ISSN 1725-1095

EU energy
and transport
in figures

S tatistical pocketbook
2009

Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers
to your questions about the European Union
Freephone number (*):

00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11
(*) Certain mobile telephone operators do not allow access
to 00 800 numbers or these calls may be billed.

A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available
on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu).
Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2009
Photos courtesy of: DB AG/Petra Schwaiger, European Communities, iStockphoto
ISBN 978-92-79-10728-3
doi: 10.2768/39718
© European Communities, 2009
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
Printed in Belgium
P rinted on white chlorine - free paper

E U E ne r g y a nd T r a nsp o r t in F i g u r es
S tatisti c a l P o c k etb o o k 2009

Preface

Energy and transport are two crucial sectors of the economy. This
publication provides an overview of the most recent and most pertinent
annual energy- and transport-related statistics in Europe. It covers the
European Union and its 27 Member States and, as far as possible, the
current EU candidate countries and the EFTA countries Iceland, Norway
and Switzerland.
The content of this pocketbook is based on a range of sources including
Eurostat, international organisations, national statistics and, where no
data were available, own estimates. Own estimates have mainly been
produced to get an idea of the EU total. At the level of individual countries,
they are merely indicative and should by no means be (mis-)interpreted
as 'official' data.
The publication consists of four parts:
(1) a general part with general economic and other relevant data,
(2) an energy part with data on energy production, consumption,
taxation and prices,
(3) a transport part covering both passenger and freight transport as
well as other transport-related data, and, finally,
(4) an environmental part with data on the impact which the energy
and transport sectors have on the environment.
Most of the tables have data up to 2006; where available, more recent
data have been provided.
The tables of this pocketbook may also be found on the Europa internet
site under
http://ec.europa.eu/energy/publications/statistics/statistics_en.htm
and under
http://ec.europa.eu/transport/publications/statistics/statistics_en.htm
Many tables on the internet contain more data than could be presented
in this pocketbook. Some tables may be updated on the web before
the publication of the next paper version.
Eurostat, the main data provider, may be accessed directly on the internet
under http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/
Comments on this publication and suggestions for improving it are appreciated. They should be sent to tren-figures@ec.europa.eu

1

Contents
PART 1 – GENERAL DATA
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.4.
1.5.
1.6a.
1.6b.
1.7.

General Data........................................................................................................................11
Growth in GDP and Industrial Production......................................................12
Employment and Unemployment.......................................................................13
Share of Gross Value Added and Employment by Sector....................14
Population.............................................................................................................................15
Member States External Trade: Imports...........................................................16
Member States External Trade: Exports............................................................17
Comparison EU-27 – World: general data.......................................................18

PART 2 – ENERGY
2.1.

General Information.......................................................................................................21

2.1.1. Glossary................................................................................................................................... 21
2.1.2.Average Calorific Values, Energy Content................................................................... 23
2.1.3.Conversion Factors.............................................................................................................. 24
2.1.4. Methodology for the calculation of EU-wide average fuel prices. .................... 25

2.2.

Overview and Security of Supply.........................................................................26

2.2.1.Indicators (EU-27 aggregated)........................................................................................ 26
2.2.2. Gross Inland Consumption ............................................................................................. 27
2.2.2. Gross Inland Consumption, Renewables.................................................................... 28
2.2.2. Gross Inland Consumption by Fuel – EU-27, Graph................................................ 29
2.2.3.Import Dependency........................................................................................................... 30
2.2.4.Crude Oil and Gas Imports............................................................................................... 31
2.2.5. Hard Coal Imports into the EU-27................................................................................. 32
2.2.6. Final Energy Consumption by Fuel............................................................................... 33
2.2.6. Final Energy Consumption by Fuel – EU-27, Graph................................................ 34
2.2.7. Final Energy Consumption by Sector........................................................................... 35
2.2.7. Final Energy Consumption by Sector – EU-27, Graph............................................ 36
2.2.8. Share of Renewables to final energy consumption................................................ 37

2.3.

Taxation...................................................................................................................................38

2.3.1.Taxation of Energy Products............................................................................................ 38

2.4.

Electricity................................................................................................................................39

2.4.1.Electricity Production Capacity. ..................................................................................... 39
2.4.1.Electricity Production Capacity – EU-27, Graph........................................................ 40
2.4.2.Electricity from Renewable Sources............................................................................. 41
2.4.2.Electricity from Renewable Sources, Graph............................................................... 42
2.4.3. Gross Electricity Generation............................................................................................. 43
2.4.3. Gross Electricity Generation, from Renewables........................................................ 44
2.4.3. Gross Electricity Generation – EU-27, Graph.............................................................. 45

2.5.

Prices.........................................................................................................................................46

2.5.1.Automotive Diesel Oil Prices........................................................................................... 46
2.5.2. Unleaded Petrol (95 RON) Prices.................................................................................... 47
2.5.3.Electricity Prices for Industry. .......................................................................................... 48
2.5.4. Residual Fuel Oil Prices for Industry.............................................................................. 49
2.5.5. Natural Gas Prices for Industry........................................................................................ 50

2

6.....................................6......................7................................................7.............................................................................. Germany..........Latvia...............................................................7..............6.............. 79 2.......................8........................ 90 2.................... Slovenia.23............................. 73 2........................ 56 2.......................................6........................................................EU-27............................................................................................................................................................2.......................................9................................19............................................................6........................................................................... 78 2...................... 67 2................6...........Luxembourg... 58 2............................................................................4.......................................................................2............................... France................24..........................................6..................................8..Ireland........ 61 2...6..................... .............................................6.......................................................... 74 2.................8.. Romania........ Natural Gas Prices for Households.................. 60 2..............................6................................................... 83 2......................8..........................................................................6...........6............................................................. 54 2........................Portugal.............6.....25.14................................ 81 2..6..................10.................................................................................... 86 2...........................................................................................28.................................................. United Kingdom...............................6...................26.............1..... 63 2..............................................2..........................4...............................................92 3 ........................... 52 2...............................6...................................................... Sweden.. .........7.Estonia...................................................................6............................. Slovak Republic............... World Context.............Electricity Prices for Households................................................ ............................. 55 2................... 85 2.......... ...... 59 2................Poland........................3....17.. Finland.................16........................................54 2..............................7............ 75 2...Austria....8............................ Gross Inland Consumption by Fuel / Product............15.....6...................................... Denmark..................................................11............................ 62 2.....Cyprus.................................................13............................... 66 2...............................................................................................6.........6...............Czech Republic....................................................................................................20.6..................7...... 68 2...............................................22..............Iceland...... Switzerland.....................................................Lithuania................. 64 2...............................6.............6.... Shares in %.21.............................................................................................5...........................Turkey............................................................................. 84 2..................6................................................................................................................................................................ Hungary............................................................. 82 2.......................Belgium................... Norway.............3........6....................................... Gross Inland Consumption by Country...........................................6....................8...1...................... Energy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries...... 88 2................................ Heating Gasoil Prices for Households...................6........... Greece..............7............18.5....................................................................... Gross Inland Consumption by Fuel / Product..............Italy..... 57 2.............7.... Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia............ 76 2................................... ..... Country Energy Statistics............................... 71 2.......................................................27... 51 2................ Netherlands... 65 2................................8...................... 89 2.........................6..................... Spain..... 72 2...........82 2.....1............... 91 2....... ..............................6................. 69 2..................... Graphs....................3....................................... 80 2....................................................................Energy Intensity................................................................................................................................................................2...... 70 2..........Bulgaria....7.................................................................... ....Croatia........................................ 77 2............................................6.12...............................8..... 53 2.................................................................... Malta.....................................................................5...................................... 87 2.......5...............................................5................................6.......................................Contents 2... Gross Inland Consumption by Country........................................1...6......................88 2.............

.....................4a..................3...................2............2........................8..1.............2.....................................................Turnover by Mode of Transport....107 3...............Oil Pipelines...................................................................................................3..EU-27 Performance by Mode for Passenger Transport...............................................................1............................................................................................................ (including domestic flights)...............3..................... USA.........................Air: Main Intra-EU Airport Pairs in Passenger Transport......................99 3.. Rail: High Speed Rail Transport..............................3...............................4....4c........................Air: Freight Traffic at Major EU Airports. Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres..........................EU-27: Evolution of Consumer Prices for Passenger Transport.........................118 3.......5..........1....................7...106 3..2.......1..........................2......3......................2....Air: Passenger Traffic at Major EU Airports. Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport using indicators other than tonne-kilometres or passenger kilometres..........................100 3...................................4b..............EU-27 Performance by Mode for Passenger Transport............8......6.................. General.........................................109 3...............................................2.....4b..................................................................................1............................ Railways..........3..............................5.......................................................... Road Transport: Maximum Gross Vehicle Weight...................Air: Passenger Traffic Between Member States ...4....................4a............................7.....3.............129 3...External Trade by Mode of Transport...................120 3........105 3................................................................................................95 3...................103 3.............................. Road: International Haulage....................Comparison EU-27 – World: Passenger and Freight Transport..Contents PART 3 – TRANSPORT 3............1........................1..................9.........Passenger Cars..........113 3........8...1................110 3.........................1..........................................................96 3......2........................1........... USA..Buses & Coaches...............................................12.......................................132 4 ............126 3........123 3........2.........................4................ Blood Alcohol Limits.............2..........................................Transport Growth EU-27....4.....................124 3.......................5.............3...........3.................115 3........... Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres.............................................Inland Waterways.97 3..................................................1.............................................. Statistical Overview EU Transport....................................119 3................6..111 3................Air: Major Regular European Airlines.................... Number of Enterprises by Mode of Transport......................4....................................... Graph......5.......Tram + Metro........................... Modal Split of Passenger Transport on Land by Country.........112 3............................. Graph.2.3...117 3..104 3......126 3..............EU-27 Performance by Mode for Freight Transport.....131 3. Railways....3............98 3...........................11......108 3.....2...........Air: Main Connections Between EU and Non-EU Airports in Passenger Transport........................4..........101 3.......1.........2....................................3......................EU-27 Performance by Mode for Freight Transport..................125 3.....1............................ Road: National and International Haulage.... Road: National Haulage...................128 3..........................................116 3.........................................102 3....117 3........................................................... Final Consumption of Households for Transport..............2..................2........6..................Comparison EU-27 – World: Infrastructure and Vehicles........... Graph...............4.............1.......122 3......................121 3......3..........................130 3..... .......................3.................................................................114 3..................................................................7........................................................................................................ Road Transport: Speed Limits..........................................107 3........95 3...................................................................................4..........1................1............................................................................Employment by Mode of Transport.......4...........................EU-27 Performance by Inland Mode for Freight Transport...........9..................1...............................10.................................................................................

..................... Road: Length of Road Network....Inland Waterways: Length in Use.................11.......................................................... Sea: Container Traffic at Major EU Seaports.9.................................................................................................................................. Safety........................6...........151 3...2................7....................5..........156 3...............................................................4.................. Road Fatalities Country Rankings................................4....... Railway Fatalities.....149 3.... Road: Alps Crossing Freight Traffic.............4.................................................8......................................................... Road Accidents... Rail: Alps and Pyrenees Crossing Traffic...................................................1...........5................... Infrastructure. Road: Buses and Coaches............................................................................................................................. Road: Motorcycles..................4...6..............................................................179 3......157 3..........167 3.......................169 3..................4......147 3.........155 3.....................................5........... Road Fatalities by Type of User................................................................................................................. Sea: Intra-EU Maritime Transport................. Rail: Channel Tunnel Traffic........................... Road: Buses and Coaches.........................160 3............................. Means of Transport...................165 3....173 3..............................................................................6..........137 3...........................Combined Transport: Traffic by Company................... Road: Mopeds......................................................6.......................133 3...........Sea: World Merchant Fleet by Type of Ship.............5..7............. Sea: EU Merchant Fleet................................................14..........4...........................158 3.................4...................... Sea: Ships Lost (World)..................5.................136 3........6........168 3.......5............ Railways: High Speed Rail Network..................................7.................................................1.......................................10....140 3......155 3..............................................................................6........................15................6............................................... Rail: Locomotives and Railcars...........6.Pipelines...................................................................................................4........................163 3........................ Railways: Length of Lines in Use..........176 3.............................166 3......150 3..............6..6............................................................................3b.5...................................10................................... Special..........................15..............7....... Road: Passenger Cars.......6..16...12.............................................................7............174 3............................ Road: Powered Two-Wheelers....................................................................................13.......................................177 3...........................................................143 3.6...........4...164 3.............Air: Freight..................4..............4........12a............7............9......162 3...................................6..................16............................147 3.......................................................................5.................145 3..........................172 3....................................Air: Number of Airports.......................... Road Fatalities of Vehicle Occupants by Type of Vehicle...12b............................................... Road: Passenger Cars..................Air: Movements of Aircraft at Major EU Airports.......................148 3..............153 3...6................4..........6.... Road: Length of Motorways...........180 5 ...................................................... Rail: Goods Transport Wagons.......................3....................Air: Passenger Aircraft.......................159 3........................................................141 3............................................................................ Road: Goods Vehicles...........4.3a....................138 3........................................ Sea: Inward and Outward Flow of Passengers by Country......1................................7.....................7....................................13......................................................................144 3................... Road: Pyrenees Crossing Traffic..6...................Air: Lives Lost...................... Rail: Passenger Transport Vehicles..............................................................6.161 3................178 3.......7.....2..........6..........17.......171 3...............................................6.......................................................................................134 3.........................................8...................7.......7.........Contents 3..6..............146 3.........................14.................6..........................................................................5..... Road Fatalities by Year................................................................3.....................................................................11....7....2...4......... Road: Goods Vehicles....................................................................170 3.....5.......................................................154 3...................................................173 3................................... Sea: Passenger Traffic at Major EU Seaports........6....... Road: Motorization.....................................................................................6.......152 3............7............ Business aircraft..............................................................Sea: World Merchant Fleet by World Region...................................8..............................5.......5............. Railways: Main Railway Gauge and Electric Current Used........ Sea: Freight Traffic at Major EU Seaports...........................................175 3.

.10...........3...........211 4....218 4.1..... GHG Emissions from Transport.............................................2. Shares...........1.............. GHG Emissions by Sector – EU-27..........................................................4............................196 4...................2............................222 6 ...............6......................210 4......................................CO2 Emissions from Transport...............................CO2 Emissions by Sector – EU-27................1.......1................. Shares....................................219 4....................6.....................................1................2......2.......................219 4........................................................2........213 4.....................CO2 Emissions per Capita.......................................2...212 4...................1....206 4...............................................221 Notes.........................Oil Spills at Sea.............1...........................1..................................3..............1....... Shares...........................................CO2 Emissions from Transport – EU-27.......................2.......................... Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG)............Total GHG Emissions.........................2................CO2 Emissions Intensity... Other emission indicators..............................................221 4.........................2..188 4.................. ............... GHG Emissions by Sector........199 4................................4....................................... CO2 Emissions................................................................................199 4....................... Biofuels........184 4.......................................5............209 4............................CO2 Emissions from Transport .1..Contents PART 4 – ENVIRONMENT 4...................................................3..............215 4...7................................................................204 4.CO2 Emissions by Sector – EU-27...........5................1..........183 4...................... GHG Emissions from Transport...............................3......3.6...................................... GHG Emissions from Transport – EU-27.....................................................194 4..............9............CO2 Emissions by Sector........ Shares....2..........................2............208 4...............5............................. Shares........................... World Comparison CO2 Emissions by Country......................................................................................3...........................................................................1.......214 4....................220 4......................1................................2...Total CO2 Emissions............ Other environment-related indicators.............................2..5.............217 4...............................................................4........4...................... GHG Emissions Intensity............................186 4........................................................................................202 4. GHG Emissions from Transport............................................CO2 Emissions from Transport – EU-27..... GHG Emissions from Transport – EU-27...............2.............192 4..................................................218 4.....................2................10. GHG Emissions per Capita...........................197 4................................4.......... GHG Emissions by Sector – EU-27......5....................................................................... Final Energy Consumption......190 4........198 4..............................................7........216 4........6.............................................................Emissions of tropospheric ozone precursors from Transport..................................5...................................... Shares.....1.... Shares............2..................CO2 Emissions by Country... Shares............1..............................................1....2........................................8...........................1.......................200 4................................... Shares...................................1.......2..............................................................................................................................................................................................2.............195 4......................................................................................................................................183 4...........193 4... GHG Emissions by Sector....2................................ World Comparison..8........................CO2 Emissions by Sector....................CO2 Emissions from Transport.........................................................Biofuels Production......2...........

Symbols and abbreviations 12 Estimates are printed in italic % per cent blank 0 ca. € DG not applicable. does not exist data not available zero or figure less than half of unit used circa = approximately euro Directorate-General of the European Commission dwt deadweight ton (shipping) GDP Gross Domestic Product grt mio gross registered tonnage (shipping) 1 million mio t 1 million tonnes mtow maximum take-off weight (aircraft) pkm passenger-kilometre: a unit of measure: 1 passenger transported a distance of 1 kilometre PPP Purchasing Power Parities rpk revenue passenger kilometres (air) TEU Twenty foot Equivalent Unit tkm tonne-kilometre: a unit of measure: 1 tonne transported a distance of 1 kilometre break in horizontal time series break in vertical time series 7 .

Title
Countrysubtitle
abbreviations
European Union Countries (EU-27) (also EEA Members)
AT
BE
BG
CY
CZ
DE
DK
EE
EL
ES
FI
FR
HU
IE
IT
LT
LU
LV
MT
NL
PL
PT
RO
SE
SI
SK
UK

Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Germany
Denmark
Estonia
Greece
Spain
Finland
France
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Latvia
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Sweden
Slovenia
Slovak Republic
United Kingdom

EU Member
State since:
1995
1958
2007
2004
2004
1958
1973
2004
1981
1986
1995
1958
2004
1973
1958
2004
1958
2004
2004
1958
2004
1986
2007
1995
2004
2004
1973

Also in
sub-total of:
EU-15
EU-15
EU-12
EU-12
EU-12
EU-15
EU-15
EU-12
EU-15
EU-15
EU-15
EU-15
EU-12
EU-15
EU-15
EU-12
EU-15
EU-12
EU-12
EU-15
EU-12
EU-15
EU-12
EU-15
EU-12
EU-12
EU-15

Other European Economic Area (EEA) and in EFTA
IS Iceland
LI Liechtenstein
NO Norway

EEA: 1994
EEA: 1994
EEA: 1994

EFTA: 1960
EFTA: 1991
EFTA: 1960

Other European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
CH Switzerland

EFTA: 1960

European Union Candidate Countries
HR Croatia
MK Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
TR Turkey

Other Countries
CS Czechoslovakia (until 1992)
BR Brazil
CA Canada
CN China
IN India
JP Japan
KR Korea
MX Mexico
RU Russia
USA United States of America
Notes: The countries which were Members of the EU in 1994 became Members of the EEA
in 1994, those which joined the EU in 1995 had already been EEA members since
1994 and those which joined the EU in 2004 and 2007 became Members of the EEA
upon accession to the EU.
The former GDR is always included in DE; unification on 3.10.1990.

8

PART 1

GENERAL DATA

G E N E R A L D ATA

PART 1
suMMARY

1.1. General Data.................................................................................. 11
1.2. Growth in GDP and
Industrial Production...................................................... 12
1.3. Employment and Unemployment............................ 13
1.4. Share of Gross Value Added and
Employment by Sector........................................................ 14
1.5. Population....................................................................................... 15
1.6a. Member States External Trade:
Imports................................................................................................. 16
1.6b. Member States External Trade:
Exports................................................................................................. 17
1.7. Comparison EU – World:
general data.................................................................................. 18

10

G E N E RAL D ATA

1.1

G E N E R A L D ATA

General Data

Area

EU-27
EU-15
EU-12
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK
HR
MK
TR
IS
NO
CH

1 000 km2
4 323.0
3 236.3
1 086.7
30.5
110.9
78.9
43.1
357.0
45.2
70.3
132.0
506.0
544.0
301.3
9.3
64.6
65.2
2.6
93.0
0.3
41.5
83.9
312.7
91.9
237.5
20.3
48.8
338.1
450.0
244.1
56.5
25.7
780.6
103.0
324.2
41.3

S o u rce : Eu ro stat

Population
million
1/1/2008
495.578
392.262
103.316
10.667
7.640
10.381
5.476
82.218
1.341
4.401
11.214
45.283
61.876
59.619
0.789
2.271
3.366
0.484
10.045
0.410
16.405
8.332
38.116
10.618
21.529
2.026
5.401
5.300
9.183
61.186
4.436
2.045
70.586
0.313
4.737
7.593

GDP
(nominal)
€ billion
2007
12 343.4
11 478.5
864.9
334.9
28.9
127.1
226.5
2 422.9
15.3
190.6
228.2
1 050.6
1 892.2
1 535.5
15.7
21.1
28.4
36.3
101.1
5.4
567.1
270.8
308.6
163.1
123.8
34.5
54.9
179.7
331.0
2 049.0
37.5
5.6
479.4
14.6
284.1
311.8

GDP per head in PPP
EU-27=100
2006
2007
100
100
112
112
54
56
118
118
37
37
77
80
123
120
116
115
65
68
147
150
94
95
104
105
109
109
103
101
90
91
53
58
56
60
267
266
64
63
77
78
131
131
124
124
52
53
76
76
38
42
88
89
64
67
115
116
121
122
120
119
52
54
29
30
43
44
124
119
184
178
136
137

11

2 6.0 5.5 2.5 7. MK: gross data (manufacturing production index).0 10.6 5.3 1.1 12.3 2.7 2.0 % 2006 4.0 2.6 2.9 13.5 % 2006 3.2 12.3 2.4 5.9 3.5 2.9 0.8 1.7 4.9 6.6 0.3 -0.4 7.1 0.2 3.4 -0.8 5.9 4.9 6.8 4.5 4.7 4.0 3.9 8.4 7.5 5.9 3. energy.2 0.0 0.1 8.8 2.8 3.7 6. Industrial production: includes mining and quarrying.6 10.8 -2.9 7.3 2005 1.1 5.3 11.8 6.3 5.9 10.9 2.4 10.4 7.6 1.5 0.3 2.4 10.9 3.9 -0.0 6.8 4.6 3.7 9.0 -0.6 5.1 3.1 8.8 3.4 2.4 2007 3.0 3.6 3.9 4.4 0. I nd ust r ial p rod uc t ion dat a for M K and IS from nat ional sou rce s .9 0.5 0.5 2.G E N E RAL D ATA 1.3 6.4 0.5 3.4 7.0 7.9 0.0 5.8 3.4 -1.9 5.6 7.0 -0.4 4.1 0.2 6.1 6.8 10.7 5.5 9.2 6.4 4.2 G rowth in G D P and I ndustrial P roduction Growth in GDP and Industrial Production (compared to the previous year) Growth in Industrial Production (excluding construction) Growth in GDP Real growth EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 2005 2. HR and MK: Eurostat estimates.8 9.3 2.4 3.1 6.4 2007 2.8 6.8 4.4 2.2 2.2 7.5 4.5 1.9 1.8 0.9 10.3 5.4 6.7 0.2 2.2 3.9 4.1 3.2 1.7 1.2 1.6 5.9 0.9 3.1 1.3 5.4 4.8 5.3 2.9 2.4 2.2 6.8 3.4 12.5 3. manufacturing as well as electricity.0 3.4 4.3 3.3 4.4 3.8 6.2 1.8 4.5 Notes: GDP growth: EU12: own estimate.4 6.2 2.0 6.3 3.7 2.2 4.0 6.2 3.9 6.7 7.8 7.3 2.2 4. data adjusted by working days.3 6.8 3.1 3.6 2.6 1.1 2. gas and water supply.1 9.8 4. BG and TR: Eurostat estimates.2 4.1 3.0 1.0 8.8 4.7 1.1 5.9 2.9 5. 12 S ource: Eurost at .7 3.2 4.1 4.7 6.9 -0.7 2.3 6.2 1.1 4.2 1.0 1.7 -0.0 4.4 0.5 3.9 6.4 7.2 2.1 0. Data in italics: provisional.5 3.8 9.1 4. IS: Volume index of industry incl.6 3.5 6.1 5.3 6.5 7.3 8.

5 3.7 7.8 2.2 4.4 4.8 6.4 9.3 54.4 57.1 55.6 58.4 4.2 % 2006 64.7 70.0 67.5 57.6 75.2 54.4 69.2 2.9 84.6 66.8 14.4 61.4 7.7 68.6 2.3 9.9 66.6 59.6 74.4 9.7 8.9 4.6 56.0 8.9 2007 65.6 61.0 64.7 71.6 60.3 77.4 9.3 8.0 83.1 63.0 64.9 11.5 63.0 9.0 10.3 53.2 4.2 6.4 72.6 63.6 68.5 57.8 74.9 57.8 77.8 5.6 66.4 67.1 5.6 65.8 34.2 8.7 4.3 8.7 16.5 6.8 63.7 55.0 5.8 7.4 65.3 4.0 59.4 4.4 10.1 7.6 8.9 8.5 36.1 13.7 7.4 70.5 66. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.1 77.9 58.1 8.8 7.3 63.8 13.9 46.7 2.6 Unemployment rate 2005 9.4 69.3 63.3 6.8 78.3 8.2 7.9 5.6 55.4 67.9 6.3 74.1 4.0 8.5 68.0 71.7 66.9 62.4 8.5 7.6 76.5 10.5 71.0 61.5 6.4 4.1 4.1 2007 7.8 8.9 4.0 4.5 9.7 Notes: Labour force survey data.4 67.4 57.4 77.2 45.0 8.0 8.8 64.2 57.8 5.2 8.6 35.6 63.4 69.3 E mploy ment and U nemploy ment Employment and Unemployment Employment rate EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 2005 63. MK: n ati o n a l so urces 13 .1 7.8 58.8 5.5 57.3 62.8 67.9 7.6 52.2 7.8 10.5 67.1 69.0 6.1 76.0 58.9 73.5 6.0 6.6 64.4 11.1 8.6 8.0 37.2 4.2 68.8 85.2 45.6 4.8 60.3 73.0 33.9 3.7 4.8 58.8 4.3 64.0 68.0 61.5 7.2 5.4 6.4 3.8 67.2 58.8 66.8 75.1 36.1 61.0 11.3 7.2 8.0 8.1 7.0 8.9 3. referring to population 15-64 years old.1 7.2 12.6 65.5 3.0 7.1 68.9 64.1 4.2 71.9 53.0 57.2 18.1 71.6 6.9 4.4 69.5 6.5 % 2006 8.G E N E RAL D ATA 1.

1 71.4 5.6 20.7 83. nat ional sou rce s .5 50.6 68. All other sectors are included in services.9 23.2 25.5 23.5 0.0 18. Industry includes mining and quarrying.1 62.8 36.3 10.7 65.0 19.3 55.0 2.9 17.8 29.7 29.G E N E RAL D ATA 1.0 75.4 4.9 2.0 56.3 5.7 63.2 2.2 27.8 4.3 62.9 12.1 10.6 5.5 76.4 5.6 31.6 67.2 1. manufacturing.3 32.8 1.4 S hare of G ross Value A dded and E mploy ment b y S ector Share of Gross Value Added and Employment by Sector Share of gross value added (%) Share of employment (%) AgriAgriIndustry Services Industry Services culture culture 2007 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1.4 0. Share of employment: IS: 2005.6 57.9 76.4 79.4 67.8 25.5 30.7 6.2 3.6 20.0 38.1 54.3 23.8 64.0 1.8 61. hunting.8 15.0 23.9 14.1 32.1 33.9 66.0 32.2 34.5 69.5 51.6 21.0 1.1 23.3 34.0 63.2 26.3 60. UK: Share based on number of jobs (not persons).1 3.9 2.4 13.6 26.0 2007 71.5 24.9 67.6 2.6 2.8 22.6 72.7 64.4 2.9 70.0 21.8 57.4 48.4 2.2 2.9 25.6 73.4 75.2 3.5 Notes: Agriculture covers agriculture.5 6.3 29.2 4.3 57.0 2.4 37.2 70.9 11.7 72.2 64.8 1.9 26.5 68.4 33.6 4.8 25.8 20.1 75.3 2.6 4.0 2.7 3.8 3.5 66.9 33.5 23.8 35.8 30.8 6.3 77.8 2.1 28.7 28.9 78.1 0.0 23. gas and water supply as well as construction.4 30.9 61.5 37.1 24.3 29.4 30.3 3.9 54.2 58.6 62.4 77.0 29.9 32.6 17.0 4.6 27.8 30. 14 S ource: Eurost at .5 63.3 38.2 65.3 76.1 20.7 66.7 76.3 61.7 42.9 26.2 5.0 19.8 28. forestry and fishing.8 80.9 73.3 25.8 73.3 70.3 17.8 8.3 27.7 72.7 72.2 6.3 1.0 71.5 27.8 56.1 70.5 58.3 20.4 5.1 74.6 28.2 0.0 2.6 52.9 33. energy. MT: 2000.4 28.2 26.8 75.0 34.6 4.4 3.4 1.8 20.5 31.2 62.3 20.2 32.1 25.1 20.0 2.2 3.0 1.4 68.3 3.8 75.4 1.0 67.7 6.0 11.8 6.0 23.9 3.

385 3.077 10.462 58.348 4.527 8.042 2.372 1.1 4.850 60.469 0.066 10.251 10.8 5.586 1.640 10.448 1.171 5.1 0.550 385.8 56.e.6 0.035 0.988 1.164 7.2 1.689 70.893 15.749 0.434 0.172 11.446 10.495 61.948 10.048 9.789 1.507 3.785 60.674 7.5 8.038 38.511 10.167 61.254 0.778 4.6 106.131 59.204 66.236 495.779 0.022 2.295 2.113 81.028 0.221 10.072 489.1 0.571 1.758 44.262 0.578 0.382 2.026 0.425 3.525 103.475 45.679 7.889 71.427 5.045 -0.385 5.050 43.369 0.399 5.010 2.753 58.308 0.343 40.032 0.5 363.610 72.125 11.271 -0. FR: metropolitan France only (i.002 8.737 1.873 1.761 7.113 9.0 9.211 22.778 4.019 7.694 3.389 5.375 10.447 5.640 4.989 1.411 5.667 0.896 105.767 8.337 10.595 10.581 38.493 370.1 3.593 1.876 0.512 3.816 8.135 5.681 4.408 0.5 79.237 5.233 4.509 7.826 39.426 60.844 56.645 0.529 -0.3 7.125 38.116 0.186 0.283 1.444 4.825 61.380 0.401 0.306 2.904 11.618 0.565 21.539 82.348 1.098 10.330 5.2 1.501 2.442 4.8 57.157 38.256 5.345 1.211 491.045 55.817 61.306 16.606 4.461 0.406 0.405 0.388 476.6 4.420 103.278 10.441 4.300 0.214 0.974 5.394 5.484 1.427 8.401 2.356 5.313 4. S o u rce : Eu ro stat 15 .957 2.157 57.194 22.659 21.011 9.035 2.322 103.288 5.109 4.277 5.529 10.300 0.719 7.599 10.313 1.352 0.279 0.299 8.998 2.438 82.403 0.645 7.824 105.436 -0.924 58.690 0.476 0.1 10.5 Notes: CY: government-controlled area only.5 3.501 82.410 14.694 56.366 -0.333 10.315 82.668 2.8 -0.654 38.570 10.039 2.943 58.459 7.403 3.176 493.266 8.083 11.121 10.669 4.031 0.3 0.099 5.8 0.443 4.379 0.455 21.239 10.316 9.6 10.766 0.035 0.491 481.341 -0.G E N E RAL D ATA 1.2 6.281 2.4 38.476 0.996 10.003 2.222 10.405 0.4 38.996 1.864 16.943 8.610 21.018 10.207 8.035 0.131 10.332 0.334 16.0 10.415 7.267 0.686 387.5 P opulation Population at 1 January 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH LI 1995 2000 million % 2005 change '07/'08 2006 2007 2008 470.756 389.9 5.523 103.060 60.2 23.191 7.163 82.478 4.585 0.035 0.861 9.577 57.183 0.342 1.598 3. no overseas departments and territories).520 69.209 4.381 0.218 -0.195 10.216 5.538 61.2 0.358 16.4 8.914 392.619 0.4 2.1 1.5 0.5 56.573 0.294 0.362 10.9 4.667 375.287 10.424 15.752 59.174 38.038 43.643 3.

1 0.8 26.2 Notes: Candidate 3: Croatia.0 45.8 9.8 6.3 0.0 6.3 0.2 0.1 1.0 14.0 1. 16 S ource: Euro s t at . Switzerland.5 248.6 34.2 0.3 4.9 0.9 10.0 87.0 0.3 0.4 7.4 14.0 1.9 39.9 12.3 3.3 1.5 0.3 27.5 1.2 0.9 4.6 4.2 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.4 4.2 3.5 1.2 0.0 8.8 53.3 16.9 12.4 0.1 2.3 0.3 4.0 1.3 LT 17.6 38.3 1.1 209.5 2.3 232.4 HU 69.1 0.6 BE 301.1 2.1 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 5.0 36.6 32.1 18.8 ES 284.2 23.8 497.2 2.6 0.1 3.6 48.8 1.0 105.0 14.3 11.1 0.6 33.1 0.3 0.5 BG 21.8 0.3 7.1 0.0 13. Turkey EFTA: Iceland.7 SI 23. Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia.0 0.0 EL 55.1 43. Norway.7 6.9 DE 769.1 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.6 1.2 0.8 18.5 19.7 UK 454.2 42.2 0.1 1 433.1 10.6 11.8 11.7 214.5 16.1 1.0 0.8 12.4 78.2 3.8 0.9 32.3 3.2 8.2 69.1 140.5 5.1 0.1 RO 51.2 0.1 179.7 EE 11.4 180.1 0.5 LU 20.7 2.1 PT 57.2 3.7 48.0 94.4 SK 43.6 18.9 52.8 4.0 2.7 5.1 0.5 4.8 0.7 7.2 179.3 11.1 2.3 144.2 21.1 2.3 37.4 0.8 157.8 205.9 PL 120.4 26. Liechtenstein.3 IE 61.0 6.3 0.3 2.3 1.7 158.6a M ember S tates E x ternal T rade : I mports Member States External Trade Imports YEAR 2007 (VALUE = billion €) Imports from: EU-27 4 011.1 1.7 1.3 2.0 311.4 4.5 10.4 9.0 0.6 32.4 7.1 10.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 8.3 1.2 32.4 21.7 2.3 CZ 86.9 DK 71.2 IT 368.7 AT 119.5 0.6 2.0 1.1 4.4 0.2 1.7 5.7 2.4 24.3 181.2 5.3 0.EU-27 EU-27 World of which: 78.4 2.3 2.3 14.3 0.9 3.5 1.3 SE 110.1 NL 359.0 0.4 MT 3.8 5.9 88.4 1.G E N E RAL D ATA 1.8 CY 6.3 1.4 21.0 0.8 3.3 272.6 China Russia Japan USA EFTA Candidate 3 Extra.2 11.1 3.8 2.3 0.9 1.3 LV 11.0 17.2 1.0 2 577.8 18.5 1.0 1.7 0.9 6.6 5.9 1.7 15.6 0.6 FI 59.2 0.1 17.6 19.6 4.5 0.1 0.0 1.8 FR 452.

9 0.0 3.8 8.3 28.9 3.6b M ember S tates E x ternal T rade : E x ports Member States External Trade Exports YEAR 2007 (VALUE = billion €) Exports to: Russia China 71.3 2.4 1.1 0.2 RO 29.2 6.8 1.1 1.1 0.4 UK 320.3 32.7 0.4 0.1 1.2 SE 123.7 12.0 0.5 8.0 13.0 44.3 BG 13.0 NL 401.1 4.4 2. S o u rce : Eu ro stat 17 .7 PL 102.3 0.7 37.4 1.7 74.6 2.2 9.2 13.8 0.7 AT 119.5 2.5 2.0 0.7 0.5 2.1 0.7 0.9 340.7 0.3 0.9 7.9 EE 8.7 2.9 240.1 0. Switzerland.0 IT 358.0 14.6 0.7 5.7 73.2 5.6 6.5 3 889.3 1.3 0.7 56.3 80.2 0.7 0.8 130.0 LU 16.1 8.0 0.9 1.2 0.0 0.0 0. Turkey EFTA: Iceland.6 0.8 0.2 0.5 8.6 215.4 86.2 0.5 3.5 1.6 32.0 623.4 0.3 0.3 DE 964.0 LT 12.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 1.9 15.0 0.6 22.1 0.6 1.1 2.7 BE EU-27 EU-27 Japan Candidate 3 Extra.3 2.0 28.6 0.8 88.1 1.4 143.0 0.G E N E RAL D ATA 1.3 2.4 0.0 0.9 52.7 1.0 1.6 47.7 2.0 140.2 18.1 0.5 USA 89.4 75.9 313.0 1.2 6.3 0.3 EL 17.4 36.3 0.1 IE 88.1 DK 74.8 MT 2.2 6.6 55.9 18.0 5.0 0.5 Notes: Candidate 3: Croatia.1 0.1 0.0 1.5 1.9 0.7 21.4 1.0 0.3 CY 1.4 0.6 5.1 0.5 1.1 2.6 5.4 1.2 1.6 6.2 11.0 0.8 1.4 EFTA 43.2 10.7 PT 37.3 0.2 15.4 14.8 1.0 3.0 15.0 1.8 0.3 9.7 4.4 21.3 0.2 4.5 3.4 0.8 261.2 0.5 4.2 13. Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia.3 0.1 0.6 28.4 0.4 134.1 5.8 54.8 5.2 24.4 4.4 76.1 2.7 2.6 2.8 5.1 0.2 1.EU-27 World of which: 68.3 3.3 0.9 5.2 3.1 FR 402.0 141.5 0.9 1.4 186.9 3.1 4.0 0.6 5.7 0.8 5.0 LV 6.6 8.5 2 648.4 1.0 45.0 0.0 0.7 261.2 0.1 1 241.1 ES 184.6 17.6 9.1 29.4 1.7 0.7 10.7 2.2 4.2 SI 22.5 6.1 SK 42.2 24. Norway.0 0.0 0.1 0.6 2.1 4.4 0.7 0.2 HU 69.4 CZ 89.1 1.3 2.1 315.0 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 FI 65. Liechtenstein.

G E N E RAL D ATA 1.77 1 317.4 14.89 142. nat ional sou rce s .41 301.0 0. % Relative GDP per capita in PPP (EU-27 = 100) Exports € billion Imports € billion EU-27 2007 USA 2007 Japan 2007 China 2007 Russia 2007 494.1 100 153 112 18 49 1 241 829 489 872 243 1 434 1 443 440 624 174 Notes: EU-27: only extra-EU trade. 18 S ource: Eurost at .4 0.5 0.4 80 81 80 44 73 4 323 9 629 378 9 597 17 075 114 31 338 137 8 12 343 10 075 3 199 2 470 946 2.7 Comparison E U – W orld : general data Comparison EU – World general data Population million Population growth % change since previous year Urban population % of total Area thousand km2 Population density Persons/km2 GDP (nominal) € billion Real GDP growth (in national currency).0 2.5 -0.9 2.20 0.7 8.21 127.

PART 2 ENERGY .

.1......... Country Energy Statistics............................................. World Context................................. 88 20 .................................. 39 2.... Electricity..................... 82 2................................3...................... 54 2...................ENERGY Title2 PART subtitle suMMARY 2.......... Overview and Security of Supply.................................................................... Prices...............................2.......... 46 2...................5........... 26 2.........8.. Taxation............4.6....................7......... Energy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries............. General Information.................. 21 2....................................................... 38 2................................

when it is burned completely with oxygen. It is calculated using the following formula: net imports / (gross inland consumption+bunkers). and when the products of combustion are returned to ambient temperature. This quantity includes the heat of condensation of any water va­ pour contained in the fuel and of the water vapour formed by the combustion of any hydrogen contained in the fuel. It excludes deliveries to the energy transformation sector and to the energy industries themselves. Gross Calorific Value (GCV): The gross calorific value is the total amount of heat released by a unit quantity of fuel. Energy Intensity: Energy intensity gives an indication of the effectiveness with which energy is being used to produce added value. Energy Dependency: Energy dependency shows the extent to which a country relies upon imports in order to meet its energy needs. for heating or operation of equipment and auxiliaries) as well as any quantities supplied to other on-site producers of energy for transformation or other uses. It is defined as the ratio of Gross Inland Consumption of energy to Gross Domestic Product. and when the products of combustion are returned to ambient temperature. Final Energy Consumption (FEC): Final energy consumption is the energy finally consumed in the transport. 21 . commercial. The precise definition depends on the fuel involved: Solid fuels: Hard coal.1 Glossary Conventional thermal power: Technology for the production of electricity by combustion. This quantity does not include the heat of condensation of any water vapour contained in the fuel nor of the water vapour formed by the combustion of any hydrogen contained in the fuel. May or may not include also biomass use. lignite: Quantities of fuels extracted or produced. In general.e. which is also considered a renewable source of electricity. calculated after any operation for removal of inert matter. Net Calorific Value (NCV): The net calorific value is the amount of heat released by a unit quantity of fuel.1 G eneral I nformation 2.E N E RGY 2. It is calculated using the following formula: primary production + recovered products + imports + stock changes – exports – bunkers (i. industrial.1. quantities supplied to sea-going ships). agricultural. production includes the quantities consumed by the producer during the production process (e. when it is burned completely with oxygen. Gross Inland Consumption (GIC): Gross inland consumption is the quantity of energy consumed within the borders of a country. Primary Energy Production: Primary energy production is the extraction of energy from a natural source. public and household sectors.g.

In the case of biofuels. production is the heat produced after combustion and corresponds to the heat content (NCV) of the fuel. The production in­ cludes all quantities used within the natural gas industry. defined on the basis of a tonne of oil with a net calorific value of 41 868 kilojoules/kg. the production is the heat content (NCV) of the fuel. Biomass / Wastes: In the case of municipal solid wastes (MSW). production is the heat content (NCV) of the biogases produced. Natural gas: Quantities of dry gas. Nuclear heat: Quantities of heat produced in a reactor. measured after purification and extraction of natural gas liquids and sulphur.E N E RGY 2. Production is calculated on the basis of the difference between the enthalpy of the fluid produced in the production borehole and that of the fluid disposed of via the re-injection borehole.1 G eneral I nformation Glossary Crude oil: Quantities of fuels extracted or produced within national boun­ daries. Pumping. In the case of anaerobic digestion of wet wastes. and excludes any quantities re-injected. and excludes all quantities of flared gases. Tonne of oil equivalent (toe): The tonne of oil equivalent is a conventional standardised unit for measuring energy. Production includes only marketable production. Geothermal energy: Quantities of heat extracted from geothermal fluids. natural gas liquids (NGL). solar.1. in gas extraction. Production is calculated on the basis of the gross electricity generated and a conversion factor of 3 600 kJ/kWh. and excludes any quantities returned to formation. wood wastes and other solid wastes. wood. wind. condensates and oil from shale and tar sands. The production includes all quan­ tities of gas consumed in the installation for the fermentation processes. and any extraction losses. tidal and geothermal energy. the production is the heat content (NCV) of the fuel. Hydropower. etc. including off-shore production. Production is the actual heat produced or the heat calculated on the basis of the gross electricity generated and the thermal efficiency of the nuclear plant. pumped storage: Method for storing electrical energy at hydroelectric installations by pumping water between reservoirs at different altitudes. vented and flared. Solar photovoltaic energy: Quantities of electricity generated. Renewable Energy Sources (RES): Renewable energy includes hydroelectricity. The production includes only marketable production. biomass. 1 ktoe = 1 000 toe 1 Mtoe = 1 000 000 toe 22 . In the case of biofuels. Production includes all crude oil. Wind energy. pipeline systems and processing plants.

099 Motor spirit 1 kg 44 000 1.134 .31 400 0.42 800 0.027 Naphtha 1 kg 44 000 1.015 Refinery gas 1 kg 50 000 1.28 300 0.0.0.943 Oil equivalent 1 kg 41 868 1 Crude oil 1 kg 41 600 .010 Bitumen 1 kg 37 700 0.30 700 0.1.13 800 0.21 000 0.0.086 Electrical energy 23 .022 Feedstocks 1 kg 42 500 1.0.051 Kerosenes.681 Brown coal 1 kg 5 600 .0.0.733 Recovered hard coal 1 kg 13 800 .994 .900 Benzol 1 kg 39 500 0.676 Patent fuels 1 kg 26 800 .750 Other petro.051 Lubricants 1 kg 42 300 1.900 Petroleum cokes 1 kg 31 400 0.750 Hard coke 1 kg 28 500 0.502 Peat 1 kg 7 800 . Energy Content subtitle Hard coal 1 kg kJ (NCV) kgoe (NCV) 17 200 .330 Brown coal briquettes 1 kg 20 000 0.E N E RGY 2.478 Tar 1 kg 37 700 0. jet fuels 1 kg 43 000 1.411 .1.251 .251 Black lignite 1 kg 10 500 . products 1 kg 30 000 0.051 Gas diesel oil 1 kg 42 300 1.010 Residual fuel oil 1 kg 40 000 0.2 G eneral I nformation Average Calorific Title Values.330 .186 .640 .194 LPG 1 kg 46 000 1.955 White spirit 1 kg 44 000 1.10 500 0.717 1 kWh 3 600 0.

5461 1.8929 1 Decimal prefixes 10 1 10 2 10 3 10 6 10 9 10 12 10 15 10 18 24 deca (da) hecto (h) kilo (k) mega (M) giga (G) tera (T) peta (P) exa (E) 10 -1 10 -2 10 -3 10 -6 10 -9 10 -12 10 -15 10 -18 deci (d) centi (c) milli (m) micro (µ) nano (n) pico (p) femto (f) atto (a) .388 x 10 -5 0.2200 US gallon 0.8 2.2642 0.1868 x 10 4 1 x 10 7 1 11 630 GWh 3. gallon FROM: Barrel 1 158.6 860 8.K.9842 1.6 x 10 -5 1 TO: GWh FROM: TJ VOLUME TO: Barrel Litre U.0160 1 1.1200 Short ton (st) US 0.E N E RGY 2.9072 0.2778 Gcal 4.8327 UK gallon 0.9723 Litre 0.163 x 10 -3 Mtoe 4.99 42 34.7854 1 0. gallon U.2009 1 Mass TO: Tonne Long ton Short ton FROM: Tonne (t) 1 0.S.1.3 G eneral I nformation Title Conversion Factors subtitle ENERGY TJ Gcal Mtoe 1 238.2859 x 10 -1 4.1868 x 10 -3 1 1 x 10 -7 1.2381 x 10 -1 3.6290 x 10 -2 1 0.1023 Long ton (lt) UK 1.

1. The EU average prices are calculated by weighting the prices from each country by the corresponding final energy consumption.E N E RGY G eneral I nformation 2. unleaded petrol and automotive diesel prices are supplied to Energy and Transport DG by the Member States as those being the most frequently encountered for the specific categories of sales. The average price in each country is calculated as the median of the prices in the various locations. but the standard used for domestic consumers corresponds to an annual consumption of 16. Petroleum Products Heating gasoil. The average pump prices are given for motor fuels.74 GJ while for industrial consumers this annual consumption is 418 000 GJ. Electricity The prices are as of January 1st in the year shown. low sulphur fuel oil. The heating gasoil prices given are for deliveries of between 2 000 and 5 000 litres while those for low sulphur fuel oil are for monthly deliveries of less than 2 000 tonnes or annual deliveries of less than 24 000 tonnes. For industrial prices. Prices are collected at a variety of locations in each country. the standard consumer's annual consumption is 24 000MWh.4 Methodology Title for the calculation subtitle fuel prices of EU-wide average All available price data has been used in the calculation of EU-wide fuel price averages. The prices given are as of January 15th in each year. The overall EU price is an average of the prices in the individual countries weighted by their consumption. 25 . Gas The same methodology is used for gas prices. The reference consumer used for domestic prices corresponds to a standard dwelling of 100 m2 with 4-5 rooms plus kitchen with an annual consumption of 7 500 kWh. The domestic prices shown here are the final selling prices while industrial prices are shown less VAT. These country average prices are weighted by their final consumption (Domestic or Industry) to have the EU-wide price average.

52 3 571 8 998 2001 188.50 3 724 9 299 2005 182.1 2.3 2.61 3 477 9 060 1996 212.58 3 589 9 278 1997 204.50 3 698 9 261 2004 185.68 3 431 9 183 1993 216.64 3 417 9 039 1994 209.8 2.50 3 620 9 066 2003 188.5 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.56 3 552 9 110 1998 200.85 0.00 0.75 0.54 3 584 9 100 1999 193.70 1990 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2003 2004 2006 =1 Notes: (*) For GDP at 2000 market prices GIC = gross inland consumption Definition: carbon intensity = CO2 emissions/gross inland consumption energy intensity = gross inland consumption of energy / gross domestic product 26 S ource: Eurost at .51 3 644 9 145 2002 185.90 0.71 3 513 9 516 1992 205.8 2.80 0.) (kg/inh.7 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.4 2. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .10 1.49 3 712 9 236 2006 176.0 2.4 2.6 2.2.95 0.1 2.52 3 554 8 947 2000 187.E N E RGY 2.2 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply 2.) 1990 215.50 3 695 9 230 1.64 3 398 8 969 1995 209.05 1.75 3 377 9 290 1991 212.1 Indicators (EU-27 aggregated) Energy Intensity Carbon Intensity GIC per capita CO2 emissions per capita (toe/Meuro)(*) (tonne CO2/toe) (kgoe/inh.

3 0.4 -0.2 7.9 0.8 1.0 57.4 4.9 5.7 41.0 % 60.5 10.8 0.0 0.7 4.1 2.7 2.0 -0.8 273. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.4 -0.0 0.4 0.0 Renewables EU-27 Share EU-25 Share BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH Solid fuels ALL FUELS 2006 (Mtoe) 129.7 7.7 1.0 36.2 11.4 0.8 % 308.0 7.3 18.3 0.7 31.4 3.3 -5.4 9.1 82.5 1.9 7.0 3.1 2.2 124.9 5.4 1.5 % 5.4 3.8 0.7 0.0 5.9 0.9 7.1 % 12.5 116.4 2.0 5.6 0.6 0.9 14.0 1.8 37.1 1.3 0.2 13.2 7.7 3.0 % 248.9 1.0 13.2 1.3 25.2 3.6 4.1 26.8 186.6 0.0 4.4 15.9 4.3 11.1 0.3 9.9 1.5 34.5 143.2 17.5 0.2 83.1 0.2 100.6 14.5 34.0 39.8 -0.6 69.9 349.8 100.1 2.8 4.0 2.5 1.7 3.8 % 15.0 2.8 0.3 25.2 16.0 0. D ecember 2008 27 .9 -0.3 5.9 80.1 94.6 2.5 82.6 10.2.6 4.2 0.5 18.4 4.2 20.8 0.1 % 123.0 20.9 12.5 79.0 6.0 28.5 1.0 0.4 7.0 2.3 92.9 17.9 0.7 14.3 0.5 1.6 14.3 19.9 24.0 % 420.8 0.1 10.6 -0.6 -1.E N E RGY 2.1 0.1 0.8 7.7 27.2 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply Gross Inland Consumption 325.5 3.0 0.3 21.3 4.7 5.2 3.4 8.2 % 23.8 4.2 2.9 7.6 8.3 4.0 37.2 % 4.1 0.4 23.0 3.4 20.5 0.6 4.8 50.1 8.9 81.7 43.4 17.5 0.4 24.5 7.3 7.0 14.0 % 1 763.1 1.2 Other (*) 1 825.9 2.1 15.5 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4 2.3 229.3 4.1 2.6 5.3 14.9 32.9 % 657.5 Notes: (*) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.6 673.5 -0.9 8.7 11.2 31.4 4.9 26.3 0.8 17.0 % 1.0 7.5 31.4 4.1 0.8 0.7 Nuclear Natural gas Oil 437.6 4.1 98.6 255.9 13.0 8.6 -1.2 70.0 -0.5 12.3 40.5 1.5 46.8 9.3 % 2.4 18.1 3.

9 % 31 364 219 2 1 714 1 62 520 2 226 4 872 3 181 7 074 5.0 % 1 767 1 140 1 972 3 257 21 113 531 420 1 796 9 385 18 003 13 097 50 1 433 787 79 1 272 89 512 69.E N E RGY 2.5 % 2 33 12 167 1 11 8 130 4 966 2 2 2 24 86 35 13 88 18 6 1 S ource: Eurost at . Renewables subtitle in ktoe 129 719 100.2.3 % 5 526 4.5 % 24 626 19.0 % 85 585 69. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .8 % 988 0.0 % 123 798 100.1 % 1 700 741 1 746 2 708 16 120 523 217 1 010 5 064 12 784 4 657 7 1 197 750 63 1 164 26 569 20.2 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply Gross Inland Consumption Title EU-27 Share EU-25 Share BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 28 Geothermal Solar Wind Hydro Biomass Renewables 2006.8 % 3 232 34 9 16 4 1 5 4 2 909 7 282 4 987 4 320 4 781 768 859 8 576 14 813 4 320 884 2 643 4 000 4 776 3 011 3 185 459 474 7 574 9 415 3 523 366 9 2 999 176 946 1 578 309 378 988 5 307 395 516 235 148 22 252 0 22 101 1 13 85 363 2 0 1 6 37 10 538 3 259 11 635 4 575 5 159 2 1 310 1 733 3 804 627 10 267 2 662 11 402 1 162 2 630 58 1 28 151 3 10 472 1 109 84 29 38 43 5 576 4.5 % 7 073 5.7 % 31 2 4 525 2 641 7 139 146 2 003 188 255 988 0.

2 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply Gross Inland Consumption – EU-27 by fuel 0. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.8 % oil 14. D ecember 2008 29 .0 % gas YEAR 2006 24.0 % nuclear 36.2.1 % Solid fuels 17.9 % renewables Other (*) Mtoe 1 750 1 500 1 250 1 000 750 500 250 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 0 Notes: (*) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.E N E RGY 2.2 % 7.

2 83.8 94.8 61.5 109.6 28.9 71.4 -1 472.9 101.7 119.5 25.3 100.6 100.1 80.5 104.2 38.5 101.8 8.6 37.0 97.9 100.6 96.1 100.0 72.0 Notes: A simplified formula not taking bunkers into account is used occasionally.6 100.0 78.0 11.0 82.9 104.5 100.0 100.9 81.1 96.8 99.2 86.1 98.9 100.7 96.0 89.1 93.3 97.0 95.1 64.8 102.7 84.2 95. This variant gives higher values for import dependency by overlooking maritime transport.3 54.9 83.2 28.1 29.4 51.5 90.5 65.7 94.8 57.0 54.4 2.3 51.4 20.6 35.0 100.9 -61.8 98.6 100.0 98.1 44.8 101.7 75.E N E RGY 2.0 60.6 104.2 89.2 100.3 83.7 64.3 33.3 99.0 39.6 -21.9 76.3 35.1 -773.0 72.5 41.2 98.2 102.8 61.3 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply Import Dependency Title 2006 (in %) subtitle ALL FUELS EU-27 EU-25 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH Solid Fuels Oil Gas 53.3 -16.1 101.4 77.6 32.4 99.7 101.7 95.3 93.0 -126.8 99.1 70.0 94.8 99.8 99.9 19.2 -1 554. Negative numbers indicate that the country is a net exporter.7 86. Values over 100 % are possible due to changes in stocks.8 21.6 91.4 8.0 -36.6 105. Definition: Import Dependency = Net Imports / (Bunkers+Gross Inland Consumption) 30 S ource: Eurost at .9 75.1 52.4 96.6 100.4 -0.8 61. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .7 71.7 92.8 54.5 -103.3 102.6 -88.0 97.6 87.7 94.1 41.7 116.2.9 46.5 95.6 100.9 108.9 62.

9 11.3 54.2 45.4 25.1 66.0 Russia 4 539 709 4 421 515 4 554 744 4 895 252 4 951 044 4 952 879 4 927 552 42.0 Iran 35.3 564.5 64.4 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply Title Crude Oilsubtitle and Gas Imports origin 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Share 2006 (%) Crude Oil Imports into the EU-27 (in Mio tonnes) Russia 112.4 23.5 53.8 Libya 33 442 33 216 25 536 47 809 209 499 321 562 2.E N E RGY 2.7 Kazahkhstan 9.4 25.7 170.2 Algeria 2 203 075 1 957 181 2 132 477 2 158 803 2 042 137 2 256 826 2 134 886 18.7 202 419 317 420 2.4 136.3 43.5 89.5 31. Middle East 54.0 189.6 97.9 188.8 4.9 9.9 22.2 56.1 66.4 Saudi Arabia 65. S o u rce : Eu ro stat. terajoules) origin 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Share 2006 (%) Total Imports 515.1 13.8 in Million barrels 3 765 3 759 3 761 3 963 4 158 4 185 4 121 2005 2006 Gas Imports into the EU-27 (in TJ.0 33.1 15.4 26.9 18.4 15.7 50.3 112 810 199 256 125 425 100 023 313 245 409 387 223 232 1.9 108.2 3.1 103.1 61.7 48.2 27.6 Other Origin 54.9 Total Imports 9 095 064 9 015 628 9 764 705 10 301 649 10 726 388 11 364 494 11 729 309 100 Other Origin in Mio Cubic meters 1 365 240 610 238 509 258 326 272 530 283 767 300 648 310 299 Notes: Gross calorific value of 1 million cubic meter of Natural Gas can vary between 37.8 28.0 50.9 50.4 Other.5 and 42.3 542.9 34.8 39.1 30 390 Egypt Qatar 12 443 27 463 87 952 Trinidad and Tobago 36 334 24 498 19 120 29 673 154 244 1.9 9.7 80 414 160 170 195 713 245 158 2.8 188.1 57.7 18.0 32.1 106.5 56.6 100.5 573.8 Libya 45.9 35.3 64.8 514.5 Norway 115.4 108.5 30.5 60.2 26.6 20.0 Norway 1 985 231 2 136 379 2 601 569 2 699 473 2 801 723 2 671 779 2 844 269 24.2 14.1 5. D ecember 2008 31 .2.2 Nigeria 172 020 216 120 217 882 335 929 410 260 436 319 560 986 4.6 53.8 154.7 35.5 43.4 6.4 36.2 9.9 515.8 Nigeria 22.9 569.5 terajoule.

20 1.40 3.0 25.8 25.6 8.3 9.1 6.2.0 12.3 2000 2001 2002 3.8 12.00 0.80 1.60 2000 =1 32 2003 2004 2005 2006 S ource: Eurost at .00 2. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .40 1.5 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply Hard Coal TitleImports Other United States Indonesia Colombia Australia South Africa Russia Total EU-27 into the EU-27subtitle (in kilotonnes by origin) 1990 110 811 3 945 24 538 17 778 9 065 239 47 013 8 233 1991 126 459 4 057 25 862 20 743 11 642 672 53 855 9 628 1992 136 041 11 122 28 256 22 201 12 087 2 349 49 262 10 764 1993 112 194 9 476 26 711 19 949 11 717 1 911 34 567 7 863 1994 113 237 9 257 27 796 21 427 11 437 3 496 29 936 9 888 1995 124 429 8 906 29 093 19 544 11 478 3 359 41 487 10 562 1996 123 305 6 928 32 716 16 440 18 271 3 822 35 881 9 247 1997 134 428 7 738 34 038 19 355 19 870 5 427 36 115 11 885 1998 132 814 7 768 35 359 22 256 18 952 7 129 29 503 11 847 1999 131 338 10 252 35 264 25 459 19 079 7 710 20 689 12 885 2000 151 215 14 976 40 177 28 600 23 132 8 770 20 447 15 113 2001 172 613 20 875 49 273 29 450 22 633 9 826 20 119 20 437 2002 171 163 23 033 53 961 29 337 21 398 11 074 14 082 18 278 2003 180 360 26 545 56 932 31 004 22 908 13 004 12 619 17 348 2004 196 062 40 382 54 190 30 838 24 224 13 980 15 416 17 032 2005 196 441 48 304 51 698 27 013 24 147 14 102 15 673 15 504 2006 212 394 2006 (%) 54 890 53 172 27 258 26 052 20 313 17 265 13 444 100.80 3.E N E RGY 2.60 2.

E N E RGY

2.2.6

O verview and S ecurit y of S upply

Final Energy
Title
Consumption

Electricity

Renewables
(*)

Gas

EU-27

1 177.4

55.5

496.5

278.6

243.0

44.2

59.7

EU-25

1 142.7

53.0

486.2

269.1

237.2

41.2

55.8

BE

38.2

2.0

15.5

10.5

7.1

2.3

0.7

BG

10.0

1.0

3.9

1.2

2.3

1.0

0.8

CZ

26.2

4.0

6.9

6.6

4.9

2.4

1.5

DK

15.6

0.3

7.3

1.7

2.9

2.4

1.0

DE

223.1

9.8

89.7

60.5

45.4

7.4

10.2

EE

2.8

0.1

1.0

0.2

0.6

0.5

0.4

IE

13.0

0.7

8.4

1.5

2.2

EL

21.5

0.4

14.7

0.7

4.5

ES

97.4

1.6

53.1

16.8

22.1

4.0

FR

157.8

5.4

72.3

32.7

36.7

10.8

40.0

26.5

0.1

2.5

0.4

0.0

0.0

Derived
Heat &
Industrial
Waste

Oil

Solid Fuels

ALL FUELS

by fuel
subtitle
2006 (in Mtoe)

0.2
0.1

1.1

IT

130.7

4.2

57.5

CY

1.8

0.0

1.4

LV

4.2

0.1

1.5

0.5

0.5

0.6

1.0

LT

4.7

0.3

1.7

0.5

0.7

0.9

0.6

LU

4.4

0.1

3.0

0.7

0.6

0.1

0.0

HU

17.9

0.7

5.1

7.2

2.9

1.3

0.8

MT

0.5

NL

50.8

1.2

17.3

20.2

9.1

2.4

0.5

AT

26.8

1.5

11.4

4.5

5.0

1.7

2.7

PL

60.8

12.4

18.4

8.6

9.5

7.6

4.2

PT

18.5

0.0

10.1

1.3

4.1

0.3

2.6

RO

24.7

1.5

6.4

8.2

3.5

2.0

3.1

SI

4.9

0.1

2.4

0.7

1.1

0.2

0.4

SK

10.7

1.6

2.1

3.7

2.0

0.8

0.3

FI

26.7

0.9

8.2

1.3

7.4

4.5

4.4

SE

33.2

1.2

10.7

0.9

11.2

4.2

5.1

UK

150.4

4.5

66.3

47.9

29.6

1.2

0.8

HR

6.4

0.1

3.2

1.2

1.3

0.2

0.4

TR

69.1

13.3

23.1

13.0

12.1

1.0

6.6

IS

2.4

0.1

0.8

0.8

0.2

0.5

NO

18.4

0.6

7.0

0.3

9.3

0.2

1.1

CH

21.6

0.1

12.0

2.6

5.0

0.6

1.3

0.3

0.2

MK

Notes: (*) Excluding consumption of Renewables for Electricity and Derived Heat.
S o u rce : Eu ro stat, D ecember 2008

33

E N E RGY

2.2.6

O verview and S ecurit y of S upply

Final Energy Consumption
– EU-27
Title
by fuel
(in Mtoe)
subtitle

Derived heat and
Industrial Waste

3.8 %
5.1 %

20.6 %

rENEWABLES

4.7 %
23.7 %

Solid fuels

YEAR
2006

oil
gas

42.2 %

Electricity

Mtoe
1 200
1 100
1 000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

1990

0

Notes: Renewables not including Electricity.

34

S ource: Eurost at , D ecemb er 2 0 0 8

E N E RGY

2.2.7

O verview and S ecurit y of S upply

Final Energy
Title
Consumption

EU-25 1 142.7

310.0

363.0

296.8

Share 100.0 % 27.1 % 31.8 % 81.8 %

51.9

8.8

51.5

2.4 % 14.2 %

BE

38.2

14.4

9.6

8.1

0.2

1.2

BG

10.0

3.8

2.8

2.5

0.1

0.2

CZ

26.2

9.5

6.3

5.7

0.3

0.4

DK

15.6

2.9

5.3

4.2

0.1

DE 223.1

55.6

63.3

52.4

483.9

304.9

5.9

469.6

294.9

1.6 % 41.1 % 62.8 %

0.2

28.7

Services, etc.

5.9

1.6 % 41.1 % 63.0 %

Agriculture

Households

9.1

2.4 % 14.0 %

Households,
Services, etc.

303.3

Inland
navigation

370.1

Air

Road

323.3

Share 100.0 % 27.5 % 31.4 % 81.9 %

Railways

Transport

EU-27 1 177.4

Industry

All sectors

by sector
subtitle
2006 (Mtoe)

150.3

5.9 % 31.1 %
28.2

146.6

6.0 % 31.2 %

14.1

8.9

0.7

4.5

3.4

2.2

0.3

0.9

0.0

10.5

6.5

0.6

3.4

0.9

0.1

7.4

4.4

0.9

2.0

1.9

8.7

0.3 104.1

69.1

2.6

32.4

EE

2.8

0.6

0.8

0.7

0.1

0.0

0.0

1.4

0.9

0.1

0.4

IE

13.0

2.8

5.4

4.4

0.0

0.9

0.0

4.9

3.1

0.3

1.6

EL

21.5

4.2

8.5

6.4

0.1

1.3

0.7

8.7

5.5

1.2

2.1

ES

97.4

29.5

40.7

32.5

1.0

5.6

1.7

27.2

15.2

2.8

9.3

FR 157.8

34.8

50.9

42.3

1.3

7.1

0.3

72.1

44.6

3.2

24.3

IT 130.7

0.2

38.0

44.2

39.0

0.9

4.0

48.5

29.9

3.4

15.1

CY

1.8

0.3

0.9

0.6

0.0

0.3

0.6

0.3

0.0

0.2

LV

4.2

0.7

1.2

1.0

0.1

0.1

2.3

1.5

0.2

0.6

LT

4.7

1.1

1.5

1.4

0.1

0.1

2.2

1.4

0.1

0.6

LU

4.4

1.0

2.6

2.2

0.0

0.4

0.7

0.6

0.0

0.1

HU

17.9

3.4

4.7

4.3

0.1

0.3

9.8

6.2

0.4

3.2

MT

0.5

0.0

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.0

0.1

NL

50.8

13.4

15.6

11.5

0.2

3.7

0.3

21.8

10.0

3.9

7.8

AT

26.8

8.7

7.7

6.6

0.3

0.7

0.0

10.3

6.6

0.6

3.1

PL

60.8

17.3

13.4

12.6

0.4

0.4

0.0

30.0

19.2

4.3

6.6

PT

18.5

5.7

7.1

6.1

0.1

0.9

5.7

3.2

0.3

2.2

RO

24.7

9.5

4.4

4.0

0.2

0.1

10.9

7.8

0.3

2.8

SI

4.9

1.7

1.6

1.5

0.0

0.0

1.7

1.2

0.1

0.5

SK

10.7

4.5

1.8

1.7

0.0

0.0

4.3

2.3

0.1

1.9

FI

26.7

13.3

5.0

4.0

0.1

0.6

0.2

8.4

4.9

0.8

2.7

SE

33.2

12.8

8.6

7.3

0.3

0.9

0.1

11.9

7.0

0.8

4.1

UK 150.4

33.5

55.9

39.9

1.4

13.0

1.7

60.9

42.1

0.9

17.9

1.6

2.0

1.8

0.1

0.1

0.0

HR

6.4

0.0
0.0

0.1

0.0

MK
TR

69.1

24.7

14.9

12.4

IS

2.4

0.9

0.5

0.3

NO

18.4

6.3

5.1

3.4

CH

21.6

4.1

7.1

5.5

S o u rce : Eu ro stat, D ecember 2008

0.3

2.8

1.9

0.2

0.7

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

1.8

0.5

29.4

20.1

3.5

5.8

0.2

0.0

1.1

0.6

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.7

0.8

7.0

3.8

0.8

2.4

0.3

1.3

0.0

10.4

6.1

0.1

4.1

35

E N E RGY

2.2.7

O verview and S ecurit y of S upply

Final Energy Consumption
– EU-27
Title
by sector
(Mtoe)
subtitle
2.4 %

households
and services, etc.

31.4 %
38.7 %

YEAR
2006

industry
transport
AGRICULTURE

27.5 %

Mtoe
1 200
1 100
1 000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100

36

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

1999

1998

1997

1996

1995

1994

1993

1992

1991

1990

0

S ource: Eurost at , D ecemb er 2 0 0 8

7 % 2.0 % 16.2 % 0.2 % 15.6 % 33.7 % 25.4 % 16.8 % 28.7 % 8.7 % 2.1 % 8.2 % 0.8 % 7.1 % 6.3 % 1.2 % 10.1 % 6.5 % 16.3 % 16.5 % 33.4 % 36.6 % 7.1 % 7.8 % 27.4 % 1.6 % 16.9 % 28.2 % 7.1 % 17.3 % 5.3 % 12.9 % 2.2 % 16.8 % 4.8 % 7. • The gross electricity generation from renewables.4 % 2.8 % 2.1 % 7.1 % 7.6 % 14.6 % 25.4 % 17.1 % 5.6 % 8.7 % 4.9 % 41.6 % 1.3 % 0.1 % 11.6 % 32.9 % 7.0 % 16.5 % 2.0 % 1.2 % 10.1 % 15.3 % 4.2 % 2.2 % 4.7 % 31.9 % 7.6 % 18.2 % 2.8 % 2.7 % 8.9 % 4.5 % 2.0 % 6.6 % 2.1 % 18.5 % 7. for 2005 the average 1991-2005 load factor is used.0 % 5.5 % 2.2 % 5.2 % 0.4 % 8.9 % 4.2 % 5.4 % 6.9 % 4.1 % 4.9 % 29.9 % 37.9 % 37.2 % 1.2 % 28.5 % 1.5 % 1.4 % 3.2 % 8.7 % 0.3 % 15.3 % 4.3 % 10.9 % 1.9 % 16.7 % 10.3 % 2.5 % 10.9 % 1.4 % 15.9 % 19.3 % 15.1 % 1.2 % 5.8 % 1.5 % 10.9 % 13.4 % 14.2 % 7.6 % 25.6 % 3.0 % 6.1 % 19.0 % 23. including consumption of the energy branch generation and distribution losses.3 % 2.5 % 17.8 % 8.0 % 8.8 % 16.2 % 38.8 O verview and S ecurit y of S upply Share of RES to final energy consumption(*) EU-27 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 7.3 % 8. including consumption of the energy branch and distribution losses for electricity and heat production.5 % 21. Ju n e 2008 37 .2 % 2.7 % 3. for 1997-2004 the average 1990-2004 load factor is used (due to unavailability of data before 1990 for some MS).3 % 14.5 % 39.8 % 2.8 % 23. Notes: (*) With normalised for hydro contribution.9 % 15. The normalised hydro production is calculated on the basis of the hydro installed capacity (excluding capacity for pumping).9 % 37.6 % 32.9 % 8.8 % 2. • Liquid biofuels for transport.2 % 8.1 % 14.E N E RGY 2.9 % 2.0 % 1.6 % 24.4 % 5.4 % 23.8 % 15.3 % 9.0 % 5.2 % 4.4 % 16.2 % 19.0 % 0. For 2006 the average 1992-2006 load factor is used.7 % 33.8 % 16.5 % 1.5 % 8.1 % 7.2.1 % 2.1 % 7.3 % 9.3 % 6.3 % 17.2 % 15.9 % 16.2 % 20.8 % 6.9 % 1.6 % 2.8 % 1.7 % 16. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.5 % 19.5 % The share of renewables to final energy consumption is the sum of: • The final consumption of renewables for heat production (including the final consumption of district heat from renewables). transport.5 % 6.0 % 6.3 % 6. divided by the final energy consumption (industry.5 % 28.2 % 1.1 % 6.9 % 2.6 % 9.5 % 17.6 % 4.0 % 7.1 % 10.3 % 7.3 % 14. other sectors) of all energy sources.8 % 6.0 % 4.5 % 27.6 % 32.7 % 2.5 % 1.3 % 0.

E N E RGY 2.6 % IT 564 423 403 20 % 20 % 20 % CY 299 245 125 15 % 15 % 15 % LV 324 274 21 18 % 18 % 18 % LT 323 274 21 18 % 18 % 18 % LU 465 305 0 15 % 6 % 6 % HU 412 338 338 20 % 20 % 20 % MT 404 332 97 18 % 18 % 18 % NL 689 376 77 19 % 19 % 19 % AT 442 347 98 20 % 20 % 20 % 22 % PL 437 303 62 22 % 22 % PT 583 364 176 20 % 5 % 5 % RO 327 275 275 19 % 19 % 19 % SI 359 302 54 20 % 20 % 20 % SK 458 427 200 19 % 19 % 19 % FI 627 391 87 22 % 22 % 22 % 25 % SE 398 452 397 25 % 25 % UK 722 722 139 17. 2001/41/EC for VAT.3. (**) Non-business use.5 % EL 350 293 293 19 % 9 % 9 % ES 396 302 85 16 % 16 % 16 % FR 607 428 57 19.5 % 13.5 % 5 % 5 % EU min (*) 359 302 21 15 % 15 % 15 % Notes: (*) Council Directives 2003/96/EC for excises.3 Ta x atio N 2.1 Taxation of Energy Products Excises Natural gas Standard rate Heating gas oil (**) Automotive gas oil Euro Super 95 Electricity (**) VAT rates in € per 1 000 litres BE 597 333 18 21 % 21 % 21 % BG 350 307 26 20 % 20 % 20 % CZ 430 361 361 19 % 19 % 19 % DK 547 365 285 25 % 25 % 25 % DE 670 486 61 19 % 19 % 19 % EE 359 330 61 18 % 18 % 18 % IE 443 368 47 21 % 13.6 % 19. 38 S ource: Commission ser vices.6 % 19. July 2 0 0 8 .

D ecember 2008 47 685 6.0 % 57.7 % 17.6 % 1 307 864 1 147 4 854 292 699 5 347 4 303 4 017 760 1 100 3 580 1 406 1 048 916 36 2 726 256 13 063 1 163 15 010 1 655 39 .4 E lectricit y 2.3 % 47 657 6.6 % 730 925 421 442 130 377 100.6 % 33 538 25.E N E RGY 2.1 % 18.8 % 16 258 8 807 5 825 12 015 6 418 2 722 17 507 11 528 3 760 13 012 9 868 125 001 75 176 20 208 2 288 2 251 6 443 5 171 13 566 9 682 81 074 43 659 7 365 115 469 25 672 63 260 89 137 65 492 1 134 1 134 2 150 588 4 562 2 471 1 183 1 638 463 8 620 6 672 1 866 571 571 22 853 20 748 510 19 166 6 344 32 360 29 857 14 456 7 685 19 224 12 234 707 3 039 1 364 666 8 210 3 051 2 640 16 557 10 738 2 671 34 122 7 882 9 454 81 732 64 568 10 969 3 879 1 802 40 565 1 725 27 420 140 19 086 844 S o u rce : Eu ro stat.9 % 1 414 2 848 2 175 9 8 995 5 526 3 135 18 314 25 125 671 21 072 26 31 35 33 1 536 877 1 140 49 1 558 969 172 1 681 1 37 11 853 2 331 5 065 6 282 1 009 2 514 3 062 16 270 4 240 2 060 25 5 86 516 1 955 17 59 3 220 12 23 422 of which: pumping Hydro Geothermal Wind Nuclear Conventional Thermal Total 2006 (in MW) 34 402 24.1 Electricity Production Capacity EU-27 Share EU-25 Share BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 762 164 440 094 133 806 100.4.0 % 57.1 % 17.4 % 696 130 753 0.5 % 212 27 44 3 135 20 622 32 746 749 11 736 1 412 1 902 696 139 883 0.7 % 17.

D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .4.1 ELECTRICITY Electricity Production Capacity – EU-27 in GW 17.8 % nuclear 18. thermal 6.3 % GW 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 40 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 0 S ource: Eurost at .E N E RGY 2.4 % wind conv.6 % hydro YEAR 2006 57.

6 33.6 1.0 12.1 25.034 Notes: Total Share = a / (b+c) a = Gross Electricity Generation from RES b = Total Gross Electricity Generation c = Net Imports Electricity (*) Does not include pumped storage.5 0. December 2008 and Directive 2001/77/EC on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market 41 .0 1.1 0.1 29.0 6.8 0.5 39.076 0.2 1.4 21.4 0.002 2010 OBJECTIVE Geothermal Solar Biomass Wind Hydro(*) Total Share Gross Electricitysubtitle Consumption – 2006 (in %) 21.021 0.1 3.4 0.4 16.1 3.7 12.1 17.0 1.5 14.0 9.0 11.1 0.1 0.0 78.4 0.0 6.2 1.0 29.1 12.3 1.021 0.4 0.2 4.4 3.4 0.4 11.4 8.2 0.6 0.1 15.6 7.0 8.6 24.2 31.0 33.0 0.7 15.3 3.8 2.009 0.2 4.4 23.8 3.003 0.3 2.5 3.0 21.3 49.0 48.4 20.0 98.5 25.5 11.0 33.5 0.6 31.7 1.9 25.5 4.1 2.2 2.E N E RGY 2.4 31.358 36.6 14.2 0.0 1.2 1.0 37.3 7.005 0.4 3.5 0.2 5.6 2.5 60.7 0.002 0. Source: Eurostat.001 0.5 1.3 2.0 0.0 5.7 5.4 0.3 8.5 2.5 9.1 3.1 26.1 49.1 0.010 0.7 11.1 33.4 0.2 0.5 0.0 10.3 1.3 10.1 13.7 1.7 3.3 73.002 1.1 3.2 ELECTRICITY Electricity from Title Renewable Sources EU-27 EU-25 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 14.1 0.7 9.1 0.9 12.5 12.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.5 100.3 0.5 0.2 7.5 5.6 5.7 2.0 49.9 11.4 24.2 20.029 0.6 6.0 0.5 0.0 31.9 0.6 0.9 29.2 0.7 3.7 0.3 3.4 97.002 0.5 2.0 0.4 0.8 5.074 0.4 46.3 41.1 7.266 0.042 0.6 3.8 0.9 56.0 0.1 10.2 2.1 0.0 25.0 5.4.6 0.2 8.4 0.

2 ELECTRICITY Electricity from Renewable Sources Graph Share of electricity from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption (%) – EU-27 EU-27 BE BG CZ 2010 objective DK DE 2006 Total Share EE EU-27 objective IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 0 42 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 S ource: Eurost at .4.E N E RGY 2. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .

7 PT 49.7 0.9 67.8 1.7 22.0 0.7 2.0 % EU-25 3 245 Share 100.0 % 21.9 4.4 0.9 0.4 MK TR 176.1 0.0 0.3 2.0 12.5 71.9 52.4 3.3 IS 9.3 6.3 16.6 % 35 467 1.6 91.7 SI 15.3 1.8 0.0 0.0 148.3 40 990 1.5 18. but including electricity generation to pump water to storage.4 0.2 Notes: (*) Not including generation from hydro pumped storage.8 7.0 13.7 0.7 7.6 267.1 1.1 % 14.9 LT 12.4 % 0.1 CY 4.4 63.0 0.5 EL 60.5 81.5 26.3 0.6 0.1 2.3 2.6 IT 314.0 2.4 0.1 0.3 0.9 18.6 2.0 0.5 0.4 2.0 0.3 4.5 5.0 % BE 85.6 9.0 0.4 1.5 33.3 23.7 387.5 1.8 25.4 77.1 49.4 0.8 0.3 UK 397.2 1.0 75.6 4.2 9.4 299.0 2.9 120.5 BG 45.2 20.9 44.8 52. Municipal Solid Waste.8 2.3 13.1 % 14.7 2.6 5.0 0.4 3.0 5. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.4 DK 45.5 183.7 0.5 LU 4.2 % 29.3 66.5 0.7 % 36 489 1.3 255.3 ELECTRICITY Gross Electricity Title Generation EU-27 3 354 Share 100.0 2.0 23.6 % 1 779 916 28.8 8.6 24.0 7.3 164.0 0.6 52.3 0.9 5.7 IE 27.4.4 20.3 0.6 1.5 9.0 18.0 2.8 54.9 21.2 % 29.E N E RGY 2.7 33.7 5.4 36.2 143.8 27.9 MT 2.6 0.8 0.3 0.8 167.5 32.8 ES 299.3 85.4 0.0 3.5 59.3 2.5 39.5 2.6 0.1 3.5 PL 161.1 SK 31.0 0.7 5.4 0.1 5.6 24.8 19.5 FR 574.7 60.9 NO 121.1 35.1 2. Wood waste.3 3.9 HR 12.3 SE 143.2 0.8 1.0 32.4 2.3 1.2 0.0 0.8 4.6 0.0 0.0 0.6 23.2 0.0 55.4 0.6 15.3 12.7 9.7 LV 4.3 6.5 7.0 3.7 4.5 Renewables (*) Pumped Storage Nuclear Other Power Stations Gas Oil Coal CONVENTIONAL THERMAL Total 2006 subtitle (in TWh) 0.3 1.1 0.7 0.5 % 40 965 1.3 131.0 3.0 4.1 45.3 45.7 4.8 6.1 0.6 38.0 8.4 0.8 3.9 8.5 10.5 3.0 1.1 450.4 % 33.1 % 130 693 4.3 HU 35.2 13.3 7.8 6.8 22.8 9.0 RO 62.6 19.9 % 21.4 5.8 13.0 1 839 960 28.7 CH 64. Biogas included.3 NL 98.3 0.2 % 132 707 3.6 EE 9.0 25.1 9.9 156.2 25.0 0.1 74.4 12.4 FI 82.7 DE 636.9 10.8 CZ 84.2 8.2 1.0 1.5 0.0 22.4 AT 63.1 0.0 46. D ecember 2008 43 .9 44.4 5.9 4.9 149.7 0.1 0.

2006 (in GWh) 489 210 100.4. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .4 % 89 837 19. (**) Photovoltaic Thermal.3 ELECTRICITY Gross Electricity Generation Geothermal Biomass Solar (**) Wind EU-27 Share EU-25 Share BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH Hydro (*) Renewables from renewables.2 % 5 527 21 35 15 5 85 3 7 94 2 631 23 Notes: (*) Not including generation from hydro pumped storage. but including electricity generation to pump water to storage.4 % 82 276 16.5 % 3 726 4 258 3 526 10 056 74 126 128 2 474 7 862 52 362 63 789 52 092 1 2 786 436 272 1 587 359 4 238 2 550 23 19 931 13 724 6 048 25 890 56 659 36 994 363 20 49 6 108 30 710 76 1 622 1 699 23 297 2 189 2 971 3 002 2 926 3 923 21 265 39 128 114 3 050 4 929 6 565 1 2 2 220 2 698 397 103 186 46 14 58 43 42 25 90 1 358 9 512 39 800 4 309 16 015 18 361 3 701 4 827 22 513 71 920 18 771 6 030 106 34 878 2 042 11 002 18 356 3 591 4 399 11 494 61 722 4 593 6 000 2 733 1 722 256 2 925 1 6 638 3 185 2 011 1 998 4 110 422 10 860 9 211 9 946 11 44 523 9 926 120 524 33 043 44 244 7 293 119 405 30 959 127 6 156 987 4 225 19 673 15 58 2 446 2 046 1 125 12 35 1 5 612 1.1 % 5 612 1.0 % 308 996 63.E N E RGY 2.6 % 89 841 18.2 % 286 402 61.0 % 466 591 100. 44 S ource: Eurost at .3 % 2 485 0.8 % 82 255 17.5 % 2 485 0.

1 % Other (*) TWh 3 500 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 0 Notes: (*) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations. D ecember 2008 45 .3 ELECTRICITY Gross Electricity Generation – EU-27 Title (in TWh) subtitle 2.6 % gas YEAR 2006 29.2 % Solid fuels 14.5 % nuclear 3.E N E RGY 2.9 % renewables 21.6 % oil 28. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.4.

5 2.004 1.935 0.949 1.816 0.794 0.914 1.970 1.858 0.783 0.648 0.759 0.787 0.673 0.860 0.822 0.133 1.810 0.976 1.768 0.723 0.742 0.380 1.891 FR 0.811 IE 0.768 0.869 0.032 EL 0.919 0.834 1.731 0.857 0.054 1.860 0.721 0.849 0.657 0.836 1.047 0.4.549 0.854 1.E N E RGY E N E RGY P rices 2.813 0.902 0.039 1.030 1.770 0.816 0.909 1.727 0.642 0.876 0.766 0.776 0.700 0.930 0.917 0.201 1.034 FI 0.094 1.621 0.782 0.906 NL 0.831 0.808 0.987 DE 0.831 LV 0.980 DK 0.914 0.916 ES 0.078 1.782 0.815 0.286 1.645 0.876 BE 2007 BG CZ EE 0.810 0.735 0.030 EU-25 0.193 CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.358 1.062 UK 1.733 0.948 1.895 0.813 0.075 0.641 0.855 0. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .622 HU 0.874 1.826 0.805 0.745 0.258 1.876 CY 1.697 0.043 1.196 1.020 0.997 0.940 0.909 1.937 1.098 0.801 0. 46 S ource: Eurost at .818 0.019 PL PT RO SI 0.836 0.927 0.748 0.804 0.960 SE 0.701 0.652 0.620 0.1 Automotive Diesel Oil Prices (all taxes included) Current prices in euro per litre 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 EU-27 2000 0.730 0.5 prices 2.771 0.965 0.836 0.791 0.774 0.970 MT 0.878 0.700 0.648 0.943 0.5.924 SK 0.881 0.071 1.823 0.695 0.163 1.029 0.847 LU 0.818 0.796 0.722 0.803 0.725 0.870 0.865 LT 0.052 0.904 0.715 0.796 0.126 1.1.970 0.011 IT 0.821 0.094 1.771 0.724 0.825 0.830 0.143 HR MK TR IS NO 1.737 0.157 1.702 0.211 1.619 0.632 0.597 0.052 0.805 0.007 AT 0.820 0.754 0.926 1.

826 HU MT NL 1.313 1.219 1.974 RO SI SK FI 1.717 0.2 prices Title Unleaded Petrol (95 RON) Prices subtitle (all taxes included) Current prices in euro per litre 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 EU-27 1.001 1.788 0.052 0.857 1.941 1.672 0.983 0.832 0.205 0.958 1.039 1.861 LV 0.894 0.956 0.753 0.130 1.212 1.899 0.105 1.003 0.102 1.950 0.150 1.871 0.820 0. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.298 1.141 1.950 FR 1.048 CY 1.036 0.169 SE 1.267 1.239 0.959 1.919 0.941 0.057 1.972 0.997 1.052 0.407 1.980 0.855 0.004 1.262 1.868 0.101 1.038 1.342 0.803 0.143 1.071 1.955 0.782 0.844 LT 0.977 BE 0.757 0.768 0.305 1.E N E RGY 2.902 1.019 1.844 1.736 0.788 0.066 1.781 0.875 0.989 0.053 0.107 1.802 0.989 1.220 1.076 1.034 EE IE EL 0.842 0.103 1.086 1.001 0.208 0.010 1.260 1.912 ES 0.126 EU-25 1.692 0.046 0.017 1.088 1.062 1.192 1.098 1.110 1.085 0.065 1.248 1.069 1.249 HR MK TR IS NO 1.868 1.674 0.943 0.741 0.043 1.999 0.749 0.167 1.4.996 1.910 1.821 0.796 LU 0.111 1.913 0.950 0.870 0.1.957 1.809 0.996 1.196 1.038 0.004 1.034 1.173 DE 0.992 BG CZ DK 1.207 1. D ecember 2008 47 .858 PL PT 0.022 1.188 AT 0.815 0.5.232 1.954 1.999 1.205 CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.946 0.805 0.004 0.201 0.767 0.140 1.738 0.890 0.708 0.077 1.869 0.169 IT 0.992 1.009 0.725 0.159 1.858 0.040 1.134 1.084 1.070 1.139 UK 1.970 0.

74 7.06 3.79 EE 3.90 8.5.02 5.15 7.00 7.73 6.88 5.09 5.37 9.08 FR IT 7.24 6.28 3.78 4.56 4.11 3.98 9.42 5.31 5.83 4.32 5.21 10.60 5.79 7.47 7.80 3.30 4.91 3.36 5.75 4.58 4.80 DK DE 7.14 3.95 PT RO 5.15 5.93 4.97 9.41 5.33 5.14 4.71 3.08 5.62 6.47 2.39 3.42 6.83 2.99 8.85 3.72 3. 48 S ource: Eurost at .27 SK FI 5.82 HR MK TR IS NO 2.26 4.84 6.72 6.73 7.28 3.37 5.95 5.78 3.60 6.16 SI 5.87 EU-27 EU-25 BE 5.36 9.93 2006 2007 5.14 EL 5.91 7.96 6.1.61 7.63 4.00 5.08 6.E N E RGY 2.38 7.39 7.88 CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.67 5.43 2.82 5.93 4.39 4.99 5.22 9.81 5.52 3.90 11.93 6.17 6.38 6.72 5.09 5.53 UK 5. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .85 ES 6.76 MT 5.24 4.32 7.4.37 7.96 5.31 5.53 5.65 5.20 4.11 5.01 4.43 6.70 LV LT LU HU 3.87 BG CZ 4.77 4.17 5.06 5.08 7.76 5.08 3.45 3.31 4.58 6.49 4.54 5.32 9.87 7.65 10.53 5.02 IE 6.59 3.07 6.3 prices Electricity Prices Title for Industry (Excise taxes included) subtitle Current prices in euro per 100 kWh 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 6.48 8.19 5.83 4.48 10.14 4.57 4.74 10.94 SE 2.68 3.80 5.14 4.86 5.10 5.71 6.20 8.72 5.20 8.02 8.39 NL AT PL 4.84 5.30 7.43 7.81 4.93 3.81 4.19 4.45 7.21 8.40 7.16 4.60 4.01 4.66 CY 8.68 5.

E N E RGY 2.0 224.0 DE 155.7 218.9 263.7 337.4 213.3 EU-25 243.5 307.0 237.0 237.2 342.5 AT 165.1 220.0 253.9 433.7 141.4.4 208.4 250.4 302.9 286.4 233.1 362.9 361.6 253.6 ES 194.0 243.8 400.0 300.0 190.1 202.9 202.2 157.0 179.4 IT CY LV LT LU 224.3 304.3 379.2 164.4 245.0 FR 165.8 BG CZ DK 194.4 270.9 HU 213.9 217.0 245.4 216.0 352.9 361.9 750.0 238.2 550.0 194.2 348.8 173.4 SE 418.8 336.0 254.9 258.2 277.1 209.6 180.5.5 303.3 EE 113.4 623.3 365.3 IE EL 209.7 BE 142.9 533.7 530.5 201.0 262.7 275.8 674.0 MT NL 200.0 240.8 239.0 210.1 193.4 349.3 244.9 247.0 200.5 294.0 223.7 294.2 480.5 652.0 338. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.7 326.2 196.0 164.9 145.8 176.1. D ecember 2008 49 .9 229.4 237.9 329.6 316.7 224.8 575.8 259.7 469.5 204.0 216.5 202.1 169.5 227.5 222.0 HR MK TR IS NO CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.2 404.9 286.6 169.9 580.9 255.1 189.9 166.2 UK 318.4 170.4 prices Residual Fuel OilTitle Prices for Industry subtitle (Excise taxes included) Current prices in euro per tonne 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 EU-27 235.2 264.0 199.0 PL PT RO SI SK FI 207.3 308.5 165.1 235.7 168.6 147.2 158.0 190.9 293.7 261.8 257.8 168.

57 7.51 7.87 6.46 7.48 2.94 5.68 6.72 6.22 4.12 3.41 2.31 5.71 5.47 8.47 6.45 7.17 3.90 7.37 4.00 4.04 4.52 6.29 5.98 3.62 3.92 4.5.80 4.75 11.33 5.95 6.38 7.61 DE 4.61 4.40 2.58 4.71 4.42 7.37 8.90 3.5 prices Natural Gas Prices for Industry (Excise taxes included) Current prices in euro per GJ (GCV) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 5.46 9.53 3.43 4.55 4.38 FR IT 4.92 RO SI 9.65 2.51 7.29 5.09 3.57 6.54 4.10 5.90 5.77 4.41 4.51 3.66 5.99 3.97 6.15 4.33 5.59 7.55 3.37 4.90 5.28 4.98 3.53 5.14 EU-27 EU-25 BE BG CZ 2.88 7.94 LU HU 2.06 6.39 2.82 3.4.80 9.00 6.62 5.40 4.43 3.48 4.62 4.73 4.15 AT 6.23 3.18 4.52 5. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .54 6.15 5.89 MK TR IS NO CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.88 PL 4.82 5.52 6.78 CY LV LT 3. 50 S ource: Eurost at .69 5.73 4.22 6.97 3.32 3.06 4.50 5.E N E RGY 2.92 2006 2007 DK 4.56 7.09 3.02 SK FI SE UK HR 6.13 4.26 4.40 6.16 4.11 2.54 6.39 4.12 6.29 2.51 4.77 5.72 5.71 5.33 6.83 5.54 4.87 7.63 4.03 8.97 5.33 6.15 MT NL PT 5.09 3.83 EE IE EL ES 4.1.

6 prices Title Electricity Prices for Households subtitle (all taxes included) Current prices in euro per 100 kWh 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 12.4.48 19.35 12.28 12.40 14.46 8.45 8.04 17.46 15.88 LT 6.86 5.08 6.1.15 10.52 9.86 5.34 7.69 16.52 13.48 7.60 13.00 21.89 8. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.27 9.57 13.31 11.43 20.12 8.69 10.01 18.54 12.15 7.30 8.30 RO 7.43 13.75 6.85 13.95 8.41 21.62 11.62 IT 18.89 11.80 6.11 FI 7.35 19.48 2006 2007 21.61 14.30 11.74 FR 11.55 9.23 20.51 12.98 16.70 13.68 6.97 7.62 11.73 18.17 13.60 7.31 13.16 8.18 9.87 10.31 24.28 8.80 13.68 9.19 9.40 19.81 14.52 NL 14.95 19.10 8.12 9.86 11.42 10.58 MT 8.55 10.01 12.12 EL 7.78 14.28 14.51 12.30 8.25 15.51 19. D ecember 2008 51 .61 15.11 8.64 11.55 22.72 DE EE 5.57 UK 10.51 12.07 10.88 10.17 10.52 11.61 DK 18.16 8.90 6.87 MK TR IS NO 8.55 10.76 10.59 PT 12.16 CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.97 CY 9.64 7.24 9.23 17.04 12.10 9.20 13.03 10.33 11.96 18.14 9.36 9.90 9.74 21.10 9.52 HU 7.82 6.25 12.21 16.66 13.54 22.68 6.86 AT 13.37 SK HR 8.98 6.80 10.91 PL SI 9.97 5.58 6.93 SE 9.17 8.45 11.81 13.80 9.23 7.47 7.24 BG CZ 4.64 11.E N E RGY 2.5.37 7.62 LV 5.35 17.52 14.38 13.66 EU-27 EU-25 BE 13.62 20.23 15.07 9.80 10.45 9.19 13.67 13.55 16.78 14.53 ES 10.41 13.92 LU 10.55 9.40 9.95 11.06 5.43 11.40 10.83 9.82 12.87 8.27 8.34 7.23 12.21 8.09 8.04 13.25 9.12 12.97 IE 6.80 8.

5 559.0 425.9 600.2 370.9 500.0 457.2 492.1 359.4 427.4 913.6 554.1 1 045.0 465.0 324.1 583.0 407.0 273.7 563.9 278.5 374.7 685.6 588.4 572.3 CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.8 720.5.9 401.0 544.0 504.5 816.1 630.2 359.2 634.0 SE 547.1 583.8 552.7 422.6 FR 411.6 970.0 492.0 ES 359.8 527.8 648.1 653.4 549.6 671.8 538.3 LV 473.8 302.0 RO SI SK FI 347.1 309.1.3 415.0 621.0 1 019.5 976.1 419.4 477.5 521.8 372.7 BG CZ DK 683.7 559.0 544.4 312.4 494.6 632.4 328.8 LT LU 280.8 551.9 371.6 610.1 393.4 992.7 322.5 600. 52 S ource: Eurost at .0 589.8 582.1 506.0 753.5 719.9 725.0 610.1 EU-25 505.5 590.4.0 300.8 525.4 430.1 952.0 649.8 302.9 537.7 499.5 392.2 502.3 DE 327.9 837.2 273.8 314.2 446.9 664.0 820.0 937.0 699.3 454.0 430.0 608.2 329.7 853.7 CY 622.5 UK 293.5 397.4 IT 799.9 348.0 851.0 372.0 376.7 prices Heating Gasoil Prices for Households (all taxes included) Current prices in euro per 1 000 litres 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 EU-27 501.0 622.4 377.3 EE IE 587.5 465.0 854. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .E N E RGY 2.0 602.6 428.9 260.1 334.5 816.7 644.0 318.4 698.2 443.9 339.3 661.8 377.0 AT 395.0 700.4 1 102.2 584.9 251.0 HR MK TR IS NO 639.7 EL 278.2 314.3 469.0 875.2 556.4 541.3 743.0 487.0 431.0 622.8 1 002.1 PL PT 334.3 413.2 334.0 428.0 397.7 449.5 381.2 777.5 405.0 HU MT NL 490.3 BE 278.

98 19.06 17.38 14.8 prices Titlefor Households Natural Gas Prices subtitle (Excise taxes included) Current prices in euro per GJ (GCV) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 EU-27 EU-25 BE 13.25 7.86 MT 10.44 19.38 14.58 IT 15.1.27 6.14 19.89 15.18 8.44 8.25 19.30 15.82 30.86 8.81 11.20 9.66 3.90 15.81 15.07 8.86 10.62 20.75 20.58 16.10 LT 8.82 10.16 18. D ecember 2008 53 .20 FI SE 15.4.21 20.72 15.21 UK 10.90 14.42 15.82 18.74 15.14 13.07 9.48 6.83 17.E N E RGY 2.24 21.43 5.12 28.20 EE IE EL 12.71 NL 5.53 17.11 13.09 9.76 9.99 5.59 6.04 BG CZ 2005 DK 18.57 9.63 8.03 9.28 28.99 5.84 24.95 4.31 5.60 5.03 18.40 FR 12.26 SK 8.07 8.47 19.66 17.11 7.87 18.50 16.25 17.70 11.82 19.21 17.84 DE 14.98 18.25 16.85 8.56 10.27 15.01 14.20 16.58 ES 13.45 CY LV 4.10 5.90 12.85 10.33 17.44 LU HU 3.67 8.50 23.53 18.47 21.74 15.35 17.63 4.18 HR MK TR IS NO CH Notes: Methodology for the calculation: see part 2.29 PT RO 12.33 18.05 SI 10.20 16.53 AT PL 6.5.66 9.00 17.38 14.18 15.06 8.53 6.17 5.66 17.21 29.45 12.79 4.99 8.09 8.39 8.03 8.80 2006 2007 14. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.69 16.99 6.70 18.66 16.84 7.19 16.79 7.34 15.07 16.99 5.49 19.44 29.55 11.14 22.16 17.93 17.22 12.77 7.49 17.11 8.72 15.

1 067.10 31.75 2.00 1 010.59 72.45 479.65 54.34 370.89 794.93 1 172.50 53. ETC.14 738.93 925.5 Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) 3 377 3 477 3 571 3 712 CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 9 290 9 060 8 998 9 236 Notes: (*) not including pumping.87 310.28 246.29 188.05 120.52 2.51 328.34 512.64 533.28 97. % 44.18 133.36 120.64 42.97 437.19 365.71 2.85 535.55 162.04 192.69 0.28 0.00 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 1 660.66 880.48 5.34 139.13 27.56 243.28 950.30 1.14 37.58 6.71 997.53 1.98 330.86 323.82 356.E N E RGY E N E RGY P rices 2.00 826.75 947.93 881.93 255.88 489.39 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.00 986.99 422.40 255.8 3 695 9 230 Non-Energy Uses 54 S ource: Eurost at .07 81.97 1.45 278.49 214.05 294.61 29.63 135.91 900. Including Bunkers.52 237.20 4.94 325. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .21 75.32 0.97 215.60 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) 4 566 4 332 4 342 4 543 Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) 215 209 188 182 Carbon intensity 2.73 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 756.18 277.03 1 113.81 171.97 3.76 99.29 1. 4 559 177 2.63 1 825.96 223.90 202.45 122. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 2 583.15 452.49 497.52 364.86 446.05 126.40 512.25 989.98 457.00 257.03 444.39 286.37 112.01 658.19 74.43 191.07 5.13 339.74 150.96 362.60 1 825.85 707.81 29.6.93 283.90 3 020.19 145.1 EU-27 Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 936.42 173.00 300.02 960.51 0.03 85.92 676.55 216.23 265.56 294.41 224.64 599.49 Import dependency.54 55.18 124.22 0.32 2 732.6 43.67 46.45 131.60 1 662. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.48 33.23 672.06 941.85 257. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.5 46.34 129. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.76 608.05 366.48 129.86 333.03 85.57 243.68 44.22 48.5 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics 2.12 3.33 196.61 280.97 3 309.07 3.00 193.8 52.6 2.61 2.60 927.73 393.89 1 177.27 223.27 263.53 179.15 115.64 1 723.76 99.59 73.85 0.01 207.03 266.03 944.90 28.42 243.45 202.90 110.24 0.40 48.68 257.45 227.34 127.67 280.81 128.87 129.37 42.58 1 071.12 692.22 112.48 496.40 0.37 307.60 79.42 43.03 Elec.25 650.22 180.10 321.28 134.94 631.86 213.31 35.90 184.36 121.03 59.30 98.72 4.22 4.22 325.13 941.74 61.98 55.00 3 354.39 125. November 2008.99 319.88 146.70 464.12 304.20 4.37 0.83 84.05 188.

45 0.51 9.55 22.34 26.80 19.03 0.2 4 876 13 565 140 249 2.32 1.49 78.13 10.19 0.07 39.47 7.16 23.22 -0.08 12.49 0.18 1.51 6.42 0.49 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 39.56 9.87 0.10 1.33 1.73 1.49 13.6.08 16.44 38.20 14.00 12.52 1.28 1.82 0.88 10.72 0.66 0.65 2.17 3.63 9.35 0. ETC.71 0.01 6.06 0.28 0.34 0.78 75.63 1.72 2.57 29.6 5 420 13 764 144 244 2.65 3.28 2.77 2.18 15.55 61. Including Bunkers.93 7.41 5.73 0.97 32.24 18.43 9.89 12.37 12.72 1.93 0.61 10.87 7.64 1.82 2.15 5.71 0.34 54.78 74.82 4.31 12.35 1.75 5.54 0. D ecember 2008 55 .29 0.27 15.54 79.31 16.49 2.43 8.78 5.72 4.49 4.84 61.74 12.71 9.63 8.52 5. November 2008.77 0.33 0.53 15.28 53.03 1.91 46.94 41.92 0.02 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 70.89 0.03 15.10 13.59 7.09 48.41 2.32 12.48 77.09 50.38 16.20 1.50 6.2 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Belgium Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 13.60 2.46 8.25 4. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.36 0.9 5 730 14 236 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.46 2.51 32.33 1.94 0.42 0.49 22.00 10.70 2.35 83.01 15.58 3.31 8.2 5 838 14 512 150 216 2.01 10.53 2.36 0.14 47.50 8.95 1.76 9.61 8.93 12.37 0.94 8.24 8.16 1. 32.43 16.54 10.91 135 239 2.11 1.65 0.03 8. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.74 25.51 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.18 12.79 14.86 9.99 12.65 0.75 14.66 3.85 17.88 0.53 10.55 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.46 2.61 10.60 87.35 76.72 85.62 14.10 3.38 25.67 14.01 6.73 8.17 42.E N E RGY 2.67 10.67 0.78 Elec.80 3.90 13.10 53.48 60.93 9.10 0.42 0.28 1.54 6.1 5 999 14 102 152 225 2.13 38.43 48.32 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 2005 2006 15.85 1.17 10.39 46.81 7.20 24.03 1.34 0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.07 36.45 24.99 0.51 13.

95 2.99 0.91 57.34 0.90 18.61 Elec. November 2008.33 13.55 5.82 2.19 2.67 1.73 46.48 4.37 5.28 44.6.00 9.01 -0.14 5.3 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Bulgaria Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 9.40 3.26 0.86 1.36 -0.33 23.52 2.6 2 288 6 253 55 1 127 2.74 -0.03 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 27. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.93 1.92 16.01 3.39 19.40 0.97 4.06 10.67 6.25 4.79 17.72 46. Including Bunkers. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 42.42 4.32 1.78 0.97 88 1 984 3.94 0.12 -0.37 18.97 2.16 0.90 5.30 0.98 8. 16.37 9.03 2.01 8.03 4.52 4.89 4.65 6.30 0.98 2. ETC.03 0.77 2.01 4.58 4.07 0.12 0.08 0.15 63.03 1.03 0.67 -0.00 1.46 0.15 0.56 -0.16 0.80 4.01 18.03 1.84 19.96 3.93 4.77 0.80 0.17 0.81 1.43 1.26 4.31 7.18 18.74 47.31 0.21 0.56 10.43 0.70 14.60 9.14 14.55 2.38 0.17 2.84 3. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.03 1.38 4.16 10.72 2.31 0.54 1.35 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.94 1.07 3.65 3.24 1.18 0.2 2 669 7 259 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.48 2.90 1.55 6. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.44 3.55 0.38 2.31 0.88 41.07 0.60 6.18 2.65 1.46 -0.76 3.64 1.71 9.4 2 589 7 106 56 1 090 2.28 19.61 5.04 0.86 3.45 0.18 2.83 3.12 2.18 2.78 1.01 10.79 2.61 -0.29 0.49 4.55 5.26 0.95 3.23 2.19 5.12 2.28 2.23 0.61 1.22 2.E N E RGY 2. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .03 1.72 2.26 1.78 -0.65 -0.47 0.41 8.98 6.81 1.66 2. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.61 4.45 0.14 -0.06 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 17.03 9.42 6.69 0.31 0.52 2.46 5.75 0.15 0.69 0.83 2.53 8.88 0.04 4.57 40.59 20.69 0.06 0.65 4.78 0. 56 S ource: Eurost at .41 45.57 2.78 0.85 4.97 8.2 2 773 8 065 51 1 361 2.97 5.98 2.75 0.10 11.95 8.04 0.45 17.26 1.18 0.6 3209 10 098 68 1 632 2.

16 0.21 9.55 3.86 5.24 0.25 0.20 0. 32. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.94 6.50 9.38 1.34 2.79 28.09 36.75 1.12 4.55 3.10 32.52 9. November 2008.22 0.89 -3.09 164 817 3.7 4 728 15 872 132 728 3.58 49.4 4 428 12 407 129 586 2.14 0.20 3.15 0.25 0.94 3.84 23.52 0.50 3.16 21.29 60.36 49.57 0.76 8.38 2.82 -0.58 4.59 6.42 4.04 9.41 0.37 9.19 0.36 15.80 28.14 23.42 0. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.73 45.02 0.54 0.41 6.0 4 504 12 563 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.20 3.97 -0.0 4 027 12 735 127 659 3.38 2.34 2.05 3.45 2.71 2.48 -0.26 5.60 -0.13 32.24 20.96 6.81 7.06 41.43 1. Including Bunkers.17 26.15 6.56 3.06 8.81 7.60 0.48 0.42 16.96 46.02 6.33 4.76 12.14 2.99 31.38 23.64 25.17 6.33 0.44 -4.15 2.3 3 943 12 395 127 613 2.68 -5.91 13.07 23.26 2.12 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 7.76 82.90 1.10 -0.09 2.59 2.60 0.26 4.37 3. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.70 7.73 3.06 40.95 0.91 -1.22 24.64 6.80 4.77 7.72 1.59 3.32 0.51 0.51 0.05 6.43 9.69 8.46 0.30 0.09 -0. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.48 6.78 5.58 6.23 3.60 0.23 0.28 0.97 Elec.80 5.22 27.70 6.71 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.72 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 62.79 -0.00 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 48.85 26.06 8.65 0.91 25.65 4.03 5.53 -1.09 -0.22 25.60 8.56 47.15 4.31 3.60 23.4 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Czech Republic Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 40.29 73.63 4.16 6.01 0.02 0.51 21.15 6.85 44.04 7.00 12.59 7.86 12. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.25 3.13 33.32 20.17 3.30 0. D ecember 2008 57 .39 1.89 6.72 6.30 10.63 3.93 -3.6. ETC.E N E RGY 2.56 0.60 0.15 0.72 2.72 -5.55 3.18 9.66 3.23 2.97 12.05 0.96 5.90 10.47 52.13 0.38 5.04 7.32 6.59 1.03 29.00 12.51 0.59 1.66 4.65 84.25 13.53 0.85 1.07 7.

99 8.34 4.39 -5.47 0.01 0.E N E RGY 2.66 0.40 7.60 0.42 0.41 18.52 6.14 10.27 4.12 0.70 2.94 1.93 1. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.69 2.62 6.07 0.04 0.22 2.28 6. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 25.97 1.78 -8.88 0.67 31.14 3. November 2008.44 0.00 7.26 3.84 2.26 7.6.01 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.00 -7.61 3.00 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 17.72 4. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .93 0.72 24.06 0.52 0.06 0.17 4.95 1.46 15.31 0.33 34.20 1.8 3 636 10 245 64 109 3.40 20.52 3.52 14.60 2.82 -50.63 0.32 1.06 -34. ETC.94 9.09 10.44 8.30 0.95 2.25 0.32 1.75 14.96 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 8.46 4.46 1.18 1.37 8.54 -9.23 -4.13 -8.06 0.09 0.98 1.28 -2.25 7.29 58 133 3.03 0.84 2.44 2.79 0.67 2.23 4.73 -0.77 9.94 4.66 27.81 45. Including Bunkers.5 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Denmark Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 10.29 1.41 7.46 0.00 2.29 6.06 2.50 -0.70 3.88 0.61 0.06 3.45 19.38 17.73 4.86 2.06 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.00 2.09 2.70 18.43 3. 13.20 0.53 2.13 1.54 1.8 3 481 11 194 67 134 3.90 4.92 5.76 0.44 -1.10 1.08 5.28 29.66 2. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.30 0.24 0.91 5.75 8.16 2.82 20.8 3 657 11 183 56 107 2.69 -0.23 1.50 9.87 5.78 2.89 6.66 1.12 0.61 9.63 1.00 -8.60 Elec.36 15.95 2.06 15.26 -0.64 36.67 4.05 16.16 1.04 -36.48 8.90 2.26 0.36 4.54 -0.16 0.26 3.61 1.73 3.22 45.78 36.82 23.66 36.29 0.03 4.64 15.55 7.30 0.8 3 846 11 692 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.57 1.02 3.07 2.42 0.17 19.12 3.62 0.59 27.24 9.70 2. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.19 7.00 -10.05 6. 58 S ource: Eurost at .09 8.30 0.5 3 878 12 897 60 112 3.

04 35.80 6.86 42.32 6.25 55.42 3.50 4.46 58.18 121.50 10.55 167.29 347.15 67.24 289.32 341.65 62.87 0.63 1.19 62.17 0.80 42.00 Notes: (*) not including pumping.98 37.95 46.96 131.90 52.75 14.91 620.50 8.60 266.24 124.85 43.5 4 157 11 524 908 165 2.06 64.12 2.40 10.72 38.24 53.74 10.03 136.83 0.68 31.94 220.47 23.82 44.06 37.66 35.14 55.83 3.74 60.02 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 166.83 0.05 43.49 5.62 32.71 54.15 1 052 205 2.55 291.68 125.90 0.99 9. D ecember 2008 59 .81 123.83 88.89 57.97 169.37 223.36 23. 227.59 38.52 0.78 636.92 71.4 4 489 13 251 941 182 2.6.41 205.45 92. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.58 76.46 -0.75 9.98 50.75 9.32 25.31 15.08 63.95 56.52 125.3 4 237 11 048 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.39 2.90 133.06 17.50 4.43 71.13 4.80 124.49 141. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 0.14 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.67 62.80 218.47 45.15 14.27 131.32 9.80 43.67 5.32 6.56 339.54 14.06 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 356.61 10.03 13.13 65.40 152.39 154.60 3.15 82.30 269.03 82.46 24.79 59.15 21.63 1.39 215.79 89.13 41.65 63.73 -0.85 45.48 79.70 8.73 2.26 215.14 2.30 37.61 61.90 66.47 20.63 58.83 571.06 41.83 67.46 56.00 63.52 1.31 5.97 25.49 -0.6 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Germany Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 186.61 61.61 38.73 8.92 104.02 56.79 6.27 74.39 349.13 536.00 137.20 222. ETC.53 41.91 2.98 78.60 100.53 15.25 7. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 549.10 218.07 196.27 10.15 2.53 37.55 77.11 -1.71 59.73 130.49 0.6 4 210 10 983 910 160 2.99 52.52 66.66 59.06 17.60 126.43 -1.17 83.E N E RGY 2.50 43.44 Elec.28 26.11 121.10 37.55 29.09 25.09 7.95 98.52 3.15 21.33 59.14 96.68 21.75 0.57 30.77 57. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations. November 2008.61 163. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.43 9.67 5. Including Bunkers.74 29.23 7.17 134.31 69.9 4 151 11 047 906 163 2.32 80.97 9. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.22 42.

56 3.02 0.36 2.62 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 4.69 8.03 0.81 -0.45 0.19 0.00 0.18 0.79 0.9 4 125 12 622 17 551 3.7 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Estonia Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 5.35 3.39 0.08 0.20 8.23 0.68 0.44 0.06 0.88 0.08 0.6.22 0.86 0. 0.66 -0.66 5.00 1.12 0.80 5.01 0.22 0.58 0.79 0. November 2008.40 2.38 0.80 -0.04 1.76 10.62 0.46 0.45 0.59 0.65 0. ETC.88 0.52 0.51 0.23 37 18 1 175 3.40 0.E N E RGY 2.38 36.28 0.06 -0.04 0.13 0.59 0.03 0.09 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.47 0.81 0.44 0.60 0.00 4. 60 S ource: Eurost at .73 44.21 0.82 8.42 3.20 0.58 -0.70 2.71 0.14 0.89 0.48 -0.08 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.51 -0.07 0.53 0.70 1.19 2.17 0.87 3.02 2.77 0.09 0.93 0.17 0.77 Elec.96 0.55 0.63 0.60 2.10 0.25 0.49 0.01 0.29 1.74 0.50 5.58 4.51 0.75 0.80 0.51 7.35 3.92 5.73 0.30 0.18 14. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.05 3.78 2.09 1.47 0.13 6.06 25.22 -0.22 5.10 0.10 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 9.09 33.15 1.38 0.67 0.3 6 249 23 329 Notes: (*) not including pumping.19 0.7 3 692 12 483 16 769 3.14 0.34 33.27 0.92 1.73 8. Including Bunkers.81 0.03 0.14 -0.00 1.09 0.27 0.70 3.10 0.10 0.97 0.42 0.86 3.84 1.39 Non-Energy Uses 0.46 -0.56 0.23 0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 3.78 0.12 0.43 0. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .10 0.87 0.19 1.2 3 423 11 419 17 624 3.87 1.35 2.97 0.97 2.06 0.07 1.68 0.97 0.10 0.50 2.59 -0.5 4 031 12 447 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.27 0.31 1.76 9.06 17.49 0.53 -0.54 2.21 3.59 0.21 9.

84 3.06 5.17 0.47 0.00 2.09 2.34 89.35 2.02 2.31 4.34 2.7 3 645 12 175 51 107 3.09 0.41 0.33 14.11 0.29 69.24 0.60 0.02 2.24 0.75 1.23 0.61 2.66 8.00 8.81 0.92 1.5 3 016 10 261 47 137 3.1 2 922 9 602 37 165 3.94 17.80 1.70 8.19 0.60 2.82 5.15 0.9 3 648 11 889 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.77 1.71 8.87 2.43 1.16 1.96 27.37 0.99 2.48 5.34 13.03 7. November 2008.25 3.68 12.43 3.29 84.48 0.16 24.36 34 196 3.27 1.62 0.60 Non-Energy Uses 0.96 0.73 0.18 14.49 0.20 1.01 0.66 1.46 0.71 7.36 8.78 5.34 1.90 0.17 2.42 0.52 2.47 15.89 0.63 1.79 1.E N E RGY 2.60 0.37 7.35 4.7 3 771 12 398 51 111 3.15 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 10.35 1.79 7.74 0.99 2. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.62 0.50 3.79 1.6.43 3.01 0.00 0.17 0.37 0.87 10.01 13.52 8.01 1.19 1.75 3.85 2.34 10.26 25.71 13.50 4.18 0.65 2.26 90.41 0.72 0.75 5.66 9.15 0.25 1. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.57 1.93 4.26 1.08 0.40 69.98 1. ETC.42 7.12 2.31 1.06 0.91 0.91 10. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.25 0.01 0.43 8.20 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 14.97 8.30 1. D ecember 2008 61 .32 1.70 6.8 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Ireland Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 3. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.96 1.12 0.53 2.87 0.28 0.59 4.44 15.18 0.86 2.48 8. 1.37 3. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.78 3.02 0.55 0.88 9.55 0.42 4.33 2.70 5.00 12.02 1.70 0.29 0.09 0.94 3.04 2.37 7.22 1. Including Bunkers.69 8.15 Elec.25 0.04 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.31 0.15 0.51 2.34 2.

07 22.99 14.4 2 585 10 764 122 185 3.06 0.06 1.63 0.01 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 15.32 8.35 8.00 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 22.04 10.22 21.05 10.70 31. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .70 8.16 62.00 23.54 2.39 18.17 2.36 4.16 7.07 0.01 2.37 20. ETC.06 8. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.02 35.07 0.31 4.89 12.22 9.77 0.23 3.10 0.14 24.82 3.94 4.33 24.01 0.71 1.91 0.29 0.08 0. Including Bunkers.9 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Greece Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 9.52 1.61 1. November 2008.8 2 278 9 486 118 205 4.09 12.14 0.89 68.01 2.04 10.07 10.21 4.89 5.46 0.29 0.05 0.67 0.76 0.28 0.14 8.34 8.84 0.35 1.21 8.04 16.72 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 35.05 0.69 4.14 9.79 32.07 0.06 3.07 0.14 1.36 0.10 1.98 0.84 18.04 28.50 5.10 0.06 1.40 0.74 7.45 0.2 2 199 9 146 101 208 4.94 4.11 1.16 69.28 0.08 5.69 0.35 31.01 0.16 65.84 0.E N E RGY 2.17 7.93 0.45 7.63 0.33 0.06 2.02 1.06 1. 62 S ource: Eurost at .55 28.54 0.45 3.95 18.03 0.37 Elec.79 0.10 0.47 0.95 1.11 6.51 8.09 41.56 0.21 2.40 14.94 0.03 0.26 9.77 19.08 53.80 21.91 93 204 4.45 1.9 2 826 10 973 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.33 1.38 1.88 71.31 8. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.49 1.04 1.01 8.58 4.74 0.54 9.80 0.45 14.69 0.72 0. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.49 1.40 0.45 0.6 2 824 10 984 122 178 3.45 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.02 10.41 0.26 3.95 5.92 17.27 0.17 60.00 25.03 1.42 2.14 0.23 8.09 0.49 1.75 1.86 0. 14.46 0. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.11 1.58 6.01 1.22 0.06 1.27 0.60 10.61 1.21 8.69 7.63 0.78 14.92 60.69 4.84 34.56 20.85 0.42 18.86 0.6.54 15.

04 49.12 31.75 243 188 2.70 15.71 -0.44 54.52 55.12 143.64 22.92 55.45 0.00 20.08 57.86 4.15 79.74 23.02 0.33 7.04 79.43 -0.68 0.47 0.07 17.81 60.93 8.19 15.14 16.60 56.22 16.38 -0.02 31.21 36.10 39.4 3 264 8 983 Elec.14 6.20 3.42 30.97 14.E N E RGY 2.28 151.8 2 614 6 902 335 196 2.03 8.48 29.61 4.85 15.97 13.64 70.64 71.71 31.46 62.59 20.95 19.81 13. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.13 6.71 76.01 2.91 14.70 70.47 8.27 26.70 31.42 80.98 11.46 97.17 7.16 31.72 18.80 1.38 14. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.83 25.05 7.17 3.16 10.57 53.02 102.76 9.89 2.94 45.73 8.01 12.72 294.32 31.46 66.93 0.40 9.48 3.28 1.70 24.75 81.60 0.84 59.79 81.54 6.42 79.05 4.44 3.15 16.15 59.52 33.26 0.10 22.78 53.67 46.38 299.03 0.14 0.36 4.13 52.10 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Spain Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 33.69 79.02 0.7 3 071 8 322 403 195 2.04 2. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.36 9.73 11.23 0.84 8.05 0.76 22.6. ETC.77 167.38 123.26 0.66 3.53 40.65 20.59 1.12 123.05 7.37 10.52 0.61 29.14 14.51 79.12 1.84 8. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.90 10.71 64.30 5.38 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 60.83 225.28 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 89.19 2.30 7.3 3 332 9 284 396 187 2.12 3.80 63.05 15.26 0.04 76.39 99.51 9.70 6. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.69 -0.23 39. Including Bunkers.54 144.35 7.07 22.11 7.33 12.3 2 300 6 243 272 200 2. D ecember 2008 63 . S o u rce : Eu ro stat.98 20.70 6.30 5.16 9.19 4.74 0.84 14.81 1.51 9.13 6.54 43.27 6.26 -0. November 2008.39 20.72 14.17 0.60 0.88 70. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.84 12.46 24.82 3.00 2.10 8.79 0.62 4.82 3.27 13.51 26.16 1.83 91.61 15.82 17.51 123.06 16.25 -0.02 15.33 65.63 97.17 0.53 32.64 64.60 2.16 30.

73 27.80 9.89 51.28 450.27 18. Including Bunkers.19 35.63 3.75 13.31 18.12 44.13 17.01 7.79 97.27 2.97 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 120.4 3 915 7 043 406 192 1.47 17.34 10.93 34.92 2.34 -3.96 88.24 92.15 73.59 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.69 10.42 15.83 15.79 50.11 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics France Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 111.16 -5.17 157.51 2.57 51. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.79 5.80 9.31 152.58 97.03 81.90 1.47 159.62 0.61 5.97 36.10 29.27 Non-Energy Uses 13.54 35.09 18.45 16.90 24.04 36.47 17.47 -5.01 259.2 4 333 6 801 Notes: (*) not including pumping.28 1.36 3.29 24.32 26.09 14.6 4 411 7 005 430 171 1.49 136.64 51.80 13.59 51.13 18.16 136.23 75. 64 S ource: Eurost at .01 86.94 45.59 5.41 27.20 13.60 13.51 35.77 107.6.48 5.68 576. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 420.41 3. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .00 87.37 -3.50 107.68 47.01 134.06 116.31 27.88 33.20 91.13 25.30 92.84 49. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.77 72.16 71.24 30.80 52.09 18.75 6.26 451.35 33.05 20.61 29.49 3.24 89.19 -0.08 18.28 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.46 10.51 2.96 540.21 37.18 7.72 -5.90 14.47 8.27 32.36 40.64 131.00 493.89 7.44 -5.53 58.45 0.08 55.00 -5.E N E RGY 2.74 31.67 6.40 25.84 15.29 14. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 410 192 1.91 241.17 27.91 116.90 68.15 377. ETC.04 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 227.75 19.93 26.48 0.36 72.44 5.10 10.19 273.16 3.08 116.54 4.02 16.17 15.35 4.74 0.19 63.38 1.52 81.13 24.29 86.45 142.63 2.19 1.96 10.71 36.88 93.71 574.19 24.38 6.45 Elec.88 3.00 144.9 4 063 6 841 426 180 1.31 18.1 4 277 7 015 440 177 1. November 2008.49 -6.06 141.91 116.02 67.23 4.34 127. 136.78 -5.59 42.29 36.64 -6.81 39.97 277. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.70 23.50 95.56 22.99 41.44 42.64 3.52 7.98 314.02 16.25 39.92 44.74 36.77 36.97 0.37 415.62 116.35 13.00 7.

84 29.38 14.12 44.20 0.13 0.70 43.39 0.09 135.55 0.04 102.71 3.84 4.99 Elec.97 0.94 187. November 2008.09 3.17 36.33 3.51 14.51 2.03 3.47 51.45 13.79 90.81 0. Including Bunkers.57 16.99 90.19 29.04 5.12 12.8 3 158 8 548 Notes: (*) not including pumping.62 28.06 6.95 16.05 0.53 0.12 120.75 87.04 11. 107. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.81 11.90 59.69 70.34 13.53 3.46 37.75 8.66 83.99 6.89 28.67 12. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.39 28.3 2 844 8 013 476 145 2.88 164.40 16.89 84.65 172.36 3.75 39.98 23.98 0.19 88.39 15.43 13.02 4.31 16.46 132.12 155.13 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 132.48 3. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.87 0.00 4.07 314.23 0.08 3.71 86.94 41.42 0.14 Non-Energy Uses 10.77 14. D ecember 2008 65 .38 113.41 0.16 57.15 4.56 0.90 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 153.26 33.17 69.18 241.28 25.06 36.24 9.93 47.36 57.64 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.64 49.07 43.65 4.47 24.35 27.06 4.37 79.81 13.10 3.49 39. ETC.10 8.E N E RGY 2.21 45.29 34.36 37.88 105.89 32.32 9.14 11.06 12.23 153.81 18.22 4.06 4.97 39.27 39.11 16.13 7.01 53.63 4.21 7.21 53.48 83.96 26.00 0.31 2.44 276.10 8.01 6.4 3 196 8 644 504 147 2.61 47.65 20.60 130.8 2 707 7 815 455 149 2.22 10.27 93.54 0.62 164.66 44.3 3 037 8 358 507 151 2.19 6.27 85.01 3.78 31.09 13.98 25.49 160.68 56.09 28.96 12.52 9.71 42.47 0.31 35.94 0.62 90.90 123.67 8.09 7.22 0.11 63.61 303. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 443 151 2.11 0.00 161.03 29.82 82.46 41.44 1.74 26.88 3.53 41.61 80.61 26.43 0.15 7. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.51 26.77 3.26 10.66 89.65 186. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 216.22 58.43 1.92 3.14 4.6.68 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.95 12.12 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Italy Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 25.15 52.83 2.48 38.70 84.01 44.80 50.

Including Bunkers.65 0.04 0.9 2 620 9 614 7 236 3.85 0.28 0.35 99.55 0.17 0.03 0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 1.04 1.63 0.04 0.00 Elec.06 1.75 0.45 1.00 0.64 1.00 0.64 0.05 0. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.04 2.01 2.01 1.08 0.01 0. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .41 1.87 0.00 0.03 2.51 2.1 3 036 10 158 8 237 3.00 0.38 4.12 0.00 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 1. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.07 6 235 3.18 0.84 0.34 0.04 0.19 0.22 0.02 2.04 2.52 0.39 0.6.08 0.07 0.05 0.26 0.01 0.67 103.93 0.47 3.15 0.97 2.17 0.00 0.08 0.04 2.05 0.98 0.8 3 254 12 437 10 212 3.09 0.19 0.77 2.33 0.05 0.05 0.00 0.06 0.30 0.E N E RGY 2.32 0.93 0.00 0.01 0.00 1.05 0.00 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 1. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.00 0.5 3 377 12 532 Notes: (*) not including pumping.04 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.37 4. ETC.11 0.04 0.07 1.05 0.97 0.82 100.10 1.03 1. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.38 0.04 1.04 0.01 0.05 0.81 1.82 0.38 4.92 2.61 0.44 0.7 3 444 11 932 9 209 3.01 1.05 0.36 0.38 2.97 0.04 2.39 0.01 0.39 0.57 2.65 1.47 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.97 2.04 0.71 102.32 0.46 98.01 0.31 2.04 0.37 4.04 2. 66 S ource: Eurost at . November 2008.52 0.13 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Cyprus Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 0.47 3.00 0.35 0.

59 0.0 1 953 3 819 9 327 1. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.13 0.98 1.63 3.09 4.71 1.02 0.41 0.51 0.88 0.71 3.81 3.59 1.19 1.73 3.38 1.31 1. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.49 0.26 0.08 1. ETC.6.38 4.39 3.71 1.13 4.33 0.14 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Latvia Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 1.36 1.24 0.87 0.94 2.12 1.49 1.63 Non-Energy Uses 0.06 0.19 1.09 1.08 0.82 3.42 0.00 1. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.00 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 7.53 4.47 0.16 0.71 1.59 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.63 0.53 0.01 1.9 2 978 7 840 10 709 2.01 1.20 Elec.06 1.33 0.67 0.97 2.63 88.37 0.62 2.07 1.10 0.57 0.08 1.38 3.51 0.05 0.09 70.15 0.65 0.74 1.68 1.37 0.43 0.08 0.47 0.49 2.14 0.10 21 647 2.36 4.05 0.85 0.49 0.12 1.39 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 7.E N E RGY 2.96 63.17 0.48 1.84 0.82 0.01 1.00 1.47 0.51 0.06 0.91 59.60 0.8 1 580 3 010 9 357 1.32 2.49 0.15 -0.85 0.03 4.89 1.08 0.11 0.09 0.10 1.5 1 862 3 888 7 441 1.00 0.59 0. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.43 0.61 1. D ecember 2008 67 .15 1.64 0.27 1.91 4.20 2.41 1.98 0.33 0.08 1.10 1.35 1.24 4.19 0.10 4.06 0.18 -0.17 0.53 1.7 2 022 3 970 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.60 0.00 0.48 0.38 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.09 2.89 0.06 1.41 2.06 0.18 1.01 3.79 6.08 1. November 2008.39 1.91 0.75 0.01 2.17 1.22 -0.75 1. 0.19 -0.09 1.11 0.06 1.96 65.02 1.01 0.13 1.71 0.69 0.93 0.11 1.12 0.17 2.22 6.38 0.07 1.50 2.43 0.15 0.31 3.00 0. Including Bunkers.63 0.99 0.56 0.02 0.

34 0.02 0.79 -0.99 1.02 1.74 0.57 0.38 0.66 2.23 1.50 2.13 3.35 3.60 9. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.01 5.11 8.27 2.49 -0.77 17.70 2.E N E RGY 2.42 0.10 2.1 2 390 4 336 12 572 1.26 2.58 0.07 0.53 0.54 0.01 0.64 0.72 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.67 0.12 0.43 0.23 0.41 0.78 4.27 2.74 4.48 0.20 4.65 -0.11 0.55 0.33 2.66 1.31 2. 68 S ource: Eurost at .83 0.06 0.06 2.45 1.03 5.01 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 16.03 -0.71 1.41 1.47 0.34 0.01 0.20 2.00 4.03 0.68 4. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.46 4.25 3.04 1.78 2.67 0.36 0.05 0.30 72.02 10.35 0.48 -0.40 0.67 0.65 0.26 8.69 0.81 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 11.67 0.16 3.70 0.02 0.62 8.57 1.09 1.75 4.37 0.28 4.94 3.66 0.00 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 28.81 37 947 2.19 2.20 0.00 1.17 0.65 0.20 2.59 3.5 2 523 4 369 15 435 1.05 0.0 2 484 4 457 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.81 64.80 1.01 0.86 0.77 2.41 13.32 3.62 0.19 1.15 6.73 58.72 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.33 2. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.23 0.34 0.44 0.90 4.04 1.03 0. 0.01 5.91 0.78 1.70 0.82 0.17 0.09 2.06 1.11 0.08 0.72 2.40 3.23 11.54 0.68 0.04 -0. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .67 0.48 0.26 1.84 0.90 11. Including Bunkers.49 -0.43 0.51 0.50 1.03 8. November 2008.26 0.19 0.46 0.39 0. ETC.01 3.79 2.57 12.50 0.69 2.39 0.42 14.34 0.6.24 3.06 1.05 1.45 2.15 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Lithuania Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 4.32 -1.69 0.23 7.80 6.48 1.03 3.58 0.26 -0.76 -0.79 64.46 8.76 60.07 0.10 0.80 0.04 Elec.11 -0.4 4 343 9 976 16 882 1.09 2.76 7.48 2.68 4.62 Non-Energy Uses 0.68 -1.6 2 020 3 560 15 478 1.41 0.19 0.06 -0.23 0.61 0.

56 1.51 1.13 1.02 0.20 0.43 3.71 0.16 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Luxembourg Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 0.05 0.08 0.34 0.06 1.12 2.24 1.03 0.96 1.60 0.66 0.01 0.74 0.49 4.52 0.17 3.10 0.9 9 971 28 247 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.11 0.26 0.34 0.18 4.24 0.62 0.27 0.06 0.13 4.33 3.83 98. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.63 0.62 0.53 0.34 0.33 0.68 0.54 99.72 0.07 0.7 8 157 24 145 10 165 2.02 0.73 1.75 0.28 0.11 Non-Energy Uses 0.03 0.08 0.02 13 265 3.13 1.0 9 325 33 044 10 205 2.05 0. ETC. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.96 97.98 1.08 3.23 0.05 0.6.02 0.63 0.76 99.08 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 3.61 0.62 0.14 0.81 3.61 0.67 4.67 0.38 1. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.13 2.08 3.18 4.35 0.53 1.71 0.94 2.43 0.28 0.02 0.09 0.40 Elec.51 1. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.01 1.64 0.08 3.05 0.49 0.13 2.56 0. 0.76 0.07 0.31 0.56 4.01 0.E N E RGY 2.08 1.63 0.75 0.10 1.79 0.03 0.84 98.02 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.05 0.31 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 3.56 0.01 0.01 0.58 0.11 2.02 0.02 2.07 0.88 0.34 3.37 1.11 3.65 0. D ecember 2008 69 .20 1.34 0.49 0. Including Bunkers.76 0.76 1.43 0.25 0.28 4.56 3.68 0.10 1.29 0.23 0.02 0.11 3.59 0.01 0.8 8 294 22 858 13 178 2.01 0.08 0.49 0. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.06 0.43 3.05 0.18 0.96 0.44 4.56 0.01 0.23 3. November 2008.0 10 133 28 784 13 168 2.06 0.02 0.43 0.11 2.05 0.06 1.31 1.03 0.78 0.

73 0.17 3.21 25.50 3.40 6.51 1. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.21 2. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 2.38 1.57 0.47 8.05 7.33 3. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .29 0.93 0.42 48.62 -0.52 0.09 3.92 2. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.52 3.76 3.69 6.03 0.21 34.52 0.17 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Hungary Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 14.6.00 0.66 5.54 0.27 0.28 0.66 0.43 4.59 4.78 2.54 17.28 5.18 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 28.77 8.82 1.43 1.26 35.96 25.04 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.20 62.85 2.11 9.28 0.46 12.10 7.16 6.52 1.62 1.67 2.63 13.08 17.76 18.97 8.66 3.57 50.16 3.83 0.46 1.33 3.58 1.29 35.64 1.55 1.02 3. 70 S ource: Eurost at .01 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 28.18 0.17 0.65 Elec.12 3.67 4.50 13.81 2.46 3.38 3.39 56. November 2008.65 2.34 3.50 6.18 0.52 13.63 1.43 1.68 5.08 5.89 1.65 1.63 11.E N E RGY 2. ETC.73 14.81 7.47 1.11 9.53 0.65 5.81 3.52 13.68 6.58 3.96 4.59 0.08 5.33 2.39 74 63 606 2.6 2 776 6 179 61 416 2.90 4.26 6.54 12.78 0.96 12.03 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 14.76 7.35 4.28 0.37 2.13 2.46 14.9 2 507 6 058 60 481 2.23 62. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.86 0.57 1.03 5.03 1.57 27.25 13.39 0.01 3.57 1.55 1.44 0.69 4.95 2.5 2 757 6 061 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.30 17.91 3. 19.33 0.03 6.02 0.70 3.54 0.1 2 450 5 860 62 436 2.60 2.82 11.47 3.55 7.46 3.19 6.62 0.72 0.10 7.83 1.92 9.47 1.30 5.30 28.26 5.75 1.39 5.50 2.06 3.52 10.38 0.52 5.62 0.53 0. Including Bunkers.18 0.72 9.81 0.35 1.53 2.43 4.20 6.87 9.21 2.48 3.21 14.19 9.10 2.01 35.79 3.66 0.63 0.37 7.03 10.78 1.47 1.97 6.77 3.22 6.86 7.71 5.42 0.71 15.4 2 765 7 115 Notes: (*) not including pumping.21 1.42 3.18 15.94 2.

% Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 2 3.25 0.08 0.90 0.82 0.45 0. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.16 0.58 0.30 1.96 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.77 0.8 1 982 5 957 8 216 8.61 0.01 100.32 0.90 0.49 1.18 100.34 0.91 100. D ecember 2008 71 .E N E RGY 2.0 2 375 20 688 5 196 5.63 0.09 0.22 0.89 0.5 2 140 6 061 2 183 3.41 0.38 0.58 0.05 0. November 2008.18 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Malta Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 0.05 0.08 0.28 0.24 2.81 0. ETC.15 0.07 0.11 0.04 0.01 2 239 2.48 0.24 0.04 0.33 0.62 0.77 0.30 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.06 0.08 0.06 0.13 0.96 0.6.96 0.71 100. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.92 2.10 0.96 0.06 Non-Energy Uses 0.24 2. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.61 0.33 0.06 0.09 1.90 Elec.92 2.0 2 206 13 042 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.81 0.90 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 1.03 0.54 1.83 104.05 0.29 0.53 0.30 0.82 0.89 0. 0. Including Bunkers.0 1 616 5 131 Notes: (*) not including pumping.

83 1.57 0.19 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Netherlands Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 60.94 3.87 20.51 17.83 1.03 29.86 10.01 38.09 1.92 33. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.21 25.23 1.32 0.60 3.28 14.88 47.09 39.62 22.53 9.94 7.87 -20.36 1.37 0.92 23.44 8.10 59.95 8.03 2.92 38.96 0.E N E RGY 2.34 8.90 60.13 1.28 4.01 8.73 50.26 98.55 7.03 11.08 3.41 2.57 31.87 44.04 1.14 0.15 1.61 0.47 51.88 0.98 1.96 0.15 4.01 1.70 -23. (**) Source: European Environment Agency. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .56 3.85 0.46 1.38 9.58 37.99 0.98 0.89 2.03 2.89 2.02 1.15 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.03 2.74 2.61 -26.09 13. November 2008.2 4 546 13 264 214 217 2.93 4.05 3.65 12.31 48.7 5 055 14 763 239 175 2.38 2.00 17.35 20.42 14.14 3.39 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 18.00 8.51 21.52 7.96 9.42 12.30 0.43 3.71 1.32 1.89 10.19 1.64 50.43 15.26 2.93 15.10 28.01 77.27 9.14 34.61 34.12 0.61 10.80 0.97 25.33 3.62 60.37 7.88 -21.83 0.11 54.27 1.47 9.88 39. Including Bunkers.31 30.72 22.30 57.37 0.01 3.56 1.07 26.50 2.11 47.88 0.96 3.2 4 839 13 948 241 185 2.01 1.32 89.21 2.31 13. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 71.79 74. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.81 0.19 33. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.53 198 222 2.44 1.30 16.22 23.08 55.26 61.10 4.91 1.57 80.15 0. 42.46 13. 72 S ource: Eurost at .92 32.04 7.97 38.68 12.43 61.44 11.17 100.78 -17.00 35. ETC.35 56.04 8.0 4 929 14 647 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.83 4.04 1.79 0.0 4 821 13 818 222 184 2.76 4.54 10.22 42.53 35.39 0.57 1.92 0.51 0.77 9.22 9.67 34.24 6.85 21.56 66.63 0.65 12.37 6.41 20.14 8.23 8.84 1.48 8.50 1.75 13.52 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 67.39 23.11 10.90 1.13 54.83 9.84 82.85 Elec.6.94 1.24 17.39 8.19 81.48 2.17 51.42 0.

57 1.90 -0.60 8.56 2.39 4.34 11. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.55 5.41 1.05 3.02 0.47 4.12 5.59 12.75 1.18 27.26 5.86 5. November 2008.03 2.58 1.18 6. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.17 1.82 0.33 63.53 9.18 34.87 0.43 7.67 1.54 56.23 -0.28 0.31 7.3 4 142 9 868 79 146 2.09 3.73 1.05 24.06 23.31 3.00 5.63 0.76 6.73 8.25 -0.59 3.14 1.97 3.63 2.54 0.07 6.12 1.00 1.02 11.55 10.99 1.61 3.93 0.93 2.46 4.71 1.11 3.95 2. Including Bunkers.03 32.52 5.54 7.11 1.5 3 290 8 202 65 151 2.05 6.70 0. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.73 39.52 34.29 6.26 9.95 0.38 72.30 1.96 13.21 0.80 3.56 5.83 4.11 4.20 0.05 18.78 3.58 3.58 1.37 29.17 6.50 11.02 19.40 9.59 0.49 68.70 7.71 1.65 0.22 2.74 6.12 27.74 6.83 2.73 13.00 1.47 11.79 65.9 4 116 9 550 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.32 7.03 6.12 21.20 6.58 8. D ecember 2008 73 .66 0.58 1.17 1.68 5.11 26.70 8.04 14.59 4.46 8.00 0.8 3 625 8 438 81 151 2.75 7.93 Elec.46 5.31 7.34 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 17.04 0.32 2.08 6.80 0.25 3.66 6.55 1.48 6.30 39.41 66.05 0.98 1.77 61.10 0.06 24.74 6.22 6.11 38.16 43.24 0.97 1.74 4.26 4.33 65.26 4.40 9.86 3.64 12.16 5.E N E RGY 2.12 9.6.98 2.64 1.78 7.29 1.32 72.6 3 404 8 215 68 140 2.19 1.05 3.44 -0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.29 1.02 0.89 0. ETC.32 1.21 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.10 8.81 63 156 2.88 8.42 2.05 19.71 0.00 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 50.12 -0.98 14.20 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Austria Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 8.63 2.59 1.11 9.22 8.26 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 25.79 4.50 6.37 4.04 10.65 0.64 14.17 0.66 3.58 1.40 -0.

52 4.81 -0.46 8.62 5.34 1.37 12.07 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 100.59 145.65 4.20 17. Including Bunkers.69 1.49 -0.84 138.68 2.41 6.58 1.26 7.3 2 376 8 426 320 434 3.96 -0.87 8.42 8.81 0. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.30 1.34 4.84 3.60 0.72 4.99 8.23 98.30 6.31 -18. November 2008.30 11.55 16.07 9.92 2.88 78.28 23.40 9.92 7.53 7.31 79.88 1.68 5.35 18.85 60.89 4.6. ETC.68 3.45 5.83 7.E N E RGY 2.52 1.05 8.26 -16.08 75. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 136.18 2.36 59.31 130.37 3.37 1.67 0. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .41 13.70 2. 74 S ource: Eurost at .72 8.35 17.56 67.61 2.55 11.18 4.15 8.70 3.13 3.91 56.87 1.87 54.77 3.57 0. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.52 17.38 94.36 Elec.78 22.51 6.06 19.45 8.01 -21.92 22.05 161.20 15.88 1.40 91.51 4.89 9.27 57.22 3.0 2 617 9 609 322 489 3.29 24.91 14.14 7.73 14.36 20.12 5.32 4.82 17.51 4.38 99.96 2.30 71.60 0.08 18.73 12.73 7.17 1.0 2 460 8 376 333 428 3.38 4.10 0.50 16.50 3.26 1.60 3.55 0.39 5.21 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Poland Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 99.74 148.65 -12.04 24.09 -0.9 2 577 8 725 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.24 1.42 18.43 3.62 7.89 1.45 3.44 5.54 6.16 70.44 13.57 4.11 16.46 12.36 18.90 -0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.03 16.94 100.89 9.02 371 781 3.45 4.23 12.18 135.32 57.63 25.31 1.02 1.53 -0.47 3.61 -0.24 10.99 90. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.96 93.03 3.46 0.52 55.73 9.70 2.77 -0.33 2.17 80.80 -0.91 -12.99 -0.25 11.05 0.58 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 2.71 156.39 19.26 68.99 131.31 20.3 2 648 9 806 368 702 3.92 0.61 9.94 143.35 13.10 4.28 4.47 5.40 18.94 -0.23 7.43 19.75 22.92 0.65 63. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.15 8.08 23.

56 1.35 15.1 2 394 6 464 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.88 3.46 0.10 2.11 13.63 0.58 15.48 Elec.06 3.89 2.53 0.34 9.89 0.08 21. November 2008.74 2.68 85.39 8.13 0.55 8.32 0.75 25.73 3.65 83.64 3.32 0.20 5.25 12.90 6.59 3.59 4.02 10.32 3.79 17.32 0.60 8.02 2.85 0.83 0.34 0.57 3. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.79 12.12 1.85 3.31 13.29 0. D ecember 2008 75 . Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 28.31 3.69 7.73 86.33 0.14 3.03 10.42 0. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.58 4.32 2.14 0.48 0.64 20.20 0.71 1.72 18.79 13.06 9.95 3.33 3.21 0.77 3.04 0.54 2.E N E RGY 2.5 1 754 4 643 56 204 2.58 25.28 3.6.83 3.02 0.08 3. ETC.40 0.03 0.32 3.08 24.27 13.56 0.58 11.57 0.70 0.33 4.43 1.41 3.47 3.42 7.03 27.91 15.87 2.00 0.40 0.71 3.51 0.04 14.80 15.34 4.05 43.77 14.22 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Portugal Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 3.39 0.89 46 190 2.80 0.40 16. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.22 0.96 5.11 2. 11.28 0.23 8.08 3.83 3.23 46.81 13.51 2. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.11 1.08 3.0 2 041 5 563 67 205 2.48 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.97 4.85 2.54 0.61 49.49 13.57 2.58 0.12 2.47 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 17.04 0.0 2 452 6567 72 212 2.24 6.31 0.12 3.62 6.41 10.69 7.13 0.4 2 563 6 862 68 196 2.47 10.01 3.69 18.39 5.01 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 15.66 0.04 3.68 88.00 3.05 33.19 2.33 18.34 3.30 2.15 9.10 2.60 4.80 14.49 13.43 0.98 2. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping. Including Bunkers.22 16.36 2.59 21.70 83.48 2.01 4.58 0.50 9.34 2.

November 2008.79 -0.27 20.12 14.81 2. Including Bunkers.62 7.16 40.38 59.94 1.77 10.88 0.34 3.81 2. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.39 37.18 13.40 21.81 14.80 0.31 9.4 2 746 7 458 130 1 097 2.83 5.24 2.14 10.33 173 1 329 2.10 16.06 2.18 9.32 19.00 62.69 0.43 0.85 14.55 2.96 22.E N E RGY 2.93 0.21 0.1 1 894 5 167 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.86 4.40 8.97 4.92 1.63 18.91 32.90 3.69 22.08 22.24 8.93 3.04 39.73 29.04 0.63 1.56 2.36 9.79 13.47 2.18 5.13 7. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.34 2.36 28.25 11.72 35.74 3.38 5.45 2.94 7.97 1.32 6.84 0.61 24.88 6.06 3.23 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Romania Mtoe 1990 1995 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 41.52 3.58 10.41 4.62 11.43 4.71 -0.29 Elec.70 1.79 6.80 0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.21 5.89 7.28 4.70 25.07 6.88 0.70 51.45 4.06 10.76 30.42 7.79 0.71 3.75 10.88 26.92 2.03 8.87 6.91 3.04 0.45 4.92 19.89 9.54 6. ETC.19 6.31 22.61 1.98 0.09 28.46 14.61 11.21 13.58 21.80 16. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 64.41 4.22 7.78 -0. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.05 20.98 5.13 1.96 0.37 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 63.6 1 814 4 916 112 711 2.78 59.41 21.69 4.18 2.89 2.19 9.21 2.20 1.9 1 696 4 374 106 736 2.19 -0.36 36.57 6.43 10.6.57 4. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.9 2 127 5 870 96 920 2.72 3.49 10.61 0.82 14.09 28.61 7.12 1.15 1.84 47.35 1.89 2.25 3.14 28.61 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 2000 2005 2006 2.93 18.11 4.50 4. 76 S ource: Eurost at .79 9.77 0.71 12.92 1.42 4.43 4.04 25.28 2.71 27.59 5.25 0.48 6.82 5.00 1.77 4.94 -0.25 3.56 20.32 13.61 1.40 1.04 2.40 9. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .47 24.83 0.48 4.03 8.36 8.95 5.90 3.36 7.48 5.59 5.26 2.56 1.68 1.90 9.90 4.

52 1.82 0.93 -0.75 1.55 0.3 3 648 8 408 17 270 2.93 0.43 0.95 0.69 46.12 0.02 Elec.07 0.77 -0.30 1.08 2.18 1.50 1.90 0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.43 0.70 0.54 3.24 1.24 0.08 6.65 4.38 52.43 0. 0.32 52.25 0.25 3.00 0.20 1.29 4.10 0.24 0.13 1.60 0.57 -0.21 0.81 0.12 5.05 0.01 3.31 0.03 3.00 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 5.27 0.16 0.66 1.31 2.26 0.24 0. D ecember 2008 77 . (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste. Including Bunkers.03 3.75 -0.19 2.08 2.20 0.57 0.82 0.78 3.01 1.10 2.25 0.14 6.6 3 231 7 688 17 285 2.12 0.83 1.31 1.25 2.43 0.47 0.34 0.29 0.22 0.31 2.95 4.52 0.19 0.84 0. ETC.32 2.42 0.01 0.45 0.21 0.19 0.57 0.11 7.18 0.24 13.E N E RGY 2.32 15 309 2.55 3.40 2.76 3.40 0.62 4.25 -0.65 1.66 1.89 4.6 2 764 7 422 15 352 2.07 0.12 5.13 0.84 0.01 7.01 0.37 3.33 1.11 0.00 0.88 3. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 12.76 1. November 2008.23 0.85 1.95 12.19 0.24 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Slovenia Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 2.11 3.56 Non-Energy Uses 0.49 1.39 0.12 0.54 2.63 0.47 0.02 0.23 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.47 1.00 1.43 1.44 3.11 1.00 1.90 1.42 1.82 -0.77 0.62 2.46 50.72 -0.61 0.14 0.11 2.1 3 657 8 489 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.55 1.1 3 073 7 562 15 300 2.34 5.90 0.6.04 0.79 -0.00 3.08 3.90 15.57 2.06 0.52 0.80 0.02 1.58 0.75 0.18 3.00 0.44 0.18 1.77 0.02 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 2.06 0.02 1.26 0.44 0.44 4.43 0.66 1.19 0.60 0.37 5.43 1.30 52.49 4.26 1.79 0.46 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.01 15.00 0.57 0.90 1.70 1.77 0.93 1. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.66 0.34 1.03 4.06 0.09 1.02 1.51 0. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.38 0.

63 17.75 -0.76 5.64 3.51 2.78 10.45 2.38 0.50 6.12 31.54 5.14 65.51 1.24 1.13 0.83 2.88 1.55 4.17 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.06 4.13 3.25 31.7 3 960 11 694 Notes: (*) not including pumping.03 0.72 2.83 4.86 -0.54 0.01 4.95 0.72 2.32 1.71 -0.72 1.74 2.84 6.23 3.06 4.96 1.81 1.65 0.96 0.22 2.33 18.00 0.63 2.54 1.43 16. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.66 0.47 1.75 5. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 24.0 3 250 7 451 41 680 2.57 0.88 0.29 66.02 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 16.31 5.70 3.18 4.32 2.67 5.04 12.74 3.02 0.95 76.88 0.69 5.83 0. Including Bunkers. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.09 1.73 0.32 5.34 4.37 0.26 2.53 0.31 0.95 0.51 0.48 69.16 1. ETC.65 0.70 0.97 1.57 0.6.23 19.31 4.16 0.58 0.40 0.38 4.68 4.77 4.32 3.68 3.12 11.6 3 309 8 207 40 797 2.89 1.61 10.30 2.60 3.25 1.24 5.07 7.01 0.59 3.45 3. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .64 26.25 18.02 0.32 0.02 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 20. 14.89 0.20 62 44 952 2.25 0.80 2.72 4.19 3.13 64.68 4.96 0.59 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.21 2.20 -0.0 3 493 7 441 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.14 1. November 2008.57 4.00 0.53 0.19 -0.33 0.46 5.44 4.29 10.33 4.50 0.18 Elec.65 2.E N E RGY 2.07 1.49 4.86 1.92 4.20 12.65 4.87 0.12 17.05 3.22 4.34 3.65 1.73 4.25 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Slovak Republic Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 5.09 3.17 0.91 1.98 0.99 5.83 -0.89 0.04 1.26 2.51 6.28 -0.42 1.10 6.10 0.27 30.25 0.10 0.72 1.44 2.13 4.5 3 538 7 573 40 619 2.78 4.63 0.25 5.23 0.13 4.45 17.33 0.56 0.62 1.08 0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 2. 78 S ource: Eurost at .45 11.68 5.98 7.23 12.35 0.03 6.51 1.49 3.37 5.45 12.26 1.50 -0.48 5.33 0.64 0.82 1.13 3.41 3.37 0.46 2.20 3.24 2.46 10.

61 10.75 1. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.95 1.30 0.27 4.33 6.38 10.11 3.48 23.33 0.21 0.6.51 0.2 5 826 11 945 60 277 2.48 12.91 8.80 7.21 18.86 1.13 1.38 4.61 3.92 29.06 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 18.45 2.95 0.85 56.42 5.89 54.16 6.76 22.59 1.31 82.27 23. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.09 9.77 8.83 19.67 4.51 0.46 4.08 20.2 5 691 11 740 60 246 1.22 19.85 0.00 1. November 2008.60 6. 21.21 6.47 9.33 10.45 7.94 23.80 7.03 2.65 0.99 12.02 19.99 1.0 6 287 11 613 60 231 1.50 5.58 13.48 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.54 3.29 7.01 5. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 54.95 8.26 0.46 -0.83 4.95 4.68 1.23 34.08 0.99 4.74 12.93 2.56 0.93 1.55 10.22 15.31 2.88 5.91 22.75 1.E N E RGY 2.78 2.01 5.09 4. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.97 0.74 0.78 22.74 2.96 4.27 4.06 16. D ecember 2008 79 .57 2.62 0.60 11.32 5.47 2.54 0.84 0.92 10.96 0.59 3.94 2.12 4.61 3.72 54.74 1.15 0.62 4.52 1.32 70.50 11. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.18 25.88 0.30 22.52 37.9 6 609 11 371 71 241 1.96 6.04 16.06 53.84 4.60 1.57 3.63 3.54 5.02 14.65 3.58 1. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.13 5.82 60 267 2.21 19.42 1.62 1.96 4.91 1.07 5.98 3.95 8.73 13.57 69.73 1.72 32.34 10.68 4.96 22.22 0.06 0.05 4.07 24.05 5.20 0.05 0.27 3.92 15.04 Elec.36 12.56 9.16 5.05 61.25 26.05 5.40 12.10 7.75 2.6 7 182 13 548 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency. Including Bunkers.50 0.49 1.80 0.97 8.07 3.27 5.98 3.26 5.28 7.98 -0.31 3.13 0.01 1.96 6.82 7.45 10.49 4.52 5.08 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 29.17 2.00 8.43 0.26 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Finland Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 11.00 8.62 8.43 4.53 1.13 1.89 64. ETC.91 8.17 1.53 10.72 18.

30 0.38 4.7 5 710 7 135 60 180 1.79 0.67 15.14 47.19 74.44 0.76 11.74 -0.73 1. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.27 37.43 51.58 -0.55 1.10 0.35 4.81 0.37 12.28 14.60 0.04 13.15 0.76 11.64 1.00 14.40 2.15 19.87 4.88 0.63 0.20 10.07 0.07 -0.06 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 18.6 5 724 6 770 61 160 1.38 82.26 39.34 16.18 37.00 31.63 1.15 50.84 18. ETC.44 14.63 7.00 18.04 0.29 2.07 5.66 8.21 0.28 14.04 17.06 0. 80 S ource: Eurost at .98 71.14 12.21 37.66 0.45 33.45 3.58 17.27 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics Sweden Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 29.73 34. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .E N E RGY 2.17 1.80 4.14 19.74 1.71 5.25 37.67 1.75 16.00 30.05 0.39 60 216 1.2 5 399 6 776 61 171 1.92 1.86 11. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.69 14.22 1.57 7.69 2.28 0.70 0.47 2.22 0.76 11.75 -0.55 33. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.40 15.71 1.59 1.58 146.34 69.25 0.63 14.90 2.07 3.73 0.32 83.78 0.59 50.07 4.28 6.00 0.79 1.04 0.74 0.34 0.52 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 47.16 34.74 0.54 0.41 15.34 0.54 1.67 11.34 0.60 0.55 0.88 1.76 148.95 1.7 5 516 6 994 63 223 1.21 0.04 13. Including Bunkers.86 13.61 30.30 0.32 72.74 12.24 158.80 2.34 2.20 0.61 10.75 18.66 0.84 -0.28 -0.76 8.78 15.85 4.61 7. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.79 1.40 68. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.6.35 11.25 5.88 17.78 4.86 7.92 0.03 18.19 17.65 1.15 7.38 2.59 10.42 57.56 17.73 4.68 7.78 14.18 2.40 2.86 0.19 12.78 15.04 0.65 0.23 12.29 3.01 0.24 66.06 145.16 8.43 0.67 15.74 33.21 32.67 143.64 19. November 2008.68 14.42 0.00 12.94 70.18 11.81 0.38 1.84 4.89 15.04 0.40 20.26 2.21 2.8 5 544 6 680 Elec.10 1. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.04 2.

60 0.20 16.40 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 211.97 85.92 33.40 21.55 0.71 21.38 2.28 Countr y E nerg y S tatistics United Kingdom Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 205.94 2.82 81.41 49.60 21. 137.90 41.54 37.37 55.95 Elec.03 -36.26 81.95 0.60 0.58 -45.3 3 786 9 858 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.23 29.52 0.52 133.23 10.18 152.30 81.89 2.85 149.75 5. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.55 21.18 1.15 27.55 55.29 72.72 0.68 78.38 41.05 4.05 0.98 610 171 2.86 87.96 6.29 12.48 4.80 398.27 17.62 36.05 1.77 0.99 75.79 0.43 85.44 45.69 10.22 32.57 1.78 1.73 -9.07 119.32 11.62 17.60 1.64 5.27 58.12 21.21 43.65 1.07 229.46 -2.97 38.07 1.36 134.39 82.36 12.90 1.14 25.71 79.24 10.02 8.48 66.88 0.22 7.90 29.65 0.24 12.87 82. ETC. November 2008.15 47.95 52.06 10.46 3.31 1.4 3 765 9 884 583 147 2.95 42.01 19.30 81.85 3.E N E RGY 2.77 5.41 0.98 45.94 54.05 5.89 23. Including Bunkers.45 231.30 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 5.02 250.60 0.45 18.81 65.93 16.21 34.14 0.42 65.73 142.57 88.35 35.56 13.64 1.52 30.56 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.25 14.02 1.52 66.25 34.05 3.96 204.66 334.87 11.25 1.86 17.60 18.58 128.27 19.47 4.42 52.32 0.25 40. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.27 150.64 0.57 1.12 47.87 36. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.68 62. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.89 60.33 82.35 5.17 86.47 21.06 19. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.7 3 692 10 660 574 163 2.35 184.37 12.30 64.25 1.76 11.46 4. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 318.16 19.04 157.57 1.49 -48.51 -16.45 150.8 3 938 9 900 597 131 2.04 63.63 -16.05 269. D ecember 2008 81 .08 142.91 50.04 218.27 0.27 4.40 21.03 39.25 232.7 3 869 9 907 597 125 2.27 47.04 203.32 31.89 97.50 9.13 93.12 -10.18 28.94 18.97 0.33 0.94 1.08 65.57 2.31 43.94 2.61 6.34 154.72 9.89 377.41 5.24 33.95 0.70 5.95 8.99 397.40 47.40 -39.95 1.63 152.6.

11 6.86 0.38 8.59 2.58 0.39 1.47 1.24 2.86 0.10 0.26 0.46 2.22 1.69 0.62 4.19 0.67 1.02 6.60 2.7. November 2008.57 3.43 2.2 58.56 0.64 0.3 2 018 5 376 82 S ource: Eurost at .12 3. 24 340 2.1 41.44 3.48 0.87 0.21 8.5 2.58 0.93 0.E N E RGY E N E RGY P ricesEnergy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries 2.86 0.03 1.56 0.80 0.88 0.81 12.88 0.24 0.86 1.96 2. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.48 -0.37 0.96 1.25 1.61 1. ETC.79 4.03 0.23 0.19 7. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .27 5.43 2.29 0.21 0.64 2.88 0.55 1.33 1.03 1.82 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.54 0.14 0.62 3.05 1.66 Import dependency.83 0.43 2.36 0.45 0.7 Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) 938 1 550 1 765 2 012 CO2 per capita (kg/cap) 5 088 3 773 4 563 5 355 Notes: (*) not including pumping.79 1.33 6.86 0.06 3.26 0.96 2.75 0.48 2.26 0.16 2.35 0.02 1.24 1.37 0.68 4.12 2.66 0.72 0.1 Croatia Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) Elec.95 1.36 0.93 1.7 2.93 7.72 0.61 0.54 2.16 0.51 0.90 0.44 0.24 0.40 0.23 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 1990 2.66 54.93 0.0 53.19 1.97 0.89 1.29 0.58 1.72 0.48 8.35 6.69 1.30 0.90 0.53 1.09 0.26 1.13 1. % 40.37 4.46 0.22 0.39 8.67 Non-Energy Uses 0.91 1.48 5.44 4.94 0.20 1.24 0.03 0.35 1.30 4.88 0.91 0.63 4.70 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) 24 17 20 24 Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) 421 393 355 Carbon intensity 5.19 3.89 10.61 4.05 2.30 0.34 1. Including Bunkers. 0.43 1.68 0.57 12.34 0.68 0.88 0.01 1.85 0.70 1.62 2.33 1. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.99 2.35 0.69 3.18 0.67 1.61 2.44 0.10 1995 2000 2005 2006 3.01 5.83 0.09 1.07 2.15 3.26 1.20 0.29 0.91 0.22 0.01 0.34 5.13 3.

(***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.29 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 1.26 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other 2.87 Elec. Pocket book on Candidate and Po te nt i a l Ca ndidate Countr ies.90 710 687 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES. 20 08 Edition 83 . Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity (tCO2/toe) Import dependency.70 2.10 1.60 1.58 1.7. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.70 2.80 2.10 6.30 1. ETC. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 6.80 6.60 1. (**) without maritime bunkers.10 1.20 1.E N E RGY Energy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries 2.2 Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia FYROM Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1.70 1.

56 1.5 1 297 3 751 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.13 -0.90 20. ETC.78 -0.03 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 27.15 0.54 0.34 81.23 11.78 2.21 20.30 10.18 3.63 0.62 29.75 0.48 74.10 69.15 0.37 10. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.72 0.57 13.17 0.41 3.20 22.28 23.65 10.67 25.17 26.83 3.73 23.29 62.77 17.07 8.12 Elec.00 71.33 9.40 5.48 26.93 15.18 11.30 30.47 12.97 12.39 22.1 933 2 488 172 262 2.05 39.25 29.06 10.05 6. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.66 -0.39 14.62 23.36 2.65 1.94 10.85 13.E N E RGY 2.05 0.04 5.06 9.96 12.31 22.84 2.92 1.82 13.00 2.2 1 006 2 782 224 268 2.92 37.15 0.53 0.67 -0.15 26.54 20.89 72.22 124.24 7.68 -0.54 -0.35 4.99 12.30 23.01 12.20 5.04 17.03 9.54 12. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.4 1 152 3 321 256 236 3.64 85.66 10.81 3.92 2.27 0.53 8.00 2. 84 S ource: Eurost at .09 44.7.72 55.07 161.85 31.95 0.29 13.74 24.3 Energy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries Turkey Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 25.13 0.08 2.31 3.44 2.16 3.79 77.24 69.19 86.02 10.58 44. November 2008.34 0.52 4.52 0.97 9.31 47.39 11.37 16.75 9.67 22.44 176.53 23.06 36.48 63.74 140 259 2.68 25.60 7.13 -0.35 31.24 17.63 0.30 4.92 23.59 31.24 10.18 -0.77 0.86 62.87 7.41 5.20 5. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.88 4.79 94.03 10.08 3.48 2.9 1 184 3 558 274 244 2.72 14.30 45.67 52.40 19.78 23.96 42.07 10.64 5.14 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 52.80 5.66 26. Including Bunkers. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.23 35.52 2.61 4.66 13.06 51.16 16.25 27.12 21.88 65.58 30.14 11.15 6.34 22.19 12.72 28. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .49 13.06 10.10 38.60 6.74 26. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 57.53 5.76 59.05 12.08 3.78 10.

85 0.50 0.28 0.31 2.06 0.82 25.10 0.40 1. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.50 4.16 0.68 8. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.72 0.20 2.60 0.10 0.26 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 0.83 3.64 3.32 0.31 2.34 0.77 0.06 0. D ecember 2008 85 .7.30 0.48 0.20 0.27 0.79 0. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.42 0.94 28.97 7.17 0.06 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.01 0.77 0.06 0.01 0.01 0.70 0.57 2.10 0. 0.79 Elec.21 0.9 8 677 10 064 3 343 1.18 0.88 4.04 0.9 12 219 11 447 4 359 0. ETC.15 36.23 0.10 0.57 0.19 2 295 1.73 0.58 0.31 2.55 0.00 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 2.51 4.38 0.70 2.62 0.16 33.55 0.16 0.68 8.80 0.96 1.64 3.1 14 290 11 709 CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.31 0.60 0.E N E RGY Energy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries 2. Including Bunkers.44 0.12 2.93 0.10 1.17 Non-Energy Uses 0.16 0.13 0.07 0.4 11 503 12 037 3 311 0.10 0.10 0.71 2.67 0.93 1.06 0.10 0.4 Iceland Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 1.34 0.36 0.05 31.63 0.69 9.32 0.11 0.26 0.26 4.35 0.57 2.70 3.65 1.68 9.0 8 483 9 728 3 313 1.99 1.52 0.48 0.10 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.59 0.64 3.07 0. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.10 0.28 0.75 1.61 0.26 1.98 7.40 1. November 2008.57 2.01 0.06 0.37 0.06 0.00 4.09 0.40 1.94 1.14 0.62 0.72 0.10 0.

29 5.63 13.12 0.59 -736.82 0.77 76.19 0.12 1.30 0.04 0.02 -197.46 26.88 0. 86 S ource: Eurost at .27 2.16 25.01 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat -96.03 28.03 0.04 0.47 -1. November 2008.52 -22.07 0.28 0.02 0.78 14.26 225.01 -1.19 -1.96 5.68 0.33 143.85 -132.59 -642.75 2.92 0.05 0.39 6. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.42 1.06 0.12 3.34 5.9 5 447 8 670 42 143 1.88 18.39 0.96 7.49 3.73 0.09 121.06 0.00 -200.96 139.57 0.67 -73.47 121.11 1.7.08 9.02 11.82 234.71 6.13 16.43 165.8 5 370 9 281 Elec. Including Bunkers.57 -0.48 18.41 11.00 0.14 3.8 6 981 9 273 43 120 1.27 0.28 1.32 0.99 0.30 -1. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 .52 0. Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.90 -123.77 2.01 6.20 84.95 0.5 Energy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries Norway Mtoe 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 120.37 -157.71 7.93 3. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.43 35 170 1.0 5 816 9 258 43 158 1.80 -0.41 -128. ETC.57 -198.92 2.99 143.00 13.03 0.60 0.01 0.99 0.61 132.55 0.37 11.07 0.83 0.67 0.02 0.63 0.28 223.12 -1.74 1.02 8.06 0.06 -42.33 -608.04 0.20 0.80 0.02 8.18 4.17 -1.58 16.73 -773.03 6.02 8.74 3.57 4.04 0.86 4.85 123.61 -24.64 -0.86 8.45 2.13 0.54 121.98 23.33 138.81 6.10 -73.65 1.14 18.E N E RGY 2.83 1.66 1.63 32.04 6.01 12.00 0.98 120.43 1. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.57 13.02 78.64 0.61 0.52 1.12 3.75 2.67 1.86 0.47 11.1 5 095 8 200 38 156 1.25 9. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.39 0.32 0.60 0. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.26 3.04 0.63 1.61 6.45 45.74 11.10 -71.19 142.81 121.53 136.21 3.23 6.71 0.06 0.01 4.60 -155.27 9.03 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other (****) 21.90 0.50 24.57 -0.21 0.10 4.61 -437.01 11.01 0.20 9.04 0.15 182.

00 16. (**) Source: European Environment Agency.49 0.13 4.10 7.42 4.34 0.14 4.29 4.71 7.19 0.20 3.83 28.82 33.97 1.72 24.31 5.50 0.37 0.36 6.3 3 717 6 514 Non-Energy Uses CO2 Emissions (Mt) (**) Energy intensity (toe/M€ '00) Carbon intensity Import dependency.34 13.61 16.69 0.29 Net Imports Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat 14.90 55.55 0.82 4.5 3 633 7 007 47 101 1.26 4.88 54.61 0.05 0.10 2.55 0.64 3.66 0.61 64.64 0.64 4.04 0.48 3.20 -0.14 3. ETC.19 12.02 24.23 Gross Inland Consumption Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Other 24.03 0.60 6.15 12.53 Elec.51 0. Including Bunkers.71 0.55 20.42 25.E N E RGY Energy Statistics of Candidate Countries and other European Countries 2.53 4. % Energy per capita (kgoe/cap) CO2 per capita (kg/cap) Notes: (*) not including pumping.56 0.00 6.43 -0.34 12.24 0.39 0.01 6.97 7.79 12.09 0.23 63.01 2.04 0.84 60.10 3.24 1. (***) Pumped Storage Plants and Other Power Stations.16 11.63 -0.4 3 585 6 606 49 94 1.90 36.10 0.86 26.16 1.93 1.86 0.04 0.58 0.5 3 488 6 636 49 95 1. D ecember 2008 87 .11 0. November 2008.18 4.10 3.04 0.75 57.47 0.23 0.28 -0.33 1.27 3.6 Switzerland Mtoe Production Solid fuels Oil Gas Nuclear Renewables Industrial waste 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 9.56 0.07 2.42 4.89 67.10 6.06 1.01 14.98 2.16 0.19 0. Generation (TWh) Coal (TWh) Oil (TWh) Gas (TWh) Nuclear (TWh) Renewables (TWh) (*) Other (TWh) (***) 56.55 0.36 13.24 5.18 0.82 2.18 4.67 0.78 0.37 10.20 6.27 6.72 21.70 0.22 0.55 0.33 23.18 0.53 0.06 -0.20 6.26 2.96 0.29 7.16 6.90 19.43 21.04 2.14 12.39 -0.4 3 587 6 738 50 93 1.89 0.14 7.63 0.79 27.87 23.54 4.64 30.17 12.68 11.19 12.01 13.02 4.34 26.34 33.95 2.06 2.27 0.57 4.63 10.08 0.16 12.16 5. 18.60 48 101 1.14 0.16 13.08 4.52 2.58 0.14 0.18 0.21 Final Energy Consumption by fuel/product Solid fuels Oil Gas Electricity Renewables Derived heat & Industrial waste by sector INDUSTRY TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLDS AGRICULTURE SERVICES.7.02 4.82 4.78 6.14 12.97 3.28 0.12 11.97 2.40 0.61 2.63 0.97 2. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.10 12.43 6.89 0.72 0.00 0.37 0.22 0.55 1.49 0.18 11.31 2. (****) Electrical Energy and Industrial Waste.93 60.63 6.52 59.45 38.

70 1990 =1 KR CN IN BR MX CA USA JP EU27 RU 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Notes: (*) Including Hong Kong. 88 S ource: OE CD .60 1.50 1.30 2.90 1.40 1.20 1.00 1.10 2.E N E RGY E N E RGY P rices 2.8.10 1.00 0.90 0.20 2.80 1.8 2.70 1.5 W orld Conte x t 2.80 0. (**) Source: Eurostat.1 Gross Inland Consumption by Country Others Mexico Brazil Korea Canada Japan India Russia China (*) EU-27 (**) United States World (Mtoe) 1990 8 759 1 926 1 660 863 879 320 444 210 93 140 123 2 101 1991 8 842 1 942 1 664 857 866 333 449 209 100 143 128 2 152 1992 8 841 1 980 1 629 886 786 346 459 214 111 144 131 2 154 1993 8 931 2 020 1 628 938 748 354 462 221 125 148 131 2 157 1994 9 005 2 061 1 622 981 654 367 488 229 134 156 135 2 179 1995 9 231 2 087 1 663 1 048 629 387 501 232 147 161 131 2 245 1996 9 482 2 139 1 719 1 087 623 400 512 237 161 170 135 2 299 1997 9 574 2 162 1 704 1 091 596 416 518 240 175 179 140 2 354 1998 9 622 2 181 1 722 1 090 582 425 509 238 160 183 147 2 386 1999 9 822 2 239 1 710 1 094 604 451 516 245 177 188 150 2 447 2000 10 035 2 303 1 723 1 106 615 460 527 252 189 190 150 2 521 2001 10 071 2 257 1 763 1 104 622 466 518 249 192 191 152 2 556 2002 10 294 2 286 1 758 1 196 619 479 519 250 203 197 155 2 633 2003 10 645 2 281 1 803 1 362 640 491 514 262 207 200 160 2 724 2004 11 144 2 328 1 824 1 585 642 519 531 269 212 211 165 2 857 2005 11 458 2 342 1 826 1 720 656 538 528 274 213 217 177 2 967 2006 11 740 2 321 1 825 1 879 676 566 528 270 217 224 177 3 058 2. December 2008.30 1.

6 5.9 12.0 % BRAZIL MEXICO OTHERS Notes: (*) Including Hong Kong.0 6.2 5.1 1.4 2.9 11.1 2001 100.6 4.8 1.4 2.4 1993 100.4 1.0 22.8 4.0 22.2 1995 100.7 5.0 6.0 11.3 1996 100.8 4.4 10.6 4.4 6.5 24.6 2003 100.9 1.4 5.0 22.3 4.8 3.7 9.5 1.6 18.5 8.5 1.0 uNITED STATES EU-27 26.5 1.6 1.1 11.0 4.9 1.4 24.9 1.0 8.1 2.5 25.8 15.6 1.3 1.9 5.0 18.0 22.0 5.4 15.8 % 16.4 2.0 22.0 22.1 4.2 4.7 1.5 24.8 2.0 2. S o u rce : O E C D 89 .8 1.4 14.6 1.8 1.0 22.0 4.6 1.5 11.4 11.5 24.5 1.5 25.1 11.9 18.7 17.2 5.8 5.0 22.6 17.0 5.0 20.8 11.4 4.0 3.9 1.9 1.8 2.9 1.5 26.0 5.4 1.2 11.5 % 4.6 1998 100.9 16.1 W orld Conte x t Gross Inland Consumption by Country Others Mexico Brazil Korea Canada Japan India Russia China (*) EU-27 (**) United States World Shares in % 1990 100.0 22.0 22.6 5.0 4.3 2.8 4.8 17.3 5.2 4.5 24.2 10.0 19.5 24.7 1.1 5.6 2004 100.9 17.0 9.7 5.3 1992 100.6 5.4 1.5 2.4 17.1 1.9 2000 100.3 6.1 2.5 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.9 1.3 % YEAR 2006 15.7 4.5 25.9 % 1.5 % 1.7 1.0 22.4 1.9 1.9 1.5 24.0 % 19.8 1.4 2.5 16.8 % 2.9 15.4 24.8 1999 100.2 5.9 1.8 % CHINA RUSSIA INDIA 1.2 1997 100.0 22.5 25.2 2. (**) Source: Eurostat.7 4.3 2.0 1.7 4.0 19.9 1.5 25.5 6.8 6.9 1.6 18.4 2.0 1991 100.9 1.8 4.6 6.5 % JAPAN CANADA KOREA 4.5 24.4 1.3 1.8 9.6 2.4 2002 100.4 24.2 2.5 1.7 1.1 6.8 % 5.5 25.9 10.5 1.1 2.2 1994 100.9 2006 100.7 1.4 16.1 4. December 2008.E N E RGY 2.4 18.0 10.2 2.8.0 21.9 7.0 22.5 1.6 18.9 1.0 20.2 17.4 1.4 6.6 2005 100.9 3.5 1.

8 38.3 7.9 13.0 2.5 % YEAR 2006 NUCLEAR HYDRO BIOMASS 34.5 27.6 20.5 1.6 9.3 24.8 21.6 9.1 43. (**) Source: Eurostat.8 0.0 36.8 26.0 15.4 2.2 4.7 53.2 W orld Conte x t Gross Inland Consumption by Fuel / Product (2006) All in Mtoe Products Solids United 2 321 551 states EU-27 (**) 1 825 325 Japan 528 112 Russia 676 106 China (*) 1 879 1 207 India 566 223 Korea 217 53 Brazil 224 13 Canada 270 28 Mexico 177 9 Others 3 058 423 World 11 740 3 049 in % United states EU-27 (**) Japan Russia China (*) India Korea Brazil Canada Mexico Others World Oil Gas Nuclear Hydro Biomass Other 937 501 213 25 80 14 673 241 139 344 136 94 90 95 101 1 179 4 029 438 77 359 47 31 29 18 79 49 780 2 408 255 79 41 14 5 39 4 26 3 50 728 27 7 15 37 10 0 30 31 3 76 261 90 7 7 225 160 2 66 13 8 526 1 185 18 4 8 3 1 0 4 -1 6 24 80 100.3 1.7 0.0 100.2 4.0 100.1 13.0 28.6 18.0 1.1 3.5 5.0 100.0 1.0 14.5 2.9 1.0 100.6 4.0 17.2 1.6 100.0 6.3 5.0 % 6.9 45.0 100. 90 S ource: OE CD .1 1.0 100.0 23.3 24.1 12.2 40.2 1.1 % SOLIDS 26.0 0.5 2.2 35.7 40.2 % Gross Inland Consumption WORLD 10.2 10.0 100.7 0.5 1.8 29.0 100.7 1.3 15.8.2 39.4 0.0 100.7 4.7 10.E N E RGY 2. December 2008.2 0.6 6.7 64.3 1.2 2.6 1.4 11.3 0.2 % OIL GAS 20.4 24.3 1.7 % 2.3 56.9 17.0 100.5 20.1 0.6 34.3 % OTHER Notes: (*) Including Hong Kong.5 13.5 14.4 25.9 1.7 -0.5 3.6 17.4 21.2 0.8 0.1 29.3 0.

7 % 8. S o u rce : O E C D 91 .E N E RGY 2.7 % 3.1 % RUSSIA 7.3 % 0.9 % 18.0 % YEAR 2006 18.5 % BRAZIL 39.0 % 3.3 % 0.2 W orld Conte x t Gross Inland Consumption by Fuel / Product Graphs uNITED STATES EU-27 (**) JAPAN 0.7 % 1.9 % 3.5 % 6.4 % 2.3 % YEAR 2006 2.3 % CHINA (*) YEAR 2006 INDIA KOREA 10.2 % Notes: (*) Including Hong Kong.3 % 2.5 % 2. December 2008. (**) Source: Eurostat.2 % 14.0 % 3.7 % SOLIDS (in %) 13.2 % 1.8.3 % 3.5 % GAS (in %) 20.4 % 2.7 % 3.3 % 29.4 % 16.2 % 2.9 % 0.6 % CANADA MEXICO OTHERS OIL (in %) 23.8 % 32.4 % 1.

00 JP MX KR CA EU27 USA RU IN 0.10 BR 1.E N E RGY 2.20 1. 92 S ource: OE CD . (**) Source: Eurostat.50 CN 0.8.3 W orld Conte x t Energy Intensity Brazil Canada Mexico 215 141 2 982 2 538 1 557 2 786 366 504 390 1991 471 361 212 138 3 087 2 302 1 596 2 812 366 513 390 1992 458 356 205 140 3 283 2 093 1 583 2 655 366 521 384 1993 458 354 216 140 3 427 1 936 1 543 2 551 366 527 377 1994 445 347 209 146 3 414 1 792 1 491 2 381 366 520 373 1995 445 342 209 147 3 427 1 727 1 465 2 354 366 512 386 1996 445 338 212 147 3 519 1 635 1 400 2 145 366 516 378 1997 432 327 205 146 3 322 1 491 1 400 2 197 379 500 367 1998 432 317 201 146 3 427 1 386 1 347 2 067 392 477 365 1999 419 311 194 149 3 349 1 295 1 334 2 224 392 466 359 2000 419 308 188 148 3 100 1 203 1 308 2 381 379 455 338 2001 405 300 188 145 2 982 1 112 1 256 2 551 379 442 343 2002 405 299 186 145 2 825 1 099 1 243 2 407 379 430 348 2003 419 291 188 141 2 734 1 151 1 177 2 420 379 443 352 2004 419 287 185 142 2 551 1 203 1 151 2 433 379 441 350 2005 419 280 182 139 2 459 1 190 1 086 2 485 379 436 364 2006 405 269 177 136 2 367 1 177 1 046 2 459 379 418 349 Korea Japan 357 India EU-27 (**) 471 China (*) United States 1990 Russia World toe / mio € 1.40 1990 1990 =1 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Notes: (*) Including Hong Kong.80 0.70 0.60 0.90 0.

PART 3 TRANSPORT .

....... 126 3.5................................. 107 3.......................................... General. 155 3..................... 147 3.................. Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres........................ Infrastructure................ Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres..........................7.....2...... 173 94 .........transport Title3 PART subtitle suMMARY 3..............4........ 117 3..... Means of Transport................................................. 95 3.3................. Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators................................... Safety....................................................1................6.

6 % of this total.4 %.2 % of total GVA in the EU27 in 2006. total goods transport activities in the EU27 are estimated to have amounted to 4 228 billion tkm.g. buses & coaches for 8. that this figure only includes the GVA of companies whose main activity is the provision of transport (and transport-related) services and that own account transport operations are not covered.1 % and tram & metro for 1.8 %). inland waterways). train. storage and warehousing.3 %. This figure includes intra-EU air and sea transport but not transport activities between the EU and the rest of the world.1 % of the total. 95 . 5 % in air transport and 30 % in supporting and auxiliary transport activities (such as cargo handling. bus. tour operators).8 % and 0. railways for 6. In comparison with 2000. private households in the EU27 spent € 949 billion or roughly 13. warehousing and other auxiliary activities) accounted for about 4. 2 % in sea transport. Household expenditure: In 2007. almost half (€ 470 billion) was spent on the operation of personal transport equipment (e. Intra-EU air and intra-EU maritime transport contributed 8. Air: While 2007 was relatively safe (3 air passengers died over EU territory and 4 passengers died on board an EU carrier throughout the world). About one third of this sum (around € 310 billion) was used to purchase vehicles. Almost two thirds (63 %) of them worked in land transport (road. the transport services sector in what is now the EU27 employed about 8.1 GENERAL 3.7 %.3 %. the number of road fatalities was lower by almost a quarter (24. however. This figure includes intra-EU air and sea transport but not transport activities between the EU and the rest of the world. storage. the number of air fatalities was again in the 3-digits in 2008 when 161 people were killed in air crashes over EU territory (the same number lost their lives while being carried by EU operators worldwide). plane tickets). inland waterways for 3. travel and transport agencies. Intra-EU maritime transport was the second most important mode with a share of 37. this figure does not include casualties among railway employees or other people run over by trains. 154 of them died in just one crash at Madrid Barajas airport in August 2008.1.T RA N S P OR T 3. to buy fuel for the car) and the remainder (€ 169 billion) was spent for transport services (e.1 Statistical Overview EU Transport Gross Value Added: With more than € 400 billion in Gross Value Added (GVA). powered two-wheelers for 2.g. Goods transport: In 2007. the provision of transport services (incl. some 4. Employment: In 2006.3 % of the total workforce. 1. rail for 10. Rail: 76 passengers lost their lives in 2007.0 %. Passenger transport: In 2007.4 % of this total.2 % fewer than in 2006 (when 42 952 people lost their lives). Safety: Road: 42 448 persons were killed in road accidents (fatalities within 30 days) in 2007.3 % and oil pipelines for 3.7 % of their total consumption on transport-related items.3 % while intra-EU air transport only accounted for 0. Road transport accounted for 45. It should be noted. Passenger cars accounted for 72. rail.6 % respectively. total passenger transport activities in the EU27 by any motorised means of transport are estimated to have amounted to 6 473 billion pkm or on average 13 092 km per person.9 million persons.

powered two-wheelers. inland waterways. (2) Road. GDP 1995-2007 140 135 130 125 120 115 110 105 100 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 PASSENGERS (1) (pkm) goods (2) (tkm) gdp (at constant 2000 prices) Annual Growth Rates EU-27 1995-2007 p. rail.7 % 1. Goods. (1) Passenger cars.6 % Notes: GDP: at constant year 2000 prices and exchange rates. intra-EU air. railways.a. intra-EU sea. 2006-2007 GDP at year 2000 prices and exchange rates 2. oil pipelines.5 % 2.2 % Freight transport (tkm) 2.T RA N S P OR T 3. 96 . intra-EU air.7 % 2.2 general Transport Growth EU-27 YEAR 1995 = 100 Passengers.1. tram & metro. intra-EU sea. buses & coaches.9 % Passenger transport (pkm) 1.

5 0.8 0. IT: 150 km/h on certain 2x3 lane motorways.3 general Road Transport Speed Limits.5 0.0 0. I nter n at ional Transp or t For um 97 . The higher figure shown in the 'outside built-up areas' column generally refers to the speed limit on dual carriageways that are not motorways. If road is wet: motorways 110 km/h. other roads outside built-up areas 80 km/h.e. recommended speed limit is 130 km/h (more than half the network has a speed limit of 120 km/h or less).5 0.1.5 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.8 0. 80 km/h on other roads.5 0.5 0. 60 km/h from 23h00 to 05h00 Blood alcohol limits: In many countries. IE.2 0. dual carriageways 90 km/h.2 0. grams of alcohol in 1 litre of blood 0.5 0.0 0. Speed limits: DE: Motorways: No general speed limit.5 0.5 0. new.2 0. unexperienced) and professional drivers.T RA N S P OR T 3. cars (in general).2 0.5 0. S o u rce : N at i on a l so u rces.5 0. Blood Alcohol Limits Speed limit. special (more restrictive) rules apply to novice (i.5 Notes: UK. PL: Built-up areas: 50 km/h from 05h00 to 23h00. Signs in UK are in miles per hour.1967). FR: Dual carriageways 110 km/h.9. FI: in winter 100 km/h on motorways.8 0. CY and MT drive on the left hand side of the road. the other Member States on the right hand side (SE since 3. km/h: BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH Built-up areas 30-50 50 50 50 30-50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 30-50-70 50 50-60 50 50 30-50 50 40-50 30-50 32-48 50 60 50 30-50 30-50-70 30-50 Outside built-up areas 90-120 90 90 80 100 90-110 80-100 90-110 90-100 80-110 90-110 80 90 70-90 90 90-110 60-80 80-100 100 90-110 90-100 90-100 90-100 90 80-100 70-90 96-112 90-100 80-100 90 80-90 80 80 Motorways 120 130 130 110-130 (130) 110 120 130 120 110-130 130-150 100 110 110-130 130 130 100-120 130 130 120 130 130 130 100-120 100-120 112 130 120 130 90-100 120 Blood alcohol limit.4 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.

(4) 5 axles = 48t.5 11.5 11. etc.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 13 12 10 10 10 10 10.4 general Road Transport Weight per drive axle tonnes BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES (*) FR IT (*) CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT (*) RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH LI Weight per bearing axle Maximum Gross Vehicle Weight 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 13 12 12 11.5 12 11.5 11. (1) For axles equipped with air suspension or equivalent. cars.5 11.48 38 42 .5 11.5 18 18 16 18 18 19 18 18 26 (1) 26 (1) 22 25 (5) 26 (1) 26 26 (1) 26 36 36 36 36 37 37 36 36 10 11. (5) 26 t where the driving axle is fitted with twin tyres and equipped with air suspension or equivalent.8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11.48 48 .T RA N S P OR T 3. (2) 2 axles tractor + 3 axles semi-trailer: mechancial suspension = 43t. 6 axles = 58t.g.44 40 40 40 (6) 44 44 40 40 Notes: An articulated vehicle consists of a road tractor coupled to a semi-trailer.5 10.5 12 11 11.60 (4) 40 .5 18 18 19 18 18 18 18 26 (1) 26 (1) 26 24 25 33 26 26 (1) 26 26 (1) 25 26 (1) 26 (1) 40 36 10 11.48 42 .48 36 36 35 36 36 38 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 44 40 40 40 40 40 40 44 40 36 44 36 36 40 36 36 37 36 40 40 44 40 40 50 40 40 40 40 40 40 44 48 . (3) national traffic / international traffic.5 18 26 (1) 38 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11.).1. IT and PT: increased values are applicable for certain types of transport (e. (*) ES.5 11.5 11.5 Lorries 2 axles 3 axles 19 18 18 18 18 17 18 18 19 18 26 26 (1) 26 (1) 24 / 26 (1) (3) 26 (1) 26 (1) 26 (1) 26 (1) 26 (1) 26 26 (1) 18 Road train ArticUlated vehicles 5 axles 5 axles 4 axles and more and more 39 36 36 44 40 44 (1) 44 (2) 40 42 . 98 S ource: I nter national Transpor t Forum.5 11. (6) 44t for containers in combined transport operations. pneumatic suspension = 44t.5 11. U n i te d Nat ions Econom ic Commission for Eu ro p e .5 18 18 19 20 18 21. 7 axles = 60t. containers.60 (4) 40 40 40 40 40 46 40 40 40 40 44 40 40 50 40 40 40 40 40 40 42 .5 10 / 11.5 11.5 11.5 (3) 11. A road train is a goods road motor vehicle coupled to one or more trailers.5 11.5 11.

esti mates ( i n i talics) 99 .5 general Employment by Mode of Transport EU-27 8 884 010 2 832 404 1 840 000 900 000 EU-15 7 045 599 2 217 748 1 414 686 528 258 EU-12 1 838 411 614 656 425 314 371 742 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK Other (*) auxiliary transport activities Travel agencies & tour operators Air transport Sea transport Inland water transport Pipelines Railways Road passenger transport Road freight transport Total 2006 17 926 43 492 171 440 407 062 484 960 2 186 726 5 675 35 199 154 429 377 189 418 923 1 893 492 8 293 17 011 29 873 66 037 293 234 193 772 63 082 33 306 35 046 100 933 825 5 578 7 949 46 953 145 803 37 918 25 354 31 834 0 1 562 4 000 2 470 6 015 36 650 265 922 103 372 46 848 63 450 110 250 0 137 941 41 123 30 973 9 238 100 1 317 644 309 494 292 406 79 264 846 12 251 142 14 980 6 788 11 231 33 873 5 653 6 334 29 398 9 279 24 592 55 544 63 619 482 600 37 235 13 849 6 131 3 430 0 93 1 000 728 1 859 10 145 64 052 8 493 8 523 0 50 4 950 6 687 6 048 15 555 195 310 44 625 76 675 7 574 75 13 746 0 18 402 888 270 393 085 171 274 20 810 0 1 125 058 348 956 219 964 171 500 961 3 595 13 744 72 397 42 381 251 560 968 491 339 407 150 820 65 606 3 034 2 880 25 099 23 481 45 588 312 576 19 642 2 415 2 426 256 3 791 14 391 29 777 7 156 40 393 56 783 198 513 0 0 0 4 725 2 435 2 913 68 229 18 413 14 842 14 841 377 20 731 1 110 2 125 15 770 10 900 79 145 1 635 829 3 104 13 676 3 030 0 100 54 3 776 203 376 67 818 53 026 44 206 577 1 218 30 2 667 6 322 27 512 0 0 734 2 279 1 771 85 571 36 571 18 632 19 980 10 385 7 449 2 688 811 1 473 0 351 835 122 950 37 500 38 281 120 13 219 642 4 728 2 241 3 317 6 996 36 000 22 927 73 842 193 369 60 232 47 271 14 833 108 434 11 590 438 224 808 148 702 120 780 3 332 1 254 2 858 5 551 17 599 65 554 4 615 50 1 341 1 081 9 705 9 580 32 215 292 710 76 417 85 053 42 301 7 589 2 941 1 068 3 528 8 604 65 209 160 422 64 801 37 034 43 015 19 518 9 326 10 850 50 304 8 000 5 000 22 34 230 674 1 968 7 569 76 085 12 746 14 827 35 000 165 776 0 814 2 526 9 231 119 290 40 541 25 460 7 866 0 214 7 419 7 253 225 002 71 027 58 826 8 188 0 1 085 163 297 230 221 996 53 884 281 1 145 14 506 4 832 25 705 7 477 12 449 51 384 1 611 14 614 90 128 114 550 290 869 Notes: (*) Cargo handling and storage. 1. CY: 2005. activities of other transport agencies.1. The above figures refer to employment only in those companies whose main activity lies in the mode concerned.T RA N S P OR T 3. MT: 2002.1 classification. Economic activity according to NACE Rev. S o u rce : Eu ro stat. other supporting activities.

The above figures refer to the number only of those enterprises whose main activity lies in the mode concerned.T RA N S P OR T 3. MT: 2002. Economic activity according to NACE Rev. 1. other supporting activities. CY: 2005.1. est im ates (in ita lics ) . activities of other transport agencies.6 general EU-27 1 141 000 600 000 329 758 439 019 241 985 EU-15 160 981 87 773 EU-12 7 511 2 069 BE BG 17 760 7 660 7 051 CZ 45 441 26 044 9 258 DK 13 372 7 124 3 719 DE 85 740 33 985 24 227 3 422 1 981 233 EE 6 913 341 IE 21 299 35 063 EL ES 222 381 133 912 65 600 FR 92 498 41 592 36 319 IT 151 409 97 810 22 997 4 027 1 481 1 403 CY 4 701 2 311 696 LV 6 523 3 329 1 247 LT 911 445 172 LU HU 33 344 18 756 9 232 2 438 346 1 007 MT NL 23 850 9 370 4 470 AT 15 106 7 147 4 918 PL 137 697 76 398 47 789 PT 28 014 12 119 11 765 RO 28 610 15 209 8 841 8 367 6 382 888 SI 1 084 128 SK FI 23 279 11 054 9 158 SE 31 029 14 652 9 122 UK 65 809 34 086 12 045 888 131 Other (*) auxiliary transport activities Travel agencies & tour operators Air transport Sea transport Inland water transport Pipelines Railways Road passenger transport Road freight transport Total Number of Enterprises by Mode of Transport – 2006 8 800 10 150 3 450 78 227 109 596 9 632 3 062 57 322 86 858 518 388 20 905 22 738 303 107 161 1 230 2 434 8 26 1 246 1 748 5 0 16 55 2 87 0 28 6 122 3 845 12 3 34 398 51 607 1 424 239 38 1 151 1 560 422 10 0 1 18 7 328 0 114 25 278 797 0 3 019 17 3 415 7 884 9 617 14 501 844 7 0 40 194 69 27 25 1 186 725 395 9 092 13 467 38 14 766 738 253 11 397 17 396 5 088 7 141 0 0 0 57 5 508 573 14 2 7 27 17 453 1 174 3 2 12 16 15 968 931 22 7 17 93 154 3 358 1 16 4 95 8 92 1 783 0 0 0 154 19 669 243 15 10 3 190 490 195 2 460 3 650 26 6 73 9 157 1 552 1 218 92 5 541 142 80 5 664 6 986 1 4 333 199 71 1 586 1 936 89 3 136 50 54 2 248 1 980 26 38 32 464 529 8 0 13 452 527 0 77 244 66 1 144 1 531 35 0 470 652 208 2 937 2 953 97 10 242 1 176 955 6 826 10 372 8 5 Notes: (*) Cargo handling and storage.1 classification. 100 S ource: Eurost at .

esti mates ( i n i talics) 101 . S o u rce : Eu ro stat.1. CY: 2005. The above figures refer to the turnover only of those companies whose main activity lies in the mode concerned. Economic activity according to NACE Rev.7 general Turnover by Mode of Transport EU-27 1 210 000 280 000 91 000 78 000 248 523 83 728 EU-15 31 477 7 272 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 10 538 8 100 1 240 352 6 112 886 5 874 2 428 855 102 2 433 606 2 694 2 446 108 156 36 352 7 938 208 Other (*) auxiliary transport activities Travel agencies & tour operators Air transport 3 602 0 1 784 0 6 919 5 650 2 174 85 75 0 0 796 158 2 503 383 5 847 16 535 217 995 0 1 618 4 830 48 19 403 3 003 8 738 1 735 24 172 13 879 19 803 78 104 0 37 883 14 938 1 256 Sea transport 6 368 24 624 307 1 831 135 762 43 128 5 500 90 000 120 000 153 193 384 202 146 825 359 578 1 816 198 470 28 213 14 927 15 853 3 264 Inland water transport Pipelines Railways Road passenger transport Road freight transport Total 2006 (mio €) 140 11 552 146 1 812 2 040 3 289 1 586 2 833 2 066 1 174 1 852 9 498 17 860 32 815 8 767 18 245 12 792 54 119 206 10 673 11 852 11 045 44 116 0 255 423 117 301 0 53 206 226 1 447 1 113 1 793 248 4 139 114 183 4 245 1 035 155 395 0 6 27 1 716 267 644 12 435 3 629 1 062 1 307 282 59 3 837 881 4 377 39 42 0 0 198 275 17 665 2 848 953 35 833 0 50 349 1 887 5 113 9 334 5 660 20 905 8 057 3 176 2 413 365 107 9 3 291 4 052 14 364 27 823 11 688 2 875 3 718 903 107 425 1 128 1 591 4 586 1 223 37 552 2 824 2 623 5 102 8 681 2 985 1 022 1 102 103 80 398 487 2 169 3 809 1 641 185 416 614 266 18 661 5 075 1 685 807 43 980 8 365 5 585 1 509 213 592 36 625 17 038 10 475 335 5 387 1 64 174 411 917 30 0 186 293 1 000 0 19 1 937 2 413 1 403 5 321 0 139 4 235 3 442 6 614 14 091 641 112 9 544 28 325 52 230 58 602 Notes: (*) Cargo handling and storage. MT: 2002.T RA N S P OR T 3.1 classification. activities of other transport agencies. 1. other supporting activities.

9 14..4 15.T RA N S P OR T 3.8 15. SK: 2006.7 1 900 2 300 24 591 2 902 7 261 14 981 182 200 1 074 10 218 18 405 69 472 153 181 122 861 1 910 1 602 3 092 2 601 8 471 506 30 866 18 728 14 242 14 371 11 927 3 080 2 091 10 264 20 864 159 077 9 971 362 2 195 6 895 66 680 256 4 277 7 642 23 743 39 622 36 037 863 489 566 1 006 2 935 145 9 139 5 465 3 665 5 262 2 653 1 192 598 3 029 6 206 56 529 13 014 1 611 3 752 6 888 83 290 595 3 749 6 721 34 020 91 810 70 042 599 782 2 012 1 493 4 340 250 16 828 9 644 6 744 7 262 6 482 1 678 993 5 228 11 577 62 062 1 605 929 1 314 1 198 32 230 223 2 192 4 042 11 709 21 750 16 782 447 331 515 102 1 196 111 4 899 3 619 3 834 1 847 2 792 210 501 2 007 3 080 40 486 14. UK: 2004.0 16. 102 S ource: Euro s t at .7 13. EU-totals all refer to 2007.9 11. RO.2 8. PL.6 10.0 12. PT.5 11.5 13.3 11.1.0 11.1 15.8 general Final Consumption of Households for Transport purchase of personal transport equipment operation of personal transport equipment purchased transport services million euro EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK Expenditure per head on transport Final consumption of households for transport of which: Transport as a % of total final consumption of households by type of expenditure – 2007 (*) % € 948 691 884 766 310 014 292 847 469 501 436 701 169 175 155 219 13. therefore the sum of the country rows does not add up to the total.6 18. BG: 2005.9 12.4 2 300 400 700 2 700 2 200 800 2 300 1 600 1 600 2 400 2 100 2 400 700 900 5 400 800 1 200 1 900 2 300 400 1 400 600 1 500 400 1 900 2 300 2 700 14.6 14.6 13.0 18.9 12.0 Notes: (*) ES.8 8.5 17.0 19.

7 102.3 100.0 100.3 99.3 S o u rce : Eu ro stat 108.8 83.3 89.5 100.7 85.6 103.0 81.5 92.0 100.8 Other services in respect of personal transport equipment 107.1 105.6 95.5 83.0 97.8 102.0 93.3 92.8 89.0 85.6 87.0 103.2 90.7 100.0 84.2 100.7 88.6 100.2 100.0 97.5 100.0 95.0 99.5 Fuels and lubricants for personal transport equipment Maintenance and repair of personal transport equipment 108.7 102.6 103.9 79.5 85.5 93.4 99.8 100.3 82.7 95.0 99.6 93.4 86.3 100.0 96.9 general EU-27: Evolution of Consumer Prices for Passenger Transport Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices of which: YEAR 2005 =100 All items 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 Transport Purchase of vehicles 105.6 96.5 93.2 71.4 97.3 82.8 95.9 82.9 103.0 96.8 95.Passenger Passenger Passenger by sea and Combined purchased 2005 port transport transport transport inland passenger transport =100 services by railway by road by air waterway transport services 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 106.2 113.2 102.6 105.2 76.2 100.3 86.6 80.4 100.5 104.5 Motorcycles.2 82.0 94.4 88.7 97.2 106.7 105.0 96.3 95.7 100.3 104.4 100.8 79.0 95.7 100.6 91.3 100.0 85.9 102. bicycles and animal drawn vehicles Motor cars 101.3 86.4 96.5 101.6 98.2 89.5 84.6 96.7 107.7 77.4 100.5 92.2 88.8 81.6 100.3 100.0 97.8 103.0 90.4 92.4 91.9 82.3 86.9 93.1 96.3 88.5 100.4 103.2 90.6 83.0 96.0 88.8 86.1 84.6 100.1.2 103 .6 84.7 98.0 95.7 100.5 85.6 100.6 91.0 97.3 104.0 100.8 100.8 96.6 79.4 94.7 92.6 91.2 92.8 95.8 of which: Operation of YEAR personal 2005 transport =100 equipment 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 Spare parts and accessories for personal transport equipment 107.T RA N S P OR T 3.2 93.7 89.1 107.6 90.3 99.2 90.9 97.4 84.1 90.7 of which: Passenger transport Other YEAR Trans.

1 25.3 % 87.8 % 1 648.5 % Air Other/unknown (*) Total 512.1 % Pipeline 3.0 21.T RA N S P OR T 3.5 9.2 100.5 % Road 281.0 % 142.0 72.9 6.4 1.7 0.3 % Rail 21.4 % Inland waterway 8.9 18.4 6.0 11.4 % 104.0 % 273.9 % 262.9 3.1 % 736.9 % 25.5 7.6 1.7 % 269.0 0.2 % 15.3 % 8.10 general External Trade by Mode of Transport 2007 Value (billion €) Extra EU-27 Export Import Export + Import Sea 560.4 % 1 297.1 4.7 % 17.0 0.4 % 60. Data for intra-EU trade are no longer available by mode of transport used.8 % 1 275.8 16.5 % Inland waterway 4.1 3.5 2.4 % 4.1 % 90.2 % Rail 23.4 4.2 45.2 % Air Other/unknown (*) Total 1 241. 104 S ource: Euro s t at .2 22.3 100.5 0.0 1.8 1.9 % 191.3 % 584.8 % 49.7 % 18.7 100.2 % 4.3 % 143.8 % 11.1 0.0 % 2 312.1 4.0 % 2 675.0 % Weight (million tonnes) Extra EU-27 Export Sea Import Export + Import 373.8 100.8 0.0 % Notes: (*) Self propulsion + post + mode of transport unknown.7 4.8 12.0 % 1 433.8 0.7 % 462.8 5.9 17.1.7 % 7.1 48.6 % 78.9 0.9 51.8 1.1 70.4 100.3 % Road 83.1 71.6 % 181.3 % 40.6 1.3 % Pipeline 3.8 4.4 100.5 % 96.4 % 321.2 15.0 % 1 800.3 % 101.

4 42.3 (1) 7.88 24.6 77. (6) USA: all 2-axle 4-tyre vehicles.1 (4) 46.19 8. (4) China: 2007: Crude oil pipelines.9 203. est im ates (in it alics) 105 .4 95.7 23. arterial and collector) with full access control by the authorities.1 85.2 24.0 Railway network 215.9 (7) 38. Length of roads with a central zone: 17 000 km.82 6.8 1.7 (5) Vehicle stock Passenger cars stock Motorization Commercial freight vehicles million EU-27 USA Japan China Russia 2007 2006 2007 2007 2007 229. Refined oil pipelines: 2005: 5 443 km.2 15.3 29.11 general Comparison EU-27 – World Infrastructure and Vehicles Transport infrastructure 1 000 km Road network (paved) EU-27 USA Japan China Russia 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 5 000 6 463 1 190 2 283 755 63. (7) Japan: including minicars (engine capacity up to 660 cubic centimetres).6 272. n ati o n a l statist ic s. 27.4 (2) 45.0 Oil Pipelines 33.54 5.8 234.4 million.5 26. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.25 Transport safety Road fatalities EU-27 USA Japan China Russia 2007 2007 2007 2007 2007 number 42 448 41 059 5 744 81 649 33 300 per million inhabitants 86 137 45 62 234 Notes: (1) USA: 2007: divided highways with 4 or more lanes (rural or urban interstate.8 123.4 102.6 (3) 27. (3) USA: a sum of overlapping networks.5 (6) 68.3 Motorway network Navigable inland waterways 43. I nter n ati o n a l R oad Fed erat ion. freeways. Oil products pipelines= 16 000 km. Union I nter nat ionale de s C h e m in s de Fer.8 cars / 1 000 persons 464 783 539 29 188 million 33. (2) Japan: national expressways. expressways.T RA N S P OR T 3.5 Electrified rail lines 108.5 0. (5) Russia: Oil pipelines.1.0 41.

7 62.9 853.0 331.4 2 090.6 166.2 2 705.0 1 575.9 662.1 (3) Bus + trolley-bus + coach 539.6 3.0 950.0 2 195.0 Rail 452.6 23.0 7 317.T RA N S P OR T 3.0 Notes: (1) USA: including light trucks / vans.0 Tram + metro 85.0 0.4 89.7 Waterborne 41.4 1.4 206. US Bureau of Transportation Statisitics.9 347.4 1 889. 106 Source: Eurostat. (2) Japan: including light vehicles. (3) China: including buses and coaches.4 19.8 7.0 (2) 1 013. Goskom STAT (Russia).1 (1) 724.0 Inland waterways 141.0 Oil pipeline 128.1 486.0 Railway 394. Japan Statistics Bureau.1 23. International Transport Forum .0 975.12 general Comparison EU-27 – World Passenger and Freight Transport Passenger transport billion pkm Passenger car EU-27 USA Japan China Russia 2007 2006 2006 2006 2007 4 688.1 51.1 571.3 Freight transport EU-27 USA Japan China Russia 2007 2006 2006 2006 2007 Road 1 927.0 237.2 174.5 86.4 2 465.9 84.0 1 290.6 4 257.1 111.7 396.0 Air (domestic / intra-EU-27) 127. National Bureau of Statistics of China.0 275.0 billion tkm Sea (domestic / intra-EU-27) 208.1.

kilometres 3.T RA N S P OR T P erformance of F reight T ransport e x pressed in tonne . esti mates 107 .2.1 EU-27 Performance by Mode for Freight Transport – 1995-2007 billion tonne-kilometres Road 1900 1 700 1 500 SEA 1 300 1 100 500 Rail 400 300 200 Inland waterWAYS 100 OIL PIPELINES AIR 0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 S o u rce : t a b l es 3.2 3.2.4c to 3.7.2.

1 38.0 3.0 SEA 37.7 % 15.6 % 3.6 3.9 45.4 3.6 12.1 0.7 3.9 3.5 37.6 Rail 12.7 43.4 10.5 3.0 % 2.1 Modal split ( %) Road 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 42.8 2.0 3.3 3.7 % 37.3 AIR 0.5 37.0 42.1 0.4 3.8 3.0 % 38.1 0.5 3.7 % 1.9 11.7 % 3. 108 S o urce: t ab les 3.8 3.6 37.6 2. 2.1 0.1 0.6 % 2.3 11.1 0.3 PIPELINES 3.7 10.7 Inland waterWAYS 4.7 12.5 10.1 0.0 45.3 % 2.7 10.7 11. provisional estimates.0 43.4 2.0 % -4.1 0.2 % 1.9 4.2.1 43.1 2.7 % AIR total 3 064 3 098 3 215 3 309 3 397 3 534 3 610 3 668 3 718 3 920 4 012 4 120 4 228 55.3 2.1 % 1.0 4. 2.2 Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres EU-27 Performance by Mode Freight Transport thousand mio tonne-kilometres Road Rail Inland waterWAYS PIPELINES SEA 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 1 289 1 303 1 352 1 414 1 470 1 519 1 556 1 606 1 625 1 747 1 800 1 855 1 927 386 392 410 393 384 404 386 384 392 416 414 440 452 122 120 128 131 129 134 133 132 124 137 139 139 141 115 119 118 125 124 127 132 128 130 132 136 135 129 1 150 1 162 1 205 1 243 1 288 1 348 1 400 1 415 1 444 1 485 1 520 1 548 1 575 1995-2007 per year 2006-2007 49.4 3.6 38.0 42.6 10.7 3.1 0.5 3.0 2.9 % 12.6 % 1.1 0.9 3. 7.1 Notes: Air and Sea: only domestic and intra-EU-27 transport.3 % 2.7 3.9 % 17. Road: national and international haulage by vehicles registered in the EU-27.6 3.3 3.6 44.0 % 3.7 2.5 2.9 37.1 % 1.5 10.7 3.9 38.5 3.8 3.T RA N S P OR T 3.7 % 2.9 37.5 37.4 % 3. est im ates (in it a lics ) .3 10.6 2.8 43.7 44.1 0.8 38.8 37.6 37.1 0.1 42.8 3. 4c to 3.7 2.0 3.3 43.

8 % 3.1 Inland waterWAYS PIPELINES 6.6 5.4 67.3 4.5 17.2.5 5.6 71.6 % 1.4 5.1 % 1.7 % total 1 912 1 934 2 007 2 063 2 107 2 183 2 207 2 250 2 271 2 432 2 489 2 569 2 650 38.6 17.7 5.1 17.2 % Modal split ( %) Road 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 67.2 20.1 6.2 5.0 6.2.0 18.6 5.9 5.8 6.5 17.4 19.8 72.7 Rail 20.4 6.4 % 3.0 5.2 6.2 % 1.0 5.7 109 .2.3 EU-27 Performance by Mode Freight Transport for Inland Modes thousand mio tonne-kilometres Road Rail Inland waterWAYS PIPELINES 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 1 289 1 303 1 352 1 414 1 470 1 519 1 556 1 606 1 625 1 747 1 800 1 855 1 927 386 392 410 393 384 404 386 384 392 416 414 440 452 122 120 128 131 129 134 133 132 124 137 139 139 141 115 119 118 125 124 127 132 128 130 132 136 135 129 1995-2007 per year 2006-2007 49.3 % 2.3 6.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres 3.1 17.3 68.3 72.5 69.4 6.4 6.2 72.8 69.6 70.2 18.1 16.4 71.3 20.1 5.4 5.0 % -4.9 % 12.4c to 3.3 17. S o u rce : t ab l es 3.6 % 3.5 71.9 5.1 % 1.1 6.6 % 2.7 % 15.9 6.9 Notes: Road: national and international haulage by vehicles registered in the EU-27.7 5.9 % 17.4 67.4 5.

45 19.11 8.6 1.20 30.0 1.4 98.01 2.50 21.9 4.75 3.83 15.62 9.55 13.7 3.72 2.74 15.3 0.2 1.2.98 27.54 12.30 150.8 3.50 166.94 17.39 177.61 191.20 25.85 13.40 0.62 27.20 31.98 13.2 161.6 7.6 40.75 155.45 4.3 76.19 0.15 0.1 30.28 1.33 171.45 150.57 5.39 48.2 132.40 2.36 146.8 4.81 16.71 112.06 14.50 0.00 226.7 Notes: Only haulage of heavy goods vehicles (usually >3.2 73.5 19.49 11.83 0.93 166.06 237.47 35.74 135.80 261.4a Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres Road National Haulage Haulage by Vehicles Registered in the Country thousand mio tkm 1995 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 869.23 0.00 17.54 12.50 106.34 1. 110 S ource: Eurostat.7 2.53 0.6 89.4 1 118.14 174.40 160.67 181.7 20.2 4.70 20.5 22.90 5.70 154.9 2.54 22.5 1 103.44 59.77 18.9 128.20 31.83 12.62 5.4 43.0 -1.9 56.33 0.42 12.6 48.4 99.4 -1.01 14.65 5.00 78.80 28.9 18.9 8.38 1.35 9.32 23.1 141.52 11.3 46.88 1.43 10.3 83.8 989.74 65.2 5.94 163.91 1 232.1 10.07 16.72 31.4 10.1 89.93 2.2 19.4 5.3 12. est im ates (in ita lics ) .50 251.7 40.79 15.48 1.0 -1.31 9.8 13.73 2.4 -3.5 tonnes load capacity).28 5.44 1.40 4.69 14.18 3.14 0.68 11.4 75.2 18.60 12.08 11.4 39.94 14.6 21.7 36.72 2.72 8.39 1 250.29 1 300.36 % OF total change haulage '06/ '07 2000 2005 2006 2007 1 088.3 75.34 24.9 9.43 0.03 100.6 2.43 5.62 25.70 0.51 60.28 5.3 32.0 2.06 9.33 177.8 93.62 1.53 26.6 19.81 1.20 31.59 1.21 11.0 3.83 26.83 11.9 78.0 39.3 5.8 19.43 21.3 -16.0 79.73 190. I nter national Transpor t Fo r u m .33 201.55 0.89 15.4 36.7 6.16 5.1 0.T RA N S P OR T 3.25 1.96 36.8 80.82 34.39 0.59 182.47 158.6 87.7 87.05 15.7 4.50 8.30 0.06 27.36 5.12 67.15 2.42 17.0 0.0 1 158.00 1.1 0.8 2.7 4.37 2. nat ional st at ist ic s (C H).39 160.30 0.6 39.53 0.16 158.

70 3.02 5.53 50.05 52.64 3.02 54.4 59.57 3.86 4.4 26.3 12.4 10.8 26.44 8.0 13.7 -9.78 40.7 24.76 0.26 18.73 27.31 9.0 26. the Swiss data do not include that part of international journeys by Swiss hauliers that takes place outside Switzerland.49 90.75 % OF total change haulage '06/ '07 2000 2005 2006 2007 429.08 3.99 4. nat i o n al s t at i sti cs (CH) .59 6.84 26.02 10.26 4.5 2.16 32.4b Road International Haulage(*) Haulage by Vehicles Registered in the Country thousand mio tkm 1995 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH(1) 268.29 26.22 3.4 51.1 25.94 604.97 40.49 3.43 15.2 -3.9 10.04 3.6 56.63 183.77 8.4 12.57 9.25 386.95 40.93 5.33 27.62 7.24 14.8 -2.87 67.0 -9.43 0.57 9.5 tonnes load capacity).7 67.34 24.0 60.2 6.06 68.2 10.28 4.8 81.95 4.7 53.19 23.06 218.6 24.93 12.24 22.15 11.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres 3.8 -6.25 4.17 15.0 0.01 4.10 0.73 32.02 21.9 1.3 -6.4 60.5 -8.50 41.03 4.16 21.88 627.00 66.2 6.7 94.7 23.3 25.59 11.1 43. (1) CH: in contrast to the data for other countries.67 0.90 27.10 13.31 6.84 27.13 8.38 32.5 77.62 0.5 26.3 63.79 0.29 9.96 34.34 23.20 6.05 5.07 36.05 0.88 35.69 31.30 34.20 28. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.98 13.8 -22.9 69.76 78.29 3.89 25.50 2.80 4.3 59.41 3.90 0.9 10.16 82.57 9.3 -4.13 24.67 16.42 15.02 0.09 249.54 3.18 24.7 -5.44 14.31 13.2 3.2 3.94 4.3 Notes: (*) Including cross-trade and cabotage.6 63. Only haulage of heavy goods vehicles (usually >3.26 27.1 21.04 15.20 17.28 0.24 7.2.86 339.6 60.00 22.3 0.95 1.86 42.2 20.2 86.7 -10.90 8.05 52.05 47.98 3.5 23.90 0.6 -3.3 79.48 4.86 2.5 9.38 22.14 4.87 13.40 9.50 1.11 27.7 16.47 378.18 3.13 4.85 4.90 24.03 3.01 4.22 0. esti mates (in it alics) 111 .66 85.02 8.05 48.08 1.24 72. I nter national Transpor t Forum.14 20.75 68.37 31.82 31.1 9.40 7.75 384.03 22.1 4.6 1.95 567.2 3.7 -21.83 17.01 22.98 0.66 13.1 14.

6 311.30 310.7 2.20 5.10 5.21 29.20 59. (2) CH: in contrast to the data for other countries.33 5.28 9.85 14.2 150.83 0.3 0.55 17.18 8.91 8.40 0.23 205.86 3.8 11.25 10.6 -0.70 9.83 5.12 75.80 1.0 -6.9 189.1 15.4 3.91 14.2 -28.14 20.53 11.88 219.9 2.39 15.94 181.55 0.21 191.2.71 3.31 4.62 48.29 5.8 51.60 5.17 3.31 24.72 204.00 148.45 187.91 32.77 7.62 2.79 19.1 11. Only haulage of heavy goods vehicles (usually >3.38 11.52 13.1 3.11 2000 1 518.70 3.2 391.4 43.25 84.55 5.13 8.50 24.19 39.11 22.53 9.13 9.7 9.2 5.00 241.15 0.6 17.2 22.30 177.0 -18.8 8.50 51.9 Notes: (*) Including cross-trade and cabotage.20 13.57 35.29 12.02 13.50 5.50 0.88 46.04 111.37 43. est im ates (in it a lics ) .42 19.48 1.05 6.33 0.77 50.6 -2.09 14.45 6. nati o n a l st at ist ic s (C H).4 22.20 32.17 10.4 -1.16 29.81 30.75 18.5 0.2 42.7 1 504.10 26.20 20.00 19.4c Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres Road National and International HAULAGE(*) Haulage by Vehicles Registered in the Country thousand mio tkm 1995 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR ( 1) IS NO CH (2) 1 288.58 167.98 35.80 0.86 38.48 0.81 0.7 1 328.92 37.50 233.79 7.48 10.25 79.84 57.79 2005 1 800.00 101.45 23.1 3.38 21.4 2.50 31. (1) National transport only.2 -4.32 44.25 83.39 8.32 2006 1 854.02 5.79 211.12 0.25 67.30 15.92 172.61 51.02 27.18 10.39 10.9 13.0 -0.57 31.50 112.80 1.34 31.80 25.93 12.79 258.90 1.4 3.3 350.50 161.90 24.68 1.2 6.5 tonnes load capacity).3 1 488.83 42.25 77.40 37.82 17.73 27.1 3.58 166.7 43.81 40.56 35.28 211.60 178.96 343.60 15.40 150.62 165.19 128.02 280.74 18.02 38.25 330.60 161. 112 S o u rce: Eurost at .50 9.T RA N S P OR T 3.3 -4.4 1 536.28 29. I nter nat ional Transp or t For um .6 3.75 2007 % change '06/ '07 1 927.4 4.54 171.61 19.20 174.16 37.4 45.6 17.3 1.7 1 138.43 1.00 184. the Swiss data do not include that part of international journeys by Swiss hauliers that takes place outside Switzerland.20 31.45 34.40 237.83 19.30 14.30 22.3 7.20 1.50 13.72 39.03 22.

29 10.21 8.78 1.59 15.4 (included in EU-27 and EU-12 data).9 -2.1 262.97 8.40 15.6 8.1 -19.89 107.70 22. I nter n ati o n a l Transp or t For um .2 6.40 3.18 16.3 8.02 17.84 11.43 2005 414.87 1.66 11.1 -37.63 8.01 10. Union I nte r n at i o n al e des Ch emi n s de Fer.29 18.76 7.76 3.3 256.44 10.57 5.11 19.76 3.37 54.35 2.06 22.2 296.30 8.29 20.2 6.70 2000 403.42 16.90 0.8 11.22 21.87 18.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres 3.00 7.46 48.1 146.96 49.3 Notes: CS: 1990: 59.0 7.08 3.85 0.8 -3.7 163.86 11.79 3.2 6.05 7.3 8.30 1.36 19.7 257.3 -6.08 13.25 12.1 26.84 0.38 3.71 21.1 4.60 22.76 3.70 8.80 9.50 9.25 9.62 8.1 -4.43 10.58 3.48 18.64 40.65 10.62 25.37 0.98 95.2.46 9.6 1.15 52.5 -3.80 3.16 81.60 54.97 2.54 3.13 1.27 27.53 9.68 8.31 8.17 6.10 0. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.96 48.10 13.51 2.00 2.21 0.42 0.4 -5.9 3.78 12.62 2.9 151.39 9.79 0.61 9.62 16.25 2.37 14.37 % change '06/ '07 2.43 15.37 3.4 -0.07 12.64 0.91 3.27 21.36 18.5 269.46 13.1 26.00 10.61 11.30 1.6 7.7 1.7 4.7 3.1 -3.67 5.78 9.24 5.83 12.95 24.23 10.25 26.60 1.37 9.09 5.4 7.54 19.2 156.13 0.43 23.16 14.78 114.20 0.1 222.70 6.2 -1.46 0.49 0.7 2.63 40.61 57.39 13.35 452.60 19.03 82.91 4.57 0.2 285.30 0.4 -3.61 11.10 1.54 17.69 9.13 5.50 2.20 2.24 19.89 2.50 3.80 4.76 19.60 8.53 8.3 8.92 0.60 9.15 11.59 0.8 8.60 0.0 8.82 13.9 154.43 0.42 10.99 11.15 16.7 8.98 0.5 Railways thousand mio tkm 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 526.9 1.98 53.2 14.9 4.10 16.06 42.20 68.73 101.26 0. nat ional st at ist ic s 113 .62 1.43 11.73 22.99 70.31 0.53 2006 2007 440.31 14.32 2.24 16.68 22.90 1995 386.52 16.

2.6 1.00 0.12 2005 138.04 63.38 0.3 -6.4 6.34 1.11 0.73 0.47 0.8 8.22 0.13 % change '06/ '07 1.47 9.14 0.66 1.34 2. nat ional st ati s t i c s .10 0.88 3.57 0.4 2.30 0.04 64.33 8.50 0.63 1.38 0.4 Notes: CS: 1990: 4.29 1.11 0.28 8.07 0.06 0.13 2007 141. I nter national Trans p o r t For um .4 5.16 2000 133.63 0.19 1.12 0.3 -9.01 0.09 0.91 0.27 2.4 15.12 0.2 0.3 22.91 42.74 0.46 2.58 0.10 8.6 Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres Inland Waterways thousand mio tkm 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 118.11 42.9 1.08 0.8 -17.11 1.44 1.04 35.31 0.66 1.2 2.00 6.6 7.09 0.08 66.31 1.98 0.00 0.01 0.98 9.7 53.00 7.16 0.84 0.3 7.80 0.5 5.09 1.12 0.76 0. no floating).0 41.20 1995 122.72 9.7 9.5 7.39 1.02 0.12 0.7 4.0 11.61 54.08 0.17 2.T RA N S P OR T 3.1 114.08 0.38 1.4 -4.44 0.35 2.21 35.87 2. FI: only shipborne transport (i.16 0.10 0.6 -1.60 0.5 54.79 0.89 41.29 8.06 64.7 11.75 0.6 126.16 0.21 0.05 0.0 1.3 107.7 126.e. 114 S ource: Eurostat.42 (included in EU-27 and EU-12 data).17 0.03 2.4 511.91 0.3 28.36 2.4 12.01 0.20 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.21 41.53 0.65 0.21 0.1 128.9 127.17 0.23 1.2 12.16 0.28 63.4 8.10 2006 138.

03 5.06 11.45 2.01 2. esti mates ( i n i talics) 115 .3 -1.5 120.51 0.85 11.28 6.46 2.0 17.0 -3.8 -4.53 0.45 3.89 22.85 5.0 1.7 1.21 5.7 -2.3 -8.9 -61.9 -15.64 25.20 - 5.26 5.2 34.2 -5.e. CS: 1990: 7.0 -0.74 4. no refined petroleum products).37 0.2 40.16 12.77 13.22 2005 136.09 9.57 0.49 0.80 1.18 11.10 9.28 3.7 86.43 53.60 9.03 2.0 90.1 -2.59 0.51 0.25 2000 126.94 6.99 5.60 11.2 Notes: Data are not harmonised and therefore not fully comparable.7 Oil Pipelines thousand mio tkm 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 71.26 5.42 3.14 5.08 4.54 3.82 0.78 25.49 0.1 5.22 % change '06/ '07 -4.1 1.58 7.5 1.32 6.13 3.9 87.84 4.7 1.2 90.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres 3.47 3.83 7.3 -5.0 -3.0 45.67 3.36 2.10 11.2 1.76 5.50 1.60 2.90 4.02 13.87 6.5 -9.49 2.26 0.45 1.68 5.20 5.62 0.26 2007 128.74 0.6 -5.69 15.60 10.22 22.63 15.30 10.48 1.0 -5.35 0.27 9.26 0. Eu ro s tat.39 4.0 46.26 1.13 16.9 -5.87 7.47 21.29 4.63 2. S o u rce : N at i on a l stati sti cs.23 20. only pipelines longer than 40 km are included.10 3.38 4.72 11.10 3.10 8.38 1. I nter n at ional Transp or t Fo ru m .84 0. DE: from 1995: only crude oil (i.17 5.41 2.04 5.61 4.56 20.41 2.02 0.8 -4.23 2006 135.39 0.89 5.1 0.6 -9.48 2.42 2.2.22 19.7 41.52 0.29 4.4 -8.5.23 23.20 1995 114.94 21.80 1.06 1.41 0.8 3.59 0. in most countries.18 5.80 10.67 10.30 4.32 2.87 15.64 2.11 14.1 0.35 2.03 7.20 1.9 80.37 13.94 7.65 5.42 0.6 12.

1 Inland waterWAYS PIPELINES -4.2 2 459.3 2 531.9 4.2 1.0 1.1 520.1 5.4 1 664.5 475.0 2.6 15.1 2.0 2 344.9 6.0 900.3 39.4 -0.3 15.7 3.5 1 846.7 Modal split % 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Road (1) 29.4 0.9 486.4 5 072.4 5 204.2 5 367.2000 2000 .2 4.0 5 343.1 43.7 Average annual change % per year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1990 .6 2 195.8 0.1 9.4 1.1 1.7 4.4 476.2 15.8 32.1 Inland waterWAYS PIPELINES 515.7 42.4 2.0 520.7 1 550.5 11.6 -0.5 904.8 534.4 8.1 -0.8 4 844.5 1 871.4 886.3 0.3 -0. 116 S ource: US D ep ar t m ent of Transp or t at i o n .1 42.9 Rail 1 554.0 1 922.6 2 335.9 506.2 0.3 0.6 904.4 42.1 1 885.5 8.7 1.2 32.0 3.T RA N S P OR T 3.8 Performance of Freight Transport expressed in tonne-kilometres USA Performance by Mode of Transport: Freight thousand mio tkm 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Road (1) 1 239.9 33.8 15.4 3.1 0.1995 1995 .5 4 983.4 3.3 3.3 2.6 total 4 161.4 43.0 -3.4 504.8 45.7 15.4 20.2 5 934.0 2.2 842.0 853.4 9.8 2 010.9 5 524.2 14.4 1 621.8 0.3 1.3 2 705.7 5 451.5 1 741.8 31.5 2 031.6 8.0 1 717.4 Rail total 1.3 2 257.5 1.0 2 114.8 852.7 -6.9 5 780.7 9.6 518.7 840.7 5 524.1 875.2.9 1.6 31.2 1 509.6 1.2 15.6 -4.0 2 341.2 902.8 42.2006 Road (1) 1.7 855.2 Rail 37.3 526.8 861.4 32.9 5 701.5 1 771.3 0.8 Notes: (1) Intercity truck traffic only.9 528.8 -1.0 18.4 877.7 0.6 1 889.3 8.3 1 818.5 32.4 496.7 2.6 Inland waterWAYS PIPELINES 12.4 32.

7.3 3.4 to 3.3.1 EU-27 Performance by Mode for Passenger Transport – 1995-2007 billion passenger-kilometres 5 000 Passenger cars 4 500 4 000 3 500 AIR 500 Bus and coach 400 Railway 300 200 Powered 2-wheelers 100 Tram and metro 0 Sea 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 S o u rce : t a b l es 3.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres 3.3.3. estimates 117 .

2 6.1 6.6 8.7 72.2 Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres EU-27 Performance by Mode Passenger Transport thousand mio pkm Passenger cars 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Tram Bus and and coach Railway metro P2w AIR 3 863 3 931 4 010 4 108 4 212 4 292 4 376 4 452 4 480 4 543 4 536 4 656 4 688 123 125 127 130 134 136 139 139 144 147 150 154 154 504 508 508 515 515 518 519 518 519 525 526 526 539 351 349 351 351 359 371 373 366 362 368 379 390 395 71 72 73 73 75 77 78 79 79 82 82 84 85 335 352 385 410 424 456 453 445 463 493 527 549 571 21.3 2.6 Notes: Air and Sea: only domestic and intra-EU-27 transport. 3.1 8.3 1. est im ates (in it a lics ) .5 8.3 1.2 6.3.4 % 20.6 73. 3.7 % 22.7 % 2.4 2. 3.8 Sea 0.7 0. 118 S o u rce: ta bles 3.7 % 24. P2W: Powered 2-wheelers.4 6.3 6.1% 1.3 1.6 0.3 1.1 1.8 0.0 8.8 0.3 1.T RA N S P OR T 3.3 1.3 2.3 1.8 8.3 2.4 2.7 % 1.5 % 1.3 AIR 6.5 % 1.3 1. provisional estimates. 4. 3.7 0.7 7.2 9.4 % 4.3 1.5 7. 3.3 7.6 6.6 % '06/'07 0.4 % 12.7 % 1.5 6. 7.1 72.2 73.1 6.0 73.6 8.8 72.8 % 1.4 Tram Bus and and coach Railway metro P2w 2.2 % Sea 44 44 44 43 43 42 42 42 41 41 40 40 41 Modal split  % Passenger cars 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 73.7 0.9 % 0.8 % 70.7 73.0 73.9 5.0 % 1.0 73.9 73.7 0.3 % -0.6 % 2.4 8.3 6.8 0.4 2.0 73.1 % 6. 3.2 8.7 8.8 0.5 % 4.6 7.2 6.1 5.3 2.4 % 1.9 8.5 9.4 7.0 % '95/'07 /year total 5 291 5 381 5 496 5 629 5 761 5 891 5 979 6 040 6 088 6 198 6 240 6 399 6 473 -7.9 6.3 2.4 7.4 9.7 0.7 0. 6.6 8.3 2.5 8.3 1.3 6.3 1.3 1.6 0.4 9.3 72.3 2. 3. 5.3 2.9 % 0.0 7.4 8.4 2.

8 6.6 Railway 6.9 7.8 1.6 7.1 76.0 0.1 24.0 5.7 83.0 6. 3.6 0.3 9.0 0.7 0.1 10.7 % in EU-15.4 11.9 % in EU-12).9 81.3 85.3.0 119 .5 1.5 0.4 76. 3.3 82.7 2.5 6.5 0.7 78.7 S o u rce : t ab l es 3.9 7.4 8.5 14.9 23.6.6 % of the total in EU-27 (2.4 11.5. 3.8 10.6 0.0 23.1 12.2 8.3 82.6 5.1 12.5 1.3 10.5 1.4 8.7 6.7 81.0 1.1 81.9 84.4 8.0 6.3 0.0 4.9 1.0 0.4 11.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres 3.6 0.1 0.9 81.7 6.3 13.8 19.8 80.4 15.3 3.1 3.7 84.6 69.9 59.4 20.5 83.3 13.3 0.7 82.8 90.3 5. 1.2 18.6 0.0 5.0 9.0 7.6 86.0 0.3 Notes: If powered two-wheelers are included.3 5.6 19.8 4.8 79.3.6 78.3.3 0.6 0.0 11.0 6.9 1.1 1.1 83.3 1.3 9.3 69.0 1.0 4.5 80.0 6.0 8.0 1.9 20.3.1 69.6 87.2 75.5 6.8 5.8 10.1 9.3 1.7 1.7 4.3 1. while the share of the other modes becomes: EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 80.1 84.7 14.9 80.6 3. they account for 2.4 12.0 0.9 4.8 5.2 2.7 15.2 3.2 8.0 3.3 Modal Split of Passenger Transport on Land by Country – 2007 passenger-km in % EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH Passenger cars 82. 3.7 8.8 Tram & Metro 1.0 11.4.3 70.1 14.1 79.1 0.0 6.0 77.4 6.7 5.5 1.8 74.5 14.7 1.5 1.1 0.0 80. 7 9.0 7.6 Bus and Coach 88.

00 16.73 75.79 99.7 2.50 26.91 97.00 58.29 727.27 6.00 23.9 1.3 10.50 73.06 25.2 4.68 32.00 4.40 62.7 Notes: Data are not harmonised and therefore not fully comparable across countries.50 48.00 56.6 -3.79 744.70 131.98 50.00 95.00 86.33 43.36 688.26 74.2 5.80 618.70 40. Many data for 2007 are provisional.05 148.80 72.79 6.5 112.00 5. include pkm by vans.3 2.00 23.94 723.2 -1.8 3.28 868.08 54.00 20.63 53.77 48.59 522.4 0.70 10.7 0.70 52.00 68.4 3 870.55 197.80 14.18 1.6 0.00 5.90 9.46 97.42 2.30 55.53 4 292.33 23.50 39.71 3.40 86.02 239.13 614.6 4.5 546.65 683.5 422.93 38.80 727.4 0.69 815.00 4.56 53.00 26.00 3.32 51.20 86.50 16.00 337.60 41.70 57.70 91.00 63.10 66.1 2.0 5.88 29.T RA N S P OR T 3.30 9.53 3.00 148.00 4.7 0.53 23.5 1. I nter nat i o n a l Transp or t For um .02 85.70 45.5 -11.30 46.4 -0.00 686.50 34.50 3.40 1.00 4.00 63.82 720.6 90.67 149.82 61.90 36.95 40.70 114.85 2.90 11.70 45. 120 S ource: national statistics.10 21.00 302.80 31.30 5.60 689.03 44.00 39.68 27.00 47.01 26.24 72.34 17.80 70.86 5.5 569.00 34. BE: include pkm of vehicles registered as light goods vehicles but used as personal cars.6 1.9 108.20 18.64 726.6 2.95 80.4 9.56 4 536.00 42.40 7.73 4 688.30 70.40 585.00 12.14 25.0 4 118.4 4.00 22.54 55.65 3.60 108.00 44.99 863.2 2.59 4.00 35.5 5.16 110.61 699.00 250.00 174.30 674.00 70.80 88.0 105.27 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 3 863.0 3 530.73 4 656.50 17.00 71.4 Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres Passenger Cars thousand mio pkm 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 3 109.00 137.00 16.00 4.20 5.24 % change '06/ '07 0.21 831.6 9.60 2.7 2.3 2.00 25.50 13.00 90.4 0.00 24.1 4 109.99 63.00 20.93 55.7 0.94 51.7 98.99 4.00 4.50 46.50 100.37 640. est im ates (in it a lics ) . UK: data refer to Great Britain only.51 25.10 148.20 79.00 60.45 34.47 6.0 9.60 46.18 47.00 69.0 2.4 332.89 219.64 52.00 340.80 141.5 511.00 343.00 85.40 588.00 54.34 62.87 53.3.1 2.74 856.5 109.00 4.12 6.90 640.4 4 024.6 0.

67 0.80 27.30 22.3 0.64 3.00 9. Many data for 2007 are provisional.5 Buses & Coaches thousand mio pkm 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 368.4 108.36 15.73 0.12 1.81 1.80 49.15 10.65 4.24 8.00 3.62 4.54 7.30 90.01 6.41 12.75 9.26 13.31 5.86 17.56 11.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres 3.54 1.26 2005 2006 2007 526.60 7.23 28.45 11.63 6.30 2.7 0. RO: data include only regular interurban transport.54 8.2 0.60 41.16 47.15 1.70 53.10 4.25 95.25 9.3 13.90 21.10 11.9 -4.50 2.65 7.05 5.1 1.15 20.48 19.0 432.11 21.13 1.9 -2.89 0.4 -1.4 2.39 0.14 5.17 7.69 526.76 0.22 39.15 0.26 2.89 3.08 11.53 2000 517.4 0.50 3.7 -0.75 5.70 21.50 3.1 6.72 6.8 0.42 65.70 50.30 13.4 3.00 % change '06/ '07 2.74 34.18 43.70 51.50 51.54 16.2 Notes: Data are not harmonised and therefore not fully comparable across countries.86 7.94 46.7 125.9 18.88 6.4 0.6 17.17 0.80 49.34 29.34 4.50 85.37 25.32 7.00 0.74 11.91 103.54 8.30 24.6 -4.3 106.35 2.44 8.00 0.28 83.81 3.1 5.00 0.86 17.1 2.00 7. UK: GB data +1.50 12.06 8.70 18.12 2.11 14.68 7.80 17.4.50 9.85 0.00 59.55 1.49 11.1 4.14 16.18 2.96 5.54 8.39 3.34 67.44 73.36 41.46 11.51 12.82 17.30 10.50 48.84 4.70 47. e s t imates ( i n i tal i c s) 121 .37 2.50 3.93 0.88 12.3 -0. S o u rce : n at io n a l stati sti cs.12 7.30 12.0 -0.62 0.69 0.45 3.6 3.3 5.42 69.10 104.00 9.99 539.70 9. CS: 1990: 43.16 3.27 16.26 5.70 7.32 1995 504.2 -7.50 3.49 4.51 8.00 1.0 7.37 44.12 15.13 8.02 11.6 403.00 3.0 2.82 12.9 19.9 1.28 42.88 16.40 1.62 18.28 2.88 6.00 8.25 100.4 -1.36 10.6 13.0 3.8 4.02 7.0 -2.68 7.97 93.33 1.72 33.28 68.24 6.70 45.0 417.1 -2.45 66.74 3.1 418.0 1.05 1.52 11.7 11.89 3.2 107.06 2.25 31.61 0.40 87.31 11.0 378.50 9. I nter n at ional Transp or t Fo ru m .59 87.61 7.0 5.78 3.59 4.70 0.80 4.7 18.22 1.5 bln pkm throughout to account for Northern Ireland.86 101.8 3.00 2.3.0 114.25 9.

52 2.97 0.50 - 82.38 3.44 6.73 6.45 7.11 1.69 14.4 Notes: Data are not harmonised and therefore not fully comparable across countries.8 3.74 15.39 0.50 3.2 3.93 5.4 0.0 0.8 22.26 2.67 0.74 4.1 48.00 0.55 6.8 2.7 3.43 3.80 0.3 1.51 1.8 22.1 2.28 2.4 62.48 % change '06/ '07 1.1 2.52 3.9 2.28 1.54 0.00 12.27 0.11 0.87 4.16 15.47 7.53 2.50 1.07 14.4 22.1 5.40 12.18 15.49 0.28 2. stu dy fo r DG Energy and Transp or t .24 9.64 0.90 0.58 4. FR: data refer to the Paris Metro and RER (Réseau Express Régional) systems and to metros in other French cities.6 Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres Tram + Metro thousand mio pkm 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1995 49.60 0.42 2000 2005 2006 2007 71.18 4.0 1.75 0.04 8.53 - 83.5 0.5 2.08 0.05 6.2 -0.08 0.6 7.1 54.23 10.1 -0.70 0.99 6.2 18.08 0.16 15.44 0.34 7.2 -0.30 0.60 0.50 0.45 1.38 0.77 4.7 3.30 2.2 0.19 5.56 - 85.40 8.00 0.64 6.87 4.83 4.28 1.40 0.9 61.85 5.38 1.52 2.85 6.66 - 0.57 0.8 54.6 0.93 0.94 6.07 0.46 0.3 0.61 0.5 0.39 1.60 6.27 2.10 0.80 0.01 6.43 0.50 6.50 0.35 0.50 1.53 6.80 0.95 0.47 0. 122 S ource: national statistics.80 0.39 0.46 7.3 0.20 12.92 0.8 0.81 0.38 10.98 8.35 2.3.53 - 77. I nter national Union of Public Trans p o r t ( UI TP ) .10 1.1 6.25 8.44 0.11 1.73 1.27 2.02 0.7 -0.52 1.5 0.17 9. PT: data refer only to Lisbon and Porto Metro.50 1.30 5.50 3.52 1.22 0.18 1.0 22.3 0. est im ates (in it a lics ) .7 22.21 0.03 0.87 0.5 2.93 0.35 1.40 0.T RA N S P OR T 3.00 0.57 1.1 1.53 6.5 60.

88 0.47 7.76 4.99 7.89 20.09 5.44 16.20 3.57 0. est im ates (in it alics) % change '06/ '07 1.80 2.85 21.64 0.2 123 .80 2007 395.09 4.24 3.2 6.38 11.61 0.91 50.1 345.1 1.4 49.63 0.28 2.60 4.79 50.4 2.39 6.74 24.87 49.18 6.68 1995 350.4 6.10 5.74 44.7 7.75 0.3 -0.90 6.88 8.4 7.71 2000 370.37 1.15 9.79 13.5 276.35 10.21 11.6 329.47 50.4 1.12 26.00 0.66 15.1 74.62 47.0 -9.5 18.1 6.0 2.3.6 339.02 1.25 1.31 5.89 70.66 30.9 -2.80 2.17 3.41 0.58 1.83 30.3 7.9 -5.27 50.41 1.55 2.7 2.56 46.27 0.23 1.14 0.87 1.89 0.09 0.43 0.42 1. I nter n ati o n a l Transp or t For um .06 8.75 16.30 9.4 6.7 -1.81 18.7 6.81 22.0 -2.3 9.6 2.3 -0.86 80.3 1.98 15.7 1.69 8. Union I nter nat ionale de s C h e m in s de Fer.33 6.75 3.99 0.0 9.71 5.41 2.78 1.38 3.98 0.30 5.88 3.26 1.99 0.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres 3.67 5.81 2.2 7.6 3.83 2.61 0.30 18.8 6.26 1.94 44.48 63.58 55.40 6.69 14.33 9.6 50.91 17.48 0.43 6.03 11.7 9.31 49.18 3.57 16.37 3.10 12.11 1.81 7.48 8.62 76.40 0.27 2.25 0.21 3.64 12.06 17.92 6.40 11.1 0.02 4.32 8.51 1.7 Railways thousand mio pkm 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 420.61 2.00 S o u rce : Eu ro stat.27 9.2 6.85 15.54 75.78 10.29 1.54 7.18 79.01 1.62 2005 378.2 6.72 0.89 9.98 0.04 2.4 -0.87 3.29 8.83 16.42 1.60 33.7 -0.54 9.78 2.93 2.40 3.34 0.7 309.05 61.9 -7.82 0.43 0.2 2.13 0.43 6.9 151.52 3. n ati o n a l statist ic s.71 2.9 5.39 1.11 78.41 8.50 19.33 9.64 4.37 5.97 76.67 8.1 268.04 1.65 1.11 5.27 1.15 2.11 79.36 0.10 5.93 21.72 16.3 49.41 6.47 0.59 0.4 61.14 69.14 2006 389.10 5.24 38.

86 7.26 2.5 9.91 .15.2 .9 12.94 0.4 38.2 15.60 2.5 9.80 0.90 90.5 2002 11.82 0.42 32.87 .57 1994 - .28 2007 1.43 0.66 .31 2.1 12.0 15.3 Notes: (1) In this table.07 2.21 1991 - .5 11.0 18.92 6.2 4.9 10.0.19 4.5.1 24.49 0.0 1.80 2001 0.59 1.90 0.32 43.4 - 4.85 1996 0.3 54.5.20 0.0 20.91 0.4 27.13 2002 0.16 1.11.33 21.08 37.50 0.07 1.0.8 28. 124 S o u rce: (*) Union I nter nat ionale d es C hem ins de Fe r.27.0.20.8 0.8.32 .0.1 10.06 2.5 1.78 1.13.01 .13 8.85 1.98 0.11 Share of high speed rail transport in total passenger-kilometres in rail transport (**) % BE CZ DE ES FR IT NL PT FI SE UK EU-27 2000 11.0.20 .11 2005 0.07 .60 7.52 2.44 76.60 2.5 12.81 52.69 2000 0.0 21.33 0.2 0.51 0.14 2.66 0.6 49.5 10.56 .0 27.3 0.42 0.3 .11 .15 21.79 .7 10.8 16.93 1.9 23.69 0.6 13.40 70.70 1.51 0.0.58 2.20 0.0.0.21.43 1.90 20.20.44 7.09 .8 23.9 8.2 55.00 .5 2004 10.8 2003 10.6 59.0.9 0.17.80 .10.64 0.76 0.3 13.01 20.9 2001 11.7.0 52.05 1.73 0.7 .4 2.0 2.3.8.44 0.8 4.90 0.5 0.6 - 6.90 18.44 2.02 0.79 1.39 92.2 17.1 .2 2007 10.09 .51 1997 0.49 0.40 6.39 1992 - .46 2.90 0.62 3.05 8. n ati o n a l st at ist ic s. This does not necessarily require high-speed infrastructure as defined in table 3.64 8.15 .01 2003 0.0.09 0.00 0. high-speed rail transport covers all traffic with high-speed rolling stock (incl.55 0.8 25.8 0.17.1 1.20 2.85 2.18.00 19.8 - 2.15.1 .4 1.94 34.7 56.8 27.47 45.20 21.16 2.3 57. est im ates (in it alics).67 32.4 16.40 0.5 10.10 - - .61 48.6 4.9 1.75 5.2 2006 10.06 1.7 17.6 27.7 15.14.18 39.80 - - . tilting trains able to run 200 km/h).40 - - .0.0.23 65.66 2004 0.30 27.13 80.24.38 1998 0.40 19.02 1.15 1993 - .10 24.0.6 55.09 41.3 4.00 0.6 4.9 26.0 26.00 0.1 27. (**) t ab le 3 .1 26.2.02 47.93 0.08 0.8 4.71 1995 - .88 .30 - - .3 25.0 .19 .30 0.2 14.3 - 1.89 .52 30.T RA N S P OR T 3.27 .9 4.46 0.50 - - .97 8.0 19.7 2005 10.39 68.0 17.4.03 .15.10 37.25.8.31 30.05 1.1 27.10.0.45 2006 1.03 39.8 Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres Rail High Speed Rail Transport (*) (1) thousand mio pkm BE CZ DE ES FR IT NL PT FI SE UK EU-27 1990 - - - .40 - - .47 1999 0.05 58.7 0.33 43.10 .

8 1.7 0.0 1.7 21.9 USA Performance by Mode of Transport: Passengers thousand mio pkm Passenger Motorcars (*) cycles 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 5 280.5 5 702.5 3.4 85.6 1.3 0.4 2.4 1.3 8 414.2 0.4 4.8 18.1 249.3 0.9 9.5 0.2 AIR 9.4 0.9 9.9 1.8 295.7 84.3 0.2 0.7 17.3 Railway 18.4 950.2 0.2 3.8 18.5 19.5 785.5 17.4 3.3 1.6 0.0 2.7 7 638.3 Bus Light and Commuter rail 3.5 3.2 0.3 17.2 18.7 18.7 6 456.0 897.2 86.3 5.8 16.0 10.0 11.3 18.6 20.1 -1.7 Average annual change % per year Passenger Motorcars (*) cycles 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 '90/'95 '95/'00 '00/'06 1.6 19.1 20.4 5.2 3.8 10.3 total 1.2 0.2 0.8 20.5 3.3 0.0 5 850.9 268.2 0.8 7 063.2 3.7 265.9 2.3 85.4 -1.0 17.9 4.0 -1.1 5.3 -1.3 3.4 8 016.0 271.1 7 457.0 699.3 275.1 0.1 6 912.2 23.3 0.0 6 650.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Passenger Transport expressed in passenger-kilometres 3.7 7 317.6 650.4 6 997.3 0.6 17.6 293.4 19.8 1.6 8 523.6 6 021.8 7 258.9 830.2 0.8 22.2 0.4 8 135.5 18.4 3.4 25.7 10.0 Notes: (*) Passenger Cars (2006: 4 297 billion pkm) and other 2-axle 4-tyre vehicles (2006: 3 038 billion pkm).6 783.3 0.0 776.3 0.7 6 186.4 12. S o u rce : U S D epa r tment o f Tra n spor t at ion 125 .7 3.0 19.2 0.5 2.5 725.1 9.6 -2.2 0.4 2.5 273.2 2.8 3.5 total 6 117.7 3.3 0.3 5.3 0.5 2.6 15.3 17.6 -0.3.9 6 320.2 18.3 0.7 10.7 AIR 556.1 23.6 1.0 1.3 22.9 8 611.9 86.0 85.3 Railway 0.0 -0.0 Modal split % Passenger Motorcars (*) cycles 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 86.0 14.6 17.1 3.7 Bus Light and Commuter rail 229.2 0.8 939.8 7 935.5 85.4 Railway -3.8 22.0 17.0 Bus Light and Commuter rail -3.2 745.2 276.7 3.3 14.4 1.2 AIR -0.3 7 248.6 5.9 23.2 0.7 11.4 7 188.9 6 816.7 2.3 2.7 15.3 6 855.7 265.0 0.2 0.2 813.1 9.8 0.0 21.2 0.8 2.9 19.0 18.0 85.7 3.6 266.3 254.

1 Passenger Traffic Between Member States Total passengers carried (*) Partner BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV BE 60 113 276 452 1 363 32 394 765 3 445 1 111 2 334 51 49 BG 111 99 307 168 1 274 10 97 118 154 202 347 75 5 CZ 275 299 268 255 1 126 99 278 718 747 796 898 82 92 1 951 2 115 144 228 664 1 977 1 227 893 67 168 2 112 24 378 183 1 515 7 254 10 944 335 485 DK 450 170 254 DE 1 355 1 252 1 106 EE 32 10 99 145 184 20 18 48 57 23 36 0 42 IE 394 114 281 230 1 524 18 888 155 3 620 1 918 1 223 60 231 665 6 685 508 1 610 2 381 1 204 4 935 21 914 EL 776 118 728 5 050 48 154 ES 3 476 158 807 2 041 22 361 57 3 564 FR 1 057 201 772 1 186 7 367 22 1 897 IT 2 336 341 917 886 10 843 36 1 223 CY 52 76 83 70 342 0 57 1 187 3 130 78 LV 48 5 92 171 489 43 231 49 50 35 LT 49 6 100 231 260 53 203 55 40 508 44 171 1 495 8 085 10 217 8 090 27 192 2 342 10 375 48 52 7 748 124 35 7 871 28 670 77 84 0 5 86 5 15 27 65 4 29 LU 2 8 0 73 215 0 3 60 233 150 107 8 0 HU 290 121 171 191 1 453 0 178 298 304 527 575 60 0 MT 78 19 8 46 425 1 59 20 54 137 467 20 1 NL 204 126 406 1 043 2 612 76 776 1 530 5 000 2 491 2 859 105 109 AT 465 335 184 386 5 594 21 197 927 1 136 916 975 153 65 PL 329 110 156 391 2 611 21 1 174 453 494 756 949 54 35 PT 718 8 57 196 2 450 5 645 7 2 988 2 256 1 004 0 1 RO 121 32 128 21 847 0 6 276 564 436 1 494 72 SI 92 7 37 20 205 0 4 94 20 127 6 1 SK 2 75 231 20 159 128 151 62 130 197 5 0 FI 226 118 134 745 1 554 177 104 340 1 023 458 403 41 190 SE 398 165 123 1 655 2 389 178 206 723 1 978 1 170 668 232 202 UK 1 625 953 2 070 5 457 35 530 12 346 11 207 2 969 479 2 353 11 599 179 12 204 Notes: (*) Passengers carried are fewer than passengers on board. due to transit passengers staying on board the aircraft not being counted.4.4 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Reporter Air 3. 126 S ource: Euro s t at .T RA N S P OR T 3.

4.1 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Air Passenger Traffic Between Member States 2007 including domestic flights (thousand) LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 49 0 291 79 231 469 330 715 140 92 2 225 400 1 627 6 8 125 14 129 338 118 8 30 7 89 119 176 894 101 0 183 8 399 186 156 48 128 37 250 135 123 2 067 1 783 2 347 231 73 189 45 1 040 386 392 198 25 20 20 751 259 195 1 505 424 2 602 5 585 2 589 2 412 892 205 163 1 551 1 77 21 21 5 0 0 1 174 173 198 1 358 645 6 4 129 105 208 12 018 53 205 2 395 11 468 182 13 224 59 775 55 60 314 22 1 550 931 488 6 274 94 156 348 38 237 335 55 5 061 1 154 494 2 907 604 21 61 1 020 2 023 35 683 26 147 510 139 2 327 924 757 2 113 473 126 99 458 1 152 11 726 51 108 586 470 2 821 967 939 967 1 601 6 215 404 675 11 239 5 8 60 19 105 154 53 0 72 1 6 42 228 2 983 29 0 0 1 109 66 35 1 0 0 0 190 202 481 0 0 0 4 86 37 52 0 0 0 91 53 338 0 0 0 5 75 50 0 121 3 0 0 0 2 225 0 0 0 18 416 81 129 46 294 22 0 191 268 915 4 5 18 0 71 55 7 6 9 5 0 19 50 1 118 84 76 412 72 56 544 356 987 301 19 52 444 953 8 368 37 54 82 56 541 666 257 80 417 79 34 191 321 1 867 52 0 155 7 360 259 1 087 55 59 11 1 160 467 3 865 0 139 41 6 1 044 81 58 2 953 15 0 2 111 165 5 289 0 0 220 5 297 370 63 12 544 1 8 21 1 325 0 0 21 6 19 79 11 0 1 0 0 26 0 165 0 0 0 0 52 34 0 2 9 0 175 0 16 485 91 0 192 19 440 191 160 107 17 26 0 2 887 1 301 936 53 2 230 50 954 320 480 164 1 0 17 1 315 6 893 2 267 340 251 960 1 148 8 348 1 877 4 352 5 257 333 165 529 944 735 5 451 2 268 26 106 127 .T RA N S P OR T 3.

015 8.720 7.29.517 -1.794 114.069 6.799 18.670 2.198 -1.922 27.4.707 0.005 0.376 2.650 9.9 DE IT UK TR DK/ NO/ SE CH PT AT FI ES 7.250 3.3 17.236 37.307 3.471 22.773 0.5 2.276 7.376 4.486 8.063 34.399 4.846 37.866 0.801 48. (3) Easyjet: Financial year up to 30 September of the year indicated.997 0.084 7.863 11.3 38.223 7.787 2.2 0.5 113.5 15.422 40.560 39.110 40.4.322 71.405 1. 128 S ource: Association of European Air l i n e s.118 35.769 74.289 112.467 11.279 40.345 3.0 3.959 0.189 8.969 57.042 4.974 0.471 32.0 UK .675 66.9 19. (2) Ryanair: Year up to 30 March of the following year.340 4.187 2.4 122.331 68.536 16.385 7.075 6.147 21.850 10.160 1.989 32.304 -0.721 4.626 54.658 22.113 2.976 28.502 3.656 6.4 IS IT CY MT 1.343 41.556 0.9 16.325 25.6 0.879 123.578 38.559 6.287 5.724 27.780 91.233 2.736 .224 15.680 8.452 24.390 6.789 17.644 0.813 20.472 27.176 7.967 94. air comp a n i e s .546 14.848 115. (1) Air France and KLM merged in 2004 to build Air France KLM Group.250 4.3 -6.565 1.563 23.462 3.8 HU 1.408 -12.8 0.851 6.808 2.350 2007 128.448 31.267 2.093 1.448 1.0 Notes: Scheduled and non-scheduled flights.7 45.484 5.537 2.558 8.516 1.939 114.732 4.923 4.481 20.8 ES IE 22.252 4.917 52.153 3.385 110.700 NL 26.170 7.818 8.231 7.835 19.288 7.7 0.174 12.0 RO SB HR SI LU 1.900 9.T RA N S P OR T 3.0 9.7 19.543 14.140 4.414 14.634 3.410 60.530 24.730 27.6 3.1 1. I nter n at ional Air Transp or t Assoc iat ion.984 4.9 0.965 119.081 3.396 20.106 13.6 UK 1.621 5.0 16.464 -10.884 2.079 36.7 -5.623 6.556 3.091 6.0 22.794 4.820 2.450 23.347 3.9 PL EL BE CZ 4.2 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Air Major Regular European Airlines Domestic + International Airline and Country 1990 1 Air France (1) 2 Deutsche Lufthansa 3 British Airways Royal 4 KLM Dutch Airlines (1) 5 Iberia 6 Ryanair (2) 7 Virgin Atlantic Airways 8 Air Berlin 9 Alitalia 10 Easyjet (3) 11 THY Turkish Airlines Scandinavian 12 SAS Airlines 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 SWISS (Crossair) TAP Portugal Austrian Airlines Finnair Spanair bmi British Midland Airways LOT Polish Airlines Olympic Airlines SN Brussels Airlines CSA Czech Airlines Malev Hungarian Airlines Icelandair Air One Cyprus Airways Air Malta TAROM Romanian Air Transport JAT airways Croatia Airlines Adria Airways Luxair % change '06/'07 ranking thousand million revenue passenger-kilometres FR DE UK 2000 2005 2006 36.043 48.714 8.

60 26.51 9.02 29. Where the number of passengers carried was not available.93 8.6 ES PT DE FI DE CZ DE FR DE 9.92 +5.90 +2.14 11.02 13.8 24.3 13.39 10. incl.72 8.25 18.68 67.3 Air Passenger Traffic at Major EU Airports Passengers carried (*) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Airport and Country 2000 London / Heathrow Paris / Charles De Gaulle Frankfurt (Main) Madrid / Barajas Amsterdam / Schiphol London / Gatwick München Barcelona Roma / Fiumicino Paris / Orly London / Stansted Milano / Malpensa Dublin Palma De Mallorca Manchester København / Kastrup Wien / Schwechat Stockholm / Arlanda Düsseldorf Brussel-Bruxelles / Brussels Athinai / Eleftherios Venizelos Malaga Lisboa Berlin / Tegel Helsinki / Vantaa Hamburg Praha / Ruzyne Köln-Bonn Nice / Côte D'Azur Stuttgart Las Palmas / Gran Canaria London / Luton Milano / Linate Warszawa / Okecie Birmingham Alicante Edinburgh Glasgow Budapest / Ferihegy Tenerife Sur / Reina Sofia million passengers % change '06/'07 ranking (arriving + departing + in transit) UK FR DE ES NL UK DE ES IT FR UK IT IE ES UK DK AT SE DE 64.35 13.69 8.72 9.65 12.22 9.78 +7.57 10.59 17.16 27.25 13.99 23. direct transit passengers) is given in italics.38 56.56 6.91 +2.60 15.98 10.87 19.8 50.3 18.91 2004 2005 2006 2007 67.83 11.08 22.55 6.4.02 4.40 +6.76 +3.49 5.78 28.24 11.1 18.04 +0.7 BE 21.36 +7.2 20.29 +2.13 10.1 13.13 9.9 14.40 23.86 20.89 19.09 8.11 67.44 25.25 17.73 9.99 8.12 21.70 51.55 13.67 48.38 9.45 30.77 12.0 10.76 +0.12 9.69 34.13 +0.20 +10.69 21.61 33.80 8.25 9.5 ES 9.2 26.89 -1.68 7.05 24.90 32.35 27.00 47.e.71 15.45 15.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.97 22.4 9.52 8.6 10.53 8.08 35.81 18.3 12.57 +4.11 5.29 49.e.98 5.04 12.07 16.06 8.66 19.82 +10.74 +6.45 8.80 16.81 9.36 21.17 +3.9 12.58 +4.78 7.08 9.27 31.06 23.69 9.7 9.1 15.39 9.62 23.42 44.16 6.0 8.63 +9.34 67.45 59.36 9.40 53.95 16.33 7.41 9.42 +3.39 +9.82 20.4 16.8 38.33 8.9 EL 13.42 19.1 ES 8.82 8.39 16.19 9.23 +13.33 10.21 +13.71 39.85 25.3 17.08 46.55 +5.74 +9.09 +2.17 +3.33 7.5 27.33 21.24 10.97 UK IT PL UK ES UK UK HU 6.06 51.95 32.38 +4.31 8.61 8.6 42. the number of 'passengers on board' (i.92 9.86 +2.15 41.28 11.60 28.3 9.32 18.72 +11.4 20.94 6.33 +13.53 +9.1 8.8 -2.47 11.39 32. transit passengers who stay on board the aircraft and continue their flight with the same flight number.5 24.53 7. i.2 20.1 13.57 8.37 6.16 17.87 11.98 11.03 18.21 10.37 +11.68 23.61 15.94 23. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.4 Notes: (*) 'Passengers carried' do not include direct transit passengers.95 53.37 8.78 8.73 -1.82 5.27 15.76 9.00 9.5 9.61 11.95 22.69 +6.49 21.22 22.79 52.72 45.27 +2.66 14.54 17.93 10.3 10.12 9.51 17.85 +0.91 21.8 31.09 15.04 +5.93 10.74 9.15 +8.92 18.9 9.5 50.09 7.86 8.96 32. a i r po r ts 129 .81 4.25 9.

8 1 086.6 1 362.0 1 276.0 1 233.5 1 230.8 1 209.4 1 124.0 1 201.3 929.6 1 351.5 964.4 1 271.4 1 659.4 1 799.6 1 217.1 1 289.9 1 541.5 1 419.1 1 113.0 2 011.9 1 207.0 1 117.5 1 545.1 2 262.7 1 235.3 1 534.3 1 495.3 1 283.4 2 387.9 2 089.4 2 510.2 869.1 1 689.3 1 103.8 1 740.9 1 502.4 1 450.9 1 991.9 1 164.3 1 015.3 2 414.8 1 038.2 1 236.6 1 388.8 1 142.1 1 846.0 1 209.3 1 179.4 1 895.1 1 120.8 1 530.0 2006 4 442.4 1 118.3 1 093.1 1 231.3 1 582.1 1 436.0 2 350.7 1 262.4 1 970.9 1 170.0 1 144.0 1 756.3 1 757.4 1 191.9 918.5 1 450.7 1 381.7 1 278.8 1 297.6 1 078.5 1 425.7 1 342.8 1 240.9 1 513.3 1 094.6 1 029.6 2 328.9 1 974.2 1 528.9 1 064.5 1 067.9 2 318.7 916.9 1 509.4a Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Air: Main Intra-EU Airport Pairs in Passenger Transport Total passengers carried ranking (arriving + departing from first named airport) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 Airport pairs Madrid / Barajas – Barcelona Milano / Linate – Roma / Fiumicino Paris / Orly – Toulouse / Blagnac Nice / Côte D'Azur – Paris / Orly London / Heathrow – Dublin London / Heathrow – Amsterdam / Schiphol London / Heathrow – Paris / Charles de Gaulle Palma De Mallorca – Barcelona Palma De Mallorca – Madrid / Barajas München – Hamburg Frankfurt (Main) – Berlin / Tegel Las Palmas / Gran Canaria – Madrid / Barajas Catania / Fontanarossa – Roma / Fiumicino München – Düsseldorf München – Berlin / Tegel Madrid / Barajas – Malaga London / Heathrow – Frankfurt (Main) London / Heathrow – Edinburgh Paris / Charles de Gaulle – Milano / Linate Roma / Fiumicino – Paris / Charles De Gaulle Hamburg – Frankfurt (Main) Amsterdam / Schiphol – Barcelona Roma / Fiumicino – Palermo / Punta Raisi Paris / Charles de Gaulle – Madrid / Barajas München – Köln-Bonn Madrid / Barajas – Roma / Fiumicino Paris / Orly – Marseille / Provence Frankfurt (Main) – München Thessaloniki – Athinai / Eleftherios Venizelos Glasgow – London / Heathrow Stockholm / Arlanda – København / Kastrup Tenerife Norte – Madrid / Barajas London / Heathrow – Madrid / Barajas Sevilla – Barcelona Amsterdam / Schiphol – Paris / Charles De Gaulle Köln-Bonn – Berlin / Tegel Paris / Charles De Gaulle – Barcelona Pointe-à-Pitre / 38 Pôle Caraïbes –(Guadeloupe) Paris / Orly 39 Madrid / Barajas – Paris / Orly 40 London / Heathrow – München 130 thousand 2005 4 358.1 1 368.6 883.8 1 027.5 1 400.7 1 423.7 1 165.3 1 641.2 2 311.1 1 196.2 1 170.4 1 371.0 1 784.9 1 541.0 1 359.3 987.9 1 111.2 1 134.1 2 327.4 1 288.2 1 399.1 1 303.1 2007 4 627.9 1 098.1 1 036.9 1 647.9 1 758.T RA N S P OR T 3.0 1 180.6 1 012.2 1 424.7 1 244.5 839.1 1 790.2 S ource: Euro s t at .1 1 434.4.1 1 235.

MA. USA Frankfurt (Main) – Narita Intl.4. Morocco London / Gatwick – Orlando Intl. Thailand Paris / Charles De Gaulle – Tel Aviv / Ben Gurion. USA Paris / Charles de Gaulle – Genève / Cointrin. IL. Canada London / Heathrow – Mumbai / Chhatrapati Shivaji Intl. USA Frankfurt (Main) – Istanbul / Atatürk. USA London / Heathrow – Chicago / O'Hare Intl. IL. USA London / Heathrow – Narita Intl. India 2 940 1 730 1 522 1 183 1 258 1 383 1 247 996 937 929 2 752 1 659 1 521 1 374 1 417 1 429 1 285 1 086 1 036 2 839 1 729 1 605 1 571 1 453 1 406 1 332 1 075 1 057 977 1 057 1 074 1 005 1 067 725 995 1 040 1 027 1 046 1 007 998 1 055 1 032 1 024 1 006 1 003 873 965 992 926 905 955 940 972 909 929 931 889 992 827 878 823 709 780 915 857 837 797 793 796 886 858 834 824 795 787 776 717 739 667 608 721 740 695 726 597 643 502 739 661 630 669 384 749 644 722 689 692 685 623 712 619 668 650 665 665 600 718 711 711 710 710 696 692 687 687 687 686 684 672 665 Notes: (*) The new Bangkok Airport officially opened on 28 September 2006. USA København / Kastrup – Oslo / Gardermoen. Pearson Intl. Switzerland Paris / Orly – Marrakech / Menara. Thailand London / Heathrow – New Delhi / Indira Gandhi Intl. Norway London / Heathrow – Singapore / Changi Stockholm / Arlanda – Oslo / Gardermoen. USA London / Heathrow – Toronto / Lester B. China London / Heathrow – Los Angeles Intl. FL.F. United Arab Emirates London / Heathrow – Hong Kong Intl. Switzerland Frankfurt (Main) – New York / J. Before. Israel Frankfurt (Main) – Singapore / Changi London / Heathrow – Newark / Liberty Intl. India London / Heathrow – Johannesburg Intl. Japan Frankfurt (Main) – Chicago / O'Hare Intl. E. Australia Frankfurt (Main) – Washington / Dulles Intl. Lawrence Logan Intl. USA Frankfurt (Main) – Bangkok / Suvarnabhumi Intl (*). DC. Norway Paris / Charles De Gaulle – Montreal / Pierre Elliot Trudeau Intl. NJ. S o u rce : Eu ro stat 131 . USA London / Heathrow – Sydney / Kingsford Smith Intl. NY.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.F. CA. Switzerland London / Heathrow – Bangkok / Suvarnabhumi Intl (*). USA London / Heathrow – Dubai Intl. Canada London / Heathrow – Washington / Dulles Intl. MI. NY. DC. Switzerland London / Heathrow – Boston / Gen. all traffic went to Bangkok Don Mueang Intl airport.4b Air: Main Connections Between EU And Non-EU Airports In Passenger Transport Total passengers carried ranking (arriving + departing from first named airport) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 thousand Airport pairs 2005 2006 2007 London / Heathrow – New York / J. USA London / Heathrow – San Francisco Intl. Switzerland London / Gatwick – Genève / Cointrin. Kennedy Intl. USA Paris / Charles De Gaulle – New York / J.F. FL. Turkey Paris / Charles de Gaulle – Zürich. Kennedy Intl. USA London / Heathrow – Miami Intl. Japan Amsterdam / Schiphol – Detroit / Metropolitan Wayne County. Kennedy Intl. Argentina Paris / Charles De Gaulle – Tokio Intl. South Africa Madrid / Barajas – Buenos Aires / Ezeiza Ministro Pistarini. USA Wien / Schwechat – Zürich. Japan London / Heathrow – Zürich. NY. CA.

4 66.6 52.5 482.9 18.3 295.8 219.9 +0.0 129.8 65.9 86.8 116.3 360.9 -1.8 +14.1 13.8 DE UK AT SE UK UK IT FI IT DE IE BE FR/ CH 148.6 1 217.4 1 222.9 49.9 97.8 176.1 241.0 98.5 417.3 83.6 335.9 489.3 59.8 277.6 382.3 109.0 51.6 51.6 95.6 51.4 +7.3 140.5 93.6 88.9 36.3 +3.1 360.1 +221.6 +1.2 51.3 +12.3 54.5 12.3 499.8 +6.1 76.4 50.1 60.5 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Air Freight Traffic at Major EU Airports Cargo and Mail loaded and unloaded 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Airport and Country 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 Frankfurt (Main) Amsterdam / Schiphol Paris / Charles De Gaulle London / Heathrow Brussel-Bruxelles / Brussels Köln-Bonn Luxembourg Liège / Bierset Milano / Malpensa København / Kastrup Madrid / Barajas Nottingham East Midlands München London / Stansted Wien / Schwechat Stockholm / Arlanda London / Gatwick Manchester Roma / Fiumicino Helsinki / Vantaa Bergamo / Orio Al Serio Frankfurt / Hahn Dublin Oostende DE NL FR UK 1 703.6 +15.3 225.6 1 495.7 +10.7 49.4.5 +13.6 153.1 -5.8 34.3 96.1 -5.2 709.0 -9.1 108.6 66.3 83.9 153.4 694.7 111.1 341.8 1 393.3 691.9 26.9 141.0 226.8 BE 687.5 713.4 +3.8 76.8 1 827.4 -4.3 201.2 56.8 1 412.0 55.8 325.5 44.7 383.0 131.5 192.5 56.6 395.8 57.9 154.6 166.9 135.8 UK 178.7 +0.5 139.6 380.7 406. 132 S ource: Eurost at .4 +6.1 100.1 100.0 1 434.8 180.7 702.2 107.3 204.8 624.3 133.1 78.4 104.0 1 950.4 -6.2 292.1 153.0 318.9 18.7 107.8 +10.5 +10.6 2 162.3 80.4 88.1 98.9 270.6 124.2 +2.5 98.9 54.5 95.1 33.4 305.6 -19.5 54.1 139.7 1 340.0 47.0 46.2 254.9 54.9 114.7 102.5 +4.8 168.9 DE LU BE IT DK ES 438.3 +2.1 298.3 58.0 232.3 94.T RA N S P OR T 3.8 111.3 238.3 318.8 1 389.0 30.5 -3.1 150.3 139.0 158.5 239.4 +131.0 94.6 +9.2 56.6 10.7 -2.1 51.0 1 275.0 35.3 20.8 355.8 100.0 0.6 56.4 1 467.0 344.6 118.8 92.8 43.6 218.0 -4.9 191.6 Notes: Significant underreporting of Paris airports.8 646.0 +11.8 55.4 660.6 -0.2 57.7 419.5 50.7 25 Basel-Mulhouse 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 % change '06/'07 ranking thousand tonnes Athinai / Eleftherios Venizelos Lisboa Barcelona Leipzig-Halle Paris / Orly Budapest / Ferihegy Göteborg / Landvetter Maastricht-Aachen Düsseldorf Toulouse / Blagnac Praha / Ruzyne Marseille / Provence Belfast Edinburgh Brescia / Montichiari 44.4 113.9 64.0 51.4 37.6 352. air por t we bsite s (in ita lics ) .4 PT ES DE FR HU SE NL DE FR CZ FR UK UK IT 114.2 1 651.9 1 566.2 +2.5 1 067.0 -1.9 616.6 +4.9 +20.5 265.0 158.2 54.0 1 306.2 621.9 150.9 75.5 734.0 633.2 60.6 98.4 1 342.3 43.2 97.0 64.1 59.0 +3.2 123.9 67.3 2 117.2 107.1 +5.4 167.8 EL 123.

2 131.7 111.2 209.3 +9.6 -2.8 84.3 +7.2 125.3 +11.6 +8.0 222.8 +5.3 +7.5 233.3 299.1 +15.2 +1.0 RO 0.8 92.0 116.3 179.6 252.6 104.1 -0.5 234.5 +7.3 97.5 115.2 227.8 228. S o u rce : Eu ro stat.1 559.3 141.8 543.9 139.1 363.3 132.1 +4.5 138.9 135.9 133.3 469.0 406.0 134.8 102.6 171.9 +7.0 Notes: One movement per minute for 18 hours per day = 394 200 per year.9 -0.8 +1.6 Air: Movements of Aircraft at Major EU Airports (take-off + landing.7 138.4 109.0 170.6 93.9 193.0 139.5 251.9 338.8 166.3 164.5 183.7 484.8 103.1 115.6 174.2 130.7 208.9 +1.4.3 116.7 88.6 98.5 +4.0 +8.8 +6.5 220.9 366.2 429.2 394.1 339.1 98.1 90.0 218.9 +5.3 228.2 -0.2 229.9 +1.7 240.3 200.6 164.4 100.5 387.5 184.1 151.2 102.2 169.1 ES 83.5 221.5 470.2 382.6 234.3 105.1 163.3 300.2 114.2 108.6 173.4 223.6 +0.0 175.0 230.8 257.0 178.0 76.2 127.5 222.9 208.7 121.8 148.1 179.2 131.1 150.4 308.9 138.0 90.8 549.1 +0.1 +2.3 408.9 142.1 +7.5 163.5 BE 231.1 116.0 134.9 170.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.8 251.8 391.9 115.8 475.1 404.5 92.4 475.6 472.1 -4.3 UK ES FI FR CZ DE PL DE PT DE DE FR 169.7 193.8 +5.9 258.0 187.1 165.3 125.6 EL 159.0 118.8 176.5 131.6 234.3 191.5 145.0 145.6 +0.8 191.0 89.5 113.3 241.7 FR DE UK SE IE 211.8 117.4 444.2 +7.4 -1.0 222.0 266.5 457.7 231. passenger and cargo) ranking 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Airport and Country Paris / Charles De Gaulle Frankfurt (Main) London / Heathrow Madrid / Barajas Amsterdam / Schiphol München Barcelona Roma / Fiumicino London / Gatwick Milano / Malpensa Wien / Schwechat København / Kastrup Brussel-Bruxelles / Brussels Paris / Orly Düsseldorf Manchester Stockholm / Arlanda Dublin Athinai / Eleftherios Venizelos London / Stansted Palma De Mallorca Helsinki / Vantaa Nice / Côte D'Azur Praha / Ruzyne Hamburg Warszawa / Okecie Berlin / Tegel Lisboa Stuttgart Köln-Bonn Lyon / Saint Exupéry Bucureşti / Henri Coandă Malaga Edinburgh Budapest / Ferihegy Birmingham Aberdeen Las Palmas / Gran Canaria Milano / Linate Marseille / Provence 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 % change '06/'07 thousand (not including general aviation) FR DE UK ES NL DE ES IT UK IT AT DK 545.2 146.1 -3.0 277.7 111.3 407.8 163.2 80.7 +3. a i r po r ts 133 .5 332.2 131.4 206.4 238.3 +3.5 +1.0 93.1 IT FR 92.2 81.2 155.7 118.3 +1.9 134.0 137.9 130.1 99.7 480.0 262.8 169.6 +5.0 75.4 -3.1 158.0 214.5 102.4 443.6 250.6 152.5 99.1 105.3 294.4 569.0 470.8 +2.1 286.3 112.1 190.4 241.7 131.5 130.2 134.0 122.9 422.1 213.8 462.8 189.0 +3.1 0.6 254.9 ES UK HU UK UK 91.6 253.9 257.4 155.3 118.5 205.5 113.8 173.7 97.8 312.

4.T RA N S P OR T 3.7 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Sea: Inward and Outward Flow of Passengers by Country Inwards 1 000 passengers cruise passengers cruise passengers excluding cruise passengers 2006 starting and ending a cruise 2007 2006 2007 on excursion 2006 2007 EU-27 EU-15 191 959 EU-12 BE 375 BG 378 70 5 75 0 19 CZ DK 23 937 24 057 131 144 DE 14 309 14 766 219 264 0 0 EE 3 359 3 250 0 0 313 294 IE 1 572 1 578 93 104 EL 45 075 45 987 216 263 232 258 37 ES 10 190 10 669 1 228 907 1 761 2 910 FR 13 094 13 306 154 231 1 190 1 246 IT 42 875 CY 24 1 118 86 223 LV 105 179 0 0 41 65 LT 92 104 0 0 25 37 MT 97 3 893 12 9 0 472 NL 1 053 945 0 0 93 3 112 253 LU HU AT PL 875 1 218 PT 343 368 0 0 RO 0 0 0 0 12 8 391 8 244 0 7 SI SK FI 268 255 SE UK 14 359 14 594 534 562 HR 11 490 12 265 26 33 734 872 2 941 2 938 39 91 607 569 IS NO 134 S ource: Euro s t at .

7 Sea: Inward and Outward Flow of Passengers by Country Outwards 1 000 passengers cruise passengers cruise passengers excluding cruise passengers 2006 starting and ending a cruise 2007 2006 2007 on excursion 2006 2007 EU-27 EU-15 191 632 EU-12 BE 374 BG 381 71 5 76 0 CZ DK 23 945 24 063 132 145 DE 14 514 14 951 213 219 0 0 EE 3 332 3 273 0 0 0 0 IE 1 542 1 542 0 0 EL 44 897 45 908 214 265 0 0 0 ES 10 227 10 654 521 903 476 353 FR 12 999 13 280 155 231 0 0 IT 42 934 CY 0 LV 112 183 0 0 LT 98 108 0 0 MT 98 3 891 11 9 NL 1 074 925 0 0 81 0 86 0 87 0 0 0 LU HU 0 0 AT PL 861 1 238 PT 343 367 0 0 RO 0 0 0 0 0 8 348 8 192 0 7 SI SK FI 0 0 2 0 SE UK 14 507 14 739 530 569 HR 11 523 12 272 22 41 3 292 3 334 8 84 IS NO S o u rce : Eu ro stat 135 .T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.4.

6 4.1 9.8 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Sea Passenger Traffic at Major EU Seaports Passengers Embarked and Disembarked Port and Country 1 Dover 2 Paloukia Salaminas Perama 4 Calais 5 Piraeus 6 Helsingør 7 Helsingborg 8 Messina 9 Reggio Di Calabria 10 Helsinki 11 Stockholm 12 Puttgarden 13 Rødby (Færgehavn) 14 Napoli 15 Tallinn 16 Palma De Mallorca 17 Algeciras 18 Capri 19 Santa Cruz De Tenerife 20 Piombino 21 Cirkewwa Mgarr.4.8 8 561 8 127 7 069 7 058 0.9 4.1 0.8 6.9 3 125 2 894 2 683 2 585 2 567 0.2 6.8 S ource: Euro s t at .T RA N S P OR T 3.3 1.2 9.1 4.7 3 795 3 795 6. Gozo 23 Olbia 24 Turku 25 Porto D'Ischia 26 Portoferraio 27 Mariehamn 28 Frederikshavn 29 Igoumenitsa 30 Rostock 31 Ceuta 32 Civitavecchia 33 La Maddalena 34 Palau 35 Genova 36 Norddeich 37 Sjællands Odde 38 Rafina 39 Bastia 40 Livorno 136 UK EL EL FR EL DK SE IT IT FI SE DE DK IT EE ES ES IT ES IT MT MT IT FI IT IT FI DK EL DE ES IT IT IT IT DE DK EL FR IT 2000 2004 2005 16 197 14 429 13 501 11 568 11 663 11 568 11 663 15 066 13 259 11 695 7 289 10 713 11 076 13 322 11 612 11 023 13 525 11 808 11 102 11 898 10 128 9 802 11 839 9 992 9 645 9 251 8 747 8 854 7 746 7 823 8 211 5 430 6 741 6 760 5 430 6 744 6 761 6 748 6 801 6 084 6 452 6 701 1 864 3 773 4 611 4 605 4 828 5 404 4 771 3 860 4 927 5 164 4 564 3 161 3 702 3 277 3 512 3 463 3 512 3 463 2 359 2 908 3 253 3 514 3 828 3 697 3 686 3 535 3 169 2 641 3 195 2 829 1 885 2 843 3 192 3 726 3 449 3 004 2 221 2 338 1 767 2 253 2 417 2 498 2 147 2 135 2 241 2 145 2 099 2 025 2 068 1 843 2 106 2 067 1 843 2 444 2 507 2 406 2 253 2 267 2 257 2 283 2 381 2 310 1 542 1 835 2 010 1 916 2 052 2 028 1 886 2 013 2 103 2006 13 987 11 981 11 981 11 460 11 539 10 721 10 776 10 834 10 669 8 548 8 054 6 789 6 789 6 804 6 447 4 942 5 166 4 940 4 343 3 948 3 555 3 555 3 665 3 620 3 443 3 198 3 099 2 859 2 531 2 557 2 385 2 500 2 371 2 371 2 320 2 322 2 270 2 122 2 162 2 166 2007 14 433 13 066 13 066 11 519 11 063 10 966 10 966 % change '06/'07 ranking thousand 3.7 1.0 6 220 5 275 5 227 -3.8 3 480 -3.2 4 592 5.1 7.1 2.3 1.5 6.6 2 312 2 233 2 213 2 200 -0.4 -1.5 -4.0 1.8 1.2 0.

843 6.988 3.2 37.527 92.550 32.152 5.516 43.794 62.431 39.421 23.302 22.402 44.556 42.023 -11.751 25.843 51.289 53.958 32.686 64.253 27.815 8.878 70.3 FR 31.9 27.678 -9.644 37.912 40.304 34.898 -9.190 2.9 Sea Freight Traffic at Major EU Seaports Tonnes loaded and unloaded Port and Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Rotterdam Antwerpen Hamburg Marseille Le Havre Grimsby & Immingham Amsterdam Algeciras London Dunkerque Tees & Hartlepool Valencia Taranto Constantza Southampton Bremerhaven Wilhelmshaven Barcelona Göteborg Genova Trieste Bilbao Forth Tallinn Tarragona Milford Haven Zeebrugge Nantes Saint-Nazaire Liverpool Ventspils Venezia Augusta Gioia Tauro Sines Felixstowe Riga Ravenna Dover Ghent Porto Foxi % change '06/'07 ranking million 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 NL 302.1 DE 76.888 44.547 34.144 24.686 23.4 22.1 52.118 37.189 35.8 BE 116.616 60.452 37.267 41.835 151.652 44.358 27.9 IT UK 17.4 IT 21.810 93.610 30.3 UK 41.117 39.779 -6.705 165.637 55.7 23.421 32.313 3.5 IT 37. S o u rce : Eu ro stat 137 .516 10.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.990 40.545 330.816 41.865 -13.2 SE 33.634 28.768 38.228 -9.212 22.184 60.775 33.318 46.643 -1.947 40.0 DE 24.638 29.892 53.869 50.216 6.957 22.4 UK 30.379 -8.977 43.7 UK 52.777 -15.746 30.128 3.639 25.350 43.576 374.106 42.819 353.753 21.033 66.529 118.404 36.6 UK 29.973 78.849 -6.0 IT Notes: The 2007 data given for Italian ports are based on provisional quarterly data.003 135.5 BE 32.511 145.348 49.929 26.979 28.790 53.406 24.7 33.4.728 40.967 31.699 33.758 25.802 14.170 -8.263 32.885 71.956 45.448 48.409 -1.244 -0.660 24.403 29.7 ES 21.023 62.425 40.081 29.559 -4.916 4.909 47.233 33.008 34.492 25.368 47.479 39.805 25.0 EE ES 27.040 7.835 31.293 28.5 NL 42.512 9.133 24.618 8.739 1.871 45.819 55.143 34.370 25.1 ES 25.623 31.473 9.742 45.934 25.865 345.911 52.496 3.116 38.870 33.529 108.3 UK 51.133 56.935 12.442 32.685 5.1 FR 63.308 96.1 DE 43.773 38.6 FR 44.218 31.970 -3.015 41.175 29.279 3.7 RO UK 34.501 57.4 IT ES 26.4 IT 44.434 20.321 37.258 -3.797 45.043 33.261 36.685 26.6 BE 24.063 24.760 27.1 43.472 53.061 38.880 42.434 24.5 ES UK 47.503 50.8 UK 33.763 34.8 LV 26.243 35.010 28.041 30.253 115.801 69.355 44.883 30.717 20.757 33.938 31.4 IT PT 19.681 16.556 43.386 50.1 LV 22.7 IT 29.279 90.044 49.893 28.413 23.892 34.950 99.3 FR 91.307 35.635 32.856 12.107 24.144 5.219 36.787 36.640 44.145 23.353 1.556 36.111 24.547 32.

3 % BG 16 251 1 297 6.7 % SI 10 501 3 160 30.2 % UK 355 438 287 717 58.5 % DE 178 739 83 131 43.7 % IT 348 649 175 954 30.1 % 213 269 222 886 76.1 % SE 82 557 68 524 71.10 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Sea Intra-EU maritime transport (1) Relevance of intra-EU transport in total maritime transport by EU country 2006 Inwards total inwards of which from EU thousand thousand tonnes tonnes Outwards share of EU in total (%) total outwards of which to EU thousand thousand tonnes tonnes share of EU in total (%) BE 123 622 47 496 35.8 % 21 723 5 075 21.0 % 13 224 12 641 89.8 % MT 3 347 2 541 78.3 % RO 24 283 1 070 5.4.0 % LV 6 601 4 204 79.1 % 41 568 30 566 70.5 % 46 939 47 224 88. 138 S ource: Euro s t at .7 % 49 205 39 320 74.5 % PL 19 809 13 315 59.5 % LT 8 467 3 385 53.6 % 4 889 3 426 66.2 % EL 75 967 63 539 51.9 % IE 35 299 24 114 64.5 % 231 161 55.2 % 55 538 76 101 76.4 % 1 383 306 16.1 % EE 6 126 5 172 86.8 % NL 358 353 85 663 24.7 % CY 6 262 1 132 34.3 % ES 298 535 133 591 33.6 % PT 45 461 23 803 40.4 % 33 104 22 996 69.9 % 92 751 37 497 38.8 % 43 502 50 356 86.0 % 115 705 102 285 56.7 % FI 55 954 43 587 67.1 % 118 410 60 958 48.5 % DK 52 523 46 897 64.6 % 78 191 76 524 85. (*) The total goods transported data may be less than the sum of inward and outward traffic due to the double counting of tonnes moved within the same country (on next page).1 % Notes: Data from main ports only (ports handling more than 1 million tonnes per year).4 % 97 044 75 808 63.2 % 117 914 60 907 51.0 % 18 769 12 616 73.4 % 157 340 183 499 69.1 % FR 245 363 87 057 29.T RA N S P OR T 3.7 % 19 654 20 712 77.2 % 11 263 3 371 29.

4 % S o u rce : Eu ro stat (%) (2) Main routes in intra-EU maritime transport 2006 ranking (1) Relevance of intra-EU transport in total maritime transport by EU country 2006 country of loading port country of unloading port 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 UK IT ES UK FR EL NL UK FR UK SE DK BE LV UK FI UK DK DE IT SE SE FR DE SE UK IT DE DE SE UK IT ES NL UK EL UK FR FR DE DE DK UK UK BE DE IE SE SE ES SE FI ES UK UK ES EL FI DK DK mio tonnes transported 88.0 16.9 % FR 335 662 149 372 37. 139 .8 14.1 % IE 47 709 35 126 70.3 13.5 32.7 % PL 52 657 35 796 66.3 14.3 8.3 % NL 476 267 146 569 30.0 % CY 7 635 1 421 31.1 9.9 % RO 46 005 6 145 13.9 % FI 97 862 80 748 75.9 33.7 13.2 9.1 17.2 31.9 % ES 386 697 180 791 34.0 8.10 Sea Intra-EU maritime transport TOTAL total which goods of to/from trans­ EU ported (*) share of EU in total thousand tonnes thousand tonnes BE 216 015 84 278 36.9 8.7 77.0 Notes: Data from main ports only (ports handling more than 1 million tonnes per year).3 % SI 15 391 6 588 40.2 13.1 33.6 % EE 47 549 35 448 72.4.4 15.4 % PT 59 620 33 530 45.2 % LV 55 719 43 350 74.2 9.1 9.7 39.1 % DK 88 096 81 395 72.8 % LT 27 235 16 001 70.9 % DE 294 478 138 750 44.0 % MT 3 577 2 702 77.4 14.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.6 8. the tonnes have been calculated by taking the declarations of the unloading ports (inward declarations) and adding those outward declarations of partner ports for which the inward declarations were missing.7 % UK 520 718 414 628 61.6 % IT 435 393 218 265 33.0 11.1 8.3 20.3 17.6 % SE 153 005 129 564 76.8 % EL 108 004 92 640 53.9 % BG 27 511 4 662 16.9 19.9 50.

9 111.2 411.2 7 003.5 397.2 1 401.6 1 375.0 241.9 445.7 765.9 351.9 376.3 21.7 426.5 3 029.8 43.2 1 119.4 879.3 517.7 10.3 3 169.0 835.6 460.6 915.1 702.6 722.4 898.5 1 412.4 344.4 1 395.8 403.8 277.1 3 183.7 466.9 380.4 428.8 329.9 3 696.3 1 384.4 S ource: Euro s t at .9 455.5 368.6 601.4 4.2 512.8 1 291.5 2 717.0 482.2 5 376.0 2 012.3 2 144.9 2 153.3 6 220.1 1 209.6 0.7 1 826.1 3 501.3 499.3 1 765.3 2 157.8 8.1 513.7 1 170.6 910.1 6.4 503.5 26.4 349.9 680.1 326.6 3 094.9 725.7 7.7 811.6 2 081.3 458.4 1 590.0 452.2 564.2 247.9 455.5 1 754.6 1 550.7 207.5 18.1 3 004.2 742.2 2 014.2 461.4 35.5 31.4 634.2 613.2 61.1 672.1 8 878.3 4 011.1 83.1 2 882.3 613.2 966.0 2 682.7 867.2 4.6 495.1 9.3 920.2 6.2 263.2 451.6 284.3 714.7 950.8 6 718.5 269.8 456.9 780.8 86.3 79.2 450.5 682.6 330.6 267.7 952.3 228.1 1 275.7 4.4 396.1 3 153.5 251.1 161.0 2 071.8 307.0 327.2 -9.2 1 499.4 8 242.9 41.4 419.9 -1.5 341.1 82.8 372.8 2 835.6 -2.0 263.7 141.5 378.0 1 037.7 455.1 2 759.6 552.2 261.2 1 502.3 9 575.2 -4.1 2.2 3 262.3 9 194.5 874.6 8 084.0 324.0 391.0 1 605.7 5 055.5 355.2 204.1 471.5 457.4 376.7 15.2 2 415.0 7 117.T RA N S P OR T 3.6 26.8 5.0 495.4 0.2 460.8 9.3 2 314.7 512.2 811.7 894.6 304.5 563.2 8.0 2 481.5 564.9 51.6 861.6 -8.7 1 098.0 1 145.4 1 086.1 320.3 771.2 7.9 528.7 3 123.1 590.4 1 730.9 1 434.6 11.0 -9.2 2 614.9 3 158.6 530.4.1 583.3 487.0 553.4 4.3 8.6 44.3 -15.3 895.6 22.3 269.2 0.2 514.9 1.1 594.8 2 020.9 487.5 392.7 2 118.0 0.4 835.7 16.4 175.0 540.2 1 437. Gran Canaria Constantza Genova La Spezia Marseille Bilbao Zeebrugge Göteborg London Dublin Liverpool Medway Taranto Cagliari Lisboa Livorno Kotka Gdynia Santa Cruz De Tenerife Málaga Aarhus Helsinki Amsterdam Leixões Thessaloniki Hull Lübeck Forth 140 NL DE BE DE ES UK IT ES ES FR UK EL ES RO IT IT FR ES BE SE UK IE UK UK IT IT PT IT FI PL ES ES DK FI NL PT EL UK DE UK % change '05/'06 ranking thousand TEU 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 6 505.5 2.11 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Sea Container Traffic at Major EU Seaports Port and Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Rotterdam Hamburg Antwerpen Bremerhaven Algeciras Felixstowe Gioia Tauro Valencia Barcelona Le Havre Southampton Piraeus Las Palmas.7 6 126.9 92.0 4 479.

972 41.551 173.131 37.174 68.085 41. AT Adria Combi..117 11. I ntercontainer-I nter fr igo 141 .493 154.3 % 14.125 145. SI Novatrans. IT Polzug.280 7.592 33.909 46.229 61.4 % 6. PL T.145 117.248 57.714 26.797 117.9 % 22.769 57.361 153.747 26.205 1. DE Cemat. HU Kombi Dan.0 % 14.309 2.2 % -38.888 15.146 16.170 24.3 % 306.R.173 29.946 113. AT Polzug.838 40.554 53.4 % 32.7 % 65.841 7.342 71.083 12.610 19.412 101.044 43.925 12..629 27.6 % 53.470 14.3 % 20. PL T.804 37. RO 163.2 % 2.474 9.796 375. HR 374.641 270.567 64.889 79.776 82.831 7. CZ Crokombi.816 29.3 % 16.1 % 20.200 224.940 5. AT Naviland Cargo. SI Alpe Adria.792 111.157 236. IT ICA.4 % 16.499 15.406 12.787 46. IT Novatrans. CH Cemat.4 % 45. FR Ökombi.6 % -1.786 80.835 231.371 291.538 34.099 177.479 10.060 21.327 176. FR Alpe Adria.719 402.401 20.840 (*) Consignment = equivalent of an average road transport (= 2. ES Naviland Cargo.324 5.0 % -2.1 % 2.W. FR Hupac.290 194.6 % National traffic Kombiverkehr.076 7.513 98. BE Rocombi.6 % 8.2 % 2.7 % 31.12 Combined Transport Traffic by Company Traffic of International Union of Combined Road-Rail Transport Companies (UIRR) Consignments(*) (thousand) Company 2000 2005 2006 2007 % change '06/'07 International traffic Kombiverkehr.424 1.677 85.589 88.791 16.876 22.148 396.275 6.5 % -3.6 % 2.699 115.3 TEU) S o u rce : I nte r national Union of R oad-R ail Tra n s p o r t Companies.9 % 14.822 3.989 29.586 11.5 % 26.605 98.R.824 123.746 42.6 % 1.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.989 187. DE Hupac.822 167.8 % 83. CH/DE/IT ICA.060 266.639 15.836 346. NL Adria Combi.753 90.400 19.167 18.864 69.W.944 46. DK Bohemiakombi.848 22.780 351.643 1. FR Hungarocombi. IT Combiberia.4. AT Ökombi.060 149.456 76.228 157.3 % -0.395 148.516 80. BE Ralpin.8 % 0. CH Hupac NV.496 285.

R a i l Transp or t Comp anies.8 9.0 27. 142 S ource: I nter national Union of R oad .12 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Combined Transport Traffic by Company Traffic of UIRR companies Tonne-kilometres (billion) YEAR 1990 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 19.8 Traffic  % of consignments Semitrailers Rolling road 20 % 18 % 14 % 19 % 12 % 20 % 10 % 19 % 9 % 20 % 9 % 22 % 9 % 23 % 9 % 24 % 8 % 23 % 7 % 23 % 7 % 16 % 7 % 13 % 9 % 16 % 9 % 14 % Swap bodies 62 % 67 % 68 % 71 % 71 % 69 % 68 % 67 % 69 % 70 % 67 % 80 % 76 % 77 % Traffic of Intercontainer-Interfrigo Year thousand TEU 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 961.9 30.2 28.5 31.2% -9.7 429.3 7.3% -26.0 7.3 8. I ntercont ainer-I nter fr i g o .8 415.3% Notes: TEU: twenty foot equivalent unit (corresponds to 10-12 tonnes).9 33.1 32.0 25.2 8.2% -4.7 834.9 34.1 9.0 7.8% -3.5 37.7 8.2 29.2 7.4.T RA N S P OR T 3.1% -3.0 45.6 8.9 758.8 % change from previous year -13.3 7.6 734.6 32.5% -16.1 of which: national 7.3 8.4 46.1 702.8 8.8 516.

8 26.4 '85/'96 '96/'06 '06/'07 + 10.0 14.1 5.8  % + 2.9  % + 5.3 73.6 7.9 26. Bernard St. S o u rce : Sw i s s D epar tment for Environment.7 63.2  % + 13.9 62.4 21.3 15. Number of heavy goods vehicles (thousand) Switzerland St.4  % Notes: Road: France: Montgenèvre: from 1999.0  % + 3.7 33.8 22.6 36.2 26.0 average annual change + 6.0 3.8  % 12.1 53.13 Road Alps Crossing Freight Traffic Alpine Arc: Montgenèvre to Brenner Million Tonnes Switzerland St.1 62.0  % + 0.8  % + 9.4 71.2 27.2  % + 3.0 7. import.1 1.3 27.6 2.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.9 0. Bernardino Austria France Brenner Reschen Montgenèvre Fréjus Mont-Blanc 1985 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 1.3 27.9 3.5 25.8 22.0 25.6 51.2 1.2 9.7  % .6 57.0 10.8 2.3 3. Tra n s p o r t . Gotthard Simplon Gr.1.5 7. export and transit traffic.2 1. Gotthard 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 1 101 1 187 966 858 1 004 969 925 856 963 Simplon Gr.3 23.0 6.3 20.1 1.4 total 30.2  % + 2.4  % + 5. E nergy a n d Co mmu n i cat ion (UVEK ) 143 .4 2. St.4.3 67.5 5.0 40.4 7.1  % + 0. St.3 25.4 1.3 28.3 21.1 21.2 10.1 68.0 1.9 64.8 1.1 66.5 9.8 25.0 20.6 18.7  % + 6.4  % + 9.2 53.4 26.3 26.9 6.4 52.3 22. Bernard St.1 1.3 27. Bernardino Austria France Brenner Reschen Montgenèvre Fréjus Mont-Blanc 216 217 405 391 287 286 279 326 299 1 639 1 653 1 647 1 710 1 775 2 118 2 121 2 268 2 277 1 674 1 672 1 673 1 581 1 572 1 515 1 435 1 529 1 531 total 4 630 4 729 4 691 4 540 4 638 4 888 4 760 4 979 5 070 Notes: Internal.1 5.5 33.1 36.6 26.9 10.9 3.0 2.

A63) 30 200 30 230 33 188 40 923 41 847 41 812 44 165 45 041 47 142 47 172 East coast Le Perthus (inc. Sp a i n .T RA N S P OR T 3.14 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Road Pyrenees Crossing Traffic Goods traffic vehicles per day 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 West coast Biriatou (inc. A9) 6 729 7 413 8 018 8 200 8 050 8 535 8 920 9 302 9 243 9 602 Other crossings 880 905 914 1 519 1 172 1 505 1 758 1 875 1 825 1 939 total 13 266 14 765 15 846 17 943 18 028 18 904 19 954 21 832 21 038 21 931 Passenger car traffic vehicles per day 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 144 West coast Biriatou (inc. A63) 5 657 6 447 6 914 8 224 8 806 8 864 9 276 10 655 9 970 10 390 East coast Le Perthus (inc.4. A9) 19 400 20 601 20 678 24 390 25 201 28 544 29 201 30 923 31 896 32 180 Other crossings 27 800 33 168 33 412 31 962 34 096 37 654 41 267 41 196 42 465 43 228 total 77 400 83 999 87 278 97 275 101 144 108 010 114 633 117 160 121 503 122 580 S o u rce: Obser vato r i o h isp ano -francés d e Trafico en los Pir ineos.

15 Rail Alps and Pyrenees Crossing Traffic Alps Crossing Freight Traffic (1) Alpine Arc: Mont Cenis to Brenner Switzerland St.188 4.1 % Pyrenee Crossing Freight Traffic (2) million tonnes Spain – France West coast Hendaye – Irun 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2.6 total 26.7 5.4 8.0 9.8 % + 3.7 13.739 3.503 4.413 Total pure rail 3. Spain 145 .0 14.800 1.3 % + 8.3 '85/'96 '96/'06 '06/'07 + 0.739 East coast Cerbère / Port Bou 2.9 38.400 2.3 8.4 7.600 2.4.7 10.6 11.6 7.4.8 15.553 3.0 4.7 39.3 % .8 4.5 8. Transport.6 42.6 33.Cenis 1985 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 11.3 4.7 10.9 7.995 2.600 1.2 13.8 4.5 39.3 35.241 4.1 9.8 4.9 37.1 15.6 16.800 2.9 16.3 3.583 4.6 8.800 1.500 2.9 38.161 4.3 8.2 % + 2.1 38.8 5.7 10.9 45.050 3.995 4.033 2.1 9.1 average annual change + 2.4 % .7 10.841 3.6 13. (2) Observatorio hispano-francés de Trafico en los Pirineos.7 10.4 33. Energy and Communication (UVEK).2 % + 2.8 14.2 9.5 2.3 4.0 9.471 Intermodal rail 2.5 10.3 % + 3.4 4.6 13.366 Source: (1) Swiss Department for Environment.793 2.795 4.2 13.2 7.2 15.7 8.7 4.0 11.5 3.6 8.4 % + 7.074 3.8 8.442 4.2 35.3 16.2 30.9 % + 14.284 4.8 6.4.6 6.5 7.T RA N S P OR T Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators 3.7 % 7.8 8.4 40.934 1.800 2.6 % + 5. Gotthard Simplon Lötschberg Million Tonnes Austria France Brenner Mont.4 % + 3.8 % + 4.9 6.7 15.9 34.5 % + 8.9 5.000 1.2 14.1 6.563 4.3 9.7 4.

603 6.16 Performance of Freight and Passenger Transport Using Other Indicators Rail Channel Tunnel Traffic United Kingdom – France Shuttle Vehicles 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Passenger thousand thousand cars coaches 1 223 23.2 2 142 65.7 8.T RA N S P OR T 3.947 6.1 9. estimates (in italics) .9 2 101 63.9 8.261 Freight thousand tonnes 1 411 2 361 2 925 3 141 2 865 2 947 2 447 1 464 1 744 1 899 1 588 1 569 1 214 Notes: The Channel Tunnel opened in 1994.277 7.9 Through-train Passengers 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 million 2.4.52 passengers per car and 38.004 6.2 10.920 4.5 2 047 77.0 3 351 97.5 7.454 7.593 7.858 8.0 2 077 58.3 Passengers Freight (1) thousand million 391 519 268 705 839 1 133 1 198 1 231 1 285 1 281 1 309 1 296 1 415 4.6 12.0 2 329 54.866 6.3 2 022 67.3 8.130 6.7 7.9 2 279 71.5 2 336 71.307 6.8 10.75 passengers per coach.2 7.5 2 530 75. (1) Since 2000.315 7.0 2 784 79.0 3 260 82.8 8. 146 Source: Eurotunnel.2 7. estimate based on 2.

I nter national R oad Federation. S o u rce : n at i onal statistics. est im ates (in it alics) 147 . United Nat i o n s Eco no mi c Co mmi ssi o n fo r Europ e. CY: from 2006: without urban M-ways.T RA N S P OR T 3. Eurostat.1 Road Length of Motorways km (at end of year) EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1990 1995 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 41 885 39 616 2 269 1 666 273 357 611 10 854 41 26 190 4 976 6 824 6 193 120 421 78 267 2 092 1 445 257 316 113 228 192 225 939 3 181 291 83 281 73 1 148 47 970 45 468 2 502 1 666 277 414 796 11 190 65 70 421 6 962 8 275 6 435 167 394 123 335 2 208 1 596 246 687 113 293 198 394 1 262 3 383 54 700 51 471 3 229 1 702 319 501 923 11 712 93 103 615 9 049 9 766 6 478 257 417 114 448 2 265 1 633 358 1 482 113 427 296 549 1 499 3 581 411 58 850 55 292 3 558 1 729 328 518 1 010 12 044 98 176 958 10 296 10 379 6 487 268 417 147 542 2 541 1 670 484 2 002 113 477 313 653 1 591 3 609 554 208 1 881 194 1 351 60 100 56 294 3 806 1 747 331 546 1 027 12 174 96 192 1 001 10 747 10 383 6 532 268 417 147 569 2 585 1 677 552 2 091 228 483 316 653 1 700 3 638 742 208 1 892 194 1 341 62 000 58 000 4 000 1 747 331 564 1 032 12 363 99 247 1 041 11 432 10 804 6 542 276 417 147 636 2 600 1 677 552 2 341 228 569 328 693 1 700 3 634 792 216 1 775 11 264 1 358 63 400 59 205 4 195 1 763 394 633 1 032 12 531 99 270 1 056 12 073 10 842 6 554 257 309 147 785 2 604 1 678 583 2 545 228 579 328 700 1 740 3 670 877 216 1 987 11 271 1 361 107 1 197 1 773 144 1 270 Notes: ES: 'autopistas de peaje' and 'autovías y autopistas libres'.5.5 I nfrastructure 3. NL: all national roads ( 'Rijkswegen') with dual carriageways.

nat ional st ati s t i c s . except for motorway estimate. EL: end of 2005.2 I nfrastructure Road Length of Road Network(*) km (end of 2006) Main or Secondary or national roads regional roads Other roads (*) Motorways BE 1 763 12 585 1 349 136 559 BG 394 2 969 4 021 11 989 CZ 633 6 174 48 778 72 927 61 006 DK 1 032 641 9 683 DE 12 531 40 711 178 117 EE 99 1 502 14 878 41 074 IE 270 5 157 11 645 79 447 EL 1 056 10 189 30 864 75 600 ES 12 073 13 731 140 535 501 053 FR 10 842 10 218 377 205 615 607 IT 6 554 21 524 147 364 CY 257 2 427 1 933 3 371 LV 0 1 622 18 545 49 508 58 659 LT 309 1 750 19 575 LU 147 837 1 910 HU 785 6 734 23 539 158 760 MT 0 184 665 1 379 NL 2 604 2 600 7 745 121 999 AT 1 678 10 396 23 688 71 059 PL 583 13 618 24 122 166 249 PT 2 545 5 845 4 500 RO 228 15 755 63 969 SI 579 956 4 886 32 138 SK 328 3 359 14 141 25 942 FI 700 12 564 28 453 36 472 SE 1 740 13 660 82 900 325 000 UK 3 670 49 025 122 247 248 433 HR 877 6 992 10 544 10 375 MK 216 690 3 812 8 995 TR 1 987 31 335 30 429 IS 11 4 213 3 999 4 825 NO 271 27 046 27 075 38 528 CH 1 361 397 18 117 51 446 Notes: (*) The definition of road types varies from country to country.T RA N S P OR T 3. 148 S o u rce: I nter nat ional R oad Fed erat ion. the data are therefore not comparable. 'Other roads' sometimes includes roads without a hard surface.5.

S o u rce : U n i on I nter nationale des Chemins de Fer. Eu ro stat 149 .0  696 699 699 699 699 699 234 33.8  14 539 14 291 13 868 14 452 14 652 15 012 8 730 58.9  2007 51.7  1 026 1 021 968 959 962 816 131 16.6  11 348 11 376 11 015 10 948 10 781 10 777 3 979 36.9  271 275 274 275 275 275 262 95.7  69 450 67 105 65 411 62 027 61 769 61 573 27 059 43.7  11 193 10 925 11 037 11 017 11 020 10 972 7 848 71.6  16 066 16 003 16 187 16 545 16 627 16 667 11 731 70.9  1 196 1 201 1 201 1 228 1 228 1 228 503 41.5.9  3 064 2 850 2 814 2 844 2 839 2 838 1 435 50.1  1 944 1 954 1 919 1 919 1 919 1 919 52 2.0  3 215 3 232 3 216 3 399 3 563 3 563 3 563 100.7  2 484 2 474 2 385 2 576 2 509 2 551 199 7.3  7 838 7 714 8 005 7 950 7 960 7 942 2 793 35.3 infrastructure Railways Length of Lines in Use km EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH km %  of which: electrified 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 231 582 227 105 217 349 215 542 215 856 212 336 109 564 162 132 160 000 151 938 153 515 154 087 150 763 82 505 54.5  16 914 17 069 17 044 19 956 19 956 16 208 5 313 32.T RA N S P OR T 3.3  2 007 2 002 1 905 1 771 1 771 1 766 122 6.5  5 867 5 880 5 854 5 732 5 905 5 899 3 047 51.0  3 668 3 662 3 626 3 626 3 629 1 577 43.7  9 430 9 444 9 614 9 597 9 588 3 060 31.9  3 479 3 368 3 471 3 544 3 560 3 374 3 002 89.5  8 429 8 549 8 671 8 697 8 697 8 697 1 920 22.1  60.0  40 981 41 718 36 588 34 221 34 122 33 890 19 544 57.4  - - - - - - - - 2 397 2 413 2 331 2 270 2 269 2 265 257 11.1  - - - - - - - - 4 044 4 023 4 179 4 087 4 087 4 114 2 552 62.0  Notes: CS: 1990: 13 111 (included in EU27 and EU12 totals).2  - - - - - - - - 2 798 2 739 2 802 2 811 2 776 2 776 2 028 73.9  5 624 5 672 5 665 5 691 5 818 5 818 3 545 26 228 23 986 22 560 19 507 19 429 19 419 11 831 60. nat i o n al s t at i sti cs.8  2 429 2 296 2 726 2 726 2 722 2 722 980 36.2  34 070 31 939 29 272 29 286 29 463 29 918 15 133 50.6 2 838 2 843 2 758 2 646 2 646 2 646 636 24.0  4 299 4 294 4 320 4 154 4 146 4 143 2 806 67.

4 I nfrastructure Railways High Speed Rail Network Length of lines (1) km (at end of year) BE 1985 1990 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 58 58 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 DE ES 90 447 636 636 833 875 1 202 1 202 1 291 1 300 1 300 471 471 471 471 1 069 1 069 1 090 1 272 1 516 1 594 FR 417 699 1 220 1 278 1 573 1 573 1 573 1 573 1 573 1 573 1 893 1 893 IT 224 224 248 248 248 248 248 248 468 562 562 744 UK 74 74 74 74 113 113 EU 641 1 013 2 386 2 691 2 986 3 245 3 959 4 286 4 527 4 892 5 504 5 764 High-speed lines currently under construction (2) LINE BE BE NL DE DE DE ES ES ES ES ES ES ES FR/ES FR FR IT IT Liège – German border Antwerpen – Dutch border Amsterdam / Schiphol – Belgian border München – Augsburg Gröhers – Erfurt Nürnberg – Erfurt Madrid – Valencia / Alicante / Murcia Vitoria – Bilbao – San Sebastian Variante de Pajares Ourense – Santiago Bobadilla – Granada La Couna – Vigo Barcelona – Figueras Perpignan – Figueras Nimes – Montpellier Dijon – Mulhouse Bologna – Firenze Novara – Milano Length – km Start of operation 36 36 2009 2009 120 2009 62 98 218 2010 2015 2017 902 2012 175 2012 50 88 109 158 132 44 70 140 77 55 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2009 2012 2012 2009 2009 Notes: (1) Length of lines or of sections of lines on which trains can go faster than 250 km/h at some point during the journey. 150 S o u rce : ( 1) Union I nter nationale des Chemins de Fer.T RA N S P OR T 3. high speed depar tm e nt . (2) The length indicated above is the length of the line under construction and not necessarily the distance between the places named.5. (2) Union I nter nat ionale d es C hem ins de Fe r . n ati o n a l so u rce s.

railway comp anies 151 .5 infrastructure Railways: Main Railway Gauge and Electric Current Used Track Gauge Electric current mm dc volts BE 1 435 BG 1 435 CZ 1 435 DK 1 435 DE 1 435 EE 1 520 IE ES (*) 1 600 600 1 000 1 435 1 000 1 435 1 668 FR 1 000 1 435 IT 1 435 EL ac volts 3 000 25 000 50 Hz 25 000 50 Hz 3 000 25 000 50 Hz 3 000 800 .1 200 (contact rail) 3 000 25 000 50 Hz 15 000 16.7 Hz 25 000 50 Hz UK 750 (contact rail) Notes: 1 435 mm = standard gauge.T RA N S P OR T 3.7 Hz PL 3 000 25 000 50 Hz RO 1 435 1 000 1 668 1 435 25 000 50 Hz SI 1 435 3 000 SK 1 435 3 000 25 000 50 Hz PT FI 1 524 25 000 50 Hz SE 1 435 1 435 1 600 (N-IRL) 15 000 16.5. UK: (N-IRL): Northern Ireland.850 (contact rail) 1 500 3 000 CY - - LV 1 520 3 000 LT 1 520 25 000 50 Hz LU 1 435 25 000 50 Hz HU 1 435 25 000 50 Hz MT - - - - NL 1 435 1 500 AT 1 435 15 000 16.7 Hz 25 000 50 Hz 25 000 50 Hz 25 000 50 Hz 25 000 50 Hz - - 1 500 1 500 3 000 750 . S o u rce : U n i o n I nter n ati o n a l e des C hem ins d e Fer. (*) ES: new lines have a gauge of 1 435 mm and an electric current of 25 000 50 Hz.

blank means none. 152 S ource: Eurost at . Airports are grouped according to 2007 passenger volumes.5.6 I nfrastructure Air Number of Airports by number of passengers carried (*) per year EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH more than 10 million 31 30 1 1 1 1 7 1 1 5 3 2 5 to 10 million 29 26 3 2 1 4 3 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 9 2 1 1 2 1 to 5 500 000 to 100 000 15 000 million 1 million to 500 000 to 100 000 92 43 116 81 77 40 102 72 15 3 14 9 1 3 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 3 2 8 4 5 7 1 2 1 3 3 5 3 13 8 17 3 6 5 10 8 23 13 13 5 8 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 4 1 4 2 1 3 2 1 2 4 2 1 1 1 2 2 9 9 4 3 14 10 10 5 9 9 3 1 3 2 1 1 6 6 7 16 1 3 3 6 3 9 23 1 1 2 Notes: (*) 'Passengers carried' means that direct transit passengers (i.e. transit passengers who stay on board and continue their flight with the same flight number) are not included. nat ional sou rce s .T RA N S P OR T 3. In this table.

FI: includes all public waterways and inland boat routes. n ati o n a l stati sti cs.7 infrastructure Inland Waterways Length In Use Navigable canals.5. est im ates (in it alics) 153 . ES (Guadalquivir) and PT (Douro. CH: lakes and rivers mainly used for public transport of passengers.T RA N S P OR T 3. Guadiana. Tejo) are used by seagoing ships only. S o u rce : Eu ro stat. rivers and lakes regularly used for transport km 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1995 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 6 072 390 1 631 38 963 29 608 9 355 1 540 470 677 7 343 520 6 70 5 962 1 466 12 369 37 1 373 5 046 351 3 980 124 1 782 172 6 120 390 1 153 41 152 32 169 8 983 1 532 470 664 7 300 320 6 70 5 789 1 477 12 380 37 1 373 5 046 351 3 813 124 1 779 172 8 894 390 1 153 40 946 32 021 8 925 1 532 470 664 7 305 320 6 70 5 384 1 562 12 425 37 1 440 5 046 351 3 643 124 1 779 172 9 149 390 1 065 42 808 33 889 8 919 1 532 470 664 7 305 320 6 70 5 372 1 562 12 425 37 1 439 6 595 351 3 638 124 1 779 172 9 480 390 1 065 42 870 33 950 8 920 1 532 470 664 7 305 320 6 70 5 372 1 562 12 425 37 1 440 6 595 351 3 638 124 1 779 172 9 541 390 1 065 43 011 34 091 8 920 1 532 470 664 7 309 320 6 70 5 372 1 562 12 425 37 1 440 6 595 351 3 638 124 1 779 172 9 678 390 1 065 1 217 1 208 1 244 1 244 1 239 1 240 1 240 29 474 1 515 470 6 669 6 70 6 197 1 366 12 369 37 1 373 5 046 351 3 997 124 1 782 - Notes: The inland waterways of EL (Korinthos Canal).

CS: 1990: 1 090 km.8 I nfrastructure Pipelines Length of oil pipelines km 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1995 2000 515 3 470 601 - - 33 362 22 638 10 724 294 578 675 330 2 370 70 3 784 5 746 4 377 766 500 2 047 418 777 2 293 147 3 350 515 4 325 601 144 3 065 - 108 108 19 125 20 631 301 578 294 578 568 330 2 460 3 691 4 983 4 235 766 400 - 444 3 038 2 678 4 948 4 086 766 391 777 2 039 3 694 2 462 865 521 239 2003 32 867 22 162 10 705 294 578 675 330 2 370 3 780 5 746 4 346 766 500 2 043 418 777 2 278 147 3 350 515 3 954 601 391 777 2 278 - 2004 33 519 22 810 10 709 294 578 675 330 2 370 122 3 831 5 746 4 370 766 500 2 047 418 777 2 278 147 3 350 515 4 405 601 144 3 065 108 2005 33 573 22 770 10 803 294 578 675 330 2 370 122 3 833 5 746 4 328 860 500 2 047 418 777 2 278 147 3 350 515 4 405 610 144 3 065 1 189 108 2006 33 589 22 786 10 803 294 578 675 330 2 370 122 3 841 5 746 4 336 860 500 2 047 418 777 2 278 147 3 350 515 4 405 610 144 3 065 1 189 108 Notes: Including oil pipelines under the sea. nat ional st at ist ic s. 154 S o u rce: Eurost at . DE: Crude oil pipelines only.5. est im ates (in it a lics ) .T RA N S P OR T 3.

4 2.0 3.1 Road Motorization Number of passenger cars per thousand inhabitants 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH LI 345 405 140 387 152 234 309 461 154 228 170 309 476 483 304 106 133 477 187 367 388 138 171 56 294 166 388 419 361 468 380 442 582 1995 381 435 191 421 196 295 320 495 269 276 207 360 481 533 335 134 199 556 218 487 364 452 195 255 99 357 189 371 411 378 158 145 49 445 386 457 609 2000 417 465 242 456 245 335 347 475 339 348 292 431 503 572 384 236 336 622 232 483 409 511 261 336 124 435 237 412 450 425 253 148 65 561 411 492 663 2005 448 489 296 468 329 386 362 493 367 400 387 463 499 590 463 324 428 655 287 525 434 503 323 397 156 479 242 462 459 469 312 124 80 625 437 518 699 2006 456 495 307 470 230 399 371 498 413 418 407 470 504 597 479 360 470 661 293 535 442 507 351 405 167 488 247 475 461 471 323 119 88 641 445 519 691 2007 464 500 325 473 272 412 378 501 391 434 428 481 508 598 521 398 472 665 300 548 451 510 383 412 164 501 265 485 464 476 336 122 92 668 455 521 689 % change '06/'07 1.2 Notes: Passenger car stock at end of year n has been divided by population on 1 January of year n+1.7 10.0 0.5 155 . S o u rce : t ab l es 3.7 7.9 0.2 2.9 0.8 5.5 -5.0 1.2 1.6.T RA N S P OR T 3.8 1.6 M eans of T ransport 3.3 0.1 4.0 6.7 18.2 2.3 -0.6.2 2.9 4.3 8.4 3.5 1.1 4.6 9.6 0.4 3.6 2.1 0.2 0.6 2.9 0.2 a n d 1.6 0.2 0.9 -1.

6 1.6 4.3 1. United Nations Economic Commi s s i o n for Europ e (UNEC E). CH: 30 September. DE: revised series from 1997.0 2.2 M eans of T ransport Road Passenger Cars Stock of registered vehicles thousand 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH LI 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 162 899 181 751 200 868 220 223 224 676 229 764 147 892 161 539 175 513 189 611 192 985 196 160 15 007 20 212 25 355 30 612 31 691 33 604 3 864 4 273 4 678 4 919 4 976 5 049 1 317 1 648 1 993 2 538 1 768 2 082 2 410 3 043 3 439 3 959 4 109 4 280 1 590 1 679 1 854 1 965 2 020 2 068 36 772 40 499 39 059 40 660 41 020 41 184 241 383 464 494 554 524 801 998 1 333 1 684 1 802 1 910 1 736 2 205 3 195 4 303 4 543 4 799 11 996 14 212 17 449 20 250 20 909 21 760 27 072 27 872 29 808 30 497 31 002 31 443 27 416 30 301 32 584 34 667 35 297 35 680 179 220 268 355 373 411 283 332 557 742 822 905 493 718 1 172 1 455 1 592 1 588 183 229 273 307 315 322 1 944 2 245 2 365 2 889 2 954 3 012 120 181 189 213 218 225 5 509 5 633 6 539 7 092 7 230 7 392 2 991 3 594 4 097 4 157 4 205 4 246 5 261 7 517 9 991 12 339 13 384 14 589 1 700 2 560 3 443 4 200 4 290 4 379 1 292 2 197 2 778 3 364 3 603 3 541 587 711 866 960 980 1 014 880 1 016 1 274 1 304 1 334 1 434 1 939 1 901 2 135 2 430 2 506 2 570 3 601 3 631 3 999 4 154 4 202 4 258 20 722 21 951 25 067 28 326 28 667 29 101 711 1 125 1 385 1 436 1 491 286 300 253 242 250 3 059 4 422 5 773 6 141 6 472 120 119 159 187 197 209 1 613 1 685 1 852 2 029 2 084 2 155 2 985 3 229 3 545 3 861 3 900 3 956 17 19 22 24 24 24 % change '06/'07 2.0 1.1 -1.2 2.3 1.0 5.5 2.2 2. 156 S ource: national statistics.4 1.9 3.0 3.4 1.8 4.1 10.1 -0.0 9.4 0.6.2 3.4 -5.5 3. EE and RO: cleaned up database in 2007.2 10.3 Notes: Stock at end of year.4 0.T RA N S P OR T 3.5 17.1 2.4 6.1 1. except for BE: 1 August. LI: 1 July.7 3.5 6. own est im ates (in it a lics ) .6 6.3 2.3 5.2 1.5 7.

31 12.29 10.18 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 752.8 1.20 5.85 14.11 797.08 15. ow n esti mate s (in it alics) 157 .91 2.59 15.5 1.03 0.38 17.18 6.16 14.4 2.6 0.96 2.7 -6.7 -15.92 13.10 9.45 0.11 790.90 4.43 15.94 59.20 2.55 14.14 11.4 -4.85 2.65 41.0 1.31 232.75 87.44 3.9 0.22 10.2 0.56 15.31 8.27 501.60 20.78 45.87 20.77 73.02 42.39 96.92 9.28 8.30 79.14 231.5 0.0 -19.6.33 22.08 14.3 2.31 1.0 2.47 17.15 96.09 5.4 2.84 20.63 15.90 21.3 0.69 40.45 27.52 776.T RA N S P OR T 3.0 4.2 5.79 0.45 1.57 14.4 -0.3 0.46 1.54 263.43 7.80 75.44 0.37 9.11 92.01 18.67 39.90 3.00 26.78 40.13 11.11 100.76 26.10 28.26 14.08 14.50 15.17 11.10 61.25 533.19 13.80 21.8 0.73 2.47 1.83 58.90 2. Trolleybuses are usually included in the data.00 9.70 77.47 11.42 2.75 85.73 1.25 1.81 8.10 34.3 19.05 17.92 82.62 1.0 -7.58 0.02 2.37 7.92 483.43 45.25 561.42 88.6 3.99 13.4 -0.60 75.58 75.97 77.7 0.49 1.30 32.7 Notes: Stock at end of year.84 523.00 5.40 92.85 14.38 81.05 2.86 1.52 36.00 5.33 14.67 85.93 26.5 1.59 19.28 24.0 5.48 11.20 0.64 15.57 566.41 15.33 21.04 94.05 21.85 9.60 4.47 8.34 1.48 105.26 0.22 31.38 8.67 16.9 5.04 2. LI: 1 July.33 10.50 241.5 3.10 790.30 9.25 90.34 17.15 10.26 9. S o u rce : n at i onal statistics.42 3.84 2.40 75.40 12.19 7.50 354.30 253.46 17.09 9.55 75.60 4.73 85.32 111.32 548.78 11.27 3.22 10.10 6.62 14.48 75.95 46.30 87.39 37.01 11. except for BE: 1 August.82 15.10 3.87 558.90 5.14 15.72 1.11 10.07 4.64 9.20 48.06 94.72 43.90 28.32 188. DE: revised series from 1997.67 36.3 M eans of T ransport Road Buses and Coaches Stock of registered vehicles thousand 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH LI 480.80 20.67 269.4 0.54 1.5 2.94 25.60 47.64 34.3 3.10 1.27 2.98 12.48 23.26 10.70 4.95 11.2 -2.00 40.63 26.47 13.93 1.10 % change '06/'07 0.66 2. CH: 30 September.3 2. EE and RO: cleaned up database in 2007.72 2.54 13. United Nations Economic Commission fo r Eu ro p e ( UN ECE ) .30 83.0 4.64 109.08 14.50 15.96 27.04 54.90 1.

0 1 333.0 1 320.0 2 349.3 3 552. DE: revised series from 1997 for lorries and from 2007 for both lorries and road tractors.8 384.4 427. data include heavy and light goods vehicles.7 97.5 508.1 121.9 469.0 1.2 5.4 M eans of T ransport Road Goods Vehicles Stock of registered vehicles thousand 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH LI 1995 17 536.6 2 378.7 2 520. CH: 30 September.7 143.6 4 179.0 304.2 1 308.7 33 193.8 536.1 1 879.4 70.7 4 437.2 2 503.4 3 694.2 314.0 2 708.8 205.2 259. 158 S ource: national statistics.5 995.7 176. EE and RO: cleaned up database in 2007.8 545.7 27 098.5 912. LI: 1 July.2 2 619.9 98.4 459.8 333.0 8.1 394.6 108.3 363.0 343.6 1 653.2 189.4 3 842.1 113.7 2 419.5 147.7 3 834.7 5 346.5 318.0 5.5 2.T RA N S P OR T 3.0 2 928.2 19.8 19.5 292.8 92. data are not fully comparable between countries.7 32.3 372.9 1 255.7 252.2 766.9 554.4 278.0 553.3 262.6 14.2 493.6 5 087.9 54.6 3.6 444.8 504.4 652.5 68.4 8.8 31 177.1 2 404.0 74.5 28.2 1.6 1 354.3 252.5 1.9 226.0 65.4 2 401.4 488.1 670.1 2000 2005 2006 2007 22 811.5 135.8 4.7 5 344.4 690.6 102.7 5.2 4 849.9 654.0 73.7 262.0 13.8 24.5 414.6 101.6 345.6 2.1 28 080.0 11.0 258.1 3.4 333.5 4 724.7 29.0 261.9 5.3 1 313.6 30.7 374.6 5 113.5 2 392.0 364.9 27 214.8 2 152.6 15.7 22. United Nations Economic Commi s s i o n for Europ e (UNEC E).0 42.2 442.2 3 923.1 32 083.0 899.8 3 377.3 215.5 3.4 40.3 26 452. lorries and road tractors.3 298.0 5.3 439.5 2. own est im ates (in it a lics ) .9 3 024.5 548.1 77.2 309.5 307.0 1 351.1 349.8 51.6 286.9 10.6 % change '06/'07 3. As a rule.9 883.5 2 706.7 4 331.0 264.0 5.3 141.3 83.1 2 565.0 -7.6 122.4 1.3 23 256.4 1 186.1 2 304.7 117.9 169.5 122.9 10.4 161.4 115.6.6 513.6 13.2 2.6 376.8 781.3 1.3 66.6 114.0 830.5 1 219.3 1 004.1 261.7 30.1 308. except for BE: 1 August.3 4 926.0 18.5 44.7 1 010.9 344.3 465.2 2.2 114.4 3.1 31.2 461.7 307.9 2 471.0 5 151.1 3.5 358.6 19 849.0 324.6 Notes: Stock at end of year.0 15.1 4.4 25.7 223.5 46.2 92.2 4 869.4 45.5 2 962.5 8. due to varying concepts of such vehicles.1 427.3 5.9 80.7 118.5 162.6 286.7 14.1 4 670.5 2.3 219.6 18.1 129.0 5.1 86.6 82.3 5 353.0 67.3 -13.0 2 405.1 366.4 302.8 5 476.5 380.8 1 057.3 502.5 7.8 3.2 490.5 2.2 479.0 174.0 3.6 24.

3 359.5 11.6.1 4.8 5.6 803.0 835.0 6.1 2.8 338.7 146.9 1.6 14.2 -4.3 43.7 29.2 2 289.9 3.0 56.3 23.3 201.6 39.9 37.4 162.0 7 826.5 264.3 453.4 929.0 34.3 12.8 36.1 3. DE: revised series from 1997.8 753.0 25.4 308.0 3.9 37.3 12.0 216.7 Notes: Stock at end of year.7 4 741.2 277.7 268.9 567.8 437.9 32.7 38.5 619.1 1 822.0 3.3 2.0 122.6 1 124.4 9 338.2 257.0 197.2 135.1 2 245.1 138.1 63.7 612.5 1 301.0 1 441.1 10.0 6 228.9 158.3 667.2 27 333.7 130.9 585.7 3.7 183. except for BE: 1 August. LI: 1 July.8 20.1 4.2 20. S o u rce : n at io n a l stati sti cs.7 9.4 6.5 7.1 5 078.8 322.9 1.6 3 854.2 71.7 588.9 2 287.7 301.4 13.3 50.2 40.3 6.1 2.9 12.6 583.2 1 205.0 1 295.8 374.2 234.0 12.5 36.2 3.7 17.7 29 579.2 714.4 376.4 15.6 493.9 34.3 34.8 12.2 781.0 3 995.0 9.0 2 535.9 41.1 3.5 3.4 19.6 239.9 44.7 53.9 24.6 2.3 41.7 645.0 1 254.3 915.9 819.0 9 298.2 18.0 748.5 91.7 3.9 5 405.7 528.0 2 510.6 1 218.4 17.7 28 043. SI and HR: from 2002 including mopeds.5 28.3 28 810.5 5.7 860.5 25 661.8 536.4 10.7 1 445.5 608.4 2 246.5 310.7 7. CH: 30 September.7 536.5 M eans of T ransport Road Powered T wo-wheelers Stock of registered vehicles thousand 1995 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH LI 519.5 20 272.1 282.2 632.5 45.9 128. National vehicle stock data do not always include all powered two-wheelers and are therefore not fully comparable between countries.8 22.3 2.6 370.7 520.9 184.2 2 003.7 8.1 4 117.8 30 288.0 5 202.8 32.6 4.9 5 550.T RA N S P OR T 3.1 971.9 552.4 2. Tricycles and quads are sometimes included in the data.1 248.5 81.0 1 235.4 12.4 1 042.2 12.7 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 % change '06/'07 22 834.7 197.6 4 393.8 9 280. LV: from 2004 including mopeds.8 1 298.2 114.2 4.8 346.2 90.7 5.8 30.0 1 218.7 2.9 9 207.0 2 238.9 193.5 8.4 7. RO: cleaned up database in 2007.8 159.2 26 572.8 2 410.1 20.9 418.5 591.2 58.4 194.6 794.3 345.4 27 948.4 40.2 627.0 28.4 41.3 162.1 497.6 52.3 327.1 403.0 21.2 825.4 558.0 2 462.5 76.0 822.4 40.0 546.4 58.0 56.9 9.6 34. ow n es t im ates (in it alics) 159 .0 2 480.8 2.6 784.1 171.4 4.3 2 561.2 4 438.0 -0.1 756.4 271.2 48.8 1 011.0 11.2 1.5 137.9 112.

T RA N S P OR T

3.6.6

M eans of T ransport

Road
Passenger Cars
New vehicle registrations
thousand
2000

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

%
change
'07/'08

EU-27

15 148.7 15 092.2 15 450.3 15 604.9 14 335.1

-8.1

EU-15

14 319.1 14 127.5 14 111.9 14 367.3 14 363.8 13 151.2

-8.4

EU-12
BE

515.2

BG
CZ

1 021.3

980.3

1 083.1

1 241.1

1 183.9

484.8

480.1

526.1

524.8

535.9

-4.6
2.1

24.9

32.7

32.5

41.0

45.1

10.0

143.6

151.7

156.7

174.5

143.7

-17.7

DK

112.7

121.5

146.9

154.4

159.3

150.0

-5.9

DE

3 378.3

3 266.8

3 319.3

3 468.0

3 148.2

3 090.0

-1.8

16.4

19.6

25.4

30.9

24.3

-21.3
-18.6

EE
IE

230.8

154.1

171.7

178.5

186.3

151.6

EL

290.2

289.7

269.7

267.7

279.7

267.2

-4.5

ES

1 381.3

1 517.3

1 528.9

1 634.6

1 614.8

1 161.2

-28.1

FR

2 133.9

2 013.7

2 067.8

2 000.5

2 064.5

2 050.3

-0.7

IT

2 423.1

2 264.7

2 237.4

2 326.0

2 493.1

2 160.1

-13.4

CY

8.2

19.7

19.2

20.3

25.1

24.7

-1.7

11.2

16.6

25.6

32.8

19.2

-41.4
-0.4

LV
LT
LU

41.9

HU
MT

9.5

10.5

14.2

21.6

21.5

48.2

48.5

50.8

51.3

52.4

2.0

207.1

199.0

187.7

171.7

155.9

-9.2

6.2

6.6

6.7

6.2

5.4

-12.3

NL

597.6

483.7

465.2

484.0

505.5

500.0

-1.1

AT

309.4

311.3

307.9

308.6

298.2

293.7

-1.5

318.1

235.5

239.0

293.3

320.0

9.1

197.6

206.5

194.7

201.8

213.4

5.7

RO

145.1

172.5

256.4

315.6

285.5

-9.5

SI

62.0

59.3

59.6

68.7

68.5

-0.3

SK

57.4

57.1

59.1

59.7

70.0

17.3

142.4

147.9

145.7

125.3

139.6

11.5

PL
PT

FI

257.8

134.6

SE

290.5

264.2

274.3

282.8

306.8

254.0

-17.2

UK

2 221.7

2 567.3

2 439.7

2 344.9

2 404.0

2 131.8

-11.3

HR

92.4

99.8

102.1

114.4

105.8
353.5

MK
TR

160

432.7

406.8

396.5

IS

13.6

12.0

18.1

17.1

15.9

9.0

-43.3

NO

97.4

115.6

109.9

109.2

129.2

110.6

-14.4

CH

316.5

269.4

264.9

269.5

284.7

287.5

1.0

S o u rce: Asso ci ati on d es Const r uc teur s Europ éens d 'Automob i l e s,
nat ional sou rce s

T RA N S P OR T

3.6.7

M eans of T ransport

Road
Goods Vehicles
New vehicle registrations

EU-27
EU-15
EU-12
BE
BG
CZ
DK
DE
EE
IE
EL
ES
FR
IT
CY
LV
LT
LU
HU
MT
NL
AT
PL
PT
RO
SI
SK
FI
SE
UK
IS
NO
CH

<3.5t

%

>3,5t & <16t

%

>16t

%

2006 2007

2006 2007

2006 2007

change
'06/'07

Heavy Commercial
Vehicles

change
'06/'07

Commercial
Vehicles

change
'06/'07

Light commercial
vehicles

2 025 425 2 157 105
1 868 368 1 971 409
157 057 185 696

6.5
5.5 101 209

99 035

-2.1 253 387 258 378

2.0

18.2

60 156

68 007

13.1

9 959

10 697

7.4

3 007

3 206

6.6

7 772

9 356

20.4

16 185

19 534

62 792

56 067

20.7

3 264

4 007

22.8

6 530

8 072

23.6

-10.7

785

855

8.9

5 205

6 036

197 513 221 769

16.0

12.3

38 373

38 452

0.2

62 837

68 424

8.9
15.1

3 696

4 610

24.7

147

121

-17.7

1 387

1 597

39 502

42 727

8.2

3 077

2 634

-14.4

3 712

3 504

-5.6

23 730

24 007

1.2

1 173

1 298

10.7

1 014

1 199

18.2

273 922 275 563

0.6

8 577

9 318

8.6

32 395

35 779

10.4

439 194 460 513

4.9

9 740

8 403

-13.7

43 613

44 405

1.8

231 436 242 626

4.8

10 188

10 083

-1.0

25 560

25 737

0.7

(1)

(1)

3 697

4 578

23.8

(1)

(1)

2 508

3 458

37.9

221

271

22.6

1 926

2 990

55.2

4 107

4 251

3.5

231

327

41.6

2 893

4 679

61.7

3 083

3 492

13.3

159

175

10.1

1 265

1 472

16.4

21 604

21 920

1.5

(2)

625

940

50.4

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

63 913

80 830

26.5

3 309

2 167

-34.5

16 695

13 117

30 357

32 322

6.5

992

1 144

15.3

6 617

7 273

9.9

38 618

52 048

34.8

5 162

6 330

22.6

10 734

18 243

70.0

64 342

68 418

6.3

1 329

1 398

5.2

4 082

4 247

4.0

30 508

33 229

8.9

3 612

3 468

-4.0

4 170

11 511

176.0

-21.4

6 048

6 813

12.6

383

391

2.1

1 679

2 326

38.5

19 502

23 618

21.1

948

1 083

14.2

3 465

4 360

25.8

16 472

17 507

6.3

1 305

1 395

6.9

2 726

2 779

1.9

39 618

44 222

11.6

866

988

14.1

5 362

5 722

6.7

322 338 333 339

3.4

18 329

17 519

-4.4

34 532

29 328

-15.1

2 490

2 782

198

234

325

301

42 611

45 609

1 801

1 670

3 988

4 591

23 015

25 386

1 095

1 106

3 746

3 290

Notes: (1) Heavy commercial vehicles included in previous columns.
(2) Lorries included in other columns.

S o u rce : As s o ci ati o n des Co n stru c teur s Europ éens d 'Automob iles,
nat i o n al s o u rces

161

T RA N S P OR T

3.6.8

M eans of T ransport

Road
Buses and Coaches
New vehicle registrations
Buses &
coaches

Heavy busES
& coaches

<3.5t

>3,5t & <16t

>16t

%

TOTAL

2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007

change
'06/'07

Light buses &
coaches

EU-27
EU-15 11 328 12 051 10 914 12 302 22 119 22 006 44 361 46 359

4.5

EU-12
BE

237

17

2 704

3 459

280

279

627

799

1 144

1 095

-4.3

BG
CZ
DK

286

355

680

614

966

969

0.3

94

158

390

295

3 188

3 912

22.7

DE

35

30

966

907

4 709

4 534

5 710

5 471

-4.2

EE

21

36

103

103

37

101

161

240

49.1

IE

485

658

136

94

327

311

948

1 063

12.1

EL

44

50

32.1

ES

122

132

308

444

474

626

867

861

2 765

2 942

3 632

3 803

4.7
5.5

FR

79

39

1 221

1 335

4 550

4 797

5 850

6 171

IT

52

79

1 974

1 624

2 796

2 770

4 822

4 473

-7.2

47

61

29.8

CY
LV

116

154

38

29

52

17

206

200

-2.9

LT

189

61

30

141

60

25

279

227

-18.6

14

20

154

156

LU
HU

162

MT

10

NL

4

13

AT

22

13

PL

1 501

2 352

PT

140

RO

1 161

SI

16

SK

2

168

176

4.8

1 130

1 096

-3.0

0

0

1

1

11

14

27.3

47

459

745

699

796

1 158

45.5

91

100

714

657

-6.9

312

407

1 790

519

9

24
199

827

770

4 417

4 852

9.8

267

320

719

727

1.1

674

828

525

2 508

2 989

19.2

41

108

99

148

149

0.7

145

319

188

520

333

-36.0

FI

89

86

127

163

222

247

438

496

13.2

SE

84

90

330

205

934

696

1 348

991

-26.5

UK

7 353

7 530

4 333

5 558

2 611

IS

30

23

12

12

14

2 339 14 297 15 427
11

56

46

7.9
-17.9

NO

105

55

315

462

423

621

843

1 138

35.0

CH

521

408

124

133

431

397

1 076

938

-12.8

S o u rce: Asso ci ati on d es Const r uc teur s Europ éens d 'Automob i l e s,
nat ional sou rce s

T RA N S P OR T

3.6.9

M eans of T ransport

Road
Motorcycles
New vehicle registrations

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

%
change
'06/'07

thousand

EU-27
EU-15 1 333.17 1 115.24 1 136.94 1 193.97 1 296.75 1 418.50 1 466.33

3.4

EU-12
BE

25.32

21.50

22.22

25.06

24.96

27.27

30.13

10.5

BG
CZ

3.87

7.88

5.96

7.22

7.59

8.42

9.99

18.5

DK

3.30

2.63

2.82

3.63

5.78

7.58

9.78

29.0

DE
EE

252.62 204.13 191.26 173.52 168.56 165.84 166.88
0.05

0.17

0.19

0.23

0.32

IE

3.85

5.60

2.85

2.53

2.39

EL

64.04

56.07

59.14

72.02

83.08

72.02

63.37

ES

0.6

0.77

1.25

62.6

2.51

2.88

14.9

88.48 100.46

13.5

77.44 123.14 205.63 258.36 269.48

4.3

FR

179.55 168.75 176.01 183.81 196.62 229.36 238.97

4.2

IT

524.62 392.76 408.62 421.49 420.48 444.99

435.96

-2.0

CY

1.65

1.82

2.27

2.46

2.93

3.71

26.8

LV

0.80

0.96

1.26

1.27

2.12

3.79

78.6
75.9

LT

0.38

0.79

0.86

0.99

1.57

2.32

4.08

LU

1.26

1.32

1.44

1.35

1.27

1.38

1.42

2.8

HU

7.44

8.88

16.15

12.54

12.05

12.78

6.1

MT

0.55

0.51

0.36

0.41

0.54

0.74

36.0

NL

19.63

16.85

16.74

17.57

16.81

14.79

16.24

9.8

AT

23.78

16.69

17.93

18.75

19.90

18.87

23.75

25.8

1.30

1.95

3.84

5.12

7.57

48.1

17.72

14.22

11.20

11.56

11.23

11.44

11.99

4.9

105.53 102.97 104.51

93.85

PL
PT
RO
SI

1.23

1.16

1.47

SK

2.07

2.54

3.60

5.06

40.7

1.17

1.17

2.12

3.14

48.2

FI

5.17

4.92

6.26

7.84

9.23

11.06

11.48

3.8

SE

18.40

23.05

23.66

25.30

22.76

27.05

27.06

0.1

121.91 123.39 119.35 106.39 108.06 109.53 119.86

9.4

UK

Notes: CY: new and used.
IT: all two-wheelers over 50cc.
MT: including mopeds.
S o u rce : As s o ci ati o n des Co n stru c teur s Europ éens d e M otoc yc les,
nat i o n al s o u rces

163

7 LT LU 0.65 20.86 45.7 DK 9.40 SK 1.23 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 % change '06/'07 thousand EU-27 747.86 -8.56 297.63 113.08 6.28 21.71 27.78 57.02 17.05 3.13 166.84 12.37 128.72 EU-12 BE 33.04 2.12 166.69 27.35 2.00 17.39 75.16 36.92 21.3 1.5 5.41 2.55 3.55 24.45 13.96 132.65 LV 130.19 26.35 20.3 IT 311.37 15.90 25.64 -8.3 PL 23.43 5.60 -8.88 130.1 0.98 21.91 94.75 17.3 BG CZ EE IE 3.22 -14.02 81.13 115.89 132.73 1.9 RO 14.73 28.67 94.1 FI 6.28 19.9 UK 48.20 4.85 13.45 0.75 17.34 16.53 0.63 HU MT NL 66.86 48.14 137.76 775.0 CY 2.43 AT 21.14 1.70 0.33 109.88 39.02 2.09 1.27 36.19 103.3 Notes: CY: new and used.24 20.70 2.76 4.12 4.48 0.72 6.92 4.74 1.86 24.58 17.6.8 SE 9. 164 S o u rce: Asso ci ati on d es Const r uc teur s Europ éens d e M otoc yc l e s.52 1. nat ional sou rce s .30 0.90 739.69 5.13 40.35 27.29 30.75 0.74 22.92 184.28 97.98 19.02 6.84 166.94 1.90 -39.74 1.0 PT 132.38 2.T RA N S P OR T 3.55 0.76 161.22 20.66 0.22 3.51 4.91 21.00 154.30 21.4 FR 192.75 23.98 7.7 7.12 0.42 8.90 8.56 4.45 6.76 110.11 36.87 209.91 111.31 43.58 3.93 9.85 0.61 15.77 5.55 24.57 91.1 17.42 118.85 19.94 53.7 ES 248.46 125.76 2.46 4.27 166.2 EL 19.2 DE 108.97 SI 6.30 19.28 109.10 M eans of T ransport Road Mopeds New vehicle deliveries 2000 2002 EU-15 1 094.58 93.81 20.89 2.32 2.

0 % 71.8 % 327 6.836 58.1 % 132 1.0 % 208 5.621 51.724 97 2.3 % 652 24.650 48.855 13 0.364 524 11.973 269 9.0 % 93.7 % 63.083 28.7 % 186 5.810 333 11.8 % 50.260 700 49.655 77 0.11 M eans of T ransport Sea EU Merchant Fleet Ships of 1 000 grt and over On 1 January 2007 Total fleet controlled Foreign flag Share of (inCluding foreign flag National flag other EU) in total fleet Number mio dwt Number mio dwt Number mio dwt Number mio dwt EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 10 550 368.6.6 % 24.244 154 1.108 19 0.083 34.000 43 0.854 30.044 98 1.310 86. 2.037 4 0.286 mio dwt.392 52.192 9 761 355. 0.538 36.629 18 0.8 % 1 0.004 1 0.7 % 69.7 % 100.027 64.333 29 0.4 % 39.0 % 123 1.4 % 30.071 51.859 90.523 92.150 47 0.0 % 1 424 47.048 6 0.777 191 3.1 % 80.724 6 656 247.137 383 15.570 505 8.251 255 9.9 % 93 0.095 63 0.7 % 97.636 284 4.307 16 0.9 % 70.4 % Notes: DK: including international registers like the Danish International Ship Register.0 % 20.706 100.407 95 2. Russia: 1 523 ships.0 % 100.172 2 341 121.850 3 105 108.020 23.721 mio dwt.486 3 389 113.845 2 566 72.5 % 2 942 85.599 46 1.4 % 80.319 114 1.852 173 4.038 2 0. 2.5 % 28 0.5 % 8 0.334 117 5.0 % 100.9 % 362 12.8 % 44 0.088 77.354 97.3 % 35.2 % 84.1 % 52.4 % 53.579 68 1.057 13 0.793 22.674 429 11.970 502 13.7 % 39 0.651 111 3. S o u rce : I S L merchant fleet data bases. aggregates based on quar ter ly up d ate s f ro m th e L l oyd's M a r i ti me I nfor mat ion System 165 . Gibraltar: 10 ships.004 100.1 % 21.7 % 3 041 170.T RA N S P OR T 3.107 15 0.114 446 6.907 mio dwt. including vessels registered at territorial dependencies.7 % 234 4.179 18 0.294 7 161 255.5 % 620 7.028 91 2.315 30 0.584 47. Monaco: 70 ships.680 69.0 % 870 11.571 153 3.2 % 107 1.014 52 6.4 % 63.0 % 47.073 53.7 % 41.631 429 3.066 169 12.1 % 17 0.211 39 0.6 % 42.859 110 3.705 78.706 28 0. Ukraine: 358 ships.010 25.7 % 70.390 41 0.464 424 4.943 922 34.056 37.8 % 37 0.485 87.749 68 1.5 % 85.3 % 82.3 % 684 21.126 789 12.220 67.734 24 0.330 376 12.354 1 0.4 % 60 0.4 % 57 0. 16.496 36 1.7 % 54.443 124 0.7 % 677 15.627 38.577 62.903 10 0.8 % 108 1.4 % 104 2.359 mio dwt.

0 38.4 12.4 292.4 6.7 % 67.7 % 69.4 45.7 7.2 808.7 % 67. Western Balkan countries.7 5.5 247.6 12.1 5. Monaco.0 49. EFTA. Russia.8 49.2 282.4 423.5 of which: EU-15 207. 166 S ource: ISL merchant fleet data bases.4 % Notes: only ships of 1 000 gt and over.6 465.1 % 33.5 361.0 % 67.6 14.1 % 67.5 % EU-27: Foreign flag share (**) 56.7 313. (**) foreign flag share includes ships registered by EU countries in other EU countries.4 753.5 % 36.7 383.4 51.T RA N S P OR T 3.8 329.9 Africa Unknown Total 936.9 North America 51.6 49.6 258.8 316.1 371.3 Latin America 18.1 368.5 % 68.7 14.6 % 69.0 5.3 399.9 332.7 % 34.0 % 35.12a M eans of T ransport Sea World Merchant Fleet Total controlled fleet by world region dwt (million) On 1 January: World region 1995 2000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Europe (*) 311.2 879.3 % EU-15: Foreign flag share (**) 57.1 Share of EU in Total and of Foreign Flag in EU EU-27 control of total 33. aggregates based on quar te r l y u pdates from t he Lloyd ' s M ar it ime I nfor mat ion Sys te m .4 Asia / Oceania 246.2 % 34.8 % 67.9 % 34.1 of which: EU-27 223. Ukraine and Moldavia.1 57.7 292.9 % 33.4 1 001.0 321.8 % EU-15 control of total 30.5 52. (*) In this table Europe includes EU-27.2 832.2 400. Gibraltar. Andorra.8 672.0 277.1 4.3 12.4 45.9 % 32. Turkey.2 355.7 45.6 52.7 15.7 % 67.8 4.8 % 67.8 % 67.2 % 36.7 47.3 % 35.5 267.9 420.2 305.6.3 % 35.2 % 34.2 350.7 % 67.0 38.

7 ] [ 3. vehicles roll off to disembark.0 ] [ 3.32 17.3 ] 277 1.86 4.1 ] 76 Notes: EU27: deadweight figure for all passenger ships: 2.628 thousand tonnes No deadweight figure is given for cruise ships.87 106 5 6.77 [ 13.57 17 185 2 448 100.65 216 882 0.01 1.59 Special 1 328 191 12.52 219.12b M eans of T ransport Sea World Merchant Fleet by type of ship Total registered fleet On 1 January 2007 (ships of 300 gt and over) Total fleet Number EU-27 WORLD FLAG dwt (thousand) EU-27 WORLD FLAG 42 872 7 840 1 009.28 Ore/ bulk / oil carriers Container ships General cargo of which: Cargo passenger ships Passenger Ro-Ro 2 355 4.51 Bulk carriers 6 781 1 259 357.28 Liquid gas tankers 1 245 189 26. S o u rce : I n s t itu te fo r Sh i ppi n g Econom ic s and Logist ic s. Brem en 167 .23 Single-deck 9 478 1 254 48.66 Multi-deck 3 977 549 25.57 72.08 0.95 Reefer 1 133 159 6.47 Ro-Ro Cargo 1 269 295 6.6.7 ] 1 524 396 [ gt (1 000) ] Cruise ships (ships of 1 000 gt and over) [ gt (1 000) ] [ 9.34 Chemical tankers 1 385 189 10.17 37.2 ] [ 13.T RA N S P OR T 3. since dwt is a measure of the weight admissible in the vessel. Ro-Ro: vehicles roll on to embark. Reefer: refrigerated ships.01 [ gt (1 000) ] Passenger (not Ro-Ro) [ 15.02 3 881 965 128.44 Oil tankers 8 194 1 507 374.45 83.

6. 168 S ource: As ce n d .T RA N S P OR T 3. In this table blanks means none.13 M eans of T ransport Air Passenger aircraft Number of Civil Aircraft In Service Passenger aircraft On 31 December 2008 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 50 seats or less 706 590 116 20 6 14 33 104 8 3 20 45 100 14 6 14 10 6 12 17 41 21 14 19 7 3 7 54 108 3 2 13 40 20 51 to 150 seats 1 443 1 251 192 39 15 31 33 271 6 34 33 112 138 106 3 22 9 7 19 5 80 47 34 31 25 4 19 53 33 234 8 2 39 117 58 151 to 250 seats 1 527 1 417 110 18 19 18 17 226 251 seats and more 521 518 3 5 200 25 177 128 142 10 6 3 9 4 51 92 24 2 1 22 7 38 32 8 26 10 3 4 20 21 347 9 143 16 20 48 6 101 52 7 18 12 5 132 13 1 3 6 TOTAL 4 197 3 776 421 82 40 63 89 702 14 246 82 385 458 286 15 35 26 17 47 24 187 127 63 89 54 14 26 92 113 821 20 195 30 180 132 Notes: More than 30 000 small private planes not included.

S o u rce : As cen d 169 .T RA N S P OR T 3.6. mtow: maximum take-off weight./cargo) mtow mtow Multi-role 186 181 77 135 176 70 51 5 7 12 43 4 1 1 4 11 6 7 20 2 1 15 2 5 36 13 9 1 15 19 10 3 4 8 7 10 16 25 13 4 12 81 75 6 1 1 23 1 1 7 17 2 2 17 1 1 12 3 1 12 3 SPECIAL PURPOSE / AMBULANCE QUICKCHANGE CONVERTIBLE BUSINESS / CORPORATE / EXECUTIVE On 31 December 2008 3 1 5 2 3 4 3 1 1 1 19 2 3 8 1 40 1 20 10 1 1 4 1 878 1 756 122 45 20 16 65 360 7 23 30 121 113 120 5 10 3 52 7 4 40 235 11 188 13 15 11 21 42 301 4 53 4 16 168 Notes: Special purpose / Ambulance: contains data about Hospital / Ambulance / Medevac and Special Role / Operations / Mission aircraft. Special. Business aircraft Number of Civil Aircraft In Service FREIGHT / CARGO EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH under over 100 000 lbs 100 000 lbs (pass.14 M eans of T ransport Air Freight. In this table blanks means none.

0 16.T RA N S P OR T 3.2 0.4 0.3 -6. CS: 1990: 6 010.9 1.8 0.6 -9.9 0.4 0.8 Notes: Data relate to main railways (UIC members).7 -3.4 5.4 1. 170 S ource: Union I nter nat ionale d es C hem ins de Fe r .0 4.0 13.9 0.5 -0.8 0.5 -1.9 9.6 0.4 0.1 0.7 7.0 3.9 2.0 -1.4 0.0 -0.6.15 M eans of T ransport Rail Locomotives and Railcars Stock of vehicles % 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 65 715 43 444 22 271 1 727 1 119 524 14 437 300 166 400 1 922 7 279 4 818 739 389 97 2 040 2 372 1 543 6 801 530 4 515 358 669 1 350 5 610 563 92 897 502 1 254 2000 17 460 1 670 762 3 596 415 9 656 194 172 244 1 693 7 158 4 697 433 419 124 1 453 1 965 1 530 5 293 589 3 440 300 1 570 735 887 480 101 849 299 1 528 2004 2005 2006 2007 48 721 33 986 14 735 1 528 657 3 258 458 8 293 178 306 269 1 928 7 149 4 901 376 367 141 1 328 2 076 1 610 4 893 463 2 071 273 1 334 737 622 3 505 388 73 734 208 2 224 47 546 33 062 14 484 1 518 669 3 163 464 7 742 170 412 289 1 946 7 354 4 674 358 365 145 1 385 2 078 1 500 4 723 439 2 186 261 1 204 702 622 3 177 377 73 735 289 2 198 48 261 34 026 14 235 1 469 687 3 037 447 8 817 167 428 284 1 745 6 995 5 008 348 368 128 1 400 2 025 1 639 4 561 429 2 220 271 1 176 697 644 3 271 374 72 732 223 2 167 61 625 47 314 14 311 1 449 699 2 921 447 13 890 190 428 295 1 918 7 155 4 683 346 368 149 1 413 2 033 1 725 4 581 433 2 262 273 1 258 694 648 11 367 339 72 724 223 2 272 change '06/'07 0.

0 1.0 Notes: Data relate to main railways (UIC members).0 32.2 -4.5 -5.0 20.3 0.3 -2.8 2. nat ional st at ist ic s 171 .5 2. CS: 1990: 8 597.8 -0.6.8 -2.0 -3.2 -0.4 -4.2 2. S o u rce : U n i o n I nter n ati o n a l e des C hem ins d e Fer.4 -6.2 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.0 -2.2 -7.6 -4.T RA N S P OR T 3.2 0.9 -1.3 -3.3 -0.16 M eans of T ransport Rail Passenger Transport Vehicles Stock of coaches and railcars and trailers % 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 2000 957 1 747 30 818 3 494 2 099 5 252 1 590 21 097 241 421 505 3 765 15 656 11 914 702 563 149 3 232 2 742 3 468 9 761 1 303 6 234 461 2 273 1 003 1 000 1 052 175 1 443 900 4 136 720 164 1 415 918 3 333 3 286 2 386 1 594 24 139 596 314 810 3 839 15 748 14 025 1 226 664 114 4 385 2 268 3 689 11 928 1 232 6 352 606 2004 2005 2006 2007 101 549 75 901 25 648 3 292 1 749 4 985 1 525 20 396 243 554 514 4 473 15 630 10 277 535 475 212 3 396 833 3 102 8 658 1 150 3 407 403 1 797 1 029 771 12 143 617 135 1 318 237 4 359 98 929 75 305 23 624 3 251 1 558 4 895 1 473 20 169 183 581 564 5 239 15 879 10 066 490 467 185 2 787 852 3 112 7 725 1 125 3 310 401 1 808 1 084 791 10 934 579 125 1 312 191 4 293 96 654 73 503 23 151 3 235 1 531 4 767 1 473 18 174 185 581 591 5 024 15 995 10 418 490 458 191 2 797 870 3 040 7 416 1 062 3 380 400 1 727 1 083 832 10 934 571 124 1 306 191 4 463 95 770 72 318 23 452 3 275 1 550 4 566 1 473 17 537 189 581 781 4 860 15 863 10 174 491 423 191 3 372 833 2 978 7 255 1 060 3 462 373 1 771 1 024 792 10 896 552 124 1 319 191 5 000 change '06/'07 -0.3 1.0 0.6 0.1 -3.0 12.

T RA N S P OR T 3.6. 172 S o u rce: Un i o n I nter nat ionale d es C hem ins d e Fer. nat ional st ati s t i c s . Data relate to main railways (UIC members). Not comparable with data of previous years.17 M eans of T ransport Rail Goods Transport Wagons Stock of vehicles 1990 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 825 398 516 764 30 332 42 459 4 632 366 724 1 830 10 967 37 687 148 100 99 728 11 085 12 860 2 719 6 697 34 330 275 582 4 579 166 086 8 692 15 200 27 470 34 403 13 720 2000 2004 2005 2006 421 261 18 790 29 720 58 524 2 236 189 558 5 857 1 856 3 453 26 452 94 789 70 115 9 146 13 155 2 626 23 528 4 700 23 970 130 116 4 162 117 982 6 258 26 975 12 630 17 596 293 729 18 782 16 382 44 805 282 394 17 375 16 511 44 545 286 769 15 544 17 111 42 762 224 743 10 616 12 417 32 809 237 313 20 352 833 3 497 25 542 99 372 54 598 8 706 13 134 3 206 19 783 - 158 247 18 971 926 3 491 23 842 95 738 45 730 8 871 13 192 3 222 19 130 - 155 468 17 109 1 095 3 166 15 031 91 816 46 450 8 848 13 393 3 456 13 824 - 95 595 3 353 891 3 568 15 524 31 589 41 477 5 256 9 486 3 526 11 719 - 22 262 76 785 3 544 64 299 4 627 24 856 11 738 13 649 22 655 75 164 3 495 65 175 4 465 16 370 11 216 13 649 16 891 74 146 3 197 65 916 4 508 29 152 11 024 7 000 18 473 73 993 2 953 53 616 3 979 18 115 10 790 7 000 7 330 1 525 17 499 - 6 813 1 553 18 229 - 6 781 1 498 17 041 - 18 339 10 917 10 464 9 986 21 941 - 17 872 - 7 376 1 501 16 004 - 27 104 19 894 18 917 2007 (*) Notes: (*) Not including private-owners' vehicles.

3 6.9 32.0 -3. I nter national Tra n s p o r t Fo ru m.5 3.9 -5.6 -3.1 11.6 19.9 -42.1 -2.7 -35.0 -51.8 -28.9 -7.9 -9.5 12.8 -5. n ati o n a l so u rces.5 2.8 -6. S o u rce : Fro m 1991: C ARE database (DG Energy and Transpor t).9 -19.6 -5.8 -27.T RA N S P OR T 3.3 -19.1 Road Fatalities % 1990 1995 2000 2001 2005 2006 2007 EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 75 977 55 888 20 089 1 976 1 567 1 291 634 11 046 436 478 2 050 9 032 11 215 7 151 116 947 933 70 2 432 4 1 376 1 391 7 333 2 646 3 782 517 731 649 772 5 402 1 360 63 106 46 098 17 008 1 449 1 264 1 588 582 9 454 332 437 2 412 5 749 8 892 7 020 118 611 672 70 1 589 14 1 334 1 210 6 900 2 711 2 845 415 660 441 572 3 765 800 6 317 6 004 24 24 332 305 954 692 56 412 41 421 14 991 1 470 1 012 1 486 498 7 503 204 418 2 037 5 777 8 079 7 061 111 588 641 76 1 200 15 1 082 976 6 294 1 877 2 499 313 628 396 591 3 580 655 162 5 510 32 341 592 54 314 40 266 14 048 1 486 1 011 1 334 431 6 977 199 412 1 880 5 517 8 162 7 096 98 558 706 70 1 239 16 993 958 5 534 1 670 2 461 278 614 433 583 3 598 647 107 4 386 24 275 544 45 126 31 379 13 747 1 089 957 1 286 331 5 361 169 396 1 658 4 442 5 318 5 818 102 442 773 46 1 278 17 750 768 5 444 1 247 2 461 258 560 379 440 3 336 597 143 4 505 19 224 409 42 952 29 514 13 438 1 069 1 043 1 063 306 5 091 204 365 1 657 4 104 4 709 5 669 86 407 759 36 1 303 11 730 730 5 243 969 2 478 262 579 336 445 3 298 614 140 4 633 31 242 370 42 448 28 238 14 210 1 067 1 006 1 221 406 4 949 196 338 1 580 3 821 4 620 5 131 89 419 739 43 1 232 12 709 691 5 583 974 2 794 292 627 380 471 3 058 619 173 5 004 15 233 384 change change '06/'07 '00/'07 -1.7 -0.7 -20.8 -24.5 -29.5 6.2 -4.4 -33. Corrective factors have been applied to the figures which did not follow this definiton.8 -9.1 -22.2 -27.2 -3.3 5.0 -34.7.7 15.1 Notes: Persons killed are all persons deceased within 30 days of the accident.8 -31.3 0.7 -0.5 14.4 -4.4 9.6 8.4 -0.4 2.2 -11.3 -43.6 -6.8 -18.8 11. 1990: IR TAD (O EC D) 173 .3 13.5 8.8 -7.1 5.9 -2.2 -53.7 3.0 -20.5 0.3 -14.9 -1.1 -31.8 23.5 -34.2 -4.6 -17.8 -3.4 -5.7 -2.3 -48.7 S afet y 3.

1 and estimates as well as nat i o n a l st at ist ic s for p owered t wo -wheeler s p k m .6. pkm: indicator of traffic volume (in the absence of consistent vehicle-kilometre data). etc.3. bus and coach occupants.4.3. Passenger cars: the sum of the stock of vehicles indicated in table 3.7. 3.T RA N S P OR T 3.2 for 2006 and 2007 divided by two. Inhabitants: the sum of the population indicated in table 1.2.7. commercial vehicle drivers. 3.5 at 1 January 2007 and 1 January 2008 divided by two. cyclists.1 for 2007. powered two-wheelers' riders and passengers. indicated in table 3. 174 S ource: tables 1.4 for 2007 plus passenger-kilometres of motorised two-wheelers.2 S afet y Road Fatalities Country Rankings Fatalities 2007 per million inhabitants MT NL UK SE DE FI DK FR IE AT ES EU-27 IT LU PT BE CY SK CZ HU RO BG EL SI EE PL LV LT 29 43 50 51 60 72 74 75 78 83 85 86 86 90 92 100 114 116 118 123 130 131 141 145 146 146 184 219 per 10 billion pkm UK 44 SE 46 NL 47 MT 56 DE 56 FI 59 FR 62 LU 64 IT 64 DK 72 IE 80 EU-27 88 BE 94 AT 94 ES 108 SI 125 PT 128 EL 158 CY 158 CZ 163 LT 187 EE 193 PL 229 LV 234 SK 235 HU 289 BG 289 RO 448 per million passenger cars MT NL UK SE DE LU IT FR FI AT ES IE EU-27 DK BE PT CY CZ SI EL EE PL HU SK LT LV BG RO 54 97 106 111 120 135 145 148 150 164 179 182 187 199 213 225 227 291 293 338 364 399 413 453 465 485 523 782 Notes: Fatalities: all fatalities on the road: car drivers and passengers. 3.7.5. pedestrians.6. passenger-kilometres of cars indicated in table 3.

nat i o n al s t at i sti cs ( fo r D E ) 175 . 'Driver' includes cyclists.7 % DE 2006 5 091 3 582 791 711 7 14.0 % HU 2007 1 232 687 257 288 0 23.9 % Notes: Persons deceased within 30 days of their accident.7 % LT LU 2004 50 27 5 11 7 22.0 % EE 2007 196 105 49 38 4 19.0 % EL 2007 1 612 1 013 344 255 0 15.6 % CY 2007 89 72 0 17 0 19.T RA N S P OR T 3.1 % AT 2007 691 474 109 108 0 15.1 % IT 2004 5 625 3 739 1 164 710 12 12.6 % RO SI SK FI SE 2007 471 313 89 57 12 12.4 % IE 2003 337 198 75 64 0 19.7.0 % NL 2007 709 518 105 86 0 12.1 % LV 2007 419 176 85 158 0 37.4 % MT 2007 12 8 1 3 0 25.0 % 2007 380 263 69 48 0 12.3a safet y Road Fatalities BE PEDESTRIAN AS A % OF TOTAL OTHER/NOT SPECIFIED PEDESTRIAN PASSENGER DRIVER TOTAL YEAR by Type of User 2006 1 069 767 139 122 41 2007 1 221 752 237 232 0 11.8 % ES 2006 4 104 2 569 922 613 0 14. S o u rce : C A R E data ba se ( D G E n ergy and Transp or t ).1 % UK 2007 2 946 1 748 552 646 0 21.9 % FR 2007 4 620 3 239 820 561 0 12.3 % PT 2007 974 605 212 156 1 16.6 % PL 2005 5 444 2 472 1 216 1 756 0 32.4 % BG CZ DK 2007 406 281 57 68 0 16.

176 S o u rce: C A R E data base (DG Energy and Transp or t ). nat ional sou rce s . <3.5 TONNES YEAR BUS OR COACH by type of vehicle 16 34 130 36 92 2 7 21 45 136 3 116 3 2 BG 2 5 EE 2007 158 121 IE 2003 272 174 8 19 55 EL 2007 1 357 771 14 56 420 43 16 24 11 2 17 3 7 10 6 ES 2006 3 491 2 095 35 135 268 480 308 75 32 46 FR 2007 4 059 2 466 35 68 131 IT 2004 4 775 2 824 24 51 CY 2007 72 44 LV 2007 261 203 3 12 14 15 853 324 142 11 29 58 1 070 388 296 23 41 16 9 3 10 4 18 6 5 LT LU 2004 38 27 HU 2007 944 555 MT 2007 9 4 NL 2007 623 299 1 AT 2007 583 378 4 PL 2005 3 688 2 526 52 217 PT 2007 15 25 7 10 1 47 112 31 0 4 7 35 64 60 147 2 1 11 15 96 24 37 9 9 157 53 603 67 13 70 145 71 34 32 9 12 32 11 22 2 5 1 158 12 1 818 417 FI 2007 332 241 SE 2007 413 279 6 6 9 58 13 33 UK 2007 2 300 1 430 14 52 58 571 17 136 7 RO SI SK 5 3 22 Notes: Persons deceased within 30 days of their accident. (a) included with heavy goods vehicles.7.3b S afet y Road Fatalities of Vehicle Occupants AGRICULTURAL TRACTOR OTHER MOTORISED NOT SPECIFIED 589 CZ 2007 989 661 DK 2007 338 168 3 4 24 31 48 54 1 0 DE 2006 4 361 2 683 12 235 (a) 793 107 486 24 21 10 4 13 PEDAL CYCLE 906 MOPED CAR AND TAXI BE 2006 MOTORCYCLE TOTAL HEAVY GOODS VEHICLE LORRY.T RA N S P OR T 3.

34 242.71 194.99 8.81 5.37 7.25 1 463.67 14.9 7.7 5.67 16.59 6.88 8.11 48.23 0.37 41.71 7.68 SI 8.9 27.63 15.12 230.71 9.0 27.12 236.61 1 420.48 7.85 0.18 7.64 1.34 2.91 5.39 1.44 40.97 1.80 48.34 44.80 1 269.70 3.64 8.31 4.7 1.23 6.44 8.53 25.31 27.43 15.0 Notes: The definition of an accident involving personal injury differs from country to country.40 5.45 RO 5.76 256.00 382.10 1.47 12.60 237.06 CZ 9.79 187.3 2.09 18.51 11.22 8.6 4.T RA N S P OR T 3.07 8.01 24.24 8.90 39.87 3.08 7.30 4.75 25.1 0.34 38.02 5.04 MK 55.90 21.10 46. nat i o n al s t at i sti cs 177 .2 1.3 3.13 43.82 17.22 1.16 IE 19.77 4.89 6.71 0.8 0.45 26.36 146.59 101.75 LU 27.52 37.98 20.4 safet y Road Accidents Number of accidents involving personal injury 1990 1995 2000 2001 2005 2006 2007 EU-27 1 487.66 15.10 240.91 16.76 0.49 2.71 18.14 4.58 7.49 18.98 0.35 1 490.80 8.20 10.95 375.51 84.93 8.48 BE 6.61 22.39 91.83 23.45 EE 6.1 -0.22 8.89 0.03 HR 2.91 CH % change '06/'07 thousand 0.74 49.09 62.15 0.71 1 276.12 23.49 21.07 47.97 0.85 1 155.24 0.7.94 MT 44.7 2.19 99.0 -5.20 TR 0.68 16.75 IT 161.60 LT 1.55 DK DE 389.35 388.3 -14.90 7.31 PT 9.78 LV 5.56 1.51 20.63 8.17 146.84 0.18 NO 23.53 56.3 0.13 IS 8.57 8.4 5.90 0.22 116.01 BG 21.46 203.97 6.73 100.02 6.5 6.89 1.80 23.02 15.89 2.27 FR 162.77 6.61 HU 0.9 -2.80 EU-15 1 342.12 7.56 1.19 1 343.48 4.12 7.74 6.6 3.88 41.82 NL 46.96 42.77 66.78 140.37 146.71 EU-12 144.44 6.51 ES 101.12 14.10 AT 50.3 -5.64 42.13 1 135.78 20. United Nations (Statistics of road traffic accidents).81 6.80 19.59 6.38 1.41 5.62 11.2 -3.8 11.33 4.07 35.16 8.55 263.24 8.78 182.47 CY 4.50 1.16 143.00 19.66 FI 16.2 2.71 8.46 42.31 81.74 23.2 -1.98 335.33 53.80 18.45 7.98 15.55 SE UK 265.8 -3.81 151.3 -5.17 3.90 57.67 0.59 2.03 23.49 7.89 42.54 PL 45.35 336.62 327.91 28.71 21.05 2.1 0.18 6.01 238.01 1 298.14 5.57 132.03 75.03 25.88 49.50 SK 10.77 15.35 6.75 6.27 35.58 9.4 4.07 40.06 4.45 50.63 6.09 EL 83.35 1 130.0 5.06 0. S o u rce : C A R E.78 100.89 1 316.77 0.53 80.86 5.47 4.21 18.30 1.68 35.7 -1.4 -1.91 1 275.11 41.18 7.9 21.40 2.24 22.7 -1.95 121.

nat ional st ati s t i c s .5 S afet y Railway Fatalities Number of railway passengers killed in accidents involving railway 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 EU-27 EU-15 165 117 75 121 91 75 EU-12 BE 0 3 76 36 54 14 102 22 0 4 1 0 2 9 3 0 26 26 3 1 2 1 0 4 2 5 4 2 0 DK 1 3 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 DE 50 38 13 26 23 25 7 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 EE IE 1 2 2 1 0 0 0 EL 0 20 4 4 0 0 0 3 0 ES 4 0 0 3 16 0 1 10 14 FR 30 15 11 24 7 6 5 11 9 IT 9 8 9 17 9 11 22 5 11 CY - - - - - - LV LT - - - 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LU 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 HU 33 11 11 12 9 8 6 3 8 MT - - - - - - - - - NL 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 AT 6 4 3 13 7 2 1 2 4 PL 21 20 0 16 11 15 0 10 11 PT 22 2 11 8 15 8 7 0 1 RO 0 8 4 0 1 1 86 1 SI 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 SK 0 0 2 2 2 0 0 0 FI 0 2 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 SE 3 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 UK 37 20 10 23 10 18 8 0 3 5 5 1 0 3 0 0 0 1 HR MK 178 138 51 10 BG CZ 65 TR 17 9 11 7 8 46 10 6 IS - - - - - - - - - NO 4 32 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 CH 8 2 3 4 9 1 3 0 0 S o u rce: Un i o n I nter nat ionale d es C hem ins d e Fer.T RA N S P OR T 3.7.

75 66 Period Notes: Onboard fatalities only. 242 145 1990-99/yr. 57 56 2000-08/yr.6 safet y Air Lives Lost Lives lost over EU-27(*) territory by any operator Lives lost by EU-27 operators anywhere 1996 50 14 1997 76 81 1998 37 32 1999 53 53 2000 115 115 2001 135 139 2002 96 25 2003 7 7 2004 8 15 2005 146 127 2006 4 1 2007 3 4 2008 161 161 1970-79/yr. (*)1970-2005: EU-25 territory.T RA N S P OR T 3.7. S o u rce : As cen d 179 . 284 317 1980-89/yr.

Bre me n .T RA N S P OR T 3. ships of 500 gt and over.7 S afet y Sea Ships Lost (World) YEAR BULKERS AND COMBINED CARRIERS TANKERS OTHER SHIPS N° 1 000 gt N° 1 000 gt N° 1 000 gt 1996 13 58 14 247 59 294 1997 13 308 6 137 58 274 1998 5 26 11 160 62 323 1999 6 71 11 277 55 283 2000 10 173 21 394 68 248 2001 9 202 12 341 88 319 2002 10 119 10 234 77 454 2003 9 158 8 107 74 274 2004 18 104 6 103 62 277 2005 11 103 8 117 79 309 2006 9 20 8 384 61 260 Notes: Reported world total losses at time of loss.7. 180 S o u rce: I n sti tu te for Ship p ing Econom ic s and Logist ic s.

PART 4 ENVIRONMENT .

..... 218 4...................... 221 182 .........5..3.............................................................4........ CO2 emissions...........2..................................................... Other emission indicators... 183 4............ 219 4.................... Other environmentrelated indicators...................................ENVIRONMENT Title4 PART subtitle suMMARY 4...... Biofuels...............1............ Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG)................. 199 4......................

2 302.4 5 446.3 1 115.7 266.0 145.8 68.2 23.3 331.2 53.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.0 75.0 248.8 73.6 71.0 9.0 695.5 312.4 172.6 74.3 78.0 48.3 5 381.9 1 247.1 19.6 10.2 78.3 2.7 18.4 53.2 412.3 142.9 19. which is the main provider for EU wide greenhouse gas emissions data.4 475.8 280. nitrous oxide (N2O).6 80.8 5 407.0 170.1 32.8 4.3 56.9 184.8 11.5 56.5 6.9 95.3 146.1 706. hydrofluorocarbons (HFC).4 169.4 12.8 73.9 469.9 220.9 5.0 75.3 91.4 4.1 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) 4.5 20.5 49.9 525.7 49.7 118.9 10.5 85. methane (CH4).2 573.1 583.7 52.1 13.1 161.1 22.8 391.2 82. S ou rce : Eu ro pea n Env i ro n ment Agenc y (EEA).4 153.7 55.2 5 222.2 20.1.9 2.4 72. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.8 23.8 92.4 167.7 3.8 579.9 402.8 28.9 73.8 5 218.6 49.2 19.2 145.8 57.2 8.0 388.2 157.7 115.1 455.0 442.7 1 044.6 75.8 5 101.7 2.9 79.3 72.5 56.8 1 034. sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).3 19.7 73.9 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use.8 5 447.6 98.0 83.8 53.9 274.9 567.3 76.3 26.7 11.7 87.4 83.6 276.5 73.4 21.8 49. perfluorocarbons (PFC).1 31.6 30.6 696.6 1 034.2 5 309.1 60.5 62.2 152.6 79.9 73.3 139. GHGs: carbon dioxide (CO2).7 267.5 23.7 18.2 147.9 579.7 592.2 250.5 194.3 5.8 14.3 18.8 89.1 540.1 69.8 54.7 791. Emissions data is downloaded from European Environment Agency (EEA).0 5 132.4 564.1 82.1 Total GHG Emissions(*) million tonnes CO 2 equivalent 1990 EU-27 EU-25 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1995 2000 2005 2006 5 748. EEA prepares and maintains the complete EU greenhouse gas emissions inventory.9 124.1 3.5 72.8 75.7 80.3 42.6 12. which is based on data reported by Member States through the EU greenhouse gas monitoring mechanism and the UNFCCC process.3 14.8 166.6 73.0 4. Novem b er 2008 183 .7 733.2 71.1 13.8 11.2 50.6 579.2 149.5 335.

6 372.0 420.6 1 554.9 46.3 1 499.7 133.1 92.7 123.2 116.1 106.3 1.0 1 314.9 132.1 904.4 1 491.3 49.9 14.5 67.9 383.8 123.9 1 542.9 48.2 14.9 134.30 1.0 367.5 15.6 2001 3952.4 89. Beverages and Tobacco Pulp.2 922.5 131.7 14.3 126.3 1992 3954.8 120.8 34.0 1 465.5 2005 4017.0 2002 3926.7 14.1 90.5 67.0 722.6 14.1 1993 3904.4 84.2 1 300.2 47.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.6 137.00 0.7 733.3 1 518.1 152.7 383.2 775.4 135.6 686.8 1 532.8 31.5 1 333.4 1 446.1 2006 4009.4 385.0 89.5 85.1 414.0 48. 184 Source: European Environment Agency (EEA).0 29.2 1 392.0 46.4 1 593.9 14.1.3 132.9 938.3 1 683.7 14.5 85.9 33.2 49.2 71. Paper and Print Chemicals Non-Ferrous Metals Iron and Steel Manufacturing and Construction Other Energy Industries Petroleum Refining Public Electricity and Heat Production Energy Industries Fuel Combustion Million tonnes CO 2 equivalent 1990 4123.9 15.6 86.2 415.1 144.9 34.9 1999 3853.9 1998 3907.2 14.2 46.9 1997 3913.6 113.8 1 281.8 16.2 682.9 29.9 141.0 68.2 49.1 50.6 1 267.8 405.6 984.10 1.8 48.0 127.5 702.1 992.6 1 299.6 779.4 491.8 32.3 134.8 13.9 1 506.5 69.3 1 353.7 690.0 864.4 68.6 45.6 128.4 144.1 51. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).5 140.9 406.6 785.7 132.0 31.6 14.2 1 604.5 31.4 69.8 86.6 366.5 1 522.0 66.8 1 583.8 823.3 86.5 1 308.2 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27 Transport (**) Other Food.4 32.1 14.9 665.9 404. November 2008 .5 808.9 14.1 34.0 725.6 118.8 49.3 80.3 129.1 659.8 15.4 77.3 29.3 820.9 33.0 115.8 129.8 730.3 124.2 361.80 0.5 14.3 84.3 2003 4031.4 452.3 144.5 2004 4042.7 1 660.8 1996 4009.8 1 515.6 44.4 1 303.8 1 333.4 31.5 134.4 89.5 838.0 80.2 740.2 82.2 1 378.9 44.2 87.6 1 461.8 131.8 89. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.8 951.6 100.70 1990 1990 =1 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.8 2000 3864.20 1.5 383.1 923.0 1 389.4 66.0 31.2 1 404.2 1 583.9 817.5 962.0 83.0 80.2 43.5 1994 3860.3 32.5 137.3 129.1 1991 4097.7 126.5 1 591.7 365.1 983.0 1 376.1 88.0 672.4 81.7 679.6 1995 3895.7 32.7 875.90 0.7 741.4 115.9 677.1 76.

1 10.2 -3.5 154.9 5 319.8 82.7 11.5 -3.1 4057.3 477.1 1999 739.6 -3. (***) Emissions from fuel combustion in agriculture/ forestry/fisheries.1 200.0 1990 854.9 4023.6 216.2 1994 784.2 201.4 205.8 18.9 166.8 5 214.8 214.0 13.5 1997 781.0 3965.6 495.3 4029.0 10.5 553.3 % 21.0 174.5 -4.6 496.9 196.6 132.5 160.6 % 9.4 87. Other (***) Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.2 140.3 480.1 -3.9 513.3 517.5 99.8 2005 750.5 5 179.5 5 142.2 10.1 147.2 176. Other (Not elsewhere specified).6 84.7 133.7 -3.8 12.1 10.0 4109.9 512.7 10. etc.7 -3.8 213. 185 .7 507.4 103.0 151.7 591.9 512.6 459.0 Total Emissions Other Waste Agriculture Solvent and Other Product Use Industrial Processes TOTAL ENERGY Fugitive Emissions from Fuels Other (Not elsewhere specified) Agriculture / Forestry / Fisheries Residential Commercial / Institutional Other Sectors Million tonnes CO 2 equivalent -3.5 5 572.5 492.2 89.1 13.4 % YEAR 2006 industry transport households 19.1 455.7 416.3 -3.4 4096.1 92. Fugitive Emissions from Fuels.8 542.0 3992.5 -4.6 5 189.9 408.6 549.9 190.8 112.2 11.1 2002 776.5 19.8 202.5 486.3 481.3 10.2 515.2 472.7 % 30.0 514.0 11.0 1991 814.9 22.6 10.5 80.5 10.3 481.7 5 160.2 90.7 1993 775.4 4044.8 2006 energy industries 15.9 486.0 5 058.0 % services.2 4098.5 191.6 510.1 1995 847.5 -3.6 10.4 171.2 2000 789. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.6 -3. Waste.2 179.7 1998 765.9 12.4 3973.8 432.4 130.4 5 156.7 4137.3 192.0 197.9 181.6 81.9 147.8 209.9 10.7 4130.6 11.2 11. Solvent and Other Product Use.0 5 166.4 10.2 -3.7 189.9 123.5 182.1 4277.3 10.4 115.0 474.9 510.8 2003 774.1 186.9 12.3 91.6 211.8 88.6 5 121.6 5 080.0 90.9 % 3.2 94.1 83.0 11.1 217.3 501.8 403.3 15.9 93.8 86.9 -3.8 508.9 400.5 10.5 4245.5 1996 797.8 -3.8 524.6 105.4 -3.5 -3.9 109.1 497.9 515.0 512.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.8 10.0 183.0 191.8 501.9 10.5 215.6 5 471. Other.9 5 215.0 389.9 482.6 154.6 26.9 81.0 392.7 5 280.1 2004 766.6 90.9 83.2 425.2 412.5 14.4 1992 823.1.6 185.2 92.9 186.1 415.2 4036.4 4030.4 5 191.2 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27 813.2 440.9 5 065.2 2001 751.1 180.3 435.8 4140.7 451.8 521. Agriculture.6 535.9 17.0 141.8 11.9 392.3 90.1 559.

E N V I RO N M E N T

4.1.2

G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G )

GHG Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27

Transport (**)

86.8

6.9

6.3

19.9

18.6

2.1

10.5

3.6

5.3

59.9

18.9

1991

96.5

40.5

87.1

6.8

6.0

18.9

18.6

2.0

11.2

4.1

5.7

58.4

19.2

1992

96.5

40.0

87.0

7.3

5.7

18.5

18.9

2.0

11.5

4.1

6.0

57.6

20.4

1993

96.5

39.0

86.4

7.8

5.9

18.5

18.6

1.8

11.5

4.1

6.4

57.5

20.9

1994

96.7

39.3

86.2

8.0

5.9

18.8

19.9

1.9

11.5

4.4

6.5

55.8

21.3

1995

96.7

38.9

86.0

8.3

5.7

19.0

19.5

1.9

12.5

4.5

6.7

54.8

21.5

1996

96.8

38.5

86.4

8.4

5.2

18.5

18.9

1.9

11.9

4.5

6.9

55.9

21.6

1997

96.9

38.1

85.9

8.9

5.2

18.8

19.3

1.9

12.0

4.7

6.8

55.3

22.4

1998

97.1

38.5

86.3

8.9

4.7

18.0

19.2

2.0

12.1

4.9

7.0

54.8

23.2

1999

97.2

38.0

86.5

8.8

4.7

17.8

18.6

2.0

11.7

4.7

7.1

55.9

23.9

2000

97.2

38.8

86.7

8.8

4.6

17.9

18.8

2.1

11.8

4.8

7.1

55.5

23.9

2001

97.4

38.8

87.0

8.6

4.3

17.3

18.1

2.2

11.8

4.5

7.1

56.2

23.7

2002

97.4

39.6

87.1

8.6

4.3

16.8

17.6

2.3

11.7

4.7

7.2

56.5

24.2

2003

97.6

39.8

87.6

8.2

4.2

16.8

18.6

2.1

12.7

5.0

7.5

54.1

23.9

2004

97.7

39.4

87.2

8.5

4.3

16.8

19.1

2.1

12.8

4.8

7.2

54.0

24.3

2005

97.8

39.4

87.0

8.7

4.4

16.7

18.5

2.1

13.3

4.8

6.9

54.4

24.5

2006

97.8

39.7

87.5

8.3

4.2

16.6

18.6

2.1

13.5

4.7

6.8

54.2

24.7

Food, Beverages
and Tobacco

40.8

Chemicals

Other

Pulp, Paper and Print

Non-Ferrous Metals

96.4

Iron and Steel

Manufacturing
and Construction

1990

Fuel
Combustion

Other
Energy Industries

Petroleum Refining

Public Electricity and
Heat Production

Energy Industries

Shares %

Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use, Land-Use Change
and Forestry) emissions; (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic
departing from the EU).

186

Source: European Environment Agency (EEA), November 2008

E N V I RO N M E N T

4.1.2

G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G )

GHG Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27

76.8

10.6

3.9

-0.1

Total Emissions

Other

0.2

Waste

8.6

Agriculture

3.6

Solvent and
Other Product Use

0.6

Industrial
Processes

11.5

TOTAL ENERGY

Fugitive Emissions
from Fuels

Residential
63.6

Other (Not elsewhere
specified)

24.9

Agriculture / Forestry /
Fisheries

19.7

Commercial /
Institutional

Other Sectors

Shares %

100 1990

20.9

25.1

64.3

10.6

0.5

3.5

77.6

8.1

0.2

10.2

4.0

-0.1

100 1991

20.6

24.7

64.5

10.9

0.5

3.5

77.6

8.0

0.2

10.1

4.1

-0.1

100 1992

21.1

23.2

65.8

11.0

0.5

3.5

77.9

7.9

0.2

9.9

4.1

-0.1

100 1993

20.1

22.8

65.5

11.7

0.5

3.3

77.4

8.4

0.2

10.0

4.1

-0.1

100 1994

20.1

23.3

65.0

11.6

0.4

3.3

77.3

8.7

0.2

9.8

4.0

-0.1

100 1995

21.1

23.8

65.3

10.9

0.4

3.2

77.8

8.5

0.2

9.7

3.9

-0.1

100 1996

20.4

23.4

65.3

11.3

0.4

3.1

77.4

8.8

0.2

9.9

3.8

-0.1

100 1997

20.0

23.5

65.4

11.1

0.3

2.9

77.9

8.4

0.2

9.9

3.7

-0.1

100 1998

19.9

23.7

65.0

11.4

0.3

2.8

78.4

7.8

0.2

10.1

3.7

-0.1

100 1999

19.1

23.6

65.1

11.3

0.3

2.8

78.5

8.0

0.2

9.9

3.5

-0.1

100 2000

20.0

24.3

65.0

10.7

0.3

2.6

79.2

7.7

0.2

9.6

3.3

-0.1

100 2001

19.1

24.1

64.8

11.1

0.3

2.6

79.3

7.7

0.2

9.6

3.3

-0.1

100 2002

19.3

24.8

64.6

10.6

0.3

2.4

79.7

7.7

0.2

9.3

3.1

-0.1

100 2003

19.2

25.4

64.1

10.5

0.3

2.3

79.7

7.9

0.2

9.3

3.0

-0.1

100 2004

19.1

24.7

64.7

10.6

0.3

2.2

79.7

8.1

0.2

9.2

2.9

-0.1

100 2005

18.7

24.9

64.3

10.8

0.3

2.2

79.7

8.1

0.2

9.2

2.9

-0.1

100 2006

Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use, Land-Use Change
and Forestry) emissions.

187

E N V I RO N M E N T

4.1.3

G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G )

GHG Emissions(*) by Sector

Transport (**)

Other

Food, Beverages
and Tobacco

Pulp, Paper and Print

Chemicals

Non-Ferrous Metals

Iron and Steel

Manufacturing
and Construction

Other
Energy Industries

Petroleum Refining

Public Electricity and
Heat Production

Energy Industries

Fuel
Combustion

Million tonnes CO 2 equivalent

EU-27 4 009.5 1 591.2 1 392.3 132.0

66.9 665.8 123.9

14.1

90.0

31.6

45.2 361.1 992.3

EU-25 3 865.0 1 512.9 1 315.6 131.9

65.3 636.1 121.2

13.7

87.7

31.4

44.7 337.4 971.2

BE 110.3

27.7

22.7

4.6

0.4

27.6

9.3

0.5

7.8

0.7

2.0

7.2

BG

50.4

29.3

27.7

0.1

1.6

10.3

2.7

0.3

2.3

0.2

0.5

4.3

8.7

CZ 116.1

56.9

54.8

0.9

1.2

27.9

3.0

0.2

11.9

0.7

2.3

9.8

18.2

DK

29.9

27.2

1.0

1.7

0.5

0.2

1.2

3.2

13.6

DE 807.1 370.2 333.0

20.3

0.0

0.6

56.4

26.1

5.7

0.5

0.0

16.9 102.4

11.8

0.5

0.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.5

2.4

5.9

0.0

1.2

0.5

0.1

1.2

2.9

13.7

5.8

24.1

EE

15.5

12.1

11.5

0.7

IE

46.0

15.4

14.9

0.4

0.1

EL 103.1

54.9

89.4 162.0

51.1

3.7

0.1

9.7

0.2

1.4

1.2

0.3

0.9

ES 334.3 117.2 102.1

13.0

2.1

70.6

8.1

2.6

9.3

5.7

5.9

39.0 108.6

FR 385.2

47.6

14.0

3.8

77.2

16.1

2.2

15.5

5.1

11.7

26.6 138.6

IT 466.3 159.8 122.0

25.5

12.3

83.8

16.8

1.2

11.8

4.6

5.8

43.6 133.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.7

2.1

0.0

0.0

0.3

0.6

3.5

0.2

0.0

0.3

1.1

4.5

65.3

CY

8.0

4.3

4.3

LV

8.4

2.1

2.0

LT

13.1

5.5

3.8

LU

11.8

1.5

1.5

HU

57.7

19.4

17.7

MT

0.8
1.6

0.1

1.2

0.0

1.6

0.3

0.0

1.7

0.3

0.1
1.7

2.3

0.2

0.8

1.5

0.3

8.9

3.0

2.6

2.0

2.0

0.0

0.0

NL 164.9

62.3

49.7

10.7

1.9

27.6

4.6

0.2

12.5

1.6

3.8

AT

15.5

7.3

0.8

12.7

0.0

0.5

4.9

36.1
23.1

12.1

2.8

0.5

16.0

6.5

0.2

1.4

2.2

0.8

4.8

PL 316.0 188.4 177.3

6.2

5.0

34.0

8.7

1.2

6.6

1.5

4.6

11.3

38.6

PT

58.4

22.3

19.6

2.6

10.0

0.2

1.9

0.9

0.9

6.1

20.1

RO

94.1

49.0

49.0

19.4

12.4

SI

16.1

6.4

6.4

0.0

0.0

2.6

0.2

0.1

0.2

0.5

0.2

1.5

4.8

SK

36.2

11.2

8.3

1.5

1.5

13.4

7.3

0.2

1.5

0.6

0.4

3.4

6.0

FI

65.8

32.9

29.7

2.8

0.4

11.7

3.8

0.1

0.9

4.2

0.2

2.5

14.4

SE

48.0

11.4

8.6

2.4

0.4

11.3

1.2

0.1

1.6

2.2

0.6

5.5

20.2

UK 548.8 218.3 185.8

15.8

16.8

84.0

19.2

0.3

3.8

0.1

HR

68.9

1.3

19.4

20.4

6.7

4.7

1.7

TR 256.6

5.3

64.8 136.7
0.0

0.6
4.4

0.1

0.5

2.4

6.2

61.0

44.4

MK
90.9

85.6

IS

2.0

0.0

0.0

NO

35.3

12.6

0.4

1.1

CH

43.6

3.7

2.7

1.0

11.1

77.3

9.1

2.7

0.4

0.0

0.0

4.0

0.1

0.2

1.6

6.0

0.2

0.1

1.0

0.1

0.3

1.0

0.5

0.4

1.1

15.0

0.5

0.6

3.7

16.0

Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use, Land-Use Change
and Forestry) emissions; (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic
departing from the EU).

188

Source: European Environment Agency (EEA), November 2008

E N V I RO N M E N T

4.1.3

G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G )

GHG Emissions(*) by Sector

Total Emissions

Other

Waste

Agriculture

Solvent and
Other Product Use

Industrial
Processes

TOTAL ENERGY

Fugitive Emissions
from Fuels

Other (Not elsewhere
specified)

Agriculture / Forestry /
Fisheries

Residential

Commercial /
Institutional

Other Sectors

Million tonnes CO 2 equivalent

750.1 186.9 482.5

80.7

10.2

89.2 4 098.7 416.6

10.2 472.9 147.9

-3.5 5 142.8 EU-27

734.6 181.8 472.9

79.9

10.2

76.0 3 941.0 389.0

10.0 448.0 130.3

-3.5 4 914.8 EU-25

28.8

6.1

20.3

2.4

0.1

0.6 110.9

14.5

0.2

10.2

1.2

137.0

BE

2.1

0.4

1.5

0.2

0.0

1.8

52.2

6.8

0.1

4.7

7.6

71.3

BG

12.0

4.2

7.5

0.3

1.1

5.7 121.8

14.8

0.5

7.6

3.5

148.2

CZ

7.1

1.0

3.9

2.2

0.1

0.5

2.5

0.1

9.6

1.3

70.5

DK

6.6

1.6

11.8 818.9 108.2

1.2

63.5

13.0

1 004.8

DE

1.2

0.7

18.9

EE

171.0

46.1 118.3

56.9

0.4

0.1

0.3

0.1

0.8

16.3

0.7

10.9

2.8

7.3

0.9

0.2

46.1

3.3

0.1

18.4

1.8

69.8

IE

14.3

1.6

9.7

3.1

1.6 104.7

13.1

0.2

11.6

3.5

133.1

EL

37.9

8.9

18.9

10.1

3.9 338.3

35.1

1.5

46.2

12.3

433.3

ES

104.0

30.7

64.0

9.2

6.1 391.3

40.5

1.3

94.8

13.4

541.3

FR

88.4

24.0

55.3

9.2

7.4 473.7

36.8

2.1

36.6

18.7

567.9

IT

0.8

0.3

0.3

0.1

8.0

1.0

0.0

0.4

0.6

10.0

CY

1.7

0.6

0.7

0.4

0.0

0.1

8.5

0.2

0.1

2.0

0.8

11.6

LV

1.6

0.5

0.9

0.2

0.0

0.2

13.4

4.0

0.1

4.3

1.5

23.2

LT

1.3

0.6

0.6

0.1

0.1

11.8

0.8

0.0

0.7

0.0

13.3

LU

16.8

5.3

10.2

1.3

2.2

59.9

5.9

0.3

0.1

0.0

0.0

2.6

0.1

38.5

10.7

17.7

10.1

0.4

2.2 167.1

15.7

14.2

3.4

9.0

1.7

0.1

0.9

69.8

10.8

54.9

7.7

35.2

12.0

13.9 329.8

5.9

2.4

2.6

0.9

13.4

4.7

8.1

0.5

2.3

0.6

1.5

0.3

4.6

0.8

3.6

0.1

5.3

1.1

2.4

4.8

0.5

2.1

107.0

21.8

3.8

0.7

1.1

0.1

8.4

4.1

78.6

HU

0.1

0.4

3.2

MT

0.2

18.2

6.3

207.5

NL

0.4

7.9

2.2

91.1

AT

27.2

0.7

34.3

8.4

400.5

PL

59.9

7.9

0.3

8.4

6.6

83.2

PT

11.4 105.4

RO

1.5

20.8

0.2

20.2

10.0

156.7

0.5

16.6

1.2

0.0

2.0

0.7

20.6

SI

1.1

1.0

37.2

5.9

0.1

3.2

2.5

48.9

SK

1.7

1.5

0.2

66.0

6.1

0.1

5.6

2.5

80.3

FI

2.2

0.2

0.8

48.7

6.2

0.3

8.5

2.1

65.7

SE

80.5

4.8

2.8

14.0 562.9

26.8

44.1

22.0

-3.5 652.3

UK

2.3

0.7

2.1

22.5

4.0

3.5

0.6

30.8

HR

34.1

9.9

1.6 258.2

27.1

16.4

30.1

331.8

0.2

MK
44.0

TR

0.6

0.0

0.0

0.6

0.0

0.2

2.2

1.3

0.0

0.5

0.2

4.2

IS

3.5

0.7

0.8

1.9

0.3

3.1

38.4

9.2

0.2

4.2

1.5

53.5

NO

17.3

5.2

11.5

0.5

0.6

0.3

43.9

3.1

0.2

5.3

0.7

53.2

CH

Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use, Land-Use Change
and Forestry) emissions.

189

5 0.4 8.4 30.0 NL 98.0 SI 97.2 3.5 19.9 96.8 12.5 38.7 50.5 100.9 35.6 70.2 28.2 78.0 CH 99.6 2.5 15.0 33.8 12.4 36.6 7.0 13.7 75.4 3.1 Chemicals Other Pulp.9 90.1 6.4 26.1 13.1 3.7 21.5 72.5 12.6 3.8 21.3 55.0 53.3 3.2 3.8 35.8 SE 98.3 27.7 79.4 1.3 2.7 16.5 23. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).1 6.5 0.8 28.3 30.2 16.9 49.0 25.5 1.6 96.5 MT 100.8 4.2 1.2 1.5 4.5 21.1 20.8 29.8 24.7 39.8 1.8 4.6 10.9 73.5 12.0 33.3 20.2 34.7 2.4 11.7 98.9 2.7 29.1 100.4 SK 97.8 45.0 69.6 33.8 3.7 48.7 11.3 2.3 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) by Sector Transport (**) 87.5 23.3 NO 91.7 21.0 IT 98.3 35.5 0.5 23.7 3.6 3.6 42.4 TR 99.2 18.9 17.9 42.0 1.7 0.1 87.7 18.2 22.5 5.1 94.2 26.1 29.2 32.3 4.7 2.0 90.4 18.7 17.6 91.7 BG 96.9 7.3 13.9 0.6 PT 97.7 10.5 19.8 4.2 5.4 14.0 10.8 59.0 91.6 5.5 8.1 100.3 20.7 15.3 22.6 1.4 17.7 0.9 4.1 DE 98.9 35.3 24.3 24.3 20.3 3.4 35.8 32.4 MK 1.8 21.1 77.6 99.3 2.4 25.1 2.1.0 LV 98.1 11.9 13.1 7.3 10.7 48.4 9.3 23.1 5.5 10.6 6.5 19.2 18.1 BE 99.7 Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.6 87.6 IE 99.2 34.8 9.5 9.6 15.9 100.8 20.4 25.5 0.0 0.6 22.8 13.4 ES 98.8 54.8 19.7 DK 99.0 2.9 12.3 0.8 14.5 1.8 17. 190 Source: European Environment Agency (EEA).9 0.6 58.0 21.5 93.5 25.3 9.8 40.2 5.5 0.1 9.1 3.6 3.1 1.6 0.2 1.8 56.1 0.1 16.0 88.0 8.6 18.8 79.3 48.5 5.1 0. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.0 54.2 39.7 17.9 13.8 HR 90.1 8.1 24.0 PL 95.3 22.8 30.8 14.6 3.3 78.5 FR 98.1 16.7 37.4 4.5 14.9 63.8 5.7 13.3 CZ 95.1 2.0 72.2 25.1 9.0 CY 100.7 21.8 85.3 0.3 19.6 56.0 96.2 52.8 1.6 69.1 82.1 RO 89.0 3.1 7.9 52.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.0 99.8 UK 97.7 13.5 1. Beverages and Tobacco 39.5 6.1 16.1 1.4 5.0 53.4 3.5 78.1 EE 95.4 33.7 19.6 45.3 5.1 36.8 3.1 59.8 21.4 12.9 14.8 95.1 17.4 1.8 25.5 LT 98.8 IS 92.3 LU 99.4 49.9 3.3 33.0 37.0 7.6 33.2 13.7 22.7 8.9 7.7 6.3 34.4 8.1 61.7 0.5 24.5 39.1 62.7 4.2 7.5 0.3 15.0 28.1 9.0 41.2 5.3 15.2 9.3 16.6 14.1 8.5 2.5 100.2 78.5 0.8 0.4 41.2 18.1 15. November 2008 .2 11.1 13.3 76.3 4.0 7.4 Food.8 0.3 42.8 20.4 0.1 11.9 20.3 16.4 30. Paper and Print Non-Ferrous Metals 97.8 13.1 94.2 18.5 8.5 7.4 34.1 53.7 3.8 0.0 75.2 24.1 26.1 5.8 9.3 16.6 1.0 5.0 8.0 20.1 1.3 15.2 88.2 24.2 17.6 5.2 8.7 100.0 10.5 32.3 1.5 4.8 EL 98.0 16.2 23.9 AT 98.6 18.0 HU 96.7 2.4 0.1 2.6 0.5 53.4 94.8 EU-25 Iron and Steel Manufacturing and Construction EU-27 Fuel Combustion Other Energy Industries Petroleum Refining Public Electricity and Heat Production Energy Industries Shares % 9.0 1.7 2.0 87.6 94.4 8.9 61.9 FI 99.3 93.2 40.1 11.6 12.1 1.5 42.

Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.0 3.7 0.6 82.2 9.5 2.6 1.4 35.2 78.8 17.1 6.5 1.3 76.9 0.3 7.2 0.6 16.1 12.5 54.9 10.5 0.0 100 PT RO 0.9 100 DK 0.4 0.4 6.2 1.4 100 14.4 2.2 8.4 6.0 64.2 35.1 14.4 0.4 10.2 66.9 55.3 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) by Sector Total Emissions Other Waste Agriculture Solvent and Other Product Use Industrial Processes TOTAL ENERGY Fugitive Emissions from Fuels Other (Not elsewhere specified) Agriculture / Forestry / Fisheries Residential Commercial / Institutional Other Sectors Shares % 18.6 30.3 0.7 8.7 -0.1 100 PL 10.1 4.8 25.3 61.0 24.7 0.3 100 DE 6.6 0.7 2.3 10.8 46.1 100 NL 20.8 86.1 100 19.0 39.8 0.4 100 AT 17.7 5.4 8.5 20.0 1.7 5.8 6.6 12.1 43.6 11.7 24.2 2.4 6.8 3.1 71.7 3.4 10.4 3.9 3.1 0.3 100 CH Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.0 0.4 24.0 0.5 3.0 29.8 0.1 8.6 100 BG 10.5 10.5 0.2 30.1 40.5 42.5 8.3 2.8 100 ES 27.5 12.1 6.6 0.2 4.3 5.0 1.5 78.2 82.2 0.2 27.8 100 NO 39.5 0.6 100 IE 0.9 64.3 41.6 82.7 0.1 26.0 62.2 67.1 100 SE 0.1 100 EU-25 26.1 8.1 8.7 2.6 10.7 46.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 5.1 0.3 0.1 21.9 100 HR 4.5 0.4 21.9 4.4 1.9 8.8 8.4 66.4 2.4 22.4 56.1 3.3 1.1 19.7 100 EL 11.5 9.1 21.8 32.5 100 FR 19.8 70.5 2.4 10.3 47.5 23.3 82.1 8.2 2.9 9.4 3.3 100 IT 79.2 7.2 7.4 60.7 13.1 13.4 81.4 43.3 100 LU 7.9 80.0 0.0 12.3 100 MT 29.2 63.1 2.5 6.9 100 IS 9.8 100 EE 0.3 75.4 0.6 100 LT 11.8 0.1 5.6 79.6 23.1 0.7 11.3 7.1 31.1 0.3 4.5 0.7 3.6 77.4 9.5 2.9 100 BE 4.3 1.2 7.2 0.7 2.4 61.5 2.4 53.3 7.3 23.5 6.6 17.9 1.2 0.8 0.4 100 SI 12.4 12.9 11.4 16.8 67.4 0.2 1.1 100 FI 10.0 62.5 MK 17.5 7.1 21.1 12.0 14.5 74.5 5.6 13.2 13.1 70.8 37.3 27.1 0.7 3.9 4.0 27.8 80.1 31.9 0.1 7.2 79.2 19.9 0.0 2.0 29.0 47.9 0.6 9.6 7.3 13.9 9.2 0.8 2.5 49.0 9.2 9.4 73.2 6.8 21. 191 .7 99.4 100 UK 0.6 0.2 TR 27.0 10.1 26.9 80.6 1.4 18.4 1.3 100 CZ 12.5 86.2 12.6 24.3 2.2 9.0 11.5 46.5 80.0 4.9 3.6 2.7 64.0 69.5 23.4 19.8 17.2 6.2 9.7 3.1 62.3 10.5 0.6 57.0 2.6 27.9 26.1 18.6 76.3 5.2 3.9 10.5 72.8 8.2 73.4 10.7 0.1 1.4 0.4 0.2 1.2 0.6 2.1 100 EU-27 19.6 18.5 88.9 3.4 10.1 4.5 73.6 76.8 2.5 6.2 17.6 83.0 77.6 72.8 3.2 1.2 -0.7 0.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.3 80.6 17.4 14.6 0.1 21.9 2.1 4.1 9.9 1.9 0.9 6.6 8.9 -0.2 100 HU 82.5 0.2 51.6 45.6 100 12.5 66.0 70.0 100 CY LV 19.8 1.1.2 10.5 61.0 2.5 10.2 0.4 6.2 100 SK 2.

6 LV 4.7 14.0 6.4 14.7 2.9 18.4 114.2 13.2 3.8 29.3 1.4 15.8 164.3 EU-25 933.2 38.1 CY 1.1 LU 3.1 20.4 1031.3 4.5 148.2 18.1 1 273.4 1 151.0 18.4 149.2 IE 6.5 NO 11.6 176.5 100. 192 S o u rce: Eu ro pean Environm ent Agenc y (EEA).2 4.7 3.4 9.8 3.5 AT 13.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.8 13.2 209.6 34.3 LT 6.8 PT 13.1.5 41.7 8.4 TR 26.5 HU 9.9 2.5 160.1 FI 15.5 HR 4.4 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) from Transport Million tonnes CO 2 equivalent 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 EU-27 955.4 13.9 PL 27.6 SE 22.3 30.5 72.3 33.1 24.5 CZ 8.1 19.7 39.2 46.3 35.6 83.1 1 274.4 1.6 19.0 2.0 1.1 17.4 6.1 8.8 8.1 164.2 16.4 IS 0.8 BE 37.0 2.9 ES 72.0 23.7 35.7 1 168.9 3.0 29.1 10.3 12.4 IT 112.1 19.1 RO 8.9 33.0 15.5 19.4 0.6 4.6 140.7 4.7 9.4 58.0 164. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .6 3.2 EE 4.9 13.0 16.5 2.3 44.6 24.2 194.5 145.0 2.0 CH 17.9 SI 2.4 MT 0.8 136.9 9.2 179.5 3.9 4.9 17.8 5.8 3.0 199.6 36.8 192.5 146.7 MK Notes: (*) Including international bunkers (International Traffic departing from the EU) but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use.2 146.3 17.2 4.2 6.9 85.5 124.5 4.9 1014.6 BG 12.5 40.2 4.3 0.0 SK 5.6 5.3 7.8 26.9 1.8 3.3 DK 15.5 1 297.1 23. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.9 12.9 19.0 7.8 6.5 56.5 UK 141.8 8.7 DE 184.5 3.5 6.8 1 252.4 6.4 12.7 19.0 EL 25.6 16.6 12.3 103.0 9.2 FR 135.7 2.1 23.2 NL 65.3 3.2 30.5 19.8 25.

9 1 218.4 5 434.3 5 447.8 10.6 117.6 22.2 2006 2.3 2000 135.2 714.0 9.60 0.4 23.1 816.0 23.0 890.9 111.3 1 010.1 11.7 955.3 1991 81.2 9.4 23.9 131.4 132.9 1 136.6 877.0 1998 119.6 20.3 155.2 5 398.0 129.4 860.7 9.9 919.3 16.6 18.2 10.7 22.0 781.2 1992 87.9 19.4 5 435.8 2002 130.0 21.2 1994 95.0 9.2 21.2 1 185.9 1 201.1 958.6 128.8 23.80 1. Novem b er 2008 193 .1 157.7 9.8 151.4 9.9 5 290.00 0.0 109.6 127.2 8.7 10. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).9 9.40 1990 1990 =1 1992 1994 1996 2002 2004 2006 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.0 1996 106.6 25.8 132.9 5 347.0 1999 128.5 1 004.6 20.2 17.5 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) from Transport – EU-27 Road Transportation Navigation (domestic) (**) International Bunkers – Marine Other Transportation Total Emissions (***) International Bunkers – Aviation Total Transport Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) 1990 83.0 19.1 5 309.80 0.8 1 273.6 74.7 2004 142.6 1 031.4 109.0 105.1 5 523.8 118.1 10.7 9.9 14.3 197.3 9.2 19.5 5 446.8 142.7 108.7 147.3 20.5 748.7 2005 151.0 10.7 759.6 126.3 805.9 111.5 9.5 2003 134.2 1 069.6 173.7 10.5 21.3 91.8 861.1 9.0 66.5 5 644.1 129.4 185.1 843.2 924.7 129.7 9.2 20.0 20.7 16.8 1 094.1.00 157.8 11.2 11.7 5 407.4 133.4 16. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.0 5 376.6 5 368.1 153.1 9.6 19.6 1 154.8 1998 2000 Railways Total Civil Aviation Total Navigation Million tonnes CO 2 equivalent 1.1 16.1 177.7 83.9 987.1 165.3 1 258.2 147.8 2001 133.4 5 748.7 899.4 21.5 126.7 9.5 13.9 24.2 9.0 20.2 5 465.7 136.7 20.4 65.8 10.2 138.0 10.9 144.6 1 168.5 10.7 766.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.6 9.3 1 297.3 109.4 723.60 1.5 1995 100.2 1993 91.3 9.1 111.9 5 460.4 18.20 1.9 163.1 161. S ou rce : Eu ro pea n Env i ro n ment Agenc y (EEA).4 107.5 8.1 20.4 78.9 110.8 70.5 19.4 98.0 917.7 1997 111.7 17.4 108.1 25.8 5 330.7 131.9 12.3 87.40 1.

0 0.0 100 2001 11.7 0.8 13.0 88.2 0.5 1.6 74.1.0 12.2 80.0 73.1 16.4 74.2 0.4 13.7 13.3 1.4 100 2004 11.4 87.0 0.6 82.8 84.5 13.6 74.7 0.1 0.8 13.6 17.8 23.8 22.0 83.8 75.8 21.0 0.5 1.9 18.7 16.7 14.7 84.8 1.8 23.4 85.5 83.4 75.8 14.9 75.5 14.4 17.0 100 2005 11.9 13.9 13.6 12.6 100 1991 8.1 81.E N V I RO N M E N T 4. 194 S o u rce: Eu ro pean Environm ent Agenc y (EEA).4 79.3 86.6 15.9 82.1 12.3 1.1 100 1996 10.0 17.4 100 1997 10.2 % 12.7 84.1 15.9 100 1995 9.8 % 0.5 16.7 87.8 19.7 100 1994 9.8 0.2 17.3 0.0 75.0 18.3 73.7 14.8 88.2 18.9 19.2 81.0 100 1992 8.9 16.0 12.2 0.0 100 1999 11.5 83.0 12.9 20.8 100 Railways Total Civil Aviation Total Navigation BY MODE (SHARES %) 0.8 1.1 74.9 82.8 17.5 20.6 11.8 74.0 0.2 82.4 11.0 19.0 18.9 21.4 100 2006 12.1 18.1 % civil aviation road YEAR 2006 railway navigation 71.4 82.8 85.7 0.2 0.3 12.9 83.5 71.1 17.6 0.5 0.7 13. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).2 17.2 87.8 100 2000 11.2 % other Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.5 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) from Transport – EU-27 Total Emissions (***) International Bunkers – Aviation Road Transportation Navigation (domestic) (**) International Bunkers – Marine Other Transportation Total Transport Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) 1990 8.3 16.2 13.1 13.8 23.2 16.6 82.0 1.1 74.7 20. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.8 75.0 88.8 15.1 12.8 0.8 1.3 73.8 22.3 0.1 72.3 0.8 22.5 100 2003 11.2 15.7 88.6 1.6 1.8 75.0 0.9 18.1 100 1993 9.9 17. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .2 0.9 86.1 0.5 13.0 84.8 13.5 17.1 100 2002 10.8 22.6 0.1 100 1998 10.0 80.2 81.7 83.8 12.6 % 15.4 13.7 82.2 12.8 1.3 86.

2 0.2 924.7 25.2 4.3 0.0 0.6 164.5 192.9 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.0 0.4 12.7 0.1 2.0 NO 0.0 197.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 197.6 IS 0.9 0.0 37.4 7.0 6.3 0.7 0.2 5.3 0.0 25.0 LU 1.8 8.7 0.3 0.2 469.3 29.1 98.0 UK 38.9 PT 2.3 37.6 0.6 3.1 IT 12.1 0.5 3.3 0.6 LT 0.8 0.0 0.5 695.0 1.1 0.8 5 218.2 17.0 0.3 9.3 12.7 12.6 2.7 0.0 36.9 EE 0.5 72.8 0.3 29.2 0.1 0.1 12.4 12.2 HU 0.2 6.0 0.1 2.3 0.0 23.4 0.4 2.2 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 5.7 0.2 0.3 2.1 49.1 PL 1.1 2.0 18.1 0.2 8.1 0.5 2.9 13.8 9.0 0.9 ES 17.1 0.7 40.3 103.5 1.4 169.6 0.6 4.0 125.0 0.5 24.7 130.1 5. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.1 SK 0.0 DK 2.9 0.4 0.6 173.2 0.7 76.2 0.1 2.8 0.0 0.1 0.3 2.5 15.5 274.1 SI 0.4 CY 0.5 0.1. S o u rce : Eu ro pea n E nv i ro n ment Agenc y (EEA).6 12.4 567.7 0.6 0.2 1.1 1.3 149.1 2.8 0.9 131.4 31.5 179.0 73.1 17.0 0.1 0.7 0.4 9.6 1.6 0.9 20.3 5 447.9 0.4 0.2 1.8 0.4 0.5 DE 26.5 MT 0.5 0.2 3.5 15.1 0.1 1.5 1.5 4.1 0.4 3.4 BE 3.9 0.0 0.2 2.0 0.1 29.5 0.9 145.4 1.1 7.5 0.1 12.3 CZ 1.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.8 402.1 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.4 79.5 6.4 0.8 0.2 0.5 75.7 0.7 0.1 6.1 1.1 19.3 0.0 0.0 EL 4.8 0.1 0.8 EU-25 156.3 BG 0.0 0.9 2.6 SE 2.3 0.6 13.1 0.5 0.8 6.6 83.8 9.5 150.0 0.1 87.9 92.5 12.8 MK TR 4.0 2.9 0.2 1 034.2 904.2 4.6 56.1 0.5 1 274.2 58.0 0.7 0.1 5.3 0.7 17.7 RO 0.3 19.1 583.0 0.9 56.1 0.5 14.8 10.8 AT 2.7 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 149.7 16.3 0.2 19.8 26.4 36.6 0.0 11.0 2.0 0.1 0.6 1.8 9.3 10.0 2.6 11.9 8.0 0.0 20.4 0.6 0.0 1.9 1.9 FR 21.9 2.6 173.6 129.8 0.6 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) from Transport Total Emissions (***) Total Transport Other Transportation International Bunkers – Marine Navigation (domestic) (**) Total Navigation Railways Road Transportation International Bunkers – Aviation Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) Total Civil Aviation BY MODE (Million tonnes CO 2 equivalent) EU-27 157.9 LV 0.2 0.0 0.7 4.0 0.4 23.8 10.9 CH 3.1 0.2 145.1 0.3 9.5 7.1 23.0 FI 1.1 0.0 2.5 7.1 4.0 35.3 4.5 NL 11.9 157.1 0.3 19.3 122.2 0.1 3.2 19.0 0.8 5.3 1.2 5.3 1 297.2 0.1 1.7 0.8 0.1 25.6 12.1 HR 0.8 0.4 3.7 56.1 0.3 7.0 1.5 12.1 0.7 0.4 331.5 28.6 IE 3.9 0. Novem b er 2008 195 .1 0.0 53.0 3.2 0.1 2.7 24.9 0.1 0.7 4.3 0.5 8.8 22.4 21.4 5.7 44. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).

6 34.0 100.2 CH 19.0 84.7 5.8 21.6 100 0.5 0.3 100 UK 21.9 0.1 100 27.0 88.4 76.8 26.4 93.2 4.7 1.5 81.8 60.1 100.4 0.7 73.7 55.0 78.4 0.6 2.9 0.9 37.1 18.1 100.6 100 HU 5.8 79.0 58.4 0.0 0.2 93.9 44.9 100 1.1 98.2 63.2 67. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).7 1.3 16.4 0.7 43.0 98.8 95.6 100.3 6.6 34.0 55.9 82.8 2.0 16.3 100.0 31.8 76.8 100 EU-25 12.3 39.7 0.7 94.4 17.6 0.7 100 NO 5.2 0.8 88.5 0.0 67.1 16.6 1.1 0.2 12.1 23.0 0.8 100 HR 4.8 28.7 100 MT 9.0 100 0.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.3 23.6 89.0 DK 14.1 0.0 91.6 89.6 48.0 0.0 41.0 72.3 11.0 85.6 100 100.0 6.5 98.4 1.2 1.2 20.3 9.0 2.7 0.1 1.0 25.7 DE 14.3 59.4 92.7 93.0 9.0 80. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .4 1.4 0.0 1.0 100 IT 8.2 16.6 2.9 100 75.6 34.7 13.0 31.2 0.3 100 EL 10.0 0.1 1.5 100 LT 3.8 BE 6.4 RO 3.3 99.3 100 ES 12.3 22.1 0.4 93.9 23.0 57.4 2.3 8.3 16.6 NL 10.2 96.5 71.9 1.6 100 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.5 100 31.0 20.2 78.3 7.8 70.0 9.0 SK 1.2 26.9 81.3 5.9 99.1 93.7 1.0 66.5 100.3 4.2 94.6 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) from Transport Total Emissions (***) Total Transport Other Transportation International Bunkers – Marine Navigation (domestic) (**) Total Navigation Railways Road Transportation International Bunkers – Aviation Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) Total Civil Aviation BY MODE (Shares %) EU-27 12.1 0.2 9.7 91.9 28.5 73.5 2.6 97.0 8.9 100 25.4 1.3 98. 196 S o u rce: Eu ro pean Environm ent Agenc y (EEA).2 54. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.0 5.3 0.1 98.4 29.3 0.4 100 LV 4.6 100.0 39.0 MK 3.8 99.1 100.2 0.2 100 CZ 5.4 83.8 16.0 91.0 1.4 7.8 23.5 71.2 100.2 0.3 25.6 3.0 69.2 20.9 10.7 CY 25.3 0.6 15.4 0.0 23.0 12.6 100 EE 3.9 10.3 12.4 7.2 79.7 0.1 30.1 76.0 100 0.6 27.2 88.8 100.0 20.7 0.8 64.0 4.1 100 SE 9.4 100 IS 28.3 6.1 5.5 SI 1.3 51.7 24.2 AT 8.3 91.3 100 0.8 89.7 24.4 0.5 12.4 0.1 4.6 15.5 83.2 50.1 11.0 3.8 96.2 1.8 79.4 8.6 13.5 98.4 95.9 100 FR 13.1 100.0 76.6 0.8 80.3 18.4 3.3 13.1 0.2 16.4 33.1 55.6 98.4 6.8 80.7 100 0.2 77.0 22.2 83.4 9.6 63.5 90.0 12.5 PT 11.3 100.8 1.8 1.5 70.5 91.1 2.5 0.1 18.8 58.1 0.2 100 24.4 20.7 1.0 25.0 PL 3.0 BG 6.0 98.0 0.4 99.3 34.1 4.1 4.0 100.0 88.8 2.1 21.4 99.5 83.9 100.9 1.5 100 LU 14.7 100 IE 17.6 15.7 100 TR 10.0 37.5 100 FI 10.2 95.4 100 1.6 10.0 0.0 95.1.

73 PL 4.60 1.27 FR 2.26 3.11 3.92 3.86 MT 3.79 2.46 MK TR 3.10 2.69 3.66 DE 3.21 SE 1.53 5.77 3.97 3.10 3.17 1.64 3. Eu ro s t at .46 1.98 2.37 3.50 4.57 3.23 3.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.14 CH 2.36 3.26 2.81 BG 4.48 5.09 2.52 2.98 2.37 3.23 DK 4.73 1.08 2.61 3.24 3.46 3.83 LU 3.07 IT 3. D e cember 2007 197 .42 3. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.29 3.26 3.12 2.79 2.55 4.03 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use.77 2.38 3.13 2.96 2.57 1.07 2.69 3.13 2.82 2.30 2.54 2.49 3.43 LV 3.41 AT 3.13 4.31 4.50 IS 1.14 5.71 EL 5.81 2.05 1.98 EU-25 3.70 2.89 3.61 4.60 FI 2.14 4.53 NL 3.57 3.64 4.97 EE 4. S o u rce : Eu ro pea n E nv i ro n ment Agenc y (EEA).96 2.08 2.71 3.42 4.16 5.44 3.03 HR 7.80 6.83 SK 3.16 3.08 3.17 3.25 3.67 2.62 IE 5.14 CY 4.34 3.03 2.55 2.43 3.36 3.82 2.26 3.98 3.85 2.04 4.22 2.72 2.56 3.44 RO 3.46 3.71 2.84 3.06 2.55 3.05 2.82 3.37 3.27 3.98 4.35 3.10 PT 3.1.37 2.35 1.60 2.14 4.29 3.95 3.27 3.23 2.49 UK 3.56 1.54 3.59 2.50 3.83 3.74 3.84 4.96 BE 3.09 HU 3.98 2.33 3.51 CZ 3.40 3.24 2.56 2.07 3.7 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) Intensity (tCO 2 equivalent/toe) 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 EU-27 3.18 2.75 3.58 3.70 LT 3.34 3.90 3.22 3.44 3. Novem b er 2008.99 3.10 NO 2.61 4.10 4.06 2.25 3.04 2.71 2.66 3.84 SI 3.52 2.63 ES 3.54 1.31 3.89 2.

1. 198 S o u rce: Eu ro pean Environm ent Agenc y (EEA).E N V I RO N M E N T 4. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 . Eurost at . Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .8 G reenhouse gas emissions ( G H G ) GHG Emissions(*) per Capita kg CO 2 equivalent 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 EU-27 11 695 11 308 11 005 11 071 11 029 EU-25 12 212 11 467 11 275 11 290 11 231 BE 16 218 16 450 16 309 16 441 16 073 BG 13 591 10 641 8 488 9 240 9 373 CZ 18 807 14 848 14 364 14 347 14 544 DK 14 381 15 923 13 993 12 705 14 086 DE 15 716 13 660 12 707 12 542 12 565 EE 26 629 14 592 13 583 14 720 14 609 IE 16 160 16 907 18 767 17 634 17 172 EL 11 341 11 707 13 028 13 095 13 087 ES 7 763 8 510 10 247 10 965 10 664 FR 9 969 9 645 9 537 9 227 8 973 IT 9 264 9 503 9 905 10 115 9 905 CY 11 793 12 446 14 274 14 989 14 966 LV 10 603 5 256 4 273 5 293 5 454 LT 13 548 6 218 5 643 6 821 7 021 LU 35 586 26 653 25 487 31 446 30 838 HU 9 517 7 733 7 663 8 019 7 874 MT 6 089 7 161 6 901 13 784 14 411 NL 16 770 17 277 16 720 16 971 16 817 AT 10 428 10 312 10 339 11 540 11 220 PL 12 052 11 556 10 233 10 176 10 560 PT 6 215 7 270 8 340 8 643 8 237 RO 10 721 8 333 6 359 7 048 7 283 SI 9 338 9 426 9 548 10 262 10 345 SK 13 928 9 864 8 989 9 175 9 097 15 870 FI 14 807 14 353 14 094 13 727 SE 8 840 8 917 8 463 8 373 8 263 UK 13 822 12 646 11 994 11 568 11 473 HR 6 858 5 067 5 943 6 923 6 983 MK TR 3 031 3 573 4 154 4 335 4 546 IS 14 641 13 400 15 524 14 350 15 666 NO 11 719 11 419 11 911 11 640 11 481 CH 8 225 7 738 7 833 7 641 7 531 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use.

8 4558.3 7.3 239.9 2.4 4382.8 14.4 8.0 223.0 135.3 49.2 CO 2 emissions 4.0 14.4 62.3 16.9 610.0 240.1 Total CO 2 Emissions(*) (million tonnes) 1990 EU-27 EU-25 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1995 2000 2005 2006 4566.1 12. EEA prepares and maintains the complete EU greenhouse gas emissions inventory.7 907.7 47.9 406.9 13.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.9 127.1 60.3 213.1 582.5 17.8 40.4 3.1 4305.6 9.7 9.3 63.1 426.5 335.9 243.5 10.1 139.1 13.6 37.4 41.2 88.3 4341.6 256.0 33.9 15.1 55.7 17.0 16.5 57.8 3.6 322.1 95.9 36.2 475.9 8.5 17.1 18.7 597.9 440.0 506.9 49.3 395. which is the main provider for EU wide greenhouse gas emissions data.5 941.6 67.8 55.3 5.7 68.8 15.7 9.5 4194.9 271.3 61.7 92. Novem b er 2008 199 .6 61.3 367.7 15. Emissions data is downloaded from European Environment Agency (EEA). perfluorocarbons (PFC).5 122.1 24. methane (CH4).0 573.2 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use.0 127.2 319.0 63.8 59.5 6.5 1051.5 455.9 129.3 222.7 50. sulphur hexafluoride (SF6 ).1 117.0 60.2.6 2.5 34. hydrofluorocarbons (HFC).6 122.8 503.6 9.8 9.5 409.8 131.1 15.0 59.3 5.3 59.2 60.0 44.4 79.0 100.1 67.6 59.1 596.9 81.7 3.6 273.2 152.4 111.8 47.7 443.9 12.6 73.9 139.0 54.4 42.3 4543.1 37.6 171.3 67.3 60. S o u rce : Eu ro pea n E nv i ro n ment Agenc y (EEA).6 46.0 59.0 55.6 23.3 4332.8 1.7 37.9 62.0 164.5 51.0 402.8 144.3 150.5 67.7 4391.6 43.5 905.4 106.9 429. which is based on data reported by Member States through the EU greenhouse gas monitoring mechanism and the UNFCCC process. nitrous oxide (N2O).0 4134.1 332.8 198.6 48.6 910.0 40.9 20.0 5.1 71.0 63.8 47.6 2.0 370.6 65.6 20. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.2 23. GHGs: carbon dioxide (CO2).1 15.8 62.8 130.3 40.0 50.8 2.6 72.4 173.

6 408.6 134.3 669.9 88.4 1 380.9 2001 3890.3 122.2 131.4 88.2 83.7 Energy Industries 1990 4062.4 76.3 48.5 115.9 379.0 1 292.5 1 670.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.6 1999 3790.8 Petroleum Refining 16.5 68.5 50.4 119.0 714.00 0.7 1 579.7 721.4 916.0 671.7 14.5 66.3 1 569.8 79.5 13.5 14.4 1 257.6 14.8 13.9 30.7 902.5 Fuel Combustion Non-Ferrous Metals Public Electricity and Heat Production million tonnes 1.3 32.2 1 541.6 133.8 14.1 1 288.6 1 377.0 14.1 114.3 929.6 Manufacturing and Construction 28.8 13.80 0.8 31.8 Transport (**) 15.3 731.7 112.5 14.0 14.0 765.0 122.6 Iron and Steel 42.4 151.8 1 392.2 377.6 143.8 410.2 32.10 1.5 2005 3952.6 123.0 92.3 29.0 716.1 378.1 367.1 810.0 1998 3845.3 968.3 1 503.7 1994 3801.6 46.7 693.6 33.4 132.4 68.2 81.3 30.2.8 130.7 131.8 677. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).2 70.6 1 487.5 1 289.8 766.7 355.7 143.6 1 647.4 400.5 398.9 89.1 105.9 681.0 663.3 46.9 1 529.4 79.4 136.1 66.4 Food.3 33.3 1 590.5 Other Pulp.9 128.30 1.8 1 493.70 1990 1990 =1 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.3 1 435.5 2000 3802.3 1 506.8 2006 3944.1 1 298.0 82.5 31.4 30.4 1 364. Paper and Print 99.3 128.90 0.2 128.9 76.2 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27 85.7 Other Energy Industries 85.8 139.1 127.1 140.8 44.0 68.0 940.3 32.1 133.7 1 450.2 86.9 446.9 31.5 143.3 1 509.4 67.9 1995 3835.3 33.4 29.5 377.9 130.4 65.5 84.8 125.5 14.1 2004 3977.3 1 342.9 136.9 484.1 1996 3946.1 1 519.9 1997 3851.8 82.8 1 453.8 133.7 823.2 114.2 1 570.2 772.4 794.0 13.7 1 304.0 43.3 43.2 1 577.1 48.4 48.7 902.7 1 479.7 126.6 960.6 49.1 87.4 1 367.3 399.0 87.5 674.4 651.3 131.4 2003 3967.0 960.3 847.2 361.9 79.1 84. 200 Source: European Environment Agency (EEA).3 88.0 657.2 125.9 808.0 803.9 1993 3844.20 1.3 1992 3895.4 50.6 414.3 45.5 48.9 14.7 88.7 732.3 117.5 47.9 858.2 48.5 885.5 67. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions. Beverages and Tobacco Chemicals 1991 4036.8 725.4 1 271.8 2002 3864.6 13.2 32.8 14.3 85. November 2008 .7 1 322.6 49.8 31.9 1 322.2 360.5 361.

3 498.0 1997 760.5 -3.7 6.2 490.1 4 095.5 199.6 6.8 534.4 % energy industries 11.0 1999 719.5 78.5 5.8 -3.9 -3. Other (Not elsewhere specified).4 269.8 175.2 17.3 270.0 523.3 3962.0 5.9 264.0 270.4 20.2 7.4 18.0 4 154.2 190.0 279.9 6.4 5.6 3865.6 6.0 6. etc.2 190.2 529.6 6.3 20.9 258.1 276.2 -3.3 86.6 4082.7 -3.8 78.4 1995 823.4 3.9 506.8 482.4 3864.4 264.4 6.4 12.6 194.7 3914.8 -3.7 3882.8 3857.3 85.6 Fugitive Emissions from Fuels Solvent and Other Product Use 90. 5 259.1 4 179.8 3986.8 6.8 2000 769.0 4 257.6 2006 2.8 13.3 87.9 87.3 263.0 264.8 6.4 473.3 198.5 1993 752. Agriculture.6 19. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.6 10. Solvent and Other Product Use.5 4 142.6 15. Fugitive Emissions from Fuels.0 4 336.9 19.1 4 120.3 Total Emissions Other Waste Agriculture 7.2 -3.5 4.7 3809.4 6.0 4 263.0 4 257.4 4 076.3 -3.4 3821. Waste.7 18.8 466.0 % 22.6 482.1 3969. 201 .6 -3.6 % 4.6 18.3 6.1 87.3 1998 745.3 79.5 4.3 189.0 10.2 6.8 -3.5 2005 731.0 299.2 19.6 3971.4 4 099.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.4 3.1 504.4 185.7 487.9 4 391.2 19.6 3.4 13.9 188.5 80.2 2003 755.0 81.4 4 154.4 4 241.8 -3.9 TOTAL ENERGY 25.1 2001 732.1 271.8 22.4 -3.0 4 283.2 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27 5.3 10.2 18.0 7.9 88.2 3822.1 6.9 2002 757.0 18.7 212.0 18.8 -3.3 468.3 492. 22.1 -3.4 1994 761.7 6.5 -3.0 83.6 77.1 18.5 3.7 246.2 11.4 172.2 274.5 Other (Not elsewhere specified) Agriculture / Forestry / Fisheries Residential Commercial / Institutional Other Sectors million tonnes -2.5 3872.7 4056.6 4.6 21.8 % industry YEAR 2006 37.9 21.6 181.1 18.2 199.7 18.2 % Other (***) Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.6 5.2 16.5 287.5 83.1 494.2 4 141. Other.4 12.5 499.0 77.8 10.9 -3.6 1992 799.0 182.4 179.3 4.1 4 182.2 1991 790.4 9.2 Industrial Processes 789.8 185.2 280.2.7 87.0 482.9 10.0 % transport households services.5 3.6 3996.5 3.1 21.9 1990 829.0 179.4 4.7 1996 775.3 2004 747.3 3908.6 3. (***) Emissions from fuel combustion in agriculture/ forestry/fisheries.

8 4.0 11.1 6.2 18.3 16.5 19.5 39.2 2. Beverages and Tobacco 41.1 13.0 8.7 7.5 55.2 4.5 4.4 24.2 22.5 54.7 23.8 54.1 7.7 7.3 2006 99.6 4.6 2002 99.7 18.8 55.8 7.5 6.7 5. Paper and Print Non-Ferrous Metals 99.3 16.5 1996 99.1 Chemicals Other Pulp.2 8.6 1.2 16. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).9 18.5 8.9 8.2 18.5 8.2 4.5 39.5 38.0 19.9 19.9 20.2 6.6 4.9 18.6 7.1 55.8 18.3 5.5 39.5 1997 99.8 6.3 19.8 4.4 6.4 38.2 2.4 20.1 8.8 6.3 18.3 86.0 1.6 4. November 2008 .2.9 87.9 11.0 8.7 17.9 11.3 16.8 5.0 5.1 86.4 7.8 2000 99.7 8.0 19.1 1992 99.5 18.7 23.8 19.9 6.3 4.1 6.9 4.4 39.7 18.4 5.9 1991 99.0 23.7 87.0 1999 99.7 21.1 87.7 1.4 6.7 2001 99.0 11.1 4.1 11.9 1994 99.0 57.6 86.1 87.5 5.3 1998 99.5 39.7 2.0 11.3 11.6 18.7 4.9 4.9 12.2 53.6 17.8 11.8 87.0 54.5 40.2 2.3 59.7 2.4 57.6 6.1 23.5 40.1 12.8 21.1 12.7 7.3 87.8 4.4 85.5 39.7 2.7 2004 99.0 18.6 3.6 8.1 2003 99.0 1.2 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27 Transport (**) 86.9 18.4 4.1 13.7 54.8 18.4 5.5 38.2 8.4 23.0 87.2 55.4 1993 99.1 4.7 58.9 24.9 2.6 4.7 21.5 40.8 86.8 18.5 39.4 39.2 24.8 86.7 87.6 4.5 Iron and Steel Manufacturing and Construction 1990 Fuel Combustion Other Energy Industries Petroleum Refining Public Electricity and Heat Production Energy Industries shares % Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.0 8.7 2.6 19.0 7.1 24.2 11.5 4.6 2.2 16.5 40.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.0 12.6 Food.3 19.0 5.3 8.5 4.3 86.9 4.8 7.4 20.4 1.8 17.6 18.1 10.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 4.4 8. 202 Source: European Environment Agency (EEA).7 6.7 4. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.1 54.9 4.5 7.3 17.3 1995 99.1 2005 99.9 12.1 19.9 5.8 18.2 56.1 56.2 86.5 38.9 18.9 55.

9 0.8 0.2 6.5 93.3 0.3 6.3 0.5 93.1 100 1991 20.3 0.1 100 1997 19.2 0.5 93.7 11.9 25.2.1 100 1996 20.5 6.3 65.6 6.5 6.2 0.1 0.2 Waste 6.5 93.9 65.1 -0.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.8 63.6 93.5 93.1 64.4 10.5 93.1 -0.6 6.1 100 1994 19.1 -0.9 0.3 0.8 11.4 10.1 -0.1 100 2004 18.5 Solvent and Other Product Use 0.5 6.3 0.3 0.6 93.1 25.8 0.1 -0.3 Other (Not elsewhere specified) 25.5 0.1 100 2002 19.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 10.4 0.3 Agriculture / Forestry / Fisheries 19.2 0.8 24.3 0.4 TOTAL ENERGY Fugitive Emissions from Fuels Residential 63.1 100 1998 19.1 11.1 -0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.1 6. 203 .1 -0.1 10.7 11.3 6.1 23.3 65.6 93.6 63.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.1 100 2001 19.5 0.0 10.7 64.4 0.1 100 2000 19.2 0.5 93.1 11.8 Agriculture 0.2 0.2 0.9 23.4 0.3 64.0 65. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.2 0.5 0.7 24.2 0.5 0.6 25.0 24.2 0.8 23.3 0.7 10.2 6.8 23.1 64.8 6.5 25.1 100 1995 20.5 93.5 93.5 93.3 6.4 0.4 0.9 24.9 0.1 100 1992 20.1 100 1993 19.2 0.2 64.0 0.1 100 1999 18.5 0.4 0.4 0.1 100 2006 Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.8 64.2 0.5 0.0 25.3 0.2 0.6 65.6 0.2 0.5 6.0 64.1 -0.6 0.6 Industrial Processes 11.1 -0.9 10.2 64.6 10.0 0.6 0.5 64.1 0.5 0.1 Total Emissions Other 0.5 93.1 0.0 11.3 25.6 0.2 0.4 Commercial / Institutional Other Sectors shares % 100 1990 20.1 100 2003 19.1 6.4 10.1 -0.2 0.5 6.2 0.5 93.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.9 24.1 100 2005 18.8 24.3 6.5 93.1 -0.9 10.2 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector – EU-27 92.

6 25.9 13.3 968.4 0.6 15.0 0.9 0.9 ES 328.0 76.8 FI 64.1 16.0 0.0 3.4 EE 15.3 7.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.2 88.2.6 26.1 4.7 25.0 0.5 4.3 0.6 1 304.5 3.2 331.7 3.5 105.0 64. 204 Source: European Environment Agency (EEA).6 9.1 1.5 7.3 187.2 0.4 5.6 0. Paper and Print Chemicals Non-Ferrous Metals Iron and Steel Manufacturing and Construction Other Energy Industries Petroleum Refining Public Electricity and Heat Production Energy Industries Fuel Combustion million tonnes EU-27 3 944.6 4.3 20.4 64.8 6.7 8.4 0.0 0.9 46.1 11.0 0.8 IT 456.2 3.0 0.3 2.0 7.3 5.1 0.3 9.0 2.5 0.4 27.2 1.0 UK 538.0 2.0 NL 163.5 0.1 0.1 6.5 13.5 0.2 0.0 0.8 0.9 3.5 216.3 8.8 0.8 0.3 0.1 9.3 12.8 0. November 2008 .7 0.1 2.8 44.9 14.8 12.9 27.8 159.5 MT 0.5 176.6 11.3 101.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 HU 56.2 11.0 2.4 1 380.0 0.5 9.9 4.2 27.7 54.1 2.8 11.7 0.7 2.4 DE 799.1 0.6 3.2 1.8 3.8 0.0 0.8 0.0 1.1 EL 101.6 FR 378.8 76.9 0.6 9.0 2.5 1.6 2.5 29.0 19.2 1 577.6 6.3 0.4 627.9 0.8 4.0 0.9 2.3 0.0 33.7 23.3 0.4 366.7 1.4 0.0 2.9 0.4 4.2 0.5 0.7 SE 46.0 69.9 27.1 1.6 5.0 0.4 0.4 50.1 10.6 2.6 1.5 15.2 1.0 1.4 10.4 0.0 LT 12.2 16.5 5.7 43.6 4.0 0.4 0.3 12.6 22.4 2.3 6.2 11.0 122.0 19.7 947.1 329.9 9.2 3.6 0.5 0.0 2.8 EU-25 3 801.1 0.8 38.5 0.6 2.2 3.8 19.7 1.0 0.0 657.4 3.3 IS 1.5 2.1 30.5 160.6 1 499.6 2.9 BE 108.3 8.4 120.4 0.6 14.8 0.6 3.5 0.2 2.2 6.3 2.3 20.5 0.8 35.8 5.9 1.5 2.2 13.6 0.6 54.5 61.7 1.7 22.7 1.6 3.7 17.4 131.3 0.6 10.4 11.2 0.1 66.0 2.4 5.3 7.6 1.5 26.6 SK 35.2 0.9 11.2 BG 49.1 20.0 0.8 13.0 1.6 2.3 0.6 0.0 0.7 6.8 48.3 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector Transport (**) Other Food.2 1.4 6. Beverages and Tobacco Pulp.3 82.4 3.5 RO 92.0 0.0 60.7 3.9 49.8 0.6 0.1 131.3 18.6 1.5 0.5 0.6 CZ 114.0 NO 34.9 1.0 0.1 HR 67.0 0.7 0.0 22.4 12.7 1.1 32. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).2 16.5 15.1 121.2 1.0 0.3 4.2 1.5 0.1 1.6 1.2 12.4 PT 57.4 1.1 1.7 IE 44.5 4. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.4 1.4 0.8 1.7 42.1 0.8 13.4 4.1 5.4 2.7 355.8 5.6 0.2 37.2 137.3 0.8 48.2 1.4 1.3 0.9 0.4 6.4 30.3 0.3 1.6 101.9 8.6 44.5 0.6 5.2 13.8 AT 15.6 TR 252.5 19.2 8.7 LV 8.5 CY 7.3 131.3 3.7 0.3 0.8 29.9 Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.5 1.5 DK 29.7 16.3 82.1 14.1 19.8 4.2 1.5 184.3 SI 15.4 1.2 17.1 1.2 1.2 0.6 5.4 12.9 6.9 89.4 1.3 10.3 0.0 0.5 13.8 0.7 0.0 0.7 2.2 0.2 15.4 12.9 1.5 12.0 0.0 11.5 4.7 0.6 85.3 63.1 CH 43.2 0.7 MK 90.6 87.5 56.7 0.6 55.0 0.2 0.7 2.5 0.4 11.1 2.2 128.6 5.5 0.7 LU 11.2 0.0 0.8 PL 310.4 0.8 8.6 0.0 27.5 2.7 116.6 4.1 2.

1 0.5 0.9 9.7 57.8 0.6 17.1 51.7 0.2 0.6 ES 100.8 11.1 8.9 0.0 8.1 76.1 0.7 HR 31.7 0.8 0.3 DE 0.4 0.7 9.3 468.1 68.2 0.4 -3.0 20.5 6.9 21.4 30.9 0.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.2 0.8 20.5 1.1 0.0 0.7 0.1 7.0 1.2 0.8 UK 3.0 0.7 0.9 0.5 1.1 6.2 0.7 9.2 1.1 23.5 1.0 2.0 10.0 0.4 9.0 7.6 16.1 109.0 180.9 1.1 2.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 359.0 8.1 0.6 19.5 0.1 10.7 4.0 0.9 880.0 23.2 0.3 4.1 101.6 54.8 4.4 5.1 0.0 0.3 3 962.8 2.1 3.6 273.7 2.3 0.9 0.1 LU 56.2 NL 77.1 0.6 0.1 0.1 14.3 460.4 0.7 2.2 11.0 0.4 8.3 0.1 27.2 0.1 -3.3 6.2 0.0 4.3 0.6 0.0 49.1 0.3 310.1 127.6 0.9 11.3 0.3 1.2 0.1 2.2 7.8 1.6 MT 172.4 46.7 1.2 114.5 0.2 FR 86.0 0.1 4.7 2.7 2.4 2.1 44.4 47.4 0.7 0.3 12.8 18.2.0 0.7 7.9 264.3 1.4 1.6 77.3 0.0 SK MK 41.4 0.1 0.1 10.1 2.1 0.0 4 091.1 0.1 0.0 3.2 0.4 PT 92.4 2.0 799.1 64.6 1.8 252.3 1.0 117.5 2.0 4 257.8 404.7 20.1 13.4 0.2 0.9 0.1 5.6 3.6 32.3 0.1 28.0 51.3 8.7 EL 36.9 4.5 37.2 1.0 1.6 DK 80.6 CH Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 68.5 LT 11.7 1.2 3.3 2.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 2.0 109.0 35.1 0.2 9.9 0.5 0.1 12.1 5.4 0.3 111.5 EU-25 0.5 SE 105.2 2.0 LV 1.7 6.2 0.2 2.6 0.0 12.4 0.9 SI 40.4 60.8 17.6 0.3 AT 16.3 330.7 0.2 0.0 EE 4.5 0.4 14.1 1.0 3.1 1.4 0.7 18.7 6.2 0.5 165.4 4.1 0.2 0.0 6.6 0.5 0.8 6.7 -3.9 543.0 0.0 64.8 1.0 BG CZ 57.0 1.5 287.2 459.7 7.4 15.8 7.0 9.6 0.4 331.2 15.4 185. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.4 HU 0.5 PL 5.1 43.6 169.2 4.4 1.9 8.6 0. 205 .3 3 819.0 27.7 0.0 TR 3.0 554.0 0.2 488.0 12.3 0.7 18.9 0.6 3.3 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector Total Emissions Other Waste Agriculture Solvent and Other Product Use Industrial Processes TOTAL ENERGY Fugitive Emissions from Fuels Other (Not elsewhere specified) Agriculture / Forestry / Fisheries Residential Commercial / Institutional Other Sectors million tonnes 731.1 10.0 IS 43.7 1.3 2.6 2.9 0.3 NO 45.7 0.5 2.4 55.6 EU-27 717.4 1.1 FI 4.6 0.2 CY 1.0 38.4 0.0 16.3 IE 0.7 46.6 119.7 80.6 0.3 60.3 2.9 0.3 0.1 17.2 1.6 0.4 0.8 0.8 5.1 0.0 18.8 3.1 0.0 0.8 1.6 9.7 7.2 383.2 BE 55.0 14.0 IT 0.4 10.0 RO 0.6 0.0 0.

9 13.5 19.6 6.5 7.8 5.3 DK 99.7 13.8 90.4 15.0 99.0 45.3 10.2 2.2 91.4 20.8 76.8 20.0 1.7 56.1 96.2 3.6 100.1 PL 99.9 79.0 1.7 52.8 12.1 52.1 24.4 26.8 93.1 0.4 4.2 32.5 96.9 15.2 11.8 21.4 94.6 3.0 TR 100.2 7.3 94.7 3.6 25.2 100.1 24.3 36.6 19.7 100.1 3.3 1.0 NL 99.2 19. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).2 85.9 42.2 13.8 1.2 16.1 22.3 23.9 4.3 15.0 2.1 5.1 37.1 6.7 17.7 30.8 21.6 18.7 21.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.3 15.1 60.4 3.9 9.9 3.1 17.0 18.4 8.9 4.9 0.5 23.8 45.7 21.7 18.5 LT 42.7 13.5 0.0 41.4 99.9 5. Beverages and Tobacco 40.3 29.2 8.1 0.0 72.7 2.2 BG 100.6 33.1 15.3 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector Transport (**) 87.2 2.7 6.1 3.1 1.9 35.6 42.6 9.2 DE 100.7 10.5 15.9 40.2 16.8 0.5 0.7 18.8 33.5 5.0 16.1 69.5 12.5 7.0 8.1 37.2 25.4 14.7 21.2 54.3 4.3 12.7 0.2 EL 99.2 MT 100.4 1.2 9.3 16.5 EU-25 Iron and Steel Manufacturing and Construction EU-27 Fuel Combustion Other Energy Industries Petroleum Refining Public Electricity and Heat Production Energy Industries shares % 9.3 28.2 RO 100.8 12.3 33.2 7.1 EE 100.7 IE 99.5 14.6 39.3 CZ 100.3 55.5 21.0 99.0 14.5 8.2 18.9 53.8 54.0 13.9 24.3 16.0 58.0 32.4 9.9 4.3 5.5 4.6 14.3 2.6 1.0 88.9 7.0 50.7 30. Paper and Print Non-Ferrous Metals 99.5 19.5 1.8 7.8 13.3 33.1 13.6 74.6 87.1 3.4 23.9 7.3 35.8 17.1 13.4 11.3 5.3 1.3 0.2 FI 99.1 23.1 28.5 34.9 25.7 29.4 2.3 35.4 1.4 SE 98.9 60.8 12.7 0.3 1.5 Chemicals Other Pulp.4 87.3 24.2 36.9 91.7 2.4 23.4 13.4 18.8 89.6 PT 98.4 96.5 8.5 CH 99.5 63.8 50.4 1.1 34.6 17.2 100.3 20.0 12.2 34.0 0.2 13.1 16.5 24.7 0.0 3.3 5.2 3. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.9 47.0 19.0 78.3 22.2 24.0 61.5 5. 206 Source: European Environment Agency (EEA).9 7.8 28.4 43.4 2.2 CY 100.7 1.0 20.3 5.7 0.2 18.6 78.6 11.7 100.4 MK IS 92.6 0.7 11.6 12.1 1.1 70.4 0.6 21.6 3.2 10.2 11.6 1.0 ES 99.9 LU 100.2 5.9 4.7 3.2 8.7 78.0 49.8 3.3 UK 99.4 16.1 21.6 4.4 IT 99.4 87.0 SI Food.1 1.4 100.0 31.8 88.5 48.5 12.9 20.3 8.1 73.3 40.1 24.0 20.3 22.2 9.3 30.8 14.9 55.3 71.1 8.5 0.0 26.1 FR 98.9 1.9 77.8 16.6 7.1 10.8 94.4 25.7 78.3 34.0 LV 100.2.9 3.0 2.8 1.9 17.4 69.0 35.2 5.8 0.4 42.0 HU 34.0 49.9 33.4 28.1 40.2 1.3 53.2 1.3 SK 100.3 3.5 15.3 82.1 16.2 78.2 99.5 0.4 9.5 15.0 51.5 93.4 3.3 1.8 95.0 61.8 0.7 22.8 30.5 10.0 20.7 4.6 94.8 2.7 2.4 28.3 9.7 38.8 3.5 4.7 Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.1 18.4 41.0 59.6 18.1 11.5 2.1 0.3 HR 96.8 0.9 8.0 10.0 7.7 2.9 BE 99. November 2008 .9 25.0 26.9 17.9 AT 99.6 5.7 2.7 8.1 6.4 8.8 19.8 98.8 21.8 0.4 3.5 0.5 NO 93.8 100.0 75.4 20.9 36.4 48.3 11.6 33.8 9.6 5.

9 12.5 3.0 41.4 53.9 0.2 97.8 16.2 23.6 0.4 6.6 5.8 27.3 100 RO 1.5 0.1 0.5 68.3 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) by Sector Total Emissions Other Waste Agriculture Solvent and Other Product Use Industrial Processes TOTAL ENERGY Fugitive Emissions from Fuels Other (Not elsewhere specified) Agriculture / Forestry / Fisheries Residential Commercial / Institutional Other Sectors shares % 18.6 40.1 92.0 11.4 100 FR 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.6 100 EE 0.9 0.6 0.5 3.2 87.3 95.2 0.8 2.6 61.7 63.8 0.8 47.5 43.0 76.8 85.5 0.6 0.8 2.5 100 UK 100 HR MK 16.0 21.1 100 LU 93.5 46.0 100 IT 100 CY LV 96.2 0.7 78.9 25.9 2.5 93.1 54.5 9.9 0.3 2.8 4.6 60.1 0.8 2.2 66.1 -0.0 1.7 0.1 2.7 30.0 89.3 64.0 0.1 100 PL 9.5 75.6 0.1 99.1 0.1 24.1 10.2 0.5 31.6 91.3 39.1 0.0 10.0 28.5 0.1 1.9 97.6 7.6 43.9 11.1 -0.1 6.4 63.6 8.4 0.1 94.4 0.5 5.7 32.7 26.8 0.1 64.9 0.9 43.0 100 AT 16.3 0.0 18.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.1 94.6 18.5 0.4 0.8 33.7 99.9 29.4 22.4 0.3 11.5 11.1 0.9 100 SI 0.9 22.2 41.9 0.1 94.1 27.5 44.1 69.7 0.1 0.3 0.4 68.5 1.6 0.8 0.2 0.3 88.5 9.4 37.2 70.8 21.2 68.1 0.5 12.1 0.7 92.5 25.6 28.0 89.0 8.0 61.6 15.6 10.3 22.1 9.6 0.4 3.3 30.6 0.0 100 LT 94.1 100 EU-27 18.0 9.2 0.1 100 NL 20.9 63.2 1.5 0.7 0.2 10.3 0.5 30.4 90.2 23.1 11.1 11.5 0.0 TR 100 IS 100 NO 100 CH Notes: (*) Excluding international bunkers and LULUCF (Land-Use.3 55.2 17.7 9.3 0.8 9.3 88.2 14.1 5.9 60.8 7.0 0.5 9.6 14.0 31.7 0. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.5 47.2 9.3 5.7 0.3 28.3 13.1 0.2 5.7 14.4 7.2.3 0.5 93.6 0.8 6.1 3.3 0.0 19.2 14.7 20.8 0.2 60. 207 .0 4.2 94.0 47.9 95.9 30.1 0.0 100 MT 23.5 14.6 3.2 100 DE 96.1 -0.0 45.8 2.1 94.0 10.0 100 IE 100 EL 11.4 12.9 0.4 7.7 25.2 16.4 100 28.8 92.1 100 SK 100 FI 100 SE 7.7 7.0 0.9 0.2 27.5 0.1 1.5 11.5 8.5 58.8 4.1 3.5 0.0 100 ES 26.6 91.2 20.3 0.2 19.6 62.0 5.1 36.0 0.3 0.4 5.0 18.3 11.8 20.2 22.2 0.3 89.6 10.0 5.2 0.3 100 BE 100 BG 100 CZ 100 DK 90.0 100 PT 83.5 66.2 0.6 0.0 20.6 100 HU 0.2 0.1 0.5 10.1 100 EU-25 26.1 0.1 0.5 4.4 4.6 50.2 0.2 0.8 13.2 21.8 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.0 100 88.1 94.1 7.9 23.9 49.8 11.0 2.

8 SI 2.7 18.3 CY 1.4 DE 181.7 EL 24.3 9.9 SE 21.0 32.4 3.4 25.9 33.9 3.2 HU 8.8 20.7 1 144.8 19.1 4.8 35. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.8 15.4 16.5 8.0 37.9 206.4 EE 4. 208 Source: European Environment Agency (EEA).5 MK Notes: (*) Including international bunkers (International Traffic departing from the EU) but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use.2 LT 6.5 4.6 12.3 12.9 12.5 NO 11.5 25.7 5.8 SK 5.7 15.8 16.0 121.0 LU 3.0 14.7 4.8 1 013.5 81.7 23.6 29.5 37.3 141.7 3.6 18.4 13.6 102.0 ES 71.4 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) from Transport million tonnes 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 EU-27 940.8 9.6 8.9 30.9 2.5 170.7 8.3 IT 110.9 2.4 3.9 9.2 IE 6.4 8.9 72.4 28.3 19.2.9 163.8 99.8 44.5 19.5 2.3 39.1 UK 139.0 23.0 40.4 1 247.6 2.9 6.5 12.7 24.0 4.5 7.0 1.8 54.1 137.7 3.4 CZ 8.0 1.3 15.9 EU-25 919.8 FR 134.3 23.1 34.5 996.2 TR 26.2 BG 12.8 3.5 43.9 MT 0.6 16.9 112.2 6.2 173.2 18.5 159.5 145.0 5.5 3.1 13.6 DK 15.4 32.3 6.6 1 246.3 19.2 NL 64.9 8.3 1.2 7. November 2008 .1 12.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.2 84.8 4.4 HR 4.0 9.6 BE 36.8 18.8 12.2 56.6 3.6 1 128.6 LV 4.5 RO 8.7 17.6 2.4 1 225.1 3.5 4.6 1 269.0 4.7 132.4 0.3 5.8 15.3 4.0 2.9 FI 15.8 36.6 PL 26.9 193.9 196.0 190.7 22.8 30.3 1.6 CH 17.7 144.2 3.3 0.9 1.7 162.9 159.2 12.0 14.4 4.4 18.4 144.6 PT 12.8 AT 13.1 141.7 5.7 IS 0.

3 125.7 4 360.1 18.8 4 443.5 857.9 20.2 145.0 1996 105.2 108.0 1 161.6 878.2 20.6 142.6 162.2 18.2 22.6 151. Novem b er 2008 209 .5 10.8 712.8 2004 141.5 16.1 107.1 746.7 21.3 9.9 1 049.3 20.3 23.7 4 515.2 64.4 1 144.1 4 305.8 4 566.1 9.4 10.9 4 558.5 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) from Transport – EU-27 Road Transportation Navigation (domestic) (**) International Bunkers – Marine Other Transportation Total Emissions (***) International Bunkers – Aviation Total Transport Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) 1990 82.4 1 013.0 1998 118.6 16.4 10.2 16.6 18.3 767.8 9.2 2003 133.4 9.3 22.1 12.6 129.6 1997 110.2 9.8 870.1 90.1 1 231.7 841.1 1991 81.5 2001 131.2 127.7 1 192.1 86.6 110.7 1 176.7 19.1 9.2 20.3 149.9 4 507.6 69.7 4 402.4 25.8 9.5 127.00 0.1 8.0 9.0 25.80 0.3 9.7 895.6 23.8 2002 129.4 171.0 18.40 1990 1990 =1 1992 1994 1996 2002 2004 2006 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.6 4 554.7 159.0 7.5 841. S ou rce : Eu ro pea n Env i ro n ment Agenc y (EEA).7 4 332.7 20. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).5 16.6 4 341.2 10.6 108.8 110.6 1 073.60 0.2 9.4 21.4 9.6 117.4 2006 2.6 1 114.6 4 543.3 1 132.8 943.9 4 370.40 1.1 994.9 20.8 1994 94.5 789.9 130.6 11.7 145.7 1998 2000 Railways Total Civil Aviation Total Navigation Million tonnes 1.2 134.0 8.0 19.5 1 246.3 988.0 753.0 153.60 1.5 23.2 4 370.6 2000 134.5 7.2 825.2 125.5 21.2 10.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.1 129.4 106.6 82.6 110.0 9.00 155.6 174.6 8.3 124.7 972.20 1.6 140.9 736.1 1 269.0 9.4 115.6 131.5 1995 99.4 74.8 194.6 127.6 19.0 4 280.8 104.3 127.4 9.7 155.5 4 423.0 4 304.3 10.1 131.5 1992 86.1 107.6 161.6 703.9 182.4 1993 90.2 97.4 940.80 1.0 16.4 20.8 108.4 10.0 9.3 799.2.9 136.3 22.7 9.2 8.1 10.4 2005 150.8 65.8 17.6 23.7 897.5 21.1 106.9 1999 127.9 11.5 20.7 14. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.2 78.8 902.

8 0.3 12.5 100 1999 11. 210 S o u rce: Eu ro pean Environm ent Agenc y (EEA).8 27.9 23.0 12.2 82.8 17.1 20.2 87.2 13.1 18.5 16.8 85.8 20.0 100 2005 12.0 17.3 1.0 12.5 13.8 26.8 74.1 81.8 17.9 0.0 73.7 0.4 1.7 14.5 17.8 75.0 22.3 0.7 11.4 75.7 13.7 13.3 100 2000 11.3 72.8 12.6 0.8 84.7 88.9 23.1 13.3 18.6 12.1 0.4 79.9 86.3 73.6 100 1991 8.6 17.2 0.8 13.0 100 1994 9.2 0.9 19.9 13.6 14.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.1 81.8 26.9 25.0 0.9 23.8 27.7 13.8 75.3 % 12.0 88.8 26.8 27.1 74.7 87.4 100 2001 11.0 75.7 0.5 16.9 24.6 % 15.3 100 1993 9.2 17.8 26.8 84.6 82.0 88.9 75.2 18.3 13.8 1.2 20.8 1.9 23.0 0.4 73.2 1.5 11. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .4 100 1996 10.5 13.4 1.9 83.2 % civil aviation road YEAR 2006 railway navigation 71.2 0.8 13.8 0.7 100 2003 11.2.1 71.5 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) from Transport – EU-27 Total Emissions (***) International Bunkers – Aviation Road Transportation Navigation (domestic) (**) International Bunkers – Marine Other Transportation Total Transport Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) 1990 8.4 12.5 14.7 16.4 85.8 26.2 80.4 0.0 80.5 0.8 0.0 12.4 82.6 13.2 81.9 100 1992 8.6 100 1998 10.7 84.0 16.6 1.0 % other Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.9 82.6 83.3 17.7 0.5 71.3 86.0 0.2 12.9 75.2 17.6 73.8 14.2 16.6 82.9 100 Railways Total Civil Aviation Total Navigation BY MODE (SHARES %) 0.6 15.2 0.0 1. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.5 83.3 86.3 0.3 0.4 100 2006 12.8 % 0.8 15.0 83.8 88.2 15.6 20.1 74.2 100 1995 9.1 15.4 87.7 83. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).0 84.7 1.8 1.6 100 1997 10.7 82.8 0.6 0.9 13.6 74.3 100 2002 11.9 82.4 100 2004 11.0 0.1 12.

3 21.5 0.5 3.8 239.6 0.4 0.6 9.0 0.3 0.2 7.1 0.1 23.6 56.0 19.2 0.1 5.9 1.9 CH 3.3 0.3 0.0 144.1 0.6 39.6 0.1 0.9 0.4 25. Eu ro p e an E nvi ro n ment Agen c y ( E EA).8 13.0 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.4 1.6 0.9 2.0 0.6 120.7 12.1 EE 0.9 0.6 150.7 IE 3.5 24.4 AT 2.1 0.1 5.0 1.1 FI 1.0 0.7 LV 0.3 27.6 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) from Transport EU-27 155.3 0.4 11.6 0.4 DE 26. Novem b er 2008 211 .9 FR 21. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.3 15.8 194.0 DK 2.9 0.0 15.2 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.9 4 558.3 CZ 1.9 PT 2.1 12.0 0.5 0.0 0.5 IS 0.2 18.2 102.0 0.1 0.0 5.4 7.9 0.1 60.0 2.9 37.8 9.0 3.0 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.4 12.6 EL 4.8 21.8 902.0 0.0 0.6 9.6 0.1 0.1 2.6 4.9 19.2 13.1 0.7 0.0 2.1 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.3 5.0 7.3 170.6 1.6 4.8 9.1 0.3 9.3 1 247.3 1.1 0.4 0.1 1.8 395.4 3.4 0.0 0.4 5.1 2.5 173.7 0.7 0.5 68.2 12.2 23.1 1.1 8.4 0.6 163.2 0.7 0.5 NL 11.1 SK 0.8 0.6 12.0 0.3 12.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.6 129.9 0.1 0.1 0.7 16.6 23.6 3.6 11.2 9.8 0.7 MK TR 4.5 1.1 17.4 171.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 2.8 0.9 1.0 0.4 55.2 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.9 2.1 0.6 0.5 6.2 10.2 7.4 0.3 0.4 129.0 1.3 12.2 0.9 71.0 0.6 0.5 2.8 BE 3.0 0.0 2.6 4 391.0 0.3 503.4 0.7 23.0 95.1 5.0 0.4 0.8 111.0 122.3 56.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.2 3.7 43.1 1.7 50.9 8.4 910.1 4.2 3.4 0.2 148.5 1.8 9.0 NO 0.0 2.6 6.0 0.5 4.1 2.9 882.8 IT 12.0 0.6 332.2 0.6 129.2 118.6 2.3 ES 17.2 141.1 7.2 0.0 36.0 0.3 0.3 9.2 0.3 EU-25 154.4 2.1 0.9 2.1 2.1 4.8 0.8 BG 0.7 UK 37.4 128.1 0.2 0.5 1. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).2 0.3 35.0 LU 1.1 PL 1.1 2.1 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 25.8 CY 0.0 0.3 14.1 0.1 0.1 MT 0.6 LT 0.1 27.1 0.2 16.1 3.0 11.0 34.3 29.5 Total Emissions (***) Total Transport Other Transportation International Bunkers – Marine Navigation (domestic) (**) Total Navigation Railways Road Transportation International Bunkers – Aviation Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) Total Civil Aviation BY MODE (Million tonnes) 10.1 6.7 RO 0.7 9.5 7.0 0.7 0.1 12.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.3 18.1 SI 0.2 0.2.2 1.9 40.0 18.7 0.2 16.2 1.6 79.0 0.8 0.5 49.2 36.8 26.0 0.2 HU 0.5 2.0 0.1 0.5 4.4 63.0 0.8 17.4 597.3 429.1 2.1 19.4 3.2 HR 0.3 29.7 0.7 16.2 4.5 3.9 0.8 0.7 273.9 61.2 0.7 24.2 56.9 0.3 190.9 0.3 0.6 43.5 194.3 SE 2.5 7.2 5.1 1 269.1 6.4 0.

7 2.8 48.5 11.9 6.0 67.2 20.7 63.0 98. (***) Including International Bunkers but excluding LULUCF.0 9. (**) Excluding international bunkers (international traffic departing from the EU).2 93.8 100 FI 10.8 95.3 63.7 100 SE 9.1 6.6 2.7 76.4 7.2.6 2.0 55.1 35.3 16.9 60.7 0.9 42.7 5.6 100 IE 17.3 14.4 100 ES 12.4 9.0 100 0.6 39.1 55.0 SK 1.2 4.4 100 30.3 29.5 100 28.9 100.1 66.2 60.2 4.1 100.5 83.3 7.6 100 36.0 72.4 1.9 48.8 79.2 4.1 98.0 5.6 15.1 79.0 23.7 3.9 80.3 100 0.0 100.3 23.7 28.2 8.1 100 1.6 0.6 100.9 99.9 93.1 0. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .7 0.3 0.7 43.7 CY 25.0 100 TR 10.6 100.0 1.6 0.2 49.7 73.8 2.9 82.0 100.1 33.0 88.1 0.0 100 HR 4.6 73.4 0.2 83.2 77.0 29.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.4 1.3 0.8 1.3 11.9 2.2 100 75.1 0.7 90.4 89.6 16.7 1.9 0.7 94.4 RO 3.6 12.9 100 MT 9.8 69.9 91.7 0.4 0.0 DK 14.3 39.3 22.5 81.7 55.4 9.8 27.7 5.4 100.7 100 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers.7 93.6 1.0 31.8 100 0.6 2.0 0.0 41.2 94.3 1.8 1. 212 S o u rce: Eu ro pean Environm ent Agenc y (EEA).7 0.2 6.4 83.2 26.4 0.8 58.8 99.4 PT 11.4 3.2 100.0 28.0 26.6 6.9 AT 8.2 100.8 1.0 100 IS 28.4 100.4 16.6 0.5 83.0 21.4 0.9 99.4 16.3 91.8 64.0 100 IT 8.6 SI 1.1 41.9 100 LT 3.3 58.3 100.7 100 HU 5.2 2.6 0.3 98.0 3.4 BG 6.9 88.0 0.5 100.4 93.0 69.9 100 EU-25 12.9 10.0 84.6 98.3 99.1 76.8 76.1 23.0 80.3 0.9 22.0 0.2 78.4 38.3 76.4 99.8 1.4 33.6 1.8 100 FR 12.1 100 0.1 10.2 4.7 0.4 11.9 100 EE 3.2 0.8 27.0 PL 3.1 100 EL 11.9 81.0 8.8 BE 6.1 45.2 88.1 4.2 19.6 NL 10.0 95.8 1.3 8.0 100 UK 21.0 88.1 93.6 33.2 16.5 0.9 33.1 0.2 20.5 90.8 31.3 20.4 20.1 90.0 84.6 98.6 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) from Transport Total Emissions (***) Total Transport Other Transportation International Bunkers – Marine Navigation (domestic) (**) Total Navigation Railways Road Transportation International Bunkers – Aviation Civil Aviation (domestic) (**) Total Civil Aviation BY MODE (SHARES %) EU-27 12.9 100 CZ 5.2 0.7 1.1 0.8 33.7 0.9 100 34.3 17.3 93.1 0.5 70.3 12.8 79.0 14.8 100 LV 4.3 0.8 14.1 0.3 1.0 11.7 DE 13.2 23.6 97.8 96.6 15.6 89.1 100.5 16.1 0.0 100 0.0 0.3 51.4 99.3 8.0 98.5 91.2 96.4 100 1.3 37.6 15.2 100 LU 15.0 100.1 44.5 70.9 20.0 0.2 100 NO 5.4 100 100.1 0.8 89.6 CH 19.1 4.0 78.0 12.6 95.0 61.5 98.0 0.5 0.2 67.0 9.0 37.0 MK 3.0 57.2 1.2 95.5 71.3 23.0 28.4 18.0 17.5 18.9 1.5 1.3 5.8 80.0 0.5 0.

35 3.32 3.73 SI 2.63 2.74 2.88 ES 2.38 3.68 2.73 2.7 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) Intensity (tCO 2/toe) 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 EU-27 2.15 2.82 3.16 3.22 3. Eu ro s t at .89 SE 1.85 1.76 2.40 3. D e cember 2008 213 .88 2.30 2.14 2.48 BG 3.75 FR 1.21 UK 2.2.96 2.00 2.16 3.94 0.35 2.16 4.38 2.59 2.65 2.38 2.09 1.43 2.95 2.55 3.06 3.51 2.29 3.81 1.72 CZ 3.89 IS 1.82 3.84 2.66 2.01 5.16 1.34 3.60 2.66 2.05 0.59 1.29 3.69 2.33 1.73 1.83 3. Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.66 MK TR 2. Novem b er 2008.15 1.18 2.61 EE 3.61 2.56 2.61 1.79 2.26 EL 4.73 2.77 2.48 2.89 2.71 CY 3.42 2.82 2.48 2.68 2.52 2.76 1.79 LU 3.89 2.20 MT 3.60 HR 5.18 1.58 2.33 2.70 3.96 LT 2.64 1.46 3.67 3.50 EU-25 2.54 2.91 1.68 1.71 LV 2.36 3.79 DK 3.59 1.27 1.46 2.84 1.76 2.90 1.49 2.91 2.67 2.71 2.70 RO 2.76 2.97 AT 2.49 BE 2.89 3.96 1.06 2.13 FI 2.75 2.04 DE 2.25 5.80 2.29 2.54 2.72 2.34 3.09 IE 3.82 NO 1. S o u rce : Eu ro pea n Env i ro n ment Agenc y (EEA).05 2.93 1.64 2.92 2.06 1.87 2.49 2.14 2.16 4.91 NL 2.72 1.71 2.59 1.88 1.67 3.57 IT 2.95 2.32 PL 3.78 2.30 1.83 HU 2.26 1.73 CH 1.39 2.41 2.88 3.32 SK 2.49 2.80 1.70 2.43 2.61 2.71 2.39 PT 2.57 2.74 2.75 2.73 3.63 2.92 2.40 3.25 1.23 2.52 2.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.75 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use.

8 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions(*) per Capita kg 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 EU-27 9 290 9 060 8 998 9 236 9 230 EU-25 9 770 9 236 9 272 9 473 9 451 BE 13 565 13 764 14 102 14 512 14 236 BG 10 098 8 065 6 253 7 106 7 259 CZ 15 872 12 735 12 395 12 407 12 563 DK 11 194 12 897 11 183 10 245 11 692 DE 13 251 11 524 11 047 10 983 11 048 EE 23 329 12 483 11 419 12 622 12 447 IE 9 602 10 261 12 398 12 175 11 889 EL 9 146 9 486 10 764 10 984 10 973 ES 6 243 6 902 8 322 9 284 8 983 FR 7 043 6 841 7 015 7 005 6 801 IT 7 815 8 013 8 358 8 644 8 548 CY 9 614 10 158 11 932 12 437 12 532 LV 7 840 3 888 3 010 3 819 3 970 LT 9 976 4 336 3 560 4 369 4 457 LU 33 044 24 145 22 858 28 784 28 247 HU 7 115 6 058 5 860 6 179 6 061 MT 5 131 6 061 5 957 12 467 13 042 NL 13 264 13 818 13 948 14 763 14 647 AT 8 202 8 215 8 438 9 868 9 550 PL 9 806 9 609 8 426 8 376 8 725 PT 4 643 5 563 6 567 6 862 6 464 RO 7 458 5 870 4 374 4 916 5 167 SI 7 422 7 562 7 688 8 408 8 489 SK 11 694 8 207 7 451 7 573 7 441 13 548 FI 11 945 11 740 11 613 11 371 SE 6 994 7 135 6 776 6 770 6 680 UK 10 660 9 884 9 900 9 907 9 858 HR 5 088 3 773 4 563 5 355 5 376 MK TR 2 488 2 782 3 321 3 558 3 751 IS 9 728 10 064 12 037 11 447 11 709 NO 8 200 8 670 9 258 9 273 9 281 CH 7 007 6 636 6 738 6 606 6 514 Notes: (*) Including international bunkers but excluding LULUCF (Land-Use. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 . Eurost at . 214 S o u rce: Eu ro pean Environm ent Agenc y (EEA). Land-Use Change and Forestry) emissions.2.E N V I RO N M E N T 4. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .

04 2.27 2005 2.35 1.97 2.36 2.33 1997 2.30 2.06 2.33 2.36 1996 2.37 2.00 2.34 1993 2.90 2.80 1.10 BR 1.56 2.52 2.71 2.78 2.32 1994 2.54 2.47 2.07 2.35 2.53 2.64 2.08 2.41 2.50 2.90 2.24 2.05 2.50 2.48 1.12 2.29 2.63 2.35 1998 2.28 1.58 2.34 2.48 2.49 2.32 2.58 2.32 2004 2.68 2.03 2.85 1990 1990 =1 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 S o u rce : O E C D.36 1992 2.37 2.15 2.92 2.46 1.34 2.46 2.11 2.72 1.39 2.28 2.51 2.38 1999 2.43 1.36 2.33 2003 2.56 2.50 2.29 2000 2.01 2.34 2.43 1.48 2.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.47 2.48 2.20 IN 1.55 2.52 2.36 2.51 2.44 2. Eurostat.26 2.51 2.27 2.42 2.81 2.34 2.15 CN 1.53 2.9 CO 2 emissions World Comparison Mexico Canada Brazil Korea India China (*) Russia Japan EU-27 (**) United States World Carbon Intensity (tCO 2/toe) 1990 2.84 2.21 2.76 2.09 2.46 2.98 2.64 2.42 2.75 2.95 0.39 1.22 1.60 2.84 2.49 2.40 2.90 0.39 2.53 2.57 1.38 2. (**) S ource: EEA (not including Bunkers).44 1.26 1.16 2.50 2.37 2.26 2.44 1.52 2.52 2.26 1.48 2.52 2.49 1.44 2.2.07 2.49 1.38 1991 2.28 2006 2.49 2.12 2.38 2001 2.31 2.61 2.74 2.51 2.94 2.30 2.38 2.37 2.14 2.38 2.11 2.98 2.40 2.53 1.94 2.34 2.11 2.46 2.47 2.05 1.75 1.46 2.00 MX USA CA JP RU EU27 KR 0.48 2.37 2.21 1.47 2.50 2.86 2.12 2.37 2.85 2.54 2.89 2.26 1.34 1.05 2.99 2.39 1995 2.11 2.41 2.79 2.48 2.47 2.35 2.41 2.52 2.09 2.35 2. (* ) I n cl u d in g Ho n g K o n g 2006 215 .51 2.38 2.24 1.20 1.34 2002 2.46 2.03 2.37 2.44 2.02 2.43 2.46 2.06 2.81 1.10 2.

20 2.20 1.10 1.50 1.60 28 003 5 697 4 559 1 213 1 587 5 648 1 250 476 332 539 416 6 286 2.90 1.70 1. (**) S ource: EEA (including Bunk e r s ) .40 1.2.00 0.60 1.00 1. (*) I nc lud ing Hong Ko n g .50 2.80 0.70 1990 =1 216 CN IN KR BR MX CA USA JP EU27 RU 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 S ource: OECD.30 1.80 1.40 2.30 2.10 CO 2 emissions World Comparison CO 2 Emissions Others Mexico Canada Brazil Korea India China (*) Russia Japan EU-27 (**) United States World by Country (Mtoe) 1990 20 988 4 863 4 566 1 071 2 180 2 244 589 229 193 432 293 4 326 1991 21 154 4 829 4 507 1 081 2 173 2 361 631 254 201 427 302 4 389 1992 21 056 4 882 4 360 1 091 1 988 2 468 663 277 204 439 306 4 377 1993 21 144 5 003 4 305 1 087 1 829 2 670 687 304 212 440 304 4 304 1994 21 273 5 083 4 281 1 142 1 609 2 781 724 334 222 454 324 4 320 1995 21 829 5 133 4 332 1 157 1 583 3 022 783 365 238 465 310 4 442 1996 22 509 5 299 4 444 1 172 1 555 3 195 826 393 257 480 316 4 572 1997 22 686 5 477 4 370 1 169 1 444 3 133 870 418 274 497 329 4 706 1998 22 813 5 475 4 371 1 138 1 438 3 197 878 361 283 500 349 4 822 1999 22 953 5 501 4 306 1 177 1 474 3 090 942 395 293 511 342 4 922 2000 23 509 5 693 4 342 1 192 1 514 3 078 977 431 303 533 357 5 090 2001 23 666 5 673 4 424 1 178 1 514 3 123 986 449 312 526 356 5 126 2002 24 065 5 614 4 402 1 214 1 505 3 347 1 017 457 311 534 362 5 303 2003 25 108 5 689 4 516 1 223 1 540 3 871 1 043 459 304 554 371 5 539 2004 26 332 5 772 4 554 1 222 1 524 4 587 1 114 479 321 550 374 5 833 2005 27 146 5 785 4 543 1 228 1 531 5 101 1 161 469 327 556 402 6 044 2006 2.90 0.10 2.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.

6 1.5 % CHINA INDIA 16.6 5.8 1993 100.2 1.7 20.7 5.5 19.1 1999 100.2 1.2 2.2 1.4 % 20.0 22.0 24.7 2.9 2.5 21.1 1.7 % S o u rce : O E C D.1 15.5 21.1 1.2 3.8 1.6 12.5 1.7 18.0 19.1 5.3 1.2 1.1 10.4 20.0 2.2 1. (* ) I n cl u d in g Ho n g K o n g CANADA MEXICO OTHERS 217 .1 6.8 4.0 23.2 1.2 20.8 5.0 22.7 % YEAR 2006 4.7 1998 100.4 11.2 21.3 11.3 14.7 3.0 6.0 24.8 5.6 1.2 3.7 5.4 20.0 2.0 23.3 4.4 5.3 16.2 1.6 1.4 13.1 2.4 10.0 1.6 1991 100.3 16.5 4.5 % 1.2 % 4.1 1.7 1.4 uNITED STATES EU-27 22.2 1.8 1.3 13.4 4.4 22.3 5.10 CO 2 emissions CO 2 Emissions 1990 100.9 6.0 24.5 22.4 1.9 4.8 3.0 24.0 23.8 1.3 2.9 % 1.7 1.2 1.0 23.3 18.2 1.2 2.4 1.5 22.8 1.1 Others Mexico Canada Brazil Korea India China (*) Russia Japan EU-27 (**) United States World by Country (Shares.3 1995 100.9 1.0 4.1 1.0 1.4 13.0 23.4 1994 100.0 3.1 1.6 18.8 1.5 5.1 8.4 7.5 22.2 4.1 1.3 1997 100.0 20.3 5.9 2.5 5.3 1.3 2.0 24.2 4.0 6.6 3.2 9.2 2.2 2005 100.0 2003 100. (**) S ource: EEA (including Bunkers).8 1.3 4.1 3.5 21.3 2.2 % 1.8 17.8 5.2 2.0 23.6 13.7 2001 100.1 10.1 19.2 5.9 20.0 2.0 21.3 % 5.3 1.3 1996 100.3 5.4 20.1 2.7 1992 100.7 4.0 1.2 6.5 21.0 18.7 1.0 21.1 2004 100.5 20.0 23.3 2006 100.4 2000 100.3 2.3 7.5 22.7 1.0 18.1 1.2 1.7 1.8 3.2 2.3 % JAPAN RUSSIA 1.7 20.4 13.2 6.3 13.7 5.3 5.4 20.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.7 2002 100.1 4.5 19.2 1.1 6.0 6.4 20.8 1.1 0.2 0.3 % KOREA BRAZIL 20.8 21.2.5 20.9 14.9 1.2 18.2 1.4 4.4 20.9 17.1 1.7 1.4 13.9 1. in %) 1.

546 0.920 0.088 0.259 0.060 0.206 0.666 0.219 0.245 0.428 0.264 0.042 0.032 0.541 1.294 0.324 0.295 0.047 0.11 and methane 0.681 21.248 0.562 2.031 0.878 12.253 0.075 0.259 0.028 0.793 0.345 0.249 0.134 0. non-methane volatile organic compounds 1.384 0.440 2.076 0.165 0.069 0.325 0. CH4.267 0.349 0.233 0.100 0.091 0.046 0.3 Other emission indicators 4.345 0.202 0.443 1.1 Emissions of tropospheric ozone precursors(*) from Transport Million tonnes.243 0.094 0.511 1.758 0.239 0.223 0.246 0.028 0.125 Notes: (*) Ozone precursors: NOx.454 10.511 0.559 1.317 0.766 14.076 0.397 11.017 0.087 0. NMVOC.119 0.296 0.271 0.239 2.289 1.879 0.593 0.014.031 0.009 0. carbon monoxide 0.342 0.299 0.282 1.114 0.030 0.094 0.353 0.432 0.009 0.342 4.027 0.109 0.300 1.291 0.110 11.649 0.245 0.523 0.546 3.251 0.444 2.009 0.560 3.202 0.224 0.152 0. CO.312 2.722 19.009 0.290 1.238 0.044 0.359 0.093 0.016 0.961 0.350 1.373 0.793 0.165 0.299 0.275 0.044 0.038 0.420 0.206 0.437 0. Tropospheric ozone formation potential (TOFP) equivalent (**) 1990 EU-27 EU-25 BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR MK TR IS NO CH 1995 2000 2004 2005 22.067 0.648 0.319 0.443 1.434 3.139 0.103 0.931 14.105 0.009 0. 218 S ource: Eurost at .22.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.027 1.030 2.018 0.0. Novem b er 2 0 0 8 .199 0.016 0.021 0.029 18.164 0.432 1.028 0.240 0.205 1.3.304 0.439 0.094 0.237 0.232 0.097 0.779 0.555 1.017 0.117 0.854 3.211 1.020 0.028 1.325 0.300 1.930 0.779 0.162 0.413 0.397 0.033 0.322 0.315 0.309 0. (**) Weighting factors are used to derive tropospheric ozone forming potentials (TOFP) so that emissions can be combined in terms of their contribution to tropospheric ozone: nitrogen oxides 1.268 0.146 0.058 0.

3 % 0.7 % 0.E N V I RO N M E N T 4.5 % 0.1 % 41 98 84 70 0. 2) diesel.1 % 7.3 % 2 19 1 11 0. not included in biogasoline or biodiesels.1 Final Energy Consumption EU-27 30 0408 11 0207 19 0201 EU-25 29 4217 10 8058 18 6159 BE 8 207 1 542 6 666 BG 2 103 636 1 467 CZ 5 675 2 114 3 560 DK 4 343 1 897 2 446 DE 49 628 22 996 26 632 EE 761 326 435 IE 4 464 1 974 2 491 EL 6 775 4 131 2 643 ES 34 318 7 291 27 026 FR 41 877 10 484 31 393 IT 37 736 13 291 24 445 CY 618 339 279 LV 1 068 390 678 LT 1 195 362 833 LU 2 215 472 1 743 HU 4 260 1 617 2 642 MT 217 80 137 NL 11 334 4 383 6 950 AT 6 556 2 034 4 523 PL 10 779 4 254 6 525 PT 6 072 1 759 4 313 RO 4 089 1 513 2 575 SI 1 511 668 842 SK 1 696 638 1 058 FI 4 237 1 963 2 274 SE 7 189 3 936 3 253 UK 41 486 19 116 22 369 HR 1 865 731 1 133 MK TR 11 225 2 862 8 364 IS 287 170 117 NO 4 182 1 577 2 605 CH 5 552 3 666 1 886 Other liquid biofuels (*) Biodiesel Biogasoline Biofuels Share of Biofuels in Total Final consumption of Petrol and Diesel for Transport Gas Diesel Oil Motor Spirit Total Final consumption of Petrol and Diesel for Transport by fuel 2006 (ktoe) 1.7 % 0. The share of biofuels in total final consumption of petrol and diesel for transport contributes towards the 10% binding minimum target for use of renewable energy in transport provided in the 2009 Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (the 10% target is formulated as the ratio between renewable energy consumption in transport and the total final consumption of 1) petrol.1 % 2.4.0 % 2.8 % 1.1 % 8 17 12 5 1 115 149 1 5 3 139 1 46 57 571 161 1 2 14 1 11 19 55 1 1 144 48 23 87 29 70 11 2 43 47 131 18 1 7 Notes: (*) Liquid biofuels.8 % 5 339 5 334 882 882 4 440 4 440 0.2 % 1.6 % 0.2 % 0.4 B iofuels 4. D ecember 2008 219 . used directly as fuel.4 % 2 46 172 719 161 0. 3) biofuels for road and rail transport and 4) electricity for transport). S o u rce : Eu ro stat.4 % 2 45 1 192 179 0.0 % 5 19 4 3 467 1 4 328 18 0.1 % 0.7 % 0.8 % 1.2 % 18 0.6 % 0.4 % 1.5 % 1.0 % 0.

4.E N V I RO N M E N T 4. D ecemb er 2 0 0 8 . 220 S ource: Eurost at . used directly as fuel. not included in biogasoline or biodiesels.2 B iofuels Biofuels Production by fuel 2006 (ktoe) Biogasoline TOTAL Other liquid biofuels (*) Biodiesel EU-27 6 187 827 4 753 607 EU-25 6 182 827 4 753 602 BE 29 BG 5 CZ 99 29 5 1 97 3 207 328 1 2 DK 88 DE 3 856 321 1 88 EE IE 3 EL 42 42 ES 172 115 57 FR 684 149 535 IT 199 199 CY LV 9 3 LT 15 6 LU 1 HU 11 6 9 1 11 MT NL 97 16 81 AT 89 25 64 PL 154 PT 70 76 78 70 RO SI 5 5 SK 42 42 FI SE 291 UK 225 225 19 19 144 47 99 HR MK TR IS NO CH 8 1 7 Notes: (*) Liquid biofuels.

related indicators 4. Italy Scilly Isles. Turkey Oporto. S o u rce : I nte r national Tanker O wners Pollution Federation Ltd. France Genoa. United Kingdom Cape Finistere. Alaska Oil lost (t) 287 000 260 000 252 000 132 000 115 000 95 000 37 000 Selected major oil spills – Europe Shipname Amoco Cadiz Haven Torrey Canyon Irenes Serenade Urquiola Independenta Jakob Maersk Braer Prestige Aegean Sea Sea Empress Erika Year 1978 1991 1967 1980 1976 1979 1975 1993 2002 1992 1996 1999 Location off Brittany. United Kingdom Brittany.1 Oil Spills at Sea Number of oil spills. 221 . total amount spilt Period 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1990-1999 1980-1989 1970-1979 Number of Number of Tonnes of 7 to 700 tonnes over 700 tonnes oil spilt 10 3 16 000 11 4 13 000 21 3 17 000 12 5 15 000 14 4 42 000 12 3 67 000 16 3 8 000 19 4 14 000 (avge per year) 28 8 114 000 (avge per year) 36 9 117 600 (avge per year) 54 25 314 200 Selected major oil spills – World outside Europe Shipname Atlantic Empress ABT Summer Castillo de Bellver Odyssey Sea Star Hawaiian Patriot Exxon Valdez Year 1979 1991 1983 1988 1972 1977 1989 Location off Tobago. Spain La Coruna.E N V I RO N M E N T Other environment . France Oil lost (t) 223 000 144 000 119 000 100 000 100 000 95 000 88 000 85 000 77 000 (*) 74 000 72 000 20 000 Notes: (*) amount in the hold. Greece La Coruna. Spain Milford Haven. West Indies 700 miles off Angola off Saldanha Bay.5 4. Portugal Shetland Islands. Canada Gulf of Oman 300 miles off Honolulu Prince William Sound. South Africa 700 miles off Nova Scotia. Spain Bosphorus. United Kingdom Navarino Bay.5.

Notes 222 .

Notes 223 .

Notes 224 .

Notes 225 .

.

— 10.EU energy and transport in figures 2009 Luxembourg: Office for the Official Publications of the European communities 2009 — 228 pp.5 x 21 cm ISBN 978-92-79-10728-3 .

.

.

KO-AB-08-001-EN-C .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful