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Leibniz and Newton's Principia Mathematica

Author(s): E. A. Fellmann
Source: Isis, Vol. 62, No. 2 (Summer, 1971), p. 230
Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/229246 .
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230 DONALD J. McGRAW

After a thorough study and lucid article, as it was originally published in


description thereof'9 Sorokin was con- English, is often cited when the Kras-
vinced that his theory was correct. He silnikoviae matter comes to the fore.
went further and mentioned the following P. A. Tyler and K. C. Marshall make ref-
effort: erence to Sorokin's original rebuttal,22but
To find out what organsand what animals although he is often cited on other sub-
producefiliform-botryoidstructureswhen jects,23 a literature search reveals that
they disintegrate,we asked the zoologists, neither he nor Kriss and Mitskevich have
Doctor of Biological Sciences F. D. been cited to any extent regarding the
Mordukhai-Boltovskiiand Doctor of Krassilnikoviae matter. That this should
Biological Sciences D. V. Naumov to be so seems rather surprising since the
examine preparationsof Krassinikoviae
and expresstheiropinionsas to the nature proposal of an entire class of bacteria,
of these structures.They both indepen- especially on rather poorly supported
dently came to the same conclusionsthat grounds, is no mean matter among prac-
the given structuresare colloblasts-the titioners in the field. But it is interesting
sticky cells of the raptorial tentacles of
ctenophores. Kukenthal's manual of to note that Kriss in his other published
zoology (1923), Chun'swork (1880), and works to date does not clearly state his
a special investigationby Hertvig (1880) agreement that the Krassilnikoviae are
show that the colloblasts of the tentacles in fact not bacteria after all.
areidenticalwithKrassilnikoviae.20
Sorokin briefly mentioned these find- International Council for Exploration of the
Sea, Journal du Conseil, 1964, 29(1): 25-40.
ings in the Journal du Conseil,21 and this 22 P. A. Tyler and K. C. Marshall, "Pleo-
morphyin StalkedBuddingBacteria,"Journalof
19Ibid., pp. 365-369. Bacteriology,1967,93(3):1132-1136.
20 Ibid.,p. 369. 23 Those unfamiliarwith the Russian language
21
J. J. Sorokin, "A QuantitiveStudy of the may be led astray, as the Science Citation Index
Microflora in the Central Pacific Ocean," cites Sorokinvariouslyas J. I. and Y. I.

LEIBNIZ AND NEWTON'S PRINCIPIA MA THEMATICA

By E. A. Fellmann*

In the history of science, an unanswered that he was not content with a mere sum-
question has been whether Leibniz mary of Newton's book.'
actually studied Newton's Principia, In the fall of last year I discovered,
when he may have done so, and-above privately owned in Switzerland, a copy
all-how carefully and completely he may of the first edition of Newton's Principia
have examined the work. Leibniz referred containing about three dozen marginal
in print to the summary of the Principia, notes and underlinings in the hand of
which appeared in the Acta Eruditorum Leibniz, some of them quite extensive.
(6, 1688) soon after the publication of the The transcription of these marginalia is
first edition of this epochal book. There finished, and a complete publication is
is a hint, however, in a letter written by being prepared.2
Leibniz to Huygens in October 1960
* Arnold Bocklinstrasse37, CH-4000 Basel, 1 Christiaan Huygens, Oeuvres, Vol. IX,
Switzerland. p. 523.
2 My book on Leibniz is to be published in
1971by Vrin(Paris).

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