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MARINE FENDER SYSTEMS CATALOGUE

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 2 THE ACCESSORIES OF FENDER SYSTEM 64
PIANC 2002 Rated Performance Data (RPD) Frontal Frame
Bridgestone Marine Fenders: Product Overview Frontal Pad and Fixings
Anchors and Frame Fixings
QUALITY CONTROL 6 Chain System and Chain Fixing Anchor
Proof of Quality Accessories Material Specifications
Marine Fender Manufacturer versus Fender Traders
MARINE FENDER DESIGN GUIDELINES 72
HYPER CELL FENDER (HC) 8 Marine Fender Design Flow Chart
Hyper Cell Fender Performance (RPD & CV) Definitions of Vessel Parameters
Hyper Cell Fender Generic Performance Curve Berthing Energy Calculations
Hyper Cell Fender Temperature Factor Berthing Velocity
Hyper Cell Fender Velocity Factor Mass Coefficient (Cm)
Hyper Cell Fender Dimensions Eccentricity Factor (Ce)
Hyper Cell Fender Fixing Bolt Locations Softness coefficient (Cs)
Configuration coefficient (Cc)
SUPER CELL FENDER (SUC) 20 Factor of Abnormal Berthing
Super Cell Fender Performance (RPD & CV) Multiple-Fender Contact
Super Cell Fender Generic Performance Curve Design by Berth Considerations
Super Cell Fender Temperature Factor Design by Vessel Considerations
Super Cell Fender Velocity Factor Frontal Frame Design
Super Cell Fender Dimensions Chain System Design
Super Cell Fender Fixing Bolt Locations Fixings and Anchors Design

DYNA ARCH FENDER (DA) 34 RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND TESTING 88


Dyna Arch Fender Performance (RPD & CV) FACILITIES
Dyna Arch Fender Generic Performance Curve Finite Element Analysis (FEA)
Dyna Arch Fender Temperature Factor Rubber Materials Technology
Dyna Arch Fender Velocity Factor Testing Facilities
Dyna Arch Fender Dimensions
Dyna Arch Fender Fixing Bolt Locations MARINE FENDER VERIFICATION 92
Physical Property of Rubber
LIGHT-DUTY DYNA ARCH FENDER (DA) 48 Fender Performance Test
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Performance (RPD & CV) Dimensional Tolerances
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Generic Performance Curve
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Temperature Factor APPENDIX 94
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Velocity Factor Table of Vessel Data
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Dimensions Unit Conversion Table
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Fixing Bolt Locations Precaution And Recommendations
List of Reference
SMALL CRAFT FENDERS 52 Disclaimer
Cylindrical Fender (CY)
Super Turtle Fender (ST150H / ST200H)
Turtle Fender (T100H / T130H)
Seal Fender (S100H / S130H)
Super Arch Corner Fender (C-SA)
W Fender (W230H)
Wharf Head Protector (HT20H)
Safety Rubber Ladder (SL150H / SL200H / SL250H)
2
INTRODUCTION

“Serving Society with Superior Quality”


Bridgestone Corporation was founded in 1931 by Shojiro Ishibashi recognized standards and guidelines including PIANC 2002, and has
to manufacture tyres in Japan. In 1938 Bridgestone began to apply complete technical back-up services available.
our knowledge of rubber technology to diversified (non-tyre) products
including rubber and chemical products. Today Bridgestone is the Marine fenders have been an indispensable product at various port
world’s largest rubber manufacturing company, operating in over facilities throughout the world. The demand for good and reliable quality
150 countries and with over 170 manufacturing facilities worldwide. fender systems is ever increasing. For more than 50 years, Bridgestone
Diversified products account for approximately 20% of annual sales. has played an important role to provide high quality marine fender
systems to ports worldwide. With our state-of-the-art facilities and
One of the cornerstone products for diversified products is Marine continuous investment in research and development work, Bridgestone
Fender. Bridgestone is proud of our supply history and reputation diligently innovates and searches for the best fendering solutions. From
within the industry. All marine fenders from Bridgestone are cylindrical fenders to our advanced cell series fenders, Bridgestone
scientifically evaluated and are subject to rigorous in-house quality prides itself for being able to bring genuine value-added technology
control. Bridgestone is ISO9001 accredited, designs to internationally to its clients.

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3
PIANC 2002 RATED PERFORMANCE DATA (RPD)

PIANC (Permanent International Association of Navigation Congress) Guidelines for the Design of Fender Systems: 2002 (PIANC 2002) introduces
Rated Performance Data (RPD) with an initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s decreasing to 0.005 m/s as its new fender performance basis. RPD
is introduced to simulate the decreasing velocity of actual berthing conditions.

The Differences between Conventional Method and PIANC 2002 RPD

Conventional Method PIANC 2002

Constant-Slow-Velocity Method Decreasing Velocity Method

Compression
Velocity

The large difference in compression velocity between the constant-slow-velocity and the decreasing velocity method causes a corresponding
difference in the performance data of the fender. The reaction force and energy absorption of rubber, being a viscoelastic material, will be higher
when it is compressed with a higher velocity.

According to PIANC 2002 there are 2 ways to obtain RPD.


1) Method CV
2) Method DV

Bridgestone has selected the Method CV in its fender testing program to comply with PIANC 2002. Below is an extract from page 52 of the PIANC
2002 Guidelines which describes Method CV.

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4

To obtain RPD as per PIANC 2002, a Velocity Factor must be established, as described in the above text. The Velocity Factor can be obtained
by scale model tests. Bridgestone has renamed Velocity Factor to RPD Factor. This is to avoid confusion with the Velocity Factor that is used for
adjusting fender performance if the berthing velocity is other than the standard 0.15m/s.

Bridgestone’s RPD Factors are obtained as per the PIANC 2002 Guidelines:

Decreasing Velocity Method Performance Data (by scale model tests)


RPD Factor =
Constant Slow Velocity Method Performance Data (by scale model test)

The fender performance is therefore adjusted with RPD factors. An example of the effect on the performance curve is as below.

Reaction Force Ratio of HC1000H(J3) Fender


1.2

1.0

0.8
Reaction Force Ratio

0.6

0.4

Constant-Slow-Velocity Method Reaction Force Ratio


0.2
RPD Reaction Force Ratio

0.0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75
Center Deflection of Fender / %

As RPD is higher than the constant-slow-velocity method performance data, the RPD Factor is always greater than 1.0.

Bridgestone has conducted multiple performance tests with various strain rates (velocity) and temperatures for establishing RPD Factors, Velocity
Factors, and Temperature Factors for Bridgestone fenders. These factors are identified in the performance tables that follow.

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5
Bridgestone Marine Fenders: Product Overview

Hyper Cell (HC)


Typical Applications
• Container Berth
• Oil and Gas Berth
• General Cargo Berth
• Ore Berth
• Ro-Ro Berth
• Shipyard

Super Cell (SUC)


Typical Applications
• Container Berth
• Oil and Gas Berth
• General Cargo Berth
• Ore Berth
• Ro-Ro Berth
• Shipyard

Dyna Arch (DA) (DA-A/ DA-B/ DA-S)


Typical Applications
• Container Berth
• General Cargo Berth
• Ro-Ro Berth
• Shipyard

Light Duty Dyna Arch (DA)


Typical Applications
• Fishing Port
• Yacht Harbor
• Barge Berth

Small Craft Fender


• Cylindrical Fender Typical Applications
• Super Turtle Fender • Fishing Port
• Turtle Fender • Yacht Harbor
• Sealed Fender • Barge Berth
• W Fender • General Cargo Berth
• Wharf Head Protector
• Safety Rubber Ladder Safety Rubber Cylindrical Super Arch
• Super Arch Corner Ladder Fender Corner

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6
QUALITY CONTROL

Bridgestone fenders are well known for their quality. Being one of
the world’s largest rubber-based company, Bridgestone understands
rubber better than anyone else and leverages this expertise in rubber
technology to marine fender systems. Bridgestone fenders are one
of the original and most-trusted brands in the world. Equipped
with world-class testing facilities and stringent testing procedures,
Bridgestone fenders give you peace of mind wherever vessels berth.

High durability and excellent quality are synonymous with Bridgestone


fenders. This is well supported by impressive results of durability
testing on our Super Cell (SUC) and Hyper Cell (HC) fenders.

We meet the rigorous requirements of PIANC. Moreover, Bridgestone


fenders are made from the premium quality of rubber at ISO9001-
certified manufacturing plants fully owned and operated by
Bridgestone.

Being a market leader in fendering solutions, Bridgestone has over


50 years of proven installations and has become the fender of
choice.

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7
Proof Of Quality

2 STAR Awarded for SHELL TAMAP

The Oil & Gas industry demands equipment of the highest grade. To ensure reliability of Marine Product, Shell has adopted the Technical Accepted
Manufacturers and Products (TAMAP) list which covers manufacturers of various marine equipments from around the world.

In 2010, Bridgestone were invited for evaluation of their marine fenders as this item was seen as an important element for their operation. The
assessments were carried out based on:
1) Product quality assurance
2) Engineering and R&D features
3) Manufacturing and quality controls
4) Warranty and after sales services.

Assessment ratings are allocated as follow:

2 STAR – Fully Accepted


1 STAR – Partially Accepted
0 STAR – Not Accepted
X – Not Qualified for Evaluation

We are proud that Bridgestone has been awarded with 2 STAR for marine fender, the highest rank in the Technical Accepted Manufacturers and
Products (TAMAP) by Shell. This further substantiated that Bridgestone is recognized as the pioneer manufacturer of top quality product and
engineering services.

Marine Fender Manufacturer Versus Fender Traders


There is a trend for some companies to move towards
subcontract style of business for the supply of the rubber
fender body. Hence, it is important to highlight that Bridgestone
fenders are manufactured in Bridgestone’s 100% owned
and operated fabrication plant located in Shenyang, China.
This plant specializes in molded products, which includes
our marine fenders, rubber tracks, and other product lines.
Annual throughput exceeds 8000 tons of rubber.

Bridgestone, being the manufacturer, can secure a high level


of quality control in the manufacturing process. Moreover,
data integrity such as rubber properties and fender testing
performance can be assured.

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8
HYPER CELL FENDER (HC)

The Hyper Cell fender is the highest evolution of the original Bridgestone cell
series fenders introduced in 1969. Analytically designed, Hyper Cell fenders
have a very complex shape, making the energy absorption and reaction force
ratio effectively higher than Super Cell fenders of the same size. Advanced
materials, cutting-edge technology and advanced testing facilities play a pivotal
role in the success of the Hyper Cell fender.

Since 1996, Hyper Cell fenders have been in service at ports around the world.
Specifically, Hyper Cell fenders are very popular at Container Terminals due to
their durability and performance.

Similar to Super Cell fenders, Hyper Cell fenders are typically designed with
frontal frame to allow for better distribution of stress across the hull surface.

50 years of experience in fendering solutions has been incorporated into this


latest generation of fenders.

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Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
9
Features Of Hyper Cell Fenders

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
• High energy absorption with low reaction force
• Enhanced angular performance
• Excellent multi-directional angular performance
• High durability as the internal stresses are dispersed throughout the fender body
• High allowable static load of fenders
• Over 17 years of proven supply records
• Ease of installation

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Dyna Arch (DA)
Light-Duty
Small Craft Fenders
The Accessories Of
Fender System
Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification

FEA model of Hyper Cell fender


Appendix

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10
Rated Performance Data (RPD) & Slow-Constant-Velocity Compression Test Performance
J1 J2-15 J2-10 J2-5 J2 J3-15 J3-10
HC
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er

RPD 116 25.5 124 27.4 131 29 139 30.6 148 32.5 156 34.4 166 36.6
400H CV 100 22.4 107 23.8 113 25.2 119 26.6 126 28.0 133 29.8 141 31.5
fRPD 1.156 1.139 1.160 1.150 1.163 1.151 1.167 1.151 1.170 1.161 1.174 1.156 1.178 1.163
RPD 259 85.7 276 91.3 293 97 310 103 329 109 350 116 372 123
600H CV 226 75.6 240 80.4 254 85.1 268 89.8 283 94.5 300 100 318 106
fRPD 1.145 1.134 1.149 1.136 1.153 1.140 1.157 1.143 1.162 1.151 1.166 1.158 1.171 1.162
RPD 351 136 374 145 398 154 421 163 446 172 476 184 506 195
700H CV 308 120 327 128 346 135 365 143 385 150 409 160 433 169
fRPD 1.141 1.131 1.145 1.130 1.149 1.138 1.154 1.138 1.158 1.148 1.163 1.148 1.168 1.155
RPD 457 202 488 215 518 229 549 242 580 256 619 273 658 291
800H CV 402 179 427 190 452 202 477 213 502 224 534 238 565 252
fRPD 1.137 1.128 1.142 1.133 1.146 1.133 1.151 1.138 1.156 1.143 1.160 1.149 1.165 1.153
RPD 577 287 615 306 654 325 693 345 733 364 782 388 832 413
900H CV 509 255 540 271 572 287 604 303 636 319 675 339 715 359
fRPD 1.134 1.125 1.139 1.128 1.143 1.132 1.148 1.137 1.153 1.142 1.158 1.145 1.163 1.150
RPD 710 392 758 419 806 445 855 472 904 498 964 532 1025 566
1000H CV 628 350 667 372 706 394 746 416 785 438 834 465 883 492
fRPD 1.131 1.121 1.136 1.125 1.141 1.129 1.146 1.134 1.151 1.138 1.156 1.144 1.161 1.150
RPD 935 594 998 634 1062 675 1127 715 1194 758 1268 805 1355 860
1150H CV 830 533 882 566 934 599 986 632 1040 666 1100 707 1170 749
fRPD 1.127 1.115 1.132 1.121 1.137 1.127 1.143 1.132 1.148 1.138 1.153 1.139 1.158 1.148
RPD 1191 856 1276 917 1351 970 1436 1031 1523 1094 1623 1165 1722 1236
1300H CV 1060 769 1130 817 1190 865 1260 914 1330 962 1410 1020 1490 1080
fRPD 1.124 1.113 1.129 1.122 1.135 1.121 1.140 1.128 1.145 1.137 1.151 1.142 1.156 1.144
RPD 1380 1068 1478 1142 1564 1210 1661 1285 1762 1362 1873 1448 1998 1543
1400H CV 1230 961 1310 1020 1380 1080 1460 1140 1540 1200 1630 1280 1730 1350
fRPD 1.122 1.111 1.128 1.120 1.133 1.120 1.138 1.127 1.144 1.135 1.149 1.131 1.155 1.143

Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er
HC
J1 J2-15 J2-10 J2-5 J2 J3-15 J3-10

[Units: kNm, kN]


Note:
1. Performance data is based on having mount height equal to 0.15 times of fender height in place on top of the fender.
2. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
3. RPD is in accordance with PIANC for design performance with initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s.
4. CV is in accordance with PIANC for compression test performance with slow-constant-velocity compression of 0.00133m/s.
5. RPD factor, fRPD is an adjustment factor for CV performance to RPD.
Where, RPD = fRPD x CV

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
11
Rated Performance Data (RPD) & Slow-Constant-Velocity Compression Test Performance

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
J3-5 J3 J4-15 J4-10 J4-5 J4
HC HC
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er

RPD 176 38.8 186 41 196 41.6 208 44.2 220 46.6 232 49.3 RPD
400H CV 149 33.3 157 35.0 167 35.4 177 37.5 186 39.6 196 41.6 CV 400H
fRPD 1.182 1.166 1.186 1.173 1.173 1.175 1.177 1.180 1.181 1.178 1.184 1.185 fRPD

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
RPD 395 131 417 138 437 139 465 148 492 157 519 166 RPD
600H CV 336 112 353 118 375 119 397 127 419 134 441 141 CV 600H
fRPD 1.175 1.166 1.180 1.167 1.166 1.171 1.171 1.166 1.174 1.170 1.178 1.174 fRPD
RPD 536 207 566 218 595 221 632 235 669 249 706 262 RPD
700H CV 457 178 481 188 511 190 541 201 571 212 601 223 CV 700H
fRPD 1.172 1.162 1.177 1.162 1.164 1.164 1.168 1.169 1.172 1.173 1.175 1.177 fRPD

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
RPD 697 308 738 325 775 329 823 350 873 371 921 391 RPD
800H CV 596 266 628 280 667 283 706 300 746 317 785 333 CV 800H
fRPD 1.170 1.157 1.175 1.162 1.162 1.164 1.166 1.166 1.170 1.169 1.173 1.175 fRPD
RPD 882 438 933 463 979 468 1041 497 1103 527 1163 556 RPD
900H CV 755 379 795 399 844 403 894 427 944 451 993 474 CV 900H

Small Craft Fenders


fRPD 1.168 1.155 1.173 1.160 1.160 1.161 1.164 1.165 1.168 1.168 1.171 1.173 fRPD
RPD 1087 600 1149 633 1204 640 1278 679 1353 718 1439 764 RPD
1000H CV 932 520 981 547 1040 553 1100 586 1160 618 1230 651 CV 1000H
fRPD 1.166 1.153 1.171 1.158 1.158 1.157 1.162 1.159 1.166 1.162 1.170 1.173 fRPD
RPD 1432 908 1520 963 1595 975 1694 1034 1793 1094 1891 1155 RPD
1150H CV 1230 790 1300 832 1380 841 1460 891 1540 940 1620 990 CV 1150H
fRPD 1.164 1.149 1.169 1.158 1.156 1.159 1.160 1.161 1.164 1.164 1.167 1.167 fRPD

The Accessories Of
Fender System
RPD 1823 1308 1937 1388 2031 1403 2165 1495 2289 1580 2412 1666 RPD
1300H CV 1570 1140 1660 1200 1760 1220 1870 1290 1970 1360 2070 1430 CV 1300H
fRPD 1.161 1.147 1.167 1.157 1.154 1.150 1.158 1.159 1.162 1.162 1.165 1.165 fRPD
RPD 2123 1640 2239 1728 2352 1750 2499 1858 2647 1967 2794 2076 RPD
1400H CV 1830 1430 1920 1500 2040 1520 2160 1610 2280 1700 2400 1790 CV 1400H
fRPD 1.160 1.147 1.166 1.152 1.153 1.151 1.157 1.154 1.161 1.157 1.164 1.160 fRPD

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er
HC HC
J3-5 J3 J4-15 J4-10 J4-5 J4

[Units: kNm, kN]


Note:
1. Performance data is based on having mount height equal to 0.15 times of fender height in place on top of the fender.
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

2. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
3. RPD is in accordance with PIANC for design performance with initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s.
4. CV is in accordance with PIANC for compression test performance with slow-constant-velocity compression of 0.00133m/s.
5. RPD factor, fRPD is an adjustment factor for CV performance to RPD.
Where, RPD = fRPD x CV
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

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12
Generic Performance Curve for J1~J3 Grades
Performance Ratio for HC Fender (J1 ~ J3 Grades)
110

100

90

80

70
Reaction Force, R (%)

Energy Absorption, E (%)


60

50 100

40 80

30 60

20 40

CV Reaction Force RPD Reaction Force


10 20
CV Energy Absorption RPD Energy Absorption
0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75
Center Deflection, Ci (%)
[Rated Deflection at 70%]

Generic Performance Curve for J4-15 ~ J4 Grades


Performance Ratio for HC Fender (J4-15 ~ J4 Grades)
110

100

90

80

70
Reaction Force, R (%)

Energy Absorption, E (%)


60

50 100

40 80

30 60

20 40

CV Reaction Force RPD Reaction Force


10 20
CV Energy Absorption RPD Energy Absorption
0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75
Center Deflection, Ci (%)
[Rated Deflection at 67.5%]

Angle Factor for Rated Energy, AF for J1 ~ J3 Grades


Angle (o) 0 3 5 6 7 8 10 12 15 20
Ci (%) 70.0 69.6 69.2 69.1 68.7 68.3 67.3 66.4 64.8 61.7
AF 1.000 0.997 0.995 0.995 0.992 0.988 0.973 0.957 0.929 0.872

Angle Factor for Rated Energy, AF for J4-15 ~ J4 Grades


Angle (o) 0 3 5 6 7 8 10 12 15 20
Ci (%) 67.5 66.9 66.4 66.2 66.0 65.7 65.1 64.8 63.2 60.4
AF 1.000 0.992 0.986 0.984 0.983 0.980 0.972 0.965 0.932 0.870

Note:
1. Angular compression reduces fender energy performance at the rated maximum compression.
2. Ci = Deflection on fender centerline.
3. The table above shows the adjustment factors of fender energy capacity at different compression angles and deflections.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
13
Temperature Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, TF

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
1.35

1.30 J1
1.25
J2
1.20
Temperature Factor, TF

1.15 J3

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
1.10
J4
1.05

1.00
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
0.95
Temperature (°C)
0.90

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
0.85

Temperature (oC)
Grade
-10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 23 30 35 40 45 50

J1 1.168 1.103 1.058 1.057 1.010 1.002 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.999 0.990 0.971 0.940

Small Craft Fenders



J2-15 1.180 1.114 1.067 1.062 1.015 1.005 1.001 1.000 0.999 0.996 0.987 0.969 0.939

J2-10 1.192 1.125 1.076 1.064 1.020 1.008 1.002 1.000 0.997 0.993 0.984 0.966 0.938

J2-5 1.205 1.136 1.085 1.071 1.025 1.011 1.003 1.000 0.995 0.990 0.981 0.964 0.937

J2 1.217 1.147 1.095 1.068 1.031 1.014 1.004 1.000 0.993 0.988 0.978 0.961 0.936

J3-15 1.230 1.158 1.104 1.066 1.036 1.017 1.005 1.000 0.991 0.985 0.975 0.959 0.934

J3-10 1.242 1.169 1.113 1.063 1.041 1.020 1.006 1.000 0.989 0.982 0.972 0.956 0.933

J3-5 1.255 1.180 1.122 1.082 1.046 1.023 1.007 1.000 0.988 0.979 0.969 0.954 0.932

The Accessories Of
Fender System

J3 1.267 1.191 1.131 1.070 1.051 1.026 1.008 1.000 0.986 0.976 0.966 0.951 0.931

J4-15 1.277 1.198 1.135 1.093 1.052 1.026 1.008 1.000 0.985 0.974 0.962 0.945 0.921

J4-10 1.288 1.205 1.140 1.104 1.054 1.027 1.009 1.000 0.984 0.972 0.958 0.938 0.911

J4-5 1.298 1.212 1.144 1.094 1.055 1.028 1.009 1.000 0.983 0.970 0.954 0.932 0.900

J4 1.308 1.218 1.148 1.107 1.056 1.029 1.009 1.000 0.982 0.968 0.950 0.925 0.890

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Velocity Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, VF for HC1000H Fenders
1.04

1.03
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

1.02

1.01
Velocity Factor, TF

1.00
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
0.99
Velocity (mm/s)
J1
0.98
J2
0.97
Marine Fender
Verification

J3
0.96
J4
0.95

Note:
1. Velocity Factor is depending on the fender sizes and performance grades
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
14
Velocity Factor For Rated Energy And Reaction For HC Fender
HC400H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.025 1.033

J2-15 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.034

J2-10 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.033

J2-5 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.033

J2 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

J3-15 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.023 1.032

J3-10 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

J3-5 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J3 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J4-15 0.953 0.981 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J4-10 0.952 0.981 1.000 1.013 1.025 1.034

J4-5 0.951 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

J4 0.950 0.981 1.000 1.015 1.025 1.035

HC600H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.958 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J2-15 0.957 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J2-10 0.957 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J2-5 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J2 0.957 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J3-15 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3-5 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J3 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J4-15 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

J4-10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

J4-5 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

J4 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.035

HC700H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.032

J2-15 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J2-10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J2-5 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.031

J2 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3-15 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3-5 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J4-15 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J4-10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

J4-5 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

J4 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.026 1.035

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
15

Fender (SUC)
HC800H Fender

Super Cell
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J2-15 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.031

J2-10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch

J2-5 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.031

J2 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.031

J3-15 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3-10 0.956 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.031

J3-5 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty

J4-15 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J4-10 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

J4-5 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

J4 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

HC900H Fender

Small Craft Fenders


Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.960 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J2-15 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J2-10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

J2-5 0.959 0.985 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

The Accessories Of
Fender System

J2 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

J3-15 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

J3-10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3-5 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J3 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J4-15 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender

J4-10 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

J4-5 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

J4 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

HC1000H Fender
Research, Development

Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)


And Testing Facilities

Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J2-15 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J2-10 0.960 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

J2-5 0.960 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J2 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030
Marine Fender


J3-15 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030
Verification


J3-10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J3-5 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

J3 0.956 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J4-15 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J4-10 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.032

J4-5 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033
Appendix


J4 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
16

HC1150H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.962 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

J2-15 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

J2-10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J2-5 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

J2 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

J3-15 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J3-10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

J3-5 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.031

J3 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J4-15 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J4-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J4-5 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

J4 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

HC1300H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.963 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J2-15 0.962 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J2-10 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J2-5 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

J2 0.960 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J3-15 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J3-10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J3-5 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

J3 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.031

J4-15 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

J4-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J4-5 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

J4 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

HC1400H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

J1 0.963 0.986 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J2-15 0.962 0.985 1.000 1.011 1.021 1.029

J2-10 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.028

J2-5 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J2 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

J3-15 0.959 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

J3-10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J3-5 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J3 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

J4-15 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.031

J4-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J4-5 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

J4 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
17
Hyper Cell Fender Dimensions

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Detail View
6 - Ød2
6 - Md1

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
t

P.C.D.Ø A 2
P.C.D.Ø A1

Ø D2
Ø D1

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Detail View

Small Craft Fenders


Md1 d2
(performance (performance
Fender H D1 D2 A1 A2 grade dependent) grade dependent) N T t
Size J1 J2 J3 J4 J1 J2 J3 J4
HC400H 400 340 640 260 560 M16 28 4 (6)* 21 21
HC600H 600 510 900 390 810 M24 M24 30 30 6 27 21

The Accessories Of
HC700H 700 595 1050 455 945 M24 M24 30 30 6 31.5 25

Fender System
HC800H 800 680 1200 520 1080 M27 M27 35 35 6 36 27
HC900H 900 765 1350 585 1215 M27 M30 35 38 6 40.5 30
HC1000H 1000 850 1500 650 1350 M30 M36 38 44 6 45 33
HC1150H 1150 977.5 1725 750 1550 M36 M42 44 50 6 51.8 36
HC1300H 1300 1105 1950 845 1755 M36 M42 46 52 8 58.5 39

Design Guildeline
HC1400H 1400 1190 2100 910 1890 M36 M42 46 52 8 63 39

Marine Fender
Note:
1. *HC400H fender has a combination of 4-M22 and 6-M16 for fender fixings and frame fixings respectively.
2. Md1 = fender frame bolt size
3. d2= diameter of fender fixing bolt hole in fender body
4. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.

Fender Body Approximate Mass


Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

Fender Size Approximate Mass (kg)


HC400H 72
HC600H 221
HC700H 349
HC800H 520
Marine Fender

HC900H 754
Verification

HC1000H 1033
HC1150H 1562
HC1300H 2223
HC1400H 2724
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
18
Hyper Cell Fender Fixing Bolt Locations

CASE - 1 CASE - 2
6 - Md
6 - Md

A

Ø
D
C.
D.

P1

P2
P.
C.
P.

P2 P1

For HC1300H & HC1400H Only


CASE - 1 CASE - 2
8 - Md 8 - Md
A

A

Ø
.D
.

C
P.C

P.

P2 P1

Md
Fender (performance grade dependant) N A P1 P2
Size
J1 J2 J3 J4
HC400H M22 4 560 396 396
HC600H M24 6 810 405 701
HC700H M24 6 945 473 818
HC800H M27 6 1080 540 935
HC900H M27 M30 6 1215 608 1052
HC1000H M30 M36 6 1350 675 1169

HC1150H M36 M42 6 1550 775 1342


HC1300H M36 M42 8 1755 672 1241
HC1400H M36 M42 8 1890 723 1336

Note:
1. All units are in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Case 2 bolt pattern requires less concrete height if compared to case 1 bolt pattern. Case 1 bolt pattern requires less concrete width if compared to case 2 bolt pattern.
3. Md = fender fixing bolt size

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Hyper Cell Fender

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
20
SUPER CELL FENDER (SUC)

Originating from the cell series fenders first introduced in 1969, Bridgestone
Super Cell fenders have stood the test of time. Thousands of Super Cell fenders
have been in service at ports in more than 50 countries, greatly contributing
to the economical design of marine facilities. From the smallest SUC400H to
the world’s largest fender the SUC3000H, Super Cell fenders meet almost all
fendering needs at ports around the world.

Bridgestone Super Cell fenders are unique, having a high energy absorption
to reaction force ratio as one of its salient features. They are cylindrical in
shape with two steel mounting plates firmly bonded to both ends of the main
rubber column during vulcanization. The fender performance is developed by
compression and column buckling.

Super Cell fenders are typically fitted with frontal frame to obtain a wide contact
area on contact with the vessel, thus reducing pressure against the vessel hull
as much as required.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
21
Features Of Super Cell Fenders

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
• High energy absorption with low reaction force
• Excellent multi-directional angular performance
• High durability as the internal stresses are dispersed throughout the fender body
• Wide range of sizes (Up to SUC3000H)
• 50 years of proven supply records
• Ease of installation

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Dyna Arch (DA)
Light-Duty
Small Craft Fenders
The Accessories Of
Fender System
Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
22
Rated Performance Data (RPD) & Slow-Constant-Velocity Compression Test Performance
R1 R1+10 R0-10 R0 R0+10 RH-10 RH
SUC
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er

RPD 65.9 11.3 72.7 12.5 74.3 12.8 82.9 14.3 91.5 15.7 97.5 16.8 109 18.7

400H CV 55.9 9.8 61.5 10.8 62.8 11.1 69.8 12.3 76.8 13.5 81.7 14.3 90.8 15.9
fRPD 1.179 1.158 1.182 1.159 1.183 1.152 1.187 1.159 1.191 1.166 1.194 1.174 1.200 1.178
RPD 102 22.1 113 24.3 116 24.9 129 27.7 142 30.6 152 32.8 170 36.5

500H CV 87.3 19.2 96 21.1 98.1 21.5 109 23.9 120 26.3 128 28.1 142 31.2
fRPD 1.174 1.149 1.178 1.153 1.178 1.157 1.183 1.161 1.187 1.165 1.190 1.166 1.196 1.171
RPD 161 43.8 178 48.4 184 50 205 55.6 226 61.3 241 65.3 269 73

630H CV 138 38.2 152 42 157 43.3 174 48.1 191 52.9 203 56.3 226 62.5
fRPD 1.169 1.146 1.173 1.152 1.174 1.155 1.178 1.156 1.183 1.158 1.186 1.160 1.192 1.168
RPD 261 89.9 287 99 295 102 329 113 363 125 387 133 431 148

800H CV 224 78.7 246 86.6 252 88.5 280 98.3 308 108 327 114 363 127
fRPD 1.164 1.142 1.168 1.143 1.169 1.147 1.174 1.152 1.178 1.158 1.182 1.168 1.188 1.169
RPD 404 174 447 193 457 197 511 220 565 243 602 259 673 290

1000H CV 349 153 384 168 393 173 437 192 481 211 511 224 568 249
fRPD 1.159 1.140 1.163 1.146 1.164 1.140 1.169 1.147 1.174 1.153 1.178 1.157 1.184 1.163
RPD 534 265 589 292 604 299 674 334 745 369 793 393 887 439

1150H CV 462 233 508 256 520 263 578 292 636 321 675 341 750 379
fRPD 1.156 1.137 1.160 1.141 1.161 1.138 1.166 1.144 1.172 1.150 1.175 1.152 1.182 1.158
RPD 629 339 695 375 712 384 795 428 878 473 937 504 1047 563

1250H CV 545 299 600 329 614 337 682 374 750 411 798 438 887 487
fRPD 1.154 1.134 1.158 1.139 1.159 1.138 1.165 1.144 1.170 1.150 1.174 1.151 1.180 1.157
RPD 845 528 932 583 955 598 1067 667 1179 736 1265 790 1414 882

1450H CV 734 467 807 514 826 526 918 584 1010 642 1080 688 1200 764
fRPD 1.151 1.131 1.155 1.134 1.156 1.136 1.162 1.142 1.167 1.147 1.171 1.148 1.178 1.155
RPD 1026 709 1133 782 1166 804 1299 896 1433 988 1531 1056 1705 1175

1600H CV 894 628 983 691 1010 708 1120 787 1230 866 1310 918 1450 1020
fRPD 1.148 1.129 1.153 1.132 1.154 1.136 1.160 1.139 1.165 1.141 1.169 1.150 1.176 1.152
RPD 1158 850 1279 938 1314 964 1472 1079 1630 1194 1729 1266 1927 1410

1700H CV 1010 754 1110 829 1140 853 1270 948 1400 1040 1480 1100 1640 1220
fRPD 1.147 1.127 1.152 1.131 1.153 1.130 1.159 1.138 1.164 1.148 1.168 1.151 1.175 1.156
RPD 1590 1373 1756 1517 1817 1568 2021 1745 2241 1932 2377 2048 2660 2292

2000H CV 1390 1220 1530 1340 1580 1390 1750 1540 1930 1690 2040 1790 2270 1990
fRPD 1.144 1.125 1.148 1.132 1.150 1.128 1.155 1.133 1.161 1.143 1.165 1.144 1.172 1.152
RPD 2385 2318 2636 2561 2535 2461 2825 2742 3127 3035 3335 3235 3729 3616

2250H CV 2090 2060 2300 2270 2210 2180 2450 2420 2700 2660 2870 2840 3190 3150
fRPD 1.141 1.125 1.146 1.128 1.147 1.129 1.153 1.133 1.158 1.141 1.162 1.139 1.169 1.148
RPD 2927 3161 3238 3494 3126 3372 3488 3763 3849 4154 4106 4427 4586 4944

2500H CV 2570 2820 2830 3100 2730 3000 3030 3330 3330 3660 3540 3880 3930 4310
fRPD 1.139 1.121 1.144 1.127 1.145 1.124 1.151 1.130 1.156 1.135 1.160 1.141 1.167 1.147
RPD 4211 5457 4651 6026 4484 5812 5012 6492 5546 7178 5901 7634 6600 8531

3000H CV 3710 4890 4080 5380 3930 5180 4370 5750 4810 6330 5100 6720 5670 7470
fRPD 1.135 1.116 1.140 1.120 1.141 1.122 1.147 1.129 1.153 1.134 1.157 1.136 1.164 1.142
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er
SUC
R1 R1+10 R0-10 R0 R0+10 RH-10 RH

Note: [Units: kNm, kN]


1. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
2. RPD is in accordance with PIANC for design performance with initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s.
3. CV is in accordance with PIANC for compression test performance with slow-constant-velocity compression of 0.00133m/s.
4. RPD factor, fRPD is an adjustment factor for CV performance to RPD.
Where, RPD = fRPD x CV
-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
23
Rated Performance Data (RPD) & Slow-Constant-Velocity Compression Test Performance

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
RH+10 RS-10 RS RS+10 RE-10 RE
SUC SUC
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er

RPD 121 20.7 114 19.5 127 21.8 145 24.8 129 22.1 148 25.4 RPD

400H CV 100 17.5 94.5 16.6 105 18.4 116 20.2 106 18.6 118 20.7 CV 400H
fRPD 1.206 1.184 1.202 1.177 1.209 1.186 1.248 1.227 1.214 1.189 1.258 1.227 fRPD
RPD 188 40.3 177 38.1 198 42.5 224 47.9 201 43.1 231 49.3 RPD

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch

500H CV 156 34.3 148 32.4 164 36 180 39.6 166 36.4 184 40.4 CV 500H
fRPD 1.202 1.175 1.199 1.177 1.205 1.180 1.243 1.210 1.211 1.183 1.253 1.221 fRPD
RPD 298 80.8 280 75.8 312 84.6 354 95.6 317 85.8 364 98.2 RPD

630H CV 249 68.8 234 64.7 260 71.9 286 79.1 263 72.7 292 80.8 CV 630H
fRPD 1.198 1.175 1.195 1.171 1.201 1.177 1.238 1.208 1.206 1.180 1.247 1.215 fRPD
RPD 476 164 449 154 502 173 568 195 511 175 586 201 RPD

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty

800H CV 399 140 377 132 419 147 461 162 425 149 472 166 CV 800H
fRPD 1.194 1.171 1.190 1.170 1.197 1.174 1.232 1.202 1.202 1.175 1.242 1.209 fRPD
RPD 744 320 700 301 781 336 885 379 795 343 912 391 RPD

1000H CV 625 274 590 259 655 288 721 317 664 292 738 324 CV 1000H
fRPD 1.19 1.168 1.186 1.163 1.193 1.167 1.227 1.196 1.198 1.173 1.236 1.206 fRPD

Small Craft Fenders


RPD 979 485 922 457 1031 510 1166 575 1049 519 1203 593 RPD

1150H CV 825 417 779 393 866 437 953 481 878 444 976 493 CV 1150H
fRPD 1.187 1.163 1.184 1.162 1.191 1.167 1.224 1.196 1.195 1.170 1.233 1.202 fRPD
RPD 1158 623 1085 584 1213 652 1369 734 1242 667 1428 764 RPD

1250H CV 976 536 918 504 1020 560 1120 616 1040 573 1160 637 CV 1250H
fRPD 1.186 1.162 1.182 1.159 1.189 1.165 1.222 1.191 1.194 1.164 1.231 1.200 fRPD

The Accessories Of
RPD 1562 974 1451 906 1625 1014 1839 1144 1667 1039 1902 1181 RPD

Fender System

1450H CV 1320 840 1230 785 1370 872 1510 959 1400 888 1550 987 CV 1450H
fRPD 1.183 1.160 1.180 1.154 1.186 1.163 1.218 1.193 1.191 1.170 1.227 1.197 fRPD
RPD 1890 1301 1779 1225 1989 1370 2250 1544 2021 1391 2313 1587 RPD

1600H CV 1600 1120 1510 1060 1680 1180 1850 1300 1700 1200 1890 1330 CV 1600H
fRPD 1.181 1.162 1.178 1.156 1.184 1.161 1.216 1.188 1.189 1.159 1.224 1.193 fRPD

Design Guildeline
RPD 2124 1554 2001 1464 2236 1637 2527 1843 2281 1667 2605 1898 RPD

Marine Fender

1700H CV 1800 1340 1700 1270 1890 1410 2080 1550 1920 1430 2130 1590 CV 1700H
fRPD 1.180 1.160 1.177 1.153 1.183 1.161 1.215 1.189 1.188 1.166 1.223 1.194 fRPD
RPD 2943 2534 2771 2387 3092 2663 3488 2993 3149 2712 3596 3085 RPD

2000H CV 2500 2190 2360 2070 2620 2300 2880 2530 2660 2330 2950 2590 CV 2000H
fRPD 1.177 1.157 1.174 1.153 1.180 1.158 1.211 1.183 1.184 1.164 1.219 1.191 fRPD
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

RPD 4124 3997 3876 3757 4335 4200 4892 4724 4421 4280 5046 4871 RPD

2250H CV 3510 3470 3310 3270 3680 3630 4050 3990 3740 3690 4150 4100 CV 2250H
fRPD 1.175 1.152 1.171 1.149 1.178 1.157 1.208 1.184 1.182 1.160 1.216 1.188 fRPD
RPD 5067 5456 4781 5152 5339 5747 6013 6455 5440 5854 6211 6660 RPD

2500H CV 4320 4740 4090 4480 4540 4980 4990 5480 4610 5060 5120 5620 CV 2500H
fRPD 1.173 1.151 1.169 1.150 1.176 1.154 1.205 1.178 1.180 1.157 1.213 1.185 fRPD
RPD - - - - - - - - - - - - RPD
Marine Fender
Verification


3000H CV - - - - - - - - - - - - CV 3000H
fRPD - - - - - - - - - - - - fRPD
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er
SUC SUC
RH+10 RS-10 RS RS+10 RE-10 RE

Note: [Units: kNm, kN]


1. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
Appendix

2. RPD is in accordance with PIANC for design performance with initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s.
3. CV is in accordance with PIANC for compression test performance with slow-constant-velocity compression of 0.00133m/s.
4. RPD factor, fRPD is an adjustment factor for CV performance to RPD.
Where, RPD = fRPD x CV
-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
24
Generic Performance Curve
Performance Ratio for SUC Fender
110

100

90

80
Reaction Force, R (%)

70

60

Energy Absorption, E (%)


50 100

40 80

30 60

20 40
CV Reaction Force RPD Reaction Force
10 CV Energy Absorption RPD Energy Absorption 20

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
Center Deflection, Ci (%)
[Rated Deflection at 52.5%]

Angle Factor for Rated Energy, AF


Angle (o) 0 3 5 6 7 8 10 12 15 20
Ci (%) 52.5 51.9 51.3 50.8 50.3 49.8 48.8 47.4 45.5 41.3
AF 1.000 0.977 0.950 0.936 0.922 0.910 0.883 0.880 0.801 0.652

Note:
1. Angular compression reduces fender energy performance at the rated maximum compression.
2. Ci = Deflection on fender centerline.

FEA Model of Super Cell fender

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
25
Temperature Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, TF

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
1.45

1.35
R1
1.30
R0
1.25
RH
1.20

Fender (DA)
RS

Dyna Arch
Temperature Factor, TF

1.15

1.10 RE

1.05

1.00
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
0.95

Dyna Arch (DA)


Temperature (°C)

Light-Duty
0.90

0.85

Grade
Temperature (°C)
-10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 23 30 35 40 45 50

Small Craft Fenders



R1 1.217 1.147 1.095 1.057 1.031 1.014 1.004 1.000 0.993 0.988 0.978 0.961 0.936

R1+10 1.227 1.156 1.102 1.062 1.035 1.016 1.005 1.000 0.992 0.985 0.976 0.959 0.935

R0-10 1.230 1.158 1.104 1.064 1.036 1.017 1.005 1.000 0.992 0.985 0.975 0.959 0.935

R0 1.242 1.169 1.113 1.071 1.041 1.020 1.006 1.000 0.990 0.982 0.972 0.956 0.933

R0+10 1.241 1.167 1.110 1.068 1.039 1.019 1.006 1.000 0.990 0.983 0.972 0.956 0.930

RH-10 1.240 1.165 1.108 1.066 1.037 1.018 1.005 1.000 0.991 0.983 0.973 0.955 0.929

The Accessories Of

RH 1.238 1.162 1.104 1.063 1.034 1.016 1.005 1.000 0.992 0.985 0.973 0.954 0.925

Fender System

RH+10 1.277 1.194 1.130 1.082 1.048 1.024 1.007 1.000 0.986 0.975 0.961 0.940 0.909

RS-10 1.253 1.174 1.114 1.070 1.040 1.019 1.006 1.000 0.990 0.981 0.968 0.949 0.919

RS 1.298 1.212 1.144 1.093 1.055 1.028 1.009 1.000 0.983 0.970 0.954 0.932 0.900

RS+10 1.364 1.252 1.167 1.104 1.059 1.029 1.009 1.000 0.984 0.970 0.951 0.923 0.881

RE-10 1.307 1.217 1.147 1.094 1.056 1.028 1.009 1.000 0.983 0.970 0.954 0.931 0.897

RE 1.381 1.263 1.173 1.107 1.061 1.029 1.009 1.000 0.984 0.970 0.951 0.921 0.876

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Velocity Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, VF for SUC2000H Fenders
1.04

1.03
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

1.02

1.01
Velocity Factor, TF

1.00
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
0.99
Velocity (mm/s)
0.98
R1
Marine Fender

0.97 R0
Verification

0.96 RH
RS
0.95
RE
0.94

Note:
1. Velocity Factor is depending on the fender sizes and performance grades.
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
26
Velocity Factor For Rated Energy And Reaction For SUC Fender
SUC400H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.953 0.985 1.000 1.014 1.023 1.032

R1+10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.015 1.024 1.032

R0-10 0.953 0.983 1.000 1.016 1.024 1.033

R0 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.012 1.025 1.032

R0+10 0.953 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.024 1.032

RH-10 0.952 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.032

RH 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.032

RH+10 0.950 0.988 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

RS-10 0.951 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

RS 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.014 1.026 1.036

RS+10 0.942 0.977 1.000 1.017 1.030 1.042

RE-10 0.951 0.980 1.000 1.016 1.026 1.036

RE 0.940 0.976 1.000 1.017 1.032 1.042

SUC500H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.955 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.034

R1+10 0.956 0.982 1.000 1.012 1.024 1.033

R0-10 0.956 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.033

R0 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

R0+10 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.025 1.032

RH-10 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

RH 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

RH+10 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.026 1.034

RS-10 0.953 0.981 1.000 1.013 1.026 1.034

RS 0.950 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

RS+10 0.942 0.978 1.000 1.017 1.030 1.040

RE-10 0.950 0.980 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.035

RE 0.941 0.977 1.000 1.017 1.031 1.042

SUC630H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.956 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

R1+10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

R0-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

R0 0.956 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

R0+10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

RH-10 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

RH 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

RH+10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

RS-10 0.953 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

RS 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.035

RS+10 0.943 0.978 1.000 1.016 1.029 1.040

RE-10 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.015 1.025 1.035

RE 0.942 0.978 1.000 1.018 1.031 1.042

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
27

Fender (SUC)
SUC800H Fender

Super Cell
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.031

R1+10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.031

R0-10 0.957 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch

R0 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.031

R0+10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RH-10 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.032

RH+10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.033

RS-10 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty

RS 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.034

RS+10 0.945 0.979 1.000 1.017 1.029 1.040

RE-10 0.951 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

RE 0.942 0.978 1.000 1.017 1.030 1.041

SUC1000H Fender

Small Craft Fenders


Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

R1+10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

R0-10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

R0 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.031

The Accessories Of
Fender System

R0+10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.031

RH-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RH+10 0.095 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.032

RS-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.032

RS 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.033

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender

RS+10 0.945 0.979 1.000 1.016 1.029 1.039

RE-10 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

RE 0.943 0.978 1.000 1.017 1.030 1.041

SUC1150H Fender
Research, Development

Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)


And Testing Facilities

50 100 150 200 250 300



R1 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

R1+10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

R0-10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

R0 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

R0+10 0.957 0.983 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.031
Marine Fender


RH-10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031
Verification


RH 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RH+10 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

RS-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RS 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

RS+10 0.946 0.979 1.000 1.016 1.028 1.038

RE-10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034
Appendix


RE 0.944 0.978 1.000 1.016 1.030 1.040

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
28

SUC1250H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

R1+10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

R0-10 0.959 0.985 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

R0 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.031

R0+10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.031

RH-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.031

RH 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH+10 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

RS-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RS 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.032

RS+10 0.946 0.979 1.000 1.016 1.028 1.380

RE-10 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.033

RE 0.944 0.978 1.000 1.016 1.030 1.040

SUC1450H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.960 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

R1+10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

R0-10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.030

R0 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

R0+10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH-10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH+10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

RS-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RS 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.032

RS+10 0.947 0.980 1.000 1.016 1.028 1.038

RE-10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

RE 0.945 0.979 1.000 1.016 1.029 1.040

SUC1600H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

R1+10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

R0-10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

R0 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

R0+10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.030

RH-10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.030

RH 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH+10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

RS-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RS 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.032

RS+10 0.947 0.980 1.000 1.016 1.028 1.038

RE-10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

RE 0.945 0.979 1.000 1.017 1.029 1.040

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
29

Fender (SUC)
SUC1700H Fender

Super Cell
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

R1+10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

R0-10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch

R0 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.029

R0+10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

RH-10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

RH 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RH+10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

RS-10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty

RS 0.955 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RS+10 0.947 0.979 1.000 1.015 1.028 1.037

RE-10 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

RE 0.945 0.979 1.000 1.016 1.029 1.039

SUC2000H Fender

Small Craft Fenders


Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.011 1.021 1.028

R1+10 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

R0-10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.011 1.021 1.028

R0 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

The Accessories Of
Fender System

R0+10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

RH-10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

RH 0.957 0.983 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

RH+10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RS-10 0.957 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RS 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender

RS+10 0.948 0.980 1.000 1.015 1.027 1.037

RE-10 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

RE 0.946 0.979 1.000 1.016 1.028 1.038

SUC2250H Fender
Research, Development

Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)


And Testing Facilities

50 100 150 200 250 300



R1 0.962 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.020 1.028

R1+10 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.028

R0-10 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

R0 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

R0+10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.031 1.022 1.029
Marine Fender


RH-10 0.959 0.985 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030
Verification


RH 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.030

RH+10 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RS-10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RS 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RS+10 0.948 0.980 1.000 1.015 1.027 1.037

RE-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033
Appendix


RE 0.946 0.979 1.000 1.016 1.028 1.038

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
30

SUC2500H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.962 0.985 1.000 1.011 1.020 1.027

R1+10 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.011 1.021 1.028

R0-10 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.028

R0 0.961 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.028

R0+10 0.960 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

RH-10 0.959 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

RH 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.022 1.030

RH+10 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RS-10 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

RS 0.956 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

RS+10 0.949 0.981 1.000 1.015 1.027 1.037

RE-10 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

RE 0.947 0.980 1.000 1.016 1.028 1.038

SUC3000H Fender
Grade Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
50 100 150 200 250 300

R1 0.963 0.986 1.000 1.011 1.020 1.027

R1+10 0.962 0.986 1.000 1.011 1.020 1.027

R0-10 0.962 0.985 1.000 1.011 1.020 1.027

R0 0.962 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.028

R0+10 0.960 0.985 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

RH-10 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.021 1.029

RH 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

RH+10 - - - - - -

RS-10 - - - - - -

RS - - - - - -

RS+10 - - - - - -

RE-10 - - - - - -

RE - - - - - -

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
31
Super Cell Fender Dimensions

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Detail View T
N - Ød

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Typical Size

P.C.D.Ø A
T
t

ØD

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
For SUC3000H
H Detail View

Small Craft Fenders


d
Fender (performance grade dependent) Approx.
H D A N T
Size Mass (kg)
R1 R0 RH RS RE
SUC400H 400 650 550 4 30 30 17 75

SUC500H 500 650 550 4 28 28 18 100

The Accessories Of
Fender System
SUC630H 630 840 700 4 28 30 25 210

SUC800H 800 1050 900 6 28 30 30 405

SUC1000H 1000 1300 1100 6 35 39 35 765

SUC1150H 1150 1500 1300 6 40 44 37 1155

SUC1250H 1250 1650 1450 6 39 44 40 1495

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
SUC1450H 1450 1850 1650 6 47 53 42 2165

SUC1600H 1600 2000 1800 8 46 53 45 2885

SUC1700H 1700 2100 1900 8 46 52 50 3495

SUC2000H 2000 2200 2000 8 53 58 50 4835


Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

SUC2250H 2250 2550 2300 10 60 66 57 7180

SUC2500H 2500 2950 2700 10 60 68 75 10500

3350 3150 100


SUC3000H 3000 12 70 - 17100
3500 3250 (t = 75)

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
Marine Fender
Verification

2. d = bolt hole size in fender mounting flanges


Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
32
Super Cell Fender Fixing Bolt Locations

CASE - 1 N - Md

A A A
.D .Ø A .Ø A
D.Ø .Ø .Ø
P.C P.C.D P.C
. .D .D

P1

P1
P3
P.C P.
C

P1
P3
P1
P3
P1

P2 P2 P2 P2
P4 P4
CASE - 2 N - Md

A A

A ØA .Ø .Ø A D.
Ø
.D .D. C.
D
P.C
.D .
P.C P.C P.C
P2

P2
P4
P.

P2
P4
P2

P1 P1 P1 P1 P1
P3 P3 P3
P5
SUC400H ~ SUC800H ~ SUC1600H ~ SUC2250H ~
SUC630H SUC1450H SUC2000H SUC2500H SUC3000H

d
Fender N (performance grade dependent) A P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
Size
R1 R0 RH RS RE
SUC400H 4 M22 M22 550 389 - - - -

SUC500H 4 M22 M22 550 389 - - - -

SUC630H 4 M22 M24 700 495 - - - -

SUC800H 6 M22 M24 900 450 779 - - -

SUC1000H 6 M27 M30 1100 550 953 - - -

SUC1150H 6 M30 M36 1300 650 1126 - - -

SUC1250H 6 M30 M36 1450 725 1256 - - -

SUC1450H 6 M36 M42 1650 825 1429 - - -

SUC1600H 8 M36 M42 1800 689 1273 1663 - -

SUC1700H 8 M36 M42 1900 727 1344 1755 - -

SUC2000H 8 M42 M48 2000 765 1414 1848 - -

SUC2250H 10 M48 M56 2300 711 1352 1861 2187 -

SUC2500H 10 M48 M56 2700 834 1587 2184 2568 -

3150 815 1575 2227 2728 3043


SUC3000H 12 M56 -
3250 841 1625 2298 2815 3139

Note:
1. All units are in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Case 2 bolt pattern requires less concrete height if compared to case 1 bolt pattern. Case 1 bolt pattern requires less concrete width if compared to case 2 bolt pattern.
3. Md = fender fixing and frame fixing bolt size

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Super Cell Fender

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
34
DYNA ARCH FENDER (DA)

Dyna Arch Fender was first introduced in 1984. This V shape fender offers higher performance than the prior Bridgestone V-Type fenders
including Super M and Super Arch Fenders. Dyna Arch Fenders are particularly suitable for small harbour and applications where vessel
projections are encountered during berthing. Its unique application utilizes both the assembly of frontal pads and frontal frame.

The Dyna Arch Fenders are available in three (3) types to enable a port owner or engineer to make the most suitable selection.

1) Without frontal pads (Type A or known as DA-A Fender)


2) With frontal pads and frontal frame (Type B or known as DA-B Fender)
3) With frontal pads bonded to the fender (Type S or known as DA-S Fender)

FEATURES OF DYNA ARCH FENDER

• High energy absorption with relatively low reaction force


• High durability as the internal stresses are dispersed throughout the fender body
• Wide selection of sizes, length and energy capacities
• Proven supply records of more than 20 years
• Ease of installation

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
35
DYNA ARCH TYPE A FENDER (DA-A)

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
• Rubber face
• The shape of Dyna Arch Fender has been optimized using FEM design analysis
• Internal stresses are dispersed throughout the fender body

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Dyna Arch (DA)
Light-Duty
DA-A

DYNA ARCH TYPE B FENDER (DA-B)


• UHMW pad face mounted on a steel plate or steel frame

Small Craft Fenders


• Variable frontal frame sizes to meet the allowable pressure requirement
• Reduce friction imposed on the hull body

Pad Pad
Pad

Frame

The Accessories Of
Steel Plate
Frame

Fender System
P-Type
I-Type F-Type

Design Guildeline
P-Type DA-B I-Type DA-B F-Type DA-B

Marine Fender
• Fenders designed with frontal pads • Fenders designed with frontal pads and • Fenders designed with frontal pads and
intermediate frame frontal frame

DYNA ARCH TYPE S FENDER (DA-S) Research, Development

• UHMW pad face directly bonded to the rubber fender


And Testing Facilities

• Superior bonding between the pad (UHMW) and the rubber body
• Reduce friction imposed on the hull body
• Use of the entire pad thickness

Pad
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

DA-S
-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
36
Rated Performance Data (RPD) & Slow-Constant-Velocity Compression Test Performance
DA-A Fender

M3 M2 M1 ME
DA-A DA-A
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er

RPD 168 17.4 200 20.7 244 25.3 323 33.4 RPD
250H CV 143 15.1 169 17.8 204 21.5 267 28.0 CV 250H
fRPD 1.178 1.155 1.183 1.164 1.198 1.177 1.211 1.194 fRPD
RPD 202 25.1 238 29.6 293 36.4 387 48.0 RPD
300H CV 172 21.7 202 25.5 245 30.9 320 40.3 CV 300H
fRPD 1.173 1.156 1.180 1.162 1.195 1.177 1.208 1.191 fRPD
RPD 268 44.5 317 52.6 389 64.5 514 85.0 RPD
400H CV 230 38.6 270 45.4 327 54.9 427 71.7 CV 400H
fRPD 1.167 1.153 1.174 1.158 1.191 1.175 1.203 1.186 fRPD
RPD 332 68.9 394 81.7 484 100 641 133 RPD
500H CV 286 60.2 337 70.9 408 85.7 534 112 CV 500H
fRPD 1.162 1.145 1.170 1.153 1.187 1.171 1.200 1.184 fRPD
RPD 398 99.1 472 118 580 144 766 190 RPD
600H CV 344 86.8 405 102 490 124 640 161 CV 600H
fRPD 1.157 1.142 1.166 1.152 1.184 1.164 1.197 1.182 fRPD
RPD 528 175 626 208 770 255 1017 337 RPD
800H CV 459 154 540 181 653 220 853 286 CV 800H
fRPD 1.151 1.139 1.160 1.149 1.179 1.161 1.192 1.178 fRPD
RPD 658 273 780 324 960 398 1271 526 RPD
1000H CV 574 241 675 284 816 343 1070 448 CV 1000H
fRPD 1.146 1.133 1.156 1.140 1.176 1.160 1.188 1.175 fRPD
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er
DA-A DA-A
M3 M2 M1 ME
[Units: kNm, kN]
Note:
1. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
2. Fender performance is on per meter length basis.
3. RPD is in accordance with PIANC for design performance with initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s.
4. CV is in accordance with PIANC for compression test performance with slow-constant-velocity compression of 0.00133m/s.
5. RPD factor, fRPD is an adjustment factor for CV performance to RPD.
Where, RPD = fRPD x CV

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
37
Rated Performance Data (RPD) & Slow-Constant-Velocity Compression Test Performance

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
DA-B / DA-S Fender

M3 M2 M1 ME
DA-B / DA-S DA-B / DA-S
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er

RPD 167 15.6 199 18.5 243 22.6 321 29.9 RPD
250H CV 143 13.4 169 15.9 204 19.2 267 25.0 CV 250H

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
fRPD 1.170 1.164 1.176 1.164 1.191 1.177 1.203 1.195 fRPD
RPD 201 22.4 237 26.5 291 32.5 384 42.9 RPD
300H CV 172 19.4 202 22.9 245 27.7 320 36.1 CV 300H
fRPD 1.166 1.156 1.173 1.156 1.188 1.174 1.200 1.188 fRPD
RPD 267 39.8 315 47.0 387 57.6 511 76.0 RPD
400H CV 230 34.5 270 40.6 327 49.1 427 64.2 CV 400H

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
fRPD 1.160 1.153 1.167 1.157 1.183 1.174 1.196 1.184 fRPD
RPD 330 61.6 392 73.0 481 89.7 637 119 RPD
500H CV 286 54 337 63.5 408 76.7 534 100 CV 500H
fRPD 1.155 1.140 1.163 1.150 1.180 1.169 1.192 1.185 fRPD
RPD 396 88.5 469 105 577 129 761 170 RPD

Small Craft Fenders


600H CV 344 77.6 405 91.3 490 111 640 144 CV 600H
fRPD 1.151 1.141 1.159 1.150 1.177 1.161 1.189 1.180 fRPD
RPD 525 157 623 186 766 228 1010 301 RPD
800H CV 459 138 540 163 653 196 853 257 CV 800H
fRPD 1.144 1.136 1.154 1.140 1.173 1.164 1.184 1.171 fRPD
RPD 654 244 776 289 954 356 1264 470 RPD
1000H CV 574 216 675 254 816 307 1070 401 CV 1000H

The Accessories Of
Fender System
fRPD 1.140 1.130 1.150 1.139 1.169 1.158 1.181 1.173 fRPD
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er
DA-B / DA-S DA-B / DA-S
M3 M2 M1 ME
[Units: kNm, kN]
Note:
1. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
2. Fender performance is on per meter length basis.
3. RPD is in accordance with PIANC for design performance with initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s.
4. CV is in accordance with PIANC for compression test performance with slow-constant-velocity compression of 0.00133m/s.
5. RPD factor, fRPD is an adjustment factor for CV performance to RPD.
Where, RPD = fRPD x CV
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification

FEA Model for Dyna Arch Fender


Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
38
Generic Performance Curve for DA-A Fender
Performance Ratio for DA-A Fender
110

100

90

80

70
Reaction Force, R (%)

Energy Absorption, E (%)


60

50 100

40 80

30 60

20 40

CV Reaction Force RPD Reaction Force


10 20
CV Energy Absorption RPD Energy Absorption
0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
Center Deflection, Ci (%)
[Rated Deflection at 52.5%]

Generic Performance Curve for DA-B/DA-S Fender


Performance Ratio for DA-B / DA-S Fender
110

100

90

80

70
Reaction Force, R (%)

Energy Absorption, E (%)

60

50 100

40 80

30 60

20 40
CV Reaction Force RPD Reaction Force
10 20
CV Energy Absorption RPD Energy Absorption

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
Center Deflection, Ci (%)
[Rated Deflection at 47.5%]

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
39
Temperature Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, TF

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
1.35

1.30 M3
1.25
M2
1.20
Temperature Factor, TF

1.15 M1

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
1.10
ME
1.05

1.00
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
0.95
Temperature (°C)
0.90

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
0.85


Grade
Temperature (°C)
-10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 23 30 35 40 45 50

M3 1.205 1.136 1.085 1.049 1.025 1.011 1.003 1.000 0.995 0.990 0.981 0.964 0.937

Small Craft Fenders



M2 1.230 1.158 1.104 1.064 1.036 1.017 1.005 1.000 0.991 0.985 0.975 0.959 0.934

M1 1.277 1.198 1.135 1.088 1.052 1.026 1.008 1.000 0.985 0.974 0.962 0.945 0.921

ME 1.308 1.218 1.148 1.095 1.056 1.029 1.009 1.000 0.982 0.968 0.950 0.925 0.890

Velocity Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, VF for DA500H Fenders

The Accessories Of
Fender System
1.04

1.03

1.02

1.01
Velocity Factor, TF

1.00

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
Velocity (mm/s)
0.99

M3
0.98
M2
0.97
M1
0.96
Research, Development

ME
And Testing Facilities

0.95

Note:
1. Velocity Factor is depending on the fender sizes and performance grades.
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
40
Velocity Factor Rated Energy And Reaction For DA Fender
DA250H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

M3 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.015 1.026 1.034

M2 0.954 0.981 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.034

M1 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

ME 0.949 0.980 1.000 1.015 1.026 1.036

DA300H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

M3 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

M2 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.034

M1 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.015 1.025 1.035

ME 0.949 0.981 1.000 1.015 1.026 1.036

DA400H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

M3 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

M2 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

M1 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

ME 0.950 0.981 1.000 1.015 1.026 1.036

DA500H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

M3 0.956 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

M2 0.956 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

M1 0.954 0.983 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.033

ME 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.014 1.026 1.035

DA600H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

M3 0.957 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

M2 0.956 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.032

M1 0.954 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

ME 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.035

DA800H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

M3 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.023 1.031

M2 0.958 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

M1 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.032

ME 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

DA1000H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

M3 0.960 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

M2 0.959 0.984 1.000 1.012 1.022 1.030

M1 0.955 0.983 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.031

ME 0.953 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.025 1.034

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
41
Dyna Arch A Type (DA-A) Fender Dimension

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Detail View
2k f
T
t
e
k

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
W2

W1
A

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
DA-A H Detail View
DA-A

Small Craft Fenders


k
(performance grade Approx.
Fender
H A W1 W2 F e f dependant) T t Mass
Size
(kg/m)
M3 M2 M1 ME

250H 250 410 187.5 500 162.5 90 125 26 28 32 27.5 24 90

The Accessories Of
Fender System
300H 300 490 225 600 195 105 140 28 31 35 33 26 125
400H 400 670 300 800 260 120 165 32 35 41 40 30 215
500H 500 840 375 1000 325 140 180 35 41 47 45 33 340
600H 600 1010 450 1200 390 160 195 35 41 50 54 36 500
800H 800 1340 600 1600 520 260 270 47 53 68 72 48 895
1000H 1000 1680 750 2000 650 300 290 49 55 68 90 52 1430

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. The approximate mass of fender is based on both ends tapered
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
42
Dyna Arch B Type (DA-B) Fender Dimension

Detail View
2k f
T
e N - Mi t
k

L1

W2

W1
S
A
c1 n1 x p1 c1

F
DA-B H Detail View
DA-B

k
(performance grade Approx.
Fender
H A W1 W2 F e f dependant) T t S Mi Mass
Size
(kg/m)
M3 M2 M1 ME

250H 250 410 187.5 500 162.5 90 125 26 28 32 27.5 24 125 M20 105
300H 300 490 225 600 195 105 140 28 31 35 33 26 150 M22 145
400H 400 670 300 800 260 120 165 32 35 41 40 30 180 M24 240
500H 500 840 375 1000 325 140 180 35 41 47 45 33 250 M27 360
600H 600 1010 450 1200 390 160 195 35 41 50 54 36 300 M30 520
800H 800 1340 600 1600 520 260 270 47 53 68 72 48 440 M36 885
1000H 1000 1680 750 2000 650 300 290 49 55 68 90 52 560 M42 1350

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. The approximate mass of fender is based on both ends straight.
3. Mi = bolt diameter for mounting UHMW pads or frontal frame

Dyna Arch B Type (DA-B) Frame Fixings Pitches

Dyna Arch Fender Fender Length, L1


(Type B) 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500

N 8 12 16
20 24 28
c1 125
p1 250
n1 3 5 7 9 11 13

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
43
Dyna Arch S Type (DA-S) Fender Dimension

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Detail View
2k f
T
PAD t
e
U
k

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
W1
W
A

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
DA-S H Detail View
DA-S

Small Craft Fenders


k
(performance grade Approx.
Fender
H A W1 W2 F e f dependant) T t U Mass
Size
(kg/m)
M3 M2 M1 ME

250H 250 410 187.5 500 162.5 90 125 26 28 32 27.5 24 20 85

The Accessories Of
Fender System
300H 300 490 225 600 195 105 140 28 31 35 33 26 20 120
400H 400 670 300 800 260 120 165 32 35 41 40 30 30 200
500H 500 840 375 1000 325 140 180 35 41 47 45 33 30 305
600H 600 1010 450 1200 390 160 195 35 41 50 54 36 30 445
800H 800 1340 600 1600 520 260 270 47 53 68 72 48 30 760
1000H 1000 1680 750 2000 650 300 290 49 55 68 90 52 30 1170

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. The approximate mass of fender is based on both ends straight.
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
44
DYNA ARCH FENDER FIXING BOLT LOCATIONS

Both Ends Tapered

L1

C nxP C
L2
Both Ends Tapered

L1=1000 L1=1500 L1=2000 L1=2500 L1=3000 L1=3500


Dyna Arch Fender N=4 N=6 N=8 N=8 N = 10 N = 12
n=1 n=2 n=3 n=3 n=4 n=5
Md
Size (performance grade dependant) C P C P C P C P C P C P
M3 M2 M1 ME

250H M22 M24 M27 130 865 132.5 680 132.5 620 - - - - - -
300H M24 M27 M30 140 870 140 685 137.5 625 140 790 145 715 140 674
400H M27 M30 M36 150 900 150 700 147.5 635 150 800 150 725 150 680
500H M30 M36 M42 160 930 160 715 157.5 645 160 810 165 730 160 686
600H M30 M36 M48 170 960 170 730 167.5 655 170 820 170 740 170 692
800H M42 M48 M64 180 1040 180 770 180 680 182.5 845 180 760 - -
1000H
M42 M48 M64 200 1100 200 800 200 700 - - - - - -

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Dyna Arch fender base length L 2 = 2 x C + n x P, where n = number of pitch/pitches
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. Non-standard length, profiles and bolting patterns are available upon request.
5. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
45

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
One End Tapered

L1

N - Md

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
C nxP C
L2

Dyna Arch (DA)


One End Tapered

Light-Duty
L1=1000 L1=1500 L1=2000 L1=2500 L1=3000 L1=3500
Dyna Arch Fender N=4 N=6 N=8 N=8 N = 10 N = 12
n=1 n=2 n=3 n=3 n=4 n=5

Small Craft Fenders


Md
Size (performance grade dependant) C P C P C P C P C P C P
M3 M2 M1 ME

250H M22 M24 M27 131.25 800 131.25 650 131.25 600 - - - - - -
300H M24 M27 M30 140 795 142.5 645 137.5 600 140 765 137.5 700 137.5 660
400H M27 M30 M36 150 800 150 650 150 600 152.5 765 150 700 150 660

The Accessories Of
500H M30 M36 M42 160 805 162.5 650 162.5 600 157.5 770 162.5 700 162.5 660

Fender System
600H M30 M36 M48 170 810 170 655 167.5 605 170 770 165 705 170 662
800H M42 M48 M64 180 840 180 670 177.5 615 180 780 180 710 - -
1000H
M42 M48 M64 200 850 200 675 202.5 615 - - - - - -

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.

Design Guildeline
2. Dyna Arch fender base length L 2 = 2 x C + n x P, where n = number of pitch/pitches

Marine Fender
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. Non-standard length, profiles and bolting patterns are available upon request.
5. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter

Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
46

Both Ends Straight

L1

C nxP C
L2
Both Ends Straight

L1=1000 L1=1500 L1=2000 L1=2500 L1=3000 L1=3500


Dyna Arch Fender N=4 N=6 N=8 N=8 N = 10 N = 12
n=1 n=2 n=3 n=3 n=4 n=5
Md
Size (performance grade dependant) C P C P C P C P C P C P
M3 M2 M1 ME

250H M22 M24 M27 130 740 130 620 130 580 - - - - - -
300H M24 M27 M30 140 720 140 610 137.5 575 140 740 140 680 137.5 645
400H M27 M30 M36 150 700 150 600 152.5 565 147.5 735 150 675 150 640
500H M30 M36 M42 160 680 160 590 160 560 162.5 725 160 670 162.5 635
600H M30 M36 M48 170 660 170 580 167.5 555 170 720 170 665 170 632
800H M42 M48 M64 180 640 180 570 182.5 545 177.5 715 180 660 - -
1000H
M42 M48 M64 200 600 200 550 197.5 535 - - - - - -

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Dyna Arch fender base length L 2 = 2 x C + n x P, where n = number of pitch/pitches
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. Non-standard length, profiles and bolting patterns are available upon request.
5. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Dyna Arch Fender

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
48
LIGHT-DUTY DYNA ARCH (DA)
The Light-Duty Dyna Arch is the latest development from Bridgestone. These fenders replace the original 150H and 200H Super Arch (SA)
fenders. Light-Duty Dyna Arch has a more stable shape than its predecessor. This ensures higher durability which in turn helps the user to reduce
long-term maintenance cost.

Light-Duty Dyna Arch fenders are particularly suitable for lightweight applications such as accommodating smaller and lighter vessels. Replacement
of existing 150H or 200H Super Arch fenders is straight forward as the original bolting pitch is maintained.

FEATURES OF LIGHT-DUTY DYNA ARCH FENDER

• High energy absorption and low reaction force


• Convenient and high flexibility for due to its smaller size
• Ideal for smaller wharf and light-duty application
• Superior fender shape developed through finite element analysis
• Highly durable as the internal stresses are dispersed throughout the fender body
• Ease of installation

Rated Performance Data (RPD) & Slow-Constant-Velocity Compression Test Performance


Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender (DA)

R3 R2 R1
Light Duty DA Light Duty DA
Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er

RPD 97.2 4.99 130 6.69 152 7.81 RPD


150H CV 82.6 4.26 110 5.68 127 6.53 CV 150H
fRPD 1.177 1.171 1.182 1.178 1.197 1.196 fRPD
RPD 129 8.81 173 11.9 202 13.8 RPD
200H CV 110 7.57 147 10.1 169 11.6 CV 200H
fRPD 1.169 1.164 1.179 1.175 1.195 1.191 fRPD

Rr Er Rr Er Rr Er
Light Duty DA Light Duty DA
R3 R2 R1

[Units: kNm, kN]


Note:
1. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
2. Fender performance is on per meter length basis.
3. RPD is in accordance with PIANC for design performance with initial compression velocity of 0.15m/s.
4. CV is in accordance with PIANC for compression test performance with slow-constant-velocity compression of 0.00133m/s.
5. RPD factor, fRPD is an adjustment factor for CV performance to RPD.
Where, RPD = fRPD x CV

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
49
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Generic Performance Curve

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Performance Ratio for DA-A Fender
110

100

90

80

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
70
Reaction Force, R (%)

Energy Absorption, E (%)


60

50 100

40 80

30 60

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
20 40

CV Reaction Force RPD Reaction Force


10 20
CV Energy Absorption RPD Energy Absorption
0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
Center Deflection, Ci (%)
[Rated Deflection at 45%]

Small Craft Fenders


Temperature Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, TF
1.35

1.30 R3

1.25
R2

The Accessories Of
Fender System
R1
1.20
Temperature Factor, TF

1.15

1.10

1.05

1.00

Design Guildeline
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55

Marine Fender
0.95
Temperature (°C)
0.90

0.85


Grade
Temperature (°C)
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

-10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 23 30 35 40 45 50

R3 1.192 1.125 1.076 1.049 1.020 1.008 1.002 1.000 0.997 0.993 0.984 0.966 0.938

R2 1.242 1.169 1.113 1.064 1.041 1.020 1.006 1.000 0.990 0.982 0.972 0.956 0.933

R1 1.288 1.205 1.140 1.088 1.054 1.027 1.009 1.000 0.984 0.972 0.958 0.938 0.911
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
50
Velocity Factor for Rated Energy and Reaction, VF for DA200H Fenders
1.04

1.03

1.02

1.01
Velocity Factor, TF

1.00
0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
Velocity (mm/s)
0.99

0.98

0.97
R3
0.96 R2
R1
0.95

Note:
1. Velocity Factor is depending on the fender sizes and performance grades.

Velocity Factor For Rated Energy And Reaction For DA Fender


DA150H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

R3 0.951 0.981 1.000 1.013 1.025 1.034

R2 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.013 1.024 1.033

R1 0.951 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.024 1.035

DA200H Fender
Design Berthing Velocity (mm/s)
Grade
50 100 150 200 250 300

R3 0.952 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.026 1.036

R2 0.951 0.984 1.000 1.013 1.023 1.036

R1 0.948 0.982 1.000 1.014 1.027 1.035

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
51
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Dimensions

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Detail View
2k f
T
t
e
k

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
W2

W1
A

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
DA-A H Detail View
DA-A

Small Craft Fenders


Approx.
Fender H A W1 W2 F e f k T t Mass
Size (kg/m)


DA150H 150 240 98 300 96 55 95 25 22.5 19 36

The Accessories Of

DA200H 200 320 131 400 128 75 105 29 30 21 62

Fender System
Light-Duty Dyna Arch Fender Fixing Bolt Locations
L1=1000 L1=1500 L1=2000 L1=2500 L1=3000 L1=3500
Light Duty DA N=4 N=6 N=8 N=8 N = 10 N = 12

Design Guildeline
n=1 n=2 n=3 n=3 n=4 n=5

Marine Fender
Size Md C P C P C P C P C P C P
(A) Both Ends Tapered
150H M22 110 855 112.5 675 107.5 620 110 785 107.5 715 110 671
200H M24 120 860 120 680 120 620 122.5 785 120 715 120 672
(B) One End Tapered
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

110 110 110 112.5 110 110


150H M22 820 660 606 771 705 664
107.5 107.5 109.5 112 107.5 107.5
200H M24 120 810 120 655 117.5 605 120 770 121 702 122.5 661
(C) Both Ends Straight
150H M22 110 780 110 640 107.5 595 110 760 110 695 112.5 655
200H M24 120 760 120 630 122.5 585 122 752 120 690 122.5 651
Marine Fender
Verification

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Super Arch fender base length L 2 = 2 x C + n x P, where n = number of pitch/pitches
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. Non-standard length, profiles and bolting patterns are available upon request.
5. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
52
SMALL CRAFT FENDERS

Although tires and timber are often used on smaller wharves, such fenders cannot withstand long years of use and regularly need
replacement. In addition, damages to both the wharf structures and vessels berthing on wharfs installed with tires or timber are common.

Therefore, the demand is increasing for fenders with higher impact absorption and wider area protection. Bridgestone is responding to this
need by offering a full line of fenders and associated spare parts for small wharves.

Small craft fenders offered by Bridgestone are as follows.


1) Cylindrical Fender (CY)
2) Super Turtle Fender (ST)
3) Turtle Fender (T)
4) Sealed Fender (S)
5) Super Arch Corner Fender (C-SA)
6) W Fender (W230)
7) Wharf Header Protector (HT)
8) Safety Rubber Ladder (SL)

FEATURES OF SMALL CRAFT FENDERS

• Improved safety with a wide breadth to height ratio of fenders


• Better structure protection improved by greater surface contact area on the vessel
• Wide selection of sizes and energy capacities
• Ease of installation

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Hyper Cell Super Cell Dyna Arch Light-Duty The Accessories Of Marine Fender Research, Development Marine Fender
Small Craft Fenders Appendix
Fender (HC) Fender (SUC) Fender (DA) Dyna Arch (DA) Fender System Design Guildeline And Testing Facilities Verification
53

U-Anchor

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Shackle

Suspension
Shackle

Chain
Chain

Steel Bar

Chain
CYLINDRICAL FENDER (CY)

Cylindrical Fender

Cylindrical Fender

Cylindrical Fender
(i) Chain and Bar Fitting

Shackle
(iii) Ladder Fitting
(ii) Chain Fitting
54
CYLINDRICAL FENDER DIMENSIONS

ØD
Ød

Fender Size ØD x Ød Max. Length Approx. Mass


(mm x mm) L (m) (kg/m)

Ø150 x Ø75 6.0 15


Ø200 x Ø100 6.0 27
Ø250 x Ø125 6.0 42
Ø300 x Ø150 6.0 60
Ø350 x Ø175 6.0 82
Ø400 x Ø200 6.0 107
Ø450 x Ø225 6.0 135
Ø500 x Ø250 6.0 167
Ø530 x Ø265 6.0 187
Ø550 x Ø275 6.0 202
Ø600 x Ø300 6.0 240
Ø650 x Ø325 4.0 282
Ø700 x Ø350 4.0 327
Ø750 x Ø375 4.0 375
Ø800 x Ø400 4.0 426
Ø900 x Ø450 4.0 540
Ø1000 x Ø500 4.0 666
Ø1100 x Ø550 2.0 806
Ø1200 x Ø600 2.0 959
Ø1300 x Ø650 2.0 1125
Ø1400 x Ø700 2.0 1305
Ø1500 x Ø750 2.0 1498
Ø1600 x Ø800 2.0 1704
Ø1700 x Ø850 2.0 1924
Ø1800 x Ø900 2.0 2157
Ø1900 x Ø950 2.0 2403
Ø2000 x Ø1000 2.0 2663

Note:
1. Flexible length available upon request. Kindly contact Bridgestone.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
55
PERFORMANCE DATA

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Fender Size ØD x Ød Reaction Force Energy Absorption
(mm x mm) (kN) (kN-m)

Ø150 x Ø75 36.3 1.18


Ø200 x Ø100 49 2.16
Ø250 x Ø125 60.8 3.33
Ø300 x Ø150 72.6 4.71

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Ø350 x Ø175 85.1 6.37
Ø400 x Ø200 97.1 8.43
Ø450 x Ø225 110 10.5
Ø500 x Ø250 122 12.7
Ø530 x Ø265 128 14.5
Ø550 x Ø275 134 15.7

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Ø600 x Ø300 146 18.6
Ø650 x Ø325 158 22
Ø700 x Ø350 171 25.5
Ø750 x Ø375 182 29.2
Ø800 x Ø400 194 33.3

Small Craft Fenders


Ø900 x Ø450 219 42.2
Ø1000 x Ø500 243 52
Ø1100 x Ø550 268 63.7
Ø1200 x Ø600 292 75.5
Ø1300 x Ø650 316 88.3
Ø1400 x Ø700 340 103

The Accessories Of
Ø1500 x Ø750 365 119

Fender System
Ø1600 x Ø800 389 133
Ø1700 x Ø850 414 150
Ø1800 x Ø900 437 168
Ø1900 x Ø950 462 188
Ø2000 x Ø1000 486 208

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Note:
1. Performance values are for referencing purposes only and are not exact.
2. Performance is per meter length .

Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
56
SUPER TURTLE FENDER (ST150H/ ST200H)
The model was developed from the very popular Turtle model. Several improvements were made such as 32.5° upper section incline to
avoid snagging and ribbed construction to improve dependability.

W2
W1
A
C1 nxP C2 H
L Fixing Bolt
N - Md

PERFORMANCE AND DIMENSIONS


Energy Approx.
Fender
Absorption H A W1 W2 L (m) Mass
Size
(kN-m) (kg/m)
ST150H 6.07 150 375 195 435 1.0 to 3.5 48
ST200H 10.8 200 500 260 580 1.0 to 3.0 86

FIXING BOLT LOCATIONS


L1=1000 L1=1500 L1=2000 L1=2500 L1=3000 L1=3500
Super Turtle Fender N=6 N=6 N=8 N = 10 N = 10 N = 12
n=2 n=2 n=3 n=4 n=4 n=5
Size Md C1 C2 P C1 C2 P C1 C2 P C1 C2 P C1 C2 P C1 C2 P

ST150H M22 150 125 475 150 125 725 150 125 650 150 125 615 150 125 740 150 125 690
ST200H M24 150 121 515 150 131 760 150 126 675 150 131 630 150 131 755 - -

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. “n” denotes number of pitch/pitches.
5. Fender performance is on per meter length basis.
6. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
57
TURTLE FENDER (T100H/ T130H)

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Turtle fenders have a low surface pressure, minimizing the docking impact of even a small vessel’s wharf contact.

W2

W1

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
A
C nxP C H
L1 Fixing Bolt
N - Md

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
L

Small Craft Fenders


PERFORMANCE AND DIMENSIONS
Energy Approx.
Fender
Absorption H A W1 W2 L (m) Mass
Size
(kN-m) (kg/m)
T100H 2.70 100 235 210 300 0.5 to 1.5 27

The Accessories Of
Fender System
T130H 4.56 130 235 180 300 0.5 to 1.5 31

FIXING BOLT LOCATIONS


L=500 L=1000 L=1500

Design Guildeline
Turtle Fender

Marine Fender
N=4 N=4 N=6
n=1 n=1 n=2
Size Md L1 C P L1 C P L1 C P
T100H M22 / M20 * 400 125 250 910 200 600 1420 300 450
T130H M24 380 125 250 880 200 600 1380 300 450 Research, Development

Note:
And Testing Facilities

1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.


2. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. “n” denotes number of pitch/pitches.
5. Fender performance is on per meter length basis.
6. Bolt size of M20 is used for T100H with 500mm length.
7. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter.
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
58
SEAL FENDER (S100H/ S130H)
Designed with a larger buffer area, minimize the docking impact of even FRP vessels.

W2

W1
A
C nxP C H
L Fixing Bolt
N - Md

PERFORMANCE AND DIMENSIONS


Energy Approx.
Fender
Absorption H A W1 W2 L (m) Mass
Size
(kN-m) (kg/m)
S100H 2.70 100 240 180 300 0.5 to 2.0 22
S130H 4.56 130 240 170 300 0.5 to 2.5 31

FIXING BOLT LOCATIONS


L=500 L=1000 L=1500 L=2000 L=2500 L=3000
Seal Fender N=4 N=4 N=6 N=8 N=8 N = 10
n=1 n=1 n=2 n=3 n=3 n=4

Size Md C P C P C P C P C P C P

S100H M22 110 330 110 830 110 665 110 610 111 776 111 707

S130H M22 110 330 110 830 110 665 110 610 111 776 111 707

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. “n” denotes number of pitch/pitches.
5. Fender performance is on per meter length basis
6. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
59
SUPER ARCH CORNER FENDER (C-SA)

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Super Arch corner fenders are used as wharf corner protectors. The smallest
sizes of 100H & 130H are designed without inner hollow section

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
C-SA100H/C-SA130H C-SA150H~250H
2k 2k

k
k

W2

W2

Dyna Arch (DA)


A

Light-Duty
Small Craft Fenders
P C P C
L L
T T
t t
L

The Accessories Of
Fender System
P

P
W1

W1
C

Fixing Bolt Fixing Bolt


N - Md H N - Md H

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
PERFORMANCE AND DIMENSIONS
Approx.
Fender
Md A H W1 W2 L P C k T t Mass
Size
(kg/m)
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities


100H M22 240 100 130 300 500 200 75 25 22.5 16.5 40

130H M22 240 130 111 300 500 200 75 25 22.5 16.5 45
150H M22 240 150 98 300 500 200 75 25 22.5 19.0 41

200H M24 320 200 131 400 750 350 100 29 30.0 21.0 100

250H M27 410 250 164 500 750 350 100 32 37.5 23.0 148

250H M27 410 250 164 500 1000 550 150 32 37.5 23.0 183
Marine Fender
Verification

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter.
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
60
W FENDER (W230H)
W fenders have a wide contact surface and provide low surface pressure, an innovation 

made with Dyna Slide technology and Bridgestone’s original W fenders that are widely
supplied all across Japan. Combining a W200 fender and 30mm thick UHMW-PE pads
through well controlled vulcanization processes, the superior product of W230H was
produced.

PERFORMANCE AND DIMENSIONS


40.0% (Rated Deflection)
Approx.
Fender
Reaction Energy H W1 W2 T U L Mass
Size
Force Absorption (kg/m)
(kN) (kN-m)
W230H 107 6.71 230 600 24 24 30 2000 105

FIXING BOLT LOCATIONS


Fender
Size Md N k A C n P

W230H M20 6 23 750 200 2 800

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Fender performance is subject to the tolerance of max 10% for Reaction Force and -10% for Energy Absorption.
3. “N” denotes number of bolts required.
4. “n” denotes number of pitch/pitches.
5. Fender performance is on per meter length basis
6. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter.

FEA Model for W Fender


-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
61
WHARF HEAD PROTECTOR (HT20H)

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Wharf head protector minimizes scraping damage to vessels and wharf heads
caused by rising and falling tides.

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION FOR EXISTING CONCRETE

H2
L W1 L W1

H1

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
W2

W2
W1

W1
ANCHOR M12
ANCHOR M12
H1 H1

Small Craft Fenders


DIMENSIONS
Type of wharf H1 H2 W1 W2 t
New Construction 20 22 100 102 0.5 to 1.8
Existing Concrete 20 - 100 102 0.5 to 1.0

The Accessories Of
Fender System
Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
62
SAFETY RUBBER LADDER (SL150H/ SL200H/ SL250H)
Provides an alternative to metal ladders.

N - Md

Step
ØS

W2
300 m x 600 300 300 W1 H
L Anchor

150 n x 300 150

DIMENSIONS
Ladder Size Md H W1 W2 S L (m)
SL150H M22 150 650 800 30
SL200H M24 200 650 850 30 0.9 to 3.0
SL250H M27 250 700 950 30

FIXING BOLT LOCATIONS


L n Mounting Bolt Pitch Nx2
900 3 300 + 300 + 300 2x2
1200 4 300 + 600 + 300 2x2
1500 5 300 + 600 + 300 + 300 3x2
1800 6 300 + 2x600 + 300 3x2
2100 7 300 + 600 + 300 + 600 + 300 4x2
2400 8 300 + 3x600 + 300 4x2
2700 9 300 + 2x600 +300 +600 + 300 5x2
3000 10 300 + 4x600 + 300 5x2

Note:
1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Md = fender fixing bolt diameter.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Small Craft Fenders

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
64
THE ACCESSORIES OF FENDER SYSTEM
The requirement of marine fender system accessories varies in accordance with the type of fenders and the design complexity. Bridgestone
design of these accessories complies with stringent quality control procedures. The typical accessories assembly of Hyper Cell Fender is shown
as follows.

Tension Chain Hyper Cell


(If Necessary) Fender

Anchor Bolt

Shear Chain
(Optional)

Steel Mount U-Anchor

Weight Chain
(If Necessary)

Frontal Frame

Anchor Bolt

Frontal Pad Pad Fixing Bolt

Note:
1. Chain and pad arrangement illustrated is typical, but will vary depending upon job site conditions. Bridgestone should be consulted for the final layout.
2. All colors shown are for identification purposes only. The actual offer may differ. Please consult Bridgestone for further information regarding the standard colors available.

MAJOR ACCESSORIES
Accessory Typical Functions
Anchor Bolt Attaches the fender to the wharf or structure
Frame Fixing Attaches the frontal frame to the fender
Frontal Frame Protects the vessel hull by regulating the average contact pressure
Frontal Pad Reduces the friction coefficient to protect the vessel hull
Shear Chain Restrains shear deflection of fenders (Optional)
Tension Chain Restrains extension of fenders (If necessary)
Weight Chain Supports the frontal frame weight (If necessary)

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
65
FRONTAL FRAME

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Cell series fender systems (Hyper Cell or Super Cell) are typically designed with frontal frame. The frontal frame helps to reduce the
concentrated load acting on the vessel hull by distributing the force across the flat frame surface. The frontal frame size can be altered so
that the average hull pressure does not exceed the allowable hull pressure requirements, effectively protecting the vessel hull.

There are 2 types of frontal frame constructions, either open or closed. Closed frames are also sometimes known as boxed frames.
Generally, the open type frontal frame facilitates the ease of checking of the internal structure whereas the closed type is relatively superior
in corrosion protection.

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
The frontal frame can be chamfered or cornered at the top, bottom or side edges, depending on the types of vessels and hull design
considerations, the most typical being hull belting.

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Small Craft Fenders
Open Frame:- Closed Frame:- Chamfered Frame
without back plate with back plate

Protective Coating
Protective coating is essential to safeguard the frontal frame performance under the corrosive marine conditions. An epoxy protective

The Accessories Of
coating system is recommended in accordance with ISO 12944 (1), which complies with the expected durability of “High” under the

Fender System
seawater splash zone environment.

Typical Coating System Specification(2):


Surface Preparation : SSPC.SP10 / SIS SA 2.5
Primer Coat : Organic Zinc Rich Primer --- 20 ~ 50 micron

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Intermediate/ Top Coat : High Build Solids Epoxy --- Min. 2 Coats
Total Dry Film Thickness : Min. 450 micron
Colour : Black
(1)
ISO 12944- Paints and varnishes — Corrosion protection of steel structures by protective paint systems
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

(2)
Alternative to the stated coating system are available upon request and are subjected to evaluation

Cathodic Protection
Sacrificial anodes (Zinc or Aluminium) can be installed on
frames for additional corrosion protection. The number and
weight of the anode is determined by the number of years
of protection desired.
Marine Fender
Verification

Please consult Bridgestone for the specification of anodes.


Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
66
FRONTAL PAD AND FIXINGS
The Ultra High Molecular Weight (UHMW) polyethylene pads are fixed to the face of the frontal frame to minimize surface friction when the frontal
frame comes into contact with the vessel hull. There are 2 types of pads - flat pads and corner pads, with size up to 1000 mm x 1000 mm
depending on the orientation and size of the designed frontal frame. Typically, black or blue UHMW polyethylene pads are offered.

The below are the typical properties of UHMW pads:

UHMW PE Pad Properties Values


Specific weight 0.93-0.95
Hardness Shore D 60-70
Tensile strength Min. 15 N/mm2
Elongation >50%
Friction coefficient Max. 0.2
Izod Impact Strength No break
Note:
1. The above pad properties are typical in standard product. Non-typical pad properties are available upon request.

Pads and fixings on the frontal frame

The Pad Fixings


Bridgestone has an unique pad fixings design that improves on the conventional stud bolt design where the stud bolt is easily damaged during
handling. The M16 fixing bolts are used to fix the frontal pads to the welded nuts on the faceplate of the frontal frame. The below shows the cross-
sectional view of pad fixings for both open and closed frontal frames.

Bolt Pad Bolt Pad

Welded Nut Face Plate Welded Nut Face Plate

Open Type Pad Fixings Closed Type Pad Fixings

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
67
ANCHORS AND FRAME FIXINGS

Fender (SUC)
Anchor Fixing

Super Cell
Bridgestone marine fender systems can be easily installed regardless of wharf types: be it new or existing, a steel structure or a concrete
structure. Typically, Bridgestone Super Bolts are used for new concrete structure and standard resin anchors are used for existing concrete
structure. For new or existing steel structure, conventional bolts are usually used.

In the case of Super Bolts, the embedded portion will be cast into the concrete, providing a threading part (sleeves) in which the bolt is

Fender (DA)
installed. For resin anchors, the bolt is secured to the concrete structure with the chemical resins acting as a bonding agent. The below

Dyna Arch
diagrams provide an illustration on the fixing mechanism of Super Bolts and resin anchors.

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Small Craft Fenders
Frame Fixing

The Accessories Of
Fender System
Frame fixings enable the frontal frame to be fixed on the fender body. Different types of fenders require different types of frame fixings
and fixing arrangement. The below diagrams illustrate the frame fixings configurations for Super Cell (SUC) fenders and Hyper Cell (HC)
fenders.

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
68
Typical Super Bolt Dimensions

Y(HEX)
SIZE

G1

G2
i
H i L

Bolt Anchor Approx.


Bolt
Mass
Size (M) H Y i L G2
G1 (kg)
M20 13 30 65 50 145 50 1.0
M22 14 34 65 50 165 55 1.4
M24 15 36 70 55 175 55 1.7
M27 17 41 75 60 200 60 2.4
M30 18.7 46 75 60 225 60 3.0
M36 22.5 55 85 70 270 70 5.2
M42 26 65 90 75 325 85 7.7
M48 30 75 120 95 360 95 11.1
M56 35 85 125 100 435 105 17.4
M64 40 95 130 105 475 115 24.1

Typical Resin Anchor Bolt and Nut Dimensions

Y(HEX)
SIZE PAINTED
D

H L1 L2 (L)

Nut Anchor Drill Hole Approx.


Bolt Bolt Diameter & Depth
Mass
Size (M) H Y L2 D L
L1 (kg)
M20 16 30 10 140 24 140 0.8
M22 20.2 34 10 145 28 145 1.0
M24 22.3 36 10 170 30 170 1.2
M27 24.7 41 10 190 32 190 1.7
M30 26.4 46 10 210 38 210 2.3
M36 31.9 55 10 260 46 260 4.1
M42 34.9 65 10 330 55 330 6.0
M48 38.9 75 10 400 60 400 8.6 Note:
M56 45.9 85 10 480 65 480 13.5 1. All units in mm unless otherwise stated.
2. Bolt length and washer size may differ in accordance with the
M64 52.4 95 10 515 75 515 18.6 fixing application.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
69
CHAIN SYSTEM AND CHAIN FIXING ANCHOR

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
The chain system is comprised of the combination of shackles and common links secured between the frontal frame and the chain fixing
point on the wharf structure. A typical chain system is designed with a safety factor of 3 against the breaking load. An adjustable shackle
may be included depending on the functionality of the chain in the marine fender system design.

SB Shackle Common Link Adj. Shackle

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Dyna Arch (DA)
Light-Duty
Typical Chain Arrangement

Chain Fixing Anchor

Small Craft Fenders


There are 2 types of chain fixings generally installed on the wharf structure, as described below:

U-Anchor
U-Anchors are used with new concrete structure.

The Accessories Of
Fender System
For further embedding strength, the U-anchor can be welded to the structural reinforcement
bars before casting.

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Bracket
Brackets are used with existing concrete structure.

Typically, the bracket is secured to the wharf by using resin anchors or steel structure by
using bolt, nut and washer.
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
70
Accessories Material Specifications

ALTERNATIVE STANDARD
ACCESSORIES MATERIALS GRADE EN Grades
USA Std British Std

FRONTAL FRAME

SS400 in JIS G 3101 ASTM A36 BS4360-86 Gr.43A 1.0037


Frontal frame Mild
Steel SM490 in JIS G 3106 ASTM A633 Gr.C BS4360-86 Gr.50A 1.0045

Frontal Pad UHMW - - - -


Polyethylene
FIXING BOLTS
Bolt, Washer,
Mild
Flange, Anchor SS400 in JIS G 3101 ASTM A36 BS4360-86 Gr.43A 1.0037
Super Bolt

Steel
Plate & Bar

Sleeve Stainless SUS304 / SUS316 AISI 304 BS970 Gr. 304 1.4301
Steel in JIS G 4303, 4304 AISI 316 BS970 Gr. 316 1.4401

Bolt & Nut Stainless SUS304 / SUS316 AISI 304 BS970 Gr. 304 1.4301
Steel in JIS G 4303, 4304 AISI 316 BS970 Gr. 316 1.4401
Resin Anchor

Washer Mild SS400 in JIS G 3101 ASTM A36 BS4360-86 Gr.43A 1.0037
Steel

Resin Capsule Polyester Resin - - - -

Bolt, Nut & Washer Mild SS400 in JIS G 3101 ASTM A36 BS4360-86 Gr.43A 1.0037
Steel
Mild
Frame Fixing

Bolt & Washer SS400 in JIS G 3101 ASTM A36 BS4360-86 Gr.43A 1.0037
Steel

Nut Stainless SUS304 / SUS316 AISI 304 BS970 Gr. 304 1.4301
Steel in JIS G 4303, 4304 AISI 316 BS970 Gr. 316 1.4401

Stainless SUS304 / SUS316 AISI 304 BS970 Gr. 304 1.4301


Pad Fixing Bolt
Steel in JIS G 4303, 4304 AISI 316 BS970 Gr. 316 1.4401

CHAINS

Tension Chain
Weight Chain Steel Bars SBC490 - - -
Shear Chain for Chains in JIS G 3105 (1)

SB Shackle Carbon S25C in JIS G 4051 ASTM A575 BS970 Gr. 060A25 -
Adj. Shackle Steel Gr. 1025
CHAIN ANCHORS
Carbon S25C / S45C ASTM A575 BS970 Gr. 060A25
Steel in JIS G 4051 Gr.1025 / Gr.1045 BS970 Gr. 060A45 -
U-Anchor
Stainless SUS304 / SUS316 AISI 304 BS970 Gr. 304 1.4301
Steel in JIS G 4303, 4304 AISI 316 BS970 Gr. 316 1.4401
Bracket Mild SM490 in JIS G 3106 ASTM A633 Gr. C BS4360-86 Gr.50A 1.0045
Steel

Note:
1. SBC 490 in JIS G 3105 is standard of steel bars for chains; hence no equivalent US standard exists. ASTM states the standard for the chain itself, not the material.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
The Accessories Of
Fender System

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
72
MARINE FENDER DESIGN GUILDELINES
MARINE FENDER DESIGN FLOW CHART
Design Criteria
- Vessel Data
- Berthing Conditions
- Wharf Structures
- Others
Berthing Velocity & Coefficients

Berthing Energy Calculation Safety Factor (if applicable)

Fender Selection
- Min. Energy Absorption Berthing Conditions
- Allowable Reaction Force
Vessel Consideration

Natural Conditions

Marine Fender System Design


Multiple Fender Contact
- Frontal Frame Design
/ Fender Pitch
- Chain System Design
(if applicable)
- Fixings & Anchor Design

DEFINITIONS OF VESSEL PARAMETERS


Parameters Definition

The total mass of cargo, stores, fuels, crew and reserves with which a vessel is
Dead Weight Tonnage, DWT
laden when submerged to the summer loading line

Displacement Tonnage, DT Total mass of the vessel and its contents

Gross internal volumetric capacity of the vessel as defined by the rules of


Gross Tonnage, GT
registering authority and measured in units of 2.83 m3

Length Overall, Loa Overall length of the vessel

Length measured between aft and fore perpendicular or along the waterline
Length Between Perpendicular, Lpp
from forward surface of the stem to the after surface of the sternpost

Molded Breadth, B Beam or width of the vessel

Molded Depth, D Total height of the vessel hull

Full Load Draft, d Depth of vessel below sea water level during full load

Loa B

Vessel Freeboard
Load Water Line
D
d

Aft Perpendicular Lpp Fore Perpendicular Keel Clearance


Sea Bed
-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
73
BERTHING ENERGY CALCULATIONS

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
The kinetic energy of a vessel can be represented by the following formula:

E = ½ · M · v 2
Where:
E = Kinetic energy of the vessel (kNm)

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
M = Mass of the vessel (=water displacement in tonnes)
v = Speed of the approaching vessel perpendicular to the berth (m/s)

The effective berthing energy of a vessel can be calculated from the kinetic energy as follows

Dyna Arch (DA)


E = ½ · M · v 2 · Ce · Cm · Cs · Cc

Light-Duty


Where:
E = Effective berthing energy (kNm)
M = Mass of design vessel (displacement in tonnes)

Small Craft Fenders


v = Approach velocity of vessel perpendicular to the berth (m/s)
Ce = Eccentricity factor
Cm = Mass coefficient
Cs = Softness factor
Cc = Berth configuration factor or cushion factor

BERTHING VELOCITY

The Accessories Of
Fender System
Brolsma Curve, adopted by PIANC and BS 6349 is most widely used for vessel berthing speed. The berthing speeds depend on the
approach conditions, the exposure of the berth and size of vessel. PIANC adopts deadweight tonnage of vessel (DWT), but BS 6349 adopts
displacement tonnage of vessel (DT) for X-axis of velocity graph.

Approach Velocity in Accordance with PIANC - Brolsma


0.8

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Approach Velocity, V (m/s)

e a. Good berthing, sheltered


0.7
b. Difficult berthing, sheltered

0.6 c. Easy berthing, exposed


d
d. Good berthing, exposed
Research, Development

0.5 e. Difficult berthing, exposed


And Testing Facilities

0.4

b
0.3

0.2
a
Marine Fender
Verification

0.1

0.0
1,000 10,000 100,000 500,000
Deadweight Tonnage, DWT (ton)
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
74
Approach Velocity in Accordance with BS6349: Part 4 - Brolsma
0.8
Approach Velocity, V (m/s)

e a. Good berthing, sheltered


0.7
b. Difficult berthing, sheltered

0.6 c. Easy berthing, exposed


d
d. Good berthing, exposed
0.5 e. Difficult berthing, exposed
c

0.4

b
0.3

0.2
a

0.1

0.0
1,000 10,000 100,000 500,000
Displacement Tonnage, DT (ton)

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
75
MASS COEFFICIENT (Cm)

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Vasco Costa
According to Vasco Costa, when a vessel berths, a certain volume of water will be ‘pulled’ together, creating a virtual mass. This volume is
equivalent to d × d × Lpp.

Since the virtual mass will be created on both sides of the vessel,
the volume of water = 2d × d × Lpp and the volume of the vessel = Lpp × B × d.
Hence, the total volume of berthing is as follows:

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
B
VESSEL
d d

d
Seawater Seawater

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Therefore the Mass coefficient (Cm) can be calculated by the following formula:


for 
 broadside berthing

Small Craft Fenders


for bow/ stern berthing

Where:
Lpp = Length of vessel’s hull between perpendiculars (m)
B = Breadth of the vessel (m)

The Accessories Of
d = Draft of vessel (m)

Fender System
This formula was published in 1964 and is also used by the British Standards BS6349: Part 4.
It is valid under the following circumstances:
• the keel clearance shall be more than 0.1 × d
• the vessel’s velocity shall be more than 0.08 m/s.

Design Guildeline
Shigeru Ueda

Marine Fender
The formula of Shigeru Ueda originates from 1981 and is based on model experiments and field observations. Cm is given by the
formula:

for broadside berthing;


Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

for bow/stern berthing.


Block coefficient,


Marine Fender
Verification

Where:
DT = Displacement tonnage of the vessel (tonnes)
Lpp = Length of vessel’s hull between perpendiculars (m)
B = Breadth of the vessel (m)
d = Draft of vessel (m)
= Density of water (1.025 ton/m3 for seawater)
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
76
ECCENTRICITY FACTOR (Ce)
Typically a vessel berths with either the bow or stern at an angle to the wharf or dolphin. The initial contact, or berthing point, is at one
location along the vessel hull. At the time of berthing, the vessel will rotate around this berthing point. For this reason, the total kinetic energy
held by the vessel is consumed partially in its turning energy and the remaining energy is conveyed to the wharf.

This remaining energy is obtained from the kinetic energy of a vessel corrected with the eccentricity factor, Ce. Ce may be calculated by
the following equation:

Where:
K = Radius of gyration of the ship (m)
Generally between 0.2L and 0.25L

K also can be obtained from the following formula:


K = (0.19 Cb + 0.11) Lpp

Where:
Cb = Block coefficient
Lpp = Length of vessel’s hull between perpendiculars (m)
R = Distance of the point of contact from the center of mass (m)
= Angle between the line joining the point of contact to the center of mass and the velocity vector (°)

The above expression is often simplified by assuming = 90°, resulting in

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
77

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Often Ce is assumed to be as follows, unless otherwise specially requested:

Berthing Method Berthing Schematic Diagram Ce

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
1/4 Point Berthing 0.5

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
1/3 Point Berthing 0.7

Small Craft Fenders


End Berthing 1.0

The Accessories Of
Fender System
SOFTNESS COEFFICIENT (Cs)
The softness coefficient allows for the portion of the impact energy that is absorbed by the elastic deformation of the ship’s hull. Little
research into energy absorption by a vessel hull has taken place, but it has been generally accepted that the value of Cs lies between 0.9

Design Guildeline
and 1.0.

Marine Fender
In the absence of more reliable information, a figure of 1.0 for Cs is recommended when a soft fender system is used, and between 0.9
and 1.0 for a hard fender system.

A hard fender system can be considered one in which the deflections of the fenders under impact from design vessels are less than 0.15m.
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

A soft fender system has fender deflections greater than 0.15m under the same impacts.
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
78
CONFIGURATION COEFFICIENT (Cc)
The berth configuration coefficient allows for the portion of the ship’s energy, which is absorbed by the cushioning effect of water trapped
between the ship’s hull and the quay wall. The value of Cc is influenced by the type of quay construction, the distance from the side of the
vessel, the berthing angle, the shape of the ship’s hull, and the under keel clearance.

The following figures are generally applied in each case:

Open Stucture Semi Open Structure Closed Structure (Gravity)

Vessel Vessel Vessel

Cc = 1.0 Cc = 0.9 ~ 1.0 Cc = 0.8 ~ 1.0

FACTOR OF ABNORMAL BERTHING


An abnormal impact occurs when the normal calculated energy to be absorbed at impact is exceeded. This is to account for the scenario
of accidental occurrences. Some reasons for abnormal impacts can be mishandling, malfunction, exceptionally adverse wind or current, or
a combination of factors.

The factor for abnormal impact may be applied to the berthing energy as calculated for a normal impact to arrive at the abnormal berthing
energy. This factor should enable reasonable abnormal impacts to be absorbed by the fender system without damage. It would impracticable
to design for an exceptionally large abnormal impact and it must be accepted that such an impact could result in damage.

Factor of
Type of Vessel Size
Abnormal Berthing

Largest 1.25
Tanker and Bulk Cargo
Smallest 1.75

Largest 1.5
Container Vessel
Smallest 2.0

General Cargo - 1.75

Ro-Ro and Ferries - 2.0 or higher

Tugs, Work Boats, etc - 2.0

The table above is introduced in PIANC guidelines as general guidance. It may not be applicable if the abnormal approach velocity is
already adopted for design. As mentioned in PIANC guidelines, it would not be practicable to design for an exceptionally large abnormal
impact and it must be accepted that such an impact could result in damage.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
79
MULTIPLE-FENDER CONTACT

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
The study of multiple fender contact allows the optimum fender system to be designed. There are two possible scenarios of vessels coming
into contact with multiple fenders:

Even No. Fender Contact


Plan View A-A B-B
S
P P P
Wharf j

Fender (DA)
A B k

Dyna Arch
F2 F3

Vessel

Vessel
F1 F4
H

Wharf

Wharf
h

s u
Radi
Vessel A B
n-fender contact

Hull
(n = even number)

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Odd No. Fender Contact
Plan View A-A
S
A k
Wharf P P j

Small Craft Fenders


G1 G2 G3

Vessel

Wharf
H
us
Radi

Vessel A
n-fender contact
Hull

(n = odd number)

The Accessories Of
Fender System
The distance H is related to the total fender pitch S and hull radius R as follows.

Hull Radius (R) Fender Pitch (P)

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
For continuous wharves, the quantity of fenders in contact with the vessel

 hull depends on the fender pitch. Larger-than-required pitches may
result in insufficient energy absorption or the vessel hull hitting the wharf
structure. On the other hand, smaller-than-required pitches may result in
Above is the conventional Hull Radius formula uneconomical marine fender systems being designed.
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

that is widely used in the marine fender industry


Generally, British Standard: Maritime Structures, BS 6349 Part 4 is used
Vessel hull radius determines the number of as a reference to estimate the fender pitch by considering the minimum
fenders that can be contacted and the wharf vessel length.
clearance, k at a specified fender pitch.

Summing the performance of the individual fenders in a multiple - fender contact results in a Combined Energy Absorption (EAC). The
Marine Fender
Verification

entire system EAC shall equal or exceed the berthing energy of the vessel.

An additional consideration is that the clearance between vessel hull and wharf, k should be kept at a safe distance.
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
80
DESIGN BY BERTH CONSIDERATIONS
Allowable Maximum Reaction Force
The allowable reaction force varies from berth to berth. Typically a pile-constructed wharf or dolphin has a low limit of allowable reaction
force compared to the gravity wharf.

The reaction force of a selected fender should be less than the maximum allowable reaction force (Rmax).

Allowable Installation Area


The fendering system must be designed to fit the available mounting area on the wharf. The minimum area for installing Super Cell Fender
or Hyper Cell Fender is determined by the flange diameter. For arch-type fenders, the minimum area for installation is governed by the width
and length of the fender legs. For designs having chains these must also be accounted for in the mounting area.

As a general rule the distance from the edge of the concrete to the outermost anchor position (Lc) shall be equal to or larger than the length
of the embedded anchor bolts (L).

Please refer to the below diagram for clarity.

Fender Flange Dia.


Anchor Position
P.C.D.Ø1550 Lc

L
MIN. REQ.
Ø1725

L MIN. REQ. 800


Lc

Concrete Structure
Lc 1342 Lc 1150 Lc 1340 Lc
MIN. REQ. HC1150H
Lc

Fender Flange Dia.


Concrete Structure

Anchor Position
MIN. REQ.
Lc

2400

2040
MIN. REQ.

00
Ø2000

18
.D.
1800

P.C
Lc

1600
Anchor Position
L
Lc

Concrete Structure Fender Flange


Lc 1800 Lc 1600 DA-A800H
MIN. REQ. SUC1600H

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
81

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
Allowable Standoff of Fender System
There are cases where wharf equipment such as loading arms, gantry
cranes, vehicle ramps, etc., will govern the distance the vessel can Clearance
be from the wharf face and therefore the size of fender that can be
installed. In such cases multiple fenders may overcome the size Vessel
limitation imposed by a single larger fender body.

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
WHARF
On the other hand, it is important to ensure that on rated compression
of the fender system the vessel is kept in a safe clearance from any
protruding section of the wharf structure.

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Small Craft Fenders
Deflected Fender

The Accessories Of
Other Considerations

Fender System
If pertinent design information is available or pre-determined please inform Bridgestone to ensure optimum design output. See below for the
types of information that is helpful.

INSTALLATION PITCH

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
RUBBER
FENDER TOP VIEW
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

FRONT VIEW SIDE VIEW

FRONTAL
FRAME
Marine Fender

LOW CONTACT VESSEL


Verification

HWL
FULL DRAFT AT LWL

LWL
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
82
DESIGN BY VESSEL CONSIDERATIONS
Allowable Average Face Pressure
The average face pressure is calculated by dividing the designed reaction
force of the fender by the area of the flat surface of the frontal frame. This Frontal Frame
flat surface excludes chamfers of the frontal frame.

He

H
Where, R : Design Reaction Force
A : Flat Area of Frontal frame
( A = We x He )
Pa : Allowable Face Pressure
W : Frontal frame Width
H : Frontal frame Height We Chamfer
Chamfer (Side)
We : Effective Width W
He : Effective Height
The allowable face pressure differs with the type and size of the vessels shown as follows:

Type of Vessel Allowable Face Pressure (kN/m2)


Container Vessel
1st & 2nd Generation < 400
3rd Generation (Panamax) < 300
4th Generation < 250
5th & 6th Generation (Superpost Panamax) < 200
General Cargo
≤ 20,000 DWT 400 - 700
>20,000 DWT < 400
Oil Tanker
≤ 60,000 DWT < 300
>60,000 DWT < 350
VLCC < 200
Gas Tanker
LNG / LPG tanker < 200
Carriers
Bulk & Ore Carrier < 200
Belted Vessel
Ferry Belted or < 300
Passenger Belted or < 300
Ro-Ro Vessel Belted or < 300

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
83
DESIGN BY VESSEL CONSIDERATIONS

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
In general a vessel has curvature in horizontal and vertical directions. Vessel curvature causes angular compression of the fender body.

Vessel Hull Curvature in Vertical Direction


Vessels such as general cargo carriers and oil tankers have nearly straight
vertical hull. On the other hand, container vessels have complex hull curvature. Clearance
it is therefore necessary to design a fender system by taking this curvature Vessel

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
into account. In this case, the fender system typically experiences angular
compression when it comes into contact with the vessel hull.

If the fender system is installed at a low position of the wharf, it is important to Wharf
ensure the vessel hull is in a safe clearance when the fender system is being
compressed up to the designed deflection.

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Fender

Small Craft Fenders


Vessel Hull Curvature in Horizontal Direction

The Accessories Of
As vessels have nearly straight curvature profile around the contact area with the fender system in the horizontal direction, the vessel curvature

Fender System
consideration is normally not taken into account.

However, in some cases, if the curvature profile is not straight about the contact area, as shown in the sketch, it is necessary to determine the
spacing of fender systems to prevent the vessel from contacting the wharf.

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Where,
P = Fender Spacing
e l
Vess H = Fender Height
= Berthing Angle
R R = Hull Radius of Curvature
Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

H
H
Wharf P 2
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
84

Vessel Contact Elevation


Low Contact of Vessel
Low contact occurs when the freeboard elevation of the berthing vessel at low
water level is below the fender centerline elevation. This occurrence causes
the fender to elongate. Tension chains are designed to restrict the fender Wharf
elongation. As the fender is compressed at a certain angle during low contact,
the fender energy absorption capacity is reduced.
Elev.
Remark:
For low contact, the mooring condition may be more severe than the berthing Low Contact
Distance
condition. Mooring analysis shall be considered in the case of open sea with
little protection. Vessel
Freeboard

Water Level

Belt Contact
Some vessel hulls have metallic, rubber or wooden protrusions for protection.
These protruded objects are referred to as belts. Most ferries, passenger Belting
vessels & Ro-Ro vessels are designed with belts. Vessel Wharf

The existence of belts affects the design of the frontal frame of fender systems.
Belt contact results in a two-point contact bending moment on the frontal Elev.
frame. Further, the belt exerts a stress on the faceplate of the frontal frame. To
withstand this stress, the frontal frame faceplate is specially reinforced.

Water Level

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
85
FRONTAL FRAME DESIGN

Fender (SUC)
Frame Size

Super Cell
The frontal frame size is determined by the allowable face pressure of the vessel. In some cases the vessel contact elevation and frame visibility
at different tidal levels will also affect the designed frame size.

Design Strength
The frontal frame is designed considering the below cases:

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
• Single-Line Load Contact (Angular contact loads)
• Two-Line Load Contact (For belted vessel contact only)
• Midpoint Load Contact (For more than two fenders system only)

Wharf

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
Horizontal Berthing Flare/ Rolling

Wharf Wharf
Wharf

Small Craft Fenders


Single-Line Load Two-Line Load Midpoint Load

The Accessories Of
Fender System
Minimum Steel Plate Thickness
The minimum steel plate thickness for the frontal frame construction is as follows.

• One-surface exposed plate: 9 – 10 mm

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
• Two-surface exposed plate: 12 mm
• Internal plate: 8 mm

Chamfered Edges
If vessels with belting are anticipated at the site the frontal frame is normally designed with a top and bottom chamfered edge to avoid snagging.
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

The dimension of the belt is essential to determining the required chamfer size.
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
86
CHAIN SYSTEM DESIGN
Restraint chains are used in a fender system to control the loading on the fender under the design limit for the design conditions. The chains used
may be tension, weight and shear chains.

Tension Chain
Tension chains are required to restrict the elongation of a fender within its allowable limits during angular compression. Upper and/or lower
tension chains can be used if required.

Vessel Approach Wharf


Wharf
For Berthing

Tension
Chain

Vessel Approach
For Berthing
Tension Chain
Horizontal Angular Berthing Flare Angle or Rolling Berthing

Weight Chain
For system requiring frames, if the frame weight is are over the allowable limit for the fender body weight chains should be installed so sagging
does not occur. Top tension chains may also be necessary to avoid tilting of the frame if weight chains are fixed to the frame below the fender
centerline in the elevation plane.

Weight Chain Tension Chain

Wharf Wharf
Frame Weight

Frame Weight

Weight Chain

Shear Chain
Bridgestone’s cell-type fender systems (SUC and HC) have high allowable limits of shear performance and superior resistance to shearing. The
UHMW-PE low friction pads (μ = 0.2) coupled with this superior shearing performance of the cell fenders enable the cell fenders to perform
well even without shear chain. However, if shearing deflection needs to be limited for other reasons, a pair of shear chains should be installed
symmetrically. The shear chain may have a share-function with the tension chains and weight chains.

Wharf Wharf

Shear Chain

Vessel Hull Vessel Hull


Vessel Approach For Berthing Vessel Approach For Berthing
Bridgestone SUC & HC fenders have the allowable Shear force generated between
shear limit equivalent to its rated deflection. vessel hull and frontal pad.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
87
FIXINGS AND ANCHORS DESIGN

Fender (SUC)
Under the operation conditions, the fixings and anchors of a fender system are subject to

Super Cell
• an axial pull out force when fender elongates and
• shearing force when fender is compressed and simultaneously sheared downward.

Fixing Bolt
Anchor
F

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
F R

P S
Ac1
μ R+W Ac2
Ac1
Allowable Elongation

Dyna Arch (DA)


Ac2

Light-Duty
Axial Pull-out Force Shearing Force

The maximum axial pull-out force and shearing force are used to evaluate the material strength of the fixings and the concrete embedded
anchor strength, as summarized below.

Small Craft Fenders


The Accessories Of
Fender System
Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities


Where,
P = Axial pull-out force at elongation limit
R = Reaction force of fender
n = Number of fixing bolts per fender
d = Effective diameter of fixing bolt
μ = Friction coefficient between frontal pad and steel
W = Weight of frontal frame and half weight of fender body
Marine Fender
Verification

= Attenuation coefficient (0.6 ~ 1.0)


Fc = Concrete strength
Ac1&2 = Surface projection area
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
88
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND TESTING FACILITIES
Bridgestone is the world’s largest and one of the world’s oldest rubber products companies. To ensure the quality of all our products, Bridgestone
deploys the comprehensive research, testing, and engineering methods in order to meet our stringent corporate requirements. Marine fenders
are fully supported by this corporate culture. One of the largest compression testing facilities in the world is dedicated to test our largest marine
fenders in full scale to confirm the fender performance. A continuous effort of product improvement has placed Bridgestone as the first choice
of major port authorities around the world.

Bridgestone corporate philosophy is to pay special attention to quality control. Our products are developed through proven steps and introduced
to the market only after thorough examination. Quality control at Bridgestone does not merely mean statistical control of production. Bridgestone
believes every branch of the company should become involved in quality control in a comprehensive manner to improve not only its products, but
also the company’s business operations itself. Bridgestone calls this approach “Total Quality Control”, our Deming Plan.

The Fender Development Process


Concept Design Scale Model Evaluation

Back Bone for “Rubber” INTEGRATION


• Bridgestone - the largest rubber company in the world
• Supported by Bridgestone’s 500 technical staff
• Utilize similar technology as “Formula 1” SCALE MODEL

Back Bone for “Fender Shape” Laboratory Test


• Ideal Shape - Stress is distributed evenly during • Axial compression
operation (compression) utilizing the similar concept • Angular compression
as Bridgestone tire technology • Shear compression
• Utilizing Finite Element Analysis for study • Fatigue test
• Mooring simulation

REVIEW
GOOD

FULL SCALE BODY

Field Test
• Axial compression
• Angular compression
REVIEW
• Shear compression
• Continuous compression
• Mooring

GOOD

ON MARKET

Full Size Evaluation

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
89
FINITE ELEMENTS ANALYSIS (FEA)

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
While the most common way to analyze a product is through laboratory testing, Finite Elements Analysis (FEA) has become one of the most
important tools to carry out a detailed analysis of a product. Having its own FEA center, Bridgestone utilizes the state of the art facilities in order
to ensure the quality of its products from design to manufacturing.

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Dyna Arch (DA)
Light-Duty
Small Craft Fenders
Finite Element Analysis (FEA) Computer Mooring Simulation

The Accessories Of
Fender System
Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
90
Rubber Materials Technology

Bridgestone also has the highly advanced understanding of rubber as a material. This is essential for a heavy molded product such as a marine
fender. Marine fenders are the thickest structural element commonly made from vulcanized rubber. This presents unique problems for the
vulcanization. Rubber is a very good thermal insulator, therefore it is a difficult molding problem to assure the rubber is vulcanized throughout the
body thickness. Incomplete vulcanization will result in a failed fender. Bridgestone successfully produces our SUC3000H fender, which has a wall
thickness of approximately 500mm, by again applying the FEA method to study the temperature signature that must be maintained to assure
successful vulcanization. This methodology is applied to all our fender models.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Hyper Cell Super Cell Dyna Arch Light-Duty The Accessories Of Marine Fender Research, Development Marine Fender
Small Craft Fenders Appendix
Fender (HC) Fender (SUC) Fender (DA) Dyna Arch (DA) Fender System Design Guildeline And Testing Facilities Verification
91

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Environment Ovens – Aging Test
Testing Facilities

3-Axis Mooring Simulator

Model Tester
92
MARINE FENDER VERIFICATION
PHYSICAL PROPERTY OF RUBBER
Property Unit Requirement Relevant Testing Standard

JIS K 6251, ISO 37


Tensile Strength MPa Min. 15.7
ASTM D412 , BS 903 A.2
DIN 53504, CNS 3553:K 6344
Elongation % Min. 300 GB/T 528
Before Aging
JIS K 6253 , ISO 7619-1
ASTM D2240 , BS903 A.2
Hardness deg. Max. 84 DIN 53505, CNS 3555:K6346
GB/T 531

Not less than


Change in Tensile 80% of
% JIS K 6251, ISO 37
Standard

Strength Original value


ASTM D412 , BS 903 A.2
Not less than DIN 53504, CNS 3553:K 6344
After Aging Change in GB/T 528
% 80% of
70º C x 96 hrs aging Elongation
Original value
through air heating
JIS K 6253 , ISO 7619-1
Original value ASTM D2240 , BS903 A.2
Hardness deg.
+8 deg max. DIN 53505, CNS 3555:K6346
GB/T 531
JIS K 6262, ISO 815
Compression Set ASTM D395, BS903 A.6A
% Max. 30
70º C x 22 hrs heat treatment DIN ISO 815, CNS 3560:K6351,
GB/T 7759

JIS K 6259, ISO 1431-1


Ozone Resistance - No cracking visible
ASTM D1149, BS ISO 1431-1
20% strain, 40°C, 50pphm for 100 hours to eye
DIN 53509,GB/T 7762

Abrasion Resistance cc 1.5cc


JIS K 6264, ISO 4649
(Max)

JIS K 6252, ISO 34-1,


Tear Resistance kN/m 70
Option

ASTM D624, BS ISO 34-1,


(Min)
DIN ISO 34-1, GB/T 529

+10% JIS K 6258, ISO 1817


Seawater Resistance - by volume ASTM D471, BS ISO 1817
95°C for 28 days
(Max) DIN ISO 1817, GB/T 1690

Dynamic Fatigue† - 10,000 cycles -

Note: Bridgestone Marine Fender comes with Standard Testing Certification.


Option testing for rubber properties would incur additional cost.

† Testing report available for Super Cell Fenders and Hyper Cell Fenders only

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
93
FENDER PERFORMANCE TEST

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
In production Bridgestone fenders are tested for performance following PIANC procedures. Fenders will be selected at random and compressed
by a compression-testing machine up to the rated deflection. The fender performance shall meet the specified values within the tolerance.

Performance Tolerance: Reaction Force +10%


Energy Absorption –10%
Test Lots: Ten (10) % of each size.

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
The fender performance is expressed by the value of the energy absorbed and reaction force thus generated during fender compression at the
prescribed deflection.

In the fender performance test, the fender shall be compressed axially under the constant-slow velocity of 0.0003-0.0013 m/s (2-8 cm/min) for
three (3) times up to the rated deflection.

The load and the deflection in each test shall be recorded. The average of 2nd and 3rd cycle performance data shall be adopted to determine

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
the reaction value and energy value of the fender.

The energy absorption and reaction force at the standard deflection must be within the tolerance value.

Small Craft Fenders


DIMENSIONAL TOLERANCES

Fender Height Pitch Circle Diameter (P.C.D.) Outer Base Diameter Bolt Hole

Tolerance +4% / -2% ±4mm +4% / -2% ±2 mm

The Accessories Of
Fender System
Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities
Marine Fender
Verification
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
94
APPENDIX
TABLE OF VESSEL DATA
CONTAINER VESSEL
DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft
(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
7000 10700 123 115 20.3 9.8 7.2
10000 15100 141 132 22.4 11.3 8.0
15000 22200 166 156 25.0 13.3 9.0
20000 29200 186 175 27.1 14.9 9.9

25000 36100 203 191 28.8 16.3 10.6

30000 43000 218 205 30.2 17.5 11.1

40000 56500 244 231 32.3 19.6 12.2

50000 69900 266 252 32.3 21.4 13.0

60000 83200 286 271 36.5 23.0 13.8

GENERAL CARGO
DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft
(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)

1000 1690 67 62 10.8 5.8 3.9

2000 3250 83 77 13.1 7.2 4.9

3000 4750 95 88 14.7 8.1 5.6
5000 7690 111 104 16.9 9.4 6.6
7000 10600 123 115 18.6 10.4 7.4
10000 14800 137 129 20.5 11.6 8.3
15000 21600 156 147 23.0 13.1 9.5

20000 28400 170 161 24.9 14.3 10.4

30000 41600 193 183 27.8 16.2 11.9

40000 54500 211 200 30.2 17.6 13.0

RO-RO SHIP
DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft
(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)

1000 2190 73 66 14.0 6.2 3.5

2000 4150 94 86 16.6 8.4 4.5

3000 6030 109 99 18.3 10.0 5.3

5000 9670 131 120 20.7 12.5 6.4
7000 13200 148 136 22.5 14.5 7.2
10000 18300 169 155 24.6 17.0 8.2
15000 26700 196 180 27.2 20.3 9.6

20000 34800 218 201 29.1 23.1 10.7

30000 50600 252 233 32.2 27.6 12.4

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
95
BULK CARRIER

Fender (SUC)
DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft

Super Cell
(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)
5000 6920 109 101 15.5 8.6 6.2
7000 9520 120 111 17.2 9.5 6.9
10000 13300 132 124 19.2 10.6 7.7
15000 19600 149 140 21.8 11.9 8.6
20000 25700 161 152 23.8 13.0 9.4

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch

30000 37700 181 172 27.0 14.7 10.6

50000 61100 209 200 32.3 17.1 12.4

70000 84000 231 221 32.3 18.9 13.7

100000 118000 255 246 39.2 21.1 15.2

150000 173000 287 278 44.5 23.8 17.1

Dyna Arch (DA)



200000 227000 311 303 48.7 25.9 18.6

Light-Duty

250000 280000 332 324 52.2 27.7 19.9

OIL TANKER
DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft
(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)

Small Craft Fenders



1000 1580 61 58 10.2 4.5 4.0

2000 3070 76 72 12.6 5.7 4.9

3000 4520 87 82 14.3 6.6 5.5
5000 7360 102 97 16.8 7.9 6.4
7000 10200 114 108 18.6 8.9 7.1
10000 14300 127 121 20.8 10.0 7.9

The Accessories Of
Fender System
15000 21000 144 138 23.6 11.6 8.9
20000 27700 158 151 25.8 12.8 9.6

30000 40800 180 173 29.2 14.8 10.9

50000 66400 211 204 32.3 17.6 12.6

70000 91600 235 227 38.0 19.9 13.9

100000 129000 263 254 42.5 22.5 15.4

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender

150000 190000 298 290 48.1 25.9 17.4

200000 250000 327 318 52.6 28.7 18.9

300000 368000 371 363 59.7 33.1 21.2

GAS CARRIER
Research, Development

DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft


And Testing Facilities

(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)



1000 2480 71 66 11.7 5.7 4.6

2000 4560 88 82 14.3 7.2 5.7
3000 6530 100 93 16.1 8.4 6.4
5000 10200 117 109 18.8 10.0 7.4
7000 13800 129 121 20.8 11.3 8.1
Marine Fender

10000 18900 144 136 23.1 12.9 9.0


Verification


15000 27000 164 154 26.0 14.9 10.1

20000 34800 179 169 28.4 16.5 11.0

30000 49700 203 192 32.0 19.0 12.3

50000 78000 237 226 37.2 22.8 12.3

70000 105000 263 251 41.2 25.7 12.3

100000 144000 294 281 45.8 29.2 12.3
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
96

FERRY
DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft
(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)

1000 1230 67 61 14.3 5.5 3.4

2000 2430 86 78 17.0 6.8 4.2

3000 3620 99 91 18.8 7.7 4.8
5000 5970 119 110 21.4 9.0 5.5

7000 8310 134 124 23.2 10.0 6.1
10000 11800 153 142 25.4 11.1 6.8
15000 17500 177 164 28.1 12.6 7.6
20000 23300 196 183 30.2 13.8 8.3
30000 34600 227 212 33.4 15.6 9.4

40000 45900 252 236 35.9 17.1 10.2

PASSENGER VESSEL
DWT DT Loa LPP W D Full Draft
(Metric tones) (Metric tones) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m)

1000 1030 64 60 12.1 4.9 2.6

2000 1910 81 75 14.4 6.3 3.4

3000 2740 93 86 16.0 7.4 4.0
5000 4320 112 102 18.2 9.0 4.8

7000 5830 125 114 19.8 10.2 5.5

10000 8010 142 128 21.6 11.7 6.4
15000 11500 163 146 23.9 13.7 7.5
20000 14900 180 160 25.7 15.3 8.0
30000 21300 207 183 28.4 17.8 8.0
50000 33600 248 217 32.3 21.7 8.0
70000 45300 278 243 35.2 24.6 8.0

Note:
- All the vessel data listed here are taken from PIANC Working Group 33 of Maritime Navigation Commission with confidence limit of 75%.
- Values shown are for reference only.

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
97
UNIT CONVERSION TABLE

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
LENGTH
Meter (m) Foot (ft) Inch (in)
1 3.2808 39.3701
0.3048 1 12.0
0.0254 0.0833 1

COATING THICKNESS

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Mils Microns
1 25.4

AREA
Sq. Meter (m2) Sq. Feet (ft2) Sq. Inch (in2)
1 10.7639 1550.0

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
0.0929 1 144.0
0.645x103 6.9444x10-3 1

VELOCITY
m/s ft/s knot km/h mile/h

Small Craft Fenders


1 3.2808 1.9438 3.6000 2.2369

0.3048 1 0.5925 1.0973 0.6818
0.5144 1.6878 1 1.8520 1.1508

0.2778 0.9113 0.5400 1 0.6214
0.4470 1.4667 0.8690 1.6093 1

MASS

The Accessories Of
Fender System
tonne (metric) Kip Long ton Short ton
1 2.2046 0.9842 1.1023
0.4536 1 0.4464 0.5
1.0161 2.24 1 1.12
0.9072 2.0 0.8929 1

FORCE

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
kN tonne (force) kip (force) pound (force)
1 0.102 0.225 225
9.81 1 2.2046 2204.6
4.45 0.454 1 1000 Research, Development

ENERGY
And Testing Facilities

kNm or kJ tonne-m ft kip


1 0.102 0.774
9.81 1 7.24
1.36 0.138 1

PRESSURE
tonne/m2 kip/ft2 kPa psi Kg/cm2 MPa or N/mm2
Marine Fender
Verification

1 0.205 9.81 1.4236 0.1000 0.00981



4.88 1 47.9 6.944 0.4880 0.04788
0.102 0.0209 1 0.1451 0.0102 0.00100
0.7024 0.144 6.89 1 0.0702 0.00689
10 2.05 98.1 14.236 1 0.0981
102 20.91 1000.62 145.207 10.2 1
Appendix

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
98
PRECAUTION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Recommendation of Maintenance
1. Proper maintenance of the Fender is important for long-term safe use. It’s recommendable to conduct periodical maintenance according

to the maintenance manual.

2. The repair coating work for corrosion and rust of the frontal frames of the Fender is recommendable at least once a year or immediately

when such corrosion and /or rust is found. The repair coating material shall be the same specification as the submitted fender system

drawing.

Conditions
3. Do not use under conditions deviated from the given design criteria.

4. Do not abuse and misuse. Avoid unauthorized alterations or repairs.

Precaution for Safe Transportation and Keeping


5. Do not drag the Fender on the floor surface. Do not drop it, crash it nor damage it when handling.

6. Take extra care of handling so that the Fender cannot be damaged especially at the part of rubber-coated flange, in case of placing the

Fender horizontally.

7. Protect sufficiently so that the Fender cannot be damaged in case of being fixed with ropes.

8. Do not attach oil and other chemicals to the Fender.

9. Be careful to keep the Fender away from fire.

Precaution in Installation
10. Cover the Fender with protective material so that it cannot be damaged, when hanging it with wire ropes.

11. Do spot welding between the fix bolt and the washer to prevent bolts from being loosened

-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Fender (HC)
Hyper Cell
99
LIST OF REFERENCE

Fender (SUC)
Super Cell
EAU 1996, Empfehlungen des Arbeitsausschusses fur Ufereinfassungen
(Recommendations of the Committee for Waterfront Structures Harbours and Waterways EAU 1996, 7th English version)

BS 6349: Part 4: 1994, Maritime structures, Code of practice for design of fendering and mooring systems

Port Engineering - Volume 1 - Per Bruun KUBO K. (1962):”A New Method for Estimation of Lateral Resistance of Piles”, Report of Port and
Harbour Research Institute, Vol. 2, No, 3, 37 p 9 (in Japanese)

Fender (DA)
Dyna Arch
Technical Standards for Port and Harbour Facilities in Japan (1991): The overseas Coastal Development Institute of Japan, pp.156-161

UEDA S, K. TAKAHASHI, S. ISOZAKI, H. SHIMAOKA, S. KIUCHI and H. SHIRATANI (1993), “Design Method of Single Pile Dolphin Made of High
Tensile Steel”, Proc. Of Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology (PACOM ‘93) 1993.6, pp 446-475

ROM 0.2 - 90, Actions in the Design of Maritime and Harbor Works, April 1990

Dyna Arch (DA)


Light-Duty
PIANC WG 24 (1995): Criteria for Movements of Moored Vessels in Harbours - A Practical Guide, supplement to Bulletin No.88, 35p.

UEDA S. and SHIRAISHI S. (1992), On the Design of Fenders Based on the Vessel Oscillations Moored in Quay Walls, Technical Note of Port and
Harbour Research Institute, 55p (in Japanese)

PIANC, Report on the International Commission for Improving the Design of Fender System, Supplement to Bulletin No. 45(1984).

Small Craft Fenders


PIANC 2002, Guidelines For the Design of Fender Systems: 2002, Report of Working Group 33

THORESEN C.A, Port Design, Guidelines and Recommendation, Tapir Publishers, Trondheim, Norway, 1988.

OCIMF, Vessel to vessel transfer guide (Petroleum) 1997

The Accessories Of
OCIMF, Vessel to vessel transfer guide (Liquefied gases) 1995

Fender System
SHIGERU UEDA, RYO UMEMURA, SATORU SHIRAISHI, SHUJI YAMAMOTO, YASUHIRO AKAKURA and SEIGI YAMASE, Statistical Design of Fenders,
Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, June 2001, pp. 583-588

Technical Standards and Commentaries for Port and Harbour Facilities in Japan, 2002
The Overseas Coastal Area Development Institute of Japan.

Design Guildeline
Marine Fender
DISCLAIMER
Information contained in this catalogue is for general reference purposes only. The information is provided by Bridgestone and while we endeavour
to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness,
accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the catalogue or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained in
Research, Development
And Testing Facilities

this document for any purpose. Readers are advised to seek Bridgestone’s confirmation on the specification. Bridgestone reserve the rights to
modify and change the information with or without prior notice.
Marine Fender
Verification

First Published 2013


© COPYRIGHT 2013 BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
No part of this catalogue may be reproduced or copied by any means or in any form without the prior written permission of
Appendix

Bridgestone Corporation, Tokyo Japan.


-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
-SOFTCOPY VERSION-
Bridgestone Head Office, Japan
Tel: +81-3-5202-6884
Fax: +81-3-5202-6887
Email: mf.z-xz@bridgestone.co. jp

Asian Office North and South American


Tel: +60-3-89962670 Head Office, Nashville, USA
Fax: +60-3-89962690 Tel: +1-615-365-0600
Email: info@bridgestone.com.my Fax: +1-615-365-9946
Email: marinefender@bep-usa.com

Australian Office North American Office


Tel: +61-(0)8-9250-0600 New York, USA
Fax: +61-(0)8-9250-0601 Tel: +1-212-496-1487
Email: info@bsea.com.au Fax: +1-212-496-1542
Email: marinefender@bep-usa.com

European Office South American Office


Tel:+49 (0) 6251 8664 0 Sao Paulo, Brazil
Fax:+49 (0) 6251 8664 100 Phone/Fax: +55 11 4412-4368
Email: marine-civil@bridgestone-industrial.de Mobile: +55 11 98163-4041
Email: marinefender@bep-usa.com

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Email: mf.z-xz@bridgestone.co.jp Email: mf.z-xz@bridgestone.co.jp

www.bridgestone.com
Ver. 1.00 S