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# AP Calculus (BC) Chapter 4 Test

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1 + cos 4θ
1. lim =
θ→π/4 1 − sin 2θ

(A) 0
(B) 2
(C) 4
(D) −4
(E) −2

## 2. Let f (x) = x3 + 3x2 − 45x + 4. Then the local extrema of f are

(A) a local minimum of −179 at x = 5 and a local maximum of 77 at
x = −3.
(B) a local minimum of −77 at x = 3 and a local maximum of 179 at
x = −5.
(C) a local minimum of −179 at x = −5 and a local maximum of −77
at x = 3.
(D) a local minimum of −77 at x = 3 and a local maximum of 77 at
x = 5.
(E) a local minimum of 77 at x = −5 and a local maximum of 179 at
x = 3.
3. Consider the function g(x) = x4 + 4x3 − 8x2 + 20.
I. g is decreasing on (−∞, −4) and is increasing on (0, 1).
II. g has a local minimum at x = −4.
III. g has a local maximum at x = 0.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II only
(E) II and III only

4. Find a positive value, c, for x, that satisfies the conclusion of the Mean
Value Theorem for f (x) = 3x2 − 5x + 1 on the interval [2, 5].

11
(A)
6
23
(B)
6
7
(C)
2
(D) 1
13
(E)
6

## 5. The graph of y = x4 + 8x3 − 72x2 + 4 is concave down for

(A) x < −6 or x > 2
(B) x < −2 or x > 6
(C) −2 < x < 6
(D) −6 < x < 2
√ √
(E) −3 − 3 5 < x < −3 + 3 5
Part II. Free-Response Questions

6. Let g(x) = x 2 − x.
(a) (7 points) Find the extreme values of the function g on the interval
[−2, 2].

## (b) (5 points) Sketch a graph of y = g(x), −2 ≤ x ≤ 2 on the axes

provided below.

x
-2 -1 1 2
7. Suppose that on one side of a 2 km-wide river is an electricity-generating
plant. On the opposite side, and 10 km down the river is a small town
that will be consuming the electricity. If it costs \$80/m to lay cable un-
der the river and \$40/m to lay cable over land, find the most strategic
method for laying the cable.

Power Plant
•@
@
@
@
@

@
@
| {z }
x Town

## (a) (5 points) Write down the function C(x) in dollars representing

the total cost of laying the cable from the Power Plant to the Town.

## (b) (8 points) Compute the optimal distance x to minimize the cost of

laying this cable.
AP Calculus (BC) Chapter 4 Test
Calculators Allowed

 x
4
8. lim 1− 2 =
x→∞ x
(A) 1
(B) −4
(C) 4
(D) +∞
(E) 0

## 9. The second derivative of a function is given by f 00 (x) = x sin x−2. How

many points of inflection does f have on the interval (−10, 10)?
(A) Zero
(B) Two
(C) Four
(D) Six
(E) Eight

## 10. The graph of y = x3 − 2x2 − 5x + 2 has a local maximum at

(A) (−0.786, 0)
(B) (−0.786, 4.209)
(C) (0.666, −1.926)
(D) (2.120, −8.061)
(E) (2.120, 0)
11. The graph of y = x2 e−x has a point of inflection where

I. x = 2 − 2
II. x = 2

III. x = 2 + 2.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and III only
(E) II and III only

y
3
12. The figure to the right depicts the
graph of the equation y = 1/x. Q y=1/x
Points P and Q are given as points
2
of intersection of a tangent line with
the x- and y-axes, respectively. If P
is moving to the right at 5 mm/sec,
1
how fast is Q moving down when P
is 2 mm from the y-axis?
P x
1 2 3

(A) 1 mm/sec
(B) 2 mm/sec
(C) 3 mm/sec
(D) 4 mm/sec
(E) 5 mm/sec
Part IV. Free-Response Questions
1
13. (10 points) Show that the graph of y = has a point of inflection
1 + e−x
and find this point.
14. An airplane is flying at a constant speed at a constant altitude of 3 km
in a straight line that will take it directly over an observer at ground
π 3π dθ
level. The observer notes that for the range of values ≤ θ ≤ ,
4 4 dt
1
has the constant value 20 radians per second.

Airplane







3 km 




θ
•

Observer

(a) (10 points) In kilometers per hour, what is the speed of the airplane