Hexagonal crystal

© All Rights Reserved

3 views

Hexagonal crystal

© All Rights Reserved

- Front Pages
- desciptive.docx
- State_wise_General_GK_Round_Up_(Full_Set)_-_Download_in_PDF (1).PDF
- LOm8
- Professional Knowledge Questions Asked in Previous IBPS IT Officer Exam-www.ibpsguide.com (3)
- AISSE 2025 Important Question Class 6
- ACE_IT_Officer_Book_Index_2.pdf
- TB04_soft-computing-ebook.pdf
- The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck: A Counterintuitive Approach to Living a Good Life
- Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind
- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race
- Shoe Dog: A Memoir by the Creator of Nike
- The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
- The Little Book of Hygge: Danish Secrets to Happy Living
- Never Split the Difference: Negotiating As If Your Life Depended On It
- Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future
- Yes Please
- A Heartbreaking Work Of Staggering Genius: A Memoir Based on a True Story
- Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance
- Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America

You are on page 1of 4

a
5 CHARACTERISTICS OF UNIT CELL
9
The atomic packing factor for FCC structure will be
‘The packing density of the FCC structure is 74% and void sp
SCand BCC structure, FCC structure is a tightly packed
thre structures.
race of FCC unit cell is 26%. Compared to
structure because its APF is largest among the
Hexagonal Close-Packed Structure (HCP)
hexagonal close-packed structure consists of three layers of atoms:
1. The bottom layer is hexagon-shaped and it has six corner atoms and one face-centered atom.
2, The middle layer has three full atoms,
5. The upper layer is also hexagon-shaped and it has six corner atoms and one face-centered atom.
Therefore, in the HCP structure, there are 12 corner atoms, two centered atoms of the hexagons, and
thee atoms at the center of the unit cell, which is situated between wo layers of the hexagons as shown in
Fg, 20. The arrangement of atoms in HCP structure is as shown in Fig. 20(b). In the bottom layer, the
center atom of the hexagon is surrounded by six corner atoms, which is denoved by A. The second layer
af atoms is placed over the bottom layer, between two atoms alternatively which is represented by B,
The upper layer is similar to that of bottom layer, which is denoted as A or C. The stack sequence goes on
sABABABAB .... or ABCABCABC ... for HCP structure.
The characteristics of a HCP structure are given below in detail.
Number of Atoms per Unit Cell
we know, HCP structure has three layers of atom in which there are three types of atoms, they are corner
“ons, base centered atoms of two hexagons, and the middle layer atoms,
()
Figure 20 (a) HCP unit cell. (b) Arrangement of atoms in HCP structure.250 .- CHAPTER 9/CRYSTAL STRUCTUs
1. Comer atoms: In HCP structure, there are 12 corner atoms in two hexagons. Each comer atg
is shared by six surrounding hexagonal unit cells.
Therefore, the number of corner atoms per unit cell =
there are two base-centered atoms in two hexago,
'd another on the top layer. Each base-centered ato
x12=2 atoms.
2. Base-centered atoms: In a HCP structure,
that is, one on the bottom layer of the hexagon ani
is shared by two unit cells.
Therefore, the number of base-centered atoms per unit cell
3. Middle layer of atoms: There are thrce atoms situated at the middle of the unit cell, These ao
belong to the same unit cell and they are not shared between any other unit cells.
Therefore, the number of middle layer of atoms per unit cell = 3 aroms.
The total number of atoms per unit cell in HCP structure is = 24+1+3=6 atoms.
a1 y1=1atoms.
2
Atomic Radius
In any two corner atoms, the distance between two nearest neighboring atom is 2r (see Fig, 21).
From Fig. 21(c), we get
Qr=a
Coordination Number
In an HCP structure, consider the base-centered atom of the bottom layer of a hexagon. It is connected
six corner atoms of the bottom layer which lie in its plane, three middle atoms of another unit cell wh
are lying below the plane and three middle layer atoms of another unit cell which are lying below the pl
Therefore, the bottom layer base-centered atom is connected to six corner atoms in its plane, three mit
atoms above the plane and three middle atoms below the plane in another unit cell. Hence, the coordina
number for HCP structure is 12. :
Relation between c and a
Consider the bottom layer of the hexagonally close-packed ns
ee eee Let ABCDEF be the commer ato!
(c)
Figure 21 Atomic radius of NCP ereueriseeTics OF UNIT CELL + 251
iat acre
@ (b)
Figure 22 (a) Bottom surface of HCP unit cell. (b) Triangle AGX for finding c/a ratio.
iuneHHCP structure, the height of the unie cell is ¢. The height of the middle atoms (G, H, 1) from the
Ie unit cll isc/2. These middle layers are located exactly above the centroids of the triangle
san of
| eefOC. and DOE ata distance of e/2. Consider the triangle ABY as shown in Fig, 22(b). Them, we have
cos30° = AY = AY
AB a
‘Weknow thatCHAPTER 9/Ci
252
“Atomic Packing Factor (APF)
The atomic packing factor is defined as ;
Volume of the atoms
Volume of the unit cell (V) rs
the unit cell (v) np
APF = Number of atoms/unit cell (n) *
For HCP structure,
Area ofthe hexagonal base X Height of the unit cel
Volume of the unit cell =
Area of the hexagonal base = 6 x Area of the triangle AOB
Therefore the volume of the unit cell will be
V=6 x Area of the triangle AOB x ¢
=6{ Loasex eight)
3
Volume of the hexagonal unit cell = 2° 4,
2
The atomic packing factor will be
=
4
Therefore, the packi
, the packing dens
The atoms in the HCP stra oe structure i
1 HCP structure ar rightly ects 4% and the void space in che HCP structure 8 24

- Front PagesUploaded bymanish thakur
- desciptive.docxUploaded bymanish thakur
- State_wise_General_GK_Round_Up_(Full_Set)_-_Download_in_PDF (1).PDFUploaded bymanish thakur
- LOm8Uploaded bySurajKumar
- Professional Knowledge Questions Asked in Previous IBPS IT Officer Exam-www.ibpsguide.com (3)Uploaded byHarmanWalia
- AISSE 2025 Important Question Class 6Uploaded bymanish thakur
- ACE_IT_Officer_Book_Index_2.pdfUploaded byKpreddy
- TB04_soft-computing-ebook.pdfUploaded byManoj Balaji

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.