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Physics 2

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1. When light of one wavelength from air hits a 8. What refers to the stress in the material at the
smooth piece of glass at an angle, which of the elastic limit?
following will not occur? A. Yield stress
A. dispersion B. Ultimate stress
B. refraction C. Maximum stress
C. reflection D. Working stress
D. All of the above will occur. 9. A circular current loop is placed in an external
2. The magnetic pole of the Earth nearest the magnetic field. How is the torque related to the
geographic North Pole corresponds to which of the radius of the loop?
following? A. inversely proportional to radius squared
A. a magnetic north pole B. directly proportional to radius squared
B. a magnetic arctic pole C. directly proportional to radius
C. a magnetic Antarctic pole D. inversely proportional to radius
D. a magnetic south pole 10. Who formulated the theory explaining the
3. The unit of electric current, the ampere, is photoelectric effect?
equivalent to which of the following? A. Maxwell
A. V/s B. Hertz
B. W×m C. Einstein
C. V/W D. Newton
D. V×W 11. Young’s modulus for aluminum is 7 x 1010 Pa.
4. Newton’s theory of light treated light as ________ When an aluminum wire 1.5 mm in diameter and
while Young demonstrated that light behaved as 50 cm long is stretched by 1.0 mm, the force
________ with ________ behavior. applied to the wire is
A. particles, waves, refractive A. 247 N
B. waves, particles, interference B. 315 N
C. waves, particles, refractive C. 990 N
D. particles, waves, interference D. 2,42 kN
5. A free electron is in an electric field. With respect 12. The charge flowing through a light bulb attached to
to the field, it experiences a force acting: a 12.0-V battery in 14.0 s is 30.0 C.What is the
A. along a constant potential line. average power supplied by the battery during this
B. parallel. process?
C. perpendicular. A. 360 W
D. anti-parallel (opposite in direction). B. 12.0 W
6. When liquids evaporates C. 25.7 W
A. its temperature drops D. 5.63 W
B. it absorbs heat 13. When a light bulb is turned on, its resistance
C. its temperature rises increases until it reaches operating temperature.
D. it gives off heat What happens to the current in the bulb as it is
7. A repelling force must occur between two charged warming up?
objects under which conditions? A. It stays constant.
A. Charges are of unequal magnitude. B. It decreases.
B. Charges are of like signs. C. It increases at first and then decreases.
C. Charges are of unlike signs. D. It increases.
D. Charges are of equal magnitude.
14. If a man wishes to use a plane mirror on a wall to D. 1/2
view both his head and his feet as he stands in front 21. Three resistors, with values of 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 W,
of the mirror, the required length of the mirror: respectively, are connected in parallel. What is the
A. depends on both the height of the man and the overall resistance of this combination?
distance from the man to the mirror. A. 0.58 W
B. is equal to the height of the man. B. 14.0 W
C. depends on the distance the man stands from the C. 1.1 W
mirror.
D. 7.0 W
D. is equal to one half the height of the man.
22. A proton moves across the Earth’s equator in a
15. A system in which even energy is not allowed to
northeasterly direction. At this point the Earth’s
cross the boundary is called ________.
magnetic field has a direction due north and is
A. closed system
parallel to the surface. What is the direction of the
B. exclusive system
force acting on the proton at this instant?
C. isolated system
A. toward the northeast
D. special system
B. toward the northwest
16. The unit of electrical potential, the volt, is C. out of the Earth’s surface
dimensionally equivalent to: D. into the Earth’s surface
A. J/C.
23. Which of the following best describes the image
B. C/J.
from a plane mirror?
C. J×C.
A. real and magnification equal to one
D. F×C.
B. virtual and magnification equal to one
17. A wire carries a steady current of 0.1 A over a C. real and magnification less than one
period of 20 s. What total charge passes through the D. virtual and magnification greater than one
wire in this time interval? 24. THe shear strength of a steel sheet 2.5 mm thick is
A. 0.005 C 3.0 x 108 Pa. The force needed to punch a hole 6.0
B. 20 C mm square in this sheet is
C. 200 C A. 18 MN
D. 2 C B. 7.2 kN
18. A metallic object holds a charge of -3.8 ´ 10-6 C. C. 27 kN
What total number of electrons does this represent? D. 18 kN
(e = 1.6 ´ 10-19 C is the magnitude of the electronic 25. There is a magnetic force on a particle. It is
charge.) possible that the particle is:
A. 6.1 ´ 1013 A. stationary.
B. 4.2 ´ 1014 B. uncharged.
C. 1.6 ´ 1014 C. not part of a wire.
D. 2.4 ´ 1013 D. moving in the direction of the magnetic field.
19. You measure a 25.0-V potential difference across a 26. An electron in a cathode ray tube is accelerated
5.00-W resistor. What is the current flowing through through a potential difference of 5.0 kV. What
it? kinetic energy does the electron gain in the
A. 4.00 A process? (e = 1.6 ´ 10-19 C)
B. 1.00 A A. 8.0 ´ 1022 J
C. 125 A B. 1.6 ´ 10-22 J
D. 5.00 A C. 1.6 ´ 10-16 J
20. Two point charges are 4 cm apart. They are moved D. 8.0 ´ 10-16 J
to a new separation of 2 cm. By what factor does 27. You stand two feet away from a plane mirror. How
the resulting mutual force between them change? far is it from you to your image?
A. 4 A. 5.0 ft
B. 2 B. 3.0 ft
C. 1/4 C. 4.0 ft
D. 2.0 ft 35. A concave mirror forms a real image at 25.0 cm
28. When 20 kJ of heat is removed from 1.2 kg of ice from the mirror surface along the principal axis. If
originally at -150C, its new temperature is the corresponding object is at a 10.0-cm distance,
A. -230C what is the mirror’s focal length?
B. -260C A. 16.7 cm
C. -180C B. 1.43 cm
D. -350C C. 7.14 cm
29. What is the unit of the modulus of elasticity D. 12.4 cm
A. Bulk modulus 36. A monochromatic beam of light in air has a
B. Unitless wavelength of 589 nm in air. It passes through glass
C. N-m (n = 1.52) and then through carbon disulfide (n =
D. Pa 1.63). What is its wavelength in the carbon
30. One phenomenon that demonstrates the wave disulfide?
nature of light is: A. 361 nm
A. the photoelectric effect. B. 895 nm
B. absorption of light by an electron. C. 387.5 nm
C. interference effects. D. 960 nm
D. quantization effects. 37. Electrical charges and magnetic poles have many
31. A light ray in air is incident on an air-to-glass similarities, but one difference is:
boundary at an angle of 30.0° and is refracted in the A. a magnetic pole cannot be isolated.
glass at an angle of 21.0° with the normal. Find the B. one magnetic pole cannot create magnetic poles
index of refraction of the glass. in other materials.
A. 1.40 C. magnetic poles do not produce magnetic fields.
B. 1.74 D. opposite magnetic poles repel.
C. 1.23 38. What law asserts that energy is a thermodynamic
D. 2.13 property
32. The real image of an object is located 45.0 cm away A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
from a concave mirror, which has a focal length of B. First law of thermodynamics
10.0 cm. How far is the object from the mirror? C. Third law of thermodynamics
A. 35.0 cm D. Second law of thermodynamics
B. 22.5 cm 39. Which voltage is not caused by a source of emf?
C. 40.0 cm A. the voltage across two copper-iron junctions at
D. 12.9 cm different temperatures
33. If one doubles the emfs in a circuit and doubles the B. the voltage across a charged capacitor
resistances in the circuit at the same time, what C. the voltage across the terminals of a dry cell
happens to the currents through the resistors? battery
Assume there are only emfs and resistors in the D. the voltage from an electric generator
circuit. 40. A uniform electric field, with a magnitude of 600
A. They stay the same. N/C, is directed parallel to the positive x-axis. If the
B. They double. potential at x = 3.0 m is 1 000 V, what is the
C. They halve. potential at x = 1.0 m?
D. They quadruple.
34. When a glass rod is rubbed with silk, which of the
following statements best describes what happens?
A. The silk is charged positively.
B. The silk remains neutral.
C. Protons are removed from the silk.
D. Electrons are removed from the rod.
A. 1 600 V
B. 400 V
C. 2 500 V
D. 2 200 V
Physics 2
Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 22.2 Reflection and Refraction


2. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 19.2 Earth’s Magnetic Field
3. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1
TOP: 17.4 Resistance, Resistivity, and Ohm’s Law
4. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2 TOP: 22.1 The Nature of Light
5. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1
TOP: 16.1 Potential Difference and Electric Potential
6. ANS: B PTS: 1
7. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 15.1 Properties of Electric Charges
8. ANS: A PTS: 1
9. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1
TOP: 19.5 Torque on a Current Loop and Electric Motors
10. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 22.1 The Nature of Light
11. ANS: A PTS: 1
12. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 2 TOP: 17.1 Electric Current
13. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1
TOP: 18.1 Sources of emf | 18.2 Resistors in Series | 18.3 Resistors in Parallel
14. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2 TOP: 23.1 Flat Mirrors
15. ANS: C PTS: 1
16. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1
TOP: 16.1 Potential Difference and Electric Potential
17. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 17.1 Electric Current
18. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2 TOP: 15.1 Properties of Electric Charges
19. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1
TOP: 17.4 Resistance, Resistivity, and Ohm’s Law
20. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 15.3 Coulomb’s Law
21. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 2
TOP: 18.1 Sources of emf | 18.2 Resistors in Series | 18.3 Resistors in Parallel
22. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 19.3 Magnetic Fields
23. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 23.1 Flat Mirrors
24. ANS: D PTS: 1
25. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 19.3 Magnetic Fields
26. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2
TOP: 16.1 Potential Difference and Electric Potential
27. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 23.1 Flat Mirrors
28. ANS: A PTS: 1
29. ANS: D PTS: 1
30. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 22.1 The Nature of Light
31. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 TOP: 22.3 The Law of Refraction
32. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2
TOP: 23.2 Images Formed by Concave Mirrors | 23.3 Convex Mirrors and Sign Conventions
33. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2
TOP: 18.4 Kirchhoff’s Rules and Complex DC Circuits
34. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 15.1 Properties of Electric Charges
35. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: 2
TOP: 23.2 Images Formed by Concave Mirrors | 23.3 Convex Mirrors and Sign Conventions
36. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 2 TOP: 22.3 The Law of Refraction
37. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: 1 TOP: 19.1 Magnets
38. ANS: B PTS: 1
39. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: 1
TOP: 18.1 Sources of emf | 18.2 Resistors in Series | 18.3 Resistors in Parallel
40. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: 2
TOP: 16.1 Potential Difference and Electric Potential