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# 1. A BOLTED MEMBER IS SHOWN.

DIAMETER OF BOLTS ARE 18mm AND THE PLATE MATERIAL IS A36 STE
Fy = 250 Mpa, Fu = 400 Mpa. DIAMETER OF THE HOLE IS 3mm BIGGER THAN BOLT.

## a. DETERMINE THE TENSILE CAPACITY OF THE MEMBER BASED ON GROSS AREA

b. DETERMINE THE TENSILE CAPACITY OF THE MEMBER BASED ON THE NET AREA
c. DETERMINE THE TENSILE CAPACITY OF THE MEMBER BASED ON BLOCK SHEAR

## GIVEN: (measurements are in mm)

t= 11 L= 75 L/2 = 37.5
h= 300 h/4 = 75 dh = 21

## SOLUTION AND RESULT:

1
a. P = 0.60FyAg
P = 0.60(250)(328)(11)
P= 495 KN

b. P = 0.50FuAe
P = 0.50(400)(300 - 3(21))(11)
P = 521.4 KN

c. Av = (187.5-2.5(21))(2)(11)
Av = 2970 sq. mm
At = (150-2(21))(11)
At = 1188 sq. mm

P = 0.30FuAv + 0.50FuAt
P =0.30(400)(2970) + 0.50(400)(1188)
P= 594 KN

2 Av = (187.5-2.5(21))(11)
Av = 1485 sq. mm
At = (225-2.5(21))(11)
At = 1897.5 sq. mm

P = 0.30FuAv + 0.50FuAt
P =0.30(400)(1485) + 0.50(400)(1897.5)
P = 557.7 N
2. From the bolted connection shown:

## 1. Determine the tensile capacity based on gross area.

2. Determine the tensile capacity based on effective net are using REDUCTION FACTOR of 0.85.
3. Determine the tensile capacity of the connection based on block shear.

## BASED ON GROSS AREA

0.6 Fy Ag P ANS(N):
0.6 250 1340 0.6FyAg 201000

NUMBER 3

## W 310 X 45 9.5 mm GUSSET PLATE

PROPERTIES:
d= 313 mm
bf = 166 mm
A= 5690 mm²
tf = 11.2 mm
tw = 6.6 mm
For both steel
Fy = 250 Mpa
Fu = 400 MPa
d(bolt) = 19 mm
Horizontal length for Av = 406.25 mm
Vertical length for At = 100 mm
(Flunge) At = 33 mm
GUSSET PLATE = 9.5 mm

## 1. Determine tensile capacity of the wide flange based on gross.

2. Based on net area ( use 0.85 reduction factor).
3. Based on block shear strength of the wide flange.
4. Based on block shear strength of gusset plate.

SOLUTION:

#1 #2
P = 0.6FyAg Anet =
P = 0.6 (250)(5690) P = 0.5FuAnet
P= 853500 N P=
P= 853.5 KN P=
D THE PLATE MATERIAL IS A36 STEEL
mm BIGGER THAN BOLT.

GROSS AREA
HE NET AREA
LOCK SHEAR
PROP
Diameter of bolts (mm
Area (mm^2)
Steel
Fy (Mpa)
Fu (Mpa)
Thickness (mm)
Reduction Factor
Horizontal length for A
Vertical length for At
# of bolts included horizo
# of bolts included vertic

5.

## BASED ON EFFECTIVE NET AREA

ANS(KN): Anet Ae P ANS(N): ANS(KN):
201 1172 996.2 0.5FuAe 199240 199.24

## 9.5 mm GUSSET PLATE

#3 #4
4704.4 P = 0.3FuAv + 0.5FuAt P = 0.3FuAv + 0.5FuAt
P = 0.5FuAnet Av = 12779.2 mm² Av = 10839.5
799748 N At = 985.6 mm² At = 1482
799.748 KN P = 1730624 N P = 1597140
P = 1730.624 KN P = 1597.14
PROPERTIES
Diameter of bolts (mm) 18
Area (mm^2) 1340
Steel A37
Fy (Mpa) 250
Fu (Mpa) 400
Thickness (mm) 8
Reduction Factor 0.85
Horizontal length for Av 256.25
Vertical length for At 37.5
# of bolts included horizontally 3.5
# of bolts included vertically 0.5

## BASED ON BLOCK SHEAR

Av At P ANS(N): ANS(KN):
1462 216 0.3FuAv+0.5FuAt 218640 218.64
P = 0.3FuAv + 0.5FuAt
mm²
mm²
N
KN
Properties
Plate Material A-36
Fy (MPa) 250
Fu (MPa) 400
Diameter of Bolt (in mm.) 18
P <--------
Diameter of Hole (in mm.) 21
Thickness (t) (in mm.) 11
Number of Bolts 3 37.5 75 75
Ag (in m^2) 3.3 225
Ae (in m^2) 2.607 0.5 1 1
Number of Plate(s) 2
Av (in mm^2) (1st Condition) 2970
Av (in mm^2) (2nd Condition) 1485
At (in mm^2) (1st Condition) 1188
At (in mm^2) (2nd Condition) 1897.5

TENSILE CAPACITY
Gross Area (KN) 495
Net Area 521.4
Block Shear (1st Condition) 594
Block Shear (2nd Condition) 557.7
75 0.5
75
300 2
75
75 0.5
37.5
225
0.5
18 A. Unit: kN
197.70
Given: B. Unit: kN
Diameter of Bolts (mm) 195.5
21 C. Unit: kN
Area (mm2) 175.44
1318
Fy (MPa)
250
Fu (MPa)
400
Thickness (mm)
8

Anet
1150
Av
1462
At