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You are on page 1of 29

CARIBBEAN ADVANCED PROFICIENCY EXAMINATIONO

APPLIED MATHEMATICS

MATHEMATICAL APPLICATIONS

UNIT 2 -Paper 02

2 hours 30 minutes

OR to three significant figures as appropriate.

5 If you need to rewrite any answer and there is not enough space to do so on the original

page, you must use the extra page(s) provided at the back of this booklet. Remember

to draw a line through your original answer.

6. If you use the extra page(s), you MUST write the question number clearly in

the box provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include the

question part beside the answer.

Examination Materials:

All rights reserved.

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SECTION A

l. (a) A farmeq in the business of growing fodder for livestock, has 50 acres available for planting

alfalfa and corn. The cost ofalfalfa seeds is $60 per acre, and the cost ofcorn seeds is

$45 per acre. The total cost of labour will amount to $40 per acre for alfalfa and $80 per

acre for corn. The farmer does not wish to spend more than $2700 for seeds and $3200

for labour. The income per acre from alfalfa is $l l0 and that from corn is $ l 50.

(i) Using x to represent the number of acres planted with alfalfa and y to represent

the number of acres planted with corn, formulate a linear programming problem

for the information given. State clearly the maximizing function.

[5 marksl

(ii) On the grid provided on page 5, draw all the lines defined by the constraints and

shade the feasible region which satisfies ALL of these constraints. [8 marks]

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(iii) Determine the number of acres of alfalfa and the number of acres of corn that the

farmer must plant to maximize his income.

[6 marksl

(b) Write the contrapositive ofp --+ -Q

[2 marksl

0220s020/cAPE 2017

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r (c) Given the following diagram, list

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A

E B

C

D

[2 marksl

[2 marksl

Total25 marks

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2. (a)

-8-

-l

The duration times and immediate predecessors of the activities are also shown.

Activity R T U V W X Y Z

^9

W X,Y

(i) In the space below, construct the activity network for the project.

[6 marksl

02205020/cAPE 2017

0220502008

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r (ii) Complete the following table.

-9 -l

Activity Earliest Start Time Latest Stafi Time Float

Z

marksl

[2 marksl

[2 marks]

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r (b)

-10-

The following table gives the daily income, in dollars, earned by four workers l, B, C and

-l

D to perform the tasks R, S, Tand U. All of the workers are assigned and each worker is

given a different task.

Task

Worker

n ^s

T U

(i) Use a Hungarian algorithm to determine the task to which EACH worker must be

assigned in order to MAXIMIZE the total income.

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[9 marks]

(ii) Determine the TorAL income of the workers for the four tasks

[2 marks]

Total25 marks

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

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SECTION B

3. (a) Four persons are to be chosen to sit on a family life committee, from a group which consists

of 6 males and 4 females. Three of the males are local. Find the probability thatthe 3

locals are on the committee.

[5 marksl

022050201cAPE2017

0220502013

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r (b)

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k,

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where & is a constant, assumes values between I and.r 5. x: :

(i) calculate the value of the constant k and sketch the graph of l@) in the space

provided below.

[4 marksl

0220s020/CAPE 2017

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(ii) Determine E(X) and Var(,t)

[6 marks]

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r (iii) Calculate P(3 <X< 4.5).

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[3 marksl

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(iv) Determine the cumulative distribution function, F(x) : P(X < x), and sketch its

graph in the space provided below.

[4 marks]

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(v) Calculate the median, m, of x.

[3 marksl

Total25 marks

02205020tCAPB 2017

0220502018

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4. (a)

-19-

Rectangular metal sheets have an average of 2 blisters for every l5 m2 of metal. Assuming

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that these blisters may be modelled by a Poisson distribution, determine, to 3 significant

figures, the probability that a piece of metal I 5 m2 will contain at most three blisters.

[4 marksl

02205020tCAPB2017

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r (b)

-20 -

The probability that a customer who goes to the Land Tax Department intends to pay arrears

-l

is 0.003 and is independent of all other customers. On a particular day, 500 customers go to

the Land Tax Department to pay their taxes. Justifying the use of a suitable approximation,

calculate the probability that at least 2 customers intend to pay their arrears.

[5 marksl

022050201cAPE2017

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0220502020 J

r (c)

-21 -

The number of calls received at an office is found to follow a Poisson distribution with

-l

mean 35.

(i) State clearly the distribution which can be used to approximate the Poisson

distribution.

[1 markl

(ii) Calculate the probability that in one hour less than 32 calls are received.

[4 marksl

02205020/cAPE2017

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and 39 calls are received

[4 marks]

022050201cAPB 2017

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(d) The table below gives the preference of 250 persons who were asked to choose among

five flavours of a certain tea.

X'lavour

Original and and and and Total

Blueberly Mango Pomegranate Spice

lol 60 50 40 45 55

Number Preferring Brand

lEl

Expected Number

Preferring Brand

(i) Complete the table by giving the expected number of persons preferring EACH

brand, assuming that each brand is equally likely to be preferred. [1 markl

(ii) Perform a I

goodness-of-fit test atthe l%osignificance level to determine whether

a uniform distribution fits the tea-drinking preference of the 250 persons.

[6 marksl

Total25 marks

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02205020/CAPE 2017

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SECTION C

[Take 8i

: 10 ms-2]

light inextensible string which passes over a fixed, smooth, light pulley located at the edge

of a table. The system is initially held at rest with B hanging freely at the end of the string

that hangs over the edge of the table, while A rests on the rough surface of the table. The

coefficient of friction between Particle A and the surface is 0.36. The acceleration of the

system is 2.5 ms 2 when the system is released.

(i) Draw a diagram to illustrate this information, showing the forces acting on the

system.

[4 marksl

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(ii) Determine the masses of the particles, A and B.

[6 marks]

[2 marksl

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

022050201CAPB 2017

0220s02025

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r (b)

-26 -

An object, on the edge of a cliffthat is 45 m above the ground, is projected with a speed

-l

of 20 ms-r at an angle of 30o with respect to the horizontal.

(i) If air resistance is ignored, determine the time taken for the object to hit the ground.

[9 marks]

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

022050201cAP8 2017

0220502026

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r (ii)

-27 -

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the point where the object strikes

the ground is

x:s({t2o - {:)-.

[4 marksl

Total25 marks

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022050201CAPB 2017

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0220502027

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6. (a) A l0 kN load is pulled steadily up a track inclined at25" to the horizontal by a horizontal

force, P. If the coefficient of friction, p, is 0.2, determine the

(D horizontal force P

022050201cAP8 2017

0220502028

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[7 marks]

[3 marksl

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

02205020/CAPE20t7

0220502029

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r (b)

-30- -l

A truck provides an impulse of 420 N to set in motion a stationary trolley of mass 45 kg

which then moves freely at velocity, Vr, against a track resistance of 0.8 Nkg-'. If the

trolley reaches a velocity, V, after 5 seconds, calculate the velocities V,, and Vr.

[10 marks]

02205020/CAPE20t7

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(c) Two ropes of equal length attached to an object of mass 80 kg are used to pull the object

out of a hole. If the ropes are 60" apart, determine the tensions in the ropes.

[5 marksl

Total25 marks

END OF TEST

If YOU FINISH BEFORE TIME IS CALLED, CHECK YOUR WORJ( ON THIS TEST.

0220s020/cAPE20t7

0220502031

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