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a. law
b. ordinance
c. bill
d. bicameralism
e. constitution
f. due process of law
g. preventive suspension
h. veto power
i. ex post facto law
j. equal protection of the law
k. civil law
l. ultra vines act
m. appropriation
n. state
o. “alter ego principle”

2.) “Public Office is a Public Trust”

As defined in The Constitution, Article XI, Section 1 - Public office is a public trust.
Public officers and employees must, at all times, be accountable to the people, serve
them with utmost responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency; act with
patriotism and justice, and lead modest lives.

The three keywords Public, Office, and Trust imply sense of duty and moral
responsibility. Accordingly, a public officer is a trustee or servant of the people,
and as such, he is enjoined to his office with the highest decree of responsibility,
integrity, loyalty, efficiency, and must render service without fear and favour,
and at all times be accountable to the people.


a.) What is the form of government of the Philippines? Explain.

b.) What is the inherent powers of the state? Explain.


a.) Can the President amend the tax law?

No. The power to repeal and amend law is vested exclusively on the legislative

b.) What is the doctrine of Separation Powers?

The doctrine of separation of powers is based on the principle of non-

delegation of powers, as expressed in the Latin maxim “potestas delegata
non delegari potest” which means, what has been delegated cannot be
delegated. It ordains that each of the three branches of government,
namely: the Executive, legislative, and judiciary has exclusive
cognizance of and is supreme in matters falling within its own
constitutionally allocated sphere. Such delegated power constitutes not
only a right but a duty to be performed by the delegate through the
instrumentality of his own judgment and not through the intervening
mind of another.