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AP Calculus (BC) Chapter 4 Test

No Calculator Section

Name: Date: Period:

Part I. Multiple-Choice Questions (5 points each; please circle the correct


answer.)

1 + cos 4θ
1. lim =
θ→π/4 1 − sin 2θ

(A) 0
(B) 2
(C) 4
(D) −4
(E) −2

2. Let f (x) = x3 + 3x2 − 45x + 4. Then the local extrema of f are


(A) a local minimum of −179 at x = 5 and a local maximum of 77 at
x = −3.
(B) a local minimum of −77 at x = 3 and a local maximum of 179 at
x = −5.
(C) a local minimum of −179 at x = −5 and a local maximum of −77
at x = 3.
(D) a local minimum of −77 at x = 3 and a local maximum of 77 at
x = 5.
(E) a local minimum of 77 at x = −5 and a local maximum of 179 at
x = 3.
3. Consider the function g(x) = x4 + 4x3 − 8x2 + 20.
I. g is decreasing on (−∞, −4) and is increasing on (0, 1).
II. g has a local minimum at x = −4.
III. g has a local maximum at x = 0.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) II and III only

4. Find a positive value, c, for x, that satisfies the conclusion of the Mean
Value Theorem for f (x) = 3x2 − 5x + 1 on the interval [2, 5].

11
(A)
6
23
(B)
6
7
(C)
2
(D) 1
13
(E)
6

5. The graph of y = x4 + 8x3 − 72x2 + 4 is concave down for


(A) x < −6 or x > 2
(B) x < −2 or x > 6
(C) −2 < x < 6
(D) −6 < x < 2
√ √
(E) −3 − 3 5 < x < −3 + 3 5
Part II. Free-Response Questions

6. Let g(x) = x 2 − x.
(a) (7 points) Find the extreme values of the function g on the interval
[−2, 2].

(b) (5 points) Sketch a graph of y = g(x), −2 ≤ x ≤ 2 on the axes


provided below.

x
-2 -1 1 2
7. Suppose that on one side of a 2 km-wide river is an electricity-generating
plant. On the opposite side, and 10 km down the river is a small town
that will be consuming the electricity. If it costs $80/m to lay cable un-
der the river and $40/m to lay cable over land, find the most strategic
method for laying the cable.

Power Plant
•@
@
@
@
@

@
@
| {z }
x Town

(a) (5 points) Write down the function C(x) in dollars representing


the total cost of laying the cable from the Power Plant to the Town.

(b) (8 points) Compute the optimal distance x to minimize the cost of


laying this cable.
AP Calculus (BC) Chapter 4 Test
Calculators Allowed

Name: Date: Period:

Part III. Multiple-Choice Questions (5 points each; please circle the


correct answer.)
 x
4
8. lim 1− 2 =
x→∞ x
(A) 1
(B) −4
(C) 4
(D) +∞
(E) 0

9. The second derivative of a function is given by f 00 (x) = x sin x−2. How


many points of inflection does f have on the interval (−10, 10)?
(A) Zero
(B) Two
(C) Four
(D) Six
(E) Eight

10. The graph of y = x3 − 2x2 − 5x + 2 has a local maximum at


(A) (−0.786, 0)
(B) (−0.786, 4.209)
(C) (0.666, −1.926)
(D) (2.120, −8.061)
(E) (2.120, 0)
11. The graph of y = x2 e−x has a point of inflection where

I. x = 2 − 2
II. x = 2

III. x = 2 + 2.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and III only
(E) II and III only

y
3
12. The figure to the right depicts the
graph of the equation y = 1/x. Q y=1/x
Points P and Q are given as points
2
of intersection of a tangent line with
the x- and y-axes, respectively. If P
is moving to the right at 5 mm/sec,
1
how fast is Q moving down when P
is 2 mm from the y-axis?
P x
1 2 3

(A) 1 mm/sec
(B) 2 mm/sec
(C) 3 mm/sec
(D) 4 mm/sec
(E) 5 mm/sec
Part IV. Free-Response Questions
1
13. (10 points) Show that the graph of y = has a point of inflection
1 + e−x
and find this point.
14. An airplane is flying at a constant speed at a constant altitude of 3 km
in a straight line that will take it directly over an observer at ground
π 3π dθ
level. The observer notes that for the range of values ≤ θ ≤ ,
4 4 dt
1
has the constant value 20 radians per second.

Airplane







3 km 




θ
•

Observer

(a) (10 points) In kilometers per hour, what is the speed of the airplane
when it is directly overhead?

(b) (5 points) Is the airplane slowing down or speeding up as it ap-


proaches the observer? Justify your conclusion.