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Academic Practice Test 1

Listening Section 1 Seller’s details:

Name: Carolyn Kline
Address:19 10……………….. Road
Questions 1 - 10
Questions 1–5
Complete the notes below.
Listening Section 2
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR Questions 11 - 20

A NUMBER for each answer. Questions 11–17

Label the plan below.
Second-hand Bedroom Furniture for Sale Write the correct letter, A–J, next to the
location mentioned in questions 11–17.

Example Answer
Number of items for sale: three Sports Super Centre

Bedside Table
Colour: 1 ………………..
Drawers: two (in each table)
Handles made of 2 ………………..
Height: 3 …………….. cm
Condition: 4 ………………..
Price: 5 ………………..

(for both)

Questions 6–10
Complete the notes below.


A NUMBER for each answer.

Dressing Table

Drawers: five (two are 6 ………………..)

Width: 7 ………………..
Mirrors: three: one large, two small
(all 8………………..) 11 Administration office 15 Conference room
Condition: good 12 Sports medicine clinic 16 Men’s locker room
Price 9 ……………….. 13 Bike racks 17 Pool shop
14 Café


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Question 18 Questions 26–30

Complete the flow-chart below.
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
• The sports centre is open on public holidays Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for
from each answer.

A 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. Part Two – Process

B 5 a.m. to 7 p.m.

C 5 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Questions 19 and 20
Choose TWO letters, A–E. Submit Check e-mail for

Which TWO services are covered by the 26 ..................... 27 .....................
membership fee? of submission

A personal training
B swim squads
C child-minding
D programme design
E tennis lessons 28 .....................

Listening Section 3

Questions 21 - 30 Conditional
Acceptance or
acceptance or
Questions 21–25 29 .....................
Revise & Resubmit
Complete the notes below.


Revise & send

Part One – Checklist: back with a

• Write an 21 ……………………. – keep it brief. 30 .....................
• List relevant 22 ……………………. .
• Have two academic advisors read over your
23 ……………………. .
• Choose the journal you want to submit to.
• Apply the journal’s 24 ……………………. to
your article.
• Sign the 25 ……………………. .

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Listening Section 4 Questions 37–40

Complete the notes below.
Questions 31 – 40
Questions 31–33 Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each
Complete the notes below. answer.


A NUMBER for each answer. • Erosion

• 37 ………………… from various sources,
If soil is healthy, it is a 31 ………………… including chemical fertilisers
teeming with life such as worms, fungi and

bacteria. If plants are grown in poor soil, they
will lack 32 ………………… and human health Farming Methods :
will suffer. Plants are nourished by organic
matter, 33 ………………… and other essential
elements which are broken down by insects
and other organisms in a synergistic Conventional Organic
● monoculture ● crop rotation
● synthetic fertilis- ● Covering crops
Questions 34–36 er & chemicals ● Use of insects as
Label the diagram below. used natural
for 38 40 .....................
..................... ● Addition of

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each ● Genetically- manure & green
answer. modified seeds waste
● Pesticide &
Layers of Soil fungicide sprayed

crops after picking

● No need for
Decomposing Organic Matter documentation of
36 .............................. 39.....................


35 ..............................


34 ..............................

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Academic Practice Test 1

Reading Passage 1 Active electro-reception has a range of about

one body length – usually just enough to give
its host time to get out of the way or go in for
You should spend about 20 minutes on
the kill.
Questions 1–13, which are based on The
Reading Passage 1 below. D
One fascinating use of active
ELECTRO-RECEPTION electro-reception – known as the Jamming

Avoidance Response mechanism – has been

A observed between members of some species
Open your eyes in sea water and it is difficult to known as the weakly electric fish. When two
see much more than a murky, bleary green such electric fish meet in the ocean using the

colour. Sounds, too, are garbled and difficult to same frequency, each fish will then shift the
comprehend. Without specialised equipment frequency of its discharge so that they are
humans would be lost in these deep sea transmitting on different frequencies. Doing so
habitats, so how do fish make it seem so easy? prevents their electro-reception faculties from
Much of this is due to a becoming jammed. Long before citizens’ band
biological phenomenon known as radio users first had to yell “Get off my
electro-reception – the ability to perceive and frequency!” at hapless novices cluttering the
act upon electrical stimuli as part of the overall air waves, at least one species had found a
senses. This ability is found only in aquatic or way to peacefully and quickly resolve this type
amphibious species because water is an of dispute.
efficient conductor of electricity.
B Electro-reception can also play an important

Electro-reception comes in two variants. While role in animal defences. Rays are one such
all animals (including humans) generate example. Young ray embryos develop inside
electric signals, because they are emitted by egg cases that are attached to the sea bed.
the nervous system, some animals have the The embryos keep their tails in constant
ability – known as passive electro-reception – motion so as to pump water and allow them to

to receive and decode electric signals breathe through the egg’s casing. If the
generated by other animals in order to sense embryo’s electro-receptors detect the
their location. presence of a predatory fish in the vicinity,
however, the embryo stops moving (and in so

C doing ceases transmitting electric currents)

Other creatures can go further still, until the fish has moved on. Because marine
however. Animals with active electro-reception life of various types is often travelling past, the
possess bodily organs that generate special embryo has evolved only to react to signals
electric signals on cue. These can be used for that are characteristic of the respiratory
mating signals and territorial displays as well movements of potential predators such as
as locating objects in the water. Active sharks.
electro-receptors can differentiate between the
various resistances that their electrical F
currents encounter. This can help them Many people fear swimming in the ocean
identify whether another creature is prey, because of sharks. In some respects, this
predator or something that is best left alone. concern is well grounded – humans are poorly

Essential GuideGuide
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equipped when it comes to electro-receptive Questions 1–6

defence mechanisms. Sharks, meanwhile,
hunt with extraordinary precision. They initially Reading Passage 1 has eight paragraphs,
lock onto their prey through a keen sense of A–H.
smell (two thirds of a shark’s brain is devoted Which paragraph contains the following
entirely to its olfactory organs). As the shark information?
reaches proximity to its prey, it tunes into Write the correct letter, A–H, in boxes 1–6 on
electric signals that ensure a precise strike on your answer sheet.

its target; this sense is so strong that the shark

even attacks blind by letting its eyes recede 1. How electro-reception can be used to help
for protection. fish reproduce.

G 2. A possible use for electro-reception that will
Normally, when humans are attacked it is benefit humans.
purely by accident. Since sharks cannot detect
from electro-reception whether or not 3. The term for the capacity which enables an
something will satisfy their tastes, they tend to animal to pick up but not send out electrical
“try before they buy”, taking one or two bites signals.
and then assessing the results (our sinewy
muscle does not compare well with plumper, 4. Why only creatures that live in or near water
softer prey such as seals). Repeat attacks are have electro-receptive abilities.
highly likely once a human is bleeding,
because; the force of the electric field is 5. How electro-reception might help creatures
heightened by salt in the blood which creates find their way over long distances.
the perfect setting for a feeding frenzy. In

areas where shark attacks on humans are 6. A description of how some fish can avoid
likely to occur, disrupting each other’s electric signals.
scientists are exploring ways to create artificial
electro-receptors that would disorient the Questions 7–9
sharks and repel them from swimming Label the diagram.

the passage for each answer.
H. There is much that we do not yet know
concerning how electro-reception functions.

Although researchers have documented how Write your answers in boxes 7–9 on your
electro-reception alters hunting, defence and answer sheet.
communication systems through observation,
the exact neurological processes that encode
Shark’s 7..................... alert the young ray to its
and decode this information are unclear.
Scientists are also exploring the role
electro-reception plays in navigation. Some Embryo moves its 8..................... in order to
have proposed that salt water and magnetic breathe.
fields from the Earth’s core may interact to Embryo stops sending 9..................... when a
form electrical currents that sharks use for predator is close by.
migratory purposes.

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Questions 10–13
Complete the summary below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE words from

the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 10–13 on your
answer sheet.

Shark Attack

A shark is a very effective hunter. Firstly, it uses


its 10 .................... to smell its target. When the

shark gets close, it uses 11 .................... to
guide it toward an accurate attack. Within the
final few feet the shark rolls its eyes back into
its head. Humans are not popular food sources
for most sharks due to their 12 .....................
Nevertheless, once a shark has bitten a
human, a repeat attack is highly possible as
salt from the blood increases the intensity of
the 13 ..................

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Reading Passage 2 policy).

Bidding costs do not compare, however, to the
exorbitant bills that come with hosting the
You should spend about 20 minutes on
Olympic Games themselves. As is typical with
Questions 14–27, which are based on
large-scale, one-off projects, budgeting for the
Reading Passage 2 below. Olympics is a notoriously formidable task. Los
Angelinos have only recently finished paying off
FAIR GAMES their budget-breaking 1984 Olympics; Montreal

is still in debt for its 1976 Games (to add insult

For seventeen days every four years the world to injury, Canada is the only host country to
is briefly arrested by the captivating, dizzying have failed to win a single gold medal during its
spectacle of athleticism, ambition, pride and own Olympics). The tradition of runaway

celebration on display at the Summer Olympic expenses has persisted in recent years.
Games. After the last weary spectators and London Olympics managers have admitted that
competitors have returned home, however, their 2012 costs may increase ten times over
host cities are often left awash in high debts their initial projections, leaving tax payers 20
and costly infrastructure maintenance. The billion pounds in the red.
staggering expenses involved in a successful Hosting the Olympics is often understood to be
Olympic bid are often assumed to be easily an excellent way to update a city’s sporting
mitigated by tourist revenues and an increase infrastructure. The extensive demands of
in local employment, but more often than not Olympic sports include aquatic complexes,
host cities are short changed and their equestrian circuits, shooting ranges, beach
taxpayers for generations to come are left volleyball courts, and, of course, an 80,000
settling the debt. seat athletic stadium. Yet these demands are
Olympic extravagances begin with the typically only necessary to accommodate a

application process. Bidding alone will set most brief influx of athletes from around the world.
cities back about $20 million, and while Despite the enthusiasm many populations
officially bidding only takes two years (for cities initially have for the development of world-class
that make the shortlist), most cities can expect sporting complexes in their home towns, these
to exhaust a decade working on their bid from complexes typically fall into disuse after the

the moment it is initiated to the announcement Olympic fervour has waned. Even Australia,
of voting results from International Olympic home to one of the world’s most sportive
Committee members. Aside from the financial populations, has left its taxpayers footing a $32
costs of the bid alone, the process ties up real million-a-year bill for the maintenance of vacant

estate in prized urban locations until the facilities.

outcome is known. This can cost local Another major concern is that when civic infra-
economies millions of dollars of lost revenue structure developments are undertaken in
from private developers who could have made preparation for hosting the Olympics, these
use of the land, and can also mean that benefits accrue to a single metropolitan centre
particular urban quarters lose their vitality due (with the exception of some outlying areas that
to the vacant lots. All of this can be for nothing may get some revamped sport facilities). In
if a bidding city does not appease the whims of countries with an expensive land mass, this
IOC members – private connections and means vast swathes of the population miss out
opinions on government conduct often hold entirely. Furthermore, since the international
sway (Chicago’s 2012 bid is thought to have Olympic Committee favours prosperous
been undercut by tensions over U.S. foreign “global” centres (the United Kingdom was told,

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after three failed bids from its provincial cities, championships in each discipline. Most of
that only London stood any real chance at these events are already held on non-Olympic
winning), the improvement of public transport, years anyway – the International Association of
roads and communication links tends to Athletics Federations, for example, has run a
concentrate in places already well-equipped biennial World Athletics Championship since
with world-class infrastructures. Perpetually 1983 after members decided that using the
by-passing minor cities creates a cycle of Olympics for their championship was no longer
disenfranchisement: these cities never get an sufficient. Events of this nature keep

injection of capital, they fail to become first-rate world-class competition alive without requiring

candidates, and they are constantly passed Olympic-sized expenses.
over in favour of more secure choices.
Finally, there is no guarantee that an Olympics Questions 14–18
Complete each sentence with the correct

will be a popular success. The “feel good”
factor that most proponents of Olympic bids ending, A–K, below.
extol (and that was no doubt driving the 90 to
100 per cent approval rates of Parisians and Write the correct letter, A–K, in boxes 14–18 on
Londoners for their cities’ respective 2012 bids) your answer sheet.
can be an elusive phenomenon, and one that is
tied to that nation’s standing on the medal 14 Bids to become a host city
tables. This ephemeral thrill cannot compare to 15 Personal relationships and political tensions
the years of disruptive construction projects 16 Cost estimates for the Olympic Games
and security fears that go into preparing for an 17 Purpose-built sporting venues
Olympic Games, nor the decades of debt 18 Urban developments associated with the
repayment that follow (Greece’s preparation for Olympics
Athens 2004 famously deterred tourists from

visiting the country due to widespread unease A. Often help smaller cities to develop basic
about congestion and disruption). infrastructure.
There are feasible alternatives to the bloat, B. Tend to occur in areas where they are least
extravagance and wasteful spending that needed.
comes with a modern Olympic Games. One C. Require profitable companies to be put out

option is to designate a permanent host city of business.

that would be re-designed or built from scratch D. Are often never used again once the Games
especially for the task. Another is to extend the are over.
duration of the Olympics so that it becomes a E. Can take up to ten years to complete.

festival of several months. Local businesses F. Also satisfy needs of local citizens for
would enjoy the extra spending and congestion first-rate sports facilities.
would ease substantially as competitors and G. Are usually only successful when it is from a
spectators come and go according to their capital city.
specific interests. Neither the “Olympic City” H. Are closely related to how people feel
nor the extended length options really get to the emotionally about the Olympics.
heart of the issue, however. Stripping away I. Are known for being very inaccurate.
ritual and decorum in favour of concentrating J. Often underlie the decisions of International
on athletic rivalry would be preferable. Olympic Committee members.
Failing that, the Olympics could simply be K. Are holding back efforts to reform the
scrapped altogether. International competition Olympics.
could still be maintained through world

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Questions 19–27 Questions 26 and 27

Do the following statements agree with the Choose TWO letters, A–E.
information given in Reading Passage 2?
Write the correct letters in boxes 26 and 27 on
In boxes 19–25 on your answer sheet, write your answer sheet.
TRUE if the statement agrees with the Which TWO of the following does the author
information propose as alternatives to the current

FALSE if the statement contradicts the Olympics?

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
A. The Olympics should be cancelled in favour
19. Residents of host cities have little use for of individual competitions for each sport.

the full range of Olympic facilities. B. The Olympics should focus on ceremony
rather than competition.
20. Australians have still not paid for the C. The Olympics should be held in the same
construction of Olympic sports facilities. city every time.
D. The Olympics should be held over a month
rather than seventeen days.
21. People far beyond the host city can expect
to benefit from improved infrastructure. E. The Olympics should be made smaller by
getting rid of unnecessary and unpopular
22. It is difficult for small cities to win an sports.
Olympic bid.

23. When a city makes an Olympic bid, a

majority of its citizens usually want it to win.

24. Whether or not people enjoy hosting the

Olympics in their city depends on how
athletes from their country perform in
Olympic events.

25. Fewer people than normal visited Greece

during the run up to the Athens Olympics.

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Reading Passage 3 Einstein’s relativity theory has been “pushed

harder than any theory in the history of the
physical sciences”. Yet each prior challenge
You should spend about 20 minutes on
has come to no avail, and relativity has so far
Questions 28–40, which are based on refused to buckle.
Reading Passage 3 below. So is time travel just around the corner? The
prospect has certainly been wrenched much
TIME TRAVEL closer to the realm of possibility now that a

Time travel took a small step away from major physical hurdle – the speed of light – has

science fiction and towards science recently been cleared. If particles can travel faster than
when physicists discovered that sub-atomic light, in theory travelling back in time is
particles known as neutrinos – progeny of the possible. How anyone harnesses that to some

sun’s radioactive debris – can exceed the kind of helpful end is far beyond the scope of
speed of light. The unassuming particle – it is any modern technologies, however, and will be
electrically neutral, small but with a “non-zero left to future generations to explore.
mass” and able to penetrate the human from Certainly, any prospective time travellers may
undetected – is on its way to becoming a rock have to overcome more physical and logical
star of the scientific world. hurdles than merely overtaking the speed of
Researchers from the European Organisation light. One such problem, posited by René
for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva sent Barjavel in his 1943 text Le Voyageur
the neutrinos hurtling through an underground Imprudentis the so-called grandfather paradox.
corridor towards their colleagues at the Barjavel theorised that, if it were possible to go
Oscillation Project with Emulsion-Tracing back in time, a time traveller could potentially
Apparatus (OPERA) team 730 kilometres away kill his own grandfather. If this were to happen,
in Gran Sasso, Italy. The neutrinos arrived however, the time traveller himself would not be

promptly – so promptly, in fact, that they born, which is already known to be true. In
triggered what scientists are calling the other words, there is a paradox in
unthinkable – that everything they have learnt, circumventing an already known future; time
known or taught stemming from the last one travel is able to facilitate past actions that mean
hundred years of the physics discipline may time travel itself cannot occur.

need to be reconsidered. Other possible routes have been offered,

The issue at stake is a tiny segment of time – though. For Igor Novikov, astrophysicist behind
precisely sixty nanoseconds (which is sixty the 1980's theorem known as the
billionths of a second). This is how much faster self-consistency principle, time travel is

than the speed of light the neutrinos managed possible within certain boundaries. Novikov
to go in their underground travels and at a argued that any event causing a paradox would
consistent rate (15,000 neutrinos were sent have zero probability. It would be possible,
over three years). Even allowing for a margin of however, to “affect” rather than “change”
error of ten billionths of a second, this stands historical outcomes if travellers avoided all
as proof that it is possible to race against light inconsistencies. Averting the sinking of the
and win. The duration of the experiment also Titanic, for example, would revoke any future
accounted for and ruled out any possible lunar imperative to stop it from sinking – it would be
effects or tidal bulges in the earth’s crust. impossible. Saving selected passengers from
Nevertheless, there’s plenty of reason to the water and replacing them with realistic
remain skeptical. According to Harvard corpses would not be impossible, however, as
University science historian Peter Galison, the historical record would not be altered in any

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way. Questions 28–33

A further possibility is that of parallel universes.
Popularised by Bryce Seligman DeWitt in the Do the following statements agree with the
1960s (from the seminal formulation of Hugh information given in Reading Passage 3?
Everett), the many-worlds interpretation holds
that an alternative pathway for every In boxes 28–33 on your answer sheet, write
conceivable occurrence actually exists. If we
were to send someone back in time, we might TRUE if the statement agrees with the

therefore expect never to see him again – any information

alterations would divert that person down a FALSE if the statement contradicts the
new historical trajectory. information
A final hypothesis, one of unidentified NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

provenance, reroutes itself quite efficiently
around the grandfather paradox. 28. It is unclear where neutrinos come from.
Non-existence theory suggests exactly that – a
person would quite simply never exist if they 29. Neutrinos can pass through a person’s
altered their ancestry in ways that obstructed body without causing harm.
their own birth. They would still exist in person
upon returning to the present, but any chain 30. It took scientists between 50-70
reactions associated with their actions would nanoseconds to send the neutrinos from
not be registered. Their “historical identity” Geneva to Italy.
would be gone.
So, will humans one day step across the same 31. Researchers accounted for effects the
boundary that the neutrinos have? World - moon might have had on the experiment.
renowned astrophysicist Stephen Hawking

believes that once spaceships can exceed the 32. The theory of relativity has often been
speed of light, humans could feasibly travel called into question unsuccessfully.
millions of years into the future in order to
repopulate earth in the event of a forthcoming 33. This experiment could soon lead to some
apocalypse. This is because as the spaceships practical uses for time travel.

accelerate into the future, time would slow

down around them (Hawking concedes that
bygone eras are off limits – this would violate Questions 34–39
the fundamental rule that cause comes before
Complete the table below.

Hawking is therefore reserved yet optimistic.
“Time travel was once considered scientific Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS
heresy, and I used to avoid talking about it for from the passage for each answer.
fear of being labelled a crank. These days I’m
not so cautious.” Write your answers in boxes 34–39 on your
answer sheet.

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Theory Principle

René Grandfather Time travel would allow for 34 ............... that

Barjavel paradox would actually make time travel impossible.

Igor Self-consistency It is only possible to alter history in ways that
Novikov principle result in no 35 ......................

Each possible event has an 37 .....................,
36 Many-worlds so a time traveller changing the past would
.................. interpretation simply end up in a different branch of history
than the one he left.
38 If a time traveller changed the past to prevent
Unknown .................. his future life, he would not have a
39 ..................... as the person never existed.

Question 40

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write the correct letter in box 40 on your

answer sheet.

Stephen Hawking has stated that

A Human time travel is theoretically possible,

but is unlikely to ever actually occur.

B Human time travel might be possible, but only

moving backward in time.
C Human time travel might be possible, but
only moving forward in time.
D All time travel is impossible.

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Writing task 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the proportion of four different materials that were recycled from 1982 to
2010 in a particular country.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make

comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.


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Writing task 12
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Learning English at school is often seen as more important than learning local languages. If these
are not taught, many are at risk of dying out.

In your opinion, is it important for everyone to learn English? Should we try to ensure the survival
of local languages and, if so, how?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or

Write at least 250 words.


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Speaking PART 1 Speaking PART 3

Initial questions about name, where you WEDDINGS AND MARRIAGE IN GENERAL
live, work or study and other personal - What is the best age for a person to get
topics. married?
- What kinds of things should young people do
MONEY before they get married? [Why?]

- Is money important? [Why / Why not?] - Do you think people should get married again
- Do people in your country save their money? if their first marriage is not successful?

[Why / Why not?]
- What sort of things do young people spend MARRIAGE AND SOCIETY
their money on? [Why?] - The roles of men and women are changing.

- How do you feel when you don't have enough How has this impacted on how people view
money to buy something you want? [Why?] marriage in your culture?
- The media often highlights celebrity marriages
FOOD AND MEALS and contracts that are agreed on before
- What is your favourite meal, e.g. Breakfast, marriage. Is this a practical attitude towards
lunch or dinner? [Why?] marriage?
- How important do you think it is to have three - Changes in attitude to marriage and family
meals a day? [Why?] responsibilities have resulted in increasing
- Who do you think enjoys cooking more, older numbers of single parent families. How will
or younger people? [Why?] this impact on society in the future?
- Do you think more people will eat more micro
waved meals in the future? [Why / Why not?]

Speaking PART 2

Talk about a wedding you have been to.


You should talk about:

- Where it was
- When it was
- Who you met there

and explain why this wedding was

important to you.

You will be expected to talk about the topic for

one to two minutes. You will have one minute to
think about what you are going to say before
you start talking. You can make some notes to
help you if you wish.

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