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and Mass Percent Worksheet II Date _____/_____/_____ Period _____

Molality = Moles of solute / Kg of Solvent (abbreviation = m)

Normality = number of equivalent of solute x Molarity of Solution (abbreviation = N)

Mass Percent = mass of solute / mass of solution

1. How many moles of ethyl alcohol, C2H5OH, are present in 65 mL of a 1.5 M solution?

1000 mL C2H5OH 1 L C2H5OH

2. How many liters of a 6.0 M solution of acetic acid CH3COOH, contain 0.0030 moles of acetic acid?

6.0 moles CH3COOH

3. You want 85 g of KOH. How much of a 3.0 m solution of KOH will provide it?

56.11 g KOH 3.0 mole KOH 1 kg solvent

4. If you dissolve 0.70 moles of HCl in enough water to prepare 250 mL of solution, what is the molarity

of the solution you have prepared?

0.250 L solution

5. A solution is prepared by adding 2.0 L of 6.0 M HCl to 500 mL of a 9.0 M HCl solution. What is the

molarity of the new solution? (Remember, the volumes are additive)

1 L solution

1 L solution

2.5 L solution

a. 2.5 M HCl = 2.5 N

b. 1.4 M H2SO4 = 2.8 N

c. 1.0 M NaOH = 1.0 N

d. 0.5 M Ca(OH)2 = 1 N

7. A commonly purchased disinfectant is a 3.0% (by mass) solution of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in

water. Assuming the density of the solution is 1.0 g/cm3, calculate the molarity and molality of H2O2.

100. g solution

34.02 g H2O2

1.0 g solution 1000 mL solution

0.10 L solution

0.097 kg solvent

8. A solution is made by dissolving 25 g of NaCl in enough water to make 1.0 L of solution. Assume

the density of the solution is 1.0 g/cm3. Calculate the molarity and molality of the solution.

58.44 g NaCl

1.0 L solution

1 L solution 1 cm3 (or 1 mL)

1.0 kg solvent

9. What is the mass percent of a solution that contains 152 g of KNO3 in 7.86 L of water?

1 L H2O 1 mL

8010 g solution

10. A solution has been prepared to be 9.00 % (by mass) glucose. For every 100.0 grams of solution

present there are 9.00 g glucose grams of glucose.

100. g solution

11. How many grams of KBr are contained in 250. grams of a 6.25 % KBr solution?

6.25 % = x x 100

250. g solution

x = 15.6 g KBr

12. What is the concentration of each type of ion and total concentration of ions in a 0.375 M Ammonium

phosphate solution?

1 L solution 1 mole (NH4)3PO4

1 L solution 1 mole (NH4)3PO4

13. How many moles of chloride ions are in 1.50 L of 4.15 M zinc chloride?

1.50 L solution 4.15 mole ZnCl2 2 mole Cl-1 = 12.5 mole Cl-1

1 L solution 1 mole ZnCl2

ANSWERS

1. 0.098 moles of alcohol 7. 0.88M, 0.91m

2. 5.0 x 10-4 L solution 8. 0.43M, 0.43m

3. 5.9 x 10 2 g solution 9. 1.90 % by mass of KNO3

4. 2.8M 10. 9.00

5. 6.8 M 11. 15.6 g KBr

6. a. 2.5 N 12. a. 1.13 M of (NH4)+1 and 0.375 M of (PO4)-3

b. 2.8 N b. 1.51 M of ions

c. 1.0 N 13. 12.45 moles of Cl-1

d. 1 N

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