You are on page 1of 82

_l

'0 E.;mxJ.lvoc; ~ '0 &pzt-rlx-rwv -rou·


PAUL VALERY ( 1871-1945) yp&<pT'1)XE:
we; EtcrOtywy~, p.e TOV TlTAo (( 6.W,Aoyoc; ..
TWV VEXpwv », cr-ro !LV'1)!LE~w3Ec; AEUXWp.Otl
Architectures -ro 1921. ''Ex.E~ T~ p.op<p~!
.. - I
<rWXpOtnXOU 3~AOj'OU OtVO<.p.i;<rOt crTOV~
) I \ I EYTTAATNO
<I>cx.~3po xcx.t -rov l:wxp&-r'1), a-roue; o1toL- r
, n_~ , .,. ,., , ,.,., ,I.
OU<; 0 .DOt/\EflU oO<.VE~~E~ •nc; LoEE<; TOU )'~O<.t
T~V &px.~TEXTOV~x1) we; TtXY'Yjl; TOO olxo-
OO[J.F:iY p.cx.xp~~ &1to -rlc; qJ~"Ao"Aoy~xec; &vex.- i
qx>p&c;. '0 Bor;).epu dx.e ~vor; ~!L!Lovo ev~
~ , \ \ , , df"\ _ ,
o~<pEpoV )'~Ot T'1)V OtpX,~TEXTOV~X'1). ~W<; 1

o !3tac; op.oAoyd: « 'H lipX,~TEXTOV~x1)


( - t' ,, , ' \ I
U1t'1)fl~E EVOt<; Ot1t TOU<; 1tflWTOU<; XOt~ <rO-
\ I
t-'Otpo-rEpouc; epw-rEc; -rou 7tvEup.cx.-roc; p.ou. 11
Q .J t/ - I I

'H t3~0t ~ 13&0<. T~<; XOtTOtcrXEU~<; 7tO\!:


dv0t~ -ro 7tepcx.cr!L<lt &1to -r~v &-ror;~[Ot cr-r~v •
-r&l;'1), XOtl ~ XP~'1J TOU OtU60t[pETOU 1t0UI
xOtTO<.A~)'E~ cr-ro &vor;yxOt~o, xor;&p~~OTOtV t
p.ecrcx. p.ou we; 0 TU7t0<; T~c; mo llp.op<p'1)<;
xcx.l ..~ mo OAOXA'1)flW!LeV'1)<; 7tp&~'1)c; 7tOU (
e
0, o:.V
1! - ,, ~J.r: <rToV
flW1tO<; p.7t0flE~ VO<. Em<pU/\rJ:.~EL ' ,.

~u-ro -rou. Mt.a -rE"AE~wp.ev'1)


(J.&c; <pOtVEflWVE~, !1-' ~VOt p.ovo ~AE!L!LO<.>
cruvoAo TWV 7tpo6ecrEwv, TWV I'_'![!.'VOY\ll'E:rJJV.
-rwv yvooE:WV xcx.l -rwv 3uv&p.ewv 1tou
p~ex.e~· <pOtVE:flWVE~ <rTO cpwc; T~<; ~p.epor;c;
TO cruv3UOtcrp.evo ~pyo T~ e&"A'1)<r'1)<;, T'ij).
yv00'1)<; xor;l ~ 3UVOtjL'1)<; TOU &v6pW1tOU »

To ~~~"Ato !LETO<.<pp&<rT'1)XE crT~ EM'1)V~X~


XOtl ex366'1)XE TO 1935 &7to T~V EAAH
AAMnPI6H p.e 7tpo"Aoyo -.ou ArrnAor
~IKEAIANOT. 'H <r'1)p.Ep~v~ h3ocr'1) cru~.
7tA'1)flWVETOt~ &n:o ~vex. e7tLp.E-rpo TOU
TI.OPfOT ~HMAIOOOPI6H y~~ T~ 6€cr'1)
TOU a~cx."Aoyou <rTO ~pyo TOU Bcx.AEflU xcx.t
<rT~V n:opdOt T'ij<; tXp;(~TEXTOV~X'ij<; <r.XE-
<jll)c; -rou 20ou cx.twvor;.
PAUL VALERY

EYIIAAINO~
''I-I
0 APXITEKTQN
[ ~IAAOrO~ TQN NEKPQN ]

Ilp6:1..oyo~ · YAyyt:1..ou :E~xtA~(Xvou

EK~O~EI~ ArPA
Th·:ho<; ltflWTOTurwu : IIEPIEXOMENA
Er1,palinos ou l'architecte, Paris, 1921

A' EAA7JVLX~ E:xllo!TI) : 'A&f)wx, 1935


ITPOAOTO~
Tou "Ayye:hou ~txe).ta.vou

ETITAAINO~
"H 0 APXITEKTQN
15

ElliMETPO
B' ANATl'II.O~H ( crTlc; 'Exllocretc; ''Aypa. ) : 'Ia.vouaptoc; 2005 « Bo·~:h7)0'1)
(LOp<p-ijc; »
Tou Ttwpyou ~1J~-ta.tocpop lll7J
125
ISBN 960-325 -087-2

© 1988, 2005, EKt.O~EI~ ArPA - ~--a.upoc; lleTcro7touAoc;


cl>wxta.vou 7 - ~-rcfllto, 116 35 'A6~va.
T7JA. 210.7011.461 - FAX 210.7018.649
http :f/ www.agra.gr, e-mail: info@agra.gr

xo:l

~xa.ll"Y)!J.(a.
'A61)vwv
KA1Jpollo-r1J!J.rt. ''EM1Jc; Art.!J.7tp(ll1J
llPOAOrO~

To IIEPAI:MENO tP01NOIIDPO nov fJeuJ>eOf'OVV O"l"O


IIagfm, ;eanow fJeabv lautA.a bvo A6yta -roii IIwJ.
BaJ.egv, yta va 'l"OV nw nw, ntOVf'OV(Ja neiv q;vyw va
lbwOoiif.,te, ;eai •o aJ.J.o newi o f'eyaJ.o, >et wyevt;eo'
uxvh'Y}, f'OV 'l"rJAeq;wvoiiae nw, Oa >exov-rave •• an6-
y 3f.J.a -rij, tbta, f'E(!a, a•o ~evoboxeio f'OV va f'E fJeei.
< H n(!WirJ av•~ dno ;eov•a YVWQlf.J.lrl 1-'a' if-rave aa (JV-

vexeta f.,tdi, naA.ta,, >et 1] ;eov{Jevm 1-'a' nov >e(!rl'l"'r}(Je


wee, Mxw, va 'l"O VtW(JOVf'e, bev elxe, ano 'l"O f'E(!O'
;eai HOV bvo fAa,, 'l"1}V na{!af.J.t>e(!~ ava?;r}'l"'r}(J'r} fj neoa-
na'f)eta. 'A no' 'l"rJV
' ;eov{Jev•a
, ~
wa-roao
I >
e;eetVrJ,
I
nov ano
' , \

f'Eaa 'l"rJ' lneeaaav noJ.J.a ;eai btoA.ov ava~ta, be f.J.OV


neq;ut lbw va ~ava:nw, naea oaa -rou pov ava;eolvw-
aev 0 i'bw, yta 'l"O'V EunocALVO.
- Eeeeu •axa, poi! 'ne, nw, lyeaq;rJ;ee 0 btaAO-
yo, av•6, ; Kanowt dQxtd>e'l"OVe, la;eonevav va l;ebw-
aovve lva 1-'eyaJ..o AeV>eWf'a /-'> aextu>eiOVt>ea axebta
>et 1fe0ave va poi! ?;ry•r}aovve va y(!atpw lyw 'l"ov neo-
Aoyo •if' l;eboarJ' avrij,. "Aextaa AOtnOV va reaq;w
lJa {Jt{JAto, f.J.E (J>eOno v' avan'l"V(J(Ja bte~obt;ea 'l"O Oepa
f'OV, a,Ua nov q;avega oao neoxweovaa l{JAena nw,
Oa 'nateve ango{JJ.eq;u, btaa•aau,. 'H poeq;1} •ou
9
10 ArrEAO!: !:IKKAIANO!: ITPOAOrO!: H
ToiJ nAaTwvtxov t5u1loyov na!}OV(rtaaTrJXe an) voiJ yetoc; fJeiaxe-rat f'Ec; a-ro alf'a f'OV. , Anc.i cpvarJ Xt ano
fWV we; eva p.iao, Xrletc; an) Onoio 1ta!}aXaf'n7:0YTac; yi'YY'I'}(J'YJ, je suis un reformel.
TOY xivt5vvo 7:0V oyxov, (Jei t5ta7:rJ!}OVaa 7:0 ovataanx6- Tei naeanavw J..iya Myta, nov f'oV elne -r6u o
ueo xai aeyxeova (J' avanTvaaa Ti} aXE'IjJ'YJ f'OV f'E ne- Baleev ytei -ro leyo Tov, t5ev ?jmv aaxono Oaeew vei
(!Uta6-re(!rJ eAevOeeia xai Cwr]. "ETat Aomov x6{JovTac; -rei n(!OTU~W we; qJVatxi}v elarjyrJo''YJ ytei 7:oV(; J,tTovc; nov
ano t5w Xt ano xei navw a-ro n(!WTO xeif'eYo, TOV lt5w- axoAovOoiJve axenxovc; f'OV aToxao'f'OVc;, nov f'OV Tovc;
aa dloc; Ti} f'O(!rffl f'E Ti]v &nota o E\mocl.(voc:; elvat ~vnvrweY e-rov-rrJ -ri} qJoe&, ~ Toao Mw xai t5rJf'toveyt-
ar]f'ef}a yvwaT6c;. xi} f'eTaqJeaarJ -rov E\moct.(vou &no -ri}Y ''EAA'YJ Aaf'net-
-~ A"oAovO~aa-re, -roiJ dnclv-r?}cJa, a' airr6, 7:~ ~-tE­ t5rJ, nov neoaqJE(!eTat ar]f'eea a-ro lUYJVLi~o xow6.
Oot5o nov dxolovOovaave oi aQxatot, xai xaTei -ri}v &- 'H xwea 7:WY (JXLWY Aom6v, &no -ri}v &nota ~eXL'JiOVY
nota clX(!t{Jwc; o ne(!W(!Lo'f'Oc; -rov XW(!OV nov t5tv6v-rav a-ro t5u1loy6 -rove; o (/Jait5eoc; "' o .EwxeaTrJc;, elYat At-
a-rov naAato uxvhrJ ytei vei aTr]aet eva vao ~ eva ayaAf'a, y6ueo 7:' aexaia 'Hlvata, oao ~ Oaf'niJ "' clqJ'YJ(!'YJf'EY'YJ
TOY fJorJOovae y' avan-rv~et Tlc; t5vvaf'LXEc; f'OY6.xa axe- d-rJ-tOaqJatea fLEe; a-ri}v &nota xtvei'Tat ij t5taY6rJa'YJ x' ij
aetc; f'eTa~v Tifc; avUrJ"PrJc; Tov xai Tov neet{J&J,/,ov-roc;, Cwi] -rife; enoxifc; f'ac; . Mtei &av6rJa'YJ xai Cwr], &nov xeo-
neayf'aTonotwvTac; hat f'tii.v oeyavtxi} avaf'e7:a~v vtCet a-rei laxam arJf'eia -rife; &ateearJc;, a-rei nto &no-
Tovc; aVf'f'cT!}ia "' cinoMvovmc; xai f'E TO nagaf'tX!}O- f'aXQVaf'eva an' Ti} avvataOrJarJ TOV XEYT(!OV -rife; {Ja-
Te(!O E(!yo, eva awoAo. (!V7:'Yj7:ac; Tovc; x' lnof'evwc; cin' TOY Mwv lam6 f'ac; ,
- Ti} f'e0ot5o wa-r6ao av-rr], eavvextaev oBaleev, elQXLYWVTac; newTa newm &no 7:0 'tt5w f'ac; XO(!f'i. To
ntad1pu· nwc; Ti}v elxa navm f'Eo'a J-tOV. llo/,J,oi elvat XO(!f't, oxt we; TO {JJ..enav oi (( axdc; )), e'tu ae TOV7:0
nov YOf'tCovv nwc; ixavei a-rotxeia TOV e(!yov f-tOV Tei eiTe (]TOY aAAO XO<:ff'O av~xovv, Cwymc; TO anAoi"xei
OqJeiAw yevtxei aTi} yvW{}tf'ta f'OV f'E TOY aexaio XOo'f'O· xai Mxwc; {J&Ooc;, ~ TonoOHwvmc; -ro a-ri] Cwv'Y) -rwY
•H &J,?}Oeta waTOo'O elYat nwc; ytei -rei xaeaXT'YJ(!Lo'TLXO- uvelewv, &/,/,' waei f'La {Ji{Jat'Y) a-r&Of''YJ aYe~avdrJorJc;
U(!a yvwetaf'a7:6. TOV, vnife~a evac; Po{Jwawv TOV X(!VqJ'tjc; laO(!(!Oniac;, nov ae xa0e neofJA'YJf'UTLXi} neet-
laVTOV f'OV. Kt av a-ro leyo f'OV vnaexet av-ro TO f'ET(!O nTWa'Yj CtYaxalei TOY IJ.vOewno an' Ti}v clA'Y)Uta ~ Ti}
xai TO yvwetaf'a nov yevtxei vn&exu f'Ec; a-ri}v Ttxv'YJ ~taanaarJ -rwv alaOr]aewY Tov aTo {JaOvueo aVf'f'ET(!t-
xai Ti} axEtprJ Tifc; Mea6yewv, avTO elvat ytad ~ Mea6- xo lav-ro Tov, onwc; ~ ayxvea avaxaAei a-rov lav-ro TOV
-vttr;() 5lu ~:uuhrlt ~up 1x oDp~Dp '5paotC:u<. 5uaXl~ 5f!~ u.1cpou lt~l. 'fl.QD DJOU2.3rhp ~rl '~'Xarh If lfl.~V 1x ?l.V1J
rr oD3rlp >> ~~ ~ rr ~x?~Darl » ~~ oauyx9r9 '5u~ ~DOfl ·5yXarh 5yxu!aamrlltq ao2. Smq2 5f!2. ?()13"(X
-pup 1t'fX1t\aao?rlltf1 'f~D V~ttpu 131tJDf}0"(103U It~(/ lt?l f!-OU ~X12.!Jar/ ~2. 'ttprf()ftO 1t(!!X1riDOX lt(r)?ltC[JlD lt(!/.1 aD13¥JDDf}
'5f!Xarh 5yxattO()DlO ,x 5yxu3om~l ~tt1()U"(p Sp1rl 5ooprh £lOX7.l!Jar/ 5}02. vr/tC101t'fi ~2. ~r/ OltooXtCCJD 130JrDDOOU £10.1
.'? 5or/ 530Jrllf 5?~D map C!-03"(0fl .am 5~~~o 5otCoyp1fl 9 ~a 'aoalrlo,?rl()aa ?vx gorloao Q-~v~3rl DJaorlop lfxalt.<
' url~~mu1 ~tt1()ltyp lt~Do()rhp aoDp~ ~rl 1ox U.tX1~ v7vXap -031tj D1()Z If Q-OU ODf? '~Xop tt'fl. ,up 13Dprfntaq ~It ttVl.ltOtt
:tlf~ ,up oa1rlrorhr: ~ourlvy oDp~ '9~'JV orlltD909 ~~:I - cp3oXou:CJ '(5ooft ~2. ?ox ltDltltJX '*2. '~rlrlvo.< ¥2. 'oXft a~2
.' ux11to~xn1Xov
I <
au~
'
~7,{ 513Dpf} 531()! 5F 3Xp DJtCoyorhoor/ f[xalt10u DJDX
D1Q2 tt'f~ ~~(/V ,up '~~U()DlD tt'f~D lut3r/9tt7nX300U 5DJtC -op ttlfl.D f!-OU) (( ii.OO.l3rlriCJD 73rlpttaq )) f!l.D D13"(J.l1tl ,rl
-oamrlltf~ syx1Xarh 5f!~ apXop ~tp~ aroyg 9Xa3()ttaD '~~ ttV.ltt01tJOXOUV.l1tp tt~q ~ou ' U!JUitJX mt!py O"("('fi ,r/ 3()pX
-~v ltXJtt lf~D orlltD909 ~toonDJtCOOtti 910u oXp~ ?D)! ~D ' rr lwltXop~l » 3()P" ~D 5~~trlatC '5ott3rlr;oarl 9 'vMJD
! vr/lt~Dp1f1 ~~ ?VX -(1,3"(:!f' ~.lD (( Q"(XCJX ((~.lD UDUI}rl )) lf.tD Q-OU ?DX D10il.lf.i
ott9oX ~~D vuapq ltypu aoucpO()ttp go~ lfx?.<va~ alf~D ttD1()2 tt'f.l 5pp.tttl iC(!O'J)()rhxl (( 50.la3opXp )) ?DX (( 502.
vrlltDpo9 D10~~UX71t 5p '5D13XOP1V 5f!~ ttOl"(U D()JtCvorhD -lto2.1rlro3tCp » 'u 5oDaorlp » 10o,g1o f!-OU: 'pomx a~.l 5~ou
If~ ~r/ "'!}O()V~!J ~It 3"'!}000Ur/ ~It f!-OU: '5Jrhoor/ 5p 50"(1~ o()n9r/1!J avr/tCpou m~tp ?DX 70/t, ptt ttaO1p10r/ 170tt
npu '513~pau 5p n9u '513rhJXD 5p npu 13D1()ttaDv~tp -Jri0()3U 1vx tt?l ?J.mtC 'ooq1v<1> ~.l ?DX lt2.poxro:r ~2. no"
5C!-o~ ~a 'a ~x1tCoa01rlltf1 ltDo~D9UCJ » 5p 3~p rr v~lt~p~ -)'fJOUQ3: g.o.1 ao.<nmq .QOl. vuroDpou ~1.< 3~3"(p1Ql f!-OU
-1t9 lfxuDarl >> 5p np '5o"(l~ 13ttC[J()OO~vx '~tro~ttf} ~tp~ ' CJ03"(Vf[ 9 OX1q'fi CI0"(91Q V1Df}Jf} 3XJ3 It~() ~.l~D ,1J
5~rlyvu 5ao~v~paxp 5f!-O~ ?DX 5yro1 5f!~ 513D~~toq 5~~u ·~rhoorl lulll.op~31tp 'u2.X13()9uv2.~v a~1rl ' ltaXu,
-3"( ~1u 5?~ ?OX 13~l"(yamo3u ~a 5o~acpoourl C!-ou9 rr 5'f~ ~tf[l. ~rl 'ao2. 9.1avl lt~l. ,up 1x ~1u ro~l '13Dcpq ~a 13aourl
-ltotCro ~ ?OX 5oDattp1 V 5~r/()10p )) 5Dt1) ' (( 5pr/()10p It(!iii()10 5f!-OriD3() 5~0.1 5a0.11}02. ~D ?VX ilVUrfCJD (>2. ~r/ CIO.l 5C)Or/!J
-p )) 5Dtt} ~avu '5lt~ 5~~0VU:f} sy~ UDU()J3tta!J lfttvuro~ -3Q 5aocbaoxpup p1u 5~o.t 1yptCp 1yptCp 132.UI}"(Vxoup 'ori!J
130pU C!-01t9 ttvop tt'f~ ~up 'map O"("("fl J~ '~Xarh If lf~~V -9X (( aOOl.Jrl ?VX £lOrl(j70p ~il3X )) aD.l VOI}tC ~2. ~rl 573D
'prloaa ~~D v~ 5p~ao.<pu:r: 'goomx go~ ?D" 5o~vri~~D -~A1X aDl. 531'12 5?2. 5Dl.lt02.J()1tftD f!-OU9 'rr 5~2.Url()10fl ?OX
-D1(J g.o~ ~trottlrloamrh ap~ DJ0131tp aft.~ ao~ 5o()pf} ~UJ 5Q31at!p » 5((ylturow '5ol.pou 9 1VttJ3 f!-OU 'vop ~l.~V
~ylturow 1n7()ttaD C!-0u9 'vrlpD ~~ 'o~lt~p.q alfav~ttro~ ·or/maronavx
, ~ L.
oiJnodJ!J
\ ¥
3.10Uhfl010UO
, ¥ ~
ttO.l
\
OUD
\ '
?rlo(}ox
1},
02.
\
tn :lOJOYOdll :IO NV IV:J)!J~ :IOV:J.J.J\' (;f.
ArrEAOI: I:IKEAIANOI:
p:YJ "' &no aaxrJaTJ neayf'an1dj, yvwetCet, oao oJ..tyot EIIIAAINO~ ''H 0 APXITEKTQN 1
a1:ov "atf26 f'a~, va aToxaCeTat "at va det0f'ei.
Fta 8J..a Toiha, "at l&aheea aav ..,EJ.):YJVE~' orpet-
AOVf'E neayf'a-rt"-Y}v eVyvWf'OaVvTJ aT-Yjv ..,EJ.J.Tj Aaw
nel~YJ nov 1-'fi~ l~wae a' eAATJVt"-Y} f'ETarpeaaT} TOV Eu-
1tiXA(vo, f'ta f'ETclqJIJaaT} nov, e"dJ~ ana 1:-Y} J..oyouxvt- <DAIAPO:E. - n X.OCY€L<; IXU't"OU, ~wx.poc'n) ; EtviXL
"~V Mta TTJ~, taw~ Xf2TJ<1tf'etpet Mt ae xanowv~ aa f'tav 1t0AA~ &piX 7tOU ae yupeuw. Ileptatoc~IXaiX OAl) TI)v ~e­
&JOTjaTJ va aToxaaTOVv 8u aTOV T6no avTO nov Covf'e, Owp~ !J.IX<; X.IX't"OLX.(IX, pW'n)<11X ytoc aev!X eaw XL EX.EL. "0 -
OeJ..Tjf'aTt"Ot TV<pAOt Tf2tYVf2taf'eVOt ano aviq;txu~ ~TJ­ AO<; b x.6a!J.O<; eaw ae yvwp(~et X.IXt X.IXVEL<; ae ae dxe tae:r:.
f'WVf2ytxe~ J..aw'tf26TTJU~, Oe va '7:ave Xatf26~, avd va rtiX't"( ~E!J.IXX.pUVe:<; IX1to 't"t<; I.X/V\€<; ())(.tee;;, X.IXL 1tOtoc;;
' ' l ' >h"' ' ' , <1't"O-
Oaf'nWV6f'aau an' avd~, va neoanaO~aOVf'E va aTee- XIX<1!J.Oc;;
' eauyx.e;v-rpwae
' L 't"l)V
' , f, ' aou !J.1XX.pt1X
't'UXlJ ' IX7tO
' ' -rL~
'
.), f:fJEVVa
1p0Vf'E TtJ'V , ' f'a~ aTO' atWVto
'' J'Cf:fJlf:X6f'EV6 TOV~, atxec;; {J-IXc;;, a-roc auvop!X 'rOU'n)c;; -rijc;; atoccpiXVl)c;; 7t€pLOX~c;; ;
6nov avyxeova f'E T-Yjv teen lmaT~f'TJ TOV ev0f'OV, Oe :E!lKP ATH:E. - Ilep(!J.eve. L\ev !J.7topw v' &7tiXV't~-
va Jl.fi~ ~waet 0eTtx6uea Ta f'eaa yta 1:-Y} {Ja0f'tala ent-
yvwaTJ Xt clvV1pWaTJ avTOV TOV r~wv yevtxa avOewmvov,
aJ..J..a x' Mtaheea lJ..J..TjVtXOV 1-'a~ lavTOV. 1 . '0 E\mcx).(vo<; &no -.IX Meycxpcx, yto<; -roil Ncxua-rp6tpou, ~~'l')at
xcxT<X T<X (J.tacx TOU 6ou odwvcx n.X. E!vcxt yvCila-roc; nEptaa6n:po
yt<X TO u8pcxyCilydo nou XCXTCX<JXEUcxaE aTI) :E~(J.O, 'xa:T<X 8uxTCXyYJ
ArrEAOI: :ErKEAIANOI: Toil ..Upcxvvou Ilo).uxp&T7), xcxl nou nEpvwvTcx<; &no (J.t!X af)pcxyycx
x~TCil &no TO ~ouvo nou ).£ye:-rcxt alj!J.Epcc K~a-rpo, ~tpe:pvE TO vEpo
aTI)v npCilTEUOUGIX, )(OVT~ aTO G'l')(J.Eptvo Tlly~vt, oro tn£vEt6 T'l')<;.
'H aljpccyycc ccuTI) &vctXIXAUtp61)XE TO 1882 xcxl tpcc(voVTIXt ae ~&6oc;
30 xccl nEptaa6npCilV (J.tTpCilV (J.tGIX aTO ~ouvo ot nOAUYCilVtxol
).toot noll ;(p'l')Gt(J.ono(llae .6 Euncc).(voc; yt!X TI)v xcc-rccaxEuYj -rou
66).ou noll tanptCilVE &1to n~VCil Toc XWIJ.IXTIX xccl tl;ccatpocAt~e: TO
nepccatJ.cc Twv aCilA~VCilv, xcc6wc; xccl ot· (J.ETctyEvtanpe:<; tm8top-.
6wae:1<;. 'H a~pccyycc 1jTccv 1.000 ne:p£nou (J.tTpct (J.ct><pt~, xcxl -ro
arrou8cc~o e:!vcct nwc; tpcc(ve:Tctt /Sn e:!xe: <Xvotxn~ <Xrro -rlc; M~ &v,-
15
-Of.O 'XJlL0~1~~ 13~'(0XXJ0l.XJX t;!OlL 'XJ'(lLrl !t.'(XJrJ~I\~ 1X !t.l. · ( ·rl·~·.7) ·x·lL 66& f?J. ' n oJ. 9"-Xl"~9 f?J.D 3X{tg~J..oXldXllL "~!I
-<;'Ol. !t.l-1\XJOjlL~ H' '13.0)0(')1\A ::>3Xp ~/\ 3.0!)000lLrl t;IOlL ~ t;IOlL 1lOJ.!'lL0 '( ~01~l 9 ~lOX '·x·lL 01: '7 ~J.D 3X{tg'ft.I\3A t;IOlL ' [u.~dx
-<'>~ !)OJ. ~003l.931\ 1X9 1\'e ~01\0dXJ..c;w 1\lOJ.~ ~f?J.Q10 !)O<b~ '13DJ0<'>1\A
::>3.010~1\).1 t;!OlL Xll.Xlrl~dlL ~l. Xl'(~ f(lL~ 01\frJ(')rlXJX 1Xll\p
3Xp 1\f?J. ~1\ OJ.101\t;l~~ 1\XlJ.~ ;od~!Xl~ 9 1"-101A '~XUDlOJ.I\Xl<b 1Xll\p
Xlrlfcl Ol.!)Ol. O'(~A3rl f?l. '::>(')rl~ 1)1 - ·~HJ. V d:RU~ oJ..d~ f?J.D OOJ. l01A9'( ~l. ~X1DO<b lO'(Q,. ·x:d3rl~D 110J.31\)A ~ <'>lLI) ' U. D
' OlL90l. 01~~ 1\f(l. -jrl ~D 1\\?J.lOAOj 1\\?l. lw!u.i\~I\OD ~rl ';<'> l\9dXJ..o.o ;30X~ ; 3J.ZQJJ.
~rJ <:JA1 ,x (')~'(OX ~/\ ~1J. '(\(\orJ 91rJ10XOlL~ ,(} : 1\(')lL~O()
-/\~ M:Jl. ~1rlclox ~l. (\(\QI\~x :;(')lL~ '~ott.rl1rl rp ~/\ 1\norl 1o ::>10rl 10'(9 ' ::>1.o<;'y 9 '::>ol\3jjA3W 9 '1\(')1\~z 9 '::>~~~19
-9~XlXAXJI\~ ,(} 'l003l.<;l'(lOX 'H " '1l01\P !t.tkX)I\lOl.lOX~ (lOX -1X'(V, Q, ~ ::>XJrl ::>now ,lL~ ::>OI\jrl.07o(')X '::>131\~X J.L ! no.o
~d3t)1'(() 0.09l. 'lO'(<;'OAXJI\~ 31\030Jfi f!Orl ~(} fpQlO !t..olt.I\JX ::>ol\9rl 1l0.03AJdOj1 Jl.l01A 'A9lL10'( 3:,..- ·~OdVIV~
'::>ol\lOl.l\(')"'
tt.~ I .,.(
1\oorl'' I~
lOl. lOI\
~ ;{ \
'fl 1\V\t. '(')l\nvmo3c., \
::>1o(')X
\
1VXJlL
l..1 '3rlXlj)l\lLlOl.lOX t;!OlL !t..o!t.l.~clf ~1rl ~rlA1l..O l01~~
(')1\~X ~l. ~rl ' XJrlfcl f(l. 131\0JlOlL ~l. (XlX 1\!)0'(0X Xl.O~ lOW 1\fp ::>!t.l. ~XXJI\orl 23(}(')Al0ch ~ rl ~I\ 011\~lL.o 1l01\p ~'('(V,­
~rlA1l..O ~1rl ~1J. 2J()OO'(OX~ norl 1l.~rl f?.L 'Xll.OlLJl. (')/\)OX ·norl 9.1.0XJ~ 1\C?l. ~rl lt..o1dX9lLXll.(')01 1\rp XJ.0(¥))3'(3.1. noch~
-101~ ~~ ~W '(')lLf'{t] ~(\ (')AJXcl~ 1l.~)l - ·~odVIV~ ,
' (').O!t.l-1\XJlLXJ
I C" c 1
1\ ::>orl10l.3# 110rl13 '::>13.0!t.l.(')oov1~ :llrl XJI\
\. ' I' \ \ XJ1rl
1
'OOl. JAlOrl Xl'('("{( ,l. lO'(~ X>lLOX"{( 131\0j.OXJOlOlL ~rl -0()1lL1 ~1rl10x 131\jrl !)0.0 /\~ 1x 'XJ03l.<;l3'(1 XJO~l. 3.0it.'(JW
.~~1 !t.l.X9 1\fp.o 131\XJcldolL~ 10X~I\Orl ::>~Xntjl ::>u ·nol\9clX ·norl ~Xn~
I 'I' 1\!t.l-.o
\ 1c'XJlXXJch.o
I
oo.o XJ1.okl\orlolLMlO
1 (
1\~l.
\
::>3d
!)Ol. ::>f?rllOl.OlL 9 1Xll\p ~~1 ::>f?l.QV- · ~HJ. V d:RU~ -3cb.o9cllL (lOX no.o ~13AOj103lL 1\~l. ::>31lL~l.lO)I ·norl 9rl.oXJX
- Ol..O C?l..O (lOX ::>t;~03() ::>t;~Ol..O !t.l.XJ,1.9dlt.'(X.O lOJ.OO() 00.0 ~lL(')1D
1::>9.01'(1. 9 ::>ol\frl!t.XJx o, i ol\orlJXV,- ·~odVIV~
fp ~rl ::>31\lOX3:,. ·~l..01dlOXQ3 ,: r - ·~HJ.Vd:RU~
'1ri~l.OlL Xll\# 13~'(0X OOD
·!t.l.~ox('):r 3l..oXJrl<;ll0()01j~ ' (')1\)lOlL('):r - ·~OdVIV ~
~l..OOOlLW ·::>XJrl ::>(6Xo1d3lL :;~ XJOOI\~ ~l. 1101\p ~~3:, ·::>ol\
'1l.JlL.O lOI\# ')( l0.0.01'(frl ~1rl
-frll0()3lL ~l.3Xd~ 1lO.Op /\~~ ::>(').oL,- ·~HJ. V d:RU~
~lL~ 1lOl.I\!)0'(3l.OlLV, '1\~QlO ,.o lO.Ojrl 1\00~JclnJ.XJ/\XJj ~"
'lOl.XJrJ~OlL l02lO~C\OlL.O
(lOX ~.0~1\J. fp <?lL~ (')j~ 1\001\)lOAg ~/\ 13lLjOl.1lLt ::>t;~ol. t;!OlL
(XlX (')lLj'(t) ~V' 'lOl.OlL)l. (')<;'OX~ 1\~V'- · ~OdVIV~
XJrl~.o 1\noX~ (01\lOl./\(')A 10 ·:;Xlf~1 ::>1010lL~x l.wki\)X 1\fp
·ooxr; (lOX lOl.JO)l - ·~HJ.V d:RU ~ ::>~l. XJrldjl. <?l. 3rlXJ.oA 3rl!)Ol..OOlL(,l 1\~rl ~/\ 3rl!)OOOlLrl 1\t~
' 1\00AJOOt) ::>nol. ::>j1X.O 10 (lOX '::>13lLJ3'( 1\Xll.~ f(lLO 'X.O t;!OlL '10I\jrl~10lLO'(lL~ 0.09.1. lOO~l. 3l..OXJrJ~3: · ::>ol.30)l01~~
::>1o(')X r..noA~1l.l\3t)no)l '1\00lLj'(t) ~.o ~~ t;!OlL 1\!)000lL~ 10'()0J 1l01\p I\~OX31\ 1\~l. ::><?ri.01AO'( 9 ::><:JlL ~'(lOX ::>730jE' ' (').0
NU .L}I.S:.LIXdV 0 H . :! ONIVVU.X.S: A 'U:;l'IVA 'IflVd
9~
'~
18 PAUL VALERY ETIIAAINOI: "H 0 APXITEKTON 19

...
II
v.:~ 7tpo<; -ro fl.YJ8E:v lli..IX -r~ XPWfl.IX't'IX' xo[-riX~<: 1t6cro e!viX~ - 't'Yj'""
7tO 6Z't'OUCfiX ' Cf't'YJV
._.O(jl~IX ' IX~WV~IX
,, Cf't'IXCfYj
I
o7tOU
r! A
t-f>~CfX 6fl.IX-
cr-ro cruvo/..6 't'Yj<; f.LOUv't'~. Cf't'Z. M~ ot..o: ylvov-ro:~ &yvwp~cr-co: &ow 7tep1X. 'H &t..~6e~a
<DAI6PO:E. - K&6e cr-r~yfl.~ VOfl.L~W 1tW<; 1tcXW v~ dvoc~ f.L1tf>OCf't'OC, fl.IX<; XIX~'~l .,_ A '
oo;V XOt't'IX/\OCt-IX~VOfl.€ 7tf.IX' 't'~7tO't'OC.
'

~exwplcrw x&7to~o crx!fifl.IX, OCAA~ 7tO't'e IXU't'O 7t0U v6f.L~criX


0
<DAMPO:E. - 'AJ..J..~ &1to -r( v~ 7tpoepxe-rix~ ~po:ye,
1tw<; e!81X 8ev XIX-rop6wve~ v~ ~u1tv~cre~ -ro 7t1Xp1Xf.L~Xp6- ~wxpcX't'Y), ~ t..o:x.-r&po: !XU~ y~~ ~v IXLWv~6't'Yj't'IX 7tOU 7tiX-
-repo Of.LOLWfl.IX cr-ro vou f.LOU. ,.,
poucrtoc..,e-ro:~ XIXfl.LIX\ cpopoc\ cr-rou<;
' ,.... I
..,wv-ro:vou<; ,• 'E'
cru xu-
:EQKP ATH:E. - r~IXTL 7t1Xp1Xcr-r€xe~<; cr~v &!..YJ6~~ vYjy<>ucrz<; ~ yvwcrYj. 0t 7tLO )(OV't'f>OXOf.Lfl.EVOL 7tpocr7t!X-
po~ -r&v ov-rwv, &xl~YJ-ro<; Ecru f.Le<; cr-ro 61fviX-ro. 'A1to ~v 6ouv ocm:A7tLCffJ.EVOC v~ O~IX't'Y)p~crouv &<; xo:t -c~ 7t't'Wfl.Ot't'IX
ISx't'YJ 't'OU't'Yj ~v 7t€V't'IXXcX61XpYj, ~AE7t0f.L€ OAIX -r' ocv6pwm- -r&v vzxp&v. ''AAJ..ot x-rl~ouv vocou<; xo:t fl.VYJfl.eLIX x!Xt
VIX 7tpcXfl.IX't'IX XIXL OA€<; 't'L<; (j)Ucr~xe<; fl.Op(jle<; v~ X~\IOUV't'IX~ &.ymvt~OV't'IX~ voc ..~ XIX't'IXcr~crouv cXXIX't'cXAU't'OC. Ot mo
f.Le 't'OV cXAYj6~vo pU6f.Lo -r!fi<; oucrtiX<; 't'OU<;. Etf.L!Xcr't'E cr~v cpp6v~f.LOL ~v6pW7tOL xo:t ot mo Ef1.7tV€Ucrf.LEVOL 6€t..ouv v~
't'ov ove~p07t1Xf>fl.EVO, 7tOU f.Le<; cr-ro cr't'-Yj6o<; TOU ot cr't'O)(IX- owcrouve Cf't'OU<; ·/..oytcrf.LOU<; 't'WV fl.L~V cXf>fl.OVLIX x' EVIX
crf.LOL XIXt 't'~ CfX~fl.IX't'IX 7t1Xp1XAAcX~OUV ocAA6XO't'IX XIX6W<; pu6fl.6, y~~ v~ -cou<; 7tpocpu/..ti~ouv e-rcrL oc7to -ct<; &.At..otw-
(jl<:uyouv, xiXt -c~ l>v-c!X cruv6€-roviiX~ fl.e -rt<; fl.E1'1X-rpo7te<; crzt<; XL OC7to 1'~ J..~6Yj.-
-cou<;. "OJ..iX E8& dviX~ -rmo-r&v~IX, x!Xt Of.LW<; ot..IX J..oy!Xp~&­ :EQKP ATH:E. - E!vo:L -cpe:/..o(, cl>o:1:8po, -co ~AE7t<:L<;
~ouv. T~ EYXA~fl.IX't'IX 7tpOXIXAOUV euepyecr[e<; cXVU7tOA6- xoc61XpcX. 'AJ..t..oc -r6 'xouv yp1Xf.Lfl.Evo ot Mo1:pe:<;, &vcXf.L<:cro:
y~crn<;, X~ &'no -rt<; fl.EYIXAU't'epe<; ocpe-ce<; ~e-ru/..[yov-c!X~ cr-roc 7tpcXfl.IX't'IX -r' &.7to:poct't'Y)'t'IX yt~ ~ cpu/..~ -c&v &.v6pw-
cruve1te~e<; o/..€6pou· ~ xpLCfYJ 8e cr't'Yjpt~E't'IX~ 1tou6evlf,
' ()._ I ,. \ \ \ ,,
1tcov, vex t-PLcrxov-ro:~ o:vo:yxo:cr-rtxo: XIXL f.L<:ptxe<; Z<.,W(jlp<:-
xiX6w<; ~v xo~-c&~of.Le, ~ toeiX ylv.:-ciX~ IXrcr6YJCfYJ, xiXt x&- vtxe<; €m6Uf.LLE:<;. ~e 6cX U7t~p)(1XV &v6pw7tOL ocv oev u7t-Yjp-
6e <Xv6pw7to<; crepve~ 7ttcrw6e -cou fl.~~v cXAUcroOef.LEVYj ere~- xe: "Epw-co:<;. Oihe 6~ 7tp6xo~e ~ &mcr~fl.Yj xwpt<; <pL-
't:' ~ ~~ ~- \ \ 't:'
AOOO~L€<; 7t1Xpx/..oye<;. Kat 1tou6e 7t~po:f.Le, vof.LL~et<;, ~v
, > \ I I
f>IX IX7t0 't'Ef>IX't'IX, XIXfl.Wfl.EVYj IX<.,EO~IX/\U't'Ot cx7t0 't'L<; 1tf>Ot<.,E~<;
't'OU xo:t 't'L<; O~IX8ox~xe<; fl.Op(jle<; 't'OU CfWfJ.IXT6<; 't'OU. ~UA­ 7tf>W't'YjV
I ·~L XIXL' 't'Y)V
too;o: ' ' '
evepyeto: 7tOU\ )(p<:to:..,o-ro:v
Y' yto:' -rou<;
'
> > - < <,!, 16
/..oy(~Ofl.IX~ ~v 7tocpoucr(IX x!Xt -ct<; cruv~6e~e<; -c&v 6vYJ-r&v
I I J._ I I
-ce:poccrnou<; exe:wou<; o:ywve:<; fl.!> -cou<; o7totou<; u't'w Yj-
fJ.ECfiX cr~v 7tOp<:tiX 't'OU't'Yj ~v -r6cro peucr~, XIXt 7tW<; ~fl.OUv xocv -r6cre:<; 7tOAuoo~o:crfL€ve:<; 7tOAt-ce1:e<; xo:t -c6croc f.LVYJfl.E:LOt
x~ Eyw ev!X<; oc1t' IXu-cou<; x~t 1tcXcrx~~IX v' &v-r~xp(~w -c~ > 1
IXVW(j)E:Aoc, 7tOU 't'IX
1 \
6IXUfl.Ot..,EL
IY l ">. I > -
't'o /\OYLXO fl.IX<;, E:VW
~l
Ot; 6OC'
1t&v-c1X fl.e -cov -cp61to &xp~~&<; 1tou -c~ ~t..€1tw -cwpa. To- f1.7topoucr.: v~ ..~ cru/..M~e:L ;
:..

20 PAUL VALtRY E 1'11AAlN OI: "H 0 A PXJTEKTU N 21

...
!I! <.T>AI~PO'E. - M<X xoc.l 'rO A.oytxo e7tOC.L~e: 'tO !J.Epoc;
-rou. Xwplc; oc.u-.o O<X yxpe:!J.t~ovnv oA.oc..
l.:f.!KPATH'E.- '10A.oc..
<.T>AI~POE. - 0u!J.~<roc.t -rlc; o£xo8o!J.ec; e:x<:Lve:c; ' ..;. 1tou\
e:l:ooc.!J.e: v<X q>-rt&.vouv <r-rov Ile:Lpoc.t&. ;
l.:f.!KPATH'E.- Noc.L
<.T>AI~POE. -'Exe:~ve:c; -.lc; !J.1JXOC.vtc;, exe:~ve:c; -rlc;
7tpO<r7t&.Oe:te:c;, xoc.l -rlc; rpA.oytpe:c; 1tou -.lc; ~!J.e:-rp(oc.~oc.v !J.e
'r~ !J.OU<rLX~ -roue;· -r<X. epyoc. ~xdvoc. -.<X, 'rO<rO ocxpL~OAOY1J-
'
!J.&Voc., ) I
e:xe:tV1) \
'r1)V ~I
7tpoooo ~ ) I
'r1)c; e:pyoc.<rLoc.c;, 7tOIJ\ l,'l-roc.v auy-I

xoc.Lpoc. -ro<ro !J.U<r'r1)ptw81)c; xoc.t -ro<ro xoc.Ooc.p~. T( ocvoc.x&.-


'rW!J.OC., ()~'J ocpx~, xoc.l7t&c; e!J.OLOC.~e: a<X v<X OLOC.AU&'rOC.L xoc.-
-rom' l. 1!:'
<r~ 'rOC.<,1) .
I II 0()1)
I
<r'te:p&O'r1j'r0C.
I
XOC.L' 'tLI OC.Xp
, 1(.).
LI-'&LOC. 7t01JI
~ye:w~01)X& ocV&.!J.e:<roc. a-r<X. V~!J.OC.'rOC. exe:~voc. 7tOU eOLVOC.V 'r~
<r-r&.O!J-1), xoc.l xoc.-r<X !J.ljxoc; -r&v A&7t'rWV exdvwv <rXOL'JLWV
7t0U ~'rOC.V 'r&V'rW!J.EVOC. yt<X v<X ..• ocyyt~OIJV OL <r-rp&ae:c; 't &v
-rou~A.wv xoc.Owc; ul)iwvov-roc.v !
EnKPATHE.- <I>uA.oc.~oc. ~J.E<roc. ~J.OU ..~v c>~J.opq>1J
'r0U'r1)V ocv&.!J.V1J<r1J· Tt t>poc.~e:c; 7thpe:c; I ... "Q ! II6ao
7toc.poc.y(voc.~J.e: ~f..oc.q>po[ !
<.T>AI~POE. - K' exe:~vo -ro voc.o e~w oc1t' -r<X -rdz1J,
xov-r<X <r'to ~W!J.O -rou Bopeoc., -rov Ou!J.~<roc.L ;
Ef.!KP ATHE. - TO VOC.O TYjc; XIJV1)~'rpoc.c; ,Ap-rt!J.L-
ooc.c; ;
<.T>Al~POE. - 'Axpt~&c;. Mt~ !J.Epoc. e:txoc.~J.e: 1t&.e: L
1 > - ~ )" >
7tpoc; 'tOtI e:xe:L • ...:..U-,1j' I
t0\JGOC.!J.& ytoc.I 't1)V
I
O!J.Op' I
f>LOC..
22 PAUL VALJhtY E T nAAINO:E "H 0 A~X ITE KTON 23

•... c,IXO'
t" fLEV'
' Y) IX1t0
, ' fL~OC' VLX'
' Y) XL OCXOfLOC
' ' mo~ OCV'
' le
6ALOC 'flUO"Y). Na yxp&fLL~EL xocvdc; xoct va x·l~eL dvoc~ ~E~
' '
n E'r'Y) O''r'Y)V IJ..- AOC~ocLVW. KcX.n XOC'rOCAOC~:XLVW xoct ~ev eLfLXL ~f~ocLO<:;
ocu-ro e!vocL nou ~6e"Ae voc nei:.
nwc;

~(XLIX 'rO t~LO 0'7t0U~oc1:oc· XPELOC~OV'rOC~ tfiuxec; xoct r~~ 'rO !l>AMPO:E . - K' eyw eL[L(XL ~f~x~o~ 1tW~ TO ~L&L0'-
gvoc xoct yL!); -ro IJ.."A"Ao· &"A"A!); -ro fLUOCA6 fLOU &yocnoc&L -ro 8u-rtx6 O'OU 7tV&UfLOC ~ev eLVOCL ~UV:X'rO VX fL~V fL1t~XE O'TO
, ~1 , , , , , , '1- , 1 ., , ,
XTLO'LfLO nepLcrcr6-repo. "A I TpLcreu-ruxLO'fLEV& Etmoc"A(ve ! VO'Y)fLIX· ""~;; fLLOC 't1"UX'Y) O':X.V 'r'Y) oLXY) O')'J, 'rJ:l'O 1\Xyocp'lj X<XL
:EQKP ATH:E. - T£ €v6oucrLoccrfLoc; fLLac; crxLac; yLa "t'EA&Loc, e~ O'UfL~:XLVEL &v:xyxocO'rLXOC vx 7t:XLpVZL EVOC npoc-
gvoc cpocv-rOCO'fLOC ! - ~ev e-ruxe voc yvw?LO'W ocu-ro -rov xnxo cX~LWfLOC OAWO'~LOAO'J XOCLVoupyLx MvocfL'Y) xoct
Eunoc"A(vo. '~"H-rocv A.omov fL&yoc"Aoc; &v6pwnoc; ; 'A -roc no n"AcX.-roc;. "'Av dvocL &A.'Y)6wx xoc6ocp6, xL &v -r6 'xet ~ycX.­
A6yLoc O'OU XOCTOCAOC~OCLVW nwc; etxe utfiw6e1: O''r~V &vw- "Ae:t 0 vouc; X:X't'' eu9dx cX7tl -~'1 E?YOCO'L<X fL~ fLLa O'UV'rOfL'Y)
"t'OCT'Y) yvwO"YJ Tijc; -rE:xv'Ylc; -rou. 'E~w dvocL ; I?;
7tp1Xc,' Y) 7t0U\ O'UVO',f.',...
t"L..,e:L 'r'Y\)V EfL1tZLpLOC
' I
"t'OU 1 XWPL<:; \
VOC\ XOCVEL
I

\ 1 (J, I T -,I <-, \ \ \


!l>AI.:lPO:E. - 0oc ~p(crx&TOCL cXVOCfL&O'O fLOC<;, xwptc; XOCLpO O't;; 7t0Cp&Xt-'OCO'C:L<:;, E~WXL 1t0/\UTLfLO U/\LXO ytoc 'rOV
OCfL'
' flLtJOALOC.
(J, .,, 'A"'"'' ' OCXOfLOC
1\1\IX 1t0"t'& ' ' o&V
'1-' 'rvV
l &O'
' UVOCVT'
' Y)O'OC 0'&' cpLAOO'O'flO ....n xpucrox6z 'rOU vou, OCU'rO 7t0U O'OU ·~:xf...oc
-roiho -rov T07to. O''rOC xE:ptoc eLVOCL xpucr.X.cpL cX'rO'flLO I
:EQKPATH:E.- ~ev ~E:pw -.( 6!): fL1tOpoucre v!); ol- :EQKP ATH:E.- ~ev excX.A.xe:tfi:x &~ TW?<X nocpx TL<:;
xo~OfL~cre~ €8<7>. 'E~w nE:poc xoct -roc crxe~Lx &x6fLoc dvoc~ &.A.ucr(~e:<:; fLOU. "'Ac; e~e:'t'OCO'OfLe: 5(1-w:; ~v nocpocyyz"A(oc
cXVOCfLV~O'&~c_;· cXAAOC xoc6wc_; ExOCTOCV'r~O'OCfLE e'rO'L XOCL 7t&pL- 't'OV'rY). 'H oclwv~6•Y)-roc fLi<:; npocrxocf...e:i: €8w nE:px vx fL~-,
OpLO'~XOCfL& 0'~ fLOVOC~LX~ EUXOCPLO'T'Y)O'Y) -r~c_; XOU~EV'rocc_;, "t'aLyxouveu6fLocO'-re: -roc Mytoc fLoc:;. • H &.zA.dw't'Y) 't'OU'rY)
~ I ~ I t 1/. "' t
6oc fLOU IJ..pecre &pxe-roc voc -rov IJ..xouyoc. OLOCpXELOC 'I 7tpE7t~L V:X\ U7t:xpxz~,
1 "'
'Y) vxL, X~ lXV U7t:xpxe:L,
I

!l>AI.:lPO:E. - "Exw cruyxpoc~creL fL&pLxec; o~'Y)ylec; 7tpE7t&L VOC 7t&p~E:xe:L o"Aouc; -roue; A6youc; 7t0U eLVOCL ~UVOC'rO
TOU. ~ev ~epw &v 6oc O'OU IJ..pecrocv. 'EfLEVOC fL' ev6oucr~oc­ voc e:tnw6ouv, xoct -roue; &"A1J6Lvou~ xocl -rou:; crcp:x'Ae:pou:;.
~ouv. Mnopw--,1\0mov \ voc\ fL~/\"I)O'W
-,r \ I I(J, \
XW?Lc; xxvev:x <:pot-'o fL'Y) yzl\x-
-,

:EQKP ATH:E. - Mnopei:c; v!); fLOU ~ocvocnei:c; fL&p~­ ea


a-rw, r~nt &v yeALEfL<XL, O'E A.(yo 1tW 'rOC crwn.X., XL &v
xec;; AEW cXA~6&LOC, 6oc XOCVW f...oc6o:; J...(yo mo iJO''t'&poc.
!l>AMPO:E.- "Axou "Aom6v. HoM cruxvoc e"Aeye : ~ev fL1tOpd, <I>oci:~po, VOC fL~V exeL<:; 7t1Xp:X't'Y)p~O'ZL
E-cifv bcr:e).earJ ~ev vnaexovv Aenr:oJ.deete~. O''t"OU<:; mo O'Y)fL:XV't'LXOU<:; A.6youc;, e:he: np6xe:LTOCL YLOC 7t0-
:EQKP ATH:E. - To xoc-roc"Aoc~x(v~ x<X.t ~~v -ro xx-roc- A~nx~, .:he: y~oc -ra t~Loc£-repot crufLcpE:pov-roc -rwv no'A~iwv,
'13'XO.l.OlLX>
I < -..I..1M~ ~rl 110x 1 10J.10rlA)3~100JOlL 101'(j'X 10'(.'(.'f( ;ol\jTI(T)J.oocb
/' ~01lL~'(.X.OV' ~OJ. 1X>X '~"~GV' ,~.1, OAOfi ~.l. 31\10Xft ·~(\ ''f'1CXJOrl <?lL~ ;n~)OOA101\10~ t;!OlL (T)lLj'(9 ~.o ~rl 'U'f'OX(T):I
-3J.dl 0.09.1, ~ '1013ojrlOJ.lL3'(. ~ tJ.J.~\OJ. .~?<11\0dloy_o~ ~!.J>"A norl 3'()dl 'oo~).. 01.l..O'f'C3J. ;31\10X:-iJ,,- '::\OdVIVCll
lp- ~'(.9 z.otJ.J..Oj.l10X 'OI\jTI~oUJ.101~0X10X 'UdJj~ <?.l.(T)~'X)J. ·no)..9Y.
-3rl10":-iJ., ·;9oxz" 1"XJ.op ~Y.Y.V,- · ; h o)..d~ <?J. tJ.lL'f'A~ ~rl ;((1\t 10J.OQO ~1\1{)~'(~ ~ (T).l.'f'X (T).l.'f'X <?J. 1101\p '10TI.010<J>I\A
3~10.l.)OX 10)0('1)3{) ~ ''10J.h~rhlLOX.O ;~.1, 110X ;~1\Xj.l. ,~.l. 0210XnJ. 110x 1013djrlOJ.lL3'(. ~1).. 3rl~odm{) ~03'(.10cb.o t;!OlL ''~"
;1Z.O~.l1X:lL~ 10 ;3'(.9 23{)~10lLOI\10X1 ~1lL I\10Xp ~odJ~ 'j.l.X:1J -(T)cb ;~ 10rl<:]dX C(l- <?J.Q10 1x 'oJ.~O.l 1~~o)..10dJ. ~.L -~1\(T)cb
·;31\9 1\10X ;t;IO.l. ;noy_9 ~rl 101\(T)dlrl<;l.O p.l.030.l.101A ;3Xp <2"r OO.l. ~X10
I
U
~ \
1300XJO
I (
,(T)lL
\
13"-3.l..01lL
'J'1
101\
\
I\001\10X
I
OJ.
"(
101\
\
31\00.l.
-
''90XZI\ 110.0p '(T)j'(. ~o.o ''131\)10{)3ll - '::iH.LVd)IU::i -l\10.l.X>X OOlL.O<J? '1\00'(.7{) 0.09 f\OOI\)109J0'(101\10lL'f C(.l. ~OJ. 110X
•tJ.9jf\OD ~orJ =~910){~ 1D.l.:>J,. 13.0j0~ ;t;IO.l. u'9 31\j'(.101\10~ ~0.[ ·;o.l-10TI~31\lL ~OJ. ;30~{)
j 131\)A 13X~ 10TI'f'OlL ~J. t;!OlL ;<JXn.l.Q:-iJ- '::iOdVIVCll '1J..o ~l-1\0X 1101\p ;3d~~l\3~odlL 1o ;~J.QV '901JOX ~1).. ;~ox
·=~lL 110?< ;131\j'lC{)3ll '13(\(p.l.OX.O -~ '1J. l\no~3J.~o).. '1011\'f'dl3J..O 101X)I\1lL'f 1\~.o 101\jrl(T).ondX
~.o 'Of\jTI.010TIO'(.OlL~ ~.l.3XO~ ~ '9d10{)10X ;(T).l<;l'(.OlL~ 1101\p ~ '10J.U9.l.lL3'(. 10J.~rJ3).. J01A9Y. ~rl 101\jrl.0100~f\O.o 10'(.~'f'('f'J.
"i~ ·~~dpXA.r 1\lp-.o 110.l.3~'f'13oX t;!OlL 10.l.OlL).l. 101\f. '110.l3~ -lOX 'J010.ljrl 10J.10rl~d13'X1lL'f 'JOJ.3{)).l.l\~ '1.1,9 110x ,;3.l.l\10rl
-1013'X10.l.3TI
I
nolL
\
10f\OV3~ 101rl 'u.o(T)vx 101rl '3.o~voX.oJOlLJO
I \. 'r'J \ I \. \ \.1 '
-~~ 1JO.l.I\OI\)10cb ~X103.l.(T)~f t;!OlL 'I\<:]1303TIO.l.lL3'(. I\(T)10.l.
1\l?.l. 1\~~ t;!OlL <?X1.l10.l..0103lL 010lL'f'X C(lL~ '1\"ft - ,13.0j~I\O.O -3.l.
I
1.1,10x
I
1013fl~o~ ,, , '1o(T)x ·~(T)lLO.l.l\~ 1011\3.l.OlL1.l. nvolL
f3J tJ ~ \ I i" I \ ~
101\ 1J. 110x 13"-oxolL10
\ I \ '''I 7
( (" 13lL~olL 1J.
I
oJ.
\
101)..
\
'no.o ;3xo10.o
I
'1J.D
\
1\001\'f'X 10.l.10TI.O'f'03lLrln.o ~X1.l.'X13~0lL~ 101\jTI(T)lLO.l.J01~0'(.JOX
10.0jrl 13.0j'(_3.l.X'f ~1\ 1X>.l13X90lL t;!OlL ;13~'f'OlL '1.l. ~1).. OO.l. 01lL
\
10J.
\
110x
\
JOJ.10rl~d13'X1lL3 'l0010~o.o 01lL 'lOJ. '(T)lL norl 0.1,
I ' \ 'rJ \ \ \ I
'lC010000A1.0
~~ ~
)
1101\13
.t.
1\10
.,.
1X tJ..oo , rJ OOlLO
~ ,110.l.I\OX.01C~ ,, ;oflx;~
u,tJ -O'lO~ l\9.l. (T).0)3lL ~1\ 'O'(j.l. ~.l..O 'lO.OUI\'f'.l.10X ''OO'(.'(."f( 't;IOl-
~.l. 110x ;noJ. ;13.0jX.O '1.l ~1).. '(\(.?93Y.cb 1\<:].l 110x 1\(T)I\'f'AC? (T).0)3lL ~(\ 10Jrl0()1lL'f H10J.d9X~ 1\lp- ~rl 'norl ~(T)~ ~.o
1\(T).l. tJ..o3fl ~J. 101).. 110J.ZI\10fi.0110 1\10 1x ~o110~3~
- 1U \ \ I 0 C Y. II
tJ,'r.J o.oo '1\00lL~'(.~
7 'cJ 13.0~-'(.1TI o.o J. (T)Xft t;!OlL '<J>A'f ,)1 'I\!)0910'(.0.03TI t;!OlL ;~lLOX
9
1\~ 1X ~010()10X 0.09 ''f'cbo.o 0.01? 'no.l. 1010jX ~.l. 1101\p 1\~ 1X -1010~
;303.lOOX1TI10010lL
I
10
)
110X
\
1JO.l.f\OVVJO~TI3010lL
\.\.1 'tJ
OOlL
\ ;3vnoc.,
\...,. ~
~1ddl10'(.'f 0.09 'no.o ~A~'(.lL 1\lp-.o 10'(.0.l.'X'f'~ OO.l. ~X1l-'X3.oocllL -3'(. ;303.l.90X1TI10010lL 10 110x 1\~0l-'XOlL~ ~~'X~lL~ J.l. 1'lOX t
...
~.l 131\!.J>X ;1{>{)10?< 'norl.o9x ~OJ. ;o)..d~0013X ;o13~~J.1lL'f ;od'f'9 ).l. n.o~dh10d10lL ;(T)I\7rl.o1dg ;13'X, 'fiG - ;3rl1.oidx
~1lL Q, ·~x10.l.10j 1\lp- 110x 3~10.l.JO)I - '::iH.LV d)IU::i 1101\p ;13.0'f'.l..01o3lL 1o I\10J.9 ~J..olOd'f 1\lOI\f. ,.o plL ~1\ ;pi\10X
·;~rl101\n no.o ;~x1J.X3'(.101~ ;~J. ~11\10lL ~.l 101\jrl 13lLjOlL t;!OlL 101A9'(. 101\jTI.011\3A03~'f ~J. ~1).. 110x 10rl9x~ ~
.
l
sz .NUJ.:li:;JJ.JXdV 0 1-I. ::<ONIVVU.UT .A 11 :jf'IY.\ 'lfl Yd ~(';
Sou(l)dG"rt 9 <-A7>Y.~ 'nu7dll ·oo.1. QOrlDX>rlmoo QO.l. ~X10" ~W ·:-r.oXJO.l. :oolD7.1.X901'( ;~O'(lL'f' S~Ol.D t\lOD!}OI\O:?lL
1
-orl 07t\A)10lLrl 1 07~;\ 1?.1. <?.l.Q10 ,lL~ SOt\jrl~MX 00AO~ !.)0.1. 101\ ~ou 10.1.10rlDJOX1lL~ ~.L ~1.l 101\rl1djrl fJ.03.1.9.LlL3'( ~ ~rl 3~
1
-).l.X~ t\~.l.D S~rl t\10.1.971\lO'(lL (lOX 3~10J.O~'(_lL10t\10~ 3D!.)OO(l)X - 1l.t\9dd:tr, '1\(l):?D~~I\:?lL~ 1\<_?.1. 10010rlo~rl ~.l.D S~rlo.L00.1.7'(X
1 1
-OOD1lL<f :?D!.)OO(l)Xodu '<?OlOX 10rl.070~orlooorl ~X7t\O~~ t\oo"~dJ~ ." 'S13D!f!x.lo~r s~v.oHoo.lD "norlol\ox;o~r ~"
1
<?l.D ~.lL(l)1D ~19109 ~.1. l?lL~ (lOX 0'('(rt <?l.D 10rl10dlf lOt\~ 1?.1. •s7rlo.l"r 1\f\ol,~x ~1\ ::t.y_:.U~dlOu ·:orld'f' 1o 710l.I\OI\<:>7oy_
ou10 :?DOOt\d::u '107DoodlOlL Soo.1. ~100010 t\~.l.D SlO.Lt\OOox
\ C _. I I I C \ I
-'(~ t\~rl ~t\ (lOX S~rlx~ 10 t\OOA)XlOD.L t\~rl ~t\ ~;,l 1_30~01\
1
-lOlL!i ~j0 :?~lO'('(~.l.:?rJ ~OlL S~.1.1030 Q, '70.1.D1097~DOOlL -1lL~ t\OOXft ~OlL lODfTI ~.1. 10t\1_3X~ 10'(1{ ~XODOOlL ~rl 3Dno.1.3'(
1
- 10
( t\lOl.r' /#
't ODO 10X1Xdl0100X
I
ODO.l.
I
7:?.0~.l.t\10.1.10X
I
t\lOXn
.t.
OOlL
\
-:;rl:?( ,;(')rl1d'X10
,.,. 'r) C
t\OOlLOX
..,.
'1:1\ 2Df.0.1.10lD7lLr.T '101rl101rl S30.1.3lL
\ - Q.c I I I
1
(lOX ~dJnox 73A~AlODJ3 3'Xp ~OlL 1\(t)3Dj'XD A(l).l.D1A9t\10X~ ;(.L S3'(9, 3~70<:>1\A~ ;<?u 10l.D1y_~rl 110.1.31\)lOdl now ')lL101A
7, lOX l\(l)X71\0t\X.X 10rlD10(\0t\OD 70.1.10.l.Ofl10.4
,.,. \ ~ I
'cJ 7070lLlOX 110X
\dJ
•YJ71 X 0.1.
\
OlLlO
\ '
~rlAUD
\
3.l.fl0
;l
:?lL1S'("'if t\30
\~
'orl1D1l.X
I
0.1.
\
3DOO.l.D10.4
..- 'cJ
-O.l.Q:? ;c~p xA~ AXA)~ QO.l. •;nDj'(XOlL~ S~.l.D0073lL~ u~x CDQ, ·xT.<_?D rio.1. 9x1~ <?.1. 'f7A 110.1.13X90ll. S<?u S:?A:?Y., ~0
'S3'(QlLrl10X S3.l.~()DJ10lL31\~ 7.1.~X '<?lL ~!)~~p 3t\d110lLft (\~~ ·S~rJO~OXjO S~.L lOJ_:;rH~D 10l.!J.()DJ10Q3 ~.1. lO'(lf 3X3D90lL~ OlL
1
'F''lOx ~71\'fdlrl~ ~d:?l.D~O'(lL~ 1\~.1. ~rl(10X '~o~X ~rl OAjrl -9d.l. 01~;1 M(.l. ~W 'FOfldJoodou~ :x;;rll9 13AJlLlOD s1.1. ~" 110x
-(l)OdJlO'(~ OXA9 1\101\~ ,D ~.l.DOOlLW '710.l.I\Ot\)OXYJ7~ S7'(9rl S3t\j. S(.l.D 13t\)10t)3t\~ ," lOJD100A!i t\~.1. t\OOA)~OlLrl~ ~t\ 3.1.DCJJ
~OlL t\<_!?'llL00.1.10.1.3rl A<_!?.l. ,~.1.20~ S~X1070~DOrl '1.1. 3~70<:>M '(l)t\7lL <?lL~ "nourloox~ ~ou 101d~xo~ ~.l.D (lOX 10)10lLOX70.1.
' 10d3.1.~.l.(l)ou o.l:v. AnoD9rloo10"~ ~ou SnoApx~ S3~~.l,!) 1\~.l.D 10D:::rl7"~ "no.l.:?oouo.l. ~.l. ~1\ 110x ' nowj QO.l. s:":\
-l~OOAlOO.L S~O.l. (lOX S:::dol.~d Sf,lO.L ~n So7orlQ,, ·SjX7DOOrl :-1.1. ~rl lOY.~Y.Y.~d10u 101'X'fl~1t\10D Mot)9x ~" 3A70Q, 'lO.l.OlL
1
"1?~3XD ;3l.!J.l.97~j (lOX :;~dJoorJ S~l.~Ot\ O'(lf OAjrlO.LI\ )0.1. -).1. 3Dnoy_:;rl10010lL "~V' 'f\O.l. SjXO~ '1.1. 3Dn070lLOl.10rlA100lL
.;..
- flt\() 10 I\00~3'(10D OOlLlf llrlfLHi~1~ <?.l.D 13jX101~ 1?.1. ~1\ ~OlL ~ou Sou(l)OO"rt AlO.l.~ SOA)Y.lOlLQ:[ Q, - '3:0dVIV<I>
'o.L7ox.l~D~ 01\lOAO$? lOA~ S<,?dJ <?.1. ~1.l 3~10rlJ0.1.3od I1 'AooXo'fllL!i "~~
'(\0.1. (l).l.~X (l).l.~X <?.l. nodJ~ 11orl.o9x :no.1. JOX1l.D10l.t\10dJ 10 110l.I\OA
OAOfi <?.L t\O'('(jrl <?l.D A10D!.)00(')0 ~0 ~OlL 1\(l)lL!j!OOA~ A<_?.L -1rl:?ox.l lOt\ :?.Lou t\OOlL:?'(..l 30 oou 101 Xn.l.Doo Soo.L fly_X>.l:::rl
I \ \ I 'C) '~ \ / I ~
1
S13D~t\o~ s~x1Xn!fl s1.1. 110x ~fL"Jx.loD ~.1. J.3.1.DJOA03~:ur 1101\13 110X ,t\(l)dJOD0'(1dJ t\(l).l.
\ I ,....
1013'(1.010.4
I tJ 10.1.
\ OlLlO
\ ( SO.l.X3
\ C
1003lL
~
~t\ ~1A l\10l.t\0~)013Xl0.1.3rl ~OlL lODjrl ~.1. ~rl SpAlOX 131\)0X -)lL~ ~.1. 10'(1{ ~D 13t\)10tJrloD 07~;! <?J. - '3:HJ,V d}IU3:
-Af\D ~.1. t\~ 110.LOlLJ.L 1101\p 1\~~ 1 73DjX0101~ ~1\ ~rJo~OXjO t\~.1. '10.l.010
I (
0:.
1\f\01\~X ~t\ <?lLOXD A10Xp ~OlL 10.1.10rl~J.O'(O.l.lL3'( ~.1. ~.LQlO ,'(lf , '(9, ~'(lOX 303~~ ~.1. SOt\)'(10lLQ3: Q , - ':.\OdVIV<D
a; NU.LJI::if,tiXciV 0 H. ::;:ONIVVU J.:OC ;ur::L'IVA "rnva 96
-;
::

28 PAUL VALERY El'riAAINOl: "H 0 APXI TEKTflN 29


• ()(\J't"O~ cbto TOC Meyoq:>~, 6 va1~ fA,OV 'VU 'avei: 7:0l)(; avOew- ae 7tUX.VO !J.OCAA~ ~ fJ.EO'IX 0'~ O'X.OTE:tVtOCO'fJ.~V'Y) VC.UXEA~L~
nov~, w~ -,;ov~ )ttvet <o nA.daf.ta nov ayanoiiv. -r:r)~ o~J.lx'A'YJ~ • • • 0oc {mocpepe:\~ ~&~~Lex 1toM, cpl'Ae: fJ.Ou
:EOKPATH:E. - ee:·ixo~ A6yo~. "Ax.oucroc x.<X7toTe:, m. -~
-voctopo I• 'A''\
1\1\C/.. 7tOCAL,
I' ~·f)'
oe: '
oc U7tocpe:pe:tc;
I
tac.uc; ocpx.e:-roc
>I ' I
•••
cpl'Ae: fJ.OU <l>oc~opo, fJ.Lx x.o'J~iHoc o'Ac.ucrot6'Aou 7tocp6fJ.otoc, Kcx1 -rou-ro &x.6!J.oc fJ.OC~ &7tocyope:ue:-roct, ytoc"t'1 o 1t6voc; e:!-
x.oc~ I5!J.c.u~ &v-.lOe:'t"r). ' Evoc~ cpl'Ao~ fJ.<X~, oE:v e:!voct &v<Xyx.'Y)
1
voct ~c.u~.
V<X' O'OU- TOV '
OVOfJ.<XTLO'
' I
C.U, €1\Ey<:
>1,
ytoc' TOV ' 'A'AX.ti"'ALOCo'
I~Y) fJ.<X~, CI>AMPO:E. - K<XOe: any!J.~ !J.OU cpoclve:-roct 1tw~ 1t&c.u
!JoE: -ro -r6cro x.<X'Aocp-rtocy!J.evo x.op!J.l -.ou : "Orav <ov )tOt- VOC 7t'OVEO'C.U ••• 'AA.Aoc _fJ. ~ !J.OU fJ.tAocc;, aE: 7tocpocx.oc'A&, ytoc
<aCet~, alaOaveaat nw~ ylveaat agxt<e)tuuv. Il6cro crE: 15,-rt exocaoc. ' Acp1)ae: ~CrUX'Y) ~ fJ.V~fJ-1) fJ.OU. "Acp'Y)O'E 't"r)~
1

'Au7tocfJ.<Xt, &y<Xn-rl"e fJ.Ou <I><X~opo ! 'Eo wx.<X-rc.u e:!cr<Xt 1to'AU -rov ~'Aw "'YJ~ x.oct -roc &y<X'A~J.oc-r<X 't"YJ~ ! "Ax ! Tl &v,tee:O"YJ
11 ~ X. I I ,,I t I \ \ , I
rv OC-re:xe:t • O'Wc; tmocpxe:t ytoc 't"r)V OCVOC!J.V'Y)O"YJ E:VOC~ oe:u-
,, ~ ,
mo OUO'"rUXLO'fJ.EVoc; cX7tO fJ.EVOC. 'Eyw oE:v &y<£1t'Y)O'<X 7t<XpOC
"~" &'A~Oe:t<X' -.1)~ ex<Xptcr<X ...~ ~c.u~ ~J.ou· a-roc ~Mcrtoc -re:po~ Oocvoc-ro~, 7tou SE:v -rov E7toc0oc &x.6!J.oc. Moc ;ocvcx~&,
' A <I~ A' I I A\ A I
-
"rOU"r<X 1\LI"' Xot<X, fJ.' OAO d' 7t'OUI U7tO'
'
f.!.
L<X'l't' ' I
>OfJ.<XL <XX.OfJ.<X 7t'C.U~
\ !:'
c;,<XVOCI"' I
"e:7tC.U 't'OU~ ' I ' I
E:Cf>'Y)fJ.E:pou~ OUp<XVOU~ • ue: 1-'ptO'X.E:'t'<X t

~y'ijx.<X x.<£fJ.7tOO'O ye:A<XO'fJ.EVO~, fJ.7tOp& 07tC.U0'0~7tO"r<: VOC O'~V octc.uvtO't"r)"rOC 15,~n wpoc~o {mocpxe:t !
cpocv-roc~ofJ.<Xt 1tw~ x.ocn fJ.otl ~eve:t voc !J.&Oc.u. 'Av<X!J.<:O'oc :EQKPATH:E. - Koct 1tou &A.Aou -ro -ro7to0e:-rd~ j
cr-.~~ crxte~, &voc~'Y)'t'& !J.' <:UX<X?LO''t"r)O"YJ -rov tax.w x.oc7totoc~ CI>AMPO:E. - Kcx!J.LOC O!J.Opcptoc o~v fJ.1tOpe~ VOC xc.upt-
&J..~Oe:t<Xc;. 'A'A'At;. eau, 1tou ~ 'O!J.opcptoc !J.ov<Xx'YJ e1t'AocOe O'Te:r &7to ~ ~c.u~, x.cxt ~c.u~ eL1Joct 15,-rt 7te:Ooclve:t !
\ ' f) I \ A - \ . 1!:' A I
:EQKP AT H:E. - Au-ro fJ.7topotlfJ.~ vt;. -ro 7tOU!J.~, fJ.OC
't't~ e7tt UfJ.LE:<; O'OU X.OCL X.UI"'<:pvouQ'e 't't~ 7tp<Xc;,E:t~ O'OU, 1-'pL-

O'X.E:O'<XL -rwp<X 't'EA<:toc YUfJ.VC.UfJ.EVO~. Toc x.op!J.LOC eo& e:!vcxt T~V cXA~Oe:toc I Ptt;. TIJV O!J.Opcptoc I5!J.Cilc; exouv ot m:ptrr-
fJ.Ovocxoc OufJ.'Y)O'e:~, -roc ax~~J.oc-r<X e:!v<Xt &xv6~· -rouTo -ro O'O't'e:pot x.' eyw oE:v !;epcll 't'L 'Aoy:rj~ &eoc'JIX't'~ EVVOtoc.
cp&~, "rOO'O OfJ.OLOfJ.Opcpo crE: 15'Acx -roc O"YJ!J.d<X' "rOO'O &ouvcx- CI>AIAPO:E.- Nt;. aou 1t&, 1:c.ux.poc't"YJ, x.oc-rt;. ,~ yvcJ>-
!J-0 X.t cX7tOX.<XpOLC.U''l'tX.O fJ.~ ~ XAO!J-&0~ TOU, 7t0U Cf>C.UTL~e:t, fJ.'YJ -.ou <I><Xlopou 1tou ~fJ.ouv &'A'AoTe:, ~ o!J.opcpt<X • ••
..
1) I
X.<XAUTe:p<X ~ l't'
7t0UI OLCX7t0TLI.,EL, "r'YI ) yevLX.'Y)I 't'OUT' I ·~
Y) OCotcxcpo- ~OKP AT II:E. - t:.E: ~plrrx.e:Toct o Il'Aoc-rc.w x.ov-roc
' \ \ ~
pLcx, xc.upL~ vex OL<XYP<XCf>ZL -rmo-rcx !JoE: <XX.pti"'Zt<X -roc\ fJ.LO'O-
I I \ , I(J. •
O'TOC A'Y)!J.Eptoc fJ.OC~ j
ot<Xcpocv<X 't'OU't'<X O'UfJ.1tAEYfJ.OC't'OC 7tOU O'X'YJ!J.OC"rL~OfJ.Z !Joe -roc ci>AIAPO:E. - 'Evor.vTlo -rou Ooc fJ.tJ..~mt).
A l ' - !.
~OKP AT II~.- KC!..'At;. 'Aom6v, 'Aeye:.
Cf>OCV't'<IXO'fJ.OC't'OCI fJ.<Xc;' OL' 0'1-''YJO'fJ.!::VE:~ E't'OUT€~ Cf>C.UVE:~ 7t'OU fJ.O-
I I

At~ fJ.OC~ cX7tOfJ.E'IOUV x.oc~ 7tOU Oocppe:~c; fJ.OUpfJ.oup(~ouv fJ.EO'<X CI>AIAPO:E.- 'H O!J.Opcptt;. oE:v X.<X"rOtx.d [.LEO'OC rrE:
30 PAUL VALERY ETllAAINOE "H 0 APXITEKTON 31
opLcr!J.eVoc xocl 0"7t<XVL'X 7tpX!J.Xt"OC, o·~n xxl ad: 1t?6"t'\J7t'X Tt1t0"t'OC oev fJ.1tOpe:~ v:X ~v 1t€pLXAeLO"e:L. OAOC ~v 7tpo-
exe:~voc 7tOU "t'07to6e:'t"OU\I ~~(t) OC1t0 ~ <f>OO"Y) xxl 7tOU ot 1tLO 1)7t06e"t'OUV. ErvocL !J.l:croc !J.OU crocv "t'ov eocu"t'6 !J.OU "t'ov t-
,f, I (l -
> ~
e:uye:VLXt;<; 'I'UX,€<; WpOUV !J.€I (lOCUfJ.XO"fJ.OI O"OCV
I t ~ I
U1t0o€L)'fJ.OC"t'OC oLOv· eve:pyd OCAcX6Y)"t"OC' xp(ve:L, 1to6e:~ • • • , A'A'Aoc 00"0
"t'WV crx_e:o(wv "t'Ou<; xocl. O"XV "t'OU<; fJ.UO"'t"LXOU~ "t'01tOu<; "t'WV )'LOC VOC ~v ex<ppcXO"(t)' !J.OU ~px.e:"t'OCL "t'6cro oocrxo'Ao, 00"0
~pywv "t'OU<;' 7tpcXfJ.!X"t'OC te:px, 1tOU (l,X "t'OCLpLoc~e: vx "t'OC "t'poc- xocl. VOC 1tW "t'L !J.e XcX\IE:L xocl. d!J.OCL eyw. KL ~<; "t'O yvwpL~(t)
youo~O"O!J.€ !J.e "t'OC ~OLOC "t'OC A6yLoc "t'OU 1tOLY)"t'~ :
~ > I~
fJ.t; "t'OI O"'t) OCXpLI-'E:LOC XOCLI "t'60"0 1\L)'O.
~I

:EQKP ATH:E. -,An' OC<f>OU "t'O em-rpe7tOUV ot 6e:o(,


''!) Mea -rij~ l'a~~6av(!<'YJ~ anoOvl'di~, 'IMe~ I
ocyoc1tY)"t'e fJ.Ou <I>oc~opo, v:X auve:x.(~ov"t'ocL ot xou~ev"t'e:<; fLOC<;
:EnKP ATH:E. - IToLocvou 7tOLY)"t1j ; O""t'OC "t'cXp"t'ocpoc hou"t'oc, 01tOU "t'L1tO"t'OC oev e~e:X,cXO"OC!J.e:, 07tOu
<t>AMPO:E. - Tou 7to!-u6oco!J.occr"t'ou :E,£<pocvoul, 1tou
>
€fLOC 16OC!J.€ XOCL\ XOC"t' I ) I
L OCX0f.I.OC Jl ~ I I ) \
1 u7t0U 1-'PLO"XOf.I.OCO""t'€ 1te:poc OC7t0

~~YJcre: "t'6crou<; octwve:<; i>cr"t'e:p' oc1to !J.ii<;. 'Anoc yLoc "t'O ~L­ xoc6e:"t'l. &v6pwmvo, x.pwcr"t'OufJ.e: v:X ~epof.l.e: "t'Wpoc "t'L e:rvoc(
x6 fJ.Ou "t'o oc~cr6Y)!J.oc, f) toeoc ocu't"wv "t'wv toe:wv 1tou o cXAYJ6Lvoc wpoc~o xocl "t'L c:!vocL OCO"XY)f.I.O' "t'L "t'OCLpLOC~e:L O""t'OV
6ocufJ.OCO""t'6<; !J.OC<; fiAOC"t'WVOC<; eyevvY)O"Z, c:!vocL 7tcXpoc 1tOAU ocv6pw7to' "t'L 7tpe1te:L voc "t'OU 7tpoxoc/..e:~ -ro 6ocuf.I.OCO"fJ.O x.w-
<l.1t'A~ xocl crocv 7tcXpoc 1to'AU <Xyv~ yL:X v:X !J.7topecre:L v:X E~Y)­ pL<; v:X "t'O V "t'pOf.l.cX~e:L, v:X "t'OV XUpLe:Oe:L x.wpl.<; vex "t'OV OC1tO-
yfjcre:L ~\1 7tOAU!J.Op<p(oc "t'WV wpoc(wv 1tpOC)'fJ.cX"t'WV, ~v X"t'YJVWVe:L • • •
·~~
OCMOC)' Y1) "t'WV
-
1tpO"t'LfJ.YJO"€(t)\l
I
O""t'OU<;
I e>
OC\1 pW1tOU<;
I >
1 "t'0\1 OC<f>OCVL-
I
<I>AIAPO:E. - 'Exe:~vo 7t0U "t'0\1 U~W\IEL x.wpl.<; ocyw-
> > L~ )" >I~~
1 1 >1 I I > I
O"{J.O "t'OO"W\1 e:pywv 1tOU "t' OCVt;I-'OC'oOCV OC/\1\0"C"e: O""t'OC OupOCVLOC, voc, chocvw OC1t0 "t'~ <f>VO"'t) "t'OU. .
"t'oc o'AwcroL6'Aou xocwoopyLoc OY)fJ.LOUPY~fJ.OC"t'OC, "t'O "t'6cro :EQKPATH:E. - XW(!L~ aywva; 'Am:lvw ano •n
oc7tpocro6x't)"t'O ~ocvcXVLW!J.OC "t'WV 7tOCALwv. Kocl. {mcXpx.ouv (/JV0"1J TOV ;
"t'6cre:<; oc'A'Ae:<; ocvnpp~cre:L<; ! <I>AIAPO:E. -NoeL
:EQKP ATH:E. - Moc 7tOLcX e:rvocL xoc6ocu"t'o ~ OLX~ :E!lKP ATH:E. - Xwek aywva ; ITw<; y(ve:"t'OCL ,
'Anavw , ano , "f'YJ (/JV0"1J "fOV : TlL 6OC 1tE:L~ OCU"t'6 j 'A.
I I I I ,
VOCV"t'OC- I
crou toeoc ;
<I>AIAPO:E. - Mv ~epw 1tLOC 1tW<; v:X ~v ocopcX~(t). ~Of.I.OCL x.wpl.<; v:X "t'O 6l:J..w evocv ~v6pw7to 1tou 6:X ~6e:J..e: v:X
crxocp<poc'Awcre:L oc7tcXVW cr"t'ou<; (.)!Lou<; "t'ou. ITocpoc~e:ve:f.!.e­
1. Ervxt 6 :ETtcpxvoc; M'XAA'XpfLt. 'E~touatoc; ~t'Xt a~t6rrtfLoc; &viX- vo<; OC7t0 ~v 1tOCpcXAO)'Y) "t'OU"t'Y)V e:tx6voc, ere pW"t'W, <I>oc~­
xpovtafL6c;. (E:r ·I'·). opo, 1tW<; f.l.1tOpe:~ v:X 1tcX~e:L xocve:l.<; v:X c:!vocL OCIJ"t'O<; 0 toLo<; .
32 ErnAAINOI: "H 0 APXITEKTON 33
xat i5a·n:pa voc ~avayupbe:L a..Yjv oua(a -rou ; Kat 1tw<; II poU7to6e-rouv Tij ~w~, 1tou xpiX-rouv IJ.&-rewpYJ •••
!J.7tOpe:1: TOUTO VeX aUIJ.~d, ~TaL, xwpt<; ~LIX ; Sepw XIXAcX ' At..Aoc -roc SIXu!J.IXTa Toiha, au..Yj ~ evaTeVL<J'Y), xL
1tw<; ot 7taparpope<; -ro\3 ~pw-ra xat ~ xa-rcfxpYJCrJ -ro\3 IX1he<; ot exaTcXa&L<;, 3e OLIX!pWTL~O\JV aTcX !J.cXTLIX !J.OU TO
xpocaLou, ~~ &x6!J.IX, ~ XIXTIX1tA'Y)J:TLX~ hdopiX<J'Y) TWV 7tocpocoo~o 7tpo~A'YJ!J.cf !J.IX<;, To 7tp6~A'YJ!J.IX -rij<; oiJ.oprpLi<;.
IXJ:VWV
, -
EXELVWV
• ' L
7t0\JI IXVIX7tV!;;0\JV

OL' II \J6'L&<; 1 !J.IX<;
- t-'Y1X'o0\JV
A ''t'
1 ~ev ~epw 1tW<; VeX auvoeaw TL<; U7tep-rocT&<; au-re<; ~\JXL­
XIXSw<; /..eve:, ~~(() cX7tO TOV eiXUT6 !J.IX<;' XIXL ~epw &x6!J.IX xe<; XIXTIXaTaa&L<; IJ.e Tijv 7t1Xpoua(a eVO<; aW!J.OCTO<; ~ o-
XIXAtm:piX, cX7tO Tij OLX~ f.LO\J &arpaAeaTIX'r'Y) E!J.1tELpL1X, 7tOLO\J0~7tOTC: ~AAO\J 1tf>OCY!J.1XTO<; 7t0U -'tL<; U7tOXLVEL.
1tW<; ot ~uxec; !J.IX<; IJ.7topouv voc O'YJ!J.Loup~aouv yLoc -rov ·II>AIAPOl:. -"A I ~wxpoc'r'YJ, dvaL 1tou Se/..e:L<;
eiXU-r6 TOU<;, XIXL !J.EaiX a~v &yxaALcX TOU xp6vou, te:poc 7t0CV't"IX VeX T' &voc<>Upe:L<; OAIX !J.ea' cX7t0 TOV eocuT6 aou •••
XIXTIXIflUYLIX, cXOLIX1t1fp1XaTIX cX7t0 ·~ OLcXpXELIX, IXLWVLIX IJ.E- 'E<JU, 7tOU ae SotU!J.cX~(o) 7t&pLaa6npo cX7t' OAO\J<; TOU<; cXV-
aa !J.IX<;, cXAAcX 7tp6aX1XLp1X <JXETLXOC !J.€ TIJ !pU<J'Y)' 07t0\J 6pw7toUc;, 7tLO wp1XLO<; !J.e Tij ~U)~ aou, 7tLO wpotLO<; IJ.e TO
-rau-rl~ov-raL TeAo<; !J.€ au-ro 7tOU yvwp(~ouv · o1tou 7t0- 6ocvocT6 aou cX7tO TO Wf>IXLOT&po opoc-ro 7tp0C!J.IX. !J.EYcXAE
6ouv IX1h o 7tou dviXL • 57tou IXLaScfvovTIXL 1tw~ -rt<; EO'YJIJ.L- ~wxpcf'r'Y), cX~LOAcX-rp&u'r'Y) cX<>X~!J.LOC 1 aTOJ:IXa!J.e 7tOCVTOOU-
oupY'Y)a& IX1h6 7t0U cXYIX7tOUV, XIXL TOU cXV'rLJ:IXPL~O\JV rpw<; VIX!J.C:1 1tou !J.ETocAAa~e:L<; TO q>otpfLcXXL a€ mo-ro &6ocva-
YLcX TO rpw<; TOU, XIXL atw~ a..Yj aL(o)~ TOU, OLVOVTIX<; a[IX<;, w ~wxp<f'r'Y), 7t0U 7t1XYW!J.EVO<;, IJ.e TO !J.LaO XOP!J.L
XIXL OEJ:O!J.EVE<; TOV eiXUT6 Touc;, xwpt<; VeX OIXVd~oVTIXL 0'0\J !J.OCpfLOCPW!J.EVO XLOAIX<;, x' evw TO ~AAO fLLAOUae: &x6-
TL7tOTIX cX7t0 TOV E~U) x6a!J.O XIXL cX7t0 -rt<; "'Ope:c;. nvoVTIXL !J.OC, !J.OC<; XO\J~EVTLOC~E<; q>LALXOC fLe Tij y/..waaoc evo<; Se:o\3,
-.6-re: C:>aocv TL<; V'Y)VE!J.LE<; exdve:<; 07tOU !J.ETIXT07tL~OVTIXL ~tp'Y)ae: voc ao\3 1tw TL 7tpcX!J.OC EAEL~E taw<; cX7tO TI]v 7td-
aToc 7t&AOCY'YJ rpe:yyo~o/..C:>VTIX<;, evw -rt<; -rpLyup(~ouv ot p1X aou I
S{i&AAE<;.l II OLOL EL!J.MTE, oao OL1Xpxouv IXU'rcX 'reX J:cXY) ; l:!lKP ATHl: . - Xwpl<; cX!J.q>L~o/..(oc, e:!vocL 1toi.U &p-
yoc yLoc voc !Lou -ro fL&6e:L<;. A eye: l5fLw<;, 51tw<; xat v<f 'vocL.
1. TloL'I)TtX~ xoct ~oc6uTIXT'I) tp{Ll)VdiX TWV E:xaTIXTLxwv E:xdvwv II>AMPOl:. - ''EviX 7tpocfLOC ea-rep~S'Y)x&<;, ~wxpcf­
XIXTIXaT!XaE<>>v 1too ~~ 7t1XpcxS£voncxL yux To l:wxp&nr l!r.teve "'1), evoc {J.6vo. "Haouvoc 6e:"Lxo<; ~vepw7to<; XIXL oev dxe:<;
&x£vl)Toc;, J.LLA~>VTIXc;, xiX6wc; !!AEYE uaTEpiX, !L~ To S1XtfL6vt6 Tou,
Law<; XOC!J.LOCV &vocyxl) cX7t0 TL<; UALxe<; O!J.Opq>Le<; TOU x6-
xw;>tc; auvdSl)Gl) TOU E~<>>TEpLXOU x6af.LOU, 07tOU XL atv ~pLax6TIXV,
op61>c; ~ xot6LaT6c;. K!Xt TOUTO cX7tOXA€L€L T'~ 6E<>>p£1X T'ijc; E7tLA'I)- a{J.O\J, II o\3 ·xoct 1tou Tl<; eooxlfLa~e:<; !.[yo. Eepw ~e~ocLoc
•Jih c;. (E.T.ft.). 1tW<; oev 7t&pLtppovouae:<; Tij yMxoc -rij<; E~OX~<;, -rij<; 7tOAL-
PAUL VALERY El'fiAAI NOI: •a 0 APXITEKTON 35
-rdcxc; -r1j A.at[J.7tp6't'Y)-rcx, olhe -roc ~(A)V't'cxv<l -rpex.ou[J.evcx 't'Ot't'IX 'Ayoc6oc. 'AA.A.oc <XUTO 7tOU [J.tVE:~ y~<l [J.tV<X axo-re:wo
ve:poc, oG-re -rov -rp~ax_cxp~'t'(A)[J.tvov !:ax~o -rou 1tl..cx-rocvou· x<Xl ~uaxo/..ov61)TO dv<X~ 1tW<; IJ.v6p6)7t0~ -r6ao ayvol a-ro
!!~' IXU'
[.lOt' UA ~~
' t'O' t o ..V3.'ITIXV "(~IX' a ..L vcx 1tatpat' TOt' [J.OtXp~VOt' a't'O- J
VOU, E'J.OUV OCVIX"(X1) I
TL<; <XLa J\ e \ \
1)T..~ c; [J.Opcp..~c; X<X~ T~c; 'J.OCpe:c; I

)..(~~Ot -rwv A.oy~a[J.WV aou, -roc -rpucpe:p<l 1te:p£yupcx -rijc; -rou xop[J.LOU y~oc VOC cp-rocaouv aTijv mo £~ut¥6)[J.tV1) -roue;
' A ~~ \ 1
cxp.cp~l"oMcxc; aou, -ro -ro1t~o 1tou e:uvoouae -roue; ..a(A)-rep~-
I , ' - \
XIXTOC<r't'IX<JY).
xouc; aou ~1)[-liXT~a[J.OUc;. T' O[J.Opcp6-re:po 1tp0C[J.Ot at 'Tdj- ii>AI.6POl::. - 'Axp~I"(A)c; rJ.- yL, cxu-rcx' ' -rex ' 7tp1X[J.OCTIX
, [.1.~-

ycx~ve: 1t0AU [J.OtXp~<l oc7t' IXUTO 't'O r~~o, x' ~~AE:7te:c; 7tOCVTOt A.ouaoc[J.E [J.~<l [J.tpoc [.I.E -ro cp£/..o [J.OU -rov Eu1tocA.£vo.
xoc-r~ &.AA.o. - <l>cxt:8po, [J.OU ef..e:ye:, oao 7te:p~aa6-re:po ~u6£~o[J.IX~
~OKP ATH~. - Tov &.v6p6)7to, xocl -ro 1tVE:U[J.Ot -rou ae:\ aTOX,OCa[J.OU<; \
"(LOC\ ~ , 'IV T..L X,V1) [J.OU 1 't'OaO m:pLaaon:pO
I I

ocv6pdmou. 't'~V e~ocaxw · oao au/..f..oy(~O[J.IXL xocl eve:pyw, 't'oao 7tOVW


ll)AI.6PO~. - M<l ~ev sauv<Xv't'Y)ae:c; A.o~1tov 1to-r& XIXLX,Ot~pO[J.IX~ aOtV otpX,L't'..l X't'6)V 1 - XCX~) 't'OaO m:p~aaO't'epO
\ 1 \ t I I

aou, ocv&.[J.e:acx a-roue; clv6pdmouc;, [J.e:p~xouc; 1tou [J.t -ro · VLW66) mhc;; d[J.ot~ eyw, [J.E ~8ov~ xcxl xcx6otpOT1)'t'IX oao
e~Ot~pe:T~XO TOU<; 7ttX6oc; "(~OC -rlc; fl..Opcptc; xocl T<l e~(A)TE:p~XOC 1toteL XCX~\Al"e:I"CXLOTE:p1).
I A I

cpocve:pW[J.OtTOt v<l at 7tocpcx~&ve:uocv ; I 1 <1- I \ I


X CXV(A) 't'u opO[J.O [.LOU a't'L<; [J.OCXp~e:c; [.lOU CXVCX[J.OVE:<;.
J I

~QKP ATH~. - Kcxl (3&~cx~. 2cxvcx~p£a><O[J.ot~ [.I.E 't'O ~&.cpv~cxa[J.ot 1tou 7tpo~e:vw a-rov
~ <1- '1- \ ~
ll)AMPO~. - ••• 1tou ~ £~u1tVoc~oc -roue; O[J.(A)c; xcxl
I \ - \ I -
Z~IJTO [.lOU' XCX~ [J... 'rOUTCX Tot o~OCOOX,~XCX !1XCXI\01tot'r~IX 't'YJ<;
I

ot ocpe:-rec; -rou~ ~tv 'Tdjyocwocv 7tta6) cl1to xcxvevoc; IJ.AI..ou j t;~<·>mjc; [J.OU 1 7tpOX,6)p(;) 7tpOc; TIJ ~~X~ [.lOU e1tOLX080[.l1)-
' I'Y \ R_ \ )
~QKPATH~.- •op~a[J.tV(A)c;.
I ) I ) I
<J1)' XCX~ 7tA1)a~ot~6) ae 't'OaO otXp~I"1J CXVTCX7t0XpL<J1) CXVOC-
ll)AI.6PO~. - Touc; ~(3cx~ec; cxu-rouc; t¥YJA.6-repcx ~ mo (J.eaot a-roue; 1t66ouc; x<Xl aTij Mvot[J.~ [J.OU, &a-re: (J.OU cpcx£-
X.Ot[J.1JA.<l oc1t' -roue; cp~oa6cpouc; ; 'JZTotL mhc; OC1t0 TI)v U7totp~1) 1tOU [J.OU eM61)XE: €cp-r~ocaoc
~QKPATHl::.- 'E~ocp-rii-rcx~. €vex d8oc; &v6pwmvo epyo. XT£~e:-x-r£~e:, [.lOU x&.ve:~ xcx-
ll)AI.6PO~. -•o axo1t6c; -roue; aou cpcx~v6-rocv mo (J.oye:A.C:>V-rotc;, 6cxppw 7t6>c; EX,(A) ut¥c:>ae:~ TO x-r£pLO -rou
&.~~oc; v' clyoc1t1)6e:t xocl v<l TOV epe:u~ae:~c;, ~ 1t~O clv&.~~oc; EIXU't'OU [.lOU.
cl1t' -ro ~~x6 aou ; l::QKP A'l'Hl::. - Noc otxo8o[J.e:f: xcxvdc; -rov ecxu't'6
1
!:'
~QKPATHl::.- ~tv 7tp6xe:~-.oc~ y~<l -ro axom~ -roue;. 't'OU 1 XCXL\ VCX\ yv(A)p~~e:~
l'f' 1
't'UV <
E:CXUTO ' T
't'OU 1 E:WCXL '1- '
oUO 7tp1X<,E~<;

~ev [J.7topw voc cpocv-roca-rw mhc; tmocpx.ouv 1toi..Aoc ·r7t&p- ~ [J.Lot ;

~
L
36 PAUL VALERY JO'I!AAINOE "H 0 APXITEKTON 37

<bAMPOl: . - . . . xocl 7tp60'6eO'e : 'Em~~TYJO'OC -ro - I'L' OCUTO Aomov exeL (lLO:v ocve~~Y'I)TY) x.ocp'l), -rou
O'WO''<O O''rOU<; O''<OX,OCO'(J.OU<;' O'E -rp61tov CflO'-re, yeVV'I)(lEVO~ d1toc. NLw6eL xocvd<; oc1tocvw -rou ~v 7tocpouO'toc evo<; 7tpo-
\ ' \ \ I - I I \
cpw-re~ VOC OC7t0 TY)V 7tOCflOCTY)fl'I)O"') 'rWV 1tf>OCY(lOCTWV, VOC (le- O'W7tOU, f-tLCX<; yuvoctxoc<; -rov 7tpW-ro ocv66, ~v &pf-tOVLOC
'rOC'rf>E7tOVTOC~, O'av <ho (l6vo~ -rou<;, 0'-rl<; EvepyeLe<; ~<; EvO<; 7tAOCO'flOCTO<; J(OCflL'<WflEVOU. 'A'OflLO'TOC <,U7tVOCEL
I I t" ,
flLOC'
TEX,V'I)<; (lOU. 'E(lotpoeO'oc -rl<; cppov-.(~e:<; (lOU, ~ocwfcp-rLocO'oe 6Ufl'I)O"') 7tOU ~~v xoc-rop6wve:L vO: cp-rocO'eL <JTO TEfl(lOC TY)<;'
.. ~ O'eLpO: -rwv 7tpO~A'I)(lOCTWV' ocpx.(~w -rwpoc OC7t0 xd 7t0U xocl ~ ocpX,LVLO'flEV'Y) ocuT~ dx6voc, 7tOU Ecru xocTEJ(EL<; ~v
~\ ,11
'fUJ('Y)' J(WpL<;\
VOC\ TY)V
\
I 1
-re!-dwvoc oct-l-o-re, ytO: vO: 1tocw 1-LyocxL (locxpunpoc ••• TEAELWO' 'YI) T'l)~, oeV '
OC7tOAeL7tZL*'). \
T'I)V
1 \ \ \ ) I ,....., , \ .... ' I
cl>eL~WAe:Uo(locL -.0: ovetp07tOA~(locToc, O'XE7tTO(lOCL (lLO:v XE'I'r'Y)O'EL XOCL VOC T'Y)V otVOCO'TOCTWO'EL • .!:.e:pe:L<; 7tW<; OCV OC<'f>'Y)-
t~€oc 0'0: vO: -r~v ExTel-ouO'oc. II oTe mO: ~ev ocvTLxpl~w, O'W To O'-roxoccrf-t6 flOU vO: 1 1.€ cruve7tocpe:L, f-tOU 'pxe:-rocL vO:
O'TO: 6(lopcpoc 7tAOCTY) ~<; ~ux.~<; (lOU, -.0: cpocvTOCO'TLxO: E- O'UYXf>LVWI
'rul VOC6 O'OU (l > EVOC yoc(lOU
I <I
TpocyouoL,1'1'
7t0U VLW- I I

xdvoc X,'<Lptoc, 7tOU e:!vocL, o-x.e:TtxO: (lE T' OCA'I)6tv0: otxo- 6w voc yevvteTocL flEO'OC (lOU, flE O'uvo~e:Loc cpl-oyepoc<; ;
~O(l~(lOCTOC, 8,TL ot I'opy6ve:<; xocl ot Xt(lOCLpe<; O';(ETLxO: ·o Eu7tOCALVO<; (lE XOLTot~E (lE q:.>LALOC mo EX~'Y)A'I) xocl
flE -.0: 7tpocy(loeTtxO: ~woc. 'AI-M 8,-rL O'Tox.oc~o(locL, (l7tO- mo -rpucpep~ •• •
pe:L v0: X,'<LO'Tei:, XOCL 8,-rL q:.>TLOCVW, ocvoccpepe-rOCL O'E VO'I)TE<; -''AX 1 1tW<; r ·' ' '
- e O'OC~ OC7t0 TY) q:.>UO"') XOCflW(leVO<; YLOC VOC ' ' '
t~ee:<; • •• Kocl UO'npoc • •• "AxouO'e, cl>oci:~po ((lOU '!-eye (le xocTocAoc~ocLve:L<; I er1te. K ocve:L<;
, I , 7tepLO'O'OTepo , , , O'~;;V<X
oc1to l

7tOCAL), OCV ~~epe<; -.( dvocL yLO: (lEVOC Exei:vo<; 0 (lLXpo<; voco<; '1'\
oev '
e7tA'I)O'L<XO'e
I '1'
O'TOl ootL(lOVLO (lOU. 0'
I I
" <X 'I)"6 e/\<X
'\ 7t0AU '\I
V<XI
1tou ex.-rLO'oc ytO: -.ov 'Epfl~, ~uo ~~floc-roc 7tep' oc1to ~w 1 -
- ' - ff \
O'OU efl1tLO'TE:UTW OA<X (lOU 't'OC flUO'TLX<X . flOC YLOC T<X (lLO'<X\
I \ \ \

o
'Exei: 1tou ~Loc~ocTYJ<; ~e ~!-€1te:L 7tocp0: &voc xo!l~o (J.Lxpo ~e eoc fl1t0f>OUO'<X oo-re EYW 0 t~LO<; VOC O'OU (J.LA~O'W xoc-
te:p6, -(lLXpo7tpocy(lOCTOC e:!vocL : '<EO'O'e:pL<; x(ove<;, pu6- 6w<; -rocLpLoc~eL, -r60'o ~e:yi-LO'-rpouv 7tep' oc7to T~ yt-<»O'O'L-
(lO<; 7t0AU &7tA6<;,- E~OCAOC EYW T~V OCVOC(J.V'/)0"1) (lL~<; X'Y, ) e:xcppOCO''I)'
>1
X<XL\ Qv<X1 eXLVTUVeUOC
' I e-
V<XI fl.t-'ocpe e~~ fli;;l T> 0C''AA0C
'~
AOC(l7te:p~<; ~(l€poc<; T~<; ~<»~<; (lOU. I'l-uxLO: (leToc(l6pcpw-
I \ , I \ \ \ I \
(lLO'IX, ytoc-rL ocv!Xcpe:povTIXL mo eLoLXOC O'TL<; yvwcre:L<; xoc~
O"') I·o AE7tTOXOC(l<»(lEVO<; OCUTO<; voc6<;, xocvel<; ~ev TO ~e­ -roc (lEO'IX Uj<; -rexv'YJ<; flOU. M7topw (l6vo voc O'ou 1tW -rl !le:-
pe:L, dvocL ~ (lOC6'1)(lOCTLX~ dx6voc (lL~<; x6p'Y)<; OC7tO -r~v K6- yocl-e:<; oct-~6ete<;, ~ xoc!-uTepoc Tt (leyocl-o (lUO'T~p~o ocl-oc-
pLv6o, XOCL T~<; e:uTUJ(LO'(lEV'Y)~ ocyoc1t'l)<; (lOC<;. IJocpOCO'TOCLVEL , t: I '1'1 e\ '\ -
q:.>po~Xyy t..,e:<; -rwpoc ooc, xoc w<; flLAOUO'e<; yLoc cruviXUALe:~,
I '\I

mO'TO: -tl~ 1~LoctTe:pe<; T'YJ<; ocvoct-oyLe:~. I'LO: !l€voc ~e:i:. Mou q:.>Aoyepe:<; xocl TfliXYOUOLIX, O'J(ETLX0: (lE . -ro ~poO'ep6 (lOU
~ocvoc~tve:L 7tLO'W 8,n -rou e~WO'OC. VIX6. IH<; (lOU, occpou e!O'IXL -r60'0 e;uoc(0'61JTO<; O'TL<; 1tflOO'-
38 PAUL VAL~RY El'IIAAINOl: "H 0 APXI'fE K'fON 39

7tOC6&L&~ Tlj~ cXflJ:LT€XTOVLX~~~ 8ev ~J:€L~ 7t~p~'t"1)p~<r&L 1 1tW~ vci x~T~7tt~GTouv !Joe -ri) 8ouA.etoc Tou~, :x,p'Y)aL~J.o-
R-'-Y
~
1t&pLoL~I"'IX<,OVT~~
I
G't"1)V "!. I I I ,
I
7t0ALT&L~ TOU't"1) 1 7tW~ ~V~!J.&G~ 7totouv -rijv 7tLO 6eTLXYJ yA.waa~. Ql GTOe~ e:lv~L f~Vepo
GToc X,T£pt~ 1tou -ri) ye!J.(~ouv, &A.A.~ dv~L ~ou~oc· &.A.A.~ 1tW~ cX7toppofOUV gv~ 1tA~6o<; 8p~a~pto, 1tOU 5A.o x~l
!J.LAOUve· XL lXAA~, TtAO~, TcX mo G'ltOCVL~, Tp~you8ouv ; &v~vewveT~t· Tou 7tpOafepouv 7teptaTUAL~ x~l &£a6-
~ev TcX ~WV't'~V&UOUV ae TtTOLO <Tr)!J.ELO o\he o 7tpoopt- oou<;' TO 1tpoax.~A.ouv VeX !J.1tEL cX'ltO ~v~ awpo mA.e~ x'
a!J.6~ TOU~, o\)n TO yevtx6 TOU~ <rX,t8LO' x~t 7t0CAL 8ev e:\)xoA.e~ xA.(!J.~XE~ <rTl~ (J.Eyoc/..e:~ x~l X~AOfWTLG(J.tVE~
elv~L ~uToc TcX 7tflOC!J.~T~ .7tOU TcX x~T~8tx~~ouv a-ri) atw- TWV ~raouae~, VeX <rX,'Y)!J.~T(a<:L O!J.OC8e:~, v' cXfO<rtw6d a-ri}
~· AuTo TO :x,pwaTouv !J.6vo a-ri)v £8tofut~ Tou o£xo- ~U!J.W<Tr) TWV \J7to6eaewv • . . 'AA.A.ci ot x~Totx(e~ Tlj~
86!J.OU TWV ~ a-ri)v x~A.~ 7tpo~(pe<Tr) Twv Mouawv. 8txotLOaUV'Y)~ :x,pwa-rouv vci 8d:x,vouv a't'O !J.OCTL 5/..'1) -ri)v
~u<r't"1)p6't"1JT~ xed -rijv . £a6't"1)Tot -rwv v6!J.WV !J.~~. Tou~
~
- T wp~ 1tOUI !Jot: X~VEL~ X~LI TOI 7tpOao.A_W
l I /.-. 1
1 To 7t~p~-

't"1)flW cXV~8pO!J.LXcX G't'O !J.U~A6 !J.OU. Tottptoc~eL 7) !J.Ey~o7tpe7te:L~, ot yu!J.vot gyxot • xocl ot
- K~~. 'Exetv~ TcX X,T£pt~ 7t0U 8e !J.LAOUV, o\)Te Tp~­ 't'OLX,OL VeX ELVIXL TflO!J.~X't'LXcX aU!J.7t~yd~. T~ atw~ 't'WV
you8ouv, &~(~ouv !J.6vo -ri)v . 7teptfp6v'Y)~ !J.~~· · elv~L ~P'Y)!J.WV ~UTWV e7tLf~\IELWV !J.6AL~ -rijv x6~e:L, 7tOU x~t 7tOU
I t > ~ < < ~ I~
7tpOC!J.~T~ vexp~, x~TwTep~ a-rijv tep~px.£~ cX7tO xe£vou~
I I (J.L
X~~ a ~p~L~ OL~G't"1)(J.~T~, '1) fOI"'t:p~ &Vo~ !J.UG't'1)flLWo01J~

't'OU~ awpou~ TWV <r1tov81JA.wv 7tOU ~EfOpTwvouv TcX xocp~ &vo(y(J.~To~, ~ 't'cX 6A.t~epci <Tr)!J.OCOL~ 1tOU <rX,'Y)!J.~T(~ouv
Twv !pyoM~wv, x~l 1tou 8£vouv TOUA~X,LaTo XOC7tOL<X aTo axoTc:wo ~oc6o~ Tou aTevou 7t~poc6upou, Toc x.oVTpoc
8t~axe8~<Tr) G't'O fp6VL!J.O !J.~TL !Joe 't'ljv TUX,~(~ 8tOCT~~'Y) a(oe:pot 7t0U TO fPOC~OUV. ' 0A~ TcX 7tpOC!J.~T~ !8w ~yoc~ouv
1

1tou 1t~£pvouv 7tpoawptvci x~6w~ 7ttepTouv. "Oao ytci Toc x~T~8tx~aTtxe~ &7tocpocaet~, x~l !J.LA.ouv ytci 7totve~. 'H
!J.V'Y)!J.eL~ 1tou 7teptop£~ovT~L a-ri)v O!J.LA£~, ~v !J.LA.ouv x~­ 7teTp~ !x.fpi~eL ~~pLoc !xetvo 1tou 7ttpLxA.dveL · -rotx.o~ o
a~poc, TcX exTL!J.W. 'E8w, !J.OC~ Mve, auyxevTpWVOVT~L ol e:!voct &ve~tA.ew-ro<;' x«l TO ~pyo ToUTo, T6ao auVT~tptot­
~!J.7tOpoL. 'E8w, ot ep~aLTSJ:Ve~ 't'~~ ~8ov~~ • . . (El1t~ a~J.evo !Joe -ri)v &A~6et~, 8t~Tp~vwvet !Joe Mv~!J.'Yl Tov ~u­
TOT& aTOV
I I E'1J7t~ALVO 1tW~
.,I I T ·~- "!."!.1 ·~
&~J:~ Lo&L 'lt0/\1\~ ~<,L07t~p~'t"1)-
I
a't"1Jp6 TOU 7tpoopta~J-6.
@'Y)T~ X,T£pt~ a' ~uTo TO e:l8o~· &AA.ci 8e !J.' &xouae). 'E- ~!lKPATHl:. - 'H 8tx~ !J.OU fUA~X~ 8ev ~T~V x~t
8& aTevoc~ouv OL fUA~XLa!J.SVOL. 'E8w auve8pt0C~01JV o{ Toao TflO!J.E:p'Y) . . • M-
I I I
OU f~~VE:T~L I ,3:. J!. I
7tW~ 'j"r~V ~:;V~~ T07t0~
8LX~G't'e~. AuTe~ ol !!J.1t0ptxe~ aToe~, ~UTe~ ot fUA~Xe~ !J.OWTb~, x~l x~6~UTO cXOL~fOpo~.
x~t Toc 8tx~a~pt~, 5T~v ~epouv «u-rol 1tou -rei X,T£~ouv 'IIAIAPO~. - llwc; !J.1tOpet~ x~t A.e~ TSTOLO 7tpOC(l~ I
40 l'AUL YALERY :El'ITAAI NO:!: •H 0 APXITEKTON 41
:EOKP AT HI:. - 'H &"A~6e:Loc e!vocL 1tW<; 1to"Ao "A(yo
1 I >I >,!,
f.!.OCEL 1'€1'0LOC e:pyoc, OC'j' Y)tpOCZL 't'OV I 1 n O<iELOC.UVOC \lo I I
't'OV LoLO.,...,

TI)v e7tp6<ie:~oc. Aev E~A€7tOC 7tocpoc 1'00<; tpLAOU<; fl.OU, 1'~V n' pe:7te:L voc pL..,eL xocpLe:<; -roc t"ouvoc fl.E:<; <i't'oc ve:poc 1touI 61e: -
I '1= I I A I I I I

&6ocvoc<iloc, xoct -ro 6ocvoc-ro. )..e:L voc 7te:pLtppoc~e:L. ~1'0C XW'Y)fl.EVOC ~OC6l) nj<; 6ocAOC<i<iOC<;,
q>AIJiPO:E. - Koct voc fl.~V e!fl.OCL fLOC~( <iOU ! xoct <i-rL<; &mapof.!.E:<; -rou f1.ov6-rovou t7tmxou 1too <i7tpw-
:EOKPATH:E. - Aev ~-rocv o\)-re o llM-rc.uv, o\)-re: o x.ve:L o <Xve:f-to<; xoct ~e:m:pvoce:L, 7tpem:L v' <Xv-rL-roc~e:L -roo<;
'ApL<i't'L7t7tO<;
I A-.-.' -roI xe:"L
• • • • n.AI\OC ... , 3'.
,1-rocv YLOf1.0C1'
I
0 xocL' xpu-
,
m<.Al)f>OO<; oyx6"AL6ou<; 7t00 E;(EL <Xvoc<iupe:L &7to 1'0C ~oc6'Y)
~ov-rocv ol-roi:x.oL <iToc f1.0C1'LOC fl.OU. To. ~pocaLvo tpw<; &7t6- nj<; y~<; • • • Au-roc -roc ALfLOCVLoc, fl.OU &"Ae:ye: o tpl"Ao<; f.!.ou,
6e:-re: -ro X.PWfl.OC nj<; <iocpxoc<; <i-rtc; 1te-rpe:<; -rou 66"Aou ••• ocu-roc -roc 7tAOC1'LOC ALfLOCVLoc, 7t6<io e:!vocL tpc.u-re:Lvoc y LOC 1'0
•Ayoc7tY)1'E fl.OU <l>oci:apo, ae:v e!x.oc (j'f &"A~6e:LOC 7t0't'E fl.OU 7tveuf1.oc 1 llw<; ~e:...u"Alyov-rocL-roc fl.EP'YJ -rou<; ! llw<; <ix.u-
1

oc"A"AlJ tpu"Aocx~ &1to -ro <iWfl.oc fl.Ou. 'AA"Aoc ~ocvocyupL<ie: (j' ~ouv 7tp0<; 1'0 epyo 1'0U<; ! - Moc nj<; 6ocAOC<i<iOC<; 1'0C 6oc-
OCU1'0C 7t00 (jQU e"Ae:ye: 0 tpLAO<; (jQ1). NOfl.L~C.U 7tW<; e7tp6xe:L- f1.0C1'0C, X.OCL 1'~V 1'U;(OCLOC 7tOAU!J.Optp(oc nj<; &xpoyLOCALoc<;, 1'0C
1'0 VOC (jQU fl.LA~<ie:L YLOC -de; mo 7t0AU1'Lf1.E<; o£xoaof1.E<;, XL 1tf>O<i<pEpouv fl.e <:UfLEVe:Loc <i1'0V &p;(L1'EX.1'0VOC ot 6e:oL ''0-
ocu-ro &xpL~wc; 6oc ~6e:"Aoc v' &xou<ic.u. Aoc <iUv:::pyouv YLOC VeX 8'Y)fl.LOUpy~(j0UV TI)v eV1'U7tC.U<iY) 7t00
I \ ,f. \ t I ) \ I \
q>AJJiPO:E. - Koc"Aoc, "Aom6v, 6oc <iuve:x.l<ic.u. xocvouv <iTIJV 'I'UX.'YJ oL npoc<i-rLe:<; ocu-re:<; x.oc-rocaxe:ue:<;' 'T'YJ
~0 Eu1tOCALVO<; fl.OU b-r6pl)<i€ xoc-r6m f1. e~oxo -rp67to fl.L~ aouAe:LOC -rljv x.ocve:L ~ <l>u<iYj. '0 "Aocyocpoc; op(~ov-
1

,, . ~
1'L<; npOC<i't'LE<; exe:i:ve:<; XOC't'OC<ixe:ue<; 7t00 60CUf1.0C~Of1.E (j't'OC 't'OC<;, E:VIX 7tiXVL' 7tOU' OCX,VOtpOCLVE:' '
t'IXL X.IXL' <it"'AYI JVZL, 't'o1 <iUV-
ALfLOCVLoc. llpox.c.upouv fl.e<; <iTIJ 6oc"Aoca<ioc. Ol "Ae:uxo( -rou<; 't'IXpOC;('t'LXO ~E:fLOC><pZfLOC 1'~<; y~<;, ~ &p;(~ 1'WV XLV't'UVC.UV,
~poc.x.love:<;, &<i7tpocaoc ax"AY)p~ xoct &7t6"AuTIJ, &yxoc"ALoc~ouv 't'OI ...I\IXfl.7t:;poI XOC1'C.U<pi\L 1'C.UV rT.YVC.U<i'
f ... ->(
t'C.UV 1'07tC.UV' XOCLI 'Y<) >IL-
f

1'00<; &7tOXOLf1.L<if1.EVOU<; llpf.!.OU<; XOCL tme:poc<i7tL~OV't'OCL 1'~ ~\IX ~ &7tAlJ<i1'Loc -rwv &v6pw7tc.uv, !-rOLfl.'Y) voc fl.E:'t'ocA"Aoc-
Y \ "\. \
yoc"A~VYJ -rou<;. Too<; xpoc-rouv f.!.e &<itpoc"Ae:Loc, dpY)vLxoc ~€­
1 1'\ C' I ' , \
~e:L <ie: 1tf>OI\'Y)1t1'LXO 1'f>Of1.0, fl.OI\L<; U7tO;(C.Uf>l)<iOUV (j OCU't"Y)

x.e:L"Aou<; &1to 1'f>E;(OC~pLoc, 7tpotpUAOCYf1.EVOU<; &1to 1'L<; xoct 7toc-r~<iouv -ro 1t68L <i1'0 xocpoc~L • • • EivocL, fl.OC -r~v
<Xyxoc6c.u-re<; ~pocx.o<ie:Lpe<; xoct &1to -roo<; yxpe:fl. voo<; 1too .... '6ZLIX, 6 E:OCf1.0C1'0C 6CXU!J.IX<i't'IX' IXAI\IX
OCI\Y) f f J ... I ,f, ...
't''YJ"01'e:poc XL IX7t
I J J

&v-rL"Aoc"Aouve:. liupyoL IJilJ"Aol, o1tou xoc1tow<; &ypu7tvoceL, ocu-roc, 6oc ~OCAOfLE 't'OC fl.VY)fl.ELIX 1'~<; xcx6cxp~<; 't'E;(VlJ<;. KL
o1tou ~ tpA6yoc -rwv xouxouvocpLwv, fl.E<ioc <i1'L<; &aLoc7t€poc- ocv &x6f1.oc x.pe:Lcx<i-rei: voc xocvOfl.E fl.LOC 7tpO<i7tOC6e:Lcx &pxe:-roc
<i1'e:<; VUX,'t'e:<;, ;(Ope:ue:L ~e:tppe:VLOC<ifl.EV'Y), xupLOCp;(0UV 1'0 7tE- au <iXOI\'...Y) E:VIXV1'
> f I
LCX <i1'0V t
EIXU1'0 I
fl.IX<;, 7tpe:7te:LI
V> IX1tOCI\I\OCyou
1 ...... -
-
"J..ocyo<;, <iTIJV &tppL<ifLEVY) ocxp'Y) -rwv p.6"Ac.uv. "01to~o<; -ro"A- f1.e: f.!.e x-i1tOLOV 't'p67to &7to 't'L<; YO'YJ't'E:Le<; nj<; ~c.u~<;, XL &7to
PAUL VALF;JtY ETllAAINOl; "H 0 APXITEKTON {.3
"1"1jv &!J.<:CJ1) &.7toAOCUcrYJ. "O,·n mo wpoc'Lo tmocpxeL, e!vocL 11-e ouvcx!J.'YJ -rt Soc ~-rocv ~voce; SvYJ-roc; ,&pxe-roc &yv6c;, &pxe-
, \ \ ,
ocvocyxoccr·nxoc xocL -rupocvvLxo. -roc J..oytx6:;, &.pxe-roc Ae7t-rocr-r6j(cxcr-roc; x' E7tL!J.OVoc;· xoct
l -l. 'A6
- E!1toc 5!J.w<; cr-rov Eu1toc/..£vo 1tW<; 8ev 7tocpoc8exo!J.ocL ,
ocpX<:TIX \ ,
LCJXUpOC\ OCp!J.OC't"W!J.~>VO<;
, L ,
IX7to • 'IV 'Y)VIX- 1 WCJTE
~
VIX\
ocu"l"1j "1"1jv &.v:fyxYJ. Kocl !J.OU &.7t0CVTYJCTE 7tW<; tcroc tcroc ~ &.- ~ue t~ETIXL cr"l"1j crxetJ!'YJ &~ TL<; &xpe~ 't"OU e!vocL -rou, x'
A't)6Lv~ O!J.oprpLoc e!vocL -r6cro cr7txvLoc, 5cro e!vocL, &v&~J.ecroc E7tO!J.tVW:; &c; "1"1jv &xpoTOCTYJ 7tp1XY!J.1XTLXOTYJTOC, cr-ro 1tiX- .
CTTOO<; &v6pw7touc;, 0 &v6p<.U7t0<; 0 &~LO<; v' &ywvLCTTEL e- poc~<;VO OCUTO CT!J.L~L!J.O Tijc; opocnjc; !J.Oprp~<; !Le -rlc; &rp~!J.e­
VOCVTLIX CTTOV eocu-r6 -rou, VOC 8LocAe~eL ~VOCV opLcr!J.EVOV EOCUTO pec; &f..A'YJAOUX(ec; -ri;>v 8tr:t.80XLXWV -r6vwv· crxetjlou &c;
TOU xocl voc TOV em~ocAeL cr-ro &t../..o eyw TOU. Kocl 6cr-repoc, 7tOLOC ECJWTIXTYJ xocl xcx6oALX~ p(~oc ea 7tpoxwpoucre· ere
~OCVOC7tLOCVOVTOC<; "l"1j xpu~ x/..wcr"l"1j TOU cr-roxoccr!J.OU TOU : TL 7tOAUTL!J.O CJ1)!J.ELO ee voc 'rp-rocve· TL 0eo Se Voc ·~pLcrxe
-"Epxo!J.OCL -rwpoc, !J.OU e!rte, cr' &xe'Lvoc -roc &pt~-roup­ cr"l"1jv t8Lr:t. TOU "l"1j crocpxcx I Kcxl xoc-rexov-rocc; TtAO~ TOV
Y~!J.oc-roc 7t00 TOC XPWCTTOU!J.E oA6xA't)p1X cr' ~vocv &v6pw7to, eocu-r6 -rou cr"l"1jv xoc-r&.cr-rcxcr1J TOUTYJ Tijc; 6e'Cx~c; &!J.rpo-r~:: ­
xocl YLOC TOC 07tOLIX crou €/..eyoc /..(yo 7tpLV 5-rL -rpocyou8ouv p6T1JTOC<;, ~v €~oc~e -r6-rz crxo1to voc otxo8o!J.~creL 8ev ~epw
!J.OVOCXOC -roue;. TL J..oy~c; !J.VY)!J.<:Lr:t., 7t0U ~ cre~cxcr"l"1j .xocl xocp~TW!J.EV't) !J.Op-
."A I <l>oc'L8po, ~-rocv &pocyz /..6yLoc &8eLocvoc 5croc e!1toc ; rp~ TOU<; voc CTU!J.!J.<:p(?;eTCXL &!J.ecrcx "1"1jv xoc6ocpOTYJTIX TOU
"H-rocve M~eL<; 1toO S7tAoccre &ve!J.<:Aoc ~ xou~ev-roc !J.Ou, !J.oucrtxou ~xou, ~ voc xpetoc~~::-roct voc !J.<:-roc8wcreL cr"l"1jv tjlu-
1toO "1"1jv &cr-r6t..Lcrocv 71;p6xeLpoc, &t..t..oc 1toO 8ev &v-rexouv X~ "l"1j cruyx(v't)crYJ !J.La~ &ve~ocVTA'YJTYJ<; cruyxop3tcxc; I -
cr"l"1j o:u/J..o~ ; Moc 15xL, <l>oc'L8po, 15xL I . .. KL 5-rocv &cro crxetjlou, <l>:x.'L8po, TL &v6p<.U7t0<; I <l>cxv-roccrou, TL otxo-
!J.(A't)crec; (7tpw-roc;, xocl &6e/..oc crou), yLoc !J.OUcrLx~ crxe-rL- 8o!J.t<; I Kocl ytoc fLoc<; -rt &7t6f..ocuCT't) I
xoc !J.e TO voc6 !J.OU, Se~x~ &voc/..oy(oc ere e!xe E!J.1tVEUCTeL. - Kocl cru, TOU e!7toc, !J.1tOpeL~ xocl TOV cr-roxoc~eCTOCL ;
'0 U!J.tvocLo<; ocu-roc; -rwv cr-roxoccr!J.WV 1tou e7tAtXTYJXe !J-6- - K.IXL\ VIXL 1 XOCL o;(L. 4JIXV oV<:Lpo,
I \!{ ""' !! I ""' >
VCXL. 4JIXV <:7tLC1TYJ!J.'
1
YJ 1
voc; TOU &7tocvw cr-roc XeLALOC crou, crocv &(p't)p't)!J.tV't) evepyeLr:t. <>xL.
Tijc; rpwv~c; crou· ~ rpocLVO!J.<:VLxoc -ruxoctoc TOUTYJ ~VWCJ1) -r6- - ~ ou 8(vouv XOC!J.LOC ~o~6etoc ol crxetjleL<; TOUT<:<; j
cro 8tocrpopeTLXWV 1tPOCY!J.OCTWV, e~ocpTOCTIXL &7to !J.LOC Scxu-
, \ (.). L N , \ \
- Nr:t.L 1 crcxv 1-'oux~::v-rpoc. ext, ytoc TYJV xpLCT'Y) !J.OU.
,
\ > I I T '>'l >'>'I \ \
!J.IXCTTYJV IXVOCYXIXLOTYJTOC 1 7tOU EWIXL CJXEOOV r:t.oUVIXTO VOC TYJ Next, y toc TL<; 7tpocr7toc8etec; !J.OU • ; • , A/J..oc 8ev e!!J.<XL ere
cru/J..oc~eL xcxvelc; ere 5/..o TYJ<; TO ~&.Soc;, &/J..oc 7t0U SVL<.Ucre~ 6ecr1) voc cruv8ecrw xcx8<i>t; 6oc Tr:t.Lp Loc~e !J.~OCV &.vocAUCJ1) 11-e.
6cx!J.7tOC "1"1jv 7t<:LcrTLX~ 7tocpoucr(cx TYJ~· <l>ocv-roccrou f-omov !J.Locv €xcr-roccr1J. llf..YJcrLoc~w xoc1to-re cr"l"1jv -r6cro 7tOAUTL!J.'YJ
PAUL VALERY JnTtAAINO~ "II 0 APXITEKTON t.5
otu-r~ ouvotfL"Y) • • • ML<X cp~pd: ~p€6"Y)x.ot &7tpOcrfLhp"Y)Tot cr-rtxoc &1to -rov fLe:y&f...o fLOU 1t66o, cic1tf...o'Cxoc ~LotfLopcpwfL€­
x.ovT<X crTo CJ"Y)fLELo vd: ~v cicp1t<f~w, &f...A<X fLOVo xot6wc:; vot &1to ~v &xpo'tot't""Y) &7totV'tOX~ Tijc:; ~ux~c:; fLOU , 7tpe7te:L
x.ot-rexofLe: fLEcrot nov o1tvo evot 7tf...&crfLot &yot1t"Y)fLevo. ~E:v vd: ,<): O'TIXfLot~crw, <l>oti:~po, XIXL vd: 7tr::ptfL€vouv voc 'touc:;
fL7tapw vd: crou fLLA ~crw 7totpd: fLOVO yLa T~V 7tpocreyytCJ"Y) yv€~w. KL &cpou T' &7t6X'1Jcrot fL' evot e:Iooc:; ~ Lotxo~ Tijc:;
) ff f I
Ci EVIX 7tp1XfLIX TOCJO fLEYIXAO.
I'\_ tlo TIXV fLOU- 7tp0fL"Y)VUE'tiXL,
I
~w~c:; fLOU (&~Lof...<fTpe:uTot:; fLE'tEWpLO'fLOt:; Tijc:; CiUV"Y)6LCJfLE-
&yot1t"Y)'tE <l>oti:~po, ~Lotcp€pw x.t6f...otc:; ,6cro &1to ,ov eotu,6 V1Jt:; ot<fpxe:totc:;), 6€/..w &xOfLIX voc ~LotLpecrw TO &~totLpE'tO,
fLOU, ocro ~Lotcpepe:L fLLd: xop~~ TEV'tWfLEV"Y) &7t' OTIXV e:!votL vd: cruyxe:p<Xcrw xotl. voc ~Lotx6~w ~v t~Lot ~ yevV"Y)Ci"YJ '~c:;
7tAot~otp~ xott ?<UfLIX'tLCJ~ . rLvofLotL of...wcr~Lof...ou <Xf...f...oc:; 'Ioeotc:; 1 •••
&7t' o,TL dfLIXL. "0f...ot dvotL x.ot6otpa X.IXL cpotlvoVTIXL EUX.O- - ~UO'TUXLCJfLEve:, TOV r::hot, TL 6€/..r::Lc:; voc x&vr::tc:; fLE-
AIX. T6-ro: o~ cruv~uotcrfLol fLOU &f...f..."Y)A07tf...€x.ov'totL xott OLot- crot cre fLLOCv &cr'tpot7t-Y) l
'"YJPOVV'totL fLEcrot cr'to cp&c:; fLOU. NLw6w ~v &v<Xyx"YJ fLOU - Noc dfLotL ef...e:uTe:poc:;. EivotL 1tof...f...oc 7tp&fLot'tot fLEcrot
·~ "~
ytd: 'OfLopcpL<f, e~tcrwfLEV"YJ 7tpoc:; ,tc:; !Xyvwcr-re:c:; 1t"Y)yec:; Tijc:; 0' IXU • 'I T'l) O''tL
' I
YfL"YJ,, T T
E~7te:, E~VIXL • • • 0/\IX Tot 7tp1XfLIXTIX
I ,

~~
fLee:; a~ crTLYfL~ otu~, xotl. of...ot fLE ocrot &crxof...ouvTotL o~
I \ I I \ \ \ t
OUVIXfL"Y)t:; fLOU, VIX y<:VVIXEL fLOV"Y) 't""Y)t:; fLOpcpe:c:; 7t0U 't""Y)V LXIX-
V07tOLOUV. Tio6& fLE of...o , o e:!votL fLOu •• • 8ep.e:tc:; ~e~otLot cpLA6crocpm y(vovTotL &vocfLe:crot cr~ fLIXTLOC 7tou ptXVOfLE cr'
1tWt:; ot ~X.IXVO't""Y)'t<:t:; T~c:; ~UX~t:; &vot1t"Y)~OUV 7totp<f~e:vot fLEcr'
PI ) I \ \ f \ I ) )
EVIX IXVTLXELfLEVO XIXL Ci't""Y) YVWCJ"Y) 7tOU 7totpoty<:TIXL IX7t
) ) I I
IX7t 't""Y) VUX'tiX n - ~
• • • poxwpouv, .,e:y<:AWVTIXt:; ~I ....
fLE, we:; 't""Y)V1
otu-r~ • • • xott nf...e:Lwvouv 7t<fvTot 7tp6wpot •••
7tpotyfLot't07tOt"Y)Ci1J • • • Tl.c:; x.otf...w, ,).c:; e~opx.(~w fLE ~ - ~e cre XIXTIXAIX~otlvw. )Aywv(~EO'IXL f...omov v' &p-
crtw~ fLOU • • • Kott v<X -re:c:;, cpop'wfLS:ve:c:; cpwc:; xotl. &7t&- yo7to p~O'<:Lc:; otu,E:c:; ,r.c:; 'Io€e:c:; ;
'tYJ • • • T 0 IXA"Y) 6 LVO X.IX L'tU1 ,'i'EUTLX.O
I )~ I If, I ~ I
AIXfL1tOUV I ~~
'tO LoLa, fLE- 1
- Notl, 7tpE7tEL. T l.c:; EfL1tOOl~(\) voc fLE LXIXV07tOL~-
O'IX Ci'tOC [L(hLot 'tOUt:; X.L &7t&vw CiTOC OLIX~~fLIXT<f 'tOUt:;. Me O' ouv, IXV ' IXI"'IX/\/\<0
A I~~
't""Y)V
I
1XYV

"YJI EUTUX
'
Lot.
I

cruv,p(~ouvr:: fLE -roc ~&pot 'ouc:;, fLE 7tof...topxouvr:: fLE ,a - rLotTl ; nov6e: 7tottpVELt:; ~ O'XA"YJP~ TOU't""Y) M-
cp-ro:px 'touc:; • •• <l>ot~opo, e~w e:!votL o x.(v-.uvoc:; ! EivotL VIXfL"Y) ;
'tO oucrxoA6npo 7tp&fLIX 'tOU XOO'fLOU ! .. "'Q (JTLYfL~ - r LotTl fL' EVOLotcpepe:L, 7tEpLcrcr6npo &7to xot6r::'tl.
cr7touootL6Tr::p"YJ &7t' ot..e:c:;, & 7tiXV'to~uvotfLO otu-ro~S:crx.tcrfLIX 1 &.A
• "o,i
vot\ (LXotvo7tOLEL~ av-ro ' \
nov~ ne 6xet-rat va yevvrJ e t~
I ()

Toc t11tr::p<fcp6ovot -rou-rot XotPLCifLIX'tot -rou fLUCi't""YJp(ou , &v-rl. 't"Lf'-, ~1\0YLXEt::;


I '~ I
IX<,LWCiELt:; EXet'VOV nOVI ,J:
' , "~
,1-ra'V , fLEI 0/\"1) 't""Y)I VEIX
,

voc ,a~e:xTw !J.ecrot fLou, o1twc:; e:!vott ye:vv"YJfLEVot &1toxf...e:~- op fL'I,J TOU. "A . X •' 7tWt:;
- VIXI fL"I)V I
E T~fLIX L O'XO'tELVOt:;, ; • • • "A -
'P· '09~'(lL f?.l. 1X>X f?X1AO'( f?J.. ~rl 1X>J..3~ji\OJ..M\.o ~1\ t;\OlL ~1A O.OQ,. ' ' ' ;,~ !:)OX1AO'( !:)OJ.. 10.1.~9303.1..0 ~xu.onrl ~J..
'»rl!;!31\lL f?J.. ~rl 13~~UA3gnox ~1\ <;lOlL 1 1J..~rl f?.l..O ~OX> X 1 3 1\j~ 110x no.o '10J013lLrl~ ,~_J, X>J..10rl~X.o ~.1. ' '!.?lL (")Ojj 1\~~ 'olL
1
~1\ <;lOlL Ol\3rlJ3X1J..I\~ ,1\~ ('I).O~A0001rl~~ ~1\ ,(.?lL :,X>.l.l\0~ -90J.. l\010lL~X ~rl 3.0!:)00~101~ ~~ 00.0 ~Qd> ~ 1\ll 10'('(0ib~J..
-~.1.10X ''~ ~d>oorl ~~A~ ~rl !_?J..~~X>I\~ I\X>.l.9 1)( (OlL
'fl. -I\1010J.. no.o 1011\j03X ~J.. 110X ~X1.1.10rlAl00lL ~J.. 110X orl.o9x
-('1)091\X> 1\X>I\3 X>1A 3.1.13 ':n'l39 'noJ.. »1A 3.1.13) X>1X10.1."""
I' /# \ I' I \ \ I' I Nr..
O.l.l\100jlL~ 1\~.1..0 3~1lLd9x.o ~9 ~ 00'(91~DN'(9 3~11\~cb»j~
~1rl ('l).l.j9M.o 1\X>.l.!f 'oo~2»c1> 'y,. ·o1~;1 "'?J.. X>l\jrl ~1..t '? 0 ~9 «;;OlL ''OI\90X 9 ,01~;! 9 1101\p ~1.1.(')tD H' ~ (10.0 ,13.0
-X>9X>X 1»1\p 1\~~ «;;OlL 1J..~X ('1).0JOlOQX>X3j !;!0.0 ~1\ ;,(.?lL ~'(lOX -~o~»OX>lL ,31AOQOI\1lOX '1.1. ~rl no.o l\f?3jrdlL 1\(.?J.. 10)1\NI\
(")Ojj 1\~V • • • '13'(j9 ~?J.. !)OtD~ 10'('(''!( 1x 3.onoxy,.- -10X1lLf 1\~.1. ~lL~ 001\jrl.Ol.l.OO'(lL 1noJ..X9rl no.o !;!OI\03rl~Q
! '13~~rl1xo~ '~lL 'norl '1lL ~W - -X>X !:)0.1. l01\9XP ~1rl 1101\p 1\~~ - ''Q091\~ 01\jrlN.l.OOib M.O
'(.?OOlLrl ,('l)lLQ,.- OAO~ f?.l..O 3~10QAlOI\lOj 1lOX ,3XO'(~X '«;~OJ.. ,lL~ 1'(jrl 303~f'Tl
~ 1J0.031\~1lLJOJ..JOX '?J.. '~.?II - no.o 1.1.~rl ~?J.. !.?"~ 'JO'(n.l.X~~ no.o ~1jj~1lLf ~J.. ~rl 0.1. '~J..
"010J..jJ.. u.~x ~.o norl 'nrl~M~ '1J.. ('l)~~rl -1\0~~'(lOrl ''3.0JO'(lL~ QOlL O.l.!:)OJ.. 103X '?~ ~ ~(')~ ~1\jrl!J.I\
-1XO~ 01\9rl 'C?lL X>lLp no.o ~'('(y, I '~.?S10X~ '?.l.QV- - 1X 1\~J.. l01~;! 1\'f.l. 1lOX 1 lOJ..lOrl~OlL ~J.. l0'(9 I\OOQ3lLN.OOOlL
'O'('(JOJ..jrl !?Xl0191\100X -UI\~ 1\~~ 'no.o JOU~rl ~J...o ,~OlLrl 1X>J..I\OI\~X «;;OlL 1lOX '~cl
1X>X X>O.l.~rl .~U('I)tD 1lOX 103X 1 JO'('(OtD~J..I\J010J..- ';,oo3l.Q3'(~ -3.000~ ~cJocb ~1rl I\10jd(!.lL9 «;;OlL 10.l.!:)OJ.. lO'('(OtD~.l.l\1010.1.
,X ;,OI\jrl3~ ''030j.l.D 1X>X ,~J..D030 ''OQOX 1lOX 'f?J...03~ ~rl ~~ '1lOJ..3~~0tD10.1.3rl X>'(OXQ3 '09Qrl 9 1X ,OI\lOtD~1~0'(9 1J0f,
-A1J..D »1~;! "'fl. '131\jA ~1\ 1»X 'no.o ~?d> 'fl. '13Dj01»1~ ~1\ -p OJ..!;!OJ.. X>rlA11\;!X> '?~ I 31\j'(10lLQ3: 1NI\Jl09JO'(X>.l.l0)1 -
~X1.l..OX>xA101\~ l\f?lL10~ 13lLj0U ·no.o '10JtDO.O ,~ 101lLQ0'(10X 'OO'(X>.l.jlL 0003i.90X1rlX>OX>lL !;!0.1. 1X>X
~010910x ~J...O X>Djrl 239n'X ~1\ 110x 13.0f?OOX ~1\ UD<:J 110.1. 10J..~9.1.nl0.1. ~'(n09lOS 'fl. orlrl'!f 1\01\jrlncl~'(X.O '?.1..0 lO.Ojrl
-10rl.o~03lL ~~f?10~.onrl f?lL~ ''13Dif...t~~9 ~J.. ~1\ '303j~ 1\~~ 13A~1'(lOXA~ 1x 1lO.l.3'Xo~ '~X'(»X '~.l..003cl !:>~?03J.d>»o.l..o~
1 1
"ll 10J..10rl.Oj'(13'X3j 10.1.D11\91\10X~ ~ ;,nox..t9 'nod>oorl~ ~OlOlL 9 110.1.31\~X 1lOX 00.1. 1lLQO'(lOX Ol\jrl.OlOrl039 ~.l. ~lL~ 103X
no.1. ('I).OjlL 31\~d>~ ,9 ~~ 110x 1 10j'(OSOI\1J..X~ ~('1)13'(j.1.~ ~.o '?.1. 13AQ3tD ,Nrl!f '<:>9»)1 ·no.l. ~Qd> ~cbclorl'!fl\~.0 1d3X '?.1.
110x 101.~9rl039 ~110J..~rl ~.o 1\10!.91\X>X ~9 10rl.0191\~ noJ.. 903).. ~U('I)tD ~ 131\j~101\l0j lOOOA~O). 110X 1 10'('(0tD~J..I\J010.1. ~.1. 13~
-O'(tD f?~ '239~M3A ~1\ 13'(j9 <;lOlL !:>OJ..lOrlA~OlL '~"~ ~10.1..0 -jl\3~~rlx~ '0"9dX ;,'?).do..t 0, ·orlrl~ "'?.1..0 10.0jrl JO.O('I)X~
-~.1.10X ~jrl.01rlnx10J.. 1\'f.l. 110X 'no.o ;,(!.Xntp ,~ ,13rl~l\n~ '?.1. 13.0NJ3'(3.1. ,1'(9W '10n.OlO'(lL90lL !:>~ 011\j03X X>l\~ lOI\JOX~
1
'~X1.1.30110j~ '1J.. 10110919 131\f?'(~S '9X'(10'X ~!.0'(101\~ 1\~.1. ,X 'X>'('(OtD~.1.1\l010.1. ~rl.Oj~ ~1rl 1100jrl ~1rl 10~13: ; 3.000X
G'i NU.LX:!I.I.IXdV 0 H. :IONIVVU.I:I .\'li::£'IVA 'I!lVd 9'i
OO.l.jrl ~.l. Sro11.jrlD1o9 1XID13: - i !)Oi\XIOQO no.l.OXIlLD90.l.D l\no11.7'x 11.~ c;tou S1::~D~Tlooo10u (XIX Sc;torlD11\0'(X lOrl!JD ~.l,
-~ !}O.l. n0'(9 S{&XoDOOlL S~ ~OOOJ.l,il.~ XIJ~~ iJ... ·oo.l.i\jx ~lL~ 1lO.l.3Xj"\l ·~rlA1.l.D ~DroD ~.l. 13Af!3cDOlL~ ,1\ 'fD 13~7'1orl
~1A ~M.l.O.l.I\XIlL 13Xfi ,D IJ.oiJ.'(X9'(9 XIOJXIcDD H' . 1\XIlLrl?~ .2sonDo9 XIx ~ '~.l.Doourl 1:ll7'lL H .. ·13~J.l.OlLXI1~ ~QXI c;tolL
<?.l. ~rl 1XI.l.:llii.JOx,l,.nD c;tolL 01\::irlpxul\~ ~X1~XII\Orl ~.l. SXirl 1XIX
\
1 SIJ..l. Xl.l.I\OX OD9.l. 1XII\13 nOlL IJ..l.nO.l. IJ.Doro IJ..l. Xl13ri10XXI
I \ I I \ 'cJ1 (
Xlil.jGXIX 1\~J. ~1), 1X1Dp 1 1l0Dp Sc:>GlOX S{&ro~ S~ 01\lOAoQ,. ~rl ,23.l.D1013XX1.l.3rl ~1\ S!JlL 130j~ 1\~~ Soo.l. ~Xo~ ~ ~W
·norl XIJ.lOrlvlOcbD
I ,,
Xl.l.
\
S131\ro::~v1'>3
I \,. ;i , { x 'norl S1::1'>X1dlL
AI S1.l.
\ m).\ •• • SOOI\nXI03X
I
I\OOI\X1o
I
1XIX
\
l\n0030(')DDnD
I
c;tD~ Snil.<poiJ.'(lL .lOJDlO.l.il.lOcb ~1rl ~lL~ oo:ll.l.9DD10:lllL Srou~x S13D7'.l.D103lL S3'('('p. ~3: • • • XlcD3Mf!D (XIX Sorlrl-p. 1XI.l.I\OI\
S~J.XIO){ ·norl ~0131\~ ~.l. ,lL~ 003.l.?A1'( 1l0Dp '9.l.OXIGcD 1XID -1A
I
1 1\ro.l.XIrlnx 1\(').l. IJ.Dncb IJ..l. I\OOI\1XI.l.DXIOXIlL 1 01\lLO 1\0.l.D
I .,.. I \ I I'
-p 1\~ 1X ODQ,. •norJ Sf!OrlD1AO'( S~OJ. 31\roj03.l.D 1 31\rorl~i\ -1099XI>qll\9.l.D (lOX S3JDXI.l.l\lOcD00131\(( ~D 1\nO.l.cDjlL 1\XI.l-9, 1X
-n~ '::~~lOJO.l.3W •1\ro.l.~rl,l,.lOolL ii.!Ji1.1SIJ.'(~ ii.!J.l. IJ.DIJ.9D;!X1 1\~ •soo.l. ~.t.e7'lL ~.l, 10x ,~.l.so~ sp. l\noo roXI.l.3rl XIx 1XI.l.i\!}OI\1X
1 1 1
'noD J~lOrllOJXlOrlrlnD ~D roXDJo9 ~1\ lOrlD1o~X ~.l. norl ,D!J"\1 -JO.l.3rl .IJ.oXIri
I 'cJ
1\001\roXIJ.DJOI\Yl
I .,
1X I\OOC...1,l,.oc...
.,(1 ..(
.1JO.l.I\OC...1UJO
,l. 1 C
1XIX
\
·~x1.l.XIJ.D103lL lO,!XIXo.l. ~J. ~lL~ XIO:ll.l.D~ noD ~~dlOlL~ 1\~ 1\00~JUy, ·!}O.l-1\XIlL ~lL~ 13~7'1'(XIXA~ Sc;to.l. QOlL IJ.'(I)I\~ ~rl
S13~J~03XXII\XI~ ~1\ (lOX S~Xou~ S(.l.D S,23~1lL~ ~1\ IJ.I\Xj.l. 1\~.l. S~Oi\lL (lOX S~cDlOlLt MI0~7''('(JO.l,i\~ ·7'.l.OcD 1 S30.l.jlL 1XI.l.I\OI\)A
1 1
13~7'1J.cD 13Xfi ,D c;tOlL (XIX 0i\jrlD1X100lL 1X1Dp XIJOlL<f 1\~.l. .l\ooC...1UX1 1\nOlL~vri 1.l.'n 3D I\OOX3.l.3rlrlnD O.l.OO.l.
./.1 C \ 7\.'rJ if \ I -
1.l.10~ 1XIX
~rl IJ.I\Xj.l. ~QXI 1\IJ.'(~A:llrl ~.l. norl jDro~~.l.3rl (XIX 'IJ.D?cb ~X1'(C} ~.l, ~rl srorlo" ·1o11.jrlrorl10x 1X11\p ~X1'(C} ~xuxiJ.'(lL
~ 131\o/1~~ J.l. 'f9no9 3rl j~XI~J~ .oorl o,l,.dfi ~.l.D ~XoDoou -XI.l.JOX J.l. ~lL~ ('X)X 'SnoJ. JODjrl 1\nOXfi Sc;torlD3~ Sno1rlD9x
3D!J~ .XI.l.XIrJ~OlL Xli\3rlf!OI\1X ~J.D lOD3rJ~I\~ Xl30j.l.D 1XID -hu JJ. I\OO~Joroi\A ~~ '7'd10910X JO.l.lOrl(/31\lL 3.l.9lL 'IJ.11.~X
-31\o/ii.XIAOOlOI\XI~ ~1\ (XIX S13XO~lLC} ~1\ I\OOI\7'X ~D c;tOlL ' noD 3.l.9lL ('X)X .1::~Xd7'lLC} Sc:>lL ~01lOX I\ODOlLrl~x 'f1A I\!}Oii.X3~
ii.!J'(3rl ii.!J.l. S3JAO'(XII\~ S~.l.QXI S~.l.DroD S(.l. 'noD l\roi\~Ao9 3.l.O'('(~ .no.l. J~'X)rl 1JOJ.I\O~J.l.OJO.l. 3.l.O'('(V" ·1\!}0~ 'fl\ ~.l. ·X·u
M!J.l. ~QlO XIJlLOOOODJ 1\~.l. 'norl S{&rld<f S~ ~.l.QXI XlrlDXIO jX 'S313AOjl\~ S3.l.IJ..l.JJOO'X)lL~ S~x1osrl ('X)X 101\9lL ' ~11.0~~ 'fOJOlL
-AnD ~.l. ~rlA1.l.D 39~x S13~Jrlne !}On c;tolL 'norl JrlOO)I » o.l.nJO
\ C C
lLJOC Moc...JO),ri
.,(1
~n ·10d3lL sro l003lL Mo1ouon,DIJ.dX o.l.
tJ \ V I 'i I - \
: norl 9.l.OXIt 1\~.l.D ¥<:XI 39~x 1\~~ 'Sno.l. 'X)JD30IJ.lLC} 1\~D 10'(9 1\nOXfi ~.l. QOlL (01\JO.l.l\ro~
1
roj'(XII\XI~ (XIX S!JcD 010j'(lL ~.l.D lODjrl !J'(1rl ' norJ IJ.9~'( 'f.l. 1o Sc:>u so1109?9 110rlp 110x 'op'('X)Ao~ ~.l.D10rln10e 1'X)I\P o.l.
1
~lL~ SOI\jrl:li'(XIXDXI~ lO.l.39).l.l\~ '<?A:il, ·Sf!OI\lLlOX 01\9rl 137'1\ -!}O.l. (rlOOX ~.1 • • • (')D~AIJ.~f !}OD 'fl\ OOD7'.l.3: • •• 9.l.Q'X)
-I\3A MlL9 'So~X SIJ..l. 91'1XI13~~ ~.l.D 1XI.l.31\~X (XIX 'SIJ..l. 9.l.OX1t ,D SOojrl 131\0JlOlL norl 10rl!JD ~.l, (lOX 'c:>lL 110.l.3ii.JXIcD norl
1\~.l.D 13Af!3cDlO.l.XIX ~1\ (XIX ~.l.QlO ,lL~ 1lO.l.31\f!OXlOrlOlL~ ,1'1 'ol\s'>lOolOlL u10x rolL noD 'X)e • • • 'ssxAX)I\JO S:3X1.l.'X)rirlnD
At I - .... \ I ' \ 'tJ
6'i .NUJ.)l.HJ.IXdV 0 H . :I:O.Nl VVIJ.X.3: .\U i![' lVA 'ln Vd 8'1
-OX~ ~XlTl 10()9lL 10 :3.1.!)0 1 lOAO~ ~.l. S.l.!)Q ' ' ' f\~1XD f\('>(\ -jOlL ~OlL ('X'X 'IJ.~OlOlLp f\~ ~1A 1lOJ.,f\OX~rlo'(IJ.'('(~ ~OlL Xl)D
-jrl.,n'Xo.t.~s "~.t. lwxN ~.t. s.t.oxxrr srllOlLjXSt ~olL 1.1.~rl C(d -nolL~ ft.f\)3Xj ~X1AOno1rlfJ.~ ~ (lOX 1lOJD0 0010lL ~~lO ~f\10
-s"oedJ o1~l C(.t. ~rl srl;oD~dJ~ ~olL ~~;o ~(')~ ~.t. 3rlo~~.t.1ox -(I)J., lO.l.IJ.X)f\lO.l.lOX~ ~ ~'('(~ ':>!}Of\ 9 '<?l-~10 1X O.l.!}O.l. ;orl~D
~f\ 1lOX 1 0f\OlL~OlOlL 3rlno'X, 9.1. ~" ~(l)f\jrlD109 13lLjOlL ';,;orJ <?.l, ~'('(V' j Of\9rl (XlX :i10rl ~IJ.9M3f\f\D ~.l, <?lL~ 13D?OS10(\~
1
~.t.lOrl<;>D p 3rllOX~{)IJ.03.l.Dj ~OlL lOOo/~ 'OlL9J., f\9J., f\C(.l.~Xl :;~ 1X 0'('('!( f\C(.l.D :;;o,..~ 9 IJ..o10X9lL~ 3rl0Do/~ ~f\ lOO<;>J.,
1 1
,D lOf\3~~0lOlL f\!}o'X~J,J.,,..~ 'lO.t.!}OJ., lO'(Q,.- ':!H.LVd)IU:I 13D~1S :;~rJ :;~ f\Ol- 9'X'Xlt...Orl p.t.D10'(lL ~f\ poolLrl f\~~ ~OlL
1 1
'3D10lLo/D l003.l,DJ_,.- ':!OdVIVci> ('X'X (1)rl~x ~" (r)'(j() ~OlL O.l.!}OJ., oJ.o~ C(.l. ~'(XV, '10Jrll0f\n~~
! lOOUDP (10)1 • • • I ~'X03D IJ,J.,D109103lL~ f\lOD!}OJ.,f\10.l.lOX 'X).l,XlrlD~1lL0013f\9 norJ ~U10'(lL
- OOlL IJ,J.,1oXA?D~ '~x1J.,301lO~i! U- ':!H.LV d)IU::S: ~J., ('X')I 'Xlf\OOrl903013f\9 !?At ,x ';,3D!}O~ ~Dg:, ·~1d3rl f\OJ.,
'(( )O.l,rusm'( ~X1~ ~l- <?lL~ :>Xlrl ;,10f\j()'X'X 9 3D!}OA03f\j 1lOOo/l- •:;;orl 'U..
-3~ (')~~noM/ ~olL ~O.l,!}O'(lL ;,C(.l-~10 ;,ooo96~1~~ 9 (\(l).t. ;,o~r )~110lL 110f\p ~(\ ~OlL OAO~ lOf\f, : f\(1)3D ? dJ :>10rJ f\~X1J,300dJ
- OjX C(.l, ~O'(j.l, 1l0f\p ~~ 1X 1 f\(l).l- ;,ty_lO'('(lO.l,f\~ ;,~ l0f\3rlpx -101~ f\~.l. OlLrl9x Ol-0'('!( f\<?.t. 1 3rl!}O()(I)f\~ ~f\ ODjrl <?J., 'o/Aj
-1.t.f\~ ~.l, 1l0f\p ~9 '~;o.t.IJ,J.,?o'X'g ;,~ ~3.t.IJ,J.,9x1J.,XlrlA'X'OlL 1o ,x ~Dj ':;O'(j.l, 3rl'XlX~og (l-101.J 'OO~'X C(.l.D 10Djrl f\OD ~rJD
1 -30 10J., 1 f\OD :;13DIJ,J.,1'X)lL'X) :;3f\Orl1lL3 :;1J., 1 00D 101Df\0010lL
ilOX ~~X1J.,lLOOOlL ~~ lO.t.'X'rlD~'(3A3~ ~.l. JOrlDlOf\~f\f\D lOX ~ \ I ( I ( \ I
,..r,'t'J.,
- 1f\'X3J., 10 ~~~dJ C(.l. ilOX ;,~1XD 10 ';,jrlO.t.lOJ.,lOX 10 (lOX 10'XA9 ~113'Xj010lL !}Ol- ~f\ :;13tfl~lL ~() (r)~)lL'(j ~D (XlX 3.1.!)0 ·'90lLrlj
10 •;,13rl~,..n~ 1o (XlX ~30.l,jlL 10 ·V.'(p "~ norl ;,v.,..x~u ;,~.l, ,x <.'}~ <?lL~ <?ert.ot) p'(10X ~D ~" '9g1ox~ norl Jrloox '13,P~lL
~rl 0'('(7Y f\C(.l. ~lOf\~ 9 f\OOS~'(lO.l.lOX :;~ 1 3f\!}O.l.f\3'(MgrlnD :;y"' ~() ~~ 'norl ;,!}Of\ 9 lOO<;>l- :;of\jrlUfJ.~9 Xl03l-?'(X1)1 «
'l013A0jf\j :;noJ., ~X1~lO.l.lOX f\~ l'X>X ll.oj'XD :;no.t. ~f\1()1J.'(~ • • • 1ri'Xlo10x
tJ I
01- XlOOXAlC
\ I'
1
(\~ 13tP?'(lOXlOf\~ ~1lL (\f\OX, ~() '!?lL PlL ~() 'IJ.tfljXD ~. ~rl tJ.I '(')()XIX
\
Xlf\3D3
I ( (
D (I)D1lL
I
:>10ri100J-
,.,. t)
f\IJ.J.,
\
10rJ
\
10rlDOX
I
1QVVJC
\,\,I'
1X
1
:;~Orl()10~ :;~OJ., (lOX :;~rJrJ;ooJ. '1J., ~rJ :;13D~f\1X '1J., l013X0~1~ f\Oo'Xo~lLt;l '!?lL 1'X'l-3~~J.,f\lOcD ,:;3l-IJ,J.,9xu10rl..lJOolL :>~XU30
IJ,J., ,lOX mcboorlo ,..r,' 'IJ.o;o'X • 1'X'X Of\SrJOOlL30lL OJ., ;,(\OJ., -ocb101~ :>3o13lL'!f 13~~1.l,cb ~" m~'!t 110"p '!?lL 13AJrlo" ':;IJ,J.,
\ \ \ t: ~ I I \
r,~\
?~lO.t.3rllOf\~ f\OO~~'('(lO.l,f\~ f\~ 1lOf\jrlD1f\OJ.,f\f\D 3f\!}O.l.DlOA :>jn3XDXIJ.,XIX :>3o3rl~cbf :>(.t. ({lL~ IJ.f\jrl010lL3E • • • 01'(~
- Oj 1J03G f\OJ, XI1A 1XIX 13vVYlrl1cflrJ10 ,:;IJ,J., 1001 3 f\O 10J., 3rl XI013D 10101
\ \ \ \, \.(t} ' I ~I' ji \ \ \
1o f\no'X, ~" ;o~n 't...rt 1x .~n3XDlO.t.'X'X IJ."jrl'(lOS
- O'(lOX l010lL~X ~D 3f\!}0()(1)f\~ ~f\ IJ.XA~f\~ 1l0f\p 100J., IJ..o?cb f\~.l.D 13~~.l,10J.,XlX f\<?J., ~f\ 3.l.OlL~X 13~lL ~OlL 1 101101-~rJ OD9J.,
~J., ~J.,lOX :;lOf\j()lOX 9 1 3rlOOjcDD13f\f\D ~OlL 0013lL'!f <?J., <?l-~lO 1XIX
\
':>o()Xlrl
I 'r)
:>1o(I)X
\
13..,10(I)f\A
~~
f\O.t.
\
IJ.Xn"-
\ I
'I' H ~ '13f\110.t.DXIOXIlL
1X Of\jrJDl003lL3lL C(.l. C(.l.~lO ~'('(~ .A!}0()3.l.f\f\D ~f\ ;,O'(j.l. 13lL !}Orl f\Ol- 9X103.l.(l)~f C(J., ~'X'Xlf\Orl ~Xotfl ~ ~OlL 'norlD9X !}O.l.
lS NU.L:X:ii.LIXdV 0 H. :IONIVVII.l:il ..\U!i{'lVA 'IGVd OS
52 PAUL VALEnY Jo:l"flAAI NO!: "H 0 APXlTEKTON
53

/\OU 6-
"1. !\.
OUV W~ '~-
EoCU' ~ 1
(.I.IX\ t--flLcn<EL 't"07t0
I
'Yt ) "
AU1t'
'
Y)a'YI) (.I.IX~. zvot (J.OVO -r(J.~ (.l.ot -rou - o7t-rLxou
' - (.l.ot~ 7te:otou.
t-' 'AAA'ot e:vot~
"
<l>AldPOl:. - :E-roc cro8e:v-rpot -rou-rot aot/-e:uouv ot
I :1._\ 1
vot6~, auv8uota(.l.e:vo~ (.1.~:; -rot 7te:pLyupot -rou, 'Y) XetL -r e:a -
I '!\ '0.'6)
&6/-LOL 7t1XV't"O't"LVOC aoc <potv-r<fa(.l.ot't"ot. -re:pLXO evo~ Vetou, a7tO't"€A€L yLoc (.I.OC~ ~Vet d8o~ OAOXA'Y)-
l:OKPATHl:.-"Av auvocv-rouaet etu-ro -rov Eu7tot- pCU(.I.EVO (.I.Eye:6o~, 1tOU (.I.Eaet -rou ~OU(.I.E •• • '17t&pX,O(.I.E
- ' ' ,, ( , , 6 , u I
-ro-re:, aotAEUO(.I.E, ~OU(.I.E, (.I.Eaot a-ro e:pyo EVO~ lXV pcu7tO ·
t-(vo, 6oc -rov pcu-rouaot x<f-rL aXO(J.ot.
<I> AidPOl:. - 0oc e:rVIXL a(youpot 0 7tLO i>ua-rux. La(.I.E- ilev e:!votL (.l.€po~ -r!fj~ -rpmA~~ ocu~~ ex-ret()Y)~ 1tou voc (.l.~v
vo~ a7to 't"OU~ (.I.IXXotp(ou~. T( 6oc 't"OV pcu-rouae:~ ; ex.e:L fLEAe:'t"'Y)6e:1: xetl 8ou)..e:u-re:1: (.l.t a-rox.ota(J.6. :Eoc v' &vet-
l:QKPATHl:. - Noc (.I.OU €;YJYl)6d xot6otp6-re:pot YL' 7tv€o(.l.e: he:L (.I.Eaet -r~ 6€A'Y)()Y) xet1 -r~v 7tpoet(pe:()Y) -rou &v-
etU't"OC -roc _x.-r(pLet 7t0U e/..e:ye: 1tW~ (( -rpetyou8ouve: )), 6p,imou 1 Mi~ motve:L '
xotL' fLIX~
- r.l.
xut-'e:pvete:L
I
(.I.Eaet
'
a-rL~
\
otv
, IX -
<I>AidPOl:.- :E€ xet-ret8Lwxouv, ~/..hcu, etu-roc -roc )..oy(e:~ 1tou oLocAe:;e:. b.ev (.1.1topou(.l.e: voc -rou ;e:~puyo(J.e:.
MyLot. <I>AMPO:E. - "E-rm e:!votL, x.wp1~ &AAo.
l:QKP AT HI:. - Me:pLxoc MyLet dvotL aoc (.I.EALaae:~ ~QKP ATH:E. - b.€ ~AE7t€L~ O(J.CU~ 7tW~ XIXL a€ xoc-
yLoc -ro (.I.UotA6. "Ex.ouv TI)v E7tL(J.OV~ etu-rwv -rwv €v-r6(.1.cuv 7tOLIXV &AA'Y) 7te:p(a-ret()Y) (J.OC~ au(.l.~ot(ve:L -ro ti>Lo ;
xocl -ro ;e:ve:up(~ouv. Tou't"'Y) 8w (.l.t -ra((.l.1t'Y)ae: -rwpot. ci>AldPOl:. - lloLo ;
<I>AMPOl:. - Kett -r( Me:L -ro -raL(.I.1t'Y)(.I.et ; l:QKP AT HI:. -NO: d(.l.eta-re: fLEaet '
a' e:vet
11
etv
, 6pwm-
'
l:OKP ATHl:. - M€ 7totpetxLve:t &8L<Xxo7tot voc ~p/..uet­ vo epyo aocv -roc ·"<fpLet a-ro ve:p6, voc e:t(.l.eta-re: OAwai>LOAOU
' 'f
pw yLoc -rl~ -r€x.ve:~. Tt~ a(.l.(ycu, -rl~ ;e:x.wp(~w· 6€/..cu v' ~OU't"YJYfLEVOL fLEaet -rou, voc ~oufLe: (.I.Eaet -rou XetL' Vot' -rou-
&xouaw -ro -rpotyoui>L -rwv xL6vcuv, xett voc ta-rop~acu a-rov aV~XOfL€ ; .
&:yvo oupotVo 't"O (.I.Vl)(J.dO (.I.Li~ (.I.€AW8(et~. Ketl ~ cpetv-ret- <I>AMPO:E. - Aev fL1tOpw voc (.l.etv-r€1jJcu -r( evvoe:k
a(ot -rou't"'Y) (.1.€ ~p€pve:L (.1.€ (.l.e:y<£1-YJ e:uxoA(et a-ro ()Y)(.I.e:i:o voc l:OKP ATH:E. - Moc 1tw~ I Mv -ro octa6ocv6YJxe:~
~OCACU TI)v &pX,L't"EX't"OVLX~ XIXL Tij (J.OUaLX~ a7t0 Tij (J.LOC etu-ro 1to-r€ aou, aoc ~pLax.6aouv a€ Xet(J.LOCV E7tL()YJ(.I.'Y) yLop-
(.l.e:pL&, xoc1 o/..e:~ -r1~ &/..Ae:~ -r€x.ve:~ &1to -r~v <XAAYJ. MLoc -r~, ~ aocv e7tetLpve:~ -ro fLEflO~ aou a€ x<X7toLo aUtJ-7t~aLo,'
~cuypet<pLoc, <p.()..e: (J.OU Cl>et1:8po, crxe:7t<f~e:L (J.OVO (J.LOCV opL- XIXL ~ opx.~aTpot YE(.I.L~e: 't~V oct6ouaet (.1.€ ~x.ou~ XetL _!.I.e:
a(.I.EVYJ em~pocve:Lot, e:tn aocv dx6vet, e:t-re: a<Xv -roLx.oypet- <petVTOCafLetTet ; Ae
aou <potLVOTetV aoc v' aVTLX.et6La-rou,ae:
<pLet' x' exe:t 1tocvcu 7tetpota-retlve:L 1tflOC(.I.et't"ot ~ 7tpoacu7tet. -rov 7tpWTLVO x.wpo ~Vet~ x.wpo~ VO'Y)'t"O~ XetL (.l.;'tet~A~-ro_:;·
'flU >'t-
LOLO XIXL\ 'Y•) YAU7t't"LX'Y),
"1. ' oe:V
" ' u(.I.OplpetLVEL
! ' XIX'6 e: lpOpet' 7tetpet\ ~, XotAU't"Epet, 7tW~ 0 ~~Loc; 0 Xp6vo~ ae -rpLYUflL~e: OAOU-
pox 'norl91\ ~D lODjrl ;pl\lOX 1lOJ..3AT'{OJ..103lt ';nou9dJ.. ~o~ ';3JDlOJ..lt<f C(lt~ C(J..QlO o,dp. X ~.l.. C\OD lODjrl ;3D!}OO(l){l ~Olt
~rl (lOX ''31\~J.. ~o~ ~ltV, ·fJ.DlOdl? f(lt~ Ol\jrlD1onJ..1oJ..103lt ;~rlJ..uo 1\lOJ.~ 1\~V ~ 10rl9x~ Ol\jrllJ.Mx ~,u 'noo 9J.Ol0~
(lOX 1 00J.. !}01J..l0rl !}OJ.. lOJ..lOrl1f.J..dno1rlfJ.~ ~J..D ;~rl OJ..D13'(X9'(9 1\C(l. ~rJ ~X1l.3'XD 'fJ.J.fJ.I\)X~ 1\~D lOJ.fJ.J.9J.fJ.I\,X 1\~l. ~QlO ;3XfJ.{l
;10rl Jrldox ~J.. 3J..O'('(~ 1\lOJ.~ 'c:>{llOX ';IJ.J. I\C?3~~du I\!2J.. -1\~{10210 1\~V ·ocl3l.9DD,cl3lt 10rl9x~ 1)1- ':ZHJ.V cDIU:i
lOJ..lOrltJ.M3A lOl. r, ;IJ.J. ;13c.,lOOlt ;,l.D lOD3rl '•'Xn"'
J \ ~ \ ~~
't 'J' 1\IJ.J.. ,lOX
\ \ I • • • 00.1.. 9J..Ol0~ 1\C(l. C(lt~ 131\)lOA~ ~1\ ~D 1l01\p '23Xt ,x !2~t
'noJ.. oJ..dj ~l.D lODjrlX>rlD~'(lt ~J.. I\OO~J00103lt ~Olt 11003.1.(/'( ,x '101\9J.. 20 1\C\O{l~'(lt ~Olt OTID9X 1\C(l.D 3l.;!3 '!}OXII\ !}OJ..
-lOX ~ 'Olt(l)O{ll\~ 1\~l.D lODjrl Olt(l)cl{ll\~ 1\~l. I\OOI\)3'(X103lt 0'(0~)03lt 1\C(J..D 3.1..;!:3 ;pl\lOX 1l0.1..3XDJO~ 1\XIl.l/ 'c:>lt Xl.l..D1'(
~ou ;::~1\'Xjl. ~o~ l\~lt10'( 1\no'Xd~u.l,- ':iHJ.VdJW:i -~rl X>otJ.cl~J.X>cllOu (10)1 'l01lO~j~ 'JlON- ':iOdVIV<ll
'l0l.09lt X>1~~ 1\~ C(lt~ ;pi\X>X 13~JdnJ.. ~ ;IJ.J. 1\(l)I\'XlO 1\(l).l..
' - -
~~ ~J..olt 'lOJ.D1'(~rl (10)1 '1101\p 1D.l.:[,.- ':iOdVIV<ll ;~Ol.D ;(l.D ;~rJ lOJ90lJ 1\~ 1\~D 1000 ~XlO'(OcD ~D ;01\jTI
• • • l0l.09lt tJ.'('(~ C(lt~ ;13DJOOAlOI\lO~ ~1\ ;2::~dourl - 31\3.1.0 (XIX 'lOJA0001rltJ.~ tt.l\jrl3AX1rl ~QX> 1\IJ.J.fJ.'(.l..l\~~:31\~
,;23{11\C\OXlOrlou~ '·1\ (lOX ;IJ.J. lODjrl C(lt~ ;23A~ ~1\ ;pdourl 1\IJ.J.
\
3rJ
\
1"~10rJ
\.,..(
;01\3rJD1XJOV(\cD
I ~
'X>D
\
1\C\OD''
"'t 1\~0 1XIU ~ ;tJ.X1D
\~ \ JJ. -
.noD tJ.'Xn"' 1\IJ.J. ltlO (l)ooJ.. ;ol\~rlou'X ;olOI\ lOD 1 lOJ..ovoulO
I 'J' \ ' ' J 7 \ \ '1..1 (
-now ;~ lOJDMOXIlt ~X11\3A ~l.D lODjTI 01\jTI(l)~lO'(XD '101\
13'XO~ltQ ~1\ ~D 1lOJ..31\.)'X><f> '9303l.D tl.~X 1\~D 13~p..X>rltJ.Xo -3D3
I '
'I\Oo"',c)oJ..1o.l..
,/.1
3D 101\ 'X>D I\Xll.91\1XIcD C\OD 30 (X>I\3rJDlO,O
\ \ \ - \~ I ~
1 1
1\9lt10'( lOJ.IJ.J.9.1.tJ.Mx ~ ~QlO · tJ.'(Q,.- '3:HJ,Vd)IU3: -3'Xo lOJ.IJ.J.9.1..lt3'( fJ.D9.1.. ~rJ ;(l)rJI/ 1X) 0lt(l)D90lt (XIX lOTI!2D
·;IJ.J. ~1'(lOXA~ ;(l)XJ~ lOJ.lOrl'(~J..~ ,.1.. (lOX ';30.1..!}3clo'X ;(cl(l)X (Oclo'X 20 (OJ..QlO
1\~D (l)~JOOA 1l003l.DS} ('X>)I '(l)I\~X C(.l.. ~1\ 131\'Xo/OltD ~rJ ~Olt 1X •;00.1.. l01~)'(0.1..D ~.1.. (lOX ;~.l..QlO ;~rJJ..uo 20 (XI){ ~ 'X>Jl.)lO
X>,~~ 1\~ ~QlO ,u~ ;lOl.l\o/1\1X3~ 1lOTI!}OO,X>cDV, • • • 1\lOJ. tJ.I\jTI(l)~10XXi~f ;(cl(l)X ';3l.(l)13'(j.l..~ ;13D~I\1XAOD ;3'('{)9
-oxo1dri oou nx~ (l)l\tJ.cDlO 1\IJ.J. 101\ ;(l)ltTilOD 110x 'tJ.x1onorl
I 'r) \ '- 1 I ' \ \ I \ I
1X ';1/orltJ.X>x (lOX lOJ.lOTIQI\tJ.rloclu 'X>J.lOTI~{lD1lOOclu ';::~DtJ.rl
1
~ C(lt~ 1X>rlj,~l00l.Olt~ ,1\ (l)I\JlO£llO'(lOJ.lOX ~.l.. ~1\ ; 1o(l)X -Q{l ;IJ.J. ~1l.(l)cD ~l.D ;~rJ lOltOX~1~~ ;10.1..1\o/'(lOl.lOX ';X>.l..l\01\
'3J.Olt~X 31\1lO'XQl. norl ;c:>u !2AO'(OrlQ,-:- '3:0dVIV<ll -o/1'( 'noo ,101\p C(.l.. 0'(9 31\1XITIOj{l (XIX 3~1l.C?cD t;!Olt 'X>A9'(cD
~ 0,~;! IJ.J.n'(~.l..X>X~ ~rl tJ.J..o'(~l\~ '~tJ.'(tjlOJ..3rl X1.1..1J.J.9cltJ.'(u ~1rl
~l. (l)l.~X-(l)l\~lt~ pcl~lOI\lO~ ~l. ~1\ (lOX 'orJ9cl~ lOI\$ ~lt~ h'X>.l..'' l\3t7 ~ ;Ol.XITIUDXI10 C\0.1.. tJ.'Xn"' lJ. 1\XI.l..'' XII\ XID C\Olt
';t \ v I ~ - \ 'I' ) l: \ \ \
1\~D '13DJOOAX>I\l0~ ~1\ 23clourl C\Oltl/ ,X ;01\jrl~dtJ.$~ 2:39 ';~Xo~ ;~1rl ;1::~oc:>chclorl-x>J.::~rl '1.1..o ocltJ.'(X9'(9 Ol\jrl(l)cl
1
-1\00XlOTIOlt~ ,1\ ;pl\lOX pdourl o2ou9 ~l. C(lt~ 1l.7X 1\~D -31cD~ 1\XI.l..9~1l.'Xl01\l0~ OOJ.. 9'Xl01\0TI(XIX 1 1\XIl.l\01\o/31\XII\~ Xll\j
1lOJ.OI\OA3A l0l.D100f\l0Xl0 ,lOX ';13DC\OOxAOD •;,3olOrilOJ.:3TI
I ltJI ' \ I 1'rJ
-o'(9 t;~ou '9.1..U.I\1x o1dJ.L'X X>l\$ ,D X>Djrl ;::~ono~i 1\~V ~ 39
gg NUJ.X:!lJ.IXdV 0 H. :IONIVVU.U( ..\'U~'IVA 'IOVd
~g
''::JJ..fu.0.01
I < il.JOC (l)I\JOlLJOdJOlL UlOX 1::J3V 'OJ..(\OJ.. 37! ?lOX .OOl.l\30
I I I\. ..., \ \
c I~ C
JOI\3I J13X3
-
'~X1J..!J.rlg1Cl~ pox :orlg1d~ I\OI\9rl 'fOJOlL 'JOJ..!J.J..QXJOJ.. ::Jl.QO ,:1,3l.390lL0.1. 'OI\1.07'0lL ?lOI\p 'fl\ f\Ol. '"'"9XJ3 ,~ ,Odj'li 01\
''o"9dX 1\'fX 3l.QO 'JOM';'Y.::JX ::Jl.QO ''JOj'(Y.1Xy, ::Jl.QO 'f1lL 1::JX -jrl.o?d9 XII\~ 13Y.j0 ~OlL :,ocb7'0A(l)~ 9 (l.?01J 'f\Ol. ~1.t.Y.j9 ~
-O"flLI} 1\~~ f\OlL$j 1J..OJOl..07Jl.lOX 'f1rJ ~.0 1\r\O.O"fl.cb 'fl\ ~l.OlL 1\f\01\ 13.07'0cbXj 'fl\ 'f1A ?Xil.::l~J013XJOJ..3rl 'fl. ~OlL f\OAJ3Xt ,~ou.
-(,oedoJ..JOx "~~ ''nol. ?~JOJ..::Jrl lO)I\(l)t.1ox1u.1 ':d(l)X 'nod~)x -OXD :,~OJ.. ~rJ ,f\Ol. ?OJ.OlOrJ!J..o ~l. (lOX !J..oQcb ,f\Ol. ~X?~ ~l.
90~ (lOX ,f\OI\90X 90~ 1.0l.~ ,JOl.I\097JY.lL (?OX .C.'(.'{Y;} 9l. (?OX l\f\Ofl3l.10XJOI\10 1\ 110X '1?01\13 ?J..'o 1101\13 JOI\ I\OOQOO'(.OXJ0<,3
I C C \ JJ ~C\ ...,
1JOJ..I\Ol.lLjXD ::ox ':oA~ 9J.. 1JOJ..I\Ol.lLjX.O .7JX7 Xo~101~ JOJ..~rl.o ':,!J.AXjl.?'(.Y.lOX 9 131\)?0l..OJOdJOu. 'fl. 1\JOl.!? ')039 ?Ol.JOI\7'0~
-"f'(.lL 9n~ 'fl. ,f\Ol. 9Y.JOnrJ 9l.D 1\f\01\)::J'(X .101\~'(::JX h!J.AjX JO ,x 10rl9x~ 'JOJ..XIrl.07'Y.U. "fl\10l.l\(l)~ 'fl. '?OOl.l\j~ 'fl. '?O?~
- oJ.d~ 1\~J. ' ov.v.r; 9l. 9u.~ .101~9u. "fl.(l)O::JJ..cb "fl. '' odjrl 101\~ -QO'(.OO'(. 'fl. : !J..of.<.)OU.
~ (?OX :,31\Xjl. ,3'('(~ JO ?JOl.l\0~)31\?0~
9l. 9 u.~ '?JOJ..AO~"fl.I\JOcb "fl.c;'?O ' '?::J.OjXO ,~Xu?OrJtJ.9 JOrJ (?OX ~ou. 101\3rlJ3X1l.l\~ ?O!?OO<? "fl. (l.?O?J ·tJ..oU.g7''(.0D3rl ,(l)XJ~
,norJn1dJO
\ tJ C
OlLJO
\ C
ovv:o
l..l.. ~
,f\Ol. J0.03rJ
I
1\f\OXO?drl
I 'cJ tJ.rJ
\ lOA
\ ?lOX
\ ,f\Ol. : :,3u.p 9l. "fY.JOX (?OX .:,c,?g?dxy,- '3:H.LVd}fU3:
QOI\ 9l. ~lL~ oec;rJ ~l. 1\f\0~~1~ "fl\ (l.l\ y, ' QOJOg OCJ~ ?01\~
~ :,13DjX.o '~Y.lL~ 'fXU30
1::J.07'J..cbodu. "f" "f'J. JO(l)dl£. 1\101\~ ,.o 1JOJ..::J~7''::;dX 'o"9dX ' o.o -110<,3 JOXU.O?OXAJOI\JO 1\nonX.o? lOQ '!J..o(.<.rl
c
~ C :,nol. n<,JOJ..3rll01\10
I~ \ C I C \ tJ
-9u. 1\Qodg 'fl\ (lOX '101\~'(::JX '\!:J.. (lOX 10j'(.'(.1Xy, QOl. ~rl.o1J. - "f'(.OD3rl U.y_y_r;
:,(l)X)~ ':,~rJf ,.o ?0.03rl7J 0.09l. ?JOl.I\OOjcbJOI\~
-oy_y_n.o ~l. 1\no.o~J..::J'(.::Jrl 'f" 13Y.Y.7'91lLt '~OJ.. '~A(l)AJO~?JOlL 9 I.<.Y.Y.Y;; ~ (lOX lOJrl ~ (lOX l\9lL10'(. nocby, - '3:0dVIVII>
<;~ou. 101\,!,::JXt "f'~110u. 'fl. ?3~Jrlne QO'Ii ocb7'dJ.(l)~ ~J.. "f'J. '~v. 'JOJ..10rl~dno1rlU.~ ?OI\1U.~d0"~
~ou. ~l.QV ·noJ.. '1::J~7'dlL '1l. 'f1A ,313'(.jcb~ ,~xu::;docbm~ 'fXU.0101.0QO ~rJ (lOX ,313Q~Y.~ ,~l.U.I\X3J.. ~rJ ,JOrJ ~OYJ.1.X~
:,o9\!:v.u. ~rl ,::;~7''d,JOJ..I\n.o 'f" pdou.rl 110x 'JOJ..XIrl7Jdu. :,oe 1\U.J.. ?lOX 1J.D(l)I\A ''' "\T .,13DIJ.I\1X ~rJ
\ \ I ,/. ,
~ n"1rl3A 101rl3QlOX U. eLl \ ) I \
-\!:v.u. 1101\p :,nol. 10Aj910X ~.1 'JOI\3rlJ3X1l.l\~ 'fX?J..JO'Ii.i.JOdu. Ol\9rJ 'IJ.'(.'(.J9 1\~ 9lL~ 1X .~rJOJ.. h3Q7'X ~X103l.(l).Oj 1\'f?rJ ~rJ
'fl.D :,01\jrl(l)'(.f\O~OlLf} 'PI\JOX 1101\p l\10l.$j 'JOrlluXji\01::Jrl OA9rl 'fOJOlL 10Jrl ~ ~u.~ 3rloJ.Q3cb3~ "~V ·:,tu, 7'J..h9Y.9 1\~.o
~?J.. (lOX 'o~djX ~J.. 1101\p ~J..QV ')JON- ':J:OdVIV<l> u..o~.<.9.oll0 "'f'rl 9n~ 1o 1JOx MoXjl.lO)f- ·:rH.L v d}fu:r
' JOrl100lL
I
OI\::JrJ.0100
I > .,10rl )~XIrl ?0731\j.i.J.n.o luQOl.
101\~ ~u.~ JO'Iic,?dX ~J.. 13D)d(l)X::J~ "f" 13dou.rl "~V '9J..::Jxd~ 1019l0rl fu. ,f\Ol. ?01rl3QlOX tJ.) I\OOX3 1J.X?I\Ol.X3J..7XoJO
I I' \ C
\ tl \ (.)<. 1JOX
\
\0
1\JOJ..''':t 10n ?J..'o,. \::~.o -nJ...o1do?d3u. JOI\
\
ndou.rl t\30
-
110x ' nodJ..
\~ \ ~x1.onorl ~ '~u. JOO~l. (l)I\)JOgX>'(.JOl.lO)f- '3:0dVIV<l>
-1\j~ QOl. 10j~~ 1\~D 1\QOQf\O'(.OXJOI\f\.0 ~OlL ,3j~~ '1l. ' ::JY.!? 'X>Oj~ 1\~l..o ~· X>Ol.jlL 1\~D ' O'(Y.'rf ~J...o
f\Ol. o.i.d~ ~J...o 13l.jQDOdJI ''\!:Xd:JOjt pu. "f" 3'(.39~ ?J..'!? ~ ~x'Y.f} X>l\~ ~J...o '3"jrlh.oJOclX>u. ''j><?o3J..(l).ot ,,3.ohzo
{.'; Nr.U:li:U.lXdY 0 H. :IONI\'\'U.l3: A ll:;I' IVA 'InVd
9S
'<•>rl)t 1X>rljU('I)OX>I\y, '1:ll'fi~no.tX>dl- 'f" 1J.~o.o9du 'f1rl 230 .nom norl.o9x '~"t X>23rlU.I\rl 'f.O nol-QOl- norl.o9x !}Ol- 1w
-ourl -o1X)~ '13Xfi 1\lf!- ol\9rl 1.0..1.3,. ! r.t.v.v.rt l\'f1rl ~rlo~ -:;!rJ
7
IJ..1-.0
\
1X>l.I\OX.010rl
I 'tJ
,,3101
~I'
'11.
\
,~.1-nX>
\ ( C I
llX>C X).l-X>rlX>Oll X)VVX)
~ ~J'
-OXJO 'f1rl 3.1-~0 'X>1~). 1\~.1- ~X1.0norl ~ 3l.OX>Tl9~X>Xol-.O ~1\ noy_91~.0('I)'(9 3rl!}O.l.Cl3X.O 'fl\ 1\nOI\'flX '?::rl ~X11\0.l.X3l-1X
1:ll~'f!XA.Xil\~ '?::rl ~~ ~X1.0Mrl ~ '<?ll 'fY.Y.~ '01\9rl (X>X X>rly_X>A -O'f! ~ (X>X ~x1.onoYl ~ 'fY.Y.V, • · · X>TI!}X>(.) X>l\~ ,rl :;.oV-l.'flrl
-'{( ~.1- lO.O;! X>.O). 3.1-.0X>rl9l-ll3X.O 'fl\ 131\'f!X '?::rl mJy_X>A'{I ~.1- -X>l-.O'f 1\~.1- ;,U.I\Xjl-1'{'(X>X 9 ~Oll ''1J..ot;dJ ;,~.l. X>mJjrlOl-ll3'(
'<?ll ! 1.0.1-fi ,"P "~~ ''23ll 'f" 'nY.jE)- ·:rodVIV!l> 'f1TI 1X>I\p : ~.oX>rlnlOe ~Yl.t11-.o 'f1rlnojdl.oodu '?::Yl (X>X '3-rl
·oX~ "~,_ 'o.o3rl'fl1~ ~.1-tt.e.oJX> ~.l -Oj'fll-10X ~l- 'f" nol. 9XX>I\Orl 13~"t;XAX>I\'fl '?::rl (rloox 02X>O<?
X>9('1)11\fi 1\~~ ~ou ''MI\jrl1J.d1J.dl'f! ;c;wrl.oX>n~l\n.O ~.o (X>X ~ X>l\3,. 'I\90X>ll ~.1-.o ':;rl!}Oll 'fl\ 1.01-fi 'MO~"t;1'(('1)CJ '~l-QX> 'fW
':>313l-jll1d3ll '~X1'(0(.)X>X ~.0 (X>X '3139~Y.'f! :>31\jrl31\X>.l-l\('l)~ .,no.1- '1x1~ •;,:;v_v_rt mX>919 MoX~r,.- ':IHJ.V d)ltJ:I
3.0
\
m::v·-l1oxl0
't), (
1\tJ..oo.l
I
3rl
\
1X>X
\
X>oo.tr.t.o.t
I
o.oo.1-
I
1\X>l.OI\('I)dJooYl
I
·~l-30'fl I\X>10l-jl- 1\nOXfi 1\~~
-X>l-:l!W ·r.t..or.t.e.o;!X> ~xu.onox~ "~ ~"X:;j 'f" 31\X>Xfi ,rl m~). 1.t..o1.t.JOll ~. 3.l.QO '~x1dJ:x>d.t('l)~ ~ 31-QQ - ':IOdVIV!l>
~ X>)l\('l)dJrln.o H, ·non ;,~ox'fl '~l- :x>.l.X>rl~(.).OJlO 1\'f.O 1\('1)1\r;.t ·r.t.v.v.rt 1\~.1-.0
-09 MJ.l ;,noX~ ;,~o.l '3rl!}Oll 'fl\ 1.0.lfi '"t;1ll X>l\nOrl91\X>grllOy_ ,.ojrl 'f1rl ~ '31\jTI31\('I)X.tn.o (X>X ;,3oo.t~o.t 'fXUX1J.y_uX>.l.
-1.ll\'fl "~~ '<?u •;,r.t..1- 'fl.l.Ul-9XO'(llny_ou "~ '~du 1.t..oj. ~X -X>X ,~('1)~ '31'(jX 1_3~ 'fl\ 1\nOI\'flX 1\~ Mll)t :;,3)1-JX> '~X1.1-.0
-o.ooou ~rl ~x1.onorl ~.l X>AnOX'{I ~1\'f ''jdodJ '~X10:11TI X>.l.O -X>l-1\X>CJ ;,3l-('1)1:ll'y_jl-'fl p.tdno1rl1J.~ ''fll-.0('1).0 'f.l X>.1-X>rl~1.o
-1Y.'f!TI X>.oU.o~l-X>OX>ll (X>)I • • · ;,nou<JJO(.)I\'fl (X>X X>!_?~ ''fll-ndJ -X>1~ 'f.l. (X>X X>.l.X>TI~X.o X>l\jrl.01AO'(Oll<;l 'f.l. I\MY.Y.'f!91ll'f
'oYl.o9x 1\~.1- (X>X ~y_X>nrl ~.1- ,('1)(.)~1\n.O 1\!}0'(0X.OX>ll'fl c;tOll X>l\ 'U.J.. nou tJ..o1.t.l\1x.tn.o V-l-nX> I\V-l.!t.x11\X>l-X>Xl0 1\V-l.. m.t 1X>x
,... ~ I \ ( I C \ \ \
-3TI91\1X>CJ X>03l-)X>1~J 'fl- ,('1)1\jTIOllt 1\!}0'(:llrlX>OX>ll .;,nou90l- •X>1:ll(.)'flll.OOOll ;,1o(l)X 13~).1-X>rl!t.X.o ~ou 1\(l)B?rl (lOX 1\(l):li.O
;,no1v_)X ~rlne'fJY.llX>I\X>j 1\~l- (X>X '1J.~'fll- "~ ~.l.QX> 2:11.1-!t.~X>"'fi -~J.IJ.j'f X>)I\O(.)Cl'fl 1\V-l..U.y_J..I\'flj:lll\'fl ~yJ ~QX> 1X>l-31\)0XOll'fl
c;tOll nO.l X>J03(.)n3'('f 1\~.1- (X>X ''Ol.X>rlQ31\ll !}Ol. ;,~n3X.OX>.l 'MOI')~X>l-3rl '~ ~Oll X>)I\OTIO'f 1\~QX> 1\~1\A'f (X>X ~X1'(<;l
-lOX '(l- MOjl\llTI'f .nol. 'fll-V-l-9d3(.)X>.l..O ~ (X>X U.j'fll- 1\~ U.y_ 1\~::r ·!J.rl11\9A (X>X ~dU.X~ 1\nOI\'flX 1\~ (lOX ~X1AOn01TI!J.~
-Y.'{I ~ 'noYl.o9x !}Ol- ~rl.01.1-X>rlU.X.o ~.l. 'f1rl ~- X>.03rl'fl MO~ OI\OJ.. 3.o U.Xn,~.,
I \ \ ' j'
1\V-l..
\
1\nOI\(l),~.,nl\y ·;,noflnrl ;,noJ.. ;,novo 1:111\
I , ., c 0 I ~ "''
-Jrlne '?::rl 'f" '3"7rl.o1oooou 1X>l-I\OI\)X><1> ·;,norl9" !lc;tol..o -'f!udJ c;tou tt.YllOI\n !t.l\px'f "~dJnox "~ 'fY.Y.~ 'oet;rl X>l\~ ,x~
(X>X '~dJooYl '1.1-.o 'fY.Y.'f! 'm. l\~ 'fX1l-X>rl.txou 'fl.O 1\nox ''1:li.OjX.o ;,~XUX>TIU.QlOTI ;,(.l. ~yJ (X>X '\lOrlQ10'fl ;,c;toJ.. ~rl ''X>rl
-~1\'f! 1\~~ ~Oll ''l013XO'fl1~ '?::1TI (X>X '~n3X.OX>l.X>X ;,~1rl X>l- X>Djrl l\no.o~M3A 'f" ' X>J..3B)l-l\'fl '1\!}0l-.o('l)dX ':;Ylnov_1rl
-X>rl.tp~X>OX>ll pX'f 1X ~~f X>1ll09X.O 'fl. 1\'f.O 'lCd:?.l.Q'(X>X ~ '32ou9 '1J.. 'f1.t ''(l)rl)J ''3"XjJ.. 10- ·:riUV d)ltJ:I
6<;; NtJJ.}[:;JJ.IXdV 0 H. :J:ONIVVIJ.'l:;{ A11 :£['1VA rlflYd 8<;;
1 1 1
ll0.13t\j~ ll0.13Xd~"l03 l3A~.lL.o 'pd(I)Xodu '!,!Ot\.lLlOX ~rl - ~'{~ ''Xl.l.XIrlD~'{.lL 'Xll\3j~dXI.lL 1'Xlf•13: ·~:::1\Xj.l. ,'Xlrl 9<1~ '1.1.0
-rl10dJ. ~1rll0jl0d~X ~<:'.lL 1l0.13t\)lO<h !,!OW - '3:0dVIV<J> 0'{90 O'{~.brl 0.09.1. 1\MAJXI.lL t;IO.lL '~.l..O'Xl1.lLOd3Xo.olrl ('XlX
! ~31\lOXfi J.L - '3:HJN d){U3: 'Xll\jrl~d~<h'XJOD1rl ~.1 'XJ.l.!_!O.l. 'XJ.l.'XlrJD~'{.lL ~.l.D 1 'XJJ.XIrl~X.o
·oorl lf.D~rlQ(:l lp- ~lOJ.t\~lo.lLorlw~dX :0.1.
\
:0.10:0
~ ( (
D ~(1).01I' 1lO.l.3'X.010rl
I 'r:J :::rJooJ.~I\<1X
"" <10.lL
\ l01A0Vl0t\l0
I \,. (
1 1
~0'{0~ 110rlp t;IO.lL 0'{~ ,rl lOt\lOX~ CU - '3:0dVlV<J> J-J, ''Zt~1 '3.1.!_!0.1 '3AJ'{ '1.1. 'oo.1. l.t.o~9 ~.1. '~ o1d~.onrl
! ~31\lOXfi C?.L ·~~"Jx ~" 9 rJ ~1rl. ~rl ~ r3l0o~x 1?.1. 3rllOD~QOO'{OX~ t;IO.lL l\<?.lL10'{ ~N- '3:H,LV d){U3:
·~p.1<h3x.o ~" ~(O(I)X 11D.1fi 1 3.l.O.lL~~l010.lL9 ~rlrl10dJ. ~1rl oX ·~.1Q:o ,.o ::ox l\!,!091dxJ.o.o ~" 1\!}000.lLW - '3:0dVIV<l>
-:1.0.1 "C?J.D 3jl0d~X (lOX '10d.1t.lL ~dnorl ~1rl 30~.lL ~ 'lOA3'f~ ! ~<10.1 90~ 1\(J.l. ::ox ~13'{00~
!_!0.0 ~(:) 1 1~J.lLOX Y.lt\~ 30~ll 'Y.l.l.lO'l'l~.o Y.l'{'{~ <?.lL~ 101\trJ.O '~J.lLj 1101\p "~~ <?.l.QV .,norl91\ 't;IO.l. ,<101~) ~t;IO.l. <?.lL~
-1doJ.lo.1103.lL 110x '10.1.'1.lrl~.o ~rl 10t\jrl.Ol01~o<h~ 'JOI\10.1.1\(I)A ~no.1. '3dldorl
I
~1.1.
\
1\00AXIM.o
I I
~Y. '~norlOI\ ;no.1..o
\
'3dldorl
\
MOl\
Y.Jrl9x~ 3.1.DY.J'l'l;p ~<?.lL 'od~2'1.l<l> oorl j.l.~Y.JJ.~ '3D3Q9.lLJ., -)~ ,1\(J.l.D(I)I\A 1\(l).l.~rl.olO'{.lL XlchlOOA).l.l\~ (XIX 1\(l).l.~rlJ.Xid.lL
• • • ~.l.QY.l Y.l.l.<Jd.lL 3rlod~.lL ~.1. ~V.. - '3:H.LVdXU3: 1\(J.l.~(:).OJlO lO.l.XIrl~10'l'l9 1101\p 1\~~ t;IO.lL lODjTJ t'.l.~(:).OJXI llO.l.
! 1Y.ll\p 1\~~ Y.l.O~ !?.lL~ lO.l.Y.Jrl~X.o ~X10.1.3rl(I)3A ~.1. (lOX 'O'{'{rf -t\OAJOl3XX1.1.3rl ,,no.l. 'Y.l).OQO 1\lp-.o X11\1.lL~O(:)I\~ X11\3rlJ3X1.1.
,.1 C?.lL~ Y.JI\~ <?.1. ~13AJd(I)X3j ~<J.lL ~'t'!V,- ·:rodVIV<l> -1\~ "!.!oJ.dno1rl~~ ''(l)rl9 X1.13(:)J.l."V,- '3:H.LV d){U3:
·~oX~ ~<?X1DOOrl ~o9od '~I\10X
- 99 3(:)~X (lOX 1Y.ll\p 1\~~ ~(l).lL~ '1XQ,.- '3:H.LVd){U3: 1101\p ~t;\0.1. ~~~~d~ ~ lp-Qy 'JX1N- '3:0dVIV<l>
! ~X1 0.13rl (1)3). ·od3.l.9A1'{ l?.l.XIt\C\~ 1?.1. 0.09 t'O:O.lL 110.1.1\ !,!Orl1rl
lY.JI\P "~~ lO.l.Y.Jrl~X.o ~.1. ~(l)rl9 Y.J'{Q,.- '3:0dVIV<I> ~~ '<?.lL ,,j<fldorl ~~.1~01\ 1 X10j~ 111?.1.0 MOt\)~:0.13rl (XIX '100.1.
.,oorlodon
't11 tJ
ol\orl
I
13X3
I'
~odl
I
H ) ·mJ.doo
I -j.lL 11~.1.0 l\<10'{'{~t}1.lLj '<?.lL 1101\p '311Xp 1?<1~ ~o t\C\OXfi t;!O.lL
-1rl~~ ~o~p Y.ll\t lY.JI\p '~oX!t ~<?OY.JQY.JX 9 '~o1~) 9 ~oX!t 0. 023X1o.1..o <?t\10X <?.L ! 3rlXI.lL;!3 1J.- ':ZH.T,Vd){U:Z
·~oo.lL9d.1. ~t;~ox1.ooorl ~t;IO.l.(Y.JX ~t;~orleod ~t;~o.l. ~ '"(I)X~ "<J.l. 'Ot\jrl3~
~t;~orl.oXIO~I\0.0 't;IO.l. ('Y.lX ~'{'{y, 'JY.lN- '3:H.LV d){U3: -d3.lLrl Y.Jrl~(:).OAXI Y.lt\t Ol\9rl 131\jrl !}OW - ':ZOdVJVI]'>
! Y.J.l.Y.Jrl~X.o ~X10.1.3rl(I)3A ~.1 '230M3:,- '3:0dVIV<l> ' ~l0'{91X 3rlXIX
'XIJ'{lrl9 1\lp-.0 (XIX '9'l'lQlO~ 1\l?.l.D '9X1AO'{ <?.1..0 - ~dg <?.l. C?.l.QXI '<?.lL 110.1.31\)XIch !}OW - ':.\H,W d){U:Z
1'XJX 'XJVVXI '-~OXXI 1\~.0 ~- ~'XJOO 1\1' ' D 1'XJX ~<flXI 1\~.0
\ \\.\.( I ' \ ¥o ~ ~ \ \ ) \ ! 'Y.l.l.XIrl.Oj'{3.1.
MOXj.1.3rlrln.o t;!O.lL 'no.lL~O{)I\~ !_!0.1 'Xl.1.'Xlrl'fJ-dno1rl~~ ~",9 -O.lL~ 'Xl.l.!)O.l. lOt\3j~OlO.lL ~.l. 1'Xl.l.I\OI\~()OO.l.'XJX '<J.lL ''Xl'{Z<fl~~~~
l9 NUJ.}[:il.LIXdV 0 H. :IONIVVll.:l:il A'll':I'IVA 'lflVd
09
..,.
·~X10J..37l(l)3A 1101\p 1\~~ !pQlO ,lL~ 110l.j1M3A ~OlL 101~~ ,x lO.O!:)Ol.AlOlL~ ,{) '(l)lL$1 '~.l.A'1JlLV,- '::S.H.LVd)IU::S. .
~ ~d>oorl ~ '~lL ~'('(~ 'IJ.~~OlL ~X10J..37lmJ.. (1)1\~X '~lL ' 1X5j '9.l.Ol0()10X ,1XQ"- '::S.bdVIV<.J>
<:JlL ~" ~1\1{)/J.'(~ l\~lL10'( lO.O!:)OOOlLrl ~0- '::S.OdVIV(J) ! oX2o.1. 1\~.l..O 10110Xo.l. '3~10d
'f\Ol. ~10$1 ~l. 110x f\Ol. ~(l)OQX 1\~l. 'nol. 9lLOX.O ~l. 13Xft -10X3
I C
nolL
'I
IJ.A13X:3
I C
lOOlOlL
\
IJ.X10l.:37l(l):3A
\
01lL
'{
1\lO.l.r'':£' '1Jf\ ,.(
\ 0' '3"-lOd
~OlL 'ooiJ.'(X9'(Cf 1l.~X 131\~X 1\!p 110x 'no.o '~13AOjl\f '~l. -YjXf ~{) QOlL 4-rlrllOoJ.. ~ 'IJ.J..~dX(l):r !:)O.l. ~rJOl.lO.l-lOX ~rl1.0
0'(01\0.0
I
OJ..
\
'(')nO
II
13101\03rlox
I tJ
•f\OlLf\l.Ol.(l)OlL
I
f\Ol.
-
l01.000010lL
I
,,..
~
IJ. ' ·X·lL 'no1:3U10
\lo I (
,o,...:3
\ )
,,O.l.lOrlA.lOdlL
I
no10lLlOX
I
10rl!J.X.o
-
~ 110x 10rl9x~ 1lOJ..3~~13oX nod>~ 'noD 107X f?l. 13.o~IJ.~9 ~" ~.l- 1~JlL3'( f?.l- ~.l.QlO ~rl ~ IJ.J..QO.l. lOO.l.jlL 11.!p ~rl '13.0~1~
'Ol.3X010
\ '
1101\13 1\~0
\~
,Ol.f\10
\ '
'orJOI\
I
Q ) 'l0131\10d>1lL:3
I C
I\/J.0:3lL1lL:3
~ 1 '
-:3X.o ~" lO.O!:)O'(lOXlOOlOlL ~.o A~ 110)! - '::S.H.LV d)IU::i
l\~17l ~.0 IJ.J..~OX(l):r !:)Ol. 1'(~d>3X f?l. 131\XjO QOlL ~1X.O ~l. '13D ' J.l.l07A.
-~l..OlOOlOlL ~" : '1J1A9'( lOl.!:)O.l- lOA)'( ~J.. ~rl no.o 9l.Ol0~ 1\f?J...O (l)Oj~ 1\~~ ~'('(V, ·1X~ '(l)"jrl.o1oQ,- '::S.OdVIV<.J>
1
'13'('(~e1lLt QOlL f?l.QlO orJ911. f?.l- 10l.D1'(~rl '3.0109()10X 110X ! 00~210<1>
0.l.!}O.l. 11011.13 10rl~X.o
1
1:31\~X ~l. ~" '1:31\cp:3oXolL<; ~.L ·IJ.,..,jrl0~:3~ ~d>oorl ~1rl 13!1 f?X10.l.3n(l):3J • ' ' ,1:3.0~1\lX ':3210Xn.1. no.o '7X1~ '1.1..0 1J..o
-~l..OlOOlOlLlOI\~ ," : orl91\ Ol.!:)O.l- f?X1 03.l.(l)~f 1\f?l. f\0.0 ~rlJ..10d -lOO~JlLt AIJ.J..QO.l. lOJlOXO.l. ~~.rp :3.l.:3().090lL 'IJ..oi\O{)Q:31~ ~X1.l.
- .·."'(
I
Ol..O
\
'13vv10rl1lL:3
~ \.1 tJ
110X 11l.
C \ I
1l.lOX
I
« '13'(3f\
I U
» lOO(l)l.
I
.oX1oJ..
-
-300d>l01~ :3()YjX ~.Q 1 10J'(OXQ:3 11.1J..o111.rt ~rJ lOO.l.jlL 11.rp ,'IJ.l.l\0~
"f?l..O (')1\~lLf 10o:3l.Q3'{f ~1lL 1'1Jl.j11\lO'(lL "~~ '(l)rl$1 1d7X f? .1 -ytoJOX 'JOO.l.jlL ~ 101~A ~ 'O'(j.l. 110)! • • • :31\(l)'(~J..::~rl lOAj
·norl 9lL(l)J..jrl Ol\jrl(l)xJ..o~f ~J.. ~Tl norl IJ.J..Qrl IJ."jrl(l)XOJ.. -0'(9 QOlL 1107l<:J.O ~.l- f?lL~ f\Ol. ~.01\f\OX~rlolL~ ~ OO.l. ~IJ.A .
-lO'(lL 1\~l. 13j~"n.o ~~ 10J..IJ.l.9110XA101\~ ~1rl10)J ''jrlA.u.o '3'( -)X 1\~.l. 3.0!:)00:3.l..OO()lOX 110X 3.0!:)0.l.lOOXAO.O ~.l. '~10~rl IJ.'('(rf
-'(rf '1l. 'f?OlL IJ."j~ 1101\p no.o '~.oiJ.I\jX '~ ~rlJ..u.o 3()~)1 1\~.l. f?lLV, ':3'X:3.l.YjXf QOlL V..ojg !p f?lL~ 1:3AQ<l> ~" IJ..o~.1.
'l00:3J..Qi(l)olL ~rlrl10oJ.. IJ.J..IJ.J..~~o"~ ~ ~dlOlL ~X10J..:3rlmJ.. ~ o11.9 rl 110x o11.9 rl 101\jrlOX:3xJ..n.o :31\X(l)olL.Ofi ~.1 ''l00:3.l..OSJ
f?1lL f?l.OlO()lOX 1'1JI\p A~~ -IJ.J..~oX(l)~ !}Ol. 'IJ.J..Qrl '~ lOn(l)l. 31\110A~ ~{) !:)OlL :30:3~~ A~~ ''Oojrl lOA~ ,.o A'Xl.l.9 x.o1de <:l"t
1
-OQX OA33~0lOlL f?l. ~ 'nopU~ 'f?l\~ IJ.'(QlLrllOX ~- ~d>dorl o1~) f?.l. no.o 1o7X ~.1 ''<:Je1dxy,- '::S.H.LVd)IU::S.
IJ."jrlA.10d10X ~ '(l)rl9 110)! ·noXJOl. 'C?"~ 10rl.o1dXJlLf f?l. • • • norl 1o7X ~J.. 1'Xl.l.2:3A1X
n.ocpx10d10X ~" ~OlOlL ~lLOX.O O'('(rf 11.101\jl\lOX 3Xp 1\~~ QOlL f\OlL$1 'IJI\).l.X~ 11.!p.o lO.Ojrl norl ''1JJrlOA001:3X '~ '1J)0:3()03'(
IJ.~~dlL IJ.I\3rlQoJ..IJ.odlL 1\~J...o ~dlOlL 'olLOl.90lL 101\~ ,.o IJ."jrl -f 11.!p ~O'IJlL '1J).Ol07l!J..o IJ.'('(rf , 1o(l)X 110x ''O'(j.l. , 1o(l)X '~X
-A.lOJ..OlLt;l "~l. no.o IJ.~~dlL A~l..o (1)1\~lLlOOlOlL u~x 1::~Xd~lLt;l -o~ '1d(l)X ''lOJlLOO.l.01~1 'IJ.llox.or; '~1rl 1011.9xp 11.~.1. 1:311.)~
'~lL l\~lL10'( 110.0:31\~{).0)V ·1X~ •9 l.Ol0()10X J ,01~;\ Cf ~J..f !:)Orl 110x ''IJ.J.. 9.1.010~ 11.~.1. ~rl 110.l.:3Q:3~d:3lLrl ,110l.3AJ'(O.l- ~
&9 NU.LX:>r.I.IXdV 0 H . :IONIVVU.13: .\ll:j['IVA 'IfiVd ~9
PAUL VALERY EiflAAINO:E "H 0 APXITEKTON 65
:E!lKPATH:E.- 'Axpt~&~. f.1.1topd~ voc
"'H !J.aA.A.ov f.!.tfl't) 't'OU ax~f.l~'t'o~, ~v x~t dv~L ~L~c:popenxoc a~v &x-
m:'L~ 1tw~ E!v~L yewf.!.e-rptx~ 6>~ ytoc ~v Of.!.ot6nrr~, &A.- -r~O"YJ, v' &1tonA.ouv yt<X -ro vou ~v~ x~t -ro 'L~to 1tflclf.l~·
M 1tW~ x~a~u-ro ~EV dv~L. "'Av aou 7t& A.om6v : Ilepmh~ Xfl~'t'WV't'~~ oA.oev~ ~v
<I>ATilPO:E. -"'A~ 7tpox.wp~aOf.l€ ·n~p~ a't'oc 1tp~y­ 'L~t~v &1t6a-r~0"1J &1to ~uo optaf.!.tv~ ~tv-rp~, ~'1Jf.!.Loupye'L~
f.l~'t'Lxoc yewf.le't'ptxoc ax~f.loc't'oc. ~au YEW!J.€'t'flLXO ax-Yif.l~, Cjl't'clV€L voc Tt)fl&L~ a~v XLV'Y)~
:EQKP AT HI:. - "Ep;(Of.!.OCL -rwp~ a' ~?mk· VOf.!.L~W aou TOv opov ~U't'O 1tou aou &~~A.~.
O!J.W~ 1tW~ ~ev f.l1t0p& voc op(aw 't'L e!v~L oclhoc f.lE x~ve­ cllAiilPO:E. - "E, x~l 6anp~ ; TL -ro 1teplepyo a'
v~v &AA.o x~A.Unpo 't'p67to, 7t~poc f.lE 't'OV -rp61to 1tou f.l&- ~U~ ~ ~'1Jf.lLOUflYL~ j
't'OC;(<:Lpta"t"t)X~ W~ 't'Wp~, &7toxA.etov-r~~ ~'Y)A~~~ 't'OC rxA.A.oc :EQKP AT HI:. - ~ev ~tpw 1tpOC!J.~ mo Oe·cx6, 7tp&-
ax.~f.l~'t'~. f.l~ mo ,XvOpcimLVO &1t' ~U't'6' o{)T€ 1tLO &:7tA0 1 o{)n mo
<I>AiilPO:E. - '01twa~~1ton
7tpt7t€L voc 't'O 1te'L~. 7t~vToMv~f.!.O.
:E!lKPATH:E.- 'Ovof.lck~w A.omov « yewf.l<:'t'pLxoc» cllAI/lPO:E.- E!!J.~L 7tep(epyo~ v' &xouaw Tou~
't'OC O';(~!J.OC't'~ 1tOU X.~flOC~OV't'~L f.!.E XLV~a€L~ 't't't'OL€~ 1 7tOU Myou~ aou.
f.l1topouf.!.e voc 't'L~ ~xc:ppoc<rof.!.e f.!.E A.ly~ A6yt~. :E!lKP ATH:E. -"A, c:p(A.e f.!.OU, ~ev TO ~p(axet~
(IIAI/lPO:E. - Moc 't'O't'e, &v ~L~'t'oc~c:L~ ~v~v &v0pw7to AOL7t0v &~to0~UtJ.~aTO voc dv~L 't'6ao aT€VOC EvWf.!.tV~ ~
\ Q ~~ C' \ , \ "\ 1?:
V~ t'~oLa€L 1 '1) f.lL~ ~UTY) A€<.,'1) yevv~EL y&Wf.l€'t'flLX~ aX,'Y)-
I \ I
XW'1)0"1)
I X~t\ '1•) O't''tJ,
"·" "
Wa't'& V~ ~~ I)"
\ f.l€T~/\/\~'o€L ae' XL'I \1'1)0"1) €V~
"

f.l~'t'~; Ofl~TO 1tflcl!J.~, aoc YP~!J.f.l~, x~l (J.LOC XLV'1)0"1) a' ~v~ 7tp&-
:EQKP ATH:E. - "Ox.t. "'Av 1t& : 7t€p7tOC't'oc, ~ XLV't)- ' \ T • ~~ ~ ,
(J.~ j K OCL VOC € ~V~t 1J (J.€T~A/\OCY•I 't'OU"t"t) myoup'1) 1 X~L
I '

0"1) ~ev 7tpoa~LOflL~€'t'OCL &pxe't'OC X~AOC f.!.' ~u~ 't'~ ~LOC't'OC­ 7tcXV't'OC ~ 'L~toc, x~t voc y(vc:TOCL f.!.E -ro (J.tao TOU A6you ;
y~. '0 rxAA.o~ f.l1tope'L voc 1tOC€L !J.1tpoa't'oc, 1t(aw, 1tAOCYL~ ~ 'H O''',t.t' YJ (J.OU..., ot'\I€L
~~ \
I \ J.
(J.L~ XLV'1)0"1) 1 XOCL 'I XLV'1)0"1) f.l€ XOCV€L VOC
I \ I '

A.o~oc ••• 'ExE'Lvo 1tou X.flELOC~E't'~L, dv~t -ro €~-Yj~ : !J.E vtwaw ~ yeve~ Tt)~ x~t TOC ~eatJ.oc -r-Yj~ x.&p~~~~ Tt)~·
.5, l
\ I I (I \ 1)"
!J.L~ f.!.OV'Y) 1tflO't'~0"1), V~ X~VOflL~o€'t'~L 'I XLV'1)0"1) f.l€ 't'E't'Ot~V
I \
•H op~O"Y) f.lE XtV€L' (J.E ~v XLV'1)0"1) 1tAOUTL~O(J.~L (J.E f.!.LOCV
, I(). L l , ,~ ~
dx6voc, xoct TO '£~to 1tflclf.l~ !J.OU ~(veT~L, ehe 7tpoaeyy(-
I \ \ N

~XflLI"€tOC 1 1t0U V~ f.l'YJ f.lEV€L aTo XLVOU!J.€VO aWfJ.~ ~A/\'1)

~A.euOep(oc 7tocpoc voc ~ x.~poc~c:L, x~l !J.Ovov ~u~ v<X x.ocp&- ~w a' ocuTO &7to 't'O x.p6vo ehe TO ~p(axw a-ro ~LcXCJ't''Y)f.lOC.
~et. K~t 7tpt7t€L ~ x&Oe aTLYf.l~ -r-Yj~ XLV'1)0"1J~ v' &xoA.ou- (IIAI/lPO:E. - Tl x.petoc~ovTocL OtJ.W~ TOC A6ytoc ; K~t
a > l. l .~ 1~ •I~
I \ I
V~€L Tt)V 1tfl0't'~0"1) ~u·n 1 f.lt> 't'E't'OLOV 't'fl01t0 1 wan 01\~ 't'~
I \
ytoc 1tOLO CJX07t0 voc dv~L A.(y~ j

....
66 PAUL VALERY E TilAAINOE "H 0 APXITEKTON 67
.I.
l:QKP ATHl:. - 'Ayot1t'1J't'e (.I.OU <l>oci:~po, -roiho e!- ao(.l.e: -roc\ oci.Aoc
, I
7tpot(.I.IX't'Ot (.I.E\ -roc' o1to~oc
( N
, 1-rocv :x,cupta-roc' auv-
voc~ 't'O mo CTYJ(.I.IXV't'~x6 : ~ev \mocp:x.e~ YECU(.I.E't'flLOt :x,cupt~ '
~UIXO'(.I.EVE~ • • •
'A \ \ l,!. ~.I.
7t0 't"1) O'XI>'f'1J 01> (.1.€\IE~ I ~~ ~
IXAAO 1tiXfliX\ '1' )
""J."\. l'7"
)...6y~oc. Xcupt~ ocu-roc, ot (.l.opcpe~ e!voc~ -ru:x,oci:oc cpoc~v6(.1.evoc • I ) I
XIX61Xfl'1) 't"1)~ e:vepyeLOt, 07tOU (.1. OtU't"1)V (.I.E't'IXAAIX':,E~ (.1.1tp0-
r' ' ) ' \

xoct ~e qJocvepwvouv, oun €~u1t'1Jpe-rouv 'r'1j Mvoc(.l.l) -rou 0''t'OC a-rov i:~w -rov eocu-ro 't"1)~, xoc1 (.I.E't'Ot(.I.Op(jlWVe:-rocL a-rov
7tveu(.l.oc-ro~. Me -roc My~oc, xoc6w~ ot x~v~ae~~ 1tou yev- eocu-r6 't"1)~ . • • 'A7t00''t'fl1XYYL':.e:~ ,., 't'EAO~ I~ ' 1
Ot7tu 't'IX\ O'XO't'IXo~IXI~

vouv -rt~ (.I.Ofl(jlE~ O''t'eveuouv O'E 7tpoc~e~~, xoct ot 7tpoc~EL~ 't"1)~ o/.6xf.l)pl) 'r'1jv 7tope:(oc ~~ Ae:L-roupy(oc~ 't"1J~·
octhe~ 1tflOO'~Wpt~OV't'IX~ &7to My~oc, xoc6e (.I.Opcp~ e!voc~ (.I.LOC II>AI~POE. - '0 &~to6otu(.l.otO''t'O~ ocu-ro~ -rucpAb~ 6cu-
7tp6-rotCT1) 1tou (.1.7tOpei: voc auvn6ei: (.I.E &A.A.e~· x' e-ra~, pe:i: 't'0\1 eocu-r6 't'OU WO'OCV EVIX 6eoc-rpo O'OCfl~~ :x,opoypot(jlLIX~
:x,cupt~ VOC A.oyocptocdO(.I.E moc OU't'E 'r'1jv oljJl), OU't'E 't'~\1 XLVl)- O'U(.I.~6/.cuv 1. ~ • 0u[!CXO'IX~ -r' &7tAIXV~ (.I.OC't'LOt 't'OU ~wxi.-Yj ;
CTYJ, (.1.1tOflOU(.I.E v' &vocyvcuptO'O(.I.E -r1~ £~~6't"1j't'E~ 't'W\1 O'U\1- EnKPATHE.- Toc 6oc(.l.oc-roc o1.1.cu~ -rou-roc ~ev e:!voct
~UIXO'(.I.WV 1tou (jl't'LOC~IX(.I.E' xoc1 voc o£xo~O(.I.~O'O(.I.E ~ voc 7tAou- 1tiXfliX\ 't'IX\ U1t~>fl't'Ot't'Ot
< l > ~I
Ot7t0't'EAEO'(.I.IX't'IX ~I
't'OU- AOYOU.
't'LO'O(.I.E, voc 7tOU(.I.E, 'r'1jv ex-rocCTYJ, (.I.E xocA.o~e(.l.eve:~ xou- II>AI~POE. - Noc Aomov 1tou ~ y)..waaoc y(ve:-rocL o£-
~ev-re~ ae &A.A.l)A.ou:x,(oc. XOab(.I.O~ 1•.• ''HI: <,EfliX XIX~\ 7tpLV \ 7tCU~' e:~VOtL T '1' ) 1t'1JY'1\J 't'WJ -

II>AMPOl:. - T6n A.omov o ye:cu(.l.e-rpl)~, &cpou (.I.Loc [J.u6cuv· xoc1 (.I.OCALO''t'IX ytoc (.l.e:ptxou~, ~ (.l.l)'t'epoc -rwv • · •
qJopoc 7tocpoc't"1)p~ae~ xoc/..OC 'r'1j (.l.opcp~, xl.dve~ aoc voc 7toi3- E!lKPATHl:.- "A, <l>oci:~po, <l>oci:~po, ~ &ae~e:toc
(.I.E -roc (.I.OC't'LOt xoct y(ve-roc~ -ruqJM~ ; ~ev e:x.e:~ yoiJO''t'O a' IXU't'OU~ 't'OU~ -r67toU~ 1 'AqJOU ~ev u-
I:!lKP ATHE. - NocL 'A7to-rpoc~te-roct 7tpoacup~voc 7tocp:x,e:L xe:pOtUVO~ E~W 7tepoc, ~ev e:x,e:t xoc1 ~ ~AIXO'(jll)(.I.LIX
&1to -rt~ dx6ve~ xoct 7tocpoc~(ve-roc~ 't'U(jlAOC a'r'1j (.I.Otpoc 1tou XIX(.I.LOt\1
\
OtC,~IX
>Y.I
, • • KIXL' 't'IX' 61X(.I.1tiX' 't'OU't'Ot - ~ALt-IXOLIX
A '~ T
E~VIXt

ot (.l.l):X,IXV~O'(.I.Ol 't'OU 7t\IEU(.I.Ot't'O~ ~l)(.I.LOUpyouv ytoc 't'O Myo. 7to-rta(.l.evoc 1.1.e xwvew. 'AA.A.oc 7tpocy(.l.oc-rtxoc, o A.6yo~
'AyxocA~OtO'(.I.eVOt &7to 't'O (.1.6:x,-ro 't'~<; O'~CU7t~~, 't'OC mo 7tE- (.1.7tope:i: voc o£xo~o(.I.~O"e:L, xoc6w~ (.1.7tOpe:i: xoc1 voc ye:vv~a<:t
pt7tAOXIX A6ytoc &vocAUOV't'IX~ O''t'OC mo OC7tAOC. ot t~ee~ 7t0U X.IX~ VIX :X,IXAIXO'EL • • •
\ \ I "'A\1 't'OU- U'!'CUVIX(.I.e
'.I. I
EVOt tJCU(J.0
# A I
1
60tI
~'t'IXV 't'IXUT6CTYJ(.I.E~, &J.f.IX ~E:X,Wfl~O''t'e~, auy:x,cuveUOV't'OtL • '7tpe:7tE 't'OU't'O~ vtl; 7t1XflOUO'LOC~e:L O''t'O cpw~ 't'flEL~ oljJe:L~ ~LIX-
,I.'Y ~
't'Ot\ O(.I.OLIX
,,
VOl)'t'Ot\ O':X,l)(.I.Ot'
I
t'Ot O'UVO'fL':,OV't'OtL XIXL\ 0t7tAOUO''t'E\,)-
( .... ,
CflOflE't'LX.IX' oLIXX.OO'(.I.l)(.I.EVe~·
, I "I\ T
X.L lXV E~:X,Ot. VIX\ 't'0\1
\ I
1tOtfliXO''t'l)O'CU
OV't'OtL · ot xotve~ evvote~ 1tou :X.P'1JO"~(.I.07tot~6l)xocv ae ~Loc ­ (.I.E &v6pW1tL\1'1) E(.I.CflOCVL<n], 6oc 't'OU e~~VOt 't'flLIX 7tp60'CU7t0t :
qJope-rtxe~ 7tpo-rocO'e:L~, y(vov-rocL O'UV~EO'(.I.OL &voc(.I.E't'IX~U \ r/ ''
't'O e:voc, IX(.I.OflCflO fJ:X,eOOV, ~~ 6'Ot CTYJ(.I.OtLVE
I \
't"1)V XOL\1'1\ ) O(.I.~A~IX
f -.,t •

't'OU~ x' E~IX(jliXVL~OV't'IXL, x' E't'O'L (.I.CX~ em-rpe7tOUV voc evw-
' \ \ 6 I ~~ 6..,. \
IXU't"1)V 7t0U 7t€ Ot~ye~ (.I.OAL~ ye:\1\1'1) Et X.IX~ 7t0U :X,IXVE't'IX~ O''tl)\ 1 I
68 PAUL VALERY ETITAAINO:t "H 0 APXITEKTON 69
GTLY!J.~, X«66lc; XP'Y)CH!J.07tOLEL"t'IXL. Me:"t'IX!J.OpqJWVE"t'IXL
~~ ~OLIXV Wp1X a-ro ~<.U!J.t 7tOU ~'Y)"t'OU!J.e:, a-ro op6!J.O 7tOU
!J.iic; odxvouv, a-ro 6u!J.O ~xe:tvou 1tou 7tpoa~ocAAe:t ~ ~pt-
O"tiX1 • • • 'A~~ 11./I.IX\ IX7to
, 1 TO\ O""t'poyyu~~.e:!J.~::VO
~ l I
O"TO!J.IX TOU oe:u-
1 I Q> > 1(.1 'Y 1
npou 7tpoaw7tou v IXVIXI""pu-.e: xpua"t'IXAAtvo XU!J.IX &6oc-
VIX-rou ve:pou : ea E!xe: "t'OC e:uye:vtx6np1X XIXPIXX'r'Y)pt-
1
O""t'LXIX, I
!J.IX'rt e ,
1!
!::V L~
EO XIXL !J.EY<T.AO' ~
XIXt, "t'O1 oUVIX"t' O XIXL qJOU-
O"X<.UfJ.eVO AIXt!J.6, 7tOU o£vouv 0~ OCY1XA!J.IXT07tOtol. O""t'l.c;
Mouae:c;.
ll>AIAPOl:. - K1Xl. To -rp£-ro ;
l:.QKPATHl:.- Moc -r6v 'A7t6AJ.wviX, 1t&c; voc aou
"t'O 7t«p1XO"'r'Y)O"<.U "t'OU"t'O j •• • C\
\ I - \ "6
~IX XPEL«'o TIXV€ fJ.LIX qJUO"tO-
\
yv<.UfJ.tiX, aev ~epw, O"OCV OC7tocv6pw1t'Y), !J.e XIXPIXX'r'Y)PLO""t'tXOC
I
Toao )
«Ua'r'Y)piX \
XIXt\ -.6ao qJ~VIX,
{ f!
oao I
XIXTIXqJe:pocv t
m A£yu-
7t-rtot voc ~ocAouv. a-roc 7tp6aw7t« -r&v Oe:&v "t'ouc;, XIX66lc;
Mve:.
ll>AidPOl:.- ErviXt ocJ.~6e:tiX. IIov'Y)ptoc, IXMY!J.IXTIX,
!J.LOCV OCA~6e:tiX axe:aov W!J.~, !J.LOC AE7tT6'r'Yj'!IX &ve:~tAe<.U'r'Y)
x1Xl. aoc ~ww8tx'Y)· llAIX -roc O"'Y)fJ.OCOLIX !J.tiic; 7tpoaox~c; Y1XTt-
cnocc;, XIXL !J.Liic; 7tV€UfJ.IXTLXO'r'Y)TIXc; ~~ocypt<.UfJ.eV'Y)c;, -roc ~Ae-
7te:t XIXve:l.c; O""t'OC OtJ.OLWfJ.IX"t'IX "t'WV O"XA'Y)p&v "t'ouc; 6e:o-r~-
"t'wV. 'Ot:'l <,U'r'Y)TIX XIXL\ ·'·
'i'UXpO'r'Y)TIX,
I 1
0"1:: !J.LY!J.IX
I I~
€1tt'r'YjoEtiX
'

{moJ.oyta!J.evo, 7tpo~e:vouv a~v ~ux~ !J.Locv £ot1X£-re:p'Y)



IXV' I
Y)O"UXLIX l ·~
XIX~ IXOLIX 6EO"tiX.
I K, IXL TIX, -re:piXTIX
I • ,
IXUTIX "t"'tjc; O"t<.U-
~c; xiXl. "t"'tjc; ~vocpye:tiXc;, !J.E: ~v &7te:tp'Y) ~pe:fJ.tiX, &7te:tp«
t:' I • ,'\ I \ \ I I
<,U1tV1)TIX IXAUYLO"TIX, XIXL 7t0U q'liXLVOV"t'IXL 7tpOtXLO"fJ.€V« !J.e
-~M3Aj ~m.~OX(l)3: ;o{)~'{lL ?Of\3:,. '13f\)?0()3lL {?OX '?0.1-::lf\o/'{ ~u?' ;o,.,jrl.01.t.OlL ;o'{!? ?Orls>x?' 1?0rl13 - ·~HJ. v dJIU~
-IJ.~x1 c;-olL ~l-Q?O '~'bwrl orlwrr ?OA~ ,D ;1d(l)" ~.1-::~xd~ '<'~ ·;tJ.,t. 9X1f\?O~J
- 1 cJo,cl::~lL ~.1, ~(l)~ 1f {?OX 'o.t.IJ.cl.t.rrl~ ;oe~'tlL ?Of\~ '?O"P '?Ol- r)3clj.t..O 1(.1. (?OX ;rt.l. ;:o"9xp ;(.t. cc "rt"Xj.l. ?Of\o~prl "~.t. »
-r'""::~A. c;-olL 1~1?0lL ~.L ·ott9rl 5vttt ?Of\?OQrlL {?Ox 1ouroiJ()tt'f! ~u'f ;p.l..o1 :o,,?O~ ~'' ;(cl(l)X ''1:o.o~'{1rl ~" ;pclolLrl "~~ '<?lL
~onou ?OX!J.Q~M3A1 ;<?lL ?OlLp !}03:- ·~HJ.V dJIU~ (l)lLj'{ff j ;,~XMO.l.X::I.l.1XcJ'f ;,~ ?OpcJ.t.?O'{ ~.1..0 ;::~xtJ..l..OjUl'{
'3rl?OD - tJ..oocllL ;o1~;! 9 c;-.o {?OX ;<?lL 1?0.1.3f\)?O<J> - ·~OdVIV<I>
-?O~ oD9 010.1-rl- ?0.1-0lL).t. ;=:~j13~~ "~'V- ·~OdVIV<I>
•tJ.Xn.t.
I I
U.> m.o?OA.
·~~oo~ oorl
-dj f\~.1. ~l.QXI ,.o !::IOf\Q::I ;no.o!? cc ;~.1.tJ.10lL » 3rlo~~rlo"9
1
s>rlD?OXO.t.!l f?l- pXnDtJ.f\~ c;-olL (l)D~rlo~OX)O ~f\ tJ.D3()90lL
~" {?OX •;no~p no.t. QO.l.QXI ;1:o.oJrlencJcJm~ 10 "no.oD~'{nch
~1()?0~ '(l)cljj "~~ '?010lL~X f?lLV, - ·~HJ.V dJIU~ - 1lLj 'Erl c;-olL ;1=:~j~'{lLXj '1.t. pox ;3.t.!J..l.9"?0{)'lL '1.1. ;C(dlL
~ ;13f\j?O~?O'{?Ol-?OX f?l- j.t. ~lLV, - ·~odVIV<I>
'c:> 10.1.10rl.0~03X.Ol0.1.10X ~xu!J.cJ(l)3{) ;lO.l.f\Of\o/cJlOX.O '10' cJ~f\
· oo.t. tJ.!.l(l)chclorl
I I
1
-(l)xA'f ~l.tJ.X::i'(3lL lO.l.D1f\9f\lOX'f f\~DC!> 101A9'{ 10.1.!}0.1. lOXO'{lL
-?01~ ~ f\?0!.l(l)j3'{3l-OlL~ f\~~ ;13!l~.l.D103lL 1o {?OX f\(l).t.Xr.t.
-jd3lL 'fl. 3rlo~9rlcJ10...n.o ~" "C?lL10'{ 13lLjclll · • • f\(l).t. ;13.o
-1Xcl~ ;?O"fi oorl ?ODrrl ::~Xcl~.L 'Of\jrlD?Orl10l-300lL 3f\?O.t.~
-<:>~10'{Xl01~ ;3l.(l))3'{3.1.?' ;{.1..0 ?ODjrl 3TIQOQ10X ~" ;{cJ(l)X '10.1.
1
'~"10(l)DocllL {?OX (l).t.!l~ 3l-!l?Orl9"').. 7.1-'Q,. ·~x1l-Dnrl ;?Or!
-?OTIAJ'{O.t.::lj ~f\1dx10rl {lOX 10110~j~ ;C(dlL 3TIOD~tJ.~9 f?l. ~"
tJ.D?dJ If 3!l!}OXO~DOOlL ~.1- f\~rl ~f\ ~ ';?Or! 1?0f\p C?l-D ?ODrrl
O.l.lOf\?~'f 110f\p {lOX 'tJ.!.l~clX tJ.cJ3l.J101~J ~1rl10x ~1).. Of\jTIO::IX
10lLOOl- f\010lL?OX ~rl 1 f\10lL ?0.1- OlL?O 1?0.l.3XD10~ tJ.rl ?Of\ OOlL
I I \ I \ \ C } 'tj \ \ I
-1~)::1 110f\p "~~ ;no.t. 9'{0f\QD f?.L ·tJ.j~dlL ~X1~10f\OTI ~1rl ~rJ
';?Or! ;~Xorp ;~.t. ?O)lLOOOODJ f\~.t. 1 :3~?JO?Ol- "~~ ?0.1-0lLJl- (?OX
f\~DC!> 'lOTIQ3f\lL lOf\fi ';O~:Js>lL 01\9TI ;101\fi 1 1\(l).t.~rlJ..lOcJu M:J.l.
1 ?0.1-?0rl~cllL ~.t. ;o{)~'{lL C?l-D ?ODjrl 3rlOAj'(?01~ ~~ ?O.l.OlL)l-
U.rpou~ u.l\9 rJ ~1rl 3DtJ.A.cJQo1rlU.~ ~.t. 1\~V ·tJ.!.llO.l.DJd:olL tJ.wrr
. ;?Or! ?Orlrlj'{~ C?l- PQ(l)chcl?Ox ~" ';?Or! ~U.Q?O ,.1- 3f\!}O{)(l).t.
1
~D 10'{'{~ {lOX .U.xA.~I\'f 10th'{~ "~ f?lL'f '~rlA.u.o ::1~~.1. "~.o
- f\3.l. ?Of\
'
13f\?OX
1
f\30 1
\~ ?O.l.OlL1.1. ,13'>!J.~?OO.l.
~ I t) ;?Or!
-
?Of\
\
?O.l.OlL1.l.
1
1::1"-
'I~ ?O'{'{?f .~.t.D1d(l)X f\?OXtJ..l...o~'{lLj {.1.10\I- ·~HJ.V dJIU~
-jA.?Orl ;~rl ~" !!OolLrl "~~ ?O.l.OlLJ.L- ·~HJ,V dJIU~
(\(l).l.X3.1.1 X ~ ~ ).t.l01J - ·~OdVIV<I>
I
1
-cl~ ;?O"fi noD ?ODjrl "f?lL10'{ f\?O.t.9rl10)1- ·~OdVIV<I> 'lO)'{OXDO~ ~rJ 'f'{'{?' 110"13: - ·~HJ. V dJIU~
'13~~1orl 'l;lo.t. c;-olL 1.1.~x oorl ?O.Ojrl 9TI.01AO'(OlL<;I 1\C?.l. ~1).. lO'(!J.'{'{~l.lOX 1?01\p /\~~ '~'{lL~
f\?O.O!J.f\lL?E ·;3cl3ch~...~ nor! c;-olL OOf\j'{?OlLQ:[ !}O.l. ?01A9'{ ~.1. 1101\p /\~~ c;-ou ';(l)rJ9 101A.9'{ lO'{'{'ft ~.L - ·~OdVIV<I>
NU.LX:>JJ.IXdV 0 H . :IONIVVIJ.U[ .X'li :;J:'lYA 'Inv,r
ll. Ol.
-nl.adx.JL ~ ~.x-..cr.do 11u~ 't.<>:O~·'!'i t.<:Jl. ~F"I.t'!'icf 'fxu.o-.cla'!'il.tt;ta If
·(·1h',7) '(( Ml.39Jl.Lt ((l. ~g ~((X~X
:?D!)Ol.100X1lljl 1\10-l.!? '500II9clX 5t;~oMdgl\10~3'(~ 5t;~Ol.:! ·5oOll<)>OQII~
'5[fl.D!J.'( 11~1'1 5oX~)I )) : 13,'( 5odg1110!)[il Q, '59X10X ((.l. ((ll~ 10JAO'(O'!'i
10-l.XI}II !fl. 3Ma9xo (lOX fl01\)l.II39V, !JO.l. lp1'(ltllD 1p11'i ~.0 3~101'(<)>~
'oo.l. 1011\I}OQOOd lpl. !(ll~ lp1l.<'l~ 510l.II<)>Dfl~ t;IOll 'lfd:dc'!'i l.tg<)><'l~ ~7'1
fiO.l.D)lO~H, !)Ol. 5!(1A 1\X)l.!£. ' 01'(J.l<hff llf(.l. lpl.lO)I '« j101'it(X lO)XlO)f n
::~rJ ::11\'fl)l ')~10rl 'lf!X10X 'fl. 10'{.9 110X 'f'{.lOX ~1. 10'{.9 ;>fu. 'XHijrl lp17'i 5n01190X 5t;~OX100.l..OJ 5t;~Ol.D l\lO.l.9~<'>D fiOll!? '0~9'( Oll)l.10'(10J.I
:31\12'{.X~ t;!OlL ';.10d<;l~l\10ll ;>~1. !J.'{.jtjlnx 1\~1. ~rJ 1,:3{l1dXAnD 1\t(.l..O 5ag~1.l..O:i[, 5(l. !(ll~ oX10.l.D)l.ll~ fiO.l. 9XO'(!i.0 ((.l. 1110l.9fl3dl.X.'(
'fl\ 01~V" I 10rl'fldlL Ol.D10rl<;l10{l01~V' - ':!OdVlV<I> 5<:>ll 110l.311)101!> 'f\Oll'l'it;t'(Q, !JOX11\f.t'('([il, !JO.l. !J..oJOdg)lljlll~.l. ((ll~ 5f.tl.
'(I)Djd(I)I\A ~1. 'fl\ ~ (I)D'fifi3XD101.10X 9 3Q~X3g<'l\7 ((.l. pl.Dl010Q10X3j 1110JL '~J3X.O!J.OQ 5(6X).10rl<'ld 5~1'(
- 10ll 5~-l. (f~dorl !J.xof!J~rl~ :x.x l.t"rrlnl.tfjn f1rl 1101113 5ox~)l o. ·J;
~1. ~/\ !J.n3{l9dlL 1\~D 'o<;~ ~D l\l0l-9~10d10rl ;:,fu, !J.I\9rJ ~lL~
nolL '!J.,I,3XD 1010lLlOX l01A l01dfu.3ro10 3X!J.I\10l.D 01-fiV ''101.
\ 'l'1 I \ I ' 01 \ '
-l\<;>l.lOlLd3lL orJ9d~ ~l.D lOX~d9 t;IOlL lOrl7dlL Ol\jrlD1d9 lOI\~ '~1-Dil'{, ~Xntjl ~1rJ110X 'OI\jrlrlndx 0X'fl)ll\101\~ Ml. 10DjirJ 13~
1
'ol\3rlpx1l-l\~ 011\jl-OlL11- lOI\~ 'JlON- ':!HJ..V d)IU~ -lOlL3XD3">
I ~
':;fll- Ol.fil03
I ~
1\01.
\
:31\101.0.43D
I 'r.)
110X
\
I\10.1.0()3DD1Xdl01\
I
00.1.
~ ;.nOlL901- 't;~OX1l.::ldOro101~ OD91- ~rJ MD ~3d~ ~ t;!OlL ;.o,,pxf ,x .9dJ.101J. noJ. 9.l.n10~ 1\<?J. 1lO.l.31\~{lDJ10
~Xntjll\~ 3D!J.I\jX10dlOlL lOrl'fldlL lOI\~ ,)1- ':!OdVIV<I> ;.O.l.9'{.1lL 9 ''9J.fu.l0d.l.D 110.l.31\)A :;fu.jl{li\OD 9 •~rJ 9.l.fil0t
'10~d~lL!} 1\:i~ 1\<?1-D I\10Xd~lL!} '<?lL 31.DlOrl9n3l.lLOlLI} /\~~ t;!OlL lO.l.lOrlDJdlOX
<;lOlL !li\Xjl-1'{.'{.10X 1\~l..D 1lOX OD9 'l01\1A~ t;!OlL oroOD9'{.1m ~l.D 1lOX :,13D~rl1.l.CdlL :mrJ 10Djlrl 3rlOXD)dg '9X1DOro 3rl03'fl'{.'{.~
I\MD~J.(l~9 ~rJ 'fl\ lOl.fu91\lO{l1lL l01 ~A /\~ ~rJ 1\lOD!}OdOlLrJ '
1\ onrJfln 1\.l.D lOD1 lOD1 :31.01.
- \ f(I
3.l.DlOrlOXD1d.4
I( I
110X '!J.n10.l.D
t) \
'(1)1\'f!X 'fl\ ::IDlOXA'fll\~ ~rJ t;!OlL 1orJD1J..O'{.'{.fiD 101.(1))::1'{,31.~ - Jd::llL ~ 2::101\~3 'f.l. ;.lO.l.fu9X1lL(I)DOdlL ;:,~ 'f'.l.~lO lO.l.10rldjllD
10 110)1 ·norJD9X !}01. 10rl'fldlL 01.1\lOrJ~n'{.OlL 110X 0'{.09Jd> 'f'.l. '7doro ~1rll0)1 • • • norl ;.13D'flm1.l.l\~ 10 110x ;.3J'{.OS1th
-rllO nuL 01. 101d:;~X lOl.D ::~v10..1 norl 110x 3nd'• flXn1. - rl10 10 1\lO.l.'' 110x 'norl 10D::irl l0Dno.1.x:dx3 ;noT 'l\10x!lJ.ro1d
' \ \ 7 \ \, 'r), - \ 0 ':£" I ' ~ ':£' \ I - ' \ W I
H ~ ·norl
:;::~Xn"' ;.::~vvolL :;11-D lOD3rl101\lO orlJ.lOl.D10 01\::l'>lOdlOlL 1\l0/\3 lOD -dolL~ 110x 'Mo3df•lll} ~/\ I\10Dfu~~ 110x l\10{ldH.._ ''10j~J J~.l.
I 'l' \ \,\, \ I ( \ ~ ~I P
-(1)11\~ 'od~110<1> norl jl.!J.l!.lOA~ ':;3djrl~ norl ;.32l0d<!> '11- ~lL~ !J.nlO.l.D'fl.l.lOX 1\~.l.D l\l01\13rlg,. ·;.::~j~J.- ':!HJ..Vd)IU:!
'lOdjrl 'f1W ' ' ' l\(l)rl9d~ 1\(Jl. flnjrl ~D !ll\jrlfl1-3(lOlLOl. ~ 10'{.'{.'*' 1o l\lOMA9ll~ J.l. 1l0)1- ' :!OdVIV<I>
1101\p l0d31-Jl01~1 lOJX1'{.~ ~x19flrof H, - '3:HJ,V d)IU:! '01:31\<;lX <?.l. 110X
;.3l.D'XIX10
\ ~
;.nO.l.D
\
;.OI\3rl10.l.
I
l\10.l.''':£' OOlL
\
';>0/\13)(:3
- (
;.fu,xdX(I),.._,.
I r..lrr.
'l01rl9d~odn101.D ~D 1l01\p nolL<;>d{ll\~ no1. '::IJX1'{.~
9 3X!u.DJd(I)X::~~ ~J.1D ~J.1D <?.l.~'XI ,lL~ 1X 'norl JA10rl 3XUo{l
;.~x1d::~rl '<?lL <?1-D(I)D l013{l~'{.~ 1101\13- ':!OdVIV<l>
NU.L113.LI XdV 0 H. :IONIYVll.l.~ X'll :;I'lVA 'lfi Yd ~~
cc.
74. PAUL VAIJf:RY ETIIAAINO:!: "H 0 APXITEKTON 75
voc t~w <XIh·o -ro 7tpocfJ.«, o1tw<; (J.ii<; x<Xve:t x«l 6«ufJ.oc~ofJ.e: &:vevao~ 'rOU<; evepye:L<X, cX7t0 TI)v ,AcppLX~ tcr<X(J.e: 'r~V
TI)v cX()ltL~ex -rou II YJA.e:LaYJ o (J.tyex<; ' 0fJ.YJpo<;.
1
'AnLx~, cX7tOCVW crTijv cX7ttp<XV'rY), uyp~v ex-r<X<JY). Bp(-
:EQKPATH:E. - K<X-rexA<X~ex(ve:t<; ~e~ext<X 7tW<; ae:v crxouv -reA.o<; ev<X <pp«y(J-6, -ro tato -ro ~<X6po T'lj<; 'EAA.<X-
~ (.t I (.t I
7te:ptyp<Xcpe:-rext . • • 'H <TY)(J.excr(ex -rou e:!vext &:vex7tocr7tex- I"!'
o<X<;' cr7t<X-.OUV ) I
<X7texVW \
<J'rY)V t
U7tOt'flUXL<X I
TOUTY) t
t'<X<TYJ' U7tO-
cr'rY) cX7t0 -r~v cXVY)crux(ex 1tOU (J.OU 7tpo~tVY)cre:. XWflOUV &x <X'rcX<J'r<X'r<X 7tp0<; 'r~V &cpe:TY)pL<X T'lj<; aLocpxe:Le<;
~AI~PO:E. - 'E~Y)y~crou 7tAY)ptcr-re:pex. -rou<;._ l:'t'o <rY)(J.e:'LO exu-.6, 'reX XU(J.<X'rex 7t0U &:xoA.ou6ouv,
:EQKP ATH:E. - "E, A.om6v, <l>ext:8po, VeX 7tW<; eytve: 7tpocp-rexLVOUV 't'cX 1tflW'r<X1 Xex't'p<XXUAL<J'rcX X<Xl cXVIXX<X't'<.U-
-ro 7tpcX(J.ex : 1te:p1tex-roucrex &.xpY) &.xpY) crTI) 6<XA.excrcrex, &:xo- (J.EV<X1 X<Xl eoc 'A.e:ye: X<XVd<; 7tW<; ot (J.Op<pE:<; 't'OU 7te:Aocyou
A.ou6oucrex ~vex 7te:ptyLcXAL xwpl<; 'rtAO<; ••• ~E:v e:!vexL 0- 7to"Ae:(J.iive: f.l.e:'t'<X~u -rou<;. Ot &:fJ.t't'pYJ-re:<; cr-r<Xyove:<; cr7toc-
ve:Lpo 7tOU crou cXVLcr-ropw. 'E7t~yextvex aE:v ~epw 7tOU1 ye:- Y
-.OUV TL<; \ ·~ I~
<XAUcrtoe:<; 't'OU<;1 U'' ,!.
f<.UVe:T<XL
I
O'XOVY)
I
<Xcr't'p<Xtp't'e:pYj.
, I

(J.OCTO<; ~w~, (J.Lcro(J.e:6ucr(J.EVO<; &:1to TcX vtoc-rex (J.OU. Bex- BA€1te:t<; A.e:uxou<; x<X~«A.ocpYJae:<; voc 7tYJaouv 1tep' &:1t' 't'O'I
pex(vov't'ex<; cr't'o 1tp6crw1to xexl cr-roc fJ.EAYJ fJ.Ou, b &:yepex<;, E<XU't'O TOU<;, xexl. oA.ou<; <XUTou<; -rou<; cX7tOcr't'<XA(J.tvou<; T'lj<;
~aovtxoc A.exyexpo<; xexl &:ap6<;, E.~ex~e: civT(xpu fJ.OU ~vexv cXVe:~cXV't'AY)TY)<; 6ocJ..excrcr<X<; v' cX<pexvL~OV't'<XL X<Xl. VeX ~<XV<X­
&.mexcr't'OV ~pwex, 7t0U e7tpe:7te: VeX tme:pVLX~crW yLoc VeX 7tpO- tfl<XLVOV'r<XL1 (J.E: (J.OVO't'OVO XOUYL<XXT0 1 cre (J.LcX 7tA<XYLcX (J.ex-
xwp~crW. K<Xl. ~ cXV't'Lcr't'ex<TY) exuTI) 7t0U oA.oevex 7texpex(J.EpL- A<XX~ x<Xl crxe:aov &:6pocTYJ, 1tou of.tw<; oA.YJ -rou<; ~ f.t<XVL«
~IX, (J.' exexve:, cr£ xoc6e: ~'lj(J.<X, ~pwex <p<XV't'excr't'LX0 1 VLXY)TIJ ~£ 6oc X<X-rop6wcre:L 7tOTe VeX crx<Xp<p<XAwcre:L, XL eX<; epxov-
-rou cXVE(J.OU, X<Xl. 7tAOUcrLO crE: auvcX(J.e:L<; 7tOU OAOtVIX ~IXVex­ 'r<XL cX7tO -roc 7ttp<X-r<X 't'OU op(~ov-r<X. 'Eaw o&:cppo<;, &:vexp-
ye:vVLOV't'IXV, cXOLcXX07tex E~L<JW(J.EVe:<; (.I.E: 'r~V evepye:Lex 'rOU pLy(J.tVo<; fJ.<Xxpunpex &:1to -ro 1JiYJA6-re:po xuf.t<X, crxYJf.tex-r(~e:L
&:6pex't'ou &:v't'exywvLcr't"lj fJ.OU ••• Au't'o &:xpL~w<; e:!vexL Toc crwpouc; £pLaw-rou<; xexl. u7tox('t'ptvou<;, 1tou crx<X~ouv crTov
vLocTex. ~pexcrxtAL~ex (.I.E: cp6pex -ro xex(J.7tUAWTO 7te:pLyLocAL, ~AL0 1 ~ 7tOU aL<XcrxOp7t(~e:L X<Xl. aLwxve:L 0 &ve:(J.0<; 1 (J.£ -rov
crXAYJPUfJ.evo xexl 7texTYJfJ.EVo &1to -ro xufJ.ex. "OA.ex Toc 7tpoc- XWf.tLXO-re:po -rp67to 't'OU x6cr(J.OU 1 croc ~w<X 't'flOf.texYf.tEV<X &:1to
, l, i \ \ ( 1
-.o &:7to't'of.to 7t~aYJf.t<X T'lj<; eocA.Mcr<X<;. •AA.A.oc eyw X<XLp6-
t I t ) I
(J.ex't'ex yup<.U (J.OU 'l't'exV ex7tAex XexL exyvex : 0 OUpexV0<;1 't'O
ve:po' xexL' o~ ex(J.(J.O<;.
,, ''Er.r~ ' ' , , 'i ,
'~""e:1tex vex pxov't'exL ex1t ex"expyex 't'L<;
'
f.i.ouv 't'OV 7t<Xp6e:vtxov &:cppo 7tOU o,-rL ye:vvLh<XL ••• Et-
(J.e:yocA.e:<; exe:i:ve:<; (J.Op<pe<; 7tOU tpex(ve:'t'exL crcX VeX -rpexouv V<XL 7t<Xpoc~e:v<X &:7t<XA.oc; cr't'~v &:cp~. E!v<Xt yoc"A<X xA.texpo x<Xl.
) 1.. \ )/ \
cX7t0 't'l<; ox't'e:<; T'lj<; AL~UY)<;, (J.e:'t'extpepov't'ex<; 't'l<; cXcr't'pextpTe:- <Xe:pLcrf.tt;V0 ~I t ~ I (J.
1 7tOU e:pxe:'t'IXL (J.e: t'Lex Y)OOVLXY) 1 7te:pLt'pe:xe:L 't'<X
f \

\
pe:<; l
XOpU<pt;<; 't'OU<;1 -rex\ crx<X(J.(J.e:V<X
I e ~ I
't'OU<; (.\t'ex 0UAW(J.<X't'ex \
1 TY)V
I~ !: ~ .1. Y
1
YU(J.V<X\ 7tOoL<X1 -rex\ o,e:oL't'ex-.e:L, T<X\ o,e:7te:pv<Xe:L
!: I
X<XL\ X<X't'p<Xxu-
76 PAUL VALERY ETITAAINOl: "H 0 APXITEKTON 77
I
J.oc<:~1tocvw <: "t'OU<;,
I el A
t'oyywvToc<;
fl<= CfiWV"t] 1tou o:yxoc"t'oc"o:~-
I ' ' I ' ... I
o
"t'OUV ot ocv"t'L~"tJA<:<; 6e6"t'"t]n<;, e!vocL "t'07tO<; ~<; 1tLO 6oc-
7t<:~ TI]v 7t0Cp1XALOC XIXL OC1t0"t'p1X~~e"t'oc~ (J"t'OV eocU"t'O "t'"t]<;' vocnp~<;, ~<; mo OCtVIX'Yj<; OCV't"illocn<;. 'Exe~ fl€'t"oc~£pov­
EVW "t'O ayocA!J.OC "t'OU ocv6pw7tOU, ~WV"t'OCVO xoct 7tocpov, ~u­ "t'IXL xocl. ~e~poc~ov"t'oct 5Goc oc7topp(xvet ~ 6ocAocO"O"dc xocl. 5croc
et~<:"t'IX~ ).(yo 7t<:p~crcroT<:po fJ.tO"oc O""t'ov aflflO 7tOU "t'O pou- ~ y~ ~ev fl7tope~ voc xpoc~cret' Toc ~P~x-roc fltA"t) Twv ~ocp­
'
CfiOC€~
'
X €VW "1) 'fUX"tJ 7tocpoco~V€'t"IX~
' ... t ,,, ' ~~
O""t'"t]V ~O"XU?"tJ XIX~' i/\€1t"t'"t]'
' , \
fJ.oc-rw-rwv xocpoc~twv, fJ.ocupoc w<; -ro xocp~ouvo, croc voc Toc
exdv"t] fJ.OUO"~X~, dp"t]V€U<:~, x' oc£wv~oc TIJV ocxo/.ou6o:~. ''
exouy l,f,
xoc'fet "t') ocpfJ.upoc vepoc·
t \ I
"t'o\c xoucpocp~oc,
I
1tou\ "t'O"Lfl7tO-
<I>AMPO:E.- Me x!Xvo:~<; xoct ~ocvoc~w! "A, yJ.wcr- > I I >I >
/\OY"t)O"IXV IX7toc~moc "t'OC opVLOC X ey/\EL'f€ yupw Tu1 XUfliX'
-. I >I ... ,1, I I

1 t
O"IX CfiOp't"Wfli::V"t] ocpfJ.Upoc, I I"> I I I'"> '6
XIX~ /\Oy~oc flOC 't""t]V OC/\"1) <:~IX oc-
e -roc flOCAIXXOC xocl. EAIXO"'t"LXOC ~UXLoc, 7t0U otp7t1X~IXV OL eueA-
AIXO"O"~v!X ! A€<; oc1to -roc ~toccpocvoc ~ocrxo-romoc -rwv xo7toc~twv -rou
:EQKPATH:E.- IlocpMup6"1)xoc xocl. fJ.OCXpuvoc "t'O Ilpw-reoc· 'rOC ~ECfiOUO"XWfltVIX 't"tpoc-roc, fJ.e TOC xpuoc 6ocvoc-
J.oyoI
fJ.OU . • • >IE XOflE O""tJ "t'"t]V oc~WVLO't""t]'t"IX
rl*'}_ ' I, \ '
y~oc voc cru- O"~fliX X?WfliXTIX' o/.oc Tef.o<; -roc 7tpiX!J.oc-roc 1tou 7tocpoc8(ve~
,..
'>"tJ"t'"I tJO"OflE y~ocI "t'O' X?OVO. I B p~O"XOfliXO""t'E
I · ~-
EoW I I '!:
y~oc VIX Ec.,IXV-
'M O~poc
"1)
I
O"TOU- 7tE/\1XYOU
... I
"t'"1JI ...1\UO"O"IX,
1 I ~ ~ I
XIX~ 0" ' 'I OLIXflOCX"t) "t'"1J
I

't"A~O"OflE -ro 7tv<:ufJ.oc floc<;, xoc6w<; ot ~ocvoct8e<;. xwpl.<; ll.x~IXO""t) TOU vepou fJ.e TI]v l5x"t'"1J· X~ o/..' IXUTOC u~w-
t:
<I>AI.<iPO:E. - Kocl. To 7tpocfJ.Ot exe~vo ; VOVTIXL, XIX't"Et'AOCLVOUV, ' IY
' ocp7toc-.OVTIXL, I
XIXVOV"t'IX~, c.,IXV1Xp7toc-
I

y , l . . A
:EnKPATH:E. -To 7tpocfloc f:xe~vo xot-ronocv cr"t'~v
I ., I I , I I
-.OVTIX~ XOCTIX T"t)V wpoc XIXL "t'"t]V "t)fJ.Epoc' flClp't"Up<:<; 61\Lt'<:pm
'~I~)'
,
OX"t' "tJ lmouI d I tl
et'oco~-.oc, o1tou O""t'IXfliX"t'"tJO"OC, x~ 07tOU crou fl~-
- I
't"~<; oc8toccpop(oc<; 't"WV fJ.OLpwv, O"LX1Xfl€poL 6"1)0"1XUpo(,
A"t]O"IX EX"t'EVW<; y~oc evoc 6eocfJ.IX 7t0U "t'O yvwp(~e~<; 5cro X~ t.L7t~(yvtoc (ltrlc; €vocAAocy~<; -t6o-o &s:tx.Lv~T1)<;, Oao x~XL
)
eyw· I 1
OflW<;, xoc w<; I e e
TOI UflOfliXO"'
I
t"<= Twpoc I
cre\ Tou-ro -rov ,.y \
O"'t"IXTLX~<; • ••
To7to, 7toc(pve~ croc fl~OC xoc~voupy~oc fJ.O?Cfi~, oc1to -ro yeyo- <I>AI.<iPO:E. - K' exe~ 'Ccroc tcroc ~p~xe<; ; ..•
vo<; &xp~~w<; 5-r~ ll.xe~ E~IXCfiiXV~O""t'Ei y~oc 7t0CV't"IX. TiepLfJ.EV€ :EQKP ATH:E. - 'Exd ocxpt~w<;. Bp~xoc evoc oc1to
A - ~I
Aomov, I I I I ... I el I
xoc~ fl€ t.~yoc "oy~oc e voc t'?W xoc"t'~ 7tOU oev eyu-
I I ' I
Ex<:~VIX 't"OC 7tpOCfliXTIX 7t0U oc7topp(xveL ~ 6o:fAOCO"O"IX' evoc 7tpoc-
peuoc. fl1X acr7tpo, fle TI]v &yv6np"t) AE:UXO"t'"t]'t"IX. yuocALO"fJ.tVo, xocl.
<I>AI.<iPO:E. - Bp~crxoflOCO"n ~e~oc~oc 1tocv-roc cr-ro 7t<=- crxA'IJpo, xt &7tocA6, x' ef.occppo. AocfJ.7tUpt~e cr-rov ~!.to,
p~ydJ.~ ; oc7tocvc.> cr-ro yi.UfJ.fltvov &!J.fJ.O, 7tOU dvocL crxo-re:tvo<; xocl.
:EQKPATH:E.-, Avocyxoccrnxoc. To cruvopo oc\no cr7tocpflevo<; cr1tL6e<;. To 7t~poc· cpuO""t)~oc e1tocvw -rou· -ro
't"~<; r~<; xoct "t'OU Tiocre~awvoc, 7t0U &a~ocX07tiX OCflCfi~O"~"t]- ET?L~IX O"'t"O XLTWVIX fJ.OU, XIXL TO 7tocpoc~evo crx~fliX 't"OU
78 PAUL VAL~RY ETITAAINOI: "H 0 APXITEKTON 79
a"Tot!J.OCTI)ae 5A.ou;:; -rou;:; ocAA.ou;:; a't'OX,ota!J.OU;:; !J.OU. fio~6;:; -rou;:; x.ocuA.~6~ov"Te:;:;· x&.vov..oc;:; ~..a~ wa"Te ~ -rpoq>~ 1tou
ae ~xocve ; auAA.oy~~6tJ.ouv. ~e fl.O~oc~e~;:; !J.E -rbto-rot, x~ oc7to!J.u~&.e:~ yopw ..ou v<X A.oc~oc(ve:~ !J.Epo;:; a't"fj tJ.UaTI)ptot-
5tJ.w;:; OC!J.Opq>o ~ev e!aot~. Etaoc~ Tij;:; n-A.&.O"Y);:; n-oc~yv[~~. x~ otxoM!J.'Y)O"Y) 7t0U 't'OU &~otarpor;A.[~e:~ XOC1t"O~IX at&.pxe~ot ;
&au, 't'O x.wpl;:; OVO[J.ot, 7t0U ~q>'t'otae;:; <:>;:; etJ.EVot OC7t0 't"fJ ''law;; l5tJ.W;:; v,X fl.~V .:;j"TotV 7totpoc Xotp7to;:; 't'OU ot7tEtpou
x.&.p1J -rwv Oewv, ocVcXfl.Eaot a-r<X axou7t(~~ot n-ou OC7totpv~- x.p6vou • • • Me "To &evotO ~ooA.etJ.ot -rwv OocA.ocaawwv ve-
67Jxe 't"fj vox-roc ~ OocA.ocaaoc ! pwv, _!J.e ..o n-oM 7totpocxuA.~atJ.ot xocl To x.-r67t7J!J.IX &,.'
<I>AI~PO:E. - T£ [J.eye6o;:; etx.e ocu-ro -ro 7tpcXf1.ot ; oA.ouOe, 't'O an-oca[~~ Evo;:; ~p&.x.ou, &v "TO UA~x6 't'OU ~X.EL
:E!lKPATH:E.- "'H-rotv ax.e~ov wa<Xv -ro yp66o !J.OU. otV~O"Y) aXA'Y)p6TI)'t'ot 1 xotl ~ev XL\I't'UVe:Ue:~ voc a-rpoyyuA.etVe:~
<I>AMPO:E. - Kocl ocn-o -.[ uA.~x6 ; !J.E -rov Xot~p6, !J.7tOpe:i: &~~6A.oyot v,X 7tocpe:~ !J.~,Xv etJ.q>cXV~O"Y)
:E!lKP ATH:E. - "I~~ot;:; A.oyYj;:; xot6w;:; -ro ax.!fifl.ot XcX7tW;:; &~~07totpot~p'Y)TI)· ~ev e:!vott oA.wa~t6A.ou ocMvot-
' 'A ~
't'OU : IX!J.({>Lt'0/\0, "H 't'IXV otpotye
,, ~
XOXIXAO
I
't'otpLOU- 1 ({> eotp-
.r. 't'O, 15-rotv ~\lot ot!J.Oprpo XOfl.!J.cX't'~ !J.IXp!J.cXpou ~ 7tE't'pot;:; ~p(-
~
!J.EVO 7totpoc~evoc oc7to 't"fjv 7tpoa-rp~~~ -rou tVLA.ou OC!J.!J.OU
I \ ) l"":t, \ - I
aXE:'t'ot~ 7totpotoO!J.EVO aTI)V IXXIX't'IXAUTIJ 't'otpllfJ:.'Y) 't'WV XU!J.IX-

!J.<:;:;
'
a't'ot\ ve:potI ; ..,,H S/\S~IXV't'OoOV't'O
' '"'l I~
7tOU' SO'XIXA~ae
, ''\
Xot-
I
't'W\11 v' &ve:aup6e:L oc7to xe:i: xocn-o~ot fJ.Epot, oc1to XcX7tO Lot

7tOta;:; -rex.v(TIJ;:; n-ep' oc1t' 't'L;:; 6ocA.otaae;:;, y~,X !J.~<Xv ocyvwaTIJ "TOX,1J otAA1J;:; A.oy!fj;:;, xotl voc 7totpo!J.Otoc~e:~ "Twpot !J.E "Tov
X.P~Cffl ; IT o~6;:; ~epet ; ••. 0e6TIJ-rot 'Caw;;, vocuocy~a!J.EV1J 'A7t6~/\1\W\Iot.
~ e h
" 1::/\W Vot, 7tW -
7tW;:;
I
0, ·'t'otpot;:;,
" ,
7t0UI S;(~L
,,
XIX1t"OLIXV
,

!J.IX~L !J.E "TO LOW Xotpoc~~, 7tOU 't"fjv e!x.ocv q>"T~oc~e~ y~<X v<X t~eot y~oc "To 6e"Cx6 -rou To 7tp6aw7to, O<X "To &vocyvwp(ae:t
"TO\ ;(IX!J.OI 't'OU ; IT OLO;:;
t" ) \
~ It:
't'OI 7tp0q>UAIX<,E:~ ot7t
' ' I .l
'j't'IXV 0' ~O'YJ!J.~OUp-
) I
IX7tiX\IW aTIJV\ I
7t<:'t'pot /~
7tOUl S't'pott''Y)c.,E
)
IX7t0 "TO\ XU!J.IX'
r '"".1.'\ \
IXAAIX
y6;:; -rou ; "H-rocv 6v7J-ro;:; 1too, un-o-roty!J.evo;:; ae tJ.L<iv t~eoc, 15ao y~oc -ro l:~w "To 7tp&.!J.ot, "TO te:po 1tp6aw1to Tou e:!voc~
xotl XUV1JYWV't'ot;:; fl.E -r<X L~LIX 't'OU ..<X x.ep~ot ~Vot axo7tO ~eva 11-6vo 11-~oc 7te:pota"Ttx~ fJ.Oprp~ &voctJ.e:aot a-ro auyye:v~xo
7tpo;:; 't'~\1 \)),.1) ~OU Xot't'IX7tLcXVE't'otL 1 O'XIXAt~e:t, OC7toppt;(VE~ 7tA!fj6o;:; -rwv fl.Oprpwv 1tou ocvotyxota-r~xoc 6,X -rou em~ocA.e:t
XO!J.!J.cX"Ttot ~ -r<X Evt\lve~· a't'ot!J.ot-rocet xocl xp(ve:~, xocl x.w- ~ &vepye:~oc nj;:; O&.A.ocaaot;:;. ''0-rotv ~ev xoa-r[~ouv -rt7to-rot ot
p[~e:-rot~ 't'EAo;:; OC7t0 't'O ~pya 't'OU e7te~~~ XcX't'~ 't'OU Me~ ottwve:;:;, ocu-ro;:; 1tou -.ou;:; ~~ocee-.e:~ tJ.E-rottJ.oprpwve:~ 15,.. t
7tW;:;I
"TOI epyo
,, ~ ' (l
't'SASLWII'YJXZ ; • , , "'H fJ.'Y\JV .ltj't'IXV OOU/\S~ot
~ ~ I
OeA.e:t, ae 15,-.~ &A.A.o OeA.e:t.
XOp!J.LOU ~WV't'IXVOU 1 7tOU X,Wpl;:; v,X 't'O ~epe:~, Xot-repyoc~e:­ <I>AMPO:E. - M<X -r6n A.om6v, &yot1t1)"TE !J.OU ~w­
't'otL 't'~V oua[ot 't'OU 't"fjv ratoc, XIXL aX,'Y)!J.IX't'L~e:~ 't'Uq>A<X 't'OC xpocTI), ~ &pyotaLot evoc; XIXAA~'t'EX,V'Y), 15-rotv x&.ve:~ OC[J.Eaw;:;
\ l._ I ~ eL~ I I I I \
opyotvot XIXL 't'OC 01t"AIX 't'OU, 't'O oa-rpotxo, 't'OC x6xotAcX -rou, XIX ~ !J.t: 't' Y) auve;,.,
1 t:A'Y)O"Y) 't'OU !J.LIX 't'S't'OLIX 7tp0't'O!J.1J 1 aot \1
OD9.1. 'c:J"'- 1\~.1. 121\ oprl~ l(.l.D I\1(~3XD 110TIOXDJd9 110X '(I)~ -Q3 OD9.l. 131\t;ldXlOTI0'-1.~ 1\~~ ~!.)01\ o. - '3:H.L v d)IU3:
-~1DfJ.'('-1. 1\~ OD9 12XXV, • • • (I)Dj()Xj 1\~.1. !:)OD 121\ !(XU ·~3D(I)dro
1
-fJ.rl1.1. 1(1"'- 1\10.1.~ ~<?"'- 10~1rl9N "J10N - '3:H.L V d)IU3: -~'(10 ~ t;\D 110x 3DfJ.~~'-1.101\~ <?031\ U - '3:0ciVIV<D
·~31\13.1.9d"'- 1(.1. noD ~0t1.9rl QD~ 12W - '3:0dVIV<D '10DD10'{~0 ~l.D (I)D)'-1. 'XJ~10, 9.1. '~X11\ro10~ '3.1.9.1. 110){
·~13D~~3XD101~ 121\ 121A (l)djroDOd'-1. ' ' '(1)1\t;\'{101~3~ <?.1. 121\ 10D(I)009.1.10X 1\~V ~ ~~~'(lL :,~ 1~)1\A
1\~ !.)OD 121\ t1.1(~3XD c:JTI'(Ol. 1\~V- '3:H.LVd)IU3: -110'-1. 110x not1.9dX !.)0.1. oA.d~ ~ ':,Ct.t~.Xj.l. ~~.1. ~ ~~('>~ :,~.1. oA.
.•k.l.D10'-LD9VOXf\3 ODO.l. 1\fJ.l. k.l. -dfi 10rl~o"'- ot~.pXj oA.d3J03"'- 1(.1. 1\lOl.~ 12N • • • ~!l.l.t~.~'-1.~
\. ' I \
-t;lO.l. 10130~'(~ 1\~ OAJ'( ~10rl 3~23~ ~\.I - ' 3:0dVIV<D t1.121rl ~D c:J()10l.D 1211. c:JdO'-LTI12tl. ~1o(I)X 1 10D!.)0.1.(1)0 I(~ ·~j1d3rl
·~ f/.d(l)t;l'(0'-1. ~~1dx ~1.1. 00.1. ~3'(9 ,"'-~ l\f\OTI9~10Ad31d3u 1(.1. 110x '10rl9x~ 11.~9.1.
1
-~1\~ ~~1rl 10.1.k.l.9dk.l.DQ10 1\~ 13djdlO'-L(,I 121\ 121A. 'Ct.t~.jrl(l)rl Ct.'{'{rt 1X 100c:J 1\~ourl~x 101\13rl3",. - '3:H.LV d)IU3:
-lOXO.l.'-1.3'( t;l'(0'-1. 110X 10rl9x~ 10jl\ t;\'(0'-1. '10130~'(~ t1.121rl !("'-~ ~ f\OD 101djX 12.1.D 10rl~d'-!. 1(.1. 1(.1.«;110
(l)t;l3dnA. 121\ 3'-1.3d'-L~ 1\~~ Jl. 110X 3'-1.3d'-l.~ Jl. 110TIOI\~0D1100d'-1. ~10.1.1\\'>l.lOdX ' '31\lOXfi ).1. 'norl ~jll 12'tXV, 'f\0'(9010X t1.1(~3XD
101\
\
3.1.!>(1)
~~
'norl 0.1.0103
I )
1\0.1.
\
(I)V3A3c.,
.... \. ~ \
101\ 110X
\
110TI0..,1AOVVOD
.1.1 \.\.
3rloDlf-10lLOTI1DfJ.dX 1(.1. 121\ 3TI!:)odourl 1\~~ <;lOll 10JXO.l.Df\~
121\ Ct.t~.Xj.l. 1\~D ~Od13'-LTI~ OD9.1. '9d110X 1\1(.1. OI\1,3X~ '10rl9x !l'(~A.::~rl 1101\13" "OI\3~~d10ll t;l'(Oll 10d~IJ - '3:0dVIV<D
-~ 1\f\OTI~ 1\~~ 1.1.101A. 1 10.1.10rl~d'-1. 101'(JX 10~10JDOOd10'-Lj ~~~ ~ 1\(I)AO~ tl.c:Jl. Ol.!:)Ol. o1d~1dx 1(.1. Ol\3~'fd10u 11011.13 1\~V
·~k.l. ~ v3ro0 ~Od'-1. 13"-3dl.D10.1.3TI 10.1. 101\ 3c.,1XD10'-1. f/..1.010 1X ·~3dj-rl~ ~3AJ'( ~D 13Dj'{3.1.1\0D nX~ ~100.1.11.rr ~oXo~~ 9 QOll
9 \. ~ \ 'J't \ \ ,.( I \ '
'10.1.10TIAj3~10d10'-1. ~rl l\10ro3dl.~ 1\~ f\OTI ~jDfJ.Tit;\0 iQ ·CJ.tfljXD '10rl~du o1~;1 1(.1. 12xronl. t~.noo 1 ro10.1.10x 121\ 121A. ol\9dX 1(.1.Q10
121rl <?"'-~ Ol\jTID1.1.(1)'(10rlXJ10 norl 9.1.0?0r 1\<?.1. ~(I)TI9 100(1)11\fi t1.1(~3XD ol.D10.1.1\~ro~ 1\<?.1. 1\10.1.1\o~~ndX 120 fi.Xttl. ~ ~ 10101\A.
·~~10.1.x~ ~k.l.t~.10dj"'-~ ~~.1. ~~1dldo-rl9 ~~d3'-!.rl10'( ~1.1. 110.1,3o -?? ~ 23"'- 120 l(l.QV ·od3.1.9DD1d3ll t;l'(Oll 110X ~ ''3~
'<?"'-
-)lOX 121\ norl ~1.1.10rl ~ 101\fJ.rorr 1\~ 1X OD9 '~X11\0~~ 101\110D -~1'(1X 1(.1.10Xr ~ ~31\c:JllO ~001'()X 13~)~~ ~Ct.II.Xj.1.1'{'{10X ~101\~
-~1\~ 1\~ 1x oDo,. ·~j'('(O"'- ~3d<2 121A. ot~.jrlfJ.xoXD10"'-~ 3Dk.l. ~<?"'- '10.1.k.l.9110S3S 10D~u ~rl 'pu 121\ ~p11.10X ,pdourl 110x
-~dx ~rl110X '~0.1.~'('-1. 1(.1. 3.1.~rl '~l(d110X 9 3.1.~rl '~13D~X~~ • 9rlD10Xo.1.D 101\~ !("'-~ 110.1.1\0~)l.(l)l.b QOll :,13~~du 10 ~~t;ltb
10 I
~ 3.1.Ct.rl 'moodl3 \
~I ' 10.1. 3.1.fJ.Tl
I
I\10'-1.13V:;J
\.fi
~fJ.l.
..,.
1\:;JO \
\~ oo'-1. 'norl Ct.Xo"-
I 'J' ~~ 10pdou 11.~ l\f\Ot;l3TIO.l.l\f\D 1211. 12D 110x 'no.1. 9.l.30Jl.tl.~
1\~D ~~rl 131\<;l'(10A3rl 121\ 3D1t.t~.)Xd~ 'po1t.M3A 3Xp ~1'(9rl <?.1. no'(91~D(I)'(9 1'XJI\1a ·~c:181dxy,- '3:H.LV d)IU3:
Q0'-1. <?l.Q10 10rlk.l.lf-~ <?~ • • • 10DD10'(~0 If ~(1)'-1.9 0'-1.9d.1. <?'("'-~ ! 0011.9dX f\Ol.D1091d3u~ !.)0.1.
1
oDO.l.
I
3rl
\
13n3t~.Ct.v10A.101\10c.,
I \. A 1\30 fJ.Xn"'-
\~ \ .,, H ) "10TIA11\110
" 101\3
p
'XJ'(OX 0.1.30Jl.tl.~ 1(.1. 3TI!:)Oll 1211. 12D '1101\p /\~~ 11011.(1)'('(9"'-V, !.)0.1.
l8 Ntl.L'XS:J.IXdV 0 H . :IONIVVII.lS: .A.U;:I'IVA 'lnVd 08
82 PAUL VALERY :ETflAAINOE •H 0 APXITEKTON 83

vtw6w x&.7totoc v-rpoirocA.oa\JVl) voc aou cpocvepwaw TO &:- 'tL (L1tOpouv voc XPi')O"t(Ltljlouv, o\S-re xat ~v xpet&.~oVTOCL
7tA.o'Cxo exei:vo 8i')(LtOU@yYJ(LIX -rij<; xpu<rij<; (LOU E7tOXYj<;. ae 07tOLOV~~7tOTE " xat XWpL<; VOC (Le 7tA1Jpocpop~aet 1J.A.-
<llAI~PO'E. - Tt cptA.oTtfL(oc l Eexv<X<; 1tw<; d(Loca-re AWO'TE xocvd<;, 6oc ~1tpe1te: &vayxocaTtx<l voc cpav-rocaTw
O'Xtt<; ! . .. ~\10( (LtO"O ytoc voc ~auxocaw TO (LUOCAO (LOU 00'0 yt' <XUTOC.
'EilKP ATH'E. - Ncl. A.omov 7tot&. ~Tocv Yj &cpeA.~<; <llAI~PO'E. -Kat TL cpavTOCO'Ti')XE<; ;
fLOu £~eoc. IIocpoc~eve!Levo<; IX1to To <ivTtxdfLevo ToliTo, 'EilKP ATH'E. - "E(Le:tvoc XOC(L7tOa1JV C>poc CJT~\1 t~Loc
1tou ~ev xocT&.cpepvoc wl xocTocA&.~w Tij cpua1J Tou, xoct 1tou 6€a1), ' ~Ji&.xvov-ra<;, ~p(ax.ov-roc<;, x&.vov-roc<; xoct ~or;voc~pt­
oA.e<; ot XIXTiJYOPLE<; -rij<; O'Xtlji1J<; TO 3tex~tXOUO'OCV xoct TO O'X.O\IT<X<; TO (Ltao ytoc voc ~tocxptvw ocuTo 1tou 7tocp&.ye:L ~
> 6'~- I I >1'1- '1-1
IX1t Ot<UXVIXV (LE Ti')V totO( OUVOC(L1J, oOXt(LOCO'OC VOC YAtT<U-
'I- I I I (j)UO"YJ cX7tO o,-rL tp-rt&.ve:t b &.v6pw7to<;, xoct TO (LOC''t'L (LOU ~t-
aw oc7to, \ \
T1JV )
evox"i'JTtX1JV"\. \ '
etxovoc I
Tou- eupi')(LIXT
( I 6<; (LOU. y
O'TIX'oE > I
<X\IOC(LEO"OC ~~ \
O"TOCI 1t0/\/\0C -
(j)<UTOC •I
• UO' (.1. 1~6
TE:pOC r-OC/\ 1JXOC \10(\
Koct m7><; 6oc fL7topouaoc voc -ro xocToccpepw, &v ~ev ~xocvoc m:p7t<XTW ·7toA.u yp~yopoc, (Ltaoc 7tpo<; TI)v ~1Jp&., a<lv &.v-
~vocv eA.ty(L6, (LeyocA.o7totwv-roc<; <Xxpt~w<; Tij ~uO'XoA.(or; 6pw7to<; 1tou ot a-roxocO'fLOL Tou, i5aTe:pa &1to fLOCXpoxp6-
TOU ., Tl0 XOCT<U I I
XOCTW, ,~
E/\EYOC I
(LEO' OC (LOU, 1J' "'~- LotOC OC(Lcpt~O-
, vtoc -rocA&.vnuO"Y) 7tpo<; oA.oc TOC (Ltpi'), cpatvovToct TeA.o<; v<l
~ I
/\lOC 7t0UI (LOU- 7tp0r-IX/\/\ETOCt(.1. I~~ > >
<X7t OCU' > 1 >
to To1 <XVTLXE~(LEVO 1
7t0U1 7tpOO"IX\IOCTOAL~O\IT<Xt xoct VOC O'UV<Xp(LOAOYOU\ITOCt ae (LLOC
~pYjxoc, (L1tOpei: VOC V01J6ei: xoct axenxoc !L' evor; yvwaTO &v- (LOV<X~tx~v £~eoc, 7tOU T-Yjv t~toc a-rty(L-1) yevv&.e:t O'TO O'W(LOC
TtXd(LEVO. 'AAA.oc aE: TouTo TO TeA.euTai:o, &cpou !J.<i<; d- Tou TI)v IX7t6cpaO'i') voc xtv1J6ei: xoc6opta(Levoc xoct Tij aTe-
, I \
VOCL YVWO'TO, X<XTE:XOfLE XOCL Ti')V ep<UTi')ai'} XIXL T1JV OC7tOCV-
\ ) I \ \ ) I
pe:1J 7tEp7tOCTi')O"tOC.
• ""' '\I I '~I
Ti')ai') 1J X<X/\U't"epa, X<XTEXOfLE Lot<U<; Ti')V OC7t<XV't"i')O'i'), X<XL
\ ' I \ <llAI~PO'E. - Au-ro To vtw6w. II&.vToc To 6ocufLa~oc,
~I I \ >I
.,epovTa<; 1tw<; Ti')V exofLe, <XfLE/\OU(LE voc ot<XTU7t<UO'O(LE > "1 - \ '1- I 1tW<; (LLOC £~ea 7tOU (L<i<; X<XTE~or;(ve:t, &<; dvat xoct ~ mo
TI)v lpw't"i')a1) • •• 'Y1t66e:ae: A.omov 1tW<; 7t<Xp<XT"I)pw ~voc &cpi')pi')fLEVi') TOU x6a(Lou, (L<i<; ~(ve:t cpTe:p<l xat (L<i<; 1t1)-
~ ~ I~
7tpOC(LOC 7tOAU O'UVi')6ta (Levo, 7t·X· evor; Tpoc7te~t, evor; 0'7tLTt, yatve:t
l
07t0U X<XL\ VOC VOCt • .:..T<X(L<XTOU(LE 1 <,EXt\IOU(LE
I ) "' - -
1tOC/\t 1

tl
EVOCV )
<X(L(j)Opeoc, I
XOCL\ X<X(L<UVO(LOCL I
ytoc\ '\1 /\tyY)V wpor;rl
7t<U<; \ T
E~(L<Xt OCUTO 6<1 7teL O"TOXMfLO<;.
&.v6pw7to<; oA.wa~t6A.ou &7toA.tnaTo<;, 1tou ~ev dxe £~ei: 'EilKPATH'E.- Koct -rpexov-roc<; axe:Mv, auA.A.oyL-
1to-re Tou Thota 7tp&.fLaToc • 6oc fL1topouaoc A.omov ToTe ~O(LOU\1 : eva ~ev-rpo (Le 7tUXV~ cpuA.A.waLOC, e:!voct yevv'YJ-
~I '
1t0/\U <Up<XtOC N
V OC(L(j)tr-OC/\<U OCV
, , (.1.1 ~ " ,
OCUTOC I
TOCI 7tpor.(L<XTOC
}_ T
E~VOCt
(LOC -rij<; tpu(jij<;. Etvoct !J.LOC o£x.o3o!J.~ 1tou (Ltpi') Tij<; dvocL
X<XTOCO'XE:UOCO' I
(L<XTOC TOU- <XV , 6p<U7tOU
I
• • • X<Upt<; I ~I
VOCI <,Ep<U O'EI TOC q~uA.A.oc, -roc x.A.a3t&., b xopfLO<; xoct ot pt~e:<;. 'Y1to6hw
"""''III
1
;3.1.~91~1 ;(.1. « ;3~9 )) 1?1),. 110l..I\OcJjdll01~1\? 1\~~ ).1. 1l..~X 1l0.1.31\)Xlch norl no.o ;9rl.o1J..O'{'{n.o Q, - ":iOdVIV<I>
13A~n3XD10.1.10X t;IOlL ~ prlo~OXlO t;IOlL OOlL<;ldQI\~ !)0.1. ;13~ .,~
-7>du 10 '(l)AJ'X:3r.n;r 1 13A~d13lL "'~V- ':iH.LV d)IU:i ~dn<;>J.'lOX pou 12'<.'<.~ '"'~Q'lO ,u~ !J.d3.1.9'<.!J.~9 ~ twA 1l0r.p
• • • (l)dj~ "'~V- ':iOdVIV<I> 12"' pdourl '<?lL 110d3l..Q'('lOX ~ .r.(_?13d3rlOJ.lL3'{ r.(_?l.. 'lO~)rl
~ :!_3dourl ;(l)lL~
-QlOf) l.p- f?lL~ !J.d3.1.9'{!J.~9 12X1l...OlOxA'lOr.~ 110r.p no'{9r.n.o !)OJ.
1
:!_3l..n3~0tjl0r.l03 '?"' ;13r.~d>~ ~.1. ;<?u '139<;'1"' r.~~ 1lO.Oj1rl 1001rl010~ !J_
~I 0 'tJ J
'lO.l.'lOn.OJCVlL
I \.
10,1.
\
'lOJ.nlO
\ ~
'X)VO
\.)l
3.0
\
'(l)lL
\
'lOn.O'lOd3lL
I
-10XOlL~ 1\lO.l.$? 1X ~ ~<flncJx ;131\<;'l..'lO.l..O'lOI\~ 1l..~X ;(_?lL 1l0.0 -rln.o ~J., 'lO'{lOAt)fl r.~u1o'<. ;(l).ojrly,- ":iH.LV d)IU:i
-31\~Q.Ol'lO r.~~ 1 110.03AJJ..o~~n.o r.10.l.Q,.- ':iH.LV d)IU3:: •• '00,1. nod!J.rl !)0.1. ;o'{jrl ~ 01\'lOAdl? "'12.0 OAO'{rf 101\$ ~ ,,10~
~ 9.1.<;110 110.1.31\)A '(,?II - ":iOdVIV<I> -)d ;~1rl 10rl!J.J.d~d10u r.12.o ~ 'non?<» no.1. ;odjrl 12.0 od.1.
• • • 121rl 110r.p ;nol.. ~n3X.O'l0l..l0x
1 10J.OlO.l..OlO.l.'lOX~ H, -1\j~ '!Jr.$ 13.o~or. 12"' ;pr.10x :!_3dourl 'lO'{OXDQ~ '<?lL ·~~dx
'9X1.1.3dochl01~ ;(1))3'{3.1. (.1. 1.1.~x 131\)'XIt)rln.o 'nou<;>dGr.~ !)Ol.. -(l)3: norl jl..!J.u'lO)..~ '110r.p 0110f}jf) ~.1- ":iOdVIV<I>
'lOAdfi 1l0r.p t;~ou 10r.3rlpx1l..l\~ 12.1. ~rl (_!?~'>:!{, '« ;(w?dl ;~t;J. ·no.1. r.(_?d3rl r.(l)d9dl101~ 1\(_?l.. _;3l-~9XO'{lL
10J.l07l~M3A >> ;1331'<. 10 1\!)0lL 12"' 1\00'{j{) ~.1.<;110 ;(l).oA (lOX -n'{OlL ;1.1. 'no.1. !J.djrll\10.1.~ ~"' ~.o 'ooJ. 'lO.Ojrl ou9d.1. o1ou~x
,;13.0jX.o ;~dlndx ~rl 10.1.10d9~ ;ool.. ?310J.3rl 'l0r.jrl3~ 110r.p 1
~rJ 131\)3'{X1d3lL 0'{01\fP OXO'{lL)d3lL ~.1. !)OcD~ 1'{~<fl3X f?l-
';jXOlLt ;1.1. (lOX ;nolL9.l. ;t;~o.l. ~rl 1'lO.l.I\OA9rldlO.oodlL 12"' 121).. ~ 1 1~9lL ~.1. 12cJ10lL 10rl~dlL OXO'{lL)d3lL f?1lL 1101\p od!J.'{X9'{9
r.nOXjl..'lOX QOlL 'lO.Ojrl 12.1. 11\00.i_jQOlLQOdlL t;IOlL ;3)Adno.1.13'{ OO.l- 10rl(_?.o ~.1. t;IOlL 1 0(_?~ 101\$ ,rl 131\)'XIrjrln.o 01~A f?.1. (10){
10 1110l..I\OI\Q.1.1\ t;IOlLC( 'lO.l.lOrl~X.o 12l- 1101\jrl.OlO'{lL 1l01\p O:!_OlLC( ''3.1.~9XO'{lLn'{OlL no.1. ;jX1.1.3dorol01~ ;(.1. ;3'{$? 1'lO.l.3Xj~101\~
~J., ~lL~ f?X1'{(,\ ~,1. 3l...OW OlL9dl- I\010l..jl.. ~rl l\nOI\<;l'{lOA3rl lO'{ 1'lOX 131\1'lO~'lOV1d3lL I
!J.d::trl 10,1. 'lO.l.n'lO 1X 'lO.l.n'lO 131\1'lO~'X)V1d3lL
\ I 'tJ '- 1 \ \ ' \ ' I 'tJ \.
1
-Q,, ·(wQ<fl If 13~M3A QOlL 12.1.(,110 ,lL~ 1101\p 'lO.O!J.'{)rlf 'lO:!_OlL \lou 'r.9u1o'<. od.1.r.1~ ~.L ·;3.1.~9110rj3rJ 12d10u 10~1d<;>r.J..j
-9 12.1. 121).. 10.1.1\l? 12.l. 10'{9 12W • • • JOrl.o~'{lL 101\$ r.no.O)l-10rl r.~~ ('lOX 1 (_?r.odX <?.1.Xo10x3~ ;1'<.9rl r.norl~ 3.1.9.l- ~'<.'<.V, ·no'{
-!J.X.o 101\
\
101J..
\
110J.I\OI\(l)l\31\n.O
I
nolL
\
l\(l)13X10l...O
I
1\(l)l..
-
110x
\
r.(l)d3rl
..., - 9910x 10d<:>.1. (l)?3.1..01lL ~,1. "'~V 1 rJx- ·:iH.tvd)IU:i
1\(_?l.. ;~t;rlor.lOJ.'lOX ;~ ('lOX ;~d13.o ;~ tw1rlG~tll01~ l?1rl 'JO.o ·odsr.~<Dow 11011.p f?l-QV- ":iOdVIV<I>
-nodourl 0.09 'r.norl9~1J..onn;r 1<;}1\odX <?J.XolOX3~ r.norl~ ·no.1. ;odjrl 3l..OlL~~010lLC(
;<?u 10lL:!_3101\103 no.o ('lOX 10up no;r- ":iH.LVd)IU:i 101\$ ~lL~ OXO'{lLQ'{OlL f?1lL 1101\p !)Ol..Q'lO nodl..l\j~ !)0.1. 0'{01\
'10~JrlQ10t) ~rl ;poMj Jl- 10131\~0)'X).O ~rl -?J> f?.1. '<?lL 'lOd<;ll.. (l)j'{ (10){ '''lOl-~9XO'{lLn'{OlL ;'l010lL~X
(1).0~01\1\f 12"' O'{O'XDn 1101\p !)Orl 12'<.'<.~ ·'9d10ij10X 12l-3Xd~ (w(l)lLI(l'l\j r.l.p- 131\)~ !)Orl nol.. !J.djrl ~.1. f?lL~ 101\j{)'lOX '<?lL
!;8 NUJ,:X:I.UXdV 0 H. :IONIVVIJ.UI A.'l:I~'IVA 'IUVd 'iS
86 PAUL VAT.EltY El'IIAAINOl: "H 0 APXITEKTON 87
3o~oc o-rpL<poyupLa(LeVYJ ~ ~OCCN) TOU, ExELVO<; 7t0U 7tLVEL
a&v xoLToc~eL tl'A'Ao 1tocpoc voc mer:. K' &xe'Lvo<; &x6fLoc 1tou
f!xocve ~v xoo1toc, 3ev [L7t6peae voc auv3u&.aeL fLEToc~o
Tou<;, 1tocpoc fl.6vo xocToc 7tpoaeyyLCNJ, To u'ALx6, ~ 'AeL-
' , , _
TOUpyLoc XIXL TO axYJfLOC TOU.
r LIXTL, YJ, OC(LOLjJIXLIX
, P. , EaW't'EpLXYJ
, ,

imoTocyYj ocuTwv Twv Tptwv 7tpocy[LocTwv xocl ~ ~ocetoc


TOU<; auvd3'1)CN), a& eoc (L7tOpouaocv voc e!vocL ~pyo XOCVEVO<;
&A'Aou, 1tocpoc ....Yj<; t3tocc; ....Yj<; « &vepyou cpoaew<; ». '0 Te-
X"LTYJ<; 3ev [L7tOpe'L VOC XOCVEL ~ 3ouAELOC TOU xwpl.<; VOC 7tiX-
(.t I ~
poci-'LIXaEL YJ VOC\ IXVOCaTOCTWaEL
' I
(LLIX\ XIX7tOLIX
I It:
TIX<,YJ, ) '
IX7t0 \
TYJV
t3toc ~ <pOCNJ Twv 3uvocfLewv 1tou p£xveL &1rocvw aTo u'AL-
X6, YLIXI VIXI TU1 7tpOaOCp(l.OaEL
I
a~ > ~I
"jV LOEOC 7t0UI e'EAEL
"> VIX I
(LL-
(LYJeEL xocl. a~ XPYJaLfL07tOLYJCNJ Tou ~pyou Tou 1tou 7tpo-
P.-. I
1-'AEiCEL. II IXEL
I
A0L7tOV
... '
OCVOC7t
, 6TpE7t't'IX VIX' 7tOCpocyocyet
I
7tpoc-
I

(LOC't'OC 7t0U TO aovoA6 't"OU<; ~ptaXE't'IXL 7t0CVTIX ae XIXTW't'E-


PYJ ~oce!Ltaoc &1to ~ ~ocefL(3oc Twv fLepwv Tou<;. ..Av cp·n&-
aeL ~VIX Tpoc7te~L, ~ auyx6A'AYJaTj .TOU e!vocL (LLOC 't'IXX't'0-
7tOLYJCN) 1to'Au 'Aty6npo 7tept7tAO><YJ &1to ~v ucp~ Twv tvwv
a't'O ~o'Ao, xocl. 7tpocrocp[L6~et (LE XO~'t'pOXO(L(LeVO Tp67to xocl
(LE ~eVYJ O"Etpoc TOC XO(L(LOC't'LIX evo<; 3ev't'pou (l.Eyoc'Aou, 7tOU
etxocve O"XYJfl.IXTLO"'t'EL xocl. &voc7tTUXeef: a& 1lAA&<; cX~IXAO­
y(e<;.
<llAMPOE. - Mou epxeTOCL aTO VOU ~VIX 7tep£epyo
7tocpoc3ety(Loc Thotoc<; hoc~(oc<;.
E!lKPATHE.- Ilot6 ;
<llAIAPO:!:.- " IQ'oc t<1oc ~ 8LocTOC~YJ, ~ 6ocu[Loca~ &-

.....
88 PAUL VALERY ETITAAINOl: "H 0 APXITEKTON 89
~ ~ > (J. 1 ; ; <
AE!J't"W OAl) ~ ~o~6e:L<X 't"OU AOYLXOU !J.OU YLOC v' ocvcxyxoccr<O
I I I I I I
XE:LVl) OL~'t"~c,l) 7t0U e:mtJ~I\1\E:L l) G't"fl~'t"'lJYLXl) 't"E::X,Vl) G't"~

cho~-t~, lh~v -roue; e-rOL!J.OC~ouv yLO: vO: u1tl)pe:-.~crouv


I ; I ,f, ~ ~
't"l)V 1ti\OU!JL<X X<XLI 1t01\U1ti\€Upl)
; I ;
'I'UXlJI !J.OU 'IOCI oe:x-re:L TOI
« cr-rtc; -.oc~e:Lc; -rou cr-rp~-.ou ». 0u~-t~cr~L, &y~1tl)-.e !J.Ou p6f..ov <XU't"O -r~c; hf..Yjc; !J.Ovoc~cxc; X<Xt -r~c; oc~e:xwpLG't"l)<;
~<OXpOC't"l), -rtc; ~!J.epe;c; 7t0U ~o~e~~!J.€ yLO: vO: !J.OC60!J.€ T~V EvO't"l)'t"<X<; 't"OU OC7tpocr<07t0U cr-.p<X't"LW't"l) I Bf..e7tEL<; AOL-
7t~poc-r~~l) « <J't"OLXl)Mv », ~ -roue; CJXl)!J.~'t"L!J!J.OU<; « x~-r' 7t0'1 1twc; ~ -roc~l) x~t Yj &.-rcx~(cx, o-rcxv -rtc; ~-te:-rcxxe:LpLcr-.ou­
&p~L<O!JLV X~t !JU!J.7tTU~LV )) !J.E -roue; 01tOLouc; e~~GXOUV !J.E: xcx6wc; 7tpe7te:L, e~"Y)youv, ~ TOUAOCXL!JTO XOCVOU'I 7tOA-
~ ve:of..~(~ cr~ cr-rp~TL<OTLX~ U1tOT~Y~ X~t cr-ro crurxpo- 'AO: 7tpOC!J.<X't"<X vO: 7tpocrqy(crouv ~-te:-rcx~u -roue;.
\ILG!J-0 Tijc; evepye:L~<; ; <l>AIAPO::E. - BM7t<O 1tW<; ~ erpl)~LX~ crou !J.E:Y<XAO-
::EQKPATH::E.- Moc T0\1 'Hp~XA~ I "Ex~v~ x' eyw ~utcx, XLVl)!J.eVl) OC7t0 '1"0 OC\ITLXd!J.E:VO exe:~vo 7t0U ~p~xe:c;
cr-rp~TLW't"lj<;, x' ~!J.Ouv !J.OCALG't"~ x~f..Oc; cr-.p~-rLW't"l)<; ! cr~v &.xpl) -r~c; 6ocf..cxcrcrcxc;, xcxt 1tou xcxvevcxc; &.f..'Aoc; oc1to
<l>AI~PO::E. - "E, f..om6v, ot !J.~XpLE:c; exe:~ve:c; yp~!J.­ crevcx ~E: 60: TOU e~LVE ~~~ 7t<Xp<X!J.LXp6-re:pl) Gl)!J.<XGL~, &vu-
~-tfc;, OL 6wp~XLG!J.eve:c; !J.E -r' ocyxoc6L~ 't"WV 1tflOTE:'t"~!J.e­ ~w6l)XE CJXE~O'I OC!J.eG<O<; 7tpoc; ~ 6e:wpl)Gl) !J.L~<; ~L<XrpO­
V<O\I 'Aorxwv, ot ~ocf..~yye:c; exe:~ve:c; ~-tE: TOV -rpO!J.~XTLXO, p~c; Gl)!J.<X'ITLX~c;, xcxl. 7tOAU cX7tA~c;. 'A7to 't"O mo rp-.e:vo
..., I ' 1,1,
~cxpu Te:'t"p<Xy<O'ILG!J.O, -r0: 07tALG!J.eV<X exe:~V<X op6oywVL<X
f
-ruxcxLo 7te:pLcr't"<X't"Lxo, cxve:crupe:c; 't"l)\ crxe:'l'll t
-rou't"l), \
1t<0<; -.ex\
1tou CJXlJ!J.<XTL~cx!J.e: ~-tfcrcx cr-rtc; crxovLcr~-teve:c; 7te:~Loc~e:c;, ~ev ~l)!J.LOUp~!J.<X't"<X 't"OU ocv6pw7tou X<XT<XV't"OUV v0: dvcxL ~
~T<X\Ie: 7tOAU cX7tA0: crx~!J.<XT<X, EvW xoc6e: !JTOLXE~O TWV crxlJ- cruyxpOU<Jl) Mo ~Lcxrpope:'t"LXW'I TOC~E<OV, 7t0U ~ fLL<X -.ouc;,
.J:
!J.<XT<0\1
'
EXE:LV<0\1
' I
'IT<XV TO\ 7tLO\ 1tE:flL1ti\OXO
I ").
1tfl<X!J.<X
I
TOU- XO-
I
7tOU e:!vcxL rpucrLx~ xcxt fL~c; exe:L ~o6d, U7tO!J.e'IEL X<XL U7tO-
!J!J.Ou, ~l)A~~~ €vcxc; &.v6pw7toc; ; Kcxt !J.OCALcr-rcx, &voc~-te:cr~ !J't"l)pL~EL 't"~'l &.A'Al), 7tOU dvcxL oc7to-ref..e:G!J.<X Tijc; ocvocyxl)c;
cr-rouc; &.v6pw7touc; <XU't"ouc;, u~px~v ~<OXpOC't"l)~e:c; X<XL -rou &v6pw7tou xcxt -.wv 1t66wv -.ou.
<l>e:L~(e:c;, Ile:pLxf..~~e;c; xcxt Z~vwve:c;, cr-.oLxe:~cx oc~Lo6cxu­ ::EOKP AT H::E. - "E-rcrL e7t(cr-.e:ucx. '0 &.v6pw7toc; ~E:v
!J.<Xcr-rcx, 1tou ~-tecrcx -roue; cruv~ucx~6-rcxv 7tpoc; ~ cruvl)6L- exe:L &vocyxlJ o'AlJ ~ rpuGlJ, &.Af..O: ~-tovocxcx €vex ~-tfpoc; "lJc;.
cr!J.eVlJ 7tOAu7tf..ox6't"l)-r<X -rou &.v6p~mou xcxt OAl) ~ ?I.'A'Al) 'Exe:~voc; 1tou crxlJ!J.<X't"L~e:L yLoc -rov ecxu-.6 -rou !J.LO:v t~ecx
7to'Au7tf..ox6-.l)-.cx -rwv m6cxvwv x6cr~-twv 1tou dxcxv !J.E<; mo 7tAOC't"LOC, dvcxL rpLA6cro~oc;, xcxt 6eAEL vO: 'rOC 'xe:L OA<X
cr-.o vou -roue; 1 o
&.vocyxl). 'A'At..O: &.v6pw1toc; 1tou ~E: 6e'Ae:L 7trxp0: vO: ~~cre:L,
::EQKP ATH::E. - To 7tcxpoc~e:Ly!J.oc crou dvcxL ocpxe:-.oc ~E:v exe:L &vocyxl) oihe: 'rO crl~e:po, o\he: TO X<XAXO (( cxu-rO:
xcxM. 0u~-t~fL~~ 7tW<; fLOU xpe:L~~OT<XV XOC7tOTe; voc emx!X,- e > ( I >;;I I I <
X<X E<XUT<X », <Xf\1\<X fLOVO !J.L~V OpLG!J.EVl) GXI\l)p<Xo<X 'I
I "\ J ~ ~
'<?lL 1XIrlOI\~()DlV · :nioD~'(3A ~1\ 131'.~d)'~ :,~rl ~~ '101\jrlD -3 1\~0 (lOlL 'XI1C~.l.DXI
I' \'\\ \ 7 ( (
.l. I\(\OlL3vr1 30 10V(lX!l
I \.'t/ \~ ,_1
10
~
:,rolL
\
1\0lL
\
-XI'(lL Xldc;>.l. 3DX1rlp o2ou9 f?.l. f?lL~ f?X1'((,l o.l.no.l. ocl3~"~ C?.L -1o'( '13~JrloN • • ·! 1 1ourode"V" - ·:rH.LVd)IU:r
• • • j (_2'(XIXXICXIlLOrld3() ~D 'od~2XI<J> - ·:rHJ,V d)IU:r '10lL(l)C{}I\]9 3.l.DX1rlp (XIX 131\~X :,~rJ
i o2X11\Uo{}V, 1\f?.l. h~dxro~ f?.l. l\no.l.D11\(l)AXII\nD ~1\ (l)l\~lLXICXIlL u~x ~.l. ~.l.QXI :,rorl~ 1)1- ·~OdVIV<I>
,,XIDnodourl ~e ~~ ''XIJ9"1do)l '~.l, 'oxXIG"JlL~ 9 3.l.~o '9D '13lLjdlL oD~ ,u~ U.dn9DD1c3lL OA)'( 1X11\p ':OlL
-rol\)1 "!p f?lL~ l\rodd>JDd3X 9 3.l.~o ':,U,J,)dX1)..3W 9 'O")'(XIlL U,!)o/").. !p 'noJ. ~rlD1Co/").. Ol\3i~dXIlL od3.l.JX11~l ~.l. p'(3.l.
-Q3 9 3.l.~O ''01\).l.XJ. 9 3.l.~Q •:,noyj9~0Xl0 :,XIrJ :,nol\jrJD -OlLXI( nolL
\
'U,.J.,nXI
I ( •
UoD(l)I\A
I
Uo.l.
'\
OlLXI
\ (
:,od3rl
I
Xll\3# ( rJ 1XI.l.1310lLOI\
.,.
- noxXIi f?1lL '':O.l. •U,J,~dxro~ 'noD roD)lL ':'(OlL '31\Uod>J9 ,() -XIX1 1XIX 'nOI\AXI 1XIX ndourl 1.l.XI1A 01\0rl 13AC31\3 X nd
) \ - ' \ - \ I ... ' ( -
''3.l.U,J,9.l.lL3'( noD :,jX1.l.XUo'(lLXI.l.XIX '1.l. ~rJ (XIX :,13Xfi ':OlL -ourl 'ourod()"l9 Q, ·:,no" 131\)A ~" ~ ''ourod()"l9 131\prl
'oe~9 f?.l. ~W ·noxXId.l.D~ 'C?"~ 1.l.~rlliox f?.l.D ~.l.Dodurl '3x ~" ''pi\XIX 13ij'(X11~ ~" 13lLjdll- ·:rH.LVd)IU:r
-U,J,D)AO'('(nDXICXIlL (.l.XI1A ''3D(l).l.9XD~ ':OlL (XIX 'noD XIDjrl ·U,!)roi\A
I
lu 1XIX Uon3XDXI.l.XIX
\ \ \
1\U,.J.,D 'JOD3rlX11\XI
\ I (
'3D
I\XI.l.9XD1d9 ':0lL noi\)3X~ XII\O.l.Xj.l.1Xd~ no.l. O.l.XII\~() ((.l. ~1).. -XI.l.DJ~ ~() OD9lL roi\)X19XI'(XI.l.XIX XICo/.1- ':S:OdVIV<I>
tJeU.do)..U.dXIu ~" <_2dourl "~~ C?)..~ ~'('tV, • • • i noD ~ro~ ·:,no.l. ~iXIJ.3rl 1XI.l.I\OI\JdXAflD ~~ ':0lL Xll\3rl
~ 3XUo()o/'(XII\~ 1\0.l.no.l. Xll\o/A~ 1\l?.l.~ -·:rodVIV<I> -91\1XId> ''jX1.l.3cod>X11~ :,rop'(3.l. 1XI.l.I\OI\)XId> :,~.l.QXI '3JDXIAC~
! 13~~rlod.l. '':o.l. 10 3.l.9.l. <:,U,.J., :,3X~{)I\flD :,~.l.XII\(l~ :,(.l. :,3'(~ 13~)lL(l)J.3rJU
flOlL l\(l)3DXI.l.X3 l\(l).l.I\XIC3lLXI 1\(l).l. U.Uro1D Xl11\(l)1XI 1\Uo.l. 1\flOD -1\~ 1X ''X113ACjl\~ :,~.l. !p.QXI ~ririXId).. !p 13D~{}no'(OX~ ,1\
\ I ' I ' - \ I' \
-~lLDX>1~ ~1\ ~ 'l\nODJrl3A ~1\ :,nou9d.l. :,no1'()X ~rl 1XI.l.I\O~ :,(31\XIX 1XI.l.3cljd>X11~1\~ 1\~~ :,rori~ 1\XI.l.Q., 'Jd>dXIx ~.l. 3XUo()c;>3d
-)1\ro)..~ "~\? ! 10urod9"l9 1o (XI)I - ·~1-I.T.V d)IU:r -3.l.D~ '01~;1 ~.l. 1X11\p Xlri.D3'(j.l.OlL~ ~.L ! 13~~10'1\ 1\~.l. J.l. ,O.l.
'XI.l.DXId '~.l.I\O~j1lL Ol\9rJ (XIX 3.l.OlL~X ~ '~XII\fl~ ~1lL '~1dnd>.o Uol\
-~ox~ 1d~)..)..3d> f?.l. :,~du l\nO~)A9X1J - ·:rOdVIV<I> -9ri ~1ri ~rl ~ ''11dnd>.o :,~dx1ri ~ri 13A~url ~.l.(XIX .owi ~d
''XIJ.Xnl\ · :,U.J. -Uo'(XD ':'(OlL ~lL~ 1X ~ 'OI\1~.l.I\~0ClLri ~ '011\j03~1D 1X11\p ~1\
I -
U.iXIJ.~cXIlL U.U3ClL9'(XIA3rl !p (XIX XIJ.XIrlc;>D XI11\~CQO ~.l. 13D 23COlLrl ':OlL 'Jdnd>D XII\~ ,rl ~ 'XId.l.jlL ~1rl ~ri 13~lLnJ..X f?.l.
-~.l.d> ~1'. Xl.l.nXI.l.XI'(Ori 01iJ9 1X11\p 1\~rl ~1'. 3.l.DCJJ 'X113'(jd><? 1\~C 'Jd>CXIX XII\~ 13ifptrl ~1\ 13'(j() "V... ·no.l. 9lLOX.D f?.l. ~CXIlL 13~
-XI()XIX 1\lp.D 01\jrlDorlcXIDOdlL '<.291dX~ OD9.l. :,rorJ~ 1X11\p -~.l.10X 1\~\7 • • • :,3.l.U,.J.,91~1 '3dod>~1~~ ':,3'('(]9 1X 13Xfi ':OlL
"~~ •XIJ.XIrl~du XI13AJlL~ ~.l. :,no.l. 1.l.~rl ~.l. 131\)CXXI1~ ~" 3D O'('(XI.l.jri XII\~ ,.o XI.Djri ~~XI'(Uo~ 'pd9 '1J.. nolL~ 13C~lL :,(J..
-noxd~ '':O.l. ~E) ! :,~O.l.QXI ,1A X1J.Iu9rl1DUodX ~1rlX1X 1\noX ~" :,o,..jrlmdXout,~ 1X1"13 'X1.l.U,.J.,9x1J..DX1'(~ Uol\jri.o1d9 "~1ri
l6 NUJ.)f:o!.LIXdV 0 H. :;oNIVVll.l.:ol A.U::['IVA 'lO Yd 06
92 PAUL VALJ.l:RY ETilAAINO:E •H 0 APXITEKTON 93
7tOU\ 3:,1-rocv 7tp~v· xoct 1tw<; ocu~oc(-
1 l ) l
7tpbte~ veX. yeJ..occrw, &1\Aoc 3ev -ro r.mopw • • • lloc~e yLvouv 7tep~f.1.r::ve~ ocu-ro I

AOL7tOV ! vouv cre &:pfl.OV~x~ Q"X,EO""YJ fl.E -roc 7tpOCf.1.ot't'oc 1tou -roc 7tept-
-rptyupt-,ouv. ,.,. 'Y7totp:x,ouv
, L~
't't:/\O<; -roc\ r::pyoc
!{
-rou- ocv6pw7tou,
'
<l>AI~PO:E. - Xwpl<; &cr-rdoc, ~wxpiTI), -r( 6oc d-
,
X,€<; XIXV€~, ""
lXV l,t. '
,1crOUV 1Xp:X,~'t'€X't'WV
I
; 1tou 8toc7tepvouv, voc 7tOUf.1.e:, xoct -ro cpucrtxo xoct TI)v TV:X.1J'
:EQKP ATH:E. - llou voc -ro ~epw ; . .. <l>ocv-roc~o­ -roc XP1JO"Lfl.07totouv, &J..J..oc xoct -roc 7tocpoc~toc~ouv, xoct 7tot-
> > > I
fl.IX~ fl.OVo &7tocvw-xoc-rw 1tw<; eoc o31Jyoucroc -rou<; cr-roxoc-
(.l. l'f'
poti-'Lot-,OV't'ott IX7t IXU' I
t'IX, O"Ufl.<pWVIX fl.r:;l. oO"IX
<! "
E:L1t1Xfl.E: 7tpLV
crf.1.ou<; fl.OU. AtY1Jv &poc.
"0 fl.W<;, To\ or::v-rpo
~L ~1
or:; <pnotvet -roc x/..ocp~ot1 -rou, ou-re:
I \
\l>AI~PO:E. - <l>ep' -rou<; -rou/..oc:x,~cr-ro -rwpoc &<; -ro
...~ rr/•~ ~ • l! • ~
XIX't'WqJA~ -r!fj<; OLxo3ofl.!fi<; 7t0U 3ev ex-r~cre<; . '"' Tv/\1\IX 't'OU Ou't'E: 0 7t€'t'€LVo<; 't'1,J fl.U', t'"YJ XIXL, 't"OC, <p-repoc
:EQKP AT H:E. - Mou rp-rocve~ voc cruve:x.(crw -ro d8o<; Tou. 'AJ..J..oc -ro 8ev-rpo xocl 6/..oc -roc fl.EP1J ..ou, xoct 6 7te:-
ocu-ro -rou cru/..J..oy~crfl.ou, 1tou crocv bve~porpocv-roccr~oc d:x,oc 't"e:tvo<; xoct oJ..oc -roc 8tx.oc 't"ou fl.EA1J, cp-rtocvov-rocL &1to -rt<;
-rwpoc 80C &p:x.~v~cre~. t8te:<; 't'L<; 6e:f.1.E:ALocxe<; &p:x,e<;, 7tOU 8€v ~e::x,wp(~ov't'ocL &7to
Et1t1Xfl.€ -~ cr:x,e8ov et7t1Xfl.€- 1tW<; OAIX 't'OC opoc't'OC 't'O <p't"LOC~Lfl.O . ~ev f.1.7tOpe~ XIXVeL<; voc :x,wp(creL 7tOLO dvocL
T '~
7tp0Cfl.IX't'IX 7t1XpOC)'OV't'IX~ ~ yevv~OUV't'IX~ XIX't'OC -rpe~<; 't'p07tOU<;, 7tOU <p't'tiXVe:L, XOCL 't'L <p't'~IXVE:'t'IXL, e:~VIXL
' I \ \ I
1XoL1XLp€'
1
t'IX" XIXL 't'O
\

7tOU &.J..J..wcrn xocl ot -rpe~<; &vocxoc-reuov-roc~ xocl cruy:x.w- t8LO O"Ufl.~IXLV€L fl.E OAIX 't'OC ~(l)V't'IXVOC O"Wfl.IX't'IX, ~ XIXL 't'OC
, ) (). -
VEUOV't'IX~ IXfl.O~I-'IXLIX . . •
"A~~
1\AOC 7t1XpOUCHIX-,OUV 7tp07t1XV-
l'f' I cr:x,e8ov ~wv-rocvoc, 07t(A)<; -roc xpucr-roci\Aoc.. ~€v -roc yevvouv
e\ \ {).~I
't'(l)V 't'1JV 't'U:X,IX~IX O"Ufl.1t't'(l)0"1j, XIX W<; 't'O l-'/\€1t0fl.€ O"'t'IX
' I I \ OL• e:ve:pyete<;
' ,
XIXL\ or:;V f.1.1tOpe:t- XotVEL<;
~1 \ '!:"
VOC\ e:-,1j)' ,
1JO"E:L TIJ )'EV-
.. - 10"1) 't"OU<; fl.E1 XOCVEVIX
VYI' I ~
O"UVoUOCO"fl.O Qt7t0 e:ve:pye:te:<;, )'LIX't'L\
' ' ' ' '
XOfl.fl.OC't'~IX evo<; 0"7t1XO"fl.EVOU ~poc:x,ou, ~ cr' EVIX 't'07tt0 7t0U
8€ 8LocAE~IXfl.e:, fl.E crx6pme<; crucr-roc8e<; 8€v-rpwv €8<7> x.' ot 7tpoc~e:t<; 1tpoU1to6e-rouv xt6J..oc<; -rou<; ~wVTocvou<; bp-
exe~. "AJ..J..oc - xoc6w<; -ro 8€v-rpo -ro t8~o, ~ -ro ~wo, ~ -ro yocvtcrf.1.ou<;.
XOfl.fl.OC't'~ &:/..oc-r~, 7tOU 't'OC 7tOAUe8p~xoc 't'OU 7toprpupoc xpu- Kt ou-re: f.1.7topoufl.e: veX. 7t0Ufl.e: 1tw<; ye:vvLOuv-rocL ocu-
O"'t'IXAAIX 7t~~ouv -ro evoc 8t7tAIX cr-r' &."AJ..o fl.UO"TI)p~ocxoc­ 't"Ofl.oc-roc - ocu...Y) ~ Ae~1J e:!vocL &:7tAOUO"'t'OC't'OC Ofl.OAoy(oc 't'!fj<;
fl.~<; &vocyxoc~ouv voc cru/..J..oc~Ofl.E -r~v evvoLoc fl.~~<; ocu~1Jcr1J<; &8uVotfl.Lot<; flOC<; •••
cruy:x.poV1J<;, O"'t'oc6e:p!fj<; XIXL 't'UqJA!fj<;, fl.EO"IX cre fl.~OC 8Locp- Eepofl.e: &.J..J..wcr-re: 1tw<; ytoc veX. \mocp~ouv ocu-roc ..eX.
xe:~ot 1toU rpoc(ve-rot~ croc voc -roc 1tep~ex/..e~ve fl.Ecroc 't'"YJ<; 8uvoc- 7tpocfl.OC't'IX, :X,LAtoc8e:<; &.J..J..oc 7tp0Cfl.IX't'IX :x,pe:toc~OV't'IXL XOV't"OC
l f:1
1 >~ I (.1.~
I I I > ~
fl.~Xot. ¢IX /\€)'€ XIXV€~<;, l-'/\€1tOV't'ot<; Tot, 1tW<; IXU't'O 7t0U IX
' e\ 't'OU<;. 'E~ocp't'WV't'OCL OC7t0 't"O xoc6e:-r(, fl.' OAO 7t0U ~ evep-
--
·nolL pox ·~mod~ 13~31\"C.l.l\(')~1>1\1>i ~1\ ~xu.o11xA.-cl\~ 13lLjdlL -<?dQI\~ !:JO.l. 11rl.o1d<?I\A 11>1\}3 'J1>N - ·:s:H.LV d)!U:!
)
~J..Q1> fJ.i>3dJm~ If '<?lL :-ex '13.0jXdm~ ~1\ pdoJ.Lrl 1\~~ ;,no.l. ! ;,jXd~ '~.1..o1d(l)X ~.1.11x 1>JA.domrltt.~ ~1rl
~j1rl~l\~ If '<?lL ;,pi\1>X 3A3'{, ~0 ·~d-ee-ex O'{'{"ft ,.1. C(lL~ ~03X.O'C.l.10X 3Q~X I\C(lL10'{ 1\10.1.~ ~E)- ·:s:OdVIV<.J>
1>1\fi C(.l. I\!}O.l..01d(')X3j ~1\ 11.1.11rl~dlL ~.l.Q"C 1i)d.l. ~.l. ;,(d(l)X ·110.l.I\O~jd(l)X3~ 1\~~ 'o1~~ f?.l. 7cljX C(.l. (10X lLI\pXj 10JrlOI\
'1>rl(u.o~1~ C(X11\0dX Ol\jrl.01d 9 'Ci\fi 13~1\d3lL 1\~~ ;,(l)rl~ ~.lOlL -od13X If orl.o9x C(X1.oodl 1\f?.l..O ~'('(V, ·~I\10Q1lL '<J'{lL~ fL.o
.1J..o031\I?llo.o 'C10lL~X ('CX 1'C.l.p'{3.l.I\O.O 'C.l..01'{~rJ 3.l.OlL~X -jX.o ~1rl '1djX C(.l..O (10X 1J..olLI\jX 1\'fl-.o 10.03rl~l\~ ' n.o10rl9~
('CX '~"C'{'{'C.l.l\~ ~ox~1~~ 1'C.l.31\)A "C.l.-crl~dlL ~.l. ~.l.Q'C ,.o -10.l.l\10dl 110x
\
00.1. r.wtt.Mx
I I
1\'',
~ \
oJ.L10C 1d3X
7
0.1.
\
0.1.010
\ C
3rlo"'1d(l)X
,(1
'C.03rl"CI\V
I c
·;,orJ.oox.
I
;,OlL10VOJ.LO
~~
0 11>X 1'CI\13
a a \ · \
1'CX •00.1. fLXoh.
I 'I' -3i 'oo.L 1djX C(.l. 13~3'{10.0 ;,oJ.L(l)O{)I\rf 9 1\10.1.0,. ·;,(u odxp.
1\lfl. 13xDJd9 'oo.1. -crl<_?.o f?.l. "C.OjTl 13Xj 13X.OJd9 : -c.J..-crl - 1\10
C
1\001\110-lOOlL
I t)
OOlL
\
'31'(0X.OOO
I
10 110X
<\\ ) \
'(')
)
'13.0XI03lL
I
1\0.l.
\
'CI\
\
-~dlL "C'{~A3rl "CJd.l. 131\)0X"C1~ 1\"ClLTl~::S: C(.l..O ;,olL(l)O{)I\~ 0, ~1A p'{X1.l.10X ~OlL 'C(0110X 9 'orl9d~ C(.l. C(.l.Q10 ..0 13~3~9 ~OlL
·;,oi\OA9.l.(l)dlL ~'{OlL 1'XIX ;,C('{lL~ ~'{OlL ;,C(rl.01AO'{'{O.O ;,'Ci\fi 01\pXj '13Aj'(101~ ~OlL ;,orJ9d~ 9 'CJ.OQO 101~l 1\~.l. C(lL~ I\10.L~
pxd~ '-ct~1 l\~1rl '(l)rl9 3rlod~lL ~1\ ~1J ·-elLp ~.l. o.o~ "Ci\ ~1\ 1\~.o<!> p1oJ.Lorl1.ofLdX ~.1. ~ ;,oo.l. (l)d~..t 13~Jd3rl10d-clL
-jrl.o1d(')X3j o.o 9 .1. -c.l.l\~lL 1-cl\p 1\~V - ·:s:H.LV d)!U:S: ''(u (wtt_I\,X
I }
1\(u.o
\
13o31\(l)llo.o
I
10.1,
\
';,no.L 1"'10Tl
1,1.
110.l.3c.,x-1
_..(I 't:J
! oo.1. ;,13.0-c-l
I't)
'1.1.
\
nd-1
-
"CI\
'cJ \ -1-lrln.o
'cJ 10'(V10 ~
10.1. 13.0101010AO'(
C \
\ \.c '10109lLTl3 I
101\
\
;,1d(l)X
\
110X
\
10.01
;,(l)lL
.,..
1-cx
\
OO.l.O'C
... C
oorl.o1d(l)X
..,.
OO.l. 10101\i\3 1\fL.l. 13.0U-crlfLX.o
... f( \I -9'{9 ~.lOlL po(')XodlL 1\~~ .00.1. ~3'(j.l.Xj 1\~.l. C(lL~ 01~jX.O
~1\ 'PI\"CX 3doJ.LTl '<JlL ~'{'{~ 'J1>N - ·:s:odVIV<I>
1 101\fi 13~)d(')X ~~ .10J.Lo.1.90lL ;,(d(l)X 'XI.l.10rl.OjdoA.101\10i ;,id(l)X
·-crl.03'{j.l.OlL~ C(.l. C(lL~ ';,jrl1XO~ ;,1o(')X ' fL.J.. 9.1.010~ (.C(.l. 10Jd(u3dl~ ;,10.l.I\OI\Oj10lL
1013AOjl\j If (10X '-cnA.dji\j 1\~.l. f?lL~ C(.l..01d(')X3i ;,('))3'(3.1. 'fLdjrl ~.l. '(u XI'{~ ~.0 10d110XA!}.O 131\)10jQ10 .0'(01\~.0 C(.l. C(lL~
11>1\p 01~jX.o C(J.. ·;,ool\9dX on ;,~0.1..0 (1>X I\OOXj.l.3rlrlo.o ;,3130jrlO.l.lL3'{ 'i.L 13~jd(l)X3i 1\~~ 1J..o~'{lL If '(u ~13'{00~
'13j~OlL 10 •l\9.l.Q1> ,.o 1i.Ojrl 'OlL90.l. 1\0'{'{rf 1\1>1\fi ~.l.'CX 'fl-3: •;,73i~OlL ~rJ 1310lLOI\10X ;,(.l. !}O.L ~OlL 'OI\j~ OM100Q.L
'11>.l.3Xj103lL (1>X 'o.l.<_?dJ.L 1\C(.l. 00.1. "C.Ojrl 131\)3'{X103lL oJ.L90.1. 1\101\-., OlL10 OX1'(0 0,1..0
;1 \ ( \ ) \
110.l.I\OVV10,J1lL3
l,.\.1
'tJ ( 101\
\ 1\10.0
'(t.o3X.O
I \ 110X
\
l\010lL~X ~.1.1>)1 ·oorl.o9x !}OX1.0odJ !}O.l. '01\90X 9 1'CI\p ;,0'( -10.1.10x 1\~.l. C(lL~ '~.1..o1d(l)X 1101\p ;,~Xd~ ;,~xX11'(3rl3Q iO
-xr; o. ·-c.l.(l)13'{j.L~ 'oo.1. Qj1>.1.3rl 13~~o~l\o.o ~.l. 1-cx -c.1.-crl ·nol\ no.1. ''3~~dlL '1.1..0 110.l.I\O'(J3dl9 ~.l.Q10 ''olL
-~dlL ~.l. 1>'{9 1'C.l.13rl1rl :-ex pdoJ.LTl ~OlL '"CJ.OQO ;,tt.d3~1\~ - (l)O{)I\rf 9 131\~1.J..dl ~olL '(')rl9 101\3rlpxu,l\~ ,.1. ~,;,. o.oo,.
'~ odld9x 1\C(.l..O ''1>.l.fL.l.9.1.1>1\0~ '!6XlL~ ;,~ ~Xo1d3lL 1\'fl-.O .,ru ~X101\oTi 13.o~A.doo,rltt.~ ~.1.
13~'{0X 'OO.L ,1>1\fi 9 ·'001\9dX 0~~ ~.0 13A0001rlfL~ ~1\ OOlL ~1\ fLA10Xjl\~ 1XI.l.31\j1>dl l\(l).l.~rl10dlL 1\(')'{'{rf 1\<_?.l. 1\(l)'{~ 1013A
% NU.L)I:!I.LIXdV 0 H . :IONIVVU.U£ XU:;J:'IVA 'IflVd '16
--
-Ol-lL:3'{ ~'{::leD<;)(,~ 1fl17l10X IJ..Oj9 nXfi 1\~~ 10l-~rl.or0:3'X.010l-~X 'l01:3Xd~1~ ~
10.1.010
\ '
101\~rl~XoJ..ilL::l
7
10.1.17 •;:;109:3rl
' \ u I
~mrl
,..
?OJ..lt..1.9"'rlox
'If
l<.1.~x 110X l0l-~9:3d:3J...O rp 1\~lLiO'{ Pl-~~ilL:f{, '1\(1).1. norl10X !}0.1.
-n.oodu.~ H. ·9 rl.o?O;.onoel\il ~ <!JlL t?J.. ~1\ :?<!JlL '"'1\f. l\oo 1t\u. ~rl.o1doodu. 0210d;orl 1\~J...o 10l-!}Ol-i! Moj~l-1.1.1\~ ,1\ 13eou.
4
-rlf !?~rl 1 :3'X~9~A~OdlL ~OlL ?Orl~'{g9dlL OXO'{lLJd:3lL t"?J.. ~rJ ~OlL IJ..o10l-.O)l-l\~ 1\~ i:3~~dcbxf <;lOlL 110X 00.1. ?OAdfi J(ll-.0
:3rlOI\)d'XAO.O !?1.1. 1\lO.l.$? '!?Ol-10rl.Oj'{:3.l.OlL~ !}Ol-?Ol-h9'{lL~ 1lOX 1:3.0o/~10.1.:3rl ~ lflt\ P910lL.OOdlL <;lOlL '~Xd~ 1\~)dl- J(l1rl
lO)'{OXQ:3 ~Xi'{:3l- ~ !?<?lL 1lOX •orl1.olfdX C?l- 110X O.!?Odc;> C?l-.0 i:3.0)d(I)I\A?OI\~ ,"- 110l-:3~~XA?OI\~ 4 1:3"-~il-cb ~OlL J(ll-Q10 1\00.0Jd
?O.o:3rl~l\~ 101:31\jAAO.O ?OiOlL~X i:3Xd~lL9 ;<'!>lL ~rl~9.0;!?0 <?l- -OAOOOlLlOfl10
~ ' '
1\ ~Y. fi.OO,I,~dl-.010.1.?0){
'1'7
?Ofl. 11\f\O.OOV?OjO ?01\ ?01\3
\ I'- ~ \ I
!??Orl ~Xo~ 1\~.0 pl\iX ?Ol-~9'{~'{'{?0.l.?OX ~Q?O ?013'{j.l. H, - O'{C( 1\!}0rldC( <;lOlL :?IJ..o~'{lL !?~ ?Ol-10rl~fl.iX J(ll- ~rJ 110X orJ.o
·:?~1\0~~ So~p ?Ot\f. n~~J..!J.u. '1:3.0j'{3l-'><i! 1(11\ p.1.DmdX ~OlL -9x OlLi0'{9lLt;l fl~l- ~rl 1:3fi~X lfl"- :?10.1.1\0Xfi 'pJ..doo;rl~~
l0).0:3d!J.lLC} 1\~.0 1?0x Ol\:3rlJ:3Xil-l\~ ?01\f. ,.o l0.0:3rlrl\~ ?0)1\('l)cD ~ou. ~ i:3~Jl-X <;lOlL S~l-Q10 ';(l)rl~ ~id:3rl ~W{t "~ <?lLV,
-rlo.o ~dooJ..?Orlo?Oe 1\C?~zX.o ~ t?lL~ ';o/u. 1"'x .:?~;cbdor.9 ·md>aorlo ?OrlMo 0.1. ~rl :3rlooJ..~";u.:3 0.1.010 ;x -
'oo.1. ~Xn"'
I ' " \ \ - "" ' \ ' I 'It
IJ..o(l)lLQ.l-1\f 1(1irl l\l0l-91M:3A ?01StJJ dx~ 1\~ <?lL~ :?c:>lL 1\lOl-91\ 1\~ ~rl ~Xil-:3X.o :3.1.;!:3 '-'D13'(Jd>rp 1\flO~~rlOI\<f ~OlL ~Xd~ ~
- i10cD norl J(ldocb J(lirl?O)I ~ l0l-~9'X1J..10rlkx:du. 1\~.0 :?:31\jrl::l~ i101\p ~Q10 ;x- '00.1. ?Orl<!].O C?l- ~rl J(lXil-:3X.o :3.1.;!:3 4?01\jrl
- d::lu.rl?Ol-1\~lL 1?01\p 1\~~ ''1:3~rdcbxil ;1.1.1\?0l-S? :?1:3~Jd(I)X:3j ~'{ -(l)ri10x i101\p oou.o/del\~ no.1. lOJ..?OrllfJ..dnmrl~~ lfll- 'c:>u. :3rl
-?OX 0.09.1. <;lOlL :?~l-Q?O ;~Xd~ JO '~'{'{y,- ':iOdVIVcl> - !}Ol-cD:3X.O l(ll\ ~XiAO'{ "-C?lLiO'{ i?Ot\13: - ' :iH.LV d)!U:i
'9:3d:3J...O 1?01\p 1\(e 1X :3rlo~r1d?OAO'{ l(ll\ '00.1. :?jXd~ ;1.1. ~l-10X 00.1. 9.1.010j I\C?l-
oJ..dfi :39rX ~.o 1\no~r'XA?OI\~ :?~rl '~XU?Ol-.01d:3lL Ml- ?0210X i:3~Jl-X?OI\10j 110x 10.1.10rl~du. ~l- 10'{~ i'{~lL 1:3~Jd(I)X:3j .00.1.
- 0.1. ~.1. 1lO'X !?c:>9?0X 00.1. 10rl91\ JO 1lOX ':?orJ.09X !?OlL10'{9lLC} ~Xntjl "~ J(liA ?OJ.. ;~.1./\0A~'{ncb 4101\jrl.010d:3lL J(ll- 00.1. Jrldox
C( l(l'{'{~ ·r;cbdorl<f 1\~ nrJ..~~OlL~ !??Orl ~M~ ~ 1?0X .9x C?l- C?lL~ J(lidX10rl !?10.1.1\01\Xo/i~OlL~ 4 1:3~1\lLflE: 'MO.OjXd10i~
-1'{og ~J.. ?OdzJ...o<;~o'{lL~ ~ 'orl1'{jcb<:> <?l- :3rlnoeou. ~1\ 1:3~r,9 ?01\
\
1\00dolLrJ
,...
1\~0
\~
10.1.0?0
\ '
VO 1 lO.l.~OX1l-lOrlA10dlL
(l..;J I
fltu..O
\
?OV
\ \.
:?~rl ?Orl<!J.o ~l- '~l-Q?O , rl 101\(l)cbrl<;~~ - ':iH.LV d)!U:i - '{V, • • • i::l~A~t\OX 1\~.1. ~ou. C?XUX?OrlodJ.. OlL(I).09du. 1\J(l.O
·~1\Xjl- ~d:3l-91:3'{:3l- 1\~ <!Jdme ~~ - ':iOdVIVcl> i:39o/il\ C?l- 'oo.1. 9'{ooJ..~rl C?J...o :??OJ..<;~rl ;~;rl ~d:3.1.cb <?.1. C?lL~
·onrl!J..o
...,
od:3J..ov~A-- 0.1..0
I~ 'J• \
1:3._,10,.~:31\10 .1. 110x
;/.J 'C/ ' ' \
10rl::l'{~J..d10J.. ~.1. .~1\(l)cD ~~o/;d~.oorl ~;J.. 00.1. ;9.1.10rl210 !}O.l.
pl-110lL~ J(ll- ~X1 1\0l-X:3l-1Xd~ ~ OI\9W- ':iH.LV d)!U:i ~ofJ ~ ,;<!]cb ~;). no.1. 099lL 1\~.1. i:31\d)10IJ ·IJ..o~I\)X J(liA no.1.
• ooJ..dt. oo~::l'{jl- !}OJ.. ?OJ..10rl.OJ d(l)t\A lf.o010lL~I\~ 1\~.l- 110X 10d.l.jlL ~; ). f\0 .1. i~9lL ~.1. J(ldOcb J(lirl10X
10'{~A:3rl 1(1.1. ~X1.1.X>rlJ..10du. 1101\p ~J..QV- ':iOdVIVcl> 1:31\d)10lL 110.1.~rl1ox <;lOlL ;ou.(l)d9"~ Q, - ':iOdVIVII>
'6 NO.LXS:.LIXdV 0 H. :IONIVVU.lS: X'll:jl'IVA 'IflVd 96
98 PAUL VALERY E1'11AA1NOl: "H 0 APXITEKTON 99

fJ.epe:toc. oe OLIX'O)pouv moc Tbto't'IX 1tOU voc fJ.~V fJ.1tOpOUfJ.E:


voc To aufJ.1te:pocvofJ.e: &7toxA.e:tanxoc &1to Tl~ &~twae:t~ Tij~
) f
E:VTU1tc.>a1)~
\ ) ~ I
1tOU e:moLCOXOfJ.E, <M~.AIX vtco OfJ.E 1tc.>~ x.pe:toc-
~'\ \ 16 \
~6-rocv ax_e:oov evoc~ 6e:o~ ytoc evoc -r6ao ~e:A.ocyocpta!J.evo
aU!J-7t€pocafJ.oc. 'l7tocpx.ouv €pyocA.e:i:oc 6ocu!J.IXaToc, fJ.E 7tocpoc-
~e:v1) <pco"'t'e:tv6'0)TIX, YU!J.voc aocv x6xocA.oc. XIXL 1tOU 1tE:pt-
1.
fJ.t:VOUV, XIX
6\CO~ TIX\ X6XIX/\IX,
~ '1' I
oUVIXfJ.E:L~
.. It'
1) 1tp1X<.,E:L~ XIXL TL-
\ I

1tOTIX 1te:ptaa6Te:po,.
:EOKP ATH:E. - Ervoct aoc voc YLVY)XIXV fJ.OVIX)'.OC TOU~,
\ I I t I f I
fJ.E XIX1tOtov Tpo7to · 1) 7tpooctcovtoc XPY)GLfJ.01tO~Y)a1) TOU~
P. -
t-'PY)XE: ' ' TOV
IXVIXYXIXGTLXIX ' ~I
XIX/\UTe:po TU1t0
I TOU~. ( H IXoLIX-
'"' I

, \ I 1 )~ \ I I \
X01t1) E<p1XpfJ.OYY) GUVIXVTIXE:L To LOIXVLXO XIX1tOLIX fJ.Epoc, XIXL
a-roc~J.ocToce:L &xe:r. 0t x.tA.tocoe:~ ooxL~J.e~ XLA.tococov &v6pw-
'·' "\I ~
1t..,.V auyX/\LVOUV atyoc\ atyoc\ 1tpoc; \
TY)V mo\ OLXOVOfJ.LXY)
) \

XIXL T~V mo a(youpY) fJ.Op<p~· fJ.OAL~ T~V &m-ruxouv, 't'~


fJ.LfJ.E:LTIXL
- ~~
0/\0~ 0 X
( 6GfJ-0~' \ \ (
XIXL 't'IX E:X<lTOfJ.fJ.UpLIX
I ~
~VTLTU1tiX
I

) I \ 1 \ , ,L 1
IXVTIX1tOXpLVOVTIXL YLIX 1t<XVTIX GTIX fJ.UpLIX 't'1JAIX<pY)fJ.IXTIX
\ 16 \
1tOU 1tpOY)YI) Y)XIXV, XIXL GUfJ.1tL1tTOVTIXc; fJ. IXUTIX, T IX1tO-
I ) ' I ) ,

()X€1tOC~OUV. KocTL TeTOLO ~Ae1tOfJ.E: &~ XIXL a~v toL6-rpo-


1t1) -rex.v1J Twv 7tOLY)Twv, oxt !J-6vo a-ro uA.txo Tou ~uA.oup­
you ~ -rou x.puaox.6ou ••• ITot6~ ~epe:t fJ.OCAtaToc, <l>«i:-
opo, c1v 0 &ywvoc~ TWV &v6pw1tc.>V xoc6w~ cXVIX~Y)TOUV TO
0e:6· c1v ot Te:A.e:-roupy(e:~, ot 1tpoae:ux€~ 1tOU ooxLfJ.OC~ofJ.e:,
( > I 6 ~~ I
1) E:1tLfJ.OVY) €/\1)()1) !J.IX~ VIX t-'POUfJ.E: TLc; 1tLo LXIXV01t0LY)TL-
\ (). - \ 1 (

XE:~
I
• • • IT OLO~
I t''
<.,Epe:L .. OL• 6VY)TO~,
lXV I fJ.E:' TOV
' XIXLpO,
I " ' ' 6'
oe: IX
~pouve: fJ.LOC ~E:~IXLO'O)TIX -~ fJ.LOCV &~e:~IXLO'O)TIX, a-roc6e:-
.,ru ~,dlf.J..onrl t>.l. 1YJ.l.t\oX~rl '~.1- JOrl(')'(lL)9 1?.1. <?.l.~YJ '~JtJ1clxy, - '::S:HJ.V d)IU::S:
t>" 1YJX '(u ;>Uf\;>f\f 1'\00~Jdn). t>" \)OlL 'J010.l.j.l. t>X1.l.Dnrl ·fl.j~cllL "~.1-.o JO'{lL~ "no"J~ t>" :>~11'\j.l.YJ"r ' lf:xufl.clme :>~.1.
13~;>lLdJOdJndx '~.1. t>" 1JOX 'lu 9.1.nYJ~ "1?.1. ~rl ~39).1."~ ~D :>nfl..l.9clx~ 10 3.l.OlL;>X 131'\)JOt)rln.o (lO)I- '::S:OdVIV<l>
131'\036
I
I' )()(\
,~ \
'13"'JOX).JO(\J0.,3
,1.1 ,A,
1'\fJ..l.
\
)()(\
\
')01).
\
1J0.1.13rl1rl
,..
(u
\
'JO(\ 'fJ..o
\ ' 9X1.1.YJrlJ..JOcllL 1'\~.l. ~rl :>no.1. :>ocl7rl YJt\fi ,.o
-YJ.l.DJ03lL f\~ ~rl YJ).O'(;>f\~ 1X fl..oc;tdJ ~.1. 1:!>'f''(3).3~ t>" 'Pt\JOX MO.l.lLJlLrln.o \)OlL ''n 01.0~'(lLYJOJOlL 0.09.1. t>do<h t>1rlm< 1'(;>lL
13lLjOlL 'C?lL t>rl<!> ;:).3'(:iJ,. 'JO.l.!}O.l. f?lL~ \''(OlL 1JOX t\OOOj dJ (lOX .10.l.fJ.9t\lO.l.YJX~ t\!}0.1.1'\YJ.l.JOX t>" 3.l.Dr.:J ' 'JOrJ 9X1~ f?.l. !?lL~
-'J01~ ~~ \'OlL YJ1).9'( 3A3'(~ ~dml'(~ \)'{OlL YJrl9.1..0 lOt\:iJ,. ';>1JOO t>OOdJ t>1rlJOX :>t;tOII10XYJrJ 0.09.1. 'JO.l.fl..l.913'{3.l. ~X103.l.(')Dr
-13ll 1'\f?.l.D JO.l.JOrl;>cllL 'J01~~ t>.l. JODooxy,,- '::S:OdVlV<l> ~rJ :>norJ.o9x 31'\00~J.l.X 'OlL90.l. t\0.1.!}0.1. f?X1~10 f?.l. ~rJ (lO)I
.,~.l.fi.X ''00.1. ;>.l.JOn9t\<f t>.l. ~;J :>31'\jrJ(')'('{JO.l.DOOXOlL~ 1X '3t\jrlD1009
-11'\ OlLOO.l. t\010lLYJX 3rl 13t\1YJ).rl 1YJX YJ.l.1uOX1.l.'JOnAYJOlL fJ..1.
I I \ I 'c) \ I - lOX \''(OlL '13j;>dlL •!}Of\ !}0.1. '13j;>dlL t>OJOlL (').l.;>X (').l.;>X
- (}0.1. 7J19~'{lL f\~.1. 13~'frlYJ~ 'OlL(')06t\~ 9 'YJnfl..l.D'f1~ 01'\jrlD f?.l. 1YJt\p t\~~ '~dJclorJ 10 (YJX JO.l.JOiJD;>'(lL t>.l. 00.1. JO'(~ \)OlL
-1 09 t>1A (lOX '13D;>.l.D103lL '3"jrlD~d9 ~D t>XXV, '!}Of\ !}0.1. t>rl 'O.l.I_?OlL 1'\f?.l.f?lL~ t\01'\jrl'{JO).t) \)'{OlL-OAJ'( 'orl.o9x f\0'('{~
fJ.~~cllL t>1rl 13t)"f''{103lL t>" pdolLrl JOD~ ,lL~ 'JO.l.JOrlDj'{:?.l. 1'\lOt\f. ,rl ':>::t\Xj.l.1'('(JOX 10'{'{~ 1o 110.l.t\O~)f\(')).~ no.1. ~1.l.";>"r
-OlL~ J003.1.9DD1o3lL \)'{OlL 1JOX YJ.l.'JOnDJO(')II). YJ03.1.9DD103lL \)OlL 'oiJD9X f?X1DndJ 1'\f?.l. t\00t\)10.l...D10.1.10X1.l.t\ V, '9.l.D(')f\).
\''(OlL 00.1. )~YJrl ndjdJ1lL3t\nD ·'c;torl.o1oOOOlL '001'(JX 131'\<?cl YJ.l.3X010 1101'\13 ''(');lo ''nO.l. OX1.l.DnrJ 0.1- 101A ODQ 'J01).ovorl
\ ' II I \ \ I~ I ~ '('}
-fl.'{lLXr ''313lLjt\OD '3013lL~ ~rl 1JOJ..3Xjt\OD f?X1.l.'JOnAYJOlL (.l. -1clx~ fl.d3.1. ofl..l..o~YJ f\~ ~lL~ 1lO.l.j1M3A YJ)03.l.03'(r fl.o3.l.C}'(
9
-39l0)1 ·:>nolL90.1. '<;'O'('(OlL t>.l.YJX 3rl!}OlL t>" nXcl;>lLf} ~.l.fJ.9DJlO -10).3;l H ) ·nox1).ov
.... ~-
no.1. 10ilD1.l.10rlocJxJO
\ tJ '
f\YJD 1101'\13 nolL 1010
\ ..t. ~ ~
(.1.3fil0)1 ''JO'(OXQ3 0.09.1. r~x 1XQ,, - '::S:HJ.V d)!U::S: -)t\).110lL t>X1).10iJ (lOX YJ1lLJ.l.03.l. t\001'\<?0JOX~ '10.1.10rlD;>t\X3.l.
! :>13DJOXJ01~ :>(.1. '~.l.~YJ ,D t>.l. (YJX J0.1.fu91YJXAYJt\~ f\~ YJ.l.n'{;>1~3j~ t\OOC}3.1.10XYJI\~ ,"
JOrJne 9 olL 0.09.1. JO.l.fu9 x1.l.JOrl).JOolL (lOX 13(}0XlOlLf} t>'('(~
'f OlLOO.l.
I
1'\0.l.
\
ndrl
- 'rJ
31'\noXr:r '10t\13lL10.l. 1YJI\13 101'
.3.1' I \
\ o).ov
I l.
YJt\31'\JOX
I
•JO.l.YJrl'fJ-fl.~ t>X1.l.fl.ome t>.l.D JOnD1d<?X3~ ~.1. ~.l.~JO 1X ,~.1- 1\noX~ "~~ (O.l.~YJ :>31\Xj.l.1'('{10X 10 - '::S:HJ.V d)!U::S:
-~JO :>~Xd~ :>1.1. J01YJt)jt) (')f\)JOt)JO'(YJ.l.JO)I- '::S:OdVIV<l> ·~fJ.t\ 9 odJ1cl3lL ~W - '::S:OdVIV<l>
·:>jXcl~ :>~.l.D1o(')X::~ ~W- '::S:HJ.Vd)!U::S: I '10.l.t\<?'{3AOrl10X '7J'(91X (\(\0~;>.1.10X
! 'i'Xcl~ '~.l.D10(')X3~ ~W - '::S:OdVIV<l> :>~rl(O.l.~lO IJ"r ' MOI\;>X t>9 'C?lL 110.1.1'\0~JdnXDJ ).l. YJrJ9x
'JOh'{fi !}OD \)OlL 'lf:n3XDJ0.1-JOX -~ 3.l.D10iJ91.1.(')010t\~ '23rl (lOX ,,00.1. 101~9lL-t>.l.D t>.l.DOOlLiJ
'~.1. oo"pxr oolL9d.1. no.1. :>ot)rlYJJd9 9 1YJ"P 'oo.1. :>~rlYJ"C?~ 1101'\p 10rl10o~e f?.l. 'YJdJ3M(}D t>.l. f?lL~ 13.l.dJjlL ('{OOlL <?.1
wr Ntl.LX:[J.JXdV 0 H . ::J:ONIVVIJ.U I X'H:;J:'IVA 'lfiVd oor
102 PAUL VAL~ftY El'f1AAINO!: "H 0 APXI'l'EKTOI'< 103
:E!lKPATH:E.- 'Eyvwp~cre<; J...omov nJ...~6o<; Eum~­ J...(e:<; -r~<; 6&.f...IXO'O'IX<;, xocl taw<; crx6-rc.ucre: X1Xfl7t6crou<; !XA.-
l.tvou<; ; f...ou<;, y~<X -r(no-roc ~ucrxof...(c:<; &n' ocu-re<; nou (3yoc(vouv
ll>AIAPOI:. - Etp.IX~ &!to ((ll'O'~XGU (lOU cp ·l.om:p(ep- \ I \ " ) ..... .,..
O'TY) flEO'l) O'TOU<; OLXOU<; IXV0;(7)<; 'Yj O'TL<; X07tLOCO''t'LXe:<; o0-
\ \ ~

y or
" rII e Tour
., 'TC:XVL'TC:<;.
' 'E1tL'>7JT<U
y - 1X;(Op'T1XYIX
, ' 'T'Y)I yvc.upLfl '~IX ,1.'
O'OA7J'!'Le:<; t;'l
flC:TOC<.,U -
7te:LpXT(l)V. MlOC 0/\
Jh' OCUTIX
, ' 61;x I
't'IX
•t:
E:<.,C:-
r
lie > 6 I ' It;' ><1>1
lXV p<U7tOU<; 07tOU OL 7tp1X<.,<:L<; XIXL OL LoC:C:<; 'TOU<; ~LAO-
I ' I '
't'EAE:O'C: XIXAcX.
1

XOU{jC:V'T~cX~OUV flC:TIX~U TOU<; XIX61XpcX. '0 crocp6<; 7t0U {3p'i)- ~!lKPA'l'HI:.- llof...u cpo(3ifJ.IXL fl~V e:!viX~ ~ O'XLcX
XIX cr•ov Ile~piX~a ~TIXv €v1X<; ~otv~xiX<; noM~c:po<; xiXl 't'OU cX7t0 ~ p.e:pta TOU 'I~LOVIX.
7t1XpcX~O~IX 7tOAU7tf...c:upo<;. "Ex1Xvc: 7tpWTIX ~ouf...o<; O''T~ ll>AIAPO~. - Mn&.. l 0<X (3y~xe: J...&.ot l ... Mv -roc
L ~XE)...'~IX. 'A7t0 OOUAO<;,
'I> -~
I ,
C:YLVC: flC: flUO'TI)pL<U~7) -rp67to XIX-
I ' ) I
;(IXVE 1tOTe:. K IX'6E O''t'LYfl'f) fl'.AOUO'Z
~I ,~
flOVO<; TOU X EAe:ye:
-
. ' , •

7tETcXVLO<; O'E O'XOUVIX ' XL cX7tO VIXUTLX6<;, 7ttp1XO'C: flcXO'TOpiX<; B&.cr-riX ye:poc l Boccr-riX ye:p&. l ... T( &~to<; &v6pw1to<;
x&.A.cp1X<;. 'Acpou {31Xpt61Jxe: .a fl1tiXAWfliX't'IX, xiXl 7t1Xp1X- ~"t'IXV f ••• ~Ev e:!xe: 7tOTE "t'OU 6J...(~e:<;, 7t1XpcX7tOVIX, "t'U-
"t' ' '
<UVTIX<; 'T~<; '"). 1
7tiXAL~::<; '
XIXpLVe:<; ytiX\ XIXtvoupytc:<;,
, ' ~
e:yxiX't'IXO'TcX- .r. , eUfl~E:<;
'!'<: ~<;, e:m ' .I , , , "'HTIXV ·'~
OAO<; ) '
e:ve:pyc:~IX, XIXLI « TOL<;
-

67Jxe: v!Xu7t7Jy6<;. 'H yuv!X(xiX •ou xp!XToucre: p.~a TIX{3lpv1X flE"t'pl)"t'OL<; » l


~'
A'LYIX p7Jfl1XTIX fl1X><pt1X' IX7to
' \ TIX\ crx1Xpt1X Tou.
I
~ev ¥-xw ~e:'i: ~nKP AT HI:. - n yupe:uc:~ IXU"t'o<; o 7trxf...t&..v6pw7to<;
, 6pc.uno flC:' mo' ~ ~ 6'~-
7tOAU7tO~X~AIX c:tp otiX, mo' noM~c:po crE:
' )
lXV O'~V cXVIXAU"t'~X~ fliX<; O'U~~TI)O"Y) ;
O'TpiXTI)yfJfliX'VIX : mo 7tc:p(e:pyo yta Ta 7tpcXfliXTIX 7tOU ~ev ~I>AIAPOI:. - Twpoc 6a od<; ... £ (3o~6e:~rx 6<X p.ii<; ~w-
't'OV &tpopoUO'IXV, mo !X~~o va Ta flETIX;(E~p~O''t'EL cr' EXC:LVIX O'E~ ,
' "e
0 ;(pUO'O<; lXV p<U7t0<; 1 MIX'6 e: A0L7tOV ~ ' 1 ""
""'WXpiXTI)' E:<.,IXL-
't:' '
nou\ •ov
' , ~ L
c:vo~IXtp~::piXve: • • •
'Av•~xpt-.e:
Iy
of...e:<; TL<; ~ouf...e:te<;
I
1 T ) t- ' l I ~ ' ' A
O'~e:, 7t<U<; '1)'t'OCV e:cpoo~IXO'flE:VO<; fli:: "t'IX AE:7t"t'O"t'e:poc XIX~ t'IX-

&no ~v !Xno~7J T'i)<; 7tp1X;('t'tx~<; etp1Xpp.o-


&noxf...e:tcr-rtxa eUTEpiX ) \ 7t0U\ IX7tO;(TI)O'E:
, IXU't'LIX ) 1 l.
7tOT~::
tl
E:VIX XpiXVLO.
I
1
rio TL XL
y'i)<; XIXl TWV •e:xv~x&v Tp6nc.uv. ".Q<; XIXL -ra n&.61J xotl ot "''
lXV I
-rpU7t<UVC: I
flE:O'IX O''t'OU~
\ \
-rpt;(W"t'OU<; ) I
e:xe:LVOU<; (J.f
'").
/\IXt'Up~v-

&pe:Tt<;, ~TIXV y~a IXUTov &axoJ...(e:<; nou ~xouv ~v &piX 6OU<;, 't'O\ I ,, I ' I
yp1X7t(l)VE EVOC -re:p1X<; OC7tLO'TE:U"t'IX IX;(Op"t'ocyo.
, I Tl0
Tour" XIXL -h.v
• ., tt- '
OLIXLTC:p7J
1
'>"
;(1Xp7) TOU<;, XIXL1 7t0U• EtpiXpflO'>OV't'IXL
,
~w o 1tou cpwf...toc~e: cr"t'o ye:po €xe:'i:vo ocr"t'prxxo, 7tcX;(1Xtve:
XIX-ra 't'~V 7tC:pLO''t'IX0'1). "EJ...e:ye: : "Af...AOTE &pp.e:v(~e:~<; mo cX7tO x&.6e: J...oy~<; E~1XXpL{3W(lEV7J YVWO"Y). K' €yw ~ev ~epc.u
{31X6t&., XL ~AAOT€ nii<; XOVT<X O'TO 7tC:pty~&.k To 0'1tOU~IXLO . 7t6cre:<; yf...wcrcre:<;, n6cre:<; O'UV"t'IXye<; e:!xe: ;(WVEflEVE<; f fl6-
d VIX~ v<X; fliXVOU{3p&.pc:t<; XIX6W<; 7tpt7tEL. 0'E<; 7tOAU7tOLXLAE<; O'OCfJLE<; e:!xe: flE't'IXTpe~ZL a€ OUGLIX ~LIX­
0'E VIX',O'<UO'E 1 lfl1XVTIX-,Ofl1XL
'>" '
XIXfl1tOO'OU<;
1 O''t'L<; cXV<U(liX- AE;("t'~ I Etxe: mm),(cre:L "t'6mx ilJ...'Acx p.ucx'AOC I TOv €cpcxv-
10ft E TITAAINOl: "H 0 APXITEKTON 105
l>AUL VALERY
> I "l 1!;' I l >I , \ )"
-rcx~6fJ.ouvcx 7te:pt-rptyuptafJ.€vo &1to -ra 1-e:Lijlcxvcx xcx1. -r' VOU~ E:(J.TCOpou~, TU/\Lc,E:t 't"OU~ TCLo IXTCLO"TOU~ XIXt 7'CIX'ocx-
, t- \ I .. 1.. '!:' .. I
CXoE:tiXVCX XCXUXCX/\CX :X,L/\t<UV E:c,CXV'r/\l)fJ.E:V<UV TCVE:U f.I.IXT<UV • I I peljle:t, !XTCO ~(;) XL !XTCO xe:~, (J.' ~VIX acupo !Xypte:(J.eVe:~ yu-
:E!lKP ATH:E . - Mou 7te:ptypocrpe:t~ ~vcx :x,-rcx7t6~t ! VIX~Xe:~ TOU ~pOfJ.OU, j"LOC TO (J.Lcreo 7'COU eoc ·~LVE: ~ •• • 7'COU
~AIAPO:E. - "Evcx :x,-rcx7t6~t 1tou &vcxpcu-roce:t -ra e IXl , TCOCtpve: - 0• lXV , e ,
p<UTCO~ OCUTO~ ,
I e' , E:'f. e:v.., ,.
OC TO TCLQ"'r~.,
1
,.;.~etcx ve:poc, ~toci.eye:t, 1tl)Me:t :x,-ru7'C(~v-roc~ -.IX TCi.oxocfJ.tcx 5-ror.V e:yupt..,e: IXTCO TOV XLVTUVO, aUVE:p:X,O(J.E:VO~ IXTCO\ T \L~
) I "' ) \ I I )

't"OU (J.Eacx a-ro 1tl):X,TO XU(J.CX, XCXL7'COU <Xp7toc~e:t aa a-rp6- :X,OC!J.l)A6-ror.-re:~ xpcxmocJ.e:<;, ~yor.tve: XOCL aUVO(J.LAOUae: (.I.e
\ r \ I \ \
TOU~ aorpou<;, 'rOU~ <ppOV L (J.OU~ XIXL 't"OU~ aTCOUoiXQ"(J.E:V
~ I our..,,
~LAO~ o,-rt TOU :x,pe:toc~e:-roct, ~ev e:!vcxL ~cuv-rocv6, :X,LAte:~ rpo-
1 l )" \ > l \ > I
pe:~ mo ..,cuv-rocvo cxTCo -ro cxXWY)TO arpouyycxpt ;
I nl
oaoc 1tOU d:x,e: [J..X.8e:t v~ a€[3z-ror.~.
arpouyyocptcxI t'l
OE:V >
e:yvcup I "l "l I
LaiX(J.E:, X0/\1\l)fJ.E:VIX j"LIX\ TCIXVTIX
I I
XOC- :E!lKP A TH:E. - Kor.t TCOU -ro e:!:x,e: [J..X.6e:L or.~rr6 ;
T<U &7to fJ.tiX a-roiX -rYj~ 'A8~voc~, TCou &vocppourpoucrocv xoc1. <I!Ait.PO:E. - ~TIJ 8oc"Aor.craoc. 'Exe:L, 5-.ocv e:!acxL :x,oc-
TO' xor.pcx,BL E:~VOCL
1
;e:pvouacxv 7t(acu :x,cupt~ x6TCo 5!-e:~ -.t~ yvw(J.e:~ TCou xu[J.oc- (J.<::V O~ (J.OCX.ptoc
1 ' OC7'
• C• Tl)' j"Yj,
- XOCL
' T aor.V
' To'v
Tt~ocv yupcx -rou~ ; ~rpouyyocptoc ~oUT'YJYfJ.€voc a-riX A6ytoc, TU<pAO 7'COU TOV TCor.pOCTl)aOCV a't'1J axe:TC~ €vo.; am nou,
1 \ \ \ - )/ ~ tl ) ) ) ~ \

7tOTLa(J.EVIX e;£aou [J.e ~cuxp:fTl) , [J.e 'Avoc;cxy6pcx, (J.E -ru:x,ocw.::L, (J.LOC au(J.[30UAl) 1tOU aou e:ocuae: e:vor.~ OCTC or.u-rou.,
M€1-l)-ro, (.I.e -rov « -re:!-e:u-roc~o 7tpoi.ocl-~aocv-roc » . . • TIX TOU~ aocpou~, v~X aou y(ve:L -ro aYj(J.IX -.Yj~ a<UT'Yjp(or.~. ~~Xv
arpouyyocptcx x' ot &v6l)TOL TOU'rO e:x,ouv xotv6 , TCW~ ~ev ~e:axe:TCor.a-re:~ ;cx<pVLXOC ~VOC~ 7'CAIXV~Tl)~ , XL OCV ~e a' EX,E:L
;e:xo!-1-ouv, X1Xl)(J.€ve: ~cuxpOCTl) ! eyxor.-ror.!-dljle:t ~ ljlu:x,p:x L!J.LOC aou, ~vcx~ J.6yo~ TOU ll u8or.-
MIX\ oao
J!
j"tiXI XE:LVO
-
'rol VIXUTLXOI (J.OU, ToV 1
7'COAU\ TCE:pte:p-
I
y6poc, ~vor. plJ-ro Yj ~vor..; &pt8fJ.o~ -rou 0or.!-Yj 1tou &voceutJ.a-
)"0 yto -rYj~ ~oue:pYj~ TC6pvl)~ 1tou xcx"Ae:L -rou~ &v8p<.:mou~ aor.t ,ae ~or.vocrpepvouve: a't7j ~(!)~ .
> I
IXL<UVL T
IX, e:~xe: >t- e- >
LoLOTCOL'Yj E:L XIXtI IX!pO(J.OL<UaE:L I J!
u,TL ,l
'J'riXV XOC- :EnKP ATH:E. - Nor.L Moc €au, -.wpor., TCou f.l.e 1tl)-
AUTC:pO a:x,e:-rtx.IX fJ.e -rov €cxu-.6 -rou. "A[J.oc ;e:fJ.TCep~e:ue: y.xtve:L~ ;
&7to -.1..; xoc-.ocTCAlJX"txe~ -.ou 7te:pt7te-rc:te:.; xoct -.' &"AlJ8tvoc <I!Ait.PO:E. - "H8e:!-or. v~X ae
O~'Yjj"~O"<U a-rl~ ~UALVE:~
8cxU(J.IXTOUpyoc 't"OU ~cxptfJ.IX'riX, ~Mo-re: :X,AO(J.O~ XL ~Mo-re:
, t- l I , I , 1 ' ,T-o I
OLXOoO(J.E:~ TCOU e:axor.pcuve: IXUTO ~ 0 'VOLVLXIX<;.
>IE
7tpe:7t e:
fJ.cxupLafJ.€vo~ ~ xoxxtvo~lJfJ.evo~ &1to -.IX ~tocrpopoc xi.([J.oc- voc a ou ~cuypoccptacu 7tpw-ror. -.ov ~vepcuTCo .• • "'Av -rov
-roc· &rpou e:!:x,e: £~e:~ (.I.e -riX (J.OCTLIX -rou [J.e:-recupoc 7tOU ~ev e:!:x,e:~ £~d, iX.~ ~-rocv X.IXL fJ.LIX fJ.OVO <popoc, fJ.e -riX (J.OCTLOC TOU
1
Y
7tocpouatoc~ov-roct a:x,e:~ov 7'COTe~· XIXL TCIX)"L~e~e:L -.IX mo 'rOC\ XOXXLVLa(J.E:VOC
I ,
yupcu ,
yupcu, TCOU' (J.OLOC'oOCVE: (.I.E\ TOU~ '

7tOV'Y)pcx' 'fxptcx'
,L I ~
x , e:c,cx7tcxTt)ae:L
, I ~
-rou.; mo\ cx7'COO"xAl)pU(J.E:-
, 1.
:x,oci.xo7tpocatvou.; ~ueou.; -.Yj~ xor.u-re:pYj~ 8oc"Aocaaoc.;, 5TCou
106 ET OAAINO!: "H 0 APXIT~KTON 107
~ , , , ,r, ' , , , , , - 1
t-'PLO"XE:TIXL TO 7tpotCJLVO 'l'otpL, TO E:1t'LXLV't"UVO VIX TO <pot<; ••• • LUKP ATH:E. - Ot 7te:ptcrcr6Te:pot, <pl"Ae: fLOU <!loti:-
~ 1*/' \ )/ tl I I
ML"Aoucrotfle: ofLwc;, &yot1t'Y)Te fLOu l:wxp&.TYJ, yL<X Touc; opo, crv"A"Aoyt.,oVTIXL fl€ e:wote:c; OXL fLOVO (( CJX"I)fliXTLCJflE-
'(OCflOU<; -njc; 6e:wp(otc; flE 't"~V 7tpOC~'Y)· fi pocr7tot6oucrot va ve:c; », cXAAtX 1t'OU xotvdc; a&v €crx'Y)flOCTLCJE:. Kotve:tc; a&v e:t-
cr& XOCfl<U v<X vLwcre:Lc; ~c; 7tOLO CJ'Y)flELO ot cXV<UfliXALe:c; -njc; VotL \me:u6uvoc; yt' otlhec;, x' E1t'Oflevwc; e~U1t'Y)pE:'t"OUV
~w-ijc;, TtX fLot6~fliXTIX 7tOU otU~ 't"OU dxe: 7tOUA~cre:L, xott ocrot ~O"X'Y)fliX o"Aouc;.
e:txe: flOC6e:t cX1t'O TOU<; cro<pouc;, ~Totve: cruvavotcrfLeVot fLeCJot cJ>AI~PO:E. -'Exe:f:voc; OfLW<;, crou "Aew, e:txe: <pTtoc~e:L
/i ) ~
TOU. '0 7totpocTOAfLO<; IXUToc; <lloLVLXIX<; a&v ~7totUe: v<X €~e:-
1 \ \ ( I I ("\
fLOVO<; TOU '(LIX TOV E:IXUTO TOU 1 '(V<UCJE:L<; 0/\<UCJoLO/\OU IXTO-
,., I I ,1, I \ I(J.~ - ~ .L
TIX'oE:L flE<; CJT"I)V 'I'UX'Y) TOV TO 7tp0t-'/\'Y)fliX T"l)<; VIXUCJL7t/\0Lot<;. flLXec;.
'AvotTocpot~e: flecrot Tou &at&.xo7tot Tov ·nxe:otv6. Tl fl1tope:f: :EilKP ATH:E. - Kt ot,h&c; dvott ot fl6ve:c; 1tou fl1to-
V• IXVTLTIX">E:L
• '1:'
0, lXV
,,
6p<U7t0<; CJTOI IXCJTIXTO
,, •
IXUTu 1 ""'
4<Ufl1t'IXVT0 1 pouv vtl ylvouve: xot6o"Atxec;.
1t'OlJ fl1XXptoc6e: TO aou"Ae:uouv T' cXCJTeptot, 7t0U TO aLotTpe- cJ>AI~PO:E. - Tlocpoccr't'ottve: crTo vou Tov flE 1toc6oc;
xouv OL <pOUO"X06otAIXCJCJLE<; xott TtX atoc<potVIX op"l), &~e~otLO T~ q>UCJ'Y) TWV &vefl<UV xott TWV ve:pwv, 't"~V XLV'Y)'t"OT'Y)TC<
~
CJTt<; OXTE<;, ocyvwptCJTO CJTOU<; ~u6ouc; TOU 1 fl~Tpot -njc;
\ \ ) I ..,. ..., I \
XIXL T'Y)V IXVTLCJTIXCJ'Y) T<UV pe:UCJT<UV. 4<U'(XE:V't'p<UVE: TO CJTO-
xoc6e: ~w-ijc;, cXAAtX TOC<poc; &atot7tepotcrToc;, XWY)flevoc; crtlv XotCJflO Tou crTo 1twc; ye:wteTotL ~ <poup't"ouvoc xott ~ fl1t'ou-
XOUVLIX, xott O"XE:1t'IXCJfleVoc; flE q>wc; ; - To <pl"Ae:py6 TOU voc't"crot, (J~V XUxAO<poplot 't"WV XALotpwv pEUflOCT<UV xott
~\ ,
aiXLflOV~O TOV ~cr7tpwxve: xott 1t'OCCJXL~e: v<X <pTLOC~E:L TtX XIX-
- - ) I \ ) I \ \
't"<UV 1t'O't"IXfl<UV E:XE:LV<UV 1t'OU oe:y IXVIXXIX't"E:VOVTotL flE 't"IX
"AU..e:pot xotpoc~LIX 1t'OU IXUAOCX<UCJIXV 1t'OTE TO XUfliX flE ~v XUfliXTot, 1t'OU peouv flE flUCJT'Y)PLWa'Y) ayVOTY)TIX cXVOCflECJIX
7tAWp'Y) Touc;. K' €vw ot &v,-ocywvtcrTec; Tou 7te:ptop(~ov­ (!Touc; Tolxouc; TOU &pfLUpou ve:pou · e~hot~e: ,-tc; tawTpo-
TotV vtl flLflOUVTIXL _TtX XP'Y)CJLfl01t'OL'Y)fleVot 7tp0TU7tot, XL cX1t'O 1t'Le:c; xott TtX flETIX'(VW fliXTIX T-ijc; otupotc;, 't"t<; cX~e:~otLO't''Y)Te:<;
cXVTL'(pot<p~ crt cXVTL'(pot<p~ e~otXOA0~60UCJIXV VtX ~IXVot<pnoc­ Twv ~u6wv xott Twv 7te:potcrfLocTwv, xoct ,-tc; 7tpoaonx&c;
VOUV To Tpe:xotv~pt Tou ·oaucrcreot, &v oxt ~v 7tpoottwvtot <pupove:ptec;.
'Apy~ TOU 'IOCcrovot, otUTO<;, 0 Tplawv 0 l:tawvtoc;, epe:u- LilKP ATH:E. - rt&. ,.o 0e:6 t nwc; ~<p't"Le<ve: xot-
VWVTotc; o"Aoevot ~ot6uTe:pot Ttc; &ve:~e:pe:UV'Y)Te:c; 7tAe:up€c; -njc; poc~LIX flE o"Aot TOU't"IX ;
TeXV'Y)<; TOU 1 CJ1t'OC~OVTotc; TtX cX1t'OCJTe:<UfleVot CJUfl1tAe'(fliXTIX cJ>AI ~PO:E. - fHcrTe:ve: 7t~c; ~VI)( Xotpoc~L 7tpe7te:L vtl
TWV 7totALWV tae:wv, cXPXLVWVTotc; TO xot6e:Tt cX1t'O T~V I I > l
'(EWLE:TIXL, VIX 7tOUflE 1 ot7tu -
't'"l) '(V<UCJ'Y) T'Y)<; el~
I I -
ot/\otCJCJot<;, VIX I

1t"Yjyfj TOU •• • 7tAoc6e:TotL crxe:aov cX1t'O TO XUfliX 't"O taLo 1. . . l\H flE T~
"~1- ~u~ 'YJY.Y.V, ·xmA.oj"t "tJ.D;! ~Tl 'pxt ~.l s~ou S2_3.lX -Y.t 3()Yj'X S'Xl.l/\01\YjX 3.l9.lL 1'Xl'X S'lO.liiO~).lLY.t 3.l9.lL .'l01-'Xlrl~"1'X
~.l, 'l0x s~1!lfl.l..'lO.lLo3u s .1. 3!lQO,l.3v_3rit 1v_'fu 3.lo'(v_y,.
1 1
-(I)O.lLD'lOI\'lO~ ~" s 1o(I)X '<.nt ~.l S~ou Sn~<:JO.lL!l ~" S2_3oourl
"~~ 1Xlx .Sno.l Q~'lO.l3rl'lOI\f\D 1'l01-I\OcDjO.l!l'lO.l'lOX 'Sn'(v_Yjt) ·1rl'l0o'l0x
r:J, 'l0/\3n
-'lO.l'lO'X \lou S313()Yj.lLDoou :o S3W .S13!l~o(I)Xoou ~" O.l'lOI\ ~rl ~xu3XD 'lO.lO.lLJ.l 'lODjrl 2_3'Xt 'l0~10<:JIIA'l01\~ /\~~ «{>At ~'{
-n~ nov_91~D(I)'{9 1Xl"P 'noD Xlpoou "~ po(I)Xol\n!l ~~ -v_y, ·no,l. QOI\3rlQo3v_u no,l. S3.lb91~2 s~xuDnrl s1.1. '"9,l.<;l'l0
o1~ourl3 '))1\j/\'Xl'X 1\'Xl ''Xl103rl mrl b ~.lL'lO 'S(I).lL O.l 'b'Xlox(l):r ,1A. 'Sj,l.Xl09 ll'lODQO,l.!l1()'lO'X QO.lL 'm~jXD 'lOI\3~YjO'lO.lL 3~'l00
'Xlrl~ou' o.lD'Xlrln'Xl~·o1~'lO m"'1r.-r ·' • · "~oD~o(I)Xoou ~" mA. - YjXg:, • • • OO.lllj'X 010.lLYjX ~u~ <'>OQA 'ou90,l. 3.lO.lL~~010.lL<f
I I 0 ~' Q. I \ \
Sno.l. j{)(l)!lj.lL 1\f\O~)OO'lO/\~ ,.l ~~~ 1'lO.l3~Yj130X \lou 1'Xl'X 'Sno,l. ~rl '13Q3ooX 3,l.;!3 'ov_v_r; ~.l,!) ~on3y_u 'Xll\~ ~.l ~u~ 1tJ7o'lOx ~,l.
Yjl-!lOO.lLri1'lO.li\O'X!l)Ot) \lO.lL ~031\ ~.l 'orl9o~ ~1\U/\O'X ~1.lL 1\~.l 13'Xly_nx'lOO'lO.lL
I
3.l13
I'
'0101
~I'
(l).l'lOX-(1)1\'lO.lL'lO
I I (
13113rl
I
'lOll
\
no.l XlrlD11lnrl
I t11 tJ
~u~ 'YJO<;lO 1\~.l S<:,> 1'{YjcD3'X ~.l. ~u~ l\f\O~J03rl'l01\~ ," fl(l).l ~,l. \lou Q01t)'lOO'lO'X S~~~~ Xlrllf:XD ~.l 1'l011p 'f" 13.lLjO.lL S<;]U 1\~.lL
Sjchoorl S3'(IJ.Y.'{Yj.l'Xl'X S1.l no.l (1)1\Yj.lL~ So1~;! 9 l\'lO.l911'lO()D -10'{ 3f\30QA3:, "003.l9!l!l103.lL 1'Xl.liiOQ3~03.lLrl Xl'{SJ ' tJ.DIJ.IIjX
-1'l0 S«{>.lL SpA'Xl'X 3A3'{, YJ0 I SXli\QO.l.onoch Slf:.l SO()Yjt) ~.l!l 1\~.l ~W "'lO).lLOOOO!lll\~,l. ~.l<;l'lO ,rl1'lO.lp10.lLOI\'lOX: ~~~~ 'lO!l!l'lO¥_
Xl)O.l!l3'l0rl Sno.l ~ll'lO.lfl(l)~ ~ 'lOOn!l~ 1'Xl'X .Sno.l S3J.lLOO.l01~J -Yj{) IJ.IIjrlA'lOO'lO.l ~ 1¥_Yj.lL ~W • • • 9,l.Q'l0 ,rl 3!lQOOMt J,l. (l)fl
Si.l ~.llO'X 'll(l).l SQOrlD1oooou S\lo.l. S~ou fi.O<:J'{.lL 1\f\O~Yjt) - JXltJXly_'lO,l.'lOXny_ou "~~ 'fY.Y.V, • • • !_!0031\ oxA.~ II'lOll~ 3~'lO.l!l
nou 1'lO'X 'A(I).l SnorlD1A.ov Sn011\30'lO.l-. m.1J.Il!l1'l0n3 -Yjt)out;t fl.oxr; Sb IJ.v_v_r; ~ \lO.lL 'S!210'l0Af\~ S:21rl fl.oxr; ll~.l!l
I \ I ~ I I
•tf SnO.l!l tJ I (
OD9.l ~rl '9.l<;l'l0 1\~!l ~onchox 1'Xl'X oo3~)D ~.l 1\~!l 'lO.l!l1A. Ol\jrlD'Xlrl30X f\O,l. 1t)YjO'lOX ~.l. l\'lO.l9~'lO.ll\'lOcD S«{>.lL 3A3¥_fi QOrl
-QY.~ 'Sno.l Yj1AQ03.l.lL ~.l. .Sno.l YjrliJ.o<:JXoou ~.l!l 1Xl.l3'Xj.l!l 1\(I)~)OJ, Q, ''lO,l.'Xlrl~XD ~.l 1'Xlx SnrlYjl,n~ S1,l. 3rlODj()'l01~ ~1\
-UI\~ \lO.lL !_!0031\ !_!O.l O'XA~ 1\~.l ~.lL~ 1'lO.li\OI\<:J'XO.l'lO¥_.lL QO.lL S<;].lL ~.l,!) 1'lO.l.I\O~J00103.lL ' O.l.!)O.l. Xlrlh~~ ~.l,!) 'S'lOrl Sj.l.IJ.:..9.l.
Sno.l. IJ.XA.QO ~.l •'Xl'{U9 1\~!l ~onD1'{XlnA. ~.l ''Xl.l'Xlrl<:JD Snol- -'lOI\n~ :o ~W ''l0'(3cD<:J"~ Sno.l. ?~Xl.l.3rl l\'lODQOrl3y_out nou9
'l0¥_YJA3rl ~.l 3DQO"rl,x_, ·sno.l YJ1 o3,l.f\3'{t "~.l, 1'Xlx 'X),l.'X)rl ~~ 'fJ.DQcD ~ ~.lL~ ~(\~ Sp.. 1'lOX 3rl'lOX~!l131\'lO~t 'F \lOlL 'A(I)3rl
-IJ.u ~.l!l 'Xl!l3rlYjl\~ 13!l~~ 3Xp ~01'lO'X I\O!l9.l QO.lL ''l011\)cD'{3~ -YjiiO~ XlJ.lLOOOO.OJ l\~1rl ~rl ~O'lOlL 3rlOIIYJX 'f" l{1.lL 3rlnoXfi
'lO.l 1'lO'X SnOIIO.l Sno,l. m,l,. 1J.,l.IJ.1ou no1- Xl1303Xf\3 AIJ..l 3rl 11~rl ~" 1Xl'X SIJ.:.. ~.O'XlO~).lLt 1\~.l.!l 1'lO.l.I\O!l!lYj.l.1.l.l\~ \lOlL S313A
\ \ I \ \ - - I ( \ \
3DQ0'{1W ·Sj1J.nog ~n~ ~!l 'lOD3rlYJ"~ ~och'fl 1\~.l!l S~rl Ano~ -Oj"t S3¥_'(Yj S1,l. 3rlQoog ~1\ S<;]lL 13Yj.l.l\'lO.l.'lOX ~1\ S!2rl ~1A.
- )~11\A1'lO.lL 1'Xl'X ''l0131\YjcD1.lLt 1\~!l 'lO'{O'XQ3 1\QO.lLrlf\'{O'X QO.lL 'Xlrl fl..l.~~ ~.l 3J.!lf.:J I\O!l9.l. - 'Xi.<;].O 'lOll~ ,!l (1)1\Yj.lL~ 2_3?<!l'lO~f
'l01\2_3'X ~1A. Xl'(SJ ,u~ 003.l9!l!l103u l\'lO.l903cD'l01~1\3:, "11<,?10'Xltjl \lO.lL S313AOjllt Sp. ~rl 'lO!l.O'Xl'(Yj{) ~.l.. 'no.l.. SQorlD1A.oy_'(n!l
1\(I)OOA.~o,l,. ~1u 1\<;].l 'lO.lb 913'{3.l 1\~,l. pe1J.rl1rl ~{) S«{>.lL 'lO~).lL S\lO.l..!l S~rl 'SO()Yjt) ~.l..'lO'X 31\1XI.l.OYj.l..'lOX1,l.l\~ '~.l..Q'lO tJ.D<:JIIA
NO.LX:!l.LIXdV 0 H. ::l:ONIVVU.U[ A.1T~'IVA 'I flVd 80f
60]:
110 PAUL VALERY E TITAAINO~ "H 0 APXITEKTON 111
&A"AYJ f.I.Ep~oc, o't'cxv 7tpcxyf.1.cx't'o7ta~YJ6e'L To &7tcxpcxl't"YJ't'o &f.1.- 7tOC't'O, xcxt 60: 7tEpLfJ.Evouv, 6wpcxx~<1fJ.EVcx fJ.E fJ.UOLcx, voc
7too~o, evepye'L EV<XV't'LO (}"01)' XCX't'CX7tLVE~ 't'OU<; X07tOU<; <10U, ~epoc6d ~ 6oc"Aoc<1<1cx.
xcxt <1ou 7tcxpcx:x,wpd cpe~owAO: o"A(yo :x,wpo fJ.E<1cx <1't'O :x,p6- 'A"A"Aoc docx v' &vo(yeTcxL <1't'o 1te"Acxyoc:; ~ &yvoTEPYJ
vo. 'Eo& dvcx~ 7tOU ~ ex"Aoy~ 't'OU CX.~fJ.CX't'O<; dvcx~ AE7t't'~ 6uyocTepcx Tau, ~ e~ox.YJ << 'Aoe"Acpo<1uvYJ », f.I.E To fJ.<X-
7tpOC~YJ Tau xcx"AA~'t'EX.VYJ, y~cx't'L 't'O cx.-1ifJ.cx X.PEW<1't'EL voc xpouA6 't"Yj<; <1X-1if.I.IX 7tOU YAL<1't'p0U<1E, 't'O ~pocou 7t0U XLVYJ<1E
1tocpe~ &1to ..b Ef.1.7t6o~o o,'t'~ 't'ou x.pe~oc~e't'cx~ y~oc voc 7tpo- ytoc 't'o 7tp&-ro 't"YJ<; ..oc~EoL. To ~l)(j(jL'JL 't"YJ<; f.l.&you"Ao oe-
x.wp~m::~, &"A"Aoc voc 7tocpe~ fJ.OVo exe'Lvo 7tOU Ef.1.7tOOt~E~ 't'O x.o't'cxv OACX 't'OC <pLA~f.I.IX't'CX 7t0U cXVCX1tYJOOU<11XV (j't'Q opOfJ.O
XLVOUfJ.EVO o<1o 't'O ouvcx't'o "Aty6Tepo. TYJ<; ' 't'OC XIXAO't'E'I't'Wf.I.EV<X 't'p(ywvoc -rwv cXVOLX,'t'WV <1XAYJ-
:EOKP AT H:E. - Moc oev f.1.1tOpd v' cXV't'LypoctjiEL xcx- pwv 7tocvtwv TYJ<; exocwxv To 1t"Aeup6 't'YJ<; v' &xoUfJ.7tOCEL
vdc:; 't'OV 't'OVO ~ 't'O oe"Acp(vf 't'O 'loLa, xcxt VeX AEYJACX~(jEL <1't'O XUfJ.<X.

Xcx't'' eu6dcx 't'~V 7tAOC<1YJ ; :EQKP ATH:E. - "0, ~w~ ! ~w~ ! ... Koct y~oc fJ.EVOC
-roc fliXUpcx :x,oc"Acxpoc 7t<XVLcX 't'OU xocpoc~LOu, 1tou <pap't'WfJ.EVO
<I>AMPO:E. - "E't'<1L E7tL<1't'EUCX x' eyw fJ.E cX<pEAE~CX.
1tiX7tOCOE<; eyupL~E f.I.E X07t0 cX7tO 't'~ ~-Yj"Ao, xoct <1Epv6 -
. 0 Tp(owv fJ.' e~ycx"AE cX7tO ~v 7tAOCVYJ fJ.OU .
't'IXVZ flE' 't'IX\ XOU7t~IXI 't'OU •• .
:EQKPATH:E.- rLcx't'L; To OEAtpLVL oev dvcxL (jOC'I
<I>AI~PO:E. - Ilwc:; oev &ve:x,e<1oc~ voc ~cxvoc~e'Lc:; ~v
ELOO<; xcxpoc~L j
wpocloc ~w~ <1ou I
<I> AI~PO:E. - "O"Acx &"A"Aoc~ouv fJ.E To fJ.Eye6oc:;. To :EQKP ATH:E. - <I>cx'Lopo, x."AofJ.e fJ.ou <I>cx'Lopo, Lx~oc
<1X.-1if.I.<X oev cXXOAou6e'L ET<1L cX7tAOC ~v <XU~YJ<1YJ 't'OU 6yxou. cXOEAtpLX~ 't'1jc:; LX~iic:; fJ.OU, v~w6w XIXAOC 1tW<; ~ 6"Altji'Y) f.I.OU
xcxt OU't'E ~ <1't'EpEO't"YJ't'<X 't'WV u"Atxwv, OU't'E 't'OC 6pycxvcx 't'1jc:; 60: 1j-rocv &7tepocv't"YJ ocv dx.e v' &pyoc<1E~ xoc1to~o u"Atxo x~
XCX't'EU6UV<1EW<; 6e VeX f.1.1tOpOU<1CXV VeX cXV6E~OUV <1't'O XCXL- ocv
.. ~\
o&v E/\Et1tE
,,., '
'Y) <1cxpxcx
I ~ ,., ·' · '
<1't''Y)\ oou"E't''YJ 't"Yj<;. 'A PX.~..,e~
,,.. vex'
voupyLO
,
t-'ocpoc:;. ''0 't'CXV fJ.LCX
(.)._1 I )~I
LoLO't"Yj't'CX fJ.EYIX/\(,)VE~
'\I
XCX't'
t
<pw"Atoc~EL fJ.E<1oc fJ.OU xocl. oev 't'EAE~wve~ xoc66"Aou. ~tocypoc­
<Xpt6fJ.YJ't'LXO Myo, ot &"A"Aec:; fJ.&yoc"Awvouv &"A"Atwc:;. <pz't'oct, cXAAcX o€ ylve't'OCt VeX 7t0CpE~ X.PWfJ.IX ! . . . 'Y7tocpx.e~
:EOKP ATH:E. - Au..oc:; b Tplo<uv excxve 't'ouM:x.t<1't'o 't'L7tO't'IX mo f.I.OC't'IXLO cX7tO 't'O'I 'l<1X~O E'IO<; <10<pOU ;
't' L7t0't'IX XIXAO ; <I>AMPO:E. - 'Y7tocp:x,et. '0 <1ocpoc:; b to~oc;.
<I>AMPO:E. - ''Exocve XOC't'L 7tAEOUfJ.EVIX, 6ocufJ.IX ! :EOKPATH:E . - 'A"ALfJ.OVO ! '0 <10<po<; o (oLO<;, 1tou
K&t-mo<1oc IX"A"Aoc 60: ~pl<1Xov't'oct, :x,<.>ptc:; &fJ.cpL~o"A(cx, <1-rov oev cX<p~'IE~ 7tbw 't'OU 7t1Xpoc 't'~V 7tp0<1W7tLXO't"Yj't'OC EVO<;

....
112 PAUL VALERY EYflAAINOI: "H 0 APXITEKTON 113
't'p:xyou~oucrcx • • • ' A, Tt cr"t"oxcxcr't'LXO<; X<XfLO<; 'l'WV ~fL<:­
1
noJ..uJ..oyiX, xcxt ~Loc<popcx MyLcx ncxp<XTY)fLtvcx yLoc nocv-
-rcx! ... T( (}_J..J..o excxvcx Aom6v, ncxpoc voc &.<p~V<U 't"OU<; OCA- pwv fLOU I n XOCAAL"t"eXV'Y) ecrx6-.wcrcx fLecrcx !J.OU ! • • Tt
AOU<; 6v'Y)-rou<; voc mcm:uouv nw<; ~~epcx noM neptcrcr6- npX!J.OC'l'<X m:pL<ppOV't)cr<X, cXAAOC xcxl. 't'L eyevv'Y)crOC ! N L6>6w
'(a.'\
nw<; YLVO!J.<XL YLOC 't"OV E<XU't'O fLOU 0 KpL~<; 't"~<; nv<:UfLIX-
, ) J I \ \ \ J I
-rzpcx cxn cxu-rou<;, yLcx -rex mo <XfL<pLI"'OA<X np<XfL<X't"<X ; -
K <XLI n<U<; - I
't"OU<; •I
C:X<XV<X L,!,
V<XI 't"ul nt()'t"f:;'i'OUV j
Tl0 fLUcr't"LXOI nx~<; fLOU KoA<XcrY)<; ! 'Evw fle XUV'Y)YOCC:L X<XL fLE: X<X'T<X-
cxu-ro ~plcrxe-rcxL cr' gvcx 6ocvcx-ro -r6cro xcxf.OC crx'Y)vo6<:TY)fLtvo, 6/..(~s:L ~ euxoAL<X 't'WV nepL<p~fL<UV A6ywv fLOU, &.vcxcr'T<XLV<U
~L<XXOcrfL'Y)fLtVO fLe 't'Ocr'Y)V &.~LXL<X, xcxt nepL't'flLYUfncrfLtVO "t"d>p:x YLOC Eu!J.<:VL~e<; 'TL<; npoc~eL<; fLOU nou ~ev enpocx'"l-
fLe 't"t't'OL<:<; <pLAL<:<;, nou voc crxonLvtoccr<:L -rov ~ALO xcxt voc xocv, 'TOC epycx p.ou nou ~ev eyevv~6't)xcxv - xpL!J.<X'T<X 6cx!J.-
X<X't'<XnA~~<:L 't'~V nAOC()'Yj. '17tocpxet 't'LnO'T<X mo 'TflOfL<:po, noc xcxl. 'TC:pOCcr'TL<X ot <p<UV<XX'Te<; <XU'Te<; &.noucr(e<;. Kcxl. <pOVOL,
ncxpoc VOC ~YOCAC:L xcxvd<; &.no evcxv 'Tt'TOLO 6ocV<X'TO evcx et- onou 'TOC 6U!J.<X't'oc 'TOU e!vocL npif!J.<X'T<X nou ~ev ne6cx(vouv I
~0<; &.pLcr'TOUflY'YJfL<X ; .•• 'H ~w~ ~ev fLnopd voc {mepcx- <I>AI.:lPOi. - IIcxp't)yop~crou •• • 0oc J..un6crouv no-
crmcr-re'L evocv"t"L<X cr~v &.6ocvcx't"Y) 'TOUTY) &.ywv(cx. Kcxl. fLe M ncxpcx7t&vw &v 't'OC e!xe:<; yevv~crc:L. TL7to"t"oc ~e <pcxlve't'cxt
&.<peJ..etcx <pcxv-roc~e"t"cxL ~ x<X'Y)fLeV'Y), &xcx-rcxvtx'YJ't'<X, nw<; 'TO 't'O()Q wpoc'Lo X<XL ~e fLiX<; atvc:L 'TO()O mxpe<; w~<:L<;, 5cro ot
wpcxLo-repo fLtpo<; -r~<; Tpcxyw~lcx<; &.pxl~c:L \Jcr-repcx &.no e:uxcxtple<; 1tou xoccroc!J.e: ! 'AAJ..oc &.<pou -rt<; &.<p~crcxfL<: voc
't"~V 'TC:AC:U'T<XL<X Ae~'Y) 'TOU 't'C:AC:U't'<XLOU ()'TLXOU ! .•• T oc ~<X- xcx6ouv, ~E: 6oc 1te'L 1tW<; ~E:v f1.7tOpoucrcx!J.<: voc 'TL<; &p7toc~o!J.e:
{ll
vu"t"epcx 1-' A~ I
AC:fLfL<X't"<X 'TOU- cxvvpwnou
' Cl I
etV<XL npo<; I
'TOI xevo. I
xwpt<; voc "t"cxp:X.~o!J.e: llA'Y) ~v nopdoc -rou x6cr!J.OU ;
~uyxJ..(vouv nepcx &.no 't'OV x6crfLO. I:f.!KP AT HI:. - Au-ro &.xpt~w<; 6oc ~6€/..ocfL<= I ...
Y
'AJ..(fLovo I 'AJ..lfLovo ! Me-rcxxc:Lp(crTY)xcx fLLOCv &.J..~- II OLOCI ,I, ~I
'fUX'tJI {lvocI oLcr'TOC-,e: V) OCVOCcr'
) I
TOC'T<il()C:L 't'Ul !JUfLnOCV
I
yLocI
n ·~ ~ I ~ I >I~ ~ L ~
VC:L<X X<XLI fLL<XV I I
C:LALXpLVC:L<X nO/\U nwI ,!, -r<=U'I TLX<:<; <XnO
) I I
't'OU<; v:xI yLv<:L
I I
/\Lyo 7t~ptcrcro"t"e:po cxu>.....).
, ,1 'Y( ) Lotcx ; ~f:;p<:t<; xoc"ocI
fLU6ou<; xcxt -roc EfL7tV<:UcrfLtV<X MyLex. ~(~cxcrxcx ll,'t'L nw<; cre llJ..oc 'TOC un6J..omoc 1tflOCfLOC't'oc ~ev ncxpocxwpoufL<:
> I
<:<p<:UpLcrX<X • • • "EX<XV<X n<XLoL<X ~I
fLC:I 't'LI<; ,!, 1
'i'UX<:<; <
Onou 1 1
fL<XYW<X ~
ncxpocI 't"Ul OLXCXL<UfLCX I VOCI flOC<;
- A ~ ' ·'·
1"'0/\E:'fOUV. "I()OC ,L()OC 't"OU't'O
-
xcxl. 'TOC ~eyevvoucrcx \Jcrnpcx fL' emTY)~<=LO'T'Y)'T<X. 6€/..ofL<: : Ot heAe:L<U't'OL oupocvo(, xoct ot nOAL'T<:L<:<; x' ot
<I>AMPOE. - EtcrcxL crxA'Y)flO<; yLoc llJ..ou<; fL<X<;. >I {l
OCVvp<UnOL 'TOI >I~ ·~ I
LoLO, XOCLI WLOCL"t"EflOC OL< yuvoctxe:<;' XOC~ OL< ,,-rU-
N \ ,

I:f.!KP AT HI:. - ' Av ~e fL€ <:txcx"t"e &.xoucrc:L, ~ nep'Y)-


1
Xt<; 't'OU<;, xocl. ot ~UVOC!J.C:L<;, xoct ot xlfpe<; 'TOU<;' xoct 't'OC
<pocvLcx fLOU 6oc yupeue voc unoToc~eL Too<; J..oyLcrfLOU<; crcx<; ~woe, xcx6w<; xcxl. -roc <puToc -6€/..ofLe fL&Atcr'Toc &7tJ..o·cxoc
fL& xocnowv fJ.AJ..o -rp6no •.• 0oc oixo~ofLoucrcx taw<;, ~ 6oc &.x6!J.cx xocl. ot 0eol.- voc fL~V e!vcxt llJ..oc fLOC~(, xcxl. xcx6e-
114 PAUL VALERY El'llAAINOI: "H 0 APXITEKTON 115
voc xoc't'oc "L7jv of.Lop<p~&. 't'ou, 1too 7tpoaocpf.L6~e:..oc~ f.Le 't'ov xocxoupyoL &.x6(Loc x&.vouv 't'Ov ~mocaf.Levo yLoc "L7jv &.7tocl-
1t66o fLOC~, ~ xoc't'oc "L7j Mvocf.L~ 't'ou, 1too "L7jv 7tpoa<pepe:~ a~oc rp~f.L'YJ Tou~. Kocvd<; l)e Oe"Ae:L voc 7tocpoc/)e:xTe:i: 1tw~
a"L7jv &./)uvocf.LLIX fLOC~ - voc f.L~V dvoc~ "Aomov 1tocpoc Opo<p~,
, '\/ \ I ~ I \ I t \ ) 1( I
e:ye:AIXO'T'YjXE:' XOCL O'U, ..uWXpOCT'Yj, 7t0U TOO'O ocyvo 't' v\IO(LOC
> >
O''t'OALI)~, e:uvo;;xo~ /5po~, &.7toXOUf.L1tL, <p&~, ax"A&.~o~, 6Yj-
(.\I~~ I I I - ~I
O'OU E:1tLt-'IX/\AE't'OC~ OCXO(LOC O'TOC (jl't'OVE:poc TOUTOC O'XOUAYjX~OC,

aocup6~, oxupW(LOC xocl &.7toAOCUO'Yj, 't'OU f.LOVIX/)~xou f.LIX~ 6e"Ae~~ voc TOO~ x&.ve~~ 't'L~ 6"AL~epe~ OCUTe~ e~O(LOAOYYJ­
) I (f>
OC't'Of.LOU. uaocv f.LOVO Yj <pAoyoc Yj
I I
,1 oc1t AU't'Yj
t ~ I t ~ I
o~XYj fLOC~, xoc~
I .5, > 6 O'E~ ; xocl voc TOO~ ~YjT~O'EL~ "L7jv 7tEpLtpp6VYj(JYj xocl 't'~
ocu"L7j a~&.pxe:~oc, ~ TOO'O O'UVTO(LYj, 7t00 Tii~ &.v~xe:~, v' &.~(- AU1tYj~ TOU~ ;
,...
~.:.E:~
) ) "\ I
\1 IXVIXAWO'OU\1 o,n U1tYjp<-,e:,
tl ~ - t:' ~ I
U7t1Xpxe:~, XOC~
\ a\IX U7t1Xp<-,E:~,
t It:'
:EilKP ATfi:E. - "ETaL 1)€ 6oc &~ocxo"AouOouaoc voc
(
~~ ~ ~ f ,f.
d(LOCL 0 ~W~pcXTYj~ j
I I (.\ I ' I I I
Y~IX VIX r-YIXAE:~ "t"'Yj (LOVIXO~XYj T'Yj~ AIX(L'j'Yj, 1tOU <pocve:pwve:-
TIX~
'
f.LOVIXXIX I
<popoc,
(L~IX
I
TYjI ~AOCfL'!''YJ
f ,f.
XIXI a e: YVWO'Yj~
I I Ia
XIX~ XIX e: <I>AI~PO:S. - Llev 7tpem:L voc 6e"Ae:~~ voc ~ocvocpxlae:L~
~ I >I~ ~I > ,f.
&7to 't'~V &.px~ • , , Llev 1tE't'UX1XLVEL xocvd~ /)uo tpope~.
t - l_ I I I I
YjOOVYj~, O'XE:T~XIX fL.,; TO ~OLO TO 7tAIXO'(LOC 7t0U E:f.L'!'UXWVE:~

xocl xocTocTpwe:~ 1 • •• Nof.LL~of.Le: 1tw~ 15"Aoc Toc 7tp&.f.LocToc :EQKPATH:E.- M~v e!aocL T6ao mxp6~.
x~ <l"Ao~ o o"A~o~ Tou Xp6vou, /)ev dvoc~ 1tocpoc f.L~oc f.L7toux~oc <I>AMPO:E. - ~ou of.Lo"Aoy& 1tw~ Toc MyLoc aou
I
YLIX TO O''t'O(LOC
I I
(LIX~·
I ~~
XOCL oe:v (L7topouf.Le: voc r-IXAO(LE: <AA/\0
- I (.\I~ _!! ~
7tp6a~oc"Aocv x&.1tw~ "L7j rp~"A(oc (LOU. Koc't'oc"Aoc~oclve~~ ~€­
O'TO vou (LIX~. ~OCLIX 1tW~ ~v &~euTe"A(~e:L~ 't'OV €ocu't'6 aou, XL ~v tao7te-
~AI~PO:E. - Me Oocf.L7twve:L~ xocl f.Le &.7te:"A7t(~e:L~ I 1)6lve:L~ To ~wxp&.TYj, o Cl>oc1:/)po~ 1tou Tou &M6YJXE (.I.e
:EilKP ATH:E. - Llev ~epe:L~ Tt ~M1tw Twpoc 1tw~ Ooc TO(JYj euM~e:Loc, ~Ae7tE:L 7tW~ XIX't'OCV't'cXEL 0 mo TmO't'eVLO~
f.L7topouaoc voc dxoc x&.ve:L 1 ~AcXXIX~ XL 0 OC1tAOLXO't'EpO~ 't'U(j)AO~.
~AI~PO:E . - 'Of.Lo"Aoy& 1tW~ ocu"L7j ~ axLoc Tij~ &.- :EilKPATH:E. - 'A"Atf.Lovo 1 AuTo dvocL ~ xocT&.a..oc-
1te:"Ama(oc~ 1too <pocve:pwve:L~ xocl ot ax~ocypoc<pYJf.Leve:~ TO- (JYj 1
(LIX~ •I MlIX ,.,.. I ' (.\ '~ ' ' ' I AI
7tOCO'XL~.:.W XIX't'L VIX t-'YOCAW IX7t IXUTYj. LJ.E\1
·" I l'f" I I ~ ~ - 1 t
'j'E:L~ 7tOU (LOLOC~.:.OUV O'OC VIX OLE:Xo~XOUV To O(LOLW(LOC O'OU,
I I
7t1Xpoc/)€xe:O'IXL 7tW~ xpe<..>O''t'OU(LE 't'WpOC voc XPYJO'Lf.L01t0L~-
\ I ' I \ ''~ \ tf I ....
(.I.E XOCVOUV, E:f.LE:VOC TOV LOLOV, (JIX\1 E:VOC (j)OCVTIXO'(LOC T'Yj~ )
IX- GO (.I.E T~'IV '~
IXTE:AE~WT'Yj
' ~~
O'XOA'Yj 1tOU' (LIX~
-
xocpL~.:.E:L
l'f"
0• 6'IXVIX't'O~,
l ( t:
1tOpL1X~. ' AV ae ~xouyocv ot OCAAOL I
1 \ \ f I \ \ \ I
YLIX VIX xpLVO(LE 't'vV EOCUTO (LIX~ XIXL VOC TOV ~.:.OCVIXXpLVO(LE

:EnKP ATH:E. - Lle eoc xocToc"A&.~oc~vocv vof.Ll~e:L~ ; &xoUpOCO'TIX, ~IX\IIX1tLcX\IOVTIX~, /)Lop8WVO\ITIX~, /)oXL(LcX~0\1-
~AI~PO:E. - "O"AoL axe:/)ov e/)(;) XcXTW e:!vocL XcX(L- TOC~ ~AAYjV &7tpXpL(J'Yj aTOC yeyoVOTOC 1tOO €xouv O'U(L~e'i:,
7tOO'O f.L1XTocL61)o~o~ yLoc "L7jv 7te:pocaf.LeVYJ ~w~ Tou~. Kocl o t yupeuovToc~, !L' evoc Myo, v' &f.Luv6ouf.Le &7tevocnL aT~v
-
-QOl- ?O)lO~OOlL.O ~ 10d3l-<;ll-t\O)( t\~lLiO'{ 3rlo~~l-10X ~v.. '"(l)3c.,10dlL
,:~,
t\(1).1.
-
~norl.o10no"n.o
\ ~
~no.1..o
\
110x
\
'~13"'?0dlL
;:l,
~u.o
\
·~930 ~lO"j r..no.o~ ~e f?l-QlO '~(l)rl9 10.l-3QJ.l-"V, ·~x10'(lL~ f?lL~ O'('(~ 1'X1r..p t'" pdolLrl
\J '10d10Q10X nglO'{'{n.O h lOt\ t\lO'X 3.1-QO '13~13~0lL10 r..!u t\~~ (?OX 1?01\pl t\~!:? '!}O" f?.l. 01!:?;! "<?.1. ~~dlL !}Ot\ !}0.1- ?OTitl.l.<:Jdj
~t\ ~;OlL 3t\d3cD10;10X 10Q ~~ ~'{'{10 \ (10.0 't~.~dlOlL~ r..h ~10.1-~t\ 3f\10X
Ot
110X
\
~lOTI tJ..o!J..l,(l)d3 ,, 10101 tJ. 10d?OlL OVV1() .l.OlLU :;tl,OlL
I I C ~ ~I' ) \ \.\.1' C I \
~10Q.01100dlL ~f) '~Ot\ ~~ O~jTI~1X;CdlL 31\~.1-~ "~"' :lO,_j.O ~rJ ~(l)"jrl.01dt; 1101\pl t\~~ '510rl 9.1.n10~ t\~.1..0 3TIOt\)~ <;lOlL ~.01dx
110.1-3~).1-(110.1- "~~ ~(l)TI9 1X 'no.o ~(I)~ h10.1-<:J.Of "~.1- f?lL~ 13jd -9lL~ ~ 1.1.101J 'OA9'( f?.l-.0 13cDjd.l..01lLt ,x 'oJ..9'( f?lL~ ~or..
-dolL~ .,
Ol-(10.1.
-
o..l..d3/( oJ..
\
·~3X~.1-xx
I
10.1-
\
~(l)lL
\
"no.o9"'101.!-.olLn
,( j' ~ I -jrl~M3A '~o..l..9'( t'dm.t 1?01\p "~~ 'O.l.!}Ol. 0lL9d.1. r..~.1. ~rl 3rl
3.1-QO CJ"f 'no.o jQ'X>.Ojrl OlL9d.1- f?.l..OX.TinlOQ ~rl 13"dj.P3"~ -OX.OJdg <;lOlL ~~30 Q, ·;~xuX3'(ll1~ ~~t\jTI.O(l,l,lL3'(Xf f?1lL
(lOlL ' 10.1-lOTilOdlL 'X)VVYl ?O.OOlLTilOX 11JX 'no.O tJ.Xn,l., "h OlLlO
\ I \.\.17 I \ I T \ ' ' 5~.1. ~.o~r..1 x?Od?OlL r..~.1. ~rl 239 o~?Od10lL t'" r..o.1. ~~.1.r..o~ 1 1lL
"(l)rlor..
1
tJ..otJ.o"1lL3
I '
'no.o tJ.A-,3X.O
'I' I tl.d3.1-9110d(l)
)
r..tl..1-.o
\
tL..I..'X>.l.OlLn
\ ;t 110X '~?OJX1~~ 5~ 110x ~~"Q.00110X1~ ~~ 10TI~Q.OJ10"f\D 011\
'10rl.o1Mr~
t11
tJ ox1.l..010Xo.1..o
\ ' tl.lL10A10 13n~clnJ.. o..l..d3 10"r:r ·orl1.01.1.X
I C I I' Q. 1~ I -3.1.0lL 1.1. (lVOlL 110X OJ.~Vrl10.1.3TI (\VQlL O.l-.0 t\0.1. ~10.l-t\0(\3dnJ..
I \ \. \ \ \.tJ \ '. \ I I
<?.1. 110r..p tl.d3.1.913'{3.1. ~ '~n~7dlL :>1.1. ~(l)rl9 ~3'(9 ,lLy, .or..9rl 110X ~~jXD ~.1. f?lL~ ,.ojrl "0.1- ~lll.t\o/A~r..nx '(l)~Q'(
'!}030 !}0.1- -10X10"~ ," 1J.01X.O~lLf ~(I)~ ~ (lOTI ~'(9 <;lOlL Ot\23Xf f?30
tl..ojQ ~ 101~;1 "~.1..0 'olL9d.1- od3.l-9X1.oncb f?.l- ~rl 1'X1X '1.o.1.ft f?.l. '110rl!}ogocb 'olL9d.1. orl1'(jcDC? ~rl 1J.0~~~10r..~ "~V'
~13t\)10lLW 'lOU~lL ~.l- 3TI10X, QOlL o"pxa, ~13.0~X13lL~ : CJlL t'" (l)'(jf) J.l- ~" 'ur..~rl101~ ~1013t\)dX1'(J3 5~ '3'()cD 3.1..0
," ~pet~.xnog ~" 110x qlLox:! ox~J..3rl "f?l- ~n.o<:Jrl10.1-r..~ ," -101~~).,3~~ '31t\<:J110"n.o ~dx3" U... - ':S:H.L V d)IU:S:
~pdolLrl 0"9rl tl.~'fdlL ~rl . ~Ol-1\Q,. !}0.1- !}O.l.QlO ~lOJ.O('Qt\AO.l­ '13QOX~ t\f?l- ~od~2llcDt1r..y, Q, '~'{10)1- '3:0dV'IV4>
-r..lOlL ~~1rl (X-X :.tJ.rl"YJr..~. !:? :~nl 'norl.ox:Xo.1..o ~~"~ '~tl.xJ..7r.. •t\(l).l.X3.l-1Xd10
I <
-~ ~~1rJ (lOX .~O.l.t\Q 1, ~C?t\~ 'lf..l-QlO tJ.~~dlL ~ 110X .~tJ.~'fdlL • · • 9 110r..p ~G t\f?lL10'( ~Ol.!}Ol.a,- ," :S:H.LV d)IU:i
~1010lL~X 10rl.o:;.'{jl.OlL~ ~orl.r9x 9 M?lL10'{ 110"p "V.. ·~~dX(l)::{ !}0.1. 'X>.l-39).1-t\~ ~'('(OlL 1\noXd~lL
i 10.1.1dx..l..<;~.o~ -.L ·~no10l.j.1. ~<;IO'('(OlL 110rlo~~.1."10<l> - · :S:OdV'IV <I>
13~t\d:?lL3~ ~~rJ <;lOlL 'nO,l,.O~d9(j10X~ !}OlLOY.O (l010lL~X tJ.~ ·~~dX(l).OU"V, "~J.. - ':S:H.LV d)IU:S:
-(l))~1lLj t\~.l- ~1A 110.1.f\O.O.O'f'{(lcD1lLf :?<?lL 110.1-Z"JlOcD <;lOlL 110X ~ t\j~tl.rl f?.l-.0 (l)"~lL~
'tJ.(l)c.,
I
'" mJ.. ~3V3cD(l)"10
..,(~\ \.I C
1101\13 nolL
\
'~3t\13'X3
.... C
~10rJ ~13rl1C"
I 513.0Jcb10d..l..(l)~ t'" "f?lL10'( ~13'(j9 JJ.. - ':S:OdV'IV<I>
-n~ ~1.1. 10d3.l.Q'{10X 3TI!}010lLOTI1.otl.dX 110x '~10J.Onod10lL ~~x ~ ~(\Q.l. ~~d?OlLQ t\~.0 1.1-t\'X>t\jlL~
-J.3f) ~~ 10rlti.Q.0;!10 0.03rl~ ~1lL f?,l, ~X1.1..010XA10t\~ 3TIO'X.OJdg 10t\10.1.t\(l)c., 10 r..nor..10x o.1. ~(l)n?Ox '~3.1.10lL10.1-(l10 :;trJ101e.,d10lL(l"10
\ ,( ) I \ \ 0 I ' \ I~ C
~H NU.LJ!:>T.T.TXdV 0 H. ::<ONIVVU.OI A.'li~'IVA 'lflVd 9H
~J.. 1~x '(J.i\'-~rl.01J..~rl(J.'X.o 1~1\13 IJ..onch H- 'XIJ..,~l.~ (J.x1'XdX1 (J.rl(/~ lfl- ~JOl.i\O~~'{XIW 'X1l.(J,J.,9.o1i\~ t\~l. 31\(I)I\~Ad9 ~f(l.QV
\ \ 7 J ) ~ ' \ '
1\lfl- ~lL~ ~~J..dno1rl(J.v 9 ::~dn.o~t\~ ~olL norl.o9x noJ.. (J.3~J.. '~X1t\cbJ03 3rlOt\)XI'Xnl.i\n.O ~(.1- 1\XI.l-l/ l\n0~~1.0nO(}I\j ~~rl
1\(J,J., ;(')rl1dXXI 'ox1vn OJ..(')dlL 1XIX :?oXI'X ~1A nOJ.. XIJ...OOdlLrl
\ - 'd ( I ~) - \ I \ I ~OlL9 ':?n(J,J.,9.l0XIl. ~3t\2,3Xj ~31\~rlrlndx ~p. (XIX ~3.1,(J,J.,910rl9
13X.01drl 1 I
'rJ 'XId(')J.. (').0(')d3i\XId>
I
JOt\
\ t1
nolL
\
~(J,J.,.ouX
I \ \. \.
0~ Xlvvy < :?(l. ,,JOJ..i\0(/3dQX3:, '10l-3Q).lt\~ ::~.onoJ..d::~t\f :?lfl-(')cbdorlX11V
-~rJ.lL.o ~O'{~J..::~rl 9 ~'{'{V, ••• (J..o~l-!>~.llOX 1010.ljl- ~1rl ~!> t\C(~3X.o
-~'{ ~~J.. OlL10'{9lL~· ~J.. ~lL~ :?~oJ..(J.t\{l :?~OJ.. (XIX .JOJ..~rl~dlL ~nOl. 10rl!}3t\lL f(l. t\OOdjcb ~t\ 10.1-t\~lL I\OO~JX.OlOlL ;10rl JOd>
~J.. ~'{!/ 3.0X11.lcbfi 1.0.1.3:,. '3t\3rl9lL~ !30l. ~X1'{<;1 ~J..X&.lL 0.09 -0!>lQ '1d~l.OlL 101\f. t\nO~Jrl3A t\10.1-l/ '9d3t\ f(.l- ~rl (DlOdX f(l.
~1.0(1,1\ 101JOd(') 3.0 ~10J..I\Oo,XId10rl~10 1XIX 'XIi\norl ~J.. 10rlnx
\ ..,. ) \ tl.t ~ \ I 'tJ \ I 1101\l::J ~1\ pdolLrl ODg 'JOi\jrl3~d3lLrl 0!>9.1- ~Djrl ,'!,3Xj t\lOl.
f(l. C(lL~ ~lOJ..i\O~JU~dJ...o '~d3i\ ~dXIJ..d~}.. ~J.. (XIX :?3.0.0~'{7(} -OX.01drl
I
'odcbJOV3
l::J I 1..,
0.1-
\
110X
\
nd10rl
\
OJ., '101rl3d(J.
't') \ I (
(J_) 110X
\
(J,_o(J_t\1X
I
(J_)
~3d3lLrlJOv
, '- :?1J..
, 1llJ..o10v
, '-,(J,J., OlL~
\ , 3;_nJ...Or:J,
'I' a, '01\0dX
, OJ..
, 13XIdJ..:;rJ
, '(J..ot\ndx~rlOlL~ ~ (lOX 10rl!>l011\9l.13A C(l. 'od::~rl~d>f C(l. (lOX
-.oodlL (XIX n~M::~J.. 'nodg~d~s noJ.. ~ens oJ..XIl.9'{(J.rlJOX t\f(l. l013Xdmo
I ~
f.t 'JO.l-ox(J.rl::~rlrlnD
) I 'rJ tJ 10.1-
\ 110X
\ 101Dno
I (
k 'XIt\::Jrlnovv::~rl
) I \. \.
~f'l
'$
'~rl.o1docb(J,J.,10x
1
:?noJ.. 9"'no"'
'rJ l::J 110x
\ oJ...n::~d>olLXIt\10
I (
o.l
\
nolLO
\ ) ~J., (lOX 101\jrlDJOd::JlL ~l. 3l.!>CJ? t\0!>9l. '~:mJ..djt\j 10 ~3'{!/ ;31\
':?nOXAl/ :?nOt\)3Xj ~~OX~1d&.J...onrl ~~OJ.. ':?~JdOl..OJ. :?~J.. -~rl(I)1'{XIt\~ 1\lOl.~ ~(J,J., lO.Ojrl ~OlL9 1X '91\k~ 01d9rl 3.l!)O ::~X
~cbndox (J,J.,.oJO'{jlL.OodlL~ 1\lfl-.o 'noi\JOdQO ,J.. &.dx~ i\&.J..JOJ..9'{ -d~t;~l\~~ nolLg '~lLrllOQ ::JD!}O'{ogoU::~cbf ~OlL (J.t\)3Xj lllLD
_(J.;,n
I
J') 1\(J..l...o
\ 3.0XIrl31\'l0
tl, "{ -~rln::Jt\lL
- OJ..
\ 1XIX
\ (J.vn
T,J<I
t\(J,J.,_
\
&.Xx:d~J..
\ -~'{ ~.l ::lt\0'{~1~33 ·no.l- (J.djrl ~d3.1-9dX1rl10d10lL p (lOX ~~
~x1XdX1J..(')dlL t\lfl-.0 10J..X1rl~t\~ C(1lL 1\'XI.l~ ~OlL Xlt\1,3X (XIX ~rl 10t\jrl!>1l.OlLX11~ ::~Xp nol. lOJ.OlOl.!>lOJ..lOX~ ~ ~OlL (~X ';o~X
-9X~ 3tfl3~djlLrl33 ~O'{jl. !}Ocb~ (~)I '9X11\3.0d~ (lOX C(Xn'{&_(} f(l- Ot\J.3Xj 3!>!}0'{3l.OlL~ ~OlL '101~~.1-0X!> ~J., ~rl ;f(l.(')cb
3rl10X, ~J.. (XIX '~J..ncb ~J.. C(lL~ 131\(/dXmiolL~ ::~Xp 1J..'l/ ~OlL !}Ol. '9Xl0'{10rl C(l. ~rl !}Od(J.'{X!> !}0.1- '9dJ..t;~ C(l- ~rl !}Od33 !}Ol.
'~<.?~ ~.l<_?dlL ~.1- ~n~ ~.l.o ::~.o1-x.ofi '1::~.0Jd(')X::~3 ~.1- ~i\ ~'{g JOrlA.Jrl 0.1-!}0l. f(l.X1dcb C(l- ~rl X1210M3A ::~x(J,J.,D~1lL10l.lO)I
no.1- Xl1t\XIrl 1,' 3rl1~"X. ~d'-lrl(J. t\(J,J., OlLXI Xll-'Xni\ (J. 1XIX '(J..o(J.t\1 X
I ~\ \ 7 ) \ \ ( I ) \ I '~3)DQO ;3d13lL;9 C(lL~ Ot\jrl3Qt\OD (lOX Oi\
1\~.1- C(lL~ (J..o~.lXfi ~ ::~x(J,J.,.o)d(')X::J3 'no.1- 1d7X !(.1- U\I ·~d -jrl.On'{OrllOl.i\lOdjlL~ 1101\l::J t\~rl ~t\ ~OlL ' odg10d~g f(l. f(l.QlO
-7Q1V M1t\<;J1~0dlL !}0.1- :?no'{9(} ;~0.1- C(lL~ (').1-~X ':?~n~d ,D OOl. 1djX C(l- ~rl 13.0~1lL ~t\ 3!>QOdolLrl ~OlL f?X1'{t;l JOl.X
-~X :?~.1- :?~1dXIJ..XIrl(J.'{x :?(J...O t\(')A~lL 1\<_?l- ~1lLrlJO.oJ.. ~.1- 3.010rl -?ocb ~1rl npo ::~Xd~t;~ i\~~ (10)1 ·nol. ~9dlLilj t\10.1-~ ocbdorl
-jdXj 'JOl-XIrl<;J'{10X 101t\9Q'XOlL~ ~.1-.o ~U(')cb ~J.. t\C(~3X.o (J.'{g -;9 f(l. O'{Q,. ·:?no~x no.1- JOrl(l)J..~XJOt\~ C(l. ~rl ::~x(J,J.,D~1lL10l.
3.01011\<;JXJO.l-JOX •J(')dlL C(l- C(lL~ n~~dg !(.1- :~x 'o!/dx C(l- C(lL~ -lOX 'orl.oox t\0.1- 1::1rl10X 101\ ::~x(J.mr"rl3 t\10.1-0 '~oA.dno1rl(J.n
I \ I \ tJ f,.Jt}' P I V
(J,J.,.O:"l., (J,J., 3.01d(')X3';:;' ·10rlol.10 Xl.l- 3.,1t\1X.oox::~.., 'norl.oox no.l- 'odo1XI<J> '::~D(J.d(J,J.,JOdlOil ·orl1!>1.1-X 0.1- '(J.<.,lOdlL (J,J.,
7,1. \ I - il \ "' I A I -
o) :?(l)lL
\ ~- I I \ At
6H .NUJ,}!3',LIXdV 0 H .. :IONIVVUJ.3' All S:'IVA 'JflVd
8H
120 PAUL VALEltY E f11AAINOl: " H 0 APXITEKTON 121

II
122 PAUL VALERY

e:!O"n ~ uA.'YJ, e:!O"-re ~ ouvo:fL'YJ, e:!O"-re 6 1to6oc;· fLeX do--re


x<»flLO"fLevo:. '0 ~'YJfLLoupyoc; &xoA.ou6ouO"e -roue; O"Xo7touc;
-rou, 1tou ~ev &'Popouv -reX. 7tA&.O"fLo:-r.X -rou. T wpo: 7tpe7teL
v~ , p6eL ~ cXV't"IX7tO~OO"'Yj. ~ev &yvoLcXO"'t"'Y)X€ Au-roc; YLcX -rl.c;
cXV'Y)o-uxkc; 7tOU f:[Le:A.A.e veX. yevv'Y)6ouv 'CO"o: tO"o: &7t' o:u-ro
TO ~€XWflLO"fLIX 7tOU f:xo:ve ~LIXO"X<:M~ov-ro:c;, ~ eo--rw XL
cX7tO cXVto:. ~,Xc; e~WO"€ TcX fLeO"o: VeX ~~O"e-re xo:l. v' cX7tOAo:u-
O"€'t"€ fL~ALO""riX X~fL1tOO"IX 1tfl~fLIXTIX, cXAAcX y<:VLXcX OXL &-
XpL~wc; &xei:vo: 1tou 6cX. dxo:-re op<:~'YJ veX. ~o><LfL~O"e:-re.
"YO"-rep' &1t' o:u-rov epxofLo:L OfL<»c; &yw. 'Eyw xo:-ro:-
A.o:~o:(vw -r( 6€A.e-re, A.Ly~xL mo o-wo--rcX. &1to O"<ic; -roue;
!~Louc;. 0' cXVIXAWO"W -roue; 6'Yj0"1XUpouc; O"IX<; fLE A.(yo 7t€-
flLO"O"O't"€fl'Yj (jUVe7t€LIX xo:l. E~U7tV~~IX cX7t' 00"0 TO )(~VIX"r€
o-e:Lc;· xo:l. 6cX. O"<ic; XOO"TtO"W, xwpl.c; cXfL(j)L~oA.(o:, 7tOAU cX-
XflL~~· &AA.cX. O"-ro -reA.oc; ecX. ~youfLe: oA.oL xep~LO"fLevoL.
K~1tou x~1tou ~e~o:Lo: 6cX. A.o:6euw, xo:l. 6cX. ~A€7tofL<: xo:l.
A.(yo: epdmo:' &A.A.cl. 7t~VTIX fL7tOfleL xo:vdc;, xo:l. fLe [L<:y~­
A'Y) fL~ALO"'t"IX W(j)eAe:Lo:, VeX 6ewp~o-e:L ~VIX epyo cX7tOTUX'Y)fL€Vo
O"cX O"xo:A.o7t~TL 1tou [L<ic; 7tA'Y)O"L~~eL O"To 'Opo:L6npo.
<L>AMPO:E. - Touc; exw YLcX 7t0AU -ruxe:pouc; 7t0U e!-
O"IXL ~VIX<; cXPX L't"tXTWV 7t<:6o:fLevoc;.
:EOKP ATH:E. - 0eA.eLc; VeX 7t~lj!w, <l>o:'i:~po ; - ~e
6cX. fL~6eLc;, A.om6v, 1to-re -r( vo:ouc;, -rt 6eo:-rpo: 6cl. dxo:
o-xe~L~O"€L fLE 't"OV cXA'Yj6LvcX xo:6o:po O"WXpiXTLXO pu6[L6 !
••• "H6eA.o: veX. O"e x~vw veX. (j)O:VTo:o-ni:c; 1tW<; 6<X. 7tpoxw-
pouo-o: O"TO £pyo [LOU. e~ ·~o:~o: X~TW 7tpW't"IX OAIX 't"cX ~'Y)-
124 PA UL VAL~RY

<I>AMPO:E. - 'H 7W>-dj, l:wxp&'OJ, mcr-dj.


:EQKPATH:E.- T6-re, 7tpE7tt::L v~ !J.' &xol.ou6~crt::L<;'
XL av &J.J.&~w, v' &J.J.<£~t::L<; J
ETIIMETPO
<I>AMPO:E. - 0' &vcxxcxMazL<;, l.om6v, -rwpcx cr-r~v
cxtwvLO'O)T<X, OA<X exzi:vcx ..~ A6ytcx 7tOU a' EX<X!J.<XV &6<£-
V<XTO ;
:EQKP ATH:E. - , A6&vcx-ro, exei: 7t<:Xvc.u, crxe-rLX~ !lE:
TOU<; 6V'Y)'t"OU<; l ... ,AM~ eo& .•. M~ oE:v tm<XpxeL
l~w, xcxt o!..cx oacx eL7tiX!J.e -rwpcx ooc dvcxL i:ac.u<; •oao €vex
cpucrtxo 7tcxtyv(OLCJ!J.IX -r~<; CJLc..>mj<; 't"OU ''Ao'Y) 'rOUTou, oao
~X.E~eLc; yupw OC7t0' ' 't'0\1
' E'V]WII.WO ~~
xcxt Cj)IXVTIXCJ(cx Xcxvevo<; ypcxcpL<i 't"OU ~MOU XOCJ!J.OU, 7tOU
p. "i<; mjpe yLoc veup6cr7tcxcr-rcx l x.oct 't'Y)\1 , L't'eX.'t'O\ILX.YJ'
' OCtJX
<I>AIAPO:E. - Au-ro &xpt~w<; &7toTet..ei: ~v &6cx-
vcxcr(cx l
0 AIAAoroE EvnaA.tvo~ 1) '0 'A.Qxtd"rwv -roii llw).. Bot)..e:pu
yp~cpnp<t we; dcroty6>yi), !J.& 't'0\1 ·rl-r)..o (( ALcXAoyoc; 't'W\1 ve:xpwv )) ,
cr't'O !J.VI)fJ.&Lw8e:c; )..e:ux6>(.L« Architectures -ro 1921.1 To 1923
8l)!J.OcrLe:ue:-rotL i) 7tflOO't"'J otu-ro't't)..~c; lx8oCJ'I) -roii EvnaAtvov, 7tOu
cruvo8eue:-rotL cbto -ro 8Lci)..oyo 't"ijc; 1Jivxij(; "al Toii Xoeov cr-rtc; £x-
86creL<; Gallima·r d, i) (motoc. 6<X cru!J.7tAlJfl6>6e:r xott a1to -ro Llta-
NOTA. To xetj.<evo ct1ho 7tctpoum<Xa-r1)><£ a~ !lL<i 7tpoH1) IJ.OPq>'l\ o-ro IJ.il-
01)1J.ct <I><AoaoqJ{._ '<ii> Ter.voAoyla,;, ToG AL8ctXTOPL><"Ou Ilpoypil!J.IJ.C<TO~ T;j~
J.oyo TOV LIBPT(IOV 't'O 1944. :E-ro e~oocpu)..)..o 't"ijc; 't'&A€U't'IXLIX<; lx8o-
l:xo!-'lj~ Kctl-wv Texvwv Tou IlctVt7tLaT1)1J.!ou T;j~ IlevauA~avLct,, c» 1!-ct8tA- CJ'I)c; {mcip)(tL -ro crz.t8Lo rijc; xc%-roljl'l)c; cX7tO -ro voto -roii 'E7tLxou-
'~>•'"· H ITA, TO 1985. Mt T'l\v t UXctLp!oc T;j~ t7tocvtx8oa1), TOU 81<XA6you ptlou 'A7t6AA6>voc; cr~v mpLO)(~ 'T:Wv Botcrcrwv rijc; <l>uyotAdotc; ,
OT'I\V 'E!-M8a Ot!-w vdc •UX<XPLOT"i)aw 18L<Xh•poc yLa T'l\ OUIJ.~OA"i) TOU' TOV 'T:OU 07to(ou cXfl)(Lt"EX'T:6>\I cpl)fJ.OAOye:i:'t'otL ihL ~'T:ot\1 6 'lx-rlvoc;. :E~v
xcx01)Y1)T1) IJ.OU P et er McClear y, To OUIJ.'!'OLT1)T1) !lOU clpx<Tixrovoc Ran-
rty Swanson xcxl Tov !j>(Ao 7tOL7JT>\ r.avv1) Bocp~tp1) .
o
cXf>)(~ 't'OU ~L~)..(ou ex86't"')c; omv6u!J.(~e:L lhL Xotl o[ 'tpe:i:c; 8LcXAO-
"01-t~ o! clvcx<popt~ T<i)v cl7t007tctaiJ,<lTwv Tou Ev:taUvo" aTO xt£1J.ev6 IJ.OU yoL -roii B:x).e:pu &:7to-re:)..o\iv « cruyxupLotx<X xd!J.e:vot )) [textes de
''""'' cl1to T'l\ IJ.ETalj>Poco1) T'/i<; "EM1l~ A<XiJ.7tpt81) (o1)1J.et6>vt-rcxt tv8•<xT<x<i circonstance].
EimaAlvo; (E) xocl ae!-£8oc, "·X· E : 77). 0! IJ.&T<XIj>PaotL~ &A!-wv cl7toan:oc- "Ocrov &:cpopoc ~ cruv6&CJ'I) 't'OU 8LotA6you (cX7tOCJ7tcXCJf.I.Citt"ot 't'OU
"IJ.~'<wv cln:o 8Laq>opoc xdiJ,EV<X TOU B<XAepu <lvocL a7tO T'l\ lltTOIJ.1) lx8o01) TWV
07tOLOU 7totpOUCJLcXCJ't"')Xot\l cre 7tOAUcXpL6!J.ot 8l)f.I.OCJL€Uf.I.Cit't'ot rijc; t7tO-
OEUVRES, Ilocp!a•: Gall imard, BibliothCque de Ia Ph!iadc, 1957,
t"'!lt).e<oc Jean H ytier (01)1J.t<wvtTcx< tv8••x'<<xa Oeuvres (Oc, I 'li o e, )(ij<;), ~ 8 \cXCJTotCJ'I) 't'OU X&Lf.l.biOU, -rlc; 7tl)ye<; 't'W\1 £8twv 7tOU
II) xocl ae!-£8cx, "·X· Oe, I : 777). 0! lj>W'\'oypoc!j>t«; Tau Bcxl-epu otvx1 cl1to &vot7t-rucrcrov-rotL cr' otu-ro xott ~ cr6>xpot-rLx~ 7t)..oxi) -rou, U7tcXp-
To rl•[ll-!o. Tau Gabriel F a ure, " Paul Valery :MCditerrancen >>, IIocpta1 : xouv crz.e:-rtxec; f.!.otpwplec; &:7to -rov t8to 1:0 cruyypotcp€ot. :E-r t<; l:v-
J.cs I-Ior1zons de F rance, 1954 .
Ttt-o~. Ode ijOtA<X vdc alj>L•pwaw OLUTO TO xdiJ,OVO O't"OU<; !j>(AOU<; T;j~ xpov..x~
votuA.te, TOV IlavJ.ov BaJ.eev !J.& T0\1 Frederic Lefevre 8LIX~cX­
~ 984-85, IJ.tp<xol cl1to Tou• 07to!ou<; auvex!l;ouv 7tLOocvw<; v.X TpLyupvou: ~0UfJ.f; : (( ·o EvnaAtvor; 1) ' 0 'Aext•i"rwv ~Tot\/ !J.L<X avc%6&CJ'I)
cxxow~ a't"o basem ent Tou 302 F urness Building. -roii 7te:pLo8txoii Architectures, 7tOU xot66pLcre: E7tlCJl)c; Y.Ott -rov
127
--
128 riOPrOl: l:HMAIO<I>OPI<lHl: Enl!IIETPO : BOTAHl:H MOP~Hl: 129
aptfl~-to TWV YPIX!LfLiTWV (115.800) ytc% TO Soxl~-tt6 fLOU. Mtc% e~IXtptC1E:Lc; e:YvocL :A(yec;, <pWTE:LVtc;, xoct C1U:;(IIcX aVTLtpXTLx€c;. '0 Ev-
7tp6crcp1XTI) xpmx~ TOV ~p'ijxe fLIXXpocrxe:A~ • ~At7tOUfLE :Aomov 7tW~ naJ..lvo' aiiiX<ptptTO:L CfTcX xdfLE:VIX TOU Auguste Perret xo:t TOU
TO fLcXXpo~ TOU S&v ~TIXV lltx~ fLOU em:Aoy~. )) 2 'Av1Xcpep6fLE:VO~ Le Corbusier, o1tw~ xoct crTou~ 'ITIX:Aou~ « p1XcrtoiiiXAtcr-r£c; n,
cr-rov &6p1X-ro 7tpcu-riXycuvtcrTI) -ro\i lltiXA6you, o B1XAe:pu :Aeet : tVTOUTOLc;' ~ EfL~tAE:LIX TWV CfT0:;(1XllfL<7lV TOU 7tOL7)T'ij fLOLa~e:L vee
(( YtofleTI)CfiX TO iiVOfL!X TOU EtmiXALVOU aVIX~l)TWVTIX~ ~VIX iiVOfLIX mxpo:fLtvE:L a7tpOcr7tl:AIXC1Tl) C1TO 7ttp1XllfLIX TOU :x.p6vou.
ap:;(LT~XTOVot CfTO A'ijfLfLO: 'AeXtTEXTOVtX~ T'ij~ EYJ<UxA07ta(/leta~ :ET~V 'Ellci.Sx, ~ << :Ao-yo-re::x.vtx'ijc; &:~(ac; n fLETOC<pp1Xlll) T'ijc;
Berthelot. M6:At~ fLETOC, ~fLIXfliX a7tO TI)v epy!Xcrta &vo~ tAAl)VLcrT'ij "Elll)c; A1XfL7tpLil7) 7tpox&:Ae:m: ci.v-rtllpciC1e:tc; 7tOU cr-rpci.cpl)XIX\1 7ttptcr-
fLEAETIJT'ij a7tO TI) r&v87)' TOU Bidez' lht 0 E\ma:A(vo~ ~Tall 7te- cr6-re:po y,Jpcu cX7t0 TI)v ucp~ xo:t TI) :X.POLOc TOU Myou' ~ y,Jpcu cX7t0
ptcrcr6npo fLl):;(IXVLXO~ 7t1XpcX ap:;(LTeXTCUV, XIX! iht e:!:x.e CfTO tvep- TI)v Tt:;(Vl) xa:t TI)v 7to(7)crYJ -yevtx6np1X, xa:t C1:;(t8ov xa:96:Aou y,Jpw
Yl)TLX6 TOU XIXVOCALIX XIXL /lt6:Aou XIXTIXllXtue~ VIXWV. :E' o;u-rov /lci- ci.1to TOe ocp:;(LTe:l<TOIILX.cX 6tfLotTa:.4 :ETI)v 'E:AAcf/la, o lltci:Aoyoc; U-
VELCfiX Tt~ lll£e~ ~-tou, ll1tcu~ To ~xiXvo: crTov :EcuxpcfTIJ xiXt crTov «<>o:r- 7t'ijp~e 7t7)~ ~fL7tlle:UcrYJc; xa:t crTo:x.o:crp.o\i !L611o crTo ~pyo Toii ITa:-
llpo. 'E~cf:A:Aou /lev 1t'ijy1X 7tOTt fLOU crTI)v 'E:AAcflliX xiXt llcro ytc% TcX viXytwTI) Mt:x.e::A'ij, ll1tcuc; cpcdve:Ta:t T6C1o crTI)v Ala8rrwe~ T~tJ.o­
EAAl)VLXcX Sucrw:x.w~ 7t1XpEfLEWIX ~~~IX~ a7tO TOU~ mo ~-tihptou~ !LIX- yla Toi:i 1937 llcro xiXt crTlc; << :Ex.eljJetc; y,Jpw crTov lla:\i:Ao Ba::Ae:pu
97)-r€~ 1tou :x.cfve:TIXL cr-rc% 7tpcu-r6w7ta xdfLtVIX To\i ID.ocTcuvo~ x!Xt xoct ~v 'Ap:;(LTE:XTO'ILX~ n TOU 1945, 7tOU 7t1Xp1XfLtvE:L ci.x6~-t7) x.a:t
~fLe:pa liva: &:1to TcX 1tLO e~o:VTAl)TLX.cX Sox(fLLIX 7tcXvW crTo 6€~-tot·
5
7t0U TOV ~p(crxe:L TpOfLtpcX fL!XXp~yopo xo:t cru:x.va aVLIXpO efT~ fLE:-
Ta:tppcfcre:tc;. n3 To x.d~-te:vo 1tou &x.o:Aou6e! e:!vat fLLcX 7totpcillo~7), xoc-rc% xci1toto
Tc% MytiX IXUTcX llb Sd:x.vouv ~-t6vo TI) Stcfflecrl) Toi:i cruyyp1Xcpta Tp67to, a7t67te:Lp1X ci.vcXAUlll)<; T'ij~ t8£occ; T'ijc; cXPX.L~tXTOVLX'ijc; ~TOV
VeX XO:TIXypcfljJe:L TLc; !See~ TOU ytc% TOll ap:;(LTEXTOVO: xa:t TI)v &p:x.t- BIX:Ae:pu xoct -rwv fle~-tci.-rwv 1tou cruvfl€-row TO 8Loc:Aoyo. ITotpiXSo-
TEXTOVLX~ fLIXXpLcX a7tO l8to;(Te:pe:c; <pLAOAOytxl:~ avo;cpop£c;, aAAcX ~7l, ytocTt ~ &v&:AucrYj ~occr(l:;e-roct cr& fLty&:Ao fLtpo~ 1tocvcu crl: &:A:Aoc
tmO/ll)AWVOUV XIXl fLLcX crxto/7) acp1XLpeTLXOU ytvou~ XIXl a7tOCf'riXCfL0- xdfLE:VIX, 7tpoyev€cr-rep1X ~ fJ.ETIXye:lltcrTe:poc, Toi:i ~I> Lou Toi:i BIX:Aepu.
7tOL7)fLl:V7) a7tO TI)v !crTopk To yvwpLllfLO: IXUTO aa WXTIXCf~CftL ~ Ac; fL~V ~e::x.va!Le: OfLW<; on ~ flecupl)TLX.~ crxtljJYj TOU r&A:Aou 7tOL-
TO St&:Aoyo /!vo; t7t(Xa:Lp0 xa:t y6VLfLO epefltllfLIX CfTO:;(O:llfLOU, 7)T'ij e:!viXL &7tox.:Ae:tcrTLXcX cr:x.eSov ocu-ro~Loypoccptx~, tmcrTptcpov-
« ... /Jcro ~ fliXfL~ XL &cp7)p7)fLl:V7) &-r~-t6crcpxtp1X ~-tl:c; crTI)v 07tOLIX TIX<; CfUVE::;(W<; CfTO £8to Cfl)fLE:tO 7tOU dvotL ~ ap:;(tTU7tLX~ ~WOLIX T'ijc;
XLVE:tTIXL ~ StiXV67)lll) x' ~ ~w~ T'ijc; t7tOJ('ijc; fLIX<; . •• )) ea cruve::x.(- not1)mdjc;.
~OU\1 vc% u1tap:x.ouv, crUfLcpcuva ~-tl: TO StopiX-rtxo cr:x.6:Ato Toi:i "Ayye:-
:Aou :Etxe:ALIXVOU cr-rov 7tp6:Aoyo T'ijc; tAAl)VLx'ijc; ~xllocrl)c; TOU 1935.
'f!cr-r6cro' TO XdfLE:VO TOU Ba:Aepu' txSLXOUfLE:VO TI)v a7t6cp1Xlll) TOU 'H 8L1XIlpofL~ Toi:i EvnaJ.lvov ~~~ ci.p:x.t-re:x.TovLx~ Toi:i 20o\i o:tw-
cruyyp1Xcpl:1X TOU VOc ypcfljJe:L ytc% TIJV TtxVl) XIXL T~V 7tOL7)Cfl) fLl:criX 11;;;, ~ &vl:x.veucrl) TW'I « 7tl))'WV >> XIXL -rwv « lle:crfLWV >> TOU, ~ tfL-
a7to liva St&:Aoyo ve:xpwv' livo; Stci.:Aoyo Cfl<LWV' 7t1Xpl:fLE:LVt TO tSw ~i:Ae:Lot xiXl o &:v-rlx-ru1t6c; Tou cr& llltec; XIXL 7tp6crw7to:, ll&v ~:x.ouv
fLLOc meta CfTIJV 7tOpd1X T'ij~ ap:;(LTE:XTOVLX'ij~ CfXttV7)<; T'ijc; fLE:ll07tO- o
&x6~-t7l ex.TLfLl)ae:r o1twc; Touc; &p~-t6~e:L. Ko:t llf.Lw~, Bo::Ae:pu, ·IXU-
),e;[.LLx'ijc; xed 7tflM 7te:ptcrcnhepo T'ij~ fLE:TIX7tOAE:fLLX'ijc; t7tox'ijc;. Ol -roc; 0 IIUcrxo:Aoc; cr•o:x.o:~c;' (( fLOVOilLcXCfTIXTOc; )) ~Cf't"CU' xo:t (( v-
130 riUPrOI: I:HHAIO~OPI4HI: :ETIIMETPO : BOTAHI:H MOP~HI: 131
mTCX)('tLxbr; -rou Kcxpmtou », ISn~ -rbv flCMt 6 Z~a;~tot; Ao- )(taT£<; <touc;. 9 Etotx« ol ouo n).e:uTa:'Lot auvo<jl(~ouv, 6 xcx6£va:c; ~t&
pcv-r~!X-roc;6' 6 BcxAcpu nou ~6-t}lCC a't"O fU<JOyttcxxo At~tilvt 'tOV -rp6n:o TOU, cxu"ri) 't~V mcpxoO<rl) !LE 't~V !~t<p1X<r7) 7tOU o(vouv
'Tijc; Cette <rTlc; 30 'Ox<tw~plou -rou 1871 xcxl nfficxvc <JTO Ilcxplat a-rlc; !vvotec; -rij; r1UP8UIT)f: Xotl -r'ijc; ~a-raaxsvijr; OCVT(<JTOLJ(IX. '0
a-ric; 20 'Iou).lou -rou 19~5, ctxc «vex l~t~tovo biotex<pepov yt« -rl)v !8t6-run:o; xA!l~weor: '?) i3opvxor: eaatavaltapor: xcxpxx-r7Jpl~e: t ,
cip)(tTEX'tOVtx~. "Qn~ 6 fotot; 6~tOAO)'EL : !( 'H cip)(t-r&XTOVtX~ a-rlc; cipxec; -rou << ~tov-repvou ,, xt« 20ou cxtwvx, wxl TO ~pyo -rwv
umjp~c Evcxc; cin' -roUe; npw-ro~ xcxl ao~p6n:po~ lpW'tet; TOU Auguste Perret {1874-196~) wxl Tony Garnier {1869-19'18),
nvcU!LCXT~ ~tou. l:-rl)v i<pl)~lcx ~tou bwtpcu6~touv !Jl n!X6oc; -rl)v <J)(£0011 auvo~tl)AtXt:..lV 'tOU Bx).epu, 0 oxo'Loc; jLOti~eL va auv6£Te t
xcx-rcxaxcu~. Auw w ni%6oc; <tpccp6-rcxv (Jl O'U)')(Cxpt~cx ciwxyvw- (.I.E 'tOV E una:Uvo 'tOU -rl)v 7t&j.L7t'tOU<rlcx cxunjc; njc; n:a:p!Xooal)c;.
a,.uncx, (Jl <J)(iOtex xcxl (Jl 6twp£cc; 7;0U l<pTtCX)(VCX: yta WV £cxu-r6 To AlnoloyT)pevo .te~txo -rijr: yaA.ttxijr: dexn·extoPtxijr; dno
~tou. 'Exe'L l~ptaxcx neptaa6-rtpl) &UxcxplO"tl)O'lJ xcxl )'VWO'l) ircxp« Tov 11o atov 16o alwva 10 dvxt ~vx &n:o -ra xpw-rcx !Xp)(t't<:x-rovt-
<rTlc; anouoec; ~tou. 'H fotex ~ !otcx njc; ~a-raaxevij~:, n:ou c!vlit <to x~ &vxyvooa~tcx<tcx n:ou otiX~x~et o Bx).epu, a& ~Atx(oc ~t6).tc; 13
7ttpcxa~tcx cin:o "ri)v ci'tcx~lcx ~~~ <til~'I), XCX l ij )(P~O'lJ 'tOU cxu6~(pe­ )(p6vwv, <Sn:wc; a"I)(J.&twve:t ~ Agathe Rouart-Valery ~ ~to­
TOU XOU XCX'tcxA-Tjytt <JTO civcxyxcx'Lo, xcx6opt~6'tcxV ~acx !LOU cf>t; 6 ypoccp(oc 'tOU 7tiXTtpcx 'tljc; .• AVX(J.&<JIX a-ra A7j(J.jLX'tiX IXUTOU 'tOU oe-
't"Un:oc; njc; 7ttO IS~top<pljc; xcxl njc; mo 6AOxAljpW~t; npil~ljt; 7t0U xiTO!J.OU ).e~txou (185~-186 8), o !<p7J~oc; Boc;l.epu !XvocxiXMn:nt
6 «vvpwn:oc; !L7t0p£L va in:t<pU~£t O'TOV !cxuT6 'tOU. Mta n:Mtw- TOV cip)(L'tEXTOVX we; m!lltre d'tZu vre, XOU auvou&~e:t -rl) Ot<XVOlj-
~ o!xooo~t~ ~tiit; cpcxwpwwt, ~t' «vex ~t6vo ~'-t~t~LCX. -ro o-Uvo).o 't'tY.~ jL& -rl) )(ttpwvxx-rtx~ £pyoca(x· -rl)11 cip)(tTe:xTovtx~ c!lc; TEi(VI'}
TWV n:po6£acwv. 'tWV l:n:tvo-Tjaewv. 'tWV yvwaewv xcxl 'tWV ou- toii olxo~opeiv xiXl civ6poomv7J Ol)(J.\Oupyloc n:ou au118ux~et 't~
vil!Lf:WV n:ou mptt)(ct • <pCXVtpWvt:t O''to <pwc; -r'ijc; ij~pcxc; -ro auv- 6zW;>Lcx !J.~ "ri)v n:pi%~7)· T~\1 XOCTOCO'X&U~ we; TeXVT} Xxl E7ttr1tTJJlTJ'
oua:a~o !pyo njc; 6tAl)O'ljc;' 'Tijc; )'VWO'ljc; xa:l njc; OUVot~tl)c; 'tOU TO O'U(J.~OAO we; 1Utl'}t'tXTJ poerpTJ TOU 7tV£U!LIXTOc; 7t0U EX<pp!X~t:Tott
civ6pwxou. »7 n:i%11w aT~II \)).7)· To aTuA n:ou 8&11 e!vcxt n:cxp« ~ E!J.<pXII~~ acppcxy(ocx
•H !8£a 'Tijc; cip)(tnx<tovtxijc; c!lc; -rlx~I'J!: -roii olxo/Jopeiv (art !J.tiic; au~tcpwv(a:c; civ:X~te:aoc a-r« !J.EP"IJ &voc; ~pyou jLt -r~11 £n:&!J.~x-
de bdtir) civa:~M~ct, olxwc; ~o, cin:o -rl) fUYIXAlJ ,, 7tlJ~ » njc; 0'7) njc; ).oytxijc; ' TO O'TUA 7t0U Ot\1 d \l()(t n:ocpa ~ ocpjLOIILX~ xcxl
)'cxAAtxijc; cip)(t'tCX'tOVtxijc; n:cxp!XoOO'ljt;, 7tOU )(CXpCXX'tljp(~£'tCXt cixo a\I~AO)'tX~ auv&xetiX !Lf:TOC~U (J.Op<pij~. UALXW\1 xocl 'Tt'pooptO'!J.OU '
"ri) <J)(EO'lj 'tWV xAIXO'tXWV xav6vwv jL£ "ri)v XCXTIXO'lCCUotO''ttX~ 7tpot· 'tO O'T UA 7t!)U &!vat 1] l~~AWr!l'} evor; Mmnmii dnottAEr1ftaTOt;
X'ttX7j. l:'t"O O'W!LC% cxunjc; njc; ncxp«<OO'ljc; 7tOU OC\1 O'U\ILO'Tii !vex 6- {Jamape1•0V ae pta 7tQWT:rJ d!!X~· 11
jLOLOy£Vec; jL6p<pW~LCX l)(ouv momaT£L ouo fU)'iXAcx peu~ta:-rcx, n:ou Kupto !J.EA'IJ!La: -rou Viollet-le-Duc e!vxt va xeptyp«<jlet
cixo).ljyouv a<tov 20o a:!wva:, To veo0.aat~o xcxl 1"0 veoyo-rOt~o, 6 laToptx« -rl)11 n:E:!J.7t'tOUatcx 'Tijc; yocMtxijc; &p)(tT&X'tovtxijc;, O'IJA<XO~
xlaatxo~: xcxl 6 yo-rOt~o~: eamovaltap6r;.8 ~Av 6 Henri Labrou- -rl) yo.Otx~ &p)(tT&XTOIItxl), xocl t8tcxhepcx -rl) pw!J.cxlltxl), n:ou
ste xa:l 6 Eugene Viollet-le-Duc 6ewpouv<tcxt ot xupt6npot &v~n:rux67Jx.e jL£T<X~u 12ou xcxl 13ou cx!oovcx. Mt« << &p)(tT&XTo-
jLMope:c; otU'tWV 'tWV ptujLiXTWV <J'tO oe:unpo jLtO'O TOU 19ou a:!w- vtx~ allcxytvlll)O'"I) ll 7tOU 8tcx<p£pet cin:o T~V &ll't'(aTOt)(7j Tl)t; 'tOU
vcx, -r6Te 6 Julien Guadet xcxl 6 Auguste Choisy e:!vat ot auvt- 16ou a:t~vcx &xpt~wc; £n:e: t8~ otetaoue:t aTo cipxcx'Lo x).ocatx.o n:veu-
1101\p 'fl.rjljiXD ~X,.XI.IL<'ld~,:; 1\~.l. 1Zrjljig~rJtJ.o ~9 ~fJ.IL ';({,X11\0.l.X3.l.1X jo:llJTIJJ, no.l.9'(x;1g !JOX11\(').l.10'(.1L !JO.l. ~0'(9d 9 11011p ~'?X1J..01001JXI){
• d~-~({,X1DOOrJ !JOr!D1'(lt'('(XId10.1L !JO.l. fi.Dro.IL~.l.l01g101\10llt 1\~.l. ~1A OA 'X>!AO'(Orl910~ 1013d9.l.1090.1L 1\(p. frl 11<_!?1.Dl0jog II<_!?X1'(3.l.OJ.D1d~
-d~ <?X1.l.D1d09XIit '10)dl10d.l.roa). ~.l. ~.1.<;'10 ,0 lODJIW '9rlD11\10l.l.D1dX '?.l. (lOX I\{?X11\(')J.10'(.1L031\ !JOrl.Ol003XAO.O !JO.l. 1lOX SU..otJ.MjAlCIIV, ~[/,.l.
(~X ~J<iflD0'(1dl ~Xl.l.D~'(OXD ~X11\(')1XD3rl ~.1. '?.IL~ p.l.D1'(01g 1\0fJX~ S!I..010.l..09.1LI} S~X1AO'(Orloox s(!,x1J..01lL(')d911~ 5(!,.1. 01.0)XI'(.IL '?.l..O 1l0.1.
~·O.IL I\I_!?1D10j Og I\I_!?X11\('l.l.JC;'(ll (~X I\(')1Zd9).x;QO.IL 1\l_!?.l. fi.D03'(XS'rl1CI\~ ·!'J10.1LO.l.:orl).10o.IL ?O.IL '~({,X1110.l.X3.1.1Xd~ 5(!,.1. tJ..oro)'(3rl39 lfxu:orll.l.Q
1\~.l. ~1.J. 1XI.l.'c3X9dlL '1,<_!?1C(')39 I\I_!?XlC1Dti.M3AlCII~ 1\l_!?.l. ~dOdllCIIXllt -:orl ~1rl l.l..l.l.l..l.)lOdlOu~ 1l011p l.l.D10fl?>J.3rl ~ (p.<;~10 pgrln.o ~~~ ~\I
1\~.l. '?ll~ X.11Cfltfl od3.l.9DD1dSII 'O.l.9N ~.l. ;~dlL ~dc!cg <?XllCllrod ·~(!,o3X.OlO.l.10X ~(!,.1. lOJ.:orl~xflodlL
-Q[[ 1\'?.l. S<_!?X~IIC\D !39<:> f!OlL (( 1\(')~D<;lllfi.l./\t I\I_!?X1DXI'(X )) 'XIJdllCd~ ~X1J.XXIO.IL ~.1. '?.IL~ 101\0J.Xj.l.1Xd~ !JO.l. l.l..DI\oOx'frlOlL~ 1\{p. 110X lOllO
-N3A ~~1rl x;rl)'(X ~x·,r!D1.l.1'(0lL '?.l.D 'lCI\<;lJlO !JOQ7; !JO.l. ~fXd ~ -1rl9l0fl SlOJ.I\0~3glOrll.l.D 'SlOJ.OlOAOt S~X1J.xlOf.ro013X (lOX ;({,X1.l.ILOI\X11g
~(.l.D (JC;X 006]; !JO.l. ~O'(j'.l. '?.l. ~.l.lOX 011\~XDOOlL '?.l.D l\009'(j'I\10.1Lt !I..010X71g ~<:> ' ~l.l.J. ~10.l..0?'1g 101\0j.l.I\Orl (p. 1311?'flrl10'(DOO.IL I\I_!?I\X3.l.
~(j ;13rph1.l.l\~ ;~X1D~'(X 003.l.9DD10~lL JQ ·(.(u<)ld<;l[[ 1\~.l. fl.olt'(X 1\l_!?.l. f!j10.l.3rl 10JXd10d3J ~ OO'('(?'jt ~10JO.IL9 ~[/,.l. 1013xd~1g {p..o •;tt.o
-9'(9 ~D ;!..IDJOX ~({,X1.l.li(JDJ10 S(!,.l. l"'X I\<_!?1AO'(lCI\~ 1\l_!?.l. 10.l.h9X1.l. -l.l.Mj.l.1011V, ~(!,.1. lfXo.ILt 11{p. ~.l.lOX 131\)l0flrln.o1.1Lt (~XU.ILO'(A (p. (lOX
-aXo ~.l. ~1.l. ;(.(rjll.l.'(J.l.ll~ S~1rl fl.orodld9rlx;1g (p. ("'X norlo1.l.l\dc d ~X1dlJOo.J.ro~ (p. ~rl t~:orl) ~3J.<_!?O.lL ~1.1..0 ~3d3.1.~3g ~1.1. '?.IL~ S({,X11\0J.X
1
!JO.l. l~D11\'fdlrlt 1\(p. frl 110.1.p.l.fl.f)o1dlrl~ 101\<;lllO 0{.]; 1\'?.l. 1dXjrl xd -3J.1Xd~ 5(!,.1. 10rlDlOdj.lL ~J, £t'I\<_!?I\X3J. M!JXMTJXlttl (lOX ~troo~0fl3'(?
- 9A1090li 1\'?.l. '?.IL~ ~({,X1000rl ~(!,.l. 10Jdg3Q10XO.l.rodlL 1\{p.D (lOX I\<_!?1A U..oU.rl9.t0X1g {p. frl 101\('))10.03W '?.1..0 (lOX 1lO.l.3~JX31\0.0 !l..o1ox~:11g 'fX1.0
-o'(lOI\~ 1\1_!?.1. l0Jdro39 tp.o 110.1.31\<;l1'(3rlae f!O.IL ttofi-9JOlL3.1L '11<_!?11X3J. -lO'(X If {p.<;~y ll·;no'(j.l.O.l..D1dy, !JO.l. (lOX ~01\(').l.?''(ll !JO.l. ~t;1orl.o1d9
1\l_!?.l. Sro.l.jd110j31\~ 1\(')'(11 Q~10J.3rl l\ro3DjXD I\I_!?X11\0rld~ l.l.jdlOlL!} 1\~.l. St;lOJ. ~rl 101\rodlrl~ '~o.JLox.o ~oorlw~oX (lOX ~f!OX1J.XlOd.lL fo 13.lL
:p.l. (.(ofi-QJOll3ll ~/\lOX
If ~.l.<;'V '(( S!Saod 19 l1JU10!d 1U ll 001.1.~d ·j'(f)o.lL~ 'fg13llt 5<_!?fl1dX~ ' ~X1.l.ll0'(A If (lOX ~X1dll0o.J.ro~ ~ 'l.l.Dfi-)OlL
-Q, !JO.l. ~fi-D~O ~({,.l.DroM ~(!,.l. l.l.Dog'fO:O.IL 1\~.l.D 1lO.l.3~JX3M\D t;lOlL If ~ro.JLg '5-pxaltrflrl 5(.1. '?lL~ l.l.l\3rl9Mdxl01g '~31\XjJ. (S~X1.l..Ol003X.O
'S({,x1dlxdJ..ro~-~tJ..ol.l.J0.1L f!j10.l.3rl ~'('(~ 'S({,X11\0.l.X3.1.1Xo~-~({,X1DOorl -lOJ.mt) 5?xalt?Ou 5(.1. (lOX 5'fX1-<.ro-<.oovu 5tJ..o 13X~I\~ ~X1110J.X3J.1X
~j10J.3rl ~'?.1.<;'10 ~XI.p l.~g ; u ,Y.:p. ;p.D lC!:3rl~ll~ ; <?rlD1'(lt'('(lOd10lL -d~ ~ l011(')Jl0.03J.\I '?J. (lOX
10Xjrl10J.I.l.J.91l0Xd~ ~X1DlO'(X 1\{p. 't.ILV,
5fJ03.l.Dj.l.100X1l..:t 9 'p~.lO x;i!..IJ.D?~g fl.lD 'OD?J.L(), , 1 'O!PEJlllrl ·~x1.ooorl (p. ~rl ~x;)10J.03'(3.1. 5(!,.1. 10.th910rl9 1\(p.
-eaJpuy no.1. oJ..o~ <?J..o 'JCI\<)lllO og J; 1\~.1. ~.1.~x '10d3.1.9.l.o~ ~dldorl 't.lL~ ~X1XdlOJ.rodlL ~OIIjrlDn31\.lLrlt 1 ~X11\0.l.X3J.1Xd~ 11{p. ~1). 'trlDlOX
l.l.d3J.Djdfl-'(lL 13dp ~/\ ~1). '!1J9q(y lllSJllEH UO\l'J !JO.l. o).di <?J..O ·O.l..O ~X1.l.l.l.QDJ10 Oll0.1.9J..(')OlL 1110~ ~D 53.1. 5~.1.1\0I\<;l1D00.1.3rl 'l\roi\90X
110.l.3dl'fd.l.103ll fl-ordl Sfl..l. ~x1Xd~ ~1rl tD t;lO.IL '11<_!?1AO'(X:II~ I\I_!?X1110.l.X Qg 1\1_!?.1. 10JX1'(~ I\Oj'(.lL l.trl10~ 1\'f.l.D '10d3.l.?AO~ t;l'(O.lL 'OII.J'(I'J1C!f:FI
-3.l.1Xd~-I\(')J.rrll.l..tLX1g I\I_!?X1!:0t rl x;)X10.tD1.l.l\~ If (lOX 110.l.31\<)ldldorl 1\'t.l..O ?d3'(lOH 9 13J..OlO.l.03j3lLt ~9 ~310Mi 51.1. S~.l.<;llO 't.lL~ S3d3.l.9.D.01d
-mg 01DJ10'(ll '?J. ~J.t;\10 ,3: ·oorloox9dxx.rl-oorl.ocx9ox1rl ~10)1\0rld~ -3.lL ~.L ·l.l.I\XjJ. lfx11\l01.l..010X
II~Xojf ,.1.10X ~1rl ~,;. 1l0.1.13X90lL nodl~
S1:11rl l.l.j~.l. ~X1rlDOX 1\~J..O 'lC113rl9111XIdl ~.1.1009 ~.1. "''<9 ,lL~ (')DJlL 1\(')A '~dodllOI\~ lfX1A0'(039 If 1101\p S'fdllO.o lOJO.lL9 11{p..o (lOX '1\(')J.?>rll.l.rlog
-9'( II<_!?X1110rlo~ l.l.jolO.IL!} 1\(p..o ll..l.DJlL 'f1110X If 1.0.l.i 110.1.311<;ldldorll01'\7 -OXJO 111_!?.1. I\(')3.D~.l..Dl01g 1\1_!?.1. 5ro.l.~Ol0j31\~ ' lO.O~OOlO.lL 5<_!?X0101g 1101\p
?I '!J03E) !JO.l. 10J.!..I.1.91dl.l.J.D10dg ~X1Ad001rlltg {p.o 110.1.3g)gOlL~ t;lO.IL l.l..o10J..0?>1g l.l.I\1.1L<;lOQI\~ If lOJOlL9 1\'f.l.D 'fX11\0.l.X3J.1Xo~ ~1rl ~1). 1l0.1.
(.(o10dlrl~ 11(p. ~rl 'JCII<)lJlO OfJ(, "j; !JO.l. ~13D~J.I.l.~OD ~~X1dlOD0'(1dl ~p. ~1A - 13X9dll ·s~dlclorl ;(!,.1. 10J3.l.fl.o.J. 'fl. l.l.l\9rl ~.o 1l0.1.3JdllOlLt ~/\ ;roX)g JOrl
~RT· :\H<T>,TO!~ H:\JIV.lOil : O,J.T,:HVJ!I:>I" :IHVIdO«>OIV.I'lH:I :IOJdUIJ
7;8J
~
--
134
riOPrO!; .tHAIAlO<I>OPI~H!: EniMETPO : BOTAH!:H MOP<l>Hl: 13:)
•H FtPVtJUrJ t:ijr; 1'f!uyw(Jlw; To\i <l>peti>tpbcou N hat. 16 X.V~t; (at cX\ITtrrotp:i6taYj !J.I: T~ ~c.>ypot<ptX~ X~! T~ yi.urrnx~), rrpo-
~TOV Bot!-tpu a~.~-oo~. 7t0U 7tpo<potvw~ fxet ux6!Ji"ll TOU T"Tjv XAot- 0?\a!J.SV£<; \leX (Lit; eu~.~-t~OUY TO ax."l)f.l.\tTta(LO TOU x6a!J.?U (f.t?Uat-
atx~ Xott TIJV livotyf:VV"Ijatotx~ 7totpai>OG1j, 6 7totpotAA"I)Ata{J.O~ f.I.OU- x~). TIJV T<X~"Ij Xott TIJ aTtpt6T"I)TcX TOU (apX.tTEXTO\Itx~). 'H (3ot6tcX
atx~~-apXtTEXTOVtX~~ i>&v ~yxetTott 1.1-6vo aT"Tjv livot{J.<pta(3~T"I)Tot auyyevttli TOU~ 6<pdA£Tott aTO Myo (i.oytx~. (L'X6YjfL!XTtXO<; urro-
(3ot6UTEP"IJ {J.ot6lj{J.otTtX~ Xotl yec.>f.1.£Tptx~ ax&G"IJ TWV SUo TEX.VW\1 !-oyta{J.6t;), l't"OU cXIfOpi d: y&c.lf.I.ETptXcX <JX~f.l.\tTot Xott TO~ apt6-
&Ai-el: \moi>"l)l-wvet X<Xt lvotv ovTo!-oytxo axti>ov xpo(3A"I)f.I.IXTta"o'. fLOUt;. M6vov hat 6 AEl't"TOX~fLc.>(LtVo; vor:oc; rrou rrtptypcX<p£t 6
'Hetc.>plja"lj
' , " ,
7t0U ototTU7tc.>V£Tott aTOV EunU..lPo. 15n i>"I)Aoti>~ ~
...
E~mxi.£vo~ aTOll <l>xii>po H e:lv:xt ~ ~-t~6YjfL\tTtxlj dx6vot {J.t<i<; x6-
!J.OUatX~ XIX~ ~ lipX.tTEXTO\ItX~ i)f:v e!Vott {J.t!J."I)TtXt~ Ttx_ve~, T0\1 p"l)<; &rro T"Tjv K6ptv6o, xoxl ~~ t~ox.ta(L~VYjc; &y.XrrYj~ 11 TOUt; (E :
i>ta<poporrottt &rro T~ 6toop£e~ ~~ trrox.~~ Tou ij xot! rrpoytvean- a6). M6vov ~Tat TO cX?X.tT£XT6VYjfL'X ~xet (J-tcX cX\It~~Y"IJT"I) x.&plj,
pe~, 7t0U urrocr~pt~ot\1 &xpt(3w~ TO cXVTLeeTo, xott T0\1 trrotvotauv- fL i<; x&vet voc vtoo6oUfLt TIJV Ot?fL?V£~ ev~~ 7tAXa{J.~To;, (Lit; ~u-
i>&tt {J.t &Ai.e~. ytcl: Tl~ oxoie~ TO X.otPIXXT"I)ptaTtXo yvwpta{J.ot ~~ 7tVX£t {J.tcX &6p\ar~ 6~p."l)al), x~t yo:wxet TO Tpxyoui>t 1.1-l: Tij auvo-
&px_tTtXTOvtx~~ dvott 15n fxtt lvotv rrpoopta{J.6, 15Tt &rroaxorre:i" i>dox ~<; f.I.OUCJtX~~·
a& XcXTt, 15Tt ~X.Et !J.tcX XP"I)at{J.6T"I)Tot xott wq>ei.t{J.6T"I)Tot. '0 rrotpotAA'I)Ata(loO~ fLOUatx~~-cXPX.tT£XTO\ItX~<; U7tCXPX.£t xoxt
'H <JXEG"IJ f.I.OUatx~~-&px.tTExTovtx~~ dx.e lirrotaxol-~aet TOY <JTO Ae~t"o TOU Viollet-Ie-Due. IItptyp&<povTot~ Tij i>"l)p.toup-
raAAO aTOx_otaTIJ aTcX \IEIX\ItXcX TOU x.p6vta, XotTcX TcX rrpWTot (3~{J.ot­ yh TOU ~pyou art<; Stiopopt~ TtX.Vt-;. 0 r&l-i.oc; auyyp:x<pSox<; i>tot-
Tot ~~ l't"Ot"I)TtX~<; TOU ~Xq>potGlj<;. To Ilaea&;o ar:dv 'Aextr:l- <poporrotti TOY rrot'l)~, TO ~c.>ypi<po xoxt TO yMl't"T"I) &rro TOV &p-
XTova {1891) dvott lvot i>eiy{J.ot ypot<p~~. at ~1-tx!ot 20 x.p6voov, X.tTtxTovot xoxt TO !JoOUatx6. Ol T£AtUT<Xiot i>i:v i>&xovTott &{J.t:a<X TcX
15rrou xuo<poptiTott oo~ Motot ~ i>"lj{J.toupyf.oc ~~ &px.tnxTovtx~c; ipt6la!J.oxT& Tou~ &rro TOY i~c.>Te:ptxo x6a11oo (!JotOC crx"l)v~, lv« &vTt-
{J.taot cX7t0 Tij f.I.OUatx~. l't"cXVc.> aTcX x.v&ptot TOU anollwvetov xoct xd!JoEVO TJ TIJ 1fU<1l)) )'LeX \leX "t"cX (J-ETotTpe!Jiouv, OtlfO(J-OtWVOYTcX<; "t"CC
Tou &ovvcnaxoii 7tV&Uf.1.1XTo~. ~· ottho 6 Bot!-tpu <po:VTcX~tt"ott « a • myel: aty&, al: ~pyo ""~"tx""l~· 'AVT£6trcc, « dvott &rrb TOY ti>to ""rOUt;
lvot 6eaaot!-txo Mao~ Tov 'Op<p£ot, xchc.> &rro T~ !J.UpTt~, T"Tjv &- TO vou xou TOlYcX~et ccuTo TO lpyo, dvott i] lX<Xv6"t"YjTcX Tou~ ytcl:
pot rrou 7tt<pT£t TO lipx.otio i>etAt\16. T6n &xpt(3w~. TO !epo i>&ao~ auAi.oyta{J.O rrou "'1"0 ytvvcX£t ac t(lo(3puotxlj XotTcXaTotG"Ij, xat l't"OU
<pwr£~tTott &py&, xott 6 6to~ xpotTWVTot~ Tij Mpot &v&f.1.taot aT' TO &vccmaaet, -.pe<poVTcX<; TO !JoE: (lotcX aetpcl: notpotT"I)p~aec.>v, Tt~
cXGlj!J.tvtot TOU i>cXX.TUAot Tpotyoui>cXet Xot£, aUf.l.q>c.>Vot {J.f: TO \I 7tot\I- orroitt; i>:xvd~nott &rro Tij <pua11, T"Tjv tnta~!Jo'71, xott Ttt; rrpoytve-
TOi>UVotf.1.0 pu61.1-6, op6wvovTat <JTOY 'ijAtO o! f.1.U6txe~ 7t&Tpt~· VeX <JTeptt; i>Yj(J-toupy£e<; 11. 18 'H &px.tnxTovtx~ i.otrrov i>cv e!v:xt !JoL-
(31-t~OUf.I.E VeX f.I.EYIXAW\IOU\1 7tp~ TOY rrupotXTc.lf.I.EvO yotAotvO oupotvb !Jo"I)Ttxlj TEX.VYj. aTO (3x6(LO rrou "'reX t~c.>npLXcX tpt6£a(lo\tTIX i)l:v
o! otp{J.OVLXot Xotl x.puaot<pevtot Toix.ot evo~ lepou ». t7 TptcXVTot lx.ouv rrpc.>-roytv~ &!-).a !J.6vo lltunpoyev~ irr£i>p:xaYj a~ ll"l)(lot-
x.p6vta &py6Tepot, aTo St&!-oyo Tou <l>ot£i>pou {J.t TO ~c.>xp&Tlj, o"Jpyh &\lot; ~pyou.
f.I.OUatx~ Xott &pX.LTtxTovtx~ rrotpouat&~ovTott oo~ SUo 6!-oli.A"I)pc.>- •0 B\ti.e:pu (Lt:Tot7tM.6et. fLC<1c.> TOU EV7taA.lvov' ccuT"Tj Tij axttJi"l
f.l.tVot {J.tyt61j rrou &<popouv TO x.p6vo XIX t TO x.wpo xott livot<pepov- at xot6otp6ott(LO ot!a6YjTLXO <JTOX.ota!Jo6 : « E!Vott ljlotvepo lht i] !J.OU-
Tott &{J.Eaot aTov &v6poorro. IIp6xetTott ytcl: Suo 1-'-~ fl-'f.I.'I)TtXt~ T£- atx~ Xott ~ &p:xtnx-rovtx~ e!vott i:~taou &ve~&pT"IJT~ oot; npo<; Tij
(t)~~ '!l..o!l.11.p<J..n.o p'():;XOClL ~OlL OII.Zn9"'1X<f> XII.~ '~911.0hA C;X111.i'n lfX111.0l.X3l.1'Xd'9 13~cJp~ ~II. ~1J ·;IJ.l. 9 n.o10<f ll.((l. ~1A ~1\lO:XJ llOX
-1'('QJX 10~ 11011.p H11INOJ."ll:!IJ.IXdV H. » : ;ru ~on.o1d9 ~ol. !l.x 1X111.p "'f~ ll.:x~G"'n.o lOJ10XAJOII.~ If ~QlO ;(t)rl9 "'lfY.lL 'IJ.rl~.o,lL? ~Tl
lf~lO'(!l.~ 'll.(t)JCh.l.x ll.<_!?l. :.\!,n3:X.OXll.lOX :>\!.J.. !A.II.Xjl. ~ 11.~rl 11011p ~X111.0l.:X
-~E)M\.0 ~11.10XJ 11.~ 1011.0l.Xjl.1Xd~ f?XU!l.Xml ll.((l. 1p1A 110x. 13.0j'{3l.OlL~
~9 :>l,!.xw>J..X3J..1Xd~ :>\!.J.. !l..o10J...0'91~ ~xu!J.1olL If '<;~d3'(10fl ~ol. o.lox -3.1.1Xd'9 ~ ;<?lL 13~Jd!A.l..OOlL~ 'oz<;ld3'{l0fl 11.((.1. frl ;O'{J<b 1lOX :>i:l:X1'(~rl
-'91~ ((l. ~n 10II.OdX9 l.010l. 11.~~3X.O 110l.3<;131!>onli.~ ~OlL J3JSnq.IO:,) n'J • )11.0.0 11.~~3')(.0 'l;.)J,I()d Q, 'I'IOdJ'(VU:~:;[ ~Ol. ;3ji~J ;1.1. frl 'oprl!l..o 101\~
~Ol. :>10JO(t)3(l ;\!.x111.0l.X3l.1Xd~ ;\!.J.. Ol..Oj<b111.10n ((l. '<JJ1l]:JiJ1?'I{OJV ;(t)~ '1lOl.3Xj'(lLl01~ O,l0lL9 ((l. o.ldR 'Xlllc:'JlO ~OQ(; ~Ol. l\(t)ll9l.:X3.l.1X
-d~ II.(¥)'('('9J l0l.lu~r)L1d>rll011.~ ll.(t))JO<f>ndox on 'JaJSUqJO:) a'J ~O.l.
aun sJa A ~1..0 '10d3J..9.ld~ X1111.9dX 1pX103:W 'l9JJ9d ll.<_!?d>'(3~~ ll.<_!?l. ~1'{
-3l.~ f?l..O 13<;13'(00~ laJaUU'ea f 3l.9l. ;((d'Xl311. 9 11.101.9
'806l ((l..O (t)O 1X>X l9JJad atsn~ny no.l. OAO~ ((.l. 13<;13~X>rlfJ..o !l..o!l.JOlL II.~ ~ (fx1.0
-~ 1.0J010IJ ((l..O 1px1Xd~ p(l!uii.Xlii.O.O 11.X1Xp lpll. ;3d~11.~ 0<;1~ JO II.~II.X(l -oorl ~ frl !l..olud'911.o.o f.o :.\!,x111.0l.:X3l.1Xd'fl ;~.l. Wjlll.'()l.ll.~
H,
-1lL 1101\p 00'('('9~a, tt'\!.l.li.10lL ~Ol. Xl.ldjl '1l'('(~ ~n 1~'1ln li.X~(l01'{f.l 61 « '9X1l.JOrl(t)l.lLrlO.O
-1 S OOl. ~X1lL(t).OOOlL 11.~.0 'Xln9 x'9 13Xd'9.lL~ l10X 3Xd\!.ll~ ~OlL '<;103'( ~ orl!A..DJ d>rl'fl 3rlno.o~rlOII.<( ll.((l. ~~~ 3rllO.O<;IOOOlLrl lp(l (/OlL ll.(t)3.0c:'lL
-Ol.ll.f ll.(t)ll.jrlnO'():;XOOlL ll.<_!?.l. ;x;d~XlOdlO')( ;10~ 1lOX ;!?()lOX 'orl.o9x
-10a ~Ol. OA0'(~1~ f(l. om ;(t)X)~ 3~10<:JM Ja,snqJO:) 3'1 o.
n' <;103'(Xf1 ~Ol. ):;1A9'( ~l. ~n Xl\(t)d>n<;~.O '« :>·,3~'90lL Ol\j~ ll.((l. ll.((l.QlO ,.o ll.<_!?dod>JOI\'fl 01~Jd3rl f?l..OX1fl3.o 10~ •;tA..o n3~)X'{10<b
?'!l. :>3'(9 ,lL~ !J.d3l.913'(3l. II.~ » 'on1.0Jl.X ((l..O ~ ~n3X.0Xll.10X 11.~.0 ~l..OO.OOlL lOII.fl ~l.QlO ,.o 13Xd'9lL~ ~II. lOrl.03'(jl.OlL'fl frl 'll.<_!?rl.010000lL
13'9'(111 ~OlL 110X 110l.3l.<bjX.O ~OlL ;~11.10lL ;101\jj 11011.p ll.(t)l.Xjl.1 Xd'9 9 ll.(t)lljrl.0100(llOX 1\<_!?.l. 1lOX l\(t)ll.jrl13X1l.11.'9 ll.(t)lljrJ(t)d!l.'{:X0'(9 ll.<_!?.l. orl.o
1.1.9 110x :>\!,X111.0l.X3l.1Xd~ :>\!.J.. 10.D.OC?'(A ~X1~1011.0n ~ 11011.p on1.0Jl.X ((l. -9x 1\((l. 'orl.o9x f?:X103.l.(t)~f ll.((l. ((lL'fl ;nol. '9lLOl.90lL ~l. 1lOX lOpX
11.9 •;3X\!,(lii.O.O ;3d3rl~<f>j :>1.1. 110X :>td3(l10l..O :>11. :>10l.ll.c:'10lLOII.):;XJ 'orl -10l..O ~l. 1l0l.11.0~)31\10~ ;31\Xj.l. ~l.QlO ;3,llO.l.03'(3.l. JO lf~13lLt O.l.QO.l.
-1.0)l.X ((l. ((lL~ 'Xl.OjTl 110l.3~'9dd>xt QOlL 'ood<:>X ~Ol. ;!l..o(t)II.'9Ad<( :>\!.J.. 110)1 'l\(t)lljlrl13X1l.l\'fl ll<_!?l.10d<f 1\<_!?.l. lf.A.(t).A.lOdlOlLXII\'fl 1\~ ;ool. oX9.1..0
li.II.Xjl. ~ 1X11\p l(.x111.0l.X3l.1Xd~ ~ 11.9 :>10l.II.Odjd>1011.'9 ':.OOX)l..O frl laJ MOX~ QOlL ;31\Xjl. ;11..0 ~O):;lL :.\!,x1II.Ol.:X3l.1Xd'fl :.\!.J.. 1Xl:X :.1,!.x1.onorl
-Jad 9 :>01~~ 9 pl..010dd>Xj lp(l 'OOl. 10JO(t)3(l ~ lpXll.lLOI\.0.0 ;10.1.1\0~'910 ;\!.J.. lOAd~ lpl..O !u!uJlOOlOlL'9 1lO:X ~!l.{).OJlO ((1lL (/'{OlL 11011.p QOlL !A..o3(l
-ood10lL '10d31.9.A.d'9 Q'(OIJ n'« 11.no~no.l10dl. 'l!l"' 3l..O<:J 'olL9d1. o10l.j.l. -1\<;I.O ~l. '-l0130jrlO.l.lL3'( ~ ~rl 00'(91\0.0 no.l. Orl1.0jl~ f?.l. (f~Xl'(IJ.~- !l..o
lpl.10X 3.0ii.JOlLOrl1.D!l.d')( lpl. '3~10.l.j1~ lp.l. V'IX~ 'OOl. ~00110X ~O.l. 10.0jrl -3()11.<;1.0 ~ : od3l.9XUII.x.rl(.(.o f(l. lO.OQOI\X3E; ·!l..oo'('9"~ r.~ ~ lOJOl.3rl
1pX1.l..01003X.010l.XlX lpl. 3.0!A.JOlLOrl1.D!J.d')( ~OXIII. noX111.1i.'('{t nol. ll.(t)l.X -(t)3A ~ frl 1l0l.II011Jdx.ln.o ~ 110.1.1\0j~"n.o ;10JOlL<f ;\!.1. (t).Ojlrl 'l\(t)3~<;1l.lL
-jl.1Xd~ 9 ll 11.10l.\l lf'X:OlLj I(.X1.010'(X 1\~.0 110X IJ.f.ljii.O.O 1l.'\l lf~Xl'(IJ.~ -lOI\'9 II.<_!?X11\01\):;X 110X ll.<_!?rl.OlOn~r.n.o lOJ"OG<b'9 ~1rl poii.OlLQ (t)J..OR ~ 13lL
pr)nn.o 'J!lN ·(J.oli.JOlL 13Xd'9lL~ 1p11. 13lLjOlL lfX1II.Ol.XU1Xd~ 11.((lL10'{ 13j -jO.l.1lLj fJ..o<;~<b :.ool. ~.o1d(t)')(3~ If ';O'(jJ, 'XIrln311.lL ((l. 110x ;13.0~9.0
-JlO ~.l. MO.OJII.O'{xAO.O lpll. 1lOX ;(t)~ r.nodOlLrl 1.0l.~ 110X ';!l..o10l.~ ;\!.J..
-d'9lL~ ~"' 'J!l\1 ·;3)A0'(1011.'9 ;3!10d<:> :>1.1. !A..o'9fl frl Xll.ll.'9lL ' !A..o!l.Tl.o9x f.o
:.\!,n3X.010.l.10X ;\!.J.. lf.l!odl.Xll.3n ~ '101A9'( 10'('(~ f:W '00)01l.X ~Ol. !J.d 110X ;oOGjiAarl QOl. fJ..ofLX~~ lfx1.ond> ~.0 0<;1~ JO 1lOX r.nOXjdl..OOOlL
- jrl ~.l. 10'{11 f.o 110l.3~JII.10d>Xl~f Xl.l.39Jl.ll.~ lp'('(~ '110l.3l.lLJddolL~ ll.f~ QOlL • odnX.O)I\XllL O.Ojrl 'luhuypttvlq II.~ on JO 1lOX MOlLjiOl.1lLa, 'lOJ.O!l.{).o
':>!A..o!J.rl.o9x ;\!.J.. !l..o(t)O<;IX~ 1\~ ~X1.l..OX.1.0t;IO '00)01.l.X !)Ol. O'(OII.<;I.D f?l..O -1lOQ3 !Ld3l.<;IOQ3 11.~ 1lOl.II.OII.<;IG03lL~ li.m If
llOX lOJrl ~ 110x ·'911.3l..D
11.<_!?1303nOl.lL3'( ll.<_!?l. orl1.0j~ f(l. ((.l.QXI ,n ;Xl.l.ll.c:'OI\II.j ''(<;11..0 13Xd'9lJ.~ 1l0l.II.Ojl~ll.o.o ~d>dorl 1XIx IL'(I) ~ 'Q0'('('9 3l.OlL~~nolL9 ((lL~ ocl3.1.9.o
If
-.o1d3lL •;31olL9 ~.1..0 ; 311.Xji.l. o<;~~ ' 1\.(t).l.~.llOdlL "'<.!?.l. !l..DILrlJrl
11011.1a
lpll. 13lLjdlL !A..oli.JOlL 13~d'9lL~ 1p11. 1p1A 110)1 · !A..oli.JOlL 13Xd'9lL~ ~II. 13lLjdlL
~H~dOW H~HV~OH :QdJ.:!IWIUH ~HVJdO<I>OIVJ\TH~ ~O.IdUI.I 9t:J.
LSJ.
........
138 rmPrO:!: :!:HAIAIO!bOPI..l.H:!: EOUI.I!:TPO: B01"AHI:H MOP<liH!: '139

xo:xl 7ttp~X ciJto T« ~'llTIJJ.L<XT~X Tij.; xotT~Xaxtu'ij<;. •H K~XT~Xaxtu~ busier lt'ljya~tt &1to ~ cpuatoJ.oyl'!X Twv ~Xta&ijaewv Tij.; Jtoupt-
lHNAI l'IA NA l:ri'KPA'l'.I!:I. 'H 'ApxtnXTO\ItX~ EINAI l'IA NA aTtx'ij.; 6eoopl)G7j<; XOtL iXv l)(et l<cX7tOI'!X 7tpo£J.eUG7j, ~XU~ 7tpt7t£t
:ETrKINEI. 'H cipXtTE:XTOVtX~ auyxlv'lja'lj 7tPXYJ.LX't07tOt~iTOtt va (3plax£T~Xt aTo << esprit de finesse, esprit de geometrie »
chOtv To lpyo iJxtr J.Lta~X J.Lo:x<; ~ 8to:x7t~Xawv tvo.; aUJ.L7tOtVTo<; Tou -rou lletax<XJ.. 27 • H tv6Tl)TOt a~ (J1)v()&G7j tvO<; &p)( tTE><TOvtxou
lmolou ucptaTaJ.L&6x, &vxyvwpl~oUJ.Lt xOtl 6~XuJ.Lli~ouJ.L& Too<; vir lpyou tv~X7tOTl6eTOtt a~ O"J(EG"tj aTOtJ(eLOU-auv6J.ou, 7tOU ~al~t­
J.LOU<;. "OT~XV optaJ.Ltvt<; axeatt.; &mnux6ouv, TO lpyo J.La<; xupt- TOtt a'tl)v 7tetp<X8oa7j Tij<; 6ewpl'!X.; -rwv civ~XJ.oytwv xOtl Twv <ip!Lo-
tuet • •H cipxt'tEX'tOVtX~ dv'!Xt .. axeae:t<; , , dv~Xt .. XOt6etp~ ll7jJ.Lt- vtxwv J(Otpa~ewv. '0 cptJ.oaocptxo.; aTOJ(~Xa!Lo<; -.ou BOtJ.tpu Jtavw
OU?y!et 'tOU 7tVEUJ.L'!X'tO<;,. )) 24 MJtO?£! yt« 't0\1 BetJ.epu ~ auv8ea7j a-rb (8w 6e!LOt 7tl)YcX~£t ciJto !Lta cptJ.oaocptx~ 6toopl)a'lj •ou J.oyov.
x-xl ~ aUyxpta'lj J.LOUatx'ij.;-cipxtTexTovtx'ij.; va cicpopi ~ ytwJ.Le- "01tw<; x~Xl yta -rov Matila Ghyka, auyyp~X<pt~X -rou (3t(3J.(ou Le
-rpl'!X X'!XL ~~~ civ:XJ.ua7j, lltUTO<; dvett aJ.J.wan o 8eaJ.LO<; TOU J.Lt 1w m bre d' or, Jtou 7tpoJ.oyl~eTOtt !Le ypri!L!Lot -rou B~XJ.tpu, hat
-rov Le Corbusier, OJ.LW<; 6 nJ.eu-r~Xio.; civet~'ljTei a-rov EvnaAlvo xotl ytdt -r6v raAAO 7tOt'ljTij' (( A6yo<;. Gi'j!L'!Xlvtt a-ra EAA'Ijvtxa AO-
TO 'tEXJ.L~pto yt« ~~~ 7tOt\IT08uvetJ.Ll'!X Tij.; yewJ.LeTplet<;. rupw ciJtO ytx~. au).Aoyta!J.o x0tl axealJ ..• 6 (8to.; opo.; Gi'j!J.~Xlvtt tJt!a'lj<;
etu'to TO 6tJ.L'!X civet7t't"Uaa£TOtt a~ :Eop(36w7j -ro 1924 ~ OJ.LtAl'X ·~ 6etx~ ll'lj(J.tOupytx~ ~t<XvotOt (o Ntx6tJ.'!XJ(O<; ex rep<Xawv ea
Tou L e Corbusier u To Neo Ilv~uJ.L'X a~v 'ApxtnxTovtx~ ». 25 ciJtoxotJ.taet -rov 8'1j!Ltoupyo 0eo e~laou n:xv'"o J.oyo x~Xl u ;xvlTrJ
l::To J.L&YOtA1inpo J.Ltpo.; etuTij.; Tij.; oJ.LtJ.l'!X.; o &pxt-rexTwv civOt- Os6) )). 28 • H tAA'Ij\ltX~ yt())(L&Tpl~X et\IQ:t' yta T0\1 BotJ.epu, 6 op6w-
cpepeTOtt a~v xo:x6optaTtx~ a'ljJ.L'Xah Tij.; yewJ.Le-rpl'!X.;, 7tou ~ (J.tvO<; v~XO<; Tij.; At~l)<; a-rb Xwpo, Jtou TElvet 7tpo<; -ro &7tetpo,
6ewp£i 6eJ.L&At0tXO G't0t)(£io Tij<; cip)(t't£X'tOvtx'ij<;, Tij<; 07tOlOt<; ~ To &cp6~XpTo tJ.ov-r£J.o Jtou ciJto(3J.t7tet a~v nA&t6T'IjTot Tij.; yvw-
J(p~Gi'j ylve't~Xt 7ttptaa6npo 8uv~X~ a~v 7teplo8o Tou J.Li'jJ(etvo- Gi'j<; XQ:L TO ciaUyxptTO !LO\I'ttAO 'tW\1 mo -rumxwv t8toTijTW\I Tij<;
xpetTOUJ.L&vou 7tOAtTtaJ.Lou, x«P'Il a~v ecpeupeGi'j tvo.; v£ou otxo- tupw7t~Xtx'ij.; 8t<Xvot~X<;. 'Ax6!Lll• yew!L£'tpl'!X e!vcxt TO !Li'I)J.L&"io Tij <;
8oJ.Ltxou uJ.txou, Tou Tat!Lbrrou. To Tat!Lbrro, yt« TOv Le Cor- xA~Xatx'ij<; Ttx\11)<; 7tOU tJttX'!XAeh~Xt ~v cipJ(tTEXTOVtX~ 'tW\1 7t£At-
l o l X•Ovt<; ' xtov6xp~XV~X, ~XU't'!X
' ' Tot'
busier, emTpt7tet xnOtaxeuxaTtx.X ~v bp6oyoovto:x aUv6ea7j, 87j- X'ljJ.LtvWv votwv : << Au-ro•
' I , '!XUTot
' ' 't'!X

J.~X8~ ~~~ lxcpp~XG7j Tij<; x~X6~Xp'ij.; ytw!Le•ph.;. &ma't"UJ.ta, Q:u-rol ol 6ptyxol xcxl ol oJto8tatpeaet.; Tou.;, -ra 8tot-
B£~t(l(' chetv 0 B~XJ.epu civ~Xcptpe'tOtt J.Lt ~ aetpci 'tOU a~ yew- xoaJ.L'IjTtxa a-rotxercx Jtou ciJtetxa~ov-rott 8lxw.; JtoTe va ~e7t~p­
!L£Tpl~X, !LEaOt ciJto 'ta Myta Tou :Ewxp:X't'lj, twoti x-x-r« (3:X6o.; vouv ..a opta TWV 6ta£W\I XOtl 't:W\1 t<piXP!LOYW\1 TOU<;' J.Lt 687jyOU\I
TOU<; &pt6!Lou;' 7t0U dvOtt (( -r« mo <iJtAa A6ytet », X'!XL IS)(t xo:x-.' va axt<pTOJ.LIXt cxu-ra -ra J.LtA'Ij Tij<; Xot6~Xp'ij<; t7ttO"Tij!L'Ij<; , 01tW<; ~~~
&viyxi'j x:XJtote<; yewtJ.tTptxe.; !LO?:p£;, o1tw; -.a JtAx-rwvtx« aTe- dxotv auJ.J.a(3et ol "EJ."Al)ve.; : 6f!U1J.wt, d~twpat:a, A~f.t!WT:a,
pe& -.ou cl>tJ.~(3ou ~ TO op6oyoovto aUaT'IjJ.L'!X.• H At~'lj yeW(J.ETplOt Oewe~JWT:a' avJ.J.oytapol, 1&0f!lr1J.tUT:a' neofJA~ttat:a . . . ll'ljAQ:-
a-ro Myo -rou JtOtl)T'ij oJto87jJ.oovet TI) !Le6o8o a><eo/r).; Tou Ketp•i- 8~ ~ J.L'Ij)(ot\1~ TOU 7tVEUtJ.IXTO<; ltOU ylvt-.'!Xt opetTij, ~v cipJ(tTE-
XTO\ItX~ Tij<; 8t<Xvotcx<; t~ OAOXA~pou axe:8tota!L£\11) ».
29
atou, ~~~ &!Lcpl8po!Ll) civTtaTOt)(l'!X &pt6{Lwv xo:xl a)(l)!L:X-.wv, JtOU
6 Bwpu ovotJ.a~et << JtoaoTtx~ 6toopl)al) Tij.; ~w'ij.; » (<< quan- IIcxp' oJ.o 1tou ~ JtOtl)-rtx~ &v-rlJ.'IliJ!lJ Tij.; &pxt-re><-rovt><'ij<; x~X l
tification de Ia vie »). 26 'H ytwtJ.eTptx~ civTlA'Ijljl'lj -rou Le Cor- 1) ye:w!Le-rpl~X tJ.Ota~ouv v:X dvxt ol 8ea!Lol &vaJ.L&aiX a-rl<; &7t6ljlet<;
-
HtO riOPrOI: l:IH1AIOII>OPI~H!: EniMETPO : B01AHEH MOP<l)HE 14.1
TOU Perret, TOU Le COJ·busier X'XL TOU BxAepu, ~ oucnotO'T~X~ AU1t7)<; TOU 81:v ~xe~ aX01t0 vdt ~AO:Ijie~ XOC7t0\IX (( euyev~ auvTe:-
a~ct<popci TOU~ ~p£crxeTct\ a~ 6zoop7JO'l') TW\1 I>O!J.\XW\1 UA\XW\1. xvliX », cXAAa vdt Tpct~~l;e:~ ~~~ 7tpoaox~ TOU xowou (( TtOU auxvdt
0! Mo 7tpwTo~ ~e~ctvx dvct~ TctY!J.tvo~ u1tl:p Tou cr~37Jp07tct­ 31:v a~1Xxp£ve~ mdt ~\1 npocaT~Gt s~IX<popdt 7to~6T7)Tct<; 7tOU Ortocpxe~
you~ crxupol>t(J.ctTo~. 'H <p~Aoao<p!ct Tou~ dv:~:~ lX7tA~. Ilpt7te~ vdt .Xvi(Jo&OIX a' ~vet m:AE:X7J!J.EvO XIXL a' ~ct XctAOU7tc:.>fJ.EvO ~pyo ».
32

xcivou!le: o, T~ 6dt ~xctvctv a~ 6£0"1) !J.Gt~ ot &pxctro~ "EU7Jve:c; &v '0 Bct).e:pu <piXlveTct~ vdt &vTortl~e:t aTo O'l')!J.e:ro ctuTo ~~~ XIXTctaxe:uct-
dxctv Ta UA~xdt (J.EOct 7tOU a~ct6tTOU!J.E: O~!J.E:pct. Me:Tctl;u ctUTW\1 ~£­ aT~x~ xctl cttcr67JT~X~ s~IX<pOpa TtOU umxpxe:~ cXVct!J.E:act OTL<; xar:a-
~(%~ To !Jo7t&Tov &p!Jot. '0 Perret !J.Gt6ct£ve~ &1to vw?t<; aTa £pyo- axwi~ dnJ.ij~ Meaaew~ xat Tlc; c5t:I(Tvwr:i~ xaTaaxevi~ (Al6we:c;
Tocl;~ct TOU 1tctTtpct TOU ~~~ Tf:X\1~~~ TOU veou 30(Jo\XOU UA~Xou. 'H Xctl l;uAWE:<; XctTIXOXE:UI:<;) &.rto ~ (Jo~a !J.E:ptoc, Xctl OTlc; OAOGW[tt~
olxoyeve:~ctx~ XctTctaxe:uctaT~x~ £mxdp'I)O'l') 1tou lxe:~ (Joct~l !Jol: :l(ar:aaxeve~ (xctTctaxe:ul:c; a1to fJ.Tte:Tov &p!J.I:) .Xrto ~" li.AA7J.
TOU<; &3e:A<pouc; TOU 6dt el;e:~a~xeuTe:L yp~yopct a~ XP~O'l') )((XL 0~\1 "Ortw~ e:uaToxcx !!xe:~ emcrl')!Jocive:t 6 Ilctvcty~<i>T7Jc; Mtxe:A'ijc;, ~ xAct-
t<pctp(JoO~ TOU. '0 Ozenfant XIXL 6 Le Corbusier a~IX37JAOO\IOU\I cr~x~ ap)(LTE:XTO\I~X~ )(ctpctX'r7)pl~e:TIX~ cX1t0 ~\1 T:tXT:Ol'tX~ i5£aftO(!-
~~~ Tte:Tto£67)a~ Touc; aTo Neo IIve\ifJ.IX, 1tou ~ctaL~e:TIX~ a~v Tocl;7J tpW(]TJ XctL T~V :rta{!UWJHt)(.~ (]UVT:U~'f/ 'rW\1 aTOL)(dc:.>V T'l)~, aVTl-
><IXt llx~ a~ <piXVTctah. Be~IX~:t, ljTIXv o! &pxctro~ "EU7Jve:c; Ttou 6e:Tct &1to ~" &px~-rexTov~x~ Tou fJ.Tte:-rov &:p!J.£, rtou xctpctxT'IJp£-
cX\IIXXcXAU.jlctv ~~~ TcXl;7J, 31:11 dxctv OfJ.W<; ~ a~&6e:a~ TOU<; Ta XIX- ~e:-rct~ cX7t0 ~ ftOVOAtiJt'!d} 1Jw~t6eq;wi1T] XIXL ~ .... oeravtxi) avvr:a~,
TOCAA'I)AIX UA~xdt xtXl Tlc; f.lo&663ouc; 'rijc; OUYXP0117J<; ~~O!Jo7JX1Xvhc;. Twv aTotxtlwv T'l)<; (OTIX'II 7tp6xe:tTIX~ y~dt 6A6crw(J.&<; XctTctaxe:uec;) ·
rtdt Touc; 7tpc:.>T07t6po~ Tou Ttoup~cr!JoOU ~ fJ.OVTepviX !Jo'IJX1XVoxp1X- II p6xe:~TIX~ ~t~(X~ y~dt Mo Te:Ae:lwc; s~ct<pope:-r~xl:c; tXta67)T~XI:c; &v-
ToU!J.E:117J t7tOX~ dviX~ 3£xwc; IJ.A).o 7t&p~aa6Tepo 7tpo~x~a(Jo€117) a1to '.-LA~Ijie:~c;' ctuT'ijc; TOU IJtarpO(!t11jtOV xoct IXU'rij<; T'ijc; OAOXA'f/efa~,
~~~ t7tOX~ Tou Ilep~xA'ij a~v 7tpcty!Jo&Twcr7J Tou l31Xv~xou 'rijc; Te- w~ rtpoc; ~ axecr7J Twv !J.e:pwv !J.I: To crt~voAo.
33

Ae:~6TIJTIX~. 0£0"1) 1tou 60: &a7tiX~6Tctv XIXT7JYOP7JW;mxdt xott 6 Per- Be~ct~ct ye:yovoc; e:Ivoct oT~ 6 P erret t8~ctlTe:pcx rtpoa7t~67Jae:
ret. (( To J.t:r&er:av a{!J.tE, 7tp6a<p1X'n) XIX't'IXO'XE:UIXO'T~X~ Te:::(\1~)(~, Va lXVGt~7)T~OE:~ !Jo~a T£XTOVL)(~ l)~o;;!J.6p<pc:.>Ol'), ~IXa~a(J.tVO<; a"CL<; )(0(-
lmr:eenet ytd :r&QWT:'f/ q;o{!a r:~v aVGT'f/1!~ :r&Qay~tar:onol'f/a'f/ r:oii 'riXaX&UI:~ lX1tO axe:Ae:TO (Jort&TOV ap!J.t. '!laT6ao, e:IvctL ctU~ <ixp~­
Wr.oA.oytaftOV ar:~v dQXtr:ll:I(T:OVt:l(~. '0 'AQtiJ~t6~, nov elvat 11 {36.- ~w~ ~ 3toc<popdt 1tou rtpoa3~opL~e:~ aTov EunaA.lvo ~ ~IX6u:e:p1J h~­
(]'f/ :l(aiJe OJ.tO(!tpti'i~, p.noeei nMov va fJeei r:~v [:l(q;eaafJ 'T:OV. )) 30 !J.OAoytx~ Ol')!J.ctaltX 'rijc; <Xpxm:xTov~x'ij~ , ~~ Tt)(Vl')~ xct L emaT'I)-
rtdt Tov BctAe:pu, ~ aA7J6w~ &pxm:xTov~x~ diiiX~ &J;e:xooptaT'I) &1to !l.7J<; Tou TtxTovoc;, ~aLa!J.Ev7J~ aTlc; XctTQ(axe:ul:c; TOU ),l6ou xctL
~~~ mA&X'I)!Jo€117) 7ttTpct x-xl TI)v xo~ T'l)<;. « 'H 7tA~p7J<; Ttxll'l) TOU Tou l;uAou.
otxol>o!J.EL\1 umip)(&~ wSvo Ot'L~ X?:TIXOXe:ul:c; 7tOU 6<:[L~A~OO\IO\It'IX~ 'H l8ecx 'rijc; XAGta~x'ijc; ap)(LTEXTOV~x'ijc;, rtOU op6oov&TIX~ (.1.1: (J.U-
(J~\1 )(0~, &x6!J.7J )((XL OTt<; mo TIX1t&Wb; , XIXL ox~ a~ XP~O'l') OU(Jo- anxou~, te:pouc; axe:Bov Tp67touc; )((XL laoc~<9\ILIX UALXct, fJ.ETIXT07tl~EL
rtctywv 1) fJo&TctAA~xwv o).~xwv. » 31 ·o rocAAoc; rto~7JT~c; a~IXmat'w­ -r~ O"U~~T7J07J 7ttpoc artO TL<; tXA£XTLXLOT~xl:c; [J.Op<pOAO"(LXI:<; cX\17)-
ve:~ al: !Jo~dt £maToA~ Tou, o1twc; oAoc; 6 x6a!JoO<;, o·n Ta VtiX olxo- 0"UX,le:c; TW\1 'Axctl>"tj!J.~wv, TL<; Tt)(VOAOytx~c; Tw\1 [J.OVTtpvwv rtp~­
3o!J.txdt uAtxdt --ro TOL!J.Evt'o xiXt TO fJ.ETIXAAO- ~xouv ovTwc; x:IXTct- -rortoptwv, Tou~ pu6[J.ouc; xocl Ta aU{J.<ppct~6[J.evoc -roue;, ~~~ rtAoc-
xMae:t TOv T6rto, xctl AU7tiTIX~ yt' ctuT6. '!laT6ao, ~ ~x<ppctOY) 'rijc; crT~x6T'I)Tct TOU xwpou )((XL TW\1 AE~Toupytw\1 TOU. 'H [l.E:TIXTOm07J
142 rmPrOI: I:HMAIO~OPI&HI: EniMETPO : BO!AHI:H MOP~HI: 143
35
avrl) dvor:t &rc:o-rtA&atJ.X TOU aroxaatJ.oi:i Toi:i :EwxpiTY) rdvw a~ !J.UXYJ CSU!J.cpwvloc !J.tT<X~u O"UAI-YJo/'1~ xocl !J.tCS<o>v txTm<JY)~ » ).
eva ISaTpctxo, CSTO)(<XCSfLOU ltou &rwaxo1tt~ aT~ 8tixptal) Ti]:)v ys·v- '0 CS)(YJ!J.<XTtCS!J.O~ Ti]:)v YEW'YJp~i-r:wv -r:ijr; ~VIJ'Yjt; (-1) ea<o>TE:ptx~ £p-
P'YJfUJ:r:wv-r:* ~va1}'; a1to Toc leya Toii dv8ewnov. Av~ ~ 8ti- yaal<X 't'ljt; X<XTCXO'X&U'ij<; ~V EvEflYO ~V0'1]) e:lvcxL!J.UCST1JplotXOC pu6-
xpta7J &p6pwv&T<Xt yUflW OC1t0 ~ CS)(tCSY) CSUVOAO-tJ.tpY) (JTOC opad: !J.LO'tJ.tvO<;. 'AvT£6n<X, -1) dv8ecb:rtW1] ~f.tiOV(!yla op(,&T<Xl !ilto TO
&vTtxdtJ.tvor:, xat ~ 8YJ!J.toupytx~ ltflX~YJ xoc6' i:auTI)v. '0 Bai-epu auv8uotCS!J.O OplO'!J.tv<o>V Uev8setwv eml..oy'ij<; W<; ltpo<; ~v VA'YJ '
6ewpd ltW~ aToc ltMa!J.<XT<X ~ aToc yevvlj!J.otTcx 't'lj~ cpuaYJ~ cc ~ {3cx6- TO axijp.a xocl ~ Ota(!KEta. "OT<XV 0 &v6p<o>ltO<; (( )(T(,e:t ~0( al't~Tt
tJ.(8a TOu auv6Aou dvcxt &vor:yxcxa·nxoc vo/Y)A6npYJ &1to ~ {3cx6!J.(- ~ VOCU1n)yd ~<X ltAoro, IITocV acpupY)AotTe! ~ex epy<XAt!o ~ ~0( llltAO,
8cx TWV Atlt't'O!J.tp&ti]:)v· ~ xcxMTtpcx, ltW~ !J.1tOfl£~ voc e!vat faY) ~ 1tfltlt£t XctT' .Xpxi)v voc u7t&pxe:t ~oe axe8to ltou voc 8pat 8tcx!J.&aou
U~J)A6Ttp1) lilt' cxv-rljv, &:1-Aa ltOTe XotTW't'tfl~ 't'Y)<;)) (E : 84). ''0- TOU f8tou TOU !iv6pw7tOU-31)tJ.lOUpyou fLE:T<X!J.OpcpwvoVTi<; TOV ere
!J.(U;' CSTOC ~pycx TOU &v6pw7tou (( TO auvoM TOU<; {3p(ax&T<X t 7t&vT<X e~tt8LX&U!J.tv0 epywro. TiptltE:t VOC Ult&p)(tl !J.lOC .. ta&a .. ltOU voc
ae X'ltTW";E:PYJ {3ct6{.Ll8ct ho ~ {3<X6!J.£8a Ti]:)v !J.E:pi]:)v TOU<; )) (E : auVTov(,et <XVTO ltOU o 81JtJ.lOUpyo<; 6el..et, tJ.ltOpe!, yvwp(,et, {3/-e-
8 7). Kt OGJho ytotTl 0 &v6pwlto<; IITCXV XotTcxaxeui,et ltpo{3<X (vet ere lttt, liyy(,tt xoel lipxt,et, xoclltou TO bpycxv~vet limp(cppcxO"T<X ltpo<;
!J.!OC .Xcpcxlpe:a7J, ltcxpcx{3Atltet xat ~exviet Tl<; m:ptaa6Tepe<; t8t6- To axolto !J.tot<; t8toclnp'IJ<; xoel li7toxl..etanx'ij<; £v£pyetcx~ ~extvwv­
't'Y)T£<; TWV 1tflOCYtJ.&TwV ltOU !J.E:TCX)(ttp(,eT<Xt, w<; 1tfl0<; ~v li{.Lot:.. Tcx<; &1to !J.lOC auv%xYJ xaTa ~v oltol<X ext!vo<; fjTocv 8t<X6tattJ.o<;,
{3ot!<X eawreptx~ U1tOTCXY~ xcxt ~ {3:x6toc auv8~a7J TOU VAtKOV' 't'lj<; &pet xoel EAtu6tpo<; !iltO x&ee: ltp66e<JY). "0T(XV 0 8'1]!J.l0Upyo<; ltpO-
!W(!~~r; xo:t 't'lj<; Aet-r:oveylar;. '0 !:<o>xp&TYJ<; X<XTatA~yet aTo auA- xA1J6d voc 8p&aet, &vayx&,e:Toct voc !iltOltOt"06e! {.Ltpo<; 't'lj<; !Mu-
:AoytatJ.o IITt TOC opnoc ltflXY!J.XT<X ltxpiyovT<Xt ~ ye:vvtoi:ivTo:t xocToc 6ep(a~ TOU ocv't'lj<; X<Xl VOC EtJ.ltAoeXt! ytoc lva )(flOVlXO 8t&O"t'Y)!J.OC
Tpe:t<; Tfl6ltou<;: ~v n•xala av~tnr:wa'f/, ~v ivsqyo ~VGrJ, ~v ae !J.LOC 8uaxep~ XctT&O"t'otaYJ, x&pY) II!J.<o><; ~v Oltol<X 6&: tJ.ltOpta£L
QIIO(!Wnti''YJ O'Yjf.ttOV(!yla. :E~v ivseyo ~VIJ'Yj 6etJ.e:Atcxxe<; ap)(e<; xoct voc !iltoTUltWO"£L 1t&v<o> ~v llltotot " ltflCXY!J.<XTLX6T1)T<X " TiX <JY)~·
xotTotaxe:u~ dvoct .X8toc(pe:Toc, TO t8to 8ev au!J.{3cxlvet II!J.w<; xcxl aToc 8toc !J.lot~ em6u!J.lot<; -1) OltOl<X el)(£ ~81) O')('IJ!J.OCTOltOL'I]6e:! !J.CO'ot O"t'O
leya TOV av8ewnov, CSTOC Oltorcx ot 6e:tJ.E:Atotxe~ .Xp)(t<; e:!vcxt 8tcxcpo- l'tVE:UfL'lt TOU. !:U!J.l'tE:flCX<J!J.<X't'LXi, x&6e lt<Xpcty<»y~, T60"0 W<; 1tfl0<;
fl01tOLY)!J.tvE:~ a1to ~v xcxTcxaxe:u~. ~Av taxue:t o ltpoYJyou!J.e:vo<; ~v licpe:T1)pl<X /lao xoel w<; npo<; TOV ltpoopta!J.O liv6pwlttVY), awn-
aui.Aoyta!J-6<;, T6n TO O"U!J.lttpcxatJ.<X e:!vcxt IITt aToc ysvv~f.taTa -r:ijr; At!Toct !J.E 8t<X8oxtxe<; xe:tpovo!l-te:<;, eltcxpxw<; Stoexexpt!J.tve<;, ltpo-
~lki'Yjl; AE:1tTO!J.tpe:te<; xat O'UVOAO 8ev 8tcxxp(vovTCXL moc alt' liAA~­ xoc6optatJ.tve:~, !iltocpt6tJ.~at!J.e:~. 'AA'-oc optO"!J.M 'wx, ltoo xocTa-
A(J>V , evi]:) ~ dv8(!W1tW'YJ IJ'Yjf.t!OV(!yla CSUVTE:AetTOtL ere Mo )(p6vou<; axe:u&,ouv xu<jl£:1-e:<; 'I) cp<o>l..t~, !J-ot<; !J.O~'ouv ltOAU {.Lixpt<; £8w. TO
(1tVE:UfLotTtXo<;-cpuatx6<;), ~TO'L l~an cc TO O')(t8to voc dvctt Te:Adwt; xoe6ocuTo ~pyo TOU liv6pwnou 8tocxp(ve:'t'oct IIT<XV ocvTe<; ot 8tcxcpope:-
~E:)(WplCSTO altO ~v ev&pye:t<X, Xotl ~ ev&pyet<X altO TO altOTtAe- 't'txe~ xcxllivt~&p't'Y)'t'£<; ltpli~e:t~ !iltcxtToi:iv ~~~ evO"WfLOCT1J xcxl axe:-
<J!J.ot >> (E : 95). cc .itxtpoi:itJ.otL ytoc voc 8YJ!J.toupy~aw », yp&cpet 7t't'6!J.E:V'IJ ltatpoua(a 't'OU, ytoc voc ltcxpcxy&youv xal v!X pu6tJ.(aouv !J.t-
&nou b Bo:/-e:pu34, &vcxcpe:p6!J.e:vo~ a~ ax&aYJ !J.E:T<X~u fLtot~ ltpo- X.Pt TtAOU~ ~ 8toccpop& 't'OU~. '0 &v6p<o>ltO<; Tptcpe:t !J.tO'ot TOU ~
ul'tipxouao:~ t8ecx~ xcxl 't'lj<; exTeAeaYJ~ (yt<i Tov Viollet-le-Duc 8t&pxe:toc TOU !J.OVTtl..ou xocl 't'lj<; {3oui..'I]<JY)t; n. 3 6
(( TO 0Cfl)(LTE:!<T6V1J!J.CX e:!v:.tL, li1t(Jl<; x&6e: X<XAAtTt;Y.VY)tJ.ot, !J.LOC ev86- 'H alt&V't'Y)<JY) 0'~ 8toccpopoc cpuatXW\1 xocl liv6pC:mtV<o>V livTt-
144 rinPrO:E :EHMAIOoi>OPiaH:E IWBIETPO : BOl'AH:EH lll OPol>H:E 145
XttfJ.tvwv e:!vcu o·n aT<X OE:O't'<:px {JltOOl)AWVt't'OC t fJ.td: 7tp66e:<rl) l!voc<; pouVToct x-xl ocu-r<X a£ -rpt!<; -r&~et<; 7\'ou &:<popouv 'T'ijv &fJ.uvoc, 'T'ij
O"X07t6<;' fJ.td: em/Hw~l) ltOU AtL7ttt alto •<X 7tpc'i)Toc. Mt<X 7tp6:<pOC't'l) fJp7Jaxdoc X!Xt 'T'ijv xowl) wcpe'Ae:toc. ~TO <rl)fJ.tLO CXUTO 0 Bt-rpou-
fl.tAt't'l) em<rl)fJ.OC(ve:t, w~ 7tp0<; OC1JTO TO O"l)fl.tt'o, OTt (( 0 Boc'AtpU {3to<; tlltOOTl)pL~tt, oaov a<popa ..a: Ol)fL6atoe x-r(ptoe, OTt CXUTcX ea
~'t'OCV ltE:tO"fJ.tvO<; yt<J: 'T'ijv ll7tOCp~1J fJ.ta<; tXV't'tXttfJ.tVtX1j<; tvooyevo\i<; 1t'p€Jret v<J: J(T(~OVTCXt fl-1: OCVCX<pOpcX a"l"ij C1Tt(!tOT1JTa (firmitas),
11)(07ttfl-6TY)'t'Jr:<; aT<X 7tpo~6V't'OC TOU av6pc:mou 7\'0U ex<ppf~t't'oc•. fJ.t aTl)v W(/JeAtp.6T1JTa (utilitas) xcxt a-r7)v op.oecpul (venustas).40
'I'~ fl.Op<p~ tvo; fl.OC6Y)!J.OC't'tXOU <rU<r't'~fl.XTO; axeae:wv )).37 To ao- ~TOV BtTpouf3to i) TPLfLtpl)c; \m6aTOCal) Tljc; ap)(tTE:XTOVLX1j<; 1t'poa-
a't'1Jfl.'X CXU't'O (7) tXVTLA1J<)Il) oco'T'ij TOU B:x'Aepu e!voct tltl)ptOC<rfJ.€v'l) OLOpL~tTCXt cX7\'0 T1)v xoc-rcxaxtul) xcx! !!)(t &:11'' -rov &v6pwrro. Ilp&y-
a ~to -ra fLCC6'1)fJ.ocTtx<X Tlj<; 6ewp£oc<; -rc;)v OfJ.aowv) b.lumxpxet a-ra fl.CXTL, Oil:W<; yptX<p£L, (( 7j C1T'£(!t6T1]TQ EVO<; X-rtp£ou t~CX<r<pCXA(~E:TCXl
OY)fJ.WUP~f.I.OCTOC TOU av6pw7tou xcxt IS)(t a-ra yevv~fl.CXTOC Tlj<; <pOa7J<;. o-rcxv -ra 6tfJ.e'Atcx f3p£axov-rcxt a£ a-rcx6tpo ~ocx<po<; xcxl -r<X u'Atx&: ~­
(( To a't'UA av~xet aTOV av6pw7to X'Xt e:!VJr:t avz~apTY)TO cbro TO xouv em'Aex.fld fJ.t ao<po xocl e'Atu6epo Tp6rro · ~ WfPtAtp.oT'I]Ta,
tXV't'tXdfJ.eVo )) fl.a~ um:v6ufl.£~et aUfl.ltAl)pwvovToc<; 0 Viollet-le- OTCXV i) otaflt<rl) -rc'i)v fLtpc'i)v TOU xnp£ou e:!vat &:Mvflcxa'Y) )((XL o£-
Duc.38 J(W<; tfL~t6otoe aT7) J(p~al), xcx! oTcxv xoc6tfLt&: &:~to Tlc; TcX~etc; Tc;)v
NIX 'Aot7\'0V ytocTt o B'X'Aepu maTe:uet 7\'w; 7) &p)(tTex-rovtx~ XTtp£wv ~J(£t TOV 1t'pertoVTOC xed XCXTtXAAl)AO 1t'poaaVOCTOAtO'fJ.6 '
e:!voct 7) 'I'E:Att6Te:pl) TSxV7J, IS)(t 07JAocOlJ fl.6Vo ytoeTt e~cxpTaTcxt -r6ao TtAO<;' ~ op.oeqna. OTOCV 7) tfJ.<pcXVtal) TOU ~pyou dvcxt £UJ(tXpta't'l)
' I 1 ~
a
OC7t0 -rou~ <puatxouc; oa o xed ~to -roue; &:vflpwmvou<; v6, ou<; &:A'AQ: xcxl xcxA6youa't'l) xcx! oTcxv TcX fJ.tPl) TOU f3p£axoV't'cxt a£ awa-r1) &vcx-
ytocn' Tcx-' .Ol)fJ.tOUPYl)fl.'XTOC
, '
TOU av6pw7tou e!voct <pnocyfl.tvcxr '
&voc<po- 'AoyLoc <rUfJ.<pWVOC fLt TL<; axpt{3dc; tXp)(&c; Tlj<; aUfLfl.E:Tp£ac; ». 41
ptx<X 11'poc; •o awp.a, 'T'ijv ~pvx?/ -rou, xocl •ov t5n6J.omo ~Coap.o, auf.l.- ''Orrw<; d'ltCXfJ.E:, 0 Bcx/-tpu fl.E:TOUO'tWVE:t cxu-r1) T1)v TPOfl.E:PlJ
<pwvoc fl.t Tt<; ap)(t<; Tlj~ W(/JEAeta~, Tlj<; OftO(!(/Jtii~ xoc t Tljc; cneee6- \m6aTCX<rl) -rlj<; &p)(tTtXTovtxlj<; aTOV &v6pwrro, f3cxatafJ.tvO<; aTl)
TrJ1:a,-t5uie~Ceta,. Au•<X dvoct -r<X fJ.ey&'Aoc yvwp£afJ.ocToc -rou -re'Ae:tou AUO(cx 'A£6o TOU 7t'U6ocy6petou O"Ufl.f30AtafJ.OU xcx! Tljc; eawnptxljc;
~pyou 7\'0U << fl-6vo 7) &p)(t-rex-rovtxl) -r<X a~toct-ret' xcxl -r' &ve(3&~et ipt'Aoao<pLoc<; : T1)v Tptaooc Yj To v6fJ.o Tou -rp£a (o !opuTtxo<; v6fJ.o<;
a~o ~l]Mn:po a~et'o », (E : 97). Au-r~ i) -rptfJ.ep7)<; \m6aToc<rlJ Tc;)v ~tpcxyfJ.aTwv xcxt TO .X'Al)flwo x'Aetol Tlj<; ~w1jc;). 42 « ~owpwvcx
Tl)<; CXpJ(tTexTOVtXl)<; f.I.OtOC~et VeX cX7tO't'£At::i TOV avoc~t6cpeux-ro cp6po fl.' cxuTa, -ro ac;)fJ.oc ~c; (3&1;et v&: rrofloufJ.E: -ro w<pe'AtfJ.O, 1) &:~t'Aoo ­
TtfJ.lj<; TOU Boc'Aepu a't'OV BtTpouf3to. aTepoc TO f3o'Atx6· xcx! ~ <)lux~ fl-O(<; a7\'0~l)Tatt Tl)v OfJ.op<ptci· &na
_IIp&ywx-rt,, a•o m:pL<pl)fJ.O<rUyypocfJ.fLtX -rou IIeel •A(.>r.tuKro- o \m6'Aomo<; x6afJ.o<;, xocl ol v6fJ.Ot -rou xa6w<; xcxt -r&: -ruxocroc -rou
!''"'7!:. 0 Bt-rpouf3to<; ~ cX7t00t)(6fLtvO<; 'T'ijv &:v-r(aTOtJ(l) otoe(peal) TOU 7\'e:ptaTCXTtXcX, fJ.a<; tXVCXy><tX~OUV ae XtXfJE: ~pyo VeX AoycxptcX~OUfJ.E: Xt
AptaTOTtAl), otcxtptt 'T'ijv &p)(t-rex-rovtxl) a£ -rpti<; TOfJ.tt'<; : ol- &v e:!voct anpeo » (E : 9!7), &rrcxvTa o ~wxp&Tl)<; a-rov IJ>cxt'opo.
~Cot5op.t~C~ (aedificatio), yvwp.ovt~C~ (gnomonice), ft1Jr.avt~CfJ ~ 'Q<; rrpoc; 'T'ij otcx£pt~ Tlj<; ap)(tTE:XTOVtX1j<; xcxt TL<; TtX~ttc; Tc'i)V XTt-
1'1Jr.avqJ.oyta (machinatio). 3 9 p£wv 0 Boc'Atpu oev rrpoTdvtt XtX'ltOtCX aoc<pl) Otaxpt<rl). 'Apxd-roct
'H ol~Cot5opt~C~ otoetpti'Toct fLt 'T'ij attp& 't'l)<; a£ ooo fLtpl) : -ro fl-6vo v<l 7ttt' '1tW<; '1ttptotcx(3:X~ovTcxc; 6 Eurrcx'A£voc; aTl)v 71'o'Atn£oc
J(TL<rtfJ.O ox.upwfLtvwv ~t6'Aewv xocl Ol)fJ.oa(wv ~pywv xcxl 'T'ijv &:ve- 11'CXpCXTl)ptt' Tp£a dol) xnp(<.o>v : (XUTcX rmu e:!vcxt PovPa, CXUTcX '1t0U
ytp<rl) lotwTtx{;)v olxooOf.1.7JfLtXTwv. Te'Ao<;, -r<l 01JfL6atoc ~pyoc otoct- :i_J.otiv (01JfJ.6atcx xTLptoe, fJ.E:YtX'Acx ~pycx) xoct cxuT&: nov T(!ayov&tiv

-
H6 riOPrOI: :E H MAIO~OPit. HI: :ElliMETPO: BO"l'AHI:H !llOPoJ>HI: 147
((J.V'I)!J.&LOC 't"ljc; xoc6ocp~c; Tt)(V'I)t;, voco(}. 'H cXp)(tT&XTOVIX~ (J.Ot<i~tt a"l)t; evoc; axe8£ou. 'E~£aou 0flCil~ yvwp(~et lTWt; yt<X VeX GU!J.~EL XtXT t
vt\: xocTotxd, rrot'I)Ttxoc 8£xwc; &.no, !J.6vo aToc Tel-euToci:oc. TtTOtO dva:t cXlTOCpoc(T"I)TO XO:L ~OC llno aTOt)(ELO : -f) rpaVTacJ£a~~
~T'ijv &px~ Tou 8to:Myou o4>oc1:8poc; rreptyp!Xq-m aTov ~wxpci­ J.oyt~1· AuTij Yj tv86(J.U)("I) aU!J.<pWvLoc TWV auvexwv cXVTO:AAOCywv
T'I) Tov E\mocA(vo &rro TcX Meyocpoc. '0 Eurroc/-£voc; dvoct o &pxt- (..ltTOC~U TOU avfJa{ee-r:ov xoct TOU dvayxa{ov, TO )(OCPIXXT'I)ptaTtXO
TtxTwv-xocTocaxeuocaTijc; lTOU lixet we; t8cmx6 TOU T'ijv O!J.Opqn<X yvwpta(J.OC lTOU 0 BocAepu avOCXIXAUlTTEI aTOV Tp£8wvoc OlTWt; TO
(txei:vo lTOU u<jlwvet TOV &.v6pwrro )(<Uplc; &ywvoc &mxvw cXlTO T~ dxe: &v:xx:xM:jm rrp:.>Ttrrepx a 't"OV rrpoa<ptA~ Tou Aeov<Xp8o vT<X
<pua'l) Tou) xocl To &v6pwmvo xop!J.L "Evoc t8ocvtxo rrou 8ev ~yxet­ BlvTat.'u rup(~OU!J.& xoct lTXAL aTOV Viollet-le- Duc, yt<X TOV
Toct o(!Te t~IXVTA&LTOCI T6ao aTo lipyo, oao aT'ij 8'1)!J.IOUpytx~ rrpci- OlTOLO aT'ijv Tt)(V"I) 't"ljc; &:p)(tTEXTOVtX~t; urr<Xpxouv Mo 8ta.xptTcX
~'1) TOU xnal!J.OCTOt; . (( XT(~e-xTt~e. !J.OU XcXV&t )(OC!J.OYEAWVTOCt; a"I)(J.eLIX. (( Trr:Xp)(&l Yj &:va:yxa.t6T"I)T« aT'ijv orroLoc 7tptm:t VeX
6ocppw lTWt; lixw u<jl~att TO )(Tlpto TOU EOCUTOU !J.OU)) (E : 35): UlTOTa:x6ou~J.& x4tt urr&p)(tl Yj &pycxa(oc 't"ljc; <pOCVTcxa£cxc; TOU )(O(MI-
'H Tt)(V"I) TOU dvoct auv8uoca!J.O<; 6ewp(occ; xoclrrpci~"l)c;, auAA"I)- Tt)(V"I).» 44 '0 f<iAAOt; cXp)(tTtXTCilV &:<ptepwvtl (J.t ptxec; aeA£8ec;
<)i"l)c; xoc l t xTtA&a"l)c;, rrou ~oca(~eToct aTO Myo xoct aTouc; &pt6(J.ouc;. aT'ijv rreptypa:<p~, Tou 8eunpou aTOt)(dou, rrou dvcxL cc 1j 8e8o(J.tV"I)
ea &pxouae &.pocye fl6vo 0 EurrocA(voc; yt<X VeX rrpoa8top£aet Tij <pU- !xocv6T"I)TCX TOU av6pwrrou \leX auyxtvTpWv&t xoct VeX auv8u:X~&I (JTO
atoyvw!J.Loc Tou &p)(tTtxTovoc lTOIJ urr"l)peni: ~oc xAocatxo !8ocvtx6 ; vou TcX rrp&.y!J.>XTOC rrou tv..urrwaLocacxv ·de; cx!a6~aetc; Tou ».45 '!la-
A£yo rrptv &rro TO TtAo<; Tou 8tocA6you o 4>oc1:8poc; rreptypci<pet xocl T6ao, Yj /-etToupy£cx 't"ljc; <p:xvToca Locc; 8tocxp(vtTcxt, xocT<X ~ yvW(J."I)
7tcXAt aTov ~wxpciT'I) TOv Tp£8wvoc TOv ~t8wvto, l!.vocv 8oct(J.6vto &.v- TOU, a't"~v TtCJ.0Y)rtXq X'XL ~V eve(!yY}t:t~q <pOCvToca£cx. 'H 8euTtp'l)
6pwrro rrou dxe yvwp(aet xcirroTe aTov Iletpoctci . AuTo<; o rroM- dv:xt TO &:rroTtA&a(J.'X 't"ljt; t<pocp!J.O~t; 't"ljt; Aoytx~c; rrcivw aTo &xoc-
~epoc; xoct rrocpci8o~oc lTOAUlTAtupoc; 4>o£vtxocc;, cc &vT(xpt~e &t-ee; Tlt; TtpyocaTo u/-txo 't"ljt; rrpWT"I)t;. 'H rrpwT'1), 8'1)Aoc8~ 1j na81)rt~~ <pocv-
8ouAtttt; cXlTOXAttaTtXcX cXlTO T'ijv IJ.rro<)i"l) 't"lj<; 7tpOC)(TIX~<; t<p<Xp(J.Oy~c; TocaLoc, TcxuT(~e:Tcxt !J.I: Tij (LV~IJ.'Il ·
xa:t TWV Tt)(Vtxwv Tp6rrwv » (E : 102). '0 Tp£8wv dvoct ~a:c; vocu- '0 Tp£8wv dvoct x<r.Tocaxe:uoca~<; ~u/-wwv o!xo80!J.WV, 81)AOC-
lT"I)yoc;-xa:Tocaxeuoca-r~c; lTOU li)(tt Wt; (8ocvtx6 TOU VeX 81X(J.cXa&t T"~V 8~ va:ulT"I)y6t;. To l;v8toccp£pov Tou BcxAepu yt<X ~v &pxtnxTovtx~
7tp1XY!J.«TtX6T'I)TOC. 'H Tt)(V"I) TOU dvoct 0 y<i(J.Ot; T~t; 6ewp£occ; !J.e xed 1j lifl!J.OV'I) l8eoc TOU yt<X TO )(T(at(J.O xoct ~ ytvtx6np'1) livvotoc
T~v rrp<X~"I) x ocl 8€v ~oca(~eToct aT~ !J.L!J."I)a"l) Twv ~8"1) yvwaTwv rrpo- T~t; XOCTIXaX.&Uljc; lT"I)YcX~OU\1 &:rro T'ijv 7tcxp6p(J.'1)a"l) TOU lTOI'I)T~ ytcX
Turrwv, cXAA<X aTijv &vocAoy£oc, aT'ijv xf-L!J.ocxoc xoc t a To rrA<Xat(J.o -rou T~ MAocaaoc, Tij Mea6yew !8tiJCLTepoc, xoct T~v &:y<XlT"I) TOU yt<X TcX
lipyou &rro Tij <pua"l). Meaoc &rro ocuTouc; Touc; Mo rrpcuTocywvtaTtc;, xocpci~toc. 46 'H 6&/-ocaaa. xa.t TcX !J.IX6"1)!J.OCTtXtX dvoct TcX Mo auaT«-
TOv Eurra:A(vo xoct TOv Tp£8wvoc, o BocAtpu rrocpoua L<i~et T'ijv T&- Ttxoc aTOI)(tLoc Tijc; rrpoawn:IX~t; lTAtOV VOCUamAot«c; aTOV xa.6cxpo
XTOvtx~ 8L<XaTOCa"l) 't"ljc; XIXTocaxeu~c;. T~v &p)(tTtXTovtx~ xoct T~ Myo Tou Ba:/-e:pu, rrou ovetptu6Tocv v<X y£ve:t &~t<U!J.OCTtxot; Tou
voculT"I)ytx~, TcX AWLvoc xoct TcX ~UALvoc otxo8o!J.~!J.OCToc. M6vov !!TaL NocuTtxou. « • Av 6tAOCfl€ v<X xcivoU(J.t !J.ItX lixrrA'1)~'1) aTO auyypoc-
TO )(Tlat(J.O y£vtTIX( lTOL1)a"l). "O(J.wc;, 0 rciA),oc; lTOt'I)TI)c; 8€v &p - <ptoc ocuTou Tou !J.eyocAetw8ouc; lipyou, rrou dvoct o EvnaUvo~ T) '0
XELTIXL (J.6vo a ' ocu~6. rvwp(~et ~e~ocLwc; rrwc; Yj 8"1)!J.t0Upy(oc TOU 'Agxt-r:txt"wv », yp:X<pel. o Walter Benjamin yt<X T'ijv 60~ &rrhe:to
&v6pwrrou ~ocaL~eToct a~ 8LIXxpLa"l) !J.&Toc~u aUAA1)<)i'l)c; xoct &x-r£),e- Twv ye:ve:6).£wv Tou rrot1)'t"lj, cc 8£vovTcic; TOU y t<X 8wpo ~oc ex li-
148 rinPrOI: I:HMAIO~OPBHI: EntMETPO : BOTAHI:H 1110P~~I: 149

hris - llr.UTO 60: f.1.1tOpouae vd: aneLXov(~e:L evor.\1 p.ey.f)..o 8L<X(3~T'I), <pEL 6 Bor.A.e:pu. LUV£7\'W;, ((TO E(!YO TOV nVeVJlUTO~ c5iv t!naexet
f.I.E TO evor. axe)..o~ aTO (3u6o 'rii~ 61iA<Xaaor.~ ' xor.t TO &.Uo ti7tAWf.LtVO na~a Jl.OVO at1jv :t(!U;7J. w_E~w a1\'0 or.u~v, li,TL f.I.EvEL 8ev dvor.L
p.or.xpLoc, aTO (3oc6o~ TOU op(~o\/Tor.. "O)..o <XUTO 60: f.1.1tOpouae l:nt- 7tcxpoc evor. avTLX:etf.I.E\10 7\'0U 8ev ~EL xor.p.Ld: t8Lor.hep1) ax£cr1) p.e
0"1)~ vQ: V01)6£i xor.l W~ f.LLOC f.LET<X<popoc a)(£TLX~ f.LE TIJV 7tV£Uf.l.llr.TLX~ TO 7tVEUf.I.CX )),50
eupUT1)TCX CXUTOU TOU &v6pw7tO\)' xor.6w~ xor.l f.I.E -ri)v taxu TOU 8ovor.- AuTO 7\'0U 81)AWV£L e8w 6 BxA.e:pu dv:xL liTL TO cX\1-rLX:etf.L£\10
f.1.Lap.ou TOO. »'" Ilp6xeLTCXL yLa f.I.Ld: eupUT'I)T<X 7\'0U 6Ef.L£ALWV£T<XL ~l;w &11'0 Tlc; axeaetc; TOU f.I.E TOV 7tXpatywyo 'i) TO\/ X<XTCXV<XAW~
aTou~ yocp.ou~ 6ewp!or.~ xor.t npoc/;1)~, yvw<TY)~ x<Xl tt)(VLxlj~, n&vw Tou 8E:11 qeL xcxp.Lci &.noA.uTwc; d;la xal u7t6aTcx<TYJ. Ilpo><:A1JTLX0:
a-rljv evvoLcx Tou noteiv, yvwpLaf.L<X llx.L p.6vo Tou &p)(LTtxTovcx, U7tOO'T1)p(~e;L nwc; liv f.L£TCX<ptp0Uf.I.E TOV Ilatp6e:vwv<X a' evcx\1 &.no
&U.X xcxl Tou 7tOL1J'rij, Tou <pLAoa6<pou, TOU auv6tT1). :E-ri)v IlednrJ T67to' TeAdwc;' p.ci TE:Adw~, 8Lat<popeTLXO cX7tO TO\/ 8tx6 f.L<X<;, CXUTO<;
OJltAla roii JlafJf}Jlaro~ r* IlotrJnxij~. aTo College de France, 8ev 60: e:!vatL -.!noTe ne:ptaa6Tepo &no eva A<XTOf.Le:'to p.or.pp.ocpou.
o BcxA.epu A.ee:L : « To npocne:LV, To noteiv (poiein), p.e TO ono'to "07twc; TO nob)p.or. u7t&p:x,e:L p.6vo xr.:-r<X -.~ anyp.·~ nj~ ex:<pWV1)0'1)~
6e)..w vci aaxoA.1)6W' dvor.L CXUTO 7\'0U TEAELW\IE:Tor.L ae Xct7tOLO ~pyo' l) nj~ &7tatyye:A.ta~ Tou, lTO'L xal xci6e &v6pwmvo ~pyo uncipxet
xor.l nou 60: xcxTor.A.~!;w aE: )..(yo v<X TO nepLoptaw a' or.uTo TO d8o~ p.6vo X:OtTci T-1) (JTIYf.l.-iJ njc; tX:TtAEcr~c; TOU. #law~ TWPIX vci <pWTL-
TW\1 ~pywv nou aull1)6(~e:TcxL v<X ovop..X~oup.e E(!')'a -roii n·VeVJla- l:e:T<XL Xcl7tW<; f.I.Ld: eiSAOYl) &nop!or., 7\'0U a<pop<i -ri)v U7t0TL6tp.EII1)
ro~. 1148 Kor.6o81JY1Jf.I.EvO~ &no <XUTIJ -ri)v &v1J<ro)(ta o Bor.Ae:pu qTpt- cxuTovop.!or. TOU ~pyou TEX111J<;. wAnwaTe: ocuTo~ dvcx1 (awe; xocl 6
<pe:L auve:xw~ -ri)v 7tpoaox~ TOU xor.l TO aToxor.ap.6 TOU a-ri)v nea;7J A.6yoc; yLa Tov ono'to 7toAAol T<X!;Lv6p.1)cr<Xv T-i)v octa61jTLx'ij 6e:w-
roii nearruv xor.l II)(L aTci neneay}ltva. 'H 8Locancx0"1) Tou xA.cxaL- ptcx Tou BocA.e:pu &vocp.eaoc a-rov pwaLx:o <popf.L<XALO'f.LO xocl aTov
xou &pw~p.cxTo~ << T( e:!vor.L or.uT6 », a-rei auvor.x6A.ou6cx << noL6~ TO yocMLXO a-rpouxToup<XALcrf.1.6. 51 "07twc; 8Loc<por.Ev£T<XL ~8'1), 6 Boc-
~)(€L <pnoc/;e:L », (( 7\'W~ II xor.l « yLor.T( ; II aU\/LaTOC TIJV 7tEf.1.1tTOU- A.e:pu maTo7\'oLwvTor.~ -ri)v· ocuTovop.tor. Tou xocAALTexv~p.a-roc; _a1to
a(cx nj~ l8L6-ru7t1J~ or.la61)nx7j~ Tou BcxA.e:pu, 7tup~v<X~ nj~ (motor.~ To 81Jp.Loupy6 Tou, ev8Lor.<pepeTIXL p.E:v yL<X To 8tocx.wpLap.o Tou ee-
dvcxL o veoA.oyLap.l:~ poietique (7toL1)-rLx~). yov &.7t0 TO LCTTO(!tXO ne6awno IXUTOU 7\'0U 81)f.LLO~pye:'t, &A.A<X l>x~
'H t8LOTU7\'(cx ~yxeLT<XL aTij 8L-r-rlj un6a-ror.<TYJ TOU or.!a61)-rLXOU xor.l &.1to TO eyw Tou npocrw7tou. 52 .iE:v dvocL wx.cxLoc; 6 TLTA.oc; Tou
cXV'rLXELf.LEvOU, 7\'0U nor.poUaL<f~e'ror.L Tllr.UT6)(pOVor. t/;cxpT'I)f.LEvO X<Xl 8tor.A6you 7\'0U 8tv 7tCXp<X7ttf.1.7tEL ye;vLXa crT'ijv ap)(LTEXTOVLX~, aAAci
&vel;apT'l)TO cX7tO Tij 81)f.LLOupyLx~ 1t1)~ TOU. rLO: TO\/ r&A.A.o 7\'0L- crTov EuncxA.tvo, TO 7tp6crw7to, TO eyw Tou &p)(LTtxTova. Kcxl 8&v
1)~. TO Ee'Yo (reuvre) p.ea<X &no Tljv ewp.oA.oyLx:-1) <TYJf.I.<XO'L<X Tou 60: f.I.11'0poucre vci crup.(3e't 8tcx<popeTLxci cr' evatv 7tOL1)TIJ n:ou n:tantjle
noteiv (poiein) auv8uoc~e:Tor.L p.& Tt.; &v-rta-roLxe:~ MoLe~ Tou na- nepLcra6Tepo &no onoLov8~n:on /i.)..)..o n:w~ « 8E:v uncipxeL 6ewp!or.
eaywyoii xor.l TOU xat:avaJ..wrij' 7\'0U 8or.vd~e-rcxL 6 BcxA.e:pu cX7tO -ri)v 7\'0U vd: f.l.~\1 dv<XL Xct7tOLO <ppOVTLcrf.LEvO cX7tOcr7tCXO'f.I.'X cxu-ro(3toyp<X-
otxovop.tor. xed -ri)v noA.mx~. To ~pyo dvcxL 1) 8L<XaTcxupwa1) 8uo <pL<X<; 11 ,53
IILor.<popenxwv aUO''r1JfL-*"wv : Tlj~ 7tcxpor.ywyij~ xor.l njc; xcxT~voc­ 'A\/Otf.L<pLcr(3~T1)TCX' TO m:pLcra6npo IXUT0(3Loyp<X<pLXO t7t£La6-
A.wa~c; Tou. « "0-ror.v f.LLAOCf.Le yLci ~pya; TOU 7tVEUf.Lcx-roc;, &wooup.e l\ 8Lo TOU 8LcxA6you d vcxL <XUTO n:ou &vcx<p£pe:T<XI crTo « n:1o 8t<po-
TO TtA.oc; f.LLOC<; XOC7\'0Lor.~ np.X/;1)c; 'i) Tljv apx.-1) f.LL<ic; &.n1)~ »49, ypoc- pOUf.LE\IO avTtxdp.e:vo TOV x6ap.ou 11, O'TO 6crTpotxo n:ou avocxciA.utjle
--
150 riOPrO!: I:IBIAIO(J)Ol'l.lH!: EOIMETPO : B01AHI:H MOP«>HI: 151
'rUX<XLCC, 1t"tfl1t"CCTWVTCC<; OT~V axpoy~cc),~,:X, 6 l:wxpcX'r1)<;, xcct 7!"00 XA!Xcr~x·~ !Stet Tlj<; &pxm:x-.ov~x7j<; a -r~v -rccpoty{J.tV1) errox~ TWV
crT~V 1t"p<XY!J.ccnx6T1)T()( TO dxt cXV()(X<XAVIjit~ 1\"0AU vwpl-rtp<X 6 rsw.; xoxAAtnxvtxwv XW1)tJ.i-rwv x-xl -rwv 1t"pw-rorroptwv -ro\i tJ.ov-rtp-
o BocAtpu. LUfJ.cpwvoc fJ.t -rov Mircea Eliade, o crufJ.~OA~crfJ.o<; •ou
54
WJtJ.oii, dvxt i!vx<; 8ti),oyo:; ax•.w·1, ev:t::; dl!i.hy.:~; ve"Q:i'JV. 'H
<:a-rpocxou xd -rwv xoxuA~wv &v~xt~ cr<~v H 1t"pw-:;6yov1) n crxt- !J.opcp~ -ro\i 7tAcc-rwvtxou 8tocA6you 8tve\ ~~~ e:uxxtp!oc a-rov BccAt-
tV1l, auv8ucccrfJ.tVO<; xup[wt;; fJ.t T~ yoVtfJ.6T1)TCC, TIJV u8&-r~V1) XOcrfJ.O- po vcl: fJ.tAljcr<:t - lcr<w xxt iJ.t Tov rr~;>\o,,•.cr;.t~ -rwv 115.800 ypetfJ.-
AOy[cc xoct •o cptyy&p~, xoct EfJ.cpccvl~t<cct ae OAt<; -:;l.; ouatw8tt<; fJ.(hwv- ytcl: ~~~ cXfl;(t-;~xnvt:~~- A-~-r~ ·~ 7t?5TXj1) OfJ.W<; &v~xe: t
1t"p&~tt<; Tlj<; ~w'ij<; -ro\i ch6fJ.OU xcct Tlj<;; crUAAoytx6T'I)Tcc<; : ytv- aTOV xp6vo TOU Ki-rw K6afJ.OU, xed ilxl a<ov ~t~X(O •p£xovTGt 1t"Gt-
V1)cr1J, fJ.U1)cr1J, y&fJ.o<;, !l&vcc-:;o.;, &ypo-r~xt<;; xccl 6p1)crXtu-r~xe.; 'rt- p6vTGt xp6vo. M7top,;'L f) exXA1) 71) TOU XA!IUt"oii vO: U1t081)AWV€ t
Ae:<e<;. '18tccl-:;tpcc a-:;oo<; "En1)vt<; -:;o oaTpocxo ~•ocv ~fl~A1)fJ.CC
55
fl~OC voaTccAytx~ 8tci6e:a1), iJ.'·tX xcct TO XALiJ.'X Tlj<; t7tox7j.; urre6ccA1t"E:
T'ij<; dyd7t1J~ xd TOU ')'U/-'OV, aUfJ.~O),o Tlj<; yeW1)cr1)<; xoct T7j<; cXVCC- ·~ aufJ.1t"TWfJ.:£T:lAOYlet TW'I cc XAxcrtXW'I i:•Jrurr~aewv n xocl Tlj<;
yeVV1)<11)<;. To ocrTpccxo a-rov hvnaJJvo eivxt -ro •uxcc'Lo &p€6~crfJ.cc, cc E7l"ccvcccpopii<; aTijv -r.i~·IJ )) · OfJ.w;, •« crUfJ.7t"t'WfL'XTCC -rou Evna-
iJ crUfJ.1l"TWfJ.<XTtx~ &cpopfJ.~ ytcl: •ov y6vtfJ.O cr-roxocafJ.O -:;o\i Lwxp&- Aivov e:!vcxt Tccu-r6xpovcc f.L<Xprup£cx · yc.X TO ~81) fL~ 8uvafLe:vo vcl:
'1) 1\"avw a~v !8&cc Tlj<; xar:aaxtvij~, TOU xnat"'awr;, TOU 7t01eiv, &rrccvccA1)cp6e:L. Lwcr-.0: tpfL1)V<:uouv :Aomov ol Manfredo Tafuri
~wott<; 1\"00 XCCTCCA~youv TtAtx.X vcl: 7tpoa8~op!aouv -roc !:pycc TOU xccl Georges T eyssot, e:uccta61)-roc i:~&A!.ou a' au•« -..X crUfL1t"Tw-
&v6pw7tou xcct ~~~ &pxtTe:xTovcx~ TtXV1), xcct 1tou Tov 681)youv vx fJ.'X>cc, OTt 6 Evna.tlvo~ .Xrrox-xM1t"Te:t TI)v -rpcxytx~ xcx-r&a-rcxa1)
ylve:t cp~Maocpo<; &vTt y~oc xx-rccaxtuxaT~<;. AuTe<; &xp ~~w<; o t TOU &pxt-rtXTOVCX 1tOU fLE ~~~ i:rrcxv:XA1)tV1) TOU )(A!):(Jt)(OU, crTI}v oo-
~Ot£<;, o! •6cro &rrocpccalaTtXt<; ytoc T~ axet/11) TOU BxAe:pu, 7tpo- a£oc fJ.tA&e:t !J.6vo ytcl: -ro 6ivcx>6 -.ou, tpfL1)V£let 7l"OO (aw<; vO: ~xe: c
-rdvovTccl ~fJ.fJ.ttJoc xcct cc!vtyfJ.CCT~xcl: w<; yd1-1o~ yvwa1)<; xoct Te:xv~­ 8tcxcpuye:t Tlj<; &rrcxt>OUfL£V1)<; rrpoaox'ij<; fJ.<X<;. 56 Bs~ottcx o! Mo la-ro-
x7j.;. M6vov I!Tcr~ f) &pxcnxTovcx~ 7tpo~&A!.e:Toct w<; -r&xv1l, fJ.tacc ptxol 81:v eivxt o! fl6vot 1tOO ~xouv 1t"otpccT1)p~aet x&Tt -r&-roto.
&1to ~~~ 7tOt1)T~X~ 7tpa~1) 1\"00 e!vcc~ 6 yafJ.a<;, f) xocTocaxtu~, -ro ' Av:XAOY1), xott m6cxvw.; tfJ..7l"VE:UcrfJ.tv1) &rro eto~v, e:!vott Xf.d 1j 1t"ot-
x-rlalfJ.O, TO 1\"0leLV, xoct TOC 67tOL()( 6tfJ.£AlWVOVT<Xt crTOV fJ.CC61)!J.CCn- px~p1)a1) TOU Theodor Adorno, 6 orroio<;; ).(yo-7tOAU a'l)fLdwae:
xo Myo. Lxo1t"6<; T1)<; dvoct voc 1t"ccp&ye:t ~pycc rroo xocpocx"')pl~ov­ on 6 XAotalXtafLO<;; TOU Bx:Ae:po 81:v 8tt6e:-re: 1\"0Tt, &x6fJ.1) x-xt ~
-.oc~ &rro .t<; &px1:.; xcct -rO: yvwptafJ.CCT<X T7j<; oocptAE:~<X<;, Tlj<; OfJ.Op- 8tccuy&crnp1) 8tcc..U1t"wcr~ -.ou, TI)v &xpcc oto-re:m~e:~:x(wa1) , XGt t lht
<plii<; xcct Tlj<;; a-re:pe:6T1)T<X<;-8~&pxe:tcc<;. tfJ.<pccv£~e:-<ott 1\"cXVTCX w<;; ~e:[3xt6T1)TCC urrovofLE:UfLtv1) a~ f'&<TI) "<1)<;;.
·o 1t<Xpccrr&vw dvcct ~t~<Xt<X ~V<X<; XA<XalXO<; 6ptcrfJ.O<;; Tlj<; &px~­ 'H i:rr:xA1)6e:ucr7J otuTlj:; Tlj<; rrxpx-r~p1)a1)<; "1lY.:X~e:c f.L~crx &1to e-
T£XTOV~X'ij<;;, ~. fJ.OCAAOV, lvcc<; 6plafJ.O<;; TOU :>.:Aaatxoii aT~V &px~n­ vx 8totcpw-rtcr-rtx6, yt.X -ro 6£fJ.'X , &rr6arrxafL'X .Xrro -<~v Ka-rdGTa-
XTOVtX~. "QfJ.W<;, 6Q: ~TCCV cX7tAOUcrT£UTtXO vcl: 7t<Xp<XfJ.dVOUfJ.t fJ.6V:l GTJ -rov Baudelaire, o1tou o BxAe:po Ate:t : H Kd.8e x.taatxta#o~
a' ocu-r6v, 81)ACC8~ aT~V urr66ecr1) 8n 0 BccAtpO auvot/J!~t~ a-rov :ltf!OiinofJeret eva (]O#(J.VT!G/-'6. "0Aot TtX 1\"AE:OV~XT~fL'XTGt 1\"0U cX1t"0-
EimaAtvo fJ.tcl: XAetacx~, a-rev.X yetAAtx~, &pxt-re:x-rovtx~ rrapa8o- 8£8oufLe:, OAE:<;; ol &v-rtppljaet<;; 1\"00 8totTU1tWVOUfLE: cre fLtcl: TtXV1)
cr1J, 8£xw.; vO: a-rcc6oiifJ.e: a& fJ.ta 8tu.e:pdoucroc, 1\"A~v 8!J.W<; XGt6o- .. xAGtatx-1) ", &vacpepovTotl a' IXUTO TO &~tWfJ.IX.•H ooo(a TOV x.ta-
pca-rtx~ A£7tTOfJ.tpe:~oc. AuTO<; 6 s~&),oyo.; 7t00 7tpccyp.oc-reu£T<XI fJ.~tX GIXt<1/-'0V elvat va e~xe-rat #eTa. 'H t:Mf] 1t"pOi.i7t06he:t fL\OC xi-
152 rmPrOl: l:H?tiAIOoJ>OPI<lHl: Efll M E'l'PO : BOTAHl:H li10PoJ>IIl: 153
7tOtCX dm~ta 7t0U ~flXE:TCXt vO: TI]v xcx6cxtpta!Ot. •H avv8t:C11J' 7t0U Stoc:<ptpe:t cX7tO cxuTI]v TOU l17)fJ.lOUfl"(OU' O'I)A'XO-Ij Tij <pUa'l)' (3&ae:t
dwxt TEX'JCXafJ.'X, axoAou6&L E!v:x 7tflWT6yovo xococ; Stcxta6~ae:wv TWV llawv ~ouv StcxTU7tc..l6d ytO: Tij StoccpopO: "(EW'I)fJ.oXTWV Tijc;
XcxL <pUatXWV aV:X7tTU"(fJ.~iTwv. 'Q "J9:z]3. A6yo~ dvxt cbCOTt),e:- <pUal]c; xcxt ~pywv TOU av6pw7tOU. ''OfJ.wc;, a' CXUTO TO fJ.E:TCXGX'I)-
afJ.CX &7te:tpc..lv XE:tplafJ.W\1 mivw GTIJ "(Awaax, xxt ij <ppovT(S!X Tijc; fJ.CXTtafJ.O XIXL TI]v cXtv<X'I) f.LE:T<XTpolt-1j cX7tO TI]v cXT<X~(cx aTI]v TcX~'I) ,
f.lO(!q>fi• Sev dvcxt TL7tOT£ IX.Mo a1tO Tij aToxcxaTtX-1} avcxStopyoc- auTo 1tOu oev 7tpt7tE:t vO: 8toc:cpuye:t Tijc; 7tpoaox'ijc; fJ.Xc; dvat i) fJ.U-
\IW<TY) Twv fJ.tawv ~xcppcxalJc;. To xAcxatxo 7tVE:UfJ.CX 7te:pt&X"'- Aot- 6o7tACXaTtx-1} 7tpOtAE:UalJ -rou XTta(fJ.CXTOc; (x<Xl n),txO: Tijc; tStocc; Tijc;
AI>v 7tpoc~<:tc; i)6&A'I)fJ.tv<:c; xat auv&tSl)TI:c; 1tou fl.&Ta7totoiiv fJ.tO: mr.- cipxtnXTOVtX'ijc;) 'A).).Q: ac; fJ.-IJV ~EXVifJ.£ 7twc; ytO: TO auyyp<X<pt<X
0

paywy-1) " <pUatx~ ", aUfJ.<pWVa fJ.I: fJ.ld: aarp~ X'XL O(!'!.Jo).oytXrJ av- TOii EvnaMvov « e:!v:xt l!:vx dSoc; cX7t6AuTou v6fJ.ou, llTt 7t<XvToii ,
TLA'I)Ijl'l) TOU av6pW7tOU xat Tijc; <pUa'l)c;. 'A).).Q: ll7tw~ TO ~At7t0UfJ.E: a£ /l).oc TO: fJ.Ep'l)' a£ xoc6e: 7t&p(ooo TOU 7t0Al"rlafJ.OU' a£ xci6& n{GT:TJ'
xd aTtc; E7tlaTijfJ.e:c;' SE:v fJ.7t0flOUfJ.E: vO: S'l)fJ.lOUpy~aOUfJ.E: op6o).o - fJ.eaw 67totaa0~7tOTE: StScxaX!XA(?:c;, xat ae llA&c; TLc; axea&tc;, TO
ev
"(lXO i!pyo Xat VtX XaTaax&uocaOUfJ.E: -rd$et 7tap!X !J.6vo fJ.EGa a1to <jle:uTtxo {moaT'I)p(~e:t To ciA7)6w6· To cXA7)6tvo ~xe:t To ljie:uTtxo ytO:
fvcx auvo).o avp.{Jdaewv. T-ljv XAaatx-1} TEXV'I) T-ljv &vxyvwp(~OUfJ.E: 7tp6yovo, ytd: atTb:, ytd: 87)fJ.lOUpy6, "(leX X!XTaywy~, X!XL TEAO<; •
TE:AtXO: aTI]v ()7tcxp~7)' xa6ap6TI)Ta X'XL cX7tOAUT6T7)Ta aVTW\1 axpt- xwptc; €~cx(pe:a7) xd ytaTpe:toc'- aUTO TO ci),7)6tvo e:!vcxt 7t0U E7tL-
~wc; Twv aufJ.~oca&wv. ))5 7 · a7Jc; ye:vvcie:t TO ljie:UTlXO cX7tO TO 67toi:o a7tCXlTE:L xed TO toto vO: ye:v-
LTo TtAoc; TOii St'XA6you o :Ewxp&.Tl)c; fJ.E:Ta-rp£7t&Ta t aTOV 'A v- V7)6e:i:. "0).7) ij apxat6TI)TX, xci6e: atTtOAO"(L!X, 07tOta0~7tOTE cXPX-IJ
Tt<Jc..lXflcXT'I) &pxtTtxTovcx, 1tou 7t&ptypcicpe:t aTov 'AvTt<pai:Spo To 7tpayfJ.OCTWV &!vat tmvol)ae:tc; fJ.U6txec; xcxr U7taxououv at cX7tAOU~
XT[atfJ.O TOU x6a!J.OU ci1to TOV l17)fJ.toupy6, TO E!vat, TO 0e:6. v6fJ.ouc; .•. 0! fJ.U6ot dvcxt ol ljiuxl:c; TWv 7tp:X~e:wv !J.ac; xcxt Twv
Ilp6xe:tTCXl ytO: TI]v e7tav.t),'l)ljl7) TOU tStou fJ.OTL~OU' Tij S'l)fJ.tOUp- e,~WTc..lV fJ.'Xc;. J1£v fJ.7tOpOUfJ.E: vQ: 8pxaoUfJ.Z 7t!Xp0: fJ.6Vo XlVOUfJ.EVO l
y(a Tijc; TOC~'I)c; cX7tO TO xococ; _xcxt TI]v cXTa~f.ot .• H Tel~'I) auT-~) 7ta- 7t,~oc; £vex <pXVTaGfJ.X. J1tv fJ.1tOpOUfJ.Z v' ay.;ml)aOUfJ-1: rtxpi !J.6Vo
pouatcX~E:Tat aTO Sl)fJ.tOUpyo-cipxtTEXTOV:X we; vzo xococ; X'XL aTCX- cxu•o 1tou S'l)fJ.toupyoiifJ.e:. n 5 s
~(a : (( 'A).AQ: 6 XT(aT'I)c; 7t0U 60: <pcxv&pwaw Twpa' ~p(axe:t fJ.1tpo- r . O: TO auyypa<p£oc: "t"OU Eu7t!XALVOU (( €II cipx?i 1jv 6 fJ.U6oc; ))
aTOC TOU ytO: xococ; XIXL 1tflWTO UAtx6, axpt~wc; TI]v TOC~'I) TOU x6- ... cxuTo dvcxt TO « {3ci6oc; ll mivc..l aTo o1toi:o otxoSofJ.&"i:Ta t i)
a!J.OU 1tou civ&aup& 6 l17)fJ.tOupyoc; ci1to TI]v &pxtx-1} ciTa~(cx. •H cpu- « fJ.Op<p-1) n Tijc; ~c..l'ijc; Toii &v6pw7tou, a' cxuTo 7tpoa(3A&7te:t i) cicpt-
a'l) e:!vat ax'l)fJ.CXTtafJ.tV'I), xat TO: aTotx&La Xc..lfllGfJ.tV:x · fJ-0: x&n tp :.>cr7J aT-Ijv apx-1) TOU 8t?:A6you ... 1t(!O~ xdew . . . fJ.E aX07tO
TOV 7tapaxtv&i: vO: 7tCXfl:XT7)p~cr<:t 7tpoazx-rtx&. TO aTE:Adc..lTO aUTO T~V cX7tOMW\IEta cXpfJ.OV(cx Aom6v' auT-~) cpa(ve:T!Xl vO: dvat i) 7tE:fJ.-
~pyo, 7tOU 7tptm:t vQ: ~avaSouA&UTd xoct v!X ~aVXfJ.7tE:l at x(V'I)a'l) 7tTOUa(x Tijc; {loVA1JG1Jt; f.lOQq>ijt;' 'f) otapx-ljc; EX[LCXLE:Ual] TOU Evnu-
ytO: vO: !xavo7tm~ae:t to..oc(Te:pa Tov &v6pw7to. Ila(pve:t yt' cicp&Trj- Uvou.
p(!X Tijc; 7tpoc~e:wc; Tou To <TY)fJ.e:i:o &xpt{3wc; ll1tou e:!xe: aTafJ.a~ae:t
rmPI'Ol: ~ HMAIO<I>OPI<lHl:
6 0e:6c; ll (E: 119-120). :Euve:x(~ovTac; TO XT(atfJ.O 6 &p:;(tTtXTc..lV
auve:x(~e: .. TO ~pyo Toii 7tpWTOfJ.ocaTop:x l17)fJ.tOupyou, T-ljv 7tp:X~ 7)
Tijc; l17jfJ.LOupy(ac;. B£{3oct<X ~ TcX~7) 1tou Sl)p.\OU?"(<:i: 6 dlv9iJCil7tOc;
~JIMEHll:EII: ElliMETPOT 155
~IIMEinl:EI~
l't-43, Keuueth Framp ton , Modern Architecture. A crttt-
ral history, Aov8£vo: Thames and Hudson, 1980, ac:A.. 29 -
40 , 64-73, 100-108, Pierre Lavedan, French Architecture
(19"-4), Aov8£vo: Scol ar Press, 1979, ac:J.. 17-72.
•· . (( Hecueil publie so us Ia diredion de Lo uis Si.io et A n-
th·e. Mare! com,Prenant un ,dialo~ue de Paul Valery et Ia 9· Julien Guadet {1834-1908), l::..'lemenls et theorie de l'ar-
J~resentat•?n d o:mvrages d arch1tecture, decoration inte- rhi lecture {1902-4), IliXptaL : Librairie de Ia construction mo-
rJ~ure, pemture, sculp~ure et gravure contribuant depuis dcrue, 57) lK8ocr7J. A uguste Choisy {1841-1909}, Histoire de
mil neuf _cent quatorze a f ormer le style fran4tais » Twv 11:x- l'archit!!cture {1899), IIIXplaL: Librairie Georges Baranger,
IJ6ac:wv TI)<; Nouvelle Revue Fran~aise 1tov xuKAo<p6p7Jat at 1943.
500 aVTLTU7t~ (txnmc.>cr7J 30 l:t7tTE:f.L(3p£ou 1921)' (3A. Pau I
Valery,« D1alogues », notes (Oe, II: 1400). 10. Eugeuo Viollet-le-Duc {1814-1879), Dictionnaire rai-
sontHi de l'architecture fran~aise du Xle au XVle sieclc
2. ibid. (1854-68).
3. ibid: 1401-1402. I I . i bid. BA. A~f.Lf.L'XTIX

uext-r:ixrwv, 'A1t' o-rL <piXlvtTIXL 8ev a1tox-x:Aoua:xv f.L IXUTo To


i:IVOf.LIX TOV<; l<IXAALTEXVt<; 7tOU ~TIXV \mE:u6uVOL yLa T'i)V l<IXTIXaXc:U'i)
TWV o!Ko80f.L7)~TWV 7tp!v a7tO TOV 16o IX(OOVIX. ' H &:pXLTE:XTOVLX-1)
dxc: T1j 6ta7) T7)<; aVaf.LE:aiX a-r(c; tAtU6tpt<; TtXVE:<; XIX( tl<<pp1X~6TIXV
auf.L~oA.LKa a-ro 1tp6aw1to hoc; &v8p1X 'i) f.LLic; yuviXlxiXc; m;v KpiX-
-rouaiXv ev:x Tplywvo 'i) iv:x 8L:x(3~T1). 'AA.M 6 xocAALTEXV7Jc;, 6 fJ.v-
6pw7toc; ToG t7tiXyytA.f.L1XTO<; dxc: -ro p6A.o -rou mai t re d' ceuvre,
X1XfliXXT7)pLaf.LO<; 7t0AV mo 6c:nxoc; e~<XA.Aou a7tO IXUTOV TOU apx L-
TE)(TOVIX' a<poG TO leyo T6Tc: \mo8~A.wvc: OAIX IXUTtX 7t0V auv&ec:-
TIXV rijv ax(V7)T1) l<IX( rijv KLV1)-ri) 7tp1XYfL1XTLX6T7)TIX tvo; xnp(ou,
altO TtX 6tf.LeALIX f.LtXpL -r(c; TIX7tLaep( 1 TOV<; 7tupaouc;, TtX f.LLKpOIXVTL-
Xdf.LtV:X nj<; t7t£7tAc.>a1)<; . . . (1O<; T6f.LO<;, a. 107).
dnt-r:exrovtx~, 'H TEXV7J -roG otxo80fLtiv. 'H &:pXLTEKTovLx'i) auv-
6. Z~aLf.Loc; Aopc:vT~aToc;, « '0 ITIXG:Aoc; BIX:Atpv xiX! -rtl: &7t£xc:Lp1X Tl6tTIXL a1tO lluo aTOLXtiiX : T1j ec:wpl« XIXL -r-i)v 7tfl1Xl<TLXTJ. •H
~~ l.oyLK';ic; », Llvo /(elp.eva, 'A6~viX: "IKIXpoc;, 1972, ac:J.. 13- 6~wp(:x 7t€pLAccf.L(3&vc:L -rl)v xcc6ccu-ro -rexv7J, -rove; xccv6vc:c; 1tOV d-
V:xL Ef.L7tVE:Uaf.LtvOL a7tO TO youaTO XIX! 7t7)y<X~ouv a7tO Tlc; 7t1Xp1X86-
7· l'aul Valery, << llistoire d'Amphion ,, (Oa, II: 1277). ac:Lc;, xcct ri)v emaT1Jf.L1J 7tOU 6c:a7tL~€TIXL a7tO TOU<; &:f.L!:Ta(3A7)TOU<;
&7t6A.u-rouc; TU7tOU<;. 'H 7tpXXTLx-i) dvxL 7) t<p1XpfLoy'i) njc; 6c:wp£1Xc;
8. B:A. Peter Collins, I muteiJoli ideali deU'architettura a-rt~ &:v&yxec;. E!viXL 7) 7tfl:XXTLx-i) 7tOV \mo-r<Xaac:L ri)v TtXV7J XIXL
moderna {1965), MLA.<ivo : II Saggiatore, 1972, ac:A.. 237-314, -r-i)v emad)f.L1) aT~ <pUa1) TWV UALl<WV' aTO l<A(fLIX, a ttl: 'VJ67J f.L La<;
Reyner Banham, Theory and Design in the First Machine e7tox';i;, a-r(c; li7tiX~T~a€L<; nj; attyf.L';i<; .•• (foe; T6f.LO<;, a. 116).
Age {1960), Aov8£vo: The Architectural Press, 1967, ac:/... xaraaxw~' •H XIXTIXal<tU~ dViXL fL\tX ema':'~fl-1), &:i.A.d: dviXL e7t (-
154
:tHMEIOl:Eil: EUIMETPOT 157
15b :tHMEIOl:En: EIUMETPOT

<Tr)c; x:xt fl. til: TtXV'Y), 8'Y)A<XS~ ·o XIXT<XaXtU<Xa~c; 7tpt7ttt vQ: lXtt yvw- versity. of Alabama Press, 1977 (2'1) ~x8o<TI)).
<TI), tf.1.7tttp(:x x:xt q~uaixo auv:xtafh)fJ.<X. 'H &pxtTtxTovtx~ x:xt i)
1 3. Ot Uev8eee>: rt!xve' 8t:xLpo\ivT<Xt a& Mo Of.1.ct8ec; 1tOO auvt-
x:x-.:xaxtul) 7tpem:t v!X 8tMaxovT<Xt 7} vil: &axouvT<Xt T<XUT6xpo- cr-ro\iv To trivium (yp<Xf.l.f.I.Cmx~, p'Y)TOpLx~, 8t:x~exTLx~) x:xt -ro
v:x. 'H XIXT<XaXtU~ dv:xt TO fJ.taov. 'H apxtnXTO\ItX~ TO a7tOTt- quadrivium (cXpt6fJ.'Y)'t"LX~, ytWfJ.tTp(:x, f.I.OUaLX'Y), cXaTpOVOfJ.(<X).
.A€~f.1.1X. K:xt IS!.f.wc;, u7tapxouv ~py:x apxtTtxTovtx"ijc; 1too 8ev f.1.7to-
potlv vil: 6twp'Y)6o\iv x:x-.:xaxtuec; x:xt urtapxouv fJ.tptxec; x:xToc- 14· BA. liAaTWV, Tlp.ataq (daayw~ . f.I.ETcX(jlp<X<TI), ax6AL<X e.
(J)(SUtc; 7<00 8ev 6Q: f.1.7tOpoua<XfJ.t vQ: Ttc; aUf.1.7ttptAa~OUf.1.t aTO'I BAu~LwTI)c;, X. II:xrr:xv:xa-.:xa(ou) , 'A6~va:. I. Z:xx:x~6rrouAoc;,
apt&fJ.O TW\1 cXflXLTEXTO'Il)~TW'I. 'H X<XT<XaxtuT} dvoct yt!X TO'I xat F.C. Copleston, A H is tory of Medte~>al Phtlosophy,
apxtTtxTov:x i) tq><Xflf.I.OyTJ -.wv UAtxwv aUfJ.q>WII<X fJ.t -.tc; l8t6TI)nc; Aov8tvo: Methuen and Co Ltd, 1972.
xocl ~ 8tx~ -.ouc; q>U<TIJ, f.I.IX~t fJ.t ~v 7tpoU1tapxoua:x l&E:x T"ijc; !x:x-
votto('Y)a'Y)c; fJ.tiic; avayx'Y)c; fJ.t Til: mo 0:7tAil: x:xl aTtptil: fJ.ta:x, dvctt I 5· na: TO 6tf.I.IX T"ijc; crxta1jc; f.I.OUaLx"ijc;-dx:xa-:txwv ;txvwv, ~A.
1) cl:it68o<TIJa-.o XTtafJ.tvo !.f.tiic; t!.f.q><Xvo\ic; 8tapxtt:xc;, T:xtptocaTwv Rudolph Wittkower, Architectural Prmctples. ~~ the Age
cl:v:xl.oytwv 1too U7t6xtt'IT<Xt ae x:xv6vtc; Tooc; o7to(ouc; tm~ai.Aouv of Humanism (1949), Aov8lvo: Acade~y Ed1t1on~, 1977
o! :xla6~attc;, 6 aUAAOytafJ.Oc; X<Xl Til: cl:v6pwmvoc lvaTtXTIX. 0! f.I.E- (101) ~x8oa7J) atA. 101-154. 'E7tl<TI)c;, YL<X TO p6Ao TI)c; 6ew-
6o80t -.o\i x:xTctaxtu:xaT"ij 7tpt7ttt Aomov vil: &n&~ow cl:vaAoy:x pl:xc; Twv cl:v:xA~ytwv a~v cX.vl%rr'tlJ~1J T"ijc; .«~x tTtxTovtx"ijc; T"ijc; ~e­
fJ.t ~ q>U<TI) TW'I UAIXWV' -.a: fl.£a:x 7<00 8t:x6tTtt, -.tc; cl:vayxec; rroo aoydou, ~A. Matila C. Ghyka, Esthettgue des_ proportwns
7tpbttl 'lOt !x:xvorrot~att' x:xt TOll rroAtTlafJ.O fJ.Ea<X aTOll orroi:o u- dans la nature et dans les arts, Ilocp(a~: Galhmard, 1927,
rrapxet .•• (!toe; T6f.1.oc;, atA. 1-2). ae:A. 369-439 xoct :E&~~<Xc; KonocpaToc;' ~H ip.netela TOV aext-
'H trr(8p<X<TIJ xat 6 £6vtxtaTtxoc; -.6voc; -.wv 6ewptwv Tou Viollet- Te"TOV'Y)pbov 'xweov "ai ro awp.an"o axfil'a, 'A~voc : Koccr-roc-
le- Due &q>'Y)a<Xv 6rrwa8~rron -.a: <TI)f.1.a8r.a: Touc; aTO'I BaAtpo rroo vtwTI)c; , 1983, atA. 74-95.
urroa~pt~t ~II rr:xp:X8oa'Y) T"ijc; "ai.ij,; ieyaata,; a~ Y<XAAIX~ 16. Fr. Nietzsch e,'][ yt!veat' rij, re~ywMa, (~871), 'A6~voc ~
apxtTtxTovtx~, llrrwc; x:xl a~ Aoyonxvtoc. 'H 7t:xpl%8o<TI) :xu~ ~t~1jc;, 1913 (f.l.tTaq>pcc<TI) N. Koc~<XVT!;<XX1Jc;). rt.IX ~ axea1j TOU
~:xa(~tTIXl, X:XTil: ~ J'IWf.I.'Y) TOU, .(1~\1 tmaT~f.I.'Y), a~ 8tauytt<X 1 NtTcre f.l.t -rov B:xAtpu, ~A. Edouard Ga.Me, Ntetzsche .et Va-
a~ 6tA'Y)aY) xoct aT~\1 £rrw6'Y)aY), 8(vovTac; auxv!X ~~~ tvTurrwaY) lery. Essai sur la comt!die de l' espnt, liCtplat: Galhmard,
f.l.tiic; 6<XUf.I.<XaT"ijc; a Uf.l.(jiWV(<Xc; f.I.ETIX~O ~w"ijc; X<Xt 8tapxtt<Xc;, (jiWTOc;
1960.
xoct IJA'Y)c;, « f.I.Opq>"ijc; >> x:xt « ~a6ouc; >>. AuTil: Til: yvwplaf.I.<XT<X aTot-
Xtto6tTouv ~ y:xi.AtxT) cl:pxtTtXTOVLX~ 8trrA<X a~v tAA'Y)Vtx~ aTo 17 • Paul Valery, « Paradoxe sur l'architecte n (Oe, II:
rrav6eov T"ijc; TEX'Il)c; TOU olxo80f.1.EL'I. Til: Mo X<Xfl<XXTI)pLaTLXiX 1403-1f.t06).
UALX.il: rravw aTOt orroi::x 6tfJ.tALW'ItTIXL <XU~ i) rrocpa8oa'Y) dv<XL i)
nhea xoct To ;vlo, ~A. « Pensee et art frant;ais n (Oe, II : 18. Viollet-de-Duc, op. cit., A"ijf.l.f.I.IX arvl (Soc; -.6f.1.o~, a. 476).
1051-1053).
1
9 . Paul Valery, << Histoire d'Amphion » (Oe, II: 1279).
Iz. rt!X TO 6tf.1.1X TWV TtXIIW'I, ~A. Hubert Damisch. A"ijf.l.f.I.IX 2o. '0 B:xAepo rrocp:xxoAoU61J~E: &rro xov-.il: yupw a-ro 1913 ~~~
arti, Enciclopedia Italiana Einaudi, x<XI IIMTwv, .Eoq;tar~q otxo861.1.7Ja7J -.ou 6eaTpou -.wv 'HAua(wv Jle8(wv aTo II:xp(a~,
(da:xyw~. f.l.&dq>pcca'Y), ax6ALCC A'Y)f.I.~Tp'Y)c; rA'Y)v6c;), 'A6~v<X : orrwe; &rrla1jc; xoct IIAte; TLc; 7tflWTtc; 7t<Xp<XO"Tacmc; rro~ 8661jXIXV ext 1_:
I. Z:xx:xp6rrouAoc;. na:
f.I.LOt aUVTOf.l.l) !aTop(:x T"ijc; :xlafh)TLx"ijc; ~A. ''1-h:xv q>(Aoc; -.ou Auguste Perret, -.ou De Vmllard x:xl -.ou
Monroe C. Beardsley, AestheHcs from Classical Greece Maurice Denis rroo XC£T<XOXtU<XO"<XII x:xt 8t:xx6af.1.7Ja<XII TO 6eoc-rpo,
to the Present (1966), University of Alabama: The Uni-
158 I:HMEIOI:EII: EntMETPOT I:HMEIOI:Eil: EntMETPOT 159
xed auyy£v1)c; TOU Gabriel Thomas 7\'0U a~ETtA!:CJ£ 8LCX)(£Lpta't"i)c; busier cXVCX(j'ltp£TCXL CJTO ar.cXA.oyo TOU Valery, n:cxpcx<ppcX~OVTcxc;
TO~, on:wc; CJ"I)fL€LWV£~ Yj Agathe Rouart-Valery ~ ~Loypcx(j'l£cx lvcx &n:6crn:cxcrJ.Lex Tou Eu7tcxA.(vou :
Tou TtcxTepcx 'n)c;. Elvcxt &vlltcx(j'ltpov To ye:yovoc; OTL Yj n:pw'n) cxlho- (( ~wxp&TI)c; : ... ~ Av crou ~A.e:ycx VeX n:&pe:~c; ~()( KOf.Lf.LcXTL KL!J.W-
Te:A.1)c; lxllocrt) Tou EvnaJ.tvov To 1923 auf.Ln:LTtTt~ f.Lt T1)v &n:on:e:- )..(cxc; 1) f.LOAU~LOU xcx! VeX crxe:llt&cre:~c; CJTOV TOL)(0. TL 6&. CJ)(£-
pchwaY) To\i vcxo\i TI'jc; Ilcxvcxy£cxc; Tou Rainey &n:o Tov Perret /)(cx~e;c; ; Il o~cX 6oc 1jTcxV Yj cXp)(LKij CJOU )(E:LpOVOp.lcx ;
xcxl f.Lt T1)v 7t£~L71:ET£tw8Y) txA.oy-1) TOU T£A£UTcxlou we; xcx&t)YY)Tij (To crwcrTO &n:6cr7tcxcrf.LCX dvcxt
(m~itre ~·atel.~er) aT1) ~xoA.-1) K~A.wv Te:xv~v. '0 Perret, J.LCX- ~wxp&TI)c;; II&pe: !!vex xon:!llt I 6&. crou I:A.e;ycx' 1) 7tcXp£ !J.~cX !J.UTtp-1)
&t)'n)c; Tou Juhen Guadet, 8tcx~cx~£L xcxl cxuToc; TO Ae:~txo To\i n:hpcx, xcx! )(cXpcx~E aTov TOL)(O !J.LcX ypcx!J.f.L1J o1to tcxllf)n:oTe,
Viollet-le-Duc, ae i)A.~xlcx f.L6),tc; 10 xp6vwv, xcx! e:lvcxt o 7tpwToc; !:TaL, xwp!c; v&. crxE<pTE'Lc;. X&pcx~e 'n)V !J.E: f.LLcX f.LOVY) x!vY)crY).
1tou )(pY)aLf.L07tote:i TO on:A.taf.L&vo axup68tf.Lcx CJOf.L(j'lwvcx f.Lt Tlc; xA.cx- To l:xcxve:c; ;).
au(OpcxaLovcxA.LaTLKtc; &pxtc;, &MIX xcx! f.LI: Tlc; 6e:wpltc; Tou yoT- Kcx t o <l>cx'Lilpoc; &n:cxvTci
6txou pcxatovcxA.taf.Lo\i. ~o!J.cpwva !J.E: !J.LcX !J.cxpTup(cx Tou Le Cor- ... Mou cpcx!ve:TcxL n:wc; x<Xpcx~cx !J.LOC ypcx!J.f.L1J xomvo\i. Ilpo-
busier, o BcxA.epu xcxt o Perret e:lvcxt cx1ho! 1tou 7tcxpcxxtvouv T1)v xwpe:'L, CJ7tcX~£L, ~CXVOCp)(ETCXL, iltvETCXL, 1) TUA(ytT<XL' !J.71:Ep-
~xlloaY) Tou n:e:ptolltxou Archi tee ture CJi Pan te TO 1923, TO on:o'Lo /le:oe;T()(L !J.E: TOV E:cxuT6 TY)c;, xcx! !J.Ou ll!ve:L T1)v dx6vcx f.Ltcic;
8te:u6ovEL o Jean Badovici (L'Esprit NouCJeau, 28/1925). C!crxo7tY)c; tllLOTpon:!cxc;' )(Wplc; &pxfJ I )(Wptc; TtAoc;' )((XL xwp!c;
C!AA7J cr7J!J.cxcr!cx 7tcxp<X -rljv &A.e:u6e:p!cx TI'jc; )(ELpovoJ.L!cxc; f.LOU f.Lt-
21. Auguste Perret, <<Architecture: Science et Poesie » crcx crT1)v &.xT!vcx on:ou xtve:i:Tcxt TO )(tpL !J.OU ... >> {E : 61-62).
La Construction Moderne, Revue H ebdomadaire d'Archi~
tecture, 2 Octobre 1932 : 2-3. 26. Paul Valery, « Une vue de Descartes» (Oe, I : 810-
842).
:u. Auguste Perret, Contribution a une theorie d e l'ar- 27. rt<X Tlc; crxecrttc; TOU BcxA.tpu !J.E TOV 7\'0UpLCJf.LO' ~).. Reyner
chitecture, Ilcxplat: Andre Wahl , 1952. Banham, op. cit., xcxt Roberto Gabetti xcx! Carlo Olmo, Le
Corbusier e « L'Esprit NouCJeau », Toplvo: Einaudi, 1975 .
23. T<X ~t~A.Lcx Tou BcxA.e:pu n:ou ~plaxov..cxt aT1) ~L~A.to&f)xY) Tou THTcx'l 0 v AyyA.oc; !crTopLxoc; Reyner Ban ham CXUTbc; 7tOU E'ITO-
Le Corbusier dvcxt: Ecrits sur l'art, textes de Paul Valery mcre: T1) crxtcrtJ &.v&!J.tcrcx crTov Paul Valery xcx! TOv Le Cor-
reunis e t presentes par Jean Clarence Lambert : Club des busier, &vcxcpep6!J.tvoc; cr-rljv tn:!llpcxcrtJ Twv tlle:wv Tou n:pwTou
Librairies de France, 1962, Eupalinos ou l'architecte, pre- CJTOuc; xoxA.ouc; TW'I 7t'OUpLCJTW'I' ocrov &.<popci T1)v cxlcr67JTLY.'1) tllecx
cede de l'Ame et la Danse, llcxpLCJL: Editions de Ia Nouvelle Tou clvnxttpevov--rvnov {objet-type) .
Revue Fran<;aise, 1923, Mer, Marine, Marins, documents '0 Banham U7tOa'n)p!~e:t oTt 1) cxlcr67JTLx1) 6e:wp7JcrtJ Twv 7toupt-
commentes par Georges Dupuy, Ilcxplat: Firmin Didot, cr-rwv yt&. TO lltno n:cxtyv!llt Twv A.e:tToupytxwv xcxt olxovo!J.Lxwv
1930 , Pieces sur l' art, Ilcxplat : Gallimard, 193'• xcx! V arie te 'IOf.LWV n:ou I:)(E:L cX7tOTtA.e:cr!J.CX, CJTO'I Te:Te:AECJf.LtvO )(p6vo, T1) 87)-
V, Ilcxplat : Gallimard, 1944. !J.LOupy(cx E'IO<; OpLCJf.Lt'IOU cXpL6!J.OU TU7t07tOL7)f.LtvWV tX'ITLKE:Lf.LtvW'I,
!J.n:ope:'L v&. cruaxe:Ttcrn'L !J.E: Tlc; tllee:c; Tou Paul Valery, E:voc; xA.cx-
24. Le Corbusier, Vers une architecture {1923), ficxp(aL : crtxtcrT'ij yo7JTEU!J.tvou &n:o TcX !J.<X67J!J.<XTLx&. '0 Banham £ma7J-
Arthaud, 19?7, a. 9.
!J.-x!ve:L £8w T1)v tllecx TI'jc; CJUf.L7tA7JPW!J.tV7Jc; 8tcx8txcxcr!cxc; 7\'0U cruv-
llttL ..1) 6e:wp7Jcr7J Twv n:ouptcrTwv yt&. Toc al•nxdttsm-n1nov'
2!). Le Corbu,sier, « L'Esprit Nouveau en Architecture»
!J.E: TO E:~'ijc; &7t6crn:cxcrJ.Lcx Tou Ei•naA.ll•ov :
Alml!'nach d'Architecture Moderne {'1925), Top!vo : Botte:
ga dt Erasmo,1975, cr!:A. 26-27. ~To crtJ!J.Eio cxuTo 6 Le Cor- « <l>cxi/lpoc; ; • • . ' ln:cXp)(OU'I tpycxAe:Lcx 6o:Uf.L<XCJTcX, !J.e 7tCXpcX~E'17J
160 l:HMEIOl:EII: EniMETPOT I:HMJ<JIO};.EII: ElTIMETPOT 161

<p<.o>nw6Tl)'t'cx, yufLvd: ad:v x6xa:Acx xcxt rroo rreptfLtvouv, xcx6wc; et Le Corbusier, L a peintu.re moderne, Ticxpla t: G. Cres et
't'cX x6xa:Aa:, 8uvocfLtL<; ~ 1rpoc~e:L<; xcxl 't'lTron 7rtptaa6't'epo. Cie , 1925, a. 167.
:E<.o>xpocTl)<;: Eivcxt ad: vd: yl'll7)xcxv fLOvcxxoc 't'ou<;, fLt xoc1rotov 't'p67ro' z8. Matila C. Ghyka, Le nombre d'or, Ticxplat: Gallimard,
1) 7r@OCXLW\ILCX XPlJaLfLOTrOl'l}<ri) 't'OU<; ~p'ijxe avcxyxaa't'L)(cX 't'0\1 1931 {1o<; T6fLo<; : Les rythmes, a. 20).
XCXAU't'tpo nmo 't'OU<;. 'H &8tocX07rlJ E<pCXpfLO~ aU\ICX\I't'OCE:L 't'O
l8cxvtxo xoc1rota fLEpcx, xcxt a-rcxfLCX-r&et l:xer. 0! J(tAtoc8e<; 8oxt- z 9 . Paul Valery, «Notes (ou l'Europeen) », (Oe, I : 1012),
fLt<; J(LAtoc8<.o>v cl\16pw7tc.>\l auyx:>..lvouv atyd: atycl: 7tpo<; -r~v mo 3o. Ozenfant et J eanneret, cc L e idee d'Esprit Nouveau ne i
olxoVOfLLX~ XCXL rljv TriO alyoup'lj fLOp<p~' fLOAt<; rljv tTrt't"UJ(OUV, libri e n ella stampa », L'Esprit Nouveau , 11-12 Novembre
rlj fLLfLthcxL /)}..o<; 6 XOafLO<;' XCXL 't"cX tXCX't"OfLfLU@LCX av-rl't'U7tCX 1921 (~:>... fLe:Tci<ppcxal) aTo a<ptep<.o>fLcx 50 Anni dall'Esprit Nou-
avTCX7toxplvov-rcxL ytd: 7tOC\I't'CX a't'd: fLUpLcx \ji'I)ACX<p~fL«'r« 7tOU veau, Parametro 49-50/1976).
7tpO'IJ~6lJX«v, xcxt aUfLTrl7r-roncx<; fL' cxu-rd: T' aTroaxe~toc~ ouv
... » (E: 98). 3I. ·Paul Valery, « P ensee et a rt Fran9ais »,notes (Oe, II :
1554).
'!la-r6ao 't'O 7tp6ypCXfLfLCX TOU 7rOUpLafLOU (aTO 61ro ro avcx<ptpe:TCXL
6 Banhjl.m) auvla-ra:Tcxt at Tplcx ~cxatxcl: a'l)fLe:rcx, 1tOU dvcxt 6 3z. ibid.
l:~ayvtaHo<; T'ijc; 7tAcxaTtx'ij<; y:>..waacxc;, 6 xcx6opLafLo<; Toov l8ewv :ExeTtxd: fLt rljv xptTtx~ aTocCTrJ Tou Bcx:>..epo a1tevcxnt aTo Tat-
xcxt TW\1 O"U\ICXLa6'1jfLCXorc.>\l 7tOU auaxe:Tl~O\ITCXL <JIUO"LOAOytxd: fLt TL<; fL€vTo, « "E:>..eycx fLLcX fLEpcx, a' lvcxv &.p:;(LTEXTO\ICX, 1tou 7tpoa7tcx6ou-
fLOp<pt<; xcxt TcX XPWfLCXTcx, xcxt 1) axiG'IJ a7tetx6vtCTr)c; ~ fL-fJ altetx6vt- ae vd: fLE: 1rdae:t ytd: rljv avwTE:p'IJ OfLOp<ptd: -rwv fLOVTepvwv x't'tplwv,
a'l)t;. Ol :>..e~e:L<;-lwote<; x:>..e:t8td: auTou Tou 7rpoypcXfLfLCXTO<; elva: L : 7tOU op6wvoU\I O"TcX uljll) 6CXU!J.CXO"'t"t<; xu\j~EAE<; cX7t0 TaLfLtvTO, 6Tt
XPOMA, 'YTXOAOriKH ANTI6PAI:H, MOPCI>H, 9EMA, TTflO- cxuTE:c; o! auyxexptfLtvec; fLOC~ec; tVTUTrc.>aLoc~ouv &vcxfL<pl~o:>..cx TO
nOIH MENO ANTIKEIME NO, I:TNeEl:H x;xt NEA OMOPCI>IA. ~AEfLfLCX XCXL "t'OU 7tpOa<ptpOU\I lvcxv yol)TEUTLXO 8tocXOO"fLO 7tpOe~e­
Tie:ptyp:X<povTcx<; To eEMA ot Ozenfant xcxt Lc Corbusier ypoc- :;(6V't'c.>\l t7rt7tt8c.>v 7tOU txTl6evTCXL a t /)}..ec; Tlc; uljll)}..E:c; fLE:TCXAAcxyl:c;
<pouv : "t'ou <p<.o>T6c;, xcxt &n 8l)(<.o><; d(}..:>..o 6cxufLcx~cx cxu'Tt<; 'Tl<; u7repocv8pw-
(( '0 1tOUpLO"fLO<; ~<pe:pe: O"'t"O <p<;ic; TO N6fLO T'ij<; M'I)J(CX\ILX'ijc; 'ETrL- 7te:c; xa:Tcxaxe:uec; • • . Kat &!J.<.o><;, &x6fLCX xcxt l:d:v 60: !J.7topouacx
:>..oy'ij<;. AuTo<; xa:Toxupwve:t &Tt Td: antxel!J.evcx nlvouv 7tpoc; lvcxv vel: "t'L<; 6cxUfLOC~<.o>, CXUTO 8&11 CTrJfLCXL\IE:t rrwc; ~a fL7tOpooocx- xcxt VeX
w1ro 1tou xa6opl~e:T«L &1ro rljv &voc7tTU~l) TW\1 fLOp<pwv fLE:Tcx~u -rlc; &ycx~ac.>. "Eva: XCXTCXO"XEUCXO""t'IXO O":;(E8tcxypcxfLfLCX• TOU f;}..ey<t.
TOU l8cxvtxou T'ij<; !J.E:ycxMTtp'l)<; J(pl)at!J.6Tl)T«c;, xcx l CXUTOU T'ijc; l:~tlCTrJ<;, fL1tOper vel: l:~cx\ITAd "t'L<; 8uva:T6Tl)TE<; "t'ou, a}..Ad: 8EII ~:>..£-
!xaV07tO,l)al)<; TW\1 cX\I<Xy>eW\1 T'ij<; olXO\IOfLIX'ij<; X<XTCXO"XE:UCXa-rtx'ijc; 7tc.> xcxvtv<t.\1 7tOU \leX cX\ITLfLETW7tL~E:L cxu-rl:c; "t'L<; XCXTCXO"XE:Ut<; fLt
7tcxpcxywy'ijc;, 7r00 a\JfLfLOp<pW\10\I't'CXt cX\ICX7r6<pE:UXTCX fLt TOU<; v6fLOU<; -rpu<pe:p6't"'I)T<t., 7tOU vd: aTCXfLCXTOCEL al: xocTrOLO a'l}fLE:~O yt~ \leX axt-
T'ijc; <pUQl)c;. AuTo To 8tno 7tcxtyvl8t Toov v6fL<»v ~xet xa:Tcx:>..~~e~ "t'aocpe:t xocTrotcx :>..e7tTOfLEpe:tcx, xci1totcx fLOvcx8tx1} }..uCTrJ e:vo<; 1rpo-
arlj 8l)fLLOupylcx Eliot; opLO"fLtvou &pt6fLOU av~Lxe:LfLtv<.o>v 1tOO ~.mo­ ~A~fLcxTo<; 1tOU 7tpoexuljle ci1ro x:XTt To aTrp6afLe:vo, xcxt 1tOU Trpo-
pouv :>..ot7tov vd: ovofLcxa-rouv TU7t07tOLl)fLEvcx. AuTO: ~xouv To l8tcxl- xoc:>..e:ae: TO fLOCO"'t"Opcx \leX auv8u:Xae:L rlj AE:LTOupylcx' rljv UA'Ij xcxl
npo 7tpOV6fLLO \leX e:!VCXL O"TE:\IcX a\JO"J(E:'rLO"fLtvCX fLt T0\1 6(v8pc.>1tO, \leX Tl) 8tx~ TOU e:u<pu'tcx ytd: \leX E7ti\IO~ae:t o,Tt &pfLO~e: , 8lVO\ITCXc; ~TO"\
e:Ivcxt T'ij'<; XALfLcxxocc; Tou , vd: av~xouv arljv t8tcx otxoyevetcx Toov Tl)v l:nuTr<.o>CTrJ Tou eop~fLcxToc;, T'ijc; ~<.o>'ijc; Tou me:ufLcxToc; . • . "0-
!J.Op<pW\1 'xcxl \leX ~p(aXO\ITCXL O"U\IE:TrW<; a\JO":;(E;TLafLtvCX TcX fLtv fLt TcX fL<.o>c; .;l:8w -~~l~xe;Tcxt cxuTo 1rou 1roM auxvd: &:'ome~t lila: ';cx:>..to
8t 8LCXfLEaou T'ijc; tv6Tl)TCX<; TW\1 \IOfLW\1 TrOll, ~TrCXt~CX\1 7tpc.>TE:UOYTCX O"TrtTCXXt, fLLCX _fLLX p-Yj tXXAl)a LCX a~ rcxAALCX. ~~cx XCXAU~cx,, fLLCX TrE-
p6:>..o aTo O":;(l)fLCXTLafL6 Tou<;. AuTcl: e:Ivcxt T& civTtXdfLe:vcx aTd: 6- "t'pCX a1ro ~vex tpdmo, ~xouv xt cxuTcx rlj 8tx'l} Touc; yol)Te:tcx ll. B:>...
7torcx 7ttpt6ptae rljv t7tLAO~ Tou 6 7touptajJ.6c;. ll B)... Ozenfant « Pensee et art Iran9ais ll (Oe, II : 1052) .
162 l:HMEIOEEIE EniMETPOl' EHMEIOEEII: EllU1ETPOl' 163
'If aia8rrrt-x~ Tij<; aexm:'XTOPt'Xij<;
33. B:>... n.~. Mt:x_e:).~, TOfi qwi, &~t6:>..-xual), -rtpo/YJ, Y)Sov~. :E-rl) 8tot8po!J-1J cxu-rwv -rwv opwv
J.medw d(!J-'e (1954), A6l)v<X: 1975 (31) ~xSoGl)). al)!J-<XII'rtxl) dvott Yj -rpoTrOTrOLl)GYJ -rou Alberti (necessitas, com-
moditas, voluptas).
34· Paul Valery, « L'homme et Ia coquille» (Oe, I: 893).
4•· Vitruvius, op. cit., a. 17.
35. Viollet-le-Duc, Entretiens sur l'architecture (1858-
1872), Bpu~t).).e:.;: Pierre Mardaga, 1977 (?erne Entretien, 42. Edouard Schure, Les grands inities {1889), llotplat :
a. 318). Librairie Academique Perrin, 1985, aE:>... 263-376, xotl J .E.
Cirlot, A Dictionary of Symbols (~J-&-rlicppotGl) Jack Sage),
36. Paul Valery, « L'homme et la coquille» (Oe I : 895- Aov8(vo: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971 (21J ~x8oGl)).
896). '
43. Paul Valery, <<Leonard et les philosophes )) (Oe, I :
37· Steven Cassedy, «Paul Valery's Modernist Aesthetic 1234-1269).
Oject », The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Fall
1986: 77. 44· Viollet-le-Duc, Entretiens sur l'architecture, op. cit.
(6eme Entretien, a. 175).
38. Viollet-le-Duc, op. cit., )."ij!J-!J-<X a-rvJ. (8op6!J-o<;), a. '75.
45· ibid.
39• ':'itru_vius, The Ten Books on Architecture (~J-&-racpp<XGl)
Moms RICky Morgan, 1914), Ntcx 'l'6px7): Dover 1960 46. Au-ro -ro Tra6o<; ytcX 'r0\1 x6a!LO -r"ij<; M:>..otaaot<; cpotlve:-rotL a&
a&:>... 16-17. :E:x_&-rtx!X !JoE -ro aoyyp<X!J-!J-<X cxu-ro (3:>... llcxu:>..o.;' Mu:>..w~ Tro).).cX a:x_t8Lot Xotl axha<X 'rOU TrOL'YJ-r"ij, TrOU cXTrELXO\IL~OU\1 W<; tTrl
:>..ii.;, << Bt-rpoo(3tou -r!X .6-tY.a: llpool!J-t<X », <Xvoc-ruTro a1ro <l)JAIA -ro 1r:>..e:ra-rov xotpli(3t'X. '!la-r6ao, -ro 1ra6o.; cxu-ro e:!vcx1 ~Troxct:>..u­
EllH EII: r.E. 1\fl'AONAN, 'A&Tjwx. : 'Ap:x_cxw).oytxl) 'E-rcxtpdcx, Tr-rtxo a& !J-tcX tma-ro:>..-1) -rou Bcx:>..e:pu npo<; -rov Le Corbus1er ~J-e:-r!X
1986. 'ETrLGl)<;, A. 'Op:>..<XvSou, I. Tpcxu:>..ou, Ae~t-xdv 'Aexal(JJV rljv Tr<Xpcx:>..ot(31) i:vo<; (31(3:>..lou (L'Art decoratif d'aujourd'hui ;)
'AeXtTt'XTOVt'XWv w0ewv, ')..6-f)vcx: 'Ap:x_<XIOAOYIXlJ 'E-rcxt~dcx, 1rou -rou a-rt:>..ve:t 6 &p:x_t-rtx't"ovcx<;. << :Eu:x_vcX b' -tp.:.' :"}X<X ~ot a~tht
1986 (:>.."ij!J-!J-<X QeXtTE'XTOVt'X17·, ae:).. 39-40). -rou (molou 1j So!LlJ xcxl li:>..e:.; ol t8t6"7)-rt<; 6&: • ·""t ' .)-rE<; !J-t/i,<; !Lov-
-r~pvcx<; !L'YJ:X.<X\I"ij<;. ~Lotoye:tot, otxe:toTrOLl)Gl), x~o~<X(-v"l) C<X -rwv !J-OP-
40. :Eo!J-cp<s>vcx !JoE -rov ll.A. Mt:x_&:>..-ij ol v6!J-ol -r"ij<; !J-Opcpo:>..oy£cx<; cpwv, xot6ap6"7)-r<X &x6tJ.1J xot~ -rwv u:>..txwv ', t~O'-<pt~<s>!Ltvt<; xcxl
;"i<; G:>..l)<; dvcxt Yj ~v-rox1, Yj a-xomtt6TrJTa xcxl Yj dttoerptd, (3:>... 'H xa-racpotve:L<; ).e:t-roupy(e:<; . . . Avotyvwp(~w e:8w 6:>..e:<; -rl<; tm6u-
Aext-rex-rovtxt} w.; TtxvTJ, 'A6i)vcx: TEE, 1940, a. 160. Bt- !J-Le:<; !J-OU, ci).).!X Ste:uxptvta!J-tve:<; Xotl tTrotxpt(3w<; xa6opta!Ltve:<;,
(3cxtcx Yj cX7r6SoGl) -rou voi)!J-<X-ro<; arlj !J-&-roctppcxGl) -rwv :>..cx-rtvtxwv a-ro wpa~o (3t(3:>..(o TrOU dx.ot-re: rljv XotAOCJOV'YJ vtl: !J-OU a-re:£).e:-re:.
llpwv firmitas, utilitas, venustas Tr<XP<X!J-tv&t <Xx6!J-7) 6t!L<X 1rpo<; ~&v !J-Trope:L-re: vtl: cpotv-rotant-re: !JoE -rl t'o18totcptpov -ro Stoc(3otaot. ~ev
!J-&At"l). 'Q_a-r6ao, ,6!X TrptTre:t v!X Tr<Xp<X"l)p7)6e:~. lht a1ro -ro at'.ly- 6!X 7tp6a6E-rot 7totpcX !J-6vo !Ltptxe<; dx6ve:<; l) a:x.~!J-<X'r<X '-- xotl 6&:
YP<Xf.I;!J-<X "?u Bt-rpou(3wu !J-t:X.pt xcxl -rov 20o cxtwvot, 6 1rpw-ro.; xcxl rj-r<Xv :x_<Xp!X~e:tc; 1) a:x_tStot &1ro xe:Mcp1J. 'l'Trlip:x_ouv xe:AO<p'YJ !J-&yli-
6 Se:u-r&po<; <poe; :X.<XP<XX"l)p(~ov-rcxt &1ro xiXTrotot a-rcx6e:p6"7)-rt% arljv ).wv 6<XAIX!J-1JYWV 1tOU dvott 11,-rt Trto wpot~o cp-rtoc~<X!J-& !J.&-roc rljv
cXTr68oGl) -rou voi)!L<X'r6<; -roue; , TrOU XLV&h<Xt !L&'r<X~u -rwv tv\IOLW\1 'Ap:x_<XL6"1J'r1X. ~ua-rv:x_wc;, oev d!J.<XL &p:x_t-rtx-r<.>v ytoc VeX :x_·daw,
-r"ij<; &v-ro:x_"ijc; ·xotl -r"ijc; a-r&p&6"7)-r<X<;, yt!X -rov 1rpw-ro, xcxl cxu-rwv ou-re: rr:>..ooatoc; yt&: v!X :x.-rlO'ouv yt&: 11-eva, x<Xt s&v rrotpl)yoptt!J.IXt
-r"ij<; w<p&AL!J-6"7)-rcxc;, &ve:-r6"7)-r<X<;, axom!L6"7)-rotc;, :x_pl)aL!J-6"7)-r<X<; Stot(31i~onli<; aot<;, &1r' <Xu-re<; -rl<; Mo &6e:paTrEu-re:c; &Suv<X!LLe:<; 11-ov.
ytcX -rov S£0-repo. E!vott Yj &1r6SoGl) -rou voi)!J-<X-ro<; -rou venustas ~iic; ~1JA&ow, xal aiic; e:u:x_<Xpta-rw ytdt -ro (3t(3:>..lo aa<; 1rou 11-' &yyt~E
otvrlj 1rou xtve:t-rott !L&"ot~u &v-rtxpou6!Le:vwv £xSo:x.wv llTrw<; b!Lop- 7tOAO. edt 6€AIX'r€ \leX Se::x.6e:he:, xopte:, rljv ~x<pp<XGl) IIA1J<; 't""ijc; GU!J--
16(l I:HMEIOI:El.E EfUMETPOT 165

mHlttot~ xott Twv XotAVTtpwv ouvotta!h)[Lchwv [LOU, Paul Valery. ll M. Dupuy, &vot<ptptt 1t~c; ihotv ~Totv 7ttp£7tou 15 ~ 17 )(p6vwv
BA. Jean Petit, Le Corbusier lui-mbne, rtvtu'l) : Editions ~p"ijxe: arljv &xpoytotALO: T"ijc; 7t1XpotAlot~ T"ijc; Maguelonne ~'lot o-
Rousseau, 1970, a. 176. aTpiXXO 7tOU e:!)(otV ~e:~p<iae:L TO: XU [LotTot, TO ci1toi'o ~otvot6u[Li}6'1)xe:
&pyche:pot yp<i<povTotc; TOv E1l:rcaA.lvo, ~A. cc Dialogues n, notes
47· Walter Benjamin, cc Paul Valery. Per il suo sessante- (Oe, II : 1402).
simo compleanno )), Avanguardia e Rivoluzione {1955) ,
Top(vo: Einaudi, 1973, a. 42. 55· Mircea Eliade , Images et symboles. Essai sur le sym-
bolisme magico-religieux {1952), Ilotplat: Gallimard, 1986,
48. Paul Valery, cc Premiere lec;:on du cours de Poetique )) atA. 16(l-198.
(Oe, I : 1342).
s6. 'H tp[L'l)Vdot otUTlJ OC'IIX7tTUO'vC:TotL &7t0 T~uc; Manfr~do Ta-
49· ibid. ; 13(l8. furi xiXI Georges Teyssot crTO cc Impressions class1ques n,
so. ibid. ; 13(l9. Monuments Historiques, 108; 71-78. l:TOV ra~o 7tp0~A'l)[Lot­
TLO'!J.O xwe:hcu XIXl 0 Massimo Cacciari cno (( Eupalinos 0 I'
5 I. rtO: rljv ottae'l)TLXlJ ec:wp lot TOU BotAtpu' ~A. steven Casse- archit ett ura )), Nuova Corrente, 76-77/1978: 422-442.
dy, op. cit., Jaques Derrida, cc Qual QueUe : Valery's Sour-
ces)), Margins of Philosophy (tJ.e:T<i<ppota'l) Alan Bass), :Etx<i- 57· Paul Valery, «Situation de Baudelaire)) (Oe, I : 604-
yo : The University of Chicago Press, 1982, atA. 273-306. 605).
'E7tlCTrjc;, t8totlTtpot CTrj[LotVTLxtc; e:!vott o! [LtAtn~ Twv A.J .A. 58. Paul Valery, «Petite lettre sur les Mythes n (Oe, I:
Fehr, Les dialogues antiques dePaul Valery. Essaid'ana-
lyse a Eupalinos ou l'architecte, Leiden : Universitaire 966-967).
Pres Leyde, 1960, xotl Jill Stoner, cc The Meaning of Con-
struction : Construction as Meaning : A Commentary on
the dialogue "Eupalinos" ))' VI A 7/1984 : 181-187.
sz. Steven Cassedy, op. cit.
53. Paul Valery, cc Poesie et pensee abstraite )) (Oe, I:
1320), TO t8to aTO Ilol1JCI1J xal dqJTJ(!1Jf.t[V1J UXtlpTJ ([LETOC<ppotCTrj
XptaT6<popoc; AwvT<ix'l)c;), 'A&Tjvot: liAi6pov, 1980, a. 42. 'A-
xpt~w~ rljv t8tot <pp<iCTrj ocvot<ptptt xott 6 0w[Liic; "EALOT, « 8€v
~m<ip)(t~ 6twp(~ 7tOU v0: [LlJV e:!votL, ~aTW XIXt l£vot XO[L[LOCTL, [LE
t7tL[LtAELot 7tp0tTOL[Lota[LivO' XOC7tOLIX~ otUTO~LOypiX<pliXc; )) ' a TO
cc 'H 7tOL'l)Ttxl) TtY.V'I) Tou BIXAtpu)) (1954), Ile6mn:a p.ey&A.1Jr;
"qt·mrijr;' (~luotywy}), [LtT<i<ppotCTrj, qz6Atot A. K1Xp1XvTWV'I)c;), 'A-
e'l)vot ; rvwa'l)' 1981' a. 90.
54· I'tO: .TO t7ttta68to T'ijc; ocvotx<iAulj/'l)c; Tou 15aTpotxou, ~A. Ga-
briel F~ure, Paul Valery Mediterraneen, Ilotplat : Les Ho-
rizona de France, 1954. '0 BotAe:pu, a€ &maToAij Tou 1tpac; Tav