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Tourism Systems 1 Group work Activity

Lecturer: Mr L Makoni

Instructions

1. Work in groups of Ten to complete the following Activity


2. Answer all questions in the provided exam pads
3. Write all names of group members on the first page of the exam pad
4. Attach the hard copy of this question paper on your exam paper
5. Every group member must participate
6. Dateline: Monday 26 Feb 2018 (APB) and Wednesday 28 Feb (APK)

QUESTION 1 MARKS
DECODE THE FOLLOWING ACRONYMS:

1.1 UNWTO (1)


1.2 WTO (1)
1.3 VFR (1)
1.4 GDP (1)
1.5 WWF (1)
Total for this section: [5 marks]

QUESTION 2
STATE WHETHER THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ARE TRUE OR FALSE:

2.1 Tourism is about people visiting countries far away from their homes and staying in
luxurious hotels.
2.2 One of the greatest challenges facing the tourism sector nowadays is that it is a discipline
that is often approached from a specific defined point of view.
2.3 The historical approach to tourism involves looking at the development of tourism
activities and institutions over time.
2.4 The concept of travel never existed in Africa before colonisation and contact with the rest
of the world.
2.5 Investing in tourism is the solution to economic problems because tourism itself
contributes significantly to world economies and employs many people.
Total for this section [5 marks]

QUESTION 3

3.1 Tourism as a subject can be viewed from many points of view. Based on this statement,
describe the logic behind the notion to classify tourism under the following disciplines:
- Geography (2)
- Environmental Science (2)
- Business Management/Economics (2)
3.2 Tourism differs from manufacturing in that it is an amalgam of both products and
services. Elaborate on this statement by providing three (3) typical unique characteristics of
tourism, and give relevant examples to support your answer. (9)
3.3 Who are tourism stakeholders? (4)
Total for this section [19]

QUESTION 4
DEFINITION OF TERMS (Define the following terms and concepts):
4.1 Tourism (4)
4.2 Stakeholders (2)
4.3 Time-rich-money-poor (2)
4.4 Destination (2)
4.5 Excursionist (2)
4.6 Recreation (3)
Total for this section [15 marks]

QUESTION 5

5.1 What approach to studying tourism is the most complete, and why? (5)
5.2 What was the basis of the universal right to tourism? (2)
5.3 The wide variety of tourism definitions pose two (2) major problems for the tourism
industry. What are these major problems? (2)
5.4 It has been widely agreed that the best way to approach tourism research and tourism
studies is to think about the essential nature of tourism. Explain what is meant by this
statement by providing the key elements of tourism. (10)
Total for this section [19 marks]

QUESTION 6

6.1 Provide a brief discussion on the challenges of tourism as an industry that emanated from
the birth of the universal right to tourism. (7)
Total for this section [7 marks]

QUESTION 7

7.1 Push factors are responsible for creating demand for tourism. Once a tourist’s needs
‘push’ him or her to travel, other forces take over and ‘pull’ a tourist to a specific attraction,
place, destination or country. Discuss factors that pull the tourist to a specific destination.
[20
MARKS]

7.2 Discuss in detail how tourism demand and tourism supply integrate [10 Marks]

Total = 100 marks