Modular Origami

Earth Day April 22nd 2010

Face-Based Modules:

Equilateral Triangle and Square Flat Units

1

.......10 What Can You Make With These? ................................................3 Square Flat Unit .........................................................................13 Resources and Links.......................14 2 .............................................11 Sample Models...............................Table of Contents Equilateral Triangle Flat Unit........7 Joining Tabs...........12 Notes...............................

0 Step 2: Unfold. Origami Omnibus. Make sure the crease through the lower left corner is clean and sharp! 0 3 .Equilateral Triangle Flat Unit Before Kasahara. Fold the lower right corner (A) upwards so it falls along the center crease made in step 1 (at B) and so that your crease goes through the lower left corner (C). 1998. Japan Publications. Kunihiko. After Step 1: Turn the paper so its colored side is down and fold in half from right to left.

After this flip. Fold the upper left corner (D) so it falls along the crease made in the previous step (E). the narrow end (H) should be pointing toward you. 0 Step 4: 0 Fold the point where the crease from step 3 intersects the right side (F). Your new crease will go through the lowerright corner (A). until it reaches the center crease from Step 1 (G). After Point C is one of the corners of the triangle. 0 4 .Before Step 3: Unfold the crease you made in step 2. Step 5: Flip the paper over. The new crease should once again cleanly and sharply go through the lower left corner (C).

After Fold the bottom vertex of the triangle (H) to the middle of the top edge so that it lies directly 0 above (I). then unfold again. 5 . 0 Step 9: Fold and unfold. Step 7: Flip the paper over again. Fold the corner of the trapezoid which lies on the opposite side of the small white tab (A) to the corner of the trapezoid which is adjacent to the tab (J). Fold the right corner of the rhombus (C) on top of the opposite corner (M) so that all of 0 the triangular edges match. Step 8: Fold the corner of the small white tab (K) over the triangle edge (L) so that it is out of the way.Before Step 6: Fold H to meet I. Make a sharp crease through the middle. Make sure that all the edges line up.

6 .Before Step 10: Tuck both the open flap (C) and the paper behind it into the pocket beneath the other half of the triangle (M). After 0 Ensure that the triangular flap is inserted all the way inside the pocket and that the short flap behind it is completely tucked away. If the paper refuses to go in all the way.) Though both sides of the unit are functionally identical. Inspect your unit and pick the cleanest side as the “front. the side of the triangle that was facing you during Step 9 is really the "back" of the unit. side.” or outward facing. keep trying! The completed unit (flipped over. Models in which the "fronts" of all triangles are facing outward will tend to look nicer.

Japan Publications Trading. After Step 1: With the colored side down. fold the left edge over as far as you wish. 7 . Unit Polyhedron Origami .Square Flat Unit Before Fuse. Tomoko. 2006. Step 2: Fold the right edge so that it lines up with the left edge. Step 3: Fold the bottom up towards the center as far up as you wish.

Unit Polyhedron Origami . Tomoko. BEFORE AFTER Step 4: Fold top edge to down to align with the bottom edge. 2006. Open one unit horizontally like a book. Open the other unit vertically so that its bottom crease (the dotted line) aligns with the top edge of the first unit. Close the 'book' by folding the first unit's flaps inward again.Square Flat Unit Fuse. Now you have completed one unit. but that is only half of the square! Repeat steps 1-4 to make the other half. Japan Publications Trading. You may need to use your fingers to flatten the edges out inside the other half. Step 5: Assemble the two halves to make a Square Flat Unit. 8 .

Step 7: Tuck the last flap inside the pocket area created by the first unit.Square Flat Unit Fuse. Tomoko. Unit Polyhedron Origami . the four edges on the square unit are the same length as those of the triangle unit: exactly half the length of the original sheet of paper. You may need to use your fingers inside to flatten out the edges in between the halves. we will need to make joining tabs ! 9 . Japan Publications Trading. Notice it has one deep pocket on each edge. Congratulations! You have completed the Square Flat Unit. BEFORE AFTER Step 6: Fold the top flap down over the bottom unit. Coincidentally. This allows us to connect the Flat Square Units and Equilateral Triangle Units along their edges. but in order to do so. 2006.

2006. Unit Polyhedron Origami . Most Post-It Notes are 7. Step 2: With each quarter-size square. 10 . Tomoko. Post-It Notes can be used as joining tabs. Then unfold and cut or cleanly tear along the creases to make four squares of equal size .5 x 7.Joining Tabs for Square & Triangle Flat Units Fuse. This means that we can insert these tabs into the pockets of both the square and triangle units in order to “join” their edges together. which is exactly ¼ the size of a regular sheet of origami paper. Tip: to save time. then fold all four corners to meet at the center. fold in half both ways. Remember that the joining tab edges have the same length as the edges for the Square Flat Unit and Equilateral Triangle Unit. Each full sheet of paper will make four joining tabs. Before After Step 1: Fold one full-sized sheet into quarters. Congratulations! You have completed four joining tabs. Japan Publications Trading. You now have a joining tab.5 cm².

it is time to assemble them using the joining tabs (and a bit of glue!) 11 .What Can You Make With These? Now that you have learned how to fold two different types of flat unit modules.

Sample Models Try to use what you have learned to assemble other models. we visited MathWorld and looked at their list of Johnson Solids (http://mathworld.com/JohnsonSolid. For inspiration.html). 12 .wolfram.

Notes 13 .

http://textodigital. This website is an archive of his work. most of which can also be constructed using modular origami. Alexander's Polyhedra Pages .com : “ The web's most extensive mathematics resource. Unit Polyhedron Origami.wikipedia. GEOMAG Constructions.ph p: During his life. Wikipedia. Links: Wolfram MathWorld . 1990. all of the WRL file links will be interactive. http://mathworld.” 14 . Unit Origami: Multidimensional Transformations. Rafael Millàn was a prolific Geomag model builder. you can make as well.org : The Free Encyclopedia. Japan Publications Trading. This is a fantastic resource for inspiration.” Features interactive 3D virtual models using the LiveGraphics browser plug-in.com : A wiki full of real-world Geomag models ranging from the simple to the complex. Platonic . Japan Publications.wikia. Alex Doskey. plus lots of information on the mathematical properties of just about every named polyhedron out there. http://www.jovotoys.doskey. http://polyhedra.com : From the same person as above. Fuse. presented in a format that is easy to navigate.Resources and Links Interested in learning more? Books: Fuse. search for the “meta-dodecahedron.com/P/GG/bindex. Just about anything on the website which is made of squares and triangles can be made with the modules in this booklet. ◦ JovoToys. This is where we found the information on polyhedron nets. Since Geomag units have many of the same physical limitations as origami modules. there are plenty of articles here on Archimedian . Geomag Wiki. Japan Publications. Kasahara. Origami Omnibus. including spinning animations. and often links back to it. This is a good complement to MathWorld. Contains hundreds of plastic and VRML models of geometrical shapes and figures. In addition to having information on just about every subject. and Johnson solids. 1998. http://en. For an interesting challenge. If you have a VRML plug-in like the MediaMachines FluxPlayer . a lot of what he made.wolfram. 2006. http://geomag. Tomoko.com : Contains a treasure trove of technical information about Stewart Toroids (polyhedra made from other polyhedra) and other recent musings in the world of geometry. Tomoko. Kunihiko.

it offers a good variety of paper.marukai. CA 90505 ▪ Japanese daiso or $1. A good selection of origami paper.. Mitsuwa Market: Japanese Supermarket: 21515 Western Avenue. GARDENA. No membership required . Although Mitsuwa is a little higher-priced. CA ◦ Inside the market. and it is the only local location that we have found which carries 500-sheet packs! ◦ Marukai 98¢ Plus. A good selection of origami paper. CA 90248 310660-6300 ▪ Members-only store.com : A nice place to buy origami paper on the cheap. or $1.Stores: Marukai & Marukai SuperM Stores. there is a bookstore which stocks a limited supply of origami books and paper. There is also a stationary store inside which carries single-color packages. This has the largest selection and variety of origami paper that we know of. ◦ Marukai 98¢ Plus. TORRANCE. Gardena: 1740 WEST ARTESIA BLVD.. CA 90248 ▪ Japanese daiso. Gardena: 1360 WEST ARTESIA BLVD. Torrance. 15 . Shop online or visit one of several South Bay locations.00 store. ◦ Marukai Forum.00 store. Purchase a one-day pass for $. GARDENA. http://www. No membership required . Torrance: 3832 SEPULVEDA BLVD.

McCann April 22nd 2010 16 .Created by: U. Akotaobi & C.

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