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ANSWER KEYS

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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 1


Listening

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Section 1 Section 4

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1 Cream 31 Living entity
2 Brass 32 Nutrients
3 65 / sixty-five 33 Minerals

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4 Perfect 34 Bedrock
5 £30 / 30 pounds / thirty pounds 35 Subsoil
6 Deep 36 Topsoil
7 1.25 metres / 1.25 m 37 Pollution
8 Adjustable 38 Pest control
9 £50 / 50 pounds / fifty pounds 39 Production practices
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10 Domain 40 Predators

Section 2
11 H
12 C
13 J
sh

14 F
15 B
16 I
17 A
18 A
iti

19 & 20 D or E (in either order)

Section 3
21 Abstract
Br

22 Key words / keywords


23 Final draft
24 Style guide
25 Copyright form
26 (the) manuscript
27 Confirmation
28 Peer review
29 Rejection
30 Cover letter

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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 1


Reading Answers
Each question correctly answered scores 1 mark.
Correct spelling is needed in all answers.

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Section 1 33 FALSE

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1 C 34 past-actions
2 G 35 Inconsistencies
3 B 36 Hugh Everett

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4 A 37 Alternative path-way
5 H 38 Non-existence theory
6 D 39 historical identity
7 Respiratory movements/signals 40 C
8 Tail
9 Electric currents
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10 Olfactory organs
11 Electric signals
12 Sinewy muscle
13 Electric field

Section 2
sh

14 E
15 J
16 I
17 D
18 B
iti

19 TRUE
20 NOT GIVEN
21 FALSE
22 TRUE
Br

23 NOT GIVEN
24 TRUE
25 TRUE
26 & 27 A or C (in either order)

Section 3
28 FALSE
29 TRUE
30 NOT GIVEN
31 TRUE
32 TRUE

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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 1


Writing

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Task 1

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The chart shows the percentages of paper and cardboard, glass containers, aluminium cans and
plastics that were recycled in one country between 1982 and 2010.

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In 1982, about 65% of paper and cardboard was recycled. This figure fluctuated before rising steep-
ly to reach a peak of 80% in 1994. From then on, however, it decreased steadily to a level of 70% in
2010. In 1982, half of all glass containers were recycled; after dipping to a low of 40% in 1990, the
glass recycling rate gradually increased to 60% by 2010.
Aluminium cans were first recycled in 1986, starting at about 5%, but this figure climbed rapidly over
25 years and by 2010 it had reached 45%. Recycling of plastics, on the other hand, was not intro-
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duced until 1990 and, although the growth in this category was also constant, it was very slow, rising
from about 2% to around 8% over the period.
Overall, the proportion of paper and cardboard that was recycled was the highest of the four classes
of material, but this category experienced a decline after 1994, whereas there was a continuing
upward trend in the recycling of the other materials.

194 Words.
sh

Task 2
English is a gateway to the world and no one should be deprived of the opportunities that arise for
those with a strong command of the English language. This does not mean that local languages are
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dispensable, however. They have an important role to play in supporting education, including
English language education.
People who insist on prioritising local languages are often those who can speak fluent English them-
selves. Advocates of minority languages need to be fluent in English in order to research their field
Br

and support the cause at international conferences. In doing so, however, they are also demonstrat-
ing why English is so important. Learning English allows people to gain knowledge, communicate
with society, further themselves as individuals and have a global impact. It is unfair to willingly
dispossess people of this ability in order to preserve tradition.
But this does not mean local languages can be forgotten or downplayed. People are more likely to
succeed – not just at learning English, but in employment and education generally – if they are
immersed in a community rich in history and tradition. Local dialects are a part of this tradition.
Efforts to regenerate and celebrate indigenous cultures in recent decades have demonstrated that
the preservation of local languages and the teaching of English are mutually-reinforcing develop-
ments. In this way, the local language serves as the bedrock for learning English, rather than being
an obstacle in need of removal. Local languages should be taught at school. Employment for those
who speak

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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 1


Writing

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English as well as one local language.

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I think it is important for everyone to learn English but I feel it is unnecessary to frame learning
English and keeping local languages alive as conflicting possibilities. Each goal supports the other.
We should focus on how best to develop both English and local languages in particular local con-

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texts.

285 Words
Co
sh
iti
Br

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Answer Keys

General Training Answers for


Reading & Writing Practice Test 1
Reading
Each question correctly answered scores 1 mark.
Correct spelling is needed in all answers.

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Section 1 30 C
1 TRUE 31 B
2 FALSE 32 F

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3 FALSE 33 D
4 NOT GIVEN 34 Locale (and) theme (in either order; both
5 TRUE required for one mark)
6 TRUE 35 (a) pivotal character / individual activity
7 NOT GIVEN 36 (the) visual field
37 Character interaction
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8 A
9 B 38 Cost
10 C 39 Promotional materials
11 C 40 Unbalanced
12 B
13 C
14 A
sh

Section 2
15 NOT GIVEN
16 TRUE
17 TRUE
iti

18 FALSE
19 TRUE
20 FALSE
21 TRUE
Br

22 ix
23 vi
24 ii
25 viii
26 v
27 iii

Section 3
28 E
29 H

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Answer Keys

General Training Answers for


Reading & Writing Practice Test 1
Writing

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Task 1

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Dear Sir or Madam,

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I am writing to report the loss of a valuable personal item on one of your trains.

The item is a small black leather wallet with the brand name ‘Urban Limit’ embossed on the front.
Inside was a library card, a credit card, a swipe card for the gym, a student I.D. card and my driver’s
licence – all in my name. There was also a little cash: about $25 in all.
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I must have lost the wallet between 4.15 pm and 4.30 pm while travelling southbound on th
the Wyndham Line on Friday afternoon (15 May). If I recall correctly, I was in the second carriage
sitting near the front.

Could u please let me know if a wallet of this description has been found? My phone number is
099 304 2442. If you have it, Please keep it in a safe place and I will make arrangements to collect
it at your earliest convenience.
sh

Thank you.

Yours faithfully,
iti

Joe Black

154 Words.
Br

Task 2
Many governments set an arbitrary retirement age (such as sixty-five), but some people are physi-
cally worn out or mentally exhausted well before they reach this age. While some people believe the
set age is reasonable, others think it should be more flexible with exemptions for certain workers. In
my opinion, a fixed retirement age is actually best for everybody because it is the easiest and fairest
arrangement, but I think a tribunal could be established to decide whether individual workers
deserve to receive a pension at an earlier age.
Before the new economy, when most people had a single occupation for life, it would have made a
lot of sense to allow some manual labourers or people working in psychologically stressful roles to

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Answer Keys

General Training Answers for


Reading & Writing Practice Test 1
Writing

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retire earlier. Today, however, so many people change jobs and shift between industries every few

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years that it is difficult to make these distinctions.
An ideal middle ground would be to have a set retirement age for everybody, but to create a tribunal
that could hear individual cases. A sixty year old who had been a miner for forty years could get an
early pension, for example, whereas someone of the same age who had spent only eight years

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mining in his twenties would not.
Two types of workers would benefit from early retirement. First are those who work in tough,
physically demanding conditions such as construction workers, coal miners and welders. The
others are workers in high stress positions where sound judgement is crucial for public safety.
Emergency medical practitioners and air traffic control operators are two such examples.
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With people’s working lives differing on an individual basis, it is difficult to classify them into large
groups and distribute pensions accordingly. Nevertheless, many individuals still deserve an early
pension and in some cases our well-being may depend on giving it to them.

306 Words.
sh
iti
Br

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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 2


Listening

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Section 1 30 Tracking protection

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1 18(th)
2 25(th)/Christmas Day
3 702
Section 4
31 A

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4 165
32 B
5 In cash
33 C
6 Reed
34 C
7 14 South Street/14 South St
35 B
8 AQ459
36 50/fifty
9 A
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37 Predators
10 B
38 Overfishing/over-fishing
39 Sustainable
40 Ban
Section 2
11 Weekdays
12 Issues
13 40
sh

14 Basement/basement
15 9.15
16 Classical
17 B
18 C
iti

19 Abroad
20 Sister

Section 3
Br

21 Presentation/assignment
22 Digital privacy
23 Credit rating
24 Employees
25 Sales manager
26 (search) habits
27 Profitability/profits
28 Recommendation
29 Legal action

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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 2


Reading
Each question correctly answered scores 1 mark.
Correct spelling is needed in all answers.

l
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Section 1 30 H
1 C 31 B
2 F 32 G

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3 E 33 A safety net
4 D 34 Albert Mummery
5 A 35 Unclimbed
6 Emmanuel Chabrier 36 Clean climbing
7 A black bodice 37 Nuts
38 Rappel bolting
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8 An auditorium
9 A trapeze artist 39 Technical mastery
10 A private studio / Manet’s private studio 40 B
11 E
12 D
13 A
sh

Section 2
14 viii
15 iii
16 i
17 ix
iti

18 iv
19 vi
20 NO
21 YES
Br

22 NOT GIVEN
23 NO
24 NOT GIVEN
25 YES
26 NO

Section 3
27 F
28 D
29 E

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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 2


Writing

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Task 1

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The bar chart shows the proportion of men and women who taught in seven different faculties of a
particular university in 2012.

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There was a large gender disparity in some faculties: engineering was dominated by male academ-
ics whereas education had the highest percentage of female academics. Notably, 85% of the
engineering teachers were male and only 15% female. Three quarters of the academic staff in
education were women, with just 25% males.
However, other faculties were more balanced in their composition. In medicine, gender
representation was almost equal, while in arts subjects slightly more than half the academics were
Co
female (55%). It is interesting to note that business and science had the same proportions of men
and women, with 65% male to 35% female academics in those faculties. Law had a slightly higher
percentage of women at 40%.
Although the faculties of engineering, business, science and law were still primarily male- dominat-
ed in 2012, women made up half the faculty of medicine and were predominant in education and
arts.
sh

160 Words

Task 2
iti

Solar power as a source of domestic household energy is becoming more desirable because many
individuals and governments are concerned that burning fossil fuels adds carbon to the atmosphere
and thus accelerates global warming and climate change. Others feel that nuclear power is poten-
tially unsafe, and do not like its associated pollution from radioactive waste. Therefore, many
Br

researchers and consumers have looked at alternative sources of energy and have found that solar
power has many benefits and few drawbacks.
The main advantage of solar energy is that after the initial installation, it is entirely free and renew-
able, and there are no extra costs involved in producing the energy. Solar energy is silent and envi-
ronmentally friendly as well - it does not destroy or poison the eco-system. This is because the raw
material; sunshine, does not need to be extracted or refined, so there are no pollutants or toxic resi-
due produced. Another major advantage is that it is produced where it is needed so there is no
energy wasted on transport. This decentralisation of the power source not only leads to savings on
transmission, but also to more self-reliant communities – the ability to produce their own power is a
significant advantage for remote populations.
There are also employment opportunities in the design and development, manufacture, installation
and maintenance of the new technology for solar panels, which are consequently becoming less
expensive, more available and much more efficient.”
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Answer Keys

Academic Answers for Practice Test 2


Writing

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and maintenance of the new technology for solar panels, which are consequently becoming less

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expensive, more available and much more efficient.
The greatest drawback of solar power is that it is totally reliant on sunlight, which is not always
constant. In fact, there are some regions where it may not be practicable, as it does not work at
night. Power from daytime sunshine must be stored in large batteries. In addition, the panels tend

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to be big and cumbersome. A major drawback for some is that the initial purchase and installation of
the equipment is costly.
In my view, the benefits of a clean, quiet, renewable, eco-friendly source of energy far outweigh the
drawbacks, provided that there is sufficient sunlight available to make this source of power feasible.
Co
343 Words
sh
iti
Br

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Answer Keys

General Training Answers for


Reading & Writing Practice Test 2
Reading

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Section 1 31 B

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1 Send a messenger 32 H
2 Short bell rings 33 A
3 Nearest staircase/stairs 34 F
35 D

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4 (paved) quadrangle (area)/quad
5 (all) support staff/personnel 36 functional-strength
6 The (class) roll 37 mass-monsters
7 All clear (signal) 38 Injuries
8 (their) home-room groups 39 Weight training
9 TRUE 40 Cardiovascular health
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10 FALSE
11 NOT GIVEN
12 NOT GIVEN
13 FALSE
14 TRUE

Section 2
sh

15 vi
16 viii
17 v
18 x
iti

19 ii
20 i
21 iii
22 Final written warning
23 Formal appeal hearing
Br

24 B
25 E
26 D
27 C
28 A

Section 3
29 C
30 E

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Answer Keys

General Training Answers for


Reading & Writing Practice Test 2
Writing

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Task 1

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Dear Mr Jackson,

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I am writing to you to see what can be done about the large tree at the front of your house. The tree
leans over my side of the fence which divides our properties. It is not just a nuisance but also a
danger. It drops a large amount of debris on my roof and these leaves and twigs block the down-
pipes. During the last heavy rainfall my house leaked as a result. My worst fear is that in a storm the
tree might fall down, damaging my house and possibly injuring my family.
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The tree has been a problem for over ten years and I have talked to you about it before but the tree
has now reached such a height that I urge you to take action immediately. I think you should have
the tree removed. An alternative course of action would be to prune the tree to fence level, but I think
it would die anyway if you did this.

I hope the problem can be resolved soon.


sh

Yours sincerely,

Joel Baker

173 Words.
iti

Task 2
Br

Exercise is important throughout life for all age groups in order to maintain both physical health and
mental wellbeing. Making sports instruction and physical education mandatory for all able-bodied
school students is a good idea, because it establishes beneficial exercise habits and enhances
other aspects of their lives.
Sport is a great source of lessons for life. It teaches us to take nothing for granted and to treat others
with respect. The smug individual or overconfident team is always vulnerable and may be beaten by
an opponent with less obvious skill but more tenacity and determination. Sport teaches us how to
behave, or how not to behave, in defeat. Maintaining composure in the face of disappointment is a
life skill well worth mastering, as is the ability to recover quickly after setbacks.
Sport teaches us concentration, discipline and a good work ethic (essential for academic
achievement as well). It is only by training hard, staying focused and exercising self-control that we

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Answer Keys

General Training Answers for


Reading & Writing Practice Test 2
Writing

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attain success. We learn a lot about competition but sport teaches us restraint, too: we need to keep

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a cool head in the midst of intense pressure to have a chance of winning. To be calm and composed
under pressure is an enormous advantage at exam time.
Team sports also teach us how to work as a team. Being a ‘team player’ is rated very highly by
employers and knowing how to interact and cooperate with others prepares us not only for the

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workplace but for the rest of our social lives.
To conclude, sport definitely has a place in the school curriculum, because students will become fit
and active, improve their attitude to study and learn many important life skills. For these reasons, all
students who are physically able should be required to participate in physical education in addition
to their academic subjects.
Co
305 Words.
sh
iti
Br

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Answer Keys

Answers for Academic Practice Test 3


Listening

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Section 1 Section 4

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1 Simmons 31 Interventions
2 Ocean Drive 32 Policies
3 Unlimited 33 Housing

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4 24 Month 34 Statistics
5 White 35 Evaluate
6 (a) goldfish 36 Cooperate
7 30 June/30 June/June 30/June 30th 37 Economic
8 Modem 38 Critical
9 Home phone 39 Gender
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10 Security 40 micro-credit

Section 2
11 D
12 B
13 H
sh

14 A
15 C
16 G
17 Tourists
18
iti

Monday(s)
19 Happy Dragon
20 3231190

Section 3
Br

21 B
22 C
23 A
24 B
25 A
26 Documents
27 Shortlist
28 Tailor
29 Call
30 Ask questions

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Answer Keys

Answers for Academic Practice Test 3


Reading
Each question correctly answered scores 1 mark.
Correct spelling is needed in all answers.

Section 1 30 C
1 TRUE 31 M
2 NOT GIVEN 32 J
3 FALSE 33 B
4 FALSE 34 A
5 NOT GIVEN 35 D
6 TRUE 36 A
7 A young age 37 NO
8 The ruling monarch 38 NOT GIVEN
9 A nominations system 39 NO
10 An advisory panel 40 YES
11 B
12 C
13 F

Section 2
14 FALSE
15 TRUE
16 NOT GIVEN
17 TRUE
18 FALSE
19 B
20 A
21 C
22 A
23 C
24 B
25 A
26 B

Section 3
27 G
28 H
29 K

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Answer Keys

Answers for Academic Practice Test 3


Writing

Task 1
The diagram demonstrates how a solar powered water pump is used to supply water for a village.
There are three main components to the system: a solar panel, an underground bore or well with a
water pump inside it, and a tank for holding the water after it has been pumped up from the
underground source.
The first part of the process involves collecting sunlight to power the pump. A solar panel consisting
of photo-voltaic cells is mounted, facing the sun, on a raised pole well above the ground. DC elec-
tricity is collected when the panel is exposed to sunlight. This DC current travels from the panel to
power a water pump, which is suspended below the water level inside an underground well or bore.
The DC power is used to pump water from the well into an outlet pipe which runs from the pump up
the well through the bore cap and into the top of a water tank which is situated on the ground nearby.
The water then runs in a pipe to a village, where it provides fresh water to the residents.

186 Words.

Task 2
Students spend a great deal of time and money on tertiary study; therefore, vocational subjects
would be a better investment in terms of immediate job opportunities. However, not everyone has
an aptitude for science, engineering or medicine, and there is a need for graduates with expertise
gained from arts courses.
In subjects such as philosophy, students learn a valuable set of skills. They become active thinkers
who learn how to solve problems, rather than passive learners who memorise facts and other peo-
ple’s ideas. Philosophy students become proficient at critical and moral thinking, argumentation and
debate. The ability to examine and analyse topical issues or challenge the status quo is very import-
ant. After all, someone needs to question the results or indeed the usefulness of scientific research,
the politician’s assertions, and historical events and assumptions in general. What is more, scan-
dals in business and government emphasise the need for ethics in the corporate and public domain.
The sciences and business are clearly very important for our community, and those who have talent
should, of course, pursue a university degree and a career in those fields. If, however, they also
have training in logic and analytical thinking or a broad general knowledge from studying arts sub-
jects, they are more likely to be able to solve problems, create initiatives, identify bias and avoid
major pitfalls as they progress through their careers.
in short, I wholeheartedly disagree with the statement that arts subjects should not be taught. I
suggest that every student should have instruction in philosophy, history or other arts subjects, even

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Answers for Academic Practice Test 3


Writing

if they elect to major in the sciences, because learning critical thinking skills, and developing a wide
background knowledge, will benefit them enormously in later life. In addition to this general training,
we need specialist graduates in arts subjects to make their contribution to a well-rounded society.

307 Words.

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Answer Keys

Answers for Academic Practice Test 4


Listening

Section 1 Section 4
1 Country 31 (the)wind
2 (your) Personal 32 food source
3 Business 33 Organisms
4 School fees 34 pest-resistance
5 48 / forty eight 35 Time-consuming
6 Reference Number / reference number 36 biological-control
7 3/three days 37 Unpredictable
8 $30/30 dollars/thirty dollars 38 Repel
9 $10,000/ten thousand dollars 39 Migrate
10 special code 40 Profits

Section 2
11 G
12 H
13 E
14 C
15 A
16 F
17 B
18 public transport/public transportation
19 Sites
20 Traffic lights

Section 3
21 Regulations
22 Chain of command
23 Status
24 Government
25 External relationships
26 Financial results
27 Satisfaction/Collaboration
28 Loyalty
29 Flexibility
30 Growth opportunities

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Answer Keys

Answers for Academic Practice Test 4


Reading
Each question correctly answered scores 1 mark.
Correct spelling is needed in all answers.

Section 1 30 F
1 vii 31 A
2 ix 32 E
3 iii 33 B
4 ii 34 C
5 vi 35 C or E
6 x 36 C or E
7 iv 37 D
8 viii 38 A or C
9 E 39 A or C
10 G 40 D
11 C
12 D
13 A

Section 2
14 FALSE
15 TRUE
16 NOT GIVEN
17 TRUE
18 NOT GIVEN
19 NOT GIVEN
20 His sponsors
21 Set of appendices
22 Computer-generated music
23 Correspondence(with Babbage)
24 conceptual vision
25 C
26 B

Section 3
27 C
28 D
29 B

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Answer Keys

Answers for Academic Practice Test 4


Writing

Task 1
The pie chart illustrates the proportion of energy consumed by different appliances in an average
Australian home. In general, the pie chart shows that temperature control, both for heating and cool-
ing, is the major user, followed by water heating, and the table shows that energy consumed per
capita drops as household size increases.
Heating and cooling devices account for almost 40% of total energy, and water heating consumes
a quarter of total household power. Other appliances, such as dishwashers, televisions and smaller
items, make up 16% of energy consumption. Slightly less than half that amount (7%) is used for
both refrigeration and lighting. Standby power comprises a remarkable 3% compared with stoves,
ovens and other cooking equipment that expend only 4% of household energy.
The table shows that a single person’s electricity usage is 5,000 to 6,500 Kw per annum, whereas
two people use a similar amount or not much more. A three-person Australian household typically
uses about the same as two people (6,000–8,000) or perhaps up to 10,000 Kw. Six people or more
living in the same house have only double the consumption of a two- person household.
In summary, all forms of heating and cooling – air temperature, water, refrigeration and cooking –
are major consumers of energy in Australian houses, and it is more economical to live in a larger
household.

222 Words.

Task 2
Globalisation is here to stay, driven by advances in information technology and resulting in
scientific, technological and economic progress and increased international trade and
investment. It has had wide-ranging positive and negative effects on employment and economic
development, scientific research, language and culture, and the environment.
One positive result of globalisation is the global distribution of labour. It is now much easier to
move to other countries to find work, and this leads to better employment prospects for
individuals and to more diverse workplaces. In addition, capital and industrial resources have
migrated to developing countries, thus providing local jobs and boosting local economies. It has
also resulted in greater contact between different cultures, as travel has become relatively safer
and less expensive than it used to be. Ease of communication has encouraged an
unprecedented level of global scientific research and cooperation, and a subsequent explosion
of knowledge and information.
A downside of this global economy is that when a catastrophe occurs, as in the recent global

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Academic Answers for Practice Test 4


Writing

financial crisis that started in the USA, it affects the whole world. Similarly, when a virus
emerges in one region of the world, it spreads rapidly, threatening worldwide health.
Globalisation affects culture and language, too; minority languages are dying out because of the
necessity of learning English for international business, and indigenous cultures are being
rejected in favour of a dominant, often USA-based, culture. Finally, levels of pollution are rising
as countries strive for economic growth and a competitive edge in the global market.
In conclusion, globalisation is a double-edged sword that has created jobs and promoted
international cooperation but has led to cultural losses, more environmental damage, increased
health risks and exposure to economic crises. However, our world will continue to shrink as
technology expands, and we need to accept globalisation as a fact of life in the 21st century.

307 Words.

IELTS is jointly owned by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment.

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