solving central tendency of grouped data

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solving central tendency of grouped data

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percentage marks as follows:

73, 45, 62, 34, 59, 20, 48, 50, 78, 38, 52, 91, 57, 82, 46, 51, 62, 58, 39,

50, 72, 73, 63, 52, 41, 37, 28, 46, 71, 75, 36, 28, 44, 90, 51, 28, 60, 18,

47, 40.

(b) The teacher wants to compare the marks with those of another

class. Suggest a way that she can organise the results to make it

easy to compare.

(c) The teacher gave grades as follows:

A grade: 70 and above

B grade: 60 to 69

C grade: 50 to 59

D grade: 40 to 49

E grade: 30 to 39

F grade: 29 and below

Make a table to show how many students achieved each grade.

When we have a wide range of data, it is convenient to organise the data into

classes. These show a range of data. It is less accurate to use classes, because

the exact value of the data is lost. However, it can save a lot of work. Making a

tally can help reduce mistakes.

When data is in classes it is easy to see the modal class. This is the class with

the highest frequency. Also, the class which contains the median is called the

median class.

Make sure that you understand.

A factory has a census of its workers. There are 50 workers in total. The following list

shows their ages:

34, 28, 22, 36, 27, 18, 52, 39, 42, 29, 35, 31, 27, 22, 37, 34, 19,

20, 57, 49, 50, 37, 46, 25, 17, 37, 42, 53, 41, 51, 35, 24, 33, 41,

53, 60, 18, 44, 38, 41, 48, 27, 39, 19, 30, 61, 54, 48, 26, 18.

(a) Make a table grouping the data into classes from 10 to 19,

20 to 29, 30 to 39, 40 to 49 etc. Find the modal and median classes.

(b) Make a table grouping the data into classes from 15 to 19,

20 to 24, 25 to 29, 30 to 34, 35 to 39 etc. Find the modal and median classes.

Solution

(a) Age Tally Number of

workers

10-19 //// / 6

20-29 //// //// / 11

30-39 //// //// //// 14 (Check the total:

40-49 //// //// 10 6+11+14+10+7=2=50,

50-59 //// // 7 this is correct)

60-69 // 2

The modal class is 30-39 years old.

There are 50 workers. So the median will be the 25th and 26th workers. Count up

from the tally chart. The 25th and 26th workers are both in the 30-39 class.

So, the median class is also 30-39 years old.

workers

15-19 //// / 6

20-24 //// 4

25-29 //// // 7

30-34 //// 5

35-39 //// //// 9

40-44 //// / 6

45-49 //// 4 (Check the total:

50-54 //// / 6 6+4+7+5+9+6+4+6+1+2=50

55-59 / 1 this is correct)

60-64 // 2

The modal class is now 35-39 years old.

The 24th and 25th workers are both in the 35-39 class.

So, the median class is also 35-39.

Grouped Data Worksheet

3012a

Now answer these questions.

2. The data shows the marks given to a class of mathematics students in a test.

34, 12, 45, 23, 12, 18, 26, 41, 48, 23, 47, 11, 7, 15, 31, 28, 6, 43, 27, 38, 32, 21,

29, 45, 15, 9, 20, 37, 43, 27, 30, 17, 14, 26, 34, 24, 18, 16, 35, 32, 27, 14, 30, 22,

31, 40, 17, 24, 37, 13

Copy the tally chart below.

Complete the tally. Cross off each number in the list as you use it.

Tally

Total

Write down the modal class.

23, 35, 21, 20, 28, 32, 19, 39, 20, 18,

37, 29, 19, 25, 34, 26, 24, 31, 22, 30.

(a) Make a tally chart with classes for 16-20, 21-25, 26-30, 31-35 and 36-40.

(b) Check that the total adds up to 20.

(c) Write the data in order and find the median.

(d) Which class is it in ? (This is the median class).

(e) Write down the modal class.

These are the results:

121, 187, 143, 219, 191, 146, 203, 142, 172, 234, 163, 194, 241, 150, 125, 219,

162, 210, 120, 236.

(a) Make a table for this data using classes from 120-149, 150-179, 180-209,

210-229 and 230-259.

(b) Find the modal class.

(c) Find the median class.

measurements (in millimetres) are to the nearest 01 mm.

111, 113, 107, 112, 116, 109, 106, 113, 112, 105,

104, 112, 111, 116, 106, 113, 109, 112, 110, 114.

(a) Make a table for classes 101-105, 106-110 etc.

(b) What is the modal class ?

(c) What is the median class ?

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