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## CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

APPLIED MATHEMATICS
MATHEMATICAL APPLICATIONS
UNIT 2 -Paper 02
2 hours 30 minutes

## 4 Unless otherwise stated in the question, allnumericalanswers'MUST be given exactly

OR to three significant figures as appropriate.

5 If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the original
page, you must use the extra page(s) provided at the back of this booklet. Remember

6. If you use the extra page(s), you MUST write the question number clearly in
the box provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include the

## 7. You may use a silent, non-programmable calculator.

Examination Materials:

## Copyright O 2015 Caribbean Examinations Council

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SECTION A

## MODULE 1: DISCRETE MATHEMATICS

l. (a) A farmeq in the business of growing fodder for livestock, has 50 acres available for planting
alfalfa and corn. The cost ofalfalfa seeds is \$60 per acre, and the cost ofcorn seeds is
\$45 per acre. The total cost of labour will amount to \$40 per acre for alfalfa and \$80 per
acre for corn. The farmer does not wish to spend more than \$2700 for seeds and \$3200
for labour. The income per acre from alfalfa is \$l l0 and that from corn is \$ l 50.

(i) Using x to represent the number of acres planted with alfalfa and y to represent
the number of acres planted with corn, formulate a linear programming problem
for the information given. State clearly the maximizing function.

[5 marksl

(ii) On the grid provided on page 5, draw all the lines defined by the constraints and
shade the feasible region which satisfies ALL of these constraints. [8 marks]

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(iii) Determine the number of acres of alfalfa and the number of acres of corn that the
farmer must plant to maximize his income.

[6 marksl
(b) Write the contrapositive ofp --+ -Q

[2 marksl

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r (c) Given the following diagram, list
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A

E B

C
D

[2 marksl

[2 marksl

Total25 marks

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2. (a)
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## A project consisting of 9 activities, R, s, T, (J, v, w, x, y, Z, is given in the table below

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The duration times and immediate predecessors of the activities are also shown.

Activity R T U V W X Y Z
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## Immediate Predecessors R s TS U,V tr

W X,Y

(i) In the space below, construct the activity network for the project.

[6 marksl

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Activity Earliest Start Time Latest Stafi Time Float

Z
marksl

[2 marksl

[2 marks]

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The following table gives the daily income, in dollars, earned by four workers l, B, C and
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D to perform the tasks R, S, Tand U. All of the workers are assigned and each worker is

Worker
n ^s
T U

## D 357 295 307 305

(i) Use a Hungarian algorithm to determine the task to which EACH worker must be
assigned in order to MAXIMIZE the total income.

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[9 marks]
(ii) Determine the TorAL income of the workers for the four tasks

[2 marks]

Total25 marks
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SECTION B

## MODULE 2: PROBABILITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS

3. (a) Four persons are to be chosen to sit on a family life committee, from a group which consists
of 6 males and 4 females. Three of the males are local. Find the probability thatthe 3
locals are on the committee.

[5 marksl

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## A continuous random variable, x, with probability density functionfx) given by

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k,
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where & is a constant, assumes values between I and.r 5. x: :
(i) calculate the value of the constant k and sketch the graph of l@) in the space
provided below.

[4 marksl

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(ii) Determine E(X) and Var(,t)

[6 marks]

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[3 marksl

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(iv) Determine the cumulative distribution function, F(x) : P(X < x), and sketch its
graph in the space provided below.

[4 marks]

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(v) Calculate the median, m, of x.

[3 marksl

Total25 marks

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4. (a)
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Rectangular metal sheets have an average of 2 blisters for every l5 m2 of metal. Assuming
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that these blisters may be modelled by a Poisson distribution, determine, to 3 significant
figures, the probability that a piece of metal I 5 m2 will contain at most three blisters.

[4 marksl

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The probability that a customer who goes to the Land Tax Department intends to pay arrears
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is 0.003 and is independent of all other customers. On a particular day, 500 customers go to
the Land Tax Department to pay their taxes. Justifying the use of a suitable approximation,
calculate the probability that at least 2 customers intend to pay their arrears.

[5 marksl

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r (c)
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The number of calls received at an office is found to follow a Poisson distribution with
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mean 35.

(i) State clearly the distribution which can be used to approximate the Poisson
distribution.

[1 markl

(ii) Calculate the probability that in one hour less than 32 calls are received.

[4 marksl

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[4 marks]

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(d) The table below gives the preference of 250 persons who were asked to choose among
five flavours of a certain tea.

X'lavour

## Cranberry Blueberry Apple Apple

Original and and and and Total
Blueberly Mango Pomegranate Spice

lol 60 50 40 45 55
Number Preferring Brand

lEl
Expected Number
Preferring Brand

(i) Complete the table by giving the expected number of persons preferring EACH
brand, assuming that each brand is equally likely to be preferred. [1 markl

(ii) Perform a I
goodness-of-fit test atthe l%osignificance level to determine whether
a uniform distribution fits the tea-drinking preference of the 250 persons.

[6 marksl

Total25 marks
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SECTION C

[Take 8i
: 10 ms-2]

## s. (a) Two particles, A and B of masses (m + 3) kg and rz kg respectively are connected by a

light inextensible string which passes over a fixed, smooth, light pulley located at the edge
of a table. The system is initially held at rest with B hanging freely at the end of the string
that hangs over the edge of the table, while A rests on the rough surface of the table. The
coefficient of friction between Particle A and the surface is 0.36. The acceleration of the
system is 2.5 ms 2 when the system is released.

(i) Draw a diagram to illustrate this information, showing the forces acting on the
system.

[4 marksl

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(ii) Determine the masses of the particles, A and B.

[6 marks]

## (iii) Calculate the tension, 7, in the string

[2 marksl
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An object, on the edge of a cliffthat is 45 m above the ground, is projected with a speed
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of 20 ms-r at an angle of 30o with respect to the horizontal.

(i) If air resistance is ignored, determine the time taken for the object to hit the ground.

[9 marks]
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## Show that the distance from the foot of the cliffto

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the point where the object strikes
the ground is

x:s({t2o - {:)-.

[4 marksl

Total25 marks
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6. (a) A l0 kN load is pulled steadily up a track inclined at25" to the horizontal by a horizontal
force, P. If the coefficient of friction, p, is 0.2, determine the

(D horizontal force P

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[7 marks]

## (ii) frictional force

[3 marksl
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A truck provides an impulse of 420 N to set in motion a stationary trolley of mass 45 kg
which then moves freely at velocity, Vr, against a track resistance of 0.8 Nkg-'. If the
trolley reaches a velocity, V, after 5 seconds, calculate the velocities V,, and Vr.

[10 marks]

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(c) Two ropes of equal length attached to an object of mass 80 kg are used to pull the object
out of a hole. If the ropes are 60" apart, determine the tensions in the ropes.

[5 marksl

Total25 marks

END OF TEST

If YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORJ( ON THIS TEST.

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