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Strip Weld Overlay

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OERLIKON Solutions
Strip Weld Overlay

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
OERLIKON and Strip Weld Overlay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
The Process of Strip Weld Overlay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

General Considerations: Welding Parameters . . . . . . . . . . .5

General Requirements of the Overlay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Flux
■ Fluxes for the Submerged Arc Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
■ Fluxes for the Electroslag Process .................................8

SUPRASTRIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
■ OERLIKON stainless steel SUPRASTRIP
■ OERLIKON nickel base SUPRASTRIP

Recommended combinations and parameters


Typical OERLIKON solutions for:
■ Alloy 308L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

■ Alloy 316L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 to 12
■ Alloy 317L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

■ Alloy 347 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 to 15
■ Alloy 385L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

■ Alloy 410S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
■ Alloy 600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
■ Alloy 625 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
■ Alloy 825 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Equipment for Weld Overlay Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21

1
Introduction

Air Liquide SA, with its headquarters in Paris, France,


is one of Europe’s larger multinational companies.
It had a consolidated turnover of €14.5 billion in 2011
with 46.200 employees all over the world.
2009-3054

Air Liquide Welding is represented throughout the world by With this background, OERLIKON has generated a proven
individual ALW companies with a brand portfolio optimised history of supplying welding consumables on an ongoing basis
locally to the needs of all types of customers. OERLIKON brand for the most demanding and critical applications, particularly in
is an important part of this portfolio and has a long and the energy sector to industries such as offshore oil and gas and
distinguished history of innovation in welding products. nuclear power generation. OERLIKON has continued to work
These ALW companies are involved in many different areas of closely with owners, construction contractors and fabricators
OERLIKON product design, development and application. to supply customised solutions through performance and
The research and development centre, AL CTAS, is located in innovation by developing and supplying welding products and
Paris and is the largest privately owned centre for welding R&D. processes capable of meeting the stringent mechanical property
This facilitates the rapid transfer and implementation of specifications and increasingly the demands for enhanced
important innovations and advances in welding technology welding productivity.
throughout the whole of the OERLIKON global network. The The results of this process of ongoing innovation and product
utilisation of the strengths and experience of this network development are demonstrated by the range of automated
enables OERLIKON to maintain its position and international installations, welding consumables and equipment specifically
reputation for innovative leadership at the forefront of advanced tailored for the high productivity requirements of the fabrication
welding technology in both welding consumables and industry.
increasingly equipment and processes.

2
OERLIKON and Strip Weld Overlay

A commitment to technical excellence supported


by a dedication to quality is regarded as fundamental
to OERLIKON’s success with fabricators world wide.

3534-53

Quality Information
OERLIKON has a total commitment to quality. The product All OERLIKON products are backed by a full technical
ranges are manufactured in group production facilities, all information package, which is available in printed or electronic
of which are ISO certified. Detailed certification for welding format, on the OERLIKON web sites. Product information is
consumables is supplied as a matter of routine and customers’ written to enable the professional welding engineer to select the
special quality requirements for increased frequency of batch correct OERLIKON product for the application. In order to
testing or specialised certification are also readily accommodated. elaborate the technology of the product range in more detail,
This ensures the reliability and reproducibility fabricators need technical articles are available in the journal of OERLIKON’s
in industries such as petrochemicals and power generation. welding and cutting expertise, “Competence”.

Technical Service Track Record


OERLIKON’s involvement with its products does not stop at OERLIKON is a technological innovator and major supplier of
manufacture. OERLIKON provides a close and detailed welding products to large industries. A track record of highly
participation with the application of products, right from the initial successful products combining quality and technology with
selection to welding characteristics on site. A team of highly technical service has been firmly established.
qualified engineers is ready to respond, with the objective of
providing technologically relevant and practical solutions.

5000-0366
This is of particular relevance for activities such as refinery
maintenance during a shut down when solutions must be
identified under time pressure. A large information base is at the
service of every customer to ensure the most cost effective
selection of process and welding procedure to meet the needs
of any application.

Flexibility
The OERLIKON product range is continuously developing in
response to changing technological requirements. As new steel
types are developed and used, as new more demanding
applications are developed, so OERLIKON reacts to provide the
right products, regularly meeting with engineering departments
and major manufacturers at the design stage to ensure optimum
welding solutions.
3534-57

3
The Process of Strip Weld Overlay

As many industries require equipment to work at elevated temperatures, in corrosive media and
under high pressure, the use of highly alloyed materials for the fabrication of complete
components becomes financially unrealistic as their size increases. One solution for stainless
steels and other highly alloyed materials, such as nickel base alloys, is to deposit a weld overlay
on the surface of the equipment to resist corrosion attack.

Dual-material clad plate utilises a thin layer of the costly higher Weld overlay gives the designer and fabricator flexibility to choose
alloyed material which is in contact with the corrosive media, a wide variety of load bearing materials as substrates, as well as
while the lower cost substrate is used to give the desired a wide variety of wire/strip chemistries to deposit the required overlay.
structural integrity. The application of the high alloyed layer In general, the use of weld overlay to surface finish shaped components
can be accomplished by several methods including, dual rolling, eliminates the eventual problems arising with cold or hot forming.
explosive bonding and weld overlay. However the most flexible
All the welding processes can be utilised, however due to constraints
of these methods is weld overlay.
in the physical requirements, some are better suited than others.

Strip Weld Overlay Process


The initial use of a strip instead of a wire with the strip, the base metal and the flux to 1. As there is no arc present, there is
the submerged arc process, was patented obtain the overlay onto the base material. limited dilution into the base material,
in the US around 1922. Due to the Because this is an arc process, there is typically 10% (compared with 20% for
development of the nuclear industry, this penetration into the base material resulting SAW using 60 x 0.5 mm strip). This
process became industrial, and is now in dilution levels of ~20%. For a strip of leads to the ability to deposit single
considered as a mature process. 60 mm, deposition rates are in the region layer full chemistry with over alloyed
Several modifications of submerged-arc of 12-14 kg/hr. strip, even when a low carbon grade
welding with strip have been developed The Electroslag Strip process (ESW) Fig. 2 is required.
mainly with a view to further increasing the ignites like the submerged arc process. 2. Due to the smooth operation of this
deposition rate and to decrease the dilution. When a sufficient amount of flux is melted, process, higher current levels can be
There are two strip processes: Submerged because the molten flux has a lower used resulting in deposition rates up
Arc Strip (SAW) and Electroslag Strip (ESW). electrical resistance than the electric arc, the to 40 kg/hr for 60 mm strip.
current flows through the shallow layer of 3. Electroslag refining occurs when the
Among all the welding processes,
conductive slag, and the arc is extinguished. molten metal passes through the slag
submerged arc and electroslag strip weld
overlay offer the highest deposition rate, the The process produces sufficient heat to bath, resulting in cleaner weld metal
best bead characteristics and trouble free keep the process stable and to melt the with a lower risk of hot cracks, even
operation using standard SAW welding strip into the liquid slag; which is for fully austenitic deposits.
equipment. transferred into molten metal deposited 4. The electroslag process cannot be
onto the base material. used with carbon steel strip, because
The Submerged Arc Strip process
(SAW Fig. 1) uses an arc that runs back and The ESW process has significant of the higher electricity conductibility
forth at high speed along the strip, melting advantages over its SAW counterpart: than stainless or nickel strip.

Fig. 1: Submerged arc Fig. 2: Electroslag


process weld overlay Strip feed system process weld overlay Strip feed system

Strip Strip
Electrical
Flux supply pick-up Flux supply Electrical
pick-up
Flux
Flux burden supply Flux burden
Solidified slag Solidified slag
Liquid Weld
Weld metal overlay
Liquid
Stick out metal overlay Stick out
(30-40 mm) (30-40 mm)
Liquid Penetration Liquid Penetration
slag (0.3 - 0.5 mm) Thickness slag (0.3 - 0.5 mm) Thickness
of overlay of overlay
Base Base
metal metal

Travel direction of the head Travel direction of the head

4
General Considerations: Welding Parameters

2005-502
Current and welding speed Fig. 3: Dilution and thickness related to
In weld overlay, the requirement is to deposit an alloy which is current and welding speed
quite different from the base metal. If the 2 main parameters % Dilution
24 2,5 m/min
which govern the dilution are the current and the welding speed, (1800 A)
1,5 m/min
(~36 kg/h)
other parameters also need to be taken in consideration: 22 (1250 A)
(~24 kg/h)
voltage, stick-out, size of strip, and in the case of circumferential 20

surfacing, the strip position related to the diameter of the work 18


needs to be controlled.
16
For a stainless steel strip of 60 x 0.5 mm, all other parameters
Thickness
14
remaining constant, when the current increases, the thickness (mm)

deposited increases and the dilution decreases. 12 6

Fig. 3, illustrates the influence of the current and the welding 10 5

speed on the dilution and the thickness deposited. 4


8

3
Voltage 6
1,5 m/min 1,5 m/min

Generally the voltage should be set between 24 V and 25 V, 4


8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46
as an excessive voltage generates spatter and too low a voltage Welding speed
cm/min
induces current instability.

Stick out Magnetic steering device


Standard stick out is around 30-35 mm, a short stick out Magnetic steering is used to reduce the risk of lack of fusion
generates spatter, an increase of stick out from 30 mm to 50 mm at the overlap, and to increase the flatness of the surface of the
will reduce the dilution level slightly (e.g. from 10% to 8%) but the deposit.
smoothness of the surface deteriorates.
Strip positioning
Size of strip When working on a curved surface, the molten pool is relatively
With the same current density, typically used in ESW: large, and the liquid slag and the liquid metal have the tendency
~ 40 A/mm², as the width of the strip increases, the dilution level to flow to the lowest point of the curved surface. Thus, the
decreases: ~12% for a strip of 30 mm, ~10% for a strip position of the strip will have a big influence on the dilution level
of 60 mm and ~9% for a strip of 90 mm. and on the profile of the bead. This effect takes place when the
diameter becomes smaller than 3 metres, the smaller the
Number of layers diameter, the bigger the influence.
During the welding of the first layer, the deposit is generally quite
different from the base material, but for the subsequent layers, For more information about these parameters,
the deposit is generally similar to the first layer. For the ESW please contact OERLIKON Service.
process, when a first layer is welded with a strip type 309L, on a
carbon steel plate, with typical parameters, the dilution is about
10%, the second layer, welded with same parameters, will have
a dilution around 25%.

5
General Requirements of the Overlay

5000-0365
2570-25

Specifications generally require a ferrite level on the surface and chemical composition at a specified distance
from the surface. The deposit will pass corrosion resistance and guided side-bend testing after post weld heat
treatment. If the equipment is required to conform to ASME IX code, reference should be made to QW-214

Chemical analysis Corrosion tests


Generally, the specified chemical analysis is required to conform The aim of corrosion testing is to evaluate the effect of the
to the composition for the undiluted weld metal of the equivalent manufacturing process. Standard stainless steel grades are
AWS grade MMA electrode. generally required to satisfy an accelerated corrosion test such
For applications in the petrochemical industry, the required as ASTM A 262 Practice C (HUEY test), to control the corrosion
analysis needs to be controlled at -3 or 3.2 mm bellow the rate, or Practice E (Strauss test), for carbide formation.
surface of the deposit. Nickel base alloys are mainly tested to ASTM G 28A for
For applications in the nuclear industry, the requirement is generally corrosion rate and corrosion penetration or ASTM G 48 A
for the undiluted weld metal from the “strip -flux” combination. to analyse the resistance to pitting corrosion.
For specific applications, the specification may request particular
Ferrite level testing such as: stress-corrosion or corrosion in a specific
Ferrite level is generally indicated in FN (Ferrite Number) and is media.
calculated using the WRC 92 diagram or measured on the
surface of the deposit, in the as welded condition, with a Disbonding test
calibrated instrument. Conducted following ASTM G 146, this test is mainly required for
For petrochemical industry applications, a minimum ferrite petrochemical reactor applications, when there is a partial
number is specified, FN 3 to 5, to avoid hot cracking, and a hydrogen pressure. This test is used to evaluate the bonding
maximum ferrite number is specified, FN 8 to 10, to avoid a integrity between the weld overlay alloy and the base material,
continuous band of delta ferrite, where sigma phase can be after a live simulation of the component.
formed during PWHT.
In case of specific corrosive environments such as urea For more information about the tests,
specifications, ferrite should be minimised, FN <0.6. In the case please contact OERLIKON Service.
of duplex weld overlay, FN is recommended to be in the range
35 - 75.

Guide side-bend test


This is a test generally conducted after post weld heat
treatment, which indicates possible lack of fusion between
beads, inclusions and/or porosity.

6
AST and ELT fluxes

Similar to other welding processes, the most sophisticated components are the coating of an MMA
electrode and the flux for the submerged arc process, which determine the quality of the weld deposit.
Welding fluxes are characterized by their basicity, granulometry and composition. The most important
characteristics of the liquid slag which is formed during the process are: viscosity, solidification
temperature range, surface tension and interaction with the chemistry of the deposit.

For many years, the extensive R&D commitment of OERLIKON OERLIKON DRYBAG and METAL DRUMS packaging are
has continued to contribute to the knowledge of raw materials completely moisture proof requiring no controlled climatic
and experience in flux formulation used in both the submerged conditions and as such can be used for welding without any
arc and electroslag processes. reconditioning or re-baking. Before use, the packaging integrity
Generally, submerged arc fluxes contain small quantities should be checked. If the bags or drums show signs of puncture
of alloying elements, mainly Cr, to compensate burn-out due then the contents must be re-dried or discarded.
to the electrical arc. In the electroslag process, there is no arc,
the burn out of Cr is hence reduced. No alloying elements
are required and these fluxes are neutral. In some cases,
when specific strip compositions are not available,
compensated fluxes are required to reach specific analyses.
The main characteristics for electro slag fluxes are a large
quantity of fluoride and very low silicon oxide content.
Due to the large quantity of fluoride, these fluxes are able
to form a shallow layer of electrically conductive molten flux.
2007-474

Due to the very low silicon oxide content, the deposited metal

0109-33_ret
contains an extremely low oxygen concentration and
a high degree of purity in terms of levels and size of non metallic
inclusions. This is important for obtaining a good resistance
to pitting corrosion.

Fluxes for the Submerged Arc Process


Designation Classification Features
Agglomerated and alloyed flux (nickel and molybdenum) for strip weld overlay applications using the submerged
ISO 14174 -
AST 100 B arc process. It has been designed to produce a weld metal deposit with a martensitic structure in conjunction with
S A CS 3
SUPRASTRIP 430 stainless strip. Excellent slag removal and good wettability, producing a smooth weld surface.
Agglomerated and chromium compensated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the submerged arc process.
ISO 14174 -
AST 300 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with stainless steel welding strips.
S A CS 2B
Excellent slag removal and good wettability, producing a smooth weld surface.
Neutral agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the submerged arc process.
ISO 14174 -
AST 600 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with nickel base welding strips.
S A AB 2B
Excellent slag removal and good wettability, producing a smooth weld surface.

7
AST and ELT fluxes

0109-20

0109-19
Fluxes for the Electroslag Process
Designation Classification Features
Neutral agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process.
ISO 14174 - Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for welding with stainless steel strips.
ELT 300
ES A FB 2B Due to the very high hot cracking resistance, this flux can be used to deposit fully austenitic weld metals.
Excellent slag removal and good wettability, producing a smooth weld surface.
Neutral agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process;
this revised formulation is used from low to high speeds, from 10 to 50 cm/min.
ISO 14174 -
ELT 300 S Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with stainless steel welding strips.
ES A FB 2B
Due to the very high hot cracking resistance, this flux can be used to deposit fully austenitic weld metals.
Excellent slag removal and good wettability, producing a smooth weld surface.
Compensated agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process,
ISO 14174 -
ELT 308-1 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for single layer deposit, with SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L to attain
ES A FB 2B
ASME 5.4 E 308L.
Compensated agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process,
ISO 14174 -
ELT 316-1 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L to deposit
ES A FB 2B
an ASME 5.4 E 316L classification in one layer. This flux is used when >2.5% Mo is required in the deposit.
Compensated agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process.
ISO 14174 -
ELT 347-1 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with SUPRASTRIP 19 9 LNb to deposit
ES A FB 2B
an ASME 5.4 E 347 classification in one layer.
Compensated agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process.
ISO 14174 -
ELT 317-1 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L stainless
ES A FB 2B
steel strip to deposit an ASME 5.4 E 317L classification in one layer.
Neutral agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process.
ISO 14174 - Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with nickel base welding strips:
ELT 600
ES A FB 2B Due to the very high resistance to hot cracking, this flux can be used to deposit fully austenitic metals.
Excellent slag removal and good wettability, producing a smooth weld surface.
Neutral agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process at high speed.
ISO 14174 - Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with nickel base welding strips.
ELT 600 S
ES A FB 2B Due to the very high resistance to hot cracking, this flux can be used to deposit fully austenitic weld metals.
Excellent slag removal and good wettability, producing a smooth weld surface.
Compensated agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process.
ISO 14174 -
ELT 625-1 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with SUPRASTRIP 625 to deposit
ES A FB 2B
an ASME 5.11: E NiCrFe3 classification in one layer, with Fe <7%.
Compensated agglomerated flux for strip weld overlay applications using the electroslag process.
ISO 14174 -
ELT 825-1 Highly basic agglomerated flux specially designed for use with SUPRASTRIP 825 to deposit an alloy
ES A FB 2B
UNS N° 8825 in one layer.

8
SUPRASTRIP

OERLIKON SUPRASTRIP are solid strips used


for weld overlay. In the past, some sintered strips
and some flux cored strips have been used.

1369-02

The most common thickness for welding strip is 0.5 mm, except in some Asian countries where
the thickness is 0.4 mm. The standard widths are 30, 60, 90 and 120 mm. On request, OERLIKON
can provide SUPRASTRIP from <10 mm up to <180 mm width, with up to 450 kg coil depending
on the width of the strip. SUPRASTRIP products are delivered in the cold rolled condition,
with a cleanliness of ~28 mN/m. OERLIKON supply SUPRASTRIP within a very narrow range
of chemical composition in order to attain fully consistent deposit analyses from batch to batch

0109-32
with the same parameters.

OERLIKON stainless steel SUPRASTRIP


AWS Classification ISO Classification Other
Stainless strip C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N Fe
ASME IIC SFA 5.9 EN ISO 14343-A Elements

SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L EQ 308 L B 19 9 L 0.014 1.9 0.3 20.1 10.5 0.1 0.040 bal. -
SUPRASTRIP 19 9 LNb EQ 347 B 19 9 Nb 0.015 1.8 0.4 19.8 10.6 0.1 0.045 bal. Nb : 0.5
SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L EQ 316 L B 19 12 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.5 12.7 2.7 0.045 bal. -
SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L EQ 317 L B 19 13 4 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.8 13.5 3.4 0.045 bal. -
SUPRASTRIP 20 25 5 LCu EQ 385 B 20 25 5 CuL 0.015 1.6 0.3 20.5 24.8 4.3 0.050 bal. Cu : 1.5
SUPRASTRIP 21 11 LNb ~EQ 309 LNb B 22 12 LNb 0.02 1.8 0.3 21.2 11.1 0.1 0.036 bal. Nb : 0.6
SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L ~EQ 316 L B 21 13 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 20.5 13.7 2.8 0.045 bal. -
SUPRASTRIP 22 9 3 L - B 22 9 3 NL 0.02 1.5 0.3 23.0 9.0 3.1 0.150 bal. -
SUPRASTRIP 22 11 L ~EQ 309 L B 22 11 L 0.015 1.8 0.3 21.1 11.4 0.1 0.035 bal. -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L EQ 309 L B 23 13 L 0.014 2.0 0.4 23.7 13.1 0.1 0.045 bal. -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 LNb EQ 309 LNb B 23 12 Nb 0.02 2.0 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 0.045 bal. Nb : 0.7
SUPRASTRIP 430 EQ 430 B 17 0.045 0.4 0.3 16.2 - - 0.040 bal. -

OERLIKON nickel base SUPRASTRIP


AWS Classification ISO Classification Other
Stainless strip C Mn Si Cr Mo Cu Fe Nb Ni
ASME IIC SFA 5.14 EN ISO 18274 Elements

SUPRASTRIP 825 EQ NiFeCr 1 B Ni 8065 0.010 0.8 0.3 22.4 3.1 2.3 30.6 - bal. 0.80 Ti
SUPRASTRIP 625 EQ NiCrMo 3 B Ni 6625 0.010 0.1 0.1 22.1 8.8 - 0.1 3.7 bal. 0.20 Ti
SUPRASTRIP 600 EQ NiCr 3 B Ni 6082 0.015 2.9 0.15 20.1 - - 1.1 2.4 bal. 0.30 Ti
SUPRASTRIP 690 ~ EQ NiCrFe 7(A) B Ni Z 0.017 2.8 0.2 30.5 0.1 - 8.8 1.8 bal. 0.35 Ti
SUPRASTRIP Ni6022 EQ NiCrMo 10 B Ni 6022 0.005 0.2 0.03 21.3 13.6 - 2.3 - bal. 2.9 W
SUPRASTRIP Ni6059 EQ NICrMo 13 B Ni 6059 0.005 0.2 0.04 22.8 15.2 - 0.8 - bal. -
SUPRASTRIP Ni6276 EQ NiCrMo 4 B Ni 6276 0.005 0.5 0.03 15.9 16.0 0.1 5.4 - bal. 3.6 W

9
Recommended combinations and parameters
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 308L
308L
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 300 Welding conditions Physical properties
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature (typical indicative values)
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Flux: AST 300 Chemical analysis (typical values): • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h

Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13L 0.014 2.0 0.4 23.7 13.1 0.1 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 9L 0.014 1.9 0.3 20.1 10.5 0.1 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.030 1.7 0.9 19.0 10.2 0.1 0.045 6

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Welding parameters Physical properties
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 24 V (typical indicative values)
• Flux: ELT 308-1 • Welding speed: 18 cm/min • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
Base material • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
• Type P1 according to ASME IX, thickness: 40 mm Chemical analysis (typical values):
Welding conditions Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - -
• Preheat: Room temperature
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C SUPRASTRIP 19 9L 0.014 1.9 0.3 20.1 10.5 0.1 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.015 1.7 0.6 19.5 10.2 0.08 0.045 5

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Welding parameters Physical properties
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 22 11 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 24 V (indicative values)
• Flux: ELT 300 or ELT 300S • Welding speed: 18 cm/min • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
Base material • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
• Type P1 according to ASME IX, thickness: 40 mm Chemical analysis (typical values):
Welding conditions Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - -
• Preheat: Room temperature
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C SUPRASTRIP 22 11 L 0.014 1.9 0.3 21.1 11.1 0.1 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.030 1.7 0.6 19.1 10.1 0.08 0.045 5

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 300 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second First layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Flux: ELT 300 S Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13L 0.014 2.0 0.4 23.7 13.1 0.1 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 9L 0.014 1.9 0.3 20.1 10.5 0.1 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.030 1.7 0.6 19.0 10.2 0.1 0.045 6

10
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 316L
316L
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 300 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
- Flux: AST 300 Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 20.5 13.7 2.8 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.5 12.7 2.7 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.6 0.9 18.0 12.3 2.5 0.045 5

Welding Process SAW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 300 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
- Flux: AST 300 Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 23.7 13.1 0 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.5 12.7 2.7 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.6 0.9 18.5 12.1 2.2 0.045 6

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 24 V
• Flux: ELT 316-1 thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.5 12.7 2.7 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.6 0.6 18.1 12.2 2.6 0.045 6

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 24 V
• Flux: ELT 300 or ELT 300S thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 20.5 13.7 2.8 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.6 0.6 18.5 12.5 2.5 0.045 5

11
Recommended combinations and parameters
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 316L
316L
Welding Process ESW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 300 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Flux: ELT 300 S Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 20.5 13.7 2.8 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.5 12.7 2.7 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.6 0.6 18.0 12.3 2.5 0.045 5

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 300 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Flux: ELT 300 S Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 23.7 13.1 0 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 12 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.5 12.7 2.7 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.6 0.6 19.0 12.6 2.2 0.045 6

12
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 317L
317L
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 300 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
- Flux: AST 300 Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 20.5 13.7 2.8 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.8 13.5 3.6 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.6 0.9 18.3 12.9 3.2 0.045 5

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 24 V
• Flux: ELT 317-1 thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.8 13.5 2.8 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.5 0.5 18.4 13.2 3.1 0.045 6

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 300 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Flux: ELT 300 S Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 21 13 3 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 20.5 13.7 2.8 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 13 4 L 0.015 1.9 0.4 18.8 13.5 3.6 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.4 0.6 18.3 13.3 3.2 0.045 6

13
Recommended combinations and parameters
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 347
347
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 300 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
- Flux: AST 300 Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Nb N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L Nb 0.020 2.1 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 0.7 0.040 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 0.015 1.7 0.4 19.8 10.6 0.1 0.5 0.040 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.7 0.6 19.5 10.5 0.1 0.45 0.045 6

Welding Process SAW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 300 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
- Flux: AST 300 Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Nb N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 0.020 2.1 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 - 0.040 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 0.015 1.7 0.4 19.8 10.6 0.1 0.5 0.040 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.7 0.6 19.5 10.5 0.1 0.33 0.045 7

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 24 V
• Flux: ELT 347-1 thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Nb N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 0.015 1.7 0.4 19.8 10.6 0.1 0.5 0.040 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.7 0.6 19.6 10.4 0.1 0.4 0.045 7

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 21 11 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 24 V
• Flux: ELT 300 or ELT 300S thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Nb N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 21 11 LNb 0.018 1.8 0.4 21.4 11.3 0.1 0.6 0.045 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.7 0.6 19.3 10.2 0.1 0.4 0.045 7

14
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 347
347
Welding Process ESW single layer High speed
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm • Type 2.25Cr 1Mo, thickness: 40 mm • Current: 1800 A - Voltage: 24 V
• Flux: ELT 300 S Welding conditions • Welding speed: 45 cm/min
• Preheat: Room temperature Physical properties (indicative values)
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Thickness of the deposit: 4.1 mm
• Deposition rate: 35 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Nb N FN
Base material 0.15 1.2 0.4 2.25 - 1.0 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L Nb 0.020 2.1 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 0.7 0.040 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.045 1.3 0.6 19.5 10.4 0.22 0.54 0.045 6

Welding Process SAW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 300 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Flux: ELT 300 S Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Nb N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 0.020 2.1 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 0.040
SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 0.015 1.7 0.4 19.8 10.6 0.1 0.5 0.040
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.7 0.6 19.6 10.4 0.1 0.30 0.045 7

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 300 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Flux: ELT 300 S Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Nb N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L Nb 0.020 2.1 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 0.7 0.040 -
SUPRASTRIP 19 9 L Nb 0.015 1.7 0.4 19.8 10.6 0.1 0.5 0.040 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.7 0.6 19.6 10.4 0.1 0.45 0.045 7

15
Recommended combinations and parameters
385L
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 385L
Duplex
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 20 25 5 LCu thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
60 x 0.5 mm Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
- Flux: AST 300 • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
• Second layer: • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 20 25 5 LCu Chemical analysis (typical values):
60 x 0.5 mm
- Flux: AST 300 Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo Cu N
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 20 25 5 LCu 0.015 1.6 0.3 20.5 24.8 4.3 1.5 0.045
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.015 1.2 0.7 19.1 24.0 4.1 1.3 0.045

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 20 25 5 LCu thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
60 x 0.5 mm Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
- Flux: ELT 300 S • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.0 mm
• Second layer: • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 20 25 5 LCu Chemical analysis (typical values):
60 x 0.5 mm
- Flux: ELT 300 S Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 - -
SUPRASTRIP 20 25 5 LCu 0.015 1.6 0.3 20.5 24.8 4.3 - -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.015 1.7 0.6 19.5 10.2 0.08 0.045 6

Typical OERLIKON solutions for Duplex stainless steel


Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 300 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second and third layers: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 22 9 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
- Flux: AST 300 Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN*
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 0.020 2.1 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 22 9 3 L 0.020 1.5 0.3 23.0 9.4 3.1 0.15 -
Surface second layer 0.025 1.2 0.9 22.1 9.4 2.3 0.13 ~45
Surface third layer - 3.0 mm 0.025 1.2 0.9 23.1 9.2 2.8 0.14 ~60
* FN (FERITSCOPE) (%)
Welding Process ESW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First layer: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1500 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 25 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 300S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Second layer: • Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 9.0 mm
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 22 9 3 L 60 x 0.5 mm • Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
- Flux: ELT 300S Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N FN*
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 24 13 L 0.020 2.1 0.4 23.9 12.9 0.1 0.045 -
SUPRASTRIP 22 9 3 L 0.020 1.5 0.3 23.0 9.4 3.1 0.15 -
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.020 1.4 0.6 23.0 9.6 2.6 0.11 ~60
* FN (FERITSCOPE) (%)

16
410S
Typical OERLIKON solution for Alloy 410S
410 Ni Mo
Welding Process ESW single layer
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode : SUPRASTRIP 430 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current : 1250A Voltage : 24V
•Flux : ELT 300S thickness : 40mm • Welding speed : 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat : Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit : 4.2 mm
• Interpass temperature : 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - 0.01 -
SUPRASTRIP 430 0.04 0.3 0.3 15.5 0.1 0.1 0.040
Surface -3 mm 0.06 0.6 0.6 12.9 0.1 0.1 0.045

Typical OERLIKON solution for Alloy 410 Ni Mo


Welding Process SAW multi layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 430 60 x 0.5 mm • Type 42CrMo4, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
• Flux: AST 100 B thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 19 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: 200 °C • 4 layers thickness of the deposit: 12 mm
• Interpass temperature: 250 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Ni Mo N Hardness
Base material 0.4 1.2 0.4 0.2 0.01 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 430 0.05 0.3 0.3 15.4 0.1 0.0 - -
Fourth layer 0.07 0.6 0.9 14.0 4.0 1.0 0.04 39 HRC

17
Recommended combinations and parameters
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 600
600
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First and second layers: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 600 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 600 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 8.6 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Nb Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 600 0.015 3.1 0.3 20.4 3.7 0.25 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.026 3.5 0.8 19.8 2.0 4.9 bal.

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First and second layers: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1400 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 600 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 25 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 600 or ELT 600S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.8 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 27 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Nb Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - -
SUPRASTRIP 600 0.015 3.1 0.3 20.4 2.7 0.25 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.026 2.8 0.5 19.5 2.4 4.3 bal.

18
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 625
625
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First and second layers: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 625 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 600 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 8.6 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Mo Nb Ti Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - - - -
SUPRASTRIP 625 0.015 0.1 0.1 22.0 9.0 3.6 0.2 0.25 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.020 0.1 0.5 21.0 8.1 3.2 0.07 4.4 bal.

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 625 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 25 V
• Flux: ELT 625-1 thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Mo Nb Ti Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - - - -
SUPRASTRIP 625 0.015 0.1 0.1 22.0 9.0 3.6 0.2 0.25 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.020 0.15 0.20 21.5 8.5 3.3 0.07 7.2 bal.

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First and second layers: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1400 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 625 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 20 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 600 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 7.8 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Mo Nb Ti Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - - - -
SUPRASTRIP 625 0.015 0.1 0.1 22.0 9.0 3.6 0.2 0.25 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.020 0.15 0.20 21.5 8.2 3.3 0.07 4.2 bal.

19
Recommended combinations and parameters
Typical OERLIKON solutions for Alloy 825
825
Welding Process SAW double layers
Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First and second layers: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 750 A - Voltage: 27 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 825 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 12 cm/min
- Flux: AST 600 Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 8.6 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 14 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Mo Cu Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - - -
SUPRASTRIP 825 0.013 0.8 0.3 22.0 3.0 2.0 32 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.023 0.9 0.8 20.1 2.74 1.6 37 bal.

Welding Process ESW single layer


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 825 60 x 0.5 mm • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1250 A - Voltage: 25 V
• Flux: ELT 825-1 thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 18 cm/min
Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the deposit: 4.7 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 23 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Mo Cu Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - - -
SUPRASTRIP 825 0.013 0.8 0.3 22.0 3.0 2.0 32 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.023 0.7 0.7 20.0 2.87 1.6 32 bal.

Welding Process ESW double layers


Welding consumables Base material Welding parameters
• First and second layers: • Type P1 according to ASME IX, • Current: 1400 A - Voltage: 24 V
- Electrode: SUPRASTRIP 825 60 x 0.5 mm thickness: 40 mm • Welding speed: 32 cm/min
- Flux: ELT 600 S Welding conditions Physical properties (indicative values)
• Preheat: Room temperature • Thickness of the 7.0 mm
• Interpass temperature: 150 °C • Deposition rate: 28 kg/h
Chemical analysis (typical values):
Analysis C Mn Si Cr Mo Cu Fe Ni
Base material 0.18 1.2 0.4 0.21 - - - -
SUPRASTRIP 825 0.013 0.8 0.3 22.0 3.0 2.0 32 bal.
Surface - 3.0 mm 0.023 0.7 0.6 21.0 2.85 1.7 33 bal.

For alloys Ni6022, Ni6059, Ni60276, please contact OERLIKON service.

20
Equipment for weld overlay applications
Welding head 3A WELDING SYSTEM
Strip welding head for overlay A new generation of mobile console
applications control device
■ This head is designed for electroslag The 3A Welding System plug & play Mobile Console gives
and submerged arc weld overlay with strip the operator complete mobility and permits the management
sizes of 30 mm, 60 mm, 90 mm and 120 mm, of both machine and process. This new generation user-friendly
■ The minimum internal diameter necessary interface is easy to use and operators are rapidly able to
with this head is 700 mm for circumferential program the machine efficiently.
seams and 550 mm for longitudinal seams. The multipurpose 3A welding
system concept is designed for
all arc welding processes, and the
STARMATIC power sources equipment remains upgradable
■ Rugged, reliable, suitable for ■ Function type: with the open architecture.
aggressive industrial surroundings, 1 - SAW direct current (DC)
■ Fan-cooled, fitted with thermal 2 - SAW alternating
cut-out, easy to move using crane current (AC) Mobile console: browsing on the screens
or forklift, 3 - Arc gouging. with a graphic representation of the machine.
■ Quick connection to the core of the
installation by simple and accessible
connectors,
■ Remote control
system,
2006-781

2000-357

STARMATIC 1303 DC STARMATIC 1003 AC/DC


Duty cycle 1 000 A - 44 V
1 300 A - 44 V
at 100%
Welding range 2 DC 1 AC - 1 DC
Primary 400-440 V 50/60 Hz* 380/400/415 V 50/60 Hz*
power supply three-phase three-phase
Technology Thyristors Thyristors
Power at 100% 99 kVA 98 kVA
duty cycle
External-static
characteristics AC DC
- flat ■ ■ ■
- drooping ■ ■ ■
Net weight 483 kg 540 kg
dvanced utomatic rchitecture
* For other primary power supply three-phase,
consult Air Liquide Welding.

Advanced mobile console


■ Centralised console
Positioning equipment
■ Mobile plug (multi point onto the machine)
Oerlikon provides a full range
■ User friendly-interface
of seamers, column and
booms, rotators, positioners, Automatic machine management
2012-176

turntables and mechanisation


■ Process management
equipment for every
■ Machine cycle control
application.
■ Integrated peripherals

Architecture based on new concept


■ Modular and flexible solutions
■ Full digital control

21
Contacts
BELGIUM PORTUGAL
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING BELGIUM SA AIR LIQUIDE SOLDADURA
Z.I. West Grijpen - Grijpenlaan 5 - 3300 TIENEN Rua Dr. Antonio Loureiro Borges nº 4 - 1º andar
Tel.: +32 16 80 48 20 - Fax: +32 16 78 29 22 CP: 1.495-131 - Miraflores - ALGÉS
BRAZIL Tel: +351 21 416 4900 - Fax: +351 21 41 69 40
AIR LIQUIDE BRASIL ROMANIA
Av. das Nações Unidas, 11.541, 19º andar DUCTIL
Brooklin Novo - CEP: 04578-000 – SAO PAULO, SP Aleea Industriilor Nr 1 - 120224 BUZAU
Tel.: +55 11 55 09 84 07 Tel.: +40 238 722 058 - Fax: +40 238 716 861
CHINA
RUSSIA

Air Liquide Welding reserves the right to modify its products without prior notice. The information contained in this document is designed to help the user in the choice
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING CHINA REP.OFF.
No.185 Tangkai Road, AIR LIQUIDE WELDING
Qiangjiang Economic Development Zone, Hangzhou 310015 17 Vorontsovskaya Str. - 109147 MOSCOW
Tel.: +86 21 64 11 60 69 - Fax: +86 21 64 43 58 97 Tel.: +7 495 641 28 98 - Fax: +7 495 641 28 91
CZECH REPUBLIC SCANDINAVIA
AIR LIQUIDE CZ S.R.O. - Welding and Cutting OERLIKON SKANDINAVIEN AB
Podnikatelská 565 - Areál SVUM - 190 11 PRAHA 9 - Búchovice Krossverksgatan 7 - 216 16 LIMHAMN
Tel.: +420 274 023 163 - Fax: +420 274 023 233 Tel.: +46 (0)40 670 15 00 - Fax: +46 (0)40 670 15 01
FRANCE SLOVAKIA
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING FRANCE AIR LIQUIDE WELDING CENTRAL EUROPE S.R.O.
13, rue d’Épluches - CS 10113 Saint-Ouen l'Aumône Hlohovecká 6 - 951 41 NITRA - LUŽIANKY
95315 CERGY PONTOISE Cedex Tel.: +421 37 692 4610 - Fax: +421 37 651 28 04
Tel.: +33 1 34 21 33 33 - Fax: +33 1 34 21 31 30
SPAIN
GERMANY OERLIKON SOLDADURA SA
OERLIKON SCHWEISSTECHNIK GmbH Poligono Industrial la Noria Carretera de Castellon
Industriestrasse 12 - D-67304 EISENBERG/PFALZ Km-15,500 - 50730 El Burgo de Ebro - ZARAGOZA
Tel.: +49 6351 4760 - Fax: +49 6351 476 335 Tel.: +34 976 10 47 00 - Fax: +34 976 10 42 67
HUNGARY
AIR LIQUIDE HUNGARY - Welding & Cutting SWITZERLAND
Krisztina krt. 39/b - H-1013 BUDAPEST OERLIKON SCHWEISSTECHNIK AG
Tel.: +36 1 339 8650 - Fax: +36 1 339 8649 Mandachstrasse 54 - CH 8155 NIEDERHASLI
Tel.:+41 44 3076 111 - Fax: +41 44 3076 112
ITALY

© Air Liquide Welding - W000377012 - 01/2013 - Ed.1 - H1 - PLDB 7444 - Crédit photos: Fotolia
FRO-AIR LIQUIDE WELDING ITALIA S.p.A THAILAND
Via Torricelli 15/A - 37135 VERONA AIR LIQUIDE WELDING THAILAND Co. Ltd.
Tel.: +39 045 82 91 511 - Fax: +39 045 82 91 536 5 Panyaramindra Road - KHANNAYAO,
LUXEMBOURG BANGKOK 10230
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING LUXEMBOURG S.A. Tel.: +66 29 43 2250 - Fax: +66 29 43 2256

of product. The user should check that the product chosen is suited to the application.
5 rue de la Déportation - BP 1385 - L-1415 LUXEMBOURG UAE
Tel.: +352 48 54 56 - Fax: +352 48 54 57 AIR LIQUIDE WELDING MIDDLE EAST FZE
MALAYSIA Jebel Ali free zone warehouse No. FZS1AH05
SAF-OERLIKON MALAYSIA SDN BHD - No 10, Jalan TPP 5/1 P.O. BOX 18734 - Jebel Ali - DUBAI
Taman Perindustrian Puchong - 47100 PUCHONG, SELANGOR Tel.: +971(0)48861606 - Fax: +971(0)48861608
Tel.: +603 8060 8638 - Fax: +603 8061 620
U. K.
NETHERLANDS AIR LIQUIDE WELDING Ltd
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING NETHERLANDS Low March / London Road - DAVENTRY - Northants NN11 4SD
Rudonk 6 B - NL 4824 AJ BREDA Tel.: +44 1 327 70 55 11 - Fax: +44 1 327 70 13 10
Tel.: +31 76 541 00 80 - Fax: +31 76 541 58 96
POLAND UKRAINE
AIR LIQUIDE WELDING POLSKA - SP. Z.o.o AIR LIQUIDE WELDING UKRAINE, Llc.
UL. Porcelanowa 10 - 40-246 KATOWICE 199, Moskovski avenue, office 339 - 61037 KHARKOV
Tel.: +48 32 609 04 50 - Fax: +48 32 609 04 60 Tel.: +38 (057) 728 08 52 - Fax : +38 (057) 728 08 53

Contacts for other countries:


ALW International Development ALW International Development
Department Italy Department France
FRO-AIR LIQUIDE WELDING ITALIA S.p.A AIR LIQUIDE WELDING FRANCE
Via Torricelli15/A 13, rue d’Epluches - CS 10113 Saint Ouen l’Aumône
37135 Verona 95315 Cergy-Pontoise Cedex
Tel.: +39 045 82 91 511 - Fax: +39 045 82 91 536 Tel.: +33 1 34 21 33 33- Fax: +33 1 30 37 19 73

www.airliquide.com

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hydrogen and rare gases have been at the core of Air Liquide’s activities since its creation in 1902. Using these molecules, Air Liquide continuously reinvents
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Air Liquide combines many products and technologies to develop valuable applications and services not only for its customers but also for society.