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1/27/2018 Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Buffers –...

CHEM 600 (3B4) Content Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Bu ers

Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Bu ers

User KRISTINA MOIRA ARENAS


Course CHEM 600 (3B4)
Test Part 2: Acids, Bases & Bu ers
Started 1/26/18 11:00 PM
Submitted 1/26/18 11:56 PM
Status Completed
Attempt Score 53.00000 out of 55.00000 points  
Time Elapsed 56 minutes out of 1 hour
Results Displayed Correct Answers

Question 1 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What happens to the solution if sodium acetate is added to a solution of acetic acid?
CH3COOH(aq)   H+(aq) + CH3COO–(aq)

Correct Answer: There is an increased concentration of acetate ions.

Question 2 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which may be used to prepare a bu er having a pH of 8.8?


Ka= 7 × 10–3 for H3PO4; 8 × 10–8 for H2PO4–; 5 × 10–13 for HPO42–

Correct Answer: NaH2PO4 and Na2HPO4

Question 3 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Indicators are weak acids that are one color in acidic solution and another color in basic
solution.
Correct Answer: True

Question 4 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

When the concentration of the conjugate base of a weak acid is less than the concentration
of the weak acid in a bu er solution, the pH of the solution is

Correct Answer: less than the pKa.

Question 5 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A 10.0-mL sample of 0.75 M CH3CH2COOH is titrated with 0.30 M NaOH. What is the pH of


the solution after 22.0 mL of NaOH have been added to the acid?
[Ka(CH3CH2COOH) = 1.3 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 5.75

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1/27/2018 Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Buffers –...

Question 6 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A 35.0-mL sample of 0.20 M LiOH is titrated with 0.25 M HCl. What is the pH of the solution
after 23.0 mL of HCl have been added to the base?

Correct Answer: 12.33

Question 7 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the [H3O+] in a bu er that consists of 0.30 M HCOOH and 0.20 M HCOONa?

 [Ka(HCOOH) = 1.7 × 10–4]

Correct Answer: 2.6 × 10–4 M

Question 8 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which best describes the pH at the equivalence point of a titration of a weak base with a
strong acid?

Correct Answer: Between 0 and 7

Question 9 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Increasing the concentrations of the components of a bu er solution will increase the


bu er capacity.
Correct Answer: True

Question 10 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A 20.0-mL sample of 0.30 M HClO was titrated with 0.30 M NaOH. The following data were
collected during the titration. Determine to Ka for HClO.
2
1
5
5
0
.
mL NaOH added  .
0
0
0
0
1
6
7
0
.
pH  .
4
9
3
8
6
3
1

Correct Answer: 3.5 × 10–8

Question 11 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

If the pH of a bu er solution is greater than the pKa value of the bu er acid, the bu er will
have more capacity to neutralize added base than added acid.
Correct Answer: False

Question 12 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the pH of a solution that consists of 0.50 M H2C6H6O6 (ascorbic acid) and

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1/27/2018 Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Buffers –...
0.75 M NaHC6H6O6 (sodium ascorbate)? 

[Ka(H2C6H6O6) = 6.8 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 4.34

Question 13 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A bu er is prepared by adding 1.00 L of 1.0 M HCl to 750 mL of 1.5 M NaHCOO. What is the


pH of this bu er? [Ka(HCOOH) = 1.7 × 10–4]

Correct Answer: 2.87

Question 14 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which best describes the pH at the equivalence point of a titration of a weak acid with a
strong base?

Correct Answer: Between 7 and 14

Question 15 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which results in a bu ered solution?

Correct Answer: A solution containing a weak acid and its conjugate base

Question 16 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Calculate the pH of the solution resulting from the addition of 10.0 mL of 0.10 M NaOH to
50.0 mL of 0.10 M HCN (Ka = 4.9 × 10–10) solution.

Correct Answer: 8.71

Question 17 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

40.0 ml of an acetic acid of unknown concentration is titrated with 0.100 M NaOH. After


20.0 mL of the base solution has been added, the pH in the titration ask is 5.10. What was
the concentration of the original acetic acid solution?  
(Ka(CH3COOH) = 1.8 × 10–5)

Correct Answer: 0.072 M

Question 18 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which is the best choice for preparing a bu er with a pH of 3.5?

Correct Answer: C6H4(COOH)2, Ka = 2.9 × 10–4

Question 19 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Increasing the concentrations of the components of a bu er solution will increase the


bu er range.
Correct Answer: False

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Question 20 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

The amount of strong acid added to a bu er solution cannot exceed the original amount of
conjugate base present in order for the bu er to still work.
Correct Answer: True

Question 21 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the pH at the equivalence point in the titration of 100 mL of 0.10 M HCl with
0.10 M NaOH?

Correct Answer: 7.0

Question 22 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A bu er is prepared by adding 300.0 mL of 2.0 M NaOH to 500.0 mL of 2.0 M CH3COOH.


What is the pH of this bu er? [Ka(CH3COOH) = 1.8 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 4.92

Question 23 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

You have 500.0 mL of a bu er solution containing 0.30 M acetic acid (CH3COOH) and


0.20 M sodium acetate (CH3COONa). What will the pH of this solution be after the addition
of 20.0 mL of 1.00 M NaOH solution?  
[Ka(CH3COOH) = 1.8 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 4.71

Question 24 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

An acetic acid bu er containing 0.50 M CH3COOH and 0.50 M CH3COONa has a pH of 4.74.


What will the pH be after 0.0020 mol of HCl has been added to 100.0 mL of the bu er?

Correct Answer: 4.71

Question 25 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A 20.0-mL sample of 0.25 M HNO3 is titrated with 0.15 M NaOH. What is the pH of the


solution after 30.0 mL of NaOH have been added to the acid?

Correct Answer: 2.00

Question 26 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the e ect on equilibrium when sodium acetate is added to a solution of acetic
acid?
CH3COOH(aq)   H+(aq) + CH3COO–(aq)

Correct Answer: The equilibrium shifts to the left.

Question 27 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points


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1/27/2018 Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Buffers –...

A 50.0-mL sample of 0.50 M HCl is titrated with 0.50 M NaOH. What is the pH of the


solution after 28.0 mL of NaOH have been added to the acid?

Correct Answer: 0.85

Question 28 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Calculate the pH of a bu er solution prepared by dissolving 0.20 mole of sodium cyanate


(NaCNO) and 1.0 mole of cyanic acid (HCNO) in enough water to make 1.0 liter of solution. 
[Ka(HCNO) = 2.0 × 10–4]

Correct Answer: 3.00

Question 29 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

The pH of a solution that is 0.20 M CH3COOH and 0.20 M CH3COONa should be higher than


the pH of a 0.20 M CH3COOH solution.

Correct Answer: True

Question 30 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the pH of a solution prepared by mixing 500.mL of 0.10 M NaOCl and 500. mL of


0.20 M HOCl?
[Ka(HOCl) = 3.2 × 10–8]

Correct Answer: 7.19

Question 31 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What molar ratio of CH3COOH to CH3COONa should be used in order to prepare an acetic
acid / sodium acetate bu er solution with a pH of 4.00 ± 0.02?
[Ka(CH3COOH) = 1.8 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 5.6

Question 32 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the pH of a solution that is 0.410 M in HOCl and 0.050 M in NaOCl?


 [Ka(HOCl) = 3.2 × 10–8]

Correct Answer: 6.58

Question 33 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Below is a titration curve for the titration of 50.0 mL of a 0.100 M solution of the weak acid
HA with a 0.100 M solution of NaOH.
 

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1/27/2018 Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Buffers –...

 
What is the approximate pKa of HA?

Correct Answer: 6

Question 34 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Calculate the pH at the equivalence point for the titration of 50.0 mL of 0.20 M NH3 with
0.20 M HCl.
[Kb(NH3) = 1.8 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 5.13

Question 35 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the pH of a bu er that consists of 0.20 M NaH2PO4 and 0.40 M Na2HPO4?

[Ka(NaH2PO4) = 6.2 × 10–8]

Correct Answer: 7.51

Question 36 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

You have 500.0 mL of a bu er solution containing 0.20 M acetic acid (CH3COOH) and


0.30 M sodium acetate (CH3COONa). What will the pH of this solution be after the addition
of 20.0 mL of 1.00 M NaOH solution?  
[Ka(CH3COOH) = 1.8 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 5.07

Question 37 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the pH of a bu er solution prepared by dissolving 0.20 mole of cyanic acid (HCNO)
and 0.80 mole of sodium cyanate (NaCNO) in enough water to make 1.0 liter of solution?
[Ka(HCNO) = 2.0 × 10–4]

Correct Answer: 4.30

Question 38 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A bu er is prepared by adding 150 mL of 1.0 M NaOH to 250 mL of 1.0 M NaH2PO4. How

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1/27/2018 Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Buffers –...
many moles of HCl must be added to this bu er solution to change the pH by 0.18 units?

Correct Answer: 0.025 mol HCl

Question 39 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the Henderson-Hasselbach equation?

Correct Answer:
pH = pKa + log 

Question 40 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the [H3O+] in a solution that consists of 1.5 M NH3 and 2.5 M NH4Cl? 

Kb = 1.8 × 10–5

Correct Answer: 9.3 × 10–10 M

Question 41 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A mixture made of 100 mL of 0.5 M CH3COOH and 100 mL of 0.5 M CH3COONa is classi ed


as a bu er solution.
Correct Answer: True

Question 42 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the pH of a bu er that consists of 0.45 M CH3COOH and 0.35 M CH3COONa? 

[Ka(CH3COOH) = 1.8 × 10–5]

Correct Answer: 4.64

Question 43 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A 50.00-mL solution of 0.10 M HNO2 is titrated with a 0.10 M KOH solution. After 25.00 mL


of the KOH solution is added, what is the pH in the titration ask? 
[Ka(HNO2) = 4.5 × 10–4]

Correct Answer: 3.35

Question 44 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which is the best acid to prepare a bu er with the lowest pH?

Correct Answer: HOC6H4OCOOH, Ka = 1.0 × 10–3

Question 45 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the e ect on the equilibrium when sodium formate is added to a solution of formic
acid?
HCOOH(aq)   H+(aq) + HCOO–(aq)

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1/27/2018 Review Test Submission: Part 2: Acids, Bases & Buffers –...
Correct Answer: The equilibrium shifts to the left.

Question 46 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

A 20.00-mL sample of 0.3000 M HBr is titrated with 0.15 M NaOH. What is the pH of the


solution after 40.3 mL of NaOH have been added to the acid?

Correct Answer: 10.87

Question 47 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

What is the name is used to describe the situation when a compound containing an ion in
common with a dissolved substance is added to a solution at equilibrium which shifts the
equilibrium?

Correct Answer: Common ion e ect

Question 48 0.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which of the following is correct for the equivalence point in an acid-base titration?

Correct
Answer: The amounts of acid and base combined are in a stoichiometric ratio at the equivalence point in an
acid-base titration.

Question 49 0.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which of the following acids is the best acid to prepare a bu er with the highest pH?

Correct Answer: HBrO, Ka = 2.3 × 10–9

Question 50 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which pair of substances cannot form a bu ered aqueous solution?

Correct Answer: HNO3 and NaNO3

Question 51 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which pair of substances could form a bu ered aqueous solution?

Correct Answer: H3PO4, NaH2PO4

Question 52 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

When a strong acid is titrated with a strong base, the pH at the equivalence point

Correct Answer: is equal to 7.0.

Question 53 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Calculate the pH of a bu er solution that contains 0.25 M benzoic acid (C6H5CO2H) and


0.15 M sodium benzoate (C6H5COONa). 

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(Ka = 6.5 × 10–5 for benzoic acid)

Correct Answer: 3.97

Question 54 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which pair of substances is capable of forming a bu er in aqueous solution?

Correct Answer: CH3COOH, CH3COONa

Question 55 1.00000 out of 1.00000 points

Which of the following is an exact or approximate value of the pH at the equivalence point
of a titration of a strong acid with a strong base?

Correct Answer: 7.0

Friday, January 26, 2018 11:56:46 PM PHT

← OK

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