TASK 2 A tessellation is created when a shape is repeated over and over again covering a plane without any gaps

or overlaps. Another word for a tessellation is a tiling. In dictionary, the word ³tessellate´ means to form or arrange small squares in a checkered or mosaic pattern. The word "tessellate" is derived from the Ionic version of the Greek word ³tesseres´ which in English means ³four´. The first tilings were made from square tiles. A regular polygon has 3 or 4 or 5 or more sides and angles, all are equal. A regular tessellation means a tessellation made up of congruent regular polygons. Regular means that the sides and angles of the polygon are all equivalent. Congruent means that the polygons that put together are all the same size and shape. Only three regular polygons tessellate in the Euclidean plane: triangles, squares or hexagons. Here are examples of

a tessellation of triangles a tessellation of squares

a tessellation of hexagons

When look at these three samples we can easily notice that the squares are lined up with each other while the triangles and hexagons are not. Also, if look at 6 triangles at a time, they form a hexagon, so the tiling of triangles and the tiling of hexagons are similar and they cannot be formed by directly lining shapes up under each other. Since the regular polygons in a tessellation must fill the plane at each vertex, the interior angle must be an exact divisor of 360 degrees. This works for the triangle, square, and hexagon. For all the others, the interior angles are not exact divisors of 360 degrees, and therefore those figures cannot tile the plane.

Besi es regul r tessell ti tessellati has t

t ere is a semi- egul

essell i . A semi-regular

properties whi h are it is formed by regular polygons and the

arrangement of polygons at every vertex point is identi al. These are the examples of semiregular tessellation:

There are an infinite number of tessellations that can be made of patterns that do not have the same combination of angles at every vertex point. There are also tessellations made of polygons that do not share common edges and vertices. After knew the concept of tessellation, we started to design a geometrical pattern of our tessellation. The design started with a square. The following are the steps of tessellation¶s design. 1. First of all, decide a theme of your design. Here, the theme we use is a fish.

2. After that, construct a square on a piece of paper and cut it down. A B

D

C

3. Construct a random geometrical shape on line BC (right side of the square). Then cut it down. A B

D

C

4. Translate the cut part to line AD (left side of the square) and glue it. Now the shape is as below. A B

D

C

5. Construct second random geometrical shape on line AB as below and cut it. A B

D

C

6. Translate the second cut part to line DC and glue it. Now the shape is as below. A B

D

C

7. Draw a diamond as the fish eye and a triangle as fish fin at the centre of the shape and cut them out. After done cut, the design is done. Now, you are willing to begin tessellate.

8. Prepare a piece of A4 paper. Start to draw the shape at the corner of your paperand trace it precisely.

9. Slide your shape so that it fits into itself like the jig-saw piece. Continue tracing and tracing until it fills the paper.

10. You are almost done with your tessellation. Fill in the colours and use different colours for adjacent polygons. Now, you have done it.

Difficulties: Dunno the meaning of tessellation. No time to library to search books because we were in holiday. After found out the meaning (internet), it was different with the meaning gave by lecturer. Went to ask friends. It was quite difficult to draw the pattern of tessellation using computer because it was troublesome.

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