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# Honors Chemistry Name ____________________________________

## Chapter 12: Molarity, Molality, Normality,

and Mass Percent Worksheet II Date _____/_____/_____ Period _____

## Molarity = Moles of solute / Liters of Solution (abbreviation = M)

Molality = Moles of solute / Kg of Solvent (abbreviation = m)
Normality = number of equivalent of solute x Molarity of Solution (abbreviation = N)
Mass Percent = mass of solute / mass of solution
1. How many moles of ethyl alcohol, C2H5OH, are present in 65 mL of a 1.5 M solution?

## 65 mL C2H5OH 1 L C2H5OH 1.5 mole C2H5OH = 0.098 moles C2H5OH

1000 mL C2H5OH 1 L C2H5OH

2. How many liters of a 6.0 M solution of acetic acid CH3COOH, contain 0.0030 moles of acetic acid?

## 0.0030 moles CH3COOH 1 L solution = 5.0 x 10-4 L solution

6.0 moles CH3COOH

3. You want 85 g of KOH. How much of a 3.0 m solution of KOH will provide it?

## 85 g KOH 1 mole 1 kg solvent 1000 g solvent = 5.0 x 102 g solvent

56.11 g KOH 3.0 mole KOH 1 kg solvent

## 5.0 x 102 g solvent + 85 g KOH = 590 g solution

4. If you dissolve 0.70 moles of HCl in enough water to prepare 250 mL of solution, what is the molarity
of the solution you have prepared?

## M = 0.70 moles HCl = 2.8 M HCl

0.250 L solution

5. A solution is prepared by adding 2.0 L of 6.0 M HCl to 500 mL of a 9.0 M HCl solution. What is the
molarity of the new solution? (Remember, the volumes are additive)

1 L solution

1 L solution

2.5 L solution

## 6. Convert the following Molarities to Normalities.

a. 2.5 M HCl = 2.5 N
b. 1.4 M H2SO4 = 2.8 N
c. 1.0 M NaOH = 1.0 N
d. 0.5 M Ca(OH)2 = 1 N
7. A commonly purchased disinfectant is a 3.0% (by mass) solution of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in
water. Assuming the density of the solution is 1.0 g/cm3, calculate the molarity and molality of H2O2.

100. g solution

34.02 g H2O2

## 100. g solution 1 mL solution 1 L solution = 0.10 L solution

1.0 g solution 1000 mL solution

0.10 L solution

## m = 0.088 mole H2O2 = 0.91 m H2O2

0.097 kg solvent

8. A solution is made by dissolving 25 g of NaCl in enough water to make 1.0 L of solution. Assume
the density of the solution is 1.0 g/cm3. Calculate the molarity and molality of the solution.

58.44 g NaCl

1.0 L solution

## 1.0 L solution 1000 mL solution 1.0 g = 1.0 x 103 g solution

1 L solution 1 cm3 (or 1 mL)

## M = 0.43 mole NaCl = 0.43 m NaCl

1.0 kg solvent

9. What is the mass percent of a solution that contains 152 g of KNO3 in 7.86 L of water?

1 L H2O 1 mL

## 152 g KNO3 x 100 = 1.90 %

8010 g solution
10. A solution has been prepared to be 9.00 % (by mass) glucose. For every 100.0 grams of solution
present there are 9.00 g glucose grams of glucose.

## mass % = 9.00 g glucose x 100

100. g solution

11. How many grams of KBr are contained in 250. grams of a 6.25 % KBr solution?

6.25 % = x x 100
250. g solution

x = 15.6 g KBr

12. What is the concentration of each type of ion and total concentration of ions in a 0.375 M Ammonium
phosphate solution?

## 0.375 mole (NH4)3PO4 3 mole (NH4)+1 = 1.13 M (NH4)+1

1 L solution 1 mole (NH4)3PO4

## 0.375 mole (NH4)3PO4 1 mole (PO4)-3 = 0.375 M (PO4)-3

1 L solution 1 mole (NH4)3PO4

## 1.13 M (NH4)+1 + 0.375 M (PO4)-3 = 1.51 M ions

13. How many moles of chloride ions are in 1.50 L of 4.15 M zinc chloride?

1.50 L solution 4.15 mole ZnCl2 2 mole Cl-1 = 12.5 mole Cl-1
1 L solution 1 mole ZnCl2