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MAY/JUNE 2017

CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL


CARIBBEAN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION@

HISTORY

THE CARIBBEAN IN THE ATLANTIC WORLD

UNITl-Paper02
2 hours 40 minutes

READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.

I There are THREE sections in this paper, oNE on EACH of the three modules

2. Each section comprises THREE questions: oNE document-based question and


TWO essay questions.

3. There are NINE questions on this paper

4. Answer THREE questions, ONE from EACH section.

5. You must answer oNE document-based question and TWo essay questions.

6. Write your answers in the spaces provided in this booklet.

7. Do NOT write in the margins.

8. You are advised to take some time to read through the paper and plan your answer.

9. If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the
original page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the back of this
booklet. Remember to draw a line through your original answer.

10 If you use the extra page(s) you MUST write the question number clearly in
the box provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include
the question part beside the answer:

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

Copyright @ 2016 Caribbean Examinations Council


All rights reserved.

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A: MODULE 1
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Answer ONE question from this section.

1. The extracts below relate to the Spanish conquest of Mexico and Peru up to 1550. Study the extracts,
then answer Parts (a) to (d) that follow

Document I
They said that they had seen the appearance in their country ofcreatures very different from us, as
much in their customs as their clothes; they resembled the Wracochas,the name by which we referred,
in times past, to the Creator of all things. They saw them mounted on huge animals with feet of silver:
this caused by the glint of their shoes in the sun.

Titu Cusi Yupangui Inca, "Relacion de lct Conquista del Peru y hechos del lnca Manco. II [1570] ",
in Leslie Bethel, (ed.) The Cambridge History of Latin America, VoL I, Cambridge:
C ambridge University* Press, 1 981, 2 09- 1 0.

Document II
My lord ... at last thou hast reached thy home: Mexico City. Thou hast come to take thy place on thy
throne, beneath the royal canopy...

"Vision de los vencidos", 34-5, (nd) translated by Miguel Leon-Portilla, in Leslie Bethel,
Cambridge History of Latin America Vol. I , 209.

Document III
Broken spears lie in the roads; we have torn our hair in grief. The houses are roofless now, and their walls
are red with blood. We have pounded our hands in despair againstthe adobe walls, for our inheritance,
our city is lost and dead. Thi shields of our warriors were its defense, but they could not save it.

"A lament by an Aztec", (nd), translated by Miguel Leon-Portilla, The Broken Spears:
The Aztei Account of the Conquest of Mexico fi9631, in Michael Smith, The Aztecs.
Blackwell Press, 2003, 27 7'

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r (a) With reference to Document I,
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explain THREE reasons why the Spaniards were able to


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conquer Peru. [9 marks]

(b) With reference to Document II, explain TWO reasons why Montezuma welcomed Cortez
into Mexico City. [6 marks]

(c) With reference to Document III, explain TWO roles technology played in the defeat of the
Aztecs by Corlez. [6 marks]

(d) With reference to Documents I, II and III, discuss THREE ways in which the encounter
between the Spaniards and the indigenous people was a clash of [9 marks] cultures.
Total30 marks

) Examine the view that the indigenous resistance to Spanish conquest of the Caribbean was ineffective.

Total30 marks

3. Assess the view that archaelogical evidence provides a more convincing case for the pre-Columbian
Nordic presence in the Americas than the case provided by oral sagas.
Total30 marks

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2
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Answer ONE question from this section.

4. The extracts below relate to the Haitain Revolution, from l79l to 1804, and the factors which
contributed to its success. Study the extracts, then answer Parts (a) to (d) that follow.

Document I
Ifsome motive might ... push them fthe blacks] to insurrection, might it not be the indifference of the
National Assembly about thier lot? Might it not be the insistence on weighing them down with chains,
when one consecrates everywhere this eternal axiom: that all men are born free and equal in rights ...?

Address to the National Assembly in Favour of the Abolition of the Slsve Trade, February
5, 1790 Society of the Friends of Blacks.
Re tr i ev e d I 9 J anuary 2 0 I 2 fro m www. hi s t oryw i z. c o-m/pr imary s o urc e s / s o c i e ityfo b. ht m.

Document II
Toussaint is a brillant officer, indefatigable in action, cautious in his proceedings; and is not careless
and negligent.

Charleston City Gazette, Feb. 20, 1802, cited in Ott, T,


The Haitian Revolution 1789-1804. Ihomille: University of knnessee Press, 1973, 83.

Document III
If there should not arrive from France some reinforcements in a very short time, we will find ourselves
in a great deal of trouble, and it is not unlikely that Toussaint will still be Governor of St. Domingo.

Letter Extractfrom Le Cap Francois, May 28, 1802, in Miruor of the Times and General Advertise4
June 19, 1802 cited in Ott, 7., The Haitian Revolution 1789-1804.
Knoxville: University of knnessee Press, 1973, 171.

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r (a)
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With reference to Document I, outline THREE ways in which events in France contributed to
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the outbreak of the Haitian Revolution.
[6 marks]

(b) With reference to Document II, explain the following:

(D TWO ways in which the description given of Toussaint was justified [6 marks]

(ii) ONE way in which Toussaint's leadership style aided the success of the Haitian
Revolution [3 marks]

(c) With reference to Document III,


(i) Give ONE reason for LeClerc's request for reinforcement. [2 marks]

(ii) Give TWO reasons why the French force under LeClerc failed to reconquer Haiti.
[4 marks]

(d) The Haitian Revolution succeeded due to a combination of external and internal factors. Explain
THREE ways in which this assertion is supported by Documents I, II and III. [9 marks]

Total30 marks

5. Assess the impact of slavery on the demographic structure and the family in slave plantation society.

Total30 marks

6. With reference to the British OR French OR Spanish Caribbean, examine the view that the legislative
dismantlement of the slave system was a reluctant compromise.
Total30 marks

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SECTION C: MODULE 3
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7 The extracts below relate to the socialist transformation of Cuba from
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Workers are the principal creators of wealth, not the capitalist in his comfortable Wall Street office ...
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The revolution is yours and for you. We are going to wage large battles, not small battles. Larger, .o
more useful and beneficial than those we have discussed tonight. Now the people are in power. We are a
a single entity. People and power are a single entity.

Fidel Castro, Address to Shell Oil Company Workers, Revoluci1n, February 10, 1959, p. 2.
In Marifeli, Perez-Stable. Cuban Revolution
- Origins. Course and Legac-v.
2nd Edition, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, p. 69.

Document II
It is necessary that we avoid the inception of a parasitic class living at the expense of productive
work... If we fill buildings with employees, we will be more expensive to the country than the old
politicians were ... We have accomplished nothing, we previously worked for the capitalist and now
we work for another type of person who is not a capitalist, but who consumes much and produces
nothing.
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In Marifeli, Perez-Stable. Cuban Revolution Origins. Course and Legaqt. .e'
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2nd Edition, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, p. ll0. e
Document III
ln its essentials, the isolationist policy is designed to deny to the Castro regime the ... success that
it requires to consolidate itself. And by increasing the costs to the Soviets in Latin America, we are
determined to convince Moscow that it is backing a loser ...

Edward M Martin, "Cuba, Latin America and Communism" , Press Release by Assistant
Secretary of State of the USA, September 20, 1963. In Perez, Louis A., Jr
Cuba and the United States
- Ties of Singular Intimacy.
2nd Edition, Athens and London: University of Georgia Press, 1997, p. 259.

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With reference to Document I, describe THREE "battles" fought by Fidel Castro in the
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(b) With reference to Document II, explain THREE steps taken by Fidel Castro's regime up
to 1970 to ensure that all classes were involved in productive work. [9 marks]

(c) With reference to Document III, explain TWO features of the USA's policy of isolation
against Cuba. [6 marks]

(d) With reference to Documents I, II and III, examine THREE reasons for the view that Castro's
strategies of transformation were not successfulup to the 1970s. [9 marks]

Total30 marks

8. Examine the extent to which East Indian immigrants accepted their conditions of employment
and made cultural adjustments in the Caribbean.
Total30 marks

9. Discuss the factors which led Caribbean nations to sign the Treaty of Chaguaramas in 1973.

Total30 marks

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END OF TEST

IF YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORK ON THIS TEST.

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