. For this orientation C or D so that B = Outlet run 4 = 2 x 90° elbow. Thus: Vortex meters require a fully • In the case of hot fluids (e. = pulses / unit volume (dm3) independent of the type of fluid • The nominal diameter and to be measured. This is very of the fluid velocity and its important in order to ensure The K-factor is used as the properties’ viscosity and density. In the case of liquids. vortices are alternately formed and shed on both sides with “Take care of inlet opposite senses of rotation. (frequency signal) and a linear function of the flow. The vortices develop very regularly within the application limits of the device. The primary measuring Note: The Reynolds number Figure 1: Recommended orientations depends on the geometry of the signal is already digital should be >20.000. 3-dimensional reason. the frequency of vortex shedding is directly proportional to the volume flow. the K-factor only liquid. device. pipe filling (see orientation A). regardless of pipe inside diameter have to Within the application limits of whether this is steam. the K-factor is also secondary disruptions. factory by means of calibration upward flow is prefered in and is not subjected to any long vertical pipes to avoid partial term drift or zero point shift. Vortex flowmeters Flow Prowirl series The current Endress+Hauser range of vortex flowmeters includes Proline Prowirl 72 and 73. In this section. 1) The device can generally be After manufacturing the meter. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Prowirl vortex flowmeters throughout their lifecycle. a gas or a be as close as possible. Therefore. Measuring principle Vortex shedding flowmeters work on the principle of the Karman vortex street. These vortices each generate a and outlet runs” local low pressure. burrs and gaskets is not exceeded. that the flow profile is free of proportional constant: K-Factor In this way. select A = Inlet run 3 = 90° elbow or T-piece flow measurement. The pressure fluctuations are recorded by the sensor and converted to electrical pulses. installed in any position in the the K-factor is determined in the piping. It is independent outlet runs. Figure 2: Inlet and outlet runs should not protrude into the pipe inside the inlet and 36 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .g.

service’ section) regarding calibration. Our service contracts can include us in case of a migration from / 200°C. Please consult • If fluid temperature is ≥ 392°F In case of vortex flowmeters. the wafer style meters are used to any moving parts and requires the Proline family. to observe the inlet runs required. measuring accuracy. you keep a full set of electronic The arrow indicated on the We recommend the periodic inserts in stock. These apply equally possible. Our service team can set up any When thinking about using a • In case of vertical orientation Endress+Hauser flowmeter for you Calibration vortex flowmeter for a new and thus ensure you immediately get and downward flowing liquid. with Prowirl 77.until 12/2008 Prowirl 72F/W/D as a radiator and protects the pressure shock on the meter. on the fluid and the nominal necessary. liquid nitrogen).g. depending on the The longest inlet run shown diameter. velocities is not possible can be installed if it is not possible need to use a calculator to take (Re < 4000).until 12/2009 Prowirl 72F undercooling). Factory calibration also • Measurement with low flow perforated plate flow conditioner vary during the process. In steam pipes. you uses only water as fluid. Note: A specially designed If temperature and pressure only. possible for liquid applications highly viscous liquids. Do not work outside type of fitting upstream. All Proline flowmeters propose a simulator. section) Re-engineering a nominal diameter of 4”/ DN 100 and 6”/DN 150. the inlet and Operation and Maintenance performed by Endress+Hauser either have a detrimental effect on outlet runs shown below must on site or in our accredited laboratories. See ‘Basics’ (page 27) and application. (See full description ‘Quick Setup’ program to make of FieldCheck® on page 29). Orientation for applications with hot water • Orientations B and D are Perfect centering Preventive maintenance Spare parts stock recommended for very cold The centering rings supplied with The device does not contain For any flowmeter belonging to fluid (e. it is essential The uncovered part serves to avoid any steam. to avoid future problems : Inlet and outlet runs Calibration of flowmeters can be • Pulsating flow and swirl As a minimum. orientation B is the Quick Setup can configure such verifications – once a year Prowirl 70H. is recommended (see ‘Service not permitted for the wafer the device according to the Contracts’ in the ‘At your service’ version (Prowirl 72 W) with application (liquid. the pressure When insulating. must be observed if two or more the measuring range. to both the compact version and the sensor in the remote version.Configuration checking of the instrument the direction of flow in all by means of the FieldCheck Migration mounting orientations. into account. the following the piping always has to be (see ‘Commissioning’ in the ‘At your also page 31 for information limitations have to be taken completely filled. no particular maintenance. please ensure and/or the temperature. steam). device must always point in Setup . (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your be observed to achieve the The measuring range depends service’ section) • Long inlet and outlet runs are specified accuracy of the device. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 37 . water or Prowirl 70F/W/D YES . electronics from overheating (or The effects of such shocks Prowirl 70H YES . Prowirl 77 YES .until 12/2008 Prowirl 72 The maximum insulation height Measurement with low flow permitted is illustrated in the velocities (Re < 4000) is not diagrams. Prowirl 72 is fully compatible Caution! standard commissioning easy. the best from your instrument. Flow The use of the remote version is recommended for cryogenic applications Use the remote version in case of a low accessibility to the sensor. Note: on-site calibration is • Vortex is not adapted for flow disturbances are present. Your Spare part New that a sufficiently large area of instrument availability generation the housing support is exposed. gas. would be irreparable. in account simultaneously the Instrument and volume flow delivered by the spare parts availability Piping insulation vortex flowmeter. we suggest mount and center the instrument.

the sensor surface during Mounting location commissioning. This function outputs the signal strength as a limit value.g. 1) : Prosonic Flow 93 offers a • Liquids should not be heavily • Highest point of a pipeline. Ultrasonic flowmeters Flow Prosonic Flow series The current Endress+Hauser range of ultrasonic flowmeters includes: • Proline Prosonic Flow 90 and 93 in both ‘clamp on’ (non-contact measurement technique) and insertion versions. granular concrete). The (e. 38 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . and T-pieces. must conduct sound waves. Installation conditions pipe outlet in a vertical pipe. either metallic or synthetic. (DN 15 to 400) following locations (see fig. clear of fittings such as valves. As “Take care of the the signal propagation velocity of the waves is less when the type of fluid and of waves travel against the direction the pipe material” of flow than along the direction of flow. Recommended materials: Compliance with the following • Cast iron. with or without requirements for the inlet and v ~ ∆t cement coating outlet runs is recommended flow Q=v�A • Stainless steel in order to ensure measuring direction • Carbon steel accuracy (see figure 2). v = flow velocity • PVC F06-5xxxxxxx-11-00-00-xx-006 ∆t = transit time difference v = volume flow • PE Orientation A = pipe cross-sectional area • GRP (composite material) See figure 3. In this section. uncertainty will be less than 2%. a transit time difference occurs. Periodic Limitations: Correct measuring is possible replacement of the coupling • Pipes from ½” to 16” only if the pipe is full. piping. bends in different directions as homogeneous as possible. Pipe material Inlet and outlet runs Figure 2: Inlet and outlet runs 1 = Valve. • Fibrocement In addition to the volume flow. elbows. Prosonic Flow calculates the flow from the pipe cross-sectional area and the measured transit time difference. coupling medium monitoring contaminated with solids or gas Risk of air accumulating. This difference is directly proportional to the flow velocity. Note: If the pipe material does Coupling medium Figure 1: Mounting location the system measures the sound not conduct sound waves A coupling medium is required velocity in the liquid. Avoid the medium is usually not required. etc. This is applied to as a measure of product quality. use to ensure the acoustic coupling sound velocity can be used to insertion sensors instead of between the sensor and the distinguish different liquids or clamp on sensors. function as part of its ‘Extended F06-9xxxxxxx-11-05-00-xx-010 • Directly upstream of a free Diagnostics’ software package. • New Prosonic Flow 92 Inline whose installation requirements are similar to those of the electromagnetic flowmeters • Prosonic Flow 92 portable ‘clamp on’ flowmeters. install the sensor well Note: with proper mounting. 2 = Pump. you will find essential information and advice to obtain the best from ‘clamp on’ ultrasonic devices throughout their lifecycle. Measuring principle Prosonic Flow operates on the principle of transit time difference. 3 = Two pipe The pipe material should be If possible. An acoustic (ultrasonic) signal is transmitted in both directions from one measuring sensor to the other.

On-site verification is possible Sensor replacement in the with the FieldCheck simulator. ambient moisture or inserts and sensors in stock. Instrument and • Ensure that the sensors’ spare parts availability DMU93 NO . The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 39 . section). the regarding calibration.since 12/2007 DMU90/91/93 position is kept constant. (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your service’ section) Preventive maintenance Your Spare part New • Check periodically the correct instrument availability generation tightening of the connectors. For others. will then help you configure the you may wish to periodically transmitter and will give you the calibrate your instrument. we suggest temperature you keep a full set of electronic . the pipe external diameter. 4) (described on page 29). important variation of the Proline family. insertion version (see fig. outside application exposed not affect the electronics. The active part of the sensor The ‘service’ test block offer a can be exchanged without simple way to test the function interrupting the process. Ultrasonic flowmeters can be calibrated on a flow rig.Configuration of both sensors as well as the electronic functionality. Contracts’ in the ‘At your service’ you need to know precisely the section) pipe material. 3 = Connector holder. Operation and Maintenance Please not that the conditions Figure 4: Sensor replacement in the insertion version are different from the process 1 = Sensor section in contact with fluid (screwed in). 2 = Sensor element (active Take care of the sensor cable: if conditions. • Coupling medium should be periodically changed in the Spare parts stock following situations: For any flowmeter belonging to . expensive. See table to the right. F06-9xxxxxxx-11-00-05-xx-008 exact positioning of the sensors. the measurement will be impacted Calibration of flowmeters can be and the replacement is relatively performed by Endress+Hauser either on site or in our accredited laboratories. no to wind. All Proline flowmeters propose a ‘Quick Setup’ program to make Our service contracts can include standard commissioning easy. The Quick Setup According to quality constraints. In such verifications – once a year F06-9xxxxxxx-11-05-00-xx-004 is recommended (see ‘Service case of ultrasonic flowmeters. 4 = Sensor cover. sand or dust recalibration is necessary. streaming on the pipe Note: changing the sensor does . Calibration View B shows the recommended installation range (C ≤ 120°) in a horizontal installation See ‘Basics’ (page 27) and position Some fluids have already been also page 31 for information programmed. the pipe thickness and Figure 3: Orientation the type of fluid. View A shows the recommended orientation with upward direction of flow. Flow Prosonic Flow 92 used for the measurement consistency check of an electromagnetic flowmeter (see page 29) Standard horizontal installation Installation of coated pipes Installation in highly corrosive environment Setup . 5 = Sensor connector it gets twisted or wounded. sound velocity in the fluid is requested.

12” (3 mm) for diameters Engine’ determines mass flow > 8” (DN 200). Figure 1: Minimum inlet and outlet runs For further information please a0005113 prerequisite for correct volume A = Inlet run 3 = 90° elbow or T-piece B = Outlet run flow measurement. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your thermal mass flowmeters throughout their lifecycle. • Correctly aligned flanges and The measured heater power is gaskets therefore a measure of the gas • The use of seamless pipe mass flowrate. These devices need to be • The use of pipework with a programmed for a certain gas matching internal diameter or gas mixture. using a highly accurate disturbance greater than and repeatable flow rig. thermal pipe wall should be eliminated. Installation conditions anything that disturbs the smoothness of the internal Like Vortex flowmeters. to that of the flowmeter calibration is performed on to ensure that no step air. In this section. 3-dimensional 1 = Reduction 5 = 2 x 90° elbow 2 = Extension 6 = Control valve 40 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . The should be followed at all times: greater the mass flow. In the factory. Gas flowing through the sensing section passes over two “Ensure the sensor Pt100 RTD transducers one of which is used conventionally is mounted at as a temperature sensing 90 degrees to the device. T-mass insertion version mounted on a low pressure air pipe Measuring principle The thermal principle operates by monitoring the cooling effect of a gas stream as it passes over a heated transducer (Pt100).04” (1 mm) can occur at a dynamic sensor and gas the meter inlet or outlet. for the application gas. As a general comment. immediately upstream of the flowmeter. mass flowmeters require a fully the goal should be a smooth developed flow profile as a uninterrupted internal surface. and 0. while the other is used as a heater. 4 = 2 x 90° elbow. refer to ISO 14511. property calculator model ‘Gas 0. the • Cleaned pipe and flange greater the cooling effect and welded joints power required to maintain • Correctly sized gaskets the differential temperature. Thermal mass flowmeters Flow T-mass series The current Endress+Hauser range of thermal mass flowmeters includes Proline t-mass 65. The temperature flow direction and sensor monitors the actual avoid condensation” process values while the heater is maintained at a constant differential temperature above Pipework requirements this by varying the power Good installation practice consumed by the sensor.

in buildup due to solids deposit. Make sure that the direction Preventive maintenance Corrective maintenance Besides the utilities. i. representative. 65F/I series is ideally suited for the direction of flow (direction FieldCheck® (see page 29) will You can change the sensor and air injection regulation in the of fluid flow through the pipe). install the sensor well requested before delivery. The sensor is provided fully The sensor’s aging directly calibrated with an S-DAT impacts the measurement. conditions before you decide to and clean. if the recommended inlet runs • 20 mA range required meter signal (mobile rig). change the device’s application. temperature is higher than you keep a full set of electronic Compliance with the following Requested information: 122°F (50°C). on site or in our accredited laboratories. we inserts in stock. The necessary information is presence of impurities in the gas. Your Spare part New Each meter is programmed to Aging may be sped up in case of instrument availability generation individual requirements. are not available. elbows. Biogas) the sensor should You may use the Quick Setup in accredited specific gas flow rig. install the sensor at a low point (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your in the installation without Operation and Maintenance service’ section) Re-engineering adequate drainage). In particular.) reducing the need for factory re. What about Orientation calibration.g. do not application. An adjustment may the interchangeability with The device can generally be ‘DELIVERY SETTINGS’ are the complete the calibration work. no further treatment plant. spare parts availability change the gas mixture.internal diameter calibration using a reference sold since the end of 2006. commisioning is quite simple. interchangeability with AT70. requirements for the inlet and • Gas type if not air recommend having the device outlet runs is recommended (composition if more than calibrated once a year. Spare parts stock If possible. existing sensors? installed in any position in the programmed parameters (factory Please discuss your specific piping. we suggest T-pieces. With brand new 65F/I series. Flow Endress+Hauser‘s brand new gas calibration flow rig T-mass being calibrated on a gas T-mass measuring Air injection regulation calibration flowrig N2 consumption in the pond of aeration (wastewater) Inlet and outlet runs air. interchangeability. allowing total to use the device on a different performed by Endress+Hauser either sensing elements (e. process connections are G 1” condensation/contamination and NPT 1” on or around the sensing The Quick Setup menu contains For higher precision. In the case of wet/dirty settings plus customer specific requirements with your From the mechanical side: gases. t-mass arrow on the sensor matches Full compatibility with See ‘Basics’ (page 23). t-mass 65 • The t-mass 65F flange length element.Configuration See ‘Basics’. • Flow engineering units thus saving time and cost by Endress+Hauser offers full (kg/h etc. Thus In practice. also be noted when the process the Proline family. etc.e. Calibration Instrument and Use Gas Engine software to Setup . See Installation obtained only if the gas is dry available). allow on-site checking (when the transmitter on-site.g. It is • Gas pressure The t-mass flowmeters are Thermal mass flowmeter recommended to install a • Gas temperature designed to support in-situ t-mass AT70 is no longer perforated plate flow conditioner • Line size . with an ISO/IEC 17025 (e. Thanks pond of aeration of a wastewater Note: The best accuracy is the specific SimuBox will be to S-DAT and T-DAT. From the electrical side: the be mounted to prevent water order to change parameters or 65F/I series can be supplied collecting on or around the Calibration of flowmeters can be with 24 VDC. where the default settings that are flowmeters can be calibrated is identical to the AT70 free condensation can occur adequate for commissioning. of particular the gas type or gas shock on any of the transducers t-mass AT70 YES t-mass 65 composition and calibrated with or of abrasion due to the The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 41 . Migration in order to ensure measuring one gas in % Mole) accuracy (see figure 1). upward flow is prefered settings) originally delivered Endress+Hauser service • The t-mass 65I available in vertical pipes to minimize with the device. In all cases. a certain drift can For any flowmeter belonging to clear of fittings such as valves. programming is necessary.

This can lead to destruction of • Calibrate DPP with tube empty and tube full the sensor. What should I do? some cases it may be corrected later. How do I test the current output? What is the unlocking code for my instrument? • Connect a milliammeter to the unwired terminals 26 (+) Name of device: e.POSITIVE How do I test the pulse output? 1 = PASSIVE . • Connect the 24 V DC to the + terminal of the pulse output What is the reason for that? • Retrieve the signal on terminal 25 (Input/Output terminal Perhaps the pipe is only partly filled or there is a too low pressure numbers). and gas bubbles are in the medium. F06-5xxxxxxx-04-xx-xx-xx-004 additional ground disks for potential matching. The measurement exhibits peaks or fluctuating values. Go to the programming matrix at level ‘(4207) Output signal’ and Note: this is also valid after any programming alteration. With the Profibus version. What should I do? How do I set the Pulse output? • Check the installation conditions • Go to the ‘pulse output/frequency’ menu • Make sure that the pipe is completely filled (no air in the unit) • Go to the ‘pulse value’ box • Is the set-up correct? How do I wire the pulse output on a Promag 50? The Promass shows Error#587 but the tubes do not oscillate. set a pulse period of 1 second 2 = ACTIVE . select: 0 = PASSIVE . Grounding should be ensured at first installation. Most Promag sensors have a standard • Return it to the workshop so that it can undergo the calibration installed reference electrode which guarantees the required bench procedure connection and makes additional potential matching measures unnecessary.g. Coil current fault? Special cases are mentioned in the Operating Manual. for fiberglass or • Activate «product presence detection» function PVC piping. In particular • Make sure that all the connectors are correctly clipped onto the the case of plastic pipes and isolating lined pipes. Frequently asked questions Flow How to achieve proper potential equalization? What to do when faced with measurement drift over time? Perfect measurement requires the medium and the sensor have • Remove the measuring tube and clean it the same electrical potential.1 Wiring Synthetic pipe? – Connecting the remote version’ in the Promag 50 Operation Manual).68 for more (one step = 1 s): Equipment OK explanation. • Check the installation conditions • Make sure that the pipe is completely filled (no air in the unit) How to connect a flowmeter to an automaton (PLC) and • High or low fluid load? then make them talk to each other? • Make sure there are no air bubbles • Correct electrical wiring. • Validate the ‘set unit to bus’ box. are different values displayed on • Ensure full compatibility between the emitter and the receiver the display and the automaton? by a proper parameterization of the Pulse/Frequency output • Go to the communication menu according to your automaton’s settings. Please check: • Is the pipe completely filled? • Are there gas bubbles in the medium? 42 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .POSITIVE • Connect a diode mode multimeter to the unwired (+) and (-) 3 = ACTIVE . value’ box • Go to the ‘20 mA end of scale’ box There is a high measurement error. e.NEGATIVE • For the test. electronics boards In exceptional cases it is possible that. Use a specific cable to connect the • Electrical connection: if electronics separate: earth connection? sensor to the transmitter (Please read carefully ‘4. What should I do? matching currents flow over the reference • Probable cause: air transit electrodes. it is recommended that you use Note: See ‘Process Parameters Menu’ in the Operating Instructions.NEGATIVE terminals Factory setting: PASSIVE-POSITIVE • The value changes can be seen on the multimeter See also the Proline Promag 53 operating manual. due • If so: Return the complete device to the workshop to the grounding plan of a system. p. large The instrument counts at zero flow. curr. nevertheless in The measurement is unstable.g. In such cases. ‘0050’ or ‘50’ for Promag 50 and 27 (-) • Go to the ‘current output’ menu How do I set the end of the 4 to 20 mA output scale? • Activate the ‘current simulation’ box • Go to the ‘current output’ menu • Define the current to be simulated in the ‘sim.

we have included expert approaches to diagnosis and frequently Turbidity measurement 52 Another consequence is that most asked procedures to help you make the right Chlorine measurement 55 reported questions concern either the diagnosis and actions in case of a trouble. See ‘Training’ in the section FAQ 70 in this guide a reminder of the different ‘At your service’. As a consequence. we also offer training sessions. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 43 . Liquid analysis Fabrice Hartmann Expert in liquid analysis Endress+Hauser France “We help you in all situations!” “Analysis devices typically require more You will also find some recommendations Contents maintenance than the other measurement related to maintenance intervals to help you principles. the keep your instruments fit! pH and ORP measurement 44 maintenance staff that takes care of a plant Conductivity measurement 49 generally knows exactly what has to be done. Analyzers 61 application). in classroom and on site. In addition to this.” principles used in liquid analysis. use of an Endress+Hauser device itself Oxygen measurement 58 or troubleshooting (generally due to the As experts. We would be glad Samplers 64 to meet with you and help you go one step That is why we have decided to provide further.

5 Liquisys M CPM223 transmitter VBA or VBM The influences on pH measurement Figure 2: The principle of pH/ORP • Temperature influences at two measurement levels.g Orbisint CPS11 The transmitter converts the 2 Junction box VBA 8 Immersion assembly CPA111 measured voltage into the 3 Liquisys M CPM253 transmitter 9 Extension cable Electrode Reference corresponding pH value using 4 Measuring cable e.eps Figure 1: Example of a complete 6 Retractable assembly Cleanfit W reference electrode. pH measurement - Measuring principle The pH value is used as a unit of measurement for the acidity or alkalinity of a liquid medium. junction box electrode the Nernst equation. you can Mycom S CPM153 Analog to the pH measurement. A platinum or gold same at 194°F (90°C) as at with Memosens technology electrode is used instead of 59°F (15°C). pH-sensitive membrane glass. Secondly temperature includes: of a medium. ORP potential influences on pH: the pH • a wide range of pH is measured similarly to the of a fluid will not be the electrodes. a0003686 Figure 3: Electrode installation. Temperature • Soiling measuring principle compensation serves to bring • Aggressive chemical products back this sensitivity from The ORP potential is a unit of its value at the operating The Endress+Hauser range measurement for the state of temperature to its value at the The current range of pH equilibria between oxidizing reference temperature 77°F measurement equipment and reducing components (25°C). reference element (cables and assemblies) • Electrical phenomena 44 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . transmitters system is used as a reference the horizontal • Contamination of the • their accessories electrode. compensate the medium’s and Liquiline M CM42 an integrated Ag/AgCl reference inclination angle min. 15° from temperature. This potential is generated by the selective penetration of H+ ions through the outer layer of the membrane. CPK9 Options: extension cable.g. pH and ORP measurement Liquid analysis Electrodes and transmitters A complete pH or Redox measuring system includes: • an analog or a digital electrode • a transmitter • a special measuring cable • an immersion. An electrochemical boundary layer with an electric potential forms at this point. With Liquiline • Liquisys M CPM223/253. An integrated Ag/AgCl reference system serves as C07-CPM2x3xx-14-06-00-xx-001. measuring system CPA450 Transmitter 1 Flow assembly CPA250 7 Electrode. flow or retractable assembly In this section. analog and digital pH value. First on the electrode • Heterogeneous media ORP measurement - slope sensitivity. The membrane glass of the electrode supplies “You can solve many an electrochemical potential which is dependent upon the problems yourself” pH value of the medium. you will find essential information and advice to obtain the best from pH and ORP measuring systems throughout their lifecycle. and Mycom S. e.

6°F end (should be 0./50 m (CPK7. hydrochloric acid HCl Installation conditions (3 to 5%) and rinse with Advantages of symmetrical clean water. with pepsin (8500 units) at 98.) potential matching pin must Use mixture of hydrochloric acid (max of the cable (e. than 164 ft. the following list). Liquid analysis The Endress+Hauser range • The cabling should not Cleaning glass pH The current range of ORP be interrupted (avoid any and Redox electrodes measurement equipment temporary connection). Therefore check the A smaller inclination angle is not high resistance calibration after a day. Memosens technology. the hydrochloric or tartric acid (max 10%). for higher • Cleaning of assembly between the different wires distances use an electrode fitted and sensor Cable and connection check with an insulation meter with a preamplifier (CPF81 for • Cable and connection check • Check cables and connections that measures with 1000 V pH. cuts or kinks. CPF82 for ORP) or use • Calibration and adjustment for moisture. 3). • Detection of insulation Cabling Note! Always rinse carefully with default: disconnect both • Cable should not be longer Maintenance work at the plenty of clear water and wipe with a ends of the cable and soft piece of cloth. transmitter includes: measure the impedance CPK9.1Ω/m). Operation and Maintenance (37°C). electrode is connected with time. permitted as such an inclination • Safe measurement under • Level 5: use specific products Figure 4bis: Symmetrical connection results in air cushion forming. analog and digital box (VBM). … The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 45 . • Layers containing proteins: Measure the resistance with operating instructions of the Immerse the electrode in a mixture of an ohmmeter at the other hydrochloric acid (max 10%) saturated used assembly. resistance media. reference and metal lead. 4 and 4bis) surfaces mechanically (polish Figure 4: Asymmetrical connection Liquiline M CM42 transmitters The pH and ORP analog under water using ultra fine • their accessories (cables and sensors can be connected abrasive paper). partially Caution! soiled diaphragm) • Oily and greasy films: Clean with detergent and water or • Make sure that the assembly’s any grease dissolvers such as alcohol. • Hand tighten the electrode • Lime and metal hydroxide layers: • Check electrical continuity: (3 Nm)! (Given value only Caution! In the case of a Dissolve layers with diluted establish a short-circuit applies to installation in symmetrical connection. If an There are 5 levels of cleaning: includes: extension is necessary. installation instructions in the immersed in the medium. CYK71). potential matching possible (max 5%). difficult process conditions to clean contamination (see This might impair the contact of (strong flowing and high. (should be R = ∞). • No leak current since the the ORP sensor can require The inclination angle must be reference and the pH/ORP several hours conditioning at least 15° from the horizontal. ‘Measure’ and ‘Ref’). threaded connection for Advantages of asymmetrical acetone.g. the electrode is clean and measurement: • Inorganic layers: working properly before • Use of assemblies without Immerse the electrode during 15 min in diluted hydrochloric acid or soda installing the electrode. Connecting pH and ORP clean the metal pins or Mycom S CPM153 and sensors (see fig. (presence of grease) with Memosens technology • Level 3 (ORP only): carefully • Liquisys M CPM223/253. use • Level 1: use water + sponge • a wide range of ORP a High Impedence junction • Level 2: use water + soap electrodes. between • Make sure to follow the be connected and always 10%) saturated with urea. Do not install the electrode measurement: Note! After chemical cleaning. upside down (see fig. assemblies) both symmetrically and • Level 4: use diluted asymmetrically. between 2 wires at one end • Layers containing sulphide: Endress+Hauser assemblies.

around pH7). buffer solutions with known second buffer solution (pH 4. sensors • control the correct wiring • Maintenance intervals can be defined based on all stored sensor • Wet or numeric calibration of the system during its load and calibration data and predictive maintenance is possible. always delivered with a yellow % values. connection. Rinse with clean number of ways: electrostatic charges!). connected and always in case of a symmetrical the temperature sensor must immersed in the medium. the 50 to 86°F (10 to 30°C). the pH value etc. When the sensor is mounted. the potential terminal to the ‘Reference’ • In the case of an automatic matching pin must be terminal (+ the ‘PA’ terminal temperature compensation. wish to test the whole scale. Storing the calibration data in the sensor allows for calibration and adjustment away from the measuring point. The practical Use a mixture of nitric acid calibrate the sensor.e. calibration tool This service tool enables a • The measuring point availability is dramatically increased by the Memocal T is a calibration quick and easy check of the quick and easy replacement of precalibrated sensors. As the pH-meter be immersed in the medium. Calibration • Keep the electrode immersed Check of the slope after Regeneration of a pH Liquid analysis Use the CAL key to access the for a few seconds before you calibration of a pH electrode electrode whose response ‘calibration’ function group. in order to avoid dessication of 1) Clean the electrode with • Measure the container’s see memosens) the bulb. (9. by entering 1) Clean the electrode with replaced. Electrodes are the mV value or two different water. validate the measurement. the calibration data is automatically transferred to the transmitter and used to calculate the current pH or ORP potential. • By entering an offset value transmitter displays an error Always keep a glass electrode • In the case of ORP ORP electrode adjustment message: the electrode must be hydrated (if possible in diluted measurement. Store in a dry place between and zero point adjustment clean water. KCl 3mol/l). • Enter the actual buffer value 4) Rinse the electrode with A pH simulator consists of a in the transmitter (at current clean water simple voltage generator temperature). electrode must be checked Storage of an electrode • By entering data for the slope 4) Rinse the electrode with and replaced if needed. the current application of hardware version numbers the sensors can be made to depend on their previous history. The clean water (do not rub slope of a new electrode is 57 to (10%) and ammonium fluoride calibration can take place in a it: you might generate 60 mV/pH. the potential the measurement.16 mV/pH. • Keep the electrode immersed input has a potential of 0 mV. connection). Thus. the water then wipe with a soft • By measuring in two 3) Immerse the electrode in the electrode must be cleaned. Easier maintenance with Memosens technology Easy handling Sensors with Memosens technology have integrated electronics that allow saving calibration data and further information such as total hours of operation and operating hours at very high temperatures. • If the slope ≤ 50 mV/pH. water (or specific product). • In the case of a symmetrical for 1 min before you validate the display should indicate the connection. including sensor serial number … 46 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . 2) Immerse the electrode in a Checking a transmitter cap which contains a sponge buffer solution (220 mV or .8 ft/3 m of cable) installation • The sensor history can be documented on external databases and • Readout of all software and evaluation programs at any time.) and start again at step 2. connected and always in the transmitter (at current You need a pH simulator if you immersed in the medium temperature). temperature By-pass the pH input by 2) First immerse the electrode • In the case of a symmetrical connecting the ‘Measure’ in a pH 7 buffer solution. (50 g/l).analog technology saturated with a special liquid pH electrode adjustment 460 mV). • If the slope ≤ 55 mV/pH. • If the slope ≤ 45 mV/pH. Zero value of the last calibration matching pin must be 3) Enter the actual buffer value (i. The result: • The sensors can be calibrated under optimum external conditions in the measuring lab. The theoretical slope is time is too long: Use this function group to • Rinse the glass bulb with 59. (for digital technology. (-500 to +500 mV). Wind and weather do not affect the Memocal T . instrument for your laboratory: measuring loop by simulating • The transmitter does not need to be installed close to the • pH measurement using digital fixed sensor status in order to: measuring point but can be placed in the control room. piece of cloth. 9.dedicated Memocheck calibration quality nor the operator.

conditions of the electrode check connection of the armour plating to the ground.Corrective maintenance Liquid analysis Diagnosis of common troubleshootings: see table 1 Generic approach to diagnose troubleshooting We suggest five steps: 1) Check that the sensor fully corresponds to the application 2) Check the installation (cabling). electrical. connect the from sunlight? … only) product to the ground. moisture. the configuration and the hydraulic mounting 3) Take the environment (electromagnetic. defined sensor status for a dedicated Moisture on the connectors Check and dry type of sensor: Incoherence between Check • reading of all relevant configuration and connection calibration and process data (Symmetrical/Asymmetrical) after simulation at predefined (for analog systems only) pH and temperature value Table 1: Diagnosis of common troubleshootings • each plug-in head has passed a stringent test on computerized inspection unit and a quality certificate is issued The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 47 . 2) Environment change cable path • Is the sensor installed inside Current or parasitic potential in In case of asymmetrical or outside? Is it protected the product (for analog systems measurement. sun) into account 4) Consider the metrological level Problem / Possible cause Action 5) Find out which component Calibration is impossible is out of order Bulb and/or diaphragm soiled Clean it 1) Installation Bulb broken Replace electrode • Configuration of analog systems Cabling error or defective cable Check and replace if needed (symmetrical or asymmetrical) has to be coherent with Buffer solution out-of-date Change buffer solution connection Measurement is unstable • Review the programming matrix Incorrect connection Check cable and connections • Consider the installation Interference Use double-armoured cable. switch to symmetrical measurement Sensor responds slowly Electrode soiled Clean it Sensor aging Test the measurement chain with a simulator. replace the • check the digital data transfer electrode during commissioning Display blocked on a fixed value • solve troubleshooting in the running process Insulation default and/or Test with a pH simulator short-circuit on the cable or an insulation meter Moisture on the connectors Check and dry Memocheck Plus Crack on the inside tube Replace electrode This tool enables qualification (short-circuit between of the measuring loop in measurement and reference) pharmaceutical and Reduction of the reference element (current circulation) biotechnology industries Insulation default and/or Test with a pH simulator • with 5 plug-in heads each short-circuit on the cable or an insulation meter simulating a fixed.

0 mol. order no. CPY20-C02A1 Then clean the electrode attached to this Maintenance • pH 4. T=-10. order no. 100 ml (3 oz). IP 68 • Visual check of the outside by a service engineer on-site • CYK10 Memosens data cable for digital pH sensors with Memosens technology condition (damaged.1. etc. order no. apply this Maintenance Guide. look for moisture or oxidation Spare parts stock Mycom CPM 152 YES .. A special kit exists to upgrade List of accessories any Liquisys M CPM 223/253 4) Which component from version 2.. pH 7. order no. 250 ml...until 10/2010 Liquiline CM42 compensation is active about spare parts availability. 100 ml (0. CPY20-E02A1 • pH 7. pH 0. T=-30.0 red.100°C (-22 . CPY4-4 need to clean or replace the pH transmitter? electrode. oxydation or moisture on the connector. for high- Electrode check: upgrade can be done either temperature and high-pressure applications.0 red. please call our hotline. We recommend that you always keep a new electrode in stock.. • pH 7. order no. accuracy 0.until 06/2011 CPM 153 on the connectors. 266 °F).until 10/2010 Liquiline CM42 • Moisture: visual check of the junction boxes watertightness. order no.. 212 °F). • CPK12 special measuring cable for pH/ORP glass electrodes and ISFET sensors with TOP68 plug-in head abrasion. Read the slope and the • 3. • Take the electrode out of its Cable check: see page 45 Liquid analysis Your Spare part New environment and check it in Transmitter check: see page 46 instrument availability generation another environment • Electromagnetic phenomena: Instrument and CPM 220/240 NO . CPY 20-E01A1 is a drift. CPY4-2 value of the slope you may electrode with your current • 1. order no. 250 ml. 100 ml (0.0 red.. 1000 ml. CPY 20-C01A1 • pH 7. CPY20-I10A1 the actual configuration data buffer solutions and cables: Technical buffer solutions for single use. order no. 1000 ml.. CPY3-0 the procedure to adjust an • +468 mV. order no. accuracy 0.. order no.5 up and Special cables is out of order? Mycom S CPM153.026 US gal.0 green. or you can send it back to the (CPSxxD) bulb broken..since 01/2005 CPM 223/253 • Does temperature vary a lot? If yes. 250 ml. CPY20-I02A1 well known medium with How to select and order • pH 9.02pH. corrosion.5 mol. then refer to the factory configuration. 212 °F).). T=-30. acc. If there select the right order code from • pH 4. T=-10. 266 °F). to NIST/DIN • Is the electrode soiled? insert ‘The Maintenance Store’ • pH 4. CPY4-3 • 1..0 mol. check that temperature If you want to get more information MyPro CPM 431 YES .100°C (-22 . is the How to select and order List of consumables measurement unstable or electrodes and tools: see the Buffer solutions for pH electrodes incorrect? selection guide and prices in the Technical buffer solutions. This • CPK1 special measuring cable for pH/ORP electrodes with GSA plug-in head • CPK9 special measuring cable for sensors with TOP68 plug-in head.). CPM 221/252 NO . • +220 mV. 1000 ml (30 oz)... acc. order no.2 blue. According to the How to use a Memosens • 3. 20 x 18 ml. CPY20-C10A1 (see page 45) Guide. 100 ml (3 oz). come back to the the list hereafter. etc. order no.0. 20 x 18 ml.. CPY3-1 electrode manually (see page Migration KCl-electrolyte solutions for liquid filled electrodes 46). 1000 ml. If price list in the insert attached to Redox solutions this is not sufficient. MyPro CLM 431 YES . order no.. 1000 ml (30 oz)..026 US gal. to NIST/DIN of the transmitter. order no.0 green. 3) Metrological level Is there a drift. Endress+Hauser repair facility.0 green.02pH.100°C (14 .2 blue.5 mol.) • Visual check of the inside condition (Is KCl still transparent? Has the reference thread reduced? Is the inside glass tube damaged?) 48 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .since 01/2004 CPM 223/253 check the cables and the spare parts availability connection to the ground See table at the right.100°C (14 . cracked. CPY20-E10A1 • Check the electrode in a • pH 9. CPY4-1 Zero point.

The specific conductivity is determined using the cell constant k that is dependent on the sensor geometry. junction box primary coil (2) which induces a 3 Liquisys M CPM223 transmitter VBA or VBM current in the medium (3). The current for inductive conductivity with the installation factor to U Voltage meter flow in the medium generates measurement ensure correct measurement. of the sensor in pipes with If the distance from the wall is horizontal (middle) and vertical sufficient (a > 0.12 in/15 mm. determine the conductivity. The electric resistance or its reciprocal the temperature!” value. 4) from 2½”/DN 65). Benefits of inductive (right) flow directions. is measured according to Ohm’s law. Inductive conductivity measurement - measuring principle Figure 3: Example of a complete 5 Inductive sensor CLS50 C07-CLM2x3xx-14-06-00-xx-001. the medium should factor depends on the The resulting current induced flow through the conical diameter and the conductivity in the coil is measured by the measuring channel in the of the pipe as well as the receiver (5) and processed to indicated direction. This effect is is smaller.eps • Accurate measurement in the pipe walls. therefore no conditions. Conductive measurement of conductivity - measuring principle The conductivity of liquids is measured with a measuring system that has two coaxially arranged electrodes like “Always take care of a capacitor. the conductance G. The installation The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 49 . it is not conductivity measurement • In narrow installation necessary to consider the • No electrodes.eps A generator (1) generates an measuring system 6 Conductive sensor CLS21 alternating magnetic field in the 1 Conductive sensor CLS15 7 Immersion assembly CLA111 2 Liquisys M CLM253 transmitter Options: extension cable. electrically insulating pipes 2 Primary coil 3 Current flow in the medium to deposition • The installation factor can (f > 1) and decreases in case 4 Secondary coil • Complete galvanic separation be entered in the transmitter of electrically conductive 5 Receiver of measurement and medium or the cell constant can be pipes (f < 1). The 4 Inductive sensor CLS52 strength of the induced current Figure 1: The principle of conductive a0003416 measurement of conductivity depends on the conductivity and AC Power supply thus the ion concentration Installation conditions corrected by multiplication I Current meter of the medium. Conductivity measurement Liquid analysis Sensors and transmitters A complete conductivity measuring system includes: • a conductivity sensor • a transmitter • a special measuring cable In this section. the ion flow in installation factor (f = 1. polarization the medium is affected by If the distance from the wall Figure 2: Inductive conductivity C07-CLXixxxx-15-0x-00-xx-001. you will find essential information and advice to obtain the best from conductivity measuring systems throughout their lifecycle. the installation measurement media or solutions with a high compensated by the so-called factor increases in case of 1 Generator soiling degree and a tendency installation factor. For CLS52. another magnetic field in the The value of the installation secondary coil (4).00). (see fig. Installation sensor distance from the wall.

Instrument and open falling tube). 6). Check the factor f on wall distance a service’ section) air («air set») before installing temperature display versus 1 Conductive pipe 2 Insulating pipe the sensor. • Calibration by entering the Liquid analysis exact cell constant of the conductivity sensor (given by a quality certificate).since 01/2005 CLM 223/253 in a calibration solution with a known conductivity. to your Operating Instructions. about spare parts availability. • Calibration by comparison to a reference device (e. 5 to 7 Ω. instrument availability generation Calibration of conductive CLD 130 NO . The pipe has to be not allowed. • Cleaning of assembly with decade resistors. calibration solutions or be connect the decade resistor approximately determined If removing your conductivity instead of the temperature from a diagram (see fig. C07-CLS52xxx-11-05-00-xx-001.g. coils: Ohmic resistance should • Choose immersion depth b be approx. We provide calibration certificates 11 and 12. • Calibration by comparison to factor can be measured using a reference device. pull • Cable and connection check a cable through the cleaned Consumables stock (see ‘pH’ section) sensor opening and check the The calibration solutions must • Calibration display versus the table be stored in a dry place and printed in the Operating used within a year. refer to the Check of inductive sensors Operating Instructions of your Operating Instructions of your Testing sending and receiving transmitter. CONCAL). verifications (see ‘Service contracts’ Gas bubbles will have an Test with ohmmeter between in the ‘At your service’ section) influence on the displayed red coaxial cable and white value (avoid installation in an coaxial cable. 5). with diluted hydrochloric acid (5 %). coupling in the cable and to one of our calibration facilities. transmitter. transmitter from process for 1 to sensor Pt100. Then rinse carefully with plenty Your Spare part New of clear water. the best • To compensate residual method is to send the instrument three-wire arrangement. completely immersed (see Shunt between sensor coils is fig. For and sensor conductivity simulation. using a 2 weeks is acceptable. conductive sensors.since 01/2005 CLD 132/134 measurement systems Three different types CLD 431 YES . • For temperature simulation. Mycom CLM 152 YES .until 06/2011 CLM 153 50 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .g. To check a transmitter with of the sensor in the medium and inductivity approx. For further the table printed in the information. e.until 10/2010 Liquiline CM42 are possible: • Calibration by measurement CLM 221/252 NO . The measured Our service team can perform such completely filled with water.e. spare parts availability Figure 6: Consider the immersion depth Check of transmitter See table below Operation and Maintenance (inductive sensors) • Conductivity can be checked If you want to get more information Maintenance work includes: with standard resistors. if needed. Cleaning the Instructions of your conductivity sensors transmitter. resistance should be > 20 MΩ. Please clean contamination on the sensor as follows: carefully clean with a synthetic brush and. please call our hotline. please refer such that the coil body is 260 to 450 mH (at 2 kHz). connection to terminals between the two sensor coils.eps Calibration of inductive Figure 4: Installation of a CLS52 inductive sensor in pipes with horizontal (middle) and measurement systems vertical (right) flow directions b Indicator arrow for the flow direction c Flow direction Two different types 1 Welding neck 2 Pipe are possible: • Calibration by measurement in a calibration solution with a known conductivity. with a bridge Figure 5: Dependance of installation perform a zero calibration in (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your from 12 to 13. i.

Liquid analysis
List of consumables
Calibration solutions
Precision solutions, traceable to SRM (standard
reference material) by NIST, for qualified calibration of
conductivity measuring systems according to ISO, with
temperature table,
• CLY11-A, 74 μS/cm (reference temperature 25 °C
(77 °F)), 500 ml (16.9 fl.oz), order no. 50081902
• CLY11-B, 149.6 μS/cm (reference temperature 25 °C
(77°F)), 500 ml (16.9 fl.oz), order no. 50081903
• CLY11-C, 1.406 mS/cm (reference temperature
25 °C / 77 °F), 500 ml / 0.13, order no.
• CLY11-D, 12.64 mS/cm (reference temperature
How to select and order then refer to the price lists in 25 °C/ 77 °F), 500 ml / 0.13, order no.
calibration solutions and the insert ‘The Maintenance 50081905
• CLY11-E, 107.0 mS/cm (reference temperature
cables: select the right order Store’ attached to this 25 °C / 77 °F), 500 ml / 0.13, order no.
code from the following list; Maintenance Guide. 50081906

List of accessories
Measuring cables (for conductive sensors)
CONCAL calibration set • CYK71 measuring cable: non-terminated cable for the
connection of sensors (e.g. conductivity sensors) or
Conductivimeter the extension of sensor cables - sold by the meter,
Concal reference tool order numbers:
non-Ex version, black: 50085333
Ex version, blue: 51506616

Measuring cables (for inductive sensors)



• CLK5 measuring cable: Extension cable for
connecting CLS52 and transmitter via the VBM
junction box - sold by the meter, order no. 50085473

Sampling outlet
3m max. Sampling valve


CONCAL is a conductivity calibration set for
ultrapure water applications, factory-calibrated
with certificate, traceable to SRM of NIST and Using CONCAL, our service team can
DKD. CONCAL is suitable for comparative perform the periodic recalibration of
ultrapure conductivity measurement
measurement in ultrapure water applications up
systems. Please contact us.
to 20 μS/cm and temperature < 212°F (100°C).

The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 51

Turbidity measurement
Liquid analysis

Sensors and transmitters

A complete turbidity measuring system comprises:
• an turbidity sensor with a special measuring cable
• a transmitter
• an immersion, flow or retractable assembly

In this section, you will find essential information and advice to obtain the best from
turbidity measuring systems throughout their lifecycle.

Measuring principle

Nephelometric measuring
principle 90° NIR scattered
light according to EN 27027
The 90° scattered light method
with a wavelength in the
near-infrared range (880 nm)
“Be careful when according to ISO 7027 / EN
27027 records turbidity values
cleaning the optics” under standardized, comparable
conditions. A temperature signal
is also recorded and transmitted
in addition to the turbidity
signal. The excitation radiation
of an infrared transmitter (Fig. 2,
Item 1) strikes the medium at a0003125

a defined angle of beam. The Figure 1: Example of a complete 3 Assembly with gas bubble trap
different refractions of light measuring system 4 Liquisys CUM253
between the entrance window 1 Immersion assembly CYA611 5 Liquisys CUM223
2 Retractable assembly CUA451
and the medium (water) are
taken into account.
Particles in the medium (Item 5)
create a scattered radiation
which strikes the scattered • TE/F (Trübungseinheiten 300 g/l). Since the norm
light receivers (Items 3, 4) at Formazin) doesn’t apply any more, you
a defined angle of beam. The 1 FNU = 1 NTU = 1 FTU need to periodically perform
measurement in the medium is = 1 TE/F calibration and adjustment
constantly compared with the Formazine mother solution’s of the measuring system
values of a reference receiver turbidity is 4000 FNU which is with your process water. The
(Item 2). Digital filter functions equivalent to 10000ppm SiO2 3-point calibration is achieved
with excellent interference (1FNU = 2,5 ppm SiO2) after comparison to laboratory
signal suppression and sensor measurements.
self-monitoring ensure additional Note :
measurement reliability. • There is no direct There are two different sensors:
relationship between FNU CUS 31: for drinking water
The standard reference particle and the suspended particles and process water
is formazine (C2H4N2) which is concentration. 0.000 to 9999 FNU
Figure 2: Turbidity measurement carcinogenic and unstable (short • The norm applies up to 0.00 to 3000 ppm
according to ISO 7027 / EN 27027 life time). 10000 FNU; beyond this to 200,0%
A Side view of the sensor
(cutaway scheme)
Various units are used: value, the particles disrupt 0.00 to 3 g/l
1 Infrared transmitter • FNU (Formazine each other and so absorb more
2 Reference diode Nephelometric Unit) than they diffuse. CUS 41: for wastewater
3 Scattered light receiver 1 • NTU (Nephelometric Thanks to a second scattered and sludge
4 Scattered light receiver 2
5 Particles in the medium
Turbidity Unit) light receiver, Endress+Hauser 0.000 to 9999 FNU
B Top view of the sensor surface with • FTU (Formazine Turbidity Unit) sensors cover a much broader 0.00 to 300 g/l
optical windows • JTU (Jackson Turbidity Unit) measuring range (up to 0.0 to 200,0%

52 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide

Liquid analysis
The influences • Two sensor orientations • Other types of soiling:
With water and brush
on turbidity measurement are possible for horizontal

The measurement is altered by: installation (fig. 4): Warning:
• Change of sludge type • parallel to the medium flow • Do not touch the optics with
• Flow variation • against the medium flow sharp-edged objects.
• Do not scratch the optics.
• Presence of air or foam • Orientation parallel to the
bubbles, suspended particles medium flow is required when
deposit using the CUR 3 spray head. Clean the sensor mechanically
• Backscatter (which results • Orientation against the using a soft brush. Then rinse
in a higher signal) due to the medium flow is used to thoroughly with water.
installation of the sensor in increase the self-cleaning
piping or very close to a wall effect in heavily-soiled Calibration and adjustment
• Deposits on the sensor optics media (> 15 FNU). The wall Note: The sensor contains all
Figure 3: Tube implantation
reflection is negligible here the calibration data.
Installation conditions due to the high absorption • In the FNU operating
tendency. mode, the sensor is factory
Pipe installation (see fig. 3) We recommend the CUS 31-xxE calibrated with formazine
• The pipeline diameter must or CUS 31-xxS sensor version traceable to ISO7027.
Figure 4: Installation in flow assemblies
be at least 4” (DN 100) if be used for turbidities < 5 FNU. • In the ppm operating mode, Parallel sensor orientation
reflective materials (e.g. the calibration data records for Sensor orientation against
stainless steel) are used. Operation and Maintenance Kaolin and SiO2 are derived the medium flow

• Install the sensor in places from the FNU data records.
with uniform flow conditions Maintenance work includes: • In the % operating mode, the
and not in places where air • Cleaning of assembly calibration data records are
may collect or foam bubbles and sensor set to the average of various
form or where suspended • Cable and connection check residual concrete waters.
particles may settle. • Calibration They are preset in such a
• The best installation location way that correct values are
is in the ascending pipe. Cleaning the displayed for average clarity. • Recalibration is not
Installation is also possible turbidity sensors However the settings do not required when the
in the horizontal pipe, but Deposits on the sensor optics follow a standard currently transmitter is replaced
should be avoided in the may result in inaccurate applicable. • Customer-specific
down pipe. measurement. Therefore the • In the g/l operating mode recalibration is required,
• Mount the sensor surface sensor must be cleaned at also, the sensor is not however, when the sensor
against the medium flow regular intervals. The intervals calibrated to a fixed value is replaced
(“self-cleaning effect”). are specific to each installation as no standard is directly Three calibration data records are
and must be determined during applicable. You must carry saved in the sensor for each of
Installation operation. Clean the optics with out a calibration because the four main operating modes.
in flow assemblies the following agents depending the media of the various
• If possible, install the flow on the type of soiling: applications differ too When do you need to calibrate?
assembly vertically so that the greatly here. Three-point sensor calibration
medium flows to the sensor • Limestone deposits: is the standard calibration. It is
from below. Alternatively, the Short treatment with commercial The calibration data are saved absolutely essential:
deliming agent in an EEPROM directly in the • When commissioning the
assembly can also be installed • Oily and greasy soiling:
horizontally. Cleaning agents based on
sensor. Therefore: sensor in sludge applications
water-soluble surfactants • Recalibration is not required in • When changing to another
(e.g. household dish detergents) the event of a power failure sludge type

The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 53

to adjust the system in the (see ‘Service contracts’ in the event of deviating values.since 12/2005 CUM 223/253 of known turbidity or known and that the display reacts solids content. do not The sensors CUS31 and CUS41 Maintenance Store’ attached to differ too greatly. calibrated for drinking water applications in the factory). clear by carrying out a current Measuring cables simulation (Field O3(2)). twisted pair with shield and You can create the requisite • Measure the sensor operating PVC-sheath (2 x 2 x 0. The at the device or at the sensor. 10 to 16 V at sample. 51518576 • Flow assembly Flowfit CUA250 for CUS31/CUS41 Please contact us 54 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . very good terminals 87 (+) and 88 (–). 5) the power supply module order no. Therefore a Your Spare part New solids concentration range in functional sensor is required for instrument availability generation which you plan to measure. ‘At your service’ section) How to select and order • When recalibrating with the accessories: select the right same sludge type. 51518580 LSGA/LSGD (make sure to use • Replacement basin including transducer for ultrasonic cleaning. order no. 33% and 100%. order no. List of accessories high-absorption medium returns • Check the current outputs small slopes while light. Order no. Three-point sensor calibration is • Sensor operating voltage is Liquid analysis You can send us the sensor and not necessary: flow assembly for adjustment on o. 51504477 of 10%. the PLUS key. 50089252 Sample A > 1. by pressing Calibration with a very dark. cables of e. • CYK81 measuring cable: non-terminated measuring cable for extension of sensor media return big slopes. cannot be simulated as they this Maintenance Guide. water area (sensor has been MKT1. contain the complete data Performing three-point processing and all the measured calibration (on site) values are transmitted to You should perform the CUM223/253 using the digital calibration in the turbidity/ interface RS 485.0 NTU and 1000 NTU > 1. the appropriate version). Installation Instrument and concrete water is based on adjustment must be performed spare parts availability %–data records. tool named TURBICAL. In installation adjustment. One-point Our service team can perform such about spare parts availability.02 NTU. You will be delivered a Replace the transmitter module quality certificate. correct values are displayed If you want to get more information for average clarity. please calibration is often sufficient adjustments by means of a reference call our hotline. for example. in the ‘At your service’ section) A Original sample Density measurement backscatter from the immediate B 1 part sample A + 2 parts water for determining the sensor environment is C 1 part sample A + 9 parts water concentration of residual compensated.2 wires. equipped with a rubber wiper for removing deposits from the sensor carrier plate. Installation adjustment Our service team can perform such a0006961 Figure 5: Making the samples for a verifications (see ‘Service contracts’ three-point calibration • For residual concrete water. e.1 x sample C (see fig. Other accessories • The cause for an incorrect • CUY 22 check unit for CUS 31 and CUS 41 calibration results are achieved for checking the stability of the sensor.sold by the meter. overall calibration characteristic Method for testing a measuring CUM 221/252 NO . 51502543 probes by diluting a medium voltage: approx. but no measured turbidity • When commissioning the a calibration bench according to value even with a new sensor. 10. with a concentration gradation voltage may be present either order no. sensor in the drinking ISO70027. appropriately.k.g. The the measuring point test.g.1 x sample B voltage is still too low replace • Calibration kit for CUE 21 Values: 0. They are with a medium whose turbidity See table below preset in such a way that is lower than 2FNU or 5 ppm. Memosens. CUS31/CUS41 . In general. then refer to the the degrees of lightness and measuring point price lists in the insert ‘The clarity.since 01/2005 CUM 223/253 of the measuring chain is point: determined using three samples • Check that device is operable Mycom CUM 151 NO .5 mm2 + shield) . • CUY 31 service kit 3 spare wiper arms for CUS 31-Wxx: The CUS 31-W sensor is following condition must be met – Replace the sensor. One-point order code from the list calibration suffices here if Checking the hereafter. – If the sensor operating The cleaning times and intervals are controlled by means of the transmitter (Liquisys for the calibration: M CUM 223/253).

In addition to the chlorine CCS140 / CCS141 sensors photometer with the pertaining measuring cell. the working electrode and an is the calibration value for the A needle valve regulates the anode acting as the counter transmitter. You need a cell.9 to electrode. Measuring principle The concentration of free chlorine is determined according to the amperometric measuring principle. The influences Electrodes and electrolyte are on chlorine measurement If the measured water is fed separated from the medium by The measurement is influenced back into a surge tank. The determined value electrode can be installed. you will find essential information and advice to obtain the best from chlorine measuring systems throughout their lifecycle.7 gal/hr (30 to 120 l/hr). immersed in an electrolyte. silver is oxidized to silver and flow” chloride. flow within the range of 7. this dependence has to be compensated by measuring the pH value in the flow assembly. determine the content 250 is designed for on-site Function of free chlorine using the installation of the measuring The membrane covered DPD method. The membrane by: or the like. pipeline a membrane. The concentration 1 CCA250 flow assembly 6 Medium outlet of hypochlorous acid in the 2 Medium inlet 7 Sampling tap medium depends on the pH 3 Inductive proximity switch for flow 8 Fixed measuring cable monitoring 9 Transmitter value. a pH and ORP consist of a cathode serving as reagents. The hypochlorous acid (HOCl) contained in the medium “The measurement diffuses through the sensor membrane and is reduced to is strongly influenced chloride ions (Cl-) on the gold by pH. These electrodes are 31. On pH fluctuations higher than ± 0. The electron release of the gold cathode and electron acceptance on the silver anode result in a current flow which is proportional to the (active ?) free chlorine concentration Figure 3: Measuring system in the flow 4 Mounting place for pH/ORP sensors in the medium under constant mode (example) 5 Chlorine sensor a0001691 conditions.1 pH. CCS141 sensors are used for Installation conditions The transmitter transforms measurement of active chlorine the current signal into the or free chlorine (with a pH Installation in flow assembly measuring unit concentration compensation as an option). CCA 250 in mg/l. Chlorine measurement Liquid analysis Sensors and transmitters A complete chlorine measuring system includes: • A chlorine sensor • A transmitter • A special measuring cable • A flow assembly • A reference measuring instrument for determination of free chlorine according to the DPD method In this section. ensure that the prevents the loss of electrolyte • pH value generated back pressure on the and the penetration of • flow measuring cell does not exceed contaminants.5 psi (1 bar) and remains The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 55 . To calibrate the measuring The flow assembly CCA system. On the silver anode. temperature cathode. The CCS140 and • temperature 14.

Depending (moist). must be avoided. the Today. The chlorine reacts with diethyl. the a colorimetric reference Calibration according to the • Refill the measuring cell with insulation resistance > 100 GΩ. Free When 4 < pH < 6. 1 pills fit for the • Replace a heavily soiled 1000 VDC (at least with The calibration of the measurement of free chlorine. there is flashover. find typical slope values in the microprocessor photometers compensation. p-phenylenediamine(DPD) active chlorine measured value site. • If the cable is intact. or damaged membrane (see 500 VDC) testing voltage. chlorine exists in water. is buffered at a pH value of Maintenance of pH/ORP to the amperometric principle Simple visual methods using 6. regular intervals. remove the measuring Maintenance work at the chlorine value (cf. (order code CCM 182). • Check the cable with DPD method DPD no. only active every 12 months. the = the free chlorine measured or extended (procedure see Test and simulation intensity of the red color being value. pH measuring cable from the simulation values. not compensate the pH but 963 ≈ 20 µA per mg Cl/l part 5. cannot be applied if organic least once a month. the displayed If no more display is possible table hereafter. According to DPD no. also note in cell from the flow assembly. tension must not be used. a sample chlorine sensors and assemblies with normal multimeters Due to the relatively high of the medium without added is described in the operating but is damaging for the pH sensor resistance. the analyzed water Chlorine sensors work according concentration. 1 components: CCS120 ≈ 115 nA per mg Cl/l in mind: The DPD method method (free chlorine). In addition to the Corrective maintenance for can no longer be measured to measure the temperature. You will accurately using low-cost increases. section 4). do • Extension cable CCS241 ≈ 350 nA per mg ClO2/l registered (see DIN38408.2). value (active chlorine) would or if the display is fixed at pH7. to the operating instructions can be carried out with a usual Simulation can take place with The measured value must lie relating to your measuring commercial insulation meter: a normal decade resistor. the chlorine of active chlorine (HClO) Check the cables and simulation is highly sensitive. Moreover. Without any pH sensor slope that is too small. transmitter includes: DIN38408. dependent on feedback of measured water Caution: The DPD method the respective conditions. so the on the chlorine content on cable must be replaced.3 963 BA039C/07/en box. be lower than the value please check the following Sensor Typical slope value An important fact must be kept obtained with the DPD no. When 6 < pH < 8. chlorine sensor can be simulated varying subjective evaluation by Maintenance pH connecting by a DC source. CCS120 BA388C/07/en CCS140/141 BA058C/07/en sensor and device! The measured water is always CCS240/241 BA114C/07/en • If you are using a junction buffered to a pH value of 6. measurement according pH value electrolyte once per season or • If the cable is defective to the DPD method. • Perform recalibration if In this case it causes a higher required. while the quantity connections for moisture. part 4. • Sensor head CCS140 ≈ 25 nA per mg Cl/l is not a selective measuring To display the value free • Sensor connector method for free chlorine alone. Use and refer measurement. Reference measurement comparative measurement Chemicals reducing the surface according to the according to the DPD method. A depend on the considerably no compensation is necessary. chlorine. the cable photometers has a lower must be replaced! Temperature measurement limit and does not permit Maintenance of chlorine The transmitter uses the NTC measurements in the very low sensors A shunt in the cable of > 20 MΩ sensor of the chlorine sensor trace range. chlorination agents are used. Lines should be screened and determined objectively and of hypochlorite (ClO-) ions Moisture is indicated by a the simulator grounded. the quantity lines and junction boxes (EP) small currents. Chlorine sensors proportional to the chlorine method. this period can be reduced by producing a red dye. at to the suction side of a pump. thus the measurement is sensors (version EP) and supply very small direct comparators are inaccurate and independent from the pH and See pH/ORP section current as measuring signals. 56 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . the measuring cable. a DPD measurement if possible. Due to the the operator. section 5). Negative pressure the pH value of the measured • Check the measurement at Liquid analysis at the measuring cell. • Junction box. A reliable test wire connection is sufficient. Only clean the membrane • Calibration mechanically with a gentle • Cleaning of assembly and Calibration (CCS140/141) water jet or for some minutes sensor The calibration of a chlorine in 1 to 10% hydrochloric acid • Cable and connection check measuring unit is performed (observe safety regulations!) by means of a colorimetric without chemical additives. The near zero and differ significantly system: • Make sure to disconnect the following table contains some from the chlorinated sample.3). by water. if fitted CCS240 ≈ 100 nA per mg ClO2/l in the medium can also be To display active chlorine. 1 BA058C/07/en chapter 5. e. measrue it and use a conversion Caution! If there is moisture in the measuring range of the table with DPD no. concentration can be decreases. measuring system requires chapter 5.3. 1 method. Operation and Maintenance measured value compared • If the membrane is visibly to the actual free active soiled. check the infeed and with the DPD method. chlorinated probe. a pH compensation is • pH measuring cable CCS141 ≈ 80 nA per mg Cl/l but other oxidants present necessary if the pH varies.g. so the outfeed measuring cable measurement is independent of Routine check for CCS140/141 separately. a two- chlorine should be checked by instructions. however. constant.

Simulation takes place with a pH/mV simulator or an mV voltage source.05 to 6 mg/l pH measuring range: 6. order no 50005256 Use and refer to the operating in the insert ‘The Maintenance instructions relating to your Store’ attached to this For measurement of total chlorine CCS120 measuring system.787 kΩ instrument availability generation 68°F/20°C 12.000 kΩ CCM 221/252 NO .594 kΩ If you want to get more information about spare parts availability.490 kΩ Your Spare part New 50°F/10°C 18. Liquid analysis Temperature NTC simulation Instrument and value spare parts availability 32°F/0°C 29. order no. black: 50085333 Ex version. • Electrolyte (50 ml). conductivity sensors) or the extension of sensor cables -sold by the meter. CMK • CYK71 measuring cable: non-terminated cable for the connection of sensors (e.268 kΩ 77°F/25°C 10.4 Measuring cables • CMK measuring cable: cable for the CCS 140. microprocessor-controlled photometer for chlorine. order no 51516343 • Kit containing 2 membranes and electrolyte (50 ml).5 to 8. please pH/ORP measurement call our hotline. order no 50005255 Flow monitoring list. 240 and 241. blue: 51506616 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 57 .since 01/2005 CCM 223/253 86°F/30°C 8. 141. cyanuric acid.197 kΩ 104°F/40°C 5.g. How to select and order List of consumables (see pH/ORP section) accessories: select the right For measurement of chlorine CCS140 and CCS141 order code from the following • Set of 2 remplacement cartridges CCY14-WP. then refer to the price lists • Electrolyte (50 ml) CCY14-F. pH value. Maintenance Guide. order no 51517284 Our service team can perform such verifications (see ‘Service contracts’ List of accessories in the ‘At your service’ section) Calibration accessories • Photometer CCM182. Chlorine measuring range: 0. order numbers: non-Ex version.

In this section.eps 1 Thread for protection guard as a saturation index in % SAT measuring systems 5 Liquisys M COM253 transmitter 2 Sealing ring 1 Oxygen sensor 6 Liquisys M COM223 transmitter or as an oxygen partial pressure 2 Immersion assembly CYA611 7 Retractable assembly COA451 3 Thread for membrane cap 4 Electrolyte in hPa.eps indicated on the display as an Amperometric principle oxygen concentration in mg/l. – The sensor optics are directed the response signals is directly at the underside of the dependent on the oxygen fluorescence layer. the equilibrium the marker molecules. contents and the partial •There is an equilibrium pressure. Measuring principle Amperometric principle The oxygen molecules diffused through the membrane are reduced to hydroxide ions (OH-) at the cathode. flow or retractable assembly. Oxygen measurement Liquid analysis Sensors and transmitters for dissolved oxygen There are four variations of measuring systems: • The transmitter Liquisys M COM223 or COM253 – DX or DS with oxygen sensor COS41 • The transmitter Liquisys M COM223 or COM253 – WX or WS with oxygen sensor COS31. the response signals 8 Fluorescence cap are shorter and less intense. – The duration and intensity of calculated in the sensor. Silver is oxidized to silver ions (Ag+) at “Periodically clean and the anode (this forms a silver bromide layer. a0004151 Figure 3: Sensor design - Optical principle between the oxygen partial – If the medium is free from 1 Sensor cable 2 Sensor shaft pressure in the medium and oxygen.” A current flows due to the connected electrode release at the cathode and accepted at the anode. check the system. This current is converted in the measuring instrument and Figure 2: Sensor head . COS61 or COS71 • The transmitter Liquisys M COM223 or COM253 – HX or HS with oxygen sensor COS21 • The transmitter Liquiline CM42 with oxygen sensor COS21D Each of them can include an immersion. 3 Universal hanging assembly holder 5 Gold cathode CYH101 6 Membrane 7 Membrane cap Fluorescence quenching 8 Anode principle • Sensor design: • Measuring process: • Measurement result: – Oxygen-sensitive molecules – The sensor optics send – The sensor returns a signal (markers) are integrated green light pulses to the that is in proportion to the in an optically active layer fluorescence layer. you will find essential information and advice to obtain the best from oxygen measuring systems throughout their lifecycle. 4 Protection guard – If the sensor is immersed in – Oxygen molecules «quench» 5 Threaded connection the medium. result. 58 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . the response signals 3 O-ring that in the fluorescence layer: are long and very intense. AgBr). – The markers «answer» medium. oxygen concentration in the (fluorescence layer).C07-COS41xxx-16-05-07-xx-001. air pressure are already contact with the medium. this flow is proportional to the oxygen content of the medium. – The surface of the (fluoresce) with red light – The fluid temperature and fluorescence layer is in pulses. Figure 1: Examples of complete 4 Weather protection cover CYY101 C07-COM2x3xx-14-06-00-xx-002. As a 6 Detector 7 Emitter diode is established very quickly. In equilibrium.

To ensure reliable measurement. This medium. be cleaned if medium has • first commissioning of the transmitter. drinking or distilled water. fluorescence cap. sensors is absolutely required atmospheric pressure: 102% SAT (for an amperometric Depending on the type of in order for the measuring – Open the membrane cap to system) or not at 100. This takes about or the membrane Clean the membrane with water and a the characteristic values of the 20 minutes. Then by taking it out of the fluid. to calibrate the sensor. carry the characteristic values of Cleaning the optics The sensor requires out the calibration in accordance the sensor. sensor with a damp cloth. Liquid analysis Operation and Maintenance Calibration and adjustment Calibration and adjustment The following methods help To access the ‘Calibration’ in air you determine how long the Maintenance work includes: function group. sensor. As no zero calibration is sensor is not in direct sunlight of optical systems After cleaning. clean the cap if necessary. To clean it. • Salt deposits Immerse the sensor in drinking water • The optical oxygen sensor – Replace the electrolyte filling b. four and/or eight months. In this way. double the length or in 1-5% hydrochloric acid for a few COS61 does not need a and close the membrane cap of time to the next inspection. you have accurate measuring values. Afterwards. It is necessary after changing the penetrated through a defective • replacing a membrane or 6. a single. rinse it well with calibration at first start-up. on the transmitter is stable. Otherwise. proceed as follows: • cleaning the cathode The slope calibration of 1. Place the sensor in the fluorescence cap. • typical time intervals dependent possible if air temperature in air saturated water. by drying it and then measuring the in the medium. • Calibration by comparison to a heavily on: the slope calibration Caution! The optical surface reference device • The application and (75 to 140%SAT) and the may not be scratched or Calibration in air is the easiest • The installation position of the calibration of the zero point damaged in any way! method of calibration. sensor a closed pressure system with a Decide using the results: the sensor must be cleaned at calibration of amperometric process pressure greater than a. Clean the optics with calibration are possible: Instructions of the transmitter. rinse the sensor well required for the sensor.6% SAT soiling. • Dirt particles on the membrane cap adapting the transmitter to the ambient air. • Dirt particles on the sensor body (not on the membrane!) Calibration and adjustment to end. 4. Check that the Calibration and adjustment soft sponge. using a tissue. 2. If the measured value is not at regular intervals. minutes. – Wait for the polarization time two. again. If the sensor is removed from after 10 minutes. 1. The 2. Calibration is a means of with plenty of clean water. Check the sensor one month and sensor function group is used to calibrate 2. Then wait while the sensor the optimum calibration interval with water and a suitable brush. Remove the sensor from the calibration intervals should be: • Cleaning of assembly key on your transmitter. • At first start-up. Carefully clean the optical on operating experience ≥ 23°F (– 5°C). Clean the outside of the after being put into operation • Cable and connection check and adjust the measuring point. oxygen saturation index at air Cleaning the sensor Note! 3. point calibration is carried out in 5. sensor. Three different types of for calibration in the Operating or in oxygen-free water (water 3. Clean the optics and screw on • Calibration in air The calibration intervals depend The sensor identifies unassisted a new fluorescence cap. • Calibration and adjustment The sensor is calibrated in air or dry the sensor membrane e. you can determine Clean the sensor body mechanically of amperometric systems 4. Normally. electrolyte medium again. Unscrew the protection guard • long breaks in operation Note: Calibration and the oxygen sensor COS61 and fluorescence cap from the without power supply adjustment in air is only will be performed in air or sensor head. Proceed as per Point 1 after plenty of water. (0 to 10%SAT). If the measured value display adapting the transmitter to the presence of oxygen. Make sure you calibration of the zero point surface with a soft cloth until comply with the instructions will be performed in nitrogen the buildup is fully removed.g. enriched with zero solution). • Calibration in water. sensor The optics only need to calibration after: with the Operating Instructions calibration is seldom necessary. press the CAL 1. proceed as follows: system to be able to generate equilibrate the pressure and (for an optical system). during this time. No further The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 59 . Calibration is a means of adjusts to the temperature of for your sensor.

length: 1. accessories: select the right 3. Remove the sensor from the • COK31. Spare parts stock Your Spare part New Annually: change the sensor Amperometric system: instrument availability generation cap and the O-ring and We recommend to keep membranes and electrolyte COM 220/240 NO . 51506973 • Zero calibration solution. order no. version COS21D-C. length: 15 m (49. 1 x COY3-OR and 1 x COY31-PF). List of consumables order code from the list measure the oxygen saturation hereafter. order no. CYK10-A051.order response.92 ft) . order no. 50001041 • COY31-Z Accessory kit .since 01/2005 COM 223/253 WX/WS cap on stock. How to select and order no. Changing the electrolyte and the membrane Instrument and (Amperometric sensors) List of accessories spare parts availability See fig. which can be hermetically closed. • COY3-TR Trapezoidal seal (supplied in packs of 3). order no. COM 221/252 NO . 50053349 4. 51518703 amperometric system • Electrolyte for COS21. 4 and the list of See right table Measuring cables for sensors COS21D consumables. CYK10-A101 Simple check of the about spare parts availability.3% SAT (current is < 1 nA). COS21D be at • Electrolyte for COS21D. 1 x COY31S-WP. order no 51518701. length: 3 m . Clean and dry the membrane. filling on stock. 51506985 • COY31-PF Polishing foil (supplied in packs of 6). and the O-ring. order no. 51506821. 51506820. 51506822 2. After about 10 minutes. 51505868 measuring function call our hotline. 51506977 • COY31-OR Sealing ring (supplied in packs of 3). The measured value should this Maintenance Guide. 51518598 • Set of 2 sealing rings. then refer to the For measurement of dissolved oxygen COS3.order no.order no. Our service team can perform such verifications (see ‘Service contracts’ in the ‘At your service’ section) Figure 4: Changing the electrolyte and the membrane (Amperometric sensors) Optical sensor: suggested maintenance intervals* Weekly: clean the sensor. 51505870. 1 x COY31-WP. Measuring cables for sensors COS31 and COS71 with TOP 68 connector 1. Maintenance Store’ attached to • COY3-F Electrolyte filling (10 doses of 5 ml). order no. order no. 51505873 • 100. order no. Close hermetically and let the Monthly: calibration in air. length: 7 m (22.22 ft) . Annually: clean the gold The measured value should be cathode with specific abrasive at 0. length: 10 m . 1 x COY3-OR and 1 x COY31-PF). 51506976 system • COY31S-WP Set of 2 cartridges . 51518597 60 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . order no.order no.EPS Weekly: clean the sensor. 50080252 For measurement of dissolved oxygen Oxymax-H COS21. order no.order medium.since 01/2005 COM 223/253 DX/DS * intervals may differ according to Optical system: the application We recommend to keep a sensor COM 121/151 NO . please Measuring cables for sensors COS21 • COK21. selection is necessary. 51505873 • 102% SAT for an version COS21D-B. 50053348 recalibration). These Simple check of the Liquid analysis limits are valid for the three zero point types of calibration ‘air’.since 01/2005 COM 223/253 WX/WS calibrate in air.order no. paper and change the electrolyte the membrane. COS4 index in air (without price lists in the insert ‘The • COY3-WP Set of 2 cartridges with pretensioned membrane.order no. 51506784 • COY3-S-Z Accessory kit .standard response (containing 1 x COY3-F. • Cable for COS21D.std response. order response (containing 1 x COY3-F. Maintenance intervals Add fresh water and sodium Amperometric sensor: bisulphite (Na2SO3) as powder suggested maintenance (‘zero calibration solution’. length: 5 m .version COS21D-A.5 m (4. order no. order no. If you want to get more information length: 10 m . COS41 • COY31-WP Set of 2 cartridges . 51506785 For oxygen measurement with optical sensor COS61 • Sensor cap. ‘water’ Place the sensor in a recipient and ‘ref’. order no.6% SAT for an optical For measurement of dissolved oxygen Oxymax-W COS31.97 ft) . order intervals* number 50001041) C07-COS41xxx-17-05-00-xx-001. order no. powder dissolve for 1 to 2 hours.

iron. 2 Display or right acc. The absorbance reaction is reproducible and devices (customer supplied) The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 61 . the absorption of Installation conditions a part of the filtrate to a mixing a reference light is determined vessel. Detectors measure the attenuation of light at a coloration typical for this substance. analyzer sample pump conveys Additionally. The more there is of this is essential. toxicity and multiparameter UV analyzers. TOC (total organic carbon). to version) 3 Serial interface RS 232 10 Valve V1 4 Photometer optical cell 11 Channel switch When using colorimetric 5 Static mixer (acc. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Stamolys analyzers throughout their lifecycle. photometer is controlled • Outdoor installation is only 4 Reference detector The wavelength is parameter automatically so that the possible with protective 5 Measuring detector specific. Photometry measuring principle Light is shone through the aqueous sample. COD (chemical oxygen demand). 2 Emitter LED 3 Sample a specific wavelength. contamination and in usual. chlorine. • The device is IP43 and must be 1 Reference LED absorption of an emitted light at The temperature in the protected from rain and frost. a reagent is added to 6 Valve V4 (version with sample outlet Figure 2: Photometry measuring the water sample to chemically rightside only) principle “dye” the substance that is to be analyzed. silica. Every substance “Periodic maintenance has a characteristic coloration. inlet from canister 9 Sample resp. The reference signal is 41 to 104°F (5 to 40°C) a result of the reaction.reagents mix outlet(left information. A reference measurement (sample without chemicals) is performed before every measurement so that interferences caused by inherent color. The reagent pump adds to receive a genuine measuring • Ambient temperature : reagent at a specific ratio. In this section. turbidity or contamination can be compensated for. etc. Online analyzers Liquid analysis The current Endress+Hauser range of analyzers includes: • The Stamolys range of colorimetric analyzers for ammonium. After sample conditioning. The light intensity is attenuated by the coloration of the constituent substances. • The Stamosens range of UV analyzers • The STIP analyzers for BOD (biological oxygen demand).” substance in the water. without hoses) 8 Valve V2 is ascertained using this 1 Reagents pump. The a0001352 Figure 1: Typical Stamolys analyzer 7 Dosage loop (with CA71SI only) concentration of the substance (housing version. is proportional to the takes place within a short Stamolys analyzers design concentration of the specified period of time. the parameter in the sample. As result. the substracted from the measuring • Below the condensation limit. sample turns a characteristic signal to prevent any effects due the device must be installed color. manganese. the more these light beams are attenuated. clean rooms Figure 3: Stamolys analyzers design determines the sample’s aging of the LEDs. to version) 12 Sample pump analyzers. The photometer to turbidity.

5 mg/l NH4-N. Operation and Maintenance Liquid analysis Sample pump Reagents pump Maintenance intervals Photometer See table below. if required CA70?? YES .order no. 50 mg/l PO4-P. 30 mg/l PO4-P. CAY242-V10C03AAE (order no.order no. 1 l (A) . 1 l (A) . CAV740-xxx.order no. CAY142-V10C30AAE • Replace all hoses and ‘T’ service in the Standard sol. Calibration Standard sol. 40 mg/l PO4-P. ready to use actions described above) service in the Active reagent set P1 + P2. CAY344-V10AAE Standard sol. 0. CAY142-V10C10AAE every 6 months (in addition to all the User or Standard sol. consumables: with silicone (extends Select the right order code from the service life). 2 mg/l PO4-P. 1 l each (A) . CAV740-2A contract Standards under 5 mg/l not available. CAV740-1A demineralized water. 30 mg/l NH4-N. CAY142-V10C50AAE connectors scope of a service Maintenance kit CAV740 .order no. 1 mg/l PO4-P. CAY142-V10C15AAE actions described above) Endress+Hauser Standard sol.order no. CAY242-V10C50AAE following list) and also a can of Maintenance kit CAV740 .order no.5% call our hotline. CAY140-V10AAH different parts (pump.order no. (B) = for CA70PH-B for CA70/71NO (nitrite) Reagent. CAY240-V10AAE • Replace the static mixer scope of a service Inactive reagent set P1 + P2. 1 l (B) . 1 l (B) . CAY242-V10C25AAE kit relating to your analyzer Instructions relating to your Standard sol.order no.order no. CAY243-V10AAE (order no.order no. 1 l . 1 l .since 0x/200x CA71? every 3 months (in addition to all the User actions described above) • Spray pump hoses with List of consumables and reagents (Stamolys range) silicone spray (order no.order no. 1 l .5 l (821. 10 mg/l PO4-P. 1 l (B) . CAY141-V10AAE etc. CAY240-V10AAH Active reagent set P1 + P2. 25 mg/l PO4-P. CAY242-V10C20AAE please provide the maintenance Please refer to the Operating Standard sol. 20 mg/l PO4-P. 15 mg/l PO4-P. 1 l (A) .5 mg/l NO2) .order no. 1 l (B) .order no. 51505778) Standard sol. CAV740-1A 62 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . then refer to If you want to get more information monthly • Flush the sample tubing User about spare parts availability.order no.1 l (A) .order no. 1 l (B) .order no.order no. please the price lists in the insert ‘The system with 12. 1 l (B) . because of the low stability annually (in addition to all the Endress+Hauser for CA70/71PH (phosphate) .order no. 51504155) for CA70/71AM (ammonium) • for CA70/71AM (ammonium) • Replace pump hoses Active reagent set A1+A2. 50 mg/l NH4-N. 51512101) contract Cleaning solution.order no. 5 mg/l PO4-P. hypochlorite) and reflush thoroughly with water Your Spare part New • Replace reagents and instrument availability generation standard solutions.order no.standard documents. the following list. 1 l each . (A) = for CA70PH-A. 1 l (B) .order no. Cleaning solution. CAY343-V10AAE Cleaning solution. see the Stamolys analyser. 250 mg/l NO2-N. 1 l . 1 l each (A) . CAY242-V10C05AAE Standard sol. CAY140-V10AAE • Check manually the Inactive reagent set A1+A2. CAY242-V10C02AAE Standard sol.order no. 1 l (B) . 1 l .order no. 1 l .) Standard sol. CAY242-V10C40AAE Standard sol. CAY242-V10C15AAE For the annual inspection. CAY142-V10C05AAE Standard sol. Standard sol.5mg/l PO4-P .order no. 10 mg/l NH4-N. Maintenance Store’ attached to bleaching lye (sodium this Maintenance Guide. 1 l . 15 mg/l NH4-N. 1 l each . CAY241-V10AAE • Replace the photometer Standard sol. Outlet Period of time Duty Who? weekly • Check and note User calibration factor (for service purposes) Instrument and How to select and order • Move valve hoses into spare parts availability reagents and other their position and spray See table below. CAY242-V10C10AAE Standard sol. 1. 1 l .order no.since 0x/200x CA71? • Clean the sample collector CA70?? YES . CAY242-V10C30AAE (order no.order no.order no.order no. 1 l each (B) . 1 l . Valves Inlet All maintenance duties that have to be carried out during normal operation of the Reagent 1 Reagent 2 Reagent 3 Cleaning Standard analyzer are explained below (intervals may differ according to the application).order no. 20 mg/l NH4-N.order no. CAY242-V10C01AAE optical cell (if necessary) Standard sol. CAY345-V05C25AAE Maintenance kit CAV740 . CAY142-V10C20AAE Standard sol.

1 l each . CAY844-V10AAE Standard solution 100 µg/l Mn. Liquid analysis for CA70/71CR (chromate) for CA70/71CU (copper) Reagent set CR1+CR2.order no.order no. CAV740-1A for other analyzers Filter element for CAT430/431 .order no. CAV740-1A Maintenance kit CAV740 . 1 l each .order no. CAY840-V10AAE for the maintenance Standard sol.00 mg/l CrVI. CAY842-V10C20AAE Maintenance kit CAV740 .order no. CAV740-2A for CA70/71AL (aluminium) .order no. 1 l . 10 mg/l CaCO3. CAY544-V10AAE Maintenance kit CAV740 . 250 µg/l Al.order no. CAV740-1A Maintenance kit CAV740 . 1 l .order no. CAY842-V10C05AAE Silicon spray . CAY845-V10C50AAE Maintenance kit CAV740 . CAY942-V10C25AAE Reagent set CL1+CL2 (total). CAY642-V10C50AAE Standard sol.order no. 1 l .order no. CAY940-V10AAE for CA70/71CL (chlorine) Standard sol. 1 l .order no.order no. CAY846-V10AAE Reagent set CU1+CU2. 1 l . CAY848-V10C20AAE Standard sol. CAY852-V10C20AAE Maintenance kit CAV740 .order no. 1 l each . 1 l . 51509236 for CA70/71MN (manganese) Hose set for CAT430 .order no. CAY745-V10C50AAE Maintenance kit CAV740 . 1 l . CAY852-V10C10AAE Standard sol. 1 l . 500 µg/l Fe. 1 l each . 2 mg/l Fe. CAV740-1A for CA70/71SI (silicate) for CA70/71HA (hardness) Reagent set SI1+SI2+SI3. 1 l . CAY942-V10C10AAE Reagent set CL1+CL2 (free).order no. 1 l . 1 l . CAY845-V10C10AAE For STIP analyzers: see ‘the Maintenance Store’. CAY745-V10C20AAE Maintenance kit CAV740 . CAY745-V10C10AAE Standard sol. 1 l . CAY546-V10AAE Standard sol. 2.order no. CAY641-V10AAE Standard sol. 1 l .order no.standard documents.order no. 1 l each . Standard solution 500 µg/l Mn.order no.order no. 51511288 Cleaning solution.order no. 51504155 Standard sol. CAV740-1A The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 63 . 20 mg/l CaCO3. 1 l .order no. CAV740-1A Maintenance kit CAV740 .order no.order no. CAV740-4A Standard sol. CAY543-V10AAE Standard sol. 1 l . CAV740-4A for CA70/71FE (iron) Reagent set FE1.order no.order no. CAY843-V10AAE Filter membrane (2 pcs. ready to use Active reagent set AL1+AL2+AL3.order no. 1 l each .order no.order no. 51509225 Reagent set MN1+MN2+MN3. 1 l . 1 l .order no. CAY743-V10AAE Cleaning solution. CAY640-V10AAE Reagent set HA1+HA2. 1. CAY850-V10AAE Standard sol.order no.order no. 1 l each . 1 l . 1.order no. 2. 500 µg/l Al. CAY848-V10C10AAE Standard sol. 50 mg/l CaCO3.order no. 500 ppb.) for CAT411 .order no.order no.order no.order no.00 mg/l Cu. 1 l each . CAY942-V10C50AAE Cleaning solution. 1 l .100 µg/l Al.order no.00 mg/l CrVI.order no.00 mg/l Cu.

.51”.sig. defined distribution and thermostatic Hose connection 0. man aut on . Q example on an alarm limit set 1 point. A sample unit off sequence can also be initiated by an external signal. radiators push button has been operated..end • Protect the device against Enter STOP mode: time no mechanical vibration. to EN 25667 to EN 25667 on stock” Sampling mode (see fig.64 ft/s (0.02 sampling is available.-> Using the right push button change to SET. t taken in constant time spans Quick-Setup Info Q 3 Quantity proportional: Basic Settings 3 A constant sample volume is Program Selection Quick-Setup Creating Programmes date 14.2 ft/8 m) stationary sampler for fully Maximum hose length 98. ===SAMPLING:=== time Select sample mode. set rep stat Q 2 Time proportional: 2 In SETUP select QUICK-SETUP using the A constant sample volume is Setup right hand push button.. Quantity or flow proportional 01:15 04°C 30. time or sun).63” or 0. number of time When mounting the device./6 m The ASP station 2000 is a (optional: 26. 64 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .39 in. t 1 Flow curve Select SET. samples taken or by an active time please observe the following external signal time 24:00 ext.4 ft (30 m) automated sampling..=== • Protect the device against Start programme start! : aut strong magnetic fields Esc <-' Hydraulic connection Figure 2: Quick Setup of ASP Station 2000 See table 1.5 m/s).7 ft/6 m 19. Water samplers Liquid analysis The current Endress+Hauser range includes: • The stationary water sampler ASP Station 2000 • The portable water sampler Liquiport 2000 In this section. ===START PROGR. The bottle change is done dependent on time. stop prog.. points : Enter the number and volume of 1 the bottles.02 Q t taken in variable time spans time 15:15 none 4 4 Flow proportional: Esc <-' prog. programmes. The internal diameter Liquiport 2000 is a portable Suction velocity > 1. Figure 1: Sampling mode taken in constant time spans. for on Switch unit on with ON.05. time quantity time 00:10 Installation conditions Select the required distribution flow mode. program 1 t Variable sample volumes are Select one of the 4 main program 2. When selecting ===START-STOP:=== • Protect the device against the AUT function the programme starts immediately once the AUT start aut-button additional heat (e. bottle 4*12l 4*12l • Position the device on a level 12l 4*20l. (30 m) 98. 1) Table 1 The timer function enables sampling at defined times. (10 mm) 0.g.5 m/s).4 ft. you will find essential information and advice to obtain the best from these devices throughout their lifecycle.7 ft.64 ft/s (0. 16 mm or 19 mm) storage of liquid media.. “Keep wear parts device. 0.75” diameter (13 mm.05. Enter start time.2 ft/8 m) (optional: 26. > 1. Measuring principle Hydraulic connection Liquiport 2000 ASP Station 2000 Maximum suction height 19. <-.

periodically (twice a year is a optimal conditions. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 65 .64 ft/s (0. If this is not reached. directly above the inflow • Depending on the ambient Every 2 years • The air manager (2) (order no. This can authorities (see ‘Service contracts’ See also the FAQs on next page.6 bar) by means of a manometer (left picture). max of 39. 2). Check of the sampling volume repeatability (bottom right picture) 5 3 Special suitcase equipped for sampler control 6 Sampling point 4 we recommend a stainless steel Table 2: Maintenance intervals • Do not connect the sampling cleaner. the ASP station 2000 (as well • The conductivity probes have • The cooling temperature as other Endress+Hauser to be checked for corrosion inside the sampler is kept at a All these operations can be part of instruments) with the PC once a year. 50079747) the wall and the rear side of connector of the distribution • The membrane hose clamp (4) the cabinet should be at least drive).g. For any parts conveying hose to pressurized systems media. you can clean the (order no. Note: these are average figures • The suction air flowrate skilled technical engineers deliver specific certificates which prove your and should be adapted to your should be higher than sampler’s compliance to the local Operation and Maintenance application. 50086064) • Do not position the cabinet easily using a water hose. • Fit a filter if the medium Thorough. Thanks to PC interface RS232. it repeatability is ± 5 %. you need configure the device (see fig. 50072149) 2 the device directly against a bottle trays. regular cleaning of 5 1 3 contains large and abrasive the parts which convey media is 2 solids essential for reliable operation. In addition to this. (Please sampling point (turbulent flow. • Always install the hose in the You can mount and disassemble flow direction all the parts which convey media 6 • Always choose a representative easily and without tools. equipment. moving mechanical parts. Corrective maintenance mechanical and electrical As a sampler has a lot of • The sampling volume See ‘Frequently asked questions’. liquifier with compressed air Commissioning at regular intervals. A quick setup menu gives Maintenance intervals is recommended to check it To carry out this check in access to a short procedure to See table 2. 51003140) vapors!).7 psi/ Use only a safe cleaning agent Simple checks 0.5 m/s). Do not position Once you have removed the (order no. use water or soap. high level of • The seals of the vacuum pump (1) treatment plant (sulphurous dust formation).94 in/100 mm) whole sample compartment • The air filter (3) (order no. Liquid analysis Check of the suction pressure (<-0. you should (order no. purge the ventilator and the * It is recommended to have this done by our field service engineers. refer to the Operating Instructions not at the channel base) related to your device). a manometer it is especially easy to configure 6 months. In order to comply several tools like a thermometer. for leakage and cleaned every to ISO 5667-10. • The lid should be checked minimum). regular cleaning of 4 Specific installation conditions the dosing unit is essential for for ASP Station 2000 reliable operation Period of time Part to be changed • Ensure that air can circulate • The sample compartment has unhindered at the back of a permeable inner plastic shell.6 bar). 51003139)* channel to the wastewater conditions (e. For the cabinet body. you have a chronometer. a maintenance contract where our software ReadWin® 2000. the distribution Every year • The seal set for dosing system (5) wall (the distance between pan and the tap (open the (order no. 51002657) 3. be controlled by means of in the ‘At your service’ section) Cleaning a manometer (<-8. 1.2°F (4°C). • Thorough. Every 6 months • The dosing 1chamber Acryl (6) the cabinet. to prove three criteria: and measuring glasses. which will not damage the for your sampler see FAQ.

order no. RPS20X-1CA 66 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .1) • Dosing chamber. keep selecting launched in 2009. ASP Port D/D2 YES . 2000 ASP 9465 D NO ASP-Stat. order no. 50086064 • Air manager. ‘1step’ until the arrow on the front side of the tap is located exactly in the notch in the middle of the distribution pan (point A).until 10. Acryl 200 ml. order no. then refer to in stock (see ‘Maintenance the price lists in the insert ‘The When do I have to calibrate the distribution tap? intervals’). RPS20X-DD • Pneumatic hoses.2012 Liqui-Port 2000 tap goes to the right position. order no. Your Spare part New In the picklist. 50090342 • Silicon hose. Reminder: 3 When you select ‘START’.until 10. The spare parts for several 1 Switch the device on If you want to get more information instruments will no longer 2 Under ‘SET/SERVICE/CALIBRA- about spare parts availability. order no. RPS20X-PC double head / KNF023.. order no.2012 ASP-Stat. order no. 50072149 • Flange with dosing tube 200 ml. 2000 motor. order no. Press ‘AUTO’ and check that the ASP Port A/A2 YES .2012 ASP-Stat. 2000 Figure 3 List of the main spare parts • Vacuum pump single head / KNF023. 2000 ASP 9565 NO ASP-Stat. RPS20X-PE • Seals set for KNF023. 1 programme.until 10. RPS20X-DC • LF probe. select the menu instrument availability generation option ‘SAVE’. After the second try.until 10. ASP-Station D/D2 YES .2012 Liqui-Port 2000 Otherwise. 2008 (see table).2012 Liqui Box D2 Liqui Box A YES .2012 Liqui-Port 2000 and come back to the main menu. replace the tap ASP-Station A/A2 YES . 50031916 • Dosing bracket cpl. order no. RPS20X-PA • Controller/CPU ASP 2000.TAB’ call our hotline. please be available after October TION’. 51003139 • Seal set for dosing system. 200 ml. order no. for distribution 15 x 2. • when the error message ‘tap calibration’ appears in the display. 51003140 (You need two sets for KNF023. order no. try the procedure again. 51003682 • Dosing system. select the item ‘DIST. RPS20X-DA • Membrane. l = 1 m. 2000 Liqui Box D YES . 51002657 • Air filter. ASP 9461 NO Liqui-Port 2000 ASP 9461 D NO Liqui-Port 2000 ASP 9465 NO ASP-Stat. the tap ASP Station 2000 meets the turns and stops just before the actual regulatory requirements! calibration position A new generation will be 4 At the controller. Maintenance Store’ attached to • when the tap motor was replaced this Maintenance Guide.until 10. order no. order no. order no. Spare parts stock How to select and order the Frequently asked questions Liquid analysis Several parts of the sampler main spare parts: have to be considered as wear select the right order code from parts and thus should be kept the list hereafter.until 10. including hose clamp. order no.2012 Liqui Box A2 Then quit all sub menus (press ‘ESC’) Liqui Compact A/A2 YES .until 10. 50079747 • Tap drive. order no.1. ASP 9260 NO Liqui-Box A2 5 The tap is calibrated. Instrument and spare parts availability Migration How to calibrate the distribution tap? See right table.

the filling of the conductivity is lower than 30 µS/cm. Please contact our sales department. 50042898) F4 (heating + fan) = 3. safety switch off takes place • Ask our field service for a complete check.9 ft/1. then press ‘Enter’. During modified./ is either low or high • If during the suction phase. by means of the shorter conductivity probe 2 (item C). RPX20-1CC for 1-program version. the sampler needs to be dosing funnel is detected and the suction process is stopped. (slow blow) 50090342) F3 (compressor) = 6. the suction process. 50079747) • Clean the pins situated at the • Check the temperature sensors: dosing bracket. check if the suction hose is blocked or deformed. Contact on probe 2 may be due to: • condensation or dirt on the probes contacts Trouble with the cooling system • a connection default Unscrew the display circuit board to access to the mainboard. Press ’Enter’. the mainboard RPS20X-GA (version without RS485).‘ERROR : AIR MANAGER’ try again by adding a second ‘blow out’ phase. the first step consists of X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X7 X8 • Check the fuses: cleaning the dosing system F1 (circuit board) = 630 mAT • Clean the flange on both sides.15 AT exchange the flange (order no. the sample liquid first reaches the longer • The sampled medium contains much foam or grease. SET/BASIC SETTINGS/SAMPLING /TIME/MANUAL/. RPS20X-VC) if it At 32°F/0°C: 1599 Ω is oxidized too much. test by exchanging sampling sequence duration can be adjusted manually. In this way. the sampler needs to be There are three conductivity probes in the dosing funnel lid. Please contact our sales department.15 AT and exchange the seals (slow blow) (order no. exchange At 32°F/0°C: 1599 Ω dosing bracket. RPS20X-VC) WITH PRESSURE. or its conductivity probes (item A and B). Anyway. • ‘SET/SERVICE/TEST’ -> Service code: 7049 If the default remains. If the message ‘Error : conductivity 2 or 1’ appears. F2 (pump) = 3. RPS20X-DA) lower compartment • Clean the contacts behind Figure 5: The mainboard and its Unplug connector X7 and the dosing bracket (cable and connectors measure on the cable : tightening screws). bubbles appear in the dosing chamber. Modification: GB (version with RS485) and/or the connection cable distribution SET/BASIC SETTINGS/SAMPLING/DOSING/ tap drive (order no. sensor’. otherwise The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 67 . several supplementary tests will be necessary: -> Test temperature elements: •Disconnect the sensors cable from terminal X8 of the mainboard fan and compressor (after unscrewing the board. Then compressor. the trouble comes from the controller (order no. The device will display error messages: ‘ERROR: Note: the whole cooling system can ‘temperature upper compartment too high’ and error ‘temp be replaced on-site. or RPS20X. conductivity probes 1 (item A and B) fail. exchange dosing bracket if there is too much Temperature of the oxidation (order no. you will find the connectors at the rear side).3 AT • Clean. RPS20X-DA) Figure 4: Level detection synopsis • Clean the distribution motor Temperature of the Item A : Conductivity probe (long) upper compartment Item B : Conductivity probe (long) connector situated against the Item C : Conductivity probe (short) sampler background wall above Unplug connector X8 and Item D : Dosing pipe the distribution. (slow blow) If the probes are too oxidized. At 68°F/20°C: 1876 Ω • If the suction height is small At 104°F/40°C: 2183 Ω (<4. If the error remains. ‘ERROR : Conductivity 2’ • If the sampling point is under pressure. if there is too At 68°F/20°C: 1876 Ω much oxidation At 104°F/40°C: 2183 Ω (order no. if necessary exchange the (slow blow) dosing tube (order no. Exchange the measure on the cable connection cable distribution tap (terminals 1 and 2): drive (order no. If the message remains. Moreover each Liquid analysis Replace the air manager. RPX20-1EC for 7-program version) • Fine tuning of the sensitivity of the probes SET/BASIC SETTINGS/SAMPLING/PROBE SENS. use a suction hose 3/4” or bigger. If the modified.5 m) and the diameter of the suction hose is < 3/4” • Check the condensator of the then this error can occur.

double head). Otherwise exchange the air manager (order no./ 200 ml is required. There are four stages in the sampling process: Press ‘ENTER’ to go to the next step. switches the air pipe manager. If you do not measure this value. system. 51002657).8 psi (1. clean the angled link. (order no. then you should Tips for the Liquiport 2000 exchange the pump. electromagnetic flowmeter to enslave a Liquiport 2000? c) ‘SAMPLING : cl. check the pressure before the jack. 50079747). filter (around -8. exchange the air manager. If the • Connect terminal 25 at the flowmeter to the green cable. membrane (order no.7 psi to • Check if there is a Relay 3 -11. In order to calibrate the sample volume. 51003194). direct voltage between • If the pressures are not correct. exchange the air manager A calibration of the sample volume must be run if: (order no. Suction The jack should release the hose otherwise exchange the air The “Airmanager”. check the fuses situated on the rear side of the mainboard. Check the pressures delivered at the of a cable pump: 29 psi/ 2 bar at the ‘outside’ arrow. The sample liquid is h) ‘SAMPLING : end’ drawn into the dosing chamber until the conductivity probes of the dosing system are reached. 50086064). Then check the filtering capacitor situated close to the pump (order no. change the suction filter if in a container full of water it is dirty (order no. check that the flange is OK and correctly tightened (order 1. single head. RPS20X-PC. you should exchange the • Shunt the yellow and white cables. 51003139). My sampler is enslaved to an electromagnetic Earth flowmeter and the U+ Digital inputs U+ Digital input 1 sampling does not Simulation of each operation phase Digital input 2 Digital input 3 operate any more… Go to ‘SET/SERVICE/TEST/SAMPLING/START/CODE7049/ • Simulate the pulses by START’ Relay 1 shunting terminals 2 and a) ’SAMPLING : zero point’ Press ‘ENTER’ 4 of b) ‘SAMPLING : pump on’ Relay 2 connector X2 by means The pump should start.5 bar). RPS20X-PE. Drain Endress+Hauser Proline electromagnetic flowmeter to The hose constriction is opened and the sample is drained into the enslave an ASP Station 2000? sample bottle. 51003970). 1. the excess sample liquid flows back to the sampling point. 51003139). 50072149). (order no. pressure falls under 21. If the capacitor is OK.7 psi/-600 mbar). Blow out f) ‘SAMPLING : dosing’ The diaphragm pump blows the suction line clear via the dosing Press ‘ENTER’ to go to the next step. exchange the seals of the dosing system (order 2. How to connect the pulse output of a Endress+Hauser Proline Press ‘ENTER’ to go to the next step. Dose The suction process is stopped. exchange the pump seals terminals 1 and 2 of (order no. 51005067)(see figure 5 on previous page). 3. Depending on the position of the Tips for the ASP Station 2000 dosing pipe (item D). ASP station 2000 with vacuum system Also check if the suction circuit is blocked. you should exchange the membrane Change the pressure sensor (order no. 68 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . If the jack opens slowly during the sampling phase in spite of the There is a pressure sensor default… pressure. Press ‘ENTER’ to go to the next step. The liquid should be drawn into the dosing funnel. a pneumatic ratchet gear. 51002657). check the depression at the level of the with a volume of at least 6. 51003140) connector X2 • If the pump does not start. g) ‘SAMPLING : open clamp’ 2. d) ‘SAMPLING : purge’ Calibrating the sample volume If no blow out occur.6 psi (-600 to -800 mbar) at the ‘inside’ arrow. around -8. sample taken. e) ‘SAMPLING : suck’ • the pump hose has been changed. and maybe the seals Liquid analysis – check of the pressure circuit need to be changed (order no.76 oz. a measurement beaker If this is not the case. • Connect terminal 24 at the flowmeter to terminal 2 of connector X2 at the ASP 2000 • Connect terminal 25 at the flowmeter to terminal 4 of connector X2 at the ASP 2000. Connect the sampling hose to the unit and submerse one end no. of the diaphragm pump to suction mode. • the volume set-up in the controller does not correspond with the Press ‘ENTER’ to go to the next step. How to connect the passive pulse output of a 4.clamp’ • Connect terminal 24 at the flowmeter to the brown cable of a If the jack situated under the dosing chamber does not hold the non-Ex Liquiport 2000 hose tight enough. Switch unit on no.

Start a sample sequence by selecting the function SAMPLE in the selection list (pos. Enter the required calibration volume into the menu point CAL. Now leave the menu levels CALIBRATION and SERVICE. Search for the command ‘ENTER’ from the selection list. C-09-RPT20XXX-19-00-08-xx-006. B). 13. A on picture) and feed it into the measurement beaker (pos. Select MEAS. (pos. A on screenshot). VOL appears instead of DOSING..VOL. Enter the measured sample volume into the controller. 11. VOL. Control the calibration sequence by repeating steps 7 and 8 and if required repeat the calibration sequence.VOL.eps C-09-RPT20XXX-19-00-08-xx-001. B: Dosing volume Pos. Replace the pump hose into the hose feeder until it hits the end stop.eps Menu level CALIBRATION Pos.81 oz/ 24 ml) Pos. 10. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 69 . Remove the already installed pump hose from the hose feeder (pos. 12. 8. A: Calibration volume Pos. D: Selection list at DOSING VOL 3. 7. C-09-R Liquid analysis C-09-RPT20XXX-19-00-08-xx-006. Select the menu level CALIBRATION in the controller (over: SETUP .CALIBRATION). Read off the sample volume in the measurement beaker. 9. 6. D). 4. In the menu level CALIBRATION the menu point MEAS. Wait until the sampling sequence has ended. Select menu point ‘DOSING VOL’ (pos. B on picture). C: Hose volume (Fixed value 0.eps 5.SERVICE .

2 must be determined in the laboratory since different measuring solutions have different ion compositions and concentrations. Liquiline CM42) and used in computing the pH value. path no. 1 If this influence is to be compensated for. Degradation of the reference electrode necessary. Membrane rupture monitoring need high flow (e. 2. Auxiliary wire • pH comparisons are only valid for identical medium temperatures. 1+2 I have a tolerance between the laboratory and the inline measurements… If there was no alarm on conductive 1.8 in/s (20-30 cm/s)). Water (not of low conductivity) Conductivity • Step 2 detects looseness on conductive path no. 12. 1 it is clear that an alarm 2. Frequently asked questions related to liquid analysis devices Liquid analysis pH 1. If the tolerance is ± 0.g. 3.2 pH is it OK? Conductive path no. Mycom 3. Sensors produced before April 2000 can be subject to AgBr 3. Chlorine 2.g. hand-held • Insufficient flow on hand-held meters results in a too low signal. There is a chemical reaction to the DPD Typical behaviour: Signal increase up to overflow within 1 to 3 hours (check on a recorder if possible !). instrument) Make sure that there is sufficient flow.g. DO sensor functionality check I have a tolerance between DPD and the inline • Perform calibration in air (see page 59) measurements… • Perform “simple check of the zero point” (see page 60) 1. Therefore.1 pH must be compensated). of H2S / NH3.g.11. The probe is not the same. 7. Degradation of the reference electrode 2. This value Conductive path no. occuring now relates to conductive 3. hand-held sensors 1. Remedy: Repair at Endress+Hauser Dissolved Oxygen Measurement Typical failures. 1) measurements which is > 0. The pH value is unstable. pH > 8. 2. The values thus determined can be entered in high-tech measuring instruments (medium temperature compensation. Measuring value deviates from a reference meter (e. Membrane rupture monitoring • Sensors COS3/31 include conductivity measurement between I have a tolerance between the laboratory and the inline stainless steel body and an inner electrode (see fig. The labor electrode and the inline electrode in the same probe. Error possibilities on a hand-held meter • Sensors of hand-held meters include very thin membranes Typical errors in DO measurement (e. methods of detection and failure removal 4. Error possibilities on a hand-held meter • Due to the fast response hand-held sensors show too high signals when immersed into aeration basins with small bubble aeration Remedy: immerse the sensor upside down (e. pH is not compensated (fluctuations higher than ±0. Alpha is not the same. the temperature coefficient of the measuring solution must be known. Solution: Always measure without compensation in the same probe. 4. 5. Move or stir the sensor if 3. • Step 1 detects looseness on conductive path no.87 . The temperature is unstable. path no.5 µm) for fast response.3 pH. 1 (membrane rupture) Practical significance of this: • The temperature of the measuring solution must always be specified for pH values to be processed by process control systems.7 degradation when exposed to a medium containing a high amount 4. Temperature is not the same. attached to a stick of wood or similar) 70 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .

Pressure measurement Frédéric Willauer Expert in Pressure measurement Endress+Hauser France “Proper commissioning ensures peace of mind” “Pressure measurement uses various You will also find plenty of useful Contents principles and can. proper installation and transmitters 74 cabling enables immediate operation! Differential pressure measurement 77 Hydrostatic pressure measurement 79 FAQ 80 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 71 . In Absolute/relative pressure 95% of the cases. serve to calculate a flowrate or a your instruments throughout their life Basics 72 level. according to the information to help you get the best from application. Therefore we have decided to focus on this in the following pages. commissioning.” information which is valid for all pressure measurement devices principles described hereafter. Thus you should Most of the reported questions occur during read it before any other chapter. Thus these devices are in frequent use cycle… and prepare for renewing your The chapter ‘Basics’ includes in a broad scope of applications. equipment gradually.

electronic module Instead of the matrix programming present on the Taking 4 to 20 mA first generation of Cerabar S. and test terminal without 2 Seal QUICK SETUP enables quick interrupting the measurement. (fig. Deltabar Operating keys S and Deltapilot S: (see ‘Commissioning’ in the Hydrostatic pressure device (see photo) or below the 4-lines Operating 2 keys Slot for anddisplay optional elements located ‘At your service’ section) measurement sensors need 3 Slot for optional HistoROM ®/M-DAT display. outputs…). See presentation of the position of the jumper in FieldCare on page 105. condition The device specific instructions Configuration will only serve • check the diaphragm’s the new ‘Evolution’ are described in the next pages. Deltabar S and on the Deltabar S.Configuration insensitive to the medium. 3) Our service organization can set up any Endress+Hauser device for you and thus ensure you immediately get Calibration P01-xxxxxxxx-19-xx-xx-xx-104 Configuration with operating keys Fig. the new A 4 to 20 mA signal may be Fig. accordance with the following table. general notes Thus they require very little • General note: maintenance. situated either on the exterior of the Cerabar 1 S. Data are stored in a HistoROM / internally on the electronic insert (HART) M-DAT allowing easy duplication from a 4 DIP-switch for locking/unlocking 1 Operating keys calibration at start-up. and easy configuration of The minimum supply voltage the device’s main functions of the device can be reduced (units. etc. you can be proceed to a visual check of the could affect the measurement certain of receiving correct devices: result (see fig. Setup . to optimize the operating condition generation!” parameters of the quantities • check the cable gland’s measured (current output watertightness setup. 1: Mounting the versions with flange or diaphragm seal Fig. As a result. 25Slot DIP-switch for optional display for damping on/off All pressure sensors require 6 Green LED to indicate value being accepted 3 Slot for optional HistoROM®/M-DAT Operation and Maintenance periodic calibration. 2: insert HART Electronic the best from your instrument. test signal . Furthermore they are performed either on-site or 72 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . • You can also configure operation is also possible with your flowmeters from lower voltage sources. measurements from the • check the cap and housing’s “It’s even easier with instrument’s first activation. Observe your PC. the 4 DIP-switch for locking/unlocking calibration’s frequency measured. Deltabar S and housing 1 2 Deltapilot S offer a QUICK • check the connections to the SETUP.) • ensure there is no condensation inside the • Cerabar S. Deltapilot S Deltapilot S DB5x. Seal for flange mounting If the installation and wiring Warning! The seal is not allowed conditions have been We recommend to periodically to press on the diaphragm as this observed initially. Calibration can be accepted parts. by simply changing the position of the jumper.1). Basics Pressure Information common to any type of pressure sensors The current Endress+Hauser range of pressure measurement devices includes: • The Cerabar S and M absolute/relative pressure transmitters • The Deltabar S differential pressure transmitters • The Deltapilot S hydrostatic pressure transmitters Installation instructions . 11: Mounting the versions with flange or diaphragm seal P01-FMD7xxxx-11-xx-xx-xx-002 ‘Evolution’ generation offers a measured via the positive 1 Diaphragm 1 Diaphragm 2 Seal QUICK SETUP.Cerabar S. measured-value-relevant parameters device to another.value-relevant parameters 5 DIP-switch for damping on/off Pressure measurement depends on the expected 6 Green LED to indicate value being instruments contain no wear precision.

Deltabar S You wish to use an instrument With Endress+Hauser’s Installed Base and Deltapilot S use the same for a new application? We can Audit. See our online three questions and move forward in the same housings. the output current right level of maintenance support On each part you will find 3 a Internal ground terminal can be measured without interruption via the you require.5 supply voltage: illustration. V DC equipment and warranty extensions 7 Minimum supply voltage 11.5 V DC.20 mA test signal via plus and test support to partnership agreements. the user thus allowing quick Instrument and repair.. Only the Base Audit’in the ‘At your service’ section). information in the next pages. caps. Applicator tool. if the jumper is inserted in "Test" position. Our training sessions help Migration your installed instrumentation base you to diagnose quickly any failure and is critical to the operation of the to apply the most appropriate repair plant and how you could maintain method. terminal: possible. you sure that your present actions are minimizing the risks of unplanned breakdowns? Are you sure that your Spare parts stock Re-engineering present actions are the most cost effective? As members of the Evolution range. mounting while reducing costs… (see ‘Installed set. the competences or the right tools to efficiently perform your suggest you keep a full set of connectionJumper Electrical 4 to 20 position mA HART. Fig.5 V DC. "Taking 4 to 20 mA test signal". if the jumper is–inserted in accordance minimum with the11. in the ‘At your service’ section). sensor and its electronic board vary from one device to another. Cerabar S. providing you with complete peace of In case of a highly critical mind and cost control. parameters.5 V DC service… (see ‘Service Contracts’ new instrument. 5 for 4 to 20 mA test signal between positive and test terminal – Delivery status We provide regular checks on your easy spare parts ordering6 Minimum supply voltage 10. our service Consultant will help electronic modules (for HART help you check the relevant you to quickly find an answer to these output. the shorter the acceptable They will apply a structured methodology adapted to your own Endress+Hauser can help you time for repair. for Profibus output etc. 4 External ground terminal diode. instrument is to your process. instruments (even for other makes).) sticker with the part number. (see ‘Calibration’ in the ‘At your service’ section). 3: Taking test signal The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 73 . you might also terminal: not possible.. frequency and perform calibration concept (see hereafter).. a controlled manner to a maintenance plan which improves plant reliability terminal compartment. 8 Devices with integrated overvoltage protection are labelled OVP (overvoltage protection) here ( see also Page 25). This allows a consistent spare Maintenance performing parts stock reduction. with Endress+Hauser electronic inserts in stock. instrument. most either on site or in accredited parts can be easily replaced by laboratories. (see ‘Training’ in the ‘At your You will find detailed or calibrate it more efficiently? Are service’ section). 1 Housing – Taking 4. Thanks to the application (see ‘Installed Base Audit’ calculate the right calibration Endress+Hauser’s spare part service in the ‘At your service’ section). (Thus.). From regular – Taking 4. In case you don’t have the For each device type.. we offer four distinct levels of consider stocking a complete – minimum supply voltage: 10. forhere testshown signalwith aluminum housing (T14) Description maintenance. and Histo-ROM. display. you decide the See also Page 19. Being more efficient in the repair process is another way to reduce Do you know exactly which part of downtimes. Pressure in the laboratory (for greater Corrective maintenance Our specialists can help you to define precision and/or for accredited The more critical your the criticality of all your measuring calibration). we P01-xMx7xxxx-04-xx-xx-xx-001 manpower.20 mA test signal via plus and test 2 Jumper for 4 to 20 mA test signal service contracts. spare parts availability You will find detailed Maintenance planning information in the next pages.

the process pressure seal and is transferred to the seals – PMP71. in the tank outlet • Mount Cerabar S with or at a point in the container Metallic measuring Level measurement (level. siphon below the tapping which could be affected by diaphragm (See figure 2) volume and mass) point. Absolute/relative Pressure pressure transmitters Cerabar series The current Endress+Hauser range of absolute/relative pressure transmitters includes Cerabar M and S series. The operating pressure deflects shown in figure 3. (semi-conductor technology). 6) it. after a shut-off device. 2: Metal sensor Measuring Measuring Measuring Measuring element element diaphragm diaphragm with with Wheatstone Wheatstonebridge bridge Fig. (see fig.e. The pressure-dependent change of the bridge output voltage is measured and processed further. ambient temperature. In this section. 4: Measuring arrangement for 3 4 3 4 1 Atmospheric vent Electrodes Electrodes Ceramic Ceramic diaphragm diaphragm 3 4 3 4 1 Measuring element Channel Channel Process Process with with fill fill diaphragm. Metal g Gravitation constant ρ Density of the medium separating g diaphragm Gravitation constant 74 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . in steams the fill flow. • The calibration and functional the separating diaphragm and a (see fig. The siphon reduces pressure pulses from the For PMP71 Design and operation mode is the temperature to almost agitator. (See figure 1) further. 3: Level measurement Fig. (see fig. 5: Measuring arrangement for pressure measurement in gases 1 2 1 2 Fig. diaphragm. 4) (see fig. fluid fluid Metal Metal separating separating diaphragm diaphragm with Cerabar S pressure measurement in gases P01-PMx7xxxx-15-xx-xx-xx-000 (gauge pressure only) 2 Measuring Level diaphragm measurement with with Cerabar S h Height (level) 1 Cerabar S 2 Ceramic substrate Wheatstone bridge p Pressure 2 Shut-off device h Height (level) 3 Electrodes 3 Channel with fill fluid ρ Density of the medium p Pressure 4 Ceramic diaphragm 4 Process diaphragm. 5) test can be carried out more fill fluid transfers the pressure • Fill the siphon with fill fluid easily if you mount the device to a resistance measuring bridge before commissioning. p h= g h p p p p P01-PMC71xxx-03-xx-xx-xx-000 P01-PMC71xxx-03-xx-xx-xx-000 P01-PMP7xxxx-03-xx-xx-xx-000 P01-PMP7xxxx-03-xx-xx-xx-000 P01-PMx7xxxx-11-xx-xx-xx-00 Ceramic Ceramic sensor sensor Metal Metalsensor sensor Fig. A pressure-dependent fluid. The measuring The pressure-dependent change into the process. i. 1: Ceramic sensor Atmospheric Atmospheric Ceramic Ceramic vent vent substrate (gauge substrate (gauge pressure pressure only) only) 1 2 1 2 Fig. 7) range is determined by the of the bridge output voltage • Do not mount the device at thickness of the ceramic is measured and processed Pressure measurement the following positions: In diaphragm. PMC71 Mount Cerabar S with shut-off acts directly on the robust separating diaphragm of the device below or at the same level ceramic diaphragm and deflects sensor by a diaphragm seal fill Pressure measurement as the tapping point. so that the condensate can flow lowest measuring point. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Cerabar M and S transmitters throughout their lifecycle. diaphragm. The separating diaphragm in gases change in capacitance is is deflected and a fill fluid Mount Cerabar S with shut-off Level measurement measured at the electrodes of transfers the pressure to a device above the tapping point • Mount Cerabar S below the the ceramic carrier and the resistance measuring bridge. Measuring principle Cerabar S specific information Ceramic measuring For PMP75 diaphragm (PMCxx devices) The operating pressure acts on Installation instructions for Pressure measurement The ceramic sensor is a dry the diaphragm of the diaphragm devices without diaphragm in liquids sensor.

2 G EEx d. 7: Measuring arrangement for pressure measurement in liquids and 4 to 20 mA HART If you want to get more information 1 2 Cerabar S Shut-off device Load diagram.5 (11. FM DIP.until 12/2010 PMP75 847 804 PMC631 YES . IECEx ia. 3 G EEx nA.5 20 30 40 45 U 11.5 20 30 40 45 U [V] [V] RLmax U – 11 V RLmax U – 12 V RLmax ≤ RLmax ≤ [ ] 23 mA [ ] 23 mA 1478 1434 1260 1217 826 782 391 347 11 20 30 40 45 U 12 20 30 40 45 U [V] [V] Fig. 1 GD. 8: Load diagram 1 Jumper for the 4 to 20 mA test signal inserted in ‘Non-test’ position 2 Jumper for the 4 to 20 mA test signal inserted in ‘Test’ position 3 Supply voltage 10.until 12/2010 PMP71 1500 1282 1456 1239 PMP635 YES . 6: Measuring arrangement for pressure measurement in steams Dust-Ex. Fig. Pressure Operations and Maintenance (see ‘Basics’) and the explosion protection. observe the about spare parts availability. 6: Measuring arrangement for and test terminal without pressure measurement in liquids 1 Cerabar S interrupting the measurement. CSA XP. 1/2 GD. 8) Taking 4 to20 mA test signal A 4 to 20 mA signal may be Calibration measured via the positive See ‘Basics’. TIIS Ex d Fig. FM NI. (see fig. 1/3 D. please call our hotline. Instrument and 2 Shut-off device (see page 72) spare parts availability (see table below) Load – 4 to 20 mA P01-PMx7xxxx-11-xx-xx-xx-003 Fig. FM IS. 5: Measuring arrangement for pressure measurement in steams 1 Cerabar S 5 Supply voltage 11 (12) to 45 V DC for PMC71. NEPSI Ex d.until 12/2010 PMP75 413 369 10. 8: Measuring arrangement for level PMC731 YES . CSA IS.5 V 23 mA 23 mA [ ] [ ] Test Test PMP731 YES .5) to 30 V DC for 1/2 G. 7: Measuring arrangement for level P01-PMP75xxx-11-xx-xx-xx-000 instrument availability generation Fig. NEPSI Ex ia and TIIS Ex ia 4 Supply voltage10.until 12/2010 PMC71 RLmax RLmax ≤ U – 10. EEx d[ia].5 V RLmax RLmax ≤ U – 11. NEPSI Ex d[ia] and 1 Cerabar S 2 Shut-off device TIIS Ex d[ia] 3 2 Shut-off U-shaped device siphon 4 Circular siphon RLmax Maximum load resistance 3 U-shaped siphon U Supply voltage 4 Circular siphon The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 75 . FM XP.5) to 45 V DC for devices for non-hazardous areas. CSA P01-PMx7xxxx-11-xx-xx-xx-002 Fig. 1/2 D.5 (11. position of the jumper Your Spare part New Fig.

(see figures 1 and 2) Load – 4 to 20 mA and 4 to 20 mA HART Load diagram. (see fig. please press twice the ‘Span’ button or confirm the value in the matrix RLmax [Ω] Figure 3: Load diagram 1522 1 Power supply 11.5 20 30 40 45 U [V] P01-PMx4xxxx-05-xx-xx-xx-000 76 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . 1 D. EEx nA. observe explosion protection.5 V ≤ supply 11. 1/2 D1/2G. CSA XP and CSA Dust-Ex 840 2 RLmax PowerU – 11.5 to 45 V DC for devices for non-hazardous areas.5 to 30 V DC for 22 mA EEx ia. Cerabar M specific information Pressure Operations and Maintenance Taking 4 to 20 mA test signal A 4 to 20 mA signal may be measured via the positive and test terminal without interrupting the measurement. 1295 1/3 D. FM IS 386 and CSA IS RLmax Maximum load resistance 0 U Supply voltage 11. 3) Figure 1: analog electronic insert P01-PMx4xxxx-04-xx-xx-xx-000 P01-PMx4xxxx-04-xx-xx-xx-000 Figure 2: 4 to 20 mA HART P01-PMx4xxxx-04-xx-xx-xx-001 P01-PMx4xxxx-04-xx-xx-xx-001 Analog Analog electronic electronic • Remove insert insert the sensor from the 4 tomA 20HART mAinsert 4 to electronic 20 HART electronic electronic insertinsert process and take the display off • Remove the sensor from the • Connect a multimeter to the process and take the display off terminal lugs • Connect a multimeter to the • Generate the pressure that terminal lugs corresponds to the lower range • Generate the pressure that value corresponds to the lower range • Check that I = 4 mA value • Use ‘Zero potentiometer to correct • Check that I = 4 mA the value • To correct the value. FM XP. please press • Generate the pressure that twice the ‘Zero’ button or confirm corresponds to the upper range the value in the matrix value • Generate the pressure that • Check that I = 20 mA corresponds to the upper range • Use ‘Span’ potentiometer to value correct the value • Check that I = 20 mA • To correct the value. EEx d. FM DIP.

here FMD76 conductor technology). 12: Fig. Standard silicone oil or • Mount the Deltabar S below P01-FMD Fig. 9: Measuring layout for level measurement in open containers with FMD76 resistance circuit bridge (semi. Measuring principle Specific installation conditions Ceramic measuring diaphragms used for PMD70 We remind you hereafter the and FMD76 main installation requirements The ceramic measuring cell is regarding the most frequently based on the principle of a plate used applications. capacitor with an electrode on (1) and a movable electrode on Flow measurement in steam the interior of the diaphragm with PMD70/PMD75 (3). P01-PMD75xxx-11-xx-xx-xx-001 (see fig. FMD76 shown here change of the bridge output with liquid. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 77 . Metallic measuring diaphragms used for Level measurement in PMD75. PMD75 shown here Both capacitance values are the same distance to the e PMD75 5 Separator converted and are fed to Deltabar S. impulse piping to the height of the condensate traps. installing separators or 3 Deltabar S. • A condensate trap ensures constant pressure on the Fig. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Deltabar S devices throughout their lifecycle. fill the 7 Three-valve manifold anifold transmitter as a digital signal. 3:entMeasuring Measuring layout for level measurem in a closed layout forwith container level FMD78 mineral oil filling oils for this the measuring point. A filling oil (4/8) transfers the pressure to a • Mount the Deltabar S P01-FM Fig. here FMD78 Fig. PMD75 shown here and drain valves is useful valves 4 Separator valve manifold for capturing and removing 5 Drain valves 6 Three-valve manifold sediment. below the lower measuring Fig. 2: Measuring layout for level P01-PMD75xxx-11-xx-xx-xx-005 negative side. (see fig. Differential pressure Pressure measurement Deltabar series The current Endress+Hauser range of differential pressure measurement includes Deltabar S series. above the maximum level.1) with FMD78 layout for flow measurement measurementin steam withwith in steam PMD75 PMD75 A differential pressure (p1 ≠ • Mount the condensate 1 Deltabar S. 4: Measuring layout for level 1 Deltabar S. such as dirty f valves ar S. FMD78 shown here ps 1 Condensate traps p2) causes a corresponding traps at the same level as 2 Orifice plate or pitot tube pitot tube 3 Shut-off valves deflection of both diaphragms. In this section. The connection so that the measurement in open containers 2 The negative side is op en to atmospheric pressure with FMD76 differential-pressure-dependent impulse piping is always filled 1 Deltabar S. measurement in a closed container 1 Deltabar S. easuring layout for level measurement measurement in aincontainer with superimposed a container with steam with PMD75 • When measuring in media superimposed steam with PMD75 nsate trap 1 Condensate trap with solid parts. 1: Measuring layout for flow measuring cell. 6 Drain valves the microprocessor of the • Prior to commissioning.2) 2 The negative side is open to voltage is measured and further • Always connect the negative side atmospheric pressure processed. the tapping points and at 4 Deltabar S. FMD77 and FMD78 a closed container with The separating diaphragms (3/9) superimposed steam with are deflected on both sides by PMD70/ PMD75 the acting pressures. here PMD75 2 Shut-off valves liquids.

.5 (11.until 12/2010 PMD75 U Supply voltage FMD230 YES . NEPSI Ex d und TIIS Ex d instrument availability generation 4 Maximum RLmax Supply loadvoltage 10.5) 1/2 30G. 31: Load diagram.until 12/2010 FMD77 FMD633 YES . andCSA TIIS Ex ia Your Spare part New 4 Supply voltage 10.. 1/3 D.5 (11.5 20 30 40 45 U 11. 1/2ia. DC1/2 forGD. IECEx G EEx nA.20 4 to mA test 20inserted signal mA test signal inserted in "Non-Test" position in ‘Non-test’ position 2 Jumper 2 Jumper for the for 4...5).CSA IS. FMia. resistance U Supply voltage 1/2 D.. D. 2 G EEx d.) 1 Jumper 1 Jumper for the for 4. FM DIP. 2) 5 measured-value-relevant parameters 1282 for damping on/off DIP-switch 1239 6 Green LED to indicate value being accepted Level measurement Instrument and 847 804 in an open container spare parts availability 413 369 with FMD76/FMD77 See table below. FM XP. NEPSIFM Ex iaIS. call our hotline.45 V DC for device for non-h azardous areas. 3 IS. XP. • Mount the Deltabar S directly 10.until 12/2010 FMD78 78 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .value-relevant parameters • The ambient temperature interrupting the measurement. IECEx 1 GD.5) to 45 V DC for device for non-hazardous areas.. 2 G EEx d. 1/3 D.3) and test terminal without 4 DIP-switch for locking/unlocking measured. measured via the positive 3 Slot for optional HistoROM®/M-DAT (see fig.5 (11.until 12/2010 PMD70 Dust-Ex. (see fig.5 20 30 40 45 U [V] [V] on the container. 2: Load 4. FM NI. CSA PMD230 YES . 5 DIP-switch for damping on/off should be the same for both (see page 72) 6 Green LED to indicate value being capillaries.5 (11. 1/2 D. 1/2FM IS. please RLmax ≤ U – 10.20 4 to mA test 20inserted signal mA test signal in "Test" inserted in ‘Test’ position position 3 3 Supply Supplyvoltage 10.5).. CSA XP. accepted Note! Level measurement Load – 4 to 20 mA is only ensured between and 4 to 20 mA HART P01-xxxxxxxx-19-xx-xx-xx-104 Electronic insert HART the upper edge of the lower Load diagram.NEPSI FM DIP. (see fig. NEPSI Ex d and TIIS Ex d RLmax Maximum load resistance PMD235 YES .20diagram mA test signal" part.V1GD. CSAExDust ia Ex.until 12/2010 FMD76 FMD630 YES . protection.. "Taking Fig..GD.ExFM ia NI. 3 G EEx nA. 1: Operating keys and elements Pressure in a closed container located internally on the electronic insert (HART) with FMD78 Taking 4 to 20 mA test signal 1 Operating keys • Mount the Deltabar S below A 4 to 20 mA signal may be 2 Slot for optional display the lower diaphragm seal. P01-xMD7xxxx-05-xx-xx-xx-005 Fig.and TIIS CSA XP.5 V 23 mA RLmax ≤ U – 11.4) If you want to get more information • The negative side is open to about spare parts availability.. 1 Operating keys diaphragm seal and the tion of the jumper (described 2 Slot for optional display R RLmax 3 Slot forLmax optional HistoROM ®/M-DAT lower edge of the upper on page 73) and the explosion [ ] 4 Test DIP-switch for locking/unlocking Test [ ] 1500 1456 diaphragm seal. observe the position of the jumper and the explosion protection ( ? See also page 25.5 V 23 mA atmospheric pressure. Level measurement Operations and Maintenance Fig.30 voltage V DC forto 10. observe the posi.

3) The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 79 . 2) the cell. The electronics can compensate any measuring Load – 4 to620 mA Endress+Hauser errors resulting from and 4 to 20 mA HART fluctuations in temperature Load diagram. The pressure in the insulation for media that applied is transferred from can harden when cold. Deltapilot S hydrostatic level meas urement and measuring principle P01-FMB70xxx-15-xx-xx-xx-000 Figure 1: Deltapilot S hydrostatic level p tot Total pressure = hydrostatic pressure the process diaphragm (3) and 1 Measuring diaphragm measurement and measuring principle + atmospheric pressure the measuring diaphragm (1). principle of the gauge pressure • Do not install the device at sensor constitutes the core the following positions: of Deltapilot S. Hydrostatic pressure Pressure measurement Deltapilot series The current Endress+Hauser range of differential pressure measurement includes Deltapilot S series. The calibration and functional 2 Measuring element 3 1 Process Measuring diaphragm diaphragm (separating diaphragm) p atm Atmospheric pressure Thanks to this hermetic sealing test can be carried out more g 2 Gravitational Measuring element acceleration p hydr. Hydrostatic pressure h 3 Level Process diaphragm height p meas Measured pressure in the measuring of the measuring element. • Always install the device The CONTITE™ measuring under the lowest measuring cell which works on the point. easily if you mount the device p tot Total pressure = hydrostatic pr essure + atmospheric pressure (separating pressure diaphragm) cell = hydrostatic pressure the CONTITE™ measuring after a shut-off device. you will find essential information and advice that will help you to perform the optimum follow-up of your Deltapilot S devices throughout their lifecycle. the precision – or at a point in the tank measuring element (2) in the that can be reached by CONTITE™ measuring cell is pressure pulses from absolutely protected between agitator. pressure depends solely on the height h of the liquid column. observe the posi- with these measured tion of the jumper (described temperature values. Taking 4 to 20 mA test signal Two temperature sensors are A 4 to 20 mA signal may be arranged between the process measured via the positive diaphragm and measuring and test terminal without P01-FMB70xx element which measure the interrupting the measurement. In this section. condensation and Deltapilot S must be included aggressive gases.g Hydrostatic Gravitational pressure acceleration ρ Density of fluid cell is absolutely insensitive to p meas Measured pressure in the meas uring cell = hydrostatic pressure h Density Level height of fluid condensate. P01-FMB70xxx-11-xx-xx-xx-000 distribution of temperature in (see fig. In contrast to – in the filling curtain conventional gauge pressure – in the tank outlet sensors. the process diaphragm to the measuring element by means of an oil without any loss in Operations and Maintenance pressure. a liquid Note! column creates hydrostatic • Do not clean or touch pressure. Measuring principle Specific installation conditions (see figure 1) Due to its weight. If the density is diaphragm seals with hard or constant. p atm Atmospheric p hydr. on page 73) and the explosion protection. the hydrostatic pointed objects. (see fig.

CSA Dust-Ex Supply voltage RLmax Maximum load resistance U Supply voltage Frequently asked questions What to do in case of warning or alarm in the display? The pressure is about 1 bar too high! See error codes listed in documentation/operating instructions. please 23 Jumper for the 4.. CSA IS call our hotline. FM DIP. 3 Supply voltage 10. Electronic insert HART 1 Operating keys 2 Slot for optional display 3 Slot for optional HistoROM ®/M-DAT Your Spare part New 4 DIP-switch for locking/unlocking measured-value-relevant parameters instrument availability generation 5 DIP-switch for damping on/off 6 Green LED to indicate value being accepted DB50L YES . 1/2 GD.until 10/2011 FMB70 DB50A YES .5 (11. temperature) as Please refer to the Operating decribed in the manual.entry of the linearization Display/current does not show 0 % value upon start-up… table Perform additional position alignment (position. 2: Operating keys and elements Pressure Migration Changing the sensor’s electronic located internally on the electronic insert (HART) module Deltabar S FMB70x The Deltapilot S FMB70 is fully 1 Operating keys requires no calibration. but on the terminals: absolute! defective terminal module (filter/interlock diode) • If there is a voltage on the plug: defective electronics Tanks with a conical outlet . Corrective maintenance Fig.. section "Taking 1 mAJumper 4. Load 3: Load diagram observe the position of the jumper and the explosion protection. 3 G EEx nA.) the 4 to 20 mA test signal inserted in ‘Non-test’ position If you want to get more information 12 Jumper Jumper for thefor themA4 test 4. 1 GD. FM IS. compatible with DB50 and 50L. CSA IS. 1/3 D.20 mA test signal inserted in "Test" position Supply voltage 10.20 test signal"for .20 to signal 20 mA testinsignal inserted inserted "Non-test" position in ‘Test’ position about spare parts availability. RLmax Maximum load resistance U 1/2 D. P01-xxxxxxxx-19-xx-xx-xx-104 • Spare parts: See table below. ( ? See also page 19.5) to 30 V DC for 1/2 G. 4 FMSupply NI. FM IS. An absolute cell is built in instead of a relative cell. FM DIP.. which is forbidden! 80 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . but probably in P01-PMP75xxx-19-xx-xx-xx-002 4-wire technique by testing terminals. 1/2 GD.5 mA and possibly display • With analogue output: Only the display is defective. The local display is dark – why? Current permanently at 20.5) to 45 V DC for devices for non-hazardous areas.until 10/2011 FMB70 DB50S YES . 1 GD. 3 G EEx nA.5) to 30 V DC for 1/2 G..diagram.5) ia to 45 V DC for devices for no n-hazardous areas. flashing! • With current = 0 mA: Check terminal voltage or plug to the E-board Measuring cell selected too small.5 Supply TIIS Ex (11.5 (11. CSA voltage10. 2 Slot for optional display 3 Slot for optional HistoROM®/M-DAT Instrument and 4 DIP-switch for locking/unlocking measured..value-relevant parameters spare parts availability 5 DIP-switch for damping on/off • The FMB70 compact version 6 Green LED to indicate value being was launched in 2006. Instructions Manual of your device. 1/2 D.until 10/2011 FMB70 P01-xMD7xxxx-05-xx-xx-xx-005 Fig. accepted • DB50 and 50L will be phased out 10/2008. TIIS Ex ia and IEC Ex ia 4 andvoltage10. The current is too low… The sensor is not connected in 2-wire technique.5 Dust-Ex (11.. possibly confused relative with • If there is no voltage on the plug. FM NI. 1/3 D.

This equipment gradually.” which can increase the system’s performance and availability. information to help you get the best from your instruments throughout their life Basics 82 Maintenance of temperature measurement cycle… and prepare for renewing your FAQ 86 consists mostly of periodic calibration. is why we have focussed on calibration in the following pages. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 81 . Temperature measurement Laurent Avorio Expert in Temperature measurement Endress+Hauser France “Finding the right balance in calibration” “Temperature is the most frequently You will also find plenty of useful Contents measured parameter in the process industry. We would be glad Please note that new transmitters like to meet with you and help you to go one TMT162 include advanced diagnostics step further. in classroom and on site. we also offer training sessions. As experts. Ses ‘Training’ in the section functions (like drift or corrosion detection) ‘At your service’.

capillary and is fed to the wetted component of the Inserts are generally equipped outside by platinum wires. The mechanical construction mm) from the closed end (tip). Endress+Hauser connection head and process measuring point reliability is RTD-sensors fulfill the connection / thermowell. TC . including (See figure 1) junction) can be concluded. Basics Temperature Information common to all types of temperature sensors The current Endress+Hauser range of temperature measurement devices includes: • The family of RTD (Resistance Temperature Detectors) thermometers • The family of TC (thermocouples) thermometers Measuring principle thermocouples reference tables normally consists of a mineral (see IEC 584) the temperature insulated cable.12” or RTD-sensors at the connection (measuring 0. 2: Measuring principle of sensors are manufactured in the following components: loaded mounting screws. They are the range of 32°F to 3272°F thin sheath in stainless steel. cause damages the insert A thermocouple is a component construction. the sensitive zone of an insert high measurement accuracy and has a length of about 0. 1472°F time and high vibration the wires and encapsulated. which will be used Fig.98” (25 long-term stability. The resistance sensor element of a thermometer used in On the other end a ceramic most frequently used is a Pt100 process plants is the same for terminal board or a free wires which has a nominal value of resistance thermometers and connection system is mounted 100 Ω at 32°F (0°C).15. connected with each other at (See figure 3) This problem can be solved one end.24” (3 or 6 mm). An electrical potential First step of Pt100 protection with two independent (thermoelectric force) is caused consists in making an thermometers. Pt100 thermocouples and consists of on a metal flange. 1: Measuring principle of change in temperature. The insert of installing the insert in 82 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . the complete made of two different metals Insert resistor set goes out of order. connection between the used to split the destination of The connection wires and process and the thermometer. 3: Construction of temperature sensors open end if the connection for installation in the final Thermowell A Insert and the free ends are exposed assembly and which has a A second protection of B Thermowell to different temperatures. RTD-sensors suitable for the measurement of (0°C to 1800°C). the spring Fig. the output signals. They stand On one end of the stem the temperatures between -328°F out due to the fast response sensing element is welded to (-200°C) and approx. not recommended because the A B IEC 60751 accuracy class F 0. connection between element to increase the As a standard. thermocouples different formats: • Measurement insert with integral with the metal flange. • Connection head with cable two elements are embedded glands: The connection head in the same point: therefore. thermometer (B) with single or double resistance • Thin film sensors: A platinum • Process connection: The sensing elements. great advantage of being thermometer assembly consists C Terminal head With the help of the so-called interchangeable. due to the Seebeck effect at the insert. layer is vaporized on a process connection is the Twin resistors are normally C ceramic plate (sputtered). Ø 0. surrounded by a very Fig. 4 or 6 copper wires embedded In RTD-sensors the electrical Thermocouples are suitable for in stone hard pressed MgO resistance changes with a temperature measurement in powder.Thermocouples is fitted to the thermowell or when a mechanical or electrical (See figure 2) the neck of the thermometer. the platinum layer are • Neck: The neck is the The use of a double sensing encapsulated in glass. • Wire wound ceramic sensors: ceramic terminal block or guarantee the insert coupling to A spiral of platinum wire is head transmitter (A) the terminal housing and a tight wound and embedded in • Thermowell: The contact between the insert end ceramic powder within a thermowell is the process tip and the thermowell. (800°C) and stand out due to resistance.

a built-in transmitter and / or • Furthermore. the an indicator: in this case the certificate is requested. A widely measurement the c) perpendicular to the flow can be mounted in tanks or used version of connection thermowell / thermometer pipes by means of threaded. Some neck and connection head) selection depends upon the connection heads can include thermal insulation. thermowells or pockets). pressure. leant against the flow The thermometer thermowell sanitary applications. a thermal drift. 5: Thermal insulation examples: flow speed and the nature of considering the electronic and diameter) has to be a) insulating material the product. a) at elbows. replacement is possible without complete compact thermometer • Process requirements any plant shut-down. cable component that comes into standard 43729 type B. This component can provide a heat dissipation through This component is normally protective housing for built-in the connection mass. short sensor is preferable.e. if a calibration the space available. d) external plate DIN 43763 defines a series of standard thermowell designs Immersion length Pipe installations including: The thermometers should (See figure 4 and 5) • threaded thermowells type B insert in the medium where the In small diameter pipes the or C temperature has to be measured most suitable immersion length • flanged thermowells type F at such a depth that a good can often be achieved only • weld-in thermowells type D. exact Endress+Hauser metallic heads lengths can be specified but specification is most important are delivered with gaskets the thermometer requires an as it determines the lifetime to withstand a temperature external (process connection. at least 20 times its diameter Since the thermowell is the and conforms to DIN (30 times if not M. guarantee a representative response time lag due to A wide choice of terminal measuring point for sensing Fig. defined also according to b) pipe Among different international the certification Lab size c) thermowell with insert and corporate standards. compromise among different by installing the assembly at measuring problems is obtained. the temperature has to be checked the probe design (length Fig. 4: Pipe installations: thermowells. the temperature. device limits. In this case the inserted A terminal head is sensors from ambient may assembly must be mounted recommended to protect the alter the temperature of the against the flow. of assembly. explosion proof and • For a correct temperature b) in smaller pipes. heavy duty. and for control efficiency. an angle to the pipe axis or in Terminal head • The heat conducted into bends. heads is constructed in light immersion length must be flanged or welded connections. connections between the insert sensing tip: for this reason a … and the external circuit wires. required for medium and heavy transmitters or can act as a that can effect the correct duty applications but it can be junction box if remote mounted measurement: this problem employed also for light duty transmitters / receivers are can be solved with a longer services whenever the insert used. against the flow constructions are available. assembly and makes it easier for should also be considered to In order to reduce the sensor insert replacement. metal alloy. tapered end heads covers general purposes. thermowell process one for the thermowell and one connection may introduce The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 83 . The heads are normally • The thermometer / provided with two connections. the Installation instructions requirements. Shorter immersion contact with the process. due to (i. Temperature appropriate metal thermowells for the electrical output wiring.I. The head allows a immersion length. usually aluminum. chosen method of mounting. The type). The appropriate of 266°F (130°C).

with free a hand-held terminal (DXR375) wires for mounting of in-head or PC. replace any calibration. Fig. AMS. this configuration Device configuration Fig. be calibrated is compared.15+0. socket and ReadWin® 2000 operating software. 84 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . are shown in the and maintenance at the PC left side of the figure. This 4 w ires configuration is commonly the ‘4 wires’ configuration R ed used in industry today. Maintenance mostly consists of periodic calibration.005 ltl W hite configurations are possible: R ed R ed Notes: 3 w ires • ‘2 wires’ configuration ltl = modulus of temperature in °C This configuration generates without regard to sign. are shown in the right side of the figure. the ‘right’ the values of the complete value of the measurement is reference table of temperature predefined by a reference with vs. On the left side. conformity with So when calibrating. W h ite Tolerance value for each temperature an error which equals to point can be calculated with the above 2 times the resistance of the formula. 6: Internal wiring of Pt100 inserts excludes additional errors in (see fig. Thermometer calibration Thermometers of 100Ω A calibration means the nominal resistance value at determination of a deviation 32°F (0°C) shall be classified compared to a reference that according to degree of shows a known uncertainty. R ed W hite connection for the single Pt100’s. of accuracy.002 x 50 = 0. Internal wiring of Temperature 1xP t10 0 Class Toierance (°C) Pt100 inserts A 0.15 + 0. zero.7) every condition. W h ite a compensation which reduces R ed W h ite W h ite We recommend the use of the error to approx. The connections centralized device set-up using of the first one. three R ed B 0. PDM or connections of the second one.002 ltl According to IEC751. happens either at the defined Class A tolerances shall not fixed points of the international be applied to Pt100 resistance temperature scale (ITS90) or by thermometers at temperatures the comparison with a normal above 1202°F (650°C) and it thermometer. We Resistances and tolerances also recommend that you IEC 751 standard periodically check (visually) the Nominal resistance is the installation’s watertightness. Ω for Pt100 resistance which the measurement to elements. because both measurements may drift and neither of the two sensors are a traceable reference. The TPR insert series is HART®: available in two basic versions HART® signal for on-site or (see fig.3 +0. In Class A and B tolerances are the case of thermometers this given in the following table. for TMT184 and TMT85).25°C 1xP t100 high precision is required. Generally PCP (PC-programmable): in the ‘4 wires’ configuration Online configuration with there is an higher guarantee TXU10 SETUP connector. R ed wire. combined with class A R ed tolerance for high measurement • ‘4 wires’ configuration Provided as a standard precision. Operations and Maintenance the internal wiring of Pt 100 is shown. ReadWin® 2000 software (valid with ceramic terminal block. specified resistance value at a given temperature. • ‘3 wires’ configuration Tolerance values vary with the This configuration introduces temperature. 7: Device configuration is valid only for 3 and 4 wires So a redundant sensor cannot thermometers. Operation. 6). while the using FieldCare. visualization transmitters. This configuration is Example: class A tolerance value at recommended only when no -50°C = 0.

Just the opposite. TST10/TST111/TST221 TR10 RTD-sensor until 10/2010 or international norms and while later on a certain TST42 TR24 RTD-sensor until 10/2011 guidelines. TMT122 DIN-rail transmitter measurement deviation does TMD833 TMT162 Field transmitter NO not exceed predetermined error Note: with nearly all limits (defined by the user). RTD is affected by parameters. the during an adjustment (defined customer will have to monitor TMD832 TMT182 Head transmitter NO on page 6) a measurement the drift himself and decide TMD834 TMT184 Head transmitter NO device is adjusted and calibrated then. The recommendations regarding measurement insert measurement accuracy of a calibration cycles can hardly TMT136/TMT137 TMT180 Head transmitter NO device is not influenced by a be made. calibration should TST425 TR25 RTD-sensor NO the calibration process and be performed somewhat more TST11/TST211 TR11 RTD-sensor until 10/2010 algorithms of the evaluation often in the beginning (about TST12/TST221 TR12 RTD-sensor until 10/2010 and measuring accuracy every 3–6 months). The normals stabilization is observed. If precision is of TMD831 TMT181 Head transmitter NO calibration. particularly high precision of TR62 RTD-sensor TST264 until 01/2013 DKD: Germany. measurement is required). to SCS: Switzerland) to the EA buy only a TC calibrated by us TST266 TR66 RTD-sensor until 10/2013 (European Cooperation of and to recalibrate it himself. i. their characteristic Applicator tool.e. NO international standards. major importance to him. Re-engineering jolts etc. of temperature etc. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 85 . TET100 NO Accreditation). and gauges used as well as Therefore. See our online aging. Later on. The compliance is recalibration intervals may TST44N TR44 RTD-sensor until 10/2009 regularly supervised by an certainly be prolonged (about TST14 TR45 RTD-sensor until 10/2009 accreditation authority by every 9-12 months). measurement insert TET105 NO The factory calibration is carried out in dependance If the TC turns out to be stable. offset and (‘sensor matching’). TSC288 TC88 Thermocouple until 10/2011 The results are documented It absolutely depends on in a calibration certificate. thermometer. how often he will have TMD842 TMT112 Transmitter NO in such a way that the the TC recalibrated . the individual case. drifting is different with TSC266 TC66 Thermocouple until 10/2012 used is traceable to national/ every TC. Thermocouple and recalibration required? can be exchanged if necessary. therefore general TEC100/TEC105 TPC100 Thermocouple. Spare parts RTD-sensor and Field transmitter How often must a thermometer be calibrated? The insert. TSC110S TC10 Thermocouple until 10/2010 on production norms and after some time the calibration TSC130S TC13 Thermocouple until 10/2010 sets of rules or according to cycles may certainly be TSC140T TC15 Thermocouple until 10/2010 requirements of the customers. After TSC262/TSC264 TC62 Thermocouple until 10/2012 Of course all test equipment all. You will find detailed TA12 TW12 Thermowell NO • which thermal (maximum information regarding the new TA13 TW13 Thermowell NO temperature. audits and tests.) the thermometer will be exposed to. possible thermo generations of temperature TA573/TA574 TW15 Thermowell NO shocks. the TST288 TR88 RTD-sensor until 01/2013 approval. You wish to use an instrument • legal requirements. transmitters you can compensate TMT165 TMT162 Field transmitter until 10/2010 The following are part of any the drift via ReadWin® 2000 TMT165 TMT85 Head transmitter until 10/2010 adjustment: Trim. SIT: Italy. TMD833T TMT162R Compact NO sensor-transmitter matching. prolonged to 9-12 months. frequent changes sensors in the following table. NO 2-3 months.An accredited calibration curve drifts slightly.g. TST13/TST131 TR13 RTD-sensor until 10/2010 calculation were checked and having gained experience approved and confirmed in with the drifting behavior of TST140/TST141 TR15 RTD-sensor until 10/2010 the accreditation authority one special thermometer. In Europe TST74 TR47 RTD-sensor NO the national accreditation Thermocouples: The user TST76 TR48 RTD-sensor NO authorities have united might be recommended (if a TST262 until 10/2009 themselves within the EU (e.or not. in the beginning maybe every TET102 TPR100 RTD-sensor. This Temperature Old generation New Description Spare part is carried out under a strict drifting is usually particularly availability compliance with national marked with new devices. Field transmitter How often a thermometer should TA10 TW10 Thermowell NO be recalibrated depends on: Migration • the user’s requirements TA11 TW11 Thermowell NO regarding precision. for a new application? We can help you check the relevant As we know. the TMD833C TMT162C Compact NO At which intervals is terminal head and the transmitter thermometer. the thermowell.) or TA250 TW251 Thermowell NO mechanical strains (vibrations.

You can download the latest • Check the installation (see fig. If the loop is overloaded (due to • Is the right thermocouple selected? the PLC’s impedence or the presence of a recorder) the load • Is the right temperature for the reference junction used? resistance can be much higher thus reducing the signal’s intensity. Frequently asked questions Temperature The PLC doesn’t display the right temperature value… • For TMT122/142/182 (HART products) and TMT162 (HART • Check the Pt100 signal by means of an Ohmmeter. 86 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . • For TMT182 (HART) and TMT122 (HART). version from HART modem). • Ensure that both 4-20 mA ranges of the transmitter and the PLC • You are using TXU10: correspond. the Readwin® 2000 CD-ROM.0: Using the menu ‘START’/‘SETTINGS’/‘SYSTEM CONTROL’/ ‘CONNECTIONS’ select the menu point ‘COM-Port’. ensure that the load resistance at the Commubox’s • Thermocouple: terminals equals 250 Ω. • Windows® 2000: Select ‘Advanced settings for COM1’ from the ‘START’/ ‘SETTINGS’/‘SYSTEM CONTROL’/‘SYSTEM’/‘HARDWARE’/ ‘DEVICE MANAGER’/‘CONNECTIONS (COM and LPT)’/‘COMMUNICATION CONNECTION (COM1)’/ ‘CONNECTION SETTINGS’/‘ADVANCED’ menu. Deactivate ‘Use FIFO buffer’. ‘START’/’CONTROL PANEL’/’SYSTEM’/ Readwin® 2000… ‘HARDWARE/’DEVICE MANAGER’/’PORTS’ • Ensure that your transmitter can communicate.readwin2000. • Is the USB driver installed in the PC? The driver is stored on • Check or calibrate the thermometer. Deactivate ‘Use FIFO buffer’.com • To install the driver you need ‘admin’ rights on your PC • Also take care of the selected communication port: From I have no communication to the transmitter from Windows®.readwin2000. 9 V for TMT181 and TMT121. In order to do this proceed as follows: • Windows NT® Version 4. • Windows® XP: Select ‘Port settings’ from connections Port (Com 1)/’START’/ ’SETTING’/’SYSTEM’/‘HARDWARE’/‘DEVICE MANAGER’/ ’PORTS (COM and LPT)’/‘COMMUNICATION PORT (COM1)’/‘PORT SETTING’/‘ADVANCED’ menu. 4 and 5 on the previous pages). use the port number that corresponds to the • Is the latest version of Readwin® 2000 installed in the PC? connected communication interface (FXA195 if you are using a You can download it from www. From this window. switch of the ‘FIFO active’ setting. Switch off the ’FIFO active’ command off using the menu path ‘SETTINGS’/’EXPANDED’. • Ensure that the power supply is min. version only).

we also offer training sessions. We would be glad Flash or Secure Digital cards for even more to meet with you and help you go one step reliability and storage capacity. The the next pages we focus on suggestions for need for many consumables (paper and better operation. maintenance of strip chart These devices are maintenance free.” The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 87 . See ‘Training’ in the section ‘At your service’. Recorders Laurent Avorio Expert in recorders Endress+Hauser France “The advantages of switching to paperless recorders” “Today. Whereas the first generation stored the data As experts. constitute a pretty big part of the market. So in Contents recorders is considered as (too) high. Basics 88 pens) and the fact that data isn’t stored FAQ 90 electronically are big inconveniences in the Nevertheless paper recorders still process world. have rapidly become very ‘popular’. further. on diskettes. Endress+Hauser will keep providing This is why electronic (paperless) recorders consumables for its recorders. the new range uses Compact in classroom and on site.

88 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . read-out and recorder. analyze and print the Data transfer recorded data. And the backside should also be database and can be accessed Input/Outputs protected against humidity. Profibus DP and original memory cards from watertightness and avoid any via PC: MODBUS (RSG40) Endress+Hauser. Basics Recorders Information common to any type of modern recorders The current Endress+Hauser range of recorders includes: • Ecograph RSG20/22/24 and Ecograph T RSG30 multi-channel electronic (paperless) recorders • Memograph S RSG10/12 and Memograph M RSG40. TC. the devices printed on the rear side of the can be operated. again at any time. Set-up Using the ‘screensaver’ mode increases the display’s lifetime. • Electronic recorders are easy archived and visualized.readwin2000. I. • Display of statistics with ReadWin® 2000 You can also download the The electronic recorders carry • Various display modes fulfil the requirements of latest software version directly out the electronic acquisition. 1: Measuring system on new generation recorders available on the delivered CD. connections. We remind you displayed on the PC with this • Mathematic channels for • Using the supplied PC that the cabling synopsis is program. archived and (relay/open collector) serially to the PC. times a year in dusty areas). whereby the • Please cable the unit keyboard. Set-up can be performed at Copy saved on the unit by using the ‘Set Tips for safe and Compact Flash up’ window at main menu. analysis. we recommend that family) to protect the you clean the disk drive once a instrumentation against year with a cleaning disk (several overvoltage. because these problem due to condensation. • Communication interfaces data transfer to a PC The front side seal should be available: USB. RS232. using CF Set-up using PC Note: the operating or SD card You can use the PC software instructions documentation ReadWin® 2000 provided with related to Readwin® 2000 is Fig. RS485. system compatible data managers with a unique safety concept for critical applications. comfortable operation or SD card Nevertheless setting up using a • Use Readwin® 2000 to PC is much more comfortable. Compliant to the high FDA requirements laid down in 21 CFR Part 11. archiving of analog and digital ensures safe data recording: For further information on input signals.1) electronic documents and following address: remote transmission and • Redundant memory electronic signature. window or from a PC We recommend the use of If your unit includes a floppy surge arrester(s) (HAW56x disk drive. calculations software package. • Galvanically isolated universal Analysis/archiving • Text entries can be carried out inputs (U. Electronic recorders are to program via the ‘Set up’ Surge arrester maintenance free. Memory (fig. Operations and Maintenance Display of measured values the measurement data can be • Please use shielded cables. RTD. • The device data is saved in a are industrial proved. and • Long-term archiving is carried Cabling more quickly and efficiently by frequency) out at the PC. recording. 21 CFR 11 concerning from the internet under the display. via Ethernet or problems come from wrong be read out. Note: Please use the correctly positioned to ensure Advantages of configuration Ethernet. Measuring principle • Display of historical data 21 CFR 11 the device to put the device into and main features on site • Memograph M and S together service / configure it via PC. Many reported • Measured values can also • Digital output database. refer to (CompactFlash) or SD (Secure the operating manual of the Communication Digital) cards and USB stick + Outside installation software (BA137R/09). internal Flash memory + CF Installation instructions ReadWin®2000. • Digital input (high/low) data is transferred to the with care.

Program update (mechanically locked) on the We recommend to periodically We recommend that you recorders. Recorders • Use the ‘Safely remove RS232/RS485. unintentional modification. delivered with the recorder using the function: for RSG40 Migration for professional.. The To prevent possible loss of connection is developed. saves space and money directly from the memory trained personnel. Communication software Spare parts stock with Endress+Hauser Fieldgate and download of data to PC • Protect the access to the Viewer® using the function ‘Read out recorder’s configuration via We recommend to keep a power • Reliable: inputs are galvanically -> Read measured values a service code to prevent supply board in stock if you have isolated from the system using interface/Modem’.. The connection are possible if calibration is not with internal memory and to the unit is made by performed correctly! separate memory card The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 89 . Please note that all • Communication interfaces: to a PC. measured values before. Ethernet. digital.’ or Changing the configuration data processing ‘Extras -> USB Stick -> . Select access is ended and you the appropriate unit from receive a message when the the PC data base. The measured Fig.. no surge arrester installed to • Complete: ReadWin® 2000 • Save the data to Note: the data on the memory protect the instrumentation.2) the memory card. Select ‘Read out M) to ensure safe removal of -> Read out memory card by the memory card: all internal interface/modem’. tamper-proof ‘Extras -> SD Card -> . Data can be transferred • Always have a memory card data stored in unit memory as see table 1 (next page) to the installed PC software in inserted well as memory card or diskette • Available worldwide: one of the following ways: • Periodically read out the is deleted on a program update.g. Changing the configuration The shift to electronic recorder • Flexible: direct access to for RSG30 ‘Main menu -> at the unit implies the loss offers many advantages: archived data also with MS® CompactFlash (CF) functions of the recorded data and • Economical: electronic Excel or in ReadWin® 2000 -> Update CF’ the need to create a new recording replaces strip chart for example Now insert the memory card unit in ReadWin® 2000. See our online PC software: In principle Calibration must only be • Compact: low installation Applicator tool. with ‘OK’. Start the provided PC Ecograph T and Memograph software. • Clear layout: multi-coloured for a new application? We can • Read out the memory display. Ethernet or Interface connection CF/SD/USB’ function (on USB. PC software package CompactFlash in the unit card are compressed (10 to 1). 2: Data transfer to the PC values are read out. ‘Unit -> open unit(s)’.’. integrated Web server function • Using USB. Select card can be safely removed. recorder. saves on consumables into the PC and read the data Thus we recommend to • Versatile: up to 6 (RSG30) or Re-engineering using the function ‘Read out change the configuration via 20 (RSG40) universal inputs -> Read out measured values ReadWin® 2000 and to read out record all measuring signals You wish to use an instrument using PC card drive’. data.. Malfunctions • Safe: reliable data archiving card. bargraph and help you check the relevant card with the provided Calibration curve display parameters. No data loss even transfer the recorded measured We recommend the following always use the latest version of in event of power failure! data and the configuration data procedure for saving data: software. RS232/485 or memory card with the PC for remote monitoring e. the values can be read out carried out by skilled and depth. The Data transfer to the PC measured values remain on (see fig. this function must be Select the appropriate file on CompactFlash or SD Secure Digital memory card the only method used to the memory card and confirm remove the card.

then the data timescale etc. Choose the unit to be displayed. Can the language be changed on the recorder? • Click ‘Tabular’ at the bottom left of the screen then click on the Yes. click ‘Display/Display measured values from Yes. … 90 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .com How to store and display measured values on the PC? • To install the driver you need ‘admin’ rights on your PC There are two ways to read out data: • Also take care of the selected communication port: From Windows®. click ‘Display/Display measured values from update of Readwin® 2000? database’ No. database’ Choose the unit to be displayed. The terminals on the back side of the unit are missing… Only the terminals that correspond to the options you have ordered are delivered. From this window.Recorders Recorder MODBUS MODBUS Ethernet Profibus RS232 RS485 RTU TCP USB DP Ecograph RSG20 • • • Ecograph RSG22 • • • Ecograph RSG24 • • • Ecograph T RSG30 • • • • Memograph RSG10 • • • • Memograph S RSG12 • • • • Memograph M RSG40 • • • • • • • Table 1: communication interfaces available Frequently asked questions How to start with Readwin® 2000? (see also BA137R) The display of the % of external memory is not correct after • Create a unit ‘Group/plant’ read out to a PC… • ‘Unit\Display/Change unit setup/Add new unit\Unit group plant’ The displayed percentage will be refreshed after the first new memory block is sent to the external memory. Please read out and save data before. use the port number that corresponds to the • Via the interface connected communication interface (FXA195 if you are using a Click ‘Read out/Read out measured values using interface/modem’ HART modem). Data will then be transferred.txt or . How to insert and configure the unit? (see also BA137R) • ‘Unit\Display/Change unit setup/Add new unit\Unit\ I have no communication via USB to the recorder… Add new unit’ • Is the USB driver installed in the PC? You can download the latest version from www.readwin2000. ‘Display’ tag at the top left then choose ‘Save table’ (choose . then the data timescale etc. Will the database of measured values be deleted after an To display the data. Data will then be transferred. Please ask the helpdesk for the right software. • Via the Compact Flash card ‘START’/’CONTROL PANEL’/’SYSTEM’/‘HARDWARE/’DEVICE Click ‘Read out/Read out measured values using PC card drive’ MANAGER’/’PORTS’ then ‘New unit’ and give it a name. then ‘New unit’ and give it a name. Will the configuration and the measured values be deleted How to export data from Readwin® 2000 to Excel®? after a software update? • To display the data.xls file format) Can I define different levels of user rights in Readwin® 2000? Yes: ‘Extras\Program options\Set-up\Security\Password protection’ How long can we store measured values on the external and must be activated internal memories? Please refer to the Operating Instructions of your device.

Field communication Laurent Avorio Expert in digital communication Endress+Hauser France “An introduction to the maintenance of fieldbus networks” “The use of digital communication We have issued ‘Guidelines for planning Contents and fieldbus networks provides lots of and commissioning’ for both Profibus and advantages in terms of maintenance. from technical premises. In case of troubleshooting. As experts. we also offer training sessions. their parametrization can be performed in classroom and on site. even at a long distance. See page ‘Training’ in the section laptop .” environments or difficult access. You simultaneously lots of data with PLC’s and can download these documents from our Zoom: hardware tools computers in both ways. thanks to gateways or modems. a control to meet with you and help you go one step room or at any point of the network with a further. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 91 . Foundation Fieldbus networks. the diagnosis can also be performed in the same way.which is nice in case of hazardous ‘At your service’. For further Basics 92 details. web site. please refer to BA034S (Profibus) FAQ 94 Digital instrumentation can exchange and to BA013S (Foundation Fieldbus). We would be glad remotely. for the maintenance of fieldbus networks 96 Once the instruments have been installed.

etc. two architectures HART Multidrop (up to 15 devices) by the segment coupler is often exist. coupler.g. Since 4…20 mA 4…20 mA HART HART Remote I/O PLC + HART interface is quickly exchanged. It uses the PROFIBUS-DP system and as Profibus DP/PA typical acyclic services and serves power supply for the PROFIBUS Conversely. whereby Foundation Fieldbus supports in mixed PROFIBUS DP/PA both a high speed and low speed 4…20 mA 4…20 mA HART HART systems the baudrate supported (H1) network. P View e. basic functionality but differ in Fig. level. the flowmeters to promote interoperability PLC PLC e. e.g.g. It is also possible to connect The Foundation Fieldbus system externally powered field devices architecture has been designed to this level.g. between and among devices of PROFIBUS DP PROFIBUS DP Ethernet PROFIBUS DP ensures that data different manufacturers. These provide the same the limiting factor. Class 2 master. The control system or is used to handle the Since Foudation Fieldbus and PLC serves as a Class 1 master.g. pumps. 3) signal and encoding . programmable logic controller The PROFIBUS DP system or hazardous areas.) Field Controller/ Field Controller PROFIBUS PA Gateway 4x 4x Safe Area FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1 FOUNDATION Fieldbus H1 Hazardous Area PROFIBUS PA Fig. the PROFIBUS PA logic controller (PLC) or a a process control system or a segment can be installed in safe process control system (PCS). architecture (Fig.g. FieldCare. 2: typical architecture of a Profibus DP/PA network Fig. drives. e. 1: Typical HART architecture Process operation and PROFIBUS visualisation with P View Visualisation Network master for cyclic Plant Asset Management process data and Monitoring engineering with FieldCare communication e. Basics Field commuincation Helping you to maintain fieldbus networks Endress+Hauser’s instrumentation is involved in networks that may combine: • the HART® protocol • Profibus DP/PA architectures • Foundation Fieldbus architectures HART is a point to point protocol protocol differs -. 2) to parameterize the bus PA field devices. remote I/Os etc. serves as a serves both as interface to the instruments via a multiplexer). Promass and Promag. The PROFIBUS PA is used at field (see fig.1): a PC talks to a level’ maintenance is identical asset management program. AS-Interface High Speed Ethernet Devices from third-party vendors (Remote I/O.only the acquire measurements and may all be found upon the bus.g. communication at the control Foundation Fieldbus typical Profibus use the same electric It uses the cyclic services to level. Depending and Profibus fit for the data participants during installation upon the type of segment exchange to a programmable The process is controlled by and normal operation. (PLC). ControlCare Ethernet (I/O) Configurator PROFIBUS master for acyclic communication PROFIBUS DP e. e. Drives. The segment coupler single instrument (or to several in both networks. Foudation Fieldbus architecture (Fig. the ‘low output control commands. 3: standard Foundation Fieldbus architecture 92 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .

a separate their health. This The beginning and end of DXR375 covers both choice of cabling. terminator requires the corresponding FISCO approval Installation instructions and is a separate unit. Profibus network segment coupler when adding terminating element that can be it also provides a simple but See diagnosis on next page. some supports you in managing them. Operations and Maintenance Re-engineering of metal trays or separation of Note: branch lines are allowed power and bus cables in the cable in Profibus PA segments but not HART devices • When adding fieldbus tray. Set-up latter operates. The FieldCare A Connection Commubox FXA195 High Speed Ethernet (HSE). Fig. FieldCare ensures that devices •The terminator in the T-box can be integrated and configured at the end of the segment must quickly and easily. the 4-20 mA current.g. As the HART signal modulates networks to an existing sometimes be made to the fault. You just devices with smart I/O devices cables for cabling PA devices and Device Parametrization using need to check the presence of thus allowing centralized access vice versa. HART. the PROFIBUS DP segment and the way in which the cables must also be terminated. a significant contribution can in Profibus DP segments. DELTABAR: * * * * * * * * ONLINE resistor) 1 QUICK SETUP 2 OPERATING MENU 3 PV 352 mbar operating module 4 SV 0 °C HELP SAVE (optional) When installing a PROFIBUS the extension must also be Page Up Bksp Delete Page On #%& ABC DEF 1 2 3 Copy Paste Hot Key GHI JKL MNO 4 5 6 network. 4). Commubox 270 Off On FXA191/195 •For a segment with a tree Switch Commubox FXA195 EX Cabling and termination are architecture. 0 - or 375 FIELD COMMUNICATOR DXR375 must be paid to the cabling. this is not the case. built in terminator. 4: HART connection of a PC to a field device using Commubox FXA191/195 are laid in the plant. the former exchanging basic remote I/O Note: never use Profibus DP should also operate.()‘ _<> +*/ . from the segment coupler. asdas fa asas la. Transmitter power- supply unit. Measured Value 64. avoidance already built into most of the of potential sources of intense connectors on the market and electromagnetic interference. output current supplied by the T-boxes have an integrated By using status information. FieldCare supports terminator must be used. or a separate transparency demanded by good terminator must be used. Our ‘Solutions’ teams can help you •The segment coupler at the and in future FOUNDATION from the start of your revamping beginning of the segment has a Fieldbus etc. The •T-boxes with switchable PLC H1 layer is IEC 61158-2 based and the high speed layer uses terminators may not be used in explosion hazardous areas. Thus by The terminating resistors are careful routing. the bus ends at A at the origin of most reported the device that is the furthest EX problems. otherwise there is a networks.g. Insert + Hot Key FXA191/195 PQRS TUV WXYZ HART handheld terminal 7 8 9 ENDRESS + HAUSER RMA 422 .50 % e. Ethernet. be fitted with a bus terminator. a new device otherwise the switched in when required. devices in your plant and problem with the cabling. RMA422 •If the bus is extended by or RN221N (with communication Cabling the use of a repeater. FieldCare is Endress+Hauser’s By using a Commubox • Also consider using the Termination FDT based Plant Asset FXA191/195 (see fig. project. FieldCare Asset Management the current with a multimeter. Field commuincation the communication stack. use must only be switched in. Please contact us. then Display and dsdmdm df das. e. if the installation. PROFIBUS. consider free running of the bus. with the be switched in. If effective means of checking segment might fail. manufacturing practice. It can should see the instrument from Profibus networks to Ethernet PROFIBUS PA segment must configure all intelligent field FieldCare. you FXA720 gateway to link The start and end of every Management Tool. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 93 . to HART devices. • Take care of the maximum For non-hazardous areas. particular attention terminated at both ends.

In order to do this proceed as When a device is added to the bus. II or any other PROFIBUS operating tool. 5 bytes can be consistently loaded into the SPS. the link has the fixed internal address 2. • With the exception of the analysis device Mypro. the internal ‘CONNECTION SETTINGS’/‘ADVANCED’ menu. the voltage is related to the device. be much higher thus reducing the signal’s intensity. Select ‘Advanced settings for COM1’ from the ‘START’/ i. ‘START’/’CONTROL PANEL’/’SYSTEM’/ allocated twice. = PV-Min. one or more devices must be disconnected.e. Device bitmaps. 94 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . output • First search for addressing errors data. See also Chapter 6. Check the settings • Also take care of the selected communication port: of the PROFIBUS master as to whether the address 2 has been From Windows®. can also be integrated. Deactivate address must be taken into consideration. side. the • Windows® XP: address 2 may not be assigned to any of the PROFIBUS PA slaves Select ‘Port settings’ from connections Port (Com 1)/’START’/ connected to the link. ’SETTING’/’SYSTEM’/‘HARDWARE’/‘DEVICE MANAGER’/ • Two devices (slave or master) have the same address. so that it can inte- • Then search for connection problems grate the field devices into the bus system. with FieldCare ‘Use FIFO buffer’. How can I assign an address to a device? The SFC 14 is no longer required. input data. Readdress as appropriate. Disconnect ’PORTS (COM and LPT)’/‘COMMUNICATION PORT the slave with address 2 from the bus and check whether there (COM1)’/‘PORT SETTING’/‘ADVANCED’ menu. the bus becomes unstable. This data is contained in a PROFIBUS device description file (GSD file) which is placed at the disposal of the PROFIBUS-DP • Then check the correct integration of the device in the system master when the communication system is being commissioned. e.g. the DPV1-DDE server of Commuwin OUT_SCALE_Min. an amperemeter.g. the segment fails. The measured value in Siemens S7 PLCs is always zero • Check the minimum voltage required for your HART • The function module SFC 14 must be used. Instructions on how to adjust the parameters PV_SCALE and OUT_SCALE in the function block can be taken from the device Where is the device termination switch? operating instructions. If the sum of the basic currents exceeds ‘CONNECTIONS’ select the menu point ‘COM-Port’. • Windows® 2000: • Remedy: Reduce the electrical load on the segment concerned. off the ’FIFO active’ command off using the menu path • Diagnosis: Measure the current consumption of the devices with ‘SETTINGS’/’EXPANDED’.6 of OUT_SCALE_Max. use the port number that corresponds to the PLC planning on Profibus networks connected communication interface (FXA195 if you are using a HART modem). ‘SETTINGS’/‘SYSTEM CONTROL’/‘SYSTEM’/‘HARDWARE’/ ‘DEVICE MANAGER’/‘CONNECTIONS (COM and PROFIBUS-PA slave with address 2 cannot be found. CommDTM of FieldCare. ‘HARDWARE/’DEVICE MANAGER’/’PORTS’ From this window. all Endress+Hauser devices have an address switch that allows hard. For this reason. Diagnosis of Profibus networks • Do I use the correct GSD* file? Field commuincation • Enable ‘Set unit to bus’ at the device to ensure correct scaling • Is the decoding correct at the PLC? If you are facing a problem (be it during commissioning or be it a troubleshooting) with a device installed in a Profibus network: * The PROFIBUS system requires a description of the device parameters. • Software address changes can be made via the PROFIdtmDPV1 The parameters PV_SCALE and OUT_SCALE are not set correctly. (how data is transferred to the PLC): which appear as symbols in the network tree.3 of BA034S). We recommend equals 250 Ω. • Newer versions of the S7 series can access the I/O buffer directly. If the SFC 14 is not used.0: to the segment. Switch the output current of the coupler. that e. • Switch of the ‘FIFO active’ setting. data format and supported transmission rate. of Commuwin II). BA034S. If the loop is overloaded (due to the PLC’s the use of PROFIBUS connectors with integrated terminators impedence or the presence of a recorder) the load resistance can (in cabinet). that in the PLC. See Chapter 7-2 of BA034S Frequently asked questions HART protocol • The bus is terminated by using a separate terminator or a T-piece/junction box with a switchable terminating element I have no communication to the device from the PC… PROFIBUS DP: • Ensure that the load resistance at the Commubox’s terminals • Termination switches are located in the devices. only 4 bytes can be consistently loaded into Commissioning of Profibus networks the Siemens S7. Every device requires a particular basic current (see Using the menu ‘START’/‘SETTINGS’/‘SYSTEM CONTROL’/ Chapter 5. = PV-Max. On the PROFIBUS-PA ‘Use FIFO buffer’. The measured value at the device display is not the same as ware or software addressing. Deactivate are others on the bus with the same address (e.g. The SFC 14 ensures communicating transmitter(s). LPT)’/‘COMMUNICATION CONNECTION (COM1)’/ • If a Siemens DP/PA-link Type IM 153/157 is used. PROFIBUS PA: Note: we recommend to use FieldCare for this adjustment. • There is no termination switch on the device itself. follows: The segment coupler supplies a defined maximum output current • Windows NT® Version 4.

No connection between the PLC and the PROFIBUS PA network. The HSA specifies the highest address How are data transferred to the PLC? permitted for active participants (masters) on the bus.75 kBit/s . If the measured value at the device display is to be the same as that How can I write a value to the local display? transmitted to the PLC. E 641. • For Pepperl+Fuchs SK2 and SK3. The PROFIBUS-DP baudrate to be set depends upon the .2 and 7.75 kBit/s FieldCare is a Class 2 master that allows the transmission of acyclic . • The polarity of the PROFIBUS-DP line is reversed (A and B)? If FieldCare is used.Pepperl+Fuchs SK1: 93.g. have a higher address. devices… .Siemens: 45.Pepperl+Fuchs SK2 and SK3: freely selectable The connection to the devices cannot be opened. e. the bus parameters been converted must be mutually compatible. • Address used twice. An appropiate question. SCALE must be matched.3 of BA034S . 4 bytes are used to transmit the measured value. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 95 . . The fifth • Is the FieldCare address free or is it being used by another device? byte contains standardized status information. How can I suppress a measured value in cyclic communication? By using the placeholder ‘EMPTY_MODULE’ or ‘FREE_PLACE’ A change of unit at the device has no effect on the value on during configuration.45 kBit/s values.Pepperl+Fuchs SK1: 93. . Promag 53? Via the output word of the cyclic services. How can the PLC switch on the positive zero return of the • Device is not connected to segment. A device does not appear in the live list. the information is transmitted in two bytes: • Is the GAP update to high (the result is longer waiting times)? Signal condition and status information. and the corresponding value entered in the FieldCare Profibus configuration and in the PLC. Slaves can • The measured values are transmitted in 5 byte long data blocks. the PROFIBUS PA GSD has not • If the PLC and FieldCare are used in parallel.OUT_SCALE_MIN = PV_SCALE_MIN General note: You can refer to Chapters 7. The default parameters of the PROFIBUS-PA profile are offered. the parameters PV_SCALE and OUT_ By using the Display_Value model from the GSD (if supported). Via the output word of the cyclic services for the totalizer in • The device version is not supported by FieldCare.OUT_SCALE_MAX = PV_SCALE_MAX (Profibus) for more details. the Token Rotation Time (TTR) calculated by • PROFIBUS-DP bus not terminated? the PLC configuration tool must be increased by 20 000 bit times • Both the beginning and the end of the bus must be terminated. FieldCare Field commuincation • The bus parameters and baudrate were not set when the PLC was configured. The baudrate to be set depends upon the segment FieldCare cannot open connection to the PROFIBUS PA coupler used (Chapter 7-5 of BA034S). are not transmitted • Have the drivers and cards been correctly installed? Is the green with the status. Data transmission on Profibus networks • The HSA parameter (Highest Station Address) must permit the FieldCare address. DTM is necessary. How can the totalizer of the Promag 53 / Promass 83 be reset? Device cannot be fully operated.PA-link (Siemens IM 153/157): freely selectable segment coupler used. see corresponding operating manual. LED on the TAP of the Proficard or Profiboard lit? • For limit switches. See the device operating instructions. the bus. The bus parameters must be • The bus parameters require adjustment identical for all connected masters. Error codes for • Is the correct baudrate set? Endress+Hauser device faults.

and service the PROline series • Intrinsically safe input housing of the instrument If the computer. a notebook flowmeters with the FieldTool® (FXA191) (FXA193) or laptop. is unable to supply software or the Micropilot M • Connection of HART enough power.85 °C Humidity 0 %...+50 °C Storage -40 °C.D.. e. 9VAC / VDC.g. 4 mm plug terminals for transmitter. interface) Technical data Commubox FXA191 Power supply Either from RS232 port or external power pack (accessory) Electrical connection 9 pin DIN female connector for computer. This allows the transmitters to be remotely The Commubox FXA193 configured using for example connects all the Endress+Hauser Main advantages: • Connection of the the Endress+Hauser Commuwin transmitters with a service plug • Simple connection of HART Endress+Hauser transmitters II operating programme. the Commubox with ToF Tool® / Fieldtool (see transmitters to the USB can be supplied with an external page 80).2060X for connection to intrinsically safe circuits EEx IIC with voltages up to 30V Operating range -20 °C. The Commubox FXA191 The USB HART interface makes connects intrinsically safe Smart it possible to connect SMART transmitters with INTENSOR transmitters with HART protocol or HART protocol to the serial to the USB port of a PC. The to the serial port of a PC.95 % (no condensation) Dimensions Housing 143 x 60 x 30 mm with plastic housing for industrial use How to order this tool: Refer to the price lists in the insert ‘The Maintenance Store’ attached Typical application of Commubox FXA193: connection to the service plug in the to this Maintenance Guide.. For and INTENSOR transmitters to to a PC by means of the Commubox FXA 191 is powered example it’s easy to configure the serial port of a PC Service plug in the connection over the serial port.. Zoom: hardware tools for the Field commuincation maintenance of fieldbus networks Commubox FXA191/FXA193 and USB HART interface Commubox FXA191 is an intrinsically safe interface for Smart transmitters. polarity protected Typical application of Commubox FXA191: HART connection to a Micropilot Intrinsic safety [EEX ia] IIC BVS 95.. connection housing of a Micropilot 96 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . supply (optional): clutch socket. po- larity protected. port of a PC (USB HART power pack. It converts INTENSOR and HART protocols to RS-232 signals. port of a PC.

html) data backup How to order this tool: Refer to the price lists in the insert ‘The Maintenance Store’ attached to this Maintenance Guide. Fieldgate FXA520 has many possibilities from remote maintenance to inventory management (VMI). The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 97 .. Field commuincation Fieldgate FXA520 .Modem for remote maintenance Fieldgate FXA520 enables remote monitoring. GSM antenna on a solar panel Main advantages • Event message via e-mail and Avoid on-site service operations by using remote monitoring.20 mA (use of multiplexers and configuration is possible up to 30 channels) • Uses standard Internet • DAT module for configuration protocols (http.. html) and can therefore be displayed in your web browser without additional software. diagnosis and configuration of connected HART field instruments (sensors/ actuators) by telephone lines (analogue). diagnosis • Worldwide access to SMS and configuration: measuring points with HART • Efficient employment of protocol via the Internet standby and maintenance staff • Simple configuration with • The Fieldgate FXA520 has web browsers without standard two channels for additional software HART devices and two • Visualisation of all sensor data channels for analogue inputs • Remote monitoring. diagnosis 4. Ethernet TCP/IP or mobile communications (GSM). The measured data is web- compatible (http.

98 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .

At your service An extended set of tools and services to manage efficiently your assets Contents W@M .Life Cycle Management for process automation 100 Commissioning 104 FieldCare ® 105 Calibration services 106 CompuCal™ 109 Maintenance services 110 Audit 113 Training 116 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 99 .

At your service W@M Life Cycle Management for process automation Knowledge is a critical factor in driving productivity and Management from Endress+Hauser provides up-to-date and competitiveness . From engineering. Life Cycle Management? your plant completely. platform with on-site tools and services open information management system procurement and commissioning through supporting you throughout your plant’s providing data flow and archiving for the to operation. W@M – Life Cycle from other suppliers. and W@M is an open and flexible information W@M – Life Cycle Management. including products allows for good maintenance planning. Engineering Reorder Selection Replacing Configuration spare parts Buying Documentation management Procurement Calibration Order tracking Maintenance Installation Spare part planning Configuration Condition monitoring Commissioning Operation What is W@M – technical and operational management of replacement of individual components.and full knowledge of your plant status complete information on all your assets. is an at any time or place. conveniently. 100 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . maintenance and the life cycle.

W@M provides updated and quickly provides all the information you need for safe installation and available information: be it on spare parts. You can quickly download documentation. Immediately. Operations • Up-to-date information: 365 days a year / 24 hours a day Engineering • Effectively service. tracing instrument history records or viewing the or certificates in a variety of different languages. the preparation of catalogues and spare part files makes ordering as easy as possible. So. you can safely comply with continually increasing quality requirements through traceable and certified calibration and documentation. data can be freely exchanged with the equipment record within W@M. software software versions. CompuCal and the Installed Base Assistant. W@M – Life Cycle Management During the operations phase. Using tools such as FieldCare.How does W@M support At your service your internal processes? During the procurement phase. Your orders can be prepared and fully completed in the Endress+Hauser e-shop. plant database with its installed instruments. What’s more. maintain and • Fast and safe selection and sizing of optimize your installed base the correct measuring instrument for • Constant planning reliability your application • Documentation and administration of projects Commissioning • Simplified remote commissioning • Increased safety of your personnel • Eliminate the need for time Procurement consuming testing • Reduce procurement costs • Optimize the quality and speed of your procurement processes • Your price and delivery data is always available on-line Installation • Product documentation is available in different languages • Software versions are always up-to-date In the commissioning phase. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 101 . the verification of commissioning. the status of the order or shipment can be monitored online. W@M helps you check availability and prices quickly and efficiently – simply place the configured instrument in the shopping cart and place your order.

In addition to this. Datastream7i from Infor or any details and serial number are automatically other system. Endress+Hauser’s functionality connects to device configuration and calibration tools? With your your W@M application W@M application. loops and bus systems can be mapped. Login Maximo from IBM. What makes the W@M concept so very special is the unique combination of a software tool with a lot of features and functionality. product availability. transferred allowing Users do not have to learn how to use a new system: information about the they keep working in their familiar environment but get current asset to be access to much more information about their assets. click. you can archive your own informations and documentations related to your assets. displayed in a browser window. operating manual etc. Therefore. any combination of location or sub-locations. W@M Portal. Spare part lists for Endress+Hauser instruments are made available automatically. With help of the tree At your service view navigation. applications. Easy integration into your existing tools Integration into CMMS systems SAP PM module recognizes an The information content of W@M can be integrated Endress+Hauser device into existing CMMS (Computerized Maintenance and offers a link to the Management Systems) installations such as SAP PM.g. Integration into Endress+Hauser tools FieldCare using its device-in-web You already use FieldCare or CompuCal. original calibration certificates. Exploded view drawings Live data and great functionality help to easily identify the right parts. This means that you automatically benefit from the information recorded and stored by Endress+Hauser about your instruments e. and the ability to connect to a supplier’s database to display up-to-date data. you may access detailed device and shows device related information directly from those tools with one single information with its integrated web browser. Of course this also works for 3rd party instruments managed in the W@M environment. W@M is the centrally organized information management for you and your colleagues. 102 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . allowing W@M to reproduce the exact structure of your plant.

security level and internet availability at the plant. It is also an open platform for third party device management. • The equipment record is a unique information platform unlike • A constant access to automatically updated databases ensure other asset management systems which are often highly that the latest information of your automation equipment is functional but empty tools – Endress+Hauser undertake to hold always at hand all necessary information on your devices. • Our technology platform is open and collaborative – this allows you to link the information into your existing engineering or maintenance tools. servers for data download (pictures..You just need an internet connection and automation that can be easily adapted to support your individual can have secure access to all your information. Main Benefits of W@M . • Not ready to connect up to W@M today – then rest assured that • Optimised management of information around process we continue to collect data on all devices that you procure from automation tasks ensure guaranteed time and cost savings. installation at your site.. information. to gain competitive edge. instruments and service or repair events are added automatically. • W@M Portal offers an easy integration into existing CMMS • W@M Enterprise replicates with W@M Portal: newly purchased systems (see previous page). product availability • You benefit from a 128 bit encrypted internet connection. spare parts.Life Cycle Management Overall benefits of Endress+Hauser’s W@M specific benefits “Life Cycle Management” • W@M portal technology – no need to purchase and install • A comprehensive life cycle management approach for process expensive software. The Endress+Hauser … if you log on in five years time you will get value of the information clearly allows you and your organisation instant access to all your new and old devices within our archives. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 103 .No local • Your W@M application is available through a local client/server installation is required. Endress+Hauser W@M Portal Endress+Hauser W@M Portal www 128 bit www 128 bit Local server W@M Enterprise Plant users access W@M via Internet Plant users access W@M via your intranet W@M Portal features W@M Enterprise features • Your W@M application is hosted by Endress+Hauser . Depending on factors like IT requirements. etc). you may choose which IT architecture will provide the optimum solution for the end user.W@M Portal or W@M Enterprise? At your service W@M is declined under two versions: W@M Portal and W@M Enterprise. • The W@M Portal is accessible worldwide from any computer • W@M Enterprise automatically connects to Endress+Hauser with internet access via secure login (username/password). • Sensitive third party device data is stored locally. Endress+Hauser data is stored locally and remotely. business processes.

** E. Standard settings and confirm instru. the start-up of complete commu. requirements • Device performance guaranteed from the beginning of This is where Endress+Hauser can help .At your service Start-up and commissioning Optimize your instruments performance right from the start The demands on your engineering and maintenance staff Your main benefits are higher than ever before.our experienced start-up service staff can reduce the time to commission to the essential • Briefing and documentation by Endress+Hauser minimum. FF technicians. for example pliance to EMC regulations. each start-up contains. They are expected to be able to • Short start-up times performed by experienced service maintain existing equipment yet still be able to accommodate staff the start up of new plants often faced with the latest technology • Cost-efficient packages focused to your start-up and equipment that they have never seen before.g. 1 year after Profibus PA/DP.we offer more … Customized Sophisticated Loop check Commissioning of Custody transfer Commissioning of • The installation is checked • A final report / certificate is measurement equipment** communication networks*** metering application**** non Endress+Hauser products to confirm optimum location issued detailing equipment of the measuring instrument set-up and advising future Optional – ensuring best product maintenance requirements. Beside the standard components Short Functional Verification of ment choice. we offer introduction checks measurement • All electrical connections are optional services to you for Installation check Configuration Service report tested to verify operational special measuring instruments or safety of the system and com. for radioactive devices level and density **** For witness testing systems to comply of a system in with local laws and conjunction with regulations outside officials 104 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . on-site. with repair service instruments incl. * Extended Warranty *** Fieldbus • Hands-on training is carried nication or fieldbus network. That saves costs and your own resources. out for your operators and commissioning Rackbus. hands-on training measuring points service* certificate • The application is reassessed You decide about the scope of to define exact ínstrument commissioning services required. customized solutions. Extended Linearisation of Extended on-site Measuring point performance. • All test equipment and special tools provided Not only a start-up .

required. At your service Commissioning in the Other example Other example regulated industries demands a high level demands a high level demands a high level of experience and of experience and of experience and documentation to documentation to documentation to ensure that your IQ/OQ ensure that your IQ/OQ ensure that your IQ/OQ requirements are fulfilled. FieldCare® From device configuration to plant asset management FieldCare can be used in direct connection to W@M in order to enhance the management of your assets. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 105 . Fit to your own needs remote I/Os. drives delivering FDT FieldCare starts from a simple device standard compliant DTMs configuration and parametrisation tool • Ensures full functionality for all devices (FieldCare Lite) that can be upgraded to via their DTMs offer advanced device operation and • Offers Generic HART and Profibus Profile management functionalities (FieldCare operation for any third party fieldbus Standard) as well as Plant Asset Management devices that do not have a vendor DTM functionalities (FieldCare Professional in preparation). requirements are fulfilled. It is an open platform (Foundation Fieldbus in preparation) that enables third party device operation • Operates all E+H devices (please contact (via DTM) because it is based on an open your local service Endress+Hauser standard. requirements are fulfilled. HART and PROFIBUS operation tools. actuators. Our service Engineers are Our service Engineers are trained in accordance to trained in accordance to GMP and we can offer GMP and we can offer full validation services as full validation services as required. FieldCare is Endress+Hauser’s ‘FDT based Configuration and Plant Asset Management Tool’ that will gradually Main advantages replace all Endress+Hauser device • Supports Ethernet. department) • Operates all third party sensors.

effort and cost in terms of • Resistance thermometer On site coordination and documentation. • Probe + temperature Temperature transmitter Accredited facilities • Probe + display In the laboratory Thanks to accredited laboratories installed in our factories and our • Manometers On site service organization. we can offer the accredited calibration of: Pressure • Pressure sensors • flow (SCS accreditation). current • temperature (SIT accredita- • Electromagnetic tion) measurement devices flowmeters On site • Vortex flowmeters On-site calibration Flow • Coriolis flowmeters Having also invested in mobile reference tools and in the • Ultrasonic flowmeters deployment of a powerful Service organization in many countries. Calibration Endress+Hauser performs instrument calibrations across a variety Parameter Equipement type of measuring principles. On site • pressure • length transmitter and cable • temperature • speed • weight • conductivity pH measuring chain • viscosity • voltage. We even extend our calibration service to location third party equipment to reduce time. validation and calibration? perform and advise on all aspects of calibration from in-situ Do you need a cost-effective service that is fast. 106 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . and can processes need regular checking. • moisture • Pressure transmitters In the laboratory • pressure (DKD accreditation) • voltage. This ensures calibration certificates? optimal process performance at minimum cost. of high quality.At your service Calibration services A complete range of calibration services to suit your requirements Does the instrumentation that controls your Quality Critical Endress+Hauser covers all these critical aspects. We traceable and accredited? Do you need clear and concise calibrate your equipment at just the right time. Other Please contact your local Endress+Hauser parameters partner for further information. testing through to fully accredited factory calibration. • Thermal flowmeters In the laboratory Endress+Hauser can also perform on-site calibration of the • Mechanical flowmeters following parameters: Conductivity measuring • flow • time Conductivity chain including cell. we can calibrate other parameters. request. transmitter On site and cable We suggest that you ask your local Sales Center about any particular On request. current pH including cell.

Above all we see our calibration service as part of your repair and maintenance planning. periodicities) Test equipment or by defining the right reference tools Local service centers provide a one-stop according to their uncertainty. analytical. Together. So whether you in the case of high accuracy requirements. We also provide site specific Trained employees SOP’s noting which measuring parameters On-site calibration is performed by specialist. SOPs ensure that our work is repeatable all over the world. look no further. This relieves your in- house maintenance staff from routine time consuming tasks and allows them to focus on improving plant availability. need pressure. This means you Calibration SOPs are guaranteed the highest level of service We offer a full range of Standard Operating compliant with the ISO 17025 standard. planning dates for carrying out Employees calibration work. Calibration specification Endress+Hauser will help you to establish 1 your metrology plan by fixing your calibration specifications per parameter (maximum permissible errors. flow calibration. Our aim is to provide you with complete Trained calibration management solutions. Our service engineers are trained in accordance to GMP and we can offer full validation services if required. calibration certificates. which need calibrating in the laboratory. measurement and process control instrumentation. Discussion around the metrology plan SOPs. 4 highly trained staff. At the forefront of this is the tuning of calibration cycles. labels and electronic recordings The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 107 . 2 Procedures to support our on-site work. At your service 1 Calibration SOPs 2 Test Calibration Equipment specification 3 2 7 Circle of quality Calibration software calibration Trained Employees Calibration 4 1 6 SOPs 5 Calibration Calibration Documentation Work Test Calibration Equipment specification 3 Endress+Hauser has carried out more than one million calibrations. 3 calibration and repair service to a wide range of test. optimum performance of your instruments and true cost- effectiveness. we will work out which parameters have to be calibrated on site and. For you this means reliable advice. the co-ordination of personnel and certified 4 calibration equipment. have to be calibrated on-site and in case of high acccuracy requirements. temperature or which need calibrating in the laboratory. All of our facilities are traceable to national and international standards.

• Calibration of flowmeters up to DN 2000 • Calibration of custody transfer instruments • Calibration of flowmeters up to DN2000 Renewable fuels industry • On-site flow calibration rigs up to DN150 108 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . we: • Calibration within HACCP requirements • Calibration of all kinds of custody transfer • Perform calibration of any kind of process • Calibration management strategies to devices measuring point according to cGMP support production costs concepts • Calibration of flowmeters up to DN2000 regulations and universal guidelines • Document any service provided Chemical industries Enviromental industry • Prove traceability by ensuring the • On-site flow calibration rigs up to DN150 • Calibration of all kinds of measurement conformity to Standard Operating • Calibration of all kinds of safety relevant equipment Procedures measuring points • Verification of flowmeters • Keep service staff trained to GxPs. but also quickly and efficiently adjust. On-site calibration of temperature On-site calibration of pressure devices Laboratory calibration of level instruments On-site calibration of analysis devices instruments We fulfill the needs of all industries: Oil & gas industries Life sciences industry Food & beverage industries • On-site flow calibration rigs up to DN150 As a compliant partner. repair or replace equipment that is failing to meet the specified Calibration criteria. A calibration certificate compliant with the ISO 17025 standard is issued. traceable documentation. providing traceable and auditable records. It details all required data in form that is easy to understand. We own and operate more calibration laboratories than any other instrumentation supplier. Importantly.At your service Calibration work All of our primary calibration facilities 5 operate and are accredited to ISO17025 7 and are located around the world. Our specialists have the necessary software skills and equipment to calibrate all makes of instruments. it also satisfies all relevant authorities. 6 5 Calibration Calibration Documentation Work Calibration management software CompuCal™ is a high performance 7 scheduling and electronic software tool that help to control the scheduling activity around Calibration documentation We support our service with certified and 6 your installed base. As a leading supplier of field instrumentation we not only can calibrate.

provide calibration of flowmeters up to ‘In-situ’ precision calibration of flowmeters calibrated with certificate. Once CompuCal™ and life cycle management the job is done. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 109 . handle all these demands. helps to control the scheduling activity around your installed CompuCal is a fully validated to 21 CFR According to the serial number of your base providing traceable and Part 11 solution. arrange with the production personnel to make the plant available and then plan the tools and the technician. they for ultrapure water applications. traceable to SRM DN 100. reduce the CompuCal. Developed CompuCal also provide links to W@M. This connection allows the user Compucal™ is high CompuCal allows to efficiently maintain access to enhancement possibilities for your performance scheduling and electronic software tools that and calibrate your on-site instrumentation. GlaxoSmithkline and Pfizer for the issued in the Endress+Hauser’s laboratories. calibration planning. installed base. the link allows the auditable records. with key users and proven in use in the Endress+Hauser’s life cycle management pharmaceutical and regulated industries.CompuCal™ At your service Calibration & maintenance management software CompuCal can be used in direct connection to W@M If we consider on-site calibration. Special tools for unique calibration services Precision calibration of conductivity measurement on ultra-pure water using ‘Concal®’. CONCAL calibration set Mobile flow rigs CONCAL is a conductivity calibration set Traceable to international standards. the needs are to schedule the activities. and hazardous areas. factory. to find out technical information on status of the product. well-known pharmaceutical companies such user to download the calibration certificate as Roche. management of their quality critical devices. used for many years by equipment on the plant. solution. the user has to edit CompuCal will dramatically improve and archive a calibration certificate. Available for hygienic applications. standards. Endress+Hauser’s calibration cost of maintenance and at the same time management software. by using mobile flow rigs of NIST and DKD (See full description in they are also suitable for calibration of safe which are traceable the ‘Analysis/Conductivity’ section). improve the efficiency of your metrology department. Mobile flow rigs allow to international totalization for tank volume calibration. to search for the spare parts list with exploded view of the equipment and even to access to the price and delivery time of spares or a new device etc. is fully able to satisfy the requirements of your auditors.

we offer right level of maintenance support you require. Preventative service Extended service Total service Tailor-made service We test and certify the operating In addition to the features of In addition to the features Peace of mind. • The necessary maintenance • Any pre-arranged extra visits tasks to ensure an optimal for the commissioning of Your additional benefits instrument performance newly contracted equipment • Endress+Hauser Support • The delivery of documented are included in the costs Services perfectly complement reports to ensure you comply your internal resources. we can agreement. telephone be covered by Endress+Hauser. between preventative maintenance budget maintenance of software Your benefits maintenance visits updates etc. As option. needs and provide a customised support during non-opening Your additional benefits service solution. we define and agree Standard Operating Procedures Furthermore. This covers any callout costs failure. support all the contracted with you. An independent report Your additional benefits • Commissioning spares callout For example. hours. security of your installed base - ensure optimum performance guarantee to support all we cover any costs for spare we can help you to achieve all and full compliance to specific contracted instruments. we of the extended contract. In consultation Periodic checks according to our for travel and time on-site. you decide the From regular support to partnership agreements. remote services. We provide four distinct levels of service: regular checks on your equipment and warranty extensions providing you with complete peace of mind and cost control. reliability and integrity of the equipment to the preventative service. parts in the event of equipment these with a tailor-made service regulatory requirements. instrument operation • Complete control of your activites.At your service Maintenance services The right maintenance support for all your measuring points With Endress+Hauser service contracts. this kind of confirms the instrument’s • Reliable back-up and covered contract can include calibration performance and reliability. meet all your maintenance parts or consumables. to audited quality procedures 110 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide . commissioning instruments for on-site repairs a scheduled package of services (SOP) can be combined with costs for new instruments within a quick response time to and guarantees to ensure we annual replacement of wear under contract agreement will be defined between each of us.

0…105.99 µS/cm (for K = 0.0…90 mg/l • pH: -2.5 % of value) (± 0.99 MΩ x cm • Temp.00…+16.1 K) • 02 Sat.00 pH • Temperature: -5. Measuring range/accuracy 4 x 1. 25 °C • Temperature compensation: 2% at • Cell constant: Fixed 0.0…600 % • mV: -1999…+1999 mV • Resitivity: 0.00.5 V batteries with 5 ranges in AutoRange • O2 Conc.0…+15 °C (± 0. display allows the values to be read safely and comfortably.0…+50 °C (± 0.: 0.conductivity measurement CPM280 ..1K) • Reference Temp.dissolved O2 measurement Main advantages Main advantages Main advantages • Easy to use. CPM280 . The large clear multifunctional permits continuous operation for up to 3000 hours.0 µS/cm…500 mS/cm...0 • 0.1 K) • Temperature : -5.5 % of value) Measuring range/accuracy • 0. waterproof • Waterproof • Waterproof • Simple calibration procedure with • Simplified operation via 5 push-buttons • Simplified operation via 5 push-buttons automatic buffer recognition • Joint measurement of both conductivity • Ideal for wastewater treatment and the • ‘Autoread’ function with and temperature fish farming industry reproducibility better than 0.70. 2 or 3-point calibration with Winkler method automatic buffer recognition Measuring range/accuracy • Operating period: 3000 h supplied by • Conductivity: 0.475 cm-1.9 mg/l (± 0..1 cm-1 0…+40 °C The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 111 .03 at 15 °C…+35 °C) • Salinity: 0.05 pH • 4-electrode technique • Manual calibration is possible using the • Simplified 1.00…9.00…19.5 % of value) (± 0.A gradual level of features At your service Standard Options Functional Commissioning* Travel & Spare Wear Consumables Phone Calibration On-site checks labour parts parts support services response costs** *** obligation time Total service • • • • • • • • • Extended service • • • • • • • Preventative service • • • • • * for new instruments entering within the scope of the contract ** for on-site repairs *** annual change of wear parts for instruments like samplers.0 °C (± 0. we can take the responsability to maintain devices of any other manufacturers. Please contact your local Endress+Hauser company to evaluate the technical possibilities.pH/Redox measurement CLM280 . automatic pH measurement system… Within the scope of these contracts.: -5.00…19. 0.0…199 % (± 0.1cm-1) • 0.: 0. Special tools for unique maintenance services These pocket meters are dustproof and waterproof and Automatic switch-off combined with an energy saving system can also be submerged.

DN4000.. Special tools for unique maintenance services (cont’d) At your service Prosonic Flow 92 portable ultrasonic flowmeter The Prosonic Flow 92 gives you the possibility to efficiently verify and optimise your process. removal of the Proline flowmeter from the verification*. U sensor 20 °C ..... totalizer and one external value (4.. without interrupting the process..DN100 • Data readout software for use with • -20 °C. non-contact measurement technique • Very wide range of nominal diameters DN15. temperature range .. FieldCheck® simulates sensor pipe..20mA) assembly • Protection: IP52 With FieldCheck®. Where ISO 9000 signals to test and evaluate the behaviour FieldCheck smart signal simulator is requires frequent test of an item of equipment.DN4000 of pure and slightly soiled liquids (gas • -20 °C. thanks presented on page 31 (‘Flow/Basics’). It can also....+80 °C content <1% or solids content < 5%) • Stainless steel sensor holders • Portable transmitter battery operated • Protection: • Built-in datalogger with a capacity of Sensor IP67 40000 measuring values BNC adaptor IP52 • Simultaneous logging of volume flow..+80 °C • DN15. FieldCheck® is an economical alternative to calibration. test proper meter verification can be flowmeter functioning – be it to meet in- carried out without the Designed especially for flowmeter house criteria or regulatory requirements... cycles. flow velocity.+80 °C personal computer • Plastic/aluminium sensor • Current in and outputs (4. This portable ultrasonic flowmeter convinces because of its sophisticated ‘clamp on’ sensor technology and allows you to take temporary measurements from outside anytime you like.20mA) • Site setup operating menus for straightforward of up to 20 measurement sites • Clamp on sensors. 112 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .. FieldCheck® smart signal simulator to its checking procedures. Main advantages W sensor • Ideally suited for bidirectional measurements • DN100. wherever and whenever you want.

maintenance maintenance Degree of preventative maintenance ARC studies point out new ways to optimize maintenance costs Asset Management can reduce unplanned equipment related incidents. The targets People and process related incidents could be reduced by better decision support tools found in Asset Management Installed Base Audit allows you: • To point out your out-of-date % Total equipment costs • To make the right decisions plant documentation not in terms of focusing the reflecting the actual status needed maintenance efforts • To define the necessary according to your available actions to handle higher resources and production demands on production requirements quality and availability Initial costs • To help you to decrease the • To fulfil the highest safety Maintenance and operation costs high complexity of your older requirements plant with different brands of equipment and large variety Time of instrument types Companies are looking for lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Optimizing maintenance costs and increasing equipment life cycles are priorities today. you will quickly find an answer to these three questions and move forward in a controlled manner to a maintenance plan No Too much which improves plant reliability while reducing costs. We understand that too little • Do you know exactly which part of your installed maintenance and no back-up can result in costly downtime. but on instrumentation base is critical to the operation of the plant and the other hand. • Are you completely sure that your present actions are minimizing Total cost the risks of unplanned breakdowns? Target zone: • Are you sure that your present preventative actions are the most Optimized relationship. At your service Installed Base Audit Auditing and analyzing your installed base of process instrumentation Ask yourself three simple questions: Finding the right balance Our objective is to help you reach the optimum point where the overall costs are at their minimum level. cost effective? minimum cost With Endress+Hauser’s Installed Base Audit. The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 113 . too much maintenance is unnecessary and leads to how you could maintain it more efficiently? additional expense.

the from your installed instrumentation (all manufacturers) maintainability of all your instruments Involves: an Endress+Hauser Audit Technician and one of your Involves: typically the Endress+Hauser consultant and the technicians who knows the assets’ location and the applications Production.Analysis and recommendations definition Consists of: a detailed analysis of your installed base focussed on the maintenance activities you decided to deepen in the step 3 Involves: the Endress+Hauser consultant • Based on your wishes expressed in step 3. conditions) Medium. How we work with you At your service Step 1 . age. tag. process • Each measuring point is assigned with the criticality level (High. the • During a meeting. the Endress+Hauser Advisor Endress+Hauser Audit Technician collects and records: has the moderator role asking the relevant questions • Instrument data (serial number. the Endress+Hauser Consultant realizes a thorough study of the activities to improve • The Endress+Hauser consultant then defines the recommendations and proposes one or more possibilities in order to give you further on the choice for the better one. 114 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .Revealing process critical in the plant instruments Consists of: on-site inventory of the main technical data issued Consists of: definition of the critical measuring points. manufacturer. measuring principle. Quality and Maintenance Departments’ representatives Equipped with a dedicated Personal Digital Assistant.Collecting data Step 2 . temperature. Low). order code. medium) Step 4 . • Application data (pressure. location. type and model. to define the critical point.

The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide 115 . Step 5 . • He opens your W@M portal (see right picture and back page) . The representatives of your company who participated to the first steps. We do our best to satisfy your expectations. Concerned about improving constantly the quality of our services. standardization.Presentation of the results and action plan Involves: the Endress+Hauser Consultant and the interested representatives of your company • Presentation of the detailed analysis and the different possibilities for each topic to optimize • Decisions catches and action plan definition • Delivery of the final Installed Base Audit report taking back the detailed analysis and its recommendations At the conclusion of step 5. The data collected representatives the Endress+Hauser Advisor and all the during the on-site inventory are presented here in a structured format. you are delivered the final Installed Base Report allowing you to go for an action plan. At your service • He defines and presents the global improvement you could bring to the different areas of your maintenance activities (preventative and corrective maintenance.there you will find the status report and the collected data presented in a structured manner. W@M portal also includes additional information linked to the serial number of the instrument.Highlighting potential improvements Consists of: assessment of the status report giving you an overview of the status of your installed base with global improvement recommendations Involves: the Endress+Hauser Consultant and all the Installed Base Audit gives you an access to the W@M Portal. migration). we periodically form and audit our staff according to Endress+Hauser’s standards. • The Endress+Hauser Consultant studies the data collected during steps 1 and 2. Step 3 .

• Start-up and maintenance personnel will benefit from professional. Your maintenance • New recruits. • Plant operators knowledge • Maintenance engineers • Installaton advice Training can be performed in-house or on-site.At your service Training Investing in people Have you recently purchased new instrumentation that is operated using unfamiliar principles? Do you want to improve your response times in case of possible measurement failure? If the answer is ‘yes’. apprentices. using a range of working instruments. up-to-date and hands-on refresher courses diagnostics training. • Troubleshooting tips • Practical exercises using a The training programme will be pre-defined according to your range of working instruments requirements and participants will receive supplementary literature and a certificate of attendance. Our specialists can provide your maintenance staff with the technical We provide training for: Training topics include: product knowledge they require to run the plant efficiently and • Engineers and technicians • Theoretical and hands-on cost-effectively. why not improve your technical knowledge and apply to your maintenance schedule. Your main benefits • Learn how to operate and maintain your equipment efficiently and effectively • Discover methods for preventative and corrective planned maintenance • Increased plant efficiency 116 The Endress+Hauser Maintenance Guide .


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . case studies and useful information. . • ‘Maintenance Actions’ is a handy collection of information sheets dealing with a specific subject of direct relevance to your day-to-day operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Each sheet identifies your option(s) for immediate action. . . . . metrology and maintenance teams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Please send me: Department: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Three complementary tools to help with everyday problems • The Maintenance Guide: this fully revised manual is the reference text for your production. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The content is updated every year. . .endress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tel:. . . . . . . first name: . . . . . . .07 PF/INDD CS2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .endress. . +41 61 715 81 00 Fax +41 61 715 25 00 http://www. . .com info@ii. . . . . . . both The Maintenance Guide Instruments International Endress+Hauser Instruments International AG Kaegenstrasse 2 4153 Reinach Switzerland Tel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Name. . . We publish several sheets each year. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printed once or twice a year. . . . . . . . . . . the paper version Maintenance Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Provides guidance on handling the challenges and developments you are likely to meet. . Keep a copy on your desk all year round. . . . . . . . . . . . . Coming soon: dedicated web pages! To receive the next issues … You subscribe already but would like to receive the electronic version (PDF)? A colleague told you about “Maintenance Today” or “Maintenance Actions”? You’d like a subscription for a colleague? Fax the coupon below. . . . . . the electronic version (PDF) of Maintenance Today Addresse:. and on choosing the tools and services best adapted to your needs. . . E-mail:. . . . . . . . it contains a selection of in-depth articles. . . . . . . . . . . . Company:. . . . . . . . . . • ‘Maintenance Today’ is a magazine for all instrument users and anyone with responsibility for quality issues. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Function:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .com EC 003H/29/ae/11. . .