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7Gb/8 Observations and theories

Cut out these cards, and sort them into groups. For each card, decide whether it is an
observation, a theory or a prediction. You may be asked to explain your reasons.

Jim always wears a Mum can’t be Jim will wear a red


red shirt to the bothered to cook shirt to the disco
disco. when she is tired. next week.

If we practiced
If Jo gets another
St. Mary’s practice more, we should be
goldfish, it will
more than we do. able to beat St
probably die too.
Mary’s.

Jo can’t be bothered
Mum is tired by the Jo’s goldfish died
to feed her goldfish
end of the week. last week.
properly.

St Mary’s are a
The fish and chip
Jim thinks that red better team because
shop is closing
looks good on him. they practice more
down this week.
than we do.

We will have a We always get


We always have fish
different kind of beaten at hockey by
and chips for tea on
take-away for tea the team from St
Fridays.
this Friday. Mary’s.

knowledge

Exploring Science 7 © Pearson Education Limited 2002


7Gc/6 Particles true or false?
Name _____________________________ Class ___________

1 Decide if each of the statements below is true or false. If a statement is false, change
some of the words to make it correct.

2 Now look at each pair of statements, and decide if the second statement is an explanation
for the first one.

T F

A Solids cannot be squashed.

B Particles are far apart in a solid.

Does B explain A? Yes or no?

C Liquids cannot flow.

D Particles in a liquid can move around.

Does D explain C? Yes or no?

E A gas will spread out to fill the container it is in.

F Particles in a gas are far apart.

Does F explain E? Yes or no?

G Liquids are easy to squash.

H There are large gaps between the particles in a liquid.

Does H explain G? Yes or no?

knowledge

Exploring Science 7 © Pearson Education Limited 2002


7Gd/8 Find the word - answers
1 This the way a smell can move around. Diffusion

2 These are what all things are made of. Particles

3 These are the forces that hold particles together. Bonds

4 This is the backward and forward movement of particles in Vibration


a solid.
5 This is something with a fixed volume, but no fixed shape. Liquid

6 This is the word for something that you see happening. Observation

7 This is something without a fixed shape or volume. Gas

8 The particles in this kind of matter are held together in a Solid


fixed arrangement.
9 There are three states of _________ Matter

10 Liquids and gases can do this, but solids cannot. Flow

The mystery word is theory.

A T E U Y I X C Z N A I Q R K J W E H Y H X C K

X B K A F T A H Q K U J C Q R E K Z E A R T H

T M N T P I N T I U Y W X C A I Q X J T Z N Y U

Z S D N B V G U D V L T B V O W P O L W F I B K

H G Q E S Q L C V J P J F A P A B U Y X P E F W

E S R J D H L W B G F T D N L E G W T J G H L C

R O J W O C P R S H C T G N M H M A K Z O C V Q

J F L W M N F U O M V E F G M I D T X K B S D R

X N Y N W A J K Z X K T R Q Z K E Y A Y E U S H

A H C E I U Q W C R I C T A N Z H J Z N Q I V J

U J K Q T H N H J J Q N N U H Q K R H X D M G U

Q E J Q A K C N K A R E J C E A I E R C K I T C

Exploring Science 7 © Pearson Education Limited 2002


7Gd/8 Find the word
Name _____________________________ Class ___________

Answer these questions. Then look at the first letter in each answer, and colour in all the
squares in the diagram with that letter.

1 This the way a smell can move around.


2 These are what all things are made of.
3 These are the forces that hold particles together.
4 This is the backward and forward movement of particles in
a solid.
5 This is something with a fixed volume, but no fixed shape.
6 This is the word for something that you see happening.
7 This is something without a fixed shape or volume.
8 The particles in this kind of matter are held together in a
fixed arrangement.
9 There are three states of …
10 Liquids and gases can do this, but solids cannot.

What is the mystery word? ____________________

A T E U Y I X C Z N A I Q R K J W E H Y H X C K

X B K A F T A H Q K U J C Z Q R E K Z E A R T H

T M N T P I N T I U Y W X C A I Q X J T Z N Y U

Z S D N B V G U D V L T B V O W P O L W F I B K

H G Q E S Q L C V J P J F A P A B U Y X P E F W

E S R J D H L W B G F T D N L E G W T J G H L C

R O J W O C P R S H C T G N M H M A K Z O C V Q

J F L W M N F U O M V E F G M I D T X K B S D R

X N Y N W A J K Z X K T R Q Z K E Y A Y E U S H

A H C E I U Q W C R I C T A N Z H J Z N Q I V J

U J K Q T H N H J J Q N N U H Q K R H X D M G U

Q E J Q A K C N K A R E J C E A I E R C K I T C

knowledge, literacy

Exploring Science 7 © Pearson Education Limited 2002


7Ge/6 Particles concept map
Name _____________________________ Class ___________

States of matter

Solids Liquids Gases

are made of are made of are made of

particles

which are which are which are

_________ _________ _________


together together apart

so solids are so liquids are so gases

__________ and __________ and


cannot be have a low ________
cannot be
__________ and are easy to
__________
__________

in a _________
not in a not in a
arrangement _________
_________
arrangement arrangement
so solids
so liquids
so gases
have a fixed
__________ and
_________ have a fixed
__________ but not a do not have a fixed
fixed _________ __________ or a fixed
_________

close dense density far fixed particles shape squashed volume

knowledge, literacy
Exploring Science 7 © Pearson Education Limited 2002
7Ge/7 Concept map 7Ge/7 Concept map
words words
Make a concept map to show what you have learned about Make a concept map to show what you have learned about
states of matter and particle theory. Try to include all these states of matter and particle theory. Try to include all these
words on your concept map. You can use the words more than words on your concept map. You can use the words more than
once if you need to. once if you need to.

close move close move


dense particles dense particles
diffusion pressure diffusion pressure
far apart shape far apart shape
fixed solid fixed solid
flow states flow states
gas squash gas squash
liquid volume liquid volume

knowledge knowledge

Exploring Science 7 © Pearson Education Limited 2002 Exploring Science 7 © Pearson Education Limited 2002