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ES2101_final 12/05/2001 13:49 Page 5

What Factors Control Your Local Climate? ES2101


1 Why might one place have cold, snowy ●
5 Summarize the major differences in climate
winters, while it rarely snows at another between Fargo, ND and Dallas, TX.
place only a hundred miles away? Fargo has much colder minimum temperatures and
Major differences in elevation could account for this. more snow than Dallas.


2 Provide a justification for each factor you ●
6 Provide a justification for each factor you
indicated as having major influence on the indicated as having major influence on the
climates of Phoenix, AZ and Flagstaff, AZ. climates of Fargo, ND and Dallas, TX.
Elevation is the major climate control factor. Higher Latitude appears to be the biggest influence.
elevations in Flagstaff explain lower temperatures as
well as greater amounts of snow. ●
7 On another sheet of paper, write a
●3 Summarize the major differences in climate description of your local climate. Discuss
between Boston, MA and North Bend, OR. characteristics such as timing and types of
Temperatures in North Bend stay fairly constant year precipitation you receive, minimum and
round, whereas Boston has greater temperature maximum temperatures and their timing,
variations. Boston has snow in winter, while North Bend and any other aspects you think most
does not. accurately describe your local climate.
Answers will vary. Check for completeness.


4 Provide a justification for each factor you ●
8 Describe how each of the climate control
indicated as having major influence on the factors in Data Table 2 influences your local
climates of Boston, MA and North Bend, OR. climate.
Ocean temperature and ocean currents differ greatly Answers will vary. Check for descriptions of your local
between Boston and North Bend. climate control factors.

Data Table 1: Comparative Climates

Teacher’s Guide Chapter 21


Phoenix Flagstaff Boston No. Bend Fargo Dallas My Home
Locational Elevation (ft) 1112 7004 30 10 895 574
Information Latitude 33.3N 35.1N 42.2N 43.2N 46.5N 32.5N

Internet Investigation
Longitude 112.0W 114.4W 71.0W 124.5W 96.5W 97.0W
Copyright © McDougal Littell Inc.

Temperature Jan/July 65/108 40/82 38/80 50/65 15/82 52/95


(Maximum) Maximum 122 97 102 95 105 113
Temperature Jan/July 40/78 13/47 22/62 39/52 0/60 32/72
(Minimum) Minimum 19 -23 -7 13 -35 -1
Precipitation Jan/July 0.03/0.01 0.06/0.02 0.09/0.1 0.27/0.04 0.02/0.12 0.06/0
(Rain) Average 7.7 22.9 41.5 63.3 19.5 33.7
Precipitation Jan/July 0/0 0.06/0 0.02/0 0/0 0.03/0 Trace/0
(Snow) Average 0 108.9 41.7 1.8 40.1 3.1

Data Table 2: Rating the Influence of Climate Control Factors on Local Climate
Climate Control Factors Phoenix Flagstaff Boston No. Bend Fargo Dallas My Home
Latitude m m m m Major Major
Elevation Major Major m m m m
Water m m Major Major m m
Ocean Current m m Major Major m m
Topography m m m m m m
Prevailing Winds m m Major Major m m
Vegetation m m m m m m
Key: Major= Major influence m = Minor influence

Earth Science Internet Investigations Guide 73