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Root, Prefix or Suffix Meaning Examples

a, ac, ad, af, ag, to, toward, near, in addition aside, accompany, adjust, aggression, allocate,
al, an, ap, as, at to, by annihilate, affix, associate, attend, adverb
apolitical, atheist, anarchy, anonymous,
a-, an- not, without
apathy, aphasia, anemia
ab, abs away from, off absolve, abrupt, absent
-able, -ible Adjective: worth, ability solvable, incredible
acer, acid, acri bitter, sour, sharp acerbic, acidity, acrid, acrimony
act, ag do, act, drive active, react, agent, active, agitate
acu sharp acute, acupuncture, accurate
privacy, infancy, adequacy, intimacy,
-acy, -cy Noun: state or quality
-ade act, product, sweet drink blockade, lemonade
aer, aero air, atmosphere, aviation aerial, aerosol, aerodrome
agent, agenda, agitate, navigate, ambiguous,
ag, agi, ig, act do, move, go
Noun: activity, or result of
-age courage, suffrage, shrinkage, tonnage
agri, agro pertaining to fields or soil agriculture, agroindustry
Noun: action, result of
-al referral, disavowal, disposal, festival
-al, -ial, -ical Adjective: quality, relation structural, territorial, categorical
alb, albo white, without pigment albino, albite
ali, allo, alter other alias, alibi, alien, alloy, alter, alter ego, altruism
alt high, deep altimeter, altitude
am, ami, amor love, like, liking amorous, amiable, amicable, enamoured
ambi both ambidextrous
ambul to walk ambulatory, amble, ambulance, somnambulist
-an Noun: person artisan, guardian, historian, magician
ana, ano up, back, again, anew anode, anagram, anagenetic
Noun: action, state, quality resistance, independence, extravagance,
-ance, -ence
or process fraudulence
Noun: state, quality or
-ancy, -ency vacancy, agency, truancy, latency
male, characteristics of
andr, andro androcentric, android
ang angular angle
anim mind, life, spirit, anger animal, animate, animosity
ann, annu, enni yearly annual, annual, annuity, anniversary, perrenial
-ant, -ent Noun: an agent, something disinfectant, dependent, fragrant
that performs the action
Adjective: kind of agent,
-ant, -ent, -ient important, dependent, convenient
anterior, anteroom, antebellum, antedate,
ante before
antecedent antediluvian
anthrop man anthropology, misanthrope, philanthropy
antisocial, antiseptic, antithesis, antibody,
anti, ant against, opposite
antinomies, antifreeze, antipathy
anti, antico old antique, antiquated, antiquity
away from, detached,
apo, ap, aph apology, apocalypse, aphagia
aqu water aqueous
Adjective: resembling,
-ar, -ary spectacular, unitary
related to
archangel, architect, archaic, monarchy,
arch chief, first, rule
matriarchy, patriarchy, Archeozoic era
-ard, -art Noun: characterized braggart, drunkard, wizard
aster, astr star aster, asterisk, asteroid, astronomy, astronaut
-ate Noun: state, office, fuction candidate, electorate, delegate
-ate Verb: cause to be graduate, ameliorate, amputate, colligate
-ate Adjective: kind of state inviolate
Noun: action, resulting
-ation specialization, aggravation, alternation
auc, aug, aut to originate, to increase augment , author, augment, auction
aud, audi, aur, audience, audio, audible, auditorium,
to hear, listen
aus audiovisual, audition, auricular, ausculate
aug, auc increase augur, augment, auction
automobile, automatic, automotive, autograph,
aut, auto self
autonomous, autoimmune
bar weight, pressure barometer
on, around, over, about,
be excessively, make, cause, berate, bedeck, bespeak, belittle, beleaguer
name, affect
belli war rebellion, belligerent, casus belli, bellicose
benefactor, beneficial, benevolent, benediction,
bene good, well, gentle
beneficiary, benefit
bi, bine two biped, bifurcate, biweekly, bivalve, biannual
bibl, bibli, biblio book bibliophile, bibliography, Bible
biography, biology, biometricsm biome,
bio, bi life
brev short abbreviate, brevity, brief
cad, cap, cas, to take, to seize, to hold receive, deceive, capable, capacious, captive,
ceiv, cept, capt, accident, capture, occasion, concept, intercept,
cid, cip forceps, except, reciprocate
cad, cas to fall cadaver, cadence, cascade
-cade procession motorcade
calor heat calorie, caloric, calorimeter
capit, capt head decapitate, capital, captain, caption
carn flesh carnivorous, incarnate, reincarnation, carnal
cat, cata, cath down, with catalogue, category, catheter
caus, caut burn, heat caustic, cauldron, cauterize
cause, cuse, cus cause, motive because, excuse, accusation
ceas, ced, cede, to go, to yield, move, go, succeed, proceed, precede, recede, secession,
ceed, cess surrender exceed, succession
cent hundred centennial, century, centipede
centr, centri center eccentricity, centrifugal, concentric, eccentric
chrom color chrome, chromosome, polychrome, chromatic
chronology, chronic, chronicle chronometer,
chron time
anachronism, synchronize
fratricide, homicide, incision, incision,
cide, cis, cise to kill, to cut, cut down
circumcision, scissors
circumnavigate, circumflex, circumstance,
circumcision, circumference, circumorbital,
circum around
circumlocution, circumvent, circumscribe,
cit call, start incite, citation, cite
civ citizen civic, civil, civilian, civilization
exclamation, clamor, proclamation,
clam, claim cry out
reclamation, acclaim
clin lean, bend decline, aclinic, inclination
include, exclude, clause, claustrophobia,
clud, clus claus to close, shut
enclose, exclusive, reclusive, conclude
cohesiveness, cognate, collaborate, convene,
co, cog, col, coll, commitment, compress, contemporary,
with, together
con, com, cor converge, compact, confluence, convenient,
concatenate, conjoin, combine, correct
recognize, cognizant, diagnose, agnostic,
cogn, gnos to know
incognito, prognosis
complete, compel, conscious, condense,
com, con fully
confess, confirm
contr, contra, contradict, counteract, contravene, contrary,
against, opposite
counter counterspy, contrapuntal
cord, cor, cardi heart cordial, concord, discord, courage, encourage
corporation, corporal punishment, corpse,
corp body
corpulent, corpus luteum
cort correct escort, cortage
cosm universe, world cosmos, microcosm, cosmopolitan, cosmonaut
cour, cur, curr,
run, course occur, excursion, discourse, courier, course
crat, cracy rule autocrat, aristocrat, theocracy, technocracy
cre, cresc, cret,
grow create, crescent, accretion, increase
crea create creature, recreation, creation
creed, credo, credence, credit, credulous,
cred believe
incredulous, incredible
cresc, cret, crescendo, concrete, increase, decrease,
rise, grow
crease, cru accrue
crit separate, choose critical, criterion, hypocrite
current, concurrent, concur, incur, recur, occur,
cur, curs run
courier, precursor, cursive
cura care curator, curative, manicure
cycl, cyclo wheel, circle, circular Cyclops, unicycle, bicycle, cyclone, cyclic
from, down, away, to do
detach, deploy, derange, decrease, deodorize,
de- the opposite, reverse,
devoid, deflate, degenerate
decimal, decade, decalogue, decimate,
dec, deca ten, ten times
dec, dign suitable decent decorate dignity
dei, div God divinity, divine, deity, divination, deify
people, populace, democracy, demography, demagogue,
dem, demo
population epidemic
dent, dont tooth dental, denture, orthodontist, periodontal
derm skin, covering hypodermic, dermatology, epidermis, taxidermy
di-, dy- two, twice, double divide, diverge, diglycerides
diameter, diagonal, dialogue dialect, dialectic,
dia through, across, between
diagnosis, diachronic
dictation, dictionary, dictate, dictator,
dic, dict, dit say, speak Dictaphone, edict, predict, verdict, contradict,
dismiss, differ, disallow, disperse, dissuade,
not, opposite of, reverse,
dis, dif divide, disconnect, disproportion, disrespect,
separate, deprive of, away
distemper, disarray
dit give credit, audit
docile, doctor, doctrine, document, dogma,
doc, doct teach, prove
master, that which is under
domin dominate, dominion, predominant, domain
don give donate, condone
dorm sleep dormant, dormitory
dox thought, opinion, praise orthodox, heterodox, paradox, doxology
-drome run, step syndrome, aerodrome, velodrome
produce, abduct, product, transducer, viaduct,
duc, duct to lead, pull
aqueduct, induct, deduct, reduce, induce
dura hard, lasting durable, duration, endure
dynam power dynamo, dynamic, dynamite, hydrodynamics
bad, abnormal, difficult,
dys- dysfunctional, dyslexia, dyspathy
impaired, unfavorable
not, missing, out, fully,
emit, embed, eternal,ether, erase, email, e-
e- away, computer network
echo, eclipse, eclectic, ecesis, ecstasy,
ec- out of, outside
household, environment,
ecology, economize, ecospheres,
eco- relating to ecology or
ecto- outside, external ectomorph, ectoderm, ectoplasm
-ed Verb: past tense dressed, faded, patted, closed, introduced
Adjective: having the
-ed winged, moneyed, dogged, tiered
quality or characteristics of
-en Verb: to cause to become lengthen, moisten, sharpen
-en Adjective: material golden, woolen, silken
put into, make, provide enamor, embolden, enslave, empower,
en-, em-
with, surround with entangle
Noun: action or process, reference, emergency, dependence, eminence,
-ence, -ency
quality or state latency
endorse, endocardial, endergonic,
end- inside, within
endoskeleton, endoscope, endogenous
upon, close to, over, after,
epi- epicenter, epicarp, epilogue, epigone, epidiorite
equidistant, equilateral, equilibrium, equinox,
equi- equal
equation, equator
-er, -ier Adjective: comparative better, brighter, sooner, hotter, happier
Noun: person or thing that flyer, reporter, player, member, fryer, collector,
-er, -or
does something concentrator
-er, -or Verb: action ponder, dishonor, clamor
energy, erg, allergy, ergometer, ergograph,
erg work, effect
collective qualities, art,
-ery practice, trade, collection, snobbery, bakery, geenery, gallery, slavery
state, condition
Noun: plural of most nouns
-es, -ies passes, glasses, ladies, heroes
ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -o
and -z and some in -f and -
Verb: third person singular
present indicative of verbs
-es, -ies blesses, hushes, fizzes, defies
that end in -ch, -s, -sh, -
and some in -y
-ess female actress, goddess, poetess
Adjective or Adverb:
-est, -iest latest, strongest, luckiest, lyingest
ev-, et- time, age medieval, eternal
out of, away from, lacking, exit, exhale, exclusive, exceed, explosion, ex-
former mayor
exter-, extra-, external, extrinsic, extraordinary, extrapolate,
outside of, beyond
extro- extraneous, extrovert
fa, fess speak fable, fabulous, fame, famous, confess, profess
fac, fact, fec, difficult, fashion, feasible, feature, factory, fact,
do, make
fect, fic, fas, fea effect, manufacture, amplification, confection
fall, fals deceive fallacy, falsify, fallacious
femto quadrillionth femtosecond
ferry, coniferous, fertile, defer, infer, refer,
fer bear, carry
fic, feign, fain, fit,
shape, make, fashion fiction, faint, feign
fid belief, faith confide, diffident, fidelity
confidante, fidelity, confident, infidelity, infidel,
fid, fide, feder faith, trust
federal, confederacy, semper fi
fig shape, form figurem, effigy, figure, figment
fila, fili thread filigree, filament, filter, filet, filibuster
final, finite, finish, confine, fine, refine, define,
fin end, ended, finished
fix repair, attach fix, fixation, fixture, affix, prefix, suffix
flex, reflex, flexible, flexor, inflexibility, reflect,
flex, flect bend
flict strike affliction, conflict, inflict
influence, fluid, flue, flush, fluently, fluctuate,
flu, fluc, fluv, flux flow
reflux, influx
Adverb: in a manner of,
-fold fourfold
marked by
for, fore before forecast, fortune, foresee
effort, fort, forte, fortifiable, fortify, forte,
forc, fort strength, strong
form, format, conform, formulate, perform,
form shape, resemble
formal, formula
fract, frag, frai break fracture, infraction, fragile, fraction, refract, frail
fuge flee subterfuge, refuge, centrifuge
Noun: an amount or
-ful mouthful
quanity that fills
Adjective: having, giving,
-ful fanciful
marked by
fuse pour confuse, transfuse
-fy make, form into falsify, dandify
gam marriage bigamy, monogamy, polygamy
gastr, gastro stomach gastric, gastronomic, gastritis, gastropod
gen kind generous
genesis, genetics, eugenics, genealogy,
gen birth, race, produce
generate, genetic, antigen, pathogen
geo earth geometry, geography, geocentric, geology
germ vital part germination, germ, germane
gest carry, bear congest, gestation
giga billion gigabyte, gigaflop
gin careful gingerly
gloss, glot tongue glossary, polyglot, epiglottis
glu, glo lump, bond, glue glue, agglutinate, conglomerate
gor to gather, to bring together category, categorize
to gather, to bring together, grade, degree, progress, gradual, graduate,
grad, gress, gree
step, go egress
graph, graphic, autograph, photography,
graph, gram,
write, written, draw graphite, telegram, polygraph, grammar,
biography, lithograph, graphic
grat pleasing congratulate, gratuity, grateful, ingrate
grav heavy, weighty grave, gravity, aggravate, gravitate
greg herd gregarious, congregation, segregate, gregarian
hale, heal make whole, sound inhale, exhale, heal, healthy, healthiness
helio sun heliograph, heliotrope, heliocentric
hemorrhage, hemoglobin, hemophilia,
hema, hemo blood
adhere, cohere, cohesion, inherent, hereditary,
her, here, hes stick
heterodox, heterogeneous, heterosexual,
hetero other, different
hex, ses, sex six hexagon, hexameter, sestet, sextuplets
homogenize, homosexual, homonym,
homo same
hum, human earth, ground, man humus, exhume, humane
hydr, hydra, dehydrate, hydrant, hydraulic, hydraulics,
hydro hydrogen, hydrophobia
hyperactive, hypertensive, hyperbolic,
hyper over, above
hypersensitive, hyperventilate, hyperkinetic
hypn sleep hypnosis, hypnotherapy
-ia Noun: names, diseases phobia
Noun: related to, one that
-ian, an pedestrian, human
-iatry Noun: art of healing psychiatry
-ic Adjective: quality, relation generic
Noun: related to the arts
-ic, ics arithmetic, economics
and sciences
-ice Noun: act malice
-ify Verb: cause specify
ignis fire ignite, igneous, ignition
Adjective: having the
-ile projectile
qualities of
in, im into, on, near, towards instead, import
illegible, irresolute, inaction, inviolate,
in, im, il, ir not innocuous, intractable, innocent, impregnable,
impossible, imposter
infra beneath infrared, infrastructure
Noun: material made for,
-ing flooring, swimming, building
activity, result of an activity
-ing Verb: present participle depicting
-ing Adjective: activity cohering
international, intercept, interject, intermission,
inter between, among
internal, intermittent,
within, during, between
intra intramural, intranet, intranatal
layers, underneath
intro into, within, inward interoffice, introvert, introspection, introduce
-ion Noun: condition or action abduction
Adjective: having the
-ish newish
character of
Noun: doctrine, belief,
-ism formalism
action or conduct
-ist Noun: person or member podiatrist
-ite Noun: state or quality graphite
-ity, ty Noun: state or quality lucidity, novelty
-ive Noun: condition native
Adjective: having the
-ive, -ative, -itive festive, cooperative, sensitive
quality of
-ize Verb: cause fantasize
reject, eject, project, trajectory, interject,
jac, ject throw
dejected, inject, ejaculate, adjacent
adjoining, enjoin, juncture, conjunction,
join, junct join
injunction, conjunction
judice judge prejudice
jug, junct, just to join junction, adjust, conjugal
juven young juvenile, rejuvenate
labor work laborious, belabor
lau, lav, lot, lut wash launder, lavatory, lotion, ablution, dilute
choose, gather, select,
lect, leg, lig collect, legible, eligible
leg law legal, legislate, legislature, legitimize
-less Adjective: without, missing motiveless
levi light alleviate, levitate, levity
lex, leag, leg law legal, college, league
liber, liver free liberty, liberal, liberalize, deliverance
lide strike collide, nuclide
liter letters literary, literature, literal, alliteration, obliterate
loc, loco place, area location, locally, locality, allocate, locomotion
word, study, say, speech,
log, logo, ology catalog, prologue, dialogue, zoology, logo
reason, study
loqu, locut talk, speak eloquent, loquacious, colloquial, circumlocution
luc, lum, lun, lus, translucent, luminary, luster, luna, illuminate,
lust illustrate
lude play prelude
-ly Adverb: in the manner of fluently
macr-, macer lean emaciated, meager
magnify, magnificent, magnanimous, magnate,
magn great
magnitude, magnum
main strength, foremost mainstream, mainsail, domain, remain
malformation, maladjusted, dismal, malady,
mal bad, badly malcontent,malfunction, malfeasance,
manual, manage, manufacture, manacle,
man, manu hand, make, do manicure, manifest, maneuver, emancipate,
mand command mandatory, remand, mandate
mania madness mania, maniac, kleptomania, pyromania
mar, mari, mer sea, pool marine, marsh, maritime, mermaid
matri mother matrimony, maternal, matriarchate, matron
half, middle, between, mediate, medieval, Mediterranean, mediocre,
halfway medium
megaphone, megaton, megaflop,
mega great, million
megalomaniac, megabyte, megalopolis
memo, commemoration, memento, memoir,
mem recall, remember
ment mind mental, mention
-ment Noun: condition or result document
meso middle mesomorph, mesoamerica, mesosphere
metaphor, metamorphosis, metabolism,
meta beyond, change
metahistorical, metainformation
meter measure meter, voltammeter, barometer, thermometer
metr admeasure, apportion metrics, asymmetric, parametric, telemetry
microscope, microfilm, microcard, microwave,
micro small, millionth
micrometer, microvolt
migra wander migrate, emigrant, immigrate
mill, kilo thousand millennium, kilobyte, kiloton
milli thousandth millisecond, milligram, millivolt
min little, small minute, minor, minuscule
misconduct, misinform, misinterpret,
mis wrong, bad, badly
mispronounce, misnomer, mistake, misogynist
emit, remit, submit, admit, commit, permit,
mit, miss send
transmit, omit, intermittent, mission, missile
mob, mov, mot move motion, remove, mobile, motor
mon warn, remind monument, admonition, monitor, premonition
monopoly, monotype, monologue,
mono one
mononucleosis, monorail, monotheist,
mor, mort mortal, death mortal, immortal, mortality, mortician, mortuary
amorphous, dimorphic, metamorphosis,
morph shape, form morphology, polymorphic, morpheme,
multifold, multilingual, multiped, multiply,
multi many, much
multitude, multipurpose, multinational
nano billionth nanosecond, nanobucks
nasc, nat, gnant,
to be born nascent, native, pregnant, naive
nat, nasc to be from, to spring forth innate, natal, native, renaissance
Neolithic, nuveau riche, neologism, neophyte,
neo new
-ness Noun: state, condition, kindness
neuritis, neuropathic, neurologist, neural,
neur nerve
nom law, order autonomy, astronomy, gastronomy, economy
nom, nym name nominate, synonym
nomen, nomin name nomenclature, nominate, ignominious
non nine nonagon
nonferrous, nonsense, nonabrasive,
non not
nov new novel, renovate, novice, nova, innovate
nox, noc night nocturnal, equinox, noctilucent
numer number numeral, numeration, enumerate, innumerable
numisma coin numismatics
ob, oc, of, op toward, against, in the way oppose, occur, offer, obtain
oct eight octopus, octagon, octogenarian, octave
Oligocene, oligosaccharide, oligotrophic,
oligo few, little
omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent,
omni all, every
onym name anonymous, pseudonym, antonym, synonym
oper work operate, cooperate, opus
-or Noun: condition or activity valor, honor, humor, minor
ortho straight, correct orthodox, orthodontist, orthopedic, unorthodox
-ory Noun: place for, serves for territory, rectory
-ous, -eous, - Adjective: having the
adventurous, courageous, verbose, fractious
ose, -ious quality of, relating to
over excessive, above overwork, overall, overwork
pac peace pacifist, pacify, pacific ocean
pair, pare arrange, assemblage, two repair, impair, compare, prepare
Paleozoic, Paleolithic, paleomagnetism,
paleo old
Pan-American, pan-African, panacea,
pan all
pandemonium (place of all the demons),
paradox, paraprofessional, paramedic,
para beside
paraphrase, parachute
pat, pass, path feel, suffer patient, passion, sympathy, pathology
pater, patr father paternity, patriarch, patriot, patron, patronize
path, pathy feeling, suffering pathos, sympathy, antipathy, apathy, telepathy
pedal, impede, pedestrian, centipede, tripod,
ped, pod foot
podiatry, antipode, podium
pedo child orthopedic, pedagogue, pediatrics
compel, dispel, expel, repel, propel, pulse,
pel, puls drive, push, urge impulse, pulsate, compulsory, expulsion,
pend, pens, pendant, pendulum, suspend, appendage,
hang, weigh
pond pensive, append
persecute, permit, perspire, perforate,
per through, intensive
peri around periscope, perimeter, perigee, periodontal
phage eat macrophage, bacteriophage
phan, phas,
phen, fan, phant, show, make visible phantom, fantasy
phe speak blaspheme, cipher, phenomenon, philosopher
philosopher, philanthropy, philharmonic,
phil love
phlegma inflammation phlegm, phlegmatic
phobia, claustrophobia, acrophobia,
phobia, phobos fear
aquaphobia, ergophobia, homophobia
telephone, phonics, phonograph, phonetic,
phon sound homophone, microphone, symphony,
photograph, photoelectric, photogenic,
phot, photo light
photosynthesis, photon
pico trillionth picofarad, picocurie, picovolt
pict paint, show, draw picture, depict
plac, plais please placid, placebo, placate, complacent
pli, ply fold reply, implicate, ply
plore cry out, wail implore, exploration, deploring
plu, plur, plus more plural, pluralist, plus
breath pneumatic, pneumonia,
pod foot, feet podiatry, tripod
metropolis, police, politics, Indianapolis,
poli city
megalopolis, acropolis
poly many polytheist, polygon, polygamy, polymorphous
postpone, component, opponent, proponent,
pon, pos, pound place, put expose, impose, deposit, posture, position,
expound, impound
pop people population, populous, popular
porter, portable, transport, report, export,
port carry
import, support, transportation
portion part, share portion, proportion
post after, behind postpone, postdate
pot power potential, potentate, impotent
pre, pur before precede
apprehend, comprehend, comprehensive,
prehendere seize, grasp
primacy, prima donna, primitive, primary,
prin, prim, prime first
primal, primeval, prince, principal
pro for, foward propel
prototype, protocol, protagonist, protozoan,
proto first
Proterozoic, protoindustrial
psych mind, soul psyche, psychiatry, psychology, psychosis
punctual, punctuation, puncture, acupuncture,
punct point, dot
pute think dispute, computer
quat, quad four quadrangle, quadruplets
quintet, quintuplets, pentagon, pentane,
quint, penta five
quip ship equip, equipment
quir, quis, quest,
seek, ask query, inquire, exquisite, quest
re back, again report, realign, retract, revise, regain
regiment, regular, rectify, correct, direct,
reg, recti straighten
retrorocket, retrospect, retrogression,
retro backwards
ri, ridi, risi laughter deride, ridicule, ridiculous, derision, risible
rog, roga ask prerogative, interrogation, derogatory
rupt break rupture, interrupt, abrupt, disrupt, ruptible
sacred, sacrosanct, sanction, consecrate,
sacr, sanc, secr sacred
salv, salu safe, healthy salvation, salvage, salutation
sanctify, sanctuary, sanction, sanctimonious,
sanct holy
sat, satis enough satient, saturate, satisfy
sci, scio, scientia know science, conscious, omniscient, cognocienti
telescope, microscope, kaleidoscope,
scope see, watch
periscope, stethoscope
scribe, scribble, inscribe, describe, subscribe,
scrib, script write
prescribe, manuscript
se apart, move away from secede
sect, sec cut intersect, transect, dissect, secant, section
sediment, session, obsession, possess,
sed, sess, sid sit
preside, president, reside, subside
semifinal, semiconscious, semiannual,
semi half, partial
semimonthly, semicircle
senior, senator, senile, senescence,
sen, scen old, grow old
sentiment, consent, resent, dissent,
sent, sens feel, think sentimental, sense, sensation, sensitive,
sensory, dissension
sept seven septet, septennial
sequence, consequence, sequel, subsequent,
sequ, secu, sue follow
prosecute, consecutive, second, ensue, pursue
servant, service, subservient, servitude,
serv save, serve, keep preserve, conserve, reservation, deserve,
conservation, observe
-ship Noun: status, condition relationship, friendship
sign, signi sign, mark, seal signal, signature, design, insignia, significant
similar, assimilate, simulate, simulacrum,
simil, simul like, resembling
assist, insist, persist, circumstance, stamina,
sist, sta, stit stand, withstand, make up status, state, static, stable, stationary,
soci to join, companions sociable, society
solo, soliloquy, solitaire, solitude, solitary,
sol, solus alone
solvent, solve, absolve, resolve, soluble,
solv, solu, solut loosen, explain solution, resolution, resolute, dissolute,
somn sleep insomnia, somnambulist
sophomore (wise fool), philosophy,
soph wise
specimen, specific, spectator, spectacle,
spec, spect, spi, aspect, speculate, inspect, respect, prospect,
look, see
spic retrospective, introspective, expect,
sper render favorable prosper
sphere ball, sphere sphere, stratosphere, hemisphere, spheroid
spirit, conspire, inspire, aspire, expire, perspire,
spir breath
stand, stant,
stab, stat, stan, stand stature, establish, stance
sti, sta, st, stead
-ster person mobster, monster
strain, strict, stringent, strict, restrict, constrict, restrain, boa
bind, pull, draw tight
string, stige constrictor
stru, struct, construe, structure, construct, instruct,
stroy, stry obstruct, destruction, destroy, industry, ministry
sustain, survive, support, suffice, succeed,
sub, suc, suf, under, below, from,
submerge, submarine, substandard,
sup, sur, sus secretly, instead of
subnormal, subvert
sume, sump take, use, waste consume, assume, sump, presumption
superior, suprarenal, superscript, supernatural,
super, supra over, above
superimpose, supercede
syn, sym together, at the same time sympathy, synthesis, synchronous, syndicate
tact, tang, tag, tactile, contact, intact, intangible, tangible,
tig, ting contagious, contiguous, contingent
tain, ten, tent, tin hold, keep, have retain, continue, content, tenacious
tect, teg cover detect, protect, tegular, tegument
telephone, telegraph, telegram, telescope,
tele distance, far, from afar television, telephoto, telecast, telepathy,
tempo, temporary, extemporaneously,
tem, tempo time
contemporary, pro tem, temporal
tenacious, tenant, tenure, untenable, detention,
ten, tin, tain hold retentive, content, pertinent, continent,
obstinate, contain, abstain, pertain, detain
tendency, extend, intend, contend, pretend,
tend, tent, tens stretch, strain
superintend, tender, extent, tension, pretense
tera trillion terabyte, teraflop
term end, boundary, limit exterminate, terminal
terr, terra earth terrain, terrarium, territory, terrestrial
test to bear witness testament, detest, testimony, attest, testify
the, theo God, a god monotheism, polytheism, atheism, theology
thermometer, theorem, thermal, thermos bottle,
therm heat
thermostat, hypothermia
thesis, thet place, put antithesis, hypothesis, synthesis, epithet
tire draw, pull attire, retire, entire
atom (not cutable), appendectomy,
tom cut
tonsillectomy, dichotomy, anatomy
torture, retort, extort, distort, contort, torsion,
tor, tors, tort twist
tortuous, torturous
tox poison toxic, intoxicate, antitoxin
tract, tra, trai, attract, tractor, traction, extract, retract,
drag, draw, pull
treat protract, detract, subtract, contract, intractable
transform, transoceanic, transmit,
trans across, beyond, change
transportation, transducer
tri three tripod, triangle, trinity, trilateral
trib pay, bestow tribute, contribute, attribute, retribution,
tribute give contribute, distribute, tributary
turbo disturb turbulent, disturb, turbid, turmoil
type, prototype, typical, typography, typewriter,
typ print
typology, typify
ultima last ultimate, ultimatum
shadow umbra, penumbra, (take) umbrage, adumbrate
un not, against, opposite unceasing, unequal
uniform, unilateral, universal, unity, unanimous,
uni one
unite, unison, unicorn
Noun: act, condition,
-ure exposure, conjecture, measure
process, function
vacate, vacuum, evacuate, vacation, vacant,
vac empty
vade go evade, invader
equivalent, valiant, validity, evaluate, value,
vale, vali, valu strength, worth
veh, vect to carry vector, vehicle, convection, vehement
convene, intervene, venue, convenient,
ven, vent come avenue, circumvent, invent, convent, venture,
event, advent, prevent
ver, veri true very, aver, verdict, verity, verify, verisimilitude
verb, verv word verify, veracity, verbalize, verve
convert, revert, advertise, versatile, vertigo,
vert, vers turn, change invert, reversion, extravert, introvert, diversion,
introvert, convertible, reverse, controversy
vi way viable, vibrate, vibrant
vic, vicis change, substitute vicarious, vicar, vicissitude
vict, vinc conquer victor, evict, convict, convince, invincible
video, evident, provide, providence, visible,
vid, vis see revise, supervise, vista, visit, vision, review,
revive, survive, vivid, vivacious, vitality,
viv, vita, vivi alive, life
vivisection, vital, vitamins, revitalize
vocation, avocation, convocation, invocation,
voc, voke call evoke, provoke, revoke, advocate, provocative,
vol will malevolent, benevolent, volunteer, volition
volcan fire volcano, vulcanize, Vulcan
revolve, voluble, voluminous, convolution,
volv, volt, vol turn about, roll
revolt, evolution
vor eat greedily voracious, carnivorous, herbivorous,
omnivorous, devour
Adverb: in a direction or
-ward homeward
Adverb: in the manner of,
-wise timewise, clockwise, bitwise
with regard to
with against withhold, without, withdraw, forthwith
Noun: state, condition,
-y society, victory
result of an activity
Adjective: marked by,
-y hungry, angry, smeary, teary
zoo (zoological garden), zoology, zodiac,
zo animal

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