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## Why is it that Willian's line method is applicable

only to Diesel(C.I) engines?
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3 ANSWERS

## Sriram Ananthakrishna, Student at NITK

Answered Feb 21, 2016

Willian's line method is used to ﬁnd the friction power of the engine. In
willin's line method, we plot the graph of speciﬁc fuel consumption to
the torque(brake). we then extrapolate the graph(which is partially a
straight line) to zero speciﬁc fuel consumption and note down the
torque which gives us the approximate value of friction power. The
ﬁgure given below gives you some clarity.

## Before answering this question, we need to know some concept of

governing. In petrol engine, we keep the air-fuel mixture constant and
vary the amount of the mixture intake for required torque or power.
This is called quantitative governing. In diesel engine, we draw a
constant volume of air (compressed) and vary the fuel injected.
technically, we alter the quality of the air - fuel mixture. this is called
qualitative governing.

## Coming to the answer for this question, we cannot apply willian's

method in SI engine because, at low speeds, the air mixture intake is
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very low(quantitative governing). Hence, there will be a low pressure
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## Home Answer Notifs You

If we use the same test for CI engines, there is qualitative governing and
hence, there will be ﬁxed amount of air entering the cylinder and no
negative pressure and pumping losses occurs. So, we get a relatively
closer value of friction power. the errors are greatly minimized.

## So, Willian's line method is applicable only to Diesel(C.I) engines.

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## Prashant Talreja, Want to Read and Learn Always

Answered Jun 16, 2015

I tried ﬁnding this on internet and just got one thing that it's because
rate of consumption of air is variable in S.I. engine. Why? I don't know
yet, but will get back to you in a couple of days with all knowledge and if
you come to know anything, let me know that as it sounds an
interesting topic to me to explore.
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## Deepak Dhiman, Wished to end those four years but now

wish they never ended.
Answered Jun 17, 2015

From what I could recollect from the other answer, its probably because
this method is based on an assumption somewhat as listed below.
This air consumption is variable in SI engine because air fuel mixture is
sent into the engine in a  particluar ratio  and since  fuel required at all
rpm is not same in SI enigne this air consumption changes too.

P.S. ignore the spelling errors for I have typed it freom my mobile.
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## Home Answer Notifs You

Its deﬁnitely a lot worse for the diesel engine. First of all, you can't ﬁll a
petrol car with diesel by mistake. Diesel nozzles are bigger than the
ﬁller neck on petrol cars. Also, there is a... Read More

Why does a diesel engine have more eﬃciency than a petrol engine
having the same "cc" as that of diesel?

## Sonu Kumar, Mechanical Engineering

Answered Apr 28, 2017

## You know that diesel engine is the most appropriate

choice of the engineers when it comes to drive
heavy automobile like trucks, aircraft, ships etc. But
what makes it so torque, is it the engine d...
Read More

## Razvan Balanescu, Bachelor Mechanical Engineering &

Automotive Engineering, Transilvania University of Brasov
(2016)
Answered Dec 18, 2016

## There are lots of diﬀerence in terms of

performance, costs, manufacturing, injection
pressure, etc. I will make as short list down below.
Construction * Compression Ratio - Diesel engines
have a co... Read More

## Vamshi Krishna, B.Tech Mechanical Engineering, Kakatiya

University (2017)
Answered Feb 24, 2017

## In diesel engines, the high temperatures required to ignite the fuel is

obtained by creating a high pressure air environment inside the
cylinder chamber. i.e. in compression stroke, the air which e...Read More

## John Miele, Sales at Cassis, France

Answered Dec 26, 2014
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## Home Answer Notifs You

Which engine is more eﬃcient, powerful and recommended?
Diesel or petrol?

## Vigneshwarraj, ✻This is my main stream next to

Automobile✻
Updated Jul 25, 2017

> A diesel engine may be said as Fuel eﬃcient for the following reasons.
I have answered assuming it to be a automobile engine ( high speed
diesel engine) Vigneshwarraj's answer to What are the basic... Read More

## Derek Harkness, worked at Engineering

Updated Feb 5, 2017

Petrol in a diesel is bad. OK. Bad things are going to happen. I know. I
have done it. The car will still run for a while because petrol will burn in
a diesel engine however you will soon have prob... Read More

vehicles?

## Aditya Pathak, loves Mechanical Engg.

Answered Mar 5, 2015

There are quite a few reasons I could think of: i. Diesel, as a fuel, has
slower combustion characteristics as compared to petrol. So, for a given
power, they produce higher torque at low speeds, ... Read More

## Vigneshwarraj, ✻This is my main stream next to

Automobile✻
Updated Mar 8, 2016

> Yes the website you referred has given the right
details. The emissions from engine contain N2 ,
CO2 ,CO , HC ,H2O,Nox , particulate matter , with
other traces like sulphur oxides from. * N2Read
inertMore
...