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(guru gRMQ swihb AMg-1245)


2

UHH I¤ H¯lJ8 U| l=J¤3¯ l¯U ! UHH I¤ H¯lJ8 U| l=J¤3¯ l¯U ! UHH I¤ H¯lJ8 U| l=J¤3¯ l¯U ! UHH I¤ H¯lJ8 U| l=J¤3¯ l¯U !
UHH I¤ H¯lJ8 H| ¯ J¯= ¤¤ U ¤H¯ 3¤3 H¯lJ8¯¯ =" lUJ H¯¯3¯
¤¯¤3 J U¯| J l¯ lUH l=U UJH HJ 8¯ë| ¯"I|¤J l¤3¯ IJ Il8U lH¬ H|
U|o¯ J| JU¯¯=¯ J¯ ¤J l¯J =| lUH U¯ l=J¤ ¯ ¯ l=o¯3|o¯ =" l8¯¯ l¯H
UH3¯=|H 3 JH3¯ ¬5¯ ¯|3¯ H¯ lJJ¯ J ! lUH U¯ ¯¯J¯ "Jë "U| H¯¯
¤H¯8 U l¤ä" 3¯J|8¯ ö= H H¯" U lU3J¯H 3 H¯| H ¯| ¯HJ H¯J¯| ¤=
I| HU l¯ oIJH¯ ¯ ¤ H¯8 3 ¯8H¯ ¯J ¯ ¤H¯8|o¯ 3 ¤¯H ¯J ¯ lH ¤¯ ¯
I"¯H 8ë¯Uë "U| ¤ ¯|o¯ ¯|J¯ U| 8l¯o¯U J¤ lU3| H|! oIJH lUJ
HlJHH ¯JU H¯ l¯ lHH =| 3¯¯3 U¯ lH ¤¯ U IJ¤¯H¯ 3 ¯8H¯ J= I¯ UJ|
3¯¯3 ¤ H¯8 3 ¤¯H ¯J ¯ lH¤¯ 3 8 l¯¯J| ¯¯" J¯H ¯J H¯U| J ! oIJH
U| lUJ ¯|3| Jë 3¯ U¯" J¤| H¯ JJ| J ! lU¯ ¤¯H ³\¤\ l=U IJUo¯
UH3J- o"- ¤¯H 8ë¯ ¯ ¤H¯J|o¯ 3 HJ3¯ J¯J| I JUo¯lJo¯ U ¤8¤ 3
olH¤ 3J 3 o IJH HJ¯¯J ¯¯8H J U¯| H| ! JlJHUJ H¯lJ8 o lH 3HJ
l=U HJ8J¯J U| l¯¯¯3| U ol¤¯¯J lH"¯ U lö¤¯|¯lHH¯J ¯ U lU3 IU
H¯ ! HJ8J¯J J| H | o¯¯" 3¤3 H¯lJ8 3 ¯H" ¯J¯ U¯ ol¤¯¯J| o¯¤ë
o¯¤ HJ¯¯J U| HlJ 3 8ë 8 õ¯ H| !
lH ¤¯ ¯ ¯HHJ ¯J¯ "U| lUJ ¯UH =| ¤l¯o¯ lIo¯ l¯ IJH3 H¯lJ3
U¯ ol¤o¯ ¯J ¯ o¯H lH¤¯ ¯ IJH3 3 ¯J¯J ¤¯lUo¯ H¯ H¯ ! lUH H3=
"U| IJH3 H¯lJ3 U oIJH| l=U U"¤ ¯J¯ 3 ¯J=¯Uë U ¤8¤ ¯|3 IU !
lUH 8¯J ¤ H¯8 HJ¯¯J ¯ lU¯ ¤3J¯¯ l=UH| l=J¯I ¯ ³e H"¯U| ³\¨= ¯
l"¤| lHH l=U lUJ H¤H¯ ¯|3¯ J l¯ lH ¤¯ U IJ ¤ o¯lU I¤ (IJ I¤
H¯lJ8) 3 UH= ¤¯l3H¯J U¯ I ¤(UHH I ¤) lU I" ö J H lU3 IU J¯ 3¯ l¯
U¯¯ U¯ oIJH| l=U U"¤¯ ¯J=¯lUo¯ H¯ H¯ ! o IJH HJ¯¯J =" lHJ5
IJH3 H¯lJ3 3 l=U¯J ¯|3¯ lIo¯ UH l=U JlJ3¯¯H ,H H¯¤|,UHH I¤ 3
IJ I¤ H¯lJ8 H| H¯H" H¯ ! lU¯¯ IJ¤¯ l=U oIJH lUJ "Jë U¯ ¯3¯
¯JU H¯ l¯ lH¤¯ l=U J¯H¯|3| U Ië,J¯H ¤8¤ U Ië,J¯H U
¯J38,HJ8|J3¯ U I ë,Jl¤o¯J¯ U| =J3 3 l8¯¯ lH¤¯ U JlJë HlJë U ¯|
=I 3J|¯ J¯ 3 U¯¯ U| HJ¯¯U¯ ¯| J ! H H¯¤| l=U ¯ ¯ lUJ HJ 3 3
oIJH¯ ¯ lH" lHH ¯¯J¯ lUJ ¤H3¯ oIJH¯ ¯ 8I¯=3 ¤ U¯ ¯J¯ =¯"|
¤J3|3 J U| 3 lUH ¤H3¯ 3 ¤¯8U| "¯ lU3| IU| !lUH ¤ H3¯ U| lU¯ J¤
l"¤3 ¯¯" HJ 3 ¤lJ"¯ UH =" U ¤ H¯8 U U¤-J¯H¤¯"("¯¯|¯¯ I=J¯J
3

) U J¯H¯ 3 lU¯ lH¤ HJU¯J o3J lH¬ JU5 ¯ H¯ ³\¨¯ U| ¯ l"¤ ¯
oIJH HJ¯¯J ¯ lU3| H| !lUH ¤¤| U oJJ l=U lUJ H¤H¯ ¯|3¯ lIo¯ J
l¯ lUH U¯ U3¯J¯ " ¯¯|¯¯ I=J¯J HJ J¯J| öl=H(" ¯¯|¯ ¯ I=J¯J ¤ H¯8
) U J¯H¯ o¯H¯J ¯|3¯ lIo¯ J !
UH HH U HJ¯¯J ¤ ¤| ¯ ¯ lH¤ o¯Io¯ U ¯lJë 3 JlJ3¯¯lHo¯ =" =|
¯U| ¤¯H l¤o¯¯ ¯J| lU3¯ lIo¯ ! ¯¯ lH¤ o¯Io¯ ¯ lH¯¯ 3 o IJH JJH¯
¯JU H¯ lUJ H¯¯ lU3¯ l¯ 8J3 H¯J JlJ3¯¯H IJ Il8U lH¬ H| 3 l¤ä
l"¤ IU J¯! lU¯¯ JlJ3¯¯lHo¯ l=U lH ¤ HJ¯¯U¯ lU3¯| H¤3 UH| IU| J
l¯ J ë o¯H lH ¤ UH 3 oH" J| ¯J| ¯JU ! HI JlJ3¯¯lHo¯ ¯ o" ¤ ¯J
lU3¯ lIo¯ ! ¤ H¯8 U lUJ HJ J¯"¯3 =¤ ¯ ¯¯H¤¯J| o¯I 8¯8¯ J¯H lH¬ H|
¯ o¯¤ë lU¯ l¯¯¯=J3| lH¤ J¯U| J¯lU lH¬ H| ¯ ¯U5 H¯lJ8 U¤¯ JlHo¯
! J¯U| J¯lU lH¬ =" IJ Il8 U lH¬ H| U| UJH¯U| IU| JlJ3 HJ¯¯U¯
¤J¯ë lH¤¯ 3 Hë ¯ 3 l" ¤ ¯ 8¯8¯ J¯H lH¬ H| ¯ lU3| UH| H¯U| J !
8¯8¯ J¯H lH¬ H| ¯ lUH U o¤¯J 3 lU¯ JlJ3¯¯H U| JU¯¯ ¯|3| lHJ5¯ l¯
Jë =| ¯¯H¤¯J|o¯ ¤¯H lH" H¯U¯ J !
o IJH HJ¯¯J =" 8J 3¯ l¤o¯¯ lH¤¯ U U I¤¯ =" lU3 H¯ë U¯ ¤3¯
oIJH HJ¯¯J U lJ¯¯Jö 3 U"U¯ J ! lUJ U I ¤ H¯lJ8 H| IJ I¤ H¯lJ8
H| 3 UHH I¤ H¯lJ8 UH H¯U J¯ !lUH 8¯J oIJH lUJ H¯¯ë¯ U¯J U H¯
l¯ lU¯¯ U =¯ I ¤¯ l=U J¯H U ¯J38¯,J¯H¯|3|,lH ¤¯ U H|=¯ 8¯J 3 U¯¯ U
oUJ¯ 8¯J ¤¯H ¯J ¯ Jl¤o¯J¯ 8¯83 ¯| ¯ ¯ l"l¤o¯ JlUo¯ J 3 U¯¯ U|
JlJ3 HJ¯¯U¯ ¯| J ! lUH 8¯J UH HH U o IJH lö¤¯| ¯lHH¯J olH 3HJ
U| lU¯ ¤3J¯¯ 85| l=H¯" ¯¯" U¯¯ë¯ ¤¯UU| J !lUJ lUõ| ö¯lUJ ¯¯J " ¯
lH ¤o¯ l=J¯I ,¤H¯8 ¯ H8¤¯ ¯|3| IU| J lHH l=U ö|:H|: olH 3HJ
l"¤U J¯ l¯ U¯¯ ¯ ¤3= 3 lH¤ l=U=¯¯¯ 3 ¤J| ä¯ë 8|¯ ¯J ¯ lUJ lU õ|
l"¤| J ! lU¯¯ lH¤ l=U=¯¯¯ l=U J¯U| lIo¯¯ lH¬,J¯U| 3¯J¯ lH¬,J¯U| H3
lH¬,¤ ö3 H 3 ¤ lH¬,J¯U| l¯J¯" lH¬,¤ ö3 H¯l"I J¯H,HJU¯J õ¯¯J lH¬
H¤¯=¯l"o¯,HJU¯J lUo¯" lH¬ HH|lõo¯,J¯U| "lJë¯ lH¬ 3 J¯U| IJlU3
lH¬ U ¯¯H H¯H" J¯ !lU¯¯ HJ¯¯J ¤¤| lH¤¯ 3 H H=¯" ö|:H|: H¯lJ8 ¯
¤ä UJ oH| J -8-J ö| :H|: U| H8¯¯| J| UHë¯ ¯ I HH¯U J¯ 3¯ l¯ oH ¯
¯¯" U lH ¤ lU3J¯H ¯¯J U¯¯ 3 ¯ ¯ H¤ " H¯ë ! lö¤¯| ¯lHH¯J
olH3HJ l"¤U J¯ l¯
3)“Some of the questions which I put to some of them,and which for
the sake of exectness and pointedness of result I had previously
committed to writing ,were-
4

Does the Adi Granth contain any precepts for the Government
of a country,or arraingements of an army,or for the conduct of a King?
Does it prescribe monarchy as the proper form of government,or
the rule of Sirdars,Panches,or other formal ? What are generally the
content of the Adi Granth?” (Extract from Letter No.989, dated 3
rd

October1873 from D.C.Amritsar)
ies bwry ivdvwn is` KW ny fI:sI: nUM jo disAw au s Anu swr gurU gRM Q swihb ivc
rwjnIqk Ky qr bwry ku J nhIN disAw igAw [ ies gR MQ ivc ky vl nwm ismrn
qy Akwl purK pRmwqmw dI pUjw krn dI hI isiKAw idqI hoeI hY [ ijnHW is`K
ivdvwnW nwl glbwq kIqI geI aunHW ivcoN kuJ ny disAw ik gurU gR MQ swihb
ivc mnu KI Acrn nU M aucw su cw bxwaux dI isiKAw idqI hoeI hY [ ies dy nwl
hI ifptI kimsnr ny lMdn dI iek kMpxI simQ AYNf ieldr vloN 1845 ivc
CwpI geI krnl stInbY c dI pusqk “pM jwb” dw hvwlw idqw ik ies pu sqk
ivc ieh drj hY ik Kwlsw pM Q nU M AwpxI suiriKAw leI hiQAwr cukxy kwnUnI
qOr qy jwiez hn [ ies bwry ilKqI qOr qy ifptI kimSnr ny iek is` K
ivdvwn BweI igAwn isMG nU M puiCAw [ BweI igAwn isMG aus smy iek ivdvwn
gMR QI dI sy vw vI inBw rhy sn [ BweI igAwn isMG Awpxy nO jvwn puqr dy nwl
imln vwsqy fI :sI: ko l pujw [ ienHW ipau pu qrW ny gurU gRM Q swihb ivcoN iek
qu`k dw hvwlw idqw ik
“sUrw so pihcwnIAY ,jo lrY dIn ky hyq]
purjw purjw kit mrY kbhU n CwfY Kyqu ]”
ieh Sbd Bgq kbIr jI dw iliKAw hoieAw hY ijs kwrn fI:sI: dI irport
Anuswr Bgq kbIr jI gurU nwnk dy v jI qoN pihlw hoey hn [ aunHW ny ies
lVweI nU M mnu K nUM Awpxy mn nwl lVx dI pRyrnw idqI hY [
ifptI kimSnr AMimRqsr ny ies ic`TI dy nwl dsm gR MQ bwry jo
jwnkwrI srkwr nUM ilK ky GlI hY auh bVI idlcsp hY ijs dy ku J AMs AsI
ieQy hU -b-hU ilK rhy hW ik
“5) Such exhortations are probably more numerous in the “Daswan
Badsha ka Grunth” with the spirit of which the foregoing couplet is
more in accordance. The Sikh nation at the time of its composition
were asserting their political power and independence,and this must be
considered in judging of the import to be attached to such passages in
that volume as the following:-
“ Those who go without arms will be despoiled,those who wear arms
5

will, by God’s grace,become masters of the world,”(Shastr nam
mala,Daswan padsha ka Grunth) and the praise of his weapons uttered
by Gobind in the same composotion.”(Extact from Letter No.989,
dated 3
rd
October1873 from D.C.Amritsar)
iesy qrW cirqo piKAwn qy zPrnwmy dy nwl ilKIAW hoeIAW hkwieqW bwry
fI:sI; AMimR qsr ieh rIport dyNd hn ik
“There are various allusions to royalty in the Sikh Scriptures. Good
advice is given to King,Such as exhortations to justice and
diligence(Charits 204,Book of the 10
th
King),Guru Govind addressed
12 admonitory Hikaiyats or stories to the Emperor Aurungzed which
form the concluding portion of the Grunth of Guru Gobind Sing.The
writings (who in number)called”Rajnit”contain advice for the Kings as
well as for the subjects”. (Extract from letter No.989,dated 3
rd

October,1873 from D.C.Amritsar to Director Public
Instruction,Punjab)
UHH IJ¤ 8¯J 85| ö ¬¯U| ¯¯" l=U¯J ¯|3¯ lIo¯ ! lH ¤
I¤|o¯,l=lU=¯¯¯ 3 J¯U|o¯ 3 l8¯¯ l=U=¯¯ lJ U o¯Io¯ 3 =| J¯lU "|3
H¯¯ U¯ ¤3¯ "IU¯ J ! lUH 8¯J ¤H¯8 l=U UH HH lU¯ H H¤¯ o HH¯-U -
¤H¯8 U ¯¯H 3 "¯JJ l=¤ U" JJ| H| ! lUH H H¤¯ U|o¯ =| H =¯=¯ oIJH
HJ¯¯J ¯ "|3|o¯ H¯ !lUH U¯ H¯3J 8¯8 ¯¯=|¯¯ UUJ¯ J¯U ¯ ¤ H¯8 U " ¯
lH¤o¯ l=J¯I U ö¯lUJ¯¯J ¯ lU¯ ¤3J¯¯ l"¤ ¯ lUJ UlHo¯ l¯ U¯¯ U|
HH¤¯ ¯ 8J3 H¯J lH¤ I¤|o¯,J¯U|o¯ 3 l=lU=¯¯¯ ¯¯" lUH 8¯J I" 8¯3
¯|3| 3 l=U¯J¯ ¯|3|o¯ J¯! H¯H| JJH ¤ J¯lU H¯"¯ ¯J ¯ J ¤ H "¯JJ ¯
olH3HJ 3 "¯JJ U lH¤ I¤|o¯ 3 H J¯lU ¤¯¤3 ¯|3| J UJ lUH 3J¯ J l¯
“The Granth of Guru Govind Singh is considered by the Sikhs no less
sacred authority of their faith than the Adi Granth – in consideration of
the former being a work of the last Guru who consolidated their faith
and gave it a distinctive character,they pay more revence to his work.
In the Darbar Sahab at Amritsar the Granth of Guru Govind
Singh holds equal place with the Adi Granth.Recitation of the
former,as of the latter,is held there every day.Guru Govind
Singh’s Granth consists of the following parts:-
1. Translation(in difficult verses) of common Hindu religious
books.
2. Description of various wiles of women,in order to caution men
against them.
3. Praise of the Goddess Devi.
6

4. Religious precepts and denunciation of wicked men and
unbelievers.
5. Doctrines of the Sikh religion.
In the openion of Munshi Harsook Rai the translation of the last
two parts will be sufficient ;but,as the Rahitnama contains rules
for daily observances of the Sikhs,and every Sikh considers it
his imperative duty to abide by these rules,the translation of
this book is also very desirable.(file No.178 Foreign
Department General-A)
(Extract from the letter of letter No.8 dated Lahore,21
st
June,1873 from
Secretary Anjaman-I-Punjab to Director of Public Instruction Punjab.)
aus smy dy AMgry z AiDkwrIAW dIAW AwpsI ic`TIAW qoN ieh Spst ho
jWdw hY ik dsm gRM Q swihb dw pRkwS drbwr swihb AMimR qsr ivc qy ho r
gurduAwirAW ivc rozwnw gurU gR MQ swihb nwl kIqw jWdw sI Aqy ies dw pwT
vI kIqw jWdw sI [ iPr dsm gR MQ swihb dw pRkwS iks qrW bM d hoieAw jW bMd
krvwieAw igAw qy ikauN ieh hoieAw ? ienHW iviSAW qy Ajoky kwl ivc Kwlsw
pMQ nU M ivcwr krnI cwhIdI hY qy iPr qoN dsm gRM Q dw prkwS drbwr swihb
AMimR qsr qy hor guduAwirAW ivc SurU krnw cwhIdw hY [ ies qoN ibnw purwqn
mrXwdw Anuswr hr pVHy ilKy Gr ivc gurU gRM Q swihb dy nwl dsm gR MQ swihb
dw vI pRkwS qy pwT hoxw cwhIdw hY qW ik hr is` K gu rU mhwrwj vlo N dsy gey
‘sMq ispwhI’ dy is`DWq nU M Apxw sky [ ijs AMgryz srkwr nUM KuS krn vwsqy
swfy gurduAwirAW dy pRbMDkW ny ies mrXwdw nU M qoV ky swnU M gurU goibM d isM G jI
dI bwxI qoN qoiVAw aus AMgry z srkwr ny gurmq swihq nUM prwpq kr ky aus dy
AiDAn dw kMm pMjwb qy kbzw krn qoN iphlW hI SurU kIqw hoieAw sI [ iek
pwsy AM gry z ilKwrIAW qoN is` K ieqhws ilKvwieAw jw irhw sI qy dujy pwsy ‘sO
swKI,rihqnwmy ,dsm grMQ qy Awid gR MQ(sRI gurU gR MQ swihb) bwry bVy ivswl rU p
ivc AiDAn dy pRbMD kIqy jw rhy sn qW ik is` KW dy hr iphlU nUM jwixAw qy
smiJAw jw sky ijs dy ADwr qy is` KW prqI AMgryz AwpxI rwjnIqI aulIk
skx qy is` KW nUM ienHW bwxIAW qoN dUr kr ky Kqm kIqw jw sky [ies mM qv leI
srkwr dy ivSvws pwqr is` KW pwsoN gurmq swihq au rdU qy ihMdI ivc aulQy
krvw ky AMgry z ilKwrIAW nUM AM gryzI ivc aulQw krn vwsqy dy idqw jWdw sI
[ies kVI ivc sB qoN iphlW gurU goibM d isM G jI dI svY jIvnI qy zor idqw
igAw [ ies mMqv leI srdwr A`qr isM G BdOV dIAW syvwvW lIqIAW geIAW [
srdwr A`qr isMG BdO V ny aurdU bolI ivc dsm gR MQ dy qIsry Bwg dy 14
7

AiDAwie moilk bwxI dy nwl pMjwb srkwr nUM By jy [ pMjwb srkwr ny iek
AMgryz ivdvwn ilKwrI kYptn jYir`t pwso N AMgry zI ivc aulQw krvw ilAw [
ies qoN pihlW iek AM gryz jrnYl ijs ny AMgry zW qy is` KW dIAW lVweIAW ivc
is`KW ivruD jM g lVI sI is`K ieqhws nUM bVI gihrweI nwl vwc ky iliKAw hY [
ies jrnYl dw nwm jy :fI kinGMm sI [ kinGMm ny vI dsm gR MQ dy qIjy
AiDAwie dy cOdW kWfW dw AMgryzI ivc ijQy aulQw kIqw hY au Qy au s ny
prihlwd isMG dy rihqnwmy qy qnKwh nwmw Aqy ku J rihqnwimAW dy vI
AMgryzI ivc aulQy kIqy hn[ aus ny gurU nwnk dyv jI dI m`ky dy iek bhuq
AmIr rwjy kwrvW nUM idqI geI nsIAq dw vI aulQw kIqw hY qy gurU nwnk dy v
jI qy ku J svwlW dy au qr jo ik guru nwnk dyv jI ny idqy sn dw vI aulQw kIqw
hY [
‘rwj kry gw Kwlsw’dw Sbd pihlI vwr guru nwnk dy v jI dI ies bwxI ivc
iliKAw hoieAw mMinAw jWdw hY jo ik aunHW ny m`ky ivc au cwirAw disAw jWdw hY
[ ijs gR MQ ivc rwj kry gw Kwlsw jW ies vl iksy prkwr dw koeI ieSwrw vI
iml jWdw sI AMgryz au s gRM Q nU M jW qW Alo p hI kr dyxw cwhu Mdw sI jW iPr kuJ
is`K ividvwnW qy dbwE pw ky jW lwlc dy ky aus gR MQ nU M BulyiKAW dw iSkwr
bxw idqw jWdw sI qW ik is`KW dI SrDw qy Brosy nUM Kqm kr idqw jwvy [ ieh
nIqI hux qk dsm gRM Q qy gurU gR MQ swihb bwry cldI Aw rhI hY [
dsm gRM Q ijs dw prkwS guru gR MQ swihb jI nwl qkrIbn hr ieqhwsk
gurduAwry ivc kIqw jw irhw sI ijs nU M bMd krvwaux leI gurduAwry dy pRbMDkw
qy grMQIAW qy v` K v`K rUp ivc dbwE pwey jwn dw pqw cldw hY [ ies bwry
iek s`cI Gtnw dw vrnx krnw AsIN Xog smJdy hW qW ik pwTk scweI qoN
jwxU ho skn [ ieh gl 1945 dI dsI jWdI hY ijs nUM BwrqI hvweI sYxw dy
ivMg kumWfr s. sjn isMG is`DU swihb ny dsI ik luiDAwnw biTMfw sVk qy
iek ieqhwsk gurduAwrw twhlIvwxw kr ky jwixAw jWdw hY [ ies gurduAwry
ivc bwbw sMqw isMG jI sn [ bwbw sM qw isM G jI irtwierf Po jI sn ijnHW bwry
ieh disAw jWdw hY ik aunHW ny pihlI ivSv jM g ivc AMgry z srkwr dI sy vw
kIqI sI [ auh bVy Dwrmuk iKAwLW vwly ivAkqI sn [ 1945 dy smy qk aus
gurduAwry ivc dsm gRM Q dw rozwnw pRkwS gurU gR MQ swihb jI dy nwl hI kIqw
jWdw sI [ bwbw sMqw isMG jI qy srkwr vloN ieh dbwE pwieAw jw irhw sI ik
auh dsm gR MQ swihb jI dw pR kwS krnw bMd kr dyx [ jd bwbw jI ny Aijhw
krn qoN ienkwr kr idqw qW aunHW nU M Awny bhwny srkwr vloN qMg krnw SurU kr
8

idqw igAw [ bwbw jI dI aus smy AwXU 80-82 swlW dI dsI jWdI sI [ jd
bwbw jI iksy dbwE kwrn vI dsm gRM Q dw pRkwS krn qoN nw ruky qW iek rwq
qkrIbn cwr ivAkqI inhM g isMGw dy bwxy ivc aunHW pws pujy qy au nHW nU M PV ky
aunHW nUM dohW A`KW qoN AMDw kr ky cly gey [ au s qoN ipCoN aus gurduAwry ivc iPr
iksy ny dsm gR MQ swihb dw pRkwS nhIN kIqw [
Drm gRM Q pVHx dI Gt
rUcI
sMq ispwhI dy is`DWq qy Kwlsy dy guxW nU M DIry DIry Kqm krn leI iknHW
iknHW kUV nIqIAW nU M Apxw ky swfy gurDwmW ivc kurIqIAW nUM DsoiVAw igAw ?
ieh jwnx leI swnU M AwpxIAW suBwvk kMmzorIAW vl iDAwn dyx dI loV hY [
koeI vI ivAkqI jW sMsQw jW kOm auqnW icr A`gy nhIN v`D skdI jd qk ik
au h AwpxIAW kM mzorIAW qy ivcwr kr ky au nHW nU M dUr krn dw Xqn nhIN krdI
[ is`K kOm dI jo kMmzorI swfy duSmxW ny l`BI aus nUM AsIN is`K duSmx qwkqW dI
zbwnI hI ieQy ilKx dw hIAw krdy hW qW ik AsI Awpxw svY pRIKx kr skIey
[ AMgryz smy iek is`K ivdvwn BweI buD isMG qy pM fq rwDw kiRSn AMgry zW nUM
ieh rwie dyNdy hn ik
“Bhai Budh Singh complains that people are now without knowledge,and
learn all their religion by word of mouth.
And
Pandit Radha Kishan,whose opinion I consider of much value,as it is
uninfluenced by any religious bias,says that the Sikhs of the present day
disregard the Rahitnamas because they have given up the strict observance
of the customs enjoined therein. He thinks that the Sikhs are guided almost
entirely by an oral tradition,and their scriptures have no practical influence
upon their manner of life.”
(Extract from the letter No.154 dated Lahore,30 June 1873 from C.Pearson
Esq.,M.A.,offg.Director of Public Instruction,Punjab to The Secretary to
Government,Punjab.)
9

ieho g`l ‘mhW koS’ dy krqw BweI kwhn isMG jI Awpxy iek lyK ivc ies qrW ilKdy
hn ik
“ies pRsMg ivc mY ieh khY ibnw nhIN rih skdw ik is`KW nUM Awpxy Drm pusqkW dI
bhuq Gt vwkPIAq hY , koeI Koj Bwl nhIN krdw,suxIAW g`lW pur XkIn kr bYTdy hn
[“(‘pMQ syvk’23 jnvrI,1918)
swfw ieh suBw jo qkrIbn 134 swl pihlW swfy du SmxW ny no t kIqw sI Aj
vI swfy ivc mO jU d hY [ swfy ivc bhuq Gt ivAkqI Awpxy Drm bwry AwpxIAW
ieqhwsk qy Dwrmuk pu sqkW dw AiDAn krn dy AwdI hn [ AsIN Awm qOr qy
jo swnU M swfy gurduAwirAW ivc disAw jWdw hY aus nUM s` c qy TIk smJ lYNdy hW [
swfI ies kMmzorI dw lwB swfy du SmxW ny r` j ly auTwieAw hY qy hux vI au Tw rhy
hn [ swfy duSmxW ny jo swnU M is` Kwauxw hu Mdw hY aus dI gweIf lweIn swfy ivcoN
swfy ku J prcwrkW, gRM QIAW,rwgIAW,FwfIAW qy kQw vwckW nUM KrId ky jW pRBwv
pw ky dy idqI jWdI hY [ ieh swfI rIqI qkrIbn ipCly Fy f sO swl qoN cldI
hoeI Aj kl vI kuJ svwrQI is`K ividvwnW rwhIN jwrI hY [ ijs kwrn
gurduAwry DIry DIry ru hwnI jW Awqmk isiKAW dy vwqwvrn pY dw krn dI bjwey
vpwrk Adwry bxdy ho ey rwjnIqk DVybMdIAW dy AKwVy bxdy jw rhy hn [
gurbwxI dy prcwr dy nwm qy AsIN AwpxIAW jybW Brn ivc ruJdy jw rhy hW [
ies pwsy swfI qor ikauN qurI ies qy swnUM ivcwr krnw cwhIdw hY ik swfI is` KI
dy vYrI swfy qy swfy nwl rlky qy swfw Awpxw rU p Dwrn kr ky gurbwxI dw nwm
vrq ky is` KI dIAW jVHW ivc swQo N Awp hI qyl dvweI jw rhy hn [ swfIAW
AwpxIAW kMmzorIAW dw lwB lY ky AM gry z srkwr ,is`KI dy sivDwn swfy
rihqnwmy ,sO swKI qy srb lo h gR MQ ivc drj gurU goibMd isMG jI dI bwxI nUM
ijQy Alop krn ivc kwPI h`d qk sPl khI jw skdI hY au Qy dsm gR MQ jo ik
aus smy hr gurduAwry ivc pRkwSmwn rU p ivc mOjUd sI qy piVHAw jWdw sI ,bwry
is`KW dy mnW ivc Bu ly Ky pY dw krn dy Xqn kIqy gey qy kIqy jw rhy hn [ pM jwb
qy AMgry zW dw kbzw hox kwrn is`K kO m AwgU ivhUxI ho geI sI [ is` KW ivc
koeI vI ieho jhI SKSIAq nhIN sI ijs qy smucI is`K kOMm Bro sw kr skdI jw
koeI vI ieho ijhw is` K lIfr nhIN sI ijhVw ik is` K kO m nUM is`K mrXwdw
Anuswr AgvweI dy skdw [ jy koeI ieho ijhw Xqn krn dw Xqn krdw qW
aus nU M hr hwlq ivc jW qW cu` p krvw idqw jWdw jW iPr kucl idqw jWdw [
ieh hwl bwbw rwm isMG jI dw qy aunHW dI sM sQW nwmDwrI lihr(sM q Kwlsw) dw
10

kr idqw igAw sI [
cM fI dI vwr ijs dI pihlI pau VI swfI Ardws dw zrUrI ArMBk AMg hY
Awpxy gurduAwirAW qoN ies nUM vI dUr hI r`K rhy hW [ bwbw rwm isMG jI ny jo
mrXwdw AM gry z dy ieSwry qy bMd kr idqI geI sI, iPr cwlU krvweI qy kIqI
[ gurU goibMd isMG jI vloN krvwey jWdy hvn dI iPr mrXwdw cwlU kridAW
hoieAW hvn qy iek is`K vloN jpu jI swihb, dujy vloN jwpu swihb ,qI`jy vloN
Akwl ausqq, cOQy vloN cMfI dI vwr augrdM qI,pM jvyN vlo N cM fI cirqR , Cy vy N vloN
cOpeI qy sqvW nwm ismrn dw AiBAws krdw hoieAw hvn dI sy vw ivc hu Mdw
sI [

gurbwxI ivc qbdIlI SurU
is` KW nU M kM mzor krn vwsqy is`KW nUM gurbwxI qoN qoVx qy dUr krn leI
AMgryz ny iek Kws nIqI iqAwr kIqI ho eI sI [ ies sbM DI AMgryz srkwr ny
is`K mIfIAW,is`K ilKwrIAW,prcwrkW, rwgIAW FwFIAW, kQwvwckW qy gR MQIAW
Awid nUM AwpxI mrzI mu qwbk qorx dy Xqn kIqy hoey sn [ AMgry z dI ieh
nIqI hux qk is` K du SmxW vloN clweI jw rhI hY ijs dw vrnx Bwrq srkwr
dy gu pqcr ivBwg dy jwieMt fwierYktr sRI mloie ikRSnw Dr ny AwpxI pusqk
‘Ku`lHy By d’ ivc kIqw hY ik iek is`K prcwrk s. ivSrwm isMG nUM izlw
AMimR qsr ivc keI gurduAwirAW ivc kM m krn leI BrqI krvwieAw igAw qy
iPr swkw nIlw qwrw qoN ipCoN aus nUM dmdmI tkswl ivc sQwpq kIqw igAw qy
AKIr aus nU M izlw AMiM Rqsr dy ngr srhwlI klW dy gurduAwry ivc lgvw idqw
igAw [auh (ivSrwm isMG) AwpxI iksm dw ieko iek ivAkqI nhIN sI [ ies
qrW dy tkswl dy keI SwigrdW nU M nMdyV swihb(mhWrwStr) qy pwauNtw
swihb(ihmwcl) ivcoN vI BrqI krky pMjwb ivc gu pqcr ivBwg dy jwsUsW vjoN
kMm krn leI pM jwb ivc punr sQwpq kIqw igAw [ (Ku `ly H By d pMnw-405) [
swfI jwnkwrI AnUswr gupqcr ivBwg vloN keI is`K pR cwrkW gR MQIAW, rwgIAW
Awid nUM vI is`iKAW dy ky is` KW ivckwr gurbwxI sbMDI Kws kr ky dSmyS ipqw
dI bwxI sbMDI BulyKy pYdw krn leI Bwrq qy Bwrq qo N bwhr dujy dysW ivc vI
Byjy igAW nUM A` KoN pR oKy nhIN kIqw jw skdw [ gu pqcr ivBwg vloN is` KW ivc
11

ieh Dso Vy hoey jwsUs ibnW iksy KOj jW dlIl qoN XkVbwzIAW qy jblIAW mwr
ky is`KW ivc gurbwxI Aqy dsmyS ipqw dI bwxI bwry Bu lyKy pY dw krn dw Xqn
krdy Aw rhy hn [
SurU ivc ies mM qv leI s. qyjw isM G BsOV dIAW sy vwvW lIqy jwx dw
pqw lgdw hY [ s. qyjw isMG BsO V iek pRkwr dw AMgry z srkwr dw krmcwrI
sI ijs nU M is`K du SmxI leI bwkwiedw AwrQk shwieqw idqy jwx dw pqw
cldw hY [ AMgryz srkwr dI shwieqw nwl auh iek skU l qy iek pirMitMg pRY s
vI clw irhw sI [ AMgryz ieh mihsUs krdy sn ik is` K AwpxI rwjsI,
smwjk qy ivhwrk SkqI gurbwxI qoN pRwpq krdy hn ijs dw myn Durw mwnsk
qy Awqmuk aucqw dy duAwly Gu mdw hY [ ies leI is`KW ivc kurIqIAW qy
iBRStwcwr DsO Vx leI ieh jrUrI hY ik is`KW dy mnW ivc gurbwxI bwry SkUk
pYdw kIqy jwx qy gurbwxI nUM ijQoN ik ieh Awqmk SkqI pRwpq krdy hn aus nUM
GtwieAw qy qoiVAW mVoirAw jwvy [ ies mMqv ivc s. qyjw isMG BsOV vloN
AMgryz srkwr dI kwPI shwieqw kIqy jwx dw pqw cldw hY [ sB qoN pihlW
is`KW dIAW aunHW bwxIAW nU M inSwnw bxwieAw igAw ijhVIAW ik AMimR q iqAwr
krn smyN pVHIAW jWdIAW hn qy inqnym ivc Swml hn [ is` K ieqhws Anuswr
dsmyS ipqw gurU goibMd isMG jI ny jd AMimRq iqAwr kIqw sI qW AMimRq
iqAwr krn qoN pihlW mhwrwj jI ny cMfI dI vwr dw pwT kIqw sI [ ies bwxI
dy pwT nUM iblkul hI htw idqw igAw [ AMimR q iqAwr krn smy ‘byNnqI cOpeI’
dw pwT vI kIqw jWdw hY qy ieh bwxI inqnym dIAW bwxIAW ivc vI rihrws dy
nwl pVHI jWdI hY [ ies bwxI dIAW 27 pau VIAW qy iek AiVl hY ijs nUM
Swml krn nwl ies dIAW 28 pauVI bx jWdIAW hn [ jy kr AglI cO peI
ijs ivc gRM MQ dy rcn kwl qy AsQwn dw vrnx kIqw igAw hY Swml kr leIey
qW ieh igxqI 29 qk pu j jWdI hY [ ieh bwxI dsm gRM Q ivc cirqR o piKAwn
dI AwKrI bwxI hY ijs dw AMg nM br 376 qoN SurU ho ky 405 qy smwpq hu Mdw hY
[ ies bwxI nUM kUtnIqk cwlW ADIn Gtw ky kyvl 25 vyN AM g qy hI smwpq kr
idqw jWdw hY [ ies dI sB qoN pihlW qbdIlI s. qy jw isMG BsOVIey dy lVky
rwm isMG vloN dsm gR MQ inrxy ivc kIqI hoeI imldI hY [ ies qoN pihlW iksy
vI ilKq ivc ieh qbdIlI nhIN imldI pr Aj ieh bwxI ‘cOpeI by NnqI’
qkrIbn hr Cpy ho ey gutky ivc 25 vyN AMg qk hI ilKI hoeI imldI hY [
kyvl inhM g isMGW jW kuJ sM prdwvW vloN Cwpy gey gutikAw ivc ies dw pUrn
srUp imldw hY [ ies bwry disAw jWdw hY ik ijQy ieh bwxI pihlW qy jw isMG
12

BsOV dy Cwpy Kwny ivc GtweI geI auQy jd qyjw isM G BsO V dw iek swQI
srkwrI shwieqw nwl igAwnI krqwr isMG klsIvwlIAw sRI hirmM dr swihb
AMimR qsr ivKy hYf gRM QI dI pdvI qy lgw qW aus ny vI s.qyjw isMG dy ieSwry qy
AMgryz srkwr nU M Ku S krn leI cOpeI byNNnqI ivc AwKrI pauVIAW Gtw ky ies
nUM 25 pauVIAW qk sImq kr idqw [ ieh kurIqI hux qk inqnym dy hr gutky
ivc vy KI jw skdI hY [ iesy qrW rihrws nUM vI CotI kr idqw igAw hY [ AnMd
swihb jI dIAW 40 pauVIAW dy pwT dI bjwey hux kyvl pihlAW pM j pau VIAW
qy AwKrI 40vIN pauVI dy pwT dw hI rvwz pw idqw igAw hY [ ies qo N ibnw
sR I gu rU gR M Q swihb jI iv` c drj dsmy S ipqw gu rU go ibM d isM G jI dy
ilKy ho ey do hry nwlo N mhlw 10vI Kqm kr idqw igAw hY jd ik
pU rwqn h` Q ilKq gu rU gR M Q swihb jI dIAW bIVW iv` c ieh do hrw
ies qrW iliKAW imldw hY ik
“ ]do hrwm:10]<siqgu rpR swid]
bilhau bM dnCu ty sBku Cho qau pwie]kau nwnksiBikCqu mry hwQmy qu mhiho i
qshwie]”
(19vIN sdI eI.dI ilKI gu rU gR M Q swihb jI dI h` Q ilKq bIV iv` co N)
h hux gurU gRM Q swihb jI dI pihlI bwxI jpu jI swihb dIAW vI AwKrI do
pauVIAW Gtwaux dI crcw clweI jw rhI hY [ bwxI nUM ies qrW Gtwau x dw
kwrn ieh disAw jWdw hY ik bwxI dw sM pUrn rUp ivc hI pwT krn nwl pwT
krn vwly nU M Awqmk au cqw dw lwB pRwpq ho skdw hY ikauNik gurU nwnk dyv jI
dw Awsw dI vwr ivc ieh kQn hY ik
“bIau bIij piq lY gey Ab ikau augvY dwil ]
jy ieku hoie q au gvY ru qI hU ruiq hoie ]”
(Awsw dI vwr)
gurU nwnk dy v jI ny Awpxy is` KW nUM smJwaux leI ikrswnI dI auDwrnw
idqI hY ik ijs qrW iksy Ky q ivc swbq bIj bIijAw jWdw hY ,ko eI vI ikrswn
bIj nU M doPwV kr ky aus dI dwl bxw ky nhIN bIjdw ikauNik dwl kdy vI augweI
nhIN jw skdI [ kyvl swbq bIj hI augdw hY [ iesy qrW mn rUpI KyqI ivc
bwxI dw prvy S krvwaux leI pUrI bwxI dw hI pwT krn nwl Awqmk Pl dI
pRwpqI ho skdI hY [ ADUrI bwxI pVHx nwl jW nw bwxI pVHx nwl Awqmk
13

aucqw nUM pRwpq krnw kTn hY [ sMpUrn rU p ivc su D bwxI hI vwihgurU Akwl
purK dw ismrn hY ijs nU M gurU swihb mnuKI mn dI Kurwk dsdy hn ik “mn
kw qosw hirnwmu hY ” [ ijs qrW pUrI KUrwk hI swfy srIr leI jrUrI hY ausy qrW
bwxI vI sMpUrn rU p ivc swfy mn leI jrUrI hY [ iehI kwrn sI ik sqvyN
pwiqSwh sRI gurU hir rwie swihb jI ny Awpxy v`fy swihbzwdy bwbw rwm rwie
jI nUM gurU Gr ivcoN ky vl iek A`Kr gurbwxI dw bdlx kwrn Cyk idqw sI qy
swrI aumr au s nU M muM h nhIN lwieAw sI pr Aj AsIN gu rbwxI dy keI Sbd hI
Awpxy injI svwrQW leI bdlI jw rhy hW ijs nwl is` KI ivco N Awqmk SkqI
Alop hu MdI jw rhI hY [ ieQoN qk ik Sro mxI gurduAwrw pR bMDk kmytI AMimRqsr
dy keI AiDkwrI gurU nwnk dy v ,gurU AMgd dy v Aqy gurU Arjn dy v dy nwvW
nwloN dy v Sbd hI htw rhy hn [ SR omxI gurduAwrw pR bMDk kmytI dy pRkwSq
gutikAW ivc dyKy jW Axdy Ky rU p ivc ASuD bwxI dy keI Sbd ilKI jw rhy hW
[ iesy qrW dsm gRM Q dw pRkws jo ik aus smy hirmM dr swihb ,AMimRqsr qy sRI
Akwl qKq swihb kIqw jWdw sI sn 1932 ivc AMgry z dy ieSwry qy ieh kih
ky bM d kr idqw igAw ik gurU gRM Q swihb dy bRwbr hor iksy gRM Q dw pRkwS nhIN
ho skdw [ ieh pR cwr qy ieh rucI hux qk cldI Aw rhy hY jd ik kuJ SrwrqI
Anwsr qKq sRI jnm AsQwn ptnw swihb qy qKq sR I s`c KM f hzUr swihb
Aqy hor gurduAwirAW ivc dsm gR MQ dw pRkws bM d krvwaux leI iehI pRcwr
kr rhy hn [ ies qrW krn nwl AsIN gurU goibMd isMG jI dI gurbwxI qoN
munkr ho rhy hW [ ieh swfI ieqnI v` fI Bul hY ik AsIN mIrI pIrI Aqy sMq
ispwhI dy is`DWq qoN AmlI qOr qy Btkdy jw rhy hW [







14

gurduAwirAW qy AMgryz p`KI pujwrIAW qy mhMqW dw twkrw krn leI isMG sBw vloN ipMf
ipMf ivc prcwr kIqw jw irhw sI [ iMpfW qy SihrW ivc gurduAwry sQwpq krn dI
iprq vI pY geI sI qy keI pihlW qoN sQwpq hoey gurDwmW ivc isMG sBweIAw ny kMm
vI ArMB kr idqy sn [ isMG sBweIey gurduAwry sQwpq kr ky pUjwrIAW dIAW
kurIqIAW nUM nMgw krn ivc lg gey sn [ muslmwnW qy ihMdUAW qy ivSnU M dy 24 AvqwrW
dI r`j ky inMidAw kIqI jwxI ArMB ho geI sI [ AMgryz srkwr nUM Kus krn vwsqy
dsm gRMQ swihb dw vI ivroD kIqw jWdw sI [ ieh inMidAw swfy gurduAwirAW ivc
rihq dy rUp ivc cl rhI hY jd ik AsIN rwm,ikRSn qy ivSnU dy 24 AvqwrW dI
Brpur inidAW krdy hW [ ieh pRcwr gurU gR MQ swihb qy dsm gRMQ swihb AQvw gurmq
dI ies isiKAW dy ivruD jwxy jW Anjwxy rUp ivc kIqw jw irhw sI qy hY jd ik gurU
gRMQ swihb dw Purmwn hY ik
“siqjuig qY mwixE CilE bil bwvn BwieE]
qRyqY qY mwixE rwmu rGuvMsu khwieE]
du Awpu ir ikR sn mu rwir kM su ikrqwrQu kIE]
au gR sY x kau rwju ABY Bgqh jn dIE]
kil ju ig pR mwxu nwnk gu ru AM gdu Amru khwieE]
sR I gu rU rwju Aibclu Atlu Awid pu riK Pu rmwieE]”
(I J I ¤ o I ³=\O)
J¯= I JU o¯J¯ "lJJ l=U oëlIë3 ¯ J8¯¯|o¯ U ¯ lHJ Hë|
I JU o¯J¯ o ¯¯ ³\¯¤ oH¯ ¯ 8ë=¯ 3¯ l"o¯ ¤J I JU o¯lJo¯
l=U I J I l8 U lH ¬ H| HJ¯J¯H =" UJH¯U| IU| HJ¯¯U¯ ¯ "¯I
¯J| ¯J H¯ 3 H¯ö ¯ ¯ H=¯J¤| l=U=¯¯ o¯¤ë H=¯J¤¯ U| ¤ J3|
"U| lH ¤¯ l=U J " ¤ ¤5 ¯J¯ "U| J H38¯H|o¯ U¯ HJ¯J¯ " U J U
UHH I ¤ 3 I J I ¤ H¯lJ8 8¯83 HH HH lHJ ¯¯58¯H|o¯ ¤5|o¯
15

¯J¯ U ¯3¯ ¯JU JlJ U J¯ lH¯ ¯ 3 ¤ ¤ ¯ H¯=¤¯¯ J ë U| " 5
J !

dsm gRMQ swihb
gurU goibMd isMG jI dI
rcnw
gu rmq swihq ivc dsm gR M Q swihb jI dw bVw au cw AsQwn
hY [ ju go ju ` g Atl sR I gu rU gR M Q swihb jI qo N bwAd dsm gR M Q swihb
jI nU M du jw ivSy s AsQwn idqw jw irhw hY [20 vIN sdI eIsvI qo N
iphlW 18vIN qy 19vINN sdI eIsvIN ivc dsm gR M Q swihb dy bhu q
swry au qwry kIqy gey sn [ ies gR M Q swihb jI nU M bVy siqkwr nwl
piVH Aw qy pVH wieAw jWdw irhw hY [ ividvwn is` K ies dI kQw vI
Awm kIqw krdy sn [ dmdmI tkswl dy sMq gu rbcn isM G jI
(iBM frWvwly ) qW ipM f ipM f ies mhwn gR M Q swihb dI kQw kIqw krdy
sn [ ies gR M Q swihb dw pR kws sR I gu rU gR M Q swihb dy pR kws dy nwl
bhu q swry gu rdu AwirAW ivc kIqw jWdw irhw hY [ Bwvy N 20vIN sdI
eIsvI ivc ies dw prkwS DIry DIry Gtdw igAw pr iPr vI keI
ieqhwsk gu rdu AwirAw ivc hu x vI ies dw pRkwS kIqw jw irhw hY
[ keI gu rdu AwirAW ivc ies ivco N vwk vI gu rU gR M Q swihb jI dI
qrW lIqw jw irhw hY [ sM grWd vwly idn gu ru gR M Q swihb jI qo N
bwrwmwh pVH x au prM q dsm gR M Q swihb qo N vI bwrwmwh su nx qy pVH x
16

dw rvwz keI gu rDwmW ivc jwrI irhw hY [ qK` q swihb jnm
AsQwn sR I ptnw swihb qy qKq sR I s` c KM f swihb Abclngr sR I
nwdy V swihb ivKy qy keI ho r AsQwnW ivc ies dw pR kws pu rwqn
mrXwdw AnU swr Aj kl vI kIqw jWdw hY qy ies dw pwT su ixAw qy
su xwieAw vI jw irhw hY [ ies gR M Q swihb ivc zPrnwmw dI rcnw
nU M Cfky bwkI swrw dsm gR M Q gu rU go ibM d isM G jI mhwrwj vlo sR I
AnM dpu r swihb ivKy hI sM pU rx kIqy jwn dw pqw is` K ieqhws ivco N
swnU M iml jWdw hY Bwvy N ies dIAW keI bwxIAW AnM dpu r swihb qo N
bwhu r vI rcIAW geIAw sn [ sR I jwpu swihb dI rcnw sR I pau Ntw
swihb ivKy kIqI geI mM nI jWdI hY [ cirqR o pwiKAwn dI rcnw BM BO r
swihb ivKy kIqI geI mM nI jWdI hY [ ieQy Aj kl bVw Swndwr
gu rdu Awrw swihb bixAw ho ieAw hY ijQy icirqR o pwiKAwn dy AM q ivc
ilKI geI bwxI cO peI swihb dy pwT hr ro z srDwlU ivAkqI bVI
SrDw nwl krdy hn [ cirqR o pwiKAwn dI rcnw dw smw ies dI
AM drlI gvwhI kwrn sM mq 1753 ib: mM inAw jWdw hY ik
cOpeI
“sM bq sqrh shs Bix` jY ]
ArD shs Pu in qIn kihjY ]
Bwdv su dI AstmI rivvwrw]
qIr squ dR v gM Q su Dwrw]29]
ieiq sR I cirqR y pKXwny iqR Xw cirqR y Bu m mM qR I sM bwdy
cwr sY cwr cirqR smwpq msqu su B msqu ] APM jU ]3]”
gu rU go ibM d isM G jI mhwrwj jo jo bwxI rcdy sn au nH w dy SrDwlU
is` K au s dy au qwry vI nwl nwl krI jWdy sn [ ies nwl gu rU
mhwrwj jI dI bwxI keI is` KW dy GrW ivc bVy Awdr snmwn nwl
sM BwlI geI sI [ AwnM dpu r swihb nU M jd gu rU mhwrwj jI ny sn
1705 nU M sdIvI ivCo Vw idqw qW srsw ndI nUM pwr krdy smy bhu q
17

swirAW vsqu AW srsw ndI ivc jl dI By Nt ho geIAW [ ienH W
vsqU Aw ivc gu rU swihb jI dI ilKI ho eI bwxI vI jl By Nt ho geI
sI pr keI srDwlU is` KW vlo N ndI nUM pwr krdy smy pwxI ivco N ku J
ilKqW nU M iekqr kr ky sWB ilAw sI [ srsw ndI dy pwxI ivco N
kFy gey dsm gR M Q dy keI pM ny vI sn [ ieh pM ny hu x vI dsm gR M Q
swihb jI dIAW keI bIVW ivc mO jU d dsy jWdy hn [ keI pM inAw qy
klgIDr ipqw gu rU go ibM d isM G jI dy hsqAKr vI dsy jWdy hn [

18




19


ies bwry dsm gRM Q swihb dy pRis`D ivdvwn fwktr rqn isM G j`gI dsdy hn
ik BweI mnI isMG vwlI ijs bIV swihb dy drSn aunHW ny sn 1959 ivc rwjw
gulwb isMG sy TI dy Gr kIqy sn aus bIV ivc A` T Kws dsKqI p`qry vI
sMgRihq hn ijnHW nUM sRI gurU goibM d isMG jI dy Awpxy h`Q dw iliKAw mMinAw
jWdw hY [ ies bIV swihb ivc gurU goibM d isMG swihb jI dI jo bwxI drj hY
auh krm vwr ies qrW dsI jWdI hY [ (1) jwpu swhb (2)bicqR nwtk (3)
cMfI cirqR -1 (4) cM fI cirqR -2 (5) cObIs Avqwr (6) bR hmwvqw
(7)rydRvqwr(8) pwrsnwQ svYXy –32 qy nO sbd (9)ssqRnwm mwlw(10) igAwn
pRboD (11)Akwl ausqiq (12)vwr durgw kI(13)cirqRo pwiKAwn
(14)zPrnwmw (hkwieqW sihq Aqy (15)sd [ ies bIV swihb dy au qwry dw
sMmq 1770ib idqw hY [ dsm gR MQ swihb jI dw rcnw kwl pRisD ieqhwskwr
igAwnI eISr isM G nwrw ny vI sn 1713 eI minAw hY ik
“It was Bhai Mani Singh who collected the whatever copies or
portions he could have from the Sikhs and compiled the various
compositions written from time to time into a book called “dasam
Granth”. This he did in 1713A.D.five years after Guru Gobind Singh
passed away in Naded .(Safarnama and Zafarnama-page-50.)
“cirqR o pwiKAwn” dI rcnw bwry igAwnI nwhr isMG jI nwrw ilKdy hn
ik ieh rcnw vI guru goibM d isMG jI dI hI hY ik “ Modern research
scholars are of the view that Guru Gobind Singh could not have
written the composition like “chiritro-Pakhyan” which narrate the
baser human instincts particularly the wile women about matters
relating to sex. But the author is of the opinion that it is Guru Gobind
Singh’s composition. The Guru had come to the world to make human
beings perfect in all ways.Sex appeal is a matter which due to
undisplined mind ,most people are likely to fall prey to. He wanted to
put his Sikhs on the guard against vily conduct of women,so that
,while living in society as householder ,they might keep their conduct
above board. Being a reputed scholar and poet he had his own style of
describing serious as well as romantic situations.(Safarnama and
Zafarnama,page 49) ies bwry rU p kuAr dI khwxI gurU swihb nwl Awp bIqI
kQw is`K ieqhws ivc drj hY ijs nU M is`K ieqhwskwr AnUp kOr dw nwm dy Ndy
hn ik ies ieqhwsk khwxI kwrn is` KW ny gurU mhwrwj jI nUM smwj su Dwr Kws
20

kr ky Awpxy is` KW dy Acrnk su Dwr leI ies rcnw dI rcnw krn leI byNnqI
kIqI sI [ ies khwxI bwbq igAwnI nwhr isMG nwrw ies qrW ilKdy hn ik
“It was stange battle with beauty and love which the Guru won ,not
with arrow but with superior moral conduct. He gave practical
demonstration of observing his father’s advice in letter and spirit and
also acted on Guru Nanak’s dictum that “Truth is higher than
everything else but higher still is truthful living.”(Safarnama and
Zafarnama page49).

cirqRo pwiKAwn bwry fw:rqn isM G j`gI dsdy hn ik ienHW dw rcnw mnorQ
igAwn jW cqurweI ivc vwDw krnw hY [ ienHW qoN ijQy kQw –pR sMg dw igAwn
imldw hY ,auQy nwl hI aunHW ivc vrixq ielwikAW,Ky qrW,DrmW,smwjW dI
jwnkwrI vI imldI hY [ ies qoN v`D cqurweI dI pRwpqI hu M dI hY [ ivAkqI dy
cqur bnx nl auh qRIAw jwl ivc Psxo bc skdw hY [ auh Awpxy jIvn
krq`v nUM inBwaux vl Agy v`D skdw hY [ dsm gR MQ dIAW purwx kQwvW vWg
ienHW cirqR kQwvW dy ilKx dw mnorQ nvyN isrjy jw rhy smwj nU M Ajy hI pwT
smgrI dyxI sI ijs dw AiDAn kr ky au h sMswrk ivhwr ivc sqrkq Aqy
sucyq ho skx[ ies ivc bhu q swry cirqRW ivc kwm-kIVwvW dw spst Aqy
insMg vrnx hY ,pr Aijhw kuJ pR sMg dI mzbUrI kr ky ho ieAw hY [ies ivc
Anyk QwvW qy rihq-nu mw kQn Aqy sdIvI scweIAW AMikq ho eIAW vI imldIAW
hn [
dsm gR MQ swihb jI dI jo bIV sMgrUr vwlI bIV kr ky pRisD hY [ au s
bwry ieh disAw jWdw hY ik jINd dy rwjw srUp isM G sn [ auh 1857 eI. dy
gdr smy AMgryzW dI shwieqw leI id`lI gey sn [ aus smy aunHW nU M iek pTwn
ny iek gurj ,iek KVg,iek ktwr Aqy do gRM Q By Nt kIqy sn [ ienHW gR MQW ivc
iek dsm gRM Q swihb jI sn [ ies dsm gRM Q swihb jI dI rcnw dw kwl do sO
swl dy l`g p` g mMinAw jWdw hY [ dsm gR MQ swihb jI dI iek bIV ies ilKwrI
dy pws ipqw purKI clI Aw rhI hY ijs dw ilKn kwl prIvwrk ieqhws dy
ADwr qy 150-175 swl pUrwxw Anu mwinAw jw skdw hY [ ies bIV dw nrIKx
kridAW qKq sRI jnm AsQWn ptnw swihb dy jQydwr isMG swihb igAwnI
iekbwl isM G jI ny disAw ik ieh bIV BweI mnI isMG jI vlo N ilKI geI bIV
dw hI au qwrw hY [ dsm gRM Q swihb jI dIAW keI bIVW gurduAwrw jnm AsQwn
ptnw swihb ivKy peIAW dsIAW jWdIAW hn [ ienHW bIVW ivcoN iek purwqn
21

bIV swihb ivc gurU goibMd isMG jI mhwrwj dy dsKqI pqirAW dy au qwry kwPI
igxqI ivc imldy hn [ ies leI bhu q swry ivdvwn dsm gRM Q dIAW sB
rcnwvW nU M gurU klgIDr ipqw gurU goibMd isM G jI dIAW hI svIkwrdy hn [
Kwlsw pM Q dy pMj qKq swihb prvwnq hn ijQoN ik hu kmnwmy ,gurmqy jwrI hu Mdy
rihMdy hn qy hux vI smy smy isr ho rhy hn [ ienHW pM jW qKqW qo N jwrI kIqy
jWdy hukmnwimAW qy gurmiqAW dI ieh pRM prw clI AwauNdI hY ik hr qKq
swihb Awpxy Awp hukmnwmw jW gurmqw jwrI krn dw AiDkwr rKdw hY [ pr
jy kr koeI dujw qKq swihb pihly qKq swihb dy hukmnwmy nU M prvwn nw
krdw hoieAw aus dy ivru D huknwmw jwrI kr dyNdw hY qW iPr pMjW qKq
swihbwn dy jQydwr sRI Akwl qKq swihb qy iekqr ho ky qy ivcwr kr ky
srB sM mqI nwl soiDAw hoieAw hukmnwmw jwrI krn dy AiDkwrI smJy jWdy hn
jo ik smu cy pMQ leI pRvwnq qy lwgU smiJAw jWdw hY [ Kwlsw pM Q dy iqn sO
swlw pRkws idvs dy smy dsm gRM Q bwry iek gurmqw qKq sRI nwDyV swihb qy
qKq sRI ptnw swihb vloN pws kr ky jwrI kIqw igAw ijs ivc gurU goibMd
isMG jI dy pRkwS auqsv imqI 25-12-98 nUM mnwau x leI sMgqW nUM ikhw
igAw [ ies gurmqy ivc ieh ieNnkSwP kIqw igAw ik qKq s` c KMf sRI hzUr
Abcl ngr swihb ivKy hux qk 26 jQydwr ho cuky hn ijnHW ivco N 24 jQydwr
swihbwn pM jwb qoN Awey sn [ gurmqy ivc ieh vI qyX kIqw igAw ik swry hI
ieqhwsk gurduAwry Aqy qKqW qy sRI gurU dsm gRM Q swihb jI dw pRkwS kIqw
jwvy qW ik swfw 300 swlw Kwlsw pM Q swjnw idvs pwvn ho sky ikauNik
AMimR q sM cwr ivc iqn bwxIAW (sRI jwpu swihb,sRI AMimR q svYXy swihb Aqy sRI
cOpeI swihb jI) dw pwT sRI dsm gR MQ swihb jI ivcoN hI hY qy gurmq Anu swr
purwqn smy qoN(purwqn mrXwdw Anuswr) pihlW swry qKqW qy sRI gurU dsm gRM Q
swihb jI dw pRkws kIqw jWdw sI [kuJ smw bwAd XwnI 1932 qoN ieh prkwS
krnw bMd kr idqw igAw [ prMqU qKq sRI s` c KMf hzU r swihb Abcl ngr
nwdy V swihb Aqy qKq sRI hirmMdr swihb ptnw swihb A`j vI ausI purwqn
mrXwdw Anuswr sRI guruU dsm gR MQ swihb jI dw prkwS huM dw hY [ ies leI
sMmUh Bwrq vwsI is` K sMgqW nUM ApIl kIqI jWdI hY ik dsm gRM Q swihb jI dw
prkwS kIqw jwvy qW ik swfw 300 swlw Kwlsw pM Q swjnw idvs mnwieAw
sPl hovy Aqy AsIN dsm ipqw gurU goibM d isMG jI mhwrwj dIAW KuSIAW pRwpq
kr skIey [ ieh gurmqw 5sqMbr,1998 nU M pws kIqw igAw ijs qy pM j isMG
swihbwn dy hsqAKr hn [ ies gurmqy Anuswr sn 1932 qoN pihlW dsm
22

gRM Q swihb jI dw pRkws sRI Akwl qKq swihb Aqy sRI qKq kysgVH swihb
ivKy vI kIqw jWdw sI pr ipCo N ikauN bM d kr idqw igAw ies bwry gurmqy ivc
kuJ nhIN disAw igAw [ (mqy dI nkl pu sqk dy AMq iv`c idqI geI hY [) ieQy
ieh vrnx krnw vI zrUrI hY ik 20vIN sdI dy mhwn ShId sMq jrnYl isMG
jI iBMfrW vwly vI sRI Akwl qKq swihb jI dI auprlI mMzl qy sRI dsm gR MQ
swihb jI dw pRkws kr ky kQw kIqw krdy sn[ qKq sRI s` c KMf hzUr swihb
nwdy V vloN iek gurmqw pws kIqw igAw ik dsm gRM Q swihb dw pRkws gurU gRM Q
swihb jI nwl gurduAwirAW ivc kIqw jwxw cwhIdw hY [
mhwn ko S dy ilKwrI BweI swihb BweI kwnH isMG jI nwBw dsm gRM Q bwry
ilKdy hn ik
“ dsm gRM Q:-dsm pwqSwh sRI gurU goibM d isMG dw gRM Q ,ies gRM Q dI sMKyp
kQw ieauN hY :-
mwqw su MdRI jI dI AwigXw Anu swr sMmq 1778 ivc BweI mnI isM G jI drbwr
swihb AMimR qr jI dy gRMQI Qwpy gey ,BweI swihb ny ieh syvw bhuq au qm rIqI
nwl inBwhI Aqy is`K Drm dw pR cwr cM gI qrW kIqw,ies AiDkwr ivc hor
pusqkW rcx qoN Cu`t,BweI swihb ny ie`k cO QI bIV gurU gR MQ swihb jI dI
bxweI,ijs ivc rwgW dy kR m Anu swr hryk siqgurU Aqy BgqW dI bwxI ie`k
ie`k QW ju dI kr ky ilKI,ies qoN v` K ij` QoN ikQoN vfy dsm siqgurU dI aupdy s
meI bwxI Aqy sM sikRq gR MQW dy Anu vwd eykqr kr ky iek ijld “dsvy N
pwiqSwh kw gRM Q” nwm kr ky ilKI,sRI gurU Arjn dyv dI rcnw dy ivru `D dy K ky
pMQ dw BweI swihb qy v`fw ko p hoieAw Aqy gurU Kwlsy ny bIV ApR vwn kIqI
,sM mq 1794 ivc BweI mnI isMG jI ,is` KI dw s`cw nmUnw d` sky lwhOr ivc
shId ho ey ,ienHW dy dy hWq pur pMQ ny dsm gR MQ nUM dmdmy swihb,jo aus smy
ivdXw dI tkswl(is` KW dI kWSI krky pRis`D sI) ivKy ivcwr leI Byj
idqw,Kwlsw dIvwn iv` c icr qo VI ies bIV qy crcw hoeI ,ikqinAW ny AwiKAw
ik ies bIV dIAW ju dIAW ju dIAW po QIAW rihx ijnHW nUM AiDkwr nwl guxI
igAwnI ivdXwrQI pTn pwTn kr skn,bhuiqAW ny AwiKAw ik ies dIAW do
ijldW bxweIAW jwx,ie`k ivc auh bwxI ho vy jo klgIDr dI mu Kvwk rcnw nO N
siqgurW dI AkwlI bwxI qul hY ,Ar dUjI ivc ieqhws Awidk ilKy
jwvn,bhuiqAW ny rwie id` qI ik hor sB bwxIAW qW BweI mnI isM G jI dI
ilKIAW jXo kI qXo rihx,pr cirqR Aqy zPrnwmy dy nwl 11 hkwXqW ilKIAW
hn ,ieh bIV qoN Alg kIqIAW jwx,
23

ies qrW hor qrk ivqrk icr qweIN huM dI rhI,pr koeI PY slw nhIN
hoieAw,ieqny ivc BweI mqwb isM G jI ,m`sy rMgV dy hQo N (sM mq 1797ivc)
drbwr swihb AMimRqsr jI dI byAdbI dw hwl sux ky bIkwnyr qoN AMimRqsr jI
aupVn leI rwh jWdy dmdmy swihb Aw pu `jy ,pM Q ny au nHW dI rwie BI dsm gRM Q
bwbq leI qW aunHW ny AwiKAw ik jy mYN m`sy nUM mwr ky muV dmdmy swihb
AwieAw ,qW bIV BweI mnI isMG jI dI ilKI kwiem rhy ,jy mYN AMimR qsr jI
ShId ho igAw qW ijld Kolky ju dIAW ju dIAW poQIAW bxweIAW jwx,BweI mqwb
jI bhwdurI nwl pwmr AMXweI m`sy nU M mwrky jYkwry gjwauNdy dmdmy swihb
Awey ,pM Q ny BweI mqwb isM G dw BwrI snmwn kIqw Ar aunHW dy bcn Anu swr
dsm gRM Q dI bIV BweI mnI isMG jI dy ilKy kRm Anuswr kwiem r` KI,
dsm gRM Q dI bIV iek BweI su Kw isMG(ptny swihb dy gR MQI) ny BI ilKI
hY ,ijs ivc C`ky BgO qIsqo qR Awidk Swml kr idqy hn,AM Jwn Aqy mnmOjI
ilKwrIAW dI ikrpw nwl keI hor bIVW BI bx geIAW hn ,pr iksy gurumq
pRy mI ny ies dy suDwr dw aupwau nhIN kIqw,Bwvy N bIVW qW by AMq hn ,pr muK do hI
hn iek BweI mnI isMG dI,ijs dw dujw nwau BweI dIp isMG vwlI BI hY ,dujI
BweI su Kw isM G dI ,ijs nU M lok Kws bIV krky BI sddy hn .”
BweI swihb BweI kwhn isMG jI nwBw Anuswr dsm gRMQ swihb jI dI bIV
BweI mnI isMG jI dI ilKI hoeI hI smucy pM Q ny pR vwn kr leI sI pr kuJ
AMjwn qy mnmO jI ilKwrIAW kwrn hor bIVW vI bx geIAW ijs kwrn ArQW qoN
AnrQ ho gey [ ies dI suDweI krn vwsqy is`K ieqhws ieh prvwn krdw hY
ik sRI Akwl qKq swihb qy ivdvwn guris`KW ny 32 bIVW dsm gR MQ swihb
dIAW iek`qr kr ky iek rIport sn 1897 eI .nUM pM Q dy py S kIqI [ mO jU dw
dsm gRM Q au s rIport dy ADwr qy hI iliKAW hoieAW mMinAw jWdw hY [ ies
ivc gurU goibM d isMG jI dIAW bwxIAW dI qrqIb ies pRkwr hY (1) jwpu
swihb,(2) Akwl ausqiq,(3)bicqR nwtk,(4)cM fI cirqR (aukq
iblws),(5)cMfI cirqR ,(6)vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI,(7)igAwn pR boD,(8)cObIs
Avqwr,(9)au p Avqwr(bR hmw Aqy rudR ),(10) Sbd
hzwry ,(11)svYXy ,(12)Kwlsw mihmw,(13)ssqr nwm mwlw , (14)
cirqR opwiKAwn Aqy (15)zPrnwmw-hkwieqW [ ies rIpo rt ivc igAwnI srdUl
isMG ny swry gR MQ nUM gurU goibM d isMG jI mhwrwj dI rcnw mnky hr pRkwr dy
sMikAw nU M dUr kr idqw sI [ ies qo N ipCoN hor keI ivdvwnW ny dsm gRM Q
swihb dI bwxI bwry keI pusqkW il`K ky ieh is`D kIqw ik dsm gR MQ swihb
24

dI swrI rcnw guru goibMd isM G mhwrwj dI hI hY [ sn 1984 eI. ivc nIlw
qwrw dI kwrvweI qoN kuJ icr ipCo N kuJ ‘k lyKkW ny ies bwry ikMqU pR MqU krnw
ArMB idqw ijs kwrn goibMd sdn nvIN id`lI ivKy ivdvwnW dw iek ivSwl
sYmInwr 3,4 qy 5 jnvrI,1998 nUM krvwieAw igAw [ ies sY mInwr ivc bhuq
swry ivdvwn pRo PY srW ny Bwg ilAw qy Awpxy Ko j BrpUr pypr pVH y [ ies
sYmInwr dy auDGwtnI smwgm dI pRDwngI pMjwbI Xu nIvrstI pitAwlw dy
ivdvwn vweIs cWslr fw:joigMdr isM G puAwr ny kIqI [ dujy smwgmW dI
pRDwngI gurU nwnk dy v XunIvrstI AMimRqsr dy ivdvwn vweIs cWslr fw:
hrBjn isMG so c Aqy fw: mwn isMG inrMkwrI ny kIqI [ auDGwtnI BwSn
AMimrIkw ivc rhy Bwrq dy swbkw rwjdU q fw:krn isMG ny idqw jd ik
fw:jsvMq isMG nykI ny gurU goibMd isMG jI dI mhwn SKsIAq bwry bVI ivdvqw
BrpUr jwnkwrI idqI [ ies sYmInwr dy v`K v` K smwZmW ivc ivdvwnW ny jo
Koj BrpUr py pr pVHy aunHW ivcoN convyN Koj py pr “gurU goibMd isMG jI swDnw qy
swihq”nwmI pu sqk dy rU p ivc pRkwsq kIqy jw cuky hn [ ieh pu sqk mwrkIt
ivcoN pRwpq kIqI jw skdI hY [ sY mInwr ivc sB ivdvwnW ny ieh svIkwr kIqw
ik dsm gR MQ swihb dI swrI bwxI hI dsmy s ipqw gurU goibMd isMG jI mhwrwj
dI hI rcnw hY [ pMjwbI XUnIvrstI pitAwlw dy ivdvwn prO PY sr fw:kuldIp
isMG DIr ny qW Awpxy Ko j p`qr ivc ieh sMkyq vI dy idqw ik dsm gR MQ swihb
dI rcnw gurU goibM d isM G jI ny sM mq 1755 ibkrmI ArQwq sn 1698 eIsvI
ivc hI sMpUrn kr idqI sI [ Awpxy ivcwrW dI pu stI leI fw:DIr ny BweI
kysr isMG jI vloN ilKI ho eI pusqk”bM swvlI nwmw dSW pwiqSwhIAW kw” dw
hvwlw idqw ik
“Cotw gRM Q jI jnmy swihb dsvyN pwqSwh ky Dwm]
sMmq sqwrW sY pcvM jw,bhuq iKfwvy ilKwrI nwm]
swihb nUM sI ipAwrw,Awpxy h`QIN iliKAw qy iKfwieAw ]
is`KW kIqI Ardws,jI nwl cwhIey imlwieAw ]223]
bcn kIqw gR MQ hY au h,ieh AswfI hY Kyf ]
nwl nw imlwieAw ,Awhw ipAwrw,kaun jwnih By d]224]”
(bM sWvlInwmw)
pR oPYsr DIr Anuswr dsm gRM Q BwrqI pRiqBw qy au s dy swrQk bwhrmu KI
pRgtwvy dw iek sPl au dm hY [ ies ivc qqkwlIn Bwrq dy au jl BivK dI
pRwpqI leI prMprwgq ichnW nU M nvyN ichinqW nwl joVx dw mh`qv pUrn
25

auprwlw kIqw igAw hY [ ies nwl sDwrn AwdmI dI buDI,suBwA qy mwnskqw
ivc kRWqI kwrI qbdIlI AweI hY [ au s dy igAwn qy ivSvwS ivc zbrdsq
moV Awey hn [ BwrqI jIvn dy boiDk,Dwrmk,nYiqk iqny p`KW ivc ieh pRBwv
pCwxy jw skdy hn [ dsm gR MQ dIAW rcnwvW Drm ,ArQ,kwm qy moK bwry
BwrqI icMqn nUM Xu g AnkUl nvy N ArQ bKsdIAW hn [ Drm nUM scweI,krqv
pwlx qy jn-sDwrn dy kilAwx nwl joiVAw igAw hY [ ArQ nU M srbq dy Bly
dI vrqoN dy swDn vjo N pRvwn kIqw igAw hY [ kwm nU M kyvl srIrk
sMqustI/vwSnw iqR pqI dy rUp ivc au cyry audySW dI pRwpqI dy rwh ivc rok mMnky
igRhsqI jIvn qoN iknwrwkSI dw rsqw nhIN ApnwieAw igAw sgoN iesqrI
purK dy sy hqmM d igRsqI irSqy nUM smwjk jIvn dI mU l cUl vjoN svIkwrn qy
bl idqw igAw hY [ moK vI Akwl purK dy inrml BY ivc krmSIl smwjk
jIvn jIauNdy ho ey aus nwl iek sur qy AByd hox dy pirpyK ivc hI svIkwirAw
igAw hY [
cirqR opwiKAwn dI rcnw bwry fw: joD isM G,proPY sr is`K Drm,Drm
AiDAn ivBwg,pMjwbI XunIvrstI,pitAwlw ilKdy hn ik “kwm Aqy ivhwr
ivc sMjm ilAwaux leI sRI gurU goibM d isM G jI ny cirqRo pwiKAwn dI rcnw
kIqI Aqy ienHW duAwrw kwm vwSnw dI qIbrqw,AlpidR StI,prvcnW Aqy
Duqrpu xy nUM idKwauNdy ho ey Awpxy pYrokwrW nU M cy qwvxIAW idqIAW hn ik
“inj nwrI ky sMg ny hu qum inq bFIAhu ]
pr nwrI kI sy j Buil su pny hUM n jeIAhu ]
pr nwrI so nyhu CurI pY nI kr jwnhu ]
pr nwrI ky Bjy kwl vXwpXo qn mwnhu ]”
(cirqr-21)
“riiq n jwnq pRIq kI pYsn kI pRqIiq ]
ibCU ibsIAr by sX by sXw khhu kvn ky mIq]”
(cirqr-16)
cMclwn ky cirqr ko cIn skq nih koie ]
bRhm ibsnu rudRwid sB surpiq kaU hoie]”
(cirqr-215)
iek gl hor vI iDAwn Xog hY ik iesqrIAW dy AM ny kwmuk rUpW dw vrnx
krn vwlIAW khwxIAW nUM gurU goibM d isMG jI ny ‘cirqR ’ Sbd nwl sM boiDq kIqw
hY [ m`D kwlI swihq ivc swnU M do qrW dy kwiv rUp idKweI dyNdy hn [ pihly
26

cirqR kwiv Aqy du jy lIlw kwiv [ cirqR kwiv (rwm cirqRmwns,su dwmw cirqR
vrgIAW)auh rcnwvW hn ijnHW ivc koeI nw ko eI isiKAw aupXo gqwvwdI
idRStIko x nU M iDAwn ivc r` K ky id` qI jWdI hY [ ies qrW dIAW rcnwvW
aupXogI qW Avs hI huM dIAW hn prMqU aunHW ivc isrjnwqmk q` qW dw hoxw
zrUrI nhIN isrjn Aqy inrmwx dw AM qr hI ieh hY ik isrjnw iek lIlw hY
,iek Kyf hY ijs ivc Kyf Ky f ivc hI sB ku J pRwpq ho jWdw hY [ lIlw ivc
iksy iksy BONiqk suK dI aufIk nhIN huM dI prqUM inrmwx ivc ieh q`Q nhIN Fuk
skdw [ inrmwnx insicq rUp ivc aupXogqw vwd dy ADwr qy KVw huM dw hY
[AsIN kpVw,kwr,mkwn Awid bxwauNdy ,KrId dy hW qW lIlw jW Ky f leI nhIN
blik Aijhw sB au pXoigqw nUM iDAwn ivc rK ky hI kIqw jWdw hY [ prM qU
vInw vwdn jW qblw vwdn iek Awqmk AMnd leI kIqw suixAw jWdw hY Aqy
ies durwn hI swnU M Awqmk suK dI pRwpqI ho jWdI hY [ inrmwn kwrj ivc
idmwgI ksrq dI loV pYNdI hY jd ik isrjnw vwsqy ihrdy dI Bwvkqw dI v`D
vrqo N huM dI hY [ Swied iesy leI r` b nUM vI inrmwqw nw kih ky isrjnhwr ikhw
igAw hY ikauN ik ieh jgq au s dI iek Kyf hY ,lIlw hY [ inrmwn Aqy
isrjnw v`K v` K klwvW hu MdIAW hoeIAW vI iek du jy dIAW pUrvk vI ho skdIAW
hn Aqy jIvn nUM pUrn sM quilq bxw skdIAW hn [ BwrqI icMqn dy ieqhws
ivc vI ieh spSt hY [ AsIN rwm dy jIvn nUM cirqR kihMdy hW Aqy ikRsn dy
jIvn nUM lIlw dy rU p ivc jwxdy hW [ rwm dy jIvn qoN swnU M ivhwrk jIvn dI
mrXwdw,gMBIrqw dI isiKAw Aqy ikRsn jI dy jIvn qoN sihj rU p ivc lIlw rU p
ivc jIx dI isiKAw imldI hY [ ieQy iPlhwl ienHW smJxw kwPI hY ik gurU
goibMd isMG duAwrw ricq cirqRo pwiKAwn jIvn dy iviBMn idRStIkoxW
,du hswhisk ikrdwrW Aqy kwm skqI dy gMBIr plW dy pRqI swvDwn krn vwlI
rcnw hY ijs nU M su `Dw au pXoigqwvwd nUM iDAwn ivc r`K ky iliKAw igAw hY [
ieh gl cM fI cirqRW auqy vI lwgU ho skdI hY [ ieh TIk hY ik qRIAW cirqRW
ivc kQq qOr qy ku J AslIl SbdW dI vrqo N ho eI mMnI jWdI hY pr ieh
AslIlqw iPr vI ro z isnimAW Aqy tYlIivzn qy ivKweI jwx vwlI ASIlqw dy
mukwbly kuJ vI nhIN hY [ gurU goibMd isMG AiDAwqmk sMinAwsIAw dI jmwq
KVI krn dy h`k ivc nhIN sn ijnHW nU M jd cwho blwqkwr jW iPr iksy hor
sosn dw iSkwr bxwieAw jw sky [ Kwlsw ,jIvn dIAW s`cweIAW nwl jU Jx leI
iqAwr kIqI geI kOm hY [ ieh gl iek Atl scweI hY ” [fw: joD isMG
Anuswr auNj qW swry ‘dsm gRM Q’ ivc Qw ,QW qy is`K isDWqW dw inrUpx hoieAw
27

pr cirqR opwiKAwn rcnw ivc vI ies q`Q nU M A`KoN proKy nhIN kIqw igAw [ iesy
qrW fw:siqM dr isMG(pRo PY sr),pM jwbI AiDAYn skU l,gurU nwnk dyv XunivrstI
,AMimRqsr Awpxy Koj p`qr ivc dsdy hn ik “pwiKAwn cirqR dIAW ienHW pR ym
khwxIAW rwhIN kvI ny BwrqI jn smwj nUM duSkrmW qo N Alg rihx dI isiKAw
idqI hY [ jIvn ivc AnYiqk m`U lW nUM iks qrW dUr kIqw jw skdw hY ,iehI
ienHW dw mu K au dy S hY [
ivSv swihq ivc’dsm gRM Q’dI ivlKxqw dsidAW ho ieAW fw: siqMdr isMG
nUr ,proPYsr ,pM jwbI ivBwg,id`lI XunivrstI,id`lI ny Awpxy Koj p`qr ivc
ikhw ik “ivSv-swihq ivc ‘dsm gR MQ’ dI ivl` Kxqw dI pihcwn krn leI
ies gl nUM smJnw bhuq zrUrI hY ik gurbwxI qoN pUrvlw icMqn qy swihq mu `K
qOr qy pOrwixk jW imiQk-cyqnw nwl jiVAw hoieAw sI [ ies nwl BwrqI
Avcy qn ivc ibKrwv pY dw ho cukw sI [ ies nU M iek sur krn leI,inrgux
cyqnw nUM skqIswlI bnwaux leI ieh zrUrI sI ik ies pOrwixk jW im`iQk-
cyqnw nU M ieiqhwsk-cyqnw ivc rUpWqr qy prvwhk kIqw jwvy [ ieh kMm ieMnw
Aswn nhIN huM dw [ AwrkImIds vWg auh ibM dU lBxw pYNdw hY ,ijQoN swrI DrqI nUM
GumwieAw jw sky [ gurU goibMd isMG ny BwrqI Avcy qn dy aus ibM dU nUM pkiVAw [
aus im`Q nUM imiQk-cyqnw dI sImw ivco N k`F ky ieiqhwsk-cyqnw ivc rUpWiqR q
kr idqw [ cM fI,durgw nU M Bgau qI bxw idqw[ mM dr im`Q jW dyvI-purwx ny
BwrqI-Avcyqn nUM sirgux rU p ivc sImq kIqw hoieAw sI,ies sImw nU M qo V
idqw igAw [ ies dy AMqrgq kyvl cM fI cirqR swihq nUM hI nhIN sgoN bicqR
nwtk,cO bIs Avqwr jW ijQy vI purwx dw vrnx AwauNdw hY ,aus nU M ies ivsiqR q
swihq pR sMg ivc piVHAw jwxw cwhIdw hY [ im`Q jW purwx nU M ivSv-swihq ivc
ieauN iek nvIN idSw ivc prvwhq kr idqw jwvy qy jn-mwns dy Avcy qn qy
cyqnw nU M swihq iek nvIN idSw vl qor dy vy [ ieh iksy hor gRM Q vlo N sMBv nhIN
hoieAw [ ieh iek dwrSnk pRwpqI vI hY [ drSn ny ky vl SbdI qrk dy rUp
ivc hI prgt nhIN hoxw hu Mdw,ijvyN AsIN BwrqI jW pCmI drsn dy hor gRM QW
ivc dyKdy hw,sgoN drSn ny ies qrW kwiv qy kwrj dI pRikirAw rwhIN pRgt
hoxw huM dw hY [ ies kwiv qy kwrj ivc hI ‘jwpu ’,Akwl ausqiq’ qy hor ivlKx
swihqk-cyqnw vwlIAW bwxIAW swml hn [ Aijhw swihq jo ieko smy kwiv
hY ,drSn hY ,ieqhwsk cyqnw hY ,Aloikk hY qy XQwrk-cy qnw dw sM cwr kridAW
iek nvyN siBAwcwr nU M vI isrjdw hY , iesy leI ies dy swihq-Swsqr nUM vI
aus qrW nhIN nij`iTAw jw skdw,ijvyN AsIN BwrqI kwiv-Swsqr ivc nij` Tdy
28

Aw rhy sW jW ijvyN AwDuink smy ivc pCmI idRStI qoN nij`T lYNdy hW [ ieauN
‘dsm gR MQ’ dy swihq-Swsqr nU M ies dI ivl` Kxqw pihcwxidAW ies kwiv
kwrjI ivsQwr Akwl dw jo rU p Dwrdw hY ,iehvI ivSv-swihq dy pR sMg ivc
ivl`Kx hY [ kyvl Akwl-sMklp hI nhIN ,sgoN Akwl purK,srb loh,srb-
kwl ijvy N AM qr sMbMdq ho ky ies cyqnw ivc prvwhq huM dy hn auh iDAwn Xog
hn [
“Akwl purK kI rCw hmnY ]
srb loh kI riCAw hmnY ]
srb kwl jI dI riCAw hmnY ]”
dsm gRM Q dw ieh kwiv swfI cy qnw nU M jdo N kwl qoN mu kq kr ky Akwl nwl
joVdw hY qW ies cy qnw dIAW hzwrW nvIAW sMBwvnwvW jwgdIAW hn,AsIN iek
AjyhI suqMqrqw ivc prvyS krdy hW,AijhI AvsQw ivc prvyS krdy hW,ijs
nUM dunIAwvI rUp ivc gulwm nhIN bxwieAw jw skdw [ Agyry jw ky jdo Swier
pUrn isMG pMjwbIAW nUM DuroN Azwd kIqy gey bM dy AwKdw hY qW aus dI kwiv cyqnw
iesy prvwh nwl ju VI ho eI hY [ AzwdI dI AijhI AvsQw ho r koeI swihq nhIN
isrjdw [ AijhI AdvY AlK,Aibgiq AibnwSI ,AnbyK AvsQw nU M Akwl-
cyqnw sdkw iksy bMDn ivc nhIN binAw jw skdw ,ies leI aus ny iksy
ichn,jwq pwq,s`qR im` qR qy qwq mwq dI muQwjI nhIN rih jWdI [ iesy leI
‘dsm gR MQ’nUM gRihx krn leI iek vKrI cy qnw dI loV hY [
ies cyqnw vwly mnu K nUM nYiqk Aqy cirqR dI idR StI qo N vI skqISwlI
bxwauxw zrUrI sI[ ‘dsm gRM Q’ ivc pwiKAwn cirqR ivc iesy leI auh
khwxIAW qy cirqR AMikq hn,jo mu` K qOr qy iek ivsy S SryxI dy BONiqk kwr
ivhwr nU M vI pyS krdy hn qy nYiqk pRSnW nUM auBwrdy hn [ ieauN ‘dsm gRM Q’dw
swihq nYiqk pR snW nU M vI auBwrdw hY ,AiDAwqmk pR SnW nUM vI qy igAwn Swsqr
dy pR SnW nU M vI qy ‘zPrnwmw’ ivc phuM c aunHW rwjnIqk pR SnW nUM vI jo ieqhwsk
rUp ivc AorMgzyb jW Aijhy iksy vI rwjkrqw nwl sMbM Dq ho skdy hn [ ieauN
‘dsm gRM Q aus swry pRIvwr nwl sbM Dq hY jo smwjk qy ieqhwsk ivkws nwl
iekyrW hI sMgiTq rU p ivc sM bMDq huM dw hY [ Aijhw gRM Q iksy hor swihq ivc
pRwpq nhIN”[
fw: jsvMq isMG nykI gurU goibMd isMG nU M Kudw do sq dsdy hoey AwKdy hn ik
“hor swry mhWpurKW ny pRmwqmw bwry auh sb ku J sMklipAw jo aucy qoN aucw qy
v`fy qo N v`fw hY [ r` b Co tw kyvyN ho skdw hY ? auh qW sb qoN au dwq,s`u cI
29

,pivqr,punIq,AgwD boD s`icdwnMd iekweI hY [ auh mwVI ky vy N ho skdI hY ? pr
gurU goibM d isM G jI as nUM ivroDBwsI sMklpW rwhIN icqvdy hn [‘jwpu
swihb’ivc pR mwqmw nUM AMDkwr vI kihMdy hn ,qyj qyjy vI(182)prm q`q vI
kihMdy hn qy Aq`q vI(183),klh krqw vI kihMdy hn qy SWq rUpy
vI(184),au h srb rogy vI hY (65)qy Arogy vI(54) ievy N hI ‘Akwl ausqiq’
ivc auh sucyq vI hY qy Acy q vI (11:1,2) dy v ividAw vI hY qy dYNq bwxI
vI(109:3)bRhm-ividAw vI hY qy ividAw dw ivvwd vI(20:1)au nHW dI nzr
ivc r`b koeI iek pwsw sMklp nhIN [ aunHW nUM qW r` b dw ivroDBws hI s`c dy
nyVy lgdw hY [ iek jrmn iPlwsPr ny ikhw hY ik ‘jo ko eI ivroDBws nwl
AwSnw nhIN ho Ndw ,hkIkq nwl ikvyN AwSnw ho skdw hY ?” gurU goibM d isMG jI
pRmwqmw nwl ies AsnweI dw bVI dlyrI nwl pRgtwvw krdy hn [ aunHW dI
nzr ivc jy au h iek pwsy vy d bwxI hY qy qW du jy pwsy kok dI khwxI vI auho hY
(A;a:12:5),jy iek pwsy Drm ,krm hY qW dU jy pwsy kuikRq krm vI auho hY
[(17:4),inj nwr ky pws vI auho hY qy pr nwr dy inkyq vI auho (13:6)jqI vI
auho hY qy kwmI vI auho (14:5)kukrmM pRxwsI(jwpu swihb 69)vI qy krUr krmy
vI(jwpu swihb 52)[ kyvl auh ivAkqI ies qrW vy K skdw hY jo au s nUM s` c
mu` c ‘smsqul invwsI’ mM ndw ho vy qy gurU swihb qW insMdyh aus nU M hr QW qy
hryk AM dr vy Kxhwry sn [‘Akwl au sqiq’ ivc kihMdy hn ik
“jly hrI] Qly hI ]aury hrI]bny hrI]51]
igry hrI] gu Py hrI]iCqy hrI] nBy hrI]52]
eIhW hrI]aU hW hrI]mkI hrI]mkw hrI ]53]
zmI qu hIN ]zmW qu hIN] mkI qu hIN]mkw qu hIN]66]
jsq quhIN]bRqs qu hIN]gq quhIN]kqs quhIN]68]
quhI quhI]quhI qu hI]qu hI qu hI]quhI quhI ] 69 ]
quhI quhI ] quhI qu hI] quhI quhI ]quhI quhI]70]
‘Akwl ausqiq” dy ieh pdy gu urU swihb Bw:mnI isMG jI nUM ilKvw rhy sn [
jd quhIN ,qu hIN vwlI quk AweI qW quhI quhI kridAW swihb AMqr iDAwn ho gey
qy lgwqwr solW GMty qu hI qu hI jpdy cly gey [ au h boldy gey qy BweI mnI isMG
jI ilKdy gey [ jd smwDI ivco N prqy qW aunHW prqIq kIqw ik auh qW keI
hzwr vwrI quhI quhI ilKvw gey hn [ solW GMitAW dy sM kyq mwqR aunHW solW vwr
quhI qu hI r` K ilAw [ sRI rxbIr jI ny ies nUM du nIAw dI sB qo N KubsUrq kivqw
AwiKAw hY [ pr au h kihMdy hn ik ies Ku bsUrqI nU M hr AwdmI nhIN smJ
30

skdw [ isrP auh AwdmI smJ skdw hY ijs ny iDAWn dI aus bulM dI nUM
vyiKAw hoy vy ,ijQy mY -pn nhIN bcdw,kyvl qU M –-pn rih jWdw hY [ ies bulMdI qy
phu Mc ky iek vwr sRI gurU nwnk dyv jI ny ‘qyrw,qyrw, qy rw’kihMidAW swrw modI
Kwnw lokW nU M dy idqw sI [ ies bulM dI qy jdoN gurU goibM d isMG jI pujy qW A` KW
mUM dIAW geIAW,hoT Qm gey qy ru h dI gihrweI ivcoN ‘quhI,quhI’ dI Duin gUM j
rhI sI [
iek mh`qv pUrn ivroDBws dsm pwiqswh ny vriqAw hY auh ieh hY ik
auh r`b nU M nr vI mMndy hn qy nwr vI(A”au :17:6)jy r` b dw ilM g koeI nhIN qW
auh nw nr hY qy nw hI nwr,jW ijvyN gurU jI kihM dy hn ik nr vI auho hY qy nwr
vI auho [ ies leI au h aus nU M Akwl purK hI nhIN kihMdy ,sRI Bgau qI jI vI
kihMdy hn[
‘dsm gR MQ ‘dI swrI rcnw nU M gurU goibM d isM G jI dI mM ndy hoey fw: nykI ilKdy
hn ‘aunHW dI pRwpq bwxI 1428 pMinAW dy gR MQ ivc,ijs nU M ‘dsm gR MQ’ ikhw
jWdw hY ,sWBI geI hY [ ieh kwrj BweI mnI isMG jI ny mwqw su MdRI jI dy Adys qy
kIqw [ ies gR MQ bwry ku J dyr ieh ivvwd cldw irhw ik ies ivc iek` qr
swrI bwxI gurU swihb jI dI AwpxI nhIN [ pr myry iKAwl ivc bhu q gvwhI
ies pRkwr dy Sk nU M s` c is`D nhIN krdI”[
ieh qW swry hI ivdvwn mMndy hn ik gurU goibMd isM G jI dI bwxI nU M BweI
mnI isMG jI ny ie`kqr kr ky sM pwdq kIqw [ BweI mnI isMG jI gurU mhwrwj
jI dy hzUrI ilKwrI isMG sn ijnHW qoN gurU jI AwpxI bwxI ilKvwieAw vI krdy
sn [ BweI swihb jI dI AwXU 91 swlW dI mMnI jWdI hY jd ik aunHW ny bMd bMd
ktvw ky jwmy Shwdq pIqw sI [ BweI swihb jI ny Awpxy jIvn dy 78 swl cwr
gurU swihbwn dI sy vw ivc ibqwey hn [ jd au h 13 swl dy sn qW aunHW dy ipqw
jI aunHW nU M gurU hir rwie swihb jI dI sy vw ivc kIrq pur C` f Awey sn [ auh
sRI gurU hirikR Sn swihb nwl kIrq pur qoN id`LI vI gey , sB ivdvwn mM ndy hn
[ gurU qy g bhwdr swihb jI dI syvw kridAW aunHW ny dSmys drbwr ivc
prvy S kIqw [ keI ieqhwskwrW Anu swr BweI mnI isM G jI pwso N gurU goibMd
isMG jI kyvl AwpxI bwxI ilKvwieAw hI nhIN krdy sn sgoN auh gurU jI dI
bwxI dw rIkwrf vI sMBwilAw krdy sn [ aunHW dIAW keI rcnwvW vI gurmq
swihq nU M SMgwr rhIAw hn [ au h pMjwbI vwrqk dy mo FI ilKwrI mMny jWdy hn [
gurU goibM d isM G jI dI bwxI bwry ijqnw igAwn BweI swihb jI nUM hY auqnw
igAwn iksy hor ilKwrI leI rKxw AsMBv hY [ ijs smy BweI mnI isMG jI
31

dsm gRM Q dI bwxI iekqr kr rhy sn qW au h ies bwry swrI su cnw mwqw suM drI
jI nUM vI deI jw rhy sn [ aunHW vloN mwqw jI dy nwm iek pqrkw is`K ieqhws
ivc imldI hY ijs ivc BweI mnI isMG jI ilKdy hn ik
“< Akwl shwey ]
pUj mwqw jI dy crnw pr mnI isM G kI fM fo q bM dnw ]bhu ry smwcwr vwcnw ik
ieDr Awaun pr swfw srIru vwXU kw AiDk ivkwrI hoie gieAw hY ]
suAsq nwhI irihAw ] qwp kI kQw do bwr sunI]pr mMidr sy vw myN ko eI Awkul
nwhI ]dys ivic Kwlsy dw blu Cuit gieAw hY ]isMG prbqW bbwnW ivic jwie
bsy hYn]mlyCoN kI dy su myN do hI hY ]bsqI myN bwlk jvW iesqrI slwmqu nwhI
]muC muCu kir mwrdy hYn[ gurU drohI bI aunHW dy smug imil gey hYn]hMdwlIey
imil kir mukbrI krdy hYn ] sbI cku CoV gey hYn] muqsdI Bwg gey
hYn]swfy pr AbI qo Akwl kI rCw hY ] kl kI Kbr nwhI] swihbW dy hukm
Atl hYn] ibnod isMG ky pu qryly dw hukm sq hoie gieAw hY [ ‘ po QIAW’ jo
JMfw isMG hwiQ By jI QI ] ‘aunHw ivic swihbW dy 303 “cirqr aupiKAwn” dI
poQI jo hY so sIhw isMG nUM mhl ivic dynw jI’ ]’nwm mwlw’ kI poQI dI Kbr
AbI imlI nwhI ]’kirsnwvqwr’ purbwrD qy imlw ]auqrwrD nwhI]jo imlw
AsI Byj dyvWgy ] dy s ivic go gw hY ik bM dw bMDn mukiq hoie Bwg gieAw hY ]
swihb bhuVI krn gy ] qolw 5 sonw swihbjwdy dI GrnI ky AwBuKn leI
gurUikAW KfUr sy Byjw hY ]17 rjqpn bI JM fw isMG sy Br pwny ]pM j rjqpn
ies qo sw dIAw ]ies nU M bdrkw bI hY ] ies sy auiT jwvyNgy ] mu sqdIE ny
ihswb nwhI dIAw] jo dyNdy qW bVy sihr sy huM fI krwie Byjdy ] Aswfy srIru dI
riCAw rhI qW kuAwr dy mhIny AwvWgy ] imqI vY swKu 22] dsKq mnI
isMG]gurU cku buMgw]jvwb porI myN](nkl ic` TI BweI mnI isMG jI )







32






33

swihqk p`K qoN
prK pCwx
dsm gRM Q dI bwxI dI rcnw krdy smy gurU goibMd isMG jI mhwrwj jI ny Awm qOr qy
Awpxw nwm jW aupnwm bhuq Gt pRgt hox idqw hY pr AwpxI zwq Kws nwl sbMD
rKx vwly swry hwlwq ds ky Awpxy drSn jrUr krw idqy hn ijnHW nU M hr ivAkqI
bVI AwswnI nwl smJ skdw hY ik ieh rcnw gurU swihb jI dI hI AwpxI hY [ dujy
iksy hor aunHW dy drbwrI kvI dI nhIN hY [ gurU mwhwrwj jI dy bhuq swry drbwrI
ilKwrIAW qy kvIAW ny gurU mhwrwj jI dIAW bKiSSW dw vrnx AwpxIAW rcnwvW iv`c
kIqw hY ijhw ik kvI hMsrwm ny gurU mhwrwj jI dy hukmW Anuswr ‘mhW Bwrq ‘gRMQ
ivcoN ‘krx prb’ dw aulQw kridAW iliKAw hY ik
“pRQm ikRpw kir ;guru goibMd audwr [
tkw kry bKSIs qb ,mo ko swT hzwr [
qw ko AwXs pwieky ,’krx prb’ mY kIn [
BwKw ArQ ivicqR kir,suny su kiv prbIn [“
iesy qrW gurU goibMd isMG jI dy dUsry drbwrI kvIAW dIAW rcnwvW iv`c gurU mhwrwj
jI dw vrnx bVy Awdr siqkwr nwl iliKAw hoieAw imldw hY [ ieh vrnx dsm
gRMQ swihb jI dI bwxI iv`c nhIN iml irhw ijs qoN ieh spSt ho jWdw hY ik ieh
bwxI mhwrwj jI dI AwpxI hI ilKI hoeI hY [ gurU mhwrwj jI AwpxI bwxI dI rcnw
krdy smy vwihgurU Akwl purK nUM aus dy v`K v`K nwvW nwl Xwd kr ky aus dw mMglw
crn krdy hn [ Akwl purK nUM auh purK qy iesqRI dovW hI rUpW iv`c svIkwr krdy
34

hn qy au s dy v`K v`K nwvW dw AwpxI lyKxI iv`c izkr krdy hn [ iksy dyvI,dyvqy jW
iksy rwjy mhwrwjy leI ausiqq meI mMglw crn nhIN krdy Aqy nw hI AwpxI rcnw dy
AMq iv`c isvwey Awpxy ieSt qoN iksy hor dw XS nhIN ilKdy [ sgoN Awm qOr qy Awpxy
CMd qv pRswid; qv pRswid kQXqy qyrI srix jW qyry jo r jW qyrw jor Awid
pRwrQnwqimk SbdW dI hI vrqoN krdy hn jo ik hor iksy aunHw dy drbwrI kvI dI
rcnw iv`c mOjUd nhI hY [
AwpxI iksy vI rcnw dy pRwsMg qoN pihlW mhwrwj jI “< siqgur pRswid !” ;
“< vwihgurU jI kI Piqh!” jW “sRI BgauqI jI shwie” Awid mMglwcrn dy vwk hI
ilKdy hn [ AwpxI rcnw dy AM q iv`c vI ieh sMkyq idqy hn ik ieh rcnw aunHw dI
AwpxI hY ijhw ik
“qv pRswid kr gRMQ suDwrw ]
BUl prI lhu lyhu suDwrw ]”
Aqy
“ gRMQ skl pUrn kiXo Bgvq ikRpw pRswid ]”

“dsm kQw BwgOq kI BwKw krI bnwie ]
Avr bWCnw nwih pRBU ! Drm-ju`D ky cwie ](ikRSn kQw) Awid
“AQ cMfI cirqR aukiq iblws” dI sMmwpqI qy mhwrwj jI bVI spStw nwl Awpxy
bwry vrnx krdy hoey ilKdy hn ik

“dohrw”
“gRMQ siqsX ko kirE jw sm Avru n koie ]
ijh nim`q kiv ny kihE su dyh cMfkw soie” ]233]
35

pr ies qoN pihlW Awp Awpxy ieSt pwsoN ieh vr mMgdy hn ik
svYXw]
“dyhu iSvw bru moih iehY Su B krmn qy kbhU M n troN ]
n troN Air soN jb jwie lroN,inscY kir AwpnI jIq kro N ]
Aru is`K hoN Apny hI mn ko ,ieh lwlc hauN gun qau aucroN ]
jb Awv kI AauiD indwn bnY Aiq hI rn mY qb jUiJ mroN ]”231]
rwm qy sXwm dy au p nwm
gurU goibMd isMG jI mhwrwj ny AwpxI kwiv klw iv`c jdoN aunHW ny loV smJI Awpxy
keI aupnwm vrqy hn ijnHW iv`c ‘rwm’ ,’sXwm’ , ‘kwl’ ,’goibMd’ ‘ibRjnwQ’ Awid aup
nwm gurU goibMd isMG jI dI rcnw iv`c imldy hn [ keI ivdvwn BulyKy kwrn rwm qy
sXwm nUM gurU mhwrwj jI dy drbwrI kvI mMndy hn pr ijnH w ivdvwnW ny gurU goibMd
isMG jI dy drbwrI kvIAW dIAW rcnwvW dy nmUny qy aunHW dy nwm vrnx kIqy hn aunHw
Anuswr ‘rwm’ qy ‘sXwm’ nwm dy koeI kvI mhwrwj dy drbwr ivc nhIN sn [ ieh gl
ies qoN vI is`D ho jWdI hY ik gurU mhwrwj jI vloN ilKy gey iksy gRMQ iv`c iek hI
ivSy qy jy iek CMd iv`c mhwrwj ny ‘sXwm ‘ aupnwm vriqAw hY qW aus qoN Agly CMd
iv`c ‘rwm’ aup nwm dI vrqoN kIqI hY ijvyN ikRSnwvqwr dy CMd nMbr 1871 iv`c
‘sXwm’ aupnwm dI vrqoN kIqI hY jd ik Agly CM d nMbr 1872 iv`c ‘rwm ‘au pnwm
vriqAw hY ik
svYXw
“ ieh BWq ibruD inhwr BXo muslIDr HU!H so qyj qey hY ]
BwK doaU inj sUqn ko irp swmuih ju `D ky kwj gey hY ]
AwXuD lY su hTI kvcI irskY sMig pwvk ByK Bey hY ]
36

HU!H BnY iem Dwvq qy By mwnhu kyhir duie imRg hyr Dey hY ] ]1871]
svYXw
“Dnu swiek lY irs BUpq ky qn Gwie kry ibRjrwj qbY ]
Puin cwroeI bwnn so hX cwroeI ö!H BnY hn dIny sbY ]
iql koitk sXMdn kwit dIXo Dnu kwit dIXo kip kop jbY ]
inRp ipAwdo gdw gih sauhy gXo Aiq ju`D BXo kihho su AbY ] ]1872]
ieky hI ivSy bwry AgV ipCV CMd do ilKwrIAW dy nhIN ho skdy [ ieh AgV ipCV
dovyN CMd hI iek hI ilKwrI dy ilKy hoey hn ijs ny Awpxy do aupnwm vrq ky ieh
disAw hY ik ieh ilKq iek hI ilKwrI dI hY ijs ny Awpxy do v`K v`K aupnwm vrqy
hn [ ieh ilKwrI klgIDr ipqw gurU goibMd isMG jI qoN isvw hor koeI nhIN hY [ iesy
qrW ‘cirqRopwiKAwn’ dy cirqR 109 vyN iv`c gurU mhwrwj jI iPr Awpxy dovyN aupnwm
v`K v`K CMdW iv`c vrq rhy hn ik
“Cory hY bMd AnUpm suMdir pwn cbwie isMgwr bnwXo ]
AMjn AWij duhUM AiKXwn su Bwl mY kysir lwl lgwXo ]
Jumk dyq Ju kY Jumky N|H ö!H H Bwv Bly liK pwXo ]
mwnhu sOiqn ky mn ko iek bwrih bwiD kY jyl clwXo ” ]19]
“sIs PbY klgI qurro suB lwln ko srpyc su hwXo ]
hwr Apwr Dry aur mY mnu dyiK mnojv ko ibrmwXo ]
bIrI cbwq kCU muskwq bMDy gjgwh qurMg ncwXo ]
HU!H ¥ö mih lok kI mwnhu mwnin ko mnu mohnu AwXo ]32]
keI vwr qW mhwrwj jI ny ieh do vyN aunwm ‘rwm’ qy ‘sXwm’ ieky hI CMd iv`c ie` k hI
qu`k iv`c vrqy hn ik
37

svYXw
“dIbo kCU mX pIbo Gno kih sUrn so ieh bYn sunwXo ]
jUJbo jUJ kY pR wn qjY juJwiebo CqRn ko bn AwXo ]
bwrnI kMau N|H HU!H BnY kcu ky ihq qo iBRg inMd krwXo ]
ö!H NJ cqurwnin so su iehI rs kau rs dyvn pwXo ]1894]
(ikRSnwvqwr)
ikRSnwvqwr iv`coN iek svYXw ijs dw kIrqn Awm qOr qy kIqw jWdw hY aus iv`c vI gurU
swihb Awpxw aup nwm ‘sXwm’ hI vrq rhy hn ik
svYXw
“hy riv hy sis hy krUnwinD myrI AbY ibnqI suin lIjY ]
Aaur n mWgq hau qum qy kCu cwhq hau icq mY soeI kIjY ]
S`qrn isau Aiq hI rn BIqr jUJ mro kih swc pqIjY ]
sMq shwie sdw jg mwie ikRpw kir HU!H iehY bru dIjY ]” ]1900]
‘cirqRopwKXwn’ dy keI CMdW iv` c gurU swihb jI ny Awpxy aup nwm
‘goibMd’ ,’sXwm’ , ‘kwl’ BI vrqy hn ijhw ik
dohrw
“sB siKXw hrKiq BeI kwqr BeI n koie ]
juD kwj sB hI clI ‘N!ö’ kry so hoie ]”22]
(cirqRopwiKXwn-cirqR 128 )
dohrw
38

“eyk mdI dUjY qruin qIjy Aiq Dn Dwm ]
pwp kry ibn kXo bcY bcwvY ‘ö!H’ ]”19]
(cirqR 183)
‘cirqRopwKXwn’ dy ies aupro kq do hry iv`c gurU goibMd isMG jI ijs inrol scweI nUM
drswauNdy hn auh mnuK nUM hr kwl iv`c Acrnk aucqw leI AgvweI dyx vwlI
smJxI cwhIdI hY jd ik gurU swihb ies dohry iv`c ieh spSt krdy hn ik jy koeI
ivAkqI Srwb dw AwdI hovy qy dUjw auh nOjvwn vI hovy qy qIjy au s pws Aiq vDyry DMn
vI hovy qW aus ivAkqI nUM pwp krm krn qoN rwm hI bcw skdw hY [ ieho jhI
Acrnk aucqw dI isiKAw gurU mhwrwj jI Awpxy is`KW nU M ienHW cirqRW rwhI dy rhy hn
[
dohrw
“cMclwn ky cirqR kO skq n koaU pwie ]
qh cirqR qw kO lKY jw ky ‘HU!H’ shwie ]”7]
(cirqR 193)
“ho ,bYTI igRh ko mWJ, ‘T|HU’ gun gwveI ]19]
(cirqR 242)
auprokq CMdW iv` c ‘kwl’ ,’rwm’ ,’sXwm’ Aqy ‘goibMd’ sbd ijQy vwihgurU Akwl purK
dy boDk hn auQy dsvyN pwiqSwh nUM vI iek ilKwrI dy rU p iv`c pR kwSmwn krdy hn [
ieh nwm gurU gR MQ swihb jI iv`c vI swnUM iek hI Sbd iv`c vrqy hoey iml jWdy hn
ijhw ik
“sMqW m`Dy ‘goibMd’ AwCY ;go kl m`Dy ‘isXwm’ go ]
nwmy m`Dy ‘rwm’ AwCY , ‘rwm’ , ‘isXwm’ ,’goibMd’ go ]
(gurU gRMQ swihb AMg -718)
39

‘goibMd’ , ‘isXwm’ qy ‘rwm’ dy Sbd ijQy vwihgurU Akwl pu rK leI nwm dyv jI vrq
rhy hn auQy auh Awpxy aupnwm vjoN vI Awpxw nwm ies nwl joV ky vrq rhy hn [
ieh rwm ,isXwm Aqy goibMd nwm dyv qoN koeI vKry ilKwrI pwqr nhIN hn [ iesy qrW
‘dsm gR MQ iv`c ‘rwm’ ,isXwm’ Awid nwm koeI iksy vKry kvI dy nhIN hn sgoN mhwrwj
dy Awpxy aupnwm hI hn ijhVy rcnhwr ny kwivk suM drqw nUM vDwaux leI Awpxy nwm
dy hmp`lw nwm vrqy hn [ mhwrwj jI ny ieh nwm AwpxIAW rcnwvW iv`c keI keI
vwr vrqy hn [
rwm Avqwr iv`c vI gurU swihb jI ny Awpxy aupnwm ‘rwm’ ‘sXwm’ qy goibMd vrqy
hn ik rwm dw Sbd qW mhwrwj jI ny sRI rwm cMd dI pwqr auswrI krdy smy ies
AwpxI rcnw iv`c keI vwr vriqAw hY jd ik kvI sXwm vI vrq rhy hn ik
dohrw
“ieh ibiD mwr ibrwd kau bwn mY Dsy insMg ]
su kib ‘HU!H’ ieh ibiD kihXo rGubr juD pRsMg ]323]
(rwm kQw)
dohrw
“sgl duAwr ko Cwif kY gihE quhwry duAwr ]
bwih ghy kI lwj As goibMd dws quhwr ]”864]
(rwm kQw)
gurU swihbwn dw ieh Awm dsqUr gUrU nwnk dyv jI mhwrwj dy smy qoN hI cldw Aw
irhw hY ik au h hornW ilKwrIAW dI rcnw nwl ijQy loV peI soD vjoN Awpxy Sbd
aucwrn kIqy hn qy nwl hI pCwx leI ‘mhlw 5’, ‘mhlw 1’, jW ‘mhlw 3’ Awid ilK
dyNdy rhy hn ijnHW dy nmUny gurU gR MQ swihb iv`c drj Bgq kbIr jI ,Bgq DMnw
jI,Bgq sUrdws jI qy bwbw PrId jI dI rcI hoeI bwxI iv`c vyKy jw skdy hn [ iksy
vI gurU swihb jI ny iksy dU jy dI rcnw nUM Awpxw nwm jW Cwp nhIN idqw [ nw hI koeI
ividvwn ies nUM is`D kr skdw hY [ dsvyN pwiqSwh jI ny ijQy vI iksy hor pUrwqn
40

gRMQ dI iksy rcnw bwry AwpxI bwxI rcI hY auQy mhwrwj jI ny aus gRMQ dw hvwlw idqw
hY ijhw ik ‘cMfI cirqR -1 iv`c mhwrwj spSt krdy hn ik ‘ieiq sRI mwrkMfy purwny
cMfI cirqR aukq iblws ‘ [ ies qoN spSt hY ik mhwrwj jI mwrkMfy pUrwn dI kQw dw
vrnx kr rhy hn [
ies mhwn gR MQ dw dubwrw sMpwdn gurU mhwrwj jI dy hzUrI guris`KW vloN kIqw igAw
hY ijs iv`c BweI swihb BweI mnI isMG jI ShId vI Swml hn [ BweI mnI isMG jI dw
jIvn ieqhws ieh ds irhw hY ik aunHW ny Awpxy jIvn dy 91 swlW iv`coN qkrIbn
78 swl gUrU Gr dI syvw iv`c lwey sn [
dsmyS ipqw gurU goibMd isMG jI dy ijnHW hzUrI ilKwrIAW ny Awpxy gRMQ ilKy hn
aunHW sBnW ny AwpxI rcnw dy Awid-AMq iv`c gurU swihbwn vloN pRwpq kIqy gey DMn-
mwn ,siqkwr dw vrnx kIqw hY [ mMglw crn iv`c vI gurU mhwrwj jI dI ausqiq
kIqI hY jd ik AjyhI rcnw gurU goibMd isMG jI dI iksy vI rcnw iv`c nhIN imldI
sgoN mhwrwj jI dIAW rcnwvW iv`c qW Akwl purK dI ausqiq qy mhimw dw vrnx hI
imldw hY jW Awpxy ieSt Akwl purK sn muK Ardws byNnqI hI ilKI hoeI imldI hY
ijhw ik cirqRopwKXwn dy AM q iv`c cOpeI byNnqI ilKI hoeI swnUM imldI hY ijs dw pwT
hr roz AsIN is`K Awpxy inqnym iv`c krdy hW qy AMimR q iqAwr krn smy vI iesy hI
bwxI dw pwT pM j bwxIAW dy nwl kIqw jWdw hY [ cirqRo pwKXwn dI ies bwxI dy pwT qoN
ibnw KMfy bwty dw AMimRq iqAwr nhIN ho skdw [



41

kvI dI SYlI,SbdW, CMdW qy ivSy
coN ipCwx
mnuK dw suBwau y hY ik auh Awpxy SbdW iv` c Awm qOr qy keI SbdW nU M auh vwr
vwr AwpxI bolI ,lyKxI Aqy kQnI iv`c vrqdw hY [ ies nwl aus mnuK dI jwx
pCwx bVI AwswnI nwl kIqI jw skdI hY [ ieslwm m` q nU M mnx vwlw iksy ivAkqI nUM
imlx smy ‘slwm’ dy Sbd dI vrqoN krdw hY jd ik ihMdU m` q nUM mnx vwlw ‘nms`qy ’
jW ‘rwm ,rwm’ dy Sbd vrqdw hY [ iesy qrw iek is`K iksy dUjy is`K nU M ‘siqsRI
Akwl’ jW ‘vwihguru jI kw Kwlsw, sRI vwihgurU jI kI Pqih’ bulwauNdw hY [ ieh Sbd
iksy dy Drm dI jwx pCwx Awpxy Awp hI krvw dyNdy hn [ keI mnuKW dI zbwn qy kuJ
ieho jhy Sbd cVHy huMdy hn ik auh aus mnuK dI pCwx bx jWdy hn [ ies nUM Awm qOr
qy pMjwbI siBAwcwr iv`c ‘qikAw-klwm’ dw nwm idqw jWdw hY [ ieh ksvtI AsIN
hr ilKwrI dI bolI,CYLI,SbdwvlI qy ivSy nUM aus dIAW v`K v`K rcnwvW iv`c Awpxy
Awp pRgt hoeI iekswrqw qoN vy K skdy hW [ jdoN AsI gurU goibMd isMG jI mhwrwj dI
bwxI nUM ies p`K qoN smJx dw Xqn krIey qW swnUM pqw cly gw ik gurU mhwrwj jI ieh
Sbd Awm hI vriqAw krdy sn ijhw ik-
qn,Bey ,qpo Dn,hzriq,jYq Duin,ho , Awid ijvyN ik
“ijh ibiD imlI “rwm soN sIqw ]
jYsk cqur byd Jö gIqw ]
jYsy imlq isMDu Jö gMgw ]
qXoN iml geI rudR kY sMgw ]2]”
{jlMDrwvqwr-AiDAwie 3)
“Alp Ahwr sulp sI inMdRw ]
42

dieAw iCmw Jö pRIiq ]”
(ibic`qR nwtk –AMiqkw- rwg rwmklI )
rwm BnY iqn iqRX ¥U , AiD bFwXo nyNh ]14]
(cirqR -28)
‘jo kbhUM kr ko bl krY ]
hwQ ¥U hIrw mil frY ]23 ]”
(cirqR -217)
“auDy purI Kurrm kI nwrI ]
JHö|J ko pRwnn qy pXwrI ]1 ]”
(cirqR -164)
“qb JHö|J iqRX AYsY bcn sunwieXo ]
ho JHöJ ko BRmu sB qbY imtwieXo ]”4]
(cirqR -174)
‘ho ’ pd qkrIbn hr iek AiV`l dy cOQy crn iv`c vriqAw hY ijvyN:-
AiV`l
“sunY guMg jo Xwih su rsnw pwveI ]
sunY mUV icq lwie cqurqw AwveI ]
dUK drd BO inkit n iqn nr ko rhY ]
J jo XwkI ey k bwr cOpeI ko khY ]404]”
(cirqR -404)
43

AiV`l
“eyk purK inRp kI duihqw kh BwieXo ]
pTY sihcrI qwkh qhI bulwieXo ]
qhI kwm ky kyl qruin qwsO ikXo ]
J his his kir Awsn qwkO kis kis ilXo ]4]”
(cirqR -359)
gurU goibMd isMG jI mhwrwj ny Akwl purK leI keI Sbd dsm gRM Q iv`c Aijhy
vrqy hn ijhVy ik aunHW qoN pihlW iksy dUjy ilKwrI dI rcnw iv`c nhIN imldy ijhw ik
‘Aiskyqu ’, ‘AisDuj’, ‘srbkwl’, ‘srbloh’, ‘sRI KVg’, ‘sRI BgauqI’, ‘kwl’
‘kwilkw’ KVgky qu ’, ‘cMfI’ ‘lo k mwqw’,jg-mwq’ ,jg mweI ‘ m!|U ¡
“ öH ¤öH TU!J! v öH öN H!J! v¤7v(H!¤ H!|JH)
mN! ¤ö¤ N| ö¥! JH ö v HöH öJ N| ö|¥m! JH ö v
srb kwl jI kI r`iCAw hm nY ]srb loh jI dI r`iCAw hm nY ] (Akwl ausqiq)
mhW kwl rKvwr hmwro ]
mhw loh mY ikMkr Qwro ]435]
(ikRSn kQw)
“ sRI BgauqI jI shwie ]
vwr sRRI BgauqI jI kI ] pwiqSwhI 10 ]
ipRQm BgauqI ismr kY gur nwnk leI iDAwie ]------
(cMfI dI vwr)
44

gurU goibMd isMG jI vloNN ilKI geI ‘cMfI dI vwr’ dI ieh pihlI pauVI hr roz hr
gurduAwry iv`c is`K dI Ardws dw AMg hox kwrn pVHI jw rhI hY [
gurU goibMd isMG jI dIAW ilKIAW hoeIAW v`K v`K rcnwvW iv`c keI muhwvry hU -b-
hU ilKy hoey imldy hn ijhw ik mhw mohnI Avqwr iv`c mhwrwj jI ‘mno PWD PWDy ’ nU M
ies pRkwr ilKdy hn ik
‘BXo pR ym jogM lgY nYn AYsy ]
Hö ¥!¤ ¥!¤ |HT| ö!H HH v=v
iesy hI quk nUM mhwrwj jI rwm Avqwr dy CMd 116 iv`c ies qrW hu -b-hU ilK rhy
hn ik
‘Cky pR ym dono lgy nYn AYsy ]
mMno PwD PWDY imRgI rwj jYsy ]116]
iesy hI quk nUM mhwrwj jI iPr cirqRopwiKXwn dy 245 cirqR dy CMd 37 vyN iv`c iPr
dohrwauNdy hn ik
‘imlXo jwn pXwrw lgy nYn AYsy ]
Hö ¥!¤ ¥!¤ |HT| ö!H HH v
gurU mhwrwj jI Awm qOr qy AwpxI lyKxI iv`c ‘grIb invwj n dUsr qo so ‘ dI vrqoN
kr dy hn
‘myru kro iqRx qy muih jwih;
Tö|H-|ö¥!H ö UHö J H v92]
(ibic`qR nwtk)
‘myru ikXo iqRx qy muih jwih ;
Tö|H |ö¥!H ö UHö J H ]’47]
45

(cirqR -1)
iesy qrW keI hor vI auDwrnW mhwrwj jI dI pivq`r lyKxI iv`coN vyKIAW jw skdIAW
hn ijhVIAW ik ieh is`D krdIAW hn ik dsm gRMQ swihb jI dIAW sB rcnwvW
iek hI klm dy ilKwrI mhwrwj gurU goibMd isMG jI dIAW hI ilKIAW hoeIAW hn [
AwpxIAW rcnwvW dw Awp
vrnx
cObIs AvqwrW dw vrnx kridAW gurU mhwrwj jI ny rwm kQw iv`c iek bhuq hI
Byd BrI AwpxI lyKnI dw izkr kIqw hY ik jd rwm cMdr dy ipqw dsrQ rwjy ny ieMdr
dyvqy dy kihx qy dyviqAW qy dyNqW dy juD iv`c SmUlIAq kIqI qy dsrQ rwjy dw
rQvwhI dy mwry jwx ipCoN aus dI rwxI ky keI ny rQvweI dI zumyvwrI sMBwl ky Awpxy
pqI dsrQ rwjy dI riKAw vI kIqI qy ju`D iv` c aus dI ij`q dw kwrn vI bxI [ ies qy
dsrQ ny KuS ho ky aus dy do bcn pUry krn dw bcn AwpxI rwxI nUM idqw sI [ ies dw
sMKyp rUp iv`c izkr kridAW mhwrwj jI ny iliKAw hY ik ies dw pUrw hwl hnUmwn
nwtk iv`c disAw igAw hY qy aunHW ny vI ies qoN pihlW cirqRopwKXwn iv`c ies dw
ivsQwr nwl izkr kIqw hY ik
“puin rIiJ dDy doaU qIA brM ]
icq mo su ibcwr kCU n krM ]
khI ‘nwtk’mDur ‘cirqR ’ kQw ]
jX dIn suryis nrys jQw ]17]
(rwm kQw)
46

ies dw Bwv ieh hY ik gurU mhwrwj jI ny ieh spSt kr idqw ik ies kQw nUM ijQy
ivsQwr nwl hnUmwn nwtk iv`c vrnx kIqw imldw hY auQy aunHW ny vI ‘cirqR opwKXwn’
iv`c vyrvy nwl izkr kIqw hY [ ieQON ieh is`D ho jWdw hY ik gurU mhwrwj jI ny
‘cirqRopwKXwn’ dI rcnw rwm kQw ilKx qoN pihlW ilK idqI sI [ cirqR opwKXwn
mhwrwj jI vloN BMBOr ngr ivKy sMmq 1753 nU M sMpUrn kIqw hoieAw is`K ieqhws vloN
minAw jWdw hY ik
cOpeI
sMbq sqrh shs Bix`jY ] ArD shs Puin qIn kih`jY ]
Bwdv sudI AstmI rivvwrw ] qIr squdRv gR MQ suDwrw ]404]
(cirqRopwKXwn)
jd ik rwm kQw sMmq 1755 iv`c sM pUrn hoeI mnI jWdI hY ik
‘sMmq sqRh shs pcwvn ] hwV vdI ipRQim suK dwvn ]
qv pRswid kir gRMQ suDwrw ] BUl prI lhu lyh suDwrw ]860]
(rwm kQw)

ieqhwsk ,swihqk Aqy is`DWqk rUp iv`c dsm gRM Q swihb jI dI bwxI nUM gurU
goibMd isMG jI vloN rcI ho eI bwxI svIkwirAw jw cukw hY ijs kwrn ijs vI iksy
ivAkqI ny Awpxy mn m`q rwhI ies nU M gurU swihb jI dI bwxI mnx qoN ienkwr
kridAw Awpxy mn m`q dw prcwr krn dw Xqn kIqw hY aus ivruD sRI Akwl qKq
swihb vloN hu kmnwmw jwrI kr ky aus nUM sRI Akwl qKq swihb ivKy qlb kIqw igAw
hY jy kr aus ny AwpxI Bul mMn ky mUAwPI mMg leI hY qW au s nUM qnKwh lweI jWdI hY
nhIN qW aus dw pMQ vloN bweIkwt kIqw jWdw hY [ ies bwry 1977 eI ivKy igAwnI
Bwg isMG jI ivruD iek hukmnwmw jwrI hoieAw sI ijs dI nkl jwnkwrI leI idqI
jw rhI hY [
47

nkl hukmnwmw
<
dPqr
sRI Akwl qKq swihb sRI AMimRqsr jI
n:35748 imqI 5-7-
77
‘hukmnwmw’
is`K Drm dy kuJ ku buinAwdI AsUl hn ijnHW ivc Ardws Aqy cOpeI(hmrI kro
hwQ dY r`Cw)BI hn ,jo isK Drm dy QMm rUp hn ,ijnHW dw smu`cy qOr qy swry isK jgq
nwl sMbMD hY [ smUh isK pMQ dI numwieMdw jmwq SO .gu .pR bMDk kmytI,isK jgq dy
ieqhwskwr Aqy pMQ dy pRisD ivdvwnW dy smu`cy PYsly qoN ibnw igAwnI Bwg isMG
AMbwlw CwauxI ny iek ‘dsm gRMQ inrxY ’pusqk ilK ky ivAkqIgq ikMqU kr ky is`K
pMQ dy buinAwdI AsUlW qy BwrI s`t mwr ky Gor pwp kIqw hY [ ies leI mYN sRI Akwl
qKq swihb dy jQy dwr dI hYsIAq ivc dys Aqy prdys dIAW smUh is`K sMgqW nUM
suicq krdw hW ik jd qIk igAwnI Bwg isMG sRI Akwl qKq swihb Awp hwzr ho ky
ies kIqy Gor pwp dI pRwicq vjoN muAwPI nhIN mMgdw is`K sMgqW aus nUM mUMh nw lwaux
Aqy dIvwnW ,gurpurbW Awid smwgmW ivKy iksy sUrq ivc vI bolx dI AwigAw nw dyx
[ is`K sMgqW ies qy sKqI nwl Aml krn [
(shI) swDU isMG jQydwr
sRI Akwl qKq swihb sRI AMimRqsr jI [



48

Kwlsw myro rUp hY
Kws
srbMs dwnI ,mhwn sUrbIr joDy ,pIrW dy pIr,mhwn ividvwn,kvI qy bwxI dy
bohQy bwdSwh drvys gurU go ibM d isMG jI mhwrwj ny ijQy 'dsm gR MQ' dI
mhwn rcnw kIqI hY auQy au nHW ny 'srb lo h gRM Q' nUM vI pR gt kIqw hY ijs ivc
AwpxIAW du jIAW bwxIAW dy nwl Kwlsy dy guxw dw vI bVy ivsQwr nwn vrnx
kridAW hoieAW disAw hY ik Akwl purK ny Awpxy Kwlsy nU M ieho jhy guxW dI
b^isS kIqI hoeI hY ik

AYsy gux Kwlsih b^SY ,Bgiq,igAwnI,rwj jogySvr]
CiqRX ibRiq AnnXupwsk,qXwgI, hTI, sUr, BvnySvr]
gRwhI suB qXwig ibvrijiq SRqXwdXM SRI muK prmySvr]
gIqw aupinsidn mhw vwkX,rihnI Bigiq gXwin ibRqySvr]5]
(srbloh gRMQ sRI muK vwk pw:10)
vwihgurU Akwl purK ny Awpxy Kwlsy nUM ijnHW guxW dI b^iSs kIqI hoeI hY
aus dw vyrvw dyNdy hoey dSmy s ipqw PurmwauNdy hn ik aunH w dw Kwlsw BgqI krn
vwlw ivAkqI hY [ auh igAwn dw igAwqw qy rwijAW dw rwjw qy jogIAW dw vI
eISvr rU p hY [ Kwlsw sUrbIrqw vwlw ivAkqI hY [ auh iqAwgI hY ,hTI sUrmw
hY [ Kwlsw BUmI dw mwlk hY [Kwlsw suB isiKAw dw girhx krn vwlw hY [
auh ivvrjqw dw iqAwgI qy hr smy mu K qo N prmySvr dw nwm ismrn vwlw hY [
jo ivAkqI AkwlpurK dI ausiqqI dy gux gwiex krn vwlw qy Bgq qy igAwn
49

ibrqI dw mwlk hY au hI Kwlsw hY [ ieho ijhw ivAkqI hI Kwlsy dy p`d nU M
pRwpq kr ky inrMkwr AkwlpurK dw srU p ho jWdw hY [ ies leI mY (gurU swihb
jI) Awpxy is`KW nU M ieh au pdyS isKx vwsqy dyNdw hW ik auh k`C,ky s qy ikrpwn
nUM Dwrn kIqw krn [
“ Asu Kwlsih Kwls pd pRwpiq, inrMkwir su svrUp mhwnM ]
gurU aupdys isKn pRiq Bwsin,mu`idRq k` C ky s ikRpwnM ]”
(srbloh gRMQ sRI muK vwk pw:10)
Kwlsy dy auprokq guxW dw vrnx kridAW gurU swihb jI dsdy hn ik Kwlsy
nUM ds prDwn guxW dw DwrnI vI hoxw cwhIdw hY ijnHW bwry mhwrwj jI PurmwauNdy
hn ik Kwlsw auh hY ijhVw
(1)dXw,(@2)dwn,(3)iCmw,(4)snwn,(5)SIl,(6)suic, (7)siq dw DwrnI ho vy qy
(8)swDnw nUM is` D krdw hoieAw (9)sUrbIrqw vwlw Aqy (10)BgqI krn vwlw
hovy [ ies bwry gurU mhwrwj jI dw Purmwn hY ik
“qw kI rihin isKn pRiq,ds gRwhI Kwlsh pRDwnM ]
dXw dwn Aru Cmw snwnM , sIl suic sqXM sMBwnM ]
swDn is`D sUr Bgiq mwnM , ds gRwhI Awsqk pRmwnM ]6]”
(srbloh gRMQ sRI muK vwk pw:10)
dsmyS ipqw gurU goibM d isMG jI vlo N drswey gey Kwlsy dy ieh gux gurU gRM Q
swihb ivc pMcm pwiqSwh sRI gurU Arjn dy v vloN pUrn pu rK AQvw swD jW
sMq dy drswey gey Cy guxW dI hI ivAwiKAw hY [ gurU Arjn dyv jI PurmwauNdy
hn ik
“mMqMR rwm rwm nwmM DwnM srbqR pUrnh ]
gwnM sm duK suKM jugiq inrml inrvYrxh]
dXwlM srbqR jIAw pMc doK ibvrijqh]
BojnM gopwl kIrqnM Alp mwXw jl kvl rhqh]
aupdysM sm imqR sqRh BgvMq Bgiq BwvnI ]
50

pr inMdw nh sRoiq sRvxM Awpu iqAwig sgl ryxukh ]
Kt lKHx pUrnM purKh nwnk nwm swD svjnh ]”
(gurU gRMQ swihb AMg 1357)
ArQ:- jo pRwxI pUrn rUp ivc srbqr AsQwnW qy rmy hoey rwm nwm dy mMqr dw
iDAwn Drdw hY ; jo suK qy du K nU M smwn jWxdw hoieAw inrml qy inrvYrqw dI
jugqI dw DwrnI hY ; jo pRwxI swry jIvW qy dXw krdw hoieAw pMc
doKW(kwm,kroD,loB,mo h qy AM hkwr) qy kwbU pw lYNdw hY ; jo pR mwqmw dy j`s nU M
Awpxw Bojn bxw ky sMswrk mwXw ivc ies qrW ivcrdw hY jyvyN jl dy ivc
kMvl Pu`l rihM dw hY ; jo imqR qy S` qrU nUM iek smwn is`Kmq dyNdw hoieAw
AkwlpurK dI BgqI dI hI Bwvnw krdw hY ; jo kMnW du Awrw iksy dI inM dw nhIN
suxdw qy Awpw iqAwgdw hoieAw sBnW dI DU VI lo cdw hY [ ieh Cy lCx ijs
purK ivc hu Mdy hn au s nUM gurU nwnk swihb(pMcm rUp ivc) dsdy hn ik aus nUM
im`qr,sMq,swD qy pUrn purK ikhw jWdw hY [

Kwlsw kyvl auprokq gurU goibMd isMG jI vloN dsy gey ds guxW dw
DwrnI hI nhIN sgo N aus nUM ds EgxW dw iqAwgI hox dw vI gurU mhwrwj jI
aupdyS dyNdy hn [ Kwlsy dy ienHW dsW EgxW dy iqAwgx dw vrnx krdy ho ey
dsmyS ipqw jI Awpxy is` KW nUM smJwau Ndy hn ik
“qXwgI ds]
ibroD Aiq swDn ihM sw AM hkwr Awls ikRpnqv pR mwnM ]
kTorqu jVqu kuicilqu AsaUcM klm Sw-rU -AiBgiq AwnM ]
ds gRwhI ds iqXwgI AYso qwih Kwlsh kQq sujwnM ]
Asu Kwlsih Kwls pd pRwpiq inrMkwir su svrUp mhwnM ]7]”
(srbloh gRMQ sRI muK vwk pw:10)
(1)SwDnW(jp qy qp,syvw qy ismrn)dw ivroD dw iqAwg krn vwlw hI
Kwlsw hY [ iesy qrW (2)ihMsw qy (3) AM hkwr Aqy (4)Awls dw Kwlsw
iqAwgI hY [ auh(5)ikrpxq AQvw kM jU s vI nhIN hY [ Kwlsw (6)kTorpuxy
(7)mUrKpuxy (8) kuiclqw(gMdy mMdy vsqrW dw DwrnI hoxw)qy (9)Apivqrqw
dw iqAwgI hY [ auh (10)Srw AnU swr klmw pVHIAW ho eIAW vsqUAW dw vI
51

iqAwgI hY [ ieho jhy ds guxW dw DwrnI qy ds EgxW dw iqAwgI ivAkqI
nUM hI sujwn purK Kwlsy dw rU p prvwn krdy hn [ Kwlsy dy ieho jhy lCxW
vwlw ivAkqI qy inrMkwr iek hI mhWn srUp smJy jWdy hn [
ds guxW dw DwrnI qy ds EgxW dw iqAwgI hI Awpxy Awp nUM Kwlsw
AKvwaux Xog hY [ au h Awpxy jIvn kwl ivc mukq ho ky pwrbRhm dw srU p
ho ky mhW purK hI AKvwieAw jWdw hY [ Bwvy N ieho jhy Kwlsw pd dI
pRwpqI bVI durlB hY pr ijhVw vI ieh pdvI pRwpq kr lYNdw hY au hI
Kwlsw hY [ ijs qrW swgr qy swgr dI bU Md ivc ko eI AMqr nhIN huM dw ausy
qrW jIv Awqmw qy pRmwqmw ivc vI ko eI By d nhIN hu Mdw hY ik
“jIvn mukiq ibcriq bn iqRn mih,dyv Buqdy v hI kih` XY ]
Kwls pd ko pRwpiq durlB AYso Kwls hirjn cih`XY ]
jl qrMg Byd kCu nwhin jIv bRhm prmwqm lih`XY ]
bRhmih jIv pwrbR hmih swgr bU Md bUM d isMDu Aih`XY ]8]”
(srbloh gRMQ sRI muK vwk pw:10)
ieh AvsQw bVI kTnqweI nwl hI pRwpq ho skdI hY ijs ivAkqI qy gurU
klgIDr ipqw dI ikrpwlqw hovy qy auh gurU jI dI bKiSs dUAwrw ies AvsQw
nUM Dwrn kr lvy qW auh hr smy Awqm rs ivc lIn huM dw hoieAw Kwlsw bx ky
hr vsqU ivc srB SkqImwn swry bRH mM f ivc rmy hoey Akwl prK pRBU pRmwqmw
dw hI rU p dyKdw hY qy aus nU M mo ,qo h qy pRBU ivckwr koeI AMqr hI idKweI nhIN
dyNdw qW hI au h Kwlsy dw rU p bx skdw hY ik
“Awqm rs jy jwnhI so hY Kwls dy v ]
pRBU mih mo mih qws mih rMick nwihn Byv]”
(srbloh gRMQ sRI muK vwk pw:10)
ieho jhy guxW vwlw Kwlsw bnxw bVw kTn hY [ Swied Ajoky kwl ivc koeI
hirAw bUtw ieho jhy guxw vwlw ho vy ? ies bwry kQn krnw koeI Awswn g`l
nhIN hY pr AsI klgIDr ipqw gurU goibM d isM G jI dy hzUr ieh Ardws qW
kr skdy hW ik scy pwiqswh ijnHW guxw dw vrnx Kwlsw bnx leI qu sI kr
rhy ho ikqy swfy qy ikrpw kr ky ienHW guxW dw DwrnI swnUM bxw dyvo qW ik AsIN
Awp jI vloN Kwlsy nUM bKiSs kIqIAW ho eIAW ienHW bKiSsW nUM pRwpq krn dy
h`kdwr ho skIey [ gurU go ibM d isMG jI ny Awpxy Kwlsy nUM bVIAW bKiSsW
52

dyNidAW hoieAW PurmwieAw hY ik
“Kwlsw myro rUp hY Kws] Kwlsh mih hau krhuM invws]
Kwlsw myro muK hY AMg] Kwlsy ky hau bsiq sd sMg]1]
Kwlsw myro ieSt-suihrd] Kwlsw myro kihXq ibrd ]
Kwlsw myro p`C-ru pwd] Kwlsw myro suK Aihlwd ]2]
Kwlsw myro imqR suKweI] Kwlsw mwq ipqw suKdweI ]
Kwlsw myrI soBw SIl] Kwlsw bMDu sKw sd fIl ]3]
Kwlsw myrI jiq Aru piq] KwlsihM -so -mwkhu auqpiq]
Kwlsw myro Bvn –BMfwir] Kwlsih kir myro sdkwir ]4]
Kwlsw myro svjn-pirvwru ] Kwlsw myro kriq-auDwru ]
Kwlsw myro ipMf pRwn] Kwlsw myrI jwn kI jwn ]5]
mwn mhq myro Kwlsw shI] Kwlsw myro svwrQ khI ]
Kwlsw myro krY inrvwh] Kwlsw myro dy h Aru swh ]6]
Kwlsw myro Drm-ru krm ] Kwlsw myru Byd inj –mrm ]
Kwlsw myro siqguru pUrw] Kwlsw myro svjn –sUrw ]7]
Kwlsw myro buiD –ru gXwn] Kwlsih kw hau DrhuM DXwn]
aupm Kwlsih jwiq n khI ] ijhvw ey k pwru nih lhI ]8]
SyS rsn swrd sI buiD] qdXip n aupmw brniq suiD ]
Xw mih rMic n imQXw BwKI ] pwrbRhm gurU nwnk swKI ]9]
rom rom rsnw jO pwvhuN ] qdXip n Kwls jsih qrwvhN ]
53

hO Kwlsih khu Kwlsw myro ]Eqpoq swgr bUMdyro ]10]
Kwlsw kwl puruK kI Poj ] pRgtXo prmwqm ko mOj ]1]rhwau ]”
(srbloh gRMQ sRI muK vwk pw:10)
















54

go ibM d bwxI
cirqRopwiKAwn

srb p` KI mhW dwnI swihb-ey -kmwl gurU goibM d isMG jI mhwrwj bR hm
bwxI Aqy sMswrk,ivhwrk qy smwjk bwxI dy vI mhWn ivdvwn ilKwrI sn [
aunHW dI rcI hoeI bwxI qy kuJ ivAkqI ikM qU pRM qU krdy hn BwvyN sRI Akwl qKq
swihb qy pM j isMG swihbwn ny ies bwry inrxw kr idqw hY ik dsm gRM Q
swihb jI dI swrI bwxI klgIDr ipqw gurU goibM d isM G jI dI hY pr iPr vI
kuJ ivAkqI aunHW dI rcI hoeI bwxI ivcoN ‘cirqRO pwiKAwn’ qy ikM qU pRM qU krdy
hoey FucrbwzIAW dw Awsrw lYNdy ho ey ies mhwn rcnw bwry Awpxy SkUk prgt
krdy hn [ swihq BwvyN gurbwxI swihq AQvw AiDAwqmk hovy jW
sMswrk,ivhwrk qy smwjk idR StI dw DwrnI ho vy aus dy mulAMkx leI aus
swihq dy v`K v` K rU pW dy v`K v` K AMgW qy ivcwr kr ky smJx dI loV hu MdI hY [
aus ivcoN iksy iek Bwg nUM AsIN aus rcnw dw mM qv nhIN AwK skdy [ ijs qrW
cwr AMDy iksy hwQI nU M tohx auprMq s`p,rsI,sM dUk qy QMbw dsdy hn ausy qrW hM s
buDI ADIn igAwn nwl nw prKx leI AsIN cirqRO pwiKAwn bwry Buly Ky dw
iSkwr ho jWdy hW qy ies nUM Awm qOr qy cilqro - pwiKAwn dy nwm qy glq
aucwrn kr ky ies dy ArQ hI ault dyNdy hW [ ies leI jy kr AsIN gurU
goibMd isMG jI vloN aunHW dI rcI sMswrk,ivhwrk qy smwjk bwxI AQvw rcnw
nUM smJx dw Xqn krnw cwhu Mdy hW qW swnU M smu cI au s rcnw dw AiDAn
krnw pvy gw [
Awm ivdvwn,mhWpurK AQvw sMq purK sB pRmwqmw bwry ieh sB kuJ sMklp
krdy hn ik auh sB qoN aucw,mhwn qy v`fy qoN vI v`fw qy byAMq hY [ auh iksy qoN Cotw jW
nIvW ho hI nhIN skdw [ pr gurU goibMd isMG jI pRmwqmw nUM hr vsqU AMdr rimAw
hoieAw mMndy hn ijs kwrn aus nU M ivroDwBwsI sMklpW rwhIN vI icqvdy hn [ ies dy
bhuq swry pRmwn aunHW dI bwxI ivcoN vyKy jw skdy hn ijvyN ik
1)nmo AMDkwry nmo qyj qyjy ] (jwpu swihb)
55

2)nmo prm qqM Aq`qM srUpy ](jwpu swihb)
3) nmo kwl kwly ]nmo srb pwly ](jwpu swihb)
auh srb ro gy vI hY qy Arogy vI hY [ auh srb krqw vI hY qy srb hrqw vI hY
[auh dy v ividAw vI hY qy dY Nq bwxI vI hY [ auh bRhm ividAw vI hY qy ivvwd
vI hY [ gurU goibMd isMG jI pRmwqmw nUM iek vwsw sM klp nhIN mndy [ ijhVw
ivdvwn ivroDwBws nwl AwSnw nhIN hu Mdw au h AslIAq nwl Awsnw nhIN ho
skdw [ gurU goibMd isMG jI pR mwqmw nwl ies AsnweI dw bVI dlyrI nwl
pRgtwvw krdy hn [auh pR mwqmw nUM jy vyd bwxI AwKdy hn qW auh pR mwqmw nUM
kok bwxI vI kihM dy hn [ auh inj nwr dy pws vI hY qy pr nwr dy nkyq vI auho
hY [ jqI vI au h hY qy kwmI vI auhI hY [ auh kukrmy pR xwsI vI hY qy krUr krmy
vI hY [ auh nr vI hY qy nwrI vI hY [ aus dw koeI ilMg nhIN hY [gu rU mhwrwj jI
ijQy pR mwqmw nUM Akwl purK AwKdy hn auQy BgauqI vI kihMdy hn [ ieh do vyN
nwm gurU swihb jI ny Akwl ausqiq ivc bVI su Mdrqw nwl vrqy hn ik
“< siqgur pRswid]
sRI BgauqI jI shwie]
sRI Akwl jI kI ausqiq ]”
pRmwqmw dy ieh dovyN nwm gurU swihb jI ny ‘cirqROpwiKAwn’ ivc vI vrqy hn ik
“<sRI vwihgurU jI kI Pqih]
sRI BgOqI ey nm ]
BgauqI dw nwm hr ro z hr gurduAwry ivc AsIN Ardws krdy smy ienHW sbdW
duAwrw ArMBk rUp ivc aucwrn krdy hW [
< vwihgurU jI kI Pqh ]
sRI BgauqI jI shwie ]
vwr sRI BgauqI jI kI pwqswhI 10 ]
56

BgauqI dw nwm gurU gRM Q swihb ivc vI keI rUpW ivc imldw hY ijs dy v`K v`K
ArQ drswey jWdy hn ijvy N ik
1)‘BgauqI BgvM q Bgiq kw sM gu ](gurU gRM Q swihb AM g-274)
2)koeI khqau AnMin BgauqI ](gurU gRM Q swihb AMg-912)
3)BgauqI rhq jugqw ](gurU gR MQ swihb AMg-71)
4) iqsu Bgau qI kI miq aUqm ho vY ](gu urU gRM Q swihb AM g-274)’
pRmwqmw dw iesqRI rU p gurU gRM Q swihb jI vI svIkwrdy hn ik
‘eykw mweI jugiq ivAweI iqin cyly prvwxu ](jpu jI swihb)’
gurU gR MQ swihb pRmwqmw nU M jy ipqw mMndw hY qW mwqw vI auhI hY [
‘qUM myrw ipqw qU M hY myrw mwqw ]
qUM myrw bMDpu qU M myrw BRwqw ]’(gurU gRMQ swihb AM g 103)
cirqROpwiKAwn dy pihly cirqR ivc gurU jI ny pRmwqmw dy iesqrI rUp dI BrpUr
aupmw kIqI hY [ dujy cirqR ivc mhwrwj jI AwpxI rcnw nUM sMswrk rUp bVI suMdrqw
nwl dyNdy hoey iek rONck khwxI bxw dyNdy hn[ iek icqRvqI ngrI ivc icqR isMG nwmI
rwjw rwj krdw sI jo bhuq hI su Mdr sI [ ngrI dw nwm icqR vqI qy aus dy rwjy dw nwm
icqR isMG bVy icMnAwqmk nwm swnUM smJwaux leI gurU swihb jI ny vrqy hn jo ik
ic`q qy icqvq dw sMklp dsdy hn[icqR isMG dI suMdrqw nUM vyK ky iek ApCrw aus qy
mohq ho jWdI hY qy AKIr aus dI rwxI bx jWdI hY [aunHW dy Gr iek suMdr bwlk jnm
lYNdw hY ijs dw nwm auh hnvMq isMG rKdy hn [ hnvMq isMG jd jvwn ho jWdw hY qW
aus dI mwqw svrg nUM clI jWdI hY ijs dw bhuq duK rwjy nU M lgdw hY [ rwjw ApCrw
dI mUrqI iqAwr krvwky dys bdys ivc Byj dyNdw hY ik auh kyvl aus SihzwdI nwl hI
SwdI kry gw ijhVI ik aus ApCrw vrgI suMdr hovy gI [ KojIAW ny Koj krky rwjy nUM
disAw ik aUVIsw dys dy rwjy dI nOjvwn icqR mqI nwm vwlI SihzwdI hI aus ApCrw
vrgI suMdr hY [ icqRmqI nUM pRwpq krn leI rwjw aUVIsw dy s qy hmlw kr dyNdw hY [
lVweI ivc ij`q pRwpq krn qy rwjw icqRmqI nwl SwdI kr lYNdw hY [ ieh zbrdsqI
nwl kIqI geI iek AjoV SwdI hY [ icqRmqI Awpxy Kwndwn dy ivnwS dw bdlw lYx
leI swzSW rcn lg jWdI hY [ icqRmqI rwjy dy puqr hnvMq isMG qy mohq ho jWdI hY [
hnvMq isMG AwpxI mqreI mW dIAW ivBcwrI nIqIAW ivc nhIN Psdw [ rwxI icqRmqI
Awpxy pqI rwjy icqR isMG pws Awpxy mqrey puqr hnvM q isM G qy ausy qrW qohmq mVH
dyNdI hY ijs qrW rwxI lUxw ny Awpxy mqrey puqr pUrn(Bgq) ivruD Awpxy pqI rwjy
57

slvwn pws mVHI sI [ rwjw icqR isMG bVw kroDq ho ky Awpxy puqr hnvMq isMG nUM mO q
dI szw dy dyNdw hY [ ies smy rwjy dy isAwxy qy guxvwn mMqRI rwjy nUM hr roz rwj
drbwr ivc ivBcwrn iesqRIAW dIAW khwxIAW suxwauNdy hn qy hr ro z hnvMq isMG nUM
vI jyl ivcoN drbwr ivc sd ilAw jWdw hY [ ivBcwrn iesqRIAW dIAW khwxI dw
sMgrih hI ‘cirqROpwiKAwn’ nwmI iek gRMQ hY [ hr khwxI AQvw cirqR dy AMq ivc
ieh Sbd gurU swihb jI vlON drj hn ik
‘|U|J H | U|öJ ¤¤U!ö J |U! U|öJ H J | ¥¤ HH!U ----U|öJ U| HH!¤JH
HJ H ¥H HJ ¡---¡m¥H ¡‘
|UH J |UJ H¤HJ J H!U! J |N |¥¥U!öö |UHJö|m! |Hö ! ö m!H Jö J
¥H¥!¥! H|Um! H!U! J ,U|m! |UJ NJ!F|m! J| ö!H U HJ | J| ö!H ö H H¥!U U
Jö |N
“ö|J ö H!öJ ¤|J N| ¤Hö N| ¤J| ¤|J v
|H¥ |HH|mö HH¥U! NJJ N¥ö N H|J v
(U|öJ 5ê)
ArQwq ijs qrW ik ibCU ,s`p qy vysvw qy koeI Brosw nhIN krdw ausy qrW hI pYsy nl
pRIq rKx vwly ivAkqI jo ik ipAwr dI rIq nhIN jwxdy aunHW qy Brosw nhIN kIqw jw
skdw [ ies qrW dIAW smJOxIAW rwjy dy mM qRIAW vloN dyx leI cirqROpwiKAwn dy smucy
gRMQ ivc gurU swihb jI ny qkrIbn swFy s`q hzwr bMd rcy hn ijs ivc cirqRW dI
igMxqI AKIr ivc 404 dsI geI hY [ ienHW cirqRW dIAW khwxIAW vI 404 nhIN hn
sgoN loV AnUswr iek iek khwxI nUM iek qoN v`D BwgW ivc vMf ky ibAwn kIqw igAw
hY [ ienHW cirqRW ivc mnuKI Acrn dI igrwvt dw kwrn Awm qOr qy AMnHI
kwmukqw,AjoV ivAwh,ivBcwr,JUTI Swno Sokq qy v`K v` K niSAW ADIn AYXwSI rucIAW
nUM drswieAw igAw hY [ ies dy v`K v`K pwqr v` K v`K niSAW dw shwrw lYNdy idKwey
gey hn qWik mnuK ienHW dIAW mwrU qy ivnwSkwrI kUrIqIAW qoN Awpxy Awp nUM bcw sky [
ies bwry gurU gRMQ swihb jI spSt krdy hn ik
“kwm kroD mwieAw md mqsr ien pMchu imil lUty ]”
(gurU gRMQ swihb AMg 973)
58

ieh drswey gey pM j ibKwdI prwxI nU M gurU dy Sbd qo N dU r lY jWdy hn ijs
kwrn prwxI ies idSw ivc puj jWdw hY ik
“aunmq mwn ihirE mn mwhI gur kw sbd n DwirE ry ]
suAwd luBq ieMdRI rs pR yirE md rs lYq ibkwirE ry ]”
(gurU gRMQ swihb AMg 335)
‘cirqRo pwiKAwn’ ivc guru swihb jI ny gurU gRM Q swihb jI ivc drsweI geI
ieMdRI rs qy md rs (Srwb qy dujy niSAW dy rs) dI nM gI qsvIr ijs rUp ivc
drsweI hY auh sM swr dy iksy hor gRM Q ivco N lBxI AsMBv hY [ ies dy bwvjU d
keI khwxIAW ivc iesqRIAW dI pqI BgqI,,pR ym
ipAwr,kurbwnI,sUrvIRrqw,bhwdurI qy Xu` D klw ivc sMpU rnqw nU M vI drswieAw
igAw hY [ ienHW GtnwvW nUM smJOx vwsqy gurU jI ny rwjy dy mM qRIAW qoN lok
gwQwvW ivcoN,pM cqMqr ivco N,AilPlYlw ik`isAW ivcoN,mhWBwrq ivco N qy iesqRI
purSW nwl sbMDq khwxIAW nU M drswieAw igAw hY [ iesy qrW pM jwbI dIAW
pris`D ieSkI khwxIAW dw vrnx bVy rONck qy Aloikk rUp ivc kIqw igAw hY
[ ienHW ieSkI khwxIAW ivc hIr rWJw,sohxI mhINvwl,imrzw swihbW,s` sI pu nU
dIAW khwxIAW vI Swml hn [ ienHW ieSkI khwxIAW dy hvwly swnU M gurU gRM Q
swihb dI kuM jI BweI gurdws jI dIAW vwrW ivco N vI iml jWdy hn ik
“lylY mjnU M AwskI chu ckI jwqI ]
soriT bIjw gwvIAY jsu su GVw vwqI ]
ssI pu MnUM dosqI huie jwiq AjwqI ]
myhIvwl no sohxI nY qrdI rwqI ]
rWJw hIr vKwxIAY Ehu iprm prwqI]
pIr muridw iprhVI gwvin pRBwqI ]1]”
(vwr-27 ,pau VI-1)
pMjwbI dy ienHW ieSkI ik`isAW ivcoN hIr rWJy dy ik`sy nU M vDyry pris`Dqw pRwpq
dsI jWdI hY [ ieh ik` sw sB qoN pihlW dwmodr dw iliKAw mMinAw jWdw hY [
dwmo dr ny ies ik` sy nU M XQwrqvwdI qy s`cI AslIAq khwxI dsx leI ieh
Sbd ik` sy ivc Awm vrqy hn ik “AwiK dwmodr A` KI ifTI hIr nwl jo hoeI”
[ ies qoN ipCoN vwrs Swh ny ies ik` sy nU M sUPI rM gx dy ky hIr nUM jIv Awqmw qy
59

rWJy nU M pRmwqmw dw rUp dy idqw ijhVw ieqnw pRclq ho ieAw ik buly Swh sUPI
PkIr nU M vI ieh kihxw ipAw ik
‘rWJw rWJw kihM dI nI mY Awpy rWJw hoeI [
sdo nI mYnU M DIjo rWJw hIr nw AwKy koeI [
sUPI PkIr buly Swh dy ieh bol gurbwxI is`DWq qoN hI pR Bwvq idKweI dyNdy hn
[
‘gur quTY hir pwieAw cukY Dk Dky ]
hirjnu hir hir hoieAw nwnk hir ieky ]’
(gurU gRM Q swihb AM g 449)
Aqy
“jo pRwnI inis idnu BjY rUp rwm qy jwnu ]
hir jn hir AMqr nhI nwnk swcI mwn ]”
(gurU gRM Q swihb AM g 1428)
gurU goibM d isM G jI ny vI hIr nUM rWJy dw nwm jpdI ho eI ds ky iehI smJONdy hn
ik hIr rWJy dw nwm jpdI hoeI rWJy dw hI rUp ho gweI qy hIr Aqy rWJy ivc
koeI By d hI nhIN irhw sI [
‘rWJn hI ky rUp vh BeI]
jXO imil bU Mid bwir mo geI ]
(cirqr-98)
hIr dI khwxI nUM ijs rU p ivc gurU goibMd isMG jI ny drswieAw hY auh Awpxy
Awp moilk rUp ivc iek invyklw AsQwn swihq dy ipV ivc rKdI hY ik hIr
qy rWJw svrgW dy rihx vwly sn [ rWJw ieM dr dyvqw sI qy hIr ieMdr dy rwj
dI iek Apsrw ijs dw nwm mYnklw (mY nkw) sI [ kipl mUnI dy srwp kwrn
aus nU M DrqI qy qurkW dy Gr jnm lYxw ipAw [ mY nkw nU M vwps lYx vwsqy ieMdr
ny rWJy dw rU p Dwrn kIqw [ jd ienHW dw kwrj DrqI qy pU rw ho igAw qW ieh
dovy svrg lok ivc cly gey [
‘ihXw kI AviD bIiq jb geI [
bwit duhuM sur pur kI leI [‘
dohrw
‘rWJw Bxo surys qh BeI mYnkw hIr [
X jg mY gwvq sB kib kul js Dir[
(cirqR 98)
60

iesy qrW klgIDr ipqw s`sI punU M dI khwxI vI moilk rU p ivc svrg lok qoN
ArMB kr ky iPr auQy hI smwpq kr dyNdy [ ies khwxI nUM ibAwnx ivc
siqgurU jI ny do cirqR ilKy hn [ gurU jI vloN drsweI geI khwxI AnU swr
kipl munI qy svrg dI iek Apsrw rMBw dy AwpsI sM prk kwrn iek lVkI
dw jnm hoieAw [ rMBw AwpxI puqrI nUM isMD ndI ivc ro hV ky Awp svrg lok
ivc clI geI [ aus ru VI jWdI lVkI nU M isM D dy s dy rwjy bRhmdq ny kFvw ky
aus dI pwlxw kIqI qy aus dw nwm sisXw(s`sI) riKAw igAw [ jd auh jvwn
hoeI qW aus dw ivAwh punU rwjy nwl kr idqw igAw [ do vW pqI pqnI ivc
ieqnw ipAwr sI ik auh iek dujy qo N v` K nhIN hu Mdy sn ijs kwrn s` sI dI
sOkxW eIrKw dI A` g ivc sVHx lg peIAW [ies swVHy dI AgxI ny pu nU dI
pihlI ptrwxI nUM Awpxy sbMD dUsry mrdW nwl jo Vx leI au kswht kIqw pr
aus dy rwh ivc pu nU M dw fr KVw sI [ aus ny Awpxy rwh ivcoN pu nU M nUM htwaux
leI Awpxy nOkrW rwhIN iSkwr Kyf rhy punU M nUM mrvw idqw [ nOkrW ny rwjy punUM nU M
bwhur jMgl ivc hI aus dI kbr bxw ky d` b idqw [ ies dI Kbr jd s`sI nU M
imlI qy auh Awpxy ipAwry dy ivXog ivc jMgl nUM n` T qurI qW ik auh punU M dI
kbr qy pu j ky Awpxw Awp kurbwn kr sky [ mwrU Ql ivc s` sI sKq grmI qy
sVH dI Du` p dI prvwh nw krdI hoeI kbr vl v`DdI jWdI hY [ ies idR S nUM
pMjwbI dy prisD ik` swkwr kvI hwSm ny bVI su Mdrqw nwl drswieAw hY ik
‘sUrj B`j viVAw ivc bdlIN qy frdw ilSk nw mwry [
hwSm vyK isdk s` sI dw isdkoN mUl nw hwry ’[
s` sI qy punUM dI mOq nwl gurU swihb jI ies khwxI nUM ieQy hI Kqm nhIN
krdy sgoN gurU nwnk dyv jI vloN drswey gey mnuKI srIr dI imrqU qoN Agly
hwlwq bwry vI ds ky Awpxy is`KW nUM pwp krmW qoN dUr rKx dy cwhvwn sn [
gurU nwnk dy v jI AwpxI bwxI Awsw dI vwr ivc PurmwauNdy hn ik
“kpVu rUp suhwvxw Cif dunIAw AM dir jwvxw ]
mMdw cMgw Awpxw Awpy hI kIqw pwvxw ]
hukm kIey min Bwvdy rwih BIVY AgY jwvxw ]
nMgw do jik cwilAw qw idsY Krw frwvxw ]
kir Aaugx pCo qwvxw ]14]”
(gurU gRM Q swihb AM g 470-71)
s` sI dI sONkx rwxI Awpxy pu qr nUM rwj qy ibTw ky Awp ivBcwr dy glqwn
ivc Ku `b jWdI hY [ au h Awpxy mkwn dy Jro Ky ivc bY T ky Awm lokW qoN slwmI
61

lYx lg peI [ jd ko eI aus nU M mnBwaUNdw su Mdr nOjvwn aus dy swhmxy AwauNdw
qw auh AwpxIAW vwSnwvW dI pUrqI leI aus nU M Awpxy pws bulw lYNdI [ dujy
pwsy s`sI qy punUM dI mOq dI sU cnw jd au Qy pujI ijQy Drmrwj dI sBw lgI ho eI
sI [ auQy ieh PYslw kIqw igAw ik ijs qrW rwxI ny Awpxy pqI punUM qy AwpxI
sOkx s`sI nUM mrvwieAw hY ausy qrw hI aus rwxI nU M mwirAw jwxw cwhIdw hY qW
ik aus dw krm Pl pUrw ho sky [ ieh kMm iek nwcI aurvSI nUM sONipAw igAw
[ aurvSI ny Aiq su Mdr mrd dw rUp Dwrn kr ilAw qy rwxI nU M slwm krn dy
bhwny rwxI pws su Mdr nO jvwn dy rU p ivc Aw igAw qy aus dIAW kwimk vwSnwvW
nUM aujwkr kr ky zihr dy zrIey aus nU M mwr ky nrkW ivc phu Mcw idqw [
ienHW cirqRo pwiKAwn dy cirqRW rwhIN mhwrwj jI Awpxy is`KW nU M ieh isiKAw
dyxw cwhuM dy sn ik
“inj nwrI ky swQ ny hu qum inq bFYXhu ]
pr nwrI kI sy j BUil su pny hUM n jYXhu ]”
(cirqR 21)
mhwrwj jI ies cirqR 21 rwhI guurU gR MQ swihb jI dI ies isiKAw qy hI
AwpxI mohr lgwauNdy hn ik
Gr kI nwir iqAwgY AMDw ]
pr nwrI isau GwlY DMDw ]
(gurU gRM Q swihb AM g 1165)
Awpxy Ksm nUM C` f ky iksy hor nwl sbMD jo Vx vwlIAW nUM vI gurU gRM Q swihb jI
qwVnw krdy hn ik
“Ksmu Coif dU jY lgy fu by sy vxjwirAw ]”(gurU gR MQ swihb AMg 470)
iesy qrW mhwrwj Awpxy is`KW nU M Srwb Awid niSAW qoN dUr rKx leI isiKAw
dyNdy hn ik Srwb mnuK nU M pSU jUnI ivc phuM cw dyNdI hY [
“log au Twie pwn md kirXo ]
mwnu K hu qo join psu pirXo ]”
(cirqR 105)
Acrnk aucqw qy sdwcwr dI is`iKAw dyx leI gurU swihb jI ny ivBcwr nUM
bVI dlyrI nwl nMigAw kIqw hY qW ik ivBcwrn ivAkqIAW dIAW krqU qW dw
prdw PwS kIqw jw sky [ ienHW khwxIAW rwhIN gurU swihb jI ny smwjk
kurIqIAw nU M nMigAW kr ky ivBcwr ru pI kYNsr dw ausy qrW AprYSn kIqw hY
ijs qrW iek Xog fwktr iksy Awpxy iesqRI mrIz dw AprYsn krn smy aus
62

nUM ngx kr dy Ndw hY [ jy koeI aus ibmwr iesqRI dw irSqy dwr snyhI fwktr qy
bdclxI dw dos lwey qW ieh ksUr fwktr dw nhIN sgoN dos lgwaUx vwly
ivAkqI dI smJ dw hY [ iesy qrW gurU mhwrwj dI ies rcnw qy ikMqU pRM qU krn
vwly ivAkqIAW dI AigAwnqw qy kwimk cyqnw dw do s smiJAw jwxw cwhIdw hY
[ ieho jhy dos lgwaUx vwly ivAkqI Awpxy mn dI fuM igAweI ivc AwpxIAW
kwmk rucIAW nU M sMquSt krn leI ngy z vwd nUM byloVI hvw dyx dw Xqn kr rhy
hn [ jy kr au h Awpxy mnW AM dr JwqI mwrn qW ho skdw hY ik aunHW nUM Awpxy
ieho jhy vwSnwvwdI kwrnwmy AwpxIAW A`KW swhmxy hI idKweI dyx l`g jwx [
ngyzvwd qW Awpxy isKW nUM smJwaux leI ijQy gurU swihb ny loV smJI gurU
gRM Q swihb ivc vI drj kr ky swnU M sBnW nU M smJwieAw hY ik mnuK AwpxIAW
ieMdRIAW dy ADIn hI krm kr irhw hY ijs dy do SW qo N pRwxI nU M bcnw cwhIdw hY
[
“ieAw Dn jo bn Aru suq dwrw pyKn kau ju dieE]
iqn hI mwih Atik jo aurJy ieM dRI pRyir lieE ]”
(gurU grMQ swihb AMg 336)
ngy zvwd qy gwlI jW Cnwrvwd qW swfy ipMfW ivc sdIAW pUrwxw cilAw
AwauNdw hY [ pMjwb dy ipMfW ivc keI ivAkqIAW dI bol cwl dw ieh iek ih` sw
hI bixAw hoieAw AsIN vyK skdy hW [ gaUAW m`JW nUM ipM fW ivc nvy N du` D
krvwaux dw rvwz Sry Awm hY ijs nU M kdy vI iksy ny AwpxIAW kwmk ru cIAW
leI nhIN vriqAw qW iPr icirqR opwiKAwn ivc swfIAW kwmk rucIAW nUM suDwrn
leI ijs ngy z vwd dI vrqoN kIqI geI hY au s qoN isiKAw lYx dw AsIN Xqn
ikauN nhIN krdy ? cirqRO pwiKAwn ivc drj keI khwxIAW swnU M Ajoky kwl ivc
vwpr rhIAW GtnwvW nwl imldIAW juldIAW hI vy KIAW jw skdIAW hn [ AsI
smwj ivc hr ro z ienHW nUM vwprdIAW GtnwvW nUM mIfIey rwhIN vy K rhy hW [
ieQy iek cirqR dw hvwlw dyxw AXOg nhIN hovy gw ijs dw ibAwn cirqR 106
ivc kIqw igAw hY ik cwr Bu Ky nMgy T`gW ny iek mqw kIqw ik auh ijhVW mUrK
ivAkqI Awpxy moiFAW qy bkrw leI Aw irhw hY au h Koh leIey [ bkrw Ko h
lYx dI Xojnw bxw ky au h ko h koh dI dUrI qy KVy ho gey [ jd bkrw leI mUrK
pihly T`g dy lwgy pujw qW T`g au s nU M kihx lgw ik ieh kuqw ikauN moiFAW qy
cuikAw hoieAw eI [ ies ku qy nUM pry sut dy [ ies dw qynUM ko eI lwB nhIN hY [
auh murK cu p kr ky auQo lMg igAw ,du jy T`g ny vI qy iqjy Aqy cO Qy T`g ny vI
aus murK nUM ieho hI ikhw ik auh iek kuqy nU M cukI iljw irhw hY [ murK so cn
63

lgw ik mYN hI glq hW ieh isAwxy purK TIk hI kihM dy hn [ieh soc ky au s
ny bkry nU M Cf idqw qy Awp Awpxy rwh pY igAw [ ies qoN ipCoN T`gW ny bkrw
Awpxy kwbU kr ilAw [ ieh khwxI pVH ky ieh AM dwzw lwieAw jw skdw hY ik
ho skdw hY ik ku J is` K duSmn qwkqkW ny ieh Xojnw bxweI ho vy ik Kwlsw pM Q
qON AMimRq dI dwq qy Acrnk aucqw ikvyN Kqm krvwauxI hY ? aus leI aunHW ny
AwpxI Xojnw ADIn ku J ivAkqI dys pRdys dy v`K v`K gurDwmW ijhw ik
ieMglYNf,AmrIkw,kYnyfw qy hor dy sW ivc By j idqy ik swry jxy Awpxy Awp nU M pM Q
dy ividvwn qy AwgU dsky mIfIe rwhIN ieh rOlw pw idqw jwvy ik dsm gRM Q
swihb gurU goibMd dI bwxI nhIN hY [ ieh krn nwl AMimR q iqAwr krn vwlIAW
pMjW bwxIAW ivco N iqn bwxIAW dsm grM Q dIAW hox kwrn is`KW nUM s`k pY jwvy
gw qy auh DIry Diry AMimR q qo N dUr ho ky AwpxI hodN nU M Bul jwx gy [ ies cwl dw
prdw Bwrq srkwr dy gupqcr ivBwg dy dy jwieMt fwierYktr sRI mloie
ikRSnw Dr ny AwpxI pusqk Ku`lyH Byd iv`c kIqw hY ijs dw vrnx AsIN ipCy
ilK Awey hW [ ies qrW dy dmdmI tkswl dy keI SwigrdW nUM ndy V
swihb(mhWrwStr) qy pwau Ntw swihb(ihmwcl ) iv` c vI BrqI kr ky pM jwb
iv`c gu pqcr ivBwg iv`c jwsUsW vjoN kM m krn leI pM jwb iv`c pu nr sQwpq
kIqw igAw [ gurDwmW iv` c kMm krn vwly ihMd srkwr dy gu pcr ijQy srkwr
pwso N qnKwh lYNdy sn auQy auh gurduAwirAW ivcoN vI pYsy lY ky AwpxI dohrI
kmweI kr ky pMQ dIAW jVW iv`c qyl vI pweI jw rhy hn [ sRI Akwl qKq
swihb qy srkwrI dKl bwry gu pqcr ivBwg dw jWieM t fwierYktr ieh Byd
Ko ldw hY iok jd isMG swihb igAwnI ikrpwl isMG jI nUM sRI Akwl qKq swihb
dI jQy dwrI qoN htw ky s. jsbIr isM G rofy nUM jQydwr bxwieAw igAw qy iPr
aus nU M igR Pqwr kr ky PrvrI 1988 iv`c irhw kr ky pUrI iqAwrI nwl
AMimR qsr ByijAw igAw ijs bwry sRI mloie ikSnw ilKdy hn ik “jsbIr isM G
muKI jQy dwrW Aqy aunHW dy SrDwlUAW dI byNnqI auqy ik ienHW nU M pUrI qrW
hiQAwrbM D ho ky pMjwb jwxw cwhIdw hY ,qW pMjwb srkwr ny ieh PY slw kIqw
ik 9 AYm.AYm.dy psqOl,iek 45 mwaU zr rIvwlvr Aqy lgBg 15,.315
rweIPlW Aqy kuJ f`bl bYrl gMnW id`qIAW jwx [
ieh PYslw kIqw igAw ik siQqI dw cMgI qrW jwiezw lY ky 9 AYm.AYm.ipsqOl
styn gnW qy lo V peI qW ey .ky 47 rweIPlW bwAd iv`c jwrI kIqIAW jwx
geIAW [ ies qo N ielwvw bu lt prUP jYktW vI idqIAW jwx geIAW” [
64

auprokq ilKq qoN AM dwzw krnw koeI mu Skl nhIN ik iks qrW is`K pM Q nUM au s
dy ivro DIAW vlON Kqm krn dIAW cwlW clIAW jWdIAW rhIAW hn [ pr Kwlsw
pMQ nU M jwgrq AvsQw ivc rihx dI loV hY qWik pM Q du SmxW dy JUTy prcwr dw
iSkwr nw bx sky [ ies mM qv leI ieQy goibM d sdn ,nvIN id`lI ivc ies
bwry keI sYmInwr krvwey jw cuky hn qy keI krvwey jw rhy hn [ ies bwry
Kwlsw pMQ nU M vI iDAwn dyx dI lo V hY [
cirqRO pwiKAwn dy AMq ivc gurU mhwrwj jI ny Akwl purK pR mwqmw dI
mihmw krdy hoey au s vloN dYNqW nwl kIqy jMgW juDW nU M bVy ivsQwr nwl ibAwn
kIqw hY [ ies nU M vI cirqR dw nwm hI idqw igAw hY [ AM imR q iqAwr krn smy
pMj bwxIAW ivcoN dsm gR MQ swihb jIAW dIAW ijhVIAW iqMn bwxI pVHIAW
jWdIAW hn aunHW ivcoN iek bwxI cirqRO pwiKAwn ivcoN leI geI hY ijs dw pwT
hr roz AsIN rihrws swihb dy pwT dy nwl hI krdy hW ikauNik “kbuXO bwc
bynqI cO peI” swfy inqny m dw ih` sw hY [
ies AKIrly 404 cirqR dI khwxI vI bVI Ano KI hY [ siq sMiD nwm dw
iek rwjw minAw igAw hY [ ies rwjy dw ieqnw pR qwp sI ik dy vqy vI ies nU M
Awpxw rwjw svIkwrdy sn [ ies rwjy dI AgvweI ivc dy viqAW dw jMg iek
bVy pRBwvSwlI dYNq nwl ArMB ho igAw [ ies dYNq dw nwm dIrG dYNq sI [ ies
jMg dw hwl bVy ivsQwr nwl gurU swihb jI ny iliKAw hY pr sMKyp ivc AsIN
ieh kih skdy hW ik dy viqAW dI shwieqw leI AMq kwl ny jMg SurU kr idqw
[ gurU mhwrwj jI kwl dI bVI au pmw krdy hn[AKIr auh dY Nq kwl dy h` QoN
mwirAw jWdw hY ijs dw vrnx gurU jI ies qrW krdy hn ik
“ puin rwCk kw kwtw sIsw]
sRI Aiskyq jgq ky eIsw ]
(cirqR 404)
ies qoN ipCo gurU jI Akwl purK pws bynqI cOpeI duAwrw AwpxI Ardws krdy
hn ijs nUM Aj hr rihqvwn,AMimR qDwrI is`K hI nhIN pVHdw sgoN hr gurduAwry
ivc rihrws dy pwT nwl ies dw vI pwT kIqw jWdw hY [ ies bwxI nU M AMimRq
iqAwr krn smy vI pMj bwxIAW ivc Swml kr ky ies dw pwT kIqw jWdw hY [
is`K ieqhws ieh svIkwrdw hY ik ‘cirqRO pwiKAwn’ dI rcnw gurU swihb jI
ny au s smy kIqI jd mhwrwj jI Bmbor dy rwjy pws rhy sn [ ies AsQwn qy
bVw Swndwr gurduAwrw bixAw hoieAw hY [ ies bwry pRisD ieqhwskwr
ig:eIsr isM G nwhrw AwpxI pusqk sPrnwmw qy zPrnwmw ivc ilKdy hn ik
65

It was there that Guru Gobind Singh had compossed “Charitro-
Pakhyan” in 1696 A.D.(Safarnama and zafarnama)

cirqR opwiKAwn dI AMdrlI gvwhI vI ieho hI dsdI hY jd ik gurU goibM d isM G
ies gR MQ dy ilKn dy AsQwn qy smy bwbq ilKdy hn ik
cOpeI
sMbq sqRh shs BixjY ] ArD shs Puin qIin kihjY ]
BwdR su dI AstmI riv vwrw ] qIr squdR gRM Q su Dwrw ]405]
BweI swihb BweI vIr isMG jI ny vI ies rcnw nU M dsmy S ipqw gurU goibMd isMG
jI dI AwpxI pu sqk ‘rwnw Bmbor’ivc svIkwirAw hY [
keI ivAkqI jo dsm gR MQ swihb dI bwxI qy ikMqU pR MqU krdy hn au h
Awpxy p`K ivc ieh dlIl dyNdy hn ik bwxI cirqRo pwiKAwn dIAW keI
khwxIAw ivc ieqnw ngyzvwd hY ik aunHW dI kQw koeI k`Qwvwck sM gq ivc jW
Awpxy prIvwr ivc Kul ky nhIN kr skdw [ ieh ivcwr rKx vwly ivAkqI
jW qW bwxI aucwrn dI mrXwdw qoN Axjwn hn jW iPr auh AwpxIAW svwrQI
rucIAW duAwrw jwx buJ ky BulyKy pYdw krn dw Xqn kr rhy hn [ gurbwxI kQn
qy au cwrn dy v` K v`K rUp hn [ gurbwxI nU M pwT kr ky vI aucwirAw jw irhw hY
qy rwgW ivc hox kwrn ies nUM kIrqn duAwrw gwiex kr ky vI aucwirAw jw
irhw hY [ pr keI bwxIAW AY sIAW hn ijnHw dw kyvl kIrqn hI ho skdw hY qy
keI AijhIAW bwxIAW hn ijnHW dw kyvl pwT hI kIqy jwx dI mrXwdw hY [
AsIN hr roz gurduAwirAW ivc ,GrW ivc jW ivAkqI gq rU p ivc inqnym dw
pwT hI krdy hW [ in` qny m nU M kIrqn duAwrw gwiex krn dI mrXwdw nhIN hY [
iesy qrW Awsw dI vwr dw pwT krn dI mrXwdw nhIN hY [ ies bwxI dw kIrqn
hI kIqw jWdw hY [ kIrqn krn dI vI Kws mrXwdw hY [ ieh bwxI mohlk rU p
ivc pauVIAW ivc gurU nwnk dy v jI dI ilKI hoeI hY [ gurU Arjn dyv jI ny
gurU gRM Q swihb jI dI rcnw qy sM pwDnw krdy smy ies bwxI dIAW pauVIAW nwl
slok ilK idqy sn jo ik gurU gRM Q swihb ivc Awsw dI vwr dI hr pauVI qoN
pihlw drj hn pr kIrqn krdy smy swfy rwgI ienHw slokW qoN vI pihlW cO Qy
pwiqSwh sRI gurU rwmdws jI dy Cy CMdW dIAw qrqIbvwr hr pauVI dw kIrqn
Awsw dI vwr dI hr pauVI qoN pihlW krdy hn [ ieh mrXwdw SurU qoN hI cl
rhI hY [ ies mrXwdw nUM koeI vI BMg nhIN kr skdw [ hwlW ik ieh CMd gurU
gRM Q swihb ivc Awsw dI vwr qoN v` Kry drj hn [ iesy qrW gurU gR MQ swihb jI
dIAAW qy dsm gR MQ swihb jI dIAW keI bwxIAW dw AsI AwpxI smJ leI
66

kyvl Awp hI iksy nUM suxwey bgYr pwT krdy hW qW ik AsI aus bwxI nUM smJx
dw Xqn kr skIey [ ies mM qv leI AsIN bwxI dy tIikAW dw vI shwrw lY lyNdy
hw [ iehI mrXwdw dsm gRM Q swihb jI dIAW keI bwxIAW qy lwgU hY ik AsIN
aunHw nU M Awpxy ihridAW AM dr smJx leI ivAkqIgq rUp ivc pwT krdy hoey
smjx dw Xqn krdy hw [












67

gu rbwxI qy dsm gRM Q dI kQw dy ADwr qy
min jIqY jgu jIqu
srb p`KI swihb-ey -kmwl bwdSwh drvyS gurU goibM d isM G jI mhwrwj iek
mhwn swihqkwr vI sn [ aunHW ny ijQy dy v bwxI dI rcnw kIqI auQy aunHW ny
Awpxy is` KW nU M aucy sucy Acrn dw mwlk bxwaux leI sMswrk,ivhwrk,smwjk
bwxI dI vI bVI KU bsUrqI nwl rcnw kIqI hY ijs dI imswl hor ikqy vyKx
ivc AsMBv idKweI dyNdI hY [ iek mhwn swihqkwr kvI dI qrW auh bVIAW
rONck khwxIAW drsw ky Awpxy is` KW nUM hr prkwr dI isiKAw dyx ivc hr
smy mgx idKweI dyNdy hn[ aunHW ny Awpxy jIvn dy Qo Vy jhy kwl ivc ijQy keI
mhWn Xu`D lVy qy ijqy hn auQy aunHW ny swihqk Ky qr ivc jo rcnwvW sM swr dy
mMc qy rKIAW hn aunHW dI auDwrnw hor ikqy imlxI kTn hY [ smu cy Bwrq dIAW
ieqhwsk qy imQhwsk GtnwvW nU M aunHW ny ijs Ano Ky rU p ivc dsm grM Q ivc
AMkq kIqw hY au h AwpxI imswl Awp hI hY [ gurU u gR M Q swihb jI ivc drj
hvwilAW nU M jy ko eI smJn dw Xqn krnw cwhy qW aus nU M “dsm gR MQ” dw
AiDAn krnw hI pvy gw [ imswl dy rU p ivc Awpxy pihly jwmy gurU nwnk
swihb jI dy rUp ivc mhwrwj Xog m`q qy Alocnw krdy hoey drswauNdy hn ik
“AweI pM QI sgl jmwqI min jIqy jgu jIqu ]”
(gurU gRMQ swihb)
Awpxy dsvyN jwmy ivc iesy hI is`DWq nU M ienHW SbdW dUAwrw PurmwauNdy ho ey
ivsQwr nwl dsdy hn ik
“svYXw”
“khw BXo jo sB hI jg jIq su logn ko bhu qRws idKwXo ]
Aaur khw ju pY dys ibdy sn mwih Bly gj gwih bDwXo ]
jo mnu jIqq hY sB dy s vhY qu mrY inR p hwiQ n AwXo ]
lwj geI kCu kwj sRXo nhIN lok gXo prlok n pwXo ]159]”
(dsm gR MQ -pwrs nwQ rudR Avqwr)
68

jy ko eI ivAkqI rwj dI pRwpqI kr ky swry jgq nU M ij` q lYNdw hY pr jy
kr aus ny Awpxy mn nUM nhIN ijiqAw auh Awpxw lok qy prlok dovyN gvw bY Tdw
hY [ ies leI mn nUM ijqn leI gu rU swihbwn ny AwpxI bwxI dUAwrw gurU gRM Q
swihb ivc QW QW qy zor idqw hY auQy dsm gR MQ ivc vI ies is`DWq qy bVw zor
idqw igAw hY [ mn nUM iks FMg nwl ijiqAw jw skdw hY ? ieh pR Sn hr is`K
dy mn ivc auqpn huM dw rihM dw hY [ies dw au qr ivAwiKAw meI rU p ivc iek
khwxI dw rUp dy ky ijs FM g nwl gurU goibM d isMG jI ny ilK ky Awpxy is` KW nU M
smJwieAw hY au s nU M swnU M smJn dI loV hY [
khwxI AnUswr rudr d` q Avqwr qoN ipCo N ies jgq ivc Xog m`q dw By K
cilAw jo keI swlW qk jwrI irhw [ qd pwrs nwQ nwm dw iek mnuK ies
DrqI qy pY dw hoieAw [ pwrs nwQ dY vI igAwn vwlw qy sUrbIr joDw sI ijs dI
Kbr jd ro h dy s dy rwjy nUM imlI qW rwjy ny pwrs nwQ nU M Awpxy drbwr ivc
sd bulwieAw [ ies qy Xo gI jtwDwrI bVy Kus hoey pr au h ieh vI AnBv krn
lg pey ik pwrs nwQ jtwDwrIAW XogIAW dw nwS hI nw kr dy vy [ jd pwrs
nwQ rwjy dy drbwr ivc pu jw qW aus ny sBnw dw idl ij`q ilAw ijs kwrn
rwjy ny aus nUM AwpxI DI dw irSqw dy ky au s nU M Awpxw jvweI bxw ilAw [ rwjy
dy prIvwr ivc Swml ho ky pwrs nwQ ny ijQy hr prkwr dI ividAw dw igAwn
pRwpq kr ilAw auQy aus ny hr prkwr dy SsqrW AsqrW dw vI igAwn pRwpq
kr ilAw [ dYvI SkqI dI AwrwDnw kr ky Aij`q hox dy vr vI pRwpq kr ley [
ies qrW krn auprMq au s ny iek X`g rcn dw inrxw lY ky swry dy sW dy nw ij`qy
jwx vwly sUrvIr rwjy qy ivdvwn,igAwnvwn,jtwDwrI Xo gI,is` D isnAwsI Awid
sB qrW dy ivAkqIAW nUM sd ilAw [ au s dy sdy qy jo rwjw jW jtwDwI XogI
nhIN AwieAw aus nUM jMg ivc hwr dy ky Kqm kr idqw igAw [ jdoN bhu q v` fw
iek`T ho igAw qW rwjy ny iPr ienHW sBnW qy ij` q pRwpq krn leI AkwlpurK
dy iesqRI rU p dI AwrwDnw kridAW Akwl purK dw srU p vrnx ies qrW kIqw
ik
“ikRsn rwm Bey ikqy puin kwl pwie ibhwn]
kwl ko Ankwl kY AklMk mUriq mwn ]
jwis pwie Bxo sBY jg jws pwie iblwn ]
qwih qY Aibcwr jV krqwr kwih n jwn ]83]”
(dsm gR MQ-pwrs nwQ ru dR Avqwr)
69

ArQwq ijs nU M pRwpq krky ikqny hI rwm qy ikR Sn ho bIqy hn [ au s kwl nU M
kwl qoN mukq kr ky klMk rihq srUp vwlw jwno [ ijs dy hukm krky swrw
jgq hoNd ivc AwieAw hY qy ijs dy hukm krky sB nSt ho jWdy hn au s nU M hy
mUrKw krqwr kr ky ikauN nhIN qUM jwxdw ?
ies iek`T nUM sMboDn kridAW rwjy ny sBnW nUM llkwridAW ikhw ik jW qW
koeI pircXwqmk kOqk ivKwE jW sB jtwDwrI XogI AwpxIAW jtW munvw idE
ikauNik ieh sB pwKM f hY ik
“jogI jogu jtn mo nwih ]
BRm BR m mrq khw pic pic kih dyiK smJ mn mwhI ]
jo jn mhw qq khu jwnY prm gXwn khu pwvY ]
qb Xh eyk Taur mnu rwKY dir dir BR mq n DwvY ]
khw BXo igR h qij auiT Bwgy bn mY kIn invwsw ]
mn qo rhw sdw Gr hI mo so nhI BXo au dwsw ]
AiDk pR pM c idKwieAw Tgw jg jwin jog ko jorw ]
qum jIA lKw qjI mwXw hm mwXw mwXw qu mY n Corw ]97]”
(dsm gR MQ -pwrs nwQ rudR Avqwr)
gurU goibMd isMG jI mhwrwj vloN jog m` q bwry pwrs nwQ rwhIN drswey gey
ivcwr gurU gR MQ swihb jI ivc jo g m`q bwry drswey gey ivcwrW nwl iblkul
myl Kwdy hn jyvyN ik
“bwrh mih rwvl Kip jwvih chu iCA mih sMinAwsI ]
jogI kwpVIAw isr Ku by ibnu sbdY gil PwsI ]1]”
(pRBwqI mhlw 1 ] AM g 1332)
Aqy
“jogu n BgvI kpVI jogu n mYly vyis ]
nwnk Gir bYiTAw jogu pweIAY siqgur kY aupdyis ]”
(slok mhlw 3] AMg 1420)
pwrs nwQ dI l`lkwr sux ky keI jtwDwrI sMinAwsI aus dy ADIn ho gey [
keI sBw ivcoN au T ky jM glW nUM cly gey [ ijnHW hMkwrI jtwDwrIAW
sMinAwsIAW,jo gIAW ny pwrsnwQ dy m`q nUM mnx qoN ienkwr kr idqw aunHW nwl
bVw BwrI jMg ArMB ho igAw ijs ivc AKIr ij` q pwrs nwQ dI huM dI gurU jI
AwpxI khwxI ivc dsdy hn [ jMg ijqn qoN ipCoN pwrs nwQ ny d`qwqR y dy jog
70

m`q nUM Kqm kr idqw [ auhI jo gI Awpxy Awp nUM bcw sky sn jo ik jMglW ivc
luk gey sn [ hux pwrs nwQ Awpxy Awp nUM sM swr jy qU smJx lg ipAw [aus
ny BU p myD X` g krn dI iqAwrI jd kr leI qW au s dy mM qRIAW ny aus nU M ikhw
ik BUp-my D X`g krn smy iek l`K rwijAW nU M mwirAw jwvy qW BU p-myD X` g hu Mdw
hY [ X`g krvwaux vwilAW nUM Anyk qrW dI sMpqI dwn ivc dyxI pYNdI hY [ iek
l`K hwQI ,do l` K GoVy ,sony dy Anyk Bwr Aqy iek iek kroV dI rkm X`g
krvwaux vwly iek iek bRwhmn nUM dwn dyxI pYNdI hY [ jy iksy rwjy kol ieqnI
sMpqI hovy au hI BUp-my D X`g pUrn krvw skdw hY [ pwrs nwQ ny ikhw ik aus
pws ieh sb ku J mwjU d hY qy au h hr hwlq ivc inRp-myD( BU p-myD) X` g
krvwey gw [jd swry X`g dy pRbMD ho gey qW sBnW rwijAW qy hor sUrbIrW
joiDAW nU M ieh puiCAw igAw ik ies jgq ivc ko eI ho r vI ieho ijhw rwjw hY
ijs nU M hwlI qk pwrs nwQ ny ijiqAw nw hovy ? ieh sux ky l`KW rwjy Srm
Swr hoey hoey Awpxw isr nIvW krI bYTy rhy qd iek rwjy ny auT ky ieh byNnqI
kIqI ik jy kr aus dI jwn bKSI kr idqI jwvy qW auh ieh Byd Kol dyvy gw [
ies qy jd au s rwjy nUM puiCAw igAw qW aus rwjy ny ikhw ik smuM dr ivc iek
m`C dy pyt ivc iek mCM dr nwm dw XogI bYTw hY [ auh Xo gI hI jwxdw hY ik
ikhVw rwjw hwlI qk ijiqAw nhIN jw sikAw ? ieh su x ky pwrs nwQ ny aus
m`C nUM PVx vwsqy smu Mdr Br ivc swry sM swr dy jwl ivCw idqy pr au h m`C
h`Q nw AwieAw qy keI hor jl jIv jwlW ivc Ps gey [ ies qrW krn nwl
pwrs nwQ nUM ieh Byd dw pqw l`gw ik ijs m`C dI aus nU M lo V hY auh m`C KIr
swgr ivc rihM dw hY [ ies qy KIr swgr ivc rwjy pwrs nwQ ny jw ky jwl
ivCw idqy pr auh m`C nUM iPr vI nw PV sikAw ijs qy pwrs nwQ dy mMqRIAW ny
aus nUM smJwieAw ik auh m`CMdr monI rU p ivc m`C dy pyt ivc bY Tw hY ijs nUM
kyvl igAwn rU pI jwl nwl hI kwbU kIqw jw skdw hY [ jd igAwn dw jwl
ivCw ky m`C nU M PV ilAw igAw qy aus dy pyt ivcoN m`CM dr munI nU M PVx vwsqy
m`C dy pyt nUM cIrn dI lo V peI jd m`C dw pyt iksy vI hiQAwr nwl nw kitAw
igAw qW isAwxy ivAkqIAW dy dsx qy m`C nU M igAwn gurU dy dsx qy ibbyk dy
Cury nwl kitAw igAw [ m`C dy pyt ivcoN m`CM dr jd smwDI coN inkilAW qw au s
dIAW A`KIAW dy swhmxy jo s` qW DwqUAW dw bixAw pu qlw riKAW igAw sI auh
sVH ky svwh hoigAw qy m`CMdr ny pwrs nwQ nU M aus dy pRSnNW dy auqr dy NidAW
smJwieAw ik aus ny BwvyN swry rwjy ij`q ley hn pr auh rwjw nhIN ij`iqAw
71

jwvy gw [ au h qyry ihrdy AMdr rih irhw hY qy aus dw nwm Aibbyk hY ijs nUM
koeI vI rwjw ij`q nhIN sikAw [ aus dw srUp bVw hI AnUpm hY [
“sun rwj rwjn hM s ]Bv Buim ky AvqMs ]
quih jIqey sb rwie ] pr so n jIqXo jwie ]164]
Aibbyk hY nwau ] qv hIX mY iqh Twau ]
iqh jIq khI n Bu p ] vh hY srU p AnU p ]165]”
(dsm gR MQ -pwrs nwQ rudR Avqwr)
ies qy pwrs nwQ ny mCMdr nUM puiCAw ik Aibbyk qy ibby k iek hI jwqI dy
rwjy hn ijs kwrn ienHW dI kul,jwqI,ienHW dy l`Cx Aqy AsqRW sSqrw
,gihixAW r` Qw nwvW bwbq aus nU M smJwieAw jwvy [ ies qy mCMdr munI ny rwjy
Aibbyk qy aus dy du jy swQI rwijAW dy jo nwm dsy hn auh ies pRkwr hn [
Aibbyk dw iek mM qRI rwjw kwmdy v hY ijs dI sYxw ivc bhu q hI c`qr ,mohq
krn vwlIAW ,nwc gwxy ivc sM pUrn qy su Mdr nO jvwn iesqRIAW hn [ ijs smy
ieh rwjw kwmdyv kroD kr ky AwpxI sYxw smyq iksy qy hmlw krdw hY qW
svwey ibbyk qo N aus dw koeI twkrw nhIN kr skdw [ ies kwm dy v rwjy dy cwr
bVy mhWblI pu qr hn ijnHW dy nwm sUAn (rwgW dw rwjw),hUlws(suM dr idR SW dw
mwlk),AwnMd qy Brm dsy gey hn [ ies qo N ibnW iek bhu q hI sUrbIr keI
ijqW pRwpq krn vwlI bu hwdr iesqRI ijs dw nwm ‘klh’ hY jo hr QW lVweI
JgVy krvwaux leI pRisD hY [ hor sUrbIrW ivc ‘vY r,Awls,md, kuivRiq ,
gumwn, AnrQ,inMd,nrk,nsIl (ivgVy suBw vwlw) ,ku cIl (AsuDqw) ,BuK qy qR yh
,kpt dyv,loB, moh, hMkwr,dR oh, Brm,JUT qy rU T,imiQAW,icM qw,dirdR ,sMkw,AsoB,
Asqu MSt,Anws,ihM sw,ku mM q ,Aljw,corI ivBcwr,svwim Gwq qy ikRqGnqw (do
BweI hn ) imqRdoK qy rwj do K (do BweI hn) eIrKw qy aucwt,Apdw qy JUTqw
ijnHW dy h`QW ivc aupdr qy ivGn dy bwx hn,ibXo g qy AprwD ,
Kyd,kuikRAw,iglwin, Gwq qy bIkrx,Ky d, kSt,kuikRAw krm qy ibkrm Awid
bVy BwrI joDy Swml hn [
Aibbyk dIAW ienHW SkqIAW dw vrnx pMcm pwiqSwh sRI gurU Arjn dyv jI
krdy hoey dsdy hn ik ieh do S keI jnmW qoN hI jIv Awqmw nwl cly AwauNdy
hn ijs kwrn vwihgurU Akwl purK hI AwpxI ikrpw du Awrw ienH W qoN bcwvy [


72

“bYr ibroD kwm kRoD moh ]
JUT ibkwr mhw loB Droh ]
ieAwhu jugiq ibhwny keI jnm ]
nwnk rwiK lyhu Awpn kir krm ]”
(gurU gRMQ swihb AMg 267-68)
ienHW ivcoN vI pMc ivkwr bVy SkqI SwlI mMny gey hn ijnHW bwry AsIN hr roz Ardws
vI krdy hW ik swnUM kwm,kroD,lo B ,moh qy hMkwr qoN hy pRmwqmw sdw bcweI rKy [ gurU
Arjn swihb jI ienHW nUM bVy JgVwlU dsdy hoey PurmwauNdy hn ik
“pMc ibKwdI eyku grIbw rwKhu rwKnhwry ]
Kyd krih Aru bhuq sMqwvih AwieE srin quhwry ]”
(gurU gRMQ swihb AMg 205)
Aibbyk dIAW ienHW bVIAW BwrI SkqIAW nUM gurU goibM d isM G jI mhwrwj ny
icMnAwqmuk rU p ivc ieh jo khwxI bxw ky swnU M smJwieAw hY ik ieh sB jIv
Awqmw nUM pwpW ivc DsoVx vwlIAW SkqIAW hn [ ijnHW dw twkrw krn leI
mhwrwj jI khwxI nU M A` gy qordy hoey dsdy hn ik pwrs nwQ ny iPr mCM dr nUM
puiCAw ik ijs qrW au s nUM Aibbyk rwjy dy sUrmy qy aunHW dI SkqI,aunHW dy
S`sqr AsqrW bwry swrI jwnkwrI idqI hY ausy qrW au s nU M ibbyk rwjy qy au s
dIAW sB SkqIAW bwbq vI au s nUM disAw jwvy [ ies pR Sn dw au qr dyNidAW
mCMdr mUnI ny dsxw ArMB kIqw [ ibbyk rwjy dIAW ijhVIAW SkqIAW dw
vrnx mCM dr ny kIqw hY aunHW dy ieQy Aibbyk rwjy dIAW SkqIAW dI qrW kyvl
nwm hI dsy jw rhy hn [ ibbyk rwjy dI hr vsqU su PYd mCMdr ny dsI hY [
ibbyk rwjy dI PO j ivc DrmI,DIrj,sM jm,ny m,ibgRXwn ,iesnwn,inivRqI
suBwcwr,jog,Arcw qy pUjw,Aibkwr,ibidAw,sMjog,suikRq,Amoh qy AloB,hTI jpI
qpI sqI Aqy AKMf,AkroD ijs dw mMqR I ljw hY ,Akwm,inr-hMkwr,Bwvnw sihq
Bgq,pRy m,SWiq,pwT,krm qy isC,jog qy pRboD,audm,ibcwr qy
sMjog,hom,siqsMg,pRIq,hir Bgq,pivqr AMg,j`g qy pRboD,siq qy sM qo K,
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Anurkqqw,byrkqqw,AkRuD qy pR bo D,dwn,iDAwn Aid bVy sUrvIr joDy hn [
Aibbyk qy ibbyk dw Awps ivc bVw BwrI jMg huM dw Aw irhw hY ijs dw
hwl mCMdr ny pwrs nwQ nU M bVI ivsQwrqw nw dsidAW ikhw ik ienHW sUrvIr
joiDAW ny AwpsI jMg ivc hr qrW dy hiQAwrW dI vrqo kIqI qy krdy Aw rhy
hn [ dohW iDrW dI ieh jM g keI sdIAW qk jwrI rhI ijs ivc ij`q hwr dw
PYslw krnw bVw kTn sI ijs kwrn pwrs nwQ jMg dI khwxI suxdw hoieAw
A`k igAw qy mCMdr nUM ies dy AM q bwry puCx lgw ik
“kih muin bir sB moih ibcwrw ] ieh doaU bIr bfy birAwrw ]
ien kw ibruD invrq n BXw ] ieno Cfwvq sB jgu gXw ]331 ]
ienY ju Jwvq sb ko eI jUJw ]ien kw AMq n kwhU sUJw ]
ieh hY Awid hTI birAwrw ]mhwrQI Aau mhw BXwrw ]332]”
(dsm gR MQ -pwrs nwQ rUdR Avqwr)
pwrs nwQ rwjy dy ieh bcn sux ky mCMdr ku J icr leI cup irhw qy aus vl
hYrwn ho ky it`k it`kI lgw ky J`t p`t vyKdw irhw [ ies qy crpt nwQ nwmI
iek hor mu nI pY dw ho igAw [
crpt nwQ ny rwjy pwrs nwQ nU M smJWauNidAw ikhw ik Aibbyk qy ibbyk nUM
do nw smJo [ ieh iek hI rU p dy do ivkwr rihq AvqwrI ivAkqI hn [ Awid
purK (Akwl purK) ny jd Awpxy Awp nU M sMBwilAw qy Awpxy hI rU p ivc Awpxy
Awp nUM vyiKAw qy iek vwr ‘EAMkwr’ ikhw ijs qoN swrI Bu mI qy AkwS bx gey
ik
“Awid purK jb Awp sMBwrw ]Awp rUp mY Awp inhwrw ]
EAMkwr kih iekdw khw ] Buim Akws skl bin rhw ]335]”
(dsm gR MQ-pwrs nwQ rU dR Avqwr)
gurU goibMd isMG jI gurU gR MQ swihb ivc drj bwxI dI hI puStI krdy hn ik
“kIqw pswau eyko kvwau ]
iqsqy ho ey lK drIAwau ]”
(jpu jI swihb)
Aqy
“EAMkwir sB isR sit aupweI ]
sBu Kylu qmwsw qyrI vifAweI ]
(gurU gRM Q swihb AM g 1061)

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aus dy s`jy pwsy qo N s`c qy K` by pwsy qoN JU T dI au qpqI hoeI mM nI geI hY ijs
kwrn ieh dovyN blvwn sUrmy ieko hI smy pYdw hoey ijnHW nUM mwrnw bhu q hI kTn
hY [ pR mwqmw dy By dW nUM ko eI nhIN jwx skdw BwvyN auh AwpxI AwXU hzwrW swlw
qk vDw lvy qy hzwrW hI zbwnW nwl aus dw aUcwrn krdw rvy qW vI aus dy
BydW nUM nhIN pwieAw jw skdw ik
“shM s brK jo AwXU bFwvY ] rsnw shs sdw lO pwvY ]
shM s ju gn lO kry ibcwrw ] qdip n pwvq pwr qumwrw ]”
(dsm gR MQ-pwrs nwQ rU dR Avqwr)
“iek dU jIBO lK hoih lK hovih lK vIs ]
lKu lKu gyVw AwKIAih eyku nwmu jg dIs ]”
(jpu jI swihb)
Aqy
“eyk jIb gux kvn bKwnY ]
shs PnI sy K AM qu n jwnY ]”
(gurU gRM Q AM g 1083)
ies qrW Akwl purK dI mihmw kridAW crpt ny rwjy pwrs nwQ nU M
disAw ik pR mwqmw nwm rihq,Dwm rihq,igxqI qo N pry ,Awid AMq qoN ibnw hY [
auh Aijq qy BY rihq hY [ au h inrivkwr qy inrivSwd hY [ au h AnMq mhwnqw
vwlw ipRQvI dw sdIvI svwmI qy purwqn hY [ au h BivKq,vrqmwn qy AqIq dI
hr Gtnw nU M vrqwaux vwlw hY [
“AnwmM ADwmM AnIlM AnwdM ] AjYAM ABYAM ABY inr ibKwdM ]
AnMqM mhM qM ipRQIsM purwxM ] su BbRXM BivKRXM AvYXM BvwxM ]341]”
(dsm gR MQ-pwrs nwQ ru dR Avqwr)
ies qrW pwrs nwQ ny jd igAwn dy bcn suxy qW auh kihx l` gw ik jy au h
ienHW nU M ij`q nhIN skdw qW au s leI iehI TIk hY ik auh Awpxy Awp nU M AgxI
dy ByNt kr ky Kqm kr lvy [ aus ny AKIr jog AgxI pYdw kr ky Awpxy Awp
nUM Kqm kr ilAw [
ies dw Bwv ieh smiJAw jw skdw hY ik jo pRwxI Aibby k AQvw
AigAwnqw dy ADIn loB,moh qy mwieAw jwl iv`c P`s ky AMhkwrI ho jWdw hY
ijs kwrn auh AwpxIAW vwSnwvwdI rUcIAW dI pUrqI leI kroD qy eIrKw dw
shwrw lYNdw hoieAw BwrI mwns dbwE ADIn nipAw jWdw hY jo ik keI vwr au s
nUM Awqm hiqAw dy rwh qy qor dyNdw hY ijs qoN pRwxI nUM bcn leI gurU mhwrwj
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jI ieh isiKAw dy rhy hn ik ibbyk AQvw igAwn qy aus dIAW guxAwqmk
SkqIAW dw shwrw lYNidAW hoieAW hI pRwxI nU M Awpxw kilAwn krnw cwhIdw hY
[ ibbyk AQvw igAwn dI pRwpqI leI mnu K nU M nwm ismrn dy krm krn dI
loV hY ik
“igAwnY kwrn krm AiBAwsu ]
igAwnu BieAw qh krmh nwsu ]”
(gurU gRM Q swihb AM g-1167)


















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öNö T öH J!

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