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HEALTH TEACHING PLAN
Dontogan, Johannah
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9/13/2014

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BSN IV F-4

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HEALTH TEACHING PLAN

LEARNER: Patient GG
LERANER DESCRIPTION:Knows how to speak in Ilocano, Tagalog and English. First time to be admitted due to high blood pressure.
LEARNING NEED: Proper Diet for Hypertensive Client
LEARNING DIAGNOSIS:Knowledge deficit related to lack of exposure as evidenced by verbalization of the problem.
GOAL:After discussion, the patient will be able to verbalize understanding of his proper diet after discharge.
TEACHING
BEHAVIORAL LEARNING STRATEGY and
LEARNING CONTENT RESOURCES METHOD OF EVALUATION
OBJECTIVE TIME
ALLOTMENT
A. What are the  At intoxicating levels, alcohol is a  1-2  Brochure and Knowledge of the  Question and answer
effects of alcohol vasodilator (it causes blood vessels to minutes student nurse
to blood pressure? relax and widen), but at even higher  Lecture “Masapolngarudngaisardengko pay
levels, it becomes a vasoconstrictor, Reference: tiaginum ta narigatmanentimaospital”
shrinking the vessels and increasing  Hayes DK, Denny CH, Keenan NL,
blood pressure. Croft JB, Greenlund KJ. (2010)
Health-related quality of life and
hypertension status, awareness,
treatment, and control: National
Health and Nutrition Examination
Survey. Journal of Hypertension.
B. What are the  As for heart and other circulatory  1-2  Brochure and Knowledge of the  Question and answer
effects of smoking diseases, the two chemicals in minutes student nurse
to blood pressure? cigarettes that stand out as the  Lecture “haanak met ketdiagsigsgigarilyo,
biggest problems are nicotine and Reference: nabayagenngainsardengko.
carbon monoxide. Nicotine, besides Dagitayanakko met
being addictive, has very powerful  Hayes DK, Denny CH, Keenan NL, ketibagbagakngaijayruwar da
effects on arteries throughout the Croft JB, Greenlund KJ. (2010) ngaagsigarilyotapnohaan mi
body. Nicotine is a stimulant, Health-related quality of life and ngamaangotkadagitiuubing”
speeding up the heart by about 20 hypertension status, awareness,
beats per minute with every treatment, and control: National
cigarette, it raises blood pressure, is a Health and Nutrition Examination
vasoconstrictor - which means it Survey. Journal of Hypertension.
makes arteries all over the body
become smaller making it harder for
the heart to pump through the
constricted arteries - and it causes
the body to release its stores of fat
and cholesterol into the blood.
C. What are the  Vasoconstriction is the narrowing of  1-2  Brochure and knowledge of the  Question and answer
effects of drinking blood vessels. When vasoconstriction minutes nurse “ haanakmahiligtikape,
too much coffee to occurs, blood flow is slowed down or  Lecture sagpamingsanlang no agsapa”
blood pressure? partially blocked. It can occur in Reference:
response to psychological conditions
or drugs, such as decongestants,  Hayes DK, Denny CH, Keenan NL,
pseudoephedrine or caffeine. Croft JB, Greenlund KJ. (2010)
Health-related quality of life and
hypertension status, awareness,
treatment, and control: National
Health and Nutrition Examination
Survey. Journal of Hypertension.
D. What are the  Sodium causes vasoconstriction, the  1-2  Brochure and Knowledge of the  Question and answer
effects of eating narrowing of blood vessels. minutes student nurse
fatty foods and Therefore, the amount of space blood  Lecture “ Isu met gamin tilutlutuen da
salty foods to has to travel through decreases. This Reference: ijaybalayngemikarigatanngabaw
blood pressure? decrease creates an increase in the asan”
resistance the blood has to overcome.  Ajani U, Dunbar SB, Ford ES, Mokdad
This increased resistance makes it A, Mensah GA. (2009) Sodium intake
more difficult for the arteries to among those with normal and high
expand with each beat of the heart, blood pressure. Journal of
causing the internal pressure to rise. Hypertension.
High sodium foods include processed
meats, salted snack foods, cheeses,
and canned foods.
 Saturated fat increases the level of
low density lipoproteins (LDL), which
tend to stick to the sides of the
arterial wall. This deposit of fat is
known as atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis begins with the
accumulation of fatty streaks on the
inner arterial walls. When this fatty
buildup enlarges and becomes
hardened with minerals, such as
calcium, it forms plaque. Plaque
stiffens the arteries and narrows the
passages through them. Thus, blood
pressure rises. This rise in blood
pressure is due to the arteries' lack of
elasticity.
E. What are the  Stress raises your heart rate, and  1-2  Brochure and Knowledge of the  Question and answer
effects of stress to therefore your blood pressure, in the minutes student nurse
blood pressure? short term  Lecture “haan met
 However, the things people tend to Reference: ketdingaumipaungungottiaanakk
do to combat stress, such as eating  Steptoe, Andrew1,2; Cropley, Mark1; o, diyaylangdagitiuubing da ta
junk food and drinking to excess, can Joekes, Katherine(2010) Journal of nag ngalawngaw”
cause long-term blood pressure Hypertension. Retrieved from
problems. If you experience stress, http://journals.lww.com/jhypertens
try alternative ways of coping with it ion/Abstract/1999/17020/Job_strai
such as exercise or talking to a friend n,_blood_pressure_and_response_to.
about what’s worrying you. 3.aspx

F. What are the foods  Eat foods high in potassium.  3-4  Brochure and Knowledge of the  Question and answer
that lower blood Good dietary sources of potassium minutes student nurse “
pressure? include bananas, potatoes, avocados,  Lecture kasapulangayamngalimitahanda
tomato juice, grapefruit juice, and Reference: gita, ikarigatan to
acorn squash. Potassium helps  Carlson SA, Maynard LM, Fulton Je, ngahaanngamangantinatatabalau
maintain intracellular osmotic Hootman JM, Yoon PW. (2001) nayngamakan”
pressure, which is the force required Physical activity advice to manage
to stop the flow of water across a chronic conditions for adults with
membrane. arthritis or hypertension.Journal of
 Eat calcium and magnesium rich foods Hypertension.
to help reduce blood pressure.
Food sources rich in calcium include
low-fat milk, green beans, sardines
with bones, broccoli, spinach, and
tofu. Good sources of magnesium-rich
foods include any legumes and seeds,
such as navy beans and sunflower
seeds.
 Lower saturated fat intake.
Saturated fat increases the level of
low density lipoproteins (LDL), which
tend to stick to the sides of the
arterial wall. This deposit of fat is
known as atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis begins with the
accumulation of fatty streaks on the
inner arterial walls. When this fatty
buildup enlarges and becomes
hardened with minerals, such as
calcium, it forms plaque. Plaque
stiffens the arteries and narrows the
passages through them. Thus, blood
pressure rises. This rise in blood
pressure is due to the arteries' lack of
elasticity.

Healthy diet and exercise help to lower


blood pressure
 The more you weigh, the higher your
blood pressure is likely to be –
particularly if you carry a lot of your
excess weight around your middle.

G. What are the  Salty and fatty diet  1-2  Brochure and Knowledge of the  Question and answer
cause of high  excessive alcohol consumption minutes student nurse “Jay inum la
blood pressure  lack of exercise  Lecture ngatalagatiamukngaapaynganaos
that should be  stress Reference: pitalaksungaikarigatakngaisarde
avoided or  smoking  Hayes DK, Denny CH, Keenan NL, ng”
minimized?  over consumption of caffeine Croft JB, Greenlund KJ. (2010)
Health-related quality of life and
hypertension status, awareness,
treatment, and control: National
Health and Nutrition Examination
Survey. Journal of Hypertension.